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half-brother, he was murdered by Alexander. Black Clitus is not a fictitious or made up name, its translated from the Greek language, he was actually called Siculus Nilote 300 BC by the people of Macedonia, he was made king of Bactria by Alexander the great an ancient country located northeast Afghanistan. Clitus the Black was the military commander and leader of Alexander cavalry during this same time frame, why was he called Black Clitus, or Clitus the Black. which is a fairly good question to ask, the term or word Nilote, or Nilotic, in Latin means black they are root words used before the word Negroid was accepted and used by scientists and the rest of the world, the word Negro came from these root words, in ancient times a person national origin was given to them as a surname, color of a person skin or nationalities was used to identify them. For example; Hannibal the Africanus or the Roman Emperor that was called Marcus the Black Aurelius, sometimes a person was given the name of whatever type of physical characteristics they may have, much the same as we do in this modern age when we give a person a nick name. If someone crippled named John Doe, would be called Doe the crippled, black Clitus is classified as a casual heroic figure in Americans and Africans history, due to the fact he was not known as Hannibal or the pharaohs in ancient Egypt, another good reason is his death had to be kept secret from his mother and his life and time was in the early stagesof Rome development. Accept for the writings of Plutarch, book entitled, Alexander the great in chapter 8, he is called Diodorus Siculus, he is rarely, spoken of in the pages of history, since he was of African origin a very brief portion of his life will be told in the following tale, Clitus was considered to be a foster brother or perhaps more precisely, Alexander half brother. 79 Black Clitus Black Clitus was many years older than Alexander he had been a general under his father who was called Philip of Macedonia. Macedonia, in the northern part of Rome was the capital of Greece, in fact the Macedonians were Greeks they were first to convert to orthodox Christianity, black Clitus stepfather of whom his mother married after Clitus birth was an African named Dropides, translated
Diodorus Siculus. His mother name was Lanice, a descendent of Africa , she worked as a nurse for Alexanders father, after giving birth to Clitus, Philip of macedonia was considered to be the father, due to this circumstance, black Clitus was born out of wedlock, this made him half related to Alexander. Rome having an African as a leading chief and commander of their military was not unusual. Napoleon top cavalry leader was African, a Haitian general named Alexander Dumas, the Semitic Babylonian people of Persia were originally an Aryan people called Medes by the Egyptians. They started out as a small Median tribe inhabited the land southwest of the Caspian sea, spread south to Persian gulf increasing in numbers, until they settled in Persia. Cyrus king of Anshan, conquered Media, Lydia and Babylonia his son Cambyses invaded and added Egypt to his empire, his rule fell apart after his death, however it was soon conquered again by Darius son of Hystaspes whose power spread throughout the east as far as India. Bible scripture mention Cyrus II. As the one who released the captive Israelites Ezra 1-2; 10-11. It says how Darius upheld the decree of Cyrus Artexerxes Ezra 6-1; 4-7; 7-1. In 300 BC, king Darius II, of the Persian empire had the great battle of Arbela, black Clitus became an officer of the companion cavalry a unit of eight squadrons 225 they were Macedonia effective special forces in battle. Philip most reliable general was commander Philotas son of Parmenion, Clitus squadron served as the bodyguards with Clitus as their commander of the agema, now king Darius was about to face the mightiest military for that time in history and a most formidable foe, at the great battle of Arbela the Romans army led by Alexander, with black Clitus second in command, met up with Darius army. Black Clitus would prove to be a very courageous fighter, the Romans largely out numbered their foe, with forty thousand cavalry one hundred thousand infantry and two hundred cythebearing chariots.
80 Black Clitus Darius had half the amount of fighting force as Greece around twenty thousand cavalry, fifty thousand infantry, five thousand auxiliaries, one hundred chariots and ten 20ft high catapults that shot huge boulders and a massive amount of rocks the size of melons, the catapults were good for long range fighting and stationary targets, once the enemy came into close range, they could not be reset to have any affect in hitting a moving target, the Romans had a large advantage in all special categories, each of the Romans foot soldiers wore metal breast plates, they had special legions of archery marksmen. Every where the Romans went they seized weapons and made them better than what they already were although they had 20ft high catapults, they preferred to use arrow launchers that shot large arrows with so much force the arrows were able to penetrate a tree with a diameter of 1 1/2 ft thick with the tip sticking out through the other end. As for Greece defense, what gave them a big edge as they came closer to their enemies, was a system of locking their shields together as they lined in a straight formation the front column locked their shields and the right and left
flank held their shields in close proximity to their body, while those in the center held their shields over-head. The results were they formed what looked like a turtle shell which made it impossible for arrows to rain down on them shot by their enemies, as the two armies made connection Alexander person stood out from the rest of the soldiers in his army, mostly, his golden buckle and helmet�s chest with plumes, a cluster of fluffy ostrich feathers sticking out the top of the helmet, of unusual size and whiteness, Alexander had jumped on the ground off of his horse when his enemies recognized him a score of the enemy charged toward him, two generals of the Persian army were leading the pack namely, Rhoesaces and Spithradates. Alexander skillfully dodged Spithradates with a quick move and stuck at Rhoesaces with his spear, who was charging inches behind Spithradates, Alexander spear broke in half, when it hit against Rhoesaces battle plate, the weapon did indeed puncture his body. just about the same time Alexander draw his sword and intend to finish Rhoesaces, general Spithradates turned when Alexander was not aware of him, he galloped up behind and raised himself on his horse for leverage, with a barbarian battle-ax he came down with his might.
