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WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.

COM

.C
OM

http://onthi.com/detuluyen/
Bi1

inphndungdchcham(g)hnhp
vidnginmtchiunthi
imncbinphnchaiinccthngngli.Dungdchsauinphnhatanc
1,6gCuO.antc448mlkhbayra(ktc).Gitrcaml:

Bi2
inphndungdchNaClcmngngn,cattthukh
Chnmtpndiy

A.

C.

pn/Giithch

TacPTnhsau:

YN
H

ON
.

B.

D.Khngckh

UC

OZ

B.5,95g
D.6g

Chnmtpndiy

A.5,97g
C.5,9g

QU

catotlunsyraskhcation.

anotlunsyrasOXHanion.

TrongtrnghpnycatotcPthhinskhnhsau:

VychnB.

.D
AY

Bi3

KE

inphndungdch
5A,thuc1.6gam

trongthigian1gi20pht25giyvicngdngin
trnanot.Hiusutqutrnhinphnl

Chnmtpndiy

A.40%
C.80%
pn/Giithch

Dungdch

B.60%
D.100%

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

K()

.C
OM

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

A(+)

Hiusutcaqutrnhinphnl

ON
.

pnC

UC

khilngcaOl

OZ

PTinphn:

Bi4

B.Cationnhnelectroncatt
D.Soxihoxyracatot

QU

Chnmtpndiy

A.Anionnhngelectronanot
C.Soxihoxyraanot
pn/Giithch

YN
H

Phtbiunodiykhngngvbnchtqutrnhhohcincctrongqutrnh
inphn?

Catotxyraskhchkhngphisoxiho

Catotxyraskhchkhngphisoxiho
pnD

KE

Bi5

.D
AY

Tinhnhinphnnngchymuicloruacamtkimloimnh.Khianodthuc3,36lt
(ktc)thcatodthuc11,7gkimloi.Muicloruacholcakimloinodi
y:

B.Kali
D.Bari

Chnmtpndiy

A.Natri
C.Canxi
pn/Giithch

Gicngthcmuiclorual

Phngtrnhinphn

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

.C
OM

DoMlkimloinnthccgitrxl1,2,3thyx=1,M=39(K):thamn
pnB

Bi6

OZ

iunosauyngkhinivsnxutAlbngphngphpinphnnngchy:

YN
H

ON
.

UC

Chnmtpndiy

A.Allkimloitrungbnhnncthsdngphngphpthyluyn
B.Thmcrylthnhitnngchyca
vtngtnhdnincahnhp
C.Khiinphnnngchy,inccgraphittcdngthngxuynvi
nnphitngxuynb
xungincc.
D.B,Cng
Bi7

B.90ml
D.40ml

Chnmtpndiy

A.100ml
C.50ml
pn/Giithch

QU

Cho10mldungdchHClcpH=3.ThtchnccnthmvocdungdchcpH=4
l

licsmol
=

trongdungdchbanul0,01.0,001=

(mol)

=>V=100ml

.D
AY

=>

KE

dungdchcpH=4thnngmolcaion

=>lungncthmvol90ml
Bi8

Dygmcckimloiciuchtrongcngnghipbngphngphpinphnhpcht
nngchycachngl

Chnmtpndiy

A.

C.

pn/Giithch

B.
D.

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

.C
OM

C3phngphpiuchkimloil:
Nhitluyn.
Thyluyn.
inphn.

OZ

inphnnngchydngiuchnhngkimloictnhkhmnh(kimloimnh).

TrongccpncpnBchacckimloimnhciuchbngPPinphnnng
chy.

ON
.

UC

Phngtrnhinphniuchnatricthbiudinnhsau:

YN
H

TathuckimloiNanngchyccm,ccchtcnlithotraccdng.
ViCa:Phngtrnhbiudininphndngtngqutcthbiudindidng:

QU

Phngtrnhinphniuchnhmcthbiudinnhsau:

KE

Bi9

VypnlB.

.D
AY

Snphmchnhchnhthnhanotvcatottrongqutrnhinphndd
l:

B.
D.

Chnmtpndiy

A.

C.

pn/Giithch

lnlt

TacPTkhiinphnnhsau

Bi10

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

.C
OM

inphndungdchXgm0,1mol
v0,1mol
.Khicatotbtuthotkh
thngnginphn.Khilngkimloitrncatotvthtchkhthucanot(ktc)ln
ltl:

UC

Phngtrnhinphn

ON
.

0,050,10,05

0,050,050,025
KimloithuclCu:0,1mol

YN
H

OZ

B.6,41,68l
D.10,32,24l

Chnmtpndiy

A.10,33,36l
C.6,42,24l
pn/Giithch

m=6,4gam

Vhnhpkhthucl(0,05+0,025).22,4=1,68lit
pnB

QU

Bi11

.D
AY

KE

Chnmtpndiy

A.2,808gam
C.1,17gam
pn/Giithch

inphndungdchNaCl,dngincctr,cvchngn,thuc200mldungdchcpH
=13.Nutiptcinphn200mldungdchnychonhtkhClothotraanotthcn
thigian386giy,cngdngin2A.Hiusutinphn100%.Lngmuinc
trongdungdchlculbaonhiugam?

B.1,638gam
D.1,404gam

pH=13>[OH]=0,1M>NaOH=0,1*0,2=0,02mol>molNaClinphn=0,02
mol.

LcnytrongddvncnNaCld.

TiptcinphnnhtkhClo,pdngcngthcFaraday:m=A.I.t/(96500.N)>
molCl=0,008mol

>molNaCl=molCl=0,008mol>molNaCllcu=0,02+0,008=0,028mol>khi
lngNaCl=1,638g.
pnB.

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WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

.D
AY

KE

QU

YN
H

ON
.

