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Principal Functions

1. Govern Qi and Respiration
This is the most important LU function.
a. The LU inhales “clean” qi and exhales “dirty” qi. The constant
exchange and renewal of qi ensures the proper functioning of
all physiological processes which use qi.
. The LU helps in the actual process of qi formation. !u qi " air
# $ong qi which nourishes the %eart and Lungs and
promotes their functions of respiration and ruling the &lood'
helps push (i and &lood to the lims' and in)uences speech
and *oice.
2. Control channels and blood vessels
a. +f LU qi is strong' the circulation of qi and lood will e good
and the lims will e warm. +f LU qi is wea,' qi will not e
ale to push the &lood and the lims' particularly the hands'
will e cold.
3. Control dispersing and descending
a. The LU spreads -ei qi and ody )uids all o*er the ody to
the space etween the s,in and muscles. -ei qi warms the
s,in and muscles and protects the ody from .PFs. The LU
also spread ody )uids to the s,in in the form of a /ne
“mist.” This mist moistens the s,in and regulates the opening
and closing of pores and sweating.
. LU qi must descend to communicate with the 0+ which
“holds” qi. The LU directs )uids to the 0+ and &L for excretion.
LU qi gi*es the L+ the qi to excrete waste.
4. Regulate Water passages
a. 1fter recei*ing the re/ned )uids from the 2pleen' the LU
reduce them to a /ne mist and “spray” them throughout the
area under the s,in. +n health' the )uids are e*enly spread all
o*er the ody and the opening and closing of the pores is
. The LU also directs )uids to the 0i and &L. The 0+ recei*e
them and *apori3e part of them efore sending them ac, up
to the LU to ,eep them moist.
5. Control skin and hair
6. pen into the nose
!. "ouse the #o
2ummary of LU points4 actions and indications
Lung Functions
 Treating reellion of LU qi manifesting as respiratory disorders
such as: coughing' dyspnea' whee3ing' asthma and shortness of
 5estoring the LU disseminating function when this is impaired y
exterior pathogenic factors which lodge in the super/cial portion
of the ody.
 Treating nasal disorders' including noseleed and nasal
 Treating disorders of the throat such as dryness' soreness'
congestion' swelling and pain.
 Treating edema and ostructed urination when this is caused y
impairment of the LU function of regulating the water passages
and controlling disseminating and descending.
 Treating *omiting due to reellion of 2T qi.
The Lung 6hannel
$he %ain #ath&a'
7. The LU meridian
originates in the middle
8iao around 69 7:.
:. The pathway descends
ehind the trans*erse
colon then in the region of
69 ; loops ac, around
the colon and tra*els
through the upper cardiac
ori/ce of the stomach.
<. +t 8oins the anterior
median line at 69 7< to
pass through the
=. 6ontinuing upwards it
ranches into the lungs'
re8oining the median line
at the trachea.
>. +t passes through the
trachea and larynx' /nally
going trans*ersely to the
inferior order of the
cla*icle and from there to
LU 7' where the pathway ecomes super/cial.
?. The meridian arches up o*er the cla*icle and axilla' descends the
anterior aspect of the upper arm lateral
to the iceps
rachii muscle to the
cuital fossa.
@. +t runs down the forearm to the wrist.
A. Passing the thenar eminence it ends on the radial aspect of the
thum at LU 77.
;. 1 ranch emerges from LU @ and runs directly to the radial side of
the tip of the second digit' where it meets L+ 7.
(ivergent Channel
The Lung 6hannel
 This lea*es the primary meridian at the axilla' tra*els anterior to
the Pericardium meridian into the chest where it connects with the
LU. +t then disperses in the Large +ntestine.
 1 ranch rises from the lung to emerge at the cla*icle 2T 7:' then
ascends the throat to 8oin with the Large +ntestine meridian.
The Lung 6hannel
)uo Channel
 This separates from the LU primary channel at LU @ and follows the
LU channel into the palm and spreads through the thenar eminence
 1nother ranch connects with the Large +ntestine meridian.
%uscle Channel
 The sinew channel egins on the thum' inds with the thenar
eminence and crosses the wrist at the radial artery.
 +t passes up the forearm to ind with the elow' then continues up
the medial aspect of the arm and enters the chest elow the axilla.
 +t reemerges at 2T 7:' inding at the lateral aspect of the shoulder
L+ 7>.
 +t inds at the cla*icle and descends the chest to ind with the
lungs' spreading o*er the diaphragm and con*erging again at the
The Lung 6hannel
)* +ntr', )* -lar., Reunion/ )*, 0#, )R ⊥ 315 2 5113
4irst -id/ (ro&ning
Location Bn the chest' at the le*el of the 7
intercostal space' 7.? 16+ inferior to
LU :
Lateral to the ribcage, at the level of the 1st intercostal space - 6 cun
lateral to the
anterior median line - Directly inferior to LU 2 in the pectoralis major
Deedling :EF insertion .>G7 cun 5 Warning #neu.othora6 5
Function  Regulates )* 7i and stops cough
 Iescends 2T qi
 Iisseminates and descends LU qi
I' H
and alle*iates cough and
 Iisperses fullness from the chestJupper 8iao and stops pain
 Transforms phlegm' clears heat and regulates the water passages
 Hainly treats the 3ang' not the channel Kit4s a mu pointL
 .xcess pathogenic factors ostructing the LU: cough' phlegmy
cough' coughing lood and pus' dyspnea' asthma' whee3ing'
fullness and oppression of the chest' chest pain
 The ao*e when accompanied y congestion of the nose and throat
or swelling of the face.