81 Black Clitus Striking Alexander on top of his helmet Alexander chest was cut in half with the plumes, the battle-ax cut through his helmet with such force it was touching the hairs on his head, luckily, for him it did not penetrate his skull because his helmet barely resist the blow, Spithradates raised his hand to come down on Alexander head with another stoke when black Clitus charged at him and stabbed him though the heart with his spear saving Alexander life. Macedonia went on to win the battle Nevertheless Alexander and black Clitus had sharp differences of opinions, Alexander was filled with jealousy, mainly because their father Philip who now had a city named after him after his death, favored black Clitus as his best son. It is for this reason the two would inevitably, grow apart and eventually, will cause black Clitus to lose his life. It started when Alexander announced a reorganization of commands. Specifically, he gave Clitus orders to take 20,000 Greek soldiers who formerly fought against the Persians, King Darius II, to venture northeast and fight Steppe nomads in central Asia minor as a reward for saving his life Alexander crown Clitus king of all the land there still black Clitus was not impressed he knew that he would have to leave Philip the city he grew up in and named after his father Philip. Since Alexander did not give him a set time he would be away, he felt he would be gone so long he would become a forgotten man. furious at the thought of commanding what he saw as second-rate men, fighting nomads in the middle of nowhere, he spoke his mind. It is recorded he said Alexander was not the
legitimate king of
Macedonia Alexander would later call for Clitus resignation.
Black Clitus was stalwart, valiant, warlike and had a serious attitude about military affairs, he had no doubt inherited these traits from Alexander and his father. Alexander was pretty much the opposite, they went to Asia minor to survey the area so Alexander can instruct Clitus on his duties.
82 Black Clitus Clitus watched Alexander become soft he thought, soft as the people he had conquered Alexander was adapting himself to a luxurious style of living as the rich, this disturbed Clitus he thought Alexander should live a simpler life, pay more attention to his health as he himself was accustom to doing. he remembered his mother telling him how the native tribes of her homeland in Africa lived decent lives and eat healthy foods, to add to his defects Alexander always had a small following of flatterers. so-called boot lickers that surrounded him most of the time. Black Clitus noticed that they too, were becoming boastful. Clitus decided to tell his friend about his bad habits hoping to change him. Alexander resented this and from that day onward a breach in friendship developed between the two, one day when the two were back in Achaia, an ancient city in the southern part of Rome. Presents of fine wines and luscious baskets of Greek fruits were sent to Alexander, he immediately, sent for black Clitus to share it with him, the messengers found Clitus at the temple, sacrificing to the Greeks god called Dionysus. They waited for him to finish his ritual, by the time he left the shrine and made it to the palace. As he walked inside he saw Alexander at the banquet table fully intoxicated and surrounded by sycophants, ass-kissers. Black Clitus disturbed by the sight of Alexander being drunk again as usual. However sat and began drinking wine Alexander had offered to him, when he first arrived at the palace, poets chant verses pertaining to Alexander being the same as a god. now that commander Clitus had arrived one of the poets began to ridicule Macedonians officers skills at war They were picking on one of Alexander generals as an example, who had suffered a defeat from the Persians. It was a simple mistake, the Macedonian officer commanding an incredibly, strong army came upon a much smaller Persian army in the distance before they came into fighting range, he ordered the troops to double time, run swiftly, and not to spare any of the outsiders that is occupying the land, before they reached the enemy they were so tired they could not fight and defeated by a smaller Persian army.