UC

OZ

.C
OM

Bi12
TrongsinphnNaClnngchy,ngitathngthmccmuikhc(nhNaFhoc
)vovimcch:

Chnmtpndiy

A.Thuchnhpcckimloi
B.Thuchnhpcchalogen
C.HnhitnngchycaNaCl
D.C3ldotrnung

Bi13
inphndungdchNaCl(d=1,2g/ml)chthucmtchtkhincc.Ccndungdch
sauinphn,cnli125gcnkh.Nhitphncnnythygim8g.Hiusutcaqutrnh
inphnl:

Chnmtpndiy

A.25%
B.30%
C.40%
D.50%
pn/Giithch

ptinphn

dungdchsaukhiinphnchthuc1chtkhnnxyraphnng:
(1)
125gamcnkhbaogmNaCldNaClvNaClOtorat(1)
khinhitphnhnhpnyth
sgamgimichnhlsgamca
O_2thnghoa
vn
=8:32=0.25(mol)vysmolcaNaClvNaClOtorat(1)=0.25*2=0.5(
mol)
khilngcaNaCldl:125(58.5+74.5)*0.05=58.5(gam)vysmolNaCldl:1(
mol)
mtkhct(1)tacnNaOH=NaClinphn=2nNaClO=1(mol)
vytngmolNaClbanul:1+1=2(mol)
H%=(1:2)*100=50%nnchnphngnD

Bi14
Hotan1,49gKClvoncrieminphncmngngn,thuc500mldungdchc
pH=12.Hiusutcaqutrnhinphnl:

Chnmtpndiy

A.15%
B.25%
C.35%
D.45%
pn/Giithch

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

.C
OM

QU

vdungdch

KE

0,20,2
>(M+35,5*2)*0,2=19
M=24>kimloilMg
pnB
Bi16
Khiinphndungdch
utinl:
Chnmtpndiy

A.

ON
.

UC

thuc4,48(l)kh(ktc)anot.M

YN
H

hiusut:

ChnpnB.

Bi15
inphnnngchyhonton19,0gammui
lkimloinotrongcckimloichodiy?

Chnmtpndiy

A.Ca
B.Mg
C.Ba
D.Be
pn/Giithch
KhthotraanotlKhClo:n=0,2mol

OZ

,inccdnguxyraqutrnh

B.

.D
AY

D.

C.

pn/Giithch

KhiinphndungdchKClccdng:2
2e>

ccm2
+2e>2
+

Khiinphndungdch
ccdng:2
2e>

ccm
+2e>

pnC

Bi17
Chodnginmtchiuchyqua200mldungdch
0.1Mviccdngbng
chonkhiion

bkhhtthngnginphn.Khilngcatottngvkhilng
WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

anotgimlnltl:
Chnmtpndiy

A.2.16gv6.4g
C.2.16gv0.64g
pn/Giithch

OZ

.C
OM

B.21.6gv0.64g
D.21.6gv6.4g

A.

QU

B.

.Ccionnokhng

YN
H

Chodungdchchaccion
binphnkhitrngthidungdch?
Chnmtpndiy

ON
.

UC

Cu+
+2Ag
Mtkhc:
=0,2.0,1=0,02(mol)
KhilngcatottnglkhilngAgsinhrabmvo
mcatottngl:108.0,02=
2,16(g)
KhilnganotgimlkhilngCubhatan
manotgiml:64.0,02:2=0,64(g)
.Chnc

Bi18

.D
AY

KE

C.

D.Ttcusai.
pn/Giithch

Ccioncakimloikim,kimthviongcaxitcchaoxikhngbinphntrng
thidungdch
ChcCthamn

Bi19
inphndungdchmui
dtrongthigian1930giy,thuc1,92gam

catt.Cngdngintrongqutrnhinphnlgitrnodiy?

Chnmtpndiy

A.3,0A
B.4,5A
C.1,5A
D.6,0A
pn/Giithch
P/inphn:

pdngnhlutFaradaytac:

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WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

.C
OM

ON
.

UC

OZ

tcl:

VypnlA

Bi20
inphndungdchCuCl2viincctr,saumtthigianthuc0,32gamCucatt
vmtlngkhXant.HpthhontonlngkhXtrnvo200mldungdchNaOH
(nhitthng).Sauphnng,nngNaOHcnlil0,05M(githitthtchdung
dchkhngthayi).NngbanucadungdchNaOHl(choCu=64)

Chnmtpndiy

A.

B.

C.

D.

pn/Giithch
+

YN
H

QU

+
Trcphnng:0,005x
Phnng:0,0050,01
Sauphnng:00,01

.D
AY

KE

Bi21
Hotan1,17gam
voncrieminphncmngngnthuc500mldung
dchcpH=12.Hiusutcaphnnginphnl

Chnmtpndiy

A.15%
B.45%
C.25%
D.35%
pn/Giithch

Phngtrnhinphn:

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

Tac:

.D
AY

KE

QU

YN
H

ON
.

UC

OZ

.C
OM

Hiusut:

ChnpnC.

Bi22
inphnmtdungdchchahnhpgm
viincctrcmng
ngn.Ktlunnodiykhngng?
Chnmtpndiy

A.Ktthcinphn,pHcadungdchtngsovibanu
B.Thtccchtbinphnl

C.Qutrnhinphn
ikmvistngpHcadungdch
D.Qutrnhinphn
ikmvisgimpHcadungdch
pn/Giithch
Thtinphn:

.TngpH
.TngpH
.pHkhngi
pnD

Bi23
Tinhnhinphn(incctr,mngngnxp)100mldungdchNaCl1Mchotikhi
cadungdch=13thngnginphn(coithtchdungdchkoi).Tnh%NaClbin
phn:

Chnmtpndiy

A.5%
B.10%
C.15%
D.20%
pn/Giithch

Phngtrnhinphn:

Do%NaClbinphnl:

VypnlB

Bi24
inphn2ltdungdchNaOH0,2Mvibnhinphncmngngn,incctr.Thi
gianinphnl30phtviI=19,3A.Smolkhthucanodl:

Chnmtpndiy

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

B.0,275mol
D.0,095mol

OZ

Phngtrnhinphn:
KhthucAnotloxi.