 The ao*e when accompanied y *omiting' retching and adominal
.5 Central $reasur'
8hong/ central' center
4u/ treasury' storehouseM mansion
-lternate Treasury 6enter
2hu' &reast
6enter 2hu' &reast 2hu' Lung Hu
The essences inside this palace form the radiance of the spirits. The
Lung meridian starts in the middle 8iao' passing near the stomach and
diaphragm which ta,es on a special association with the LU. The /rst
point then appears LU 7 near the end of the 2P meridian. This point has
to do with the relationship etween the middle and upper 8iaos. +t4s
name' $hong Fu' means the 2tomach. +t is appropriate that this point
sutly refers to the 2T ecause the essences of the 2T' together with
the respiration of the LU' create the $ong (i in the chest at the 2ea of
(i. The function of $hong the center of the chest is to ma,e a
harmonious comination of what comes from ao*e and elow'
%ea*en and .arth' respiration and food essences. The lood and qi at
the le*el of the upper 8iao gi*es strength to meridian circulation.
LC :irtue/ e.po&ers inspiration and connection to essence. 1s the
mu point' LU 7 empowers the recepti*e aspects of lung function
associated with lung yin. Treating LU 7 may e li,ened to ta,ing
someone up to the top of a mountain where the air is clear and the
/nest most re/ned qi is a*ailale to inspire him. This point is also
called “6entral Treasury.” The )ow of energy from L5 7= to LU 7
pro*ides a connection etween the eyes' turned up toward hea*en
with optimism and great *ision' and the inspiration of a spiritual
connection with hea*en. $hong qi' which empowers the synchronicity
of all rhythmic mo*ements in the organism' is a treasure in the center
of the chest. 1 child often responds to early trauma andJor
disappointments in life y shutting oN his or her heart and suppressing
LU 7 Hiddle Palace
the lung rhythm. 1s the li*er qi stagnates' frustration that gi*es way to
despair' ecoming the characteristic of this imalance. -hen the lungs
fail to ring quality into one4s inner landscape' or to ma,e contact with
one4s inner worth the central treasure' it often manifests as an internal
emptiness and loneliness.
• Bne enters into the inner palace where !od resides through the
middle palace. The richness and 8oy of this palace should e felt
e*ery time we inhale. This is what happens when this point is open.
This point rings security and restores connection with !od and
nature. Use with patients who are out of touch with the reath of
hea*en' where there is no quality or essence.
• Use when a person is o*ercome y griefGGthis point helps them
mo*e through the tears. +t goes directly to the source of grief.
• This point is the 5ecei*er of (i. -ithout it' the lungs can4t function.
+t4s good for a metal 6F who is stuc,' who re8ects respect or praise.
This point is aout opening and letting it come in. 1s a palace it is
a place of eauty' repose' replenishment where you can re*i*e
something that hasn4t een usedJseen in a long time.
LU 7 Hiddle Palace
⊥ 315 2 5113
Location Bn the chest' in the depression found inferior to the cla*icle
and medial to the apex of the coracoid process
"nferior to the clavicle, in the infraclavicular fossa
bet#een the upper border of the pectoralis major muscle
and the anterior border of the deltoid muscle
6 cun lateral to the anterior median line
Deedling :EF insertion .>G7 cun
5 Warning/ #neu.othora6 is possible &ith deep or 45; insertion
Function  Iisseminates and descends Lung qi
I' H
 6lears Lung heat

 Iisperses fullness from the chest
 Iispels agitation and fullness
 2tops cough
1pplications Used for pain in the anteroGmedial portion of the shoulder
.5 Cloud Gate
<un/ cloud
%en/ gate' door
The only way for *apors' qi' and %ea*en to circulate is through the
clouds. These clouds are not lac, or dar,' unpleasant things. 6louds
represent the way to ma,e circulation free. 6louds are a sign of the
richness and fertili3ation coming from %ea*en. They pro*ide a ,ind of
nutrition' humidity' liquids inside the ody. Life cannot exist without
this humidity enriched y the power of %ea*en. LU 7 represents the
attraction of the essences' the gathering. LU : represents the opening
of the passage coming out of the trun,.
The LU is responsile for not ha*ing too much condensation and
gathering in one place. Hen Ioor is a passage and it must e open or
closed' and always ,ept a watch on ecause it is where there is a
*ulneraility. This freedom and monitoring allows the creation of good
clouds and the distriution to the extremities' at this 8uncture of the
trun, and the extremities. Bften' wind and clouds represent *italityO
for clouds can4t e used without wind' mo*ement' circulation. Pou
must use oth to ha*e the interpenetration of yin and yang.
LC :irtue/ clears grie= that obscures the heart
!rief in the lungs may oscure the heart4s /re in a manner similar to
clouds that may oscure the sun. This point may resol*e grief' allowing
the heart4s intention to shine through. For a person who is chronically
negati*e as if “followed y a cloud'” this point may in*o,e inspiration
y allowing a glimpse of hea*en. > use this point, as &ell as )* 1
and )* 3, =or treating the 7ualit' o= 7i stagnation that
produces the ?cotton@ 7ualit' on the pulse. This stagnation of the
-eiGqi le*el may e li,ened to clouds oscuring the pulse.
 This point is useful when someone is li*ing under a dar, cloud
oscuring the sunJhea*ens. The world is a *ery grey place and has
lost its color. Hental clarity has completely *anished through their
LU : 6loud !ate
loss of contact with their spiritual essence. Use this point to clear
away the cloud' the mur,' confusion and dar,ness.
