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Functions of the Gall

Bladder


The Gall Bladder occupies a special place among the Yang organs because it is the only one
that does not deal with food, drink and their waste products. It stores bile, which is a refined
product. Further, it neither communicates with the exterior directly (via the mouth, rectum or
urethra), nor does it receive food or transport nourishment. The Gall Bladder is an Extraordinary
Organ.

The Gall Bladder has 3 principal
functions:

Stores and Excretes Bile
The GB stores bile which it receives from the Liver; it excretes bile when needed
during digestion. Excretion of bile by the Gall Bladder is an expression of the Livers
role in ensuring the smooth flow of qi, since the Liver provides the necessary qi for bile
secretion.
Controls Judgment
The GB controls the capacity to make decisions. It also gives an individual courage and
initiative. The GB gives us the capacity to turn the KI drive and vitality into positive
and decisive action. Thus, a deficient GB will cause indecision, timidity and the person
will easily be discouraged at the slightest adversity.
Controls the Sinews
This function is almost identical to the Liver function of controlling sinews. The only
slight difference is that the GB provides qi to the sinews to ensure their proper
movement and agility and the LR nourishes the sinews with its blood.

Point Indications and Functions:
Treats disorders of the eyes, especially those due to Wind-Heat or Liver and GB heat
Treats disorders of the ear, especially those due to exterior Wind-Heat or LR and GB
channel heat
Treats headaches, especially one-sided affecting the shaoyang channel at the temple
and side of the head
Treats disorders of the Liver (Rising Liver Yang, Liver Fire, Interior Wind, Liver qi
stagnation)
Treats phlegm disorders, scrofula and nodules
Clears Damp-Heat from the GB
Clears pathogenic factors from shaoyang level of 6 stages (alternating chills & fever,
bitter taste, hypochondriac pain, dryness of mouth and throat, nausea & vomiting)

The Gall Bladder Functions

Treats disorders of the spirit and hun
Regulates Dai Mo
Nourishes the sinews and marrow


The Gall Bladder Channel


The Main Pathway

























DEADMAN
The Superficial pathway
1. The GB channel begins at the outer canthus of the eye at GB 1.
2. It crosses to the anterior portion of the ear at GB 2 and ascends
to the upper border of the zygomatic arch at GB 3.
3. It ascends to the corner of the forehead at GB 4 and descends
via points GB 5, GB 6 and GB 7 to the region above the ear
where it meets with TE 22.
4. It curves posteriorly behind the ear to the mastoid process at
GB 12 and meets with TE 20 on the way.
5. It curves upwards across the side of the head to the corner of the
forehead at ST 8 and descends to the supraorbital region at GB 14.
6. It ascends and curves across the side of the head to GB 20.
7. It crosses the top of the shoulder via GB 21 and TE 15 to meet with GV 14
8. The channel then passes laterally via BL 11 to SI 12 and then anteriorly to enter the
supraclavicular fossa at ST 12.


The Gall Bladder Channel


A deep branch
9. emerges behind the ear and enters the ear at TE 17.
10. It emerges in front of the ear and passes via SI 19 and ST 7 to the outer canthus and
descends to the corner of the jaw near ST 5.
11. It crosses the TE channel, rises to the infraorbital region, and meets with BL 1.
12. It descends to the neck, intersects with ST 9, and rejoins the main channel in the
supraclavicular fossa.
13. It descends into the chest, meets with PC 1, and crosses the diaphragm.
14. It then connects with the Liver and reunites with the Gall Bladder.
15. It continues along the inside of the ribs to emerge in the inguinal region. It encircles the
genitals, runs superficially along the margin of the pubic hair and then enters deeply to emerge
at the sacral region where it meets the BL channel at Balioao (the four points of the sacral
foramina) and at GV 1.
16. It then emerges on the buttock at GB 30.

Another branch
17. descends from the supraclavicular fossa to the anterior aspect of the axilla, then passes through
GB 22-24.
18. It intersects with LR 13 and descends to the hip joint to meet the previous branch at GB 30
and continues down the lateral aspect of the thigh and knee.
The Superficial pathway
19. descends along the lateral aspect of the lower leg to the anterior aspect of the lateral malleolus
20. It follows the dorsal surface of the foot along the groove between the 4
th
and 5
th
metatarsals to
end on the lateral side of the tip of the 4
th
toe at GB 44.
21. Another branch separates at GB 41 and runs between the 1
st
and 2
nd
metatarsals to the
medial tip of the big toe and through the toenail to link with the LR channel.

CTA

1. The GB meridian begins superficially at the lateral canthus of the eye (GB 1) and zig-zags up
and down the lateral aspects of the face and head.
2. It descends from GB 15 to GB 20, inferior to the occiput, and GB 21 on the shoulder.
3. There are connections from GB 3 to TE 22 to ST 8 to GB 4-7 to TE 20 and back to GB
8. Some texts refer to a connection between GB 14 and BL 1.

One deep branch
4. goes from GB 1 down the cheek to the mandible, connects with ST 5.
5. It then goes up to the inferior border of the zygomatic bone, crosses the TE meridian and joins
with SI 18, and goes down the angle of the mandible with meet ST 6.
6. It then passes on down the neck to reach ST 12 where it reconnects with the main channel.



The Gall Bladder Channel


Another branch
7. Leaves GB 12, travels to TE 17 behind the mastoid process and enters the ear.
8. It then emerges in front of the ear at SI 19 and passes ST 7 on its way back to GB 1.
9. At GB 21 the pathway runs posteriorly across the shoulder to GV 14, down to BL 11,
laterally to SI 12, then back across the shoulder to ST 12 where the meridian becomes
superficial again.

At this point a deep pathway
10. travels through the thorax, crosses the superficial meridian at GB 24, and comes down through
the diaphragm.
11. It connects with LR 13 and then passes through the Liver and Gall Bladder organs.
12. it continues to the lower abdomen and inguinal region, passes the public area, and turns
backwards to the hip (to GB 30).

The superficial pathway
13. from ST 12 passes in front of the axilla and zig-zags down the lateral aspect of the chest and
floating ribs to the greater trochanter of the femur at GB 30 (via LR 13/14 and ST 30
according to Japanese texts).

Another deep pathway
14. Meanwhile at GB 29 a deep pathway goes round the back and across to the sacrum,
connecting with BL 31-34 and then down to GV 1 and back across to GB 30.

The Superficial pathway
15. runs from GB 30 down the lateral side of the leg/foot to GB 41 (where a deep pathway runs
between the 1
st
and 2
nd
metatarsals to the medial aspect of the first digit and crosses under the
toenail to connect with LR 1).
16. The GB channel continues and ends at GB 44.

Divergent Channel

This leaves the primary meridian on the thigh and crosses over the hip joint to enter the lower
abdomen in the pelvic region.
Here it links with the divergent channel of the Liver.
It then crosses between the lower ribs and connects with the Gallbladder. It diffuses through
the Liver.
It passes up to the Heart and esophagus and disperses in the face.
It connects with the eye and rejoins the primary meridian at the lateral canthus.



The Gall Bladder Channel


Luo Channel

This leaves the primary meridian at GB 37 on the lateral aspect of the lower leg and connects
with the Liver meridian.
It then passes downward to disperse over the dorsum of the foot.

Muscle Channel

This begins on the 4
th
digit and binds with the lateral malleolus. It passes up the lateral aspect
of the leg and binds with the knee.
A branch leaves the head of the fibula and ascends the thigh.
A sub-branch travels anteriorly, and binds with the thigh above ST 32.
Another sub branch travels posteriorly to bind with the sacrum.
The main channel passes upwards across the ribs to the anterior border of the axilla. It binds
first in the breast region and then at ST 12.
Another branch runs from the axilla across ST 12 and emerges anterior to the BL muscle
channel. It continues up posterior to the ear to the temple where it crosses to the vertex and
joins its bilateral counterpart.
A branch descends from the temple across the cheek and binds at the bridge of the nose.
A sub branch binds with the lateral canthus of the eye.




Entry point, Reunion point 3 5

Location In the depression just lateral to the orbital rim
At the level of the lateral canthus
JRW
.5 cun lateral to the lateral canthus of the eye
In the depression on the lateral aspect of the orbit bone
CTA

Needling 0 needling posteriorly .2-.3 cun, or extend to connected with M-HN-9 (Taiyang)
Note: According to several modern texts, this point is contraindicated to moxa.

