You are on page 1of 20

2UCD180000E002 Rev B

PCS100 STATCOM
Dynamic Reactive Compensation 100kVAr to 10MVAr

Technical Catalogue


Copyright 2012 ABB, All rights reserved




2 2UCD180000E002



How to select your STATCOM?


Choice1: Simply contact your local ABB sales office and let them know what you want.
Use this catalogue as a reference for more information.
OR
Choice2: Build up your own ordering code by 6 steps. Each step is accompanied by a
reference to a page that is filled with useful information.

Type Code:

Product Series
STATCOM family
Technical Specification
Number of modules, rating
Voltage & grounding
Construction
Mechanical Solution
External CT Input rating
Options
Control Modes
Redundancy
Typical Installations
Control Connections
Examples
Container Layout
Contact and web information
PCS100 18- 03 A- A10 A200 + -1



PCS100 STATCOM Technical Catalogue Rev B 3

Product Series




Overview
The PCS100 STATCOM range is part of a family of low voltage power converter products
available from ABB. Based around the PCS100 converter platform the STATCOM
product provides wide bandwidth performance with a flexible and highly reliable modular
power electronic configuration.

New renewable generation such as wind and solar are becoming an increasingly
important part of modern electricity grids, but to meet dynamic Grid Connection
requirements STATCOM products must often be fitted. By injecting reactive current
during a grid fault condition the STATCOM will help the generators ride through system
fault events as required by the grid codes.

During normal grid conditions, or at an end users site, the PCS100 STATCOM can
provide correction for voltage flicker, poor power factor and harmonic currents. The
PCS100 STATCOM advanced control also allows it to damp voltage disturbances in the
electricity network. This control feature is very important to maintain power system
stability following events such as recovering from a fault or the switching of passive
elements. For end user industrial loads such as arc furnaces and mesh grid welders the
PCS100 STATCOM can be applied to compensate voltage flicker and current distortion
problems that often accompany these processes.

User Benefits
Improves power quality and plant reliability
Increases network stability and transmission capacity
Delivers necessary grid compliance when connecting renewable energy
Damps disturbances and oscillations in critical system configurations
Modular design for highest availability
THDi < 3%, sine filter in each power module
Based on LV converter platform especially developed for power quality applications

Features
Power factor control
Voltage regulation
Flicker compensation
Harmonic current compensation
Active resonance damping
Multiple system parallel control
High and low voltage ride through

Applications
PF correction, LVRT (low voltage right through), HVRT (high voltage right through),
flicker compensation & active resonance damping for wind & solar generators
Voltage regulation and PF correction for remote grid support
PF correction, voltage regulation, flicker compensation,
active resonance damping for industrial sites
PCS100 18- 03 A- A10 A200 + -1


4 2UCD180000E002


Technical Specification




Mains connection....
Voltage 400-480 AC/3~, 10%,
direct connect or any LV
or MV with a standard
transformer
Frequency 50 or 60 Hz

Performance.
Efficiency > 97% at rated power
Overload capability for 480 V modules:
10 min 120 %
30 sec 150%
2 sec 175%
2 sec 200%
(75 % preload for 200%)
MTTR < 30 min by module
exchange
Environmental limits..
Cabinet rating IP21 (higher IP ratings
on request)
Rack rating IP20
Ambient temp. 0-50C, derating for
temps > 40C
Pollution degree 2
Cooling Forced air ventilation
Altitude <1000m without derating
Humidity <95% non-condensating
Noise 75-85 dBA @ 2m
Enclosure colour RAL 7035 for cabinets
Short Circuit
withstand rating 65kA
Interface, programmable I/Os...
User Interface 8.4 Color touch screen
2 analog inputs
Voltage signal -10 to +10 V, Rin > 200k
current signal 0 (4) to 20 mA, Rin = 100
Maximum delay <2 ms
Resolution 0.1 %
Accuracy 2%
2 analog outputs
Voltage signal -10 to +10 V
Current signal 0 (4) to 20 mA, load < 500 delay
<50 ms
Accuracy 2 %
10 digital inputs 24 V DC, with internal or external
supply, PNP & NPN
Input impedance 2.5 k
Maximum delay <50 ms
1PTC input
7 relay outputs
Max.switching 250 V/1~, 30 V DC
voltage
Current 1 A

Serial communication
RS485 Modbus protocol (RTU)
SCADA Interface Modbus TCP/IP /Ethernet via colour
touch screen
Product compliance, Standards
IEEE 1031-2000
IEEE 519
Quality assurance system ISO 9001
CE (pending)