 1 person may feel as though they are not clear on what they are
doing on any le*el physical' mental' spiritual. Their outloo, is
lurred and cannot come to grips with anything. They may feel that
no one cares for them.
 Use if the person is not in touch with the quality of the middle
palace ecause there is a cloud hanging ao*e. Io this point to let
the sun in.
LU : 6loud !ate
Windo& o= the 0k' ⊥ 416 2 A
Location Bn the anteroGlateral surface of the arm' on the lateral
order of the iceps
? 16+ proximal to the elow )exure. K; 16+ in the upper
To /nd' the arm must e in anatomical position.
Deedling ;EF insertion .>G7 cun' no moxa
Function  Windo& o= the 0k'
 6lears LU heat and descendsJregulates LU qi
 6ools lood Q stops leeding
 6alms the Po
 %elps all emotional prolems deri*ing from LU
disharmony' such as
depression' claustrophoia' agoraphoia' mental
confusion and forgetfulness
• For L5 /re attac,ing LU: cough' asthma' whee3ing'
spitting or coughing lood
• Treats the Po: sadness' weeping' insomnia'
disorientation and forgetfulness
• -indow of the 2,y: goiter and sense organ KeyeL
.5 Celestial 0torehouse
$ian/ celestial' of the hea*ensM s,yM
DatureM hea*en
4u/ storehouse' treasuryM mansion
This point name has a special meaning in the classics' a
general meaning. $hong3i =
century is the most
interesting philosopher in history. %e said that Tian Fu
represents the in/nite richness of a man who li*es with
the powers gi*en y the intimacy and communion with
the power of that which is ale to ma,e life. +f a man is
ale to free himself of all ,inds of earthly limitations in his
own spiritual life' he has an in/nite treasure. %e would e
called Tian Fu. From him' this treasure from %ea*en is
deposed and used well.
+n the ody' we had LU 7 which was related to food and
respiration at the le*el of the upper heater. 1fter that we
had a door for the distriution of *itality in the form of
*apor' clouds. Dow we ha*e Tian Fu' the celestial'
LU < %ea*enly Palace
hea*enly inspiration for life which is particularly acti*e
inside your head' your rain. That4s why it is a 6elestial
-indow. This is a serious point. 1ll of them are on the
yang meridians in area of nec,. This point is the only one
which is not on the nec,. +t is part of the function of the
LU to present clear essences to the head' rain' and face.
+t is not only the food and respiration which are important'
ut what we are ale to do with them. The LU is the
prime minister of the %eart' the %T eing the dwelling
place of the spirits' which show us the hea*enly' natural
way of li*ing. The LU is called the hea*en inside the ody:
it is ale to attract' to mix together qi and ma,e cloudsM to
circulate all thatM and at same time is ale to express y
the passage of in)uences
coming from the spirit. The LU expresses radiance
coming from the spirits of the %eart.
The character comination tian fu is a star name' a place
name and a go*ernment position. +t is also an ancient
expression for the reasts' the place in the upper ody
where mil, is “stored.”
LC This is a -indow of the 2,y point. 1s such' it is a ,ey point
for reaching the spirit le*el of the Lung meridian. +f the
Lungs are not in touch with quality in life' one may feel
empty inside. This may manifest as grie*ing for that
which one has lost' or longing for something that has
eluded one. The character fu indicates a uilding where
records are ,eptM hence' Hatthews translates Tian fu as
“the storehouse of godGeternity.” 0nowing that hea*en
/nds the est in us may help us to wipe the slate clean
and /nd the est in oneself. The *irtue associated with the
lungs is 8ustice KyuL. -hereas the li*er is associated with
human 8ustice' the lung is associated with hea*enly
8ustice. %uman 8ustice is always a matter of 8udgment and
compromise. %ence' the Iao Ie Cing states' “in
reconciling a great 8ury' there is always sure to e some
in8ury remaining. %ow can this e goodR” %ea*enly 8ustice
always repays in8ury with original nature de' the *ery
asis of self worth. +t is interesting to compare the *irtue
of self worth in contradistinction to self esteem' as
empowered y L5 7. 2elf esteem may e said to e
predicated upon a alanced *ision of those aspects of self
which comprise that roots of one4s life' which are
fundamental and cannot e compromised. This *ision
must discern these foundational principles as compared
LU < %ea*enly Palace
with the peripheral aspect of self' which may e li,ened to
ranches that can e pruned and relinquished as one
channels energy for their growth. 2elf worth' on the other
hand' may e considered to e predicated upon one4s
respect for a *alue of that fundamental *ision.
 This point deals with qualitati*e spiritual essence. +t is
the palace of the soul and spirit' the creator. This is a
palace where the spirit can e fed' cared for'
re*itali3ed. -here all of the uncleanliness which has
de/led it can e cleansed.
 Thin, of how the spirit mo*es through the middle
palace and cloud gate to the wonderful place. +t is one
of the most dynamic' spiritually uplifting points. +t can
ring a person ac, into a lifestyle that is more
meaningful' show them the essence of life they ha*e
een missing.
 +t ma,es it possile for the person to recei*e and let in.
 +f moxa is used' it will cause counter)ow and
disordered qi according to the he $ystematic Classic
of !cupuncture and %o&ibustion.
