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1.

"Is War
in
Sight?"
On Bismarck's instruction, this article was written
and appeared in the Berlin Post on April 8, 1875.
It caused a war scare and showed Bismarck that
Britain and Russia would come to France's aid in
the case of war, to preserve the status quo.
2. 13 This was the number of delegates the SDP gained
during the election of 1884
3. 25 the # of states in the German Empire in 1871
4. 500
million
francs
and 500
thousand
rifles
On November 1888, France agreed to give this to
Russia as a friendly agreement
5. 1699 This was the year in which the Ottoman Empire
lost Hungary to Austria, it began the process
ofTurkish territorial disintegration
6. 1864 The year in which the Syllabus of Errors was
declared
7. 1870 The year in which the dogma of papal infallibility
was proclaimed
8. 1871 The year when the German Empire was
established
9. 1871 On this year, the Center Party gained 61 seats in
the Reichstag and became the second largest
party. Bismarck saw this as a threat.
10. 1872 The Jesuits were expelled from Germany on this
year, as part of the Kulturkampf
11. 1878 This was the year in which two attempts were
launched on the emperor's life
12. 1879 The year in which Bismarck abandoned the
Liberals, and supported a conservative
protectionist tariff
13. 1886 On this year, despite the SDP's gains in 1884,
Bismarck managed to renew the Anti-socialist
laws
14. 1890 The year in which WIlhelm II "dropped the pilot"
meaning he forced Bismarck to retire
15. 1890 This was the year in which Bismarck's anti-
socialist bill was defeated in parliament, and also
the year in which the SDP went from 11 seats to
35. It marked the end of Bisamrck's anti-socialist
crusade
16. 1892 This was the year on which the Franco-Russian
alliance was concluded (Hint: After Bismarck was
fired in 1890. Would it have still happened if
Bismarck had still been in power? WHO
KNOWS???)
17. Abdul Hamid II sultan who ruled Ottoman empire from
1876- 1909. young Turks deposed him
and sent him to exile. In power, he
suspended the constitution, dissolved
parliament, exiled liberals, and executed
others.
18. Alexander II the son of Nicholas I, czar of Russia from
1818 to1881
19. Alsace-Lorraine A mineral rich region which Germany
took from France after the Franco-
Prussian War
20. ambassadorship
in St. Petersburg
Bismarck noted the rise of revolutionary
and Pan-Slav movements during his ......
21. Andrassy The Austrian foreign minister who
Bismarck signed the Dual Alliance with
on October 7, 1879
22. Antisocialist
laws
The 2nd of Bismarck's domestic policies.
Laws which punished socialists, as
Bismarck was suspicious of socialism.
23. assassination
attempts
Two of these, on the emperor, gave
Bismarck his excuse to enact anti-
socialist laws.
24. August Bebel One of the Marxist leaders of the German
Social Democratic Party. He explained,
"Pure negation would not be accepted by
the voters. The masses demand that
something should be done for today
irrespective of what will happen on the
morrow." He was the guiding light of the
German Social Democrats.
25. Austria On October 1876, when the Russians
asked Bismarck who he would support in
the event of a Balkan Crisis, Bismarck
said he would support the nation of ......
26. Austria and
Russia
Bismarck's second goal in his foreign
policy was to keep these two countries
from fighting
27. the Balkans Russian and Austrian interests clashed
here, which was a source of conflict
28. Black Sea
Clauses
Bismarck bribes Russia to stay neutral
during the Franco-Prussian War by
saying they would support them against
this
29. Bosnia and
Herzegovina
Austria wanted this, Russia agreed they
could have it in return for them staying
neutral during the Russo-Turkish War
30. Bruce Waller ~HISTORIOGRAPHY~ This famous
historian argued that Bismarck "created
and preserved tension"
IB History: Bismarck's Domestic and Foreign Policy
Study online at quizlet.com/_bnmfr
31. Bulgaria A crisis occured in this nation in 1885. A new
faction emerged which was strongly anti-
Russian, and Russia refused to recognize it.
Austria was drawn in because Serbia declared
war. Larger war almost broke out but was not
declared because of the First Mediterranean
Agreement.