Function ^ Entry point
^ Reunion: GB, TE, SI
^ Eliminates wind and clears heat
D,B

^ Expels Wind-Heat
M

^ Clears Fire
M

^ Brightens the eyes
M,B

^ Benefits the eyes
D

^ Courses the channels and frees qi
B

^ Relieves pain
B


Name Pupil Bone-Hole
Tong: pupil of the eye
Zi: noun suffix
Liao: bone-hole
Alternate Names: Hind Curve,
Greater Yang

LJ The function of GB 1 is directly related to the quality of discernment one applies
toward oneself and to the external world. The TCM functions of this point include
draining heat and wind. Heat here is the physiological by-product of an underlying
mental/emotional process predicated on frustration. Something has blocked ones
progress and the result of the emotional work done trying to move the stagnation has
caused heat. Wind is anything that moves in an unpredictable pattern. Here, one is
unable to discern a clear picture of the world; it appears as an unrelated string of
chaotic events. This external confusion undermines the clarity of ones vision and is
mirrored by the appearance of internal wind and heat.


GB 1 Orbit Bone


5 5
Forbidden Months 1+

Location On the posterior margin of the condyle of the mandible
Anterior to the inferior border of the tragus
When the mouth is open, a depression appears at this point
JRW
Directly below SI 19
CTA

Needling Slightly posterior insertion, .5-1 cun.
This point should be needled with the mouth wide open. The patient may close the
mouth after insertion.

Function ^ Benefits the ears
D,M
opens the ears
B

^ Eliminates wind
D,B,M

^ Activates the channel and alleviates pain
D,M

^ Clears heat
D

^ Courses the LR and GB
B

^ Moves qi
B


Name Auditory Convergence
Ting: To hear, to listen
Hui: To converge, to gather; to meet, to join
Alternate Names: Hearing Laughter,
Hind Gate, Hinge

Other
This point is located on the lower border of the tragusa point the patient uses
when opening his/her mouth. It lies just below SI 19.
Use this point with Wood CF patients who have ear pain.
Its also used locally for trigeminal neuralgia.
Its good for problems of the ear and when one has difficulty hearing.
JG: This point helps an inability to hear other perspectives.





GB 2 Hearing Assembly

Reunion point X 3-5

Location Anterior to the ear
Immediately superior to the zygomatic arch
Superior to GB 2
JRW

Needling 90 insertion, .3-.5 cun.
! It is traditionally emphasized that deep needling should be avoided at this point

Function ^ Reunion: GB, ST (+ TE acc. to D)
^ Eliminates wind
D

^ Benefits the ears
D

^ Opens the portals and boosts the hearing
B

^ Activates the channel and alleviates pain
D


Name Upper Gate
Shang: upper, above; to rise
Guan: gate, pass; joint
Alternate Names: Guest Host Person, Guest
Host, Guest King, Generous Host, Greater
Yang

The mandibular joint is often referred to in Chinese as the gate (guan). This point,
located on the edge of the upper bone of that joint, is called Upper Gate.

The alternate names Guest-Host or Guest-Emperor indicate that the host (or
emperor) channel receives the TE, LI, BL and ST channels at GB 3.

GB 3 Upper Pass
GB 3 Upper Pass


Reunion point 2 3

Location On the temple
ACI posterior to the natural hairline
1 ACI inferior to ST 8
JRW
Superior to the temple and the hairline
One quarter of the distance between ST 8 and GB 7
On the superior border of the temporalis muscle
CTA

Needling 0 insertion, .5-1.5 cun.
Note: This point, like all hairline points, may be needled in any direction.
Direction depends on symptomatology. The needle should be inserted deep into
the subcutaneous layer, into the loose areolar tissue adjacent to the bone of the
skull, rather than more shallowly.

Function ^ Reunion: GB, ST, TE
^ Eliminates Wind
D,B

^ Clears Heat
D,B

^ Activates the channel and alleviates pain
D

^ Clears Fright and alleviates pain
B


Name Forehead Fullness
Han: corner of the forehead; chin
Yan: full, satiated


If the jaw is closed tightly, there is a swelling (fullness) at the corner of the forehead.
GB 4 is located just above that swelling; hence the name Forehead Fullness.

In rare instances, yan means to close, and can therefore be a mnemonic for
remembering that if the jaw is closed tight there is a swelling at the point.

LJ This is an ideal point for easing jaw tension associated with repressed anger. It is also
excellent for relieving mental tension emanating from the gallbladder official.



GB 4 Loathsome Jaws


Reunion point 3 3

Location On the temple
ACI posterior to the natural hair line
One third of the distance from GB 4 to GB 7
JRW
Superior to the temple and the hairline
At the midpoint between ST 8 and GB 7
CTA

Needling 0 insertion, .5-1.5 cun.
Note: This point, like all hairline points, may be needled in any direction.
Direction depends on symptomatology. The needle should be inserted deep into
the subcutaneous layer, into the loose areolar tissue adjacent to the bone of the
skull, rather than more shallowly.

Function ^ Reunion: GB, ST, TE (+ LI acc. to D)
^ Eliminates Wind
D,B

^ Clears Heat
D

^ Activates the channel and alleviates pain
D

^ Disperses swelling and relieves pain
B


Name Suspended Skull
Xuan: to suspend, to hang
Lu: skull, cranium
Alternate Names: Marrow Hole, Marrow Center,
Rice Bite

This point is situated as if suspended on the skull between the hairline and the root of
the ear, and would furthermore serve as a convenient vantage from which to suspend
someone by their skull. Thus the point is known as Suspended Skull. Dizziness may
resemble the sensation of being hung in this way and dizziness is one indication this
point treats.



GB 5 Suspended Skull


Reunion point 2 3

Location On the temple
ACI posterior to the natural hair line
Two thirds of the distance from GB 4 to GB 7
JRW
Three quarters of the distance between ST 8 and GB 7
CTA

Needling 0 insertion, .5-1.5 cun.
Note: This point, like all hairline points, may be needled in any direction.
Direction depends on symptomatology. The needle should be inserted deep into
the subcutaneous layer, into the loose areolar tissue adjacent to the bone of the
skull, rather than more shallowly.

Function ^ Reunion: GB, ST (+ TE, LI acc. to D)
^ Eliminates Wind
D,B

^ Clears Heat
D

^ Activates the channel and alleviates pain
D

^ Frees the portals and moves qi
B


Name Suspended Tuft
Xuan: to suspend, to hang
Li: a very small unit of
length of weight; minute

The character li was originally used to represent the breadth of an oxs hair, and by
extension came to have the more general meaning of minute. Because of its original
meaning, the character is sometimes replaced by its homophone, which means a tuft
of hair.


GB 6 Suspended Regulator


Reunion point 3 3-5

Location On the temple
ACI posterior to the natural hair line
At the level of the apex of the pinna
Approximately 1 ACI anterior to and slightly inferior to TE 20
JRW
On the temporal bone
On a horizontal level with TE 20 and the apex of the pinna
A little posterior to the line of TE 22
CTA

Needling 0 insertion, .5-1.5 cun.
Note: This point, like all hairline points, may be needled in any direction.
Direction depends on symptomatology. The needle should be inserted deep into
the subcutaneous layer, into the loose areolar tissue adjacent to the bone of the
skull, rather than more shallowly.

Function ^ Reunion: GB, BL acc. to D
^ Eliminates Wind
D,B
and relieves pain
B

^ Benefits the mouth and jaw
D

^ Clears heat and disperses swelling
B


Name Temporal Hairline Curve
Qu: curve, bend
Bin: the hair of the temples


The location accounts for its name.



GB 7 Crooked Hair on the
Temples


Reunion point 3 3-5

Location On the head
1 ACI directly superior to TE 20
JRW
On the parietal bone
About 1.5 cun superior to the apex of the pinna
Directly superior to TE 20
CTA

Needling 0 insertion, .5-1.5 cun.
Note: This point, like all hairline points, may be needled in any direction.
Direction depends on symptomatology. The needle should be inserted deep into
the subcutaneous layer, into the loose areolar tissue adjacent to the bone of the
skull, rather than more shallowly.

Function ^ Reunion: GB, BL
^ Eliminates Wind
D,B

^ Benefits the head and alleviates pain
D

^ Harmonizes the diaphragm and ST and alleviates vomiting
D

^ Treats alcohol intoxication
D

^ Settles tetany
B

^ Relieves pain
B

^ Removes channel obstructions
M

^ Benefits the ears
M


Name Valley Lead
Shuai: to lead
Gu: valley
Alternate Names: Following the Bone,
Following the Corner, Cricket Container

To find this point one bends the ear in half lengthwise and follows its straight edge
past the hairline to the depression (valley) about 1.5 cun above the tip of the ear. In
this way one is led to the valley.

