You are on page 1of 188

SAFETY ISSUES

ReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh

SeniorProjectPaper

By
NSayemUddinAhammed
1221756
Summer2013

GraduatePrograminEngineering

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
Page2of188

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
Iwouldliketoacknowledgeeveryonewhoassistsmetopreparethisdocument.Myutmostacknowledgegoes
to my project supervisor Dr. Shahriar Khan for his support and guidance to prepare this document. Without his
supportandcooperationthisdocumentwouldhavebeenimpossible.Iamalsogratefultomyemployeeswhohelped
mewiththeinformationwereneededtopreparingthisdocument.Someofthepicture,referenceshasbeenusedto
makethisdocumentmoreunderstandabletothereaders.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
Page3of188

ABSTRACT
Businesses in Bangladesh are growing at an ever fast rate. Everyday new businesses are opening in every
possiblesector.RecentlyWTOhasrankedBangladeshasthe4thlargestexporterofreadymadegarmentsinthe
world. RMG sector contributes for 75% of foreign currency earning for Bangladesh. Taking advantage of poor
surveillance of concerned authorities rules, laws and codes are often violated in construction sector of our
countryandfactorybuildingsarenoexception.Itispopularlybelievedandoftenproventruebyincidencesthat
the building codes are only maintained in paper works and hardly during the construction phase. Later as the
ownerfocusesontheinteriorworks,machineplacementetc.thefloorsareoftenoverloadedwithmachineries,
causingmorepopulationloadduringoperationalhours,narrowingcirculationspaces,thusmakingitdifficultfor
the people to access the emergency route during an emergency. Many factories do not arrange regular drill;
therefore the workers discover themselves in an alien situation whenever an emergency situation arises,
causing panic, stampede etc. that further escalate the degree of casualty. In the conditions as above the
aforementioned thesis is proposed to evaluate the design of garments factories from a safety point of view
especially in case of a fire out. This document will focus on the standards of the safety issues and process to
assess a RMG factory for safety issues. Main purpose to prepare this document is to make all in this industry
familiartothesafetyissuesandstandards.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
Page4of188

Contents:SafetyIssues

Acknowledgment 2
Abstract 3
Introduction 4
SafetyStandards 15
ReportsonSafetyAssessments 79
StructuralSafetyAssessment 89
ElectricalSafetyAssessment 102
FireSafetyAssessment 145

Introduction:ReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh

Readymadegarmentsindustryisoriginallyasectorofthetextileindustry.Howeverduetoitsownvastness
nowadaysRMGisalsoconsideredasanindividualindustry.Whileconductingtheliteraturereviewsfortheoriginof
readymade garments industry, it was discovered that the early literatures refer to textile industry as a whole,
rather than describing the readymade garments industry as a separate industry. It was during and after the
industrialrevolutionthatthereadymadegarmentsindustryevolvedasanindividualindustry.

The exact date of when people started wearing clothes is not clear. There are different estimations about
when people started wearing clothes.Oneof the studies says that men started wearing clothes 190,000 years ago.
Anthropologistsbelievethattheearliestclothesweremadefromskin,vegetationetc.(Travis,2009).

Tillthe17thcenturythetextileindustrywasmoreofacottageindustrylocalizedwithincertaintransportable
zones.Theclothiersfabricatedtheclothviavariousprocessing,allcarriedoutintheircourtyards.Theclothierswould
keep a portion of their product for the nearby market and carry most of their products on horseback to relatively
distantareasforsellingtheirproducts.TherearealsoevidencesofsilkbeingimportedtoEuropefromChinaviathe
Silk Road. Cotton being one of the earliest clothing materials in India made its first steps in Europe only during the
medievalperiod.Latercottoncameupastheprimeclothingmaterialglobally.

The textile industry experienced booming growth during the industrial revolution of the 18th and 19th
century. It is one of the industries to get maximum advantage from the Watt engine8. With the invention of the
flying shuttle9 by John Kay in 1734 C.E mass production of yarn and cloth became a mainstream industry. The
industry while getting geared up with advanced technology of those times also experienced labor protects against
introduction of flying shuttle as the labors feared job loss. However, soon it was realized that because of the
dramatic increase in rate of production the demand also increased. James Watts modified steam engine with
separatecondenseraddedanothermuscletotheindustryin1761.Theindustryreceiveditsbiggestblessingsin1764
with the invention of Spinning Jenny10 by James Hargreaves. This invention elevated the thread production
capacityofasinglelaborbyeightfoldandsubsequentlymuchfurther(BritannicaEncyclopedia,2011).

"SpinningJenny",amagicmachineduringindustrialrevolution(Marsden,1884)

The spinning jenny is a multispool spinning frame. It was invented in 1764 by James Hargreaves in Stanhill,
Oswaldtwistle, Lancashire in England. The device reduced the amount of work needed to produce yarn, with a
workerabletoworkeightormorespoolsatonce.Thisgrewto120astechnologyadvanced.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
Introduction
Page6of188

In the year 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist factory was set on fire and 146 nos. of lives were lost. Since then the
incidentingarmentsfactorynotstopped.Incidentingarmentsarearegularphenomenonnowadaysinpoorcountry
likeus.AftertheNewYorkfire,newlawspassedandenforced.Inthoselessglobalizedtimes;thecustomershadto
payhigherpricesforthesamestuffs.InBangladeshthethingsaremorecomplicatedforthefactories.Afterseriesof
incidents in readymade garments manufacturing (RMG) factories, the foreign customers have plenty of other low
costs countries they could switch their work to. Tragedy in Spectrum, Tazreen and Rana Plaza is well known to all.
Thousands of lives of workers are lost either at the spot or partial or permanent disabled. Most of them were the
onlyinthefamilytoearn.
According to Export Promotion Bureau (EPB) data, in the FY 201213, knitwear fetched $10475.88 million,
representing a 10.43 per cent growth over the same period in the last year, while woven garments earned US$
11039.85million,agrowthof14.96percent.

FromaStatistics

For the upcoming fiscal, the growth in export of knitwear products has been projected at 10.5 per cent,
wovengarmentsat13.87percent,juteandjutegoodsat12.89percent,computerserviceat50percentandleather
productsat30percentandfrozenfoodat6.42percentofsettingthetargetforFY201314hasbeendecidedtobe
at$30.50billion.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
Introduction
Page7of188

Since the late 1970s, the RMG industry started developing in Bangladesh primarily as an exportoriented
industry although; the domestic market for RMG has been increasing fast due to increase in personal disposable
income and change in life style. The sector rapidly attained high importance in terms of employment, foreign
exchangeearningsanditscontributiontoGDP.

GDP Last

Previous Highest Lowest Forecast

Unit Trend
GDP 115.61 20121231 111.91 115.61 4.30 120.42 20131231 USDBillion

GDPCONSTANTPRICES 4337.20 20130630 4093.78 4337.20 2372.59 4344.97 20131231 BDTBillion

GDPGROWTHRATE 6.01 20130630 6.32 6.70 4.08 5.84 20131231 Percent

GDPANNUAL
GROWTHRATE
6.01 20130630 6.23 6.70 4.08 5.84 20131231 Percent

GROSSFIXEDCAPITAL
FORMATION
2786.13 20130630 2436.91 2786.13 594.12 2802.72 20131231 BDTBillion

GROSSNATIONAL
PRODUCT
4773.82 20130630 4488.39 4773.82 2483.46 4797.85 20131231 BDTBillion

GDPPERCAPITA 597.49 20121231 568.73 597.49 219.28 626.61 20131231 USD

GDPPERCAPITAPPP 1622.94 20121231 1544.80 1622.94 661.43 1701.45 20131231 USD

GDPGrowthRate|Notes
The GDP Growth Rate shows a percentage change in the seasonally adjusted GDP value in the certain
quarter, compared to the previous quarter. Because of climatic conditions and holidays, the intensity of the
productionvariesthroughouttheyear.Thismakesadirectcomparisonoftwoconsecutivequartersdifficult.Inorder
to adjust for these conditions, many countries calculate the quarterly GDP using so called seasonally adjusted
method.TheGrossDomesticProductcanbedeterminedusingthreedifferentapproaches:theproduct,theincome,
andtheexpendituretechnique,whichshouldgivethesameresult.Insum,theproducttechniquesumstheoutputs
SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
Introduction
Page8of188

ofeveryclassofenterprise.Theexpendituretechniqueworksontheprinciplethateveryproductmustbeboughtby
somebody,thereforethevalueofthetotalproductmustbeequaltopeople'stotalexpendituresinbuyingproducts
andservices.Theincometechniqueworksontheprinciplethattheincomesoftheproductivefactorsmustbeequal
tothevalueoftheirproduct,anddeterminesGDPbyfindingthesumofallproducers'incomes.

However, economists and many exporters have expressed their doubt about achieving the targeted export
growthinthecurrentFY.Theycitedtheissueoftheelectionyearandthepresentedgysituationinthemainexport
sectorreadymadegarment(RMG)asmainhindrancestoachievingthetarget.

In 2001, Bangladesh's High Court directed the government to set up a committee to oversee the safety of
garment workers after a similar fire in a factory killed 24 people. But that directive was never implemented, and
morethan1000peoplehavebeenkilledingarmentfactoryfiressince2006.

For the past couple of months the main international firms buying clothes from Bangladesh have been meeting
governmentrepresentativestotrytoagreeonabroaderstrategytoimprovefactorysafety.
No factory owner has ever been prosecuted over the deaths of workers. Other major fires 1990 and 2012,
resulted in hundreds of accidental deaths, include those at That's It Sportswear Limited and the fire at Tazreen
Fashions Ltd. Spectrum Sweater Industries, Phoenix Garments, Smart Export Garments, Garib and Garib, Matrix
Sweater, KTS Composite Textile Mills and Sun Knitting. Foreign buyers looking for outsourcing demanded
compliancerelatednormsandstandardsregardingasafeandhealthyworkenvironment,whichincludesfirefighting
equipmentandevacuationprotocols.RMGinsidersinBangladeshcomplainaboutthepressuretocomplyandargue
that RMG factory owners are hampered by a shortage of space in their rental units. In spite of this the industry
exportstotaled$19billionin20112012.Theyexpectedexportearningstoincreaseto$23billionin20122013.
Sofar,however,mostofthebigglobalclothingbrandsandretailersseemmindedtostayinBangladesh,try
hardertoimprovesafetyintheircontractorsfactoriesandbuildgoodwillamonglocals.OnApril9
th
2013Walmart,
someofwhoseproductswerefoundintheashesoflastyearsfactoryfire,gave$1.6mtotheInstituteofSustainable
Communities,anongovernmentalorganisation(NGO),tohelpitsetupahealthandsafetyacademyinBangladesh.
Walmartalsorecentlyintroducedstricterfiresafetyaudits,andazerotolerancepolicytowardscontractorscaught
usingunauthorizedfactoriestomakeWalmartproducts.

The rapid growth in Bangladeshs garment industry has provided vital jobs to women and men and is
helping to pull them and their families out of poverty. However, there is an urgent need for decisive and
collaborativeactiontomakedecentworkareality,statedGuyRyder,theDirectorGeneraloftheUNInternational
Labour Organization (ILO). This programme will improve conditions of work, especially safety, and help generate
sustainableeconomicgrowthandinvestment,headdedinanewsrelease.

The plan brings together the National Tripartite Plan of Action on Fire Safety in the RMG Sector signed on
March24,2013 inresponsetothe Tazreenfactoryfire andtheJoint TripartiteStatementadoptedon May4in the
wake of the Rana Plaza tragedy. The Plan calls for an assessment of all active exportoriented, RMG factories in
Bangladeshtobecompletedby31December2013.
SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
Introduction
Page9of188

TheRMGsectorisvitaltotheeconomyofBangladesh,whichexportedgoodsworth$19.3billionforthe11
monthsthatendedinMay2013nearly12percentmorethanayearearlier.

The Plan is supported by other parallel initiatives focused on the RMG sector in Bangladesh, namely the
AccordonFireandBuildingSafetyinBangladeshsignedbyover80leadingclothingbrandsandretailersandthe
Alliance for Bangladesh Worker Safety with another 26 member company, a binding fiveyear initiative undertaken
byNorthAmericanapparelcompaniesandretailerstoimprovesafetyinmorethan500factories.

The plan sets out legislation and policy, administrative and practical activities, as well as the respective
partner(s)responsiblefortheimplementationoftheactivities,andatimeframeforimplementation.

TheactionplanhascomeatatimewhenBangladeshisatriskoflosingtheGeneralizedSystemofPreference
(GSP) facility for apparel products in the US market on the ground that Dhaka did not make much progress in
addressingtheissueofworkers'rights.
Less than a year before a tragicgarment factory collapse in Aprilkilled over 1,000 people in Bangladesh,a
WorldBankstudylaidoutmanylogisticalreformstoimprovethecountrysgarmentindustry.Aninternationaloutcry
isnowpromptingsomeofthosereforms,andcouldbegintochangethelogisticsoftheinternationalclothingtrade.
In Bangladesh, the first step for the garment industry which accounts for threefourths of the countrys
exportsistoimproveworkersafety,saidScottNova,executivedirectoroftheWorkerRightsConsortium.Because
garmentfactoriesinBangladeshcompeteintenselytopiecetogethershorttermordersfrommultipleretailers,price
makesallthedifferenceinwinningadeal.
Many investigations from different authorities found evidence of highrise death traps, where poorly
maintained electrical systems, locked exits, limited firefighting equipment, and mountains of combustible fabric
providedarecipefordisaster.

Somefacts
BangladeshFireStatistics
Year ReportedFires GarmentIndustry
2009 12182 293
2010 14682 220
2011 15815 234
Maincause:
Electricalsabove50%,
70%Firefromburner/stove;fromcigarette;fromheatedash;frommachine
Source:FireServiceandCivilDefenseDirectorate
Bangladesh,theeighthmostpopulouscountryoverall,isthesecondlargestgarmentexporterintheworld,
trailingonlytheChinesemainland.Withitswagelevelsamongthelowestintheregionandwithitsabundantlabour
supply,Bangladeshishugelyindemandasagarmentproductionbase,securingitsstatusasoneoftheworldsmajor
suppliersoflowcost,readymadegarments(RMG)overthepasttwodecades.
SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
Introduction
Page10of188

SafetyIssuesinRMG:SafetyNeeds

Bangladeshcurrentlyhasmorethan5400garmentfactoriesthatworkforlargewesternretailers,withthose
from Europe accounting for nearly 60% of the countrys apparel exports followed by the United States at 23% of
exports. In order to attract foreign investments, the Government of Bangladesh set up special economic zones in
Dhakaandsurroundingcities,boostingthenumberoffactoriesinthecountry.Thegarmentindustry,especiallythe
factories focused onexportshave beenlesscarefulabout adoptingadequatesafetymeasures, primarily dueto the
focusoncostreductiontoensurelucrativeexports.

Asaresult,Bangladeshhasbecomeanestablishedlocationforsourcinglowcostproductionservices,witha
large number of local OEM manufacturers emerging. This rapid growth, however, has come at a cost. Overall, the
issue of compliance with the required safety and working conditions, as set down by the International Labour
Organisation(ILO),hasbeenfrequentlyignored.

TheBangladesh garment industrymishapsare awakeupcalltoglobalcitizens,governments and companies for


taking sustainable measures to address the lack of safety in thegarment factories. For the millions ofworkers who
craft apparel in these factories, their daily trek to work in the quest for survival is a tossup between life and
livelihood.

Dhaka is the worlds most densely populated cities, with 115,000 inhabitants per square mile and land is
scarce and expensive resource. Given the scarcity of land, multistorey buildings that violate building codes are a
commonoccurrence.Manyofthesebuildingsareresidentialapartmentblocksforfamiliesconvertedintofactories,
and are inadequate in terms of fire escapes, proper ventilation and sanitation, for the increased number of people
theynowhavetocaterto.Addingillegalfloorstobuildingsisalsoacommonpractice.Needlesstosay,thesefloors
areaddedinviolationofstructuralconcernsandfireandothersafetymeasures.

Many factories are often run out of a single building, with multiple tenants on different floors. Apart from
limited regular and emergency exits, high density of people, and lack of safety measures, the lack of coordination
between tenants of these buildings pose greater risks as compared to small factories with single tenants.
Additionally, these buildings house power generators to help the factories cope with frequent power cuts. In the
recent incident at Rana Plaza, according to the initial government enquiry, there were five large generators in the
buildingwhichwerefullyfunctionalrightbeforethecollapse.Thesegeneratorswererunningduetoapowercutand
may have been instrumental in the collapse of the building. These poorly constructed buildings cannot take the
heavyloadthatthesegeneratorscreate.Over600workersinthelastfivemonthshavebeenkilledinBangladeshdue
tosimilarworkingconditions.

Labour Behind the Label is an international campaign funded by the European union, striving towards
improvingworkingconditionsandempoweringworkersintheglobalgarmentindustry.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
Introduction
Page11of188

SafetyIssuesinRMG:ClearGuidancetotheFactoriesonSafetyIssues

IdentifyingtheHazardsinRMGsectorstomaketheworkplacesafefortheworkersdriventheimportanceto
prepareaguidelineonthesafetyissues.TherearethreedifferentspecificareastoconcentrateforthesafetyinRMG.
Fire Safety, Electrical Safety and Structural Integrity Safety issues has been classified and identified to make the
workplacesafer.Negligenceonany of these threeissues can bea causeof a majordisaster.Assessingafactoryon
thesethreecategoriesandremedialonfindingswillreducetheincidents.

Fromabaselinesurveythebelowfindingsarefactstorealizethesafetyconcernsofthefactories:

1. Only2%knowabouthazards.
2. 39%donotknowthehazardissues.
3. 45% of the surveyed are not trained fire safety. 87% have participated in a recent fire drill, but fire drills are
notalwayscarried.
4. 57%ofworkerswitnessedaccident.
5. 25%ofworkersfeelunsafeintheirfactories.
6. 86form18%ofsurveyedfactoriesbelievethesecurityguardsincreasetheriskofaccidentsbykeepingtheway
ofegresslocked.

Withacombinedunderstandingontheaboveissuesbythegovernmentandtheforeignbuyers,differentsafety
programsnowareinplacetomakethefactoriesriskfree.Theunionofbuyershaslaunchedthesafetyassessment
processinthefactories.Theseassessmentsareinthreedifferentcategories:a)BuildingandStructuralSafetyb)Fire
Safetyc)ElectricalSafety

Mainpurposeistointroducethesafetyassessmentistogrowawarenessamongthefactoryownersagainstthe
risks from hazardous issues. An assessment on the safety issue opens the window for an owner on corrective or
remedialoftheidentifiednonconformities.

Very recent the union of the buyers released the guide of standards for assessing the nonconformities of a
factorybuilding.Thisguideisastandard,whichneedtobefollowedbytheassessors.BangladeshNationalBuilding
Code(BNBC)wasusedtopreparetheguidelinefromtheunionofthebuyers.InadditiontotheBNBCdifferentcodes
andstandardsasstatedbelowarealsousedtomaketheguidelinemoredescriptiveandcanbeusedasextensionof
thestandards.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
Introduction
Page12of188

BangladeshLawsandRules.

1. ElectricityAct,1910.
2. ElectricityRules,1937.
3. BoilerAct,1923,Section2(b)and6
4. PetroleumAct,1934
5. BuildingConstructionAct,1952
6. FireServiceRules1961
7. FactoriesRules,1979,Sections3(1),4,41,43,51,and52
8. StatutoryRegulatoryOrders(S.R.O)109,Act1999,publishedon25thMay
9. FireResistandExtinguishAct2003
10. BangladeshLabourAct,2006asamendedbyBangladeshLabour(Amendment)Act,2013.
11. DhakaMahanagarImaratNirmanBidhimala2008
12. ChittagongImaratNiremanBidhimala2008
13. CircularBuildingPermiton19August2010,MinistryofHousing&PublicWorks/Pari1/OccupantRMG42/2007/256,circularnoMinistryofHousing
&Publicworks/Pari1/OccupantRMG42/2007/302datedon25November2008
14. CircularRemovaloftemporarytinshadefromRooftopofRMGFactoryBuildings.REF:BGMEALetterno.BGA/Safety/18000/2011/28180,Dated:28th
December,2011
15. Circularon19Apr2013_RAJUK_BuildingPermitinsideDetailedAreaPlan(DAP)

InternationalLawsandRules.

1. ICCpublications.InternationalCodeCouncil,5203LeesburgPike,Suite600,FallsChurch,VA22041USA.
2. IBC,InternationalBuildingCode,2012.
3. IFC,InternationalFireCode,2012.
4. IEBC,InternationalExistingBuildingCode,2012.
5. NFPApublications.NationalFireProtectionAssociation,1BatterymarchPark,Quincy,MA021697471USA.
6. NFPA10,StandardforPortableFireExtinguishers,2013.
7. NFPA13,StandardfortheInstallationofSprinklerSystems,2013.
8. NFPA14,StandardfortheInstallationofStandpipeandHoseSystems,2013.
9. NFPA20,StandardfortheInstallationofStationaryPumpsforFireProtection,2013.
10. NFPA22,WaterTanksforPrivateFireProtection,2013.
11. NFPA25,StandardfortheInspection,Testing,andMaintenanceofWaterBasedFireProtectionSystems,2011.
12. NFPA30,FlammableandCombustibleLiquidsCode,2012.
13. NFPA30B,CodefortheManufactureandStorageofAerosolProducts,2011.
14. NFPA37,StandardfortheInstallationandUseofStationaryCombustionEnginesandGasTurbines,2010.
15. NFPA51B,StandardforFirePreventionDuringWelding,Cutting,andOtherHotWork,2014.
16. NFPA70,NationalElectricalCode,2011
17. NFPA72,NationalFireAlarmandSignalingCode,2013.
18. NFPA80,StandardforFireDoorsandOtherOpeningProtectives,2013.
19. NFPA90A,StandardfortheInstallationofAirConditioningandVentilatingSystems,2012.
20. NFPA92,StandardforSmokeControlSystems,2012.
21. NFPA101,LifeSafetyCode,2012.
22. NFPA110,StandardforEmergencyandStandbyPowerSystems,2013.
23. NFPA111,StandardonStoredElectricalEnergyEmergencyandStandbyPowerSystems,2013.
24. NFPA241,StandardforSafeguardingConstruction,Alteration,andDemolitionOperations,2013.
25. NFPA252,StandardMethodsofFireTestsofDoorAssemblies,2012.
26. NFPA257,StandardonFireTestforWindowandGlassBlockAssemblies,2012.
27. ACIpublications.AmericanConcreteInstitute,38800CountryClubDrive,FarmingtonHills,MI48331USA.
28. ACI228.1R,InPlaceMethodstoEstimateConcreteStrength,2003.
29. ACI318,BuildingCodeRequirementsforStructuralConcreteandCommentary,2011.
30. AISCPublications.AmericanInstituteofSteelConstruction,OneEastWackerDriveSuite700,Chicago,IL60601USA.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
Introduction
Page13of188

31. AISCCodeofStandardPractice.
32. ASCEPublications.AmericanSocietyofCivilEngineers,1801AlexanderBellDrive,Reston,VA20191USA.
33. ASCE7.MinimumDesignLoadsforBuildingsandOtherStructures,2010.
34. ASMEPublications.AmericanSocietyofMechanicalEngineers,TwoParkAvenue,NewYork,NY10016USA.
35. ASMEA17.1SafetyCodeforElevatorsandEscalators,2010.
36. ASTMPublications.ASTMInternational,100BarrHarborDrive,P.O.BoxC700,WestConshohocken,PA19428USA.
37. ASTMA370,StandardTestMethodsandDefinitionsforMechanicalTestingofSteelProducts,2012.
38. ASTMC42,StandardTestMethodforObtainingandTestingDrilledCoresandSawedBeamsofConcrete,2013.
39. ASTMC823,StandardPracticeforExaminationandSamplingofHardenedConcreteinConstructions,2012.
40. ASTMC39/39M12a,StandardTestMethodforCompressiveStrengthofCylindricalConcreteSpecimens,2012.
41. ASTMC856,StandardPracticeforPetrographicExaminationofHardenedConcrete,2011.
42. ASTMC295,StandardGuideforPetrographicExaminationofAggregatesforConcrete,2012.
43. ASTMC457,StandardTestMethodforMicroscopicalDeterminationofParametersoftheAirVoidSysteminHardenedConcrete,2011.
44. ASTME84,StandardTestMethodforSurfaceBurningCharacteristicsofBuildingMaterials,2010.
45. ASTME119,StandardTestMethodsforFireTestsofBuildingConstructionandMaterials,2010b.
46. ASTME136,StandardTestMethodforBehaviorofMaterialsinaVerticalTubeFurnaceat750DegreesC,2009b.
47. ASTME814,StandardTestMethodforFireTestsofThroughPenetrationFireStops,2010.
48. FMGlobalpublications.FMGlobal,270CentralAvenue,Johnston,RI029194923USA.
49. FMDataSheet71,FireProtectionforTextileMills,January2012.
50. FMDataSheet87,BaledFiberStorage,January2000.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
Introduction
Page14of188

SafetyAssessmentStandards:EnsuringtheImplementationoftheCodesandStandards

To help ensure consistency in the countrywide evaluation of RMG factories, the technical requirements of
theBuyersStandardhavebeenharmonizedwiththerequirementsofthefactoryassessmentguidelinesdeveloped
by Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET) for the NTPA. Throughout this process, input was
incorporated from factory owners in the Bangladesh RMG industry, professors from BUET, and other technical
experts.Inorderfacilitatedialogueonrealizingthiscommonsetofstandards,theInternationalLabourOrganization
(ILO)alsoplayedavitalrole.TheStandard,whichsupportstheBangladeshNationalTripartitePlanofAction(NTPA),
strives to provide clear and practical technical requirements by which Bangladeshi RMG factories producing for
foreign buyers may be consistently and fairly evaluated for structural, fire and electrical safety. Assessments will
prompt actionplansthatcan beusedby RMG factories to systematically andsustainably improvesafetyconditions
forgarmentworkers.

SafetyAssessmentstoensuretheworkerssafetycoversthebelowissues.Alliance

A. BuildingandStructuralSafety
B. FireSafety
C. ElectricalSafety

Statements in next pages to explain the above three safety issues with the appropriate photographs are
takenmostlyfromtheAllianceforBangladeshWorkersSafetyStandards.Errorininterpretationinexplanationmay
foundbutmaximumattentionwasgiventokeepthestatementasoriginal.

StandardstoEnsureSafety

A. BuildingandStructuralSafetyStandards
GeneralBuildingRequirementsforaFactory:Structuralissuesoffactorycoveredunderthisguideline.

1. Highrise Building: Occupiable floor is located more than 20 m (65 ft) above the grade level of the
building.

HighRiseBuilding
2. OccupiableRoof.Arooflevelshallbeconsideredoccupiablewhereaccesstotheroofisprovidedandis
notlimitedtoanyothermechanicalequipment.

DinningatRooftop
3. Use and Occupancy. Spaces that are used for more than one occupancy, the space shall be classified
basedonallthe occupanciespresent and shall meet therequirementsofBNBCPart 3 Sections 1.3and
shallbemet.
3.1. OccupancyA:Residential.Thisoccupancyincludesstructuresorportionsusedforsleepingandliving
accommodationstorelatedorunrelatedgroupsofpeople.[SeeBNBCPart2Section2.1.1]
3.2. OccupancyB:EducationalBuildings.Thisoccupancyincludesstructuresorportionsusedfordaycare
(B2).[SeeBNBCPart3Section2.1.2]
3.3. OccupancyE:AssemblyBuildings.Thisoccupancyincludesstructuresorportionswherelargegroups
ofpeoplecongregate.Prayerhallsanddininghallsmaybecitedasanexample.Mostfactorieshave
subcategoriesofE3(LargeAssemblywithoutfixedseats)andE4(SmallAssemblywithoutfixedseats,
lessthan300persons).[SeeBNBCPart3Section2.1.5]
3.4. Occupancy F: Business Buildings. This occupancy includes structures or portions used for the
transactionofbusinessincludingoffices(F1).[SeeBNBCPart3Section2.1.6]

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactories
BuildingandStructuralSafetyStandards
Page16of188

3.5. Occupancy G: Industrial Buildings. This occupancy includes structures or portions used where
materials are fabricated, assembled, or processed. The G2, Moderate Hazard Industrial Occupancy
willbethepredominantoccupancytypeinmostRMGfactories.[SeeBNBCPart3Section2.1.7]
3.6. OccupancyH:StorageBuildings.Thisoccupancyincludesstructuresorportionsusedforthestorage
of material, products, and/or equipment. The H2, Moderate Risk Fire Storage will encompass the
majorityofthestoragefacilitiesusedintheRMGfactories.[SeeBNBCPart3Section2.1.8]
3.7. Occupancy J: Hazardous Buildings. This occupancy includes structures or portions used for the
storage, processing, handling, or manufacture of any hazardous material. [See BNBC Part 3 Section
2.1.9]
3.8. Occupancy K: Miscellaneous Buildings. This occupancy includes structures or portions used for
special structures not classified above. This could include water treatment plants, generator
buildings, electrical buildings, and other utility buildings. [See BNBC Part 3 Section 2.1.10]. Each
portion of a building or structure shall be classified individually according to above classes. When a
buildingcontainsmorethanoneoccupancy,thebuildingorportionshallcomplywiththeapplicable
requirementsasstatedbelow.ThemixeduseprovisionsofBNBCPart3Section2.3shallapply.
4. Accessory occupancies. Occupancies that are incidental to the main occupancy shall be considered
accessoryoccupanciestothemainoccupancywhentheydonotexceed10percentofthebuildingareaof
the story in which they occur. [See BNBC Part 3 Section 2.1]. No occupancy separation shall be required
betweenaccessoryandmainoccupanciesexceptwhererequiredbytheuseasstatedbelow
4.1. Daycare Daycare occupancies which are accessory to other occupancies shall be located on the
groundfloorwithamaximumtraveldistanceof9m(30ft).Iflocatedonahigherfloor,directaccess
toanexitenclosureshallbeprovided.
4.2. Boiler or Furnace Rooms Any room or space housing boilers or other heat producing equipment
shallbeseparatedfromotheroccupanciesbyaminimum1hourconstruction.
4.3. GeneratorsGeneratorsetsshallbeseparatedfromallotheroccupancyareasbyaminimum2hour
construction. Fuel tanks shall be limited to a maximum 2500 L (660 gal) when located in a building
with other occupancies. Exhaust shall be in accordance with NFPA 37. All exhaust systems shall
dischargetotheexteriorofthebuildinginasafelocation.
4.4. OilFilledTransformersRoomsusedforthehousingofoilfilledtransformersshallbeincompliance
with BNBC Part 4 Section D 15 for highrise buildings. Oil filled transformers for nonhighrise
buildingsshallbeseparatedbyaminimum2hourfireresistiveratedconstruction.
4.5. Storage Rooms used for storage of combustible materials shall be separated from the surrounding
occupancy with a minimum 1 hour construction. In process storage open to the surrounding
occupancy is not required to be separated when the floor is provided with automatic sprinkler
protectioninaccordancewiththespecifiedstandards.
4.6. Miscellaneous Storage Storage that does not exceed 2.45 m (8 ft.) in height, is accessory to other
occupancies,doesnotexceed23m
2
(250ft
2
)inanyoneareaandisseparatedbyaminimum3.0m
(10ft)fromotherstorageareas.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactories
BuildingandStructuralSafetyStandards
Page17of188

4.7. Parking Parking of personal motor vehicles shall not be allowed in existing buildings unless the
parkingareaisseparatedby1hrfireresistiveratedconstructionorautomaticsprinklerprotectionis
provided. In addition, parking shall only be permitted if adequate provisions for carbon monoxide
detection/removal are provided, and if parking areas were originally designed or subsequently
approvedfortheparkingofvehiclesbyappropriatelegislativeparties.
5. FlammableandCombustibleLiquid.
5.1. AlicensemustbeobtainedinaccordancewiththePetroleumActforallstorageofClassIpetroleum
greaterthan25L(6gal).
5.2. AlicensemustbeobtainedinaccordancewiththePetroleumActforallstorageofClassIIpetroleum
greater than 1000 L (264 gal) individually and 2000 L (528 gal) aggregate. Licenses required by this
sectionmustbeprominentlypostedandkeptuptodate.
6. ChemicalStorage.AllotherchemicalstorageshallbeincompliancewithBNBCPart3Section2.1.13.
Standard Practice of Chemical Store: All stored chemicals must be labeled with their correct name and
any specific hazards and requirement to wear personal protective equipment clearly identified.
Flammable chemicals (e.g. solvents) must be segregated and stored separately, preferably in a locked,
secure area. An authentic Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for each chemical must be available in the
locallanguageandkeptincloseproximitytothechemicalforeaseofaccess.Bulkquantitiesofhazardous
chemicals must be stored appropriately to avoid the risk of a spillage. The recommended approach is to
enclosecontainersofchemicalswithbundsorbundtraysthatarecapableofholdingtheentireamountof
chemicalsinthecontainer.Allchemicalsmustbestoredtominimizetheriskofdangerousreactionwith
other chemicals. For example acids and alkalis must be segregated and oxidizing and reducing agents
shouldbeseparated.StorageadviceontheMSDSmustbefollowedatalltimes.

StorageofChemicals

7. Noseparated Occupancies. Wheremore than one occupancyoccurs andis notseparatedin accordance


with 8, the most restrictive requirements for each occupancy shall apply for fire protection, means of
egress, type of construction, and allowable building height and area. No separation is required between
noseparatedoccupanciesmeetingtherequirementofthissection.
8. Separated Occupancies. New and existing occupancies shall be separated from other occupancies in
accordancewithBNBCPart3Sections2.3and3.1.5.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactories
BuildingandStructuralSafetyStandards
Page18of188

9. BuildingHeightandAreas.
9.1. General. The general requirements for height limitations for buildings based on open space,
frontage, and floor area ratios in accordance with BNBC Part 3 Section 1.8 shall be met for all new
construction. Note: no nonrated construction is allowed for the occupancies found in the RMG
factoriesfornewconstructionpertheBNBC.
10. NewConstruction.
10.1. ConstructionofnewnonhighrisefactoriescontainingGand/orH2occupancies(factories)shallbe
Type1orType2constructionasrequiredinBNBCPart2Table3.2.4.
10.2. ConstructionofnewnonhighrisebuildingscontainingJoccupanciesshallbeType1construction.
11. ExistingBuildings.
11.1 Existingbuildingsgreaterthan2storieswithnonratedconstructionshallnotexceed2000m2(22,000
sq.ft.)perfloorunlessautomaticsprinklerprotectionisprovidedthroughout.
12. HighRiseBuildings.
12.1. General. High rise buildings shall be defined as those structures or buildings where the highest
occupiable floor is located more than 20 m (65 ft) above the grade level around the building. The
requirementsofthissectionshallapplytobothnewandexistingbuildings.SeeBNBCPart3Section
2.10.6.
13. Construction.
13.1. Newconstruction.ConstructionofnewhighrisebuildingsshallbelimitedtoType1constructionas
required in BNBC Part 3 Section 2.10.6.2. This requirement shall apply to all occupancy types and
notjustTypeF.
13.2. Existingbuildings.
13.2.1. Type3andnonratedconstructionshallnotbeallowedforhighrisebuildings.
13.2.2. Automatic sprinkler system. Automatic sprinkler systems shall be provided throughout all
newandexistinghighrisebuildingswithanoccupiablefloorgreaterthan23m(75ft)above
thefinishedgradeinaccordancewithSection5.3AllianceStandards.
13.2.3. Fire detection and alarm system. An automatic fire detection and alarm system shall be
providedthroughoutallnewandexistinghighrisebuildingsinaccordancewithSection5.7
AllianceStandards.
14. Emergencypower.Anemergencypowersystemshallbeprovidedtosupplypowertothefollowingloads:
a. Exitsignsandmeansofegressillumination
b. Automaticfiredetectionsystems
c. Firealarmsystems
d. Electricallypoweredfirepumps.
e. Smokecontrolsystems
f. Elevators/lifts
15. Batterypoweredsignsandexitlights.Existingbatteryoperatedoruninterruptablepowersupplysystems
canbecontinuedtobeusedtosupplyexitsignsandmeansofegressilluminationwheremonthlytesting
of such systems is conducted and properly documented. Emergency power shall be provided for a
minimumdurationof60min.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactories
BuildingandStructuralSafetyStandards
Page19of188

BatterybackedSigns
16. Atriums.
16.1. General. This section shall apply to buildings or structures containing vertical openings known as
atrium.
16.2. Definition. An atrium is an opening connecting two or more stories other than enclosed stairways,
elevators, plumbing, electrical, mechanical, or other equipment that is enclosed in firerated
enclosures.Storiesdonotincludemezzaninesthatareopen.

Atrium
16.3. Firealarmsystem.Anautomaticfirealarmsystemshallbeprovidedthroughoutallnewandexisting
buildingscontaininganatriuminaccordancewithSection5.7.
16.4. Separation. Enclosure of new and existing atrium shall be in accordance with BNBC Part 3 Section
3.1.17.f)withthefollowingmodification.Glasswallsandinoperablewindowsshallbepermittedin
lieuofthe1hr.firebarrierwhereallofthefollowingitemsaremet:
a. Automaticsprinklersareplacedonbothsidesoftheglassatmaximum1.83m(6ft)intervals.
b. Thesesprinklersareplacednomorethan305mm(12in.)fromtheglasstoallowwettingthe
entiresurfaceoftheglass.
c. Theglassisofwired,tempered,orlaminatedglassheldinplacebygasketedframesallowingthe
glasstodeflectwithoutbreakingpriortooperationofthesprinklers.
d. Sprinklers can be eliminated from the atrium side of the glass on levels where there is not a
walkingsurfaceontheatriumsideabovethelowestleveloftheatrium.
e. Doorsintheglasswallsaresmokeresistantandareselforautomaticclosing.
f. The glass is vertically continuous, not provided without horizontal elements that would prevent
thesprinklersfromwettingtheentiresurfaceoftheglass.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactories
BuildingandStructuralSafetyStandards
Page20of188

16.5. EngineeringAnalysis.Anengineeringanalysisshallbeconductedoftheatriathatdemonstratesthat
the building is designed to keep the smoke layer interface above the highest unprotected opening
toadjoiningspaces,or1830mm(6ft)abovethehighestfloorlevelopentotheatriumfor20min.
Theresultsoftheengineeringanalysismayrequiresmokecontrol,separation,sprinklerprotection
and/orotherprotectionfeatures.
16.6. Smokecontrol.Smokecontrolrequiredbytheengineeringanalysisinnewandexistingconstruction
shallbedesignedinaccordancewithNFPA92unlessthebelowrequirementsofaremet.
16.7. Atriainexistingbuildingsshallnotberequiredtohaveasmokecontrolsystemprovidedtheentire
atrium is separated from the rest of the building by 2 hr fireresistance rated construction and
whereegresspathsdonotpassthroughtheatriumandwhereemergencyworkersarenotrequired
toaccesstheatrium.
17. TypeofConstruction.
17.1. General.Buildingsandstructuresthatareerectedortobeerected,alteredorextendedinheightor
areashallmeettheconstructiontypesaslistedinBNBCPart3Chapter3.
17.2. Separation. Construction types shall be separated by fire walls or provided with fireresistance
ratedwallsandseparationdistanceinaccordancewithSection3.9.
18. Firewalls.FirewallsshallbebuiltinaccordancewithIBCSection706.
19. Noseparation.Whennoseparationisprovidedbetweenconstructiontypes,thelesserconstructiontype
shallapplytoeachbuildingthatisnotseparatedinaccordancewithSection3.8.2and3.9.
20. Separation Distances. Buildings and structures shall be separated from other buildings in accordance
withBNBCPart3Table3.2.2andBNBCPart3Section2.4.1.3.
21. FireProtectionConstruction
21.1. Fire wall. A fireresistancerated wall having protected openings, which restricts the spread of fire
and extends continuously from the foundation to or through the roof, with sufficient structural
stabilityunderfireconditionstoallowcollapseofconstructiononeithersidewithoutcollapseofthe
wall.[IBC702.1]
21.2. Fire Resistance. The fire resistance ratings of structural elements, building components or
assemblies shall be determined in accordance with the test procedures outlined in ASTM E 119 or
UL263.
21.3. Fire resistance of structural members. The fire resistance of structural members shall be in
compliancewithBNBCPart3Chapter3andTable3.3.1(repeatedbelow).
22. FireProtectionConstruction.Table3.3.1fromBNBCPart3CHAPTER3

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactories
BuildingandStructuralSafetyStandards
Page21of188

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactories
BuildingandStructuralSafetyStandards
Page22of188

22.1. Fire Resistance Ratings of Common Elements. See Table 4.1.1 from BNBC Part 4 relisted as Table
4.4.1below.

StructuralElement Fire Resistance Rating


1. SOLIDWALLS
a. 75mmthickwallsofclaybricks
b. 125mmthickwallsofclaybricks
c. 250mmthickwalls
0.75hour
1.5hours
5.0hours
2. RCWALLS
a. 150mmthickRCwall
b. 200mmthickRCwall
c. 250mmthickRCwalls
d. 300mmthickRCwalls
3.0hours
4.0hours
5.0hours
6.0hours
3. RCSLABS
a. 100mmRCslabswith13mmcover
overreinforcement
b. 150mmRCslabswith19mmcover
overreinforcement
c. 200mmRCslabswith19mmcover
overreinforcement
d. 250mmRCslabswith25mmcover
overreinforcement

1.0hours

2.5hours

3.75hours

5.0hours
4. RCCOLUMNS(1:2:4)
3.0hours a. 250mmx250mmwith25mmcover
overreinforcement
b. 300mmx300mmwith25 mm cover
4.0hours
overreinforcement
c. 400mmx400mmwith25 mm cover
6.0hours
overreinforcement
d. 400mmx400mmwith50 mm cover
8.0hours
overreinforcement
Table4.1.1fromBNBCPart4

23. Parapets.Parapetsthatareconstructedonratedexteriorconstructionshallbeofthesameratingasthe
exteriorwallratinginaccordancewithBNBCPart3Section3.1.15.

ParapetsatRoof

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactories
BuildingandStructuralSafetyStandards
Page23of188

24. Separation.
24.1. General. Separation of floors, occupancies, hazards, exit enclosures shall be provided with fire
resistiveratedconstructionfirebarriersinaccordancewiththissection.
24.2. FireBarriers.Firebarriersshallbeclassifiedas1,2,or3hrfireresistiveratedconstruction.
24.2.1. Fire barrier shall be continuous from outside wall to outside wall, from one fire barrier to
anotherorcombinationthereofandshallbecontinuousthroughallconcealedspaces.
24.2.2. FirebarriersshallbeconstructedofmaterialsmeetingthetestingrequirementsofASTME
119.
24.2.3. All openings in fire barriers shall be protected with fireresistant protective opening
protectioninaccordancewith4.6.
24.3. Vertical openings. Openings through a floor/ceiling assembly shall be protected shafts in
accordancewithunlessmeetingtherequirementsof27.3.1or27.3.2.
24.3.1. A shaft enclosure is not required for penetrations by pipe, tube, conduit, wire, cable and
ventsprotectedinaccordancewith34.
24.3.2. A shaft enclosure is not required for stairs or other floor openings connecting only two
storiesandisseparatedfromflooropeningsservingotherfloorsbyconstructionasrequired
forshafts,anddoesnotconnecttoabasementareaorstorageorhazardousoccupancies.
25. Doors.
Firedoorsassemblies shall conformtoNFPA252,BS476Part22, EN13641,GB 129552008, or IS 3614
PartII.TheASTMstandardreferencedintheBNBCPart4Section1.5.4hasbeenwithdrawn.

FireDoor
26. Windows.
FirewindowsshallconformtoNFPA257orBritish,European,Chinese,orIndianstandardforfirewindow
tests. The ASTM standard referenced in the BNBC Part 4 Section 1.5.5 has been withdrawn. The area of
the fire window assembly shall be not be less than 100 ft 2 (9.3 m 2 ), with no dimension less than 9 ft
(2745 mm). 5.1.4 When the conditions of use limit the construction to smaller dimensions, a
proportionatereductionshallbepermittedtobemadeinthedimensionsofthetestsusedtoqualifythe
fire window assemblies for such restricted use. 5.2.1 The fire window assembly shall be installed in the
wallorpartitionconstructioninthemannerinwhichitistobeused.5.2.2Thefirewindowassemblyshall
be mounted so that the latches and fasteners, other than hinges, are on the unexposed side, and the
mounting shall not prevent the free, unrestricted operation of all operable components such as
ventilatorsandsashes.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactories
BuildingandStructuralSafetyStandards
Page24of188

27. Ducts.
Ductspenetratingfireresistanceratedassembliesshallbeprotectedwithlistedfiredampers.
27.1. Dampersshallbe1hr.rateddamperswhenlocatedina2hrorlessfireresistanceratedassembly.
27.2. Dampers shall be 3 hr rated dampers when located in a 3 hr or greater fireresistance rated
assembly.
28. Shafts.
28.1. Fireresistance rating. A shaft enclosure shall be have a minimum fireresistance rating of 2 hr
whenconnectingfourstoriesormoreandaminimumfireresistanceratingof1hrwhenconnecting
threestoriesorless.
28.2. Ashaftenclosureshallbeconstructedasafirebarrierandshallmeetthecontinuityrequirementsof
30.
29. Openings.
Openingsinshaftsshallbelimitedtothosenecessaryforthepurposeoftheshaft.Theseopeningsshallbe
protectedasrequiredin28.
30. OpeningProtective.
OpeningsinfireresistanceratedwallsshallbeprotectedinaccordancewithBNBCPart4Section2.5and
thefollowing.
a. 3hrfirebarriersprotectedwith3hrfireprotectiveopeningassemblies
b. 2hrfirebarriersprotectedwith1.5hrfireprotectiveopeningassemblies
c. 1hrfirebarriersprotectedwith.hrfireprotectiveopeningassemblies
d. 1hrexitenclosuresandverticalshaftsprotectedwith1hrfireprotectiveopening
assemblies.
31. Penetrations.
Penetrations of fire resistive rated assemblies shall be protected with a listed through penetration fire
stopsystemtestedinaccordancewithASTME814.