.C
OM

A.0,2mol
C.0,09mol
pn/Giithch

Thtbinphn

KE

QU

YN
H

ON
.

UC

TheocngthcFaraday:

Suyrasmoloxil0,09mol.
ChnC

Bi25
Trn
ltdungdch
0,125Mvi
ltdungdchcha0,596gam
thnh800ml
dungdchX.eminphndungdchX(cvchngn)nkhingngkh
thotravi
cngdongin5A,thigian34pht44giy.pHcadungdchsaukhiinphnl?

Chnmtpndiy

A.11
B.12
C.13
D.14

Bi26
inphndungdchhnhp
viincctr,mngngnxp.Hitrong
qutrnhinphnpHcadungdchthayinhthno?

Chnmtpndiy

A.Khngthayi
B.Tngln
C.Gimxung
D.Ktqukhc
pn/Giithch

.D
AY

nhngtrong

NaOHlbaznnpH>7cndungdchbanuctnhaxitnnpH<7
vypHtng.ChnB

Bi27
Mtpininhocincc
nhngtrongdungdch
vincc
dungdch
.Saumtthigianpinphnginthkhilng
Chnmtpndiy

A.chaiinccZnvCuutng.

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

YN
H

KhilngkimloiMbmvoCatot:

ON
.

UC

OZ

.C
OM

B.chaiinccZnvCuugim
C.incc
gimcnkhilngincc
tng.
D.incc
tngcnkhilngincc
gim

Bi28
inphndungdchmuinitratcakimloiM,dngincctr,cngdngin2A.
Sauthigianinphn4gi1pht15giy,khngthykhtocatot.Khilngcatottng
9,75gam.Sinphnchiusut100%,ionkimloibkhtothnhkimloibmhtvo
catot.Mlkimloino?

Chnmtpndiy

A.Km
B.St
C.Nhm
D.ng
pn/Giithch

Qutrnhinphn:

lthomnhthctrn.

.D
AY

KE

QU

Chc
VyMlkm(Zn)
VychnpnA.

Bi29
Khiinphndungdchmtmui,gitrpHkhuvcgnmtincctngln.Dungdch
muil:

Chnmtpndiy

B.KCl
A.

C.

D.

pn/Giithch

inphnccmui:

haiddmuinykhiinphnsinhraaxitnnpHgim=>loi

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

.C
OM

DungdchnykhiinphncpHkhngi

>

YN
H

ON
.

UC

OZ

dungdchnykhiinphnsinhraKOHlbaz=>pHtngln

Bi30
Hatan14,9gmtmuicloruacakimloikimvo
rieminphnmngngnvi
I=10Atrong32pht10giyththyanotkhngcnkh
bayra.XcnhKimloiR?

Chnmtpndiy

A.Li
B.Na
C.K
D.Cs
pn/Giithch
t=32pht10giy=1930giy

.D
AY

KE

QU

vykimloikimlK

Bi31
inphnnngchymuiCloruakimloi.Saumtthigiantathycatotc1,56gkim
loivanotc448mlkh(ktc).VycngthccamuiClorual

Chnmtpndiy

B.NaCl
A.

C.KCl
D.

pn/Giithch

Gimuicloruacntml
,khilngphntcakimloilMlun.

Phngtrnhinphn:

Theophngtrnhhahctac:

Tac

Vyn=1,M=39,suyraMlKali.
Muicloruacntml:KCl.

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

YN
H

ON
.

UC

OZ

.C
OM

ChnC

Bi32
inphnmuicloruakimloikimnngchy,ngitathuc0,896(kc)ltkhin
ccanotv3,12gkimloikimcatot.Cngthcphntcamuiinphnlcng
thcnosauy:

Chnmtpndiy

A.NaCl
B.KCl
C.LiCl
D.CsCl
pn/Giithch

vicngdng
saukhiinphnlbao

.D
AY

KE

QU

pnB

Bi33
inphncmngngnincctr100mldungdch
in0,1Atrong9650giy.Nngmol/lcadungdch
nhiu?

Chnmtpndiy

A.0,12M
B.0,15M
C.0,5M
D.0,1M
pn/Giithch

d=0,01

Bi34
Hatan1,17gNaClvoncriinphncmngngn,thuc500mlddcpH=12.hiu
sutinphnl

Chnmtpndiy

A.15%
B.25%

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

D.45%

.C
OM

C.35%
pn/Giithch

thuc500mlddcpH=12>

OZ

ON
.

0,1Ml0,0013mol/l.inli

B.13%
D.10%

YN
H

Bi35
Bitnngmol/lion
trongdungdch
caaxitl:
Chnmtpndiy

A.1,3%
C.1%
pn/Giithch

Phngtrnhinly:

UC

QU

KE

inly:

ChnpnA.

Bi36
C2dungdchXvY,midungdchchcha2loicationv2loianionvismolcho
trongsccionsau:

.D
AY

.Xcnhthnh

A.

B.

phncamidungdch?
Chnmtpndiy

C.
D.

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

.Kimloiutinthotra

UC

OZ

ON
.

Bi37
dungdchXchahnhpccmui
cattkhiinphndungdchXl

Chnmtpndiy

A.

B.
C.

D.
pn/Giithch
Thtccphnngxyracatotnhsau:

.C
OM

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

KE

QU

YN
H

VykimloithotrautincatotlCu.