Of all the valley (gu) points, GB 8 has the topmost location. Considered in this
light, the point is the lead for all the other valley points.

In Following the Corner and Following the Bone, the character shuai is rendered as
following because the names are locational. In the poetic name Cricket Container,
shuai has evolved into its homophone meaning cricket.

Other
JG: This is a mental point. Its about the way a person engages with life in their
minds. When mental activity overdominates, use this point. Use it for
overstimulation without rest. Its good for wood migraines.

GB 8 Flowing Valley

Reunion point 3 3-5
Forbidden Months 4+

Location On the head
ACI posterior to GB 8
2 ACI superior to the natural hair line
JRW
About .5 cun posterior to GB 8
Directly superior to the line of the posterior border of the root of the pinna
CTA

Needling 0 insertion, .5-1.5 cun.
Note: This point, like all hairline points, may be needled in any direction.
Direction depends on symptomatology. The needle should be inserted deep into
the subcutaneous layer, into the loose areolar tissue adjacent to the bone of the
skull, rather than more shallowly.

Function ^ Reunion: GB, BL
^ Calms the Spirit
D,B,M
and pacifies fright
D

^ Clears GB channel Heat
D,B

^ Removes channel obstructions
M

^ Subdues rising qi
M

^ Eliminates interior wind
M

^ Calms spasms
M


Name Celestial Hub
Tian: Celestial, of the heavens, sky; Nature
Chong: Surge, rush, flush; thoroughfare;
a place of importance
Alternate Names: Celestial Surge,
Celestial Crossroads

GB bears the honorific celestial due to its location on the head, while hub is
indicative of its importance as a point of intersection. Tian Chong is a Star Name.

Other
This point can be used as a Window. In the classics its listed as a Window. It
provides a direct route to the middle of a person.
JG: This is a mental point. Its about the way the person engages with life in
their minds. Use when mental overactivity dominates.

GB 9 Heaven Rushing

Reunion point 3 3-5

Location On the head
Posterior and slightly superior to the ear
1 ACI posterior to the natural hair line
At the level of the superior edge of the root of the ear
JRW
Posterior and superior to the mastoid process
One third of the distance from GB 9 to GB 12
On the curve of the GB meridian
CTA

Needling 0 insertion, .5-1.5 cun.
Note: This point, like all hairline points, may be needled in any direction.
Direction depends on symptomatology. The needle should be inserted deep into
the subcutaneous layer, into the loose areolar tissue adjacent to the bone of the
skull, rather than more shallowly.

Function ^ Reunion: GB, BL
^ Clears the head and benefits the neck region
D

^ Activates the channel and alleviates pain
D

^ Courses and disinhibits the LR and GB
B

^ Dissipates wind and frees the connecting vessels
B


Name Floating White
Fu: To float, to drift, to rise
Bai: White, pure


The character fu, meaning rising, is a reference to the rising of the LR and GB yang
qi, while bai, meaning white, is the color associated with metal and refers to the
points metal like function of restraining wood. The ideograph bai may be taken as a
reference to the LU, as this point is utilized in the treatment of various lung disorders
such as thoracic fullness with gasping, throat bi and counterflow cough.

GB 10 Floating White

Reunion point 3 3-7

Location On the head
Posterior to the ear
Midway between GB 10 and GB 12
JRW
Posterior to the mastoid process
Two thirds of the distance from GB 9 to GB 12
On the curve of the GB meridian
CTA

Needling 0 insertion, .5-1.5 cun.
Note: This point, like all hairline points, may be needled in any direction.
Direction depends on symptomatology. The needle should be inserted deep into
the subcutaneous layer, into the loose areolar tissue adjacent to the bone of the
skull, rather than more shallowly.

Function ^ Reunion: GB, BL (+SI, TE acc. to D)
^ Clears the head and benefits the sense organs
D

^ Activates the channel and alleviates pain
D

^ Clears Heat
B

^ Disinhibits GB channel damp-heat
B

^ Frees the ears and disinhibits the throat
B


Name Head Portal Yin
Tou: head
Qiao: portal, orifice
Yin: yin, the complement of yang
Alternate Names: Pillow Bone

The word head is included in this point to avoid confusion with another point of
the same name, Foot Portal Yin (GB44). The occipital region, where this point is
located, is considered to be the yin portion of the head. GB 11 is employed in the
treatment of diseases related to the five portals of the five viscera, i.e., the eyes (eye
pain from taxation jaundice), ears (deafness, tinnitus), mouth (bitter taste), nose
(nasal congestion) and tongue (stiffness).


GB 11 Head Hole Yin

Reunion point 5 3-7

Location On the head
Within the angle formed by the posterior border of the mastoid process and the
inferior edge of the occipital bone when the head is tilted forwards
JRW
In the crevice just posterior and inferior to the mastoid process
Where it meets the temporal bone
CTA

Needling 45 inferior insertion, .5-1 cun.

Function ^ Reunion: GB, BL
^ Eliminates wind
D,B,M
and clears heat
B

^ Benefits the head
D

^ Rouses the brain and opens the portals
B

^ Calms the Spirit
D,M

^ Alleviates pain
D

^ Calms spasms
M

^ Subdues rising qi
M


Name Completion Bone
Wan: Completed, finished
Gu: Bone


The term wan gu is the traditional name for the mastoid process, which is the bony
protuberance just behind the ear. This point is located at the edge of that process.

Other
Consider using this point on a Wood CF if energy is stuck.


GB 12 Final Bone


Yang Wei Mo 3 7

Location On the head
ACI posterior to the natural hair line
On a vertical line superior to the lateral canthus
JRW
Two thirds of the distance from GV 24 to ST 8
.5 cun posterior to the anterior hairline
On the frontal bone
CTA

Needling 0 insertion, .5-1.5 cun.
Note: This point, like all hairline points, may be needled in any direction.
Direction depends on symptomatology. The needle should be inserted deep into
the subcutaneous layer, into the loose areolar tissue adjacent to the bone of the
skull, rather than more shallowly.

Function ^ Eliminates wind
D,B,M
and calms the liver
B

^ Clears and drains the Liver and Gallbladder
^ Resolves phlegm
D

^ Treats epilepsy
D,B
and calms the Spirit
B,M

^ Gathers essence to the head
M

^ Clears the brain
M


Name Root Spirit
Ben: Root, origin, source
Shen: Spirit


GB 13 is utilized in treating spirit disorders, and treating the spirit is known as
treating the source (root) of a disease. The chapter of the Spiritual Axis that
discusses this aspect of treatment is called by the same name as GB 13: Root Spirit.

LJ As wood element officials, the gallbladder and liver meridians energetically resemble a
tree. The location of this point on the head corresponds to the view of the highest
perspective offered by the treetop branches. This point integrates the fundamental
vision present in the roots (ben) of the tree with this higher perspective. Compare
this point with the function of LR 1.

Other
Use this point and all Gall Bladder head points for the Spirit level. These points
are the very basis and foundation of Shen; they have an outgoing, direct quality.



GB 13 Root Spirit


Yang Wei Mo 2 3

Location On the forehead
1 ACI superior to the supra-orbital notch, found in the middle of the eyebrow
JRW
1 cun superior to the eyebrow
Directly superior to the center of the pupil
On the frontal bone
CTA

Needling With the fingers of one hand, pinch up the skin over the point, and with the other
hand, needle 0 in an inferior direction, .5-.8 cun, or needle to connected with
Yuyao (M-HN-6: the midpoint of the eyebrow)

Function ^ Eliminates Wind
D,B,M
and clears Heat
B

^ Benefits the head and alleviates pain
D

^ Subdues rising qi
M

^ Benefits the eyes
D

^ Brightens the eyes
B


Name Yang White
Yang: yang, the complement of yin
Bai: White, pure, clear


Because this point is situated on the head, which is associated with yang, and is
furthermore the meeting point of five yang channels, yang, is included in the name.
The character bai helps make things clear in that it is employed to treat eye diseases.

Other
This point is good for Wood CFs who are in a muddle. It gives them a real kick.
Its good for a patient who has already made a decision but needs it to be
solidified.
GB 14 & 15 are good for headaches and eye problems.