 C!: This point lets fresh air in. +t4s useful for a patient
who can4t ta,e in their own *alue in the world or
people who push people out of their li*es and a*oid
LU < %ea*enly Palace
⊥ 315 2 5113
Location Bn the anteroGlateral surface of the arm'
Bn the lateral order of the iceps
> 16+ proximal to the elow )exure with the arm extended

Deedling ;EF insertion .>G7 cun
Function  Iescends LU qi
 5egulates qi and lood in the chest
• 5arely used.
• +ndicated for cough' dyspnea' asthma' shortness of
reath' heart pain' palpitations' agitation and fullness'
retching' pain in the medial aspect of the arm' purpleG
white wind lotches Kpityriasis *ersicolorL
.5 Guarding White
Aia/ to protect' go guardM hero
Bai/ white
-lternate Pinching
This point is at the le*el of the chest on the arm' and it is
white. The white could refer to the color of the )esh at
that place' and it also represents the Hetal element. The
point name ma,es an allusion to the position of the point
Oyou can create a ,ind of protection of the chest with
your arms at this le*el. +n some texts' there is a special
current at this point that separates itself from the Lung
and mo*es inward' protecting the chest. The traditional
way to /nd the point is to mo*e the arm across the chestM
the part of arm that touches the nipple is the point. The
general meaning is always the protection and help
rought forth y that which is produced y the Hetal in
the white color. The location of the point expresses its
LC :irtue/ "ar.oniCes the d's=unctional e6pressions
o= resignation on the one hand and sel=1
righteousness on the other. The color white is
associated with the metal element' inspiring us with its
rilliance and purity. The character xia also means “hero”
and refers here to the purity of intentions of one who is
truly inspired y hea*en. + ha*e found this point useful for
LU = 9aliant -hite
helping someone /nd the inner strength to act on his
inspiration. &ut the *irtue of righteousness can e
distorted into selfGrighteousness when the function of the
LU is compromised. Use this point to temper the lungs4
tendency toward fanaticism.
 This is li,e a source point for the /rst three points. +t4s
a generali3ed spirit point.
 This point epitomi3es all that metal stands for. +t will
gi*e anything any other LU point will ut to a lesser
 +t4s a nice cleansing point. +t also supplements LU <
with solidity' essence.
)* 4 :aliant White
Water point, 0edation point, 0ea point ⊥ 315 2 315
Location Bn the elow crease
1pproximately 7 16+ lateral to the iceps tendon
Lateral to the tendon of the biceps brachii muscle
#hen the arm is slightly 'e&ed
Chinese traditionally put this point just lateral to the tendon(
$ome )apanese te&ts put it 1 cun lateral to the tendon(

Deedling ;EF insertion .>G7 cun
Function  6lears %eat from the LU
 .xpels phlegm from the LU
 Iescends reellious qi
 &ene/ts the &ladder
 5egulates the water passages
 1cti*ates the channel' alle*iates pain
and relaxes sinews
• +mportant for clearing excess or def. heat: cough' shortness of
reath' full chest' whee3ing' asthma
• For 2T or LU heat induced leeding: *omiting or coughing lood'
• 5egulates urination: swelling of four lims' enuresis' frequent
• 5egulates LU and %T: pain and agitation of the heart
• Bccupies a central position on the arm and treats pain and
restricted mo*ement of the shoulder' upper arm' elow and hand'
esp. wandering pain.
• Treats lumar and ,nee pain.
.5 Cubit %arsh
Chi/ a 6hinese measure' aout 7 foot
8e/ marshM dregs
+n this point we ha*e a collecting of good in)uences at the le*el of the
elow. The /rst point on the LU is at the le*el of the $ang Fu and the
last is on the extremityM this order is sensiti*e to in)uences coming
from the outside. +n this case' at the extremity of the /nger there is
the well point' which is a sourceM after that there are /*e stages of the
de*elopment of the )ow. The well point draws from the uni*erse
around usM something appears here' and then it de*elops itself li,e a
little ri*er in the mountain. 1fter that' there is a *ery fast and /ne
torrentM the water is ale to regulate its course. 1nd /nally it fertili3es
the plains' ecoming a ri*erM now the ri*er enters the sea. 1s the
current enters the fullness of the ody' as a sea it expresses the
fullness of its power. The image here is to enter the depths. 1t the
le*el of the elow are the meeting points where this current enters the
depths. %e means to ma,e a 8unction with all these other sources. +t is
proper for the LU is to collect humidity to ma,e ene*olent in)uences'
the function of this point. %umidity is not 8ust moisture' ut all the est
of the essences.
LC :irtues/ Cools and clears the )*, helps the )* e.po&er a
boundar' that deDnes &hat is sel= and &hat is not. +f the
presence of water within the LU is excess' phlegm can oscure
reathing and hamper the process of assimilation from outside to
inside. Phlegm in this case can e seen as the emodiment of
LU ? !reatest %ole
negati*ity and grief that ,eeps us clinging to the past and unale to
recei*e. %ere we may e*o,e the function of LU > as a sedation point to
disperse the excess in the LU. +f the presence of water within is
de/cient' dryness can impinge the lungs4 function. &y regulating the
moisture content of the LU oScial' LU > can help oth estalish a
healthy oundary etween self and the outside world and inspire the
assimilation of hea*enly qi. 2hams: alances water within LU' tonifying
LU yin or clearing LU phlegm.
 This point is good for chest colds as it expels damp from the LU.
 This is a *ery important point within the LU oScial' it gi*es
determination and )exiility.
 +t4s excellent for patients who are depressed' weeping and
 Use when there is too much water in the LU and the person is
ogged down.
 Use when there is too little water and there is rigidity and dryness.
