You are on page 1of 2

b.

Generation circuit conduits and conductors shall not be routed through any sealed utility
compartment.
Note: sealed utility compartments include terminating pull boxes and pull sections,
metering compartments, and test-bypass compartments.
T. GENERATORS AND GENERATING SYSTEMS (Cont.)
Caution: Existing service equipment may not have a suitable solar connection point on the line side of
the customers service over-current device and may require third party certification of any
proposed connection location. Consult the LADBS or other applicable permitting agency
regarding third party certification requirements.
2. Single-phase energy sources are limited to 20 kVA for each unit. Installations with multiple single-phase
units shall use a three-phase interconnection system and balance the sources between the phases.
3. For synchronous generators, automatic synchronization is preferred. However, manual synchronization
with relay supervision is acceptable.
4. Synchronous generators designed to be started as induction motors may not require synchronizing relays,
but will not be permitted to start up if it results in detrimental effects to the Departments electric system.
5. Voltage regulation equipment must be provided on the customers generator to maintain generation voltage
to within normal Department limits.
6. Induction generator installations may require capacitors to correct the power factor. Protection schemes
must be coordinated to insure that the capacitors will always be disconnected before the induction
generator is disconnected.
7. Generator installations rated 750 kVA or less may be required by the Department to meet conditions and
specifications normally required for installations rated over 750 kVA. Safeguards that will be required and
the degree of sophistication will depend on the type of equipment and the interconnection scheme.
U. INVERTERS
Inverters may be used in customer generation systems that are interconnected with the Departments
Electricgrid. An inverter shall:
1. Be permanently utility interactive (on-grid)
2. Be certified by a Nationally Recognized Testing Laboratory to fully comply with UL-1741 standards. The
Certificate of Compliance should state that this utility interactive inverter met all applicable requirements of
current editions of UL 1741 and IEEE 1547, including testing conformance to IEEE 1547.1. Also, refer to
sections R and S (pages 8-8 & 8-9) for specification, testing and evaluation requirements. All inverters shall
be included in the California Energy Commissions (CEC) list.
3. Be accepted by the Department of Building and Safety, City of Los Angeles, or other Authority Having
J urisdiction (AHJ )
4. Have safeguards to prevent power flow into un-energized Deparments electric system.
5. Have the output voltage and the number of phases that match the electric service provided by the
Department. For example, a single phase inverter shall not be connected to a three-phase service. If the
inverter has a system ground or a neutral wire, then the inverter output configuration must match the
service wiring configuration. If a 3-phase inverter has an ungrounded 3-wire output, and the performance
meter
PAGE 8-10
ELECTRIC SERVICE REQUIREMENTS
CITY OF LOS ANGELES DEPARTMENT OF WATER AND POWER LADWP
Date: 05-08-14 DESIGN GUIDE FOR CUSTOMER-OWNED PARALLEL GENERATING SYSTEMS
U. INVERTERS (Cont.)
requires a neutral connection, the neutral will be provided by the service wires connected to the
Departments distribution transformer.
6. Operate as a current source rather than a voltage source; so that open-circuited inverter shall have an
output of zero volts. It shall only produce power output when it is connected to an energized Electric Power
System (EPS). The inverters voltage output will not be independent from the Departments service supply
voltage, but it will be synchronized with it in such a way as to produce a current and power flow from the
customers cogeneration into the Departments power grid.
7. Operate within the Departments acceptable service supply voltage ranges. See Acceptable Voltage
Ranges, page 1-26, for additional information.
LADWP
ELECTRIC SERVICE REQUIREMENTS
CITY OF LOS ANGELES DEPARTMENT OF WATER AND POWER
PAGE 8-11
DESIGN GUIDE FOR CUSTOMER-OWNED PARALLEL GENERATING SYSTEMS Date 05-08-14