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Exam Prep

Activity 4.1: Tenses


The sentences below are incorrect. Look at the underlined verbs and then:
a. correct the verb
b. name the correct tense
c. give the meaning or use of the correct tense in this context.
0. I do the housework at the moment.
a. Im doing the housework at the moment.
b. present continuous
c. describes an action happening now
1. The price of petrol has increased a great deal last year.
a. increased__________________________________________________________
b. past simple __________________________________________________________
c. describes an action started and finished at a specific time in the past
2. When I was at school, I was studying a lot.
a. studied _________________________________________________________
b. past simple__________________________________________________________
c. describes a habit which stopped in the
past__________________________________________________________
3. When the lightning struck the house, I ate my breakfast.
a. I was eating__________________________________________________________
b. past continuous__________________________________________________________
c. describes actions happening at the same time in the
past_________________________________________________________
4. A type of bird flu is belieed to cause the !"!# outbreak of the deadly $panish %lu.
a. hae caused_________________________________________________________
b. perfect infinitie_________________________________________________________
c. the reported action happened earlier than the reporting
itself__________________________________________________________
!. I wish &atie will arrie soon.
a. arried_________________________________________________________
b. wish clause "present or
future#__________________________________________________________
c. e$presses that we want a situation in the present or future to be
different_________________________________________________________
Activity 4.2: General Errors
Each sentence below contains one error in form, meaning or use.
a. Rewrite the whole sentence offering ONE correct version.
b. In note form, explain why the correction is needed.
0. I hae been working here since six years.
a. I hae been working here for si$ %ears.
b. &since is followed b% a specific moment in the past' whereas &for is used with a
period of time.
1. $he's ery interesting in basketball.
a. (he is er% interested in
basketball__________________________________________________________
b. )interesting* is used to describe the effect that something has on %our feelings' whereas
)interested* is used to describe peoples feelings.
2. The Mississippi and the Lake Michigan are in the United States.
a. Mississippi and Lake Michigan are in the United
States.__________________________________________________________
b. We do not use the before territories, names of towns, cities and lakes.
. You will help me with my homework, please?
a. Will !ou help me with m! homework, please"
b. It is not an affirmatie form' but an interrogatie form.
Activity 4.3: Language Functions
rite two example sentences for each of the following pairs of ! language functions. In each case,
pay attention to the style and register.
0.
a. #o decline an in$itation to a friends part! during a con$ersation.
Im really sorry, but Im afraid I cant come to your party.
b. #o decline an in$itation to a conference in a letter.
Unfortunately, I will be unable to attend the conference in Munich this year.
%.
a. #o e&press regret about forgetting a friends birthda! in a con$ersation.
'm reall! sorr! for forgetting !our
birthda!.
b. #o e&press regret to an unsuccessful applicant for a (ob in a letter.
't is with regret to inform !ou that !ou do not meet the re)uired criteria for the (ob.
2.
a. #o suggest a holida! destination in a letter to a friend.
+h% dont %ou isit ,ome-
b. #o suggest hiring new sta* at a compan! meeting.
It would be an e$cellent idea to hire new staff.
.
a. #o warn a child about to cross the road that there is a car approaching.
.ont cross the road/ 0here is a car approaching/
b. #o warn an emplo!ee about the conse)uences of arri$ing at work late again.
It is e$pected that %ou adhere to the compan% time clock polic%'
should %ou wish not to find %ourself in a difficult position.
Activity 4.4: Semantic i!!erences
"escribe the difference in meaning between these pairs of sentences.
+.
a. She likes pla!ing tennis.
She enjoys doing this sport.
b. Shed like to pla! tennis.
She wants to play this sport.

%.
a. We regret to tell !ou that the ,ight has been cancelled.
We are sorr! to tell !ou this.
b. We regretted telling them that the ,ight had been cancelled.
#elling them was a mistake.
2.
a. #he ski instructor said that we should manage to ski down the mountain.
It is possible to manage that.
b. #he ski instructor said we should ha$e managed to ski down the mountain.
-&pectations were not ful.lled.
.
a. When the snow melts, the $alle! will be ,ooded.
'n case the snow melts the $alle! will be ,ooded.
b. When the snow melts, the $alle! is ,ooded.
c. -$er! time the snow melts, the $alle! is ,ooded.
Activity 4.": Grammatical Terminology
Read the text below. #ind one example of each grammatical term. $ne has been done as an
example.
#he inspector opened the fridge, remo$ed the pre$ious da!s lefto$ers and ,ung them
into the microwa$e. /onning a gre! suit with a blue shirt and garish tie, he hoped he
had succeeded in creating a cross between 0white collar and shad!. 1fterwards, he sat
on the $eranda and sipped a co*ee while skimming through the newspaper.
'nside, his mobile phone started to ring persistentl! 2 it was Summers, who simpl!
said, #he beach bar. Lets meet there.3 4efore lea$ing, he looked for a pair of glasses
with plain lenses that he thought might add something to his attempts at camou,age.
#he! were nowhere to be found. 5omplaining to himself about the general state of
disorder, he e$entuall! e&tracted them from a pair of socks.
(rammatical Terminology )*E example from the text
0. 1reposition at
1. 1hrasal erb look for
. Indefinite article a
!. 2ompound noun microwae
". 3derb eentuall%
#. 0ime e$pression afterwards
$. 1resent participle creating
%. 4b5ect pronoun them
&. Intransitie erb flung
'. ,elatie pronoun that
10. 6odal erb might