Notes for IB maths SL - chapter 1, quadratics

© All Rights Reserved

81 views

Notes for IB maths SL - chapter 1, quadratics

© All Rights Reserved

- 1ST EXAM-F4 2010-P1
- 1 10 Lesson Plan
- Quadratic Equations Project
- EAMCET QR Maths Sr Maths IIA-1. Quadratic Expressions Final
- Word Perfect Mathematics Documents 1
- Nov 2014
- review_of_algebra
- Spm 2007 Paper 1 (Edited)
- 4037_w05_qp_1
- quadratic curves.pdf
- CS Maths F4
- Chapter 10 I Quadratic Expressions ENHANCE
- Week 8 Appendix f
- Additional Mathematics 2005 November Paper 1
- Functions - Revision
- Quant Shortcuts and Tricks
- rick rice unit plan for section 5 1
- W2 mon
- functionseverydaysituations
- ys - 10 checklist (1)

You are on page 1of 5

student: Mathematics SL

Chapter 1

Quadratics

Alzbeta Bavorova

Ch1 Quadratics

2

+ + = 0

The roots or solutions of

2

+ + = 0 are the values of x for which the equation is true.

Factorization

Quick if you have easy numbers. Tricky if a =/= 1.

1. Rearrange equation to have zero on one side and the rest on the other.

2. Divide by a.

3. Find numbers s and r, for which:

a * c = s * r

b = s + r

4. Rewrite equation as ( +)( +) = 0

5. x

1

= -s

;

x

2

= -r

Completing the square

Perfect squares are expressions such as: (x + 1)

2

, (x + 2)

2

=> (x + a)

2

Use the formulas ( +)

2

=

2

+2 +

2

and ( )

2

=

2

2 +

2

2

+ 4 + 1 = 0

1. Move c to the other side.

2

+ 4 = 1

2. Pick a corresponding new c by dividing the b by 2 and squaring it.

= (

2

)

2

= 4

3. Add c

NEW

to both sides

2

+ 4 + 4 = 3

4. Factorize and solve

( + 2)

2

= 3

+ 2 = 3

1,2

= 3 2

Quadratic formula

Foolproof.

1,2

=

2

4

2

1,2

=

2

The discriminant () of a quadratic and sign diagrams

=

2

4

If:

> 0 .. Two real solutions

= 0 .. One solution

< 0 .. No real solution

A sign diagram (such as the one showed below) shows for what values is the quadratic positive, zero or negative.

The points on the number line represent the roots of the equation.

Quadratic functions

=

2

+ +

(If we substitute y by 0, we have a quadratic equation.)

The graph of a quadratic function is a parabola, which is one of the conic sections (produced by cutting the cone by

a plane parallel to the cones slant side).

(http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d9/Parabola_features.svg/2000px-Parabola_features.svg.png)

If a > 0, the parabola is concave/concave up (like the image).

If a < 0, the parabola is convex/concave down.

Quadratic form, a =/= 0 Facts

y = a(x-p)(x-q) x-intercepts are p and q

axis of symmetry is

=

+

2

vertex is (

+

2

, (

+

2

))

y = a(x-h)

2

touches x-axis at h

= 0

axis of symmetry is x = h

vertex is (h, 0)

y = a(x-h)

2

+ k axis of symmetry is x = h

vertex is (h, k)

y = ax

2

+ bx + c y-intercept is c

axis of symmetry is

=

2

vertex is (

2

,

2

4

)

x-intercepts can be

calculated using 0 = ax

2

+

bx + c

Sketching graphs by completing the square

Positive definite and negative definite quadratics

Positive definite quadratics are those which are positive for all values of x. This means they have no x-intercept and

a > 0.

Negative definite quadratics are the exact opposite.

Finding a quadratic form its graph

The roots of the function are its x-intercepts.

To get the value of the y-intercept, substitute x with 0.

The value of a tells us the orientation of the function.

The axis of symmetry will be the average of the x-intercepts.

Where functions meet

Function intercepts can be found by solving the functions simultaneously

: =

1

2

+

1

+

1

: =

2

2

+

2

+

2

= =>

1

2

+

1

+

1

=

2

2

+

2

+

2

Quadratic optimization

Optimization is the process of finding the minimum or maximum of a function. These equal to the y-value of the

vertex.