32. Bulgarian
massacres
These occurred after the insurrection of 1875,
where the Turks bloddily suppressed a
Bulgarian insurrection, it made Pan-Slavists
in Russia really really mad
33. capitulations These were benefits enjoyed by Western
Europeans in the Ottoman Empire due to
treaties
34. Center Party Bismarck was highly suspicious of this party
due to its Catholic elements
35. Church
property
This was confiscated by the state as part of the
Kulturkampf
36. common
language and
culture
These factors helped Germany maintain a
close relationship with Austria
37. The Crimean
War
This war in the 1850's exposed Ottoman
weakness
38. the
Dardanelles
these straits were controlled by the Ottomans
and marked the passageway between the
Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea, Russia
wanted control of them, Britain wanted to
make sure Russia didn't have control of them
39. directive of
November
10, 1887
Bismarck supported this, which forbade the
placing of Russian loans and the acceptance
of Russian securities in Germany, which
made Russia turn economically to France
40. Disraeli British statesman who as Prime Minister
bought controlling interest in the Suez Canal
and made Queen Victoria the empress of India
(1804-1881)
41. dissolution
of the
Reichstag in
1878
This marked the end of the liberal era
42. Does
Germany
Need
Colonies?
This was the pamphlet that Fabri wrote
advocating German colonization
43. dogma of
papal
infallibility
The church stance in 1870 which said the
church was never wrong
44. Dual
Alliance
This alliance in October 1879 was a secret
defense treaty between Germany and Austria,
against Russian agression. Also said the other
would stay neutral in the event ofa war
between another power. Bismarck used this
alliance to indirectly control Austrian policy.
45. Eastern
Crisis of
1875-1878
This is the term to describe the cris in the
Balkans between 1875 and 1878
46. The Eastern
Question
this is a phrase to describe the long decline of
the Ottomans and what to do about it, Mrs.
Ainsworth will probably like it if you use this
and give you lots of extra points
47. economic
crisis of
1873
This event led to calls for protectionism in
Germany
48. election of
1884
This event showed the failure of Bismarck's
anti-socialist poilicies as the SDP gained 13
delegates and more than 100,000 votes
49. elections of
1874
This event proved that the Kulturkampf was
ineffective, as the Center Party did not lose
votes but instead gained 30 seats
50. Europe After Bismarck's three wars, he decided to
pursue peace not just for Germany, but for all
of .....
51. exceptional
law
Bismarck wanted to pass this, with the help of
the conservatives, in order to fully outlaw the
SDP, but it failed.
52. extensive
Russian
construction
This was occurring on Germany's east border,
it disturbed many Germans such as Moltke
who believed a Russo-German war was
inevitable
53. Falk Prussian minister of education who supported
the Kulturkampf, his resignation in June 1880
made it easier for Bismarck to fully abandon
the Kulturkampf
54. the Falk
Laws
These laws were part of the Kulturkampf, they
restricted the training and employment of
priests, limited the disciplinary powers of the
Church and made civil marriage from the state
obligatory
55. Ferdinand
Lasalle
German philosopher and socialist (1825-
1864)
56. the finest
example of
diplomatic
duplicity
The Reinsurance Treaty between Germany and
Russia was called this in subsequent years,
because it seemed to conflict with Bismark's
other treaties
57. First
Mediterranean
Agreement
Signed in 1887, averted war in the Balkans.
During the Bulgarian crisis Austria and
Russia supported different candidates for
the throne. Austria asked for German help
but Bismarck did not want to get involved,
so Bismarck supported this alliance
between Austria, Britain, and other
Mediterranean countries as an alternative.
58. five billion
francs
This was how much France had to pay
Germany as a war indemnity after the
Franco-Prussian war
59. fourth
battallion
In 1875, After their defeat in the Franco-
Prussian war, France added this to each
regiment in their army to make it stronger
60. France All those German tariffs and loan refusals
made Russia turn to this nation for
economic support
61. France This country remained bitter at Germany for
their defeat in the Franco-Prussian War
and for the taking of Alsace-Lorraine, and
Bismarck tried to isolate them
diplomatically
62. France Bismarck's main goal in his foreign policy
was to isolate ....
63. Frederick III German Emperor who was king for 99 days
in 1888, then died of cancer and the throne
went to Wilhelm II
64. Friedrich
Fabri
This man advocated German colonization
because he said Germany had a cultural
mission
65. General
Boulanger
French minister of war, symbol and rallying
point of the anti-German and pro-Russian
movement in France
66. German
Empire
An empire which was formed in 1871 under
Kaiser Wilhelm I, also called the Second
Reich
67. German Social
Democrats
Party based on Marxism and the followers
of Lassalle
68. German
Worker's
Insurance
Laws
Bismarck supported this legislation in the
1880's, hoping to draw workers away from
socialism and to the state
69. Germany This nation was not as liberal or democratic
as England or France, due in large part to
the actions of Bismarck
70. Gladstone British prime minister elected in April 1880,
changed foreign policy and made an
alliance with Austria impossible
71. Gotha The city where the SDP was founded on
May 22, 1875
72. Heinrich von
Treitschke
German historian in the 19th century
who advocated German nationalism
and militarism. He believed the
German race was really awesome, that
only strong and powerful nations
should exist, that war is often
necessary, and he also hated the
English and Jews.