PenetrationonWall

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactories
BuildingandStructuralSafetyStandards
Page25of188

32. BuildingMaterials
32.1. The requirements of Part 5 of the 2006 BNBC are adopted in their entirety, with the following
additionalparagraphs.
32.2. Masonrychipaggregateconcrete(MCAC)
32.2.1. Masonrychip aggregate concrete is allowed in existing factories with the following
additionalrequirements.
32.2.2. If the structural building assessment or other indication suggests that that the factory
includes structural use of MCAC, then special confirmation of adequacy will be required,
includingthefollowing:
32.2.2.1. The compressive strength of columns, floor framing and shear walls using MCAC
shall be investigated by an appropriate program of insitu testing and
representativedestructivetestingofcoresamples.
32.2.2.2. If MCAC is used in any horizontal framing element exposed to rainfall or other
source of water (such as roof level framing), then the top surface of the framing
must be completely sealed from water intrusion by a well maintained protective
coating.Alternatively,ifthestructurehasapositivedrainageslopeofatleast2%
and drains with downspouts at low spots to prevent ponding, then the
requirementforcompletesealingofthetopsurfacemaybewaived.
32.3. If columns or other structural elements using masonrychip aggregate concrete are exposed to
weather,theymustbeprotectedfromexposuretowateranddampness.
32.4. ThestructuraldesignshallconsidertheeffectsofMCAConreductioninelasticmodulusofconcrete,
coefficientofcreepandcompressivestrengthcomparedtoconcretewithstoneaggregates.

33. Minimum Construction Material Properties In evaluating the structural capacity of existing structural
elements.
33.1. Actual measured or tested properties of materials may be used for elements tested in accordance
withASTMStandards.
33.2. Where testing has not been used to confirm actual properties and there is no sign of structural
distress or deficiency in the subject member, the following minimum properties may generally be
used,unlessgoodengineeringjudgmentindicateslesserpropertiesshouldbeassumed:
33.2.1. Reinforcedconcrete(stonechip)15.0MPa(2200psi)
33.2.2. Reinforcedconcrete(masonrychip)10.4MPa(1500psi)
33.2.3. Reinforcingsteelinstalledpriorto2004:275MPa(40ksi)
33.2.4. Reinforcingsteelinstalledfrom2004topresent:415MPa(60ksi)
33.2.5. A36Structuralsteel248MPa(36ksi)yieldstrength
33.2.6. Minimumassumeddensityofreinforcedconcrete23.6kN/m3(150pcf)
34. Phased Construction. When a building or structure is planned or anticipated to undergo phased
construction, structural members therein shall be investigated and designed for any additional stresses
arising due to such effect. Temporary or permanent loads due to construction phasing must be
anticipatedandanalyticallyconfirmedbyaqualifiedstructuralengineerpriortoanyexpansion.
SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactories
BuildingandStructuralSafetyStandards
Page26of188

35. RestrictionsonLoading.The FactoryOwnershallensurethatthelive loadfor whichafloororroofis or


hasbeendesigned,willnotbeexceededduringitsuse.
36. Factory Load Manager: The Factory Owner shall ensure that at least one individual, the Factory Load
Managerwhoislocatedonsitefulltimeatthefactory,istrainedinthestructuralcapacityandoperational
load characteristics ofthespecificfactory. The FactoryLoad Manager shall serveas anongoing resource
to RMG vendors and be responsible to ensure that the factory operational loads do not at any time
exceedthefactoryfloorloadinglimitsasdescribedontheFloorLoadingPlans.
37. Floor Loading Plans (Load Plans). In every factory building, Load Plans shall be prepared for each floor.
These Load Plans shall document the actual maximum operational loading that is intended and/or
allowable oneach floor. The Load Plan foreach floor shall bepermanently and conspicuously posted on
thatfloor.LoadPlansaresubjecttoreviewandapprovalbyAssessors.

37.1. Floor Load Markings In areas of factory buildings used for storage of work materials and work
products,walls,columns,andfloorsshallbeclearlymarkedtoindicatetheacceptableloadinglimits
asdescribedintheLoadPlanforthatfloor.
37.2. ForexistingfactorieswithproperlypreparedandpostedFactoryLoadingPlans,therequirementsof
BNBCPart6Section1.4.5forpostingofliveloadsarewaived.

38. LoadFactorsandLoadCombinationsforStructuralAnalysis
38.1. In analyzing the structural adequacy of existing factories, the load factors and load combinations
describedinTable8.1maybeusedonlyifthedeadandliveloadsareconfirmedbymeasurementas
statedinSection8.13and8.14.

StandardLoadFactorsandLoadCombinations
ReinforcedConcreteStructures StructuralSteelStructures
1.2D+1.6L 1.2D+1.6Lf+0.5Lr
1.05D+1.25L+1.0W 1.2D+1.3W+0.5Lf+0.5Lr
1.2D+1.5E+0.5Lf
D=DeadLoad
L=LiveLoad
W=WindLoadfromanydirection
E=SeismicLoadfromanydirection
Lr=RoofLiveLoad
Lf=FloorLiveLoad

NOTE:ThisStandardconsidersdaytodayloadingconditionsforassessmentofexistingRMGfactorybuildings
consideringlifesafetyagainstbuildingcollapse.Inthisconsideration,onlyservicelevelwindloadingsareconsidered
for reinforced concrete buildings. However, assessments should note any key seismic characteristics of buildings in
thereportincludingirregularities,softstories,andthelike.ForsteelstructurestheBNBCspecifiedloadfactorsare
applicable.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactories
BuildingandStructuralSafetyStandards
Page27of188

39. Confirmation of Actual Dead Loads. As a requirement to use the load factors and load combinations
statedinTable8.1,deadloadsshallbeconfirmedbymeasurementasfollows:
39.1. Slabthicknessesshallbemeasuredatmidspanofrepresentativeslabspansoneachfloor.
39.2. Dimensionsofrepresentativesamplingofbeamsshallbefieldmeasured.
39.3. Dimensionsofrepresentativesamplingofcolumnsshallbefieldmeasured.
39.4. Constructionmaterialsofwallsshallbeconfirmedbyrepresentativeexploration.
39.5. Fixed service equipment and other permanent machinery, such as generators, water tanks,
production equipment, electrical feeders and other machinery, heating, ventilating and air
conditioningsystems,liftsandescalators,plumbingstacksandrisersetc.maybeconsideredasdead
load whenever such equipment is supportedby structural members and weights are confirmed by
manufacturersdatasheetsprovidedbyFactoryOwnerforeachpieceofequipment.
40. Confirmation of Actual Operational Live Loads. As a requirement to use the load factors and load
combinationsstatedinaboveTableoperationalliveloadsshallbeconfirmedbymeasurementasfollows:
40.1. Forstoredworkmaterials,eachtypeofmaterialshallbeweighedandmeasured.
40.2. Forstoredworkproducts,eachsizeofboxedorpackagedmaterialshallbeweighedandmeasured.
40.3. For other types of live load, confirmation shall be accomplished in the most appropriate means in
thejudgmentoftheAssessor.
40.4. Theliveloadsusedforthestructuraldesignoffloors,roofandthesupportingmembersshallbethe
greatest applied loads arising from the intended use or occupancy of the building, or from the
stacking of materialsandtheuseof equipment andproppingduring construction,but shall notbe
lessthantheminimumdesignliveloadssetoutbytheprovisionsofthissection.Forthedesignof
new structural members for forces including live loads, requirements of the relevant sections of
Chapter1oftheBNBCshallalsobefulfilled.
41. MinimumFloorDesignLoads
41.1. Minimumfloordesignliveloadsforthereviewoffactorysewingfloorsshallbe2.0kN/m2(42psf).
41.2. Wheredensityofoperations,storageofmaterials,orequipmentweightsrequireliveloadcapacity
in excess of 2.0 kN/m2 (42 psf), the Factory Owner shall engage a qualified structural engineer to
analyticallyconfirmthatthestructureachievestheneededloadcapacity.
41.3. If the approved design documents for the factory construction do not explicitly confirm that the
requiredloadcapacityexists,thenthefloorloadcapacityintheaffectedareasshallbeanalytically
confirmedandcertifiedbyaqualifiedstructuralengineer.
41.4. Acertificationletterwithaccompanyingplansandcalculationsshallbepreparedinaccordancewith
BNBC1.9orSection40andmadeavailableatthefactorysiteforreviewbythirdparties.
41.5. For floors with design live load capacity of less than 2.0 kN/m2 (42 psf) (such as residential floors
converted to factory use) the floor live load capacity shall be clearly indicated on the Floor Load
PlansrequiredbySection40.
41.6. For areas of factory floors with actual operational live loads in excess of 2.0 kN/SM, a certification
letterwithaccompanyingplansandcalculationsshallbepreparedinaccordancewithBNBC1.9or
Section35andshallbemadeavailableatthefactorysiteforreviewbythirdparties.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactories
BuildingandStructuralSafetyStandards
Page28of188

42. ConfirmationofActualConstructionMaterialProperties
42.1. Wherepractical, all preliminary and detailed structural assessments will preferably consider actual
insitu material strengths as measured by nondestructive and destructive testing in conformance
withapplicableASTMtestingprotocols.
42.2. Where field conditions allow and are acceptable in the judgment of the Assessor, presumed
minimummaterialstrengthsandcharacteristicsmaybeusedasstatedinSection7.3.

43. DesignforLateralLoads
43.1. Everybuilding,structureorportionsthereofshallbedesignedtoresistlateralloadsduetowindin
compliance with the forces, Load Factors and Load Combinations as stated in BNBC 2006 Section
1.5.3.
43.2. When dead loads, live loads, and material properties are confirmed as described in Sections 8.13,
8.14, and 8.16, and there are no signs of distress due to loading, the alternative Load Factors and
LoadCombinationsstatedinTable8.1maybeused.
43.3. Aredundantstructuralsystemwithclearloadpathtofoundationstoresistlateralloadsisrequired
in all existing factories. If such a load path does not exist, or if the factory has been vertically
expanded, the lateralresisting capacity of the factory shall be analytically confirmed and
strengthenedasrequiredtoresistlateralloads.
43.4. Any of the lateral loads prescribed in Chapter 2 of the 2006 BNBC, considered either alone or in
combinationwithotherforces,whicheverproducesthemostcriticaleffect,shallgovernthedesign.
43.5. Confirmation of capacity of reinforced concrete structures and components thereof to resist the
effectsofearthquakeforcesisnotconsideredbythisStandard.
43.6. Importance Factor Importance factor for all factory buildings and ancillary buildings shall be 1.0,
unless hazardous materials are stored in the building. In that case, the importance factor shall be
1.5.

44. SeismicBracingofKeyNonStructuralElements
44.1. The following nonstructural elements suspended from, attached to, or resting atop the structure
shallbeadequatelyanchoredandbracedtoresistearthquakeforces:
44.1.1. Steampipes
44.1.2. Gaspipes
44.1.3. Chemicalorprocesspipes
44.1.4. Storageracks
44.1.5. Watertanks
44.1.6. Othersuspendedequipmentweighingmorethan1.8kNthatintheopinionoftheAssessor
presentsadangertoworkersinanearthquake.
44.2. Seismic bracing for nonstructural elements shall be designed using the requirements of BNBC
2.5.8.1.
44.3. InterpretiveGuideline:Thisrequirementappliestobothnewandexistingfactories.Itisintendedto
ensure that falling nonstructural elements in a seismic event do not create life safety hazards or
hindrancestobuildingegress.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactories
BuildingandStructuralSafetyStandards
Page29of188

45. RequiredStructuralDocumentationforNewandExistingFactories
45.1. Everyfactoryrequiresstructuraldocumentationthataccuratelydescribesthefactorystructure.
45.2. Structuraldocumentationshallbemaintainedatthefactorysiteandmadeavailabletothirdparties
assessingthestructuralsafetyofthefactory.
45.3. Allstructuraldocumentationshallbepreparedandsignedbythestructuralengineerresponsiblefor
thepreparationofthedocuments.
45.4. New factories and any additions or expansions shall have complete structural documentation
includingDesignReportandStructuralDocumentsasdescribedinBNBCSection1.9.
45.5. Existingfactoriesshallhaveoneofthefollowingtypesofdocumentation:
45.5.1. CompleteandcrediblestructuraldocumentationpreparedingeneralaccordancewithBNBC
Section1.9andusedasabasisfortheoriginalconstructionofthefactorybuilding.
45.5.2. Asbuiltstructuraldocumentsthataccuratelydescribethestructuralelementsasdescribed
inSection18.

46. RequirementsforAsBuiltDocuments
46.1. For existing factories that lack complete and credible documentation, credible asbuilt
documentationshallsuffice.
46.2. The Factory Owner shall engage the Assessor or a qualified structural engineer (QSEC) to prepare
accurate asbuilt documents from firsthand knowledge and personal investigation of the actual in
situfactoryconstructionandoperationalconditions.
46.3. The credibility of structural documentation shall be determined by the Assessor on the basis of
observationsandtestsatthefactory.
46.4. Asbuiltdocumentsshallserveasthebasisforanydetailedstructuralanalysisperformedtoconfirm
thecapacityofstructuralelementsandloadplans.
46.5. Asbuiltdocumentsshallinclude,ataminimum,thefollowing:
46.5.1. ScaledanddimensionedArchitecturalDocuments,including:
46.5.1.1. Scaledsiteplanshowing:
(1) generallayoutofallbuildingsinthecomplexwithlabels
(2) locationandnamesofadjacentstreets
(3) locationandsizeofutilities,ifknown
46.5.1.2. Scaledarchitecturalfloorplanforeachlevelofeachbuildingshowing:
(1) locationandsizeofstairs
(2) locationandsizeofelevators
(3) locationoffixedwalls
(4) locationofcorridors
(5) labeledusageareasoneachfloor,e.g.sewing,storage,dining,rooftop,
office,etc.
(6) locationofmajormachineryandequipment
(7) generallayoutoffactoryactivities
46.5.1.3. Scaledelevationsofeachfaadeofthebuildingshowing:
(1) generalconfigurationofthebuilding
(2) locationandtypeoffaadematerials
(3) accurate number of levels and any intended future vertical or
horizontalexpansionareas

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactories
BuildingandStructuralSafetyStandards
Page30of188

46.5.2. ScaledanddimensionedStructuralDocumentsasfollows:
46.5.2.1. FloorPlanforeachlevelshowing:
(1) measuredlocationsofcolumnsandwalls
(2) reinforcementdetails(rebarsizeandlayout)foranycolumns
determinedusinganyscanningdevice
(3) orphysicalinvestigations.Columnsatlowesttiersandrooftoparemost
usefultoexplore.
(4) confirmedconstructiontypeofwalls,e.g.masonryorcastconcrete
(5) generalsizeandlayoutofbeams
(6) thicknessofslabs
(7) generalsizeandlocationofmajorflooropenings
46.5.2.2. FoundationPlanshowinggenerallayoutandtypeoffoundations,ifknown
46.5.2.3. RoofPlanshowinganyconstruction,equipment,watertanks,ortoweraddedatop
rooflevel.
46.5.2.4. Buildingsection(s)showingallconstructedfloors,dimensionsbetweenfloors,and
intended future vertical or horizontal expansion, if any Building sections shall
indicatelocationandextentofanymezzanines,suspendedstorageareas,orpartial
floors.
46.5.2.5. FactoryLayoutandLoadDocumentsforeveryfloorshowing:
(1) scaledlayoutofworkstations
(2) operatingequipment
(3) dedicatedaislelocations
(4) typeandextentofstorageareas
(5) typeandweightsofstoredworkmaterialsand/orstoredworkproducts
atmaximumdensity
(6) Factorylayoutandloadingdocumentsmayusethestructuralplan
documentsasbackground.
(7) FactoryLayoutandLoadPlansshallbecoordinatedwiththestructural
plans.
47. FactoryEquipmentSchedule,including:
47.1. Typeofeachpieceoffactoryequipmentincludinggenerators,washingmachines,driers,etc.
47.2. Includeplandimensionsandweightofeachpieceofequipment.

48. RequiredStatementofDesignResponsibility
48.1. The Factory Owners engaged consultant (QSEC) shall provide written evidence of design
responsibility, including calculations, design report, and documents as appropriate, for each of the
followingsituations:
48.1.1. Structuralexpansionsormodificationstoexistingfactories
48.1.2. Structural investigations or design confirmations of structural distress or suspected
deficiencies
48.1.3. StructuralstrengtheningorimprovementstocomplywithCoderequirements
48.1.4. Structuralrepairsofexistingstructuralelements

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactories
BuildingandStructuralSafetyStandards
Page31of188

49. ConstructionObservation
49.1. Construction observation of all new construction, including new factory buildings, expansions of
existingfactorybuildings,andrepairsofexistingfactorybuildings,shallbeperformedbytheQSEC.
49.2. Constructionobservationshallinclude,butnotbelimitedto,thefollowing:
49.2.1. Specification of an appropriate testing and inspection schedule prepared and signed with
datebytheresponsibleperson
49.2.2. Reviewoftestingandinspectionreports
49.2.3. Regular site visits to verify the general compliance of the construction work with the
structuraldrawingsandspecifications
49.2.4. Preparation of reports to document the results of observations and testing, including
resolutionofnonconformingconstruction.
49.2.5. The quality and completeness of new construction, expansions, alterations, and repairs
mustbeconfirmedbyindependentobservationandtestingduringconstruction.

50. Temporary Construction Loads on Existing Factories. All loads required to be sustained by an existing
factorystructure oranyportionthereof duetoplacing or storage ofconstruction materialsanderection
equipmentincludingthoseduetooperationofsuchequipmentshallbeconsideredaserectionloads.
50.1. Provisionsshallbemadeindesigntoaccountforallstressesduetosuchloads.
50.2. Whenanexistingfactorywillbeexpanded,allerectionloadsandotherconstructionloadsshallbe
analyticallyconfirmedanddocumentedbyanapprovedstructuralengineer.

51. SiteInvestigation
51.1. Application for construction of a new building or structure, and for the alteration of permanent
structureswhichrequirechangesinfoundationloadsandtheirdistributionshallbeaccompaniedby
a statementdescribing thesoil in theultimate bearing strata, including sufficientrecordsanddata
toestablishitscharacter,natureandloadbearingcapacity.
51.2. Prior to vertical expansion of an existing factory, an approved structural engineer (QSEC) shall
provide analytical confirmation and documentation that the foundations supporting the factory
haveadequatecapacitytosafetysupporttheadditionalloadsduetotheexpansion.

52. DurabilityandMaintenance
52.1. FactoryOwnershallattendtoallareasofneededmaintenance,includingareaswithefflorescence,
dampness,andcorrosion.
52.2. Standingwateronrooftoporotherlocationsshallnotbepermitted.
52.3. Roofsshallbeslopedtodrainwithminimumdrainageof1%.
52.4. Drainsshallbeprovidedatlowpoints.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactories
BuildingandStructuralSafetyStandards
Page32of188

53. QualificationsofTestingLaboratory
53.1. Where testing of in situ structural elements or materials or construction materials is required to
confirm strength or other characteristics, this testing shall be performed in accordance with
applicable ASTM specifications by a qualified testing laboratory that meets the requirements of
Section53.1.1through53.1.2.
53.1.1. TheTestingLaboratoryshallmeetthebasicrequirementsofASTME329 andshallprovide
to the evidence of current accreditation from the American Association for Laboratory
Accreditation, the AASHTO Accreditation Program, the NIST National Voluntary
LaboratoryAccreditationProgram,oranequivalentBangladeshcertificationprogram.
53.1.2. The Testing Laboratory shall be approved by the Building Official to perform Special
Inspectionsandothertestsandinspectionsasoutlinedintheapplicablebuildingcode.
53.2. Tests and inspections shall be conducted in accordance with specified requirements, and if not
specified, in accordance with the applicable standards of the American Society for Testing and
Materialsorotherrecognizedandacceptedauthoritiesinthefield.

54. QualificationsofWeldingInspectors
54.1. Inspectors performing visual weld inspection shall meet the requirements of AWS D1.1 Section
6.1.4.InspectorsshallhavecurrentcertificationasrequiredbyBangladeshilawandBNBC2006.
54.2. Inspectors performing nondestructive examinations of welds other than visual inspection (MT, PT,
UT,andRT)shallmeettherequirementsofAWSD1.1,Section6.14.6.

55. RetrofittingofDeficientStructuralElements
55.1. When a structural member is identified to have inadequate structural capacity and the applied
loadings cannot or will not be reduced to allow the structural member to be acceptable, then
structuralretrofittingmaybeaccomplishedinaccordancewiththissection.
55.2. Structuralretrofittingshallbeproperlydesignusingindustrystandardmethods.
55.3. Retrofittedelementsmustbestrengthenedtoprovideadequacyunderallimposedandanticipated
loadsusingtheloadfactorsspecifiedinTable8.1.
55.4. BeamandslabcracksmayberepairedbyepoxyinjectionusingtechniquesprescribedinASTM.
55.5. Beam and slab strengths may be supplemented by using properly designed and installed Ferro
cement,microconcrete,orFRPsolutions.
55.6. Standardretrofittechniquessuchasconcretejacketing,microconcreteencasement,FRPwrapping,
etc.maybeusedforstrengtheningofcolumns.
55.7. Where columns are strengthened the load path through floors and joints must be carefully
accommodated.
55.8. Columnslendernessmaybereducedbyinstallingproperlydesignedlateralbracingsystems.
55.9. Allretrofittingshallbeoverseenbytheresponsibledesignengineer.

56. QualificationsofRetrofittingInstallationFirms
56.1. Allfirmsusedforinstallationofstructuralretrofittingelementsshallbespecialtyconstructionfirms
withaminimumoffive(5)yearsofexperienceinthisarea.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactories
BuildingandStructuralSafetyStandards
Page33of188

57. ConstructionPracticesandSafety
57.1. FiresafeConstructionpractices.FiresafeconstructionpracticesasoutlinedinNFPA241,shouldbe
followedduringallconstructionprojects.
57.1.1. Escape Facilities. In buildings under construction, adequate escape facilities shall be
maintainedatalltimesfortheuseofconstructionworkers.Escapefacilitiesshallconsistof
doors, walkways, stairs, ramps, fire escapes, ladders, or other approved means or devices
arrangedinaccordancewiththegeneralprinciplesofPart6ofthisStandard.
57.1.2. Waste. Accumulations of combustible waste material, dust, and debris shall be removed
from the structure and its immediate vicinity at the end of each work shift or more
frequentlyasnecessaryforsafeoperations.
57.1.3. ConstructionMaterials.
57.1.3.1. Storageofconstructionmaterialsshallnotbeplacedinanymeansofegressfrom
anoccupiedbuilding.
57.1.3.2. Transportationofconstructionmaterialsshallnotuseanyrequiredexits,including
stairways,neededforsafeegressofanoccupiedbuilding.
57.1.4. FireProtectionDuringConstruction.
57.1.4.1. The requirements of NFPA 241 Section 8.7 shall be followed for all construction
work.
57.1.5. Automatic sprinklers. Where automatic sprinkler protection is to be provided, the building
shallnotbeoccupieduntilthesprinklerinstallationhasbeencompletedandtested.
57.1.6. Standpipes. Where standpipes are required, temporary or permanent standpipe
connectionsshallbeinstalledduringconstruction.
57.1.6.1. Thestandpipesshallbesecurelysupported.
57.1.6.2. At least one hose valve shall be provided to allow connection of fire department
hoses.
57.1.6.3. The standpipes shall be extended up with each successive floor and securely
cappedatthetop.
57.1.6.4. Tophoseoutletsshallnotbemorethanonelevelbelowthehighestforms,staging,
andsimilarcombustiblematerialsatalltimes.
57.1.7. HotWork.AhotworkpermitsysteminaccordancewithNFPA51Bshallbeprovidedforany
constructioninanoccupiedfacility.
13.1.1.1 Firewatchpersonnelshallnotbeassignedotherduties.
57.1.8. Inspections.Inspectionsofconstructionactivitiesinoccupiedfacilitiesshallbeperformedby
the Fire Safety Director or designee. These inspections shall insure compliance with this
Chapter. The Fire Safety Director shall be given the contractual authority with the
construction team to stop any construction or construction activity that creates an unsafe
firecondition.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactories
BuildingandStructuralSafetyStandards
Page34of188

57.2. General.Allconstructionincludingextension,alterationanddemolitionshallrequireapermitfrom
the Authority. Permits shall also be obtained from relevant organizations for service connections
andotherfacilities.TheconstructionworkshallconformtotheplanapprovedbytheAuthority.The
owner shall make arrangements for obtaining the required approvals. All new work or alteration
shall be planned, designed, supervised and executed by competent professionals of relevant
discipline.
57.3. When existing Compliant factories are planned for expansion, the Assessor shall be so notified in
advanceofthestartofconstruction.

58. Professional Services and Responsibilities. The responsibility of professionals with regard to planning
designingandsupervisionofbuildingconstructionwork,etc.andthatoftheownershallbeinaccordance
with the relevant part of the Code and professional practice. All structural engineers employed as
responsible structural engineers for new design and for design confirmations shall be qualified in
accordance with Section 8.4. Employment of trained workers shall be encouraged for building
constructionactivity.

59. ConstructionofallElements.Constructionofallelementsofabuildingshallbeinaccordancewithgood
practice. It shall also be ensured that the elements of structure satisfy the appropriate fire resistance
requirements as specified in Part 4 Fire Protection, and quality of building materials/components used
shallbeinaccordancewithBuildingMaterials.

60. SafeLoad.Nostructure,temporarysupport,scaffolding,sidewalk,footpathanddraincovers,shed,other
devicesandconstructionequipmentshallbeloadedinexcessofitssafeworkingcapacity.Wheneverthe
structuralqualityorstrengthofscaffoldingplankorotherconstructionequipmentisindoubt,theseshall
bereplacedorbesubjecttoastrengthtesttotwoandhalftimesthesuperimposedliveload;themember
maybeusedifitsustainsthetestloadwithoutfailure.Requirementsof9.12shallbeobservedregarding
designloadsinscaffolds.

61. GeneralRequirementsandRestrictionsonStorageandHandling.
61.1. Materials required in construction operations shall be stored, and handled in a manner toprevent
deterioration and damage to the materials, ensure safety of workmen in handling operations and
noninterferencewithpubliclifeincludingsafetyofpublic,preventionofdamagetopublicproperty
andnaturalenvironment.
61.2. Materialsshallbestoredandplacedsoasnottoendangerthepublic,theworkersortheadjoining
property.Materialsshallbestackedonwelldrained,flatandunyieldingsurface.
61.3. Materialstacksshallnotimposeanyunduestressesonwallsorotherstructures.
61.4. Materialsshallbeseparatedaccordingtokind,sizeandlengthandplacedinneat,orderlypiles.High
pilesshallbestaggeredbackatsuitableintervalsinheight.Pilesofmaterialsshallbearrangedsoas
toallowaminimum800mmwidepassagewayinbetweenforinspectionandremoval.
61.5. Allpassagewaysshallbekeptclearofdryvegetation,greasysubstanceanddebris.
61.6. For any site, there should be proper planning of the layout for stacking and storage of different
materials, components and equipment with proper access and proper maneuverability of the
vehiclescarryingthematerial.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactories
BuildingandStructuralSafetyStandards
Page35of188

61.7. While planning the layout, the requirements of various materials, components and equipment at
differentstagesofconstructionshallbeconsidered.
61.8. Stairways,passagewaysandgangwaysshallnotbecomeobstructedbystorageofbuildingmaterials,
toolsoraccumulatedrubbish.
61.9. Materials stored at site, depending upon the individual characteristics, shall be protected from
atmospheric actions, such as rain, sun, winds and moisture, to avoid deterioration. Special and
specified care should be taken for inflammable and destructive chemicals and explosive during
storage.

62. ProtectionagainstFire.
Timber,Bamboo,coal,paintsandsimilarcombustiblematerialsshallbekeptseparatedfromeachother.
Aminimumoftwodrychemicalpowder(DCP)typefireextinguishersshallbeprovidedatbothopenand
covered locations where combustible and flammable materials are stored. Flammable liquids like petrol,
thinner etc., shall be stored in conformity with relevant regulations. Explosives like detonators, gun
powderetc.shallbestoredinconformitywiththefireprotectionprovisionssetforthinthisCodesoasto
ensuredesiresafetyduringstorage.Stacksshallnotbepiledsohighastomakethemunstableunderfire
fightingconditionsandin general theyshallnotbemore than 4.5m (14.8 ft.)in height.Materialswhich
arelikelytobeaffectedbysubsidenceofsoillikeprecastbeams,slabsandtimberofsizesshallbestored
byadoptingsuitablemeasurestoensureunyieldingsupports.

63. Inflammableand/orFireSensitiveMaterials.
Materials under this classification shall be stored within firepreventive confines, furnished with
firefighting provisions. Buckets containing sand shall be kept ready for use. A 5 kg dry powder fire
extinguisherconformingto accepted standards shall be kept at aneasily accessibleposition. Besides the
areasshallbeclosetofirehydrants.

64. FlatRoofConstruction.
Formwork provided for flat concrete roof shall be designed and constructed for the anticipated loads.
During the construction of the roof, the formwork shall be frequently inspected for defects. Enough
walkingplatformsshallbeprovidedinthereinforcementareatofacilitatesafewalkingtotheconcreting
area. Loose wires and unprotected rod ends shall be avoided. Formwork supporting castinplace
reinforced and pre stressed concrete floors and roofs shall be adequately tied or braced together to
withstandallloadsuntilthenewconstructionhasattainedtherequiredstrengths.

65. LoadCapacity.
Scaffolds,formworkandcomponentsthereofshallbecapableofsupportingwithoutfailure,atleasttwo
timesthemaximumintendedload.Thefollowingloadsshallbeusedindesigningtheformwork:
65.1. weightofwetconcrete:20kN/m3(127PCF)
65.2. liveloadduetoworkmenandimpactoframmingorvibrating:1.54.0kPa(lightdutyforcarpenter
andstonesetters,mediumdutyforbricklayersandplasterers,heavydutyforstonemasons)

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactories
BuildingandStructuralSafetyStandards
Page36of188

65.3. allowablebendingstress(flexuraltensilestress)insofttimbers:8,000kPa.
65.4. ThesizesforformworkelementsspecifiedinTable7.3.1areapplicableforspansofupto5m(16.4
ft.)andheightofupto4m(13ft.).Incaseoflongerspanandheight,formworkandsupportsizes
shallbedeterminedbycalculatingtheloadandapprovedbytheengineerbeforeuse.
65.5. Allformworksandscaffoldsshallbestrong,substantialandstable.Allcenteringandpropsshallbe
adequatelybracedtoensurelateralstabilityagainstallconstructionandincidentalloads,especially
inthecaseoffloorheightmorethan3.3m(10.8ft.).
65.6. Thespaceunderthescaffoldorformworkshallnotbeusedasaworkingorlivingspace.Thespace
shallnotbeusedasashelterorrefugeduringinclementweatheroratanyothertime.
SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
FireSafetyStandards
Page37of188

B. FireProtectionSystems:
This sectiondescribestherequirements as towhere fireprotection systemsare requiredandtherequirements
fordesign,installationandoperationofthesefireprotectionsystems.
1. AutomaticSprinklerSystems.
1.1 Where required. Automatic sprinkler systems shall be installed in new and existing buildings and
structuresasdescribedinthefollowingsubsections.

AutomaticSprinklerHead

1.2 HighRise Buildings. Automatic sprinkler protection shall be installed throughout all portions of new
andexistinghighrisebuildingswithanoccupiablefloorgreaterthan23m(75ft)abovethefinished
grade in accordance with2. Required automatic sprinkler protection shall be installed in accordance
with2.
2. Installationrequirements.
As per new guideline from the buyers associations, all installation and design requirements outlined in
BNBCPart4Chapter4shallbereplacedbytherequirementsofNFPA13.Pipeschedulesshallnotbeused
to size pipe. All systems shall be hydraulically calculated to meet the required NFPA 13 design
requirements.
2.1 Documentation. Installation of new automatic sprinkler systems shall be required to provide shop
drawingsandhydrauliccalculationsasoutlinedinNFPA13.Thesedrawingsshallincludealldetailsas
outlinedinNFPA13.
2.2 Documentation Review. All sprinkler system installations shall be submitted for review to the
authorizedandcertifiedexperts.
2.3 Acceptance testing. Testing of the installation shall be conducted in accordance with NFPA 13
acceptance testing requirements. Documentation of all testing shall be submitted for review to the
authorizedandcertifiedexperts.
2.4 Final inspection and testing of the installation shall be witnessed by the authorized and certified
experts.
2.5 Supervisionandalarms.
2.5.1 Valves.Allvalvescontrollingautomaticsprinklersystems,firepumps,andwatersupply
systemsshallbeelectricallysupervisedbyalistedfirealarmsystemcontrolunit.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
FireSafetyStandards
Page38of188

2.5.2 Alarms. An approved audible device shall be connected to every automatic sprinkler
systemandshallbeactivatedbywaterflowequaltotheflowofonesprinkler.Wherea
firealarmsystemisinstalled,activationofthewaterflowshall activatethefirealarm
system.
2.6 Testingandmaintenance.Automaticsprinklersystemsshallbetestedandmaintainedinaccordance
withNFPA25.
2.6.1 Storage clearance. All storage shall be maintained with a 460 mm (18 in.) minimum
clearancefromthetopofstoragetothesprinklerdeflector.
2.6.2 Solidshelves.
2.6.2.1 Racks. Unless inrack automatic sprinklers have been designed and
installed,solidshelfrackingshallnotbeused.Aminimumof50%openings
in shelving material shall be considered open shelves. See NFPA 13 for
furtherclarification.
2.6.2.2 Shelves.Shelvingunitsnotgreaterthan760mm(30in.)deepcanhavesolid
shelves.Backtobacksolidshelfunitsnotgreaterthan760mm(30in.)deep
each with a solid vertical barrier can have solid shelves. See NFPA 13 for
furtherclarification.
2.6.2.3 5.3.6.3 Aisles. Minimum aisles shall be maintained free of storage in
accordancewithNFPA13basedonthedesigncriteriausedforthesprinkler
system.
3. StandpipeSystems.
3.1 Where required. Standpipe systems shall be installed throughout all new and existing buildings and
structureswherethehighestoccupiedfloorismorethan10m(33ft)abovegradeormorethan10m
(33ft)belowgrade.

StandpipeSystem
3.2 Installationrequirements.AllinstallationanddesignrequirementsoutlinedinBNBCPart4Chapter4
for combined standpipe and automatic sprinkler systems shall be replaced by the requirements of
NFPA 14 with a minimum pressure of 450 kPa (65 psi) at the hydraulically most remote hose
connection. Standalone standpipe systems shall meet the local BNBC requirements with a minimum
450kPa(65psi)pressureatthehydraulicallymostremotehoseconnectionorNFPA14.
3.2.1.1 Documentation. Installation of new combined standpipe and sprinkler
systems shall be required to provide shop drawings and hydraulic
calculationsasoutlinedinNFPA14.Thesedrawingsshallincludealldetails
asoutlinedinNFPA14.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
FireSafetyStandards
Page39of188

3.2.1.2 5.4.3.2 Documentation Review. All standpipe system installations shall be


submitted for review by the authorized and certified experts for review
priortocommencementofinstallation.
3.2.1.3 5.4.3.3Acceptancetesting.Testingoftheinstallationshallbeconductedin
accordancewithNFPA14acceptancetestingrequirements.Documentation
ofalltestingshallbesubmittedforreviewbytheAssessor.Finalinspection
and testing of the installation shall be witnessed by the authorized and
certifiedexperts.
3.3 Locationofhoseconnections.
3.3.1 ClassIstandpipehoseconnections(65mm)shallbelocatedinallrequiredstairwellsat
eachfloorlevelincludingoccupiableroofs.
3.3.2 Class II standpipe hose connections (40 mm) shall not be required if the building is
protectedwithautomaticsprinklers.

ClassIIHoseConnection

4. Watersupply.
4.1 Installation requirements. All new installations and design requirements outlined in BNBC Part 4
Chapter4forwatersuppliesshallbereplacedbytherequirementsofNFPA20(firepumps),NFPA22
(watertanks),andNFPA24(undergroundwatermains).
4.1.1 Documentation. Installation of new fire protection water supply systems shall be
required to provide shop drawings and hydraulic calculations as outlined in NFPA 13,
20,22, and24.ThesedrawingsshallincludealldetailsasoutlinedinNFPA13,20,22,
and24.
4.1.2 Documentation Review. All fire protection water supply system installations shall be
submitted for review by the authorized and certified experts for review prior to
commencementofinstallation.
4.1.3 Acceptance testing. Testing of the installation shall be conducted in accordance with
NFPA 13 acceptance testing requirements. Documentation of all testing shall be
submittedforreviewbytheAssessor.Afinalinspectionandtestingoftheinstallation
shallbewitnessedbytheauthorizedandcertifiedexperts.
4.2 Roofmounted tanks. No new roofmounted tanks to supply water to new standpipe or sprinkler
protectioninstallationsshallbeallowedwithoutcomplyingwiththerequirementsofPart8.
4.3 Size oftanks.Tanks shall besized forthe minimum durationfor fire protectionsupply as outlinedin
4.2.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
FireSafetyStandards
Page40of188

4.4 Firedepartmentconnections.Firedepartment(Siamese)inletconnectionsshallbeprovidedtoallow
fire department pumper equipment to supplement the fire protection systems. Fire department
outlet connections shall be provided to allow fire department pumper vehicles to draw water from
groundlevel or underground water storage tanks. Connections shall match the Fire Service and Civil
Defensehosethreadstandard.

SiameseConnection

4.5 Acceptance. Acceptance testing of the installation shall be in accordance with NFPA 20, 22, and 24
testingrequirements.DocumentationofalltestingshallbesubmittedtotheAssessorforreviewprior
tofinalacceptancebytheAssessor.TheOwnershallcontacttheAssessorpriortoconductingthefinal
acceptance testing of the fire pump installation to allow the Assessor to witness this test. A final
inspection of the installation shall be conducted by the Assessor prior to final acceptance of the
installationbytheauthorizedandcertifiedexperts.
4.6 Portable Fire Extinguishers. Portable fire extinguishers shall be installed throughout all new and
existingfacilitiesinaccordancewithBNBCPart4Section4.10andNFPA10.
4.6.1 Spacing.Extinguishersshallbeplacedsothatmaximumtraveldistancetothenearest
unitshallnotexceed30m(100ft).
4.6.2 Mountingheight.
4.6.2.1 Fireextinguishershavingagrossweightnotexceeding18.14kg(40lb)shall
beinstalledsothatthetopofthefireextinguisherisnotmorethan1.53m
(5ft)abovethefloor(NFPA106.1.3.8).
4.6.3 Fireextinguishershavingagrossweightgreaterthan18.14kg(40lb)(exceptwheeled
types)shallbeinstalledsothatthetopofthefireextinguisherisnotmorethan1.07m
(3ft)abovethefloor(NFPA106.1.3.8).
4.7 FireAlarmandDetection.
4.7.1 Manual alarm. A fire alarm system that activates the system alarm(s) and occupant
notificationdevicesbymanualinitiation.
4.7.2 Automaticalarm.Afirealarmsystemthatactivatesthesystemalarm(s)andoccupant
notificationdevicesbyautomaticinitiatingdevices(e.g.smokedetector,heatdetector,
sprinklerwaterflow).
4.7.3 Where required. Automatic or manual fire alarm and detection systems shall be
installed throughout all new and existing buildings and structures where required in
4.7.3.2through4.7.3.9.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
FireSafetyStandards
Page41of188

4.7.3.1 Where automaticdetectionis required in4.7.3.2 through 4.7.3.9,initiating


devices shall include either smoke or fire detection devices spaced in
accordance with NFPA 72. When complete sprinklerprotection is provided
throughout a floor with water flow devices designed to initiate the alarm
notification,smokeandfiredetectiondevicescanbeeliminatedthroughout
thatfloor.
4.7.3.2 Occupancy B. A manual fire alarm system shall be provided in all new and
existing day care facilities that are located in other occupancies or in
buildings greater than 2 stories. When located in buildings with other
occupancies requiring an automatic fire alarm system, an automatic fire
alarmsystemshallbeprovided.
4.7.3.3 OccupancyE.Anautomaticfirealarmsystemshallbeprovidedthroughout
allnewandexistingassemblyoccupancies.
4.7.3.4 Occupancy F. A manual fire alarm system shall be provided throughout all
newandexisting3ormorestorybuildings.Whenlocatedinbuildingswith
other occupancies requiring an automatic fire alarm system, an automatic
fire alarmsystemshall beprovided. An automatic firealarm and detection
systemshallbeprovidedthroughoutallnewandexistinghighrisebuildings
asoutlinedbefore.
4.7.3.5 OccupancyG1.Amanualfirealarmsystemshallbeinstalledthroughoutall
new and existing lowhazard industrial occupancies. When located in
buildingswith other occupanciesrequiringan automaticfirealarm system,
anautomaticfirealarmsystemshallbeprovided.
4.7.3.6 Occupancy G2. An automatic fire alarm and detection system shall be
provided throughout all new and existing moderate hazard industrial
occupancies.
4.7.3.7 Occupancy H. A manual fire alarm system shall beprovided throughout all
newandexistingstorageoccupancies.Whenlocatedinbuildingswithother
occupancies requiring an automatic fire alarm system, an automatic fire
alarmsystemshallbeprovided.
4.7.3.8 Occupancy J. An automatic fire alarm and detection system shall be
providedthroughoutallnewandexistinghazardousoccupancies.
4.7.3.9 Occupancy K. A manual fire alarm system shall be provided throughout all
miscellaneous occupancies. When located in buildings with other
occupancies requiring an automatic fire alarm system, an automatic fire
alarmsystemshallbeprovided.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
FireSafetyStandards
Page42of188

4.7.4 Installation requirements. All installation and design requirements outlined in BNBC
Part4Section4.4shallbesupplementedbytherequirementsofNFPA72.
4.7.4.1 Documentation. Installation of new fire alarm and detection systems shall
berequiredtoprovideshopdrawingsandasoutlinedinNFPA72.
4.7.4.2 Documentation Review. All fire alarm installations shall be submitted for
review by the authorized and certified experts for review prior to
commencementofinstallation.
4.7.4.3 Acceptance testing. Testing of the installation shall be conducted in
accordancewithNFPA72acceptancetestingrequirements.Documentation
of all testing shall be submitted for review by the Assessor. A final
inspection and testing of the installation shall be witnessed by the
authorizedandcertifiedexperts.
4.7.4.4 Evacuation.Automaticalarmevacuationshallbeprovideduponinitiationof
any of the following: manual alarm box, water flow alarm, or two or more
automatic smoke or fire detection devices. Notification shall be provided
throughout the building for total evacuation. Existing partial evacuation
systemsshallbereplaced.
4.7.5 Monitoring. Until that time that a central station monitoring service or direct
connection to the Fire Service and Civil Defense can be set up, a person shall be
assigned to contact the fire department in the event of fire alarm activation. An
annunciatorshallbelocatedinaconstantlyattendedlocationtoalertthisperson.
4.7.6 Airhandlingequipment.
4.7.6.1 Smokedetectorslistedforuseinairdistributionsystemsshallbelocatedas
requiredinNFPA90A.


SmokeDetectors

4.8 Automaticandmanualheatandsmokeventilation.
4.8.1 NewConstruction.Smokeandheatventsshallbeinstalledinbuildingsasrequiredby
BNBCPart4SectionB2.
4.8.2 Smoke and heat vents shall not be interconnected with the automatic fire alarm
system.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
FireSafetyStandards
Page43of188

4.8.3 In existing buildings, automatic heat and smoke vents shall be converted to manual
onlyoperationifthebuildingisprovidedwithautomaticsprinklers.
4.9 FireDepartmentElevators(Lifts).
4.9.1 New construction. Fire lifts shall be installed in all highrise buildings in accordance
withBNBCPart4Section2.11.
4.9.2 Existingconstruction.FireliftsshallbeinstalledwhererequiredbytheFireServiceand
CivilDefenseinaccordancewithBNBCPart4Section2.11.
4.9.3 Recall. Phase 1 and Phase 2 Elevator recall shall be provided for new construction in
accordancewithASMEA17.1.
4.9.4 Shafts. All fire department lifts shall be installed in shafts in accordance with 4.5.7 of
thisStandard.
5. MeansofEgress.
5.1 SeparationofMeansofEgress.
5.1.1 Corridors. Exit access corridors serving an occupant load exceeding 30 shall be
separatedbywallshavingafireresistanceratingof1hrinaccordancewith4.5unless
providedwithautomaticsprinklerprotectionthroughoutthestoryorbuilding.
5.1.2 Exits. Exits shall be enclosed with fireresistance rated construction as outlined in
5.1.2.1through5.1.2.3.
5.1.2.1 Exitsconnectingthreeorfewerstoriesshallbeenclosedwithaminimum1
hrfireresistancerating.
5.1.2.2 Exitsconnectingfourormorestoriesshallbeenclosedwithaminimum2hr
fireresistancerating.
5.1.2.3 Exits shall be enclosed with the same fireresistance rating as the floor
penetratedbutwillnotneedtoexceed2hr.
5.1.3 Exterior exit stairs. Exterior exit stairs shall be separated from the building with the
ratingrequirementsof5.1.2.Theratingoftheexteriorwallshallextend3.05m(10ft)
beyondtheendsofthestairstructure.
5.2 InteriorFinish.Allinteriorfinishesforexitsshallbelimitedtoaflamespreadindexof75 andsmoke
developedof450astestedinaccordancewithASTME84.
5.3 Headroom. All means of egress shall have a minimum ceiling height of 2.3 m (7 ft 6 in.) with
projections from the ceiling not less than 2.03 m (6 ft 8 in.). The minimum ceiling height shall be
maintainedforatleast2/3ofthespaceorroomaslongastheremainingareashallbenotlessthan
2.03m(6ft8in.).Headroomonstairsshallnotbelessthan2.03m(6ft8in.).
5.4 Walkingsurfaces.
5.4.1 Changesinelevation.Abruptchangesinelevationofwalkingsurfacesshallnotexceed
in. unlessprovidedwith abeveledslope of1in 2 that donotexceed in.Changes
greaterthanin.shallmeettherequirementsfor5.5.
5.4.2 Walkingsurfacesshallbemostlylevel;however,shallnotexceedaslopeof1in20in
thedirectionoftravelunlessmeetingtherequirementsforrampsin10.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
FireSafetyStandards
Page44of188

5.5 ChangesinLevel.Changesinlevelexceeding535mm(21in.)inelevationshallmeettherequirements
forstairsin9orrampsin10.
5.5.1 Thechangeinlevelshallbereadilyapparentandifnot,markedwithadditionalsignage
orfloormarkings.
5.6 SlipResistance.Walkingsurfaces,includingstairwaytreadsshallbeuniformlyslipresistant.
5.7 Guards. Guards shall be provided in accordance with 6.12 on the open sides of means of egress
componentswheretheelevationexceeds760mm(30in.)abovethegroundorfloorbelow.
5.8 Impediments to means of egress. No locks or other devices shall be installed on a means of egress
componentthatwouldpreventanyoccupantfromhavingsafeegressfromthebuildingorstructure.
5.9 Reliability. Means of egress shall be maintained continuously free and clear of all obstructions or
impedimentstofullinstantuseinthecaseoffireorotheremergency.
5.10 Furnishings,decorations.Nofurnishings,decorations,orotherobjectsshallobstructexitsandaccess
toexits.Nothingshallobstructorimpedevisibilitytoexits.

