14-12-2009

Enigma (musical project) - Wikipedia, th…

Enigma (musical project)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Enigma is an electronic musical project founded by Michael Cretu, David Fairstein and Frank Peterson in 1990. The Romanian-born Cretu conceived of the Enigma project while working in Germany, but has been based at his recording studio A.R.T. Studios in Ibiza, Spain, since the early 1990s, where he has recorded all of Enigma's studio releases to date. Cretu is both the composer and the producer of the project. His former wife Sandra often provided vocals on Enigma tracks. Jens Gad co-produced and played guitar on three of the Enigma albums. Seven studio albums have been produced under the name of the project. Their first and most successful album, MCMXC a.D., sold more than 22 million copies worldwide.

Enigma

Contents
M ichael Cretu (composer and p roducer)

1 History 2 Influence 3 Awards 4 Discography 5 See also 6 Sources 7 References 8 External links 8.1 German 8.2 English

Background information Origin Genres Germany, Spain, Romania, Italy World beat Electronic New Age[1] Downtempo Years active Labels 1990–present Virgin EMI Charisma Associated acts Website www.enigma.de (http://www.enigma.de/) Members Michael Cretu, Andru Donalds, Margarita Roig Former members Sandra (1990–2003) Jens Gad (1993–2003) Peter Cornelius (1990–1996) David Fairstein (1990–1999)
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History
From the late 1970s onward, Michael Cretu already had his own music career on his hands and apart from some collaboration efforts with several other musicians, he also produced his wife's albums. Before Enigma, he released a number of albums under his own name, but none of them sold particularly well. Cretu revealed in an interview that he believed that his ideas were running out at that point. In December 1990, after eight months of preparation, Cretu released Enigma's debut album, the groundbreaking MCMXC a.D., which received over 60 platinum-level
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Gregorian

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Enigma (musical project) - Wikipedia, th…

sales awards worldwide. The album was Cretu's first Notable instruments commercial success through the single "Sadeness (Part I)," Sampler which juxtaposed Gregorian chants and sexual overtones Drum machine over a dance beat that was highly peculiar to the ears of Synthesizer the public at that time. Cretu explained that the album was Keyboard about unsolved crimes and philosophical themes such as Korg M1 life after death, hence the name Enigma. He had previously ALCHEMIST used a Gregorian-type chant on the opening seconds of Sandra's 1987 single "Everlasting Love", without integrating them into other parts of the song. "Sadeness" quickly rose to the top of the charts in Germany and France; it went on to become an almost-worldwide hit. Later Cretu would claim that the now signature Enigma sound was inspired after falling asleep on the London Underground. Before the album was released, Cretu was cautious of the response towards the upcoming album, decided to forgo mentioning his and most of the personnel's real name and credited himself as Curly M.C., while the album sleeve contained little information about the background of the project, furthering the mystery about the creators of the album and leading to speculation whether Enigma was a band, a person or a group. In 1993, Cretu was given an offer by producers to compose the full soundtrack of the motion picture Sliver, but he was unable to accept the offer. Instead, he came up with "Carly's Song" ("Age of Loneliness" in the album and video releases) and "Carly's Loneliness," which were used in the movie and credited in the motion picture soundtrack as well. In the same year, The Cross of Changes was released and it received about the same, if not an even larger and better response from the public (it sold 6 million copies in a year). However, both of the albums also hitched up lawsuits over the issue of sampling from other music sources. In 1996, Le Roi Est Mort, Vive Le Roi! (French for "The King is dead, long live the King!") was released. Cretu's idea was that this third album was the child of the previous two albums, and therefore included familiar elements of Gregorian chants and Sanskrit/ Vedic chants in it. Though the album was as meticulously crafted by Cretu as the earlier two albums, it failed to achieve the same level of success that they enjoyed. As a result only two of the three singles originally slated were released, with the third one ("The Roundabout") being silently cancelled in 1998. The 1999 release of The Screen Behind the Mirror included samples from Carl Orff's Carmina Burana on four tracks on the album. This time the Gregorian chants were toned down a lot, but still Shakuhachi flutes and other traditional Enigma signatures remain. Only "Gravity of Love" and "Push the Limits" were released as singles from the album. Ruth-Ann Boyle from the band Olive and also Andru Donalds mark their first appearance on the Enigma project. In 2001, Cretu released a new single called "Turn Around" together with Love Sensuality Devotion: The Greatest Hits and Love Sensuality Devotion: The Remix Collection to end what he considers to be the first chapter of Enigma. A light show was held at the Munich Planetarium in conjunction of the release of the compilation albums. 2003's Voyageur was considered by many to be a total makeover of the project. Practically all of the prominent Enigma signature elements (the ethnic and Gregorian chants, the famous Shakuhachi flutes) were no longer in use for this album. As a result many fans had difficulty appreciating this new direction and sales were affected. From a statistical point of view, every Enigma studio album to date has sold roughly half of what the previous release did. To commemorate the fifteen years of Enigma, a very special limited-edition album called Fifteen Years was
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Enigma (musical project) - Wikipedia, th…