PCS100 18- 03 A- A10 A200 + -1



PCS100 STATCOM Technical Catalogue Rev B 5


Ratings, number of modules, voltage & frequency



Number of modules

01-12 for cabinets
01-32 for racks

Module type

A 125 kVA, 480 V/3~. 50/60 Hz, 150 A, Isolation transformer coupled
B 125 kVA, 480 V/3~. 50/60 Hz, 150 A, Direct grid connection

All PCS100 products use the same LV power modules which employ IGBTs and integrated
sinusoidal filters. The AC power connections of each module are protected by high speed
semiconductor fuses allowing simple paralleling of modules to achieve the required power
rating. The DC connections of each module remain independent.
The modules sine filter configuration differs for transformer coupled or direct grid connected
STATCOM systems. If you are transformer coupled to e.g. a medium voltage you will choose
module type A which incorporates an LC filter. If your STATCOM will be directly coupled to a
low voltage installation (e.g. 380-480 Vac) you will need module type B with a LCL filter. Power
rating for all modules is 125 kVA at nominal voltage of 480 Vac. To meet high voltage ride
through requirements it may be necessary to reduce the AC coupling voltage at the module. In
this case the power capacity is reduced accordingly.



Module type A LC filter for transformer coupled systems
Module type B LCL filter for direct grid connection
PCS100 18- 03 A- A10 A200 + -1


6 2UCD180000E002


Ratings, number of modules, voltage & frequency



Even with power modules rated for 480V/3~ nominal voltage a STATCOM is very unlikely sized
to operate at 480V. This is due to specifications asking for overvoltage or HVRT (high voltage
ride through) capability. To allow for this requirement the sizing of the STATCOM range in this
table refers to 460 V/3~ coupling voltage. For more details on the STATCOM sizing please refer
to the chapter sizing.

Ratings for 460 V/3~ supply. The given reactive power values can be achieved with 460 V
at the inverter.
Nominal load Overload 150% for
30s, 100% preload
Overload 175% for 2s,
100 % preload
Overload 200% for
2s, 75% preload


Type code

No. of
modules
Q
kVAr
I
A
Q
kVAr
I
A
Q
kVAr
I
A
Q
kVAr
I
A
120 150 180 225 210 263 240 300 PCS100 18-01A/B- 1
240 300 360 450 420 525 480 600 PCS100 18-02A/B- 2
360 450 540 675 630 788 720 900 PCS100 18-03A/B- 3
480 600 720 900 840 1050 960 1200 PCS100 18-04A/B- 4
600 750 900 1125 1050 1313 1200 1500 PCS100 18-05A/B- 5
720 900 1080 1350 1260 1575 1440 1800 PCS100 18-06A/B- 6
840 1050 1260 1575 1470 1838 1680 2100 PCS100 18-07A/B- 7
960 1200 1440 1800 1680 2100 1920 2400 PCS100 18-08A/B- 8
1080 1350 1620 2025 1890 2363 2160 2700 PCS100 18-09A/B- 9
1200 1500 1800 2250 2100 2625 2400 3000 PCS100 18-10A/B- 10
1320 1650 1980 2475 2310 2888 2640 3300 PCS100 18-11A/B- 11
1440 1800 2160 2700 2520 3150 2880 3600 PCS100 18-12A/B- 12
1560 1950 2340 2925 2730 3413 3120 3900 PCS100 18-13A/B- 13
1680 2100 2520 3150 2940 3675 3360 4200 PCS100 18-14A/B- 14
1800 2250 2700 3375 3150 3938 3600 4500 PCS100 18-15A/B- 15
1920 2400 2880 3600 3360 4200 3840 4800 PCS100 18-16A/B- 16
2040 2550 3060 3825 3570 4463 4080 5100 PCS100 18-17A/B- 17
2160 2700 3240 4050 3780 4725 4320 5400 PCS100 18-18A/B- 18
2280 2850 3420 4275 3990 4988 4560 5700 PCS100 18-19A/B- 19
2400 3000 3600 4500 4200 5250 4800 6000 PCS100 18-20A/B- 20
2520 3150 3780 4725 4410 5513 5040 6300 PCS100 18-21A/B- 21
2640 3300 3960 4950 4620 5775 5280 6600 PCS100 18-22A/B- 22
2760 3450 4140 5175 4830 6038 5520 6900 PCS100 18-23A/B- 23
2880 3600 4320 5400 5040 6300 5760 7200 PCS100 18-24A/B- 24
3000 3750 4500 5625 5250 6563 6000 7500 PCS100 18-25A/B- 25
3120 3900 4680 5850 5460 6825 6240 7800 PCS100 18-26A/B- 26
3240 4050 4860 6075 5670 7088 6480 8100 PCS100 18-27A/B- 27
3360 4200 5040 6300 5880 7350 6720 8400 PCS100 18-28A/B- 28
3480 4350 5220 6525 6090 7613 6960 8700 PCS100 18-29A/B- 29
3600 4500 5400 6750 6300 7875 7200 9000 PCS100 18-30A/B- 30
3720 4650 5580 6975 6510 8138 7440 9300 PCS100 18-31A/B- 31
3840 4800 5760 7200 6720 8400 7680 9600 PCS100 18-32A/B- 32