6. OccupantLoad
6.1 Theoccupantload,innumberofpersonsforwhommeansofegressarerequired,shallbedetermined
onthe basisof the occupant load factors in BNBCPart 4 Section 3.5.1 that are characteristic forthe
useofthespaceorthemaximumprobablepopulationofthespace,whicheverisgreater.


OccupancyLoad

6.2 TheoccupantloadfactorsfromtheBNBCareasfollows:
(1) Assemblywithtablesandchairs:1.5m2peroccupant(16ft2peroccupant)net
(2) Assemblywithoutfixedseats:0.7m2peroccupant(7ft2peroccupant)net
(3) Offices:10m2peroccupant(100ft2peroccupant)gross
(4) Industrial:10m2peroccupant(100ft2peroccupant)gross
(5) Storage:30m2peroccupant(300ft2peroccupant)gross
(6) Hazardous:10m2peroccupant(100ft2peroccupant)gross
6.2.1 RMGfactoriesshallhaveacalculatedoccupantloadof2.3m2peroccupant(25ft2per
occupant). This occupant load factor is permitted to be increased or decreased based
ontheactualnumberofoccupants.
6.3 Increased occupant load. The occupant load is permitted to be increased above the calculated
occupantloadprovidedthatallothermeansofegressrequirementsforthathigheroccupantloadare
met.
6.4 Postingofoccupantload.Theoccupantloadshallbepostedforeveryassemblyandproductionfloor
SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
FireSafetyStandards
Page45of188

inafacilityinaconspicuousspacenearthemainexitorexitaccessdoorwayforthespace.

7. EgressWidth
7.1 Aislesshallbeprovidedwithaminimumunobstructedclearwidthof0.9m(36in.).


Aisles
7.2 Meansofegresscontinuity.Thepathofegresstravelalongameansofegressshallnotbeinterrupted
byanyobstruction.Thecapacityofthemeansofegressshallnotbereducedalongthepathoftravel.
7.3 Capacity.Thetotalcapacityofthemeansofegressshallforanystory,floor,orotheroccupiedspace
shallbesufficientfortheoccupantloadascalculatedin6.1.
7.4 Capacity Factors. The capacity factors for calculating the available egress for each means of egress
componentshallbeinaccordancewithBNBCPart4Table4.3.2(repeatedbelow).
BNBC Table 4.3.2
Required Exit Width per Occupant
Occupancy
BuildingswithoutSprinkler
System (mm per person)
BuildingsthoroughlySprinkled
(mm perperson)
Stairways
Ramps&
Corridors
Doors Stairways
Ramps&
Corridors
Doors
A Residential

4
B Educational
F1,F2,Business&
F4 Mercantile
G Industrial
H Storage
C1,C2,Institutional
10 5 4 5 5 4
C3
C4 Institutional 8 5 4 8 5 4
D HealthCare 25 18 10 15 12 10
E Assembly
10 7 5 7 5 5 F3 Businessand
Mercantile
J Hazardous 8 5 4 8 5 4


7.5 Sufficient Capacity. For new construction, where more than one means of egress is required, the
meansofegress shallbeof such widthandcapacity thatthe lossof any one meansof egressleaves
availablenotlessthan50percentoftherequiredcapacity.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
FireSafetyStandards
Page46of188

7.6 Minimumwidths.
7.6.1 Doors.Doorsinan existingmeansofegressshallhave aminimum width of 0.8m (32
in.).
7.6.2 Stairs.
7.6.2.1 In new construction and for newly constructed stairs, stairs shall have a
minimum width of 1.25 m (50 in.) for all industrial occupancies and 2.0 m
(79in.)forallassemblyoccupancies.
7.6.2.2 Inexistingconstruction,stairsshallhaveaminimumwidthof0.9m(35in.).
7.7 NumberofMeansofEgress
7.7.1 General.Thenumberofmeansofegressfromanyfloororstoryshallnotbelessthan2
exceptwhereasingleexitispermittedby7.7.2orwhereagreaternumberisrequired
by7.7.3.
7.7.2 Single exits. Only one exit shall be required in existing buildings where the occupant
loadandtraveldistancelistedinTable6.6.2arenotexceeded.

TABLE 6.6.2
STORIES WITH ONE EXIT
Story Occupancy MaximumOccupantsperFloorandTravelDistance
Groundor
Basement
B 50occupantsand23m(75ft)traveldistance
E,F,G,K 50occupantsand23m(75ft)traveldistance
H 30occupantsand30m(100ft)traveldistance
J 5occupantsand8m(25ft)traveldistance
Secondstory F,G 30occupantsand23m(75ft)traveldistance
H 30 occupantsand23m(75ft)traveldistance

7.7.3 High occupant load. The number of means of egress from any floor or story shall not
belessthan3whentheoccupantloadexceeds500perstoryandnotlessthan4when
theoccupantloadexceeds1000perstory.
7.7.4 Occupied roofs. Occupied roofs shall be provided with the minimum number of exits
requiredasastory.
7.8 Egress Illumination. All paths of egress shall be provided with illumination in accordance with
ElectricalSafetyPart.
7.9 DoorsandGates
7.9.1 Door swing. All doors in a means of egress shall be of the sidehinged swinging type.
Rolldownandslidinggatesandshuttersshallnotbeallowed.
7.9.2 Locking.
7.9.2.1 General. Doors shall not be locked in the direction of egress under any
conditions. All existing hasps, locks, slide bolts, and other locking devices
shallberemovedunlessprovidedforin7.9.2.2and7.9.2.3.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
FireSafetyStandards
Page47of188

7.9.2.2 Doors may be locked where the latch and lock are disengaged with one
motion where the occupant load does not exceed 49 persons. Turning a
doorhandleanddisengagingalockisconsideredtwomotions.
7.9.2.3 Doors may be provided with locking hardware from the ingress side
provided that a panic bar is installed on any door with an occupant load
exceeding49persons.Thereentryprovisionsof7.9.3mustbemet.
7.9.3 Reentry.Everydoorinastairenclosureservingmorethan5storiesshallbeprovided
withreentryunlessitmeetstherequirementsof7.9.4.
7.9.4 Stair doors may be permitted to be locked from the stair (ingress) side that prevents
reentry to the floor provided at least two floors allowing reentry to access another
exit are provided, there are not more than 4 stories intervening between reentry
floors,reentryisallowedonthetopornexttotoplevel,reentrydoorsareidentified
assuchonthestairside,andlockeddoorsshallbeidentifiedastothenearestreentry
floors.Whenthedischargefloorisdeterminedtobearequiredreentryfloorusingthe
above requirements, reentry does not have to be provided back into the building on
thislevel.

Figure 7.9.4 (a). Required re-entry floors when starting at the top level.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
FireSafetyStandards
Page48of188

Figure 7.9.4 (b). Required re-entry floors when starting at the next to top level.

7.10 Warehouse.DoorstostoragebuildingsshallbeincompliancewithBNBCPart4Section3.24.2.
7.11 Landings.Alandingshallbeprovidedonbothsidesofdoorsusedinthemeansofegress.Doorshall
notswingoutoverstairs.
8. Stairs.
8.1 NewConstruction.NewlyconstructedstairsshallbeincompliancewithBNBCPart3Section1.12.5.
8.2 Existing.Existingstairsshallmeettherequirementsofthissubsection.

Stairs
8.3 Stairsshallbeofnoncombustibleconstruction.
8.3.1 Landings.Landingsshallbeprovidedwithsamewidthinthedirectionofegresstravel
as the stair clear width shall be provided at each level and at intermediate landings.
Existing landings that are less than the stair width, shall reduce the overall available
capacityofthestairaspercalculation.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
FireSafetyStandards
Page49of188

8.3.1.1 Treads.Stairtreadsshallbeofnominaluniformity.
8.3.1.1.1 Themaximumriserheightforanystairshallbe215mm(8.5
in.).
8.3.1.1.2 Any riser height at the top or bottom step in a stair run
exceeding more than 51 mm (2 in.) difference from the
adjacent riser height shall be modified to be within this
tolerance.
8.3.1.1.3 Anyriserheightortreaddepthnotatthetoporbottomstep
in a stair run exceeding more than 25 mm (1 in.) difference
from the adjacent step shall be modified to be within this
tolerance.
8.3.1.1.4 For existing stairs that do not meet these tread dimensions
and will require extensive rework of the stairway, a full
detailed analysis of the tread dimensions can be submitted
to the Authority for review and approval of an alternate
correctiveactionplan.
8.3.2 Handrails. Handrails shall be provided on both sides of each stairway. Intermediate
handrailsshallbeprovidedwhenthestairwidthexceeds2.2m(87in.).
8.3.3 Guards.Guardsshallbeprovidedinstairsinaccordancewith12.2.

9. Signs.
Stair designation signs shall be provided at each floor entrance from the stair to the floor in English and
Bengali.Signsshallindicatethenameofthestairandthefloorlevel.Signsshallbepostedadjacenttothe
door.

10. Ramps.
10.1 Width. Ramps used in a means of egress shall not reduce the overall means of egress width. The
minimumwidthshallbe1.1m(44in.).
10.2 Slope.Newrampsshallnothavearunningslopegreaterthan1in12(8percent).Existingrampsshall
nothavearunningslopegreaterthan1in8(12.5percent).
10.3 Handrails.Rampsshallbeprovidedwithhandrailsonbothsidesoftheramp.

11. ExitSigns.
11.1 Location.Lightedexitsignsshallbeplacedatentrancetoanexit.Additionalexitsignsshallbeplaced
throughoutthefacilityanywherethecontinuationoftheegressisnotobvious.
11.2 Power.Lightedexitsignsshallbeprovidedwitheitherbatterybackuporemergencypowerandshall
becontinuouslyilluminated.
11.3 Directionalsigns.Directionalsignsshallbeprovidedwherethereisachangeinthedirectionforthe
pathoftravelandthedirectiontoanexitisnotobvious.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
FireSafetyStandards
Page50of188

ExitSign

12. HandrailsandGuards.
12.1 Handrails.
12.1.1 Newhandrailsshallhaveaminimumheightof865mm(34in.)andamaximumheight
of965mm(38in.)asmeasuredfromtheleadingedgeofthetread.
12.1.2 Existinghandrailsthatarelessthan760mm(30in.)orgreaterthan1100mm(44in.)
as measured from the leading edge of the tread, shall be replaced with handrails
meetingtherequirementsof12.1.1.
12.2 Guards. Guards shall be provided at all open sides of means of egress that exceed 760 mm (30 in.)
abovethefloororfinishedgroundbelow.
12.2.1 Newguardsshallhaveaminimumheightof1067mm(42in.).
12.2.2 Existingguardsshallhaveaminimumheightof760mm(30in.).
12.2.3 Openguardsshallhaveintermediaterailsorpatternsuchthatasphere200mm(8in.)
indiametercannotpassthroughanyopeninguptoaheightof865mm(34in.).
12.2.4 Roofs.Alloccupiableroofsshallbeprovidedwithparapetsorguardswithaminimum
heightof1067mm(42in.).
13. TravelDistance.
13.1 General. Travel distance to reach an exit for new and existing shall not exceed the values listed in
BNBCPart4Section3.15.1unlesstherequirementsof6.13.1.1or6.13.1.2canbemet.
13.1.1 Travel distance limitations for G2 (RMG factories) shall be increased to 60 m (200 ft)
where a complete automatic fire detection system, portable fire extinguishers, and
standpipesystemareprovidedinaccordancewiththisStandard.
13.1.2 TraveldistancelimitationsforG2(RMGfactories)shallbeincreasedto122m(400ft)
where a complete automatic sprinkler system, automatic fire alarm system, and
portablefireextinguishersareprovidedinaccordancewiththisStandard.
14. ExitEnclosures.
14.1 Ratings. Interior exit stairways and ramps shall be enclosed with fire barriers constructed in
accordancewith33.
14.2 Termination. Interior exit stairways and ramps shall terminate at an exit discharge except where
terminatingatanexitpassagewayconstructedinaccordancewith15.
14.3 Openings. Openings into an exit enclosure other than unprotected exterior walls shall be limited to
thosenecessaryforexitaccesstotheenclosure.Innewconstruction,elevatorsshallnotopenintoan
exit enclosure. Openings from exit enclosures to storage areas, basements, transformer rooms,
generator rooms, boiler rooms, and similar normally unoccupied spaces shall be provided with
vestibules.
SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
FireSafetyStandards
Page51of188

14.4 Penetrations.Penetrationsintoandthroughanexitenclosureshallbeprohibitedwiththeexception
ofrequiredexitdoors,sprinklerpiping,standpipes,electricalracewayforfirealarmequipment,and
electricalconduitservingtheexitenclosure.

PenetrationonWalls
14.5 Exteriorwalls.Exteriorwallsofexitenclosuresshallcomplywith3.9.
14.6 Smoke proof enclosures. Smoke proof enclosures shall be provided for new stairs as required in
BNBCPart4Section3.13.
14.7 Exposures. Wherenonratedwallsorunprotectedopeningsenclose the exterior ofthe stairway and
thewallsoropeningsareexposedbyotherpartsofthebuildingatanangleoflessthan180degrees
(3.14 rad), the building exterior walls within 3050 mm (10 ft) horizontally of a nonrated wall or
unprotected opening shall have a fireresistance rating of not less than 1 hr. Openings within such
exteriorwallsshallbeprotectedbyopeningprotectivehavingafireprotectionratingofnotlessthan
hr.Thisconstructionshallextendverticallyfromthegroundtoapoint3050mm(10ft)abovethe
topmostlandingofthestairwayortotheroofline,whicheverislower.[IBC1022.7]

15. ExitPassageways.
15.1 Definition.Anexitpassagewayisanexitcomponentthatisseparatedfromotherinteriorspacesofa
buildingorstructurebyfireresistanceratedconstructionandopeningprotective,andprovidesfora
protectedpathofegressinahorizontaldirectiontotheexitdischargeorthepublicway.
15.2 General.Exitpassagewaysshallbeconsideredanextensionofthestairsandshallnotbeusedforany
otherpurpose.
15.3 Construction. Exit passageways shall have walls, ceilings, and floors that meet the same rating
requirement as the exit that is being served and shall not be less than 1 hr fireresistance rated
construction.
15.4 Termination.Exitpassagewaysshallterminateatanexitdischarge.

16. HorizontalExits.HorizontalexitsshallcomplywiththerequirementsofBNBCPart4Section3.12.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
FireSafetyStandards
Page52of188

17. ExitDischarge
17.1 General.Exitsshalldischargedirectlytotheexteriorofthebuildingunlessmeetingtherequirements
of 6.17.3 and 6.17.3. The exit discharge shall be at grade or provide direct access to grade. Exit
dischargeshallnotreenterabuilding.
17.2 Egress Court. An egress court serving as a portion of the exit discharge shall be open to the sky or
providedwithafireresistanceratedenclosurethesameastheexitenclosure.Egresscourtslessthan
3050 mm (10 ft) in width (as measured from the building and the adjacent property line) shall be
providedwithwallshavinga1hrfireresistanceratedconstructionforadistanceof3050mm(10ft)
abovethefloorofthecourt.

EgressCourt
17.3 Interior building exit discharge. A maximum of 50 percent of the number and capacity of the exit
enclosures candischargethrough areas on the levelof exit discharge where all of the following are
met:
17.3.1 Automatic sprinkler protection is provided throughout the level of exit discharge or
portionofthelevelofdischargewhereseparatedfromnonsprinkleredportionsofthe
floorbyfirebarrierswiththesamefireresistanceratingastheexitenclosure.
17.3.2 Theinteriordischargeisnotthroughastorageorhazardousoccupancy.
17.3.3 The entire area of the level of exit discharge is separated from areas below by
construction having a fire resistance rating not less than that required for the exit
enclosure.
17.3.4 Thewaytotheexteriorshallbefreeandunobstructedandshallbereadilyvisibleand
identifiablefromthepointofdischargeoftheinteriorexit.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
FireSafetyStandards
Page53of188

HumanElementPrograms

1 FireSafetyDirector
1.1 Duties.ThedutiesoftheFireSafetyDirectorshallincludethefollowing:
(1) Establishinternalandexternalrallypointsandcommunicatetoallemployeesinthebuilding.
(2) Firedepartmentpreplanning.
(3) Conductsafetyinspectionsasoutlinedin13.9.
(4) Ensurealltestingoffireprotectionequipmentisconductedinaccordancewith13.10.

2 FireDrills
2.1 Fire drills shall be conducted on a quarterly basis as outlined in BNBC Part 4 Appendix A for all
garmentfacilities.
2.2 FiredrillsshallbeconductedunderthedirectionofaFireSafetyDirector.
2.3 AllotherrequirementsforfiredrillsshallbeconductedinaccordancewithBNBCPart4AppendixA.

3 EvacuationPlan.
3.1 TheFireServiceDirectorshalldevelopafireevacuationplanforeachbuilding.
3.2 Fireevacuationmapsshallbepostedattheentrancetoeachexitstair.
3.3 The evacuation plan shall include provisions to assist physically disabled persons. A list of all
employeeswithphysicaldisabilitiesshallbekeptbytheFireServiceDirector.

4 Hotworkpermit.
4.1 A hot work permit system program shall be enacted for all RMG facilities in accordance with NFPA
51B.

5 Smoking.
5.1 Smokingshallbeprohibitedinanygarmentfactorybuilding,separatestoragebuilding,oranybuilding
or area where the Inspector of the Factories Rules (1.6.3.7) Part 53 requires that smoking is
prohibited.
5.2 SignsshallbepostedinBengaliandEnglishatallbuildingentrances.
5.3 If an Ownercreates a designated smoking area outside thebuildings, information on the location of
thesedesignatedareasshallbepostedonthesignsrequiredin13.5.2.

6 Housekeeping.
6.1 Policy. Establish written corporate and plant policies on housekeeping to ensure scheduled cleaning
for floor, wall, ceiling, supply and return air ventilation systems. Promptly reschedule skipped
cleanings. Provide a documented lineof authority for authorizing a cleaning delay and rescheduling.
Asageneralrulethemaximumtolerabledepositthicknessforloosefluffylintis13mm(in.)overa
maximumof46.5m2(500ft2).Limitdensedepositsto6mm(in.)andoilsaturateddepositsto3.2
mm(in.).

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
FireSafetyStandards
Page54of188

6.2 Maintain electrical systems in good working order and keep free of lint buildup to reduce the
potentialforignition.Thisincludescleaninginsidejunctionboxes,buses,trays,tunnels,etc.

7 Storagepractices.
7.1 Management of Operating Loads. Factory Owners shall ensure that at least one trained professional
individual is assigned to each factory facility as Factory Load Manager in accordance with 8.9 of this
Standard.
7.2 Cuttingtables.Storageunderneaththecuttingtablesshallbekeptclearofcombustiblesatalltime.

8 Egress.Allmeansofegressshallbekeptfreeandclearatalltimes.

9 SafetyInspections.Asafetyinspectionprogramshallbeinitiatedandconductedonaquarterlybasis.This
program shall be conducted under the direction of the Fire Safety Director. These inspections shall look
foregressmaintenance, condition offiredoors,storageinaisleways, excessstorage, smoking, hotwork
and other firesafety related items. Records of these inspections shall be kept for Assessor inspection
review.
9.1 Construction inspections. An additional safety inspection program shall be initiated under the
direction of the Fire Safety Director for any construction that occurs in an occupied facility (see
Section9.2).
9.2 Doorstested.Fire doorsshall betested on aquarterlybasistoensurethat theyare properlyclosing
and latching. They shall also be checked for the proper label and verification that the door has not
beendamagedinanyway.

10 Maintenanceoffireprotectionequipment.
10.1 Automatic suppression systems. Inspection, testing and maintenance in accordance with NFPA 25
shallbeconductedonallwaterbasedfireprotectionsystems.
10.2 Firealarmanddetectionssystems.Inspection,testingandmaintenanceinaccordancewithNFPA72
shallbeconductedonallfirealarmsystems.
10.3 Fire extinguishers. Fire extinguishers shall be inspected, tested, and maintained in accordance with
NFPA10.

11 Equipment.
11.1 Establishamaintenance, cleaningandlubrication schedule for allequipment.The maintenance and
cleaning schedule will vary with type of fiber processed and the equipment used. Lubricate
equipment in accordance with manufacturers recommendations. Review plant fire loss records to
determine whether cleaning or equipment maintenance was a factor, and increase frequency as
needed.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
FireSafetyStandards
Page55of188

12 Electricalmaintenance.
12.1 Testing of emergency lighting. Emergency lighting provided by battery backup shall be tested on a
monthlybasis.
12.2 Generators. Generators used for emergency or standby requirements of this Standard shall be
inspected,tested,andmaintainedinaccordancewithNFPA110.
SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
ElectricalSafetyStandards
Page56of188

C. ElectricalSafety
1 Definition
1.1 Instant power supply (IPS). An electrical device that provides power when the main supply fails to
operate.
1.2 Uninterruptible power supply (UPS). A system consisting of a stored energy source, designed to
continuouslyprovideaclean,conditionedsinusoidalwaveofpowerundernormalconditionsandfor
afiniteperiodoftimeuponlossoftheprimarypowersource.

2 ElectricalWiringandCabling.
2.1 ElectricalConnections.
2.2.1 Separate branch circuits shall be provided for the installation, which need to be
separatelycontrolled.Thesebranchesshouldnotbeaffectedbyfailureofotherbranch
circuits. The number of final circuits required and the points supplied by any final
circuitsshallcomplywith:
(a) therequirementofovercurrentprotection
(b) therequirementforisolationandswitching
(c) theselectionofcablesandconductors.
2.2.2 Separatebranchcircuitsshallbeprovidedfromminiaturecircuitbreaker(MCB)orfuse
distribution boards (FDB) for general lighting automatic and fixed appliances with a
loadof500wattormoreandplugreceptacles.Eachautomaticorfixedapplianceshall
beservedbyanindividualcircuit.

SeparateBranchforEachLoads

2.2.3 Size of wire to be used in a branch circuit shall be at least one size larger than that
computed from the loading ifthe distance from the over current protective device to
thefirstoutletisover15m.
2.2.4 Whenthedistancefromtheovercurrentprotectivedevicetothefirstsocketoutleton
areceptaclecircuitisover30mtheminimumsizeofwireusedfora15Abranchcircuit
shallbe4mm2(7/0.036).
2.2.5 Theuseofcommonneutralformorethanonecircuitshallnotbepermitted.
2.2.6 Circuitswithmorethanoneoutletshallnotbeloadedinexcessof50%oftheircurrent
carryingcapacity.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
ElectricalSafetyStandards
Page57of188

2.2.7 Connectionsbetweenconductorsandbetweenconductorsandotherequipmentshall
provide durable electrical continuity and adequate mechanical strength and
protection.

3 Wiring.
4.1 Fornewconstruction,surface/exposedwiringshallberuneitherhorizontallyorvertically,andnever
at an angle. Battens on ceiling shall be run parallel to the edges in either orthogonal direction, and
notatanangle.
4.2 For new construction, in case of concealed wiring, the wires shall be encased in metallic (GI) or
nonmetallic (PVC) conduits that are buried in roof or floor concrete and in brick/concrete wall. The
conduitsinthewallsshallberunhorizontallyorvertically,andnotatanangle.Conduitsinconcrete
slabs shall be placed at the centre of thickness and supported during casting by mortar blocks or
'chairs'madeofsteelbareoranyotherapprovedmeans.Allconduitsshallbecontinuousthroughout
theirlengths.
4.3 Undergroundcablesforelectricaldistributioninthepremises/garden/compoundofthebuildingshall
beencasedinGIorPVCpipesandlaidinearthtrenchesof600mm(24in,).Armoredcablesneednot
beencasedinconduitexceptforcrossingsunderroad,footpath,walkwayorfloors.
4.4 Wiringforconnectionstomachinesshallbecarriedinsteelpipesorcabletrayhungfromtheceiling
orinconcreteorsteelcabletrayrunningoverthefloor.

4 WiringforLighting.
4.1 Lighting fittings shall be supported by suitable pipe/conduits, brackets fabricated from structural
steel,steelchainsorsimilarmaterialsdependinguponthetype:andweightofthefittings.
4.2 The use of fittings wire shall normally be restricted to the internal wiring of the lighting. When the
fittings wire is used as wiring for the fittings the sub circuit load shall terminate in a ceiling rose or
boxwithconnectors,fromwhichtheyshallbecarriedintothefittings.
4.3 LightingsystemsshallnotbeinstalledinamannerwherethelightfixtureissupportedbytheFalse/
Layin Ceiling Grid system. Light Fixtures shall be independently supported from the structure and
seismicbracingshallbeinstalledasrequired.


LightFixing
5 ExternalInfluences.
5.1 Ambient temperature. Wiring system components including cables and wiring accessories shall be
installedorhandledonlyattemperatureswithinthelimitsstatedintherelevantproductspecification
orasgivenbythemanufacturers.
SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
ElectricalSafetyStandards
Page58of188

5.2 Externalheatsources.Inordertoavoidtheeffectsofheatfromexternalsourcesoneofthefollowing
methodsshallbeusedtoprotectwiringsystems:
(a) shielding;
(b) placing900mm(36in.)fromthesourceofheat;
(c) selectingasystemwithdueregardfortheadditionaltemperaturerisewhichmayoccur;
(d) localreinforcementorsubstitutionofinsulatingmaterial.
5.3 Presenceofwater.Wiringsystemsshallbeselectedanderectedsothatnodamageiscausedbythe
ingressofwater.ThecompletedwiringsystemshallcomplywiththeIPdegreeofprotectionrelevant
totheparticularlocation.

6 SelectionandErectiontoMinimizetheSpreadofFire.
6.1 Theriskofspreadoffireshallbeminimizedbytheselectionofappropriatematerialsanderection.
6.2 Wiring systems shall be installed so that the general building structural performance and fire safety
arenotreduced.
6.3 Cablesnotcomplying,asaminimum,withtheflamepropagationrequirements,ifused,belimitedto
short lengths for connection of appliances to permanent wiring systems and shall in any event not
passfromonefiresegregatedcompartmenttoanother.
6.4 Parts of wiring systems other than cables which do not comply, as a minimum, with the flame
propagation requirements but which comply in all other respects with standards for wiring systems
shall,ifused,becompletelyenclosedinsuitablenoncombustiblebuildingmaterials.
6.5 Nonmetallic conduits and conduitfillings shall beof heavywall water gradetype. All bendsshallbe
largeradiusbends.Thecrosssectionoftheconduitshallremaincircularatthebendandtheinternal
diametershallnotbereduced.PVCpipefittingsshallbesealedwithPVCsolventcementorbyusing
glueorgumpasteofapprovedquality.Conduitsinstalledinfloorsshallhaveaslopeofatleast1:1000
towardsfloormountedpoolboxorcableduct.
6.6 SocketandPlug.
6.6.1 Each15/20Asocketoutletforairconditioner,watercooler,etc.shallbeprovidedwith
its own individual fuse with suitable discrimination with backup fuse or miniature
circuit breaker (MCB) in the distribution/ subdistribution board. The socket outlet
neednotnecessarilyembodythefuseasanintegralpartofit.
6.6.2 Each socket outlet shall also be controlled by a switch which should normally be
locatedimmediatelyadjacenttheretoorcombinedtherewith.
6.6.3 The copper earth wire for 5A socket outlets shall not be smaller in size than 14 SWG
andthephasewiretothesocketoutletshallbethroughtheswitch.

7 LightingFittings.
7.1 In industrial premises lighting fittings shall be supported by suitable pipe/conduits, brackets
fabricatedfromstructuralsteel,steelchainsorsimilarmaterialsdependinguponthetypeandweight
ofthefittings.
7.2 No flammable shade shall form part of lighting fitting unless such shade in such shade is well
protected against all risks of fire. Celluloid shade or lighting fitting shall not be used under any
circumstances.
SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
ElectricalSafetyStandards
Page59of188

8 LayoutandInstallationDrawings.
8.1 For new construction, an electrical layout drawing shall be prepared after proper locations of all
outletsforlamps,fans,fixedandtransportableappliances,motorsetc.havebeenselected.
8.2 Fornewconstruction,powerandheatingsubcircuitsshallbekeptseparateanddistinctfromlighting
and fan subcircuit. All types of wiring whether concealed or surface shall be as near the ceiling as
possible.
8.3 Circuitsin3phaseinstallationsshallbebalanced.
8.4 Conductorsshallbesoenclosedinearthedmetalorincombustibleinsulatingmaterialssothatitisnot
possible to have ready accesses to them unless the points between which a voltage exceeding 240
volts may be present are 2m or more apart. In case such points are kept apart the means of access
shallbemarkedtoindicatethevoltagepresent.
8.5 Whereterminalsorotherfixedlivepartsbetweenwhichavoltageexceeding240Vexistsarehoused
inseparateenclosuresoritemsofapparatuswhichalthoughseparatedarewithinreachofeachother
a notice shall be placed in such a position that anyone gaining access to live parts is warned of the
magnitudeofthevoltagethatexistsbetweenthem.
8.6 Fornewconstruction,layoutdrawingsshallindicatetherelevantcivilandmechanicaldetails.

9 ConductorandCables.
9.1 Conductors.
9.1.1 Conductorsshallbeofcopperoraluminum.
9.1.2 Conductors for power and lighting circuits shall be of adequate size to carry the
designed circuit load without exceeding the permissible thermal limits for the
insulation.
9.1.3 Phaseandneutralwiresshallbeofthesamesize.

9.2 FlexibleCablesandFlexibleCords.
Flexible cable or cords shall not be used as fixed wiring unless contained in an enclosure affording
mechanicalprotection.Flexiblecordsmaybeusedforconnectionstoportableequipment.
9.3 CableEnds.
Allstrandedconductorshavingnominalcrosssectionalarea6mm2andaboveshallbeprovidedwith
cable sockets. For stranded conductors of crosssectional area below 6 mm2 and not provided with
cablesockets,allstrandsattheexposedendsofthecableshallbesolderedtogetherorcrimpedusing
suitablesleeveorferrules.
9.4 CableJoints.
Cablejointsaretoberealizedthroughporcelain/PVCconnectorswithPIBtapewoundaroundbefore
placingthecableinthebox.
9.5 ExpansionJoints.
Conduitsshallnotnormallybeallowedtocrossexpansionjointsinabuilding.Wheresuchcrossingis
foundtobeunavoidablespecialcaremustbetakentoensurethatconduitrunsandwringarenotin
anywayputtostrainorarenotdamagedduetoexpansion/contractionofthebuildingstructure.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
ElectricalSafetyStandards
Page60of188

10 SubdistributionBoards.
10.1 Enclosures.
10.1.1 Subdistribution boards shall be located as close as possible to the electrical load
centers.
10.1.2 Enclosures for subdistribution boards located inside the building shall be dustproof
andverminproofusingsheetsteelfabricationofaminimumthicknessof20SWG.The
boardsshallbesafeinoperationandsafeagainstspreadoffireduetoshortcircuit.
10.1.3 BNBC Table 8.2.7 provides recommended sizes of enclosures for subdistribution
boardscontainingminiaturecircuitbreakersorfuses.


SubDistributionBoards
BNBC Table 8.2.7
Recommended Enclosure Sizes for MCB's and Fuses
Dimensions(mm)
No.ofMCB'sorFuses
Height Width Depth
350 390 120 upto12

480

390

120

upto24

610

390

120

upto36
740 390 120 upto48

10.2 WiringofSubdistributionBoards.
10.2.1 For new construction, in wiring a subdistribution board, total load of the consuming
devicesshallbedistributedasfaraspossibleevenlybetweenthenumbersofwaysof
theboardleavingthespareway(s)forfutureextension.
10.2.2 Cables shall be connected to terminals only by soldered or welded lugs, unless the
terminal are of such form that it is possible to securely clamp them without cutting
awaythecablestrands.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
ElectricalSafetyStandards
Page61of188

10.3 ServiceEntry.
10.3.1 Overhead service connection to a building shall be achieved with covered conductor.
The overhead service connection shall be led into buildings via roof poles or service
mastsmadeofGIpipehavingagooseneckbendatthetopandinstalledontheouter
wall.
10.3.2 Undergroundservicecablesshallbelaidinconformitywiththerequirementsofwiring
ofconcealedwiring.
10.3.3 Powerandtelecommunicationorantennacablesshallbeledinseparately.

11 ElectricalServiceShaftandBusDuct.
11.1 ServiceShaft.
11.1.1 Buildings over sixstory or 20 m (65 ft) high shall have a minimum of one vertices
verticalshaftof200mmx400mmsizeforevery1500m2floorareas.
11.1.2 Free and easy access to the electrical shaft room in each floor must be available for
operation,maintenanceandemergencyshutdowns.
11.1.3 For new construction, vertical cables other than electrical cables shall be placed at a
sufficient distance from the nearest electrical cable. A vertical separating brick wall
betweenelectricalandnonelectricalwallispreferable.
11.1.4 For new construction, vertical service shaft for electrical risers must not be placed
adjacenttothesanitaryshafts.Theyshouldbeplacedatsignificantseparationinorder
toensurethattheverticalserviceshaftforelectricalrisersremainsabsolutelydry.

12 BusDuct.
12.1 Bus ducts should be used for exposed work or where concealing is not of a permanent nature. The
bus duct shall be laid with minimum numbers of bends for distribution system. Typical rating of
feeder bus ducts for 3phase, 3wire or 4wire system shall range from 200 amperes to 3000
amperes.Concretehorizontalductsofsuitablesizeshallbeprovidedalongtheroadsforagroupof
buildingstobefedbyasinglesubstation.
12.2 Floorsoftheductareashallbeconstructedinsuchawaysothattheemptyspaceafterputtingthe
cables/busbar trunking/pipes/conduits in position the remaining open space is filled up with RCC
slab(s)oranyothernoninflammablematerialsothatfireormoltenPVCcannotfallfromonefloorto
the next lower floor(s). For this purpose arrangements need to be made during the main floor
casting.
12.3 SealingofShaftandDuct.
12.3.1 Where a wiring system passes through elements of building construction such as
floors, walls, roofs, ceilings, partitions or cavity barriers, theopenings remaining after
passageofthewiringsystemshallbesealedaccordingtothedegreeoffireresistance
prescribedfortherespectiveelementofbuildingconstructionbeforepenetration.
12.3.2 Wiringsystemswhichpenetrateelementsofbuildingconstructionhavingspecifiedfire
resistance shall be internally sealed to the degree of fire resistance of the respective
elementbeforepenetrationaswellasbeingexternallysealed.
SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
ElectricalSafetyStandards
Page62of188

13 ElectricalSubstation.
13.1 NecessityandcapacityoftheelectricalsubstationshallbesetbyregulationsintheElectricityActor
bytherelevantelectricalutilities.
13.2 Fornewconstruction,toarriveatthecapacityofthesubstationrequired,aloadfactorof70%shall
beappliedtotheestimatedloadofthebuilding,unlessfutureexpansionrequirementsdictatethata
higherfigurebeconsidered.
13.3 SubstationLocation.
13.3.1 For new construction, the substation shall be installed on the lowest floor level.
Locationofsubstationinthebasementfloorshouldbeavoided.Directaccessfromthe
streetforinstallationorremovaloftheequipmentshallbeprovided.
13.3.2 Thefloorlevelofthesubstationorswitchroomshallbeabovethehighestfloodlevel
ofthelocality.Suitablearrangementsshouldexisttopreventtheentranceofstormor
floodwaterintothesubstationarea.
13.3.3 Fornewconstruction,incaseofbuildingcomplex,oragroupofbuildingsbelongingto
the same organization, the substation should preferably be located in a separate
buildingandshouldbeadjacenttothegeneratorroom,ifany.

13.3.4 Fornewconstruction,incasetheelectricsubstationhastobelocatedwithinthemain
buildingforunavoidablereasons,itshouldbelocatedongroundfloor.
13.3.5 For transformers having large oil content (more than 2000 liters), soak pits are to be
provided.
13.3.6 For new construction, the minimum height of the substation room shall be 3.6 m (12
ft). The minimum area required for substation and transformer rooms for different
capacitiesaregiveninBNBCTable8.2.8.
BNBCTable8.2.8
AreaRequiredforTransformerRoomandSubstationforDifferentCapacities
Capacityof
Transformer(kVA)
Transformer
RoomAreaM
2

TotalSubstationArea(withHT,LTPanels&
TransformerRoombutwithoutGenerators)M
2
1x150 12 42
1x250 13 45
2x250 26 90
1x400 13 45
2x400 26 90
3x400 39 135
2x630 26 90
3x630 39 135
2x1000 26 90
3x1000 39 135

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
ElectricalSafetyStandards
Page63of188

13.4 LayoutofSubstation.
13.4.1 Fornewconstruction,thelayoutofthesubstationshallbeinaccordanceofthepower
flow, i.e. from utility network to HT room, then to transformer and finally to the low
voltage switchgear room. In general, the substation HT to LT Transformer shall be
placedinonecorneroftheroomsothattheHTsideremainsawayfromthepassageof
thepersons.
13.4.2 For newconstruction, theHT meteringpanel shall belocatednear theexterior ofthe
substationroomneartheexitgateandalsoshallbeconvenientfortheHTcableentry.
13.4.3 For new construction, the HT Panel shall be located near the exterior, just after or
adjacenttotheHTpanel.
13.4.4 For new construction, LT Panel shall remain at a sufficient distance from the
transformer but not too far away from the transformer. The location of the LT panel
should such that the riser main cable can have their way upward or outward within
veryshortdistance.
13.4.5 Alltheroomsshallbeprovidedwithpartitionsuptotheceilingandshallhaveproper
ventilation. Transformer rooms shall have proper ventilation and where necessary
louvers at lower level and exhaust fans at higher level shall be provided at suitable
locationsinsuchawaythatcrossventilationismaintained.
13.4.6 Arrangement shall be made to prevent storm water entering the transformer and
switchroomsthroughthesoakpits,iffloorlevelofthesubstationislow.

13.5 EquipmentandAccessories.
13.5.1 HighvoltageSwitchgear.
13.5.1.1 For new construction, banks of switchgears shall be segregated from
eachotherbymeansoffireresistantbarriersinordertopreventtherisk
ofdamagebyfireorexplosionarisingfromswitchfailure.Where3bus
section switches are installed, it shall also be segregated from adjoining
banksinthesameway.
13.5.1.2 For new construction, in the case of duplicate or ring main supply,
switches with interlocking arrangement shall be provided to prevent
simultaneousswitchingoftwodifferentsupplysources.
13.5.2 LowvoltageSwitchgear.
13.5.2.1 Switchgear and fuse gear must have adequate breaking capacity in
relationtothecapacityofthetransformers.
13.5.2.2 For new construction, isolation and protection of outgoing circuits
forming the main distribution system may be effected by means of
circuit breakers, or fuses or switch fuse units, mounted on the main
switchboard, the choice between alternative types of equipment will
takethefollowingpointsintoconsideration:

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
ElectricalSafetyStandards
Page64of188

(1) In certain installations supplied with electric power from remote


transformersubstations,itmaybenecessarytoprotectmaincircuits
with circuit breakers operated by earth leakage trips in order to
ensureeffectiveearthfaultprotection.
(2) Where large electric motors, furnaces or other heavy electrical
equipment are installed, the main circuits shall be protected by
metal clad circuit breakers or conductors fitted with suitable
instantaneous and time delay over current devices together with
earthleakageandbackupprotectionwherenecessary.
(3) In installations other than those mentioned above or where
overloading of circuits may be considered unlikely, HRC type fuses
willnormallyaffordadequateprotectionformaincircuitsseparately
as required; the fuses shall be mounted in switch fuse unit or with
switchesformingpartofthemainswitchboards.
(4) Whereitisnecessarytoprovidesuitableconnectionforpowerfactor
improvement capacitors at the substation bus, suitable capacitors
shall be selected in consultation with the capacitor and switchgear
manufacturer and necessary switchgear/feeder circuit breaker shall
beprovidedforcontrollingthecapacitorbank(s).
13.6 Transformers.
13.6.1 For new construction, in most cases oil type natural cooled transformer may be used
forsubstationsifadequatespaceisavailabletoaccommodatethetransformer.
13.6.2 Fornewconstruction,drytypetransformershouldbeinstalledwhereriskofspreading
offireishighandwhereflammablematerialsaretobekeptaroundthesubstation.
13.6.3 For new construction, where two or more transformers are to be installed in a
substation to supply a medium voltage distribution system, the distribution system
shall be divided into separate sections each of which shall normally be fed from one
transformeronlyunlessthemediumvoltageswitchgearhastherequisiteshortcircuit
capacity, provision may be made to interconnect separate sections through bus
couplerstocaterforthefailureordisconnectionofonetransformer.
13.6.4 Fornewconstruction,thetransformersthatatanytimeoperateinparallelshallbeso
selectedastosharetheloadinproportiontotheirrespectiveratings.
13.6.5 For new construction, when a stepup transformer is used, a linked switch shall be
providedfordisconnecting thetransformerfrom all polesofthesupply, including the
neutralconductor.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
ElectricalSafetyStandards
Page65of188

13.7 RotatingMachines.
13.7.1 All equipment including cables of every circuit carrying the starting, accelerating and
load currents of motors shall be suitable for a current at least equal to the full load
current rating of the motor. When the motor is intended for intermittent duty and
frequentstoppingandstarting,accountshallbetakenofanycumulativeeffectsofthe
startingperiodsuponthetemperatureriseoftheequipmentofthecircuit.
13.7.2 Theratingofcircuitsupplyingtherotorsthroughslipringorcommentatorofinduction
motors shall be suitable for both the starting and loaded conditions. Every electric
motor having a rating exceeding 0.376 kW shall be provided with control equipment
incorporatingmeansofprotectionagainstovercurrent.
13.7.3 Every motor shall be provided with means to prevent automatic restarting after a
stoppage due to drop in voltage or failure. This requirement does not apply to any
special cases where the failure of the motor to start after a brief interruption of the
supplywouldbelikelytocausegreaterdanger.Italsodoesnotprecludearrangements
forstartingamotoratintervalsbyanautomaticcontroldevicewhereotheradequate
precautionsaretakenagainstdangerfromunexpectedrestarting.
13.7.4 Theframeofeverystationarymotorshallbeconnectedwithearth.

14 Cables.
14.1 For new construction, theadvice ofthe cable manufacturer withregard to installation, jointing and
sealingshallbefollowed.
14.2 TheHTcablesshalleitherbelaidoncableracksorinbuiltupconcretetrenches/tunnel/basementor
directlyburiedintheground.Standardcablelayingtechniquesshallbeused.
14.3 Methods of installation of cables and conductors in common use as specified in BNBC Table 8.2.10
shallbefollowed.

15 MainSwitch,SwitchboardsandMetalCladSwitchgear.
15.1 MainSwitch,Switchboards.
15.1.1 All main switches shall be either of metal clad enclosed patterns or of any insulated
enclosedpatternandtheswitchesshallbefixedatcloseproximitytothepointofentry
ofsupply.
15.1.2 The wiring throughout the installation shall be such that there is no break in the
neutralwireintheformaswitchorfuseunitorotherwise.
15.1.3 Thelocationofthemainboardshallbesuchthatitiseasilyaccessibleforfiremenand
otherpersonneltoquicklydisconnectthesupplyincaseofemergencies.
15.1.4 Opentypeswitchboardsarenotallowed.
15.1.5 Indampsituation or whereinflammableorexplosivedust,vapor or gas islikelytobe
present, the switchboard shall be totally enclosed or made flame proof as may be
necessitatedbytheparticularcircumstances.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
ElectricalSafetyStandards
Page66of188

15.1.6 Switchboards shall not be erected above gas stoves or sinks or within 2.5 m (8 ft) of
anywashingunitinthewashingroomsorlaundries.
15.1.7 Incaseofswitchboardsbeingunavoidableinplaceslikelytobeexposedtoweather,to
drip or in abnormally moist atmosphere, the outer casing shall be weather proof and
shallbeprovidedwithglandsorbushingsoradaptedtoreceivescrewedconduit.
15.1.8 Adequateilluminationshallbeprovidedforallworkingspacesabouttheswitchboards
wheninstalledindoors.
15.1.9 All metal casings or metallic coverings containing or protecting any electrical supply
lineorapparatusshallbeconnectedwithearth.
15.1.10 There shall be a distance of 1 m (39 in.) clear in front of the switchboards and
switchgear.
15.2 MetalCladSwitchgear.
15.2.1 Metal clad switchgear shall be mounted on hinged type metal boards or fixed type
metalboards.
15.2.2 Hinged type metal boards shall consist of a box made of sheet metal not less than 2
mmthickandshallbeprovidedwithahingedcovertoenabletheboardtoswingopen
for examination of the wiring at the back. The joints shall be welded. The board shall
besecurelyfixedtothewallbymeansofragboltplugsorwoodenplugsandshallbe
provided with locking arrangement and earthing stud. All wires passing though the
metal board shall be protected by a rubber or wooden bush at the entry hole. The
earthstudshouldbecommensuratewiththesizeoftheearthlead(s).
15.2.3 Fixed type metal boards shall consist of an angle or channel steel frame fixed on the
wallatthetop,ifnecessary.
15.2.4 There shall be a distance of 1 m (39 in.) clear in front of the switchboards and
switchgear.
15.3 LocationofDistributionBoards.
15.3.1 Fornewconstruction,thedistributionfuseboardsshallbelocatedasnearaspossible
tothecenteroftheloadtheyareintendedtocontrol.
15.3.2 They shall be fixed on suitable stanchion or wall and shall be accessible for
replacementoffuses,andshallnotbemorethan2m(6.5ft)fromfloorlevel.
15.3.3 Theyshallbeeithermetalcladtype,orallinsulatedtype.Butifexposedtoweatheror
damp situations, they shall be of the weather proof type and if installed where
exposedtoexplosivedust,vapororgas,theyshallbeofflameprooftype.Incorrosive
atmospheres they shall be treated with anticorrosive preservative or covered with
suitableplasticcompounds.
15.3.4 Wheretwoofmoredistributionfuseboardsfeedinglowvoltagecircuitsarefedfroma
supplyofmediumvoltage,thesedistributionboardsshallbe:
(1) fixednotlessthan2mapart
(2) arranged so that it is not possible to open two at a time, namely they, are
interlocked, and the metal case is marked "Danger 400 Volts" and identified with
properphasemarkinganddangermarks
SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
ElectricalSafetyStandards
Page67of188

(3) installedinroomsorenclosuresaccessibletoauthorizedpersonsonly.
15.3.5 Alldistributionboardsshallbemarked"Lighting"or"Power",asthecasemaybe,and
also be marked with the voltage and number of phases of the supply. Each shall be
provided with a circuit list giving diagram of each circuit which it controls and the
currentratingforthecircuitandsizeoffuseelement.
15.3.6 Thereshallbeadistanceof1m(39in.)clearinfrontofthedistributionpanels.

