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Quantitative Analysis Report

Waste Management Company


In UAE

Prepared By
Muhammad Arshad


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Table of Contents
Introduction............................................................................................. 3
Complete waste management .................................................................... 4
A pilot study ............................................................................................. 5
Logistic matters whi ch may be disclosed by a pi lot study ............................. 6
Quantitati ve Anal ysi s ................................................................................ 7
References ............................................................................................. 10


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Introduction
United Arab Emi rates (UAE) faces the challenge of achieving sustainabil ity in
the industry sites. One of the major obstacles encountered in the increasing
amount of waste material resulting from the activi ties of manufacturing,
construction and land filled.
The actual cost of waste is not just the cost of discarded materials, which
includes the inefficient use of raw material s, and the unnecessary use of
energy and water, defective products and the disposal of waste by-products,
waste treatment and lost work.
Over the twentieth century, has prompted a growing awareness of the effects
of envi ronmental and public health associated with human activities in the
development and application of methods and techniques to reduce the
effects of pollution. The resulting environmental consequences of rapid
industriali zation in accidents are countless of land, resources and locations
of air and water being contaminated by toxic substances and other
pollutants, whi ch threatens humans and ecosystems with serious health
risks. The creation and use of more extensi ve and intensi ve materials and
energy accumulated pressures on the quality of local ecosystems, regional
and global.
It served as the basis for specific concepts approach control:
The concept of carrying capacity, whi ch confirm the exi stence of a
certain level of emissions in the environment that do not lead to
unacceptable health effects of environmental or human.
The principle of the concept of control, whi ch is supposed to
envi ronmental damage can be avoided by controll ing the manner and
time and the rate at which poisons enter the envi ronment .
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Complete waste management
Under the perspecti ve of pollution control, waste is considered as an
undesirable by-product of the production process that wil l be contained so as
to ensure that no contamination of soil, water and air resources beyond the
levels that are consi dered acceptable.
It also became the techni ques of envi ronmental pollution control in a more
sophisticated and more expensi ve, and there was a growing interest in ways
to incorporate prevention in the design of industrial processes in order to
eliminate adverse envi ronmental effects at the same time enhancing the
competiti veness of industries. Among the benefits of the approach to prevent
pollution, and clean technologies and toxic use reduction i s the possibil ity to
eliminate the exposure of workers to health ri sks.
Pollution prevention approach focuses directl y on the use of processes and
practices, material s and energy that avoid or minimi ze the creation of
pollutants and waste at the source, and not on the "add-on" mitigation
measures. While the commitment of companies play a decisi ve role in the
decision to follow the prevention of pollution.

Fi gure-1 Waste classification
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A pilot study
The pilot or feasibil ity study is a small experiment designed to test logisti cs
and gather information prior to larger study, in order to improve the qual ity
and efficiency of the last. An experimental study may discl ose deficiencies in
the design and passed the test or procedure proposed, and this then can be
processed by the ti me and resources to the large scale studies. Are not they
usuall y conducting experiments with objects in separation, but is part of the
program search. Strategy requi res good research and careful planning are
often part of a pilot study of this strategy.

