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Name _Kara Vail

Period _______
Intel Education-The Journey Inside: The Introduction to
Computers
Answers to this assignment are found at the following web address:
http://educate.intel.com/en/TheJourneyInside/!ploreThe"urriculum/"_IntroductionTo"omp
uters/
**This web address is case sensitive.
Lesson 1-History of the Computer
1. #umans searched for centuries for mechanical ways to ma$e counting and calculating
easier. Tell us how you would be doing calculations if the computer hadn%t been
in&ented. Either on our n!ers" memory or #ith an a$acus%
&. "harles 'abbage in&ented a counting machine that used gears( ratchets( and pawls to
$eep trac$ of numbers. )i&e us a reason or two why this big machine didn%t
immediately ta$e o&er the world of numbers. The machine #as 'uite slo#" and
$ro(e do#n a lot.
). Tell us what newer technology replaced the need for gears( ratchets( and pawls*
Electronic Components.
*. +hat four components did "harles 'abbages( Analytical ,achine( ha&e in common
with the modern computer* +utput" input" stora!e" and processin!.
,. Lesson &--our Components of a Computer
1. +hat are the four similar components a computer has to a toaster* .rocessin!"
stora!e" input and output.
&. +hat is hardware* Hard#are as physical parts" #hich you can touch and see.
). -oftware gi&es the computer the ability to do what* The computer can then do
somethin! #ith the information /input0 that you !i1e it.
*. The microprocessor reads and performs tas$s based on what* 2hat #e" the user"
tell it to do.
Lesson & 3cti1ity 1-2hich does #hat4 Place an . under the appropriate column heading
for each item.
.art of
Computer
Input +utput 5tora!e .rocessin!
,icrophone .
-pea$er .
#ard /ri&e .
0eyboard .
Printer .
12, .
,ouse .
,onitor .
2ptical /ri&e .
P" "amera .
-canner .
1A, .
,icroprocessor .
,otherboard . . . .
Lesson )-Ho# Computers 6et Input
1. "omputers are information 3or data4 processing machines. Tell us brie5y where this
information or data comes from. The data can come from you typin! on a
(ey$oard to 1ideos you create on a #e$cam. 7ou can pull pictures o8 the
internet and sa1e them on your computer or articles you may read on a
$lo!.
&. +hen you type on a computer $eyboard( are you wor$ing with an input de&ice or an
output de&ice* Input" $ecause you are insertin! data into the computer.
). 6ou may ha&e an iPod or similar music player that uses ,P7 or AA" 8les. +hen you
download a song from the iTunes store 3or similar internet site4( mo&e it to your iPod(
and play the song through a pair of ear buds( are the ear buds an input de&ice or an
output de&ice* The ear $uds are an output de1ise $ecause it is releasin!
sound from the mini spea(ers.
*. +hen that same song 3in 9uestion 74 was digitally recorded( were the microphones
input de&ices or output de&ices* Input" they too( the sounds recorded and
stored them.
,. Is a computer monitor an input de&ice or an output de&ice* +utput" $ecause it
!i1es you info on the screen.
9. The mouse is one of the things that ma$e it possible to ha&e a )raphical :ser
Interface. Is the mouse an input de&ice or an output de&ice* Input" you are
insertin! the information on the data you #ish to 1ie#.
:. +hen you type a term paper( are you inputting data or outputting data* Input"
$ecause data is $ein! inserted.
;. +hen you send the term paper to a printer( are your inputting the data or outputting
the data* Inputtin! data. Info is $ein! entered and sent to the printer.
<. As you read o&er your paper while loo$ing at the computer%s monitor( you are loo$ing
at a ________________input de&ice( or = output de&ice* 3"hec$ one4
1>. -ome computers allow you to watch /;/ mo&ies( using the optical dri&e to play
the /;/. +hen you are watching the mo&ie on the monitor( the monitor is which $ind
of de&ice* An ____________input de&ice or ______=__________output de&ice. 3"hec$ one4
11. +hile watching the mo&ie in 9uestion <=( you may listen to the audio from the
mo&ie on a pair of headphones. Are the headphones: __________input de&ice
___=_______output de&ice. 3"hec$ one4
Lesson *-Ho# Computer 5tore Information
1. According to the &ideo clip what do you use 12, for* Each time you $oot up the
computer.
&. #ow is 12, di>erent than 1A,* ?+@ is permanent and sa1ed on the computer"
and is ne1er chan!ed. Ho#e1er" ?3@ is constantly chan!in!. It is only
sa1ed until you turn o8 your computer and then itAs !one.
Lesson * 3cti1ity 1: Computers Beed to ?emem$er" Too
1. 1ecalling how to add two numbers would come from what memory in a computer*
?3@
Lesson * 3cti1ity &: Ci8erent Kinds of 5tora!e @edia
1. #ow many printed pages can a <.?? @loppy /is$ hold* )):
&. #ow many 5oppy dis$s of data can a "/ 3A?= ,'4 hold* ***
7. #ow many 5oppy dis$s of data can a /;/ 3<B)'4 hold* 11";>,
Lesson ,: Ho# Computers .rocess Information
1. +hich chip is the most comple! in a computer* The microprocessor.
&. arly mainframe computers used &acuum tubes to process data. __=___T _____@
3"hec$ one4
). The processor in a modern computer processes data and communicates with the rest
of the computer and peripherals through the motherboard. __=___T _____@ 3"hec$
one4
*. "o>ee ma$ers( /;/ Players( and other de&ices ha&e simpler chips to instruction them
on a particular tas$. These chips are called* Em$edded .rocessors.
,. ,icroprocessors are programmed to e!ecute only one function and cannot be
changed. ____T __=___@
Lesson 9: Ho# Computers Celi1er Information
1. The computer generated information that is displayed to the user in some
discernible form such as a screen display( printed page( or sound is $nown as
+utput.
&. )i&e two e!amples they gi&e of output.
<. ,usic
C. Term Papers
Lesson :: 2hich is 5marter4
1. 2ne big di>erence between the brain and the computer is that one is li&ing cells
and the other is* Electronic Circuits.
&. +hy is a computer smarter when it comes to speed*
3 math pro$lem that ta(es a student , minutes to sol1e can ta(e a
computer a second.
). +hich is smarter when it comes to memory* The computer can remem$er
thousands of les and 1isuals. 7et #e still stru!!le to remem$er #hat #e
had for dinner last ni!ht.
*. Is the brain or the computer smarter at ma$ing wellDreasoned decisions* +hy*
The $rain is" $ecause #e learn from the eDperiences #e ha1e the
computer does nothin! #ith the data itAs !i1en $eside store it.
Computers need soft#are for e1erythin! they do. 2e humans de1elop
intelli!ence $y Eust li1in!.
,. #umans are also smarter than computer in their ability to thin$ ori!inal
thou!hts.