Bi38
inphn200gdungdchNaCl29,25%(cmngngn).KhilngNaOHthuclbao
nhiu?Bitrnghiusutcaqutrnhinphnl90%.

Chnmtpndiy

A.18g
B.36g
C.26g
D.46g
pn/Giithch

.D
AY

Bi39
TrongqutrnhinphndungdchNaClxyracatot:

Chnmtpndiy

B.Soxiho
A.Skhphnt

D.Skhion
C.Soxihophnt

pn/Giithch

Katottathykh
thotra

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

ON
.

UC

OZ

.C
OM

1/

2/

Hnhn1evthylqutrnhoxihoHhaylskhphnt

Bi40
inphndungdchNaOHvicngdnginl10Atrongthigian268gi.Sauin
phncnli100gdungdchNaOH24%.NngphntrmcadungdchNaOHtrckhi
inphnlgitrnosauy:

Chnmtpndiy

A.2,4%
B.4,8%
C.2,6%
D.2,5%
pn/Giithch
Trcvsaukhiinphn,lngNaOHkhngickhilng24gvinphndungdch
NaOHchngqualinphnnc.

YN
H

QU

0.1Mv

Bi41
Chodngin1chiuccng

chyqua500mldungdchchahnhp

0.5Mtrongthigian5gi.Khilngkimloithotratrn

.D
AY

KE

catotl:
Chnmtpndiy

A.16.34g
C.15.74g

Bi42

B.23.88g
D.21.4g

tngngl

Chobitthinhachuncacccpoxihakh

1,66V+0,34V.SutinngchuncapininhaAlCul:

Chnmtpndiy

A.+1,32V
B.+2,0V
C.2,0V
D.1,32V
pn/Giithch

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

.C
OM

<0
>0

YN
H

ON
.

UC

OZ

SutinngcapinAlCul
V
VychnB

Bi43
inphndungdchNaCl,dngincctr,cvchngn,thuc200mldungdchcpH
=13.Nutiptcinphn200mldungdchnychonhtkhClothotraanotthcn
thigian386giy,cngdngin2A.Hiusutinphn100%.Lngmuinc
trongdungdchlculbaonhiugam?

Chnmtpndiy

A.2,808gam
B.1,638gam
C.1,17gam
D.,404gam
pn/Giithch

QU

inphnlnthnhtthuc200mldungdchcpH=13

inphnlnth2

.D
AY

KE

Vylngmuinctrongdungdchlcul(0,02+0,008).58,5=1,638gam
pnB

Bi44
Ngitainphndungdch
thyc280ml(ktc)khant.Khilngsnphm
thotrakattl:

Chnmtpndiy

A.

B.

C.

D.

pn/Giithch

inphn
chc
binphn.
0.5
+

(anot)(catot)
smol
=0.0125molsuyrasmol
=0.025molsuyrakhilng

sinhracatot

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

B.

C.

pn/Giithch

DoFectnhkhmnhhnAg.

D.

.Phnngxyra

QU

A.

YN
H

Cho1pininhactobicpoxihakh
ccmcapininha(iukinchun)l

Chnmtpndiy

ON
.

UC

OZ

.C
OM

0.025x2=0.05g.
ChnpnD.
Bi45
VaitrcaCriolittronginphnnngchy
iuchnhml:
Chnmtpndiy

A.Titkimcnnglngdohnhp
vCriolitnngchy
sovinhitnng
chyca
l

B.Tocchtlngctnhdnintthn
nngchy
C.Ngncnnhmnngchykhngboxihatrongkhngkh
D.CA,B,Ccthung

Bi46

.D
AY

KE

ctnhOXHmnhhn
.
NnccmlFe,ccdnglAg.
Ccm:
Ccdng:
VychnA.

Bi47
Trn
ltdungdch
0,125Mvi
ltdungdchcha0,596gam
thnh800ml
dungdchX.eminphndungdchX(cvchngn)nkhingngkh
thotravi
cngdongin5A,thigian34pht44giy.Nngmol/lca
trckhiin
phnl?

Chnmtpndiy

A.0,01mol/l
B.0,02mol/l
C.0,03mol/l
D.0,04mol/l

Bi48
iunolngtrongcciusau:
Chnmtpndiy
WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

YN
H

ON
.

UC

OZ

.C
OM

A.Khiinphndungdch
th
cadungdchtngdn.
B.Khiinphndungdch
th
cadungdchgimdn.
C.Khiinphnhnhpdungdch
+
th
cadungdchkhngi.
D.Khiinphnhnhp
+
th
cadungdchtngdn.

Bi49
Khiinphndungdchhnhp:
bngphngphpmngngn,pHca
dungdchthayinhthnotrongqutrnhinphn?

Chnmtpndiy

A.Tngln
B.Gimi
C.Khngi
D.Khngxcnhctnghaygim
pn/Giithch
Ccphnngxyra:

.D
AY

KE

QU

TrcinphncHCl=>pH<7
TrcinphncNaOH=>pH>7
Vytrongqutrnhinphn,pHcadungdchtngln

Bi50
eminphn100mldungdchAgNO3cnngC(mol/l),dngincctr.Saumtthi
gianinphn,thyckimloibmvocatot,catotkhngthyxuthinbtkh,anot
thyxuthinbtkhvthuc100mldungdchcpH=1.emccndungdchny,sau
emnungnngchtrnthucchonkhilngkhngiththuc2,16gammt
kimloi.Coisinphnvccqutrnhkhcxyravihiusut100%.TrscaCl:

Chnmtpndiy

A.0,3M
B.0,2M
C.0,1M
D.0,4M
pn/Giithch

Theobi,chxyraqutrnhinphn
vinphnkhnght

Saukhiinphnthuc100mldungdchcpH=1

Ccndungdch,lychtrnemnungnngthuckimloilBc

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

sdngl0,03mol

.C
OM

Vy
pnA

.D
AY

KE

QU

YN
H

ON
.