Depending on the chosen nominal voltage the number of modules needed to supply a certain
power can be significantly bigger. Please use the sizing tool or contact your local ABB for
support.


PCS100 18- 03 A- A10 A200 + -1



PCS100 STATCOM Technical Catalogue Rev B 7


Mechanical Solution



Construction

Ax0 standard cabinet in 1 row based on (800 x 800) mm sections
Ax0 no. of 800 mm sections (width) for standard cabinet (max. 6 modules per 800mm)
possible combinations are A10 & A20 (max. 12 modules)
Bxx standard rack in 1 row, a rack can have sections of 1000 mm width
Bxx number of 1000mm sections (max. 8 modules per 1000mm)
possible combinations for racks: 1-8 modules B1x, 9-16 modules B2x, etc.
Bxx AC-termination of rack system
possible termination: left termination Bx5, right termination Bx6, center
termination BxB, center termination BxC. Examples shown below.
Cxx customized solution, the following numbers are serial numbers for solutions



PCS100 18-16A-B25 PCS100 18-08A-B16

Xxx
PCS100 18- 03 A- A10 A200 + -1


8 2UCD180000E002



PCS100 18-24A-B3B PCS100 18-24A-B3C


PCS100 18-32A-B4B




PCS100 STATCOM Technical Catalogue Rev B 9


Standard cabinets
The standard cabinet has a foot print of approximately 800 mm x 800 mm. A maximum of 6 inverter
modules can be installed into one cabinet. For PCS100 STATCOM systems with more than 6 inverter
modules multiple cabinets are used. One enclosure is deemed the master and the remaining are deemed
slaves. The master cabinet houses the master auxiliary module which contains a power supply and the
system control electronics. The slave inverter enclosure houses a slave auxiliary module which contains
a power supply. The Graphical Display Module (GDM) is always mounted in the door of the master Inverter
enclosure.

Dimensions, weight, losses and air flow for standard cabinets
Dimensions Weight Heat dissipation Air flow
Type code
No. of
modules Height
in mm
Width
in mm
Depth
in mm
kg kW BTU/h m/h ft/min
2154 809 804 361 2.9 9.8 600 353.2 PCS100 18-01A/B-A10 1
2154 809 804 441 5.8 19.6 1200 706.5 PCS100 18-02A/B-A10 2
2154 809 804 521 8.6 29.4 1800 1059.7 PCS100 18-03A/B-A10 3
2154 809 804 601 11.5 39.2 2400 1412.9 PCS100 18-04A/B-A10 4
2154 809 804 681 14.4 49.0 3000 1766.2 PCS100 18-05A/B-A10 5
2154 809 804 761 17.3 58.9 3600 2119.4 PCS100 18-06A/B-A10 6
2154 1609 804 1166 20.1 68.7 4200 2472.6 PCS100 18-07A/B-A20 7
2154 1609 804 1246 23.0 78.5 4800 2825.9 PCS100 18-08A/B-A20 8
2154 1609 804 1326 25.9 88.3 5400 3179.1 PCS100 18-09A/B-A20 9
2154 1609 804 1406 28.8 98.1 6000 3532.3 PCS100 18-10A/B-A20 10
2154 1609 804 1486 31.6 107.9 6600 3885.6 PCS100 18-11A/B-A20 11
2154 1609 804 1566 34.5 117.7 7200 4238.8 PCS100 18-12A/B-A20 12






Auxiliary supply & master module
with CAN I/O board mounted
CAN I/O Board
terminals
Auxiliary module
terminals


10 2UCD180000E002

Standard racks





Racks are used for easy containerization or
integration into switchboards.

The racks have two different footprints of
1000mm x 800mm per section for 1-8 modules
and 2000mm x 800mm for 9-16 modules. Empty
slots will be covered by a blanking plate
The modules are installed in 2 levels with ac
busbars running between the 2 levels. Busbars
can be terminated to either end of the rack.
Usually a termination cabinet containing an AC
breaker is installed next to the rack by the system
integrator.




