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How safe is your piggery?

BIOSECURITY
Biosecurity
How safe is your piggery?
Some thoughts
Doug Bruce
Intensification of livestock
production
Pathogen loads increase
(viruses, bacteria,
protozoa, fungi)
Transmission to
livestock

OUTBREAK
Disease threats in a pig unit
Any sick pig(hospital pen
management)
Other pigs
Pork products-ham,
salami,sausage,pizza
Dead pigs-knackerman
Vehicles
Adjacent pig unit
Major roads
Second hand equipment
Clothing from another unit

Birds,rodents,cats,dogs,sheep,
ducks,flies
Semen
Feed and water
Bedding and straw/hay
Staff owning pigs
Staff visiting other pig units,
shows, markets, abattoirs.
Veterinarians and other
consultants
Visitors
New utensils

Prevention of infection-some
tools
Medication
-curative treatment
-preventive treatment
-eradication.
Vaccination
Biosecurity-biological
security.
High health status
Sanitation-hygiene
All-in, all-out by batch.
Isolation & quarantine.
Biosecurity
Aims to reduce the
pressure of
infection & limit the
spread.
Insurance
Risk management
Biosecurity control measures
Physical barriers
People controls
Vehicle controls
Pest control
Effluent control
Livestock controls
Feed supply controls
Legislation
Quality assurance schemes.
Physical barriers
Fencing-perimeter & sections
-single controlled entrance
-electrified & patrolled
-separation of sections
Gates & entrances
-one gate, manned 24 hrs/day
-visitor register
- disinfectant-footdip, wheelbath, spray wheel arches, foot
wells, handwash.
- signage
Buildings/sections
-restricted entrance
-declaration, freedoms and sign in

People Controls
Staff
-24-72 hr freedom period,declaration
Visitors
-24-72 hr freedom, permission,declaration.
Security
-entry register & sign declaration
-shower in
Meat & animal products
-not allowed on property, site, signage.
-declaration, meals
Protective clothing
-site clothing & footware, washing on site.
Vehicle Controls
Internal vehicles
-on farm vehicles only and those going off farm
-dedicated
Visiting vehicles
-restricted entry, permission, report to Farm Office.
Checkpoints
-declaration, disinfection (wheel bath, handwash, footwell, footbath, wheelarch,
loadbed)
Cleandown & sanitation procedures
-before entry onto property, cleandown procedure, certification.
Pest Control
Disease vectors
Fly control
-programme-breeding, resting & feeding sites
Rat control
-programme, bait replenishment
Bird control
-reduce nesting and feeding opportunities.
Other animals
Effluent Control
Removal
-cleandown procedures
Disposal
-controlled method for people & equipment.
Mortalities
-PM & establish cause of death, disposal system & procedures.
-collected, buried ,burned.
Cleandown procedures for pens.
Livestock Controls
Incoming livestock
Quarantine sites(all-in, all-out)
Transport
-welfare, cleandown, logbook.
Movement control
Stock register & recording system
-batch data
Identification & traceability
Drugs & treatment.
-batch data
Feed Supply Controls
Raw ingredients
-record source, specification, analysis.
Transport
Manufacture
-analysis
Storage
-pest control
Manual feeding
Water supply
-analysis, source,storage.
Legislation
Compliance with ALL legislation
-Animal Health Act
-Welfare
-Environment

COMPARTMENTALISATION
Quality Assurance Schemes.
Good Production Practice (GMP)
Monthly audits-scorecard.
Checklists
SOPs
Rules & regulations
Records
BIOSECURITY
Think about it !!!!!!!
How safe is your piggery?