16 StandbyPower.
16.1 Provision should be made for standby power supply to avert panic, hazard to life and property or
major production loss in case of interruption of electrical power supply. The standby power supply
maybeapetrolengineordieselengineorgasenginegeneratororanIPSoraUPS.
16.2 CapacityofaStandbyGeneratingSet.
16.2.1 The capacity of standby generating set shall be chosen on the basis of essential light
load, essential airconditioning load, essential equipment load and essential services
load,suchasoneliftoutofabankoflifts,oneorallwaterpumps,etc.Thegenerator
shall be capable of taking starting currents of all the machines and circuits stated
abovesimultaneously.
16.2.2 The generator frame shall be earthed by two separate and distinct connections to
earth.
16.2.3 StandbyPowerforLifts.
16.2.3.1 Inabuilding,wherealiftisinstalled,standbypowershallbeprovidedby
aselfcontainedgeneratorsettooperateautomaticallywheneverthereis
adisruptionofelectricalpowersupplytothebuilding.
16.2.3.2 Where only one lift is installed, the lift shall transfer to standby power
within60secondsafterfailureofnormalpower.
16.2.3.3 Wheretwoormoreliftsarecontrolledbyacommonoperatingsystem,all
liftsmaybetransferredtostandbypowerwithin60secondsafterfailure
ofnormalpower,orifthestandbypowersourceisofinsufficientcapacity
tooperateallliftsatthesametime,allliftsshallbetransferredtostandby
powerinsequence,shallreturntodesignatedlandinganddischargetheir
load.
16.2.4 GeneratorRoom.
16.2.4.1 For new construction, the generating set should preferably be housed in
the substation building or should be placed adjacent to the substation
room to enable transfer of electrical load with negligible voltage drop as
wellastoavoidtransferofvibrationandnoisetothemainbuilding.
16.2.4.2 Fornewconstruction,thegeneratorroomshouldhavesignificantamount
of ventilation and fitted with a number of ceiling fans. Appropriate type
and number of firefighting equipment must be installed inside the
generatorroom.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
ElectricalSafetyStandards
Page68of188

16.2.4.3 For new construction, the generator engine exhaust should be


appropriately taken out of the building and should preferably be taken
outthroughanyothersideexceptSouth.Thegeneratoroiltankshouldbe
place away from the control panel side. In case of gas engine generator
extraprecautionmustbetaken regarding ventilation,leakage toprevent
explosion.
16.2.4.4 Fornewconstruction,BNBCTable8.2.9showsminimumgeneratorroom
arearequirementfordifferentsizesofgenerators.

BNBCTable8.2.9
AreaRequirementsforStandbyGeneratorRoom
Capacity(kW)
Area(m
2
)
1x25 20

1x48

24
1x100 30

1x150

36
1x300 48

1x500

56

16.3 ChangeoverSwitchofaStandbyGenerator.
16.3.1 A standby generator is to be connected at the supply input point after the energy
meter and after the main incoming switch or the main incoming circuit breaker, but
throughachangeoverswitchofappropriaterating.Theratingofsuchaswitchshallbe
at least 1.25 times the rating of the main incoming circuit breaker. The changeover
switch shall be of such a type so that when moved to the mains position, there is no
chancethatthegeneratorwillbeconnectedandviceversa.
16.3.2 The changeover switch may be manual type or automatic type. In both the cases the
changeover switch shall be properly made so that there is no chance of loose
connectionorspark.
16.4 ProtectionofCircuits.
16.4.1 Appropriate protection shall be provided at switchboards and distribution boards for
all circuits and sub circuits against short circuit and overcurrent and the protective
apparatus shall be capable of interrupting any short circuit current that may occur
withoutdanger.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
ElectricalSafetyStandards
Page69of188

16.4.2 Where circuit breakers are used for protection of main circuit and the subcircuits
derived therefrom, discrimination in operation shall be achieved by adjusting the
protectivedevicesofthesubcircuitbreakerstooperateatlowercurrentsettingsand
shortertimelagthanthemaincircuitbreaker.
16.4.3 A fuse carrier shall not be fitted with a fuse element larger than that for which the
carrier is designed. The current rating of fuses shall not exceed the current rating of
thesmallestcableinthecircuitprotectedbythefuse.
16.5 ProtectionagainstOverloadCurrent.
16.5.1 Protectivedevicesshallbeprovidedtobreakanyoverloadcurrentflowinginthecircuit
conductors before such a current could cause a temperature rise detrimental to
insulation,joints,terminationsorsurroundingsoftheconductors.
16.5.2 The omission of devices for protection against overload is recommended for circuits
supplying current using equipment where unexpected opening of the circuit could
causedanger,forexamplefirepumpcircuit.
16.5.3 ProtectionagainstShortCircuitCurrents.Protectivedevicesshallbeprovidedtobreak
any shortcircuit current flowing in the circuit conductors before such a current could
causedangerduetothermaland
mechanicaleffectsproducedinconductorsandconnections.
16.5.4 Protectionagainstundervoltage.
16.5.4.1 Whereadropinvoltage, oraloss andsubsequentrestorationofvoltage
could imply dangerous situations for persons and property, suitable
precautionsshallbetaken.
16.5.4.2 An under voltage protective device is not required if damage to the
installation is considered to be an acceptable risk, provided that no
dangeriscausedtopersons.
17 Earthing.
17.1 Ingeneral allpartsofequipment and installationotherthan livepartsshallbeearthpotential, thus
ensuringthatpersonscomingincontactwiththesepartsshallalsobeatearthpotentialatalltimes.
17.2 CircuitandSystemEarthing.
17.2.1 Circuit and system earthing shall limit excessive voltage from line surges from cross
overs with higher voltage lines or turn lighting and keep noncurrent carrying
enclosuresandequipmentatzeropotentialwithrespecttoearth.
17.2.2 The value of the earthing resistance shall be in accordance with the protective and
functionalrequirementsoftheinstallationandbecontinuouslyeffective.
17.2.3 Where a number of installations have separate earthing arrangements, protective
conductors running between any two of the separate installations shall either be
capable of carrying the maximum fault current likely to flow through them or be
earthed within one installation only and insulated from the earthing arrangements of
any other installation. In the latter circumstances, if the protective conductor forms
part of cables the protective conductor shall be earthed only in the installation
containingtheassociatedprotectivedevice.
SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
ElectricalSafetyStandards
Page70of188

17.3 MethodsofEarthing.
17.3.1 General. The three main elements required for an earthing system are earth
conductors,earthingleadandearthelectrodes.
17.3.2 EarthConductors.
17.3.2.1 Earth conductors are the part of the earthing system which joins all the
metalpartsofaninstallation.
17.3.2.2 In all eases the grounding conductor shall be made of copper or
galvanized steel or other metals or combination of metals which will not
corrode excessively and, if practical, shall be without joints or splice. If
joints are unavoidable, they shall be made and maintained so as not to
materially increase the resistance of the earthing conductor and shall
haveappropriatemechanicalandcorrosionresistantcharacteristics.
17.3.2.3 Aluminumorcoppercladaluminumconductorsshallnotbeusedforfinal
connectionstoearthelectrodes.
17.3.2.4 The earth conductor shall have a short time capacity adequate for the
faultcurrentwhichcanflowinthegroundingconductororconductorsfor
theoperatingtimeofthesystemprotectivedevice.Incaseofcopperwire
beingusedasearthconductors,thesizeofthewireshallnotbelessthan
half the area of the largest current carrying conductor supplying the
circuit.
17.3.2.5 BNBC Table 8.2.11 gives the minimum sizes of copper earth conductors
corresponding to the sizes of associated copper circuit conductors. No
sizesmallertitan14SWGshallbeusedanywhereasearthconductor.

BNBCTable8.2.11
MinimumCrosssectionalAreaofCopperEarthConductors
inRelationtotheAreaofAssociatedPhaseConductors
CrosssectionalAreaofPhaseConductor(s)

(mm
2)

MinimumCrosssectionalAreaofthe
CorrespondingEarthConductor

(mm
2
)
Lessthan16






16orgreaterbutlessthan35



35orgreater
Sameascrosssectionalareaofphaseconductor
butnotlessthan14SWG




16



Halfthecrosssectionalareaofphaseconductor

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
ElectricalSafetyStandards
Page71of188

17.4 EarthLead.
17.4.1 The earth conductor shall be brought to one or more connecting points according to
size of installation; the copper wire earthing leads shall run from there to the
electrodes.
17.4.2 Earthingleadcaneitherbeofcopperwireorofcopperstrands.
17.4.3 Earthing leads shall be run in duplicate down to the earthelectrode so as to increase
the safety factor of the installation. Copper wire used as earthing lead must not be
smallerthan8SWG(12mm2).
17.5 EarthElectrodes.
17.5.1 The earth electrode shall as far as practicable penetrate into permanently moist soil
preferably below ground water table. The resistance of the electrodes shall not be
morethanoneohm.
17.5.2 The following types earth electrodes are recognized: Copper rods, copper plates,
galvanizedironpipes.
17.5.3 The following is a guideline for electrode size: Copper rods shall have a minimum
diameter of 12.7 mm, GI pipes shall have a minimum diameter of 50 mm, copper
platesshallnotbelessthan600mmx600mminsize,with6mmthickness.
17.6 LightningProtection.
17.6.1 A building shall have protection against lightning depending on the probability of a
stroke and acceptable risk levels. Steps shall be taken for an objective assessment of
theriskandofthemagnitudeoftheconsequencesoflightningstrikesfollowingBNBC
Part 8, section 2.9. The marginal Risk Index shall be 40. Structures higher than 53 m
(174ft)requireprotectioninallcases.
17.6.2 Acompletelightningprotectionsystemshallconsistofairterminationnetwork,down
conductorsandearthtermination.
17.7 AirTerminationNetwork.
The air termination network is that part which is intended to intercept lightning discharges. It
consists of vertical and horizontal conductors arranged toprotect the required area. No part of the
roofshouldbemorethan9m(30ft)fromthenearesthorizontalconductorexceptthatanadditional
0.3m(1ft)maybeaddedforeach0.3m(1ft)orpartthereofbywhichtheparttobeprotectedis
belowthenearestconductor.
17.8 DownConductor.
17.8.1 Thedownconductoristheconductorwhichrunsfromtheairterminationtotheearth
termination. A building with a base area not exceeding 100 m2 (1,076 ft2) shall be
provided with one down conductor. For a large building there shall be one down
conductorforthefirst100m2(1,076ft2)plusafurtheroneforevery300m2orpart
thereofinexcessofthefirst100m2(1,076ft2).Alternatively,foralargerbuildingone
down conductor may be provided for every 30 m (100 ft) of perimeter. The number
chosen can be the smaller of the numbers given by these alternative methods of
calculation.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
ElectricalSafetyStandards
Page72of188

17.8.2 Thematerialusedforlightningconductorsmustbealuminumorcopper.Thecriterion
fordesignistokeeptheresistancefromairterminationtoearthtoaminimum.
17.9 EarthTermination.
17.9.1 Theearthterminationisthat part whichdischargesthe currentinto thegeneralmass
oftheearth.Thetotalresistanceofanelectrodeforalightningprotectionsystemmust
notexceed10ohms.
17.9.2 The lightning protection system ground terminals shall be bonded to the building or
structuregroundingelectrodesystem.
17.9.3 Recommended dimensions for various components of lightning arrester are given in
Table 4.6. Larger conductors should however be used if the system is unlikely to
receiveregularinspectionandmaintenance.

BNBCTable8.2.14
SizesoftheComponentsofLightningProtectionSystems
Components MinimumDimensions
AirTerminations

Aluminiumandcopperstrip

Aluminium,aluminiumalloy,copperandphosphorbronzerods
Stranded aluminiumconductors
Standardcopperconductors



DownConductors
Aluminiumandcopperstrip
Aluminium,aluminiumalloyandcopperrods



EarthTerminations

Harddrawncopperrodsfordrivingintosoftground

Hard drawnor annealed copperrodsforindirectdrivingor
layinginground

Phosphorbronzefor hardground
Coppercladsteelforhardground

20mmx3mm



10mmdia

19strandsof2.5mm

19strandsof1.8mm


20mmx3mm

10mmdia






12mmdia

10mmdia

12mmdia

10mmdia

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
ElectricalSafetyStandards
Page73of188

17.9.4 External metal on a building should be bonded tothe lightning conductor with bonds
atleastaslargeastheconductor.
18 IlluminationofExitSignsandMeansOfEscape.
18.1 ExitSigns.
18.1.1 Allrequiredexitsignsshallbeilluminatedcontinuouslyatalltimes.
18.1.2 Exit signs may be illuminated either by lamps external to the sign or by lamps
containedwithinthesign.Thesourceofilluminationshallprovidenotlessthan50lux
attheilluminatedsurfacewithacontrastofnotlessthan0.5.Approvedselfluminous
signs which provide evenly illuminated letters having a minimum luminance of
0.2cd/m2mayalsobeused.
18.1.3 Emergency power. Lighting for exit signs shall either be provided with emergency
powerorbatterybackup.
18.1.4 Inspection and testing. Emergency power for exit signs shall be verified at least once
per year. If batteryoperated signs are used,these lights shall betested on amonthly
basis.Functionaltestingofbatterypoweredsignsshallbeprovidedforaminimum90
minonceperyear.
18.2 Meansofegress.
18.2.1 Illumination.Themeansofegresspathsshallbeilluminatedatalltimesthebuildingis
occupied. Illumination shall be a minimum of 10 lux for all corridors, exit doors, and
stairways.Aislesshallbeprovidedwithaminimum2.5lux.
18.2.2 Emergency power. Means of egress illumination shall be provided with emergency
powerorsupplementedwithbatterypoweredlightsthatprovideminimum10luxfor
nolessthan30minintheeventoffailureofnormallighting.
18.2.3 Inspection and testing. Emergency power for means of egress illumination shall be
verifiedatleastonceperyear.Ifbatteryoperatedlightsareused,theselightsshallbe
tested on a monthly basis. Functional testing of battery powered lights shall be
providedforaminimum30minonceperyear.
18.3 Battery Systems. Battery systems used to provide standby or emergency power shall be installed,
testedandmaintainedinaccordancewithNFPA111.
18.4 Generators.Generatorsusedtoprovidestandbyoremergencypowershallbeinstalled,tested,and
maintainedinaccordancewithNFPA110.

19 InspectionandTesting.
19.1 General.Everyinstallationshall,oncompletionandbeforebeingenergized,beinspectedandtested.
The methods of test shall be such that no danger to persons or property or damage to equipment
occursevenifthecircuittestedisdefective.
19.2 Periodic Inspection and Testing. Periodic inspection and testing shall be carried out in order to
maintaintheinstallationinasoundconditionafterputtingitintoservice.Whereanadditionistobe
madetothefixedwiringofanexistinginstallation,thelattershallbeexaminedforcompliancewith
therecommendationsofthisStandard.
SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
ElectricalSafetyStandards
Page74of188

19.3 Checking the conformity with the Bangladesh Standard. The individual equipment and materials
whichformpartoftheinstallationshallgenerallyconformtotherelevantBangladeshStandard(BDS)
wherever applicable. If there is no relevant Bangladesh standard specification for any item, these
shallbeapprovedbytheappropriateauthority.
19.4 InsulationTests.
19.4.1 For new installations, insulation resistance test shall be made on all electrical
equipment,usingaselfcontainedinstrumentsuchasthedirectindicatingohmmeter
ofthegeneratortype.DCpotentialshallbeusedinthesetestsandshallbeasfollows
oranappropriateMeggar:
(1) Circuitsbelow230volts500voltsMeggar
(2) Circuitsbetween230voltsto400volts1000voltsMeggar
19.4.2 The minimum acceptable insulation resistance value is 5 mega ohms for LT lines.
Before making connections at the ends of each cable run, the insulation resistance
measurement test of each cable shall be made. Each conductor of a multicore cable
shall be tested individually to all other conductors of the group and also to earth. If
insulationresistancetestreadingsarefoundtobelessthanthespecifiedminimumin
anyconductor,theentirecableshallbereplaced.
19.4.3 All transformers, switchgears etc. shall be subject to an insulation resistance
measurement test to ground after installation but before any wiring is connected.
Insulationtestsshallbemadebetweenopencontactsofcircuitbreakers,switchesetc.
andbetweeneachphaseandearth.
19.5 EarthResistanceTest.
19.5.1 Earthresistancetestsshallbemadeonthesystem,separatingandreconnectingeach
earthconnectionusingearthresistancemeter.
19.5.2 Theelectricalresistanceoftheearthcontinuityconductortogetherwiththeresistance
of the earthing lead measured from the connection with the earth electrode to any
otherpositioninthecompletedinstallationshallnotexceed1ohm.
19.5.3 Where more than one earthing sets are installed, the earth resistance between two
setsshallbemeasuredbymeansofresistancebridgeinstrument.Theearthresistance
betweentwosetsshallnotexceed1ohm.
19.6 Operation Tests. Current load measurement shall be made on equipment and on all power and
lightingfeeders.Thecurrentreadingshallbetakenineachphasewireandineachneutralwirewhile
thecircuitorequipmentisoperatingunderactualloadconditions.Clamponammetersmaybeused
totakecurrentreadingswithoutinterruptingacircuit.Alllightfittingsshallbetestedelectricallyand
mechanically to check whether they comply with the standard specifications. Fluorescent light
fittingsshallbetestedsothatwhenfunctioningnoflickeringorchokesingingisfelt.
19.7 Inspection of the Installation. On completion of wiring a general inspection shall be carried out by
competentpersonnelinordertoverifythattheprovisionsofthisStandardandthatoftheElectricity
ActofBangladeshhavebeencompliedwith.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
ElectricalSafetyStandards
Page75of188

19.7.1 Inspection of Substation Installations. In substation installations, it shall be checked


whether:
(1) Phasetophaseandphasetoearthclearancesareprovidedasrequired;
(2) Allequipmentareefficientlyearthedandproperlyconnectedtotherequired
numberofearthelectrodes;
(3) Therequiredgroundclearancetoliveterminalsisprovided
(4) Suitablefencingisprovidedwithgatewithlockablearrangements;
(5) Therequirednumberofcautionboards,firefightingequipment,operatingrods,
rubbermats,etc.,arekeptinthesubstation;
(6) Incaseofindoorsubstationsufficientventilationanddrainingarrangementsare
made;
(7) Allcabletrencheshavecoversofnoninflammablematerial;
(8) Freeaccessibilityisprovidedforallequipmentfornormaloperation;
(9) Allnameplatesarefixedandtheequipmentarefullypainted;
(10) Allconstructionmaterialsandtemporaryconnectionsareremoved;
(11) Oillevel,busbartightness,transformertapposition,etc.areinorder;
(12) Earthpipetroughsandcoverslabsareprovidedforearthelectrodes/earthpitsand
theneutralandLAearthpitsaremarkedforeasyidentification;
(13) EarthelectrodesareofGIpipesorCIpipesorcopperplates.Forearthconnections,
brassboltsandnutswithleadwashersareprovidedinthepipes/plates;
(14) Earthpipetroughsandoilsumps/pitsarefreefromrubbish,dirtandstonejelly
andtheearthconnectionsarevisibleandeasilyaccessible;
(15) HTandLTpanelsandswitchgearsareallverminanddampproofandallunused
openingsorholesareblockedproperly;
(16) Theearthbusbarshavetightconnectionsandcorrosionfreejointsurfaces;
(17) Controlswitchfusesareprovidedatanaccessibleheightfromground;
(18) Adequateheadroomisavailableinthetransformerroomforeasytoppingupof
oil,maintenance,etc.;
(19) Safetydevices,horizontalandverticalbarriers,busbarcovers/shrouds,automatic
safetyshutters/doorinterlock,handleinterlocketc.aresafeandinreliable
operationinallpanelsandcubicles;
(20) Clearancesinthefront,rearandsidesofthemainHTandLTandsubswitch
boardsareadequate;
(21) (21)Theswitchesoperatefreely;the3bladesmakecontactatthesametime,the
arcinghornscontactinadvance;andthehandlesareprovidedwithlocking
arrangements,
(22) Insulatorsarefreefromcracks,andareclean;
(23) Intransformers,thereisnooilleak;
(24) Connectionstobushingintransformersarelightandmaintaingoodcontact;
(25) Bushingsarefreefromcracksandareclean;

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
ElectricalSafetyStandards
Page76of188

(26) Accessoriesoftransformerslikebreathers,ventpipe,buchholzrelay,etc.arein
order;
(27) Connectionstogasrelayintransformersareinorder;
(28) Intransformers,oilandwindingtemperaturearesetforspecificrequirementsto
pumpout;
(29) Incaseofcablecellars,adequatearrangementsexisttopumpoffwaterthathas
enteredduetoseepageorotherreasons;and
(30) AllincomingandoutgoingcircuitsofHTandLTpanelsareclearlyandindelibly
labeledforidentifications.
19.7.2 Inspection of Medium Voltage Installation. In Medium Voltage (MV) Installations, it
shallbecheckedwhether:
(1) Allblockingmaterialsthatareusedforsafetransportationinswitchgears,
contactors,relays,etc.areremoved;
(2) Allconnectionstotheearthingsystemhaveprovisionsforperiodicalinspection;
(3) Sharpcablebendsareavoidedandcablesaretakeninasmoothmannerinthe
trenchesoralongsidethewallsandceilingsusingsuitablesupportclampsat
regularintervals;
(4) Suitablelinkedswitchorcircuitbreakerorlockablepushbuttonisprovidednear
themotors/apparatusforcontrollingsupplytothemotor/apparatusinaneasily
accessiblelocation;
(5) Twoseparateanddistinctearthconnectionsareprovidedforthemotorapparatus;
(6) Controlswitchfuseisprovidedatanaccessibleheightfromgroundforcontrolling
supplytooverheadtravelingcrane,hoists,overheadbusbartrunking;
(7) Themetalrailsonwhichthecranetravelsareelectricallycontinuousandearthed
andbondingofrailsandearthingatbothendsaredone;
(8) Fourcorecablesareusedforoverheadtravellingcraneandportableequipment,
thefourthcorebeingusedforearthing,andseparatesupplyforlightingcircuitis
taken;
(9) Ifflexiblemetallichoseisusedforwiringtomotorsandotherequipment,the
wiringisenclosedtothefulllengths,andthehosesecuredproperlybyapproved
means;
(10) Thecablesarenottakenthroughareaswheretheyarelikelytobedamagedor
chemicallyaffected;
(11) Thescreensandarmorsofthecablesareearthedproperly;
(12) Thebeltsofbeltdrivenequipmentareproperlyguarded;
(13) Adequateprecautionsaretakentoensurethatnolivepartsaresoexposedasto
causedanger;
(14) InstalledAmmetersandvoltmetersworkproperlyandaretested;and
(15) Therelaysareinspectedvisuallybymovingcoversfordepositsofdustsorother
foreignmatter.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
ElectricalSafetyStandards
Page77of188

19.7.3 InspectionofOverheadLines.Foroverheadlines,everycaremustbetakensothat:
(1) Allconductorsandapparatusincludinglivepartsthereofareinaccessible;
(2) Thetypesandsizeofsupportsaresuitablefortheoverheadlines/conductorsused
andareinaccordancewithapproveddrawingandstandards;
(3) Clearancesfromgroundleveltothelowestconductorofoverheadlines,sag
conditions,etc.areinaccordancewiththerelevantstandard;
(4) Whereoverheadlinescrosstheroadssuitablegroundedguardingshallbe
providedatroadcrossings,
(5) Whereoverheadlinescrosseachotherorareinproximitywithoneanother,
suitableguardingshallbeprovidedatcrossingstoprotectagainstpossibilityofthe
linescomingincontactwithoneanother;
(6) Everyguardwireshallbeproperlygrounded/earthed;
(7) Thetype,sizeandsuitabilityoftheguardingarrangementprovidedshallbe
adequate;
(8) Stayscablesmustbeprovidedsuitablywiththeoverheadlinecarryingpolesas
requiredandshallbeefficientlyearthedatthebottomandshallbeprovidedwith
suitablestayinsulatorsofappropriatevoltages;
(9) AnticlimbingdevicesandDangerBoard/CautionBoardNoticesareprovidedonall
HTsupports;
(10) Clearancesalongtheroutearecheckedandallobstructionssuchastrees/branches
andshrubsareclearedontheroutetotherequireddistanceoneitherside;
(11) Clearancebetweentheliveconductorandtheearthedmetalpartsareadequate;
and
(12) Fortheserviceconnectionstappedofffromtheoverheadlines,cutoutsof
adequatecapacityareprovided.
19.7.4 InspectionofLightingCircuits.Thelightingcircuitsshallbecheckedtoseewhether:
(1) Woodenboxesandpanelsareavoidedinfactoriesformountingthelighting
boards,switchcontrols,etc.;
(2) Neutrallinksareprovidedindoublepoleswitchfuseswhichareusedforlighting
control,andnofuseisprovidedintheneutral;
(3) Theplugpointsinthelightingcircuitareall3pintype,thethirdpinbeingsuitably
earthed;
(4) Tamperproofinterlockedswitchsocketandplugareusedforlocationseasily
accessible;
(5) Lightingwiringinfactoryareaisenclosedinconduitandtheconduitisproperly
earthed,oralternatively,armoredcablewiringisused;
(6) Aseparateearthwireisruninthelightinginstallationtoprovideearthingforplug
points,fixturesandequipment;
(7) Properconnectorsandjunctionboxesareusedwhereverjointsareinconductors
orcrossoverofconductorstakesplace;
(8) Cartridgefuseunitsarefittedwithcartridgefusesonly.
SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
ElectricalSafetyStandards
Page78of188

19.7.5 ElectricalInspections.
(1) Recordsofinitialtestingaswellassubsequenttestingshallbemaintainedonsite.
20 Elevators
20.1.1 General.ElevatorsshallbeinstalledinaccordancewithBNBCPart8Chapter5and5.9
ofthisStandard.
21 Nakedlights.
21.1.1 Lightfixtureswithoutprotectivecovers(otherwiseknownasnakedlights)shallnotbe
allowed in storage areas or in any area where the Inspector of the Factories Rules
(1.6.3.7)Part53disallowsthesefixtures.
21.1.2 SignsshallbepostedinBengaliandEnglish,indicatingthisprohibitionatallentrances
totheseareas.

Sources
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/apr/29/insidebangladeshgarmentfactories
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/may/01/bangladeshworkersprotestmaydaybuildingcollapse
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business22296645
http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887324766604578458802423873488.html
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business22382329
http://www.labourbehindthelabel.org/urgentactions/item/1134bangladeshifactoryfirefamiliesofvictimscontinuetowait
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/05/02/bangladeshgarmentblameretailers_n_3204245.html
http://in.reuters.com/article/2013/05/02/bangladeshgarmentsidINDEE9410IZ20130502
http://m.guardiannews.com/commentisfree/2012/dec/13/apparelindustryoutsourcinggarmentworkersbangladesh
http://www.businessstandard.com/article/ptistories/buildingcollapse2infantsbornunderdebrisrescued113042600593_1.html
http://www.supplychaindigital.com/global_logistics/etiannouncesitsbangladeshfireandbuildingsafetyplan
http://m.irinnews.org/Report/97945/LessonsfromBangladeshgarmentfactorycollapse
http://qz.com/77717/politicalunrestiskillingbangladeshslowcostmanufacturingappeal/
http://www.theatlanticcities.com/commute/2012/08/meetdhakaworldsdensestcity/2923/
http://www.bangladeshworkersafety.org/files/Alliance_Assessment_Protocols.pdf
http://www.bangladeshworkersafety.org/files/Alliance%20Fire%20Safety%20and%20Structural%20Integrity%20Standard.pdf

Tags:Bangladesh,buildingcodes,firesafety,garmentfactory,garmentfactorycollapse,informality,lackofsafetyregulations,sub
contracting,westernretailers

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
ReportonSafetyAssessments
Page79of188

ReportonSafetyAssessments

The writer of this document is the founder CEO of Uttaron Technologies. Uttaron Technologies from its
inceptionin1995isdoingallsortsofEngineeringWorksincludingconsultancyforvarioustypesofclients.Withthe
recent development in concept and meaning of safety, UT has started factory inspections since last three years.
Whichisanewconceptbutfundamentallyitisanimplementationoftheexpertiseinasystematicwayonly.

Following the rules, codes and guidelines is must to avoid any sorts of disaster causes from fire due to
unplanned installation, maintenance and followup. UT does the assessments in compliance with the regulations,
prepare the report with the list of areas to improve and provide guidelines to build the capacity to mitigate the
disasterswithinthelimitations.

UTfindstheweakareas,wheretoconcentrateforaninstallation.Weakness,itselfisavastinmeaning.Wedefined
the weakness for the factories in a systematic way. Generally the incident for garments manufacturing factories
indicatesthefollowingissuestoconcentrate,stillprevalentinmanyunits.

1. Congested,nonventilated,illlit,hotandhumid
2. Escaperoutearecrammedwithworktopsandcombustiblematerials
3. Improperwiringandelectricaldesign,illegalconnections
4. AbsenceofFireMarshals
5. Carelesssmokingandheatinghabits

ConsiderationduringAssessment
UThasdevelopedthewayinlinewiththeguidelinesandcodesfromdifferentinstitutesandbodiestoapproachthe
shortfallsofthisRMGindustryinBangladesh.Intheassessmentphasethefollowingthingsareaddressed

1. Effectiveimplementationofinadequatelegislation
2. Buildingplan
3. Unauthorizedchangeinbuildinguse
4. Provisionofsingleoperationalstaircase
5. Presenceofescaperoutesandhindranceofescapebycongestionandsealedexits
6. Presenceofsecuritymeasuresdriventoextremes,causingsafetyhazards
7. Presenceofwastedisposalandmaintenancepattern
8. Useofcombustiblematerialsforfinishandinteriorworks
9. Smokinghabits
10. Useofheatappliances
11. Installationandoperationofelectricalconnectionsandequipment
12. Maintenancepatternofelectricalinstallations
13. Presenceofemergencytraininganddrillinvolvingemployees
14. Presenceofadequatedetectionandalarmsystems
15. Presenceofappropriatenotices,signsandsymbols
16. Accessibilityintothebuildingstofightthefire
17. Generalawarenessregardingthedangersoffire

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
ReportonSafetyAssessments
Page80of188

Methodology
Afirehazardisanythingthatmaycauseafiretostart.Listthefirehazardsincludingbuildingfacilities,electricalshort
circuits, ignition, fuel, and oxygen sources. In a garments factory it may include boiler room, stores, raw materials,
heater,laundry,gascylinder,andoven,etc.Mitigatingthehazards,thefollowingstepsaredone

a. ElectricalSystem
This cluster is for Electrical Network starting from the substation/power plant to the nodes, where
theequipment,accessories,machinesandappliancesareconnected.

i. Electrical Drawing Checking the electrical drawing and to give unique identity of each and
every individual component in the network. Where there is absence of electrical drawings,
ourEngineerpreparesasinglelinediagramtoeasethewholeprocess
ii. ThermographyThermalImagingofthecontrolpointsandmaincables
iii. Actualconditionofthenetwork
MeasuringofLoads,Voltagesindifferentnodesandcontrolswitches
MeasuringofOFFLoadandONLoadCurrents
Measuringofleakagecurrent
Insulationresistancechecking
Earthresistancechecking
Selectionofcables,wiresandbreakersarecomparedwithcharts
Physicalcheckingoftheelectricaljointsandconnectiononthebasisofthermalimages
Power analyzing may require to understand the overall power quality from the
commercial source. This will facilitate the understanding on various component of the
powerthatusingbythefactory
iv. Checking the competence of the Engineers and Electricians Educational background and
experiencesarecheckedtofindtheeligibilitytocarryouttheassignedresponsibilities.Also
thehabitofusingPPEandawarenessofthepersonnelonfollowingthesafetymeasuresare
evaluated.

b. FireSafety
Thisclusterisforthefindingtheriskstofire,availabilityoffightingequipment,creatingawareness,
buildingandtrainingateamtoactinemergency

i. Identifyandlistingthefollowingissues
ii. Checking the log, data sheet or information to understand the pattern of using of boiler,
heater, gas cylinder, oven any other hazarders accessories or appliances for developing a
guidelinecomplyingtothecodesandregulations
iii. GeneralcleanlinessWhetheraccumulationofrubbishcancausefirebybeingignited
iv. FunctionalhazardWhetherprocessanduseofanymachinerycancausefire
v. Smoking behavior Whether 'No Smoking' sign is strictly observed, and whether smoking
habitsareincreasingthepossibilityofafire
vi. New Materials Whether new materials have been included which might have an adverse
effectonFireLoad
vii. Training of staff Whether staff has been trained to take charge during any emergency, to
operatefirefightingequipment,etc.
viii. FireDrillWhetherdrillsareheldatleasttwiceayearinwhichalltheworkersandstafftakes
part.

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
ReportonSafetyAssessments
Page81of188

ix. WarningandalarmsystemWhetherinstalled,operationalandunderstood
x. FirefightingequipmentWhethertheconditionofextinguisher,sprinklersystem,hosereels,
etc.meetsafetyrequirements
xi. MeansofEscapeWhetherrequisitenumberofdoorsandoutletsareinoperationfortimely
escapebyallworkersandstaff;whetheraisles,corridors,lounge,lobbyandfoyerareclearof
anyfurniture,material,rubbish,etc.
xii. Assembly Point Whether a safe assembly point, sufficient to accommodate all the workers
andstaff,hasbeenearmarkedanddisplayedassuchwithinsafedistancefromthefactory
xiii. FireServices:WhetherthetelephonenumberoftheFireServicesisknownandwhetherthe
telephonesystemisreliableandaccessibletothestaffduringanyemergency
xiv. Listing the people who are at risk from fire or smoke. Identifying where people would be
stationedincaseoffireandwhospecificallyatrisk.
xv. Designforfiresafety:
Agoodandsafefactorybuildingshouldmeetthefollowing(listisnotexhaustive)
Capacity:numberofworkerswilldeterminenumberofdoors,sizeofentry/exits
Layout: volume per person, aisle width, floor finish and distance to exit should meet
standards;congestionshouldnotimpedeescape
Buildingandfinishmaterials:determinesFireLoad
EmergencyLighting:tomakeescapepossiblewhenpoweriscutoffinafire
Means of Escape: each person should be able to escape to a place of safety unaided
within2.5minutesofstartingafire
Numberandlocationoffireextinguishers:basedonsizeandproperutilizationofspaces
Sprinklersystem:dependingonheight,spaceshouldhaveanoverheadsprinklersystem
Earlydetectionandwarningsystems:Smokedetectors,prerequisiteformaximumsafety
City Traffic: location of the factory, its surroundings, neighboring landuse, traffic
congestion,patternandbehavior,widthandturningradiiofroads,overbridgeclearance,
etc.
Waterrequirement:availabilityofwater,sizeofreservoir,typeofriser(dry/wet)
Assembly Point: place for escapees to assemble so that every person supposed to be in
thefactorybuildingcanbeaccountedfor,drill

c. BuildingEnvelope(FactoryBuilding)
Thisclusterisforinspectingexistingbuildings,emphasisislaidonthefollowing:

i. Visitthesite/buildingphysically
ii. Collect the layout & structural drawings if any or take interview of Engineer / Mason who
havedonethejobduringconstructionorphysicallytakethestructuralmembersdimension
iii. Knowingtheproductionofconcreteanditsstrengthifsampletestdone.
iv. Reinforcement/Msbartensilestrength.
v. Collectthesoilreportorexecutesubsoilinvestigation.
vi. Pastuseofthedifferentfloor(s)
vii. Agehowmanyyearsitisconstructed
viii. Building design, addition and/or alteration Whether any change has been made to the
building since it received planning permission, either structurally or with regards to finish
materials,numberofexits,sizeofexits,etc.
ix. NumberofworkersWhethernumberhasincreased
x. Thenexecutethecalculationofdifferentstructuralmemberswithitsstability

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
ReportonSafetyAssessments
Page82of188

d. Tools, Codes and Regulations Using of calibrated certified world class equipment is one of the
factors,whichmakesusdifferentfromtheothers.WefollowtheBNBC(BangladeshNationalBuilding
Code), BER (Bangladesh Electricity Rules 1937), IEC ( International Electrotechnical Commission),
NEMAstandards(NationalElectricalManufacturerAssociation),IEEE(TheInstituteofElectronicsand
ElectricalEngineers),NFPACodes(NationalFireProtectionAssociation,USA),BS(BritishStandards),
Alliance Standards, Accord Standards, Different guidelines from Local Fire and Civil Defense
Authority,BestEngineeringPracticeandCoC(ClientsCodeofConduct)
e. Recordfindingstoimplementthem.

Improvementonfindings
Dependingonthefindingsatassessmentlevel,improvementaspercodesandregulationsmayrequiredatfollowing
levelstomitigateanyfireincidents

1. Detection/Notification:Systembuildingonfindingoutthatthereisafire,asearlyaspossible,letting
allbuildingoccupantsknowaboutit,andnotifyingfireservicetorespond.
2. Emergency Egress (escape): Ensuring on having ways to exit the building safely and to make sure
everyoneisout.
3. Incipient Suppression: Ensuring the presence of automatic sprinkler systems, fire hoses (provided
water is available) and portable fire extinguishers that can put the fire out in its early stage (i.e.
within3minutes).
4. Electrical System: Starting from the substation (electricity entrance or generating point) to user
pointsmayneedsomeupgradation,rewiring,redesigning,etc.and
5. Changing,rectificationorreplacementofanyprocess,system,layout,andetc.asperrequirement.
6. Evaluatetheriskanddecideonprecautions.Theriskisthechance(high,medium,orlow)ofstarting
afireatanyplacewithoutnotice.Decidewhatisbeingdoneorcanbedonetoreduceorremovethe
risk.
7. Reviewonimplementation

CapacityBuilding
Findingsfromtheassessmentandimprovementphases,theremightbenumerousrecommendationstoimprovethe
overallsafetyofthefactories.Themanagementwillneedtofocusonthefollowingissuestoensuretheoverallsafety
ofthefactoryaswellastheworkersandfinancialloses.

0. FactoryBuildingBaseonthefindings,recommendation(s)willbeincorporatedinthereport.Some
of them might be a major capital expenditure and some them might be a minor renovation. Giving
thepriorityontheurgencyandrisk,executionplanshouldbefollowedasperrecommendationfrom
assessmentandimprovementphases.
1. Electrical Safety There might be a need of replacing controls, gears, modification, renovation, re
wiring, etc., which need to be executed as per following the recommendations prepared on codes
andregulations.Moreover,propertrainingsoughttotheexistingstaffforabetterresponse.
2. FireSafetyBaseonthefindings,recommendation(s)willbeincorporatedinthereport.Acomplete
listofexistingequipment,newrequirementbasisonbuildingenvelopeandnumbersofworkersand
natureofuseswilleasethemanagementonfurtherinvestment.Reportwillincludesthefollowing
i. GuidelineonTrain allworkerson suchprocedures totake chargeduring any emergency,to
operatefirefightingequipment,etc.
ii. Capacitate management to run such training in the future at least twice a year in which all
theworkersandstafftakespart.
iii. Identifyandtrainacorpsoffiresafetymarshalstoassistincaseoffire

SafetyIssuesinReadymadeGarmentsFactoriesinBangladesh
ReportonSafetyAssessments
Page83of188

iv. Preparing a comprehensive guideline to capacitate management and marshals in regular


recordkeeping(safetychecklist,drills,etc.)inlinewithinternationalstandards
3. Core Team Identifying a team consisting members from Engineering and Management group to
keep continuous monitoring on implementation the recommendations and rectification. This group
will ensure the overall safety issues by following the recommended codes and regulations with a
close coordination to the consultant. This group may define as Safety Committee. Size of the
committeedependsonthenumbersoftheworkersandvolumeofthefactory.
Deliverable
After proper assessment and consequent survey on the total installation the following documents, information will
be prepared and presented to the management for further review and ease the modification, rectification and
renovationworksforeacharea.

1. BuildingHealth
Compiling all data and information gathered from calculation and physical verification a SUMMARY
OFTHEFINDINGwillbeincludedinthereportsubmissionfocusingonthefollowingissues.
StructuralStrength
Buildingissoundornotforfurthermodificationorextension
Recommendationonanyfurtherimprovements,modificationandextension

2. ElectricalSafety
GroupingtherisksinthecategoryofHigh,MediumandLowHazardsandphysicalexistingcondition
of the Electrical Network a SUMMARY OF THE FINDING will be included in the report submission
focusingonthefollowingissuestoeasethefurtherinitiativesforthecorrectivemeasures.
SingleLineDrawing,ifpreviouslynotpresentatsite
ThermographyReportforeasylocatingthefaults
ClassificationofHazardssupportedbycapturedpictures
MeasurementDatasheet
Recommendation on strengthening the capability of the existing staff and new
recruitmentifrequired

3. FireSafety
Grouping the risks in the category of High, Medium and Low and physical existing condition of the
firesafetyissueaSUMMARYOFTHEFINDINGwillbeincludedinthereportsubmissionfocusingon
thefollowingissuestoeasethefurtherinitiativesforthecorrectivemeasures.
Dataonexistingphysicalconditionofthesystemsandequipment
Recommendation(s)onaligningtheexistingsystemwiththeconformitytothecodesand
regulations
Listofthesystem(s)orequipmenttomeettheconformitytothecodesandregulationsto
ensurethefullproofsafety
Listofthepotentialstafftobetrained
Guidelineandscheduleontrainingtheselectedstaffs
Guidelinesandplanforthestaffandworkerstofollowinemergency
Providingtheformatfortherecordkeeping



SampleReport


ReportonAssessmentofthe
Structural,ElectricalandFireSafety
Bangladesh
InspectionDates:26Februaryand1March2014

ReportPreparedBy: CheckedandValidatedBy:
ShajibulAli SayemUAhammed
IndustrialSurveyor CEO

Apartment402,ConfigureShadhona,3ESouthKallyanpur
Dhaka1207,Bangladesh.Hotline01678631636,88028091611
Email:info@uttarontechnologies.comWeb:www.uttaron.webs.com
Structural,ElectricalandFireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.ProjectSummary
Page85of188

Introduction

WevisitedthefactorybuildingsofXYZGarmentsLtd.on26Februaryand1March2014andconductedanopening
meeting to introduce ourselves with the owners administration and their engineering team of the factory. We
explained our mission and process for the Structural, Electrical and Fire Safety Assessments of the factory building.
This report is a snapshot of time when the factory was visited. We also met eight members from WPC (Worker
Participation Committee) to know the history of the building, mishaps or any incidents to make our visit more
effectivetowardsthesafetyoftheworkers.

Three teams were engaged to conduct the whole building assessment from different aspects as directed in the
AllianceAssessmentProtocol.

SummaryonFindings

In our observation, Engineering Calculation and Evaluation the building is being used as per design load criteria.
There is no notable distress or nonconformity in the structure. No extra load on floor which are beyond of
recommended in design load. Generator or any weighty equipment not found in the building floor. No corrective
actionrelatestoStructuralissuesisrequired.

MultipleCablesfoundinMCCB/MCBterminalsalsocableswasconnectedwithoutLugs.BurningSignfoundinthePFI
unit.HotspotwasalsofoundinsomeofMDBs.Earthsystemneedstobeimproved.InsulationResistanceneedstobe
measuredtoknowactualconditionofthefeeders.

All the penetration on fire barrier walls needs to be redone in accordance with ASTM E814. Stair cases need to be
keptinpositivepressure.Additionalhosecabinetisrequired.

FromthemeetingwiththeWPC,nomajorinformationwasgatheredtodisseminateorevaluateforthesafetyofthe
building.

Below is the list of required drawings and documents which were asked from the building owner for structural
evaluation:

Sl.No. Documents Comments(ifany)


1 Geotechnical(soil)investigationreport Found
2 Previousassessmentreport(ifany) NotFound
3 ArchitecturalDrawing Found
4 StructuralDrawing Found
5 Asbuiltdrawing(authentic) Found
6 ConstructionHistory(timingofconstructionphases) 2003to2007
7 Approvalletter+Drawing Absent/underprocess
8 FactoryInspector'sApproval Found
9 EnvironmentalClearanceCertificate NotApplicable
10 FireDepartment'sClearance Found
11 NameandcontactinformationoftheDesignEngineer Engr.SanakarJotiDevFIBE(India)
12
ConstructionContractor'sInformation(ifconstruction
wasmadethroughformalcontract)
Selfprocedurebylaborcontractbasis
13
TestResultsonmaterialsduringconstruction,if
available
Donebutruined(presentlyabsent)
14 Electricaldrawing Foundbutincompleteinformation
15
Manufacturer'scataloguefortheelectricalsubstation
equipmentandgenerator.
Found
Structural,ElectricalandFireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.ProjectSummary
Page86of188

GeneralDataasperDocuments&PresentStatus

FactoryLocation: Bangladesh
OccupancyType: G(G2)becauseofmoderatehazardous
Thebuilding: Factorybuildingis10storied,groundflooris160otherflooris106floortotoptofloor
top,(111+_fthigh,)ClassedasHighRisebuilding.
Floorinusenow:
1. GroundFloor :Bondedwarehouse&storage
2. 1
st
Floor :Finishingsection&finishedgoodsstorage
3. 2
nd
Floor :Sewingfloorandoffice
4. 3
rd
Floor :Sewingfloor
5. 4
th
Floor :Cutting&Fusingmachine
6. 5
th
Floor :Cuttingfloor
7. 6
th
floor :Sewingarea&Cartonstorage
8. 7
th
Floor :Sewingfloor
9. 8
th
floor :Finishingfloorandfinishinggoodsstorage
10. 9
th
Floor :Samplepreparation&temporaryidlemachinestorage&partial
underreconstructionongoing.

Followingcriteriawereusedforthisassessment:
1. AllianceStandardV1.0
2. BangladeshNationalBuildingCode(BNBC)2006
3. BangladeshElectricityRules1937AppropriateSections.
4. AppropriatepartsoftheNFPA70(NEC2011)Edition2011.