The master controller and the auxiliary supply
for each system are built as a module for
integration into a separate control cabinet.
The GDM (Graphic Display Module) is normally
installed in the control cabinet as well.


Dimensions, weights, losses and air flow for standard racks
Dimensions Weight Heat dissipation Air flow
Type code
No. of
modules Height
in mm
Width in
mm
Depth
in mm
kg kW BTU/h m/h ft/min
2200 1041 703 344 2.9 9.8 600 353.2 PCS100 18-01A/B-B10 1
2200 1041 703 420 5.8 19.6 1200 706.5 PCS100 18-02A/B-B10 2
2200 1041 703 496 8.6 29.4 1800 1059.7 PCS100 18-03A/B-B10 3
2200 1041 703 557 11.5 39.2 2400 1412.9 PCS100 18-04A/B-B10 4
2200 1041 703 628 14.4 49.0 3000 1766.2 PCS100 18-05A/B-B10 5
2200 1041 703 700 17.3 58.9 3600 2119.4 PCS100 18-06A/B-B10 6
2200 1041 703 771 20.1 68.7 4200 2472.6 PCS100 18-07A/B-B10 7
2200 1041 703 842 23.0 78.5 4800 2825.9 PCS100 18-08A/B-B10 8
2200 2041 703 1015 25.9 88.3 5400 3179.1 PCS100 18-09A/B-B20 9
2200 2041 703 1081 28.8 98.1 6000 3532.3 PCS100 18-10A/B-B20 10
2200 2041 703 1152 31.6 107.9 6600 3885.6 PCS100 18-11A/B-B20 11
2200 2041 703 1224 34.5 117.7 7200 4238.8 PCS100 18-12A/B-B20 12
2200 2041 703 1295 37.4 127.5 7800 4592.0 PCS100 18-13A/B-B20 13
2200 2041 703 1366 40.3 137.3 8400 4945.2 PCS100 18-14A/B-B20 14
2200 2041 703 1437 43.1 147.1 9000 5298.5 PCS100 18-15A/B-B20 15
2200 2041 703 1508 46.0 157.0 9600 5651.7 PCS100 18-16A/B-B20 16
From 16-32 modules additional racks are used. Please add the values for the appropriate no. of
modules.
For B modules please add 10 kg weight per module.



PCS100 STATCOM Technical Catalogue Rev B 11


Options



The options for all PCS100 are defined by additional codes. Each option has an own code and
will be added to the type code by a plus. The options are categorized.

Available options

A standard PCS100 STATCOM contains a GDM (graphic display module) and one CAN-I/O-
board (CIOB). The GDM has a USB port to interface to a PC (ABB Service) and an Ethernet
port to allow Modbus TCP/IP or remote web server functionality. The CAN-I/O-board (CIOB)
also contains a serial RS485 Modbus connection.

+A200 External aux. power supply for cabinets (instead of powering from main
terminals), 230 and 110 V/1~ 2 kVA for up to 6 modules.
+CT1 or +CT5 Optional external CT input for cabinets. 1A or 5A.
+VT110 or VT480 Optional external VT input for cabinets. 110V L-L or 480V L-L.
+OCB Output circuit breaker(s) in extra 400mm cabinet.
+IP23 or IP42 Increased IP rating for cabinet systems. Upon request.




Redundancy

The PCS100 Advanced Redundancy feature represents a further milestone of power electronics
reliability and availability improvements.
It allows uninterrupted operation in case of a module failure with N-1 reduced capability. The
faulty module will be taken out of operation while the rest of the system continues.
Value:
Reduces power output in a failure only by a small fraction of the total system power.
Enables built in n+1 configurations by adding a spare module to achieve breakthrough levels in
power availability.
Allows careful and flexible planning of converter repair/faulty module replacement.
PCS100 18- 03 A- A10 A200 + -1


12 2UCD180000E002

Control Modes

A PCS100 STATCOM can be controlled in different modes depending on the application.

Voltage Control mode:
The PCS100 STATCOM receives a voltage reference. The internal controller compares
measured voltage (MV or LV level) and reference. Is the voltage below the reference, capacitive
reactive power is injected. If the voltage is too high inductive Q will be delivered. Voltage
feedback is needed.

Power Factor mode:
The PCS100 STATCOM receives a PF reference. The internal controller compares measured
PF and reference and controls the power factor on the connection point to meet the reference. It
delivers capacitive or inductive VArs depending on the existing PF. Voltage and current
feedback is needed. There are 2 variants of the PF mode. Fixed PF defines the signed PF and
PF range allows a PF in a +/- range. E.g PF range 0.98 means the PF should stay between
-0.981+0.98. Only if the PF gets out of this range the STATCOM is active. Voltage and
current feedback is needed.