GB 14 Yang White


Reunion point, Yang Wei Mo 3 X

Location On the head
ACI posterior to the natural hair line
On a vertical line superior to the middle of the pupil
when the eye is looking straight ahead
JRW
At the mid point of the distance from GV 24 to ST 8
2 cun lateral to the anterior median line
cun posterior to the anterior hairline
Directly superior to GB 14
On the frontal bone
CTA

Needling 0 insertion, .5-1.5 cun.
Note: This point, like all hairline points, may be needled in any direction.
Direction depends on symptomatology. The needle should be inserted deep into
the subcutaneous layer, into the loose areolar tissue adjacent to the bone of the
skull, rather than more shallowly.

Function ^ Reunion: GB, BL, Yang Wei Mo acc. to D
^ Eliminates wind
D

^ Benefits the head
D

^ Alleviates pain
D

^ Clears the brain
B
^ Brightens the eyes
B

^ Frees the nose
B
^ Regulates the Mind
M

^ Balances the emotions
M
^ Benefits the nose and eyes
D


Name Head Overlooking Tears
Tou: Head
Lin: To overlook, to face towards;
to arrive at
Qi: Tear

Because GB 15 overlooks the eye, the place that tears come from, it may be
called Head Overlooking Tears. It also overlooks in that it treats diseases of the
eye. Lin also has an extended meaning of supervision, or as in this case, treatment.
This is especially meaningful in light of the line from the Ode of a Hundred Patterns:
[If there is] tearing, needle Overlooking Tears (GB15) and Head Corner (ST 8).

Other
This point is good for the mental level when a patient is uptight and tense within
himself/herself. It can be used with Foot Above Tears (GB 41). It is a
powerful point.
JG: This point calms the mind, eases agitation and brings clarity. See VII 41 for
combination suggestion.


GB 15 Head Above Tears




GB 16 Eye Window


Yang Wei Mo 3 5

Location On the head
1 ACI posterior to GB 15
JRW
1.5 cun posterior to the anterior hairline
1 cun posterior to GB 15
On the coronal structure
Note: The origin of the locations of GB 16/17/18 at 2/3/4.5 ACI posterior to
the hairline is unknown. Dr. Wu Wei-Ping has them at 1/2/3.5 behind GB 15,
which is 1.5 cun before the parieto-frontal suture. Dr. H. Voisins locations are
similar to G. Solulie de Morant, following a completely different pathway and
numbering system.
CTA

Needling 0 insertion, .5-1.5 cun.
Note: This point, like all hairline points, may be needled in any direction.
Direction depends on symptomatology. The needle should be inserted deep into
the subcutaneous layer, into the loose areolar tissue adjacent to the bone of the
skull, rather than more shallowly.

Function ^ Benefits the eyes
D

^ Eliminates Wind and alleviates pain
D

^ Clears the head and brightens the eyes
B


Name Eye Window
Mu: Eye
Chuang: Window
Alternate Names: Arriving at Splendor

The name reflects the points function and location.

LJ This point empowers one to release judgments against self and others. Further, this
point may allow one to bring past events into perspective.

Other
This eye Window enables the Official to really see clearly before making
decisions and judgments. When you can see what the problem is, you can make
a sensible decision and judgment. Remember what the Official and Element
dothey are concerned with decisions and judgments. To do this we need to
see clearly where we are going with the mind and Spirit.
This point clears blocks between the mind and Spirit. It helps the patient to see
himself/herself and the process of change as treatment begins to show rebirth.



GB 17 Upright Living


Yang Wei Mo 3 5

Location On the head
1 ACI posterior to GB 16
JRW
2.5 cun posterior to the anterior hairline
1 cun posterior to GB 16
On the parietal bone
Note: The origin of the locations of GB 16/17/18 at 2/3/4.5 ACI posterior to
the hairline is unknown. Dr. Wu Wei-Ping has them at 1/2/3.5 behind GB 15,
which is 1.5 cun before the parieto-frontal suture. Dr. H. Voisins locations are
similar to G. Solulie de Morant, following a completely different pathway and
numbering system.
CTA

Needling 0 insertion, .5-1.5 cun.
Note: This point, like all hairline points, may be needled in any direction.
Direction depends on symptomatology. The needle should be inserted deep into
the subcutaneous layer, into the loose areolar tissue adjacent to the bone of the
skull, rather than more shallowly.

Function ^ Benefits the head and alleviates pain
D

^ Pacifies the Stomach
D

^ Clears heat and drains the GB
B

^ Soothes the sinews and quickens the connecting vessels
B


Name Upright Construction
Zheng: Right, upright, true, straight
Ying: The former half of construction-blood,
nourishment; to manage, to regulate

The character zheng refers to the points location right at the top of the head, while
ying may be considered as an indication of the points ability to reach construction-
blood (ying xue) and thereby nourish the eyes and spirit.

In geographical nomenclature ying refers to the lines that demarcate the east-west, i.e.
horizontal direction. GB 17 is located on the horizontal line that crosses exactly at
the top of the head.

Zheng ying also can mean fear or solicitude. This name may therefore be indicative of
the use of GB 17 for quieting the spirit and easing palpitations.

Other
The destiny of Wood is benevolence and human kindness.


GB 18 Receiving Spirit


Yang Wei Mo X 5

Location On the head
1 ACI posterior to GB 17
JRW
4 cun posterior to the anterior hairline
1.5 cun posterior to GB 17
On the parietal bone
Note: The origin of the locations of GB 16/17/18 at 2/3/4.5 ACI posterior to
the hairline is unknown. Dr. Wu Wei-Ping has them at 1/2/3.5 behind GB 15,
which is 1.5 cun before the parieto-frontal suture. Dr. H. Voisins locations are
similar to G. Solulie de Morant, following a completely different pathway and
numbering system.
CTA

Needling 0 insertion, .5-1.5 cun.
Note: This point, like all hairline points, may be needled in any direction.
Direction depends on symptomatology. The needle should be inserted deep into
the subcutaneous layer, into the loose areolar tissue adjacent to the bone of the
skull, rather than more shallowly.

Function ^ Benefits the head and alleviates pain
D

^ Benefits the nose & descends LU qi
D
Diffuses the LU & frees the portals
B

^ Calms the Mind
M

^ Clears the brain
M

^ Clears the GB and drains heat
B


Name Spirit Support
Cheng: To support; to contain; to receive
Ling: Spirit; Ingenious


GB 17 is located at the place the ancient Chinese termed the cover of the celestial
spirit. Whether the name should be translated as Support Spirit, Receive Spirit or
Contain Spirit is not entirely clear. Cheng, in this case, means to support in most
Chinese sources.

Other
This point is good for the Spiritual connection of the inside Spirit with the
outside Spirit. Its for the Ling Spirit, ones deepest internal Spiritual nature.
It lends sensitivity and awareness, subtle and receiving.



GB 19 Brain Hollow


Yang Wei Mo 3 5

Location On the head
Lateral to the external occipital protuberance
1 ACI superior to GB 20
JRW
On the level of the upper border of the external occipital protuberance of the
occiput (and GV 17)
1.5 cun superior to GB 20
CTA

Needling 0 insertion, .5-1.5 cun.
Note: This point, like all hairline points, may be needled in any direction.
Direction depends on symptomatology. The needle should be inserted deep into
the subcutaneous layer, into the loose areolar tissue adjacent to the bone of the
skull, rather than more shallowly.

Function ^ Benefits the head and alleviates pain
D

^ Pacifies Wind and clears the sense organs
D

^ Clears the GB and drains Fire
B

^ Soothes the sinews and quickens the connecting vessels
B

^ Rouses the brain and frees the portals
B


Name Brain Hollow
Nao: Brain
Kong: Empty, spacious
Alternate Names: Temple Region

The fact that GB 19 is called Brain Hollow and GB 18 is called Spirit Support
shows that the ancient Chinese realized the relationship of the brain to what they
termed disorders of the spirit. Many points on the GV, GB and BL channels are
used to treat psychiatric (i.e., spirit) disorders because these three channels traverse
the head.



