\

A A
=
1 2
1 2
2
M M
P P
v
A
K
(2.4.3)
Where, A is the surface area of the membrane filter.
Problem 2.4.1. A fabric filter is to be constructed using bags that are 0.1 m in diameter and 5.0
m long. The bag house is to receive 5 m
3
/s of air. Filtering velocity is 2.0 m/min. Determine the
number of bags required for a continuous removal of particulate matter.
Solution:
t
b
A
N
A
=
=
g
t
Q
A
u
= b A dL t
Given that: Diameter of bag (d) = 0.1 m; Length of bag (L) = 5 m; Flow rate (Q
g
)= 5 m
3
/s;
Filtering velocity (u)=2 m/min=0.0333 m/s.
2
t
5
Total area of filter A 150 m
0.0333
= = =
2
Area of single bag 3.14 0.1 5.0 1.57 m = = = b A
150
Number of bags N 95.54 96
1.57
= = = ~
The numbers of bags required for a continuous removal of particulate matter are 96.
Problem 2.4.2. A bag house is to design to handle 1000 m
3
/min of air. The filtration takes place
at constant pressure so that the air velocity through each bag decreases during the time between
clearing according to the relation
t 08 . 0 267 . 0
1
u
+
=
Where, u is in m
3
/m
2
min of cloth and t is time in min.
The bags are shaken in sequence row by row on a 30 min cycle. Each bag is 20 cm in
diameter and 3 m height. The bag house is to be square in xsection with 30 cm spacing between
bags and 30 cm clearance from the walls. Calculate the number of bags required.
Solution:
0 0
1 1
0.267 0.08
= =
+
} }
t t
avg
dt
V udt
t t t
avg
g
t
V
Q
A =
= b A dL t
b
t
A
A
N =
Given: Ratio of flow rate air to cloth area (u)=
1
0.267 0.08t +
( m
3
/m
2
min of cloth).
Time (t)=30 min; d Diameter of bag (d)=0.2 m; Length of bag (L)=3 m; Flow rate (Q
g
)=1000
m
3
/min.
Average velocity (V
avg
)=? (m/min)
Total area of filter (A
t
)=? (m
2
).
Area of single bag (A
b
)=? (m
2
).
Number of bags (N)=?
Put the values in equation, we get the average velocity
30
avg
0
1 dt 28.78
V =0.959 m / min
30 0.267 0.08t 30
= =
+
}
2
t
1000
A 1042.390 m
0.959
= =
2
b A 0.2 3 1.8849 m = t =
1042.390
N 553.005 553
1.884
= = ~
The numbers of bags required for a continuous removal of particulate matter are 553.
REFERENCE
[1] Altwicker, E. R., Canter, L. W. Cha, S. S., Chuang, K. T., Liu, D. H. F. Ramachandran,
G., Raufer, R. K., Reist, P.C., Sanger, A. R. Turk, A., Wagner, C. P. "Air Pollution",
Environmental Engineers Handbook, 2
nd
Edition, 1997.