- 1ST EXAM-F4 2010-P1Uploaded byApple Lee Kuok Ing
- 1 10 Lesson PlanUploaded byJessica
- Quadratic Equations ProjectUploaded byRomaRio Tambunan
- EAMCET QR Maths Sr Maths IIA-1. Quadratic Expressions FinalUploaded bysanagavarapu
- Word Perfect Mathematics Documents 1Uploaded byRobert Kimera
- Nov 2014Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- review_of_algebraUploaded byteachopensource
- Spm 2007 Paper 1 (Edited)Uploaded byTohTzeLea
- 4037_w05_qp_1Uploaded byBilal Bakht Ahmad
- quadratic curves.pdfUploaded byAle4When
- CS Maths F4Uploaded byJusmawiah Binti Jusoh
- Chapter 10 I Quadratic Expressions ENHANCEUploaded byjuriah binti ibrahim
- Additional Mathematics 2005 November Paper 1Uploaded bylornarifa
- Week 8 Appendix fUploaded bycarolynknowles24
- Functions - RevisionUploaded bybobbyking26
- Quant Shortcuts and TricksUploaded bytusharkhatri18
- rick rice unit plan for section 5 1Uploaded byapi-224365722
- W2 monUploaded byKelvinYong
- functionseverydaysituationsUploaded byapi-286313605
- ys - 10 checklist (1)Uploaded byapi-289125744
- algebra 1 planning calendar 2015 2016-1Uploaded byapi-292888937
- business mathematics with calculusUploaded byMon Mon
- CliftonBridge to VELASCOUploaded byMaximo Cusihuata Choque
- Algebra Shorcuts Formulas for CAT - EDUSAATHIUploaded byTushar Tiku
- april10-1420178thgradeadvUploaded byapi-327299670
- Final Course Outline Mcf3mUploaded byAnonymous gXMrni
- pre ap table of contentsUploaded byapi-336227479
- Middle School Competition ProblemsUploaded byKishan Patel
- 595c90b6e4b096423b9cb8e2 (1).pdfUploaded byneeraj
- Calculus EarlyTranscendentals GuichardUploaded bymaurizio.desio4992

- EnergeticsUploaded byBetty Bavorová
- IB SL Trigonometric FunctionsUploaded byBetty Bavorová
- ElasticityUploaded byBetty Bavorová
- Inorganic NomenclatureUploaded byBetty Bavorová
- Ch 3 PeriodicityUploaded byBetty Bavorová
- Chapter 2 Atomic StructureUploaded byBetty Bavorová
- Chapter 1 Quantitative ChemistryUploaded byBetty Bavorová
- Ch2 CELLSUploaded byBetty Bavorová
- Ch3 Chemistry of LifeUploaded byBetty Bavorová
- Market FailureUploaded byBetty Bavorová
- Public ChoiceUploaded byBetty Bavorová
- Government InterventionUploaded byBetty Bavorová
- Public Versus Private GoodsUploaded byBetty Bavorová
- Checking Progress in IB ChemistryUploaded byBetty Bavorová
- Ch2 FunctionsUploaded byBetty Bavorová
- Fim Theory HLUploaded byBetty Bavorová
- ElasticityUploaded byBetty Bavorová
- Demand, Supply and Market EquilibriaUploaded byBetty Bavorová
- Economics, Goods, Utility, Opportunity Cost and PPCUploaded byBetty Bavorová
- 1_Bohr Atom, Electron Configuration and Quantum TheoryUploaded byBetty Bavorová
- Chapter 2.2 the Mass SpectrometerUploaded byBetty Bavorová
- Chapter 2.1 the AtomUploaded byBetty Bavorová
- Chapter 1.1 the Mole ConceptUploaded byBetty Bavorová
- Chapter 2.3 Eukaryotic CellsUploaded byBetty Bavorová
- Chapter 2.2 Prokaryotic CellsUploaded byBetty Bavorová
- IB bio sl: Cell TheoryUploaded byBetty Bavorová

- Trial Transcript 2009-04-28 PMUploaded byKatrinaDocs
- UOP_GB Adsorbent Handling Procedures.pdfUploaded byKausar
- Noise MitigationUploaded byRiaCap
- CV - Youssef Mohamed Ramzy.compressedUploaded byYoussefMohamed
- Laterial Support System AndUploaded byxaekne
- Lab 3 - ModulationUploaded byShumon Alam
- Rfid Based Attendance SystemUploaded byIJRASETPublications
- Wiki.developerforce.com-Using Apex Managed Sharing to Create Custom Record Sharing Logic Developer Force ComUploaded bymastaflamasta
- 3-Fresh Finished ContentUploaded byShenbagavalli__8258
- Nouveau Document TexteUploaded byAnonymous 8erOuK4i
- LG Balancing Urban& Rural SegmentUploaded byRiyas Noorudeen
- Dsd Lab ManualUploaded byshailygoyal
- Number TheoryUploaded byStian Haklev
- Vaughan Review - 200912Uploaded bykasuri123
- ISO 26000 Mgt BriefingUploaded byroelens
- Aspect Et Al - PRL'82 - Experimental Test of Bell's Inequalities Using Time-Varying AnalyzersUploaded bypkonig
- Aquatherm PEX suppliesUploaded byEddy Brenton
- AFICO Heavy Density Pipe Insulation - NewUploaded byNickolas Head
- Installing or Uninstalling MINI-LINK CraftUploaded byRaziel Velazquez
- CV Zdenko BacikUploaded byzdenkobacik
- Fizik Kertas 3 Ting 4 Pertengahan Tahun 2012 Terengganu.pdfUploaded byLucxman Nisa
- EPSTEIN & MARTIN - Qualitative Aproach to Empirical Legal Research.pdfUploaded byDouglas Zaidan
- genre analysisUploaded byapi-252218826
- VideoUploaded byPurna Suresh Pedamallu
- Quality Improvement Tools*Uploaded byfoxes_lover
- lm741Uploaded byMoh Taraman
- ardisam tillerUploaded byMoses Dalton
- 11i to R12 Transition Decision - Upgrade or ReimplementUploaded bytu2
- Physics 2 Practise Final_version2Uploaded byjamielgross
- Db2 Training Class 001Uploaded byParesh Bhatia

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.