UC

OZ

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

.C
OM

Bi1

Khiinphndungdchhnhp:
bngphngphpmngngn,pHca
dungdchthayinhthnotrongqutrnhinphn?

B.Gimi
D.Khngxcnhctnghaygim

UC

OZ

Chnmtpndiy

A.Tngln
C.Khngi
pn/Giithch
Ccphnngxyra:

TrcinphncNaOH=>pH>7

YN
H

TrcinphncHCl=>pH<7

ON
.

Vytrongqutrnhinphn,pHcadungdchtngln

QU

Bi2

KE

Chnmtpndiy

A.0,2mol
C.0,09mol
pn/Giithch

inphn2ltdungdchNaOH0,2Mvibnhinphncmngngn,incctr.Thi
gianinphnl30phtviI=19,3A.Smolkhthucanodl:

B.0,275mol
D.0,095mol

.D
AY

Phngtrnhinphn:

KhthucAnotloxi.
TheocngthcFaraday:

Suyrasmoloxil0,09mol.

ChnC

Bi3

Ngitainphndungdch
thotrakattl:

thyc280ml(ktc)khant.Khilngsnphm

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

Chnmtpndiy

A.

B.

C.

pn/Giithch

D.

0.5

chc
+

binphn.

OZ

inphn

UC

(anot)(catot)
smol
=0.0125molsuyrasmol
2=0.05g.

.C
OM

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

=0.025molsuyrakhilng

ON
.

ChnpnD.
Bi4

sinhracatot0.025x

YN
H

Mtpininhocincc
nhngtrongdungdch
vincc
dungdch
.Saumtthigianpinphnginthkhilng

QU

Chnmtpndiy

A.chaiinccZnvCuutng.
B.chaiinccZnvCuugim
C.incc
gimcnkhilngincc
D.incc
tngcnkhilngincc

Chodnginmtchiuchyqua200mldungdch

KE

nhngtrong

tng.
gim

Bi5

0.1Mviccdngbng

chonkhiion
bkhhtthngnginphn.Khilngcatottngvkhilng
anotgimlnltl:

.D
AY

Chnmtpndiy

A.2.16gv6.4g
C.2.16gv0.64g
pn/Giithch

Cu+

Mtkhc:

B.21.6gv0.64g
D.21.6gv6.4g

+2Ag
=0,2.0,1=0,02(mol)

KhilngcatottnglkhilngAgsinhrabmvo
KhilnganotgimlkhilngCubhatan

mcatottngl:108.0,02=2,16(g)

manotgiml:64.0,02:2=0,64(g).Chnc

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

.C
OM

Bi6

Hotan1,17gam
voncrieminphncmngngnthuc500mldung
dchcpH=12.Hiusutcaphnnginphnl

UC

OZ

B.45%
D.35%

Chnmtpndiy

A.15%
C.25%
pn/Giithch

ON
.

Phngtrnhinphn:

Hiusut:

QU

ChnpnC.

YN
H

Bi7

TrongqutrnhinphndungdchNaClxyracatot:

.D
AY

KE

Chnmtpndiy

A.Skhphnt

C.Soxihophnt

pn/Giithch
Katottathykh

2/

thotra

Hnhn1evthylqutrnhoxihoHhaylskhphnt

1/

B.Soxiho
D.Skhion

Bi8

Hatan1,17gNaClvoncriinphncmngngn,thuc500mlddcpH=12.hiusut

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

.C
OM

inphnl

B.25%
D.45%

OZ

Chnmtpndiy

A.15%
C.35%
pn/Giithch

UC

ON
.

thuc500mlddcpH=12>

YN
H

Bi9

QU

TheoBronstetionlngtnhlionnotrongccionsauy.

C.

pn/Giithch
v

.D
AY

tathy

KE

A.

Chnmtpndiy

B.
D.

khngthchoprtonc=>loi2trnghpny

Liv
chcthcho
thunnghch)

mkhngthnhnthm

(vaxitsunfuricphnlikhng

=>chnpnD

Bi10

Tinhnhinphn(incctr,mngngnxp)100mldungdchNaCl1Mchotikhi
cadungdch=13thngnginphn(coithtchdungdchkoi).Tnh%NaClbin
phn:

Chnmtpndiy

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

B.10%
D.20%

.C
OM

A.5%
C.15%
pn/Giithch

Phngtrnhinphn:

Tac:

OZ

UC

Do%NaClbinphnl:

Bi11

ON
.

VypnlB

Dygmcckimloiciuchtrongcngnghipbngphngphpinphnhpcht
nngchycachngl

YN
H

Chnmtpndiy

A.

C.

pn/Giithch

QU

B.
D.

Phngtrnhinphniuchnatricthbiudinnhsau:

KE

TathuckimloiNanngchyccm,ccchtcnlithotraccdng.

.D
AY

ViCa:Phngtrnhbiudininphndngtngqutcthbiudindidng:

Phngtrnhinphniuchnhmcthbiudinnhsau:

VypnlB.

Bi12

inphn200gdungdchNaCl29,25%(cmngngn).KhilngNaOHthuclbao
WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

.C
OM

nhiu?Bitrnghiusutcaqutrnhinphnl90%.

OZ

B.36g
D.46g

Chnmtpndiy

A.18g
C.26g
pn/Giithch

UC

Bi13

thuc4,48(l)kh(ktc)anot.M

YN
H

inphnnngchyhonton19,0gammui
lkimloinotrongcckimloichodiy?

ON
.