Themethodologiesoftheinspectionare:
1. Checkingofalldrawingsanddocuments:Backcalculationweredonetocheckthedesignintegrity
2. Scanning of the Columns: Ferro Scanning enables easy location of steel reinforcement in concrete of the
column.
3. Computer Analysis: ETABS (Extended Three Dimensional Analysis of Building Systems) was used to analyze
thebuildingdesign.
4. ONLoadMeasurementofVoltage,CurrentindifferentDistributionBoxes:Thesevalueswereevaluatedin
order to ascertain any possible adverse condition that may lead to further deterioration and
incident/accident.
5. Thermography:Abnormalitiesoftemperaturevariationwascapturedfromthelivedistributionboxes,buses
andprotectivedevicesbythermalimagertoanalyzethecausesofproblems
6. OFF Load Measurement: Earth and Insulation Resistance data were checked from the periodical
maintenancerecord.
7. Inspection of the whole Electrical System Network: The Electrical System Network was checked section by
section,floorbyfloor,fromtheElectricsourcetothefinalelectricoutletand/orloadpoints.Anydifferences
or deviationsagainstthecriteriawerenoted.Components/areashavinglapseswerephotographed.
8. A thorough analysis of all the findings was made and report prepared in following manner: A set of
descriptiveNonConformityReports(NCRs)weremade,wherethedeficienciesaredescribedandassociated
referencesarecitedinnextpages.
9. Measurementofdifferentstair,corridor,etc.:Valueswereevaluatedandcomparedwiththestandards.
10. Inspection of the whole firefighting system: The complete firefighting system was inspected, section by
section,floorbyfloor,fromthesourcetothefinalpointsforusers.Anydifferencesordeviationsagainstthe
criteriawerenoted.Components/areashavinglapseswerephotographed.

Structural,ElectricalandFireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.ProjectSummary
Page87of188

11. Athoroughanalysisofallthefindingswasmadeandreportpreparedinfollowingmanner:
A set of descriptive NonConformity Reports (NCRs) were made, where the deficiencies are described and
associatedreferencesarecitedinnextpages.
InterpretationoftheReport
Inordertousethereportseffectively,followingpointsneedtobenoted:

1. Thesummarydocumentsatthebeginningofthereportandthefindingsshallbenoted
2. Atthefacilitylevel,managementshallassignappropriatepersonstostudythereports,andmakeadetailed
actionplanimmediately,basedonthereportandrecommendationsatvariouspoints,sharethiswithus,and
executethe improvements.Foryoursafetyandliability purposes,we recommendthatlicensed contractors
evaluateandrepairanydeficiencies.
3. For any clarification of the report, a meeting can be arranged, where any item which is not readily
understoodcanbeexplained.

This report sets forth our findings solely with respect to the installation samples presented, and based upon the
information that was provided, to us. This report does not constitute a guarantee of continued or absolute safety
againstfireoranyincidents.Thesolepurposeofthisreportistohelpfactoriesimprovethelevelofsafetyintermsof
infrastructureandmanagement.

Structural,ElectricalandFireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.ProjectSummary
Page88of188

Contents:SafetyAssessments

CoverPage 84
ProjectSummary 85
StructuralSafetyAssessment 89
ElectricalSafetyAssessment 102
FireSafetyAssessment 145

StructuralSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingSummary
Page89of188

StructuralSafetyAssessment

Roof: Clearandopentosky.
Structuretype: RCIntermediateMomentResistingFrame(IMRF)
Foundationtype: Deep foundation / Cast in Situ Pile Foundation/ column & beam RC construction but floor
slabisprestressedflatslabwithedgebeam
Standardfollows: Bangladesh National building Code (BNBC). Previous design criteria & standard is attached
herewiththereport.

MaterialsusedinBuilding
Allstructuralmembersarebuiltinreinforcementconcrete.
Stonechipsandcoarsesandwereusedascoarseandfineaggregatesrespectivelyandamixratioof1:1:3wasused
withconcreteadmixtureinallconcreteinfoundations,gradebeamsandcolumns.AccordingtoGeneralnotesinthe
drawingsandfromthebriefingofOwnersengineer,60ksi(Yieldstrength)steelwasusedinthereinforcedconcrete
whichmeetstherequiredstrengthasperanalysisandcalculations.

LoadManager
The Factory Owner has two civil engineer they are onsite full time at the factory and trained on the structural
capacityconformingtooperationalloadcharacteristicsofthespecificfactory.
Theircontractdetails:
,GeneralManager,Engineering,
Cell
,Manager,Engineering
Cell
LoadPlans
Theaverageliveloadfor9floorsisequalorbelow2kn/mandthedesignliveloadis3kn/m,whichissuitable
forthebuildinguser.

AnalysisandCalculations

Loadingsofthebuildings
1. SeismicLoad:AsperBNBC2.5.6,BaseShearV=ZIC/RwhereSeismicZonecoefficientZ=0.15forzone2for
Gazipur, Importance factor I=1.0, C=1.25S/T^(2/3). S=1.5 T=Ct(hn)^(3/4) where Ct.=0. 073 in SI unit for RC
momentresistingframe.R=8forintermediatemomentresistingRCframe.
2. WindLoad:AsperBNBC2.44.1exposurecategoryforthisbuildingisExposureA.
Sustainwindpressure,(Kn/m2)qz=CcCiCzVb2whereqz=Ci=importancefactor=1.0.Cc=velocitytopressure
conversion=47.2x10^(6).Cz=heightandexposurecoefficient.Vb=Basicwindspeed=215km/hr.
Design wind pressure Pz= CgCpqz where Cg= Gust coefficient taken from table 6.2.11 , Cp=1.5 from table
6.2.15ofBNBC2006.
3. Liveload:40to50psf(+2Kn/m)inmaximumareaswasfoundinthebuilding.Butaverage3kn/mhas
beenconsideredforfoundationandcolumnsforcalculation

Modelanalysisforstorydriftisprovidedwiththisreport.

FactorofsafetyofColumn
Factorofsafetyofcolumn=(u.8((u.8Sc Ag + y As))/P
ac

P
ac
=1.2*D.L+1.6*L.L.(Calculatedactual)

StructuralSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingSummary
Page90of188

ForMidColumn
P
ac
=2074*1.2+477*1.6=3187kip
Columnsize32x32
Noofbarused2432mmof60ksi
Fromscanningreport24nos32mmensured
Concretefc=35mpa=5ksifrom,designparameter
Factorofsafety(F.S)ofcolumn=(u.8((u.8Sc Ag + y As))/P
ac

F.S=4944/3252=1.551.5soacceptable

Observation&Comments
In our observation we foundthat the building is used as per design load criteria. Therehave nonotable distress or
nonconformityinthestructure.Noextraloadonfloorwhicharebeyondofrecommendedindesignload.Generator
oranyweightyequipmentarenotfoundinthebuildingfloor.OngoingpartialReconstructionof10
th
floorisproperly
protected by safety bracing (attached photo) construction goods/debris is carried by hoist which is placed at outer
sideofsouthbay.Onlywefoundthat2ndfloorwestedgebeamslightlydeflectedonduetofirstfloorwindowgrillis
bulkedslightly(atinnerface).Butfactoryengineersinformedusitresultsduringconstructionperiod.Onobservation
theyfoundthattheincidentdoesnotpropagatelaterupthistime.Onobservationwetakethisnoteandfoundno
distressedonwallinouterfaceorinnerface.Wematerializethattheirobservationisrationalebecausesuchincident
notfoundatabovefloors.Requiredaction=None.

Attachment
Previousdesigncalculation
Scanningreport
ETABmodelanalysis
Fieldvisitdatasheet
ReferencePictures

StructuralSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingSummary
Page91of188

PreviousDataCalculation

LOADCASE:A LOADDATAFORTISWL
D.L THICKNESS
UNITLOAD/
IN TOTALLOAD
1 FROMFLOORRCCSLAB 8.5 12.5 106.25
2 FROMFLOORFINISH(FF)2.5" 2.5 10 25
3 PARTITIONWALL 1 20 20
OTHERS
SUBTOTAL 151.25
4 LIVELOAD(LL) 1 42 42
TOTAL W 193.25
LoadCase:B LOADDATAFORROOF
D.L THICKNESS
UNITLOAD/
IN TOTALLOAD
1 FROMROOFSLAB 8.5 12.5 106.25
2 FROMFLOORFINISH(FF)3" 3 10 30
3 PARTITIONWALL 0 20 0
SUBTOTAL 136.25
4 LIVELOAD(LL) 1 20 20
P TOTAL W1 156.25
AGGREGATE:STONECHIPS

StructuralSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingSummary
Page92of188

Columnlegend MiddleColumn allequalgrid


FloorDescription NO,STORY LENGTH,ft WIDTHft UNITLOAD/sft TOTALLOAD,kip
Contributoryfloorload 9 30 40 0.151 1630.80
Contributoryrooffloor 1 30 40 0.136 163.20
COLUMNDROPCAPITAL 10 14 11 0.075 115.50
SelfweightofcolumnApprox.
32"x32"
1 104 1 1.06 110.24
DeadloadSubtotal 2019.74

floorliveload 9 30 40 0.042 453.60
Roofliveload 1 30 40 0.02 24.00
477.60
TotalLoadD.L&LL 2497.34
Actual
Factoredload= (1.2D+1.6L) 3,187.85 Kip
Orinkn KN 14,185.92 KN
Columnlegend ExteriorColumn allequalgrid
Floordescription NO,STORY LENGTH,ft WIDTHft UNITLOAD/sft TOTALLOAD,kip

Contributoryfloorload 9 30 21 0.151 856.17
Contributoryrooffloor 1 30 21 0.136 85.68
Edgebeam(30"x24") 10 28 1 0.75 210.00
Wall10"(h=7'6") 10 22 1 0.77 169.40
SelfweightofcolumnApprox.
(25"x30")
1 104 1 0.75 78.00


DeadloadSubtotal 1399.25

floorliveload 9 30 20 0.042 226.80
Roofliveload 1 30 20 0.02 12.00
Liveload 238.80
TotalLoadD.L&LL 1638.05
Actual
Factoredload=kip (1.2D+1.6L) 2,061.18 Kip
Orinkn KN 9,172.25 KN

StructuralSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingSummary
Page93of188

Columnlegend CornerColumn allequalgrid


Floordescription NO,STORY LENGTH,ft WIDTHft UNITLOAD/sft TOTALLOAD,kip

Contributoryfloorload 9 16 21 0.151 456.62
Contributoryrooffloor 1 16 21 0.136 45.70
0.00
Edgebeam(30"x24") 10 33 1 0.75 247.50
Wall10"(h=7'6") 10 26.4 1 0.77 203.28
SelfweightofcolumnApprox.
(25"x30")
1 104 1 0.75 78.00


DeadloadSubtotal 1031.10

Floorliveload 9 16 21 0.042 127.01
Roofliveload 1 16 21 0.02 6.72
Liveload 133.73
TotalLoadD.L&LL 1164.83
Actual
Factoredload= (1.2D+1.6L) 1,451.28 Kip
Orinkn KN 6,458.22 KN

StructuralSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingSummary
Page94of188

FerroScanningReport

Sl.No Gridno/Location
Natureof
Structure
Reinforcementdetails Remark(ifany)
01
GroundFloor
G8
Column

MainReinforcement:(2432mm)
Ring:10mm@11.5c/c

StructuralSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingSummary
Page95of188

ETABS

StructuralSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingSummary
Page96of188

StructuralSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingSummary
Page97of188

StructuralSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingSummary
Page98of188

StructuralSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingSummary
Page99of188

PictureReferencesonStructuralSafetyIssues

FrontElevation

SideElevation

ReconstructionworkatLevel10

StructuralSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingSummary
Page100of188

SupportingofSlabatLevel9

CuttingSectionLevel5

SewingFloorLevel7

StructuralSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingSummary
Page101of188

FinishingatLevel8

CartonatLevel6

EmergencyExitStair

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingSummary
Page102of188

ElectricalSafetyAssessment

AdministrationandEnforcement
Thereportisasdetailedaspossible,madeillustratedsothatthiscanbeusedasachecklist.Thecriteriausedcanbe
found in Nonconformities and Code Descriptions in Electrical Measurement part. A summary sheet of the findings
andmeasurementareattachedwiththisreport.

ProjectDescription

NameoftheFacility XYZGarmentsLtd.
LocationoftheFacility ,Bangladesh
NatureofFacility Embroidery
AreaofFloor Asmentionedatthebeginningofthereport
ElectricalSafetyRating(Overall) D
TimetoCompletetheDeficiencies D=30,C=90,B=180Days

ElectricalSafetyAssessment:OverallRatingforXYZGarmentsLtd.is:

D C B

Thedetailsofthescoreareshownindifferentchaptersofthisreportandbriefwiththesummary

ClassificationofFindings Symbol NegativePointsofeachFindings No.ofFindings


Red D 10 19
Orange C 8 41
Yellow B 3 25
TotalNumberofNCs(NonCompliances)= 85

D
22%
C
48%
B
30%
TotalNCFindings=85
ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingSummary
Page103of188

Followingcriteriawereusedforthisassessment:
5. AllianceStandardFinal
6. BangladeshNationalBuildingCode(BNBC)2006ElectricalPart.
7. BangladeshElectricityRules1937AppropriateSections.
8. AppropriatepartsoftheNFPA70(NEC2011)Edition2011.

Forthis,thefollowingchaptersofNFPA70weretakenintoconsideration:
a. Chapter1General(AppropriateSections)
b. Chapter2Wiringandprotection(AppropriateSections)
c. Chapter4Equipmentforgeneraluse(AppropriateSections)
d. Chapter6SpecialEquipment(section605,670and695only)
e. Chapter7SpecialConditions(section705and760)
Themethodologiesoftheinspectionare:
12. ONLoadMeasurementofVoltage,CurrentindifferentDistributionBoxes:Thesevalueswereevaluatedin
order to ascertain any possible adverse condition that may lead to further deterioration and
incident/accident.
13. Thermography:Abnormalitiesoftemperaturevariationwascapturedfromthelivedistributionboxes,buses
andprotectivedevicesbythermalimagertoanalyzethecausesofproblems
14. OFF Load Measurement: Earth and Insulation Resistance were measured andevaluated with the standards
andrecommendations.
15. Inspection of the whole Electrical System Network: The Electrical System Network was checked section by
section,floorbyfloor,fromtheElectricsourcetothefinalelectricoutletand/orloadpoints.Anydifferences
or deviationsagainstthecriteriawerenoted.Components/areashavinglapseswerephotographed.
16. A thorough analysis of all the findings was made and report prepared in following manner: A set of
descriptiveNonConformityReports(NCRs)weremade,wherethedeficienciesaredescribedandassociated
referencesarecitedinnextpages.

InterpretationoftheReport
Inordertousethereportseffectively,followingpointsneedtobenoted:

4. Thesummarydocumentsatthebeginningofthereportandtheoverallratingofthefacilityshallbenoted
5. Atthefacilitylevel,managementshallassignappropriatepersonstostudythereports,andmakeadetailed
actionplanimmediately,basedonthereportandrecommendationsatvariouspoints,sharethiswithus,and
executethe improvements.Foryoursafetyandliability purposes,we recommendthatlicensed contractors
evaluateandrepairanydeficiencies.
6. For any clarification of the report, a meeting can be arranged, where any item which is not readily
understoodcanbeexplained.

FacilityDescription

NameoftheFacility: XYZGarmentsLtd.
,Bangladesh
NatureoftheFacility: Embroidery
ContactPerson: Contactno.:
NoofBuilding: 1Building

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingSummary
Page104of188

SummaryofElectricalSystem
Description Quantity

Generator 01
Transformer 01
LTPanel 01
DB 02
SDB 02
Technician 01

NumbersofFindingsonNonCompliances(NCs)
DescriptiveNC PhotographicNC ThermalNCVisual&MeasureTimetoRectify

DeficiencyRed 0 10 1 08 30Days
DeficiencyOrange 0 0 1 40 90Days
DeficiencyYellow 11 0 2 12 180Days

CalculationofDeficiencyRating

ColorofFindings Symbol NegativePointsofeachFindings No.ofFindings TotalNegativePoint


Red D 10 19 190
Orange C 8 41 328
Yellow B 3 25 75
TotalNegativePointsinthepremises= 593
NegativePointper1,000Sft= 26.35

FinalResult:RatingoftheFactory

NameoftheFacility
AccordingtoNegativePoints
Scored(Rating)
AccordingtoNegativePointsand
ConsiderationFactors(FinalRating)
XYZGarmentsLtd. D D

Factory/PremisesRatingTableBasedonNCandotherConsiderationFactors

Status A:Compliant B:Yellow C:Orange D:Red


RatingConsideration 0 0.1to15 15.1to25 25.1andabove

RatingCriteriaataGlance
1. IfordinarywoodenEnclosureusedinElectricalSystemthenthefactorymayberatedasD.
2. IfanysinglefloororpartofabuildingisratedD,thentheentirebuildingwillberatedasD.
3. Ifalotofloopingconnections,connectionwithoutlugandnospaceandnospareMCB/MCCBisavailablein
LT/MDB/DB/SDBthenthefactory/installation/facilitywillberatedasC.

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingSummary
Page105of188

4. IfnumbersofCircuitshavingnoprotectionwithMCCB/MCB/Fusethenthefactory/installation/facilitywillbe
ratedasC.
5. IfnumbersofCircuitshavingunknownloadthenthefactory/installation/facilitywillberatedasC.
6. IftheSubStation/BoilerroomisorinthefactorybuildingbutlayoutofthesearenotasperBNBCcode,then
thefactorywillberatedasC.
ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingSummary
Page106of188

XYZGarmentsLtd.,Bangladesh
ElectricalSafetyAssessmentSummaryfromDescriptiveNC,VisualInspectionandEnclosureDataSheets
SL. Observation NC PictureReference Identification
Total
Finding(s)
Consequences
Timeto
Complete
(Days)
SourceofFindings
1
AbsenceofPlanned
Periodical
inspection/testingand
maintenanceofall
electricalequipment
NC
1.1,
1.4
N/A 0 MajorShutdownmayoccur 0
Collected
Information
2
AbsenceofPeriodical
insulationresistance
test(IRtest)
NC
1.2
N/A 0
Failingofadequateresistivityofthecables
mayleadsshortcircuit
0
Collected
Information
3
AbsenceofLoad
measurement(Voltage
andCurrent)onall
feeders
NC
1.3
N/A 1 Causesthefailure/lossofequipments 180
Collected
Information
4
Higherrated
MCCB/MCBisusedto
protectthelowerrated
cable
NC
1.5
LT01/S.S/GF,DB1/GF,SDB1/1st
Floor,DB1/2ndFloor,SDB1/2nd
Floor
5 CircuitProtectionisinRisk 30
FromMeasurement
DataSheet
5
UnknownLoadis
connected
NC
1.6
DB1/GF 1 CircuitProtectionisinRisk 30
FromMeasurement
DataSheet
6
Listanddiagramofthe
circuitsthatthe
distributionboards
(SDB/DB/MDB)control,
arenotavailable.
NC
1.7
N/A 1
EmergencyResponseandMaintenancewill
behampered
180 VisualInspection
7
Clear
identification/markingis
notavailableatLT,MDB
andDBMCB/MCCB
NC
1.8
N/A 1
EmergencyResponseandMaintenancewill
behampered
180 VisualInspection
8
Thereisnomeansto
knowforhowmany
overcurrentdevicesthe
panelboard(MDB,SDB,
LTetc.)wasdesigned
andratedfor.
NC
1.9
N/A 1 CircuitProtectionisinRisk 30 FromChecklist
9
Cablesconnected
withoutlugs/Splicing
joints/Looping
NC
1.10

A3,A2,5,6,7,8 5
Causeoflooseconnectionmayleadheatand
fire.
30 FromHazardPictures

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingSummary
Page107of188

SL. Observation NC PictureReference Identification


Total
Finding(s)
Consequences
Timeto
Complete
(Days)
SourceofFindings
10
Sockets&Lightsarein
samecircuit
NC
1.11
N/A 0
MaycauseoffrequenttrippingoftheCircuit
breakers
0 FromHazardPictures
11
MCB/MCCBsinstallingin
exposedcondition
NC
1.12
N/A 0
MaycauseofElectricalShockandloosingof
livesoftheworkers
0 FromHazardPictures
12
Meansforidentification
notavailableforthe
finalcircuitsinthe
followingDBs.
NC
1.13
LTPanel/GF 1 CircuitProtectionisinRisk 30 FromChecklist
13
Woodenboardisused
asenclosureand
supportingbaseof
MCB/MCCB.
NC
1.14
N/A 0 Maximumprobabilityofcommunicatingfire 0 FromHazardPictures
14
Interlocksnotprovided
formultiplepower
sources(LT&MDB).
NC
1.15
N/A 0
Maycauseofshortcircuitanddestroythe
equipments
0 FromChecklist
15
Mainincomerofthe
panelshouldbe
operable
NC
1.16
N/A 0
Importanttodisconnectingthepowerfor
equipmentsinneed
0 FromChecklist
16
CableOverloaded,Cable
Lugsnotfixedproperly.
ProbableDeficiency
Immediately
NC
1.17

IR007161.IS2 1 Willburnthecableandcontactor 30 FromThermography


17 Safetyguard
NC
1.18
A1,2,4,7,8 5
Electricalshockinghazardandmaybethe
causeoflosinglivesofworkers
30 FromHazardPictures
18
Combustiblematerials
keptneartothe
Electricalsystem
NC
1.19
N/A 0
Maybethecauseoffirebyensuringthe
probabilityofcommunicatingfire
0 FromHazardPictures

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingSummary
Page108of188

SL. Observation NC PictureReference Identification


Total
Finding(s)
Consequences
Timeto
Complete
(Days)
SourceofFindings
19
Indamporwet
locations,surfacetype
enclosures
NC
1.20
N/A 0
Maycauseofshortcircuitanddestroythe
equipmentsandelectricalshocktohuman
bodies
0 FromHazardPictures
20
NeutralandGrounding
shouldnotbeshorted
butbothareshortedin
thementioned
MDB/DB/SDBs
NC
1.21

N/A 0
OverCurrentmayflowthroughgrounding
andcouldbethecauseoffailureofthe
system
0 FromChecklist
21
CableLugnotFixed
Properly,Cable
Overloaded.Probable
DeficiencyMonitor
untilCorrective
Measurescanbe
accomplished
NC
1.22

IR007160.IS2 1 Mayburnthecableandbreakers 90 FromThermography


22
No.ofoutgoingcircuit
NeutralandEarth
conductorsisnotequal
totheno.ofoutgoing
circuits
NC
1.23

DB1/GF,SDB1/1stFloor,DB
1/2ndFloor
3
MaycauseofElectricalshockinghazardand
overload
90 FromChecklist
23
Meansforidentification
notavailableforCircuit
NeutralandEarth
conductorsinthe
followingMDB/DBs
NC
1.24

LTPanel/GF,DB1/GF,SDB1/1st
Floor,DB1/2ndFloor,SDB1/2nd
Floor
5 MaycauseofElectricalshockinghazard 90 FromChecklist
24
Phase,Neutraland
earthbusbarsnotused
andconnectedproperly
inthefollowingpanel
boxes.
NC
1.25

LTPanel/GF,DB1/GF,SDB1/1st
Floor,DB1/2ndFloor,SDB1/2nd
Floor
5
Difficulttoexpandaddorreducespecific
loadcircuit
90 FromChecklist
25
Identificationof
Neutral/Earth
Conductorisnot
permanent
NC
1.26

LTPanel/GF,DB1/GF,SDB1/1st
Floor,DB1/2ndFloor,SDB1/2nd
Floor
5
Riskofelectricalshocksduringworkinginthe
boxes
90 FromChecklist
26
Protectivedevices
(MCCB,MCB)without
identificationoftheir
ratings
NC
1.27
DB1/GF 1 Protectionhampered 90
FromMeasurement
DataSheet

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingSummary
Page109of188

SL. Observation NC PictureReference Identification


Total
Finding(s)
Consequences
Timeto
Complete
(Days)
SourceofFindings
27
Someofthedistribution
boards(MDB/DB/SB)
haveinadequateECC
NC
1.28

DB1/GF,SDB1/1stFloor,DB
1/2ndFloor,SDB1/2ndFloor
4
Hamperingthesafetyoftheequipments
andlives
90
FromMeasurement
DataSheet
28
Panelboardcabinets
andpanelboardframes
arenotgrounded
NC
1.29

LTPanel/GF,DB1/GF,SDB1/1st
Floor,DB1/2ndFloor,SDB1/2nd
Floor
5
Riskofelectricalshocksduringworkinginthe
boxes
90 FromChecklist
29
Loadcurrentmustbe
measurableinallcircuits
butcablesarenotwell
dressedinthefollowing
MDB/DBs
NC
1.30
N/A 0
Causeoflooseconnectionmayleadheatand
fire.MeasuringVolt/Ampsisdifficultto
understandthecircuitconditions
0 FromHazardPictures
30
PeriodicalEarth
ResistanceTestnot
carriedoutforall
earthingsystems
NC
1.31
N/A 0
Higherearthresistancemaybethecause
destroyingormalfunctioningofequipments
0
Collected
Information
31
Adequateilluminationis
absentinfrontof
Enclosures
NC
1.32

LTPanel/GF,DB1/GF,SDB1/1st
Floor,DB1/2ndFloor,SDB1/2nd
Floor
5
Riskofelectricalshocksduringworkinginthe
boxes
90 FromChecklist
32
Multiplecablesentered
inonepointeitheron
busbarorMCB,MCCBs
NC
1.33
DB1/GF,SDB1/1stFloor 2
Causeoflooseconnectionmayleadheatand
fire.
90
FromMeasurement
DataSheet
33
ProperWorkingoras
builtelectrical
drawingsofmain
distributioncircuitand
floorlevelscircuits
connectingelectrical
loads
(machines/lights/cooling
systemetc.)notbe
availableatsite
NC
1.34
N/A 1
Asbuiltdrawingisthemaintoolsto
understandthesystem
180
Collected
Information
34
DBs(BBTControl)not
installedatreachable
height,shouldbe
maximum6feetheight.
NC
1.35
N/A 0
Riskofelectricalshocksduringworkinginthe
boxes
0 FromChecklist
35
RoomisnotRainproof
orwaterproof
NC
1.36
N/A 0
Enteringrainwatercanbethecauseofshort
circuitanddamagingofequipment
0 FromHazardPictures
36
Cable,raceway,orbox
installedinexposed
locationsandnot
supported
NC
1.37
N/A 0
Enteringrainwatercanbethecauseofshort
circuitanddamagingofequipment
0 FromHazardPictures

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingSummary
Page110of188

SL. Observation NC PictureReference Identification


Total
Finding(s)
Consequences
Timeto
Complete
(Days)
SourceofFindings
37
Properbushings(gland)
arenotusedatcable
enteringpointofBoards
andpanels.Moisture,
dustandverminmay
enterintoboxes
NC
1.38

LTPanel/GF,DB1/GF,SDB1/1st
Floor,DB1/2ndFloor,SDB1/2nd
Floor
5
Vermin,dustandmoisturesmayenterinto
theboxesandcouldbecauseofelectrical
shortcircuit
90 FromChecklist
38
Conductorsnot
separatelyenclosedin
flexiblenonmetallic
tubing
NC
1.39
N/A 0
Maydamagedtheinsulationandcauseof
electricalfaults
0 FromHazardPictures
39
V/Ameters'calibration
wasneverdoneafter
installation
NC
1.40
N/A 1
Errorinreadingofmetercouldbethecause
oflossoflivesandmachines
180
Collected
Information
40
Indicatorlampsfor
someoftheMDB/DB
arenotpresentor
connectedwithoutany
protectivedevice
NC
1.41
DB1/GF,DB1/2ndFloor 2
Absenceofindicatorswillmisleadthe
personsandcouldbethecauseoflossof
livesandmachines
180 FromChecklist
41
ManyAmperemeter
andVoltmeterareout
oforder
NC
1.42
LTPanel/GF 1
Understandingofsystemhealthinstantlyis
notpossiblewithoutmeters.
180 FromChecklist
42
Infrontoffew
MDB/DB/SDBsthereis
noelectricalgraded
rubbermatandinfront
offewother
MDB/DB/SDBsnon
gradedandinadequate
sizedrubbermatsused.
NC
1.43
SDB1/1stFloor,DB1/2ndFloor 2
Riskofelectricalshocksduringworkinginthe
boxes
180 FromChecklist
43
Thereisnoinstruction
boardfoundfor
restorationofpersons
sufferingfromelectrical
shockatanyplaceinthe
factory.
NC
1.44
N/A 1
Presenceofsuchinstructionwillhelpthe
victiminneed
180 VisualInspection
44
Therewasno
instructionboardfound
inthefactoryfor
artificialrespirationin
caseofelectricshock.
NC
1.45
N/A 1
Presenceofsuchinstructionwillhelpthe
victiminneed
180 VisualInspection

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingSummary
Page111of188

SL. Observation NC PictureReference Identification


Total
Finding(s)
Consequences
Timeto
Complete
(Days)
SourceofFindings
45
ElectricalLayout
drawingsarenot
availableatsite.
NC
1.46
N/A 1
Insuchacaseanyadditionordeductioncan
notbedoneeasilyandsafely
180
Collected
Information
46
AllPhaseconductors,
NeutralandEarth
shouldfollowthecolour
code.
NC
1.47

LTPanel/GF,DB1/GF,SDB1/1st
Floor,DB1/2ndFloor,SDB1/2nd
Floor
5
Maycauseofburningofequipmentsor
machines
180 FromChecklist
47
CableLugnotAdequate,
ContactLoose,Breaker
Overloaded,Dry&
Loosecontacts.
ProbableDeficiency
RepairasTimePermits
NC
1.48

IR007163.IS2,IR007164.IS2 2 Mayburnthecableandbreakers 180 FromThermography


48
Handheldtoolsusedby
theelectriciansarenot
doubleinsulated
NC
1.49
N/A 1
Canbethecauseofelectricalshockand
losingworkerslives
180 VisualInspection
49
Thereisnoadequate
lightningprotection
arrangementofthe
building.
NC
1.50
N/A 1
Properarrangementshouldbeinplacefor
thesafetyofworkersandthemachinesas
well
180 VisualInspection
50
PhaseandNeutral
shouldbesamesizebut
inthefollowing
MDB/DBshave
deficiencies
NC
1.51
N/A 0
Couldbethecauseofunbalancingloadsand
destroyingtheequipments
0
FromMeasurement
DataSheet
51
Indicatorlampsformost
oftheLT
PANEL/MDB/DB/SDB
connectedwithoutany
protectivedevice
(Fuse/MCB)
NC
1.52
DB1/GF,DB1/2ndFloor 2
Errorinreadingofmetercouldbethecause
ofloseoflivesandmachines
180 FromChecklist

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingSummary
Page112of188

SL. Observation NC PictureReference Identification


Total
Finding(s)
Consequences
Timeto
Complete
(Days)
SourceofFindings
52
Permanentlegiblesigns
shallbeinstalledat
isolatingequipment
warningagainst
operationwhilecarrying
current,unlessthe
equipmentis
interlockedsothatit
cannotbeoperated
underload.
NC
1.53
N/A 1
Misoperationmaybethecauseofaccident
andloosingworkerslives
180 VisualInspection

CorrectiveActionsonDeficiencies

D(Red)= Needtocheckimmediatelythefollowingandcorrectingaccordingly
a. BreakerSizes
b. Multiplecablesinonepoints
c. Propersizeofcablelugsandcrimpingwithpropertools
d. Looseconnections
C(Orange)= Monitorthefollowingsuntilcorrectivemeasurescanbeaccomplishedandcorrectaftercompletingtheaboveissues
a. Dressingofcableincorrectorder
b. Closingofcableentrance
c. Illuminationinfrontdistributionboxes
d. ECCfordistributionboxes
B(Yellow)= Checkthefollowingandcorrectinnextscheduleofmaintenance
a. InstructionBoards
b. Rubbermatinfronttofdistributionboxes
c. PeriodicalEarthandInsulationResistanceprogram
d. Indicatorlampsforthedistributionboxes
e. VoltandAmmetersforthedistributionboxes
A(Blue)= Compliant,nocorrectionrequired.

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.NCsbyDescription
Page113of188

Nonconformities(NCs)byDescription

XYZ Garments Ltd. has some deficiencies in the electrical system network, which is listed below for
appropriate correction and corrective actions. All the deficiencies will be presented later in this document
throughpictures,datasheetsonenclosures,overallvisualinspectionreports.Allthepictures,dataarethepart
ofthisreport.

1. GeneralRequirements:

NC 1.1: (B): Planned Periodical inspection/testing and maintenance of all electrical equipment shall be carried
out in order toensure proper operability of the installation and record ofthe same should be maintained. No such
program schedule or record is evident here for inspection and maintenance of the electrical equipment. This is a
violationofSection2.11.1ofBNBC2006.

NC1.2:(B):Periodicalinsulationresistancetest(IRtest)shallhavetobecarriedoutforallelectricalequipment
withMeggar0.5KVor1KV(accordingtothevoltageratingofequipment).Nosuchprogramscheduleorrecordof
Periodicalinsulationresistancetestisevidenthere.ThisisaviolationofSection2.11.2.1ofBNBC2006.

NC 1.3: (B): Load measurement (Voltage and Current) is needed on all feeders in every year to monitor the
conditionandtendencyoftheequipment.Nosuchprogramscheduleorrecordofloadmeasurementisevident.This
isaviolationsection2.11.4ofBNBC2006.

NC1.4:(B): Noticeforperiodicalinspectionandtestingatleastonceinevery2yearshouldbedisplayedatthe
factoryLTroom.Nosuchnoticewasfound.ThisisaviolationofBangladeshElectricityRules1937,Clause49(5).

NC 1.5: (D): Higher rated MCCB/MCB is used to protect the lower rated cable in MDB/SDBs is a violation of
section:2.7.6.3and2.7.6.4ofBNBC2006.

NC 1.6: (D): Unknown load is connected to DBs is a violation of section: 2.7.5.6(d) of BNBC2006. Data on
ConnectingLoadwasnotprovidedduringinspection.

NC1.7:(B):Listanddiagramofthecircuitsthatthedistributionboards(SDB/DB/MDB)control,arenotavailable.
Thisisaviolationofsection:2.7.5.6(d)ofBNBC2006whichrequiresEach(DistributionBoard)shallbeprovidedwith
a circuit list giving diagram of each circuit which it controls and the current rating for the circuit and size of fuse
element.
NC 1.8: (B): Clear identification/marking was not available at LT, MDB and DB MCB/MCCB. This is a violation of
section: 2.11.5.4 (point9)of BNBC2006. Asper BNBC2006, clear andpermanent identificationmarks are required
tobepaintedinalldistributionboards,switchboards,submainboardsandswitchesasnecessary.

NC1.9:(D):Thereisnomeanstoknowforhowmanyovercurrentdevicesthepanelboard(MDB,SDB,LTetc.)
wasdesignedandratedfor.Also,meansofpreventionofinstallingexceedingthedesignednumberofdevicesisnot
available. This is a violation of section 408.54, NFPA702011. As per NFPA702011, a panel board shall be provided
withphysicalmeanstopreventtheinstallation ofmore overcurrentdevices thanthat numberfor whichthepanel
boardwasdesigned,rated,andlisted.Forthepurposesofthissection,a2polecircuitbreakerorfusibleswitchshall
be considered for two over current devices; a 3pole circuit breaker or fusible switch shall be considered for three
overcurrentdevices.
NC 1.10: (D): In MDB/DB/SDBs attaching cables using splicing joint at busbar without using cable lugs is a
violationofSection2.5.4.4and2.5.5.4(c)ofBNBC2006.
ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.NCsbyDescription
Page114of188

NC1.11:(D):Sockets&LightsareinsamecircuitinDBsisaviolationofSection:2.7.5.6(d)ofBNBC2006.Asper
BNBC2006.

NC 1.12: (D): MCB/MCCBs installing in exposed condition is a violation of Bangladesh electricity rules 1937,
clause49(3).

NC1.13:(D):MeansforidentificationnotavailableforthefinalcircuitsinDBsisaviolationoftherulerefersto
section200.10NFPA702011.

NC 1.14: (D): Using of wooden board as enclosure and supporting base of MCB/MCCB is a violation of section:
2.11.5.4(point1)ofBNBC2006.

NC1.15:(D):Interlocksshouldbeprovidedformultiplepowersources(LT&MDB).Violationofthisrulerefersto
section225.17NFPA702011.

NC 1.16: (D): Main incomer of the panel should be operable. Violation of this rule refers to section 520.53 (C)
NFPA702011.

NC1.17:(D):AsperElectricalTestingAssociationANSI/MTS07ThermographicSurveySuggestedActionBased
onTemperatureRise.MajorDeficiencyImmediateCorrectionRequired"Ifdifferenceismorethan40.0Cand
abovefrommeasuredAmbientTemperature.BelowislistofreferenceofDdeficienciesbaseontemperatures.

NC1.18:(D):ArcingParts.Partsofelectricalequipmentthatinordinaryoperationproducearcs,sparks,flames,
or molten metal shall be enclosed or separated and isolated from all combustible material as directed in NFPA70
2011section110.18.Phaseseparatorshouldbeusedattheterminalsofthemaindisconnections(MCCB,MCB).Air
gapshouldbeminimum25mm.

NC 1.19: (D): As per NFPA section408.17 Location Relative to Easily Ignitable Material. Switchboards shall be
placedsoastoreducetoaminimumtheprobabilityofcommunicatingfiretoadjacentcombustiblematerials.Where
installedoveracombustibleFloor,suitableprotectiontheretoshallbeprovided.

NC 1.20: (D): Damp and Wet Locations. In damp or wet locations, surfacetype enclosures within the scope of
thisarticleshallbeplacedorequippedsoastopreventmoistureorwaterfromenteringandaccumulatingwithinthe
cabinetorcutoutbox,andshallbemountedsothereisatleast6mm(14in.)airspacebetweentheenclosureand
the wall or other supporting surface. Enclosures installed in wet locations shall be weatherproof. For enclosures in
wet locations, raceways or cables entering above the level of un insulated live parts shall use fittings listed for wet
locations. Exception: Nonmetallic enclosures shall be permitted to be installed without the airspace on a concrete,
masonry,tile,orsimilarsurface,asdirectedinNFPA702011section312.2.

NC1.21:(B):AsperNFPA702011clause250.186C,NeutralandGroundingshouldnotbeshorted.

NC 1.22: (C): As perElectricalTesting AssociationANSI/MTS07ThermographicSurvey SuggestedAction Based


onTemperatureRise."CertainDeficiencyMonitoruntilCorrectiveMeasurescanbeaccomplished"Ifdifference
ismorethan20.0Candupto40.0CfrommeasuredAmbientTemperature.

NC 1.23: (C): The no. of outgoing circuit Neutral and Earth conductors need to be equal to the no. of outgoing
circuitstoavoidunbalancingofloads.Violationoftherulereferstosection200.6,210.11and210.19NFPA702011.

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.NCsbyDescription
Page115of188

NC 1.24: (C): Means for identification not available for CircuitNeutral and Earth conductors in the DBs is a
violationoftherulereferstosection200.6,310.120NFPA702011..

NC1.25:(C):Phase,Neutralandearthbusbarsnotusedandconnectedproperlyinthepanelboxesisviolation
oftherulereferstosection408.3(E)and408.41NFPA702011.

NC1.26:(C):Identificationofearthedconductorsandearthedneutralconductorsshallbeofpermanentnature.
Itisnotfollowedinmostoftheboards.Mostoftheboxesthereisnoidentifications.ItisaviolationofBangladesh
Electricityrules1937,clause51andsection408.41ofNFPA702011.

NC1.27:(C):Noprotectivedevices(MCCB,MCB)orwithoutidentificationoftheirratingswhicharelistedbelow.
Properratingisrequiredtoselectthewiresizeaswellasselectionandcoordinationofthecircuits.Thisisaviolation
ofsection:2.7.6.1ofBNBC2006,110.22(A)NFPA70.

NC 1.28: (C): Having inadequate ECC (earth continuity conductor) for the distribution boards (DB/MDB/SB) is a
violationofsection:2.8.3.3(c)&Table8.2.11ofBNBC2006.AsperBNBC2006,ECCsizeshallnotbelessthanhalfthe
areaofthelargestcurrentcarryingconductorsupplyingtheline.Ifthephaseconductorislessthan16mm
2
thenECC
willbesamesizebutnotlessthan14SWG(3.243mm
2
)andifthesizeis16to35mm
2
thenECCwillbe16mm
2
.

NC1.29:(C):Asperclause408.40NFPA702011,Panelboardcabinetsandpanelboardframes,ifofmetal,shall
be in physical contact with each other and shall be grounded. Where the panel board is used with nonmetallic
racewayorcableorwhereseparategroundingconductorsareprovided,aterminalbarforthegroundingconductors
shall be secured inside the cabinet. The terminal bar shall be bonded to the cabinet and panel board frame, if of
metal;otherwiseitshallbeconnectedtothegroundingconductorthatisrunwiththeconductorsfeedingthepanel
board.

NC1.30:(C):Loadcurrentmustbemeasurableinallcircuits.Thisisaviolationofsection2.11.4ofBNBC2006.

NC1.31:(B):PeriodicalEarthResistanceTestshallhavetobecarriedoutforallearthingsystemsandtheresult
thereof shall be kept for a period of not less than two years after the test so made and shall be available to the
Inspector when required. No such programmed schedule or record of Periodical Earth Resistance Test is evident
here. This isa violation of Bangladesh Electricity Rules 1937, Clause 57(5) and Section 2.11.1.2 and 2.11.3 of BNBC
2006. Grounding is very vital for the operation of the system and protection of man/machine. If phase conductor
fails, it will stop operation/production but in case of grounding failure, it could cause stop production/damage
equipmentandelectricsockhazardtotheworkers.

NC 1.32: (C): Adequate illumination should be in front of Enclosures, which is violation of section 110.26(D)
NFPA702011.

NC1.33:(C):MultiplecablesenteredinonepointeitheronBusBarorMCB, MCCBs.Thisisviolationofsection
312.5(C)ofNFPA702011.

NC1.34:(B):ProperWorkingorasbuiltelectricaldrawingsofmaindistributioncircuitandFloorlevelscircuits
connecting electrical loads (machines/lights/cooling system etc.) should be available at site. Unavailability is a
violation of Section 2.5.3.1 & 2.5.3.2 of BNBC2006. With the help of proper electrical drawings, any
addition/deduction/isolation of loads can be done easily and any tabletop decision can be made centrally taking
consideration of safety, integrity and good productivity. Proper drawing is an engineering tool, and every system
musthaveit.

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.NCsbyDescription
Page116of188

NC 1.35: (B): DBs (BBT Control) should install at reachable height, and should be maximum 6 feet height.
Violationofthisrulerefertosection:2.7.5.6(a)ofBNBC2006andNEC110.26(A)(3).

NC1.36:(C):Asperarticle100NFPA702011,Rainproof:Constructed,protected,ortreatedsoastopreventrain
from interfering with the successful operation of the apparatus under specified test conditions. Raintight:
Constructedorprotectedsothatexposuretoabeatingrainwillnotresultintheentranceofwaterunderspecified
testconditions.

NC1.37:(C):Acable,raceway,orbox,installedinexposedorconcealedlocationsundermetalcorrugatedsheet
roof decking, shall be installed and supported sothere is not less than 38 mm (112 in.) measured from the lowest
surfaceoftheroofdeckingtothetopofthecable,raceway,orbox.Acable,raceway,orboxshallnotbeinstalledin
concealedlocationsinmetalcorrugated,sheetdeckingtyperoof.Thishasbeendescribedmorepreciselyinclause
300.4(E)NFPA702011.

NC 1.38: (C): Proper bushings(gland)arenotusedat cableentering pointof Boardsand panels. Moisture,dust


and vermin may enter in to boxes. This is a violation of section: 2.7.5.4(a) of BNBC2006 and 110.12(A), 230, 312.5
NFPA702011.

NC 1.39: (C): Exposed WorkIn dry locations, where not exposed to physical damage, conductors shall be
permitted to be separately enclosed in flexible nonmetallic tubing. The tubing shall be in continuous lengths not
exceeding4.5m(15ft)andsecuredtothesurfacebystrapsatintervalsnotexceeding1.4m(412)asdirectedin
NFPA70section398.15.

NC1.40:(B):Calibration/validationofalltypeofmetersatFloorlevelsandLTroomshouldbedoneperiodically.
Calibration wasneverdoneafter installation.Metering error of morethan 3%notallowed in BangladeshElectricity
rules1937,Clause32(b).

NC 1.41: (B): Indicator lamps for some of the MDB/DB are not present or connected without any protective
device(Fuse/MCB).ThisisaviolationofSection:2.7.6.1ofBNBC2006,408.52NFPA702011.

NC 1.42: (B): Many Ampere meter and Volt meter are out of order (such as at MDB, LT Panel etc.). This is a
violationofBangladeshElectricityRules1937,Clause33.Amperemetersandvoltmetersarethesystemmonitorof
the running system. Abnormal high amps indicates fault in the system and abnormal voltage (low/high) indicates
abnormalityinthesystem.Ifthemetersarenotcorrectthenitcouldnotreflecttheactualsituationofthesystem.As
aresultpropermeasurescouldnotbetakeninrighttime.Allmetersmustbemaintainedcorrectly.

NC 1.43: (B):In front of few MDB/DB/SDBs there is no electrical graded rubber mat and in front of few other
MDB/DB/SDBs nongraded and inadequate sized rubber mats used. This is a violation of Section 2.11.5.1 of BNBC
2006.

NC1.44:(B):Thereisnoinstructionboardfoundforrestorationofpersonssufferingfromelectricalshockatany
placeinthefactory.ThisisaviolationofBangladeshElectricityrules1937,Clause46.Itisveryessentialthatsafety
andfirstaidinstructionsshouldbeadequatelydisplayedandpromulgated.

NC 1.45: (B): There was no instruction board found in the factory for artificial respiration in case of electric
shock.ThisistheviolationofBangladeshElectricityrules1937,Clause47.Itisaveryessentialsafetyinstructionand
inmanycasessuchawarenesscansaveliveswithsimpleactions.

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.NCsbyDescription
Page117of188

NC1.46:(B):AbsentofElectricalLayoutdrawingsatsiteareaviolationofSection2.5.3.5ofBNBC2006.Proper
layout drawing is very important for the production oriented factory. A layout drawing should be prepared
considering possible maximum loading/production capacity of a Floor area. Accordingly electrical infrastructure will
havetobebuilt.Insuchacaseanyadditionordeductioncanbedoneeasilyandsafely.Properlayoutdrawingisan
engineeringtool,andeverysystemmusthaveit.

