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# Recognizing Proportional Relationships



Lesson Objective

Do Now

By the end of the lesson, we will be able to ____________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________
(AZ-7.RP.A.2a) Decide whether two quantities are in a proportional relationship.

(AZ-7.RP.A.2b) Identify the constant of proportionality (unit rate) in tables, graphs, equations, diagrams, and verbal descriptions of
proportional relationships.
Comparing Unit Rates

1. Classmates Steve and Fred are assigned an essay. After a few hours of writing, they text one
another to check on each others progress. Steve has written a total 270 words in three hours and
Fred has written 440 words in four hours. Which classmate writes at a faster rate? Show your

Rate of Change

1. Three weeks ago, the price of an iPhone6 was \$500. Each week, the price went down until
today when the price for the phone was only \$350. If the rate was constant, at what rate did the
price of the phone change per week?

Recognizing Proportional Relationships


Essential Vocabulary

Teacher Model

Lets look at the two examples. Read the problems and notice that questions on ratios can be asked
in a few different ways. Be sure to label each of your numbers.

1. Example 1

2. Example 2

Vocabulary Term Teacher-Provided Definition Visual

Proportional
Relationship

Constant of
Proportionality

Proportions in Graphs and Tables

The constant _______________ of a ratio

**Basically, it is the unit rate (parts per one of
something)

Robert went to the Circle K and looked at
different deals for Gatorade. He made a chart
of the different quantities and prices.

Number of Gatorade Price
3 \$3.00
4 \$4.00
8 \$8.00
10 \$10.00

Does the table represent a proportional
relationship? Why or why not?

Elise went to the Circle K and looked at
different deals for coffee. She made a graph
of the different quantities and prices.

Does the graph represent a proportional
relationship? Why or why not?

When ________ quantities change ___________

with one another.
Recognizing Proportional Relationships


Guided Practice

Follow the steps in order to see if the tables and graphs represent proportional relationships.
Practice A. Do the tables represent a proportional relationship? Why or why not?

Practice B. Do the graphs represent a proportional relationship? Why or why
not?

Steps: Recognizing Proportional Relationships

1. Graphs

a. Check to see that each quantity can be multiplied or divided by the same value

2. Tables

a. Check to see that the line is linear (straight) and passes through the origin

Number
of Toes

5

10

15

20
Number
of Feet

1

2

3

4

Number
of Mice

6

10

14

18
Number
of Cages

3

5

6

9

Recognizing Proportional Relationships


Guided Practice

Follow the steps in order to identify the constant of proportionality (unit rate).
Practice A/B

Steps: Constant of Proportionality

1. Look at the graph and read the units

a. Always check the unit of 1 for a shortcut

2. If the 1 is unclear, pick two points that align and solve for the unit rate

Recognizing Proportional Relationships


Review: Dividing Fractions

1.

2.

7

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

Review: Improper Fractions/Mixed Numbers

1.

2. 6

3.

4. 3

5.

6. 9

7.

8. 3

9.

10. 1

Recognizing Proportional Relationships


Common Core Prep: Justifying Answers

The new math assessments will expect us to be able to explain our thinking and how we arrived at
an answer. Read and solve the problem below that models this expectation.

In the box below, show your work. Draw a picture of the situation being described.

On the lines below, explain how you arrived at the solution. What steps did you take? Use the
sentence stems to write complete sentences in your response.

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_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

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Emmanuel is looking at a square. He notes the measure of one of the sides is 3x. If he
wanted to draw a border around it, how long would it measure, in terms of x?

Solve it Draw it
Recognizing Proportional Relationships


Open-Ended Paragraph Frame

Use the steps below to craft a paragraph when you come across open-ended
responses in math class. Begin each sentence with the prompt and complete it
by describing your work.

1. The first step I took was

2. I did this because

3. Next, I

4. I took this step because

5. Finally, I had to

6. This is how I arrived at the answer of (YOUR ANSWER),
which answers the question of (repeat question from text
here)