GB 20 Wind Pond


Reunion point, 6 7-10
Yang Wei Mo, Yang Qiao Mo

Location Inferior to the occipital bone
In the center of the depression between the external occipital protuberance
and the mastoid process
Superior to the natural hair line and lateral to the border of the trapezius
JRW
2.25 cun lateral to the posterior median line
In the large hollow between the trapezius and sternocleidomastoid muscles
1 cun superior to the natural hairline
Level with GV 16 and inferior to the occiput
CTA

Needling (1) Slightly 45 inferior insertion in the direction of the channel, 1-1.5 cun
(2) Directed towards the tip of the nose, the contralateral eyeball or Yintang (M-
HN-3), .5-1 cun
! Deeper needling may damage the spinal cord !

Function ^ Reunion: GB, TE, Yin Qiao Mo, Yang Wei Mo acc. to D
^ Eliminates Wind
D,B
and clears Heat
B

^ Benefits the head and eyes
D

^ Clears the sense organs
D,B
and the Head
B

^ Brightens the eyes and sharpens the hearing
B

^ Harmonizes Qi and Blood
B

^ Activates the channel and alleviates pain
D,B


Name Wind Pool
Feng: Wind
Qi: Pool, Pond
Alternate Names: Heat Mansion

Other
This point is good for any optic nerve disorder and symptoms brought on by
Wind. Its symptomatic for migraines and is good for headaches in the back of
the neck.
This point works on a mental level on clarity issues; its good for people who
have an inability to see or to form judgments.
Its a very powerful pointuse it with caution.


GB 21 Shoulder Well


Reunion point, Yang Wei Mo 4-6 7-15

Location Midway between GV 14 and the lateral tip of the clavicle
Upon the anterior border of the trapezius
In line with TE 15 and SI 13
JRW
(traditionally at the highest point of the shoulder)
CTA

Needling Posterior 45 insertion, .5-1 cun
! 90 insertion, especially in thin patients, brings a big risk of Pneumothorax !
! Contraindicated during pregnancy !

Function ^ Reunion: GB, TE, (+ ST, Yang Wei Mo acc. to D
^ Regulates qi
D

^ Activates the channel and alleviates pain
D,B

^ Transforms and lowers phlegm
D,B

^ Dissipates nodules
D

^ Benefits the breasts
D
promotes lactation
M

^ Expedites delivery
D,M

^ Relaxes the sinews
M


Name Shoulder Well
Jian: Shoulder
Jing: A well
Alternate Names: Shoulder Well (Bo Jing)

This points name is a result of its location.

Other
This is a powerful spirit point.
Its located below the neck and at the top of the shoulderswhere Heaven
meets Earth.
This is a reunion point for the Triple Burner and the Gall Bladder.
Working on a physical and spirit level, it unites Heaven and Earth, God and
man.
Its a meeting point to use when the patient is disconnected from her/her higher
self.
Its good for when the spirit is shining out but the body is locked, depleted or
vice versa.
Its good for the tendons and stiffness on a mental, physical and spirit level.
Its good for the shoulders, neck and general chest problems.
The Triple Burner brings in heavenly aspects of Fire and warmth.
You can use this point with Eye Window when youre not getting enough Qi
through to enable the patient to see.


GB 22 Armpit Abyss


4 X

Location In the 4
th
intercostal space
On the mid-axillary line
JRW

Needling 20 insertion along the intercostal space, .5-1 cun
! 90 or Deep insertion may induce a Pneumothorax !
! According to several classical texts, this point is contraindicated for moxa !

Function ^ Regulates qi
D,B

^ Unbinds the chest
D,B

^ Benefits the axilla
D

^ Relaxes the sinews
B


Name Armpit Abyss
Yuan: Abyss, deep pool
Ye: Armpit
Alternate Names: Abyss Humor, Humor
Abyss, Armpit Gate, Humor Gate, Spring
Armpit, Spring Humor

The point is called Armpit Abyss due to its location.


GB 23 Neglected Muscles


Reunion point, GB Alarm point 5 5

Location In the 4
th
intercostal space
1 ACI medial/anterior to GB 22
JRW

Needling 20 insertion along the intercostal space, .5-1 cun
! 90 or Deep insertion may induce a Pneumothorax !

Function ^ Reunion: GB, BL acc. to D
^ GB Alarm point, acc. to some sources (inc. JRW)
^ Regulates qi in the 3 jiao
D

^ Unbinds the chest
D

^ Lowers rebellion
D,B

^ Courses the LR and rectifies qi
B

^ Calms dyspnea
B


Name Sinew Seat
Zhe: The two seats of an ancient chariot; the
sides of the chariot just above the wheels
Jin: Sinew

GB 23 is located below the armpit on the side of the rib cage. The shape of the rib
cage is said to resemble the sides of a chariot in the area above the wheels. In fact,
the intercostal muscles are sometimes called Zhe jin. The point rides within these
sinews as if they were the seats of a chariot.

Other

Wood feeds the ligaments and tendons that hold the muscles in place. Look to
this point when there is atrophy or wasting no growth, rebirth or regeneration
of the muscles.
This point gives strength and security.
The strength of mind and spirit are held together here.


GB 24 Sun and Moon


GB Alarm point, Reunion point 5 5-7

Location On the thorax in the 7
th
intercostal space
On the paramedian nipple line

Needling 20 insertion along the intercostal space, .5-1 cun
! 90 or Deep insertion may induce a Pneumothorax !

Function ^ GB Alarm point ^ Reunion: GB, SP (+ Yang Wei Mo acc. to D)
^ Benefits the GB
D,M
^ Courses GB qi
B

^ Spreads LR qi
D
^ Benefits the Liver
M

^ Lowers rebellion
D
^ Harmonizes the middle jiao
D,B

^ Resolves damp-heat
D,B,M


Name Sun and Moon
Ri: Sun; day
Yue: Moon; month
Alternate Names: Spirit Light, Gallbladder Mu

The Sun represents yang and the Moon yin. The Chinese word for clear is ming, which is a
composite made of the characters for Sun and Moon. Thus, just as the sun and moon make
things clear on earth, this point can help makes things clear in the mind.

LJ Together, these two characters may be rendered as illumination. It is the vision of things that
creates the phenomenal universe. The two eyes are emblematic of the fall from the unity of the
one in which all things are interpenetrating, to the two where distinctions arise between good
and bad and, ultimately, between the self and Dao. The character ming, meaning illumination,
has two halves. The left half is the sun and represents outer illumination; the vision that brings
things into the world. It is the vision of creation that proceeds from the opening of the
senses that allows us to perceive the phenomenal world. The right half of the character
represents the moon; the quality of light at night which blends all things into one. This inner
illumination is the vision that results from shutting off the senses, allowing us to see the depth
of things. The sun and moon are symbols for the left and right eyes and provide a connection
between vision, the wood element, and the unity of opposites. It is the faculty of
discrimination that breaks the unity of the uncarved wood into the ten thousands things. The
sense of vision, based on two eyes, is only capable of seeing duality in the world. He who
turns his gaze outward loses the vision of unity present at his depth. Acupuncture point GB
24 (the sun and moon (ming)) can address this vision and help return the vision of the sage,
which rolls the ten thousand things back into one.
Other
This is a point you wouldnt use very early on, but its extremely valuable somewhere
along the line.
The name implies that its day and night, yin and yang, sun and moon, male and female,
the light and the darkits the balance. Anyone who is going to make decisions and
judgments must make them in a balanced way, not in a biased way. This is a great point
to bring that balance of the mind.
This point is about the whole nature of the Gall Bladder Officialdecision making. It
harmonizes opposites and brings about clarity.


GB 23 Neglected Muscles

Use it on dogmatic people who see in black and white with no grey areas. This is how
it s and thats that. It softens a hardened or rigid wood.


GB 24 Sun and Moon


KI Alarm point 7 7-12

Location Anterior to the tip of the 12
th
rib
JRW

Needling 90 insertion .5-1 cun
! In thin patients, deep needling may penetrate the peritoneal cavity !

Function ^ Kidney Alarm point
^ Benefits the KI
D

^ Warms KI cold
B

^ Regulates the water passages
D,B

^ Resolves water-damp
B

^ Fortifies the Spleen
D

^ Regulates the intestines
D

^ Benefits the lumbar region
D

^ Downbears ST counterflow
B


Name Capital Gate
Jing: Capital city; hill
Men: Gate, door
Alternate Names: Qi Mansion, Qi Shu,
Kidney Mu

A capital is an important gathering place, as is an alarm point. In Selected
Explanations of Points names, jing is said to include the meaning of yuan, source, in
ancient Chinese. Because the point name is the root of prenatal source qi, the point
name could be translated as Source Gate, indicating GB 25 is a gate to the bodys
source qi.