While Alexander and the whole room laughed out loud and seem to be enjoying the scornful remarks made by the poet, commander Clitus became very angry. It seems he thought, Alexander is highly pleased by this deflation of his own people. Clitus sat quietly, for the moment listening to them the poets preceded to give another example of how stupid some of the Macedonian officers were, Clitus couldn�t take it any longer. He dared to differ, saying, the defeated Macedonian generals are far superior to those who mock them. turning to Alexander, he said, this is not good Alexander that Macedonian generals should be ridiculed, made to appear lower than the barbarians in which they conquered, Alexander laughed in scorned, he said sarcastically, do not the Greeks and walk among the Persians like gods, aye, they are as wild beasts, Clitus being more and more disturbed replied tartly, raising his voice he said, pointing around the table, Alexander permitted himself to be led astray by these foolish flatterers, now he deems himself superior to his father Philip, and equal to the gods; looking at Alexander, you must not forget Alexander, he continued, the Macedonian army has done its part in making you master of the world. You presume yourself to be superior to Castor, Pollux, aye even to Hercules least you forget mortals cannot be compared with gods, jumping up from the table Alexander confronted Clitus and reached for his sword he was acting only on reflect, one of the officers grabbed his hand and stopped him. He shouted scornfully, you are pleading your cause Clitus, are you now giving cowardice the name of misfortune for cowards, shouted black Clitus in a rage, putting his hand on his sword, he recalled, was it cowardice of mine that saved you when you had already turned your back on Spithradates. Aye, blasted Alexander, while you speak of the differculities, general Parmenion and myself had already crossed the Hellespont and attacked the local Persian army defeated them near the river Granicus, what is now northwest Turkey, now Clitus said calmly, isn�t it true you had general Parmenion son Philotas executed, because he did not report a conspiracy, its whispered throughout Macedonia. 84 Black Clitus When you visit Egypt you claimed yourself son of the supreme god Ammon-Ra and you were the god Zeus made manifest in the flesh, Alexander started to turn red, basely fellow he screamed, picking up an apple throwing it at Clitus it hit him on the chest. dost thou think to speak thus at this time of me and raise antagonistic fictions among those present here. but Clitus quickly came back with happy the dead, because they cannot hear your unjust ridicules of them, they cannot see Macedonians captured and being flogged by Median whips with Persians interceding over them. Alexander had heard enough from Clitus and declared he was putting him under arrest for insubordination. He bade his trumpeter to sound the alarm to call for guards, when the trumpeter hesitated Alexander ran over to him and knocked him down. Declaring that now he has been reduced to the same low position as Darius when he was led under arrest, he shouted, does I no longer deserve the title of
king, springing toward a large vase he seized a javelin and was about to throw it at Clitus, when friends of the two stepped in between them, hoping Alexander would calm down, they plead for Clitus to step out of the banquet room and out into the hall, while two officers block Alexander from throwing the javelin at Clitus, they led Clitus out into the hall. Clitus could hardly control his outrage He was remembering how he took Alexander under his wing when he was only a young lad and taught him all he knew about combat, how dare him -now he could not control his rage, breaking away he rushed back into the large room shouting Alas and hellas, what an evil government, Alexander being filled with drunkenness, reacted without thinking and threw the javelin, it struck Clitus through his heart, thus Clitus met his fate the same as the Persian general Spithradates whom he had stabbed through the heart with his spear. Instantly, Alexander realized what he had done and rushed over to him crying out loudly, he lifted his head and begged him to please speak, however it was to late he had killed his best friend regretfully, pulling out the weapon from Clitus body he put it to his own throat about to take his own life when a guard wrenched it out of his hand just in the nick of time. 85 Black Clitus Alexander in deep remorse sit on the couch and wept aloud calling on Clitus to get up and return from the dead but it was all in vain, how could he face Clitus mother Lanice, she had reared him along with Clitus two brothers, she had given her sons to fight for him, both of them were killed in battle accept for Clitus. Now he had wantonly killed him, her only son for three days he refused to touch food, drink wines and hard liquors calling himself a murderer and saying that he deserved to die. The Macedonian military passed a resolution declaring black Clitus had been justly slain by the enemies in a made-up battle, the gesture did very little to console him and ease his guilty conscience. Alexander knew the truth and eventually, died with the truth. historians and sociologists records Alexander finally, drinking himself to death stating that he had no more worlds to conquer, could it be his being fill with remorse for having slain his best friend be the greater reason. After the death of Black Clitus the whole city of Philippi the chief city was the first to be converted to Orthodox Christianity they started the first Catholicism teachings of the new Testaments, the scripture says, Paul was summoned thither by the vision of the man of Macedonia, the Roman Catholic faith was established with its basic belief of the holy Trinity God is three persons in one (1) the Father, (2) the Son and (3) the Holy spirit. Yet Black Clitus is not known in teachings of Bible scripture or either in world history, his name is recorded in Latin as Diodotus Siculus, he reigned from 356 - 335 AD, historians records him as Seleucid satrap Diodotus, there is no pictures of him or statues of how he looked, meaning hundreds of years has gone