Ai Cle=t point ⊥ 5 2 5
Location Bn the anterior surface of the arm
@ 16+ proximal to LU ;' lateral to the )exor carpi radialis
his point lies bet#een the brachioradialis muscle and the
lateral border
of the pronator teres muscle(
Deedling ;EF insertion .>G7 cun
Function  5egulates
disseminates and descends LU qi

 6lears heat and stops leeding
 6lears heat and moistens the LU
 Hoderates acute
• Ti cleft: acute cough' whee3ing' asthma' chest pain
• 1ttac, of windGheat or windGdry: acute swelling and pain of
loss of *oice' ferile disease with no sweating
• &leeding disorders: acute coughing' spitting or *omiting
• Treats elow' upper arm and /nger pain
.5 Collection "ole
Eong/ hole' aperture
8ui/ to collect' to gatherM a
superlati*e ad*er
that is equi*alent to “most” or the
suSx “Gest”
Kong: %oleM an opening. This character also has the meaning
of a ,ind of communication through a passage or ori/ce. This
,ind of hole indicates a relationship' e.g. the nostril is related
through the LU to the s,in and the nose. The LU' y its mastery
of the s,in and the authority of rhythm' is also in charge of the
LU > Butside Harsh
pulseOthe good rhythm of the ody' the opening and closing'
entering and exiting and so on. +n this name' there is the idea
of the relationships with all ,inds of hollows which are ale to
recei*e the pure hea*enly qi. The LU is ale to regulate the
circulation through the ori/ces. This name also implies a
meeting place of pure essences and qi. There is a correlation of
the LU with %ea*en' in this image of the mastery of all hollows
in the ody. Zui: .xtremelyM ao*e allM to surpassM all together.
LC :irtue/ "elps .ove the oppression o= grie=. 2tagnation can
correspond to phlegm as well as old grief or longing that
impedes the lungs4 function of ,eeping us rhythmically lin,ed to
the mo*ement of the dao *ia reath. -ei qi can ecome
stagnant from resignation associated with loss' e*ident in the
pulse as a cotton or “sad” quality. This point helps rea, up
stagnant emotions and promotes mo*ement of the wei qi' it can
inspire the *irtue of lightness in eing.
 This point is good for great depletion and emptiness. Use
when there is a sense of something lac,ing' missing' a *oid
that needs to e enriched and /lled. This point accumulates
great wealth and quality li,e LU ;.
 !ood on the mental and spirit le*els when there4s a depth of
grief that needs /lling.
 +t warms the meridian and is good for acute chest prolems.
 C!: Thin, of this point in relationship to LU ;. Bpen the ayss
with LU ; and /ll it with LU ?. +t4s a fertile *oidOhere is the
possiility of turning that *oid into a fountain. -hat is
important aout that loss to that indi*idualR +t helps turn the
loss into something *aluale. 1c,nowledge that it ecomes
part of that person4s uniqueness.
LU ? !reatest %ole
)uo point, +6it point, Region #t Fhead, back o= neckG ⊥ 213
2 315
Ren %o %#, <in Qiao %o C# 4orbidden %onths 6H
Location Bn the anterior surface of the forearm
: 16+ proximal to LU ;
Cust lateral to the radial artery
%aig: UG7 16+ proximal to LU A'
Cust medial to the rachioradialis tendon
"n the hollo# bet#een the brachioradialis * abductor pollicis
o e&pose the abductor pollicis longus, e&tend the thumb
Note: "n )apan this point is on the line connecting LU + * LU ,,
at the root of the styloid process 1(, cun pro&imal to #rist
just lateral to the radial artery(
Deedling Pinch up s,in o*er the point'
EF insertion proximal or distal .>G7 cun
5 -void the cephalic vein 5
Function  ne o= %a (an1'angIs 12 "eavenl' 0tar points
 Promotes the LU descending function
and dispersing
 5eleases the exterior' expels wind
I' H
 Bpens and regulates the 5en Hai
 5egulates the water passages

 6irculates wei qi and releases the exterior
 Paci/es wind and phlegm
 &ene/ts the head and nape
 Bpens the nose
 &ene/ts the ladder
 1cti*ates the channel and alle*iates pain
• Principal LU point to release the ext. Q descend LU qi: chills
and fe*er' acute swelling of lims' nasal congestion' throat
painful ostruction' cough' whee3ing' dyspnea' asthma
• 6lears head and nec, symptoms from interior wind:
headache' stiN nec,' oneGsided headache' hemiplegia'
de*iation of mouth and eye' epilepsy
• “+n treating headache' whether oneGsided or not' reduce LU
@” KBde of 2piritual &rightnessL
• 5egulates water passages and opens 69: lood in urine' hot
and painful urination' diScult urination' genital pain'
seminal emission
• Poor memory' propensity to laughter' frequent yawning and
• +mportant proximal point for thum disorders
LU @ Darrow Ie/le
.5 Broken 0e7uence
)ie/ sequenceM to arrange' to place
Que/ imperfect' incomplete'
de/cientM *acant
-lternate 6hild Hystery
Li: To put in orderM to di*ide in a seriesM to arrangeM to place
according to a rule. 1lso a cre*asse' a crac,.