Fi gure-2 Techniques of Waste reduction

An experimental study is usuall y small compared to the main trial and
therefore can only provide limited information about the size and sources of
variation of response measures. It is unlikel y, for example, that Pilot study
alone can provide sufficient data to analyze the volatil ity of the ability to
estimate the number of objects to include in the experiment is wel l desi gned.
A systematic review of the literature or even a single publication is more
convenient information source the twists and turns. Pilot study can, however,
provide vital information on the severity of the proposed treatments or
procedures.
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Logistic matters which may be disclosed by a pilot study
A pilot study may deal with a number of logistical matters. As part of the
research approach the following aspects can be solved preceding to the core
study:
Ensure that the instructions gi ven to the researchers (random actions)
are understandable.
Ensure that sufficient technical researchers and experts in the process.
Check the accurate function of the apparatus.
Ensure that experimental objects could lead task (physical or
cogniti ve).
Verifying the reliabi lity and val idity of the results the discl osure of the
impact of the floor or cei ling (for example, if the task i s too hard or too
easy and no biased results).
Assess whether the appropriate level of intervention.
Determine the negati ve effects (pain, suffering, distress or lasting harm
and) as a result of this procedure, and the effectiveness of actions to
reduce them.
Determine humanitarian earl y endpoints.
If we do not bring a pilot study to modify the materials or procedures, data
can be suitable for Incorporated in the main study. The sampling strategy
used to determine the issues and the possibi lity of changes with the passage
of time and should be considered carefully before integrating experimental
data. Even if we do not use experimental data in this so even if the final
design is markedl y different from the pilot, which is useful to include
information about the pilot study in any publication or reports arising from the
main study and this could be the future of design experiments.

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Quantitative Analysis is provided in the following
Note: The currency is considered as AED not $.
PAYOFFS Outcomes Maximax Maximin
Alternatives
High
demand
Low
demand
Max
payoff Choice
Min
payoff Choice
Large plant $100,000
-
$40,000 $100,000 Best -$40,000
Small plant $60,000
-
$10,000 $60,000 -$10,000
No plant $0 $0 $0 $0 Best

PAYOFFS Outcomes Hurwicz Equally likely
Alternatives
High
demand
Low
demand
Realism
payoff Choice
Average
payoff Choice
Large plant $100,000
-
$40,000 $23,000 Best $30,000 Best
Small plant $60,000
-
$10,000 $21,500 $25,000
No plant $0 $0 $0 $0

= 0.45


REGRET Outcomes Minimax

Alternatives
High
demand
Low
demand
Max
regret Choice

Large plant $0

$40,000 $40,000 Best

Small plant $40,000

$10,000 $40,000 Best

No plant $100,000 $0 $100,000

Table-1

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PAYOFFS Outcomes Maximize EMV
Alternatives
High
demand
Low
demand EMV Choice
Large plant $100,000 -$40,000 $22,000 Best
Small plant $60,000 -$10,000 $16,000
No plant $0 $0 $0
Probability 0.3 0.2

Best
outcome $100,000 $0 $0

Expected Value WITH Perfect Information (EVwPI) = $30,000
Best Expected Monetary Value (EMV) = $22,000
Expected Value OF Perfect Information (EVPI) = $8,000

REGRET Outcomes Minimize EOL
Alternatives
High
demand
Low
demand EOL Choice
Large plant $0 $40,000 $8,000 Best
Small plant $40,000 $10,000 $14,000
No plant $100,000 $0 $30,000
Probability 0.3 0.2
Table-2
Decision Tree


Alternative
1


0

0 0


1

0


Alternative
2


0

0 0





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0.33333


Outcome
4


0


0 0



0.33333


Alternative
1

Outcome
5


0


0 0

0 0



0.33333


Outcome
6


0


0 0



0.33333


Outcome
7


0


0 0


1

0

0.33333


Alternative
2

Outcome
8


0


0 0

0 0



0.33333


Outcome
9


0


0 0




Alternative
3


0


0 0

For more detail, please see the excel sheets.

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References
Envi ronmental pollution control and prevention, (2011) by
Maystre,Lucien Y., Spiegel, Jerry.
The importance of pilot studies in the development of waste
management plants by C. Robert Reiss, P.E.
MATERIAL WASTE IN THE UAE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY: MAIN
CAUSES AND MINIMISATION PRACTICES by
Al-Hajj, PhD, Heri ot-Watt University, K. Hamani, MSc, Heriot -Watt
Uni versity
QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS APPROACHES TO QUALITATIVE DATA:
WHY, WHEN AND HOW by Savitri Abeyasekera
Waste and pollution sources of Abu Dhabi Emirate, United Arab Emirates
Zurbrugg, C. (2009). Solid Waste Management in Developing
Countries. (www.sanicon.net). Accessed on 18
t h
July,2009.