by and not one artist or sculptor thought to paint or sculpture an image of Alexander the Great top general. I think this prove my theory, that there�s a cover-up somewhere when it comes to revealing the truth of our history. This leaves us with the tedious task of learning about him through his name we do know he was known by the name of Siculus Nilote in Latin, which means black Clitus in English, its true he once saved Alexander life, its true he and Alexander had a quarrel and he was killed accidentally, he was a king in ancient Bactria and he was Alexander�s half brother, of all the characteristics we can recall about him the one trait that stands out the most was his name Black. I will bet generously, you won�t forget he was called Black. 86 Black Clitus What lesson can we learn from this real and historical tale of Clitus it establish the fact Africans and Americans of African origin should study Africans history with an open mind, there were many African unsung heroes who lived and died bravery. their lives were never reviewed due to the language barrier. When teaching world history, students are always taught about the life of Alexander the great, black Clitus was his half-brother, best friend and a black king, why wasn�t he recorded as a great Black hero, after all his name was Black. Life isn�t set up so that we can just push a button and say now I will write the history of African people and Black people, the writers of Africans history were lacking in ambition and did not have the right intentions when they wrote about Africans history. They should have been inspired to write Africa history, they should have learned the right historical context relevant to language, culture and tradition, the right time frame and the right geographical locations. They should have had the right attitude, the right mental formation, they should have had the right courage to write the truth and even the right sense of prophecy, they should have been able to write Africa history in comparison to this modern present day world. Their duty and task as writers were to interpret the lives of Africans in terms of humanness, their spirit, not to explain how Africans live in such miserable and wretched conditions, by the way, that is caused by outsiders and non-Africans. The question is why wasn�t Black Clitus recorded as a great Black hero. I�ll be honest with you and do not mean to offend white writers. I am convince Cuscasian writers of black history wrote what they perceived to be true, from a white person perspective the main reason white historians were able to write about the life of Alexander the great and neglected to write about the life of Black Clitus, they could not relate to him being called black and his name being black. They had a problem connecting to blackness on a spiritual level, Africans history is spiritual, to understand the conflicts concerning Africa and the social reality of Africa today, one must be able to go inside the mind of Africans and black people in America and think like an African think. I am able to write African and Black history with ease, to me its like breaking bread with our dead ancestors.
87 Black Clitus In this new age of division and coming together in unity to fight for one common cause, the survival of humanity, which I shall label as the survival of the human family I find it necessary we understand clearly, our enemy . Our enemy Only show love and care for those people who love and care about you. If someone shows that they hate you for no reason and have a strong dislike for you. You will be wasting your time and theirs too, when you express to that person your enemy. They should love everybody because if that person hate your guts. They can care less about what you say, even if you say its a nice day, your enemy will walk away from you and could care less about getting alone with you. A good question to ask is if our enemies will not make peace with us, how can we create a peaceful world ? Answer: Forget about your enemies, throw yourself into the hustles and bustles in life and elevate your current status, the truth is it doesn�t matter to you how many mistakes your enemy make. What unhappiness they must undergo, how uneducated they are - be honest with yourself do you really care.Their life is really immaterial to you. And it should not be a surprise to you to know that your life is immaterial to your enemy. Knowledge and education is the key to bring your enemy closer to you. We must educate ourselves to reach a higher state of consciousness, awareness and civilization. Meaning what you and only you experience in life is material and matters. If becoming a doctor you experience some of the illnesses that you want to cure, some of the mistakes you might make and the circumstances you have to diagnose. But continue on and still become a successful doctor. You will become material in the world and visible to your enemy, rather than just telling your enemy not to hate and that being the dumbest thing you can ever say to them, truly, when they witness your experience in life they will believe in you through trust 88
Black Clitus Without you ever having to say anything to them your experience in life by setting the example will become material to your enemy only than will you be able to speak to your enemy about loving and caring for others and they will listen, a good question to ask is why can�t we teach our enemy to love us. I would like to rephrase the question, its better to ask ourselves and others can love be taught my answer is emphatically no neither can hate but on the other hand if you are convinced of someone�s capabilities in loving you and being in love with you the more we are aware of love by others the more we will be stimulated to react toward love and in full view, will give love. You will never run the risk of being criticized for being filled with hate and
never have loved at all. We would be worse off if we did not let that person�s love for us guide us in the way of love. - for one reason and one reason only -awareness we will become aware that love exist. The question remain, why can�t we teach someone to love Answer: Because love is inspirational and inspiration is having the right spiritual and physical combinations, having the right thought formations, an affectionate consciousness, courage, a sense of vision, mental stimuli, intentions and ambitions no one can teach these combinations. Especially, in the proper order. They are naturally, inspired from within. Yet if we pay close attention, we are all inspired to love through our dreams and through our subconscious mind.