Que: 2omething which is ro,en. .li3aeth says the meaning
of (ue is DBT narrow. The character is a *essel that is di*ided'
parted' cut in halfM a *essel that is ro,en chipped into
7E'EEE piecesM something is lac,ing or missing. This is the
same word as in 2T 7: &ro,en &owl
%ere the Luo *essel of %and Tai Pang lea*es its meridian to go
to the L+ meridian. The /rst le*el of the meaning of this name
relates to this. %ere is a passage which allows this partition'
this separationM here the Luo is sent to the L+' li,e a crac, or a
defect in the meridian' ut with this idea of it following a certain
order or rule. The name also refers to the location of the point
Oit is not exactly at same trac, as the LU meridianM it is slightly
oN. This point does
not follow the same rule of organi3ation of other points' the
same )owM it is chipped oN the )ow of other points y sending it
oN to the yang' to the L+' to the exterior.
There is also an association here with the lightning and thunder
in %ea*en' ecause %ea*en opens a space for lightning to come
through. This is complicated' ut there is also the idea of /re
coming out of a forgeOthis is too complicated to explain. The
image of lightning is common with this point. This is the image
of %ea*en ale to ma,e an opening for something' and the LU
ha*ing the power of the (i of %ea*en. There is a special
coupling of this point with 2T =E which is associated with
thunder' li,e a pairing of thunder and lightning. 2T =E is
associated with thunder' mo*ing the .arthM and LU @ is
associated with lightning' coming through crac, in %ea*en.
This re)ects the aility of the LU to act li,e %ea*en to ma,e
clear and fresh' to allow the way for passage. The saying goes'
“Lightning in the heart' thunder in the legs.”
LC :irtue/ opens and clears the )* oJcial. &eing oth the luo
and exit point' LU @ is particular potent for integrating the
functions of recei*ing and letting go. 1s the luo point' LU @
empowers inner clarity and openness on the deepest of le*els
y *enting stagnation from the LU and directing the mind
inwardly toward emptiness and essence. 1s an exit point' LU @
functions to empower the LU to let go and surrender what is of
no *alue to the L+ for elimination.
LU @ Darrow Ie/le
 This is a special 8unction point which aNects all 8unction
points li,e 2P :7.
 This point can treat almost e*erything. +t rings all oScials
together and harmoni3es and alances the other yin arm
meridians. +t aNects the release of sexual hormones.
 +t4s good emotionally for worry' grief' sadness' especially
where the person ears it in silence. This point can stimulate
a ene/cial outpouring of repressed emotion.
 +t releases physical tension in the shoulders' shallow
reathing' a feeling of oppression in the chest and calms the
 C!: This point opens to the exterior y opening the pores
and regulating the sweat glands. +t ma,es sure that the
)uids in the LU are in alance. +t4s a *ery penetrating point.
!ood for cold or )uOe*erything feels cloggedJclosed oN.
This point allows the s,in to reathe again' which means the
outside world can get in and you can get out.
LU @ Darrow Ie/le
%etal, "orar', River ⊥ 213 2 A
4irst -id/ electric shock 4orbidden %onths 6H
Location Bn the anterior surface of the forearm'
7 16+ proximal to LU ;' lateral to the radial artery
%aig: Cust proximal to the radial styloid process'
medial to rachioradialis tendon
he anatomical description ta-es precedence
over the cun measurement

Deedling =>F proximal or ;EF .<G.> cun 5 -void the radial arter' 5
Function  Iescends LU qi and alle*iates cough and whee3ing
• 5i*er: excess cough' dyspnea' whee3ing' distention and pain
of the chest and upper ac,' ferile disease with no
.5 Channel (itch
King/ channel' ri*erM warp
Qu/ gutter' ditch' canal
This point is in the area of the radial pulse. -hat is appreciated
here is the quality of lood and qi in all the *iscera and through
all the meridians. The LU has the aility to gather together all qi
to all the meridians and gi*e good rhythm for all animation. This
point gathers the quality expressed y all the meridians' and is
the reason why we can ha*e a complete pulse in*estigation at
that le*el. The sustainment of hea*enly forms KmeridiansL are
perceptile here: the *itality' the nutrition' the sustances' and
also the spiritual life. There is also here a way to ,now how to
organi3e or put into good order all the functions inside the ody.
This ,ind of canal is mostly made y man' not a ri*er or natural
stream' so there is the idea of how to regulate the circulation
since this is the purpose of canals and ditches. The wise man is
sent who is ale to regulate himself through his own spiritual
power' and these same characters are used to descrie this.
This is called the inner map in the Dan Cing 6hapter :@' and is
related to the place etween the normal meridians and the
extra meridians which perfectly regulates the person4s *itality.
2o this point re)ects the connection to the pulse in which the
hea*enly norms are regulating the distriution of qi and
essences. 1nd there is also the possiility of a great gathering
of something to help with this regulation of hea*enly laws.
LC :irtue/ +.po&ers the essential 7ualities o= .etal. The
point4s name imparts a sense of connecting us to the *alue of
past experience while draining he meridians of all that is
inessential. 1s the metal and horary point' this is a strong
resource for strengthening the LU oScial with the essential
nature of metal' to promote emptiness' inspiration and
)* L %eridian Gutter
connection to *alue. +t is ale to empower the recepti*e quality
of the LU within the other oScials.
 The meridian gutter must e clear in order for things to )ow.
This point gets rid of “dead lea*es” and ruish' carries
away poisons' and re*itali3es qi for the &odyJHind.
 +t4s good when heat and cold are out of proportion on the
ody surface' esp. the hands.
 C!: This point is called for when a person is constantly trying
to pro*e themsel*es. +t clears out the muc, and lets them
,now they are complete in their pristineness.