NC1.47:(B):AllPhaseconductors,NeutralandEarthshouldfollowthecolourcode.Violationoftherulereferto
section310.120,250.119NFPA702011.

NC1.48:(B):ASperElectricalTestingAssociationANSI/MTS07ThermographicSurveySuggestedActionBased
on Temperature Rise. Probable Deficiency Repair as Time Permits" If difference is more than 10.0C (degrees
centigrade)andupto20.0CfrommeasuredAmbientTemperature.

NC 1.49: (B): Hand held tools used by the electricians are not double insulated. Hand gloves should be kept in
eachFloor.Generator/SubstationoperatorshouldusePPE.Forsafety,doubleinsulatedhandtools,PPE,handgloves
andearthlinglidsarerequiredasperNFPA70(E).

NC 1.50: (B): Lightening protection arrangement of a building is essential as per Section 2.9 of BNBC2006.
Lightningprotectionisanimportantarrangement.AbsentofproperLAmaycausehealthhazardsfortheworkersand
destructionofmachinesandmaterials.Lightningprotectionisanimportantarrangement.EveryIndustrialinstallation
musthaveit.

NC1.51:(B):Phase,NeutralandGroundingarenotsamesizeintheDBisaviolationofsection2.5.4.1ofBNBC
2006.

NC 1.52: (B): Indicator lamps for most of the LTPANEL/MDB/DB/SDB connected without any protective device
(Fuse/MCB).ThisisaviolationofSection:2.7.6.1ofBNBC2006.

NC1.53:(B):AsperNFPA70clause110.34,theentrancetoallbuildings,vaults,rooms,orenclosurescontaining
exposed live parts or exposed conductors operating at over 600 volts, nominal, shall be kept locked unless such
entrancesareundertheobservationofaqualifiedpersonatalltimes.Wherethevoltageexceeds600volts,nominal,
permanentandconspicuouswarningsignsshallbeprovided,readingasfollows:
DANGERHIGHVOLTAGEKEEPOUT
As per NFPA 70 clause 225.70 A permanent, legible warning notice carrying the wording DANGER HIGH
VOLTAGEshallbeplacedinaconspicuouspositioninthefollowingareas:(a)Atallentrancestoelectricalequipment
vaultsandelectricalequipmentrooms,areas,orenclosures(b)Atpointsofaccesstoconductorsonallhighvoltage
conduit systems and cable systems (c) On all cable trays containing highvoltage conductors with the maximum
spacing of warning notices not to exceed 3 m (10 ft.). Permanent legible signs shall be installed at isolating
equipmentwarningagainstoperationwhilecarryingcurrent,unlesstheequipmentisinterlockedsothatitcannotbe
operatedunderload.

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.NCsbyDescription
Page118of188

2. Generator:

NC2.1:(C):Periodicaltestingofgroundingresistancehasnotbeendoneforthegenerators.Thisisaviolationof
Bangladesh Electricity rules 1937, clause 49 and 57. System grounding/Transformer grounding is very vital for the
operationofthesystemandprotectionofman/machine.Ifphaseconductorfails,itwillstopoperation/production
but in case of grounding failure, it could cause stop production/damage equipment and electric sock hazard to the
workers.Suchavitalelementneedsperiodicalinspectionandtesting.

NC2.2:(C):Generatorframeearthingshallbetwopointsseparately.ThisisaviolationofBangladeshElectricity
rules1937,Clause57(2).

3. Substation:

NC3.1:(D):CombustiblematerialsstoredintheSubstation.

NC3.2:(D):NosafetyGuard.

NC3.3:(C):NeutralandEarthingCablesnotmarkedproperly

NC3.4:(C):TransformerLocations.(i)Accessible.Transformersshallbeaccessibleafterinstallation.(ii)Secondary
Conductors.Transformersshallbeinstalledasneartotheloadsaspracticabletokeepthesecondaryconductorsas
shortaspossible.(iii)AdjacenttoCombustibleMaterials.Transformersshallbelocatedsothatadjacentcombustible
materialsarenotsubjectedtotemperaturesinexcessof90C(194F).

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.PhotographicFindings
Page119of188

A.DNeedImmediateCorrection
Summary:DXYZGarmentsLtd.
SL Observation References No.ofFindings
1 Splicingcablejoint A3 1
2 Nophaseseparator A1,2,4,7,8 5
3 Multiplecable/Cableconnectedwithoutlugs A2,5,6,7,8 4

Category
D
A01
Location 2
nd
FL
EquipmentName SDB1
Observation NophaseseparatorinMCCB.
RequiredAction NeedphaseseparatorinMCCB.

Category
D
A02
Location 2
nd
FL
EquipmentName DB1
Observation
NophaseseparatorinMCCB.
Multiplecablesconnectwithout
lug.
RequiredAction
NeedphaseseparatorinMCCB.
Needtoconnectthemsingle
withlugs.

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.PhotographicFindings
Page120of188

Category
D
A03
Location 2
nd
FL
EquipmentName DB1
Observation Splicingcablejoint.
RequiredAction Needtojointproperly.

Category
D
A04
Location 1
st
FL
EquipmentName SDB1
Observation NophaseseparatorinMCCB.
RequiredAction NeedphaseseparatorinMCCB.

Category
D
A05
Location 1
st
FL
EquipmentName SDB1
Observation
Multiplecablesconnectwithout
lugs.
RequiredAction
Needtoconnectthemsingle
withlugs.

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.PhotographicFindings
Page121of188

Category
D
A06
Location GF
EquipmentName DB1
Observation
Multiplecablesconnectwithout
lugs.
RequiredAction
Needtoconnectthemsingle
withlugs.

Category
D
A07
Location GF
EquipmentName DB1
Observation
NophaseseparatorinMCCB.
Multiplecablesconnectwithout
lugs.
RequiredAction
NeedphaseseparatorinMCCB.
Needtoconnectthemsingle
withlugs.

Category
D
A08
Location GF
EquipmentName LTPanel
Observation
NophaseseparatorinMCCB.
Multiplecablesconnectwithout
lugs.
RequiredAction
NeedphaseseparatorinMCCB.
Needtoconnectthemsingle
withlugs.

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.PhotographicFindings
Page122of188

B.CCorrectAsEarlyAsPossible

Summary:CXYZGarmentsLtd.
SL Observation References No.ofFindings
1 Multiplecablesconnected B2,3 2
2 Paneldoor/BodynotECC B1,4 2

Category
C
B01
Location 2
nd
FL
EquipmentName SDB1
Observation
Paneldoorisnotconnectedwith
ECC.
RequiredAction
NeedtoconnectwithECC
properly.

Category
C
B02
Location 2
nd
FL
EquipmentName SDB1
Observation
Multiplecablesconnected.May
causeoflooseconnectionheat
andfire.
RequiredAction Needtoconnectthemsingle.

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.PhotographicFindings
Page123of188

Category
C
B03
Location 1
st
FL
EquipmentName SDB1
Observation
Multiplecablesconnected.May
causeoflooseconnectionheat
andfire.
RequiredAction Needtoconnectthemsingle.

Category
C
B04
Location GF
EquipmentName LTPanel
Observation
Paneldoorisnotconnectedwith
ECC.
RequiredAction
NeedtoconnectwithECC
properly

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.PhotographicFindings
Page124of188

C.BCorrectatNextMaintenance

Summary:BXYZGarmentsLtd.
SL Observation References No.ofFindings
1 Impropercablelatching C1,2,4 3
2 Norubbermat C3 1

Category
B
C01
Location GF
EquipmentName DB1
Observation Impropercablelatching.
RequiredAction Needtolatchproperly.

Category
B
C02
Location GF
EquipmentName DB1
Observation Impropercablelatching.
RequiredAction Needtolatchproperly.

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.PhotographicFindings
Page125of188

Category
B
C03
Location 1
st
FL
EquipmentName SDB1
Observation Norubbermat.
RequiredAction Needtoproperrubbermat.

Category
B
C04
Location GF
EquipmentName DB1
Observation Impropercablelatching.
RequiredAction Needtolatchproperly.
ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.Thermography
Page126of188

InterpretationofIRThermalImages

ProbableCasesandcomments:Red=D,Orange=C,Yellow=B

Case1: Rating B "Probable Deficiency Repair as Time Permits" If difference is more than 10.0C (degrees
centigrade)andupto20.0CfrommeasuredAmbientTemperature.

Case2:RatingC"CertainDeficiencyMonitoruntilCorrectiveMeasurescanbeaccomplished"Ifdifferenceis
morethan20.0Candupto40.0CfrommeasuredAmbientTemperature.

Case3: Rating D Major Deficiency Immediate Correction Required " if difference is more than 40.0C and
abovefrommeasuredAmbientTemperature.

D
25%
C
25%
B
50%
Thermography
ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.Thermography
Page127of188

ThermalPictureReference



InspectionDate: 2602144:38:58PM Location 3
rd
FLSewingSection
Equipment: MDB EquipmentName: 3
rd
FL
AmbientAirTemp: 30.0C Description: Upper
ExceptionTemperature: 53.2C RepairPriority: RepairasTimePermits
Emissivity: 0.95 ReflectedTemperature: 30.0C
Procedure: Thermography ThermalImager: Ti3210050408

IR007342.IS2

VisibleLightImage

ImageInfo
AverageTemperature 40.1C
ImageRange 33.4Cto56.0C
ImageTime 2602144:38:58PM

MainImageMarkers
Name Temperature
Centerpoint 46.7C
Cold 33.4C
P0 53.2C
ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.Thermography
Page128of188

InspectionDate: 2602144:39:17PM Location 3


rd
FLSewingSection
Equipment: MDB EquipmentName: 3
rd
FL
AmbientAirTemp: 30.0C Description: Lower
ExceptionTemperature: 76.4C RepairPriority: ImmediateCorrection
Required
Emissivity: 0.95 ReflectedTemperature: 30.0C
Procedure: Thermography ThermalImager: Ti3210050408

IR007343.IS2

VisibleLightImage

ImageInfo
AverageTemperature 39.7C
ImageRange 32.7Cto76.4C
ImageTime 2602144:39:17PM

MainImageMarkers
Name Temperature
Centerpoint 37.4C
Hot 76.4C
Cold 32.7C
ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.Thermography
Page129of188

InspectionDate: 2602144:41:43PM Location 3


rd
FLSewingSection
Equipment: SDB EquipmentName: 3
rd
FL
AmbientAirTemp: 30.0C Description:
ExceptionTemperature: 45.3C RepairPriority: RepairasTimePermits
Emissivity: 0.95 ReflectedTemperature: 30.0C
Procedure: Thermography ThermalImager: Ti3210050408

IR007344.IS2

VisibleLightImage

ImageInfo
AverageTemperature 33.7C
ImageRange 30.8Cto45.3C
ImageTime 2602144:41:43PM

MainImageMarkers
Name Temperature
Centerpoint 33.6C
Hot 45.3C
Cold 30.8C
ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.Thermography
Page130of188

InspectionDate: 2602144:42:43PM Location 3


rd
FLSewingSection
Equipment: SDB EquipmentName: 07
AmbientAirTemp: 30.0C Description:
ExceptionTemperature: 41.3C RepairPriority: RepairasTimePermits
Emissivity: 0.95 ReflectedTemperature: 30.0C
Procedure: Thermography ThermalImager: Ti3210050408

IR007345.IS2

VisibleLightImage

ImageInfo
AverageTemperature 35.2C
ImageRange 32.5Cto42.9C
ImageTime 2602144:42:43PM

MainImageMarkers
Name Temperature
Centerpoint 34.9C
Cold 32.5C
P0 41.3C
ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.Thermography
Page131of188

InspectionDate: 2602144:55:41PM Location 3


rd
FLLeftSideof
ConferenceRoom
Equipment: SDB EquipmentName:
AmbientAirTemp: 30.0C Description:
ExceptionTemperature: 46.1C RepairPriority: RepairasTimePermits
Emissivity: 0.95 ReflectedTemperature: 30.0C
Procedure: Thermography ThermalImager: Ti3210050408

IR007346.IS2

VisibleLightImage

ImageInfo
AverageTemperature 36.8C
ImageRange 33.1Cto63.7C
ImageTime 2602144:55:41PM

MainImageMarkers
Name Temperature
Centerpoint 38.2C
Cold 33.1C
P0 46.1C
ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.Thermography
Page132of188

InspectionDate: 2602144:56:05PM Location 3


rd
FLLeftSideof
ConferenceRoom
Equipment: SDB EquipmentName:
AmbientAirTemp: 30.0C Description:
ExceptionTemperature: 45.8C RepairPriority: RepairasTimePermits
Emissivity: 0.95 ReflectedTemperature: 30.0C
Procedure: Thermography ThermalImager: Ti3210050408

IR007347.IS2

VisibleLightImage

ImageInfo
AverageTemperature 35.8C
ImageRange 32.6Cto61.4C
ImageTime 2602144:56:05PM

MainImageMarkers
Name Temperature
Centerpoint 36.3C
Cold 32.6C
P0 45.8C

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.Enclosures(DB)
Page133of188

Enclosures(DistributionBoxes)

ProbableCasesandNCsonFieldMeasurementandVisualInspection

SL Description NCNo. Findings SourceofFindings


1
AbsenceofPlannedPeriodicalinspection/testingandmaintenanceof
allelectricalequipment
NC1.1,1.4 0 CollectedInformation
2 AbsenceofPeriodicalinsulationresistancetest(IRtest) NC1.2 0 CollectedInformation
3 AbsenceofLoadmeasurement(VoltageandCurrent)onallfeeders NC1.3 1 CollectedInformation
4 HigherratedMCCB/MCBisusedtoprotectthelowerratedcable NC1.5 5
FromMeasurementData
Sheet
5 UnknownLoadisconnected NC1.6 1
FromMeasurementData
Sheet
6
Listanddiagramofthecircuitsthatthedistributionboards
(SDB/DB/MDB)control,arenotavailable.
NC1.7 1 VisualInspection
7
Clearidentification/markingisnotavailableatLT,MDBandDB
MCB/MCCB
NC1.8 1 VisualInspection
8
Thereisnomeanstoknowforhowmanyovercurrentdevicesthe
panelboard(MDB,SDB,LTetc.)wasdesignedandratedfor.
NC1.9 1 FromChecklist
9 Cablesconnectedwithoutlugs/Splicingjoints/Looping NC1.10 5 FromHazardPictures
10 Sockets&Lightsareinsamecircuit NC1.11 0 FromHazardPictures
11 MCB/MCCBsinstallinginexposedcondition NC1.12 0 FromHazardPictures
12
Meansforidentificationnotavailableforthefinalcircuitsinthe
followingDBs.
NC1.13 1 FromChecklist
13
Woodenboardisusedasenclosureandsupportingbaseof
MCB/MCCB.
NC1.14 0 FromHazardPictures
14 Interlocksnotprovidedformultiplepowersources (LT&MDB). NC1.15 0 FromChecklist
15 Mainincomerofthepanelshouldbeoperable NC1.16 0 FromChecklist
16
CableOverloaded,CableLugsnotfixedproperly.ProbableDeficiency
Immediately
NC1.17 1 FromThermography
17 Safetyguard NC1.18 5 FromHazardPictures
18 CombustiblematerialskeptneartotheElectricalsystem NC1.19 0 FromHazardPictures
19 Indamporwetlocations,surfacetypeenclosures NC1.20 0 FromHazardPictures
20
NeutralandGroundingshouldnotbeshortedbutbothareshortedin
thementionedMDB/DB/SDBs
NC1.21 0 FromChecklist
21
CableLugnotFixedProperly,CableOverloaded.ProbableDeficiency
MonitoruntilCorrectiveMeasurescanbeaccomplished
NC1.22 1 FromThermography
22
No.ofoutgoingcircuitNeutralandEarthconductorsisnotequalto
theno.ofoutgoingcircuits
NC1.23 3 FromChecklist

NC1.1,1.4
0%
NC
1.2
0%
NC
1.3
1%
NC
1.5
6%
NC
1.6
1%
NC
1.7
1%
NC
1.8
1%
NC
1.9
1%
NC1.10
6%
NC1.11
0%
NC1.12
0%
NC1.13
1%
NC1.14
0%
NC1.15
0%
NC1.16
0%
NC1.17
1%
NC1.18
6%
NC1.19
0%
NC
1.20
0% NC
1.21
0%
NC
1.22
1%
NC1.23
4%
NC
1.24
6%
NC1.25
6%
NC1.26
6%
NC
1.27
1%
NC
1.28
5%
NC
1.29
6%
NC
1.30
0%
NC1.31
0%
NC
1.32
6%
NC
1.33
2%
NC1.34
1%
NC
1.35
0%
NC1.36
0%
NC
1.37
0%
NC
1.38
6%
NC1.39
0%
NC1.40
1%
NC
1.41
2%
NC
1.42
1%
NC1.43
2%
NC
1.44
1%
NC1.45
1%
NC
1.46
1%
NC
1.47
6%
NC1.48
2%
NC1.49
1%
NC1.50
1%
NC1.51
0%
NC
1.52
2%
NC
1.53
1%
DeficienciesDuringMeasurementand
VisualInspection
ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.Enclosures(DB)
Page134of188

SL Description NCNo. Findings SourceofFindings


23
MeansforidentificationnotavailableforCircuitNeutralandEarth
conductorsinthefollowingMDB/DBs
NC1.24 5 FromChecklist
24
Phase,Neutralandearthbusbarsnotusedandconnectedproperlyin
thefollowingpanelboxes.
NC1.25 5 FromChecklist
25 IdentificationofNeutral/EarthConductorisnotpermanent NC1.26 5 FromChecklist
26 Protectivedevices(MCCB,MCB)withoutidentificationoftheirratings NC1.27 1
FromMeasurementData
Sheet
27 Someofthedistributionboards(MDB/DB/SB)haveinadequateECC NC1.28 4
FromMeasurementData
Sheet
28 Panelboardcabinetsandpanelboardframesarenotgrounded NC1.29 5 FromChecklist
29
Loadcurrentmustbemeasurableinallcircuitsbutcablesarenotwell
dressedinthefollowingMDB/DBs
NC1.30 0 FromHazardPictures
30
PeriodicalEarthResistanceTestnotcarriedoutforallearthing
systems
NC1.31 0 CollectedInformation
31 AdequateilluminationisabsentinfrontofEnclosures NC1.32 5 FromChecklist
32 MultiplecablesenteredinonepointeitheronbusbarorMCB,MCCBs NC1.33 2
FromMeasurementData
Sheet
33
ProperWorkingorasbuiltelectricaldrawingsofmaindistribution
circuitandfloorlevelscircuitsconnectingelectricalloads
(machines/lights/coolingsystemetc.)notbeavailableatsite
NC1.34 1 CollectedInformation
34
DBs(BBTControl)notinstalledatreachableheight,shouldbe
maximum6feetheight.
NC1.35 0 FromChecklist
35 RoomisnotRainprooforwaterproof NC1.36 0 FromHazardPictures
36
Cable,raceway,orboxinstalledinexposedlocationsandnot
supported
NC1.37 0 FromHazardPictures
37
Properbushings(gland)arenotusedatcableenteringpointofBoards
andpanels.Moisture,dustandverminmayenterintoboxes
NC1.38 5 FromChecklist
38 Conductorsnotseparatelyenclosedinflexiblenonmetallictubing NC1.39 0 FromHazardPictures
39 V/Ameters'calibrationwasneverdoneafterinstallation NC1.40 1 CollectedInformation
40
IndicatorlampsforsomeoftheMDB/DBarenotpresentorconnected
withoutanyprotectivedevice
NC1.41 2 FromChecklist
41 ManyAmperemeterandVoltmeterareoutoforder NC1.42 1 FromChecklist
42
InfrontoffewMDB/DB/SDBsthereisnoelectricalgradedrubbermat
andinfrontoffewotherMDB/DB/SDBsnongradedandinadequate
sizedrubbermatsused.
NC1.43 2 FromChecklist
43
Thereisnoinstructionboardfoundforrestorationofpersons
sufferingfromelectricalshockatanyplaceinthefactory.
NC1.44 1 VisualInspection
44
Therewasnoinstructionboardfoundinthefactoryforartificial
respirationincaseofelectricshock.
NC1.45 1 VisualInspection
45 ElectricalLayoutdrawingsarenotavailableatsite. NC1.46 1 CollectedInformation
46 AllPhaseconductors,NeutralandEarthshouldfollowthecolourcode. NC1.47 5 FromChecklist
47
CableLugnotAdequate,ContactLoose,BreakerOverloaded,Dry&
Loosecontacts.ProbableDeficiencyRepairasTimePermits
NC1.48 2 FromThermography
48 Handheldtoolsusedbytheelectriciansarenotdoubleinsulated NC1.49 1 VisualInspection
49 Thereisnoadequatelightningprotectionarrangementofthebuilding. NC1.50 1 VisualInspection
50
PhaseandNeutralshouldbesamesizebutinthefollowingMDB/DBs
havedeficiencies
NC1.51 0
FromMeasurementData
Sheet
51
IndicatorlampsformostoftheLTPANEL/MDB/DB/SDBconnected
withoutanyprotectivedevice(Fuse/MCB)
NC1.52 2 FromChecklist
52
Permanentlegiblesignsshallbeinstalledatisolatingequipment
warningagainstoperationwhilecarryingcurrent,unlessthe
equipmentisinterlockedsothatitcannotbeoperatedunderload.
NC1.53 1 VisualInspection
CellColorRed=D,Orange=C,Yellow=B,Blue=A

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.Enclosures(DB)
Page135of188

DBreference/Name SDB1/1stFloor
FieldMeasurementData
Location LaserCutting
FeedFrom DB1/GF
IncomingCableSize 3*1C*10rm(BYA)
IncomingBreaker 100ATPMCCB
Voltage3Phase
RY 397
LoadCurrent
Ir Amps 15.7 Acceptable
InMax.
Amp=
YB 394 Iy Amps 7.5
BR 395 Ib Amps 5.1
NE 0.5 In Amps 14.4 12.03
Voltage1Phase
RN 2231 EarthWireSize 2.5rm(BYA) NC1.28
YN 230 NeutralWireSize 10rm(BYA)
BN 229 IncomingBreaker 100ATPMCCB NC1.5
BreakerNo ConnectedLoad BreakerRating MeasuredCurrent WireSizeOG Phase Description
Non
Compliance
1
2nosHitGunTube
Light
32ASPMCB 3.8 2.5rm(IYAL) Y 1core NC1.5
2 TL(21X40W) 20ASPMCB 0.2 2.5rm+2.5rm(IYAL) Y 1core NC1.33,1.5
3 TL(1X40W) 20ASPMCB 3.5 2.5rm(IYAL) Y 1core NC1.5
4 TL(15X40W) 20ASPMCB 0.1 2.5rm(IYAL) Y 1core NC1.5
5 CF(5X80W) 20ASPMCB 0.1 2.5rm(IYAL) R 1core NC1.5
6
2nosHitGunTube
Light
20ASPMCB 0 2.5rm(IYAL) R 1core NC1.5
7 TL(10X40W) 63ASPMCB 0 2.5rm(IYAL) R 1core NC1.5
8 1nosAC(1.5ton) 20ASPMCB 0 2.5rm(IYAL) R 1core NC1.5
9 CF(1X80W) 20ASPMCB 2.8 2.5rm(IYAL) R 1core NC1.5
10 TL(15X40W) 20ATPMCB
0.5
2.5rm(IYAL)
B
1core NC1.5 0.1 Y
2.6 R
11

20ATPMCB
Spare Spare R
1core NC1.5 TL(10X40W) 0.1 2.5rm(IYAL) Y
TL(10X40W) 0 2.5rm(IYAL) B
12 1nosCoolingFan 32ATPMCB
0
2rm(BYA)
R
1core NC1.5 0 Y
0 B
13 1nosCoolingFan 32ATPMCB
0
2rm(BYA)
R
1core NC1.5 0 Y
0 B
14 1nosCoolingFan 20ATPMCB
0.1
1.5rm(BYA)
R
1core NC1.5 0.1 Y
0.1 B
15 TL(10X40W) 20ASPMCB 0.1 2.5rm(IYAL) Y 1core NC1.5
16
CF(2X80W)+1nos
PowerPoint
20ASPMCB 3.7 2.5rm(IYAL) B 1core NC1.5
17 1nosPowerPoint 20ASPMCB 0.2 2.5rm(IYAL) B 1core NC1.5
18 1nosPowerPoint 20ASPMCB 8.4 2.5rm(IYAL) B 1core NC1.5
19 1nosPowerPoint 32ASPMCB 5.3 2.5rm+2.5rm(IYAL) B 1core NC1.33,1.5
CellColorRed=D,Orange=C,Yellow=B
DB/ReferenceName SDB1/1stFloor
Location LaserCutting
Observation Description Yes/No NCNos.
1 AdequateilluminationavailableinfrontofDB? No 1.32
2 Ispanelboardataccessibleheight? Yes 1.35
3 AreInstructionBoard(both)displayedontheDB? No 1.44,1.45
4 ElectricDanger/Cautionsignavailableonthepanel? No 1.53
5 Areindicatorlampsavailableandfunctional? N/A 1.41
6 IndicatorLampsConnectedwithprotectivedevice? N/A 1.52
7 AreAmmeters(forLT&MDB)available? N/A 1.42

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.Enclosures(DB)
Page136of188

Observation Description Yes/No NCNos.


8 AreVoltmeter(forLT&MDB)available? N/A 1.42
9 Listanddiagram(SLD)ofcircuitsavailable? No 1.34
10 Noticeforperiodicinspectionandtesting(atLT)available? N/A 1.1,1.4
11 Aremeansforidentificationavailableforthefinalcircuits? Yes 1.13
12 AretheNo.ofoutgoingCircuitNeutralconductorsequaltotheNo.ofoutgoingCircuits? Yes 1.23
13 AremeansforidentificationavailableforCircuitNeutralconductors? No 1.24
14 AretheNo.ofoutgoingCircuitEarthingconductorsequaltotheNo.ofoutgoingcircuits? No 1.23
15 AremeansforidentificationavailableforCircuitEarthingconductors? No 1.24
16 AremeansofIdentificationofNeutral/EarthConductorispermanent? No 1.26
17
Aremeanstoknowforhowmanyovercurrentdevicesthepanelboardswasdesigned
andratedfor?
No 1.9
18 ArePhasebusbarsusedinthepanel? Yes 1.25
19 IsNeutralbusbarusedinthepanel? Yes 1.25
20
a.IsEarthBusbarusedinthepanel? Yes 1.25
b.IsEarthBusbarproperlyconnectedwiththeloads? No 1.25
21 AreallPhaseconductorsfollowingcolourcode? No 1.47
22 AreallNeutralconductorsfollowingcolourcode? No 1.47
23 AreallEarthconductorsfollowingcolourcode? No 1.47
24 AreNeutralandEarthBusbarshorted? No 1.21
25 IsthePanelBodyconnectedwithECC? Yes 1.29
26 IsthePanelDoorconnectedwithECC? No 1.29
27 Rubber/Insulatingmatavailableinfrontofboards? No 1.43

a.Ifavailable,adequate? No 1.43
b.Ifavailable,graded? No 1.43
28 Properbushing/glandsforincomingandoutgoingcablesavailable? No 1.38
29 Interlocksprovidedformultiplepowersources(LT&MDB)? N/A 1.15
30 Isthemainincomerofthepanelisoperable? Yes 1.16
CellColorRed=D,Orange=C,Yellow=B
***HugeDataon25DistributionBoxeswerenotincludedwiththisreportandmaybeobtainedinneedasAppendix.
Exampleoffindingprocessandunderstandingthemeaningsofnonconformitieswiththeboxes,fewsheetsareaddedabove.
IdentificationandnumbersoffindingsmayfindintheSummarySheetwiththeProjectSummaryofthisreport.
ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.EarthandInsulationResistance
Page137of188

MeasurementofEarthResistance

SLNo. Location MeasuredPoint MeasuredValue Remarks


1 TransformerLeftSide PIT01 2.8
2 TransformerLeftSide PIT02 1.7
**Note:EarthResistanceshouldbelessthanequals1(Ohm),shallnotexceed1. ASperAllianceStandardsand
BangladeshElectricityRules1937,EarthResistanceisnotSatisfactory
RecommendationtoimprovethesituationIncreasingthedepthoftheearthrodorincreasingthenumbersofpitswith
appropriatelengthofearthrodtoreachtheundergroundlayerofwaterasperstandarddescribedinBNBC.
CellColorRed=D,Orange=C,Yellow=B
MeasurementofInsulationResistance

LT01
OffLoadingMeasurement
Points
Phases
Resistance
M
Remarks
400ATPMCCB(MainBreaker)
RY 420M

YB 450M
BR 400M
RN 300M
YN 280M
BN 300M
200ATPMCCB
RY 380M

YB 400M
BR 370M
RN 250M
YN 280M
BN 250M
CellColorRed=D,Orange=C,Yellow=B
Note:InsulationResistanceoftheFeedersisgood.
AsperAllianceclause10.13.4.2minimumacceptableinsulationresistancevalueis5megaohms(M)forLTlines.

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.OverallFindings
Page138of188

Substation,GeneratorandOverallVisualInspection

ProbableCasesandcommentsonentirepremises:

1 GENERATORROOM/SUBSTATIONCHECKLIST
NCRatingand
Findings
1.1 General
1.1.1 No/Insufficient/UnsafestairattheentranceoftheGeneratorroom/Substation C No
1.1.2 CombustiblematerialintheGeneratorroom/Substation D No
1.1.3 CombustiblematerialneartheHT D N/A
1.1.4 Rainswaterentersintothesubstation/generatorroom D Yes
1.1.5 No/insufficientlightinginsidetheS/Sorgeneratorroom C No
1.1.6 Lint/dirtpresentintheS/SorGeneratorroom C No
1.1.7 CombustibleMaterialincabletrench D No
1.1.8 NoCoveroncabletrench B N/A
1.1.9 ImproperInstallationofLTmeter B No
1.2 Generator
1.2.1 Generatorframeearthingnotdone D Yes
1.2.2 Generatorframeearthingdonepartially(Oneinsteadtwo) D N/A
1.2.3 Batteryterminalisopen C Yes
1.2.4 Topandbottomofthegeneratorsupplyterminalboxopen C Yes
1.2.5 Generatorsupplyterminalboxnotstaled C No
1.3 Transformer
1.3.1 Xformerinstalledoncombustiblewoodenstick D No
1.3.2 Neutral&earthingoftransformerareconnectedatthesamepoint C Yes
1.3.3 HorngapeUpper/lowerpartmissing D No
1.3.4 Horngapenotaligned B No
1.3.5 Silicagelofxformerbreatherbecomesbrown C No
1.3.6 TransformerBreatheroilpotempty B No
1.3.7 Equipmentearthingandsystemearthingshorted C No
1.3.8 Hugedirtpresentonthetopandatthebottomofthetransformer C No
1.3.9 Hugedirtpresentinthetransformerarea C No
1.3.10 Earthingconnectedwithxformerbodyw/olug B No
1.4 PFI:
1.4.1 Theoutersideoftheboardataglanceforthepurposeofidentification Yes
1.4.2 PFIautocontrollerdisordered(notworking) B Yes
1.4.3 Paneldoorcannotbeopenedfully C Yes

D
16%
C
57%
B
27%
OverallFindings
ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.OverallFindings
Page139of188

1.4.4 Paneldoorcannotbeclosedfully C No
1.4.5 Paneldoorhingebroken D No
1.4.6 Insufficientrubbermatinfrontofthepanel B No
1.4.7 Nongradedrubbermatinfrontofthepanel B No
1.4.8 Norubbermatinfrontofthepanel C No
1.4.9 Waterdroppingontheboard D No
1.4.10 Accesslimitedorbarredtothepanel/panelblocked C No
1.4.11 Waterline(tap)touching(adjacentto)thepanel C No
1.4.12 Combustiblematerialon/inside/touching(adjacentto)thepanel C No
1.4.13 Combustiblematerialusedassupportforthepanel C No
1.4.14 Thepaneldoornotsealed C No
1.4.15 CombustiblematerialisusedtosealthePanelBoard C No
1.4.16 Topofthepanel(cableentryexitpoint)isopen(ornotsealed) C No
1.4.17 Bottomofthepanel(cableentryexitpoint)isopen(ornotsealed) C No
1.4.18 Nobush/glandatthecableentryexitpoint B Yes
1.4.19 Hugelint,dirtorcombustiblematerialpresentinsidethepanelboard C Yes
1.4.20 Bypassingthefuse D No
1.4.21 WireconnectedtothePFIcapacitorterminalswithoutlug C No
1.4.22 MCCB/MC/Fusenotfixedwithbaseproperly B No
1.4.23 NoECCatthepaneldoor B Yes
1.4.24 Earthingnotconnectedproperlyatthepaneldoor B Yes
1.4.25 Bunchofcable/multiplewires(twoormore)connectedatmagneticcontactorsoutputterminal C Yes
2 DISTRIBUTIONPANELBOARD(LT/MDB/DB/SDB)CHECKLIST
2.1 PanelBoardMarking:
2.1.1 TheLTs,MDBs,DBsorSDBsintermsoftheirserialno.andarea/floorinwhichtheyareinstalled Yes
2.1.2 TotalviewofthePanelBoardwithdoorclosed:
2.1.3 Theoutersideoftheboardataglance Yes
2.1.4 Woodenenclosureisused D Yes
2.1.5 Paneldoorcannotbeopenedfully C Yes
2.1.6 Paneldoorcannotbeclosedfully C No
2.1.7 Panelcoverisfixedbynutbolt B No
2.1.8 Doorlockbad D No
2.1.9 Paneldoorislockedbypadlock B No
2.1.10 Paneldoornotsealedproperly C No
2.1.11 Paneldoorhingebroken D No
2.2 Indicators:
2.2.1 Indicatorscovermissing B N/A
2.2.2 Indicatorsdisordered(notglowing) B No
2.2.3 Indicatorsnotinpropersequence(RYB) B No
2.3 Voltmeters:
2.3.1 Voltmetersdisordered(notworking) B No
2.3.2 Voltmetersselectorswitchbad B No
2.4 Ammeters:
2.4.1 Ammetersdisordered(notworking) B No
2.4.2 Ammetersselectorswitchbad B No
2.5 ViewfromFFLtothePanelBoard:
2.5.1 Insufficientrubbermatinfrontofthepanel B Yes
2.5.2 Nongradedrubbermatinfrontofthepanel B Yes
2.5.3 Norubbermatinfrontofthepanel C Yes
2.5.4 DBinstalledataheightoutofnormalreach C Yes
2.6 ViewofthePanelBoardwithsurrounding:
2.6.1 Waterdroppingontheboard D No
2.6.2 AccesslimitedorbarredtotheDB/DBblocked C No

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.OverallFindings
Page140of188

2.6.3 Waterline(tap)touching(adjacentto)/nearthepanel C No
2.6.4 Combustiblematerialon/touching(adjacentto)/attachedonthepanel C No
2.6.5 Combustiblematerialnear(nottouching/notadjacenttothepanel B Yes
2.6.6 Combustiblematerialusedassupportfortheboard C Yes
2.6.7 Paneldoornotused B No
2.6.8 DBinstalledinthechemicalroom/chemicalstore C No
2.6.9 Cableentrypointtothepanel(orpanelbase)sealedwithcombustiblewoodenboard C No
2.6.10 Panelbasesealedwithcombustiblewoodenboard C No
2.6.11 Cablechannelonthetopofthepanelmadewithcombustiblewoodenboard C Yes
2.7 Leftfrontrightrearsideviewoftheboardfromoutside:
2.7.1 Thepanelboardnotsealed C No
2.7.2 Combustiblematerialisusedtosealthepanelboard C No
2.8 Viewoftheboardfrominnerside:
2.8.1 Theliveofthepanel(buss)areguardedwithcombustiblewoodenboard C No
2.8.2 Undressedmessywirepresentinsidethepanel/cableinsidethepanelnotwelldressed B Yes
2.8.3 Topofthepanel(Cableentryexitpoint)isopen C Yes
2.8.4 Bottomofthepanel(Cableentryexitpoint)isopen C Yes
2.8.5 Nobush/glandatthecableentryexitpoint B Yes
2.8.6 Hugelint,dirt,spidernetorcombustiblematerialpresentinsidethepanelboard C No
2.8.7 Scotchtapeusedtotiewiresinsidethepanelboard C No
2.8.8
Unterminated/exposedwire/exposedconductor/exposedbusbarend(live/dead)insidethe
panel
C Yes
2.8.9 InstallationofMCCB/MCBinanimproperplaceinsideDB B No
2.8.10 MCCB/MCBnotfixedwithbaseproperly B Yes
2.8.11 ImproperinstallationofMCCB/MCBwithmouthingchannel/baseinsidethepanel B No
2.8.12 Splicing/impropercablejointonthephaseofneutralearthingconductor B Yes
2.8.13 Splicing/impropercablejointatthesamepointofbothphases C No
2.8.14 ConnectionatincomerMCCB,sinputterminalw/olug C Yes
2.8.15 ConnectionatincomerMCCB,soutputterminalw/olug C Yes
2.8.16 BurningsignonconductoratincomerMCB/MCCBsinputterminal D No
2.8.17 BurningsignonconductoratincomerMCB/MCCBsoutputterminal D No
2.8.18 Extraline/loopingfromincomerMCCB.MCBsinputterminal D Yes
2.8.19 Bunchofcable/multiplewires/loopingwireconnectedatincomerMCCB/MCB,soutputterminal D Yes
2.9 ViewofMainCircuitBreaker(Incomer):
2.9.1 ThewholeviewoftheCBtoidentifyitsamperage Yes
2.9.2 MCCB/MCBsKnobbroken D No
2.9.3 BypassingtheMCCB/MCB D No
2.9.4 No/insufficientphaseseparatorattheincomerMCCBsinputterminal B Yes
2.9.5 No/insufficientphaseseparatorattheincomerMCCBsoutputterminal B Yes
2.9.6 ConnectionatincomerMCCBsinputterminalw/olug C No
2.9.7 ConnectionatincomerMCCBsOutputterminalw/olug C No
2.9.8 BurningsignonconductoratincomerMCB/MCCBsinputterminal D No
2.9.9 BurningsignonconductoratincomerMCB/MCCBsoutputterminal D No
2.9.10 Looping/multiplewires/extralinefromincomerMCBs/MCCBsinputterminal D Yes
2.9.11
Bunchofcable/multiplewires(twoormore)loopingwireconnectedatincomerMCBs/MCCBs
outputterminal
D Yes
2.10 ViewofoutgoingCircuitbreaker:
2.10.1 ThewholeviewoftheCBtoidentifyitsamperage Yes
2.10.2 MCCB/MCBsKnobbroken D No
2.10.3 BypassingtheMCCB/MCB D No
2.10.4 No/insufficientphaseseparatorattheMCCBsinputterminal B Yes
2.10.5 No/insufficientphaseseparatorattheMCCBsoutputterminal B Yes
2.10.6 OneslotleftwithoutphaseseparatoratincomerMCCBsinput/outputterminal B No

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.OverallFindings
Page141of188

2.10.7 ConnectionatMCCBsinputterminalw/olug C No
2.10.8 ConnectionatMCCBsOutputterminalw/olug C No
2.10.9 BurningsignonconductoratMCB/MCCBsinputterminal D No
2.10.10 BurningsignonconductoratMCB/MCCBsoutputterminal D No
2.10.11 Looping/multiplewires/extralinefromMCBs/MCCBsinputterminal C Yes
2.10.12
Bunchofcable/multiplewires(twoormore)loopingwireconnectedatMCBs/MCCBsoutput
terminal
C Yes
2.11 Mainbusbarview:
2.11.1 Airgapbetweenphaseslessthan25mmincasesbareconductor(e.g.,busbars) C No
2.11.2 Connectionwithoutlug(splicingjoint)atphasesbusbar C Yes
2.11.3 Bunchofcable/multiplewiresconnectionatbusbar B Yes
2.11.4 Burningsignonphasesbusbar D No
2.11.5 Burningsignonphasesconductorpointtobusbar C No
2.11.6 Nutboltwasherrusted B Yes
2.11.7 Phasesbusbarnotaccessible B No
2.12 Neutralbarview:
2.12.1 Connectionwithoutlug(Splicingjoint)atneuralbar B Yes
2.12.2 Bunchofcable/multiplewiresconnectedonneutralbar C No
2.12.3 Burningsignonconductorattheconnectionpointtoneutralbar D No
2.12.4 Emptyneutralbar C No
2.12.5 NoNeutralbaratall C No
2.12.6 Splicingjointusedinsteadneutralbar C No
2.12.7 Neutralbarnotaccessible B No
2.12.8 Nutboltwasherrusted B No
2.13 EarthBarView:
2.13.1 Connectionwithoutlug(Splicingjoint)atearthbar B Yes
2.13.2 Bunchofcable/multiplewiresconnectedonEarthBar C Yes
2.13.3 BurningsignonconductorattheconnectionpointtoearthBar D No
2.13.4 NoEarthBaratall C No
2.13.5 EmptyearthBar C No
2.13.6 SplicingjointusedinsteadofusingearthBar C No
2.13.7 Nutboltwasherrusted B Yes
2.13.8 EarthBarnotaccessible B Yes
3 GENERALFLOORCHECKLIST
3.1 SwitchBoard:
3.1.1 Accesslimited/barredtoswitchboard B No
3.1.2 Switchboardloose/Broken/notsealed C No
3.1.3 CombustiblematerialintouchofSwitch\board C No
3.1.4 SBInstalledoncombustiblematerial/woodenboard C No
3.1.5 Combustiblematerialnearswitchboard B No
3.1.6 SBinstalledataninaccessibleheight C No
3.1.7 Waterline(Tap)touching(adjacentto)neartheswitchboard C No
3.1.8 SBinstalledoncombustiblematerial/wooden C No

3.2 Socketoutlet(receptacle):
3.2.1 Accesslimited/barredtosocket B No
3.2.2 Socketloose/broken/notsealed C No
3.2.3 Combustiblematerialintouchofsocket B No
3.2.4 Combustiblematerialnear/surroundingsocket B No
3.2.5 NoECCatsocket C No
3.2.6 Socketnearwaterline(tap) C No
3.2.7 Improperinstallationofsocket C No
3.2.8 Burningsignonsocket D No

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.OverallFindings
Page142of188

3.2.9 Multipleconnectionsthroughonesocketoutlet C No
3.2.10 Waterline(tap)touching(adjacentto)nearthesocket C No
3.3 MCBorMCCBswitchBox:
3.3.1 TheMCCB/MCBsknobbroken D No
3.3.2 Accesslimited/barredtoMCB/MCCBBox B No
3.3.3 MCB/MCCBBoxloose/broken/notsealed C No
3.3.4 CombustiblematerialintouchofMCB/MCCBBox C No
3.3.5 CombustiblematerialnearMCCB/MCBBox B No
3.3.6 Useofwoodenboard/enclosureforMCCB/MCB C No
3.3.7 MCB/MCCBInstalledwithoutenclosure C No
3.3.8 ImproperInstallationofMCB/MCCB C No
3.4 CeilingRose:
3.4.1 Nocoverisusedoverceilingrose C Yes
3.4.2 Extensionlinetakenfromceilingrosepoint C No
3.5 CircularBox:
3.5.1 CircularBoxwithoutcover B No
3.5.2 CircularBoxcoverbroken B No
3.5.3 NoCircularBoxandcoverusedatloadpoint B No
3.6 GIBox:
3.6.1 UncoveredGIBox B No

3.7 Cabletrunking:
3.7.1 Trunkingsleevenotused B No
3.7.2 Cabletrunkingbodyearthingnotdone B No
3.8 Cablechannel:
3.8.1 Wiringchannelunderthecentertable B No
3.8.2 Wiringchannelmadewithcombustiblewoodenboard C No
3.8.3 Cablechannelbodyearthingnotdone B Yes
3.8.4 Combustiblematerialtiedwith/hangingfrom/on/insidecablechannel C No
3.8.5 Splicingjointoncableinsidecablechannel B Yes
3.9 Cabletray:
3.9.1 Combustiblematerialoncabletray C No
3.9.2 Cablelayingonthetrayimproperly C No
3.9.3 Cabletraybodyearthingnotdone B Yes
3.9.4 Combustiblematerialonortouching(adjacentto)cabletray C No
3.9.5 Combustiblematerialusedassupportforthecabletray C No
3.9.6 Combustiblematerialnear(Nottouching/notadjacent)thecabletray B No
3.10 Cableandwire:
3.10.1 Cableconduitonwallnotclippedproperly B Yes
3.10.2 Powercableoncabletraynotdressedproperly B Yes
3.10.3
Undressedpowercable(orwiringcable)onfloor(oronwallwithceiling)w/omechanical
guard/withinsufficientmechanicalguard
B No
3.10.4 No/broken/discontinued/insufficientmechanicalguardonpowercable C No
3.10.5 No/broken/discontinued/insufficientmechanicalguardonwiringcable B No
3.10.6 Splicing/impropercablejointthephaseorneutralorearthingconductor B No
3.10.7 Splicing/impropercablejointatthesamepointofbothphaseandneutral C No
3.10.8 Splicing/impropercablejointatthesamepointofbothphases C No
3.10.9 Unterminated/open/exposedwire(live/dead) C No
3.10.10 CablearmornotconnectedwiththeECC C Yes
3.10.11 Combustiblematerialo\intouchof/nearwire/cable B No
3.11 BBT/FinalBBT:
3.11.1 CombustiblematerialnearBBT B N/A
3.11.2 Combustiblematerialtiedwith/intouchofBBT C N/A

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.OverallFindings
Page143of188

3.11.3 MultipleconnectionsthroughoneoutletoffinalBBT C N/A


3.11.4 TapoffBoxnotsealed C N/A
3.11.5 BBTendcovermissing C N/A
3.12 Lightshed/bracketlight:
3.12.1 CombustibleMaterialnearlightshed B No
3.12.2 Lightshedtiedwithcombustiblematerial C No
3.12.3 Lightshedintouchofcombustiblematerial C No
3.12.4 Light/Lightshednotinstalledatanaccessibleheight C No
3.12.5 Noceilingrosetoconnectedthetubelight/tubeshed(connectedbysplicingjoint) C No
3.12.6 Lightshedloose C No
3.12.7 Ceilingroseloose C No
3.12.8 Tubelightguardloosensandtiedwithcopperwire C No
3.12.9 Tubelight/Bracketlight/Normallightinstalledonwoodenboard D No
3.12.10 Improperinstallationoflightsheds C No
3.12.11 Waterline(Tap)touching(adjacentto)/neartothelight/lightshed C No
3.12.12 Lampholderatanaccessibleheight&withoutanylamp C No
3.13 Fans:
3.13.1 Exhaustfanconnectionthroughnooutlet(connectedbySplicingjoint) B No
3.13.2 Ceilingfanbladeataccessibleheight C No
3.13.3 Waterdrippingonexhaustfan C No
3.13.4 Combustiblematerialtouchingexhaustfan C No
3.14 MotorPumps:
3.14.1 MotorECCnotdone D Yes
3.14.2 PumpsuctionanddeliverypipeECCnotdone C Yes
3.14.3 Nomechanicalguardonrotatingpart B No
3.14.4 Pump/Motorconnectionterminalcovernotsealed/glandedproperly C No
3.14.5 Pump/Motorbasenotmadeproperly C Yes
3.14.6 Pump/Motornotfixedwithbaseproperly C Yes
3.14.7 Combustiblematerialintouchof/nearmotor B No
3.15 IPS:
3.15.1 CombustiblematerialnearIPSUnit B N/A
3.15.2 IPSUnitkeptoncombustiblematerial B N/A
3.15.3 NoECCatIPS C N/A
3.15.4 IPSbatteryterminalopen C N/A
3.16 Anyelectricalapparatus:
3.16.1 CombustiblematerialnearanyElectricalApparatus B No
3.16.2 NoECCatanyelectricequipment C Yes
3.16.3 Combustiblematerialusedassupportforanyinstallation B No
3.17 EarthingofseveralM/Cs:
3.17.1 Noearthingconnectionatspotremovingspraygun D N/A
3.17.2 Noearthingconnectionatelectriciron D N/A
3.17.3 Noearthingconnectionatkettle C N/A
3.17.4 NoearthingconnectionatgrindingM/C C Yes
3.17.5 Noearthingconnectionatfridge C No
3.17.6 NoearthingconnectionatanyrotatingM/C C N/A
3.17.7 NoearthingconnectionattheweldingM/C C N/A
3.17.8 NoearthingconnectionatautoshakerM/Catlab C N/A
3.17.9 NoearthingconnectionatcadtesterM/Catlab C N/A
3.18 LightningSystem:
3.18.1 No/insufficientlightningprotection D N/A
3.19 MeterBox:
3.19.1 TopofEnergymeterBox/Enclosureopen(notsealed) C No
3.19.2 BottomofEnergymeterBox/Enclosureopen(notsealed) C No

ElectricalSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.OverallFindings
Page144of188

3.20 Maincutoutbox:
3.20.1 Fusebypassed D No
3.21 C.O.S.:
3.21.1 Extralinefromcommonterminal D No
3.21.2 Linestakenforindicatorsw/ofuse B N/A
3.21.3 Bunchofcable/multiplecable/loopingwireconnectedatoutput(common)terminal C No
3.21.4 Extrawireconnectedatinputterminal(s)oroutput(common)terminal(s) C No
3.21.5 Thechangeoverswitchenclosurenotsealed C No
3.22 RAWMATERIAL&FINISHEDGOODSSTORECHECKLIST
3.22.1 Normallight(uncovered)abovecombustiblemat D No
3.22.2 Aerials C No
3.22.3 Bracketlightcovermissing C No
3.22.4 Bracketlightinsideholderloose C No
3.23 CHEMICALROOM/STORECHECKLIST
3.23.1 Normallightabovecombustiblematerialsorchemicalinstore C Yes
3.23.2 NormalSwitchBoardinstalledinthechemicalroom/chemicalstore C No
3.23.3 NormalSocketinstalledinthechemicalroom/chemicalstore C No
3.23.4 MCCB/MCBboxinstalledinthechemicalroom/chemicalstore C No
3.24 LIFTROOMCHECKLIST
3.24.1 No/insufficient/unsafestairtotheentranceofliftroom C N/A
3.24.2 MotorECCnotdone D N/A
3.24.3 Motorconnectionterminalcovernotsealed/glanded C N/A
3.24.4 Nomechanicalguardonrotatingpart B N/A
3.25 MAINTENANCEROOMCHECKLIST
3.25.1 Chemicalstoredinsidethemaintenanceroom C No
3.25.2 MaintenancepersonneldonthavePPE C Yes
3.25.3 MaintenancepersonnelnotusingPPEwhileworking C Yes
3.25.4 No/insufficientlightonworkingplatforminthemaintenanceroom C Yes
3.25.5 NoearthingconnectionattheweldingM/C(orotherM/C) C No
3.25.6 GrindingM/C(orotherM/Cs)installedonwoodenplatform/table/combustiblematerial D Yes
3.25.7 DrillM/C(orotherM/Cs)connectionterminalnotsealedproperly C Yes

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.ProjectSummary
Page145of188

FireSafetyAssessment

AdministrationandEnforcement
Thereportisasdetailedaspossible,madeillustratedsothatthiscanbeusedasachecklist.Thecriteriausedcanbe
found in Nonconformities and Code Descriptions in Observation Summary part. A summary sheet is attached at
beginningofthereport.