73. honest broker Bismarck described himself as this at
the Congress of Berlin
74. Ischl and Salzburg German and Austrian emperors and
diplomats met here in 1871 to repair
relations and pursue a future alliance
75. Jesuits In 1872, this group was expelled from
Germany as part of the Kulturkampf
76. July 1875 The month and year in which an
insurrection broke out in the Balkans
against Turkish rule
77. June 13, 1878 This was the exact date of the
Congress of Berlin
78. June 18, 1881 The exact date on which the Three
Emperor's League was renewed. It only
worked because the Austrians believed
Germany would support them in the
event of an Austro-Russian war, and
the Russians believed they would not.
Bismarck did his best to keep it that
way.
79. Kulturkampf The 1st of Bismarck's domestic
policies. An extreme church vs. state
conflict waged by Bismark in Germany
during the 1870's in response to a
perceived threat to German political
unity from the Roman Catholic church.
He called it a "battle for civilization."
80. Kultusministerium The Prussian ministry which was
mainly responsible for the waging of
the Kulturkampf.
81. League of Patriots French group, led by Paul Droulde,
which preached revenge against
Germany
82. May 22, 1875 The exact date when the SDP was
founded in Germany, at Gotha
83. May 1873 The month and year in which military
agreements between Germany and
Russia were first created after the
formation of the German Empire,
would eventually led to the Three
Emperor's League
84. National Liberals Bismarck allied with this party to try to
enact his Kulturkampf in the new
empire
85. national
sentiment
Bismarck mainly used German colonies not
as a basis for Germany's claim to a status as
a world power, but rather as a way of stirring
up and exploiting .......
86. October 7,
1879
The exact date on which the Dual Alliance
was signed
87. October 19,
1878
This was the exact date in which Bismarck
managed to pass an anti-socialist bill
through the Reichstag, which was not as
powerful as he had hoped because it failed to
prevent SDP members from running for
office
88. Otto von
Bismarck
Prussian statesman who was greatly
responsible for the consolidation of the
German Empire
89. Ottoman
Empire
The decline of this empire increased the
possibility for tensions in the Balkans
90. Pan-Slavism It was a movement aimed to unite and
promote independence of Slavic people. Its
focus was in the Balkans where South Slavs
were ruled by other territories, such as the
Ottoman Empire. Russia used this as an
excuse to invade the Ottoman Empire.
91. Paris
Commune
Bismarck greatly disliked socialism, and he
saw it as being similar to the ...... in France
92. Paris
Commune
This was established by a group of French
radical patriots who refused to give up in the
Franco-Prussian War, and wanted to
independently rule Paris. Didn't want to give
up Alsace-Lorraine. Eventually the French
army to crush commune, 20,000 ppl died.
93. parliamentary
system
Bismarck did not trust any nation which had
this as its government, because he did not
trust the general people to make sound
decisions
94. Paul
Droulde
Leader of the French League of Patriots,
preached revenge against Germany and
advocated an alliance with Russia
95. personal
letters to the
czar
Bismarck had the emperor write these to
convince Russia of Germany's support for
them
96. Pope Pius IX This pope died in 1878, his death made it
easier for Bismarck to abadon the
Kulturkampf
97. preventive
war
Many Germans, such as Moltke, wanted this
against Russia
98. pulpit article
of November
1871
This measure in the Kulturkampf forbade
clergymen from making political
proclomations
99. Radowitz This German diplomat alarmed the French
when he was sent to St. Petersburg in 1875,
because the French believed he had been sent
to secure Russian support in a war against
France.
100. Reichstag The lower chamber of the German Empire's
parliament, elected by universal suffrage
101. Reinsurance
Treaty
The purpose of the this German-Russian
treaty was because Russia had refused to
renew the Alliance of the Three Emperors.
Bismarck craftily substituted this treaty, by
which both states promised neutrality if the
other was attacked. It was ended in 1890
because the new Emperor Wilhelm II
(William II) of Germany had dismissed
Bismarck. Then he had refused to renew the
treaty.