Other
This is a powerful physical point. Use it to treat the Gall Bladder itself.
Its often used with Liver 13.
The point itself is not very deep; it gets to the deep level superficially.
It is used to get things moving.


GB 25 Capital Gate


Dai Mo 8 5-15

Location On the lateral surface of the abdomen
At the intersection of the vertical line passing through the anterior tip of 11
th
rib
and a horizontal line passing through the center of the umbilicus
JRW
On the line from GB 25-27
Inferior to the tip of the 11
th
rib (and LR 13)
4 cun lateral to the anterior median line
CTA

Needling 90 insertion .5-1 cun
! In thin patients, deep needling may penetrate the peritoneal cavity !

Function ^ Regulates Dai Mo
D,M

^ Regulates menstruation and stops leucorrhea
D,B

^ Regulates the uterus
M

^ Clears and disinhibits damp-heat
B,M

^ Drains dampness
D

^ Activates the channel and alleviates pain
D


Name Girdling Vessel
Dai: Girdle, belt; to lead, take in ones
charge;
to carry
Mai: vessel (of blood and qi); pulse

This point is so named because it is a major point on the girdling vessel and is utilized
in treating diseases of that vessel. The girdling vessel itself is so named because it
encircles the body like a belt and takes charge of the conception, governing and
penetrating vessels.





GB 26 Girdle Vessel


Dai Mo 7 3-10

Location On the hip
Inferior and slightly posterior to the Anterior Superior Iliac Spine
JRW
.5 cun anterior to the anterior superior iliac spine
3 cun inferior to the level of the umbilicus
Level with CV 4
CTA

Needling 90 insertion 1-1.5 cun

Function ^ Regulates Dai Mo
D

^ Regulates the lower jiao and transforms stagnation
D

^ Strengthens the lumbus and boosts the kidney
B

^ Courses the liver and rectifies qi
B

^ Treats vaginal discharge
B


Name Fifth Pivot
Wu: Five, fifth
Shu: pivot, axis, central point; indispensable,
Cardinal

Each of the five postions has a number associated with it. Five is the number
associated with the center.

GB 27 can be considered the central point of the abdominal points on the GB
channel and is also located at a level central to the body as a whole. Shu, meaning
pivot, refers to the fact that the body turns or pivots at this point. Since shu also has
meanings of indispensable or central, it reinforces the connotations of wu, five.

GB 27 is a reunion point of the GB channel and Dai mo. Since Dai mo wraps
around the center of the body, and a place of intersection is in fact a pivot of sorts,
the points name makes sense.



GB 27 Five Pivots


Dai Mo 8 5-7

Location On the hip
Midway between GB 27 and GB 29
JRW
.5 cun medial and inferior to GB 27
Note: The origin of the location of GB 28 at the midpoint between GB 27 & 29
is unknown, but G. Soulie de Morant has GB 28 two FW. Under GB 27 and
three under GB 30, with GB 29 one FW above GB 30.
CTA

Needling 90 insertion 1-1.5 cun

Function ^ Regulates Dai Mo
D

^ Leashes Dai Mo
B

^ Regulates the lower jiao and transforms stagnation
D

^ Courses stagnant qi
B

^ Rectifies the two intestines
B


Name Linking Path
Wei: To link, to hold together; to protect
Dao: road, way, path; to lead, to guide,
Alternate Name: Outer Pivot (wai shu)

Other
This point is good for Wood CFs with difficult periods and uterine problems.
This point helps prevent sidetracking. It helps keep a person on path.



GB 28 Binding Path


Yang Qiao Mo 8 5-7

Location Midway between the anterior superior iliac spine and
the prominence of the greater trochanter of the femur
JRW
3 cun posterior to GB 28
(Traditionally described in the anterior fossa of the femurs greater trochanter.)
CTA

Needling 90 insertion 1-2 cun, or 45 insertion inferiorly 2-3 cun

Function ^ Activates the channel and alleviates pain
D,M

^ Benefits the hip joint
D

^ Soothes the sinews and quickens the connecting vessels
B

^ Strengthens the lumbus and the legs
B


Name Squatting Bone-Hole
Ju: To sit, to squat; to reside, to dwell
Liao: bone-hole


Other
This does the same things as the fire point of Gall Bladder.
Gall Bladder 29 & 30 used with moxa on the needle can bring heat right into
the joint and warm up the energy.
Dont use these points on their ownuse them with command points.



GB 29 Dwelling in the Bone


Reunion point, First Aid point 10-15 7-20

Location On the lateral surface of the hip
Posterior to the prominence of the greater trochanter
JRW
To locate GB 30 on one side, have the patient in a lateral recumbent position,
with that lower leg extended and the thigh flexed
On the lateral side of the thigh
One third of the distance between the prominence
of the greater trochanter of the femur and the sacral hiatus
Level with the inferomedial border of the gluteus maximus muscle
and the interior border of the piriformis muscle
CTA

Needling 90 insertion directed towards the genitals, 2-3.5 cun
Note: A radiating or electric sensation may travel to the foot. Since this
manifestation of deqi is particularly indicated in cases of sciatica, it may be more
readily induced by locating GB 30 one cun inferior to its normal position

Function ^ Reunion: GB, BL
^ First Aid: Fractures, Sprains
^ One of Ma Dan-yangs 12 Heavenly Star points
^ Activates the channel and alleviates pain
D,M

^ Dispels Wind-Damp
D,B

^ Benefits the hip and leg joint
D
disinhibits the lumbus and hip
B

^ Strengthens the lumbus and legs
B

^ Tonifies qi and blood
M

^ Dispels Damp-heat
M


Name Jumping Round
Huan: Ring, circle; to encircle; turn
Tiao: To jump, to leap
Alternate Names: Round Valley, Divided
Center, Hip Joint, Buttocks Pressing, Knee-
The part of the body where Cap, Hip Bone, Pivot Center, Pivot Union
This point is found is pivotal for Center
Jumping and turning movements. When a person squats down in preparation for a
jump, a semi-circular (round) depression appears at this point; hence the name
Jumping Round.

Other
This point is good for hips pain on a Wood CF. Go in 10 to 15 fen. Its good
with moxa and a moxa needle.



GB 30 Jumping Circle


5 5

Location On the lateral surface of the thigh
6 ACI proximal to the flexure of the knee
Between the vastus lateralis and the biceps femoris
JRW
7 cun proximal to the popliteral crease
On the lateral thigh
Note: Dr. Wu Wei-Ping gives the location of GB 31 as 6 cun above the flexure,
and GB 33 as above the head of the femur. Dr. J. Lavier illustrates GB 21/32/33
at 6/5/1 cun, with 13 cun as the total measurement of the thigh.
CTA

Needling (1) 90 or slightly 45 insertion posteriorly 1-2 cun
(2) 45 insertion, directed proximally or distally, 1.5-2.5 cun

Function ^ Eliminates Wind
D,B,M

^ Alleviates itching
D,M

^ Strengthens the bones
B,M

^ Strengthens the sinews
B

^ Relaxes the sinews
M

^ Activates the channel and alleviates pain
D

^ Dissipates cold
B

^ Regulates qi and blood
B


Name Wind Market
Feng: Wind
Shi: Market, fair, city


Wind disorders can be treated with this point. Furthermore, wind qi may gather in
this area like people gathering at a market or fair. Thus the point is known as Wind
Market.




GB 31 Wind market


5 5-7

Location On the lateral surface of the thigh
5 ACI proximal to the flexure of the knee
Between the vastus lateralis and the biceps femoris
JRW
Note: Dr. Wu Wei-Ping gives the location of GB 31 as 6 cun above the flexure,
and GB 33 as above the head of the femur. Dr. J. Lavier illustrates GB 21/32/33
at 6/5/1 cun, with 13 cun as the total measurement of the thigh.
CTA

Needling (1) 90 or slightly posterior 45 insertion 1-2 cun
(2) 45 insertion, directed proximally or distally, 1.5-2.5 cun

Function ^ Expels Wind, Damp and Cold
D,B

^ Activates the channel and alleviates pain
D

^ Soothes the sinews and quickens the connecting vessels
B


Name Central River
Zhong: Central, center
Du: River, ditch, drain


Qi flows in the channels like water in a river. The GB channel is in a central position
relative to the other two yang channels on the lower limbs. The name Central River
can be seen to represent the GB channels as a whole. Or, GB 32 may be so named
because the GB channel communicates with the TE channel (shaoyang). The TE is
referred to in the Spiritual Axis as Zhong du, the central river. Because this point is
located in the center of a groove in the muscles that resembles a ditch, the point
name could also be rendered as Central Ditch.