ProjectDescription
NameoftheFacility XYZGarmentsLtd.
LocationoftheFacility ,Bangladesh
NatureofFacility Embroidery
AreaofFloor Asmentionedatthebeginningofthereport
FireSafetyRating(Final) C
TimetoCompletetheDeficiencies AsdescribedintheFindingSummary

FireSafetyAssessment:OverallRatingforXYZGarmentsLtd.is:

D C B

Thedetailsofthescoreareshownindifferentchaptersofthisreportandbriefwiththesummary

ClassificationofFindings Symbol NegativePointsofeachFindings No.ofFindings


Red D 10 0
Orange C 5 11
Yellow B 1 22
Fitforwork A 0 67
NotApplicable N/A 15
TotalNumberofObservations= 115
N.B.NoissueswereratedunderratingDsincethereexistsaminimumsystemforthefiresafetyandfightingatthepremises.

D
0%
C
10%
B
19%
A
58%
N/A
13%
TotalObservations=115
FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.ProjectSummary
Page146of188

Followingcriteriawereusedforthisassessment:
1. AllianceStandardFinal
2. BangladeshNationalBuildingCode(BNBC)2006.
3. AppropriatepartsoftheNFPA10,13,14,20,22,24,25,30,51B,72,80,252and257

Forthis,thefollowingchaptersofBNBC2006weretakenintoconsideration:
a. Chapter3GeneralBuildingrequirements(AppropriateSections)
b. Chapter4FireProtection(AppropriateSections)
c. Chapter8BuildingServices(AppropriateSections)
d. Chapter9UseofExistingBuilding(AppropriateSections)

Themethodologiesoftheinspectionare:

1. Measurementofdifferentstair,corridor,etc.:Valueswereevaluatedandcomparedwiththestandards.

2. Inspection of the whole firefighting system: The complete firefighting system was inspected, section by
section,floorbyfloor,fromthesourcetothefinalpointsforusers.Anydifferencesordeviationsagainstthe
criteriawerenoted.Components/areashavinglapseswerephotographed.

3. Athoroughanalysisofallthefindingswasmadeandreportpreparedinfollowingmanner:
A set of descriptive NonConformity Reports (NCRs) were made, where the deficiencies are described and
associatedreferencesarecitedinnextpages.

InterpretationoftheReport
Inordertousethereportseffectively,followingpointsneedtobenoted:

7. Thesummarydocumentsatthebeginningofthereportandtheoverallratingofthefacilityshallbenoted
8. Atthefacilitylevel,managementshallassignappropriatepersonstostudythereports,andmakeadetailed
actionplanimmediately,basedonthereportandrecommendationsatvariouspoints,sharethiswithus,and
executethe improvements.Foryoursafetyandliability purposes,we recommendthatlicensed contractors
evaluateandrepairanydeficiencies.
9. For any clarification of the report, a meeting can be arranged, where any item which is not readily
understoodcanbeexplained.

FacilityDescription
NameoftheFacility: XYZGarmentsLtd.
,Bangladesh
NatureoftheFacility: Embroidery
ContactPerson: Md.BangirAhamed(FactoryManager).Contactno.:+880726086567
NoofBuilding: 1Building

SummaryofthePremises
Description Area(Sft)

Building01
Asmentionedatthebeginningofthe
report

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.ProjectSummary
Page147of188

NumbersofFindingsonNonCompliances(NCs)
Visual&MeasureTimetoRectify

DeficiencyRed 10 30Days
DeficiencyOrange 5 90Days
DeficiencyYellow 1 180Days
**Timementionedaboveisfornormalcasesunlessdescribedothervalues.

CalculationofDeficiencyRating
ClassificationofFindings Symbol
NegativePoints
ofeachFindings
No.of
Findings
TotalNegative
Point
Red D 10 0 0
Orange C 5 11 55
Yellow B 1 22 22
Blue A 0 67 0
LightBlack N/A 15
TotalNegativePointsinthepremises= 77
AverageNegativePointsonEachObservations= 0.67

RatingoftheFactoryConsideringtheFirefightingSystem
NameoftheFacility
AccordingtoNegativePointsScored
(Rating)
AccordingtoNegativePointsand
ConsiderationFactors(FinalRating)
XYZGarmentsLtd. Yellow C
ThereisnoFireratedDooratthefactorywhichleadstoratethefactoryatC

Factory/PremisesRatingTableBasedonNCandOtherConsiderationFactors
Status A:FitforWork B:Yellow C:Orange D:Red
RatingConsideration 0 0.1to3.5 3.6to7 7.1andabove

RatingCriteriaataGlance

1. IfnoprovisionforFireExitisprovidedthenthefactorymayberatedasD.
2. IfanysinglefloororpartofabuildingisratedD,thentheentirebuildingmayberatedasD.
3. If generator/substation room is not separated from the main structure then the factory/installation/facility
mayberatedasB.
4. Ifmanualcallpointisnotpresentinthefacilitiesthenthefactory/installation/facilitymayberatedasC.
5. IfFireresistivedoorisnotprovidedasperrequirementthenthefactorymayberatedasC.
6. IftheSubStation/BoilerroomisorinthefactorybuildingbutlayoutofthesearenotasperBNBCcode,then
thefactorymayberatedasC.
FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingDetails
Page148of188

XYZGarmentsLtd.,Bangladesh
FireSafetyAssessmentFindingDetailsfromDescriptiveNC,VisualInspectionandAvailableInformation
NCNo.
Alliance/BNBC
Section
Description PictureReference Observations RecommendedCorrectiveMeasures
Timeto
Complete
(Days)
NC1.1 3.4.2.1.3
GeneratorRoom,Fuel
Tank&ExhaustSystem

i.01noGenerator(100KVA)hasbeen
installedataseparatedtinshed
having5inchthickbrickwallonone
sidewhichis25inchhighandhas2
hrfireresistanceconsideringplaster
&painting.Othersideisenclosedby
thebuildingwallwhichis10inch
thickandhas5hrfireresistance
consideringplaster&painting.
ii.01nofueltankfoundoutsidethe
tinshed.Fueltankcapacity225liter.
iii.Exhaustsystemexistsand
dischargetotheexteriorofthetin
shedintheopenspaceinasafe
location.
NoCorrectiveMeasuresNeeded(None) N/A
NC1.2 3.4.2.1.4
RoomforOilorDrytype
Transformer

i.Oilfilledtransformer(200KVA)has
beeninstalledinopenspace.
ii.Fireextinguishernotfound.
Roomsusedforthehousingofoilfilled
transformersshallbeincompliancewith
BNBCPart4SectionD15forhighrise
buildings.Oilfilledtransformersfornon
highrisebuildingsshallbeseparatedbya
minimum2hourfireresistiverated
construction
180
NC1.3 4.4
Fireresistanceof
structuralmembers

i.AllRCfloorslabshaving19mm
clearcoverhasminimum2.5hrfire
ratings.
ii.Allfloorbeamhaving35mmclear
coverhasmorethan4hrfireratings.
iii.Allfloorcolumns35mmclear
coverhasmorethan4hrfireratings.
Overallthestructuralmembersare
inthetype1i.e.highestdegreeof
fireresistanceelement.
(None) N/A

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingDetails
Page149of188

NCNo.
Alliance/BNBC
Section
Description PictureReference Observations RecommendedCorrectiveMeasures
Timeto
Complete
(Days)
NC1.4 4.4.1
FireResistanceRatings
ofCommonElements

i.Allexteriorandinteriornonload
bearingwalls(10inchthick)have5hr
fireresistanceratingconsidering
plasterandpaintingwhichare
Moderatedegreeoffireresistance
element.
ii.Allnonloadbearingfirewall(5
inchthick)have2hrfireresistance
highestdegreeoffireresistance
element.
iii.Firebarrierswalls(5inchthick)
have2hrfireresistanceconsidering
plasterandpaintingwhichare
Moderatedegreeoffireresistance
element.Overallthecommon
elementsareinthetype2i.e.
moderatedegreeoffireresistance
element.
(None) N/A
NC1.5 4.4.2
Parapetswallthickness
&heightoftheparapets

Parapetintheroofis34inchhigh
whichisconstructedwith5inchthick
brickwall.Theparapetwallsare
plasteredonbothsides.
(None) N/A
NC1.6 4.5.1
Separationoffloors,
occupancies,hazards,
exitenclosures
constructionthickness

i.FloorsareseparatedbyRCfloor
slabhaving19mmclearcoverhave3
hrfireratings.
Ii.Otheroccupancies,hazards,exit
enclosuresareseparatedbyfire
barrierwalls(10inch&5inchthick).
(None) N/A
NC1.7 4.5.2
Firebarriers
construction

I.Atoutside10inchthickbrickwall
have5hrfireresistancerating.
Ii.Firebarrierswallof5inch
thicknesshavemorethan2hrfire
resistancerating.
Iii.RCslabsforseparatingfloorshave
morethan3hrfireresistancerating.
(None) N/A

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingDetails
Page150of188

NCNo.
Alliance/BNBC
Section
Description PictureReference Observations RecommendedCorrectiveMeasures
Timeto
Complete
(Days)
NC1.8 4.5.2.1
Firebarrierconstruction
continuation

Firebarriersarenotcontinuousin
onestair.Inotherplacesfirebarriers
arecontinuousfromoutsidewallto
outsidewall,fromonefirebarrierto
anotherorcombinationthereof.
(None) N/A
NC1.9 4.5.2.2
Firebarrierconstruction
materialstesting

Firebarriersareconstructedthat
havefireresistanceratingshownin
BNBCpart4table4.1.1whichis
preparedbasedonthetesting
requirementsofASTME119.
(None) N/A
NC1.10 4.5.2.3
Allopeningsinfire
barriersshallbe
protectedwithfire
resistantprotective
opening

Openingsinfirebarriersarenot
protectedwithfireprotective
assemblies.Externalwallhave
exhaustfanandglasswindows.
Allopeningsinfirebarriersshallbe
protectedwiththesamefireresistant
protectiveoffirebarriersasperalliance
standard.
180
NC1.11 4.5.4.1 FireDoors Firedoorsarenotfound
Firedoorsassembliesshouldconformto
NFPA252,BS476Part22,EN13641,GB
129552008,orIS3614PartIIandat
passagesthatconnectedwithlobby,
workshops,storerooms,plantrooms,
shouldbeinstalled.
90
NC1.12 4.5.5.1 Firewindows Firewindowsarenotfound
FirewindowsshouldconformtoNFPA257
orBritish,European,Chinese,orIndian
standardforfirewindowtestsshouldbe
installedatstaircase.
180
NC1.13 4.5.6
Ductspenetratingfire
resistancerated
assemblies

Ductspenetrationsarenotfound. (None) N/A


NC1.14 4.5.7.1
Ashaftenclosureshall
behaveaminimumfire
resistanceratingof2hr
Shaftsarenotfound. (None) N/A
NC1.15 4.5.7.2
Ashaftenclosureshall
beconstructedasafire
barrier
Shaftsarenotfound. (None) N/A

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingDetails
Page151of188

NCNo.
Alliance/BNBC
Section
Description PictureReference Observations RecommendedCorrectiveMeasures
Timeto
Complete
(Days)
NC1.16 4.5.7.3
Openingsinshafts
satisfiesthepurposeof
theshaft
Shaftsarenotfound. (None) N/A
NC1.17 4.6
Openingsinfire
resistanceratedwalls
DoorOpeningsinfirebarriersarenot
protectedwithfireprotective
assemblies.Externalwallshave
exhaustfanandglasswindowswhich
arealsonotprotectedbyfire
protectiveassemblies.
Openingsinfireresistanceratedwalls
shouldbeprotectedwithfireprotective
openingassemblies.
180
NC1.18 4.7
Penetrationsoffire
barriersshallbe
protectedfirestop

FoundnumbersofPenetrationson
thebarrierwallsatallfloorslike
compressedairpipes,air
conditioningchannelsatallfloors,
whicharenotproperlysealed.
Needtoberedoneasperstandards
accordingtoASTME814
180
NC1.19 5.3.2.1.1
Automaticsprinkler
protectionforabove
height75ft.

Automaticsprinklerprotection
systemisnotrequiredasthebuilding
heightabovethefinishedgradeis
lessthen75ft.
(None) N/A
NC1.20 5.5.2
Rooftopand
UndergroundWater
Tank

Rooftoptank=792Gallon
(02Nos.tankofcapacity264Gallon
and528Gallon)
Undergroundwatertank=792
Gallon.
(Calculation:TotalRiser1no.having
total6noshoseconnection.
Considering4nos.operatingata
time.Total4x30=120GPM.
Additional30GPMisrequiredfor
other'suse).For75minutesfighting
undergroundreservoircapacity
required150x75=11,250gal)
RooftopWaterTankandUnderground
WaterTank.Nonewroofmountedtanksto
supplywatertonewstandpipeorsprinkler
protectioninstallationsshallbeallowed
withoutcomplyingwiththerequirementsof
AllianceStandardPart8.Tanksshallbe
sizedfortheminimumdurationforfire
protectionsupplyasoutlinedinNFPA24.
90

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingDetails
Page152of188

NCNo.
Alliance/BNBC
Section
Description PictureReference Observations RecommendedCorrectiveMeasures
Timeto
Complete
(Days)
NC1.21 5.5.1
Theautomaticsprinkler
systemdesigncriteriain
generalproduction
areasoffactories,
includingstorageareas

Automaticsprinklerprotection
systemisnotrequiredasthebuilding
heightabovethefinishedgradeis
lessthen75ft..
(None) N/A
NC1.22 5.3.3
Pipeschedulefor
Sprinklersystem

AutomaticSprinklerprotection
Systemisnotrequiredatthisfactory
(None) N/A
NC1.23 5.3.5.1
Allvalvesforfirefighting
system

AutomaticSprinklerprotection
Systemisnotrequiredatthisfactory
(None) N/A
NC1.24 5.3.5.2
Theautomaticsprinkler
systemwaterflowshall
activatethefirealarm
system

AutomaticSprinklerprotection
Systemisnotrequiredatthisfactory
(None) N/A
NC1.25 5.3.6
Automaticsprinkler
systemsshallbetested

AutomaticSprinklerprotection
Systemisnotrequiredatthisfactory
(None) N/A
NC1.26 5.3.6.1
Minimumstorage
clearancewith18inch
withthesprinkler
systeminstalled

AutomaticSprinklerSystemisnot
requiredatthisfactory
(None) N/A
NC1.27
5.3.6.2.1
5.3.6.2.1
SolidRacks&Shelves
withsprinklersystem
installed

AutomaticSprinklerprotection
Systemisnotrequiredatthisfactory
Foundracksareopentype.All
shelveshavelayerofrackwhose
heightis40inch.Minimum
clearancesbetweentheroofandthe
racksarefound11inch.
(None) N/A
NC1.28 5.3.6.3
Minimumaislesshallbe
maintainedfreeof
storageifsprinkler
systemisinstalled

AutomaticSprinklerprotection
Systemisnotrequiredatthisfactory
Foundminimumaislesof40inch
widearemaintainedfreeofstorage.
(None) N/A

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingDetails
Page153of188

NCNo.
Alliance/BNBC
Section
Description PictureReference Observations RecommendedCorrectiveMeasures
Timeto
Complete
(Days)
NC1.29 5.4.2 Standpipesystems 01No.2inchdia.GIpipeisfound.
Standpipesystemsshallbeinstalled
throughoutallnewandexistingbuildings
andstructureswherethehighestoccupied
floorismorethan10m(33ft)abovegrade
ormorethan10m(33ft)belowgrade.As
per5.4.3Standalonestandpipesystems
shallmeetthelocalBNBCrequirements
withaminimum450kPa(65psi)pressureat
thehydraulicallymostremotehose
connectionorNFPA14.
90
NC1.30 5.4.4.1
ClassIstandpipehose
connections(65mm)at
eachstairways&
occupiedroofs

03hoseconnectionsarefoundwith
standpipeof2inchdiaandhose
lengthis30meter.Roofisnot
occupied.
ClassIstandpipehoseconnections(65mm)
ateachstairways&occupiedroofs
90
NC1.31 5.5.4
Firedepartment
(Siamese)
Siameseconnectionisnotfound.
Firedepartment(Siamese)inletconnections
shallbeprovidedtoallowfiredepartment
pumperequipmenttosupplementthefire
protectionsystems.
90
NC1.32 5.6
Portablefire
extinguisherstravel
distance,grossweight&
heightofthetop
Found42nos.(29nos.,5kgABC
type,13Nos.,5kgCO2type)whose
toplevelheight33inchfromfloor
level.Themaximumdistance
betweentwofireextinguishersare
found30ft.
(None) N/A
NC1.33 5.7.3.2
ForOccupancyB.A
manualfirealarm
system
N/A (None) N/A
NC1.34 5.7.3.3
ForOccupancyE.An
automaticfirealarm
system
N/A (None) N/A
NC1.35 5.7.3.4
ForOccupancyF.A
manualfirealarm
system
N/A (None) N/A

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingDetails
Page154of188

NCNo.
Alliance/BNBC
Section
Description PictureReference Observations RecommendedCorrectiveMeasures
Timeto
Complete
(Days)
NC1.36 5.7.3.5
ForOccupancyG1.A
manualfirealarm
system
N/A (None) N/A
NC1.37 5.7.3.6
ForOccupancyG2.An
automaticfirealarm
FoundManualtypeFireAlarm
system(04nos.sounddevice)in
frontofeverystairwithemergency
powersupply.
Anautomaticfirealarmanddetection
systemshallbeprovidedthroughoutallnew
andexistingmoderatehazardindustrial
occupancies.
180
NC1.38 5.7.3.7
ForOccupancyH.A
manualfirealarm
system
N/A (None) N/A
NC1.39 5.7.3.8
ForOccupancyJ.An
automaticfirealarm&
detectionsystem
N/A (None) N/A
NC1.40 5.7.3.9
ForOccupancyK.A
manualfirealarm
system
N/A (None) N/A
NC1.41 5.7.6.1
Smokedetectorslisted
foruseinairdistribution
systems
Noairdistributionsystemfound.14
manualtypesmokedetectorsare
placedinthefactory.
Smokedetectorslistedforuseinair
distributionsystemsshallbelocatedas
requiredinNFPA90A.
90
NC1.42 5.8.3
Anautomaticheatand
smokeventssystem

Anautomaticheatandsmokevents
arenotrequiredtoconvertto
manualoperationsinceautomatic
sprinklerprotectionsystemisnot
recommendedforthisfactory.
(None) N/A
NC1.43
5.9.1
5.9.2
Firelifts
Fireliftisnotrequiredbecause3
storiedbuildingofheightnotmore
than20m.
(None) N/A

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingDetails
Page155of188

NCNo.
Alliance/BNBC
Section
Description PictureReference Observations RecommendedCorrectiveMeasures
Timeto
Complete
(Days)
NC1.44 6.3.1.1
Exitaccesscorridors
servinganoccupant
loadexceeding30shall
beseparatedbywalls
havingafireresistance
rating
Oneexitaccesscorridorfound. (None) N/A
NC1.45 6.3.1.2
Exitsshallbeenclosed
withfireresistance
ratedconstruction

Found01(one)no.commonstairin
thebuildingwith10inchbrickwall
havingfireresistancerating5hours
consideringplasterandpainting.01
nosteelstiarofwidth45inchis
foundwhichconnects1stfloorand
2ndfloorandwhichisnotenclosed
byfireresistanceratedwallonone
side.

i.Exitsconnectingthreeorfewerstories
shallbeenclosedwithaminimum1hrfire
resistancerating.
ii.Exitsconnectingfourormorestoriesshall
beenclosedwithaminimum2hrfire
resistancerating.
iii.Exitsshallbeenclosedwiththesame
fireresistanceratingasthefloorpenetrated
butwillnotneedtoexceed2hr.
180
NC1.46 6.3.1.3
Exteriorexitstairsshall
beseparatedfromthe
building

1no.Exteriorexitstairofwidth36
inchisfoundwhichconnectsground
floorandfirstfloor.Exteriorexitstair
fabricatedbyMSsteel.
Exteriorexitstairsshallbeseparatedfrom
thebuildingwiththeratingrequirementsof
6.3.1.2.Theratingoftheexteriorwallshall
extend3.05m(10ft)beyondtheendsof
thestairstructure.
180
NC1.47 6.3.2
InteriorFinish
maintainingclassA,B&
C

Interiorwallsarepaintedwith
distemperpaintsatthemeansof
egress.
Needtopaintwithnoncombustible,fire
resistancecolor
180
NC1.48 6.3.3
Headroom:Allmeansof
egressshallhavea
minimumceilingheight
of2.3m(7ft6in.)with
projectionsfromthe
ceilingnotlessthan2.03
m(6ft8in.)

Ceilingheightatallmeansofegress
ismorethan10ftandminimum
heightofdoors(thaialuminium,
swingingandcollapsible)are80inch.
Heightofheadroomis10ft.
(None) N/A
NC1.49 6.3.4.1
Abruptchangesin
elevationofwalking
surfaces

Notfound.Thereisnoabrupt
changesinelevationofwalking
surfaces.
(None) N/A
FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingDetails
Page156of188

NCNo.
Alliance/BNBC
Section
Description PictureReference Observations RecommendedCorrectiveMeasures
Timeto
Complete
(Days)
NC1.50 6.3.4.2
Walkingsurfacesshall
bemostlylevel;
however,shallnot
exceedaslopeof1in20
inthedirectionoftravel
unlessmeetingthe
requirementsforramps

Nochangesinlevelonwalking
surfaces
(None) N/A
NC1.51 6.3.5.1
Thechangeinlevel
markedwithadditional
signageorfloor
markings.
Nochangesinlevel. (None) N/A
NC1.52 6.3.6
Walkingsurfaces,
includingstairway
treadsshallbeuniformly
slipresistant

Stairwaysfoundtobeuniformand
havetilesandcementfinishwhich
arenotslippery.Walkingsurfacesare
foundtobeuniformandhavenon
slipperytilesandcementfinishing.
(None) N/A
NC1.53 6.3.8
Nolocksorother
devicesshallbeinstalled
onameansofegress
componentthatwould
preventanyoccupant
fromhavingsafeegress
fromthebuildingor
structure

Bothwayofegresspathsareopen
foralltime.Locks,alarms,orother
devicesarenotinstalledintheegress
pathway.
(None) N/A
NC1.54 6.3.9
Meansofegressshallbe
maintainedcontinuously
freeandclearofall
obstructionsor
impedimentstofull
instantuseinthecaseof
fireorotheremergency

Meansofegressarefoundto
continuouslyfreeandclearofall
obstructionsorimpediments.
(None) N/A

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingDetails
Page157of188

NCNo.
Alliance/BNBC
Section
Description PictureReference Observations RecommendedCorrectiveMeasures
Timeto
Complete
(Days)
NC1.55 6.3.9.1
Nofurnishings,
decorations,orother
objectsshallobstruct
exitsandaccesstoexits.
Nothingshallobstructor
impedevisibilitytoexits

Nofurnishings,decorations,orother
objectsarefoundthatobstructexits
andaccesstoexits.Visibilitytoexits
foundtobeobstructionfree.
(None) N/A
NC1.56 6.4 OccupancyLoad
192personsinwholefactory.65
personsareworkinginthe1stfloor
ofthebuildingwhichisthemaximum
numberofworkersperfloor.
Thecalculatedoccupantload
consideringthemaximumnumberof
workersis:
(7500*0.8)/65=92.30ft
2
perperson.
Considering80%floorareaisusedfor
productionpurpose.
(None) N/A
NC1.57 6.5.1
Aislesshallbeprovided
withaminimum
unobstructedclear
widthof0.9m(36in.)

Minimumaislesare40inchwide.The
aisleshavenoobstacles.
(None) N/A
NC1.58 6.5.2
Thepathofegresstravel
freefromobstacle&
shallnotbereduced
alongthepathoftravel

Thepathofegresstravelalonga
meansofegressarefoundfreeofany
obstruction.Thecapacityofthe
meansofegressarenotbeing
reducedalongthepathoftravel.
(None) N/A

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingDetails
Page158of188

NCNo.
Alliance/BNBC
Section
Description PictureReference Observations RecommendedCorrectiveMeasures
Timeto
Complete
(Days)
NC1.59 6.5.3
Thetotalcapacityofthe
meansofegressshallfor
anystory,floor,orother
occupiedspaceshallbe
sufficientforthe
occupantloadas
calculated

Found01(one)no.commonstairof
width52inchinthebuilding.
01(one)nointernalsteelstiarof
width45inchwhichconnects1st
floorand2ndfloorand01no.
exteriorexitsteelstairofwidth36
inchwhichconnectsgroundfloorand
firstfloorarefound.
Thecalculatedcapacityofthe
meansofegressconsideringthe
maximumnumberofworkersis:
8mmperperson*65=520mm=
21inch.AsperAlliancesection6.5.4
Totalwidthofstairsare(52+36)=88
inch.
(None) N/A
NC1.60 6.5.6.1
Doorsinanexisting
meansofegressshall
haveaminimumwidth
of0.8m(32in.)

03nosswingingthaidoorofwidth60
inch,64inchand48inch,01noply
wooddoorofwidth36inchand01
noswingingsteeldoorofwidth42
inch,andoneCollapsibledoorof60
incharefoundinthemeansofegress
whicharekeptopenforworking
time.
(None) N/A
NC1.61 6.5.6.2.2.
Inexistingconstruction,
stairsshallhavea
minimumwidthof0.9m
(35in.)

Found01(one)no.commonstairof
width52inchinthebuilding.
01(one)nointernalsteelstiarof
width45inchwhichconnects1st
floorand2ndfloorand01no.
exteriorexitstairofwidth36inch
whichconnectsgroundfloorandfirst
floorarefound.
(None) N/A

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingDetails
Page159of188

NCNo.
Alliance/BNBC
Section
Description PictureReference Observations RecommendedCorrectiveMeasures
Timeto
Complete
(Days)
NC1.62 6.6.2
Onlyoneexitshallbe
requiredinexisting
buildingswherethe
occupantloadandtravel
distancelistedinTable
6.6.2arenotexceeded
Suchtypeofbuildingisnotfound (None) N/A
NC1.63 6.6.3
Thenumberofmeansof
egressfromanyflooror
storyshallnotbeless
than3whenthe
occupantloadexceeds
500perstoryandnot
lessthan4whenthe
occupantloadexceeds
1000perstory

65personsareworkingonthe1st
floorofthebuildingwhichisthe
maximumnumberofworkersper
floor.02(two)Nosstairarefoundin
themeansofegress.
(None) N/A
NC1.64 6.6.4 Stairforoccupiedroofs Roofsarenotoccupied (None) N/A
NC1.65 6.8.1
Doorsinameansof
egress

03nosswingingthaidoorofwidth60
inch,64inchand48inch,01noply
wooddoorofwidth36inchand01
noswingingsteeldoorofwidth42
inch,andoneCollapsibledoorof60
incharefoundinthemeansofegress
whicharekeptopenforworking
time.
Sidehingedswingingtypedoorsshouldbe
installedinthemeansofegress.
180
NC1.66
6.8.2.1
6.8.2.2
6.8.2.3
Doorsshallnotbe
lockedinthedirection
ofegressunderany
conditions

Lockeddoorsarenotfoundinthe
meansofegress.
(None) N/A

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingDetails
Page160of188

NCNo.
Alliance/BNBC
Section
Description PictureReference Observations RecommendedCorrectiveMeasures
Timeto
Complete
(Days)
NC1.67
6.8.3
6.8.3.1
Everydoorinastair
enclosureservingmore
than5storiesshallbe
providedwithreentry

Lockeddoorsarenotfoundinthe
meansofegress.Everystairgatehas
reentryprovision.
(None) N/A
NC1.68 6.8.5
landingshallbe
providedonbothsides
ofdoors&notswingout
overstairs

Landingisprovidedonbothsidesof
doorsinthemeansofegress.
(None) N/A
NC1.69 6.9.2.1
Stairsshallbeof
noncombustible
construction

Sidewallofcommonstaircaseisbuilt
with10inchthickbrickwallwhichis
noncombustible.Theinternalsteel
stairhasnowallononeside.
Stairsshallbeofnoncombustible
construction.
180
NC1.70 6.9.2.2
Landingsshallbe
providedwithsame
widthinthedirectionof
egresstravel

Landingwidthsof55inchfor
commonstairisfoundinthe
directionofegresstravelwhichis
greaterthanthestairclearwidth.
(None) N/A
NC1.71 6.9.2.3
Stairtreadsshallbeof
nominaluniformity.

Stairtreadsareuniformwhichare12
inch.Stairriserheightis6inchforthe
commonstair.Themaximum
differenceofriserheightsfoundto
be1/2inch(12mm).
MaximumRiserheightforinternal
stairis9inchandforexteriorstairit
is13inch.
(None) N/A
NC1.72 6.9.2.4
Handrailsshallbe
providedonbothsides
ofeachstairway.
Intermediatehandrails
shallbeprovidedwhen
thestairwidthexceeds
2.2m(87in.)

Handrailsareprovidedononesideof
thecommonstairway.Thelargest
stairwidthisfoundtobe52inch.
Handrailonbothsidesofeachstairway
shouldbeinstalled.
180
NC1.73 6.9.3.1 Stairdesignationsigns
Stairdesignationsignsarenot
providedateachfloorentrancefrom
thestair.
(None) N/A

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingDetails
Page161of188

NCNo.
Alliance/BNBC
Section
Description PictureReference Observations RecommendedCorrectiveMeasures
Timeto
Complete
(Days)
NC1.74 6.1
Theminimumwidthof
rampshallbe1.1m(44
in.)withhandrail.
Existingrampsshallnot
havearunningslope
greaterthan1in8(12.5
percent).
Norampsfound (None) N/A
NC1.75 6.11
Lightedexitsignsshall
beplacedatentranceto
anexit.

Lightedexitsigns(11nos.)with
emergencypowersupplyarefound.
Directionallightedexitsignsalso
providedwhereneeded.
(None) N/A
NC1.76 6.12.1.2
Existinghandrailsthat
arelessthan760mm
(30in.)orgreaterthan
1100mm(44in.)as
measuredfromthe
leadingedgeofthe
tread

Theheightofexistinghandrailsare
34inchfromtheleadingedgeofthe
treadforallstairs.
(None) N/A
NC1.77 6.12.2
Guardsheightatall
opensidesofmeansof
egress

Thereisnosuchspacesinthemeans
ofegresswhichrequireguards.
(None) N/A
NC1.78 6.12.2.3 Openguardsheight

Themaximumgapbetweentwo
intermediaterailsinthestaircasesis
foundtobe12inchforcommon
stair,32inchforinternalstairand12
inchforexternalstair.
Openguardsshallhaveintermediaterailsor
patternsuchthatasphere200mm(8in.)in
diametercannotpassthroughanyopening
uptoaheightof865mm(34in.).
180
NC1.79 6.12.2.4
Alloccupiableroofsshall
beprovidedwith
parapetsorguardswith
aminimumheight
of1067mm(42in.)
Roofisnotoccupied. (None) N/A

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingDetails
Page162of188

NCNo.
Alliance/BNBC
Section
Description PictureReference Observations RecommendedCorrectiveMeasures
Timeto
Complete
(Days)
NC1.80 6.13
Traveldistancetoreach
anexitmaximum60m
withautomaticfire
detectionsystemor
122mwithanautomatic
sprinklersystem

TheMaximumtraveldistancefound
tobe87fttoreachanexit.Asper
BNBCPart4section3.15.1for
occupancyGtheMaximumtravel
distanceshouldbe400ft(122m)
(None) N/A
NC1.81 6.14.2
Anexitpassagewayisan
exitcomponentthatis
separatedfromother
interiorspacesofa
buildingorstructureby
fireresistancerated
constructionand
openingprotective,and
providesforaprotected
pathofegressina
horizontaldirectionto
theexitdischargeorthe
publicway.

Interiorexitstairwayterminatesatan
exitdischarge.
(None) N/A
NC1.82 6.14.3
Openingsfromstorage
areas,basements,
transformerrooms,
generatorrooms,boiler
roomsetc.tovestibules

Doorofthemainstorageat2ndfloor
opensattheexitpassage.
(None) N/A
NC1.83 6.14.7
Astairwayinanexit
enclosureshallnot
continuebelowitslevel
ofexitdischargeunless
anapprovedbarrieris
providedatthelevelof
exitdischargetoprevent
personsfrom
unintentionally
continuingintolevels
belowasdescribedin
IBC1022.7
Thereisnosuchopening (None) N/A

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingDetails
Page163of188

NCNo.
Alliance/
BNBC
Section
Description PictureReference Observations RecommendedCorrectiveMeasures
Timeto
Complete
(Days)
NC1.84 6.15.2
Exitpassagewaysshallbe
consideredanextensionof
thestairs

Onenoexitpassagewayfoundwhich
isinthe2ndfloorandwhichisnot
beingusedforanyotherpurpose
(None) N/A
NC1.85 6.15.3
Exitpassagewaysshallhave
walls,ceilings,andfloors
have1hr.fireresistance
rating

Theexitpassagewayhas10inch
thickwallswhichhave5hrfire
resistanceratingconsideringplaster
andpainting.Theceilingofthe
passagewayalsohasfireresistance
ratingofmorethan1hour.
(None) N/A
NC1.86 6.15.4
Exitpassagewaysterminate
toexitdischarge

Exitpassagewaysterminatetoexit
discharge
(None) N/A
NC1.87
6.17.1
6.17.3
Exitsshalldischargedirectly
totheexteriorofthe
building,notreentera
building.Theinterior
dischargeisnotthrougha
storageorhazardous
occupancy

Exitsareterminatedtoexitdischarge
areadirectlyanddonotreenterthe
building
(None) N/A
NC1.88 6.17.2
Anegresscourtservingasa
portionoftheexitdischarge
shallbeopentotheskyor
providedwithafire
resistanceratedenclosure
thesameastheexit
enclosure.Egresscourtsless
than3050mm(10ft)in
width(asmeasuredfromthe
buildingandtheadjacent
propertyline)shallbe
providedwithwallshavinga
1hrfireresistancerated
constructionforadistanceof
3050mm(10ft)abovethe
floorofthecourt

Egresscourtisopentotheskyto
exteriorofthebuildingandarea
found60ft.by30ft.
(None) N/A

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingDetails
Page164of188

NCNo.
Alliance/
BNBC
Section
Description PictureReference Observations RecommendedCorrectiveMeasures
Timeto
Complete
(Days)
NC1.89 10.12.2.1
Themeansofegresspaths
illumination10lux,aisles2.5
lux,Emergencypowerof
batterypowered,inspection
testing&90minutes
duration

Atthemeansofegresspaths11Nos
emergencylightsfoundwhichhave
90minutesbackupthatprovides
illuminationofmorethan10luxfor
allcorridors,exitdoorsstairwaysand
aisles.Regularinspectioniscarried
outbutnorecordismaintained.
Inspectionandtestingreportsnot
found.
i.Themeansofegresspathsshallbe
illuminatedatalltimesthebuildingis
occupied.Illuminationshallbeaminimum
of10luxforallcorridors,exitdoors,and
stairways.Aislesshallbeprovidedwitha
minimum2.5lux.
ii.Emergencypower.Meansofegress
illuminationshallbeprovidedwith
emergencypowerorsupplementedwith
batterypoweredlightsthatprovide
minimum10luxfornolessthan30minin
theeventoffailureofnormallighting.
iii.Emergencypowerformeansofegress
illuminationshallbeverifiedatleastonce
peryear.Ifbatteryoperatedlightsare
used,theselightsshallbetestedona
monthlybasis.Functionaltestingofbattery
poweredlightsshallbeprovidedfora
minimum30minonceperyear.
180
NC1.90 10.12.1.1
Allrequiredexitsignsshall
beilluminatedcontinuously
atalltimes
11Nosexitlightsarefoundwith
emergencypowersupply.Inspection
andtestingarecarriedoutoneach
monthbutnorecordismaintained.
(None) N/A
NC1.91 10.4.1.1
Buildingsoversixstoryor20
m(65ft)highshallhavea
minimumofonevertices
verticalshaftof200mm
x400mmsizeforevery
1500m2floorareas.

Notfoundsuchduct.Cabletrayand
channelhasbeenusedtorunthe
cablesandwire
(None) N/A
NC1.92 13.1
FireSafetyDirector'sduties,
Firedepartmentpre
planning&testingoffire
protectionequipment

Readyrecordswasnotfoundbut
testingequipment,safetyinspection,
preplanningwithfiredepartment
andcommunicatingrallypointsto
allemployeesarebeingonroutine
basis
Recordsoneveryactivitiesneedtokept
strictlyonregularbasis
180

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingDetails
Page165of188

NCNo.
Alliance/
BNBC
Section
Description PictureReference Observations RecommendedCorrectiveMeasures
Timeto
Complete
(Days)
NC1.93 13.2
Firedrillsshallbe
conductedonaquarterly
basisasoutlinedinBNBC
Part4AppendixAforall
garmentfacilities.
Firedrillrecordhasbeenseen. (None) N/A
NC1.94 13.3
EvacuationPlanpostedat
theentrancetoeachexit
stair

Evacuationplanfoundateachfloor
ofthebuilding.
(None) N/A
NC1.95 13.4
Hotworkpermitforall
RMGfacilitiesinaccordance
withNFPA51B
Notfoundanyhotworkpractice (None) N/A
NC1.96 13.5
Smokingbeprohibited,
Factoriesrule,Signsposted
&smokingareaoutsidethe
building
Smokingisprohibitedaccordingto
theirownnoticebutdocumentis
notfound.
'NoSmoking'signinthefactory
areanotfound.
Smokingshouldbeprohibitedinany
garmentfactorybuilding,separatestorage
buildingoranyfactoryarea.Ascigarettes
areoneofthemaincausesofthefire,
supervisorsshouldensurethatworkers
appreciatetheneedtotakecare.
180
NC1.97
13.6
13.7
Housekeepingpolicy&
Maintainelectricalsystems
ingoodworkingorder
Housekeepingrecordnotfound.
Toreduceorminimizefirehazard,good
housekeepingandsensiblefire
precautionsshouldbestrictlymaintained.
Apersonshouldbeappointedtoconduct
regularcheckinrespecttofiresafety.
180
NC1.98 13.8
Allmeansofegressshallbe
keptfreeandclearatall
times

Allmeansofegressfoundopenand
obstaclesfreeforalltime
(None) N/A
NC1.99 13.9
SafetyInspectionneedto
beconductedonaquarterly
basis
NoRecordsfound (None) N/A
NC1.100 13.9.2
Firedoorstestingreport,
closing&latching

Firedoornotpresent,sofiredoor
testingreportnotfound
Firedoorsshallbetestedonaquarterly
basistoensurethattheyareproperly
closingandlatching
180

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingDetails
Page166of188

NCNo.
Alliance/
BNBC
Section
Description PictureReference Observations RecommendedCorrectiveMeasures
Timeto
Complete
(Days)
NC1.101 13.1
Automaticsuppression
systems:Inspection,testing
andmaintenanceofwater
basedfireprotection
systems,Firealarmand
detectionssystems
Norecordsfound
Automaticsuppressionsystems.Inspection,
testingandmaintenanceinaccordancewith
NFPA25shallbeconductedonallwater
basedfireprotectionsystems.Firealarm
anddetectionssystems.Inspection,testing
andmaintenanceinaccordancewithNFPA
72shallbeconductedonallfirealarm
systems.
90
NC1.102 13.11
Establishamaintenance,
cleaningandlubrication
scheduleforequipment
Norecordsfound
Themaintenanceandcleaningschedulewill
varywithtypeoffiberprocessedandthe
equipmentused.Lubricateequipmentin
accordancewithmanufacturers
recommendations.
180
NC1.103 13.12 Electricalmaintenance Maintenancerecordnotfound. (None) N/A
NC1.104
BNBCPart4
Chap4,
4.2.3.10
PressureinRiserPipe
Normalgravitypressureisbeing
used
Required650kpa(94.34psi),linepressure
600kpashouldmaintainbyjockeypump.
90
NC1.105
BNBCPart4
Chap4,
4.2.3.9
FireHosePipe

1.5inchdia,Length=30m
FirehosepipeshouldbeasperBNBCPart4
Chap4,4.2.3.9
90
NC1.106
BNBCPart4
Chap4,
4.2.3.9
FireHoseCabinet
3Nosfirehosecabinetwith1.5inch
diahosepipefoundatthebuilding.
HosepipeLengthis30m.
ThefirehosecabinetshouldbeasperBNBC
Part4Chap4,4.2.3.9.
90

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.FindingDetails
Page167of188

NCNo.
Alliance/
BNBC
Section
Description PictureReference Observations RecommendedCorrectiveMeasures
Timeto
Complete
(Days)
NC1.107
BNBCPart4
Chap4,
4.2.6.
FirePump,Standbypump,
Jockeypump

1noFirepump(45KW).1no
JockeyPump(25KW)found.
Standbypumpnotfound.
1noFirepump(motordriven),1no
standbyFirepump(enginedriven)or
electricpumpwithowngeneratorand1
noJockeyPumpformaintainingsystem
pressure.(Pumpcapacityshallbe150
GPM,Pumpheadshallbe230ftofWGto
maintainhoseoutletpressure5barand
Jockeypumpshallbe15GPM&260ftof
WG)
90
NC1.108
BNBCPart4,
Chapt4.
4.2.6
PumpHouse Notpresent
SeparatePumpHouseforfirefighting
systemisrequired
180
NC1.109
BNBCPart4
Appendix
D17.2
ManualCallPoints
Found04nos.withemergency
powersupply.
(None) N/A
NC1.110
BNBCPart4
Chap4
PASystem PASystemnotfound.
Requiredatcorridor,LiftlobbyandStair
lobbyasperdesignrequirementshouldbe
automaticallycontrolled.
180
NC1.111
BNBCPart4
Appendix
D18
FireCommandStation Notfound.
Onecentralstationatgroundfloororat
anysuitableplaceasfirecommand
station.
180
NC1.112
BNBCPart3
Chapt1.
MainRoadnearMainGate 10m (None) N/A
NC1.113
Fireservice
&civil
defense
FireCertificate Firelicensehasbeenseen (None) N/A
NC1.114
5.5.1.1,
5.4.3.1
5.7.4.1
Fireservice
&civil
defense
Fireapprovaldrawingand
Fireasbuiltdrawing

FireapprovaldrawingandFireas
builtdrawingarenotfound.
NeedFireapprovaldrawingforFirefighting
systemtherewillprovideallnecessaryfire
appliancesuchasemergencyexitposition,
detectorlocation,pullstationetc..
180
NC1.115
Standard
Practice
StorageofChemicals Chemicalstoragenotfound. (None) N/A

.