102. republic Bismarck made France into this after the
Franco-Prussian War because he believed no
monarchical government in Europe would
enter in an alliance with one
103. resign Bismarck had to threaten to ........ in order to
convince Kaiser Wilhelm I to sign the Dual
Alliance, because the Kaiser was used to the
Hohenzollern tradition of friendship was
Russia
104. a rider and
a horse
This was the phrase BIsmarck used to
describe how he saw alliances, where one
nation controlled another
105. Romania Austria made a treaty with this nation in 1883
against Russian aggression
106. Russia This country was furious at the Bismarck for
what they considered a diplomatic defeat at
the Congress of Berlin, and so the Three
Emperor's League was dissolved
107. Russian
grain
Germany passed export tariffs on this in 1878
which angered Russia as it slowed down their
economy
108. Russo-
Turkish
War
(1877-1878) War that resulted from Russian
expansion into the Ottoman Empire, it was
ended by the Treaty of Sans Stefano. Russians
claimed they wanted to aid the Slavs in the
Balkans but also wanted control of the
Dardanelles for a warm-water port.
109. safeguard
the peace
This was Bismarck's main goal at the
Congress of Berlin
110. satiated After Bismarck's three wars, as far as
Bismarck was concerned Germany was .....
111. Schoebrunn In June 1873 negotiations between Austria
and Russia took place in this city, this would
help form the Three Emperor's League
112. September
1873
The month and year in which German troops
had to evacuate France because France had
managed to pay off the five billion franc
indemnity
113. Septennat This was Bismarck's army bill in 1886, it failed
because the SDP opposed it, as a result
Bismarck dissolved the Reichstag again
114. Serbia Austria made a treaty with this nation in 1881
115. sick man of
Europe
This was the nickname for the Ottoman
Empire
116. Skobelev Russian military hero who in 1882 made
speeches in Paris saying the Slavs and
Germans were incompatible, this alarmed
Bismarck and led him to create the Triple
Alliance as a safeguard against a Franco-
Russian alliance.
117. Social
Democratic
Labor
Party of
Germany
The full name for the SDP, the party formed on
May 22, 1875, at Gotha, to advance socialism
in Germany
118. a source of
weakness
rather than
strength
Bismarck wrote to Wilhelm I in 1873 saying
that colonies were .......
119. state
socialism
The 3rd of Bismarck's domestic policies, this
program of social legislation was intended to
draw workers away from socialism and to the
state
120. Syllabus of
Errors
A church proclamation in 1864 which said
governments should not interfere in church
affairs
121. tariffs One of the main reasons's Bismarck's
Kulturkampf was unsuccesful was because
many conservatives joined the Center Party,
because they were in support of
122. Thiers French leader of the National Assembly that
ordered the army into Paris to crush the
Commune; did this even though he was a
liberal, because he was also a nationalist, fell
out of power in 1873
123. Three
Emperor's
League
a conservative alliance formed by Bismarck in
1873 to link the conservative monarchs of
Austria, Russia, and Germany against radical
movements, and to preserve the status quo.
Bismarck also used this alliance to defend
Germany against France and to try to prevent
conflict between Austria and Russia in the
Balkans
124. Three
Emperor's
League
This alliance helped Bismarck to avoid a
unilateral commitment to either Austria or
Russia
125. Treaty
of San
Stefano
This March 3, 1878 treaty put upon the Ottoman
Empire by the Russians forced Turkey to cede
strategic territories south of the Caucasus to
Turkey, so that Russia would have two avenues to
attack in the future, and forced the Ottomans to
give full independence to Serbia and Romania and
grant autonomy to Bulgaria which was expected to
fall under Russian influence. The British were the
most furious at this treaty to which the word
"jingoism" was added to the English language.
126. Triple
Alliance
Secret defense treaty in 1882, renewed on 1885,
between Germany, Austria, and Italy, to be
activated if any of the mebers were attacked by
France. Italy also agreed to remain neutral in the
case of an Austro-Russian war.
127. Tunis Italy had lost this to France and were thus
concerned about French imperialism, this sought
them to join the Triple Alliance
128. vacuum
of
power
The decline of the Ottoman Empire left this in the
Balkans
129. warm
water
port
Russia was focused on acquiring one of these, also
called an ice-free port
130. Wilhelm
II
The new kaiser, after Wilhelm I's son Frederick III
died of cancer
131. Wilhelm
II
This kaiser came to power in 1888, removed
Bisamrck from power in 1890, and pursued a new,
more aggressive path for Germany
132. William
Langer
~HISTORIOGRAPHY~ This famous American
scholar in his study "European Alliances and
Alignments 1871-1890" argued that Bismarck
showed lots of political sense and helped to avert
war
133. Young
Turks
group of revolutionary and nationalistic Turks who
revolted against Ottoman empire, the powers of
Europe did not support them as they would upset
the balance of power if they succeeded in reforming
the Ottoman Empire