launched, which was the size of an old LP vinyl disk, with Leonardo Davinci's art in the cover, a big booklet with extra art, and featured eight compact discs; all the previous albums, the DVD "Remember the Future"; and a special and exclusive bonus CD that was called The Dusted Variations, which included the project's greatest hits remade by another project. All of the songs were very different from the originals, and it sounded very dreamy and had almost no percussion. This disc also contained the single version of “Hello and Welcome,” which was later released as a single. Also, the DVD of Remember the Future featured in the box was slightly different because it contained the extra video of the single "Voyageur," and it had extra commentary in the extra part, called “Solve the Enigma.” On August 28, 2005, Enigma's management (Crocodile-Music.de (http://www.crocodilemusic.de/enigma/index.php) ) announced the release of the project's latest single, "Hello and Welcome," which was originally slated to be released in October, however it was moved to November 25, 2005, and finally was released in Germany on March 10, 2006. The song was also the walk-in music of the German boxer Felix Sturm and, much like Voyageur, shows little similarity to earlier Enigma works. On September 26, 2006, Enigma's sixth album A Posteriori was released worldwide, containing a new version of "Hello and Welcome" and the new song "Goodbye, Milky Way," which, despite earlier announcements, was not released as a single. The album is more techno- and pop-oriented electronic music than any previous one. The concept is based on such sciences as astronomy, physics, history, and sociology. A DVD version of A Posteriori was released on December 16, 2006, which featured kaleidoscope images in synchronization with the multi-channel remastered music. In late March 2007, a special private lounge remix album version of A Posteriori was released on the iTunes Music Store. This compilation includes 12 new remixed tracks from the album by artists such as Boca Junior, Tocadisco, and more. Some of these tracks were available previously on the original A Posteriori iTunes version of the album and on the previously mentioned DVD release. Released worldwide on 19 September 2008 was Enigma's seventh album, Seven Lives, Many Faces. The lead single, "Seven Lives," is a fusion of modern and classical elements. "Platinum Collection" - a 3 CD compilation was released on November 20, in Germany, and on 23 November 2009 worldwide. First CD contains Enigma hits, second - remixes and the third one is a collection of "Lost Track" - Michael Cretu musical experiments, which never were finalized and released before.

Influence
Enigma's first two studio albums also led to the creation and popularity of bands and musical groups that follow similar styles, often called "Enigmatic Music". At least 100 of them gained commercial success worldwide. Era and Gregorian (led by former Enigma member Frank Peterson) are among some notable groups which capitalised songs which heavily incorporate Gregorian chants in their works. Enigma and Deep Forest are also to be considered by many to have brought the tribal chant genre to the ears of the public. Achillea, a musical project by co-producer/guitarist on several albums, Jens Gad, features music with similar atmospherics, while featuring female vocals in different languages, with different singers from different parts of the world. Enigma also influenced Christopher von Deylen's musical project Schiller. The influence can be heard in any album by the band. Cretu's musical project is also included into the list of influences of Schiller.[1] (http://profile.myspace.com/index.cfm?fuseaction=user.viewprofile&friendid=24918960) Critics and fans have noted down the probable influences if not similarities of Enigma and the works of other notable musicians. Some examples include Delerium's Semantic Spaces album, Mike Oldfield's albums, The Songs of Distant Earth and Tubular Bells III, all B-Tribe's albums as well as other Claus Zundel projects and Sarah Brightman's cover of Hooverphonic's song, "Eden".
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Enigma (musical project) - Wikipedia, th…