QU

Chnmtpndiy

A.Ca
C.Ba
pn/Giithch

B.Mg
D.Be

0,20,2

KE

KhthotraanotlKhClo:n=0,2mol

>(M+35,5*2)*0,2=19
pnB
Bi14

.D
AY

M=24>kimloilMg

Snphmchnhchnhthnhanotvcatottrongqutrnhinphndd
l:

Chnmtpndiy

A.

C.

lnlt

B.
D.

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

.C
OM

pn/Giithch

TacPTkhiinphnnhsau

Bi15

.Ccionnokhngb

UC

Chodungdchchaccion
inphnkhitrngthidungdch?

ON
.

Chnmtpndiy

A.

OZ

VychnA

B.

YN
H

C.
D.Ttcusai.
pn/Giithch

QU

Ccioncakimloikim,kimthviongcaxitcchaoxikhngbinphntrngthidung
dch

ChcCthamn
Bi16

KE

inphndungdchmui
dtrongthigian1930giy,thuc1,92gam
catt.Cngdngintrongqutrnhinphnlgitrnodiy?

B.4,5A
D.6,0A

Chnmtpndiy

A.3,0A
C.1,5A
pn/Giithch

.D
AY

P/inphn:

pdngnhlutFaradaytac:

tcl:

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

.C
OM

VypnlA

Bi17

OZ

inphndungdchNaCl,dngincctr,cvchngn,thuc200mldungdchcpH
=13.Nutiptcinphn200mldungdchnychonhtkhClothotraanotthcn
thigian386giy,cngdngin2A.Hiusutinphn100%.Lngmuinc
trongdungdchlculbaonhiugam?

ON
.

UC

B.1,638gam
D.,404gam

Chnmtpndiy

A.2,808gam
C.1,17gam
pn/Giithch

YN
H

inphnlnthnhtthuc200mldungdchcpH=13
inphnlnth2
c

QU

Vylngmuinctrongdungdchlcul(0,02+0,008).58,5=1,638gam
pnB

Bi18

KE

dungdchXchahnhpccmui
cattkhiinphndungdchXl

.D
AY

Chnmtpndiy

A.

C.

pn/Giithch

.Kimloiutinthotra

B.
D.

Thtccphnngxyracatotnhsau:

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

.C
OM

VykimloithotrautincatotlCu.

Bi19

QU

Trcphnng:0,005x

UC

YN
H

ON
.

B.
D.

Chnmtpndiy

A.

C.

pn/Giithch

OZ

inphndungdchCuCl2viincctr,saumtthigianthuc0,32gamCucatt
vmtlngkhXant.HpthhontonlngkhXtrnvo200mldungdchNaOH
(nhitthng).Sauphnng,nngNaOHcnlil0,05M(githitthtchdung
dchkhngthayi).NngbanucadungdchNaOHl(choCu=64)

Phnng:0,0050,01

00,01

Sauphnng:

KE

Bi20

.D
AY

inphndungdchNaCl(d=1,2g/ml)chthucmtchtkhincc.Ccndungdch
sauinphn,cnli125gcnkh.Nhitphncnnythygim8g.Hiusutcaqutrnh
inphnl:

Chnmtpndiy

A.25%
C.40%
pn/Giithch

ptinphn

B.30%
D.50%

dungdchsaukhiinphnchthuc1chtkhnnxyraphnng:
(1)

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

khinhitphnhnhpnyth
thnghoa
vn

.C
OM

125gamcnkhbaogmNaCldNaClvNaClOtorat(1)
sgamgimichnhlsgamcaO_2

=8:32=0.25(mol)vysmolcaNaClvNaClOtorat(1)=0.25*2=0.5(mol)

khilngcaNaCldl:125(58.5+74.5)*0.05=58.5(gam)vysmolNaCldl:1(mol)

OZ

mtkhct(1)tacnNaOH=NaClinphn=2nNaClO=1(mol)
vytngmolNaClbanul:1+1=2(mol)

UC

H%=(1:2)*100=50%nnchnphngnD
Bi21

ON
.

inphndungdchhnhp
viincctr,mngngnxp.Hitrong
qutrnhinphnpHcadungdchthayinhthno?

B.Tngln
D.Ktqukhc

YN
H

Chnmtpndiy

A.Khngthayi
C.Gimxung
pn/Giithch

QU

Thtbinphn

Bi22

.D
AY

vypHtng.ChnB

KE

NaOHlbaznnpH>7cndungdchbanuctnhaxitnnpH<7

Cho10mldungdchHClcpH=3.ThtchnccnthmvocdungdchcpH=4l

Chnmtpndiy

A.100ml
C.50ml
pn/Giithch

dungdchcpH=4thnngmolcaion

trongdungdchbanul0,01.0,001=

(mol)

licsmol

B.90ml
D.40ml

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

=>V=100ml

.C
OM

=>

=>lungncthmvol90ml

Bi23

OZ

Phtbiunodiykhngngvbnchtqutrnhhohcincctrongqutrnh
inphn?

B.Cationnhnelectroncatt
D.Soxihoxyracatot

ON
.

UC

Chnmtpndiy

A.Anionnhngelectronanot
C.Soxihoxyraanot
pn/Giithch

Catotxyraskhchkhngphisoxiho
Bi24

trongthigian1gi20pht25giyvicngdngin
trnanot.Hiusutqutrnhinphnl

YN
H

inphndungdch
5A,thuc1.6gam

PTinphn:

khilngcaOl

Hiusutcaqutrnhinphnl

B.60%
D.100%

M
KE

.D
AY

K()

A(+)

QU

Chnmtpndiy

A.40%
C.80%
pn/Giithch

Dungdch

pnC

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

.C
OM

Bi25
TrongsinphnNaClnngchy,ngitathngthmccmuikhc(nhNaFhoc
)vovimcch:

B.Thuchnhpcchalogen
D.C3ldotrnung

OZ

Chnmtpndiy

A.Thuchnhpcckimloi
C.HnhitnngchycaNaCl

UC

Bi26

Hotan1,49gKClvoncrieminphncmngngn,thuc500mldungdchc
pH=12.Hiusutcaqutrnhinphnl:

B.25%
D.45%

YN
H

ON
.