GB 32 Middle Ditch


5 X

Location On the lateral surface of the leg
Between the lateral condyle of the femur and the lateral condyle of the tibia
JRW
1 cun proximal to the popliteal crease
Note: Dr. Wu Wei-Ping gives the location of GB 31 as 6 cun above the flexure,
and GB 33 as above the head of the femur. Dr. J. Lavier illustrates GB 21/32/33
at 6/5/1 cun, with 13 cun as the total measurement of the thigh.
CTA

Needling (1) 90 1-2 cun
Note: According to several classical texts, this point is contraindicated to moxa.

Function ^ Relaxes the sinews and benefits the joints
D,B

^ Dispels Wind-Damp
D

^ Dispels Wind and dissipates Cold
B

^ Quickens the connecting vessels and relieves pain
B


Name Knee Yang Joint
Xi: Knee
Yang: Yang, the complement of yin
Guan: Gate; passage; joint


GB 33 Knee Yang Border


Earth, Sea, Influential point, Lower Uniting point 6 7-10
Forbidden Months 2+

Location In the hollow anterior and just distal to the head of the fibula
14 ACI proximal to the prominence of the lateral malleolus
JRW
The relationship to the bone takes priority over the cun measurement.
This will be on a level with SP 9
(on the inferior border of the medial condyle of the tibia).
CTA

Needling 90 or slightly 45 posterior insertion 1-2 cun
This point is sometimes through needled to SP 9, in which case it should be located
in a more distal position.

Function ^ Earth point
^ Sea point
^ Influential point: Sinews
^ One of Ma Dan-yangs 12 Heavenly Star points
^ Relaxes the sinews
M,B
Benefits the sinews and joints
D

^ Activates the channel and alleviates pain
D,M

^ Spreads Liver qi
D,M

^ Clears LR and GB damp-heat
D,M

^ Clears GB Heat
B

^ Benefits the lateral costal region
D

^ Expels wind from the knee and legs
B

^ Courses damp and stagnation in the channels and connecting vessels
B

^ Harmonizes Shaoyang
D

^ Subdues rebellious qi
M



Name Yang Mound Spring
Yang: Yang, the complement of yin
Ling: Mound, burial mound
Quan: Spring, fountain

Other
This is a very powerful point, although not particularly for the spirit level.
Its the assembling point for the tendons. Symptomatically, its used a lot for
ligament type illness or cartilage trouble, particularly in the leg and foot.
Its good for arthritic legs and sprained ankles.
It brings stability and rigidity with flexibility.
JG: This point brings new birth from resentment and complaint. Use this when
the person cant hear that there is another way to view the situation. This point
broadens perspective and plants a new seed.


GB 34 Yang Mound Spring


Yang Wei Mo-Xi Cleft 6 3-7

Location On the lateral surface of the leg
7 ACI proximal to the prominence of the LM
Posterior to the edge of the fibula
ACI posterior to GB 36
JRW
Approximately 1 ACI posterior to GB 36
CTA

Needling 90 1-1.5 cun

Function ^ Activates the channel and alleviates pain
D,M

^ Regulates GB qi and calms the Spirit
D,B

^ Relaxes the sinews
M,B

^ Alleviates pain
M,B

^ Quickens the blood
B


Name Yang Intersection
Yang: Yang, the complement of yin
Jiao: to intersect, to meet; to hand over


Other
This point is not particularly powerful. It enhances the meridian in a general way.


GB 35 Yang Crossing


Xi Cleft point 4 3

Location On the lateral surface of the leg
7 ACI proximal to the prominence of the LM
With the body supine and the knee semi flexed
The point lies anterior to the edge of the fibula
JRW
Between the peroneus longus and extensor digitorum longus muscles
To expose the peroneal muscles (longus and brevis) evert the foot.
To expose the extensor digitorum longus, dorsiflex the ankle
CTA

Needling 90 1-1.5 cun

Function ^ Xi Cleft point
^ Activates the channel and alleviates pain
D,M

^ Clears Heat and detoxifies poison
D,B

^ Disinhibits the LR and GB
B

^ Dispels Wind
B

^ Alleviates pain
M


Name Outer Hill
Wai: Outer, outside
Qiu: Hill, mound


Other
This point is mainly used for the physical and mental level.
Its a place where yin and yang come together and balance each other.
You can reach an abundance of energy here.
Use it to reach a brittle or rigid person with no true sense of identity, not center
or someone whos lacking a sense of worth and quality.
Its also for intense dislike of the wind.


GB 36 Outer Mound


Luo point 6 7

Location On the lateral surface of the leg
5 ACI proximal to the prominence of the LM
With the body supine and the knee semi flexed
The point lies anterior to the edge of the fibula
JRW
Between the peroneus longus and extensor digitorum longus muscles
To expose the peroneal muscles (longus and brevis) evert the foot.
To expose the extensor digitorum longus, dorsiflex the ankle
CTA

Needling 90 1-1.5 cun

Function ^ Luo point
^ Dispels Wind-damp
D

^ Dispels Wind
B,M

^ Disinhibits Damp
B

^ Brightens the eyes
B,M

^ Benefits the eyes
D

^ Regulates the Liver
B

^ Clears Heat
M

^ Conducts Fire downwards
M

^ Activates the channel and alleviates pain
D


Name Bright Light
Guang: Light, brightness
Ming: Clear, bright; acute (of eyesight)


Other
Its particularly good for the mental level and has window like properties.
Judgments and decisions need to be made with clarity; this point is about seeing
the fruits and rewards of making judgments and decisions. It gives a clear, all
encompassing vision.
The Gall Bladder is the only official that deals with pure energy. If it is not pure,
then treat here first.
This point brings stability and better muscle coordination (i.e. use it for muscle
spasms, an inability to stand for long periods, muscular rigidity, paralysis).
Its good for people who have had an excessive intake of drugs.
JG: This point nourishes vision and the eyes beautifully. Its great when a person
has a plan and is not clear about the first step to take. It sharpens visual acuity
and focus.

GB 37 Bright and Clear

Fire point, Sedation point, River point 6 5-15

Location On the lateral surface of the leg
4 ACI proximal to the prominence of the LM
With the body supine and the knee semi flexed
The point lies anterior to the edge of the fibula
JRW
Between the peroneus longus and extensor digitorum longus muscles
To expose the peroneal muscles (longus and brevis) evert the foot.
To expose the extensor digitorum longus, dorsiflex the ankle
CTA

Needling 90 .7-1 cun

Function ^ Fire point
^ Sedation point
^ River point
^ Clears GB channel heat
D,B,M

^ Harmonizes Shaoyang
D,B

^ Resolves Damp-Heat
M

^ Dissipates cold
B

^ Subdues Liver Yang
M

^ Soothes the Liver and resolves depression
B

^ Quickens the connecting vessels and relieves pain
B

^ Benefits the sinews and bones
D

^ Activates the channel and alleviates pain
D


Name Yang Assistance
Yang: yang, the complement of yin
Fu: to assist, to support; pole attached to a
cart to keep it from upsetting
Alternate Names: Severed Bone, Parting of
the Flesh, Parting Space

Other
Use this point for extreme coldness in the Body/Mind; it may be necessary to
use moxa first.
Use this point only when the patient is ready to receive the sunshine.
Its good for when there is not future, plans, or aims; its also good for excessive
sighing.


GB 38 Yang Support


Influential point, Reunion point 3 5-15

Location On the lateral surface of the leg
3 ACI proximal to the prominence of the LM
With the body supine and the knee semi flexed
The point lies anterior to the edge of the fibula
JRW
3 cun proximal to the prominence of the lateral malleolus
Between the posterior border of the fibula and the tendon of the peroneus longus
muscle, i.e. on the fibula
CTA

Needling 90 1-1.5 cun
The practitioner should use the index finger of one hand to separate the peroneal
tendons from the fibula, to emphasize the groove. Needle into the groove, first
slightly posteriorly for .5 cun and then 90, to avoid hitting the fibula. Movement of
the patients ankle after needling can result in a bent needle.

