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MS-DOS and command line overview

Below is a listing of each of the MS-DOS commands currently listed on Computer Hope
and a brief explanation of what each of the commands do. The below commands are all
MS-DOS commands, which means not all the below commands will work in your
version of MS-DOS or Windows command line. Clicking on the command will open the
help page for that command with full details about it.
Command Description Type
ansi.sys
Defines functions that change display graphics, control cursor
movement, and reassign keys.
File
append
Causes MS-DOS to look in other directories when editing a file or
running a command.
External
arp
Displays, adds, and removes arp information from network
devices.
External
assign Assign a drive letter to an alternate letter. External
assoc View the file associations. Internal
at Schedule a time to execute commands or programs. External
atmadm
Lists connections and addresses seen by Windows ATM call
manager.
Internal
attrib Display and change file attributes. External
batch
Recovery console command that executes a series of commands
in a file.
Recovery
bootcfg
Recovery console command that allows a user to view, modify,
and rebuild the boot.ini
Recovery
break Enable / disable CTRL + C feature. Internal
cacls View and modify file ACL's. External
call Calls a batch file from another batch file. Internal
cd Changes directories. Internal
chcp
Supplement the International keyboard and character set
information.
External
chdir Changes directories. Internal
chdsk Check the hard disk drive running FAT for errors. External
chkntfs Check the hard disk drive running NTFS for errors. External
choice Specify a listing of multiple options within a batch file. External
cls Clears the screen. Internal
cmd Opens the command interpreter.
color
Easily change the foreground and background color of the MS-
DOS window.
Internal
command Opens the command interpreter.
comp Compares files. External
compact Compresses and uncompress files. External
control Open Control Panel icons from the MS-DOS prompt. External
convert Convert FAT to NTFS. External
copy Copy one or more files to an alternate location. Internal
ctty Change the computers input/output devices. Internal
date View or change the systems date. Internal
debug
Debug utility to create assembly programs to modify hardware
settings.
External
defrag Re-arrange the hard disk drive to help with loading programs. External
del Deletes one or more files. Internal
delete Recovery console command that deletes a file. Internal
deltree Deletes one or more files or directories. External
dir List the contents of one or more directory. Internal
disable
Recovery console command that disables Windows system
services or drivers.
Recovery
diskcomp Compare a disk with another disk. External
diskcopy Copy the contents of one disk and place them on another disk. External
doskey
Command to view and execute commands that have been run in
the past.
External
dosshell A GUI to help with early MS-DOS users. External
drivparm Enables overwrite of original device drivers. Internal
echo Displays messages and enables and disables echo. Internal
edit View and edit files. External
edlin View and edit files. External
emm386 Load extended Memory Manager. External
ename Recovery console command to enable a disable service or driver. Recovery
endlocal
Stops the localization of the environment changes enabled by the
setlocal command.
Internal
erase Erase files from computer. Internal
exit Exit from the command interpreter. Internal
expand Expand a Microsoft Windows file back to it's original format. External
extract Extract files from the Microsoft Windows cabinets. External
fasthelp
Displays a listing of MS-DOS commands and information about
them.
External
fc Compare files. External
fdisk Utility used to create partitions on the hard disk drive. External
find Search for text within a file. External
findstr Searches for a string of text within a file. External
fixboot Writes a new boot sector. Recovery
fixmbr Writes a new boot record to a disk drive. Recovery
for Boolean used in batch files. Internal
format Command to erase and prepare a disk drive. External
ftp Command to connect and operate on a FTP server. External
ftype Displays or modifies file types used in file extension associations. Recovery
goto Moves a batch file to a specific label or location. Internal
graftabl Show extended characters in graphics mode. External
help Display a listing of commands and brief explanation. External
if Allows for batch files to perform conditional processing. Internal
ifshlp.sys 32-bit file manager. External
ipconfig
Network command to view network adapter settings and assigned
values.