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.NCsbyDescription
Page168of188

Nonconformities(NCs)byDescription

XYZGarmentsLtd.hassomedeficienciesinthefiresafetysystem,whichisdescribedbelowforappropriate
correctionandcorrectiveactions.

1. GeneralRequirements:

NCsbyDefinitions:
NC1.1 Alliance Section 3.4.2.1.3 Generator sets shall be separated from all other occupancy areas by a minimum 2 hour
construction. Fuel tanks shall be limited to a maximum 2500 L (660 gal) when located in a building with other occupancies.
ExhaustshallbeinaccordancewithNFPA37.Allexhaustsystemsshalldischargetotheexteriorofthebuildinginasafelocation

NC1.2AllianceSection3.4.2.1.4RoomsusedforthehousingofoilfilledtransformersshallbeincompliancewithBNBCPart
4SectionD15forhighrisebuildings.Oilfilledtransformersfornonhighrisebuildingsshallbeseparatedbyaminimum2hour
fireresistiveratedconstruction

NC1.3 Alliance Section 4.4 Fire resistance of structural members. The fire resistance of structural members shall be in
compliancewithBNBCPart3Chapter3andTable3.3.1oftheAllianceStandards.

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.NCsbyDescription
Page169of188

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.NCsbyDescription
Page170of188

NC1.4AllianceSection4.4.1FireResistanceRatingsofCommonElements.FireresistanceshallbeincompliancewithTable
4.1.1fromBNBCPart4.

NC1.5 Alliance Section 4.4.2 Parapets. Parapets that are constructed on rated exterior construction shall be of the same
ratingastheexteriorwallratinginaccordancewithBNBCPart3Section3.1.13.

NC1.6AllianceSection4.5.1Separationoffloors,occupancies,hazards,exitenclosuresshallbeprovidedwithfireresistive
ratedconstructionfirebarriersinaccordancewiththissection.
NC1.7AllianceSection4.5.2Firebarriersshallbeclassifiedas1,2,or3hrfireresistiveratedconstruction.
FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.NCsbyDescription
Page171of188

NC1.8AllianceSection4.5.2.1Fire barrier shall be continuous from outside wall to outside wall, from one fire barrier to
anotherorcombinationthereofandshallbecontinuousthroughallconcealedspaces.

NC1.9 Alliance Section 4.5.2.2 Fire barriers shall be constructed of materials meeting the testing requirements of ASTM E
119.

NC1.10 Alliance Section 4.5.2.3 All openings in fire barriers shall be protected with fireresistant protective opening
protectioninaccordancethefollowing:

(1)3hrfirebarriersprotectedwith3hrfireprotectiveopeningassemblies
(2)2hrfirebarriersprotectedwith1.5hrfireprotectiveopeningassemblies
(3)1hrfirebarriersprotectedwithhrfireprotectiveopeningassemblies
(4)1hrexitenclosuresandverticalshaftsprotectedwith1hrfireprotectiveopeningassemblies.

NC1.11AllianceSection4.5.4.1FireDoors
FiredoorsassembliesshallconformtoNFPA252,BS476Part22,EN13641,GB129552008,orIS3614PartII.

NC1.12AllianceSection4.5.5.1 FirewindowsshallconformtoNFPA257 orBritish,European,Chinese,orIndianstandard


forfirewindowtests.
NFPA2575.1.3
The area of the fire window assembly shall be not less than 100 ft 2 (9.3 m 2 ), with no dimension less than 9 ft
(2745 mm). 5.1.4 When the conditions of use limit the construction to smaller dimensions, a proportionate
reductionshallbepermittedtobemadeinthedimensionsofthetestsusedtoqualifythefirewindowassemblies
forsuchrestricteduse.5.2.1Thefirewindowassemblyshallbeinstalledinthewallorpartitionconstructioninthe
manner in which it is to be used. 5.2.2 The fire window assembly shall be mounted so that the latches and
fasteners,otherthanhinges,areontheunexposedside,andthemountingshallnotpreventthefree,unrestricted
operationofalloperablecomponentssuchasventilatorsandsashes.

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.NCsbyDescription
Page172of188

NC1.13AllianceSection4.5.6Ductspenetratingfireresistanceratedassembliesshallbeprotectedwithlistedfiredampers.
Dampers shall be 1 hr. rated dampers when located in a 2 hr or less fireresistance rated assembly. Dampers shall be 3 hr
rateddamperswhenlocatedina3hrorgreaterfireresistanceratedassembly.

NC1.14AllianceSection4.5.7.1Fireresistancerating.Ashaftenclosureshallbehaveaminimumfireresistanceratingof2
hrwhenconnectingfourstoriesormoreandaminimumfireresistanceratingof1hrwhenconnectingthreestoriesorless.

NC1.15AllianceSection4.5.7.2Ashaftenclosureshallbeconstructedasafirebarrierandshallbecontinuousfromoutside
wall to outside wall, from one fire barrier to another or combination thereof and shall be continuous through all concealed
spaces.

NC1.16AllianceSection4.5.7.3Openingsinshaftsshallbelimitedtothosenecessaryforthepurposeoftheshaft.

NC1.17 Alliance Section 4.6 Openings in fire resistance rated walls shall be protected in accordance with BNBC Part 4
section2.5andthefollowing

(1)3hrfirebarriersprotectedwith3hrfireprotectiveopeningassemblies
(2)2hrfirebarriersprotectedwith1.5hrfireprotectiveopeningassemblies
(3)1hrfirebarriersprotectedwithhrfireprotectiveopeningassemblies
(4)1hrexitenclosuresandverticalshaftsprotectedwith1hrfireprotectiveopeningassemblies.

NC1.18 Alliance Section 4.7 Penetrations of fire resistive rated assemblies shall be protected with a listed through
penetrationfirestopsystemtestedinaccordancewithASTME814

NC1.19 Alliance Section 5.3.2.1.1 Automatic sprinkler protection shall be installed throughout all portions of new and
existinghighrisebuildingswithanoccupiablefloorgreaterthan23m(75ft)abovethefinishedgrade.

NC1.20 Alliance Section 5.5.2 Roof top Water Tank and Underground Water Tank. No new roofmounted tanks to supply
water to new standpipe or sprinkler protection installations shall be allowed without complying with the requirements of
AllianceStandardPart8.TanksshallbesizedfortheminimumdurationforfireprotectionsupplyasoutlinedinNFPA24.

NC1.21 Alliance Section 5.5.1 All new installations and design requirements outlined in BNBC Part 4 Chapter 4 for water
suppliesshallbereplacedbytherequirementsofNFPA20(firepumps),NFPA22(watertanks),andNFPA24(undergroundwater
mains).

NC1.22AllianceSection5.3.3Pipeschedulesshallnotbeusedtosizepipe.Allsystemsshallbehydraulicallycalculatedto
meettherequiredNFPA13designrequirements.

NC1.23 Alliance Section 5.3.5.1 All valves controlling automatic sprinkler systems, fire pumps, and water supply systems
shallbeelectricallysupervisedbyalistedfirealarmsystemcontrolunit.

NC1.24 Alliance Section 5.3.5.2 An approved audible device shall be connected to every automatic sprinkler system and
shall be activated by waterflow equal to the flow of one sprinkler. Where a fire alarm system is installed, activation of the
waterflowshallactivatethefirealarmsystem.

NC1.25AllianceSection5.3.6AutomaticsprinklersystemsshallbetestedandmaintainedinaccordancewithNFPA25.

NC1.26AllianceSection5.3.6.1Allstorageshallbemaintainedwitha460mm(18in.)minimumclearancefromthetopof
storagetothesprinklerdeflector.

NC1.27 Alliance Section 5.3.6.2.1 Racks. Unless inrack automatic sprinklers have been designed and installed, solid shelf
rackingshallnotbeused.Aminimumof50%openingsinshelvingmaterialshallbeconsideredopenshelves.SeeNFPA13for
furtherclarification.
FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.NCsbyDescription
Page173of188

5.3.6.2.2Shelves.Shelvingunitsnotgreaterthan760mm(30in.)deepcanhavesolidshelves.Backtobacksolidshelfunits
not greater than 760 mm (30 in.) deep each with a solid vertical barrier can have solid shelves. See NFPA 13 for further
clarification.

NC1.28 Alliance Section 5.3.6.3 Minimum aisles shall be maintained free of storage in accordance with NFPA 13 Table
16.2.1.3..2basedonthedesigncriteriausedforthesprinklersystem.

NC1.29AllianceSection5.4.2Standpipesystemsshallbeinstalledthroughoutallnewandexistingbuildingsandstructures
where the highest occupied floor is more than 10 m (33 ft) above grade or more than 10 m (33 ft) below grade. As per 5.4.3
Standalone standpipe systems shall meet the local BNBC requirements with a minimum 450 kPa (65 psi) pressure at the
hydraulicallymostremotehoseconnectionorNFPA14.

NC1.30 Alliance Section 5.4.4.1 Class I standpipe hose connections (65 mm) shall be located in all required stairwells at
eachfloorlevelincludingoccupiableroofs.

NC1.31AllianceSection5.5.4Fire department (Siamese) inlet connections shall be provided to allow fire department
pumper equipment to supplement the fire protection systems. Fire department outlet connections shall be provided to allow
firedepartmentpumpervehiclestodrawwaterfromgroundlevelorundergroundwaterstoragetanks.Connectionsshallmatch
theFireServiceandCivilDefensehosethreadstandard.

NC1.32 Alliance Section 5.6 Portable fire extinguishers shall be installed throughout all new and existing facilities in
accordancewithBNBCPart4Section4.10and
NFPA10.1.1.1.1Extinguishersshallbeplacedsothatmaximumtraveldistancetothenearestunitshallnotexceed
30m(100ft).2)Fireextinguishershavingagrossweightnotexceeding18.14kg(40lb)shallbeinstalledsothatthe
top of the fire extinguisher is not more than 1.53 m (5 ft) above the floor (NFPA 10 6.1.3.8).
1.1.1.2 3 Fire extinguishers having a gross weight greater than 18.14 kg (40 lb) (except wheeled types) shall be
installedsothatthetopofthefireextinguisherisnotmorethan1.07m(3ft)abovethefloor(NFPA106.1.3.8).

NC1.33AllianceSection5.7.3.2OccupancyB.Amanualfirealarmsystemshallbeprovidedinallnewandexistingdaycare
facilities that are located in other occupancies or in buildings greater than 2 stories. When located in buildings with other
occupanciesrequiringanautomaticfirealarmsystem,anautomaticfirealarmsystemshallbeprovided.

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.NCsbyDescription
Page174of188

NC1.34 Alliance Section 5.7.3.3 Occupancy E. An automatic fire alarm system shall be provided throughout all new and
existingassemblyoccupancies.

NC1.35AllianceSection5.7.3.4OccupancyF.Amanualfirealarmsystemshallbeprovidedthroughoutallnewandexisting
3 or more story buildings. When located in buildings with other occupancies requiring an automatic fire alarm system, an
automatic fire alarm system shall be provided. An automatic fire alarm and detection system shall be provided throughout all
newandexistinghighrisebuildingsasoutlinedinSection3.6and3.6.3.

NC1.36AllianceSection5.7.3.5OccupancyG1.Amanualfirealarmsystemshallbeinstalledthroughoutallnewand
existinglowhazardindustrialoccupancies.Whenlocatedinbuildingswithotheroccupanciesrequiringanautomaticfirealarm
system,anautomaticfirealarmsystemshallbeprovided.

NC1.37AllianceSection5.7.3.6OccupancyG2.Anautomaticfirealarmanddetectionsystemshallbeprovidedthroughout
allnewandexistingmoderatehazardindustrialoccupancies.

NC1.38AllianceSection5.7.3.7OccupancyH.Amanualfirealarmsystemshallbeprovidedthroughoutallnewandexisting
storageoccupancies.Whenlocatedinbuildingswithotheroccupanciesrequiringanautomaticfirealarmsystem,anautomatic
firealarmsystemshallbeprovided.

NC1.39 Alliance Section5.7.3.8 OccupancyJ.An automaticfire alarm anddetection system shall be provided throughout
allnewandexistinghazardousoccupancies.

NC1.40 Alliance Section 5.7.3.9 Occupancy K. A manual fire alarm system shall be provided throughout all miscellaneous
occupancies. When located in buildings with other occupancies requiring an automatic fire alarm system, an automatic fire
alarmsystemshallbeprovided.

NC1.41 Alliance Section 5.7.6.1 Smoke detectors listed for use in air distribution systems shall be located as required in
NFPA90A.

NC1.42AllianceSection5.8.3In existing buildings, automatic heat and smoke vents shall be converted to manualonly
operationifthebuildingisprovidedwithautomaticsprinklers.

NC1.43 Alliance Section 5.9.1 and 5.9.2 Fire lifts shall be installed in all new highrise buildings and for existing building
whererequiredbytheFireServiceandCivilDefenseinaccordancewithBNBCPart4Section2.11.

NC1.44AllianceSection6.3.1.1Exitaccesscorridorsservinganoccupantloadexceeding30shallbeseparatedbywalls
havingafireresistanceratingof1hrinaccordancewith4.5unlessprovidedwithautomaticsprinklerprotectionthroughoutthe
storyorbuilding.

NC1.45 Alliance Section 6.3.1.2 Exits shall be enclosed with fireresistance rated construction as outlined in 6.3.1.2.1
through6.3.1.2.3
6.3.1.2.1 Exits connecting three or fewer stories shall be enclosed with a minimum 1hr fireresistance rating.
6.3.1.2.2 Exits connecting four or more stories shall be enclosed with a minimum 2hr fireresistance rating.
6.3.1.2.3Exitsshallbeenclosedwiththesamefireresistanceratingasthefloorpenetratedbutwillnotneedtoexceed2hr.

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.NCsbyDescription
Page175of188

NC1.46 Alliance Section 6.3.1.3 Exterior exit stairs shall be separated from the building with the rating requirements of
6.3.1.2.Theratingoftheexteriorwallshallextend3.05m(10ft)beyondtheendsofthestairstructure.

NC1.47AllianceSection6.3.2InteriorFinish.Allinteriorfinishesformeansofegressshallmeetthefollowingrequirements
ofthissection.ThefinishesshallmeettheratingrequirementsoutlinedhereinastestedinaccordancewithASTME84.
1.1.1.1.1 ClassA.
Class A interior finish shall be those with a flame spread index of 025 and smoke developed index of 0450.
1.1.1.1.2ClassB.
Class B interior finish shall be those with a flame spread index of 2675 and smoke developed index of 0450.
1.1.1.1.3ClassC.
Class C interior finish shall be those with a flame spread index of 76200 and smoke developed index of 0450.

AllexitsshallbelimitedtoClassAandClassBinteriorfinishmaterial.

NC1.48AllianceSection6.3.3Headroom.Allmeansofegressshallhaveaminimumceilingheightof2.3m(7ft6in.)with
projectionsfromtheceilingnotlessthan2.03m(6ft8in.).Theminimumceilingheightshallbemaintainedforatleast2/3of
thespaceorroomaslongastheremainingareashallbenotlessthan 2.03m(6ft8in.).Headroomonstairsshallnotbeless
than2.03m(6ft8in.).

NC1.49AllianceSection6.3.4.1Abruptchangesinelevationofwalkingsurfacesshallnotexceedin.unlessprovidedwith
abeveledslopeof1in2thatdonotexceedin.Changesgreaterthanin.shallmeettherequirementsfor6.3.5.

NC1.50 Alliance Section6.3.4.2 Walking surfaces shall be mostly level; however, shall notexceed aslope of 1in20in the
directionoftravelunlessmeetingtherequirementsforrampsin6.10.

NC1.51AllianceSection6.3.5.1Thechangeinlevelshallbereadilyapparentandifnot,markedwithadditionalsignageor
floormarkings.

NC1.52AllianceSection6.3.6Walkingsurfaces,includingstairwaytreadsshallbeuniformlyslipresistant.

NC1.53AllianceSection6.3.8No locks, alarms, or other devices shall be installed on a means of egress component that
wouldpreventanyoccupantfromhavingsafeegressfromthebuildingorstructure.

NC1.54AllianceSection6.3.9Means of egress shall be maintained continuously free and clear of all obstructions or
impedimentstofullinstantuseinthecaseoffireorotheremergency.

NC1.55 Alliance Section 6.3.9.1 No furnishings, decorations, or other objects shall obstruct exits and access to exits.
Nothingshallobstructorimpedevisibilitytoexits.

NC1.56AllianceSection6.4(OccupancyLoad)
FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.NCsbyDescription
Page176of188

NC1.57AllianceSection6.5.1Aislesshallbeprovidedwithaminimumunobstructedclearwidthof0.9m(36in.).

NC1.58AllianceSection6.5.2Thepathofegresstravelalongameansofegressshallnotbeinterruptedbyanyobstruction.
Thecapacityofthemeansofegressshallnotbereducedalongthepathoftravel.

NC1.59AllianceSection6.5.3The total capacity of the means of egress shall for any story, floor, or other occupied space
shallbesufficientfortheoccupantloadascalculatedin6.4.1.

NC1.60AllianceSection6.5.6.1Doorsinanexistingmeansofegressshallhaveaminimumwidthof0.8m(32in.).

NC1.61AllianceSection6.5.6.2.2.Inexistingconstruction,stairsshallhaveaminimumwidthof0.9m(35in.).

NC1.62AllianceSection6.6.2Only one exit shall be required in existing buildings where the occupant load and travel
distancelistedinthetablebelowarenotexceeded.

NC1.63AllianceSection6.6.3The number of means of egress from any floor or story shall not be less than 3 when the
occupantloadexceeds500perstoryandnotlessthan4whentheoccupantloadexceeds1000perstory.

NC1.64AllianceSection6.6.4Occupiedroofsshallbeprovidedwiththeminimumnumberofexitsrequiredasastory.

NC1.65AllianceSection6.8.1All doors in a means of egress shall be of the sidehinged swinging type. Rolldown and
slidinggatesandshuttersshallnotbeallowed.

NC1.66AllianceSection(6.8.2.1),(6.8.2.2),(6.8.2.3)
General.Doorsshallnotbelockedinthedirectionofegressunderanyconditions.Allexistinghasps,locks,slidebolts,and
otherlockingdevicesshallberemovedunlessprovidedforintheexceptionsbelow:
Doorsmaybelockedwherethelatchandlockaredisengagedwithonemotionwheretheoccupantloaddoesnotexceed49
persons.Turningadoorhandleanddisengagingalockisconsideredtwomotions.
Doorsmaybeprovidedwithlockinghardwarefromtheingresssideprovidedthatapanicbarisinstalledonanydoorwith
anoccupantloadexceeding49persons.Thereentryprovisionsof6.8.3mustbemet.
NC1.67AllianceSection(6.8.3),(6.8.3.1)Everydoorinastairenclosureservingmorethan5storiesshallbeprovidedwith
reentryunlessitmeetstherequirementbelow.
FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.NCsbyDescription
Page177of188

Stairdoorsmaybepermittedtobelockedfromthestair(ingress)sidethatpreventsreentrytothefloorprovidedatleast
twofloorsallowingreentrytoaccessanotherexitareprovided,therearenotmorethan4storiesinterveningbetweenreentry
floors,reentryisallowedonthetopornexttotoplevel,reentrydoorsareidentifiedassuchonthestairside,andlockeddoors
shallbeidentifiedastothenearestreentryfloors.Whenthedischargefloorisdeterminedtobearequiredreentryfloorusing
theaboverequirements,reentrydoesnothavetobeprovidedbackintothebuildingonthislevel.

NC1.68AllianceSection6.8.5A landing shall be provided on both sides of doors used in the means of egress. Door shall
notswingoutoverstairs.

NC1.69AllianceSection6.9.2.1Stairsshallbeofnoncombustibleconstruction.

NC1.70AllianceSection6.9.2.2Landingsshallbeprovidedwithsamewidthinthedirectionofegresstravelasthestair
clearwidthshallbeprovidedateachlevelandatintermediatelandings.Existinglandingsthatarelessthanthestairwidth,shall
reducetheoverallavailablecapacityofthestairascalculatedin6.5.6.2.2

NC1.71AllianceSection6.9.2.3Treads.Stairtreadsshallbeofnominaluniformity.
6.9.2.3.1Themaximumriserheightforanystairshallbe215mm(8.5in.).
6.9.2.3.2 Any riser height at the top or bottom step in a stair run exceeding more than 51 mm (2 in.) difference from the
adjacentriserheightshallbemodifiedtobewithinthistolerance.
6.9.2.3.3 Any riser height or tread depth not at the top or bottom step in a stair run exceeding more than 25 mm (1 in.)
differencefromtheadjacentstepshallbemodifiedtobewithinthistolerance.
6.9.2.3.4Forexistingstairsthatdonotmeetthesetreaddimensionsandwillrequireextensivereworkofthestairway,afull
detailed analysis of the tread dimensions can be submitted to the Authority for review and approval of an alternate
correctiveactionplan.

NC1.72AllianceSection6.9.2.4Handrailsshallbeprovidedonbothsidesofeachstairway.Intermediatehandrailsshallbe
providedwhenthestairwidthexceeds2.2m(87in.).

NC1.73AllianceSection6.9.3.1Stairdesignationsignsshallbeprovidedateachfloorentrancefromthestairtothefloorin
EnglishandBengali.Signsshallindicatethenameofthestairandthefloorlevel.Signsshallbepostedadjacenttothedoor.

NC1.74AllianceSection6.10Ramps.6.10.1Width.Rampsusedinameansofegressshallnotreducetheoverallmeansof
egresswidth.Theminimumwidthshallbe1.1m(44in.).
6.10.2 Slope. New ramps shall not have a running slope greater than 1 in 12 (8 percent). Existing ramps shall not have a
runningslopegreaterthan1in8(12.5percent).
6.10.3Handrails.Rampsshallbeprovidedwithhandrailsonbothsidesoftheramp.

NC1.75AllianceSection6.11.1Location.Lightedexitsignsshallbeplacedatentrancetoanexit.Additionalexitsignsshall
be placed throughout the facility anywhere the continuation of the egress is not obvious.
6.11.2Power.Lightedexitsignsshallbeprovidedwitheitherbatterybackuporemergencypowerandshallbecontinuously
illuminated.
6.11.3 Directional signs. Directional signs shall be provided where there is a change in the direction for the path of travel
andthedirectiontoanexitisnotobvious.

NC1.76AllianceSection6.12.1.2Existinghandrailsthatarelessthan760mm(30in.)orgreaterthan1100mm (44in.)as
measured from the leading edge of the tread, shall be replaced with handrails meeting the following requirements New
handrails shall have a minimum height of 865 mm (34 in.) and a maximum height of 965 mm (38 in.) as measured from the
leadingedgeofthetread.

NC1.77 Alliance Section 6.12.2 6.12.2 Guards. Guards shall be provided at all open sides of means of egress that exceed
760mm(30in.)abovethefloororfinishedgroundbelow.Guardsshallhaveaminimumheightof760mm(30in.).

NC1.78AllianceSection6.12.2.3Openguardsshallhaveintermediaterailsorpatternsuchthatasphere200mm(8in.)in
diametercannotpassthroughanyopeninguptoaheightof865mm(34in.).
FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.NCsbyDescription
Page178of188

NC1.79AllianceSection6.12.2.4All occupiableroofsshallbeprovidedwith parapets or guardswithaminimumheightof


1067mm(42in.).

NC1.80AllianceSection6.13 Travel distance to reach an exit for new and existing shall not exceed the values listed in
BNBCPart4Section3.15.1Table6.13.1
OccupantLoad500orLess Minimum2exits
OccupantLoad501to1000 Minimum3exits
OccupantLoadmorethan1000 Minimum4exits

AsperFinalversionAllianceStandardV1Traveldistancetoreachanexitfornewandexistingshallnotexceedthevalueslistedin
BNBCPart4Section3.15.1Table6.13.1unlessthebelowrequirementscanbemet.

6.13.1.1 travel distance limitations for G2 (RMG factories) shall be increased to 60 m (200 ft) where a complete automatic
firedetectionsystem,portablefireextinguishers,andstandpipesystemareprovidedinaccordancewiththisStandard.

6.13.1.2TraveldistancelimitationsforG2(RMGfactories)shallbeincreasedto122m(400ft)whereacompleteautomatic
sprinklersystem,automaticfirealarmsystem,andportablefireextinguishersareprovidedinaccordancewiththisStandard.

NC1.81 Alliance Section 6.14.2 Interior exit stairways and ramps shall terminate at an exit discharge except where
terminatingatanexitpassagewayconstructedinaccordancewith6.15.Exitpassagewaysshallterminateatanexitdischarge.

NC1.82 Alliance Section 6.14.3 Openings. Openings into an exit enclosure other than unprotected exterior walls shall be
limitedtothosenecessaryforexitaccesstotheenclosure.Innewconstruction,elevatorsshallnotopenintoanexitenclosure.
Openings from exit enclosures to storage areas, basements, transformer rooms, generator rooms, boiler rooms, and similar
normallyunoccupiedspacesshallbeprovidedwithvestibules.

NC1.83AllianceSection6.14.7Wherenonratedwallsorunprotectedopeningsenclosetheexteriorofthestairwayandthe
wallsoropeningsareexposedbyotherpartsofthebuildingatanangleoflessthan180degrees(3.14rad),thebuildingexterior
wallswithin3050mm(10ft)horizontallyofanonratedwallorunprotectedopeningshallhaveafireresistanceratingofnotless
than1hr.Openingswithinsuchexteriorwallsshallbeprotectedbyopeningprotectivehavingafireprotectionratingofnotless
thanhr.Thisconstructionshallextendverticallyfromthegroundtoapoint3050mm(10ft)abovethetopmostlandingofthe
stairwayortotheroofline,whicheverislower.[IBC1022.7]

IBC1022.7Dischargeidentification.
A stairway in an exit enclosure shall not continue below its level of exit discharge unless an approved barrier is
provided at the level of exit discharge to prevent persons from unintentionally continuing into levels below.
DirectionalexitsignsshallbeprovidedasspecifiedinSection1011.

NC1.84AllianceSection6.15.2Exitpassagewaysshallbeconsideredanextensionofthestairsandshallnotbeusedforany
otherpurpose.

NC1.85 Alliance Section 6.15.3 Exit passageways shall have walls, ceilings, and floors that meet the same rating
requirementastheexitthatisbeingservedandshallnotbelessthan1hrfireresistanceratedconstruction.

NC1.86AllianceSection6.15.4Exitpassagewaysshallterminateatanexitdischarge.

NC1.87 Alliance Section (6.17.1), (6.17.3) Exits shall discharge directly to the exterior of the building unless meeting the
requirements below. The exit discharge shall be at grade or provide direct access to grade. Exit discharge shall not reenter a
FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.NCsbyDescription
Page179of188

building.Amaximumof50percentofthenumberandcapacityoftheexitenclosurescandischargethroughareasonthelevel
ofexitdischargewhereallofthefollowingaremet:
(1) Automatic sprinkler protection is provided throughout the level of exit discharge or portion of the level of discharge
where separated from nonsprinklered portions of the floor by fire barriers with the same fire resistance rating as the exit
enclosure.
(2)Theinteriordischargeisnotthroughastorageorhazardousoccupancy.
(3)Theentireareaofthelevelofexitdischargeisseparatedfromareasbelowbyconstructionhavingafireresistancerating
notlessthanthatrequiredfortheexitenclosure.
(4) The way to the exterior shall be free and unobstructed and shall be readily visible and identifiable from the point of
dischargeoftheinteriorexit.

NC1.88 Alliance Section 6.17.2 An egress court serving as a portion of the exit discharge shall be open to the sky or
providedwithafireresistanceratedenclosurethesameastheexitenclosure.Egresscourtslessthan3050mm(10ft)inwidth
(as measured from the building and the adjacent property line) shall be provided with walls having a 1hr fire resistance rated
constructionforadistanceof3050mm(10ft)abovethefloorofthecourt.

NC1.89 Alliance Section 10.12.2.1 The means of egress paths shall be illuminated at all times the building is occupied.
Illuminationshallbeaminimumof10luxforallcorridors,exitdoors,andstairways.Aislesshallbeprovidedwithaminimum2.5
lux.
10.12.2.2 Emergencypower.Meansofegressilluminationshallbeprovidedwithemergencypowerorsupplementedwith
battery powered lights that provide minimum 10 lux for no less than 30 min in the event of failure of normal lighting.
10.12.2.3 Emergency power for means of egress illumination shall be verified at least once per year. If battery operated
lightsareused,theselightsshallbetestedonamonthlybasis.Functionaltestingofbatterypoweredlightsshallbeprovided
foraminimum30minonceperyear.

NC1.90AllianceSection10.12.1.1 Allrequiredexitsignsshallbeilluminatedcontinuouslyatalltimes.
10.12.1.2 Exit signs may be illuminated either by lamps external to the sign or by lamps contained within the sign. The
source of illumination shall provide not less than 50 lux at the illuminated surface with a contrast of not less than 0.5.
Approvedselfluminoussignswhichprovideevenlyilluminatedlettershavingaminimumluminanceof0.2cd/m2mayalsobe
used.Lightingforexitsignsshalleitherbeprovidedwithemergencypowerorbatterybackup.
10.12.1.3 Lightingforexitsignsshalleitherbeprovidedwithemergencypowerorbatterybackup.
10.12.1.4 Emergency power for exit signs shall be verified at least once per year. If batteryoperated signs are used, these
lightsshallbetestedonamonthlybasis.Functionaltestingofbatterypoweredsignsshallbeprovidedforaminimum90min
onceperyear.

NC1.91 Alliance Section 10.4.1.1 Buildings over sixstory or 20 m (65 ft) high shall have a minimum of one vertices vertical shaft of
200mmx400mmsizeforevery1500m2floorareas.

NC1.92AllianceSection13.1.1FireSafetyDirector.ThedutiesoftheFireSafetyDirectorshallincludethefollowing:

(1)Establishinternalandexternalrallypointsandcommunicatetoallemployeesinthebuilding.
(2)Firedepartmentpreplanning.
(3)Conductsafetyinspectionsasoutlinedin13.10.
(4)Ensurealltestingoffireprotectionequipmentisconductedinaccordancewith13.11.

NC1.93AllianceSection13.2
13.2.1FiredrillsshallbeconductedonaquarterlybasisasoutlinedinBNBCPart4AppendixAforallgarmentfacilities.
13.2.2FiredrillsshallbeconductedunderthedirectionofaFireSafetyDirector.
13.2.3AllotherrequirementsforfiredrillsshallbeconductedinaccordancewithBNBCPart4AppendixA.

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.NCsbyDescription
Page180of188

NC1.94AllianceSection13.3EvacuationPlan.
13.3.1TheFireServiceDirectorshalldevelopafireevacuationplanforeachbuilding.
13.3.2Fireevacuationmapsshallbepostedattheentrancetoeachexitstair.
13.3.3Theevacuationplanshallincludeprovisionstoassistphysicallydisabledpersons.Alistofallemployeeswithphysical
disabilitiesshallbekeptbytheFireServiceDirector.

NC1.95AllianceSection13.4 Hotworkpermit.
13.4.1 AhotworkpermitsystemprogramshallbeenactedforallRMGfacilitiesinaccordancewithNFPA51B.

NFPA51B5.1PermissibleAreas.
5.1.1General.Hotworkshallbepermittedonlyinareasthatareorhavebeenmadefiresafe.
5.1.2DesignatedorPermitRequiredAreas.Hotworkshallbeperformedineitherdesignatedareasorpermitrequired
areas.
5.1.2.1 Designated Areas. A designated area shall be a specific area designed or approved for hot work, such as a
maintenanceshop oradetachedoutsidelocationthat isofnoncombustible orfireresistiveconstruction,essentially
freeofcombustibleandflammablecontents,andsuitablysegregatedfromadjacentareas.
5.1.2.2PermitRequiredAreas.
5.1.2.2.1Apermitrequiredareashallbeanareathatismadefiresafebyremovingorprotectingcombustiblesfrom
ignitionsources.
5.1.2.2.2SignsshallbeposteddesignatinghotworkareasasdeemednecessarybythePAI.
5.2*NoPermissibleAreas.
Hotworkshallnotbepermittedinthefollowingareas:
(1) In areas not authorized by management (2) In sprinklered buildings where sprinklers are impaired, unless the
requirements of NFPA 25, Standard for the Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance of Water Based Fire Protection
Systems, are met (3) In the presence of explosive atmospheres (i.e., where mixtures of flammable gases, vapors,
liquids, or dusts with air exist) (4) In the presence of uncleaned or improperly prepared drums, tanks, or other
containersandequipmentthathavepreviouslycontainedmaterialsthatcoulddevelopexplosiveatmospheres(5)In
areaswithanaccumulationofcombustibleduststhatcoulddevelopexplosiveatmospheres

NC1.96AllianceSection13.5Smoking.
13.5.1Smokingshallbeprohibitedinanygarmentfactorybuilding,separatestoragebuilding,oranybuildingorareawhere
theInspectoroftheFactoriesRules(1.6.3.7)Part53requiresthatsmokingbeprohibited.
13.5.2SignsshallbepostedinBengaliandEnglishatallbuildingentrances.
13.5.3IfanOwnercreatesadesignatedsmokingareaoutsidethebuildings,informationonthelocationofthesedesignated
areasshallbepostedonthesignsrequiredin13.6.2.

NC1.97AllianceSection13.6and13.7HousekeepingandManagementofOperatingLoads.
13.6.1 Policy. Establish written corporate and plant policies on housekeeping to ensure scheduled cleaning for floor, wall,
ceiling, supply and return air ventilation systems. Promptly reschedule skipped cleanings. Provide a documented line of
FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.NCsbyDescription
Page181of188

authority for authorizing a cleaning delay andrescheduling. As a generalrule the maximum tolerable depositthickness for
loosefluffylintis13mm(in.)overamaximumof46.5m2(500ft2).Limitdensedepositsto6mm(in.)andoilsaturated
depositsto3.2mm(in.).
13.6.2 Maintain electrical systems in good working order and keep free of lint buildup to reduce the potential for ignition.
Thisincludescleaninginsidejunctionboxes,buses,trays,tunnels,etc.
13.7 Factory Owners shall ensure that at least one trained professional individual is assigned to each factory facility as
FactoryLoadManagerinaccordancewith8.9ofthisStandard.

NC1.98AllianceSection13.8 Allmeansofegressshallbekeptfreeandclearatalltimes.

NC1.99AllianceSection13.9SafetyInspections.
A safety inspection program shall be initiated and conducted on a quarterly basis. This program shall be conducted under
thedirectionoftheFireSafetyDirector.Theseinspectionsshalllookforegressmaintenance,conditionoffiredoors,storagein
aisleways,excessstorage,smoking,hotworkandotherfiresafetyrelateditems.Recordsoftheseinspectionsshallbekeptfor
Allianceinspectionreview.

NC1.100AllianceSection13.9.2Doorstested.
Fire doors shall be tested on a quarterly basis to ensure that they are properly closing and latching. They shall also be
checkedfortheproperlabelandverificationthatthedoorhasnotbeendamagedinanyway.

NC1.101AllianceSection13.10Maintenanceoffireprotectionequipment.
13.10.1 Automatic suppression systems. Inspection, testing and maintenance in accordance with NFPA 25 shall be
conductedonallwaterbasedfireprotectionsystems.
13.10.2Firealarmanddetectionssystems.Inspection,testingandmaintenanceinaccordancewithNFPA72
shallbeconductedonallfirealarmsystems.
13.10.3Fireextinguishers.Fireextinguishersshallbeinspected,tested,andmaintainedinaccordancewithNFPA10.
AsperNFPA25PeriodicInspections
ObstructionInspections:Aninvestigationofpipingandbranchlineconditionsshallbeconductedevery5yearsby
opening a flushing connection at the end of one main and by removing a sprinkler toward the end of one branch
line for the purpose of investigating for the presence of foreign organic and inorganic material. Chapter 13, Sec.
13.2.1
Valves & Valve Components: Alarm Valves: Alarm Valves and their associated strainers, filters, and restriction
orifices shall be inspected internally every 5 years unless tests indicate a greater frequency is necessary. Chapter
12Sec.12.4.1.2
CheckValves: Inspection. Valves shall be inspectedinternallyevery 5 years toverifythatall components operate
correctly,movefreely,andareingoodcondition.Chapter12Sec.12.4.2.1
Preaction/DelugeValves:Internalinspectionofvalvethatcanberesetwithouttheremovalofafaceplateshallbe
permittedtobeconductedevery5years.Chapter12Sec.12.4.3.1.7.1
Strainers:Strainers, filters, restrictedorificesanddiaphragmchambersshallbeinspectedinternallyevery5years
unlesstestsindicateagreaterfrequencyisnecessary.Chapter12Sec.12.4.3.1.8
DryPipeValves:Strainers,filters,restrictedorificesanddiaphragmchambersshallbeinspectedinternallyevery5
yearsunlesstestsindicateagreaterfrequencyisnecessary.Chapter12Sec.12.4.4.1.6
Water Storage Tanks: The interior of steel tanks without corrosion protection shall be inspected every 3 years.
Chapter9Sec.9.2.6.1.1
InteriorTanks:Theinteriorofallothertypesoftanksshallbeinspectedevery5years.Chapter9Sec.9.2.6.1.2
PeriodicTests
ValvesandComponents
Drypipevalves/QuickOpeningdevices:Every3yearsandwhenthesystemisaltered,thedrypipevalveshallbe
trip tested with the control valve fully openand the quickopening device,ifprovidedin service. Chapter 12, Sec
12.4.4.2.2.2
PressureReducingandReliefValves:Sprinklerpressurereducingcontrolvalves:Afullflowtestshallbeconducted
oneachvalveat5yearintervalsandshallbecomparedtoprevioustestresults.Chapter12Sec.12.5.1.2
Hose Connection Pressure Reducing Valves: A full flow test shall be conducted on each valve at 5year intervals
andshallbecomparedtoprevioustestresults.Chapter12Sec.12.5.2.2
FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.NCsbyDescription
Page182of188

HoseRackAssemblyPressureReducingValves:Afullflowtestshallbeconductedoneachvalveat5yearintervals
andshallbecomparedtoprevioustestresults.Chapter12Sec.12.5.3.2
Sprinkler Systems Gauges: Gauges shall be replaced every 5 years or tested every 5 years by comparison with a
calibrated gauge. Gauges not accurate to within 3 percent of the full scale shall be recalibrated or replaced.
Chapter5,Sec.5.3.2
SprinklersExtra High Temperature: Representative samples of soldertype sprinklers with a temperature
classification of extra high 163C (325F) or greater that are exposed to semi continuous to continuous maximum
allowableambienttemperatureconditionsshallbetesteda5yearintervals.Chapter5Sec.5.3.1.1.1.3

SprinklersFastResponse:Sprinklersmanufacturedusingfastresponseelementsthathavebeeninservicefor20
yearsshallbetested.Theyshallberetestedat10yearintervals.Chapter5Sec.5.3.1.1.1.2
Sprinklers: Where sprinklers have been in service for 50 years, they shall be replaced or representative samples
fromoneormoresampleareasshallbetested.Testproceduresshallberepeatedat10yearintervals.Chapter5
Sec.5.3.1.1.1
SprinklersCorrosive Environment: Where sprinklers are subjected to harsh environments, including corrosive
atmospheres and corrosive water supplies, on a 5year basis, sprinklers shall either be replaced or representative
sprinklersamplesshallbetested.Chapter5Sec.5.3.1.1.2
StandpipeandHoseSystemsHose:Firehosesshallbetestedevery5yearsperNFPA1962.
HydrostaticTest:Hydrostatictestsatnotlessthan13.8bar(200psi)pressurefor2hours,orat3.4bar(50psi)in
excess of the maximum pressure, where maximum pressure is in excess of 10.3bar (150 psi), shall be conducted
every5yearsondrystandpipesystemsanddryportionsofwetstandpipesystems.Chapter6Sec.6.3.2.1
FlowTest:Aflowtestshallbeconductedevery5yearsatthehydraulicallymostremotehoseconnectionofeach
zoneofanautomaticstandpipesystemtoverifythewatersupplystillprovidesthedesignpressureattherequired
flow.Chapter6Sec.6.3.1.1
PrivateFireServiceMainsUndergroundandExposedPipingFlowTests:Undergroundandexposedpipingshallbe
flowtestedtodeterminetheinternalconditionofthepipingatminimum5yearintervals.Chapter7Sec.7.3.1
Water Storage Tanks Level Indicators: Level indicators shall be tested every 5 years for accuracy and freedom of
movement.Chapter9Sec.9.3.1
AsperNFPA7210.2.1Performance.
10.2.1.1PerformanceVerification.Toensureoperationalintegrity,thefirealarmsystemshallhaveaninspection,
testing,andmaintenanceprogram.Inspection,testing,andmaintenanceprogramsshallsatisfytherequirementsof
thisCode,shallconformtotheequipmentmanufacturerspublishedinstructions,andshallverifycorrectoperation
ofthefirealarmsystem.
10.2.1.2Impairments.
10.2.1.2.1TherequirementsofSection4.6shallbeapplicablewhenasystemisimpaired.
10.2.1.2.2Systemdefectsandmalfunctionsshallbecorrected.10.2.1.2.3Ifadefectormalfunctionisnotcorrected
attheconclusionofsysteminspection,testing,ormaintenance,thesystemownerortheownersdesignated
representativeshallbeinformedoftheimpairmentinwritingwithin24hours.
FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.NCsbyDescription
Page183of188

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.NCsbyDescription
Page184of188

AsperNFPA10PeriodicInspections.
6.2.1 Inspections should be performed when the fire extinguisher is initially placed in service and thereafter at
approximately30dayintervals.Inspectionsshouldbe performedinaccordancewiththe owner'smanual supplied
withthefireextinguisher.
6.2.2Inspectionproceduresshouldincludeacheckofatleastthefollowing:
(1) The equipment is in its designated place, and its operating instructions face outward. (2) Access to the fire
extinguisher is not obstructed. (3) Operating instructions are legible. (4) Any seals or tamper indicators are not
broken,missing,orinneedofreplacement.(5)Pressuregaugeorindicatingdevices,ifprovided,areintheoperable
rangeorposition.(6)Thereisnoevidenceofcorrosionorphysicaldamage.
6.2.3 If the inspection of the fire extinguisher reveals any deficiency under 6.2.2(l) and (2). immediate corrective
action should be taken by the homeowner or occupant. Deficiencies related to 6.2.2(3) through (6) indicate the
needforimmediatemaintenanceandservicing.
6.3MaintenanceandServicing.
6.3.1Maintenanceandservicingoffireextinguishersshouldbeperformedbyfireextinguisherservicingcompanies
that have the proper tools, recharge materials, lubricants, manufacturer's servicing instructions, and replacement
pans.
6.3.2Manufacturersinstructionsspecifyservicingofrechargeablefireextinguishersafteranyuse.Thefrequencyof
internalmaintenanceandhydrostatictestingisspecifiedintheowner'smanualandinTableF6.3.2.

NC1.102AllianceSection13.11Equipment
13.11.1 Establish a maintenance, cleaning and lubrication schedule for all equipment. The maintenance and cleaning
schedulewillvarywithtypeoffiberprocessedandtheequipmentused.Lubricateequipmentinaccordancewithmanufacturers
recommendations. Review plant fireloss recordsto determinewhether cleaning or equipment maintenance was a factor,and
increasefrequencyasneeded.

NC1.103AllianceSection13.12Electricalmaintenance.
13.12.1Testingofemergencylighting.Emergencylightingprovidedbybatterybackupshallbetestedonamonthlybasis.
13.12.2Generators.GeneratorsusedforemergencyorstandbyrequirementsofthisStandardshallbeinspected,tested,
andmaintainedinaccordancewithNFPA110.

NC1.104BNBCPart4Chap4,4.2.3.10PressureinRiserPipe

NC1.105BNBCPart4Chap4,4.2.3.9FireHosePipe

NC1.106BNBCPart4Chap4,4.2.3.9FireHoseCabinet

NC1.107BNBCPart4Chap4,4.2.6.FirePump,Standbypump,Jockeypump
FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.NCsbyDescription
Page185of188

NC1.108BNBCPart4,Chapt4.4.2.6PumpHouse

NC1.109BNBCPart4AppendixD17.2ManualCallPoints

NC1.110BNBCPart4Chap4PAsystem

NC1.111BNBCPart4AppendixD18FireCommandStation

NC1.112BNBCPart3Chapt1.MainRoadnearMainGate

NC1.113Fireservice&CivilDefenseFireCertificate

NC1.114Alliance5.5.1.1,5.4.3.15.7.4.1andFireservice&civilDefenseFireapprovaldrawingandFireasbuiltdrawing

NC1.115 Standard PracticeChemical Store: All stored chemicals must be labeled with their correct name and any specific
hazardsandrequirementtowearpersonalprotectiveequipmentclearlyidentified.Flammablechemicals(e.g.solvents)mustbe
segregatedandstoredseparately,preferablyinalocked,securearea.AnauthenticMaterialSafetyDataSheet(MSDS)foreach
chemicalmustbeavailableinthelocallanguageandkeptincloseproximitytothechemicalforeaseofaccess.Bulkquantitiesof
hazardouschemicalsmustbestoredappropriatelytoavoidtheriskofaspillage.

Therecommendedapproachistoenclosecontainersofchemicalswithbundsorbundtraysthatarecapableofholdingthe
entireamountofchemicalsinthecontainer.Allchemicalsmustbestoredtominimizetheriskofdangerousreactionwithother
chemicals. For example acids and alkalis must be segregated and oxidizing and reducing agents should be separated. Storage
adviceontheMSDSmustbefollowedatalltimes.

AsperAllianceSection3.4.2.1.9Chemicalstorage.ChemicalstorageshallbeincompliancewithBNBCPart3Section2.1.13.
FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.Documents
Page186of188

FireLicense

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.Documents
Page187of188

FireDrill

FireSafetyAssessmentofXYZGarmentsLtd.Documents
Page188of188

FireSafetyTraining