Function ^ Influential point: Marrow
^ Reunion: GB, ST, BL (no reunion acc. to D)
^ Benefits Jing
M

^ Nourishes Marrow
M

^ Benefits the sinews and bones
D

^ Clears Marrow Heat
B

^ Dispels Wind-Damp
D,B

^ Eliminates Wind
M

^ Benefits the neck
D

^ Clears GB Fire
D,B

^ Activates the channel and alleviates pain
D


Name Suspended Bell
Xuan: To suspend; to hang
Zhong: bell; clock; handleless cup
Alternate Names: Severed Bone, Marrow
Convergence

The outer anklebone appears like a bell hung from this point, providing the image of
Suspended Bell. In ancient China, children often wore foot bells at the level of this
point. The other name, of equally common usage, is jue gu, Severed Bone. This name
is a reference to the prominence at the distal end of the fibula where the point is
located. In fact, this whole area of the leg is called jue gu.

Other
This is the reunion point of the 3 lower yang meridians. Use it to draw qi from
the upper body to the lower body, e.g. in MS.
Use it with Liver 6 to draw energy down into the legs.


GB 39 Hanging Cup


Source point, First Aid point 5 3-7

Location Anterior and distal to the lateral malleolus
Posterior to the tendon of the extensor digitorum longus
JRW
To expose the point, dorsiflex and evert the foot
CTA

Needling 90 1-1.5 cun, directed towards KI 6

Function ^ Source point
^ First Aid point: Food poisoning, Poison
^ Spreads Liver qi
D,M

^ Clears GB heat and damp-heat
D

^ Transforms Damp-Heat
B

^ Regulates Shao Yang
D

^ Dispels Shaoyang level pathogens
B

^ Clears the Liver and Gall Bladder
B

^ Courses inversion qi
B

^ Activates the channel and alleviates pain
D

^ Benefits the joints
D


Name Hill Ruins
Qiu: hill, hillock, mound
Xu: old burial grounds; ruins; wasteland


LJ As the source point, GB 40 embodies the function of every acupoint on the
gallbladder meridian, but in a more general manner. The virtue of this point is its
empowerment in the broadening of ones perspective. The function of this point may
be likened to assisting a person lost in the wilderness so that they may reach the top
of a hill in order to see where they are going. This point is ideal for one who cant
see the forest for the trees.

Other
The mound was a place where Ancestors were buried; here we can gain the
richness of their wisdom, tap into their knowledge.
Balanced decision-making and clear judgments are extremely vital. If someone is
imbalanced in this capacity, you may find that he/she is in a wilderness.
This is considered the unshakeable calm point because it brings a lot of
stability for confusion and it resolves a lack of clarity.
Its good with moxa for warming up the Gall Bladder.
Its a classic point to use after surgery to encourage faster healing.



GB 40 Wilderness Mound


Wood, Horary, Stream, Exit, First Aid 3 5
Dai Mo MP, Yang Wei CP

Location On the dorsal surface of the foot
In the angle between the 4
th
and 5
th
metatarsal bones
JRW
Distal to the junction of the 4
th
and 5
th
metatarsal bones
Just distal to the flare at the base of the fourth metatarsal
Lateral to the tendon of the extensor digiti minimi muscle
To expose this tendon, dorsiflex the foot and especially the fifth digit
CTA

Needling 90 5-1 cun. Incorrect angle of insertion will inhibit the needle from passing
between the shafts of the fourth and fifth metatarsals.

Function ^ Wood point
^ Horary point (11p-1a, 12a-2a DST)
^ Stream point
^ Exit point
^ First Aid point: Hemorrhage
^ Dai Mo Master point, Yang Wei Mo Couple point
^ Spreads Liver qi
D,M

^ Courses Liver and GB qi stagnation
B

^ Benefits the chest, lateral costal region and breasts
D

^ Clears the head and benefits the eyes
D

^ Transforms phlegm and dissipates nodules
D

^ Transforms obstructing phlegm-heat
B

^ Resolves Damp-Heat
M
^ Clears Fire & extinguishes wind
B

^ Brightens the eyes & sharpens the hearing
B
^ Regulates Dai Mo
M



Name Foot Overlooking Tears
Zu: foot
Lin: to overlook, to face toward; to
arrive at;
Qi: tears; to weep (silent tears)

LJ As the horary point, GB 41 may empower all the virtues of the gallbladder official.
This point may allow one who is fighting back tears of frustration to express his or her
anger. In this way anger and resentment, predicated upon the persons frustration,
may be resolved.

Other
This point is the birth of growth, the beginning of movement. It shows people
where they are and what decisions need to be made.
It helps to make a fresh start, giving expansive vision.


GB 41 Foot Above Tears

It helps a person to cope when he/she is close to tears.


GB 42 Earth Five Meetings


2 X

Location On the dorsal surface of the foot
Between the 4
th
and 5
th
metatarsals
Just proximal to the head of the 4
th
metatarsal
JRW
Proximal to the fourth metatarso-phalangeal joint
At the flare of the head of the fourth metatarsal
Medial to the tendon of the extensor digiti minimi muscle
CTA

Needling 90 .5-.8 cun. Incorrect angle of insertion will inhibit the needle from passing
between the shafts of the fourth and fifth metatarsals.
Note: Classics all say that this point should not be treated with moxa or emaciation
and death will follow within 3 years. However, modern sources agree that there
are no contraindications to moxa.

Function ^ Spreads Liver qi
D

^ Clears GB Heat
D

^ Clears the Liver and drains the GB
B

^ Brightens the eyes and sharpens the hearing
B



Name Earth Fivefold Convergence
Di: earth, ground
Wu: five, fifth
Hui: to converge, to meet


GB 43 Valiant Stream

Water point, Tonification point, Spring point 3 3-5

Location On the dorsal surface of the foot
Between the 4
th
and 5
th
toes
Just distal to the base of the proximal phalanx of the 4
th
toe
JRW
Distal to the fourth metatarso-phalangeal joint
Just distal to the flare of the base of the proximal phalanx
Proximal to the web margin
CTA

Needling (1) 90 insertion .3-.5 cun
(2) 45 insertion directed proximally, .5-1 cun

Function ^ Water point
^ Tonification point
^ Spring point
^ Clears heat
D,B

^ Benefits the head, ears and eyes
D,M

^ Clears damp-heat from the channel and reduces swelling
D,M

^ Extinguishes wind
B

^ Relieves pain
B

^ Subdues Liver Yang
M



Name Pinched Ravine
Xia: bold, generous
Xi: ravine, mountain stream gully

Other
Use this point when a person is thirsty for growth/birth; it can be very powerful
with good changes.
Its good for cooling down anger.
JG: If a person is afraid to make a decision, this point brings strength and
courage into the official. It bring moisture and flexibility if wood is too rigid.



GB 44 Foot Hole Yin


Metal point, Well point 1 3-5

Location Lateral nail point of the 4
th
toe
JRW
About .1 cun proximal to the corner of the nail
Just distal to the flare of the distal phalanx
CTA

Needling 90 or 45 insertion directed proximally .1-.2 cun, or prick to bleed

Function ^ Metal point
^ Well point
^ Clears heat
D,B

^ Calms the Spirit
D,M

^ Benefits the head
D

^ Benefits the eyes
M

^ Benefits the chest and lateral costal region
D

^ Subdues Liver Yang
M

^ Extinguishes Wind
B

^ Courses the Liver and Gall Bladder
B

^ Drains Fire
B


Name Foot Portal Yin
Xu: foot, leg
Qiao: portal, orifice
Yin: Yin, the complement of yang


LJ This is the metal point on the gallbladder meridian. The metal element controls the
wood element across the ke cycle. The resolution of anger (a virtue of the wood
element) is often found in ones ability to let go (a virtue empowered by metal). The
gallbladder is a yang official. As such, the qualities of metal come to it externally.
Here, the presence of metal may be likened to pruning a plantone aspect of good
pruning is to eliminate that which is not essential so that growth may proceed in a
focused manner. Like all points, GB 44 harmonizes a continuum of unbalanced
expression. Ones quality of growth may emulate a tree that sends out branches in
many directions, yet never grows tall. Here, GB 44 may prune away unnecessary
growth so that one can better focus on a specific goal, as opposed to many (the
unpruned branches). Also, when the gallbladder is out of balance one may feel that
every time one initiates an action one is cut down. Hence, this point may also
address the timidity and fear that prevents a person from taking action. In this sense,
GB 44 inhibits the control of metal upon woods inclination to grow.

Other
This point is not commonly used because its not very powerful. Its about the
quality of growth.

This point replaces vital trace minerals within wood. Its very similar to GB 40.