Chnmtpndiy

A.15%
C.35%
pn/Giithch

QU

Bi27

.D
AY

ChnpnB.

Bitnngmol/lion
caaxitl:

Chnmtpndiy

A.1,3%
C.1%
pn/Giithch

trongdungdch

0,1Ml0,0013mol/l.inli

B.13%
D.10%

KE

hiusut:

Phngtrnhinly:

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

inly:

.C
OM

ChnpnA.

OZ

Bi28

in phn dung dch NaCl, dng in cc tr, c vch ngn, thu c 200 ml dung

B.1,638gam
D.1,404gam

YN
H

ON
.

Chnmtpndiy

A.2,808gam
C.1,17gam
pn/Giithch

UC

dch c pH = 13. Nu tip tc in phn 200 ml dung dch ny cho n ht kh Clo


thot ra anot th cn thi gian 386 giy, cng dng in 2 A. Hiu sut in
phn 100%. Lng mui n c trong dung dch lc u l bao nhiu gam?

pH=13>[OH]=0,1M>NaOH=0,1*0,2=0,02mol>molNaClinphn=0,02
mol.
LcnytrongddvncnNaCld.

QU

TiptcinphnnhtkhClo,pdngcngthcFaraday:m=A.I.t/(96500.N)>molCl=
0,008mol
>molNaCl=molCl=0,008mol>molNaCllcu=0,02+0,008=0,028mol>khilng
NaCl=1,638g.

pnB.

KE

Bi29

.D
AY

Tinhnhinphnnngchymuicloruacamtkimloimnh.Khianodthuc3,36lt
(ktc)thcatodthuc11,7gkimloi.Muicloruacholcakimloinodi
y:

B.Kali
D.Bari

Chnmtpndiy

A.Natri
C.Canxi
pn/Giithch

Gicngthcmuiclorual
Phngtrnhinphn

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

.C
OM

DoMlkimloinnthccgitrxl1,2,3thyx=1,M=39(K):thamn
pnB

OZ

Bi30

B.6,41,68l
D.10,32,24l

ON
.

Chnmtpndiy

A.10,33,36l
C.6,42,24l
pn/Giithch

UC

inphndungdchXgm0,1mol
v0,1mol
.Khicatotbtuthotkh
thngnginphn.Khilngkimloitrncatotvthtchkhthucanot(ktc)ln
ltl:

YN
H

Phngtrnhinphn

0,050,1

0,05

0,050,05

0,025

m=6,4gam

KimloithuclCu:0,1mol

QU

pnB

Bi31

.D
AY

KE

Vhnhpkhthucl(0,05+0,025).22,4=1,68lit

inphnmuicloruakimloikimnngchy,ngitathuc0,896(kc)ltkhin
ccanotv3,12gkimloikimcatot.Cngthcphntcamuiinphnlcng
thcnosauy:

B.KCl
D.CsCl

Chnmtpndiy

A.NaCl
C.LiCl
pn/Giithch

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

.C
OM

OZ

pnB

vicngdng
saukhiinphnlbao

ON
.

inphncmngngnincctr100mldungdch
in0,1Atrong9650giy.Nngmol/lcadungdch
nhiu?

UC

Bi32

B.0,15M
D.0,1M

YN
H

Chnmtpndiy

A.0,12M
C.0,5M
pn/Giithch

QU

KE

Bi33

d=0,01

iunolngtrongcciusau:

.D
AY

Chnmtpndiy

A.Khiinphndungdch
th
cadungdchtngdn.
B.Khiinphndungdch
th
cadungdchgimdn.
C.Khiinphnhnhpdungdch
+
th
cadungdchkhngi.
D.Khiinphnhnhp
+
th
cadungdchtngdn.
Bi34

inphnnngchymuiCloruakimloi.Saumtthigiantathycatotc1,56gkim
loivanotc448mlkh(ktc).VycngthccamuiClorual

Chnmtpndiy

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

D.

,khilngphntcakimloilMlun.

Phngtrnhinphn:

OZ

Gimuicloruacntml

Tac

UC

Theophngtrnhhahctac:

ON
.

Vyn=1,M=39,suyraMlKali.

.C
OM

B.NaCl

A.

C.KCl
pn/Giithch

Muicloruacntml:KCl.
ChnC

YN
H

Bi35

Bi36

.D
AY

Khiinphndungdch
utinl:

M
vdungdch

C.

pn/Giithch

KhiinphndungdchKClccdng:2

,inccdnguxyraqutrnh

Chnmtpndiy

A.

B.12
D.14

KE

Chnmtpndiy

A.11
C.13

QU

Trn
ltdungdch
0,125Mvi
ltdungdchcha0,596gam
thnh800ml
dungdchX.eminphndungdchX(cvchngn)nkhingngkh
thotravi
cngdongin5A,thigian34pht44giy.pHcadungdchsaukhiinphnl?

ccm2

B.

D.

2e>
+2e>2

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

ccdng:2

ccm

2e>

+2e>

.C
OM

Khiinphndungdch

pnC

KhilngkimloiMbmvoCatot:

QU

YN
H

ON
.

UC

OZ

Bi37
inphndungdchmuinitratcakimloiM,dngincctr,cngdngin2A.
Sauthigianinphn4gi1pht15giy,khngthykhtocatot.Khilngcatottng
9,75gam.Sinphnchiusut100%,ionkimloibkhtothnhkimloibmhtvo
catot.Mlkimloino?

Chnmtpndiy

A.Km
B.St
C.Nhm
D.ng
pn/Giithch

Qutrnhinphn:

lthomnhthctrn.