Several prominent songs from the project have appeared on notable TV shows and movies: Song Beyond the Invisible Carly's Song Gravity Of Love Type of Work TV series Movie Movie Sliver The Scorpion King Money Train Eraser La Femme Nikita Single White Female Sliver Man of the House Exit to Eden (film) The Outer Limits TV series My So-Called Life Cold Case The L Word Boxing Helena Charlie's Angels Single White Female Exit to Eden Movie Sadeness (Part I) 1492: Conquest of Paradise Tropic Thunder Gomorra TV series Smell of Desire Movie TV Series Movie Cold Case Chappelle's Show Bounce Temptation Island The Matrix The Eyes of Truth The Long Kiss Goodnight In the preview trailer In the preview trailer In teaser trailer In a faux trailer for Kirk Lazarus' upcoming film In episode Sanctuary. In episode The Conversion In end credits In the preview trailer In the preview trailer Name La Femme Nikita Comments

I Love You ... I'll Kill Movie You Modern Crusaders Principles of Lust TV series Movie Movie Return to Innocence

"Return to Innocence" also appeared in numerous TV commercials around the world, including one for Virgin Atlantic.

Awards
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Enigma (musical project) - Wikipedia, th…

World Music Award - 2002 as most popularGerman solo artist. [2] (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/1859473.stm) ECHO (music award) - 1997 for Beyond the Invisible ECHO (music award) - 1992 for best marketing ECHO (music award) - 1992 as best national artist [3] (http://www.mfyi.com/e/enigmaawards.html) over 120 Platinum awards worldwide [4] (http://www.enigma-fanclub.com/news.htm) , [5] (http://www.reuters.com/article/pressRelease/idUS153272+19-Aug-2008+PRN20080819) 9 RIAA Platinum awards 7 RIAA Gold awards 8 BPI Platinum awards

Discography
Main article: Enigma discography 1990: MCMXC a.D. 1993: The Cross of Changes 1996: Le Roi Est Mort, Vive Le Roi! 2000: The Screen Behind the Mirror 2003: Voyageur 2006: A Posteriori 2008: Seven Lives, Many Faces

See also
List of number-one dance hits (United States) List of artists who reached number one on the US Dance chart Achillea Deep Forest Jean Michel Jarre Sacred Spirit Vangelis

Sources
Allmusic biography and discography (http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=11:jifoxqe5ldhe) Billboard.com, biography, discography and US chart history (http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/bio/index.jsp?pid=4556) Rolling Stone biography and discography (http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/enigma) rateyourmusic.com, biography and discography (http://rateyourmusic.com/artist/enigma) Discogs.com Biography and discography (http://www.discogs.com/artist/Enigma) Chartstats.com, UK chart history (http://www.chartstats.com/artistinfo.php?id=3457) Chartssurfer.de, German chart history (http://www.charts-surfer.de/musiksearch.php)

References
1. ^ MUSIC REVIEW: Enigma's LSD—Electronic & Choral Avant Garde, Engima Releases Greatest Hits—The
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Tech (http://tech.mit.edu/V121/N59/enigma.59a.html)

External links
German
Enigma.de (http://www.enigma.de) (Official website of Enigma) Crocodile-Music.de (http://www.crocodile-music.de/enigma/index.php) (Official Enigma management website) EMI Virgin Record Company (http://www.virginmusic.de/enigma) (Official Enigma Record Company)

English
Enigma Space (http://www.enigmaspace.com) (Official English Enigma website) EnigmaMusic (http://www.enigmamusic.com) (Official international fansite) Enigma Planet (http://www.myspace.com/enigmaplanet) (Official Enigma MySpace Page) Last.Fm Profile (http://www.last.fm/music/Enigma) (Music scrobbler) Enigma Music TV (http://www.youtube.com/EnigmaMusicTV) (Official Enigma YouTube Channel) Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enigma_(musical_project)" Categories: 1990s music groups | 2000s music groups | Enigma (musical project) | Ambient music groups | German electronic music groups | German house music groups | German techno music groups | German trance music groups | New Age musicians This page was last modified on 13 December 2009 at 23:47. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. See Terms of Use for details. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Contact us

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