LU A Heridian !utter
0ource, +arth, $oniDcation, 0trea., >nMuential, 4irst
-id ⊥ 2 2 3
Location Bn the wrist crease etween the radius and scaphoid ones
Upon the radial artery
%aig: Cust medial to the rachioradialis tendon
Deedling ;EF insertion .<G.> cun 5 -void the radial arter' 5
Function  4irst -id/ asph'6ia, collapse, concussion, =ood
insensibilit', poison, shock
 >nMuential point/ %eridians
 Toni/es LU qi
 Transforms phlegm
 Toni/es LU yin
H' I
 Promotes the descending function of the LU
 1cti*ates the channel and alle*iates pain
 5egulates and harmoni3es the one hundred *essels
 2tops cough
' H
 6lears LU and L5 heat
 Toni/es $ong qi
 Promotes the circulation of lood and in)uences the pulse
• 2tream Q 2ource: principal LU point to tonify LU de/ciency
Kqi Q yinL: cough' cough with watery phlegm' whee3ing'
dyspnea' asthma' shortness of reath' much yawning' heat
in the palms' dry throat
• 5egulates 7EE *essels Q 3ong qi: spitting' coughing or
*omiting lood' agitation with %T pain and a choppy pulse'
manic ra*ing' pulseless syndrome
• 5egulates LU channel: pain of shoulder' ac,' supraG
cla*icular fossa' inner arm and wrist
.5 Great -b'ss
$ai/ great' *ery
<uan/ 1yss' deep source of water
-lternate !host %eart'
!reat 2pring
%ere we ha*e the other side of the pulses' the ayss of *itality.
1n ayss is not only a great deepnessOit is something more.
2ometimes in the ayss is a gathering of water' a quantity of
water' an accumulation of water' a pooling of water.
2ometimes this water has some ,ind of current inside' a
uling or o*er)owing from e*ery side. This ,ind of water is
ale to gi*e irth to a lot of things: plants' animals. Perhaps
there are multiple streams coming to form this ayss and a
LU ; 9ery !reat 1yss
con/guration of territories around to form this ayss. -hen you
see a mo*ement on the face of the ayss there is a current
inside' from the gathering of streams or e*en a great /sh
swimming aroundV This descries the mo*ement of the pulses
as you feel them at this point. The ayss lets you e sensiti*e
to the great secrets and mysteries of life' to del*e into the *ery
source of life. 1gain' as in ta,ing pulses' it is a question of
sensiti*ity or presence in addition to technique and ,nowledge.
+ can percei*e a pulse ecause my lood and
LU ; 9ery !reat 1yss
qi are circulating well' allowing the possiility of ,nowledge in
my heart. + can ,now if it is a ig /sh or an underground
source' ut there is also the quality of contact
etween the two )eshGandGlood human eings' which passes
from one to the other through this powerful ayss. This
expresses this aility to go ac, to the *ery sources
of life' the real power sustaining my life' coming from the
deepest le*el of my eing. This is a mysterious and hidden part
of life. -e are ale to ,now something here aout the qi' the
lood' the spirit' ut there is also something hidden' deep' and
primal that perhaps we ,now in a diNerent way.
LC LU ; is associated with the whirling ayss situated etween
hea*en and earth. %ence' it is the assemly point of the pulse'
whose eating is patterned on the reath of dao. 1s the
meridian4s earth point' LU ; can ring sustantiality to deeply
nourish the LU. +n this way we may come to *alue hea*en as a
source of nourishment' and cra*ings for material possessions
can e mitigated. For only hea*en is eternal' and all worldly
goods are of transient *alue.
 This is a great re*i*al point. Use for complete lac, of order'
chaos' when the pulses are not rhythmical or regular and
you can4t get a clear diagnosis of your patient. This point is
good to use on its own efore any other treatment to clarify
what is going on.
 +t4s a tremendous point as it uni/es oth Father and Hother
aspects within the &ody' Hind and 2pirit' thus gi*ing a great
eNect in re*i*ing all of the oScials and immediate aid to the
LU oScial.
 1s the name indicates' it penetrates to the deepest le*el'
spirit. +t4s idea of a *ery great ayss plunging deep into the
internal landscape' reaching down to the most intimate
le*els of a person. +t4s *ery eNecti*e when dealing with a
*ery worried' desperate person. +t has a wonderful eNect on
the mental le*el for the patient who feels their life is
crac,ing up.
 This point is also a reunion point for arteries and *eins'
dealing with the state of metal within the lood nutrients
and iron. +t has a tremendous eNect on the lood.
 C!: This point nourishes the )uids. +t4s a /lling point. +t allows
one to go down and e /lled y that experience. +t4s a
“corpse re*i*er'” ringing the spirit ac, from outside in to
the ody. +t allows a person to go into aloneness ecause
heJshe is connected to %ea*en. +t helps a person go into
grief gently.
LU ; 9ery !reat 1yss
4ire point, 0pring point ⊥ 315 2 A
Location Bn the palmar surface of the hand
Hidway along the ulnar side of the /rst metacarpal one
%aig: From the midpoint of the 7
o*er the thenar eminence' to its medial edge
!t a point mid#ay bet( the base * head of the 1st metacarpal
.n the antero-lateral aspect at the change in s-in color
.ppose the 1st * ,th digits/
Deedling ;EF insertion .>G7 cun
Function  &ene/ts the throat
 Iescends reellious qi
 6lears LU heat
 %armoni3es the 2T and %eart
• 6lears LU channel heat in throat: throat painful ostruction' dry
throat' loss of *oice
• 6lears excess or def. LU heat: cough with asence of sweating'
fe*er' coughing lood
• 6lears LU heat transmitted to the %T: agitation' sadness' fright'
anger and mania
• 6lears LU heat transmitted to the 2T and 2T channel: adominal
pain with inaility to eat' *omiting' cough accompanied y hiccup'
reast ascess' toothache
• Pain and heat of the thum 8oint
.5 4ish Border
<u/ /sh
Ki/ order
-hat was perceptile at the le*el of spirit through the pulses is now
*isile at the le*el of the )esh' through the health of the color of the
hand and the capillaries. Fish refers to Lao T3u' who says /sh ne*er
ha*e to lea*e the ayss. This indicates the relationship etween the
/sh and the ayss. -hat was *isile at LU ; is now continued in LU 7E.