.D
AY

KE

Chc
VyMlkm(Zn)
VychnpnA.

Bi38
Hatan14,9gmtmuicloruacakimloikimvo
rieminphnmngngnvi
I=10Atrong32pht10giyththyanotkhngcnkh
bayra.XcnhKimloiR?

Chnmtpndiy

A.Li
B.Na
C.K
D.Cs
pn/Giithch
t=32pht10giy=1930giy

>

vykimloikimlK
WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

Bi39
Chodngin1chiuccng

chyqua500mldungdchchahnhp

0.5Mtrongthigian5gi.Khilngkimloithotratrn

catotl:
Chnmtpndiy

A.16.34g
C.15.74g

Bi40

B.

YN
H

A.

UC

Cho1pininhactobicpoxihakh
ccmcapininha(iukinchun)l

Chnmtpndiy

OZ

B.23.88g
D.21.4g

ON
.

0.1Mv

.C
OM

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

C.

pn/Giithch
DoFectnhkhmnhhnAg.

D.

.Phnngxyra

KE

QU

ctnhOXHmnhhn
.
NnccmlFe,ccdnglAg.
Ccm:
Ccdng:
VychnA.

Bi41
C2dungdchXvY,midungdchchcha2loicationv2loianionvismolcho
trongsccionsau:

.D
AY

.Xcnhthnh

A.

B.

phncamidungdch?
Chnmtpndiy

C.
D.

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

ON
.

UC

OZ

.C
OM

Bi42
Khiinphndungdchmtmui,gitrpHkhuvcgnmtincctngln.Dungdch
muil:

Chnmtpndiy

B.KCl
A.

C.

D.

pn/Giithch

inphnccmui:

haiddmuinykhiinphnsinhraaxitnnpHgim=>loi

YN
H

DungdchnykhiinphncpHkhngi

.D
AY

KE

QU

dungdchnykhiinphnsinhraKOHlbaz=>pHtngln

Bi43
eminphn100mldungdchAgNO3cnngC(mol/l),dngincctr.Saumtthi
gianinphn,thyckimloibmvocatot,catotkhngthyxuthinbtkh,anot
thyxuthinbtkhvthuc100mldungdchcpH=1.emccndungdchny,sau
emnungnngchtrnthucchonkhilngkhngiththuc2,16gammt
kimloi.Coisinphnvccqutrnhkhcxyravihiusut100%.TrscaCl:

Chnmtpndiy

A.0,3M
B.0,2M
C.0,1M
D.0,4M
pn/Giithch

Theobi,chxyraqutrnhinphn
vinphnkhnght

Saukhiinphnthuc100mldungdchcpH=1

Ccndungdch,lychtrnemnungnngthuckimloilBc
WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

YN
H

ON
.

UC

OZ

.C
OM

Vy
sdngl0,03mol

pnA

Bi44
inphndungdchNaOHvicngdnginl10Atrongthigian268gi.Sauin
phncnli100gdungdchNaOH24%.NngphntrmcadungdchNaOHtrckhi
inphnlgitrnosauy:

Chnmtpndiy

A.2,4%
B.4,8%
C.2,6%
D.2,5%
pn/Giithch
Trcvsaukhiinphn,lngNaOHkhngickhilng24gvinphndungdch
NaOHchngqualinphnnc.

QU

.D
AY

KE

Bi45
inphndungdchcham(g)hnhp
vidnginmtchiunthi
imncbinphnchaiinccthngngli.Dungdchsauinphnhatanc
1,6gCuO.antc448mlkhbayra(ktc).Gitrcaml:

Chnmtpndiy

A.5,97g
B.5,95g
C.5,9g
D.6g

Bi46
VaitrcaCriolittronginphnnngchy
iuchnhml:
Chnmtpndiy

A.Titkimcnnglngdohnhp
vCriolitnngchy
sovinhitnng
chyca
l

B.Tocchtlngctnhdnintthn
nngchy
C.Ngncnnhmnngchykhngboxihatrongkhngkh

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WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

OZ

tngngl

UC

Chobitthinhachuncacccpoxihakh

1,66V+0,34V.SutinngchuncapininhaAlCul:

Chnmtpndiy

A.+1,32V
B.+2,0V
C.2,0V
D.1,32V
pn/Giithch

.C
OM

D.CA,B,Ccthung

Bi47

ON
.

<0
>0

.D
AY

KE

QU

YN
H

SutinngcapinAlCul
V
VychnB

Bi48
Trn
ltdungdch
0,125Mvi
ltdungdchcha0,596gam
thnh800ml
dungdchX.eminphndungdchX(cvchngn)nkhingngkh
thotravi
cngdongin5A,thigian34pht44giy.Nngmol/lca
trckhiin
phnl?

Chnmtpndiy

A.0,01mol/l
B.0,02mol/l
C.0,03mol/l
D.0,04mol/l

Bi49
iunosauyngkhinivsnxutAlbngphngphpinphnnngchy:

Chnmtpndiy

A.Allkimloitrungbnhnncthsdngphngphpthyluyn
B.Thmcrylthnhitnngchyca
vtngtnhdnincahnhp
C.Khiinphnnngchy,inccgraphittcdngthngxuynvi
nnphitngxuynb
xungincc.
D.B,Cng

Bi50
inphndungdchNaClcmngngn,cattthukh

Chnmtpndiy

WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/DAYKEM.QUYNHON

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.COM

UC

catotlunsyraskhcation.
anotlunsyrasOXHanion.
TrongtrnghpnycatotcPthhinskhnhsau:

OZ

.C
OM

B.

D.Khngckh

A.

C.

pn/Giithch

TacPTnhsau:

.D
AY

KE

QU

YN
H

ON
.

VychnB.

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