Reactive Current mode:
The PCS100 STATCOM receives a reference proportional to the amount of reactive current
needed. The signed reference defines inductive or capacitive reactive current.

Flicker mitigation:
Flicker mitigation is a feature that can be used with the voltage control mode. Depending on the
application we need to specify the position of the current feedback. Current and voltage
feedback is needed.

Harmonic filtering:
The PCS100 STATCOM has the capability to suppress low frequency harmonics, especially 5
th

and 7
th
. The PCS100 is capable of correcting two integer or non-integer harmonics, up to the
7
th
. This feature is available in every control mode and requires current and voltage feedback
from the system.

Unbalance (negative sequence) correction:
The PCS100 STATCOM can selectively correct either unbalanced voltages or currents.
Negative sequence current correction is limited to 30% of the nominal unit current. This feature
is available in every control mode and requires current and voltage feedback from the system.

Figure 1: Negative sequence current cancellation example


PCS100 STATCOM Technical CatalogueRev B 13


Typical Installations

Each mode has different sensor requirements. In any application the PCS100 can
accommodate an optional transformer (eg MV-LV) between the control-point and the unit.

Voltage, Reactive Current and Voltage-
Unbalance Modes

These modes only require VT feedback.
Feedback can be from internal VT or
external Point of Common Coupling.

Harmonics Feedforward

Harmonics feedforward cancelation
measures the load current with a CT to
cancel it at the Point of Common Coupling.
Power Factor, Current-Unbalance, and
Harmonics Feedback Modes

These modes only require both VTs and
CTs located at the Point of Common
Coupling.

Flicker Cancelation

Flicker cancelation employs both voltage
correction and current-feedforward. Current
feedforward minimizes the effect of the load
flicker source, and voltage correction fixes
any residue voltage flicker.





14 2UCD180000E002


Control Connections
Can I/O Board
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
GDM
Ethernet
USB
SCADA
Interface
Service /
Commissioning
1NO
2NO
1C
3NO
4NO
2C
3C
4C
3NC
2NC
1NC
4NC
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
0V
+
+
+
+
-
-
-
in
Aout1
Aout2
A
B
+24V
COM
Ref V
Input 2
Input 1
Outputs
Relay
1
Relay
2
Relay
3
Relay
4
Master
Module
1
3
2
NC
C
NO
7
9
8
NC
C
NO
NC
C
NO
4
6
5
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
0 V
START
Factory
only
Stop/Reset/
Inhibit
0V
Loop
10
11
PTC
Transformer
Run
Warning
Fault



PCS100 STATCOM Technical CatalogueRev B 15


Examples


PCS100 18-06A-A10
STATCOM cabinet with 6 power modules.
Aux. supply and master controller in the bottom right corner.


16 2UCD180000E002


Container Layout

Layout for a 2 MVA system with integrated dry type transformer in a 20 foot container






PCS100 STATCOM Technical CatalogueRev B 17


Sizing

The sizing of a STATCOM is depending on the application. Based on the needed VAr amount and the grid
requirements the number of modules required can be defined.
Applications like repetitive flicker (e.g. welder or crasher) or LVRT (low voltage ride through) support can
often be targeted by using the overload capability of the system.
Power factor control:
PF control very seldom requires dynamic behavior. Therefore most PF applications can be solved with
passive elements switched together with main loads. For cost reasons only the dynamic part of the PF
fluctuations should be targeted by a STATCOM. Switching limitations for the passive elements may cause
the need for a STATCOM. The relation between displacement PF and power can be described by the
following equations:
with: S = apparent power,
P= real power &
Q = reactive power.

Voltage control:
A STATCOM delivers reactive current only.
Therefore the potential voltage support is
limited by the impedance and power rating of
the next coupling transformer. If we have a
wind farm at 33 kV and the coupling
transformer to the HV is e.g. rated with 50
MVA & uk= 10% we can achieve a maximum
voltage support of 10% by using a 50 MVA
STATCOM. Most voltage fluctuations are only
short term events. Therefore we often can use
overload capability of the STATCOM (e.g.
LVRT support for a wind farm).


Statcom
Load or
Generation
PCC
LV or MV bus
HV bus
S transformer (VA)
Uk transformer (%)
Q Statcom (VA)
dV (%) =
Q Statcom
S transformer
x Uk transformer


18 2UCD180000E002



For more information and local contact details please refer to:
www.abb.com/powerelectronics, Power Protection, VAr Compensation





PCS100 STATCOM Technical CatalogueRev B 19


Notes






















Copyright 2012 ABB, All rights reserved
Power Quality, Automation Products