Pu is the same pronunciation for the character for aundance. The
6hinese eat /sh and it4s good to ha*e /sh to eat. 1t a wedding
anquet' the last course is /sh' a whole /sh. +f you ha*e any troule
with the family you shouldn4t eat any of this /sh ecause it represents
the aundance of the new life of the couple' of the family. This name
also refers to the anatomy here' the aundance of the )esh the thenar
eminence with *isile capillaries is called the elly of the /sh. Pou
ha*e to e careful needling here ecause there is such an aundance
of life coming to the surface here. +f you insert the needle too deeply'
the 2u -en 6hapter >: warns that you can ring edema to the area'
ecause you aNect the good circulation of the lood.
LC LU 7E' the /re point on the LU meridian' can help ring the warmth of
/re to an o*erly rigid metal element. +f the metal element ecomes
cold and rittle' we tend to focus on the negati*e' failing to
ac,nowledge the *alue in others as well as in oursel*es. -ithout
warmth' the LU as 8udge may lac, compassion and exact too high a toll
as we critici3e oursel*es and others too harshly for e*ery percei*ed
impurity. +f the presence of /re within metal is excessi*e' dryness can
pre*ent the LU from eing ale to inhale and assimilate essence
LU 7E Fish 5egion
eNecti*ely. Pent up /re within the LU can express itself as religious
3ealotry as we pro8ect our own inaility to connect with hea*en
 This point rings warmth to the Father' this /re is greater than any
*olcano. This is one of the most powerful points in the ody.
 +n the *ery early days' the /sh symoli3ed !od. This point rings
tremendous warmth and heat to the &odyHind2pirit.
 Use with moxa if the LU ha*e gone cold' inert or rittle. +t rings
the warmth of /re into metal' helping the “don4t touch me'” cut oN
person who is loc,ed up inside' lac,ing emotional warmth and
LU 7E Fish 5egion
Wood point, Well point, Ghost point ⊥ 1 2 A
4orbidden %onths !H
Location The radial nail point of the thum
!bout (1 cun pro&imal to the corner of the nail, just distal to the
'are of the distal phalan&
Deedling ;EF or =>F aimed proximally' .7G.: cun
Function  ne o= the 13 Ghost points  6lears heat
 .xpels wind' oth interior and exterior
 &ene/ts the throat
 5e*i*es consciousness
and opens the ori/ces
 2timulates LU qi dispersing and descending
• Cing well: restores consciousness Kfrom wind stro,e in LU
• Pric, to leed to clear LU channel heat in the throat: acute
swelling' congestion and pain of the throat' mumps
• Cing well Q ghost point: fullness and agitation of the heart'
.5 )esser 0hang
0hao/ few' little
0hang/ >
sound of the 6hinese
musical scaleM
merchant' trader
Shao: LittleM yangM imperceptile not as *isile as tai. Shang:
The name of the musical note proper to the Hetal elementM a
special *iration expressing the quality of the Hetal. This also
means the idea of people spea,ing to gi*e ad*iceM to consultM to
delierateM to negotiate. +t means a merchant in terms of
negotiation' argaining. This re)ects its position as the most
external manifestation of the LU meridian. +n this point' the
*iration of the Hetal is expressing itself to the meridian.
&ecause it is a yin meridian it is less perceptile than a yang
meridian would e. L+ 7 has 2hang in its name' showing the
other side' the *iration proper to the Hetal on the L+ meridian.
2hang PangOit4s no more secret ut on the yang. The LU is
master of the 3ang' expressing the inner feeling of this
hea*enly role of the Hetal.
LC 1 good merchant ,nows the *alue of things' how to conser*e
them' and when it is est to let go of something ecause the
price for holding on to it is too great. +f the presence of wood is
excessi*e' metal may ecome lunt as it is constrained y
wood. +f a /eld is o*er planted' the soil will e depleted of
minerals as the roots cho,e the nourishment out of the earth. +f
wood is o*erly 8udgmental' metal can tend toward perfectionism
as we see only the impurities in e*erything. 1s a sedation point'
LU 77 can ease the metal4s tendency to constrain wood across
LU 77 Little Herchant
the ,o cycle. LU 77 can engender a deep *ision of essence and
comprehension of its worth. +n this way wood can e
empowered to not o*erly draw upon metal' ut to preser*e it as
a good merchant preser*es his treasures.
 This point supplies enough qi to “get y with.” Li,e the
corner shop where we go when we run out of necessities' it
gi*es temporary support. +t4s often used early in tx for this. .
 +t rings relief from tension' worries' asthma' chest
 +t has a tremendous calming eNect ecause you are ale to
ful/ll some of the fundamental needs of the ody' mind and
spirit. +t can help people get o*er a crisis or critical stage.
 This point pro*ides the connection etween wood and
metal. +t can aNect the quality of a metal 6F4s growth'
decision and planning.
)* 11 )ittle %erchant