External
keyb Change layout of keyboard. External
label Change the label of a disk drive. External
lh Load a device driver in to high memory. Internal
listsvc Recovery console command that displays the services and drivers. Recovery
loadfix Load a program above the first 64k. External
loadhigh Load a device driver in to high memory. Internal
lock Lock the hard disk drive. Internal
logoff Logoff the currently profile using the computer. External
logon
Recovery console command to list installations and enable
administrator login.
Recovery
map Displays the device name of a drive. Recovery
md Command to create a new directory. Internal
mem Display memory on system. External
mkdir Command to create a new directory. Internal
mode Modify the port or display settings. External
more Display one page at a time. External
move Move one or more files from one directory to another directory. Internal
msav Early Microsoft Virus scanner. External
msd Diagnostics utility. External
msdex Utility used to load and provide access to the CD-ROM. External
nbtstat
Displays protocol statistics and current TCP/IP connections using
NBT
External
net Update, fix, or view the network or network settings External
netsh
Configure dynamic and static network information from MS-
DOS.
External
netstat Display the TCP/IP network protocol statistics and information. External
nlsfunc Load country specific information. External
nslookup Look up an IP address of a domain or host on a network. External
path View and modify the computers path location. Internal
pathping View and locate locations of network latency. External
pause
Command used in batch files to stop the processing of a
command.
Internal
ping
Test / send information to another network computer or network
device.
External
popd
Changes to the directory or network path stored by the pushd
command.
Internal
power Conserve power with computer portables. External
print Prints data to a printer port. External
prompt View and change the MS-DOS prompt. Internal
pushd
Stores a directory or network path in memory so it can be returned
to at any time.
Internal
qbasic Open the QBasic. External
rd Removes an empty directory. Internal
ren Renames a file or directory. Internal
rename Renames a file or directory. Internal
rmdir Removes an empty directory. Internal
robocopy A robust file copy command for the Windows command line.
route View and configure windows network route tables. External
runas Enables a user to run a program as a different user. External
scandisk Run the scandisk utility. External
scanreg Scan registry and recover registry from errors. External
set Change one variable or string to another. Internal
setlocal
Enables local environments to be changed without affecting
anything else.
Internal
setver Change MS-DOS version to trick older MS-DOS programs. External
share Installs support for file sharing and locking capabilities. External
shift
Changes the position of replaceable parameters in a batch
program.
Internal
shutdown Shutdown the computer from the MS-DOS prompt. External
smartdrv Create a disk cache in conventional memory or extended memory. External
sort Sorts the input and displays the output to the screen. External
start Start a separate window in Windows from the MS-DOS prompt. Internal
subst Substitute a folder on your computer for another drive letter. External
switches Remove add functions from MS-DOS. Internal
sys Transfer system files to disk drive. External
telnet Telnet to another computer / device from the prompt. External
time View or modify the system time. Internal
title Change the title of their MS-DOS window. Internal
tracert Visually view a network packets route across a network. External
tree View a visual tree of the hard disk drive. External
type Display the contents of a file. Internal
undelete Undelete a file that has been deleted. External
unformat Unformat a hard disk drive. External
unlock Unlock a disk drive. Internal
ver Display the version information. Internal
verify
Enables or disables the feature to determine if files have been
written properly.
Internal
vol Displays the volume information about the designated drive. Internal
xcopy
Copy multiple files, directories, or drives from one location to
another.
External


Recovery console
An available mode for Microsoft Windows 2000 and Windows XP users that can be
accessed by booting from the Windows 2000 or Windows XP CD. The recovery console
enables users to recover their Windows computer from any serious issues.
How to use the Windows recovery console.
Below is a listing of some of the available recovery console commands listed on our
database. These commands can only be accessed through the recovery console and are
not available through the standard MS-DOS prompt.
Attrib
Batch
Enable
Exit
Md
Mkdir
Bootcfg
Cd
Chdir
Chkdsk
Cls
Del
Delete
Dir
Disable
Diskpart
Expand
Fixboot
Fixmbr
Format
Help
Listsvc
Logon
Map
More
Rd
Ren
Rename
Rmdir
Set
Type
Systemroot