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Speed, velocity, Acceleration & Graphs of Motion

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1. ______ is a unit of speed:

a. m/s

b. s

c. kg

d. hr

3. What is the difference between speed and velocity?

a. Speed has both a size and a direction.

b. Velocity has both a size and a direction.

c. Velocity and speed are the same thing.

d. Velocity has a distance while speed has a position.

5. A person walks 1 mile every day for exercise,

leaving her front porch at 9:00 A.M. and returning

to her front porch at 9:25 A.M. What is the total

displacement of her daily walk?

a. 1 mile

b. zero

c. 25 minutes

d. none of the above

7. ______________ describes how fast something is going, whereas, __________ describes how fast

something is going and in a certain direction.

a. speed, velocity

b. rate, speed

2. The speed at any instant of time is known as

a. average speed

b. velocity

c. given speed

d. instantaneous speed

6. If a total distance of 750 m is covered in a

time interval of 25 s, the average speed is

______?

a. 3,974 mph

b. 3 mph

c. 30 mph

d. 30 m/s

4. Ibrahim walks 4 m/s south. Which of the

following best describes Ibrahims travel?

a. speed

b. distance

c. time

d. velocity

c. rate, velocity

d. speed, acceleration

8. Which of the following is a measure of velocity?

a. 30 s

b. 30 degree South

c. 30 m/s

d. 30 m/s, South

10. How long would it take to travel 50 km traveling

at a speed of 10 km/hr?

a. 3 hours

b. 1 hour

c. 5 hours

d. 50 hours

NUMERICALS

1- A car goes around a round about at a speed of 20m/s. Is its velocity same or changing? Describe your

answer.

2- A comet is cruising through the Solar System at a speed of 50,000 kilometers per hour for 4 hours

time. What is the total distance traveled by the comet during this time?

3- What is the velocity of a car that traveled a total of 75 kilometers north in 1.5 hours?

4- An ant carries food at a speed of 1 cm/s. How long will take the ant to carry a cookie crumb

from the kitchen table to the anthill, a distance of 50 m?

9. If a person walked at 2 m/s for 12 s he/she

would travel a distance of ________.

a. 24 m

b. 6 m

c. 4 m

d. none of the answers

11. The SI unit for speed is the ________.

a. km/hour

b. m/s

c. cm/min

d. miles/hour

Velocity & Acceleration Worksheet

Name: _________________________

Date: ______________

Fill in the Blanks

1. Velocity is the rate of change of _________________________

2. Vector quantity has both a _______________ and _____________________

3. When direction changes, but speed does not change, velocity ________________

4. Whenever there is a change in velocity there is ________________________

5. Negative Acceleration is known as ___________________________

6. A body having uniform (constant) velocity will have _____________ acceleration.

7. Acceleration is uniform when the

_______________________________________________

Questions:

8. A meteoroid changed velocity from 1.0 km/s to 1.8 km/s in 0.03 seconds. What is the

acceleration of the meteoroid?

9. The space shuttle releases a space telescope into orbit around the earth. The telescope goes

from being stationary to traveling at a speed of 1700 m/s in 25 seconds. What is the

acceleration of the satellite?

10. A car accelerates at a rate of 3.0 m/s

2

. If its original speed is 8.0 m/s, how many seconds will

it take the car to reach a final speed of 25.0 m/s?

11. While traveling along a highway a driver slows from 24 m/s to 15 m/s in 12 seconds. What is

the automobiles acceleration?

12. The table below includes data for a ball rolling down a hill.

Time (seconds) Velocity (km/h)

0 (start) 0 (start)

1 3

2 6

3 9

4 12

5 16

(a). Is the car Accelerating? Why?

(b) How much is the Acceleration =

(c) Is it uniform or non uniform? Why?

7. A car traveling at a speed of 30.0 m/s encounters an emergency and comes to a complete

stop. How much time will it take for the car to stop if it decelerates at -4.0 m/s

2

?

8. A cyclist accelerates at a rate of 7.0 m/s

2

. How long will it take the cyclist to reach a speed of

18 m/s?

PHYSICS WORKSHEET GRADE IX

MAKE THE DISPLACEMENT-TIME GRAPHS FOR:

(a) CAR AT REST (b) CAR MOVING AT UNIFORM VELOCITY

(c) CAR MOVING AT INCREASING VELOCITY (d) CAR MOVING AT DECREASING VELOCITY

FILL IN THE BLANKS:

1- The gradient of a displacement-time graph is ______________________

2- The maximum velocity is at the point where the gradient is __________________

3- Uniform velocity means there is no ________________________________

4- Increasing velocity means there is postive _________________________

5- Decreasing velocity means there is ________________________

MAKE THE VELOCITY-TIME GRAPHS FOR:

(a) CAR AT REST (b) CAR MOVING AT UNIFORM VELOCITY/SPEED

(c) CAR MOVING AT UNIFORM

ACCELERATION

(e) CAR MOVING AT INCREASING ACCELERATION

FILL IN THE BLANKS

1- Rate of change of velocity is known as __________________

2- The gradient of a velocity-time graph is _______________________

3- The area under the velocity-time graph is ______________________

4- Increasing acceleration means that velocity is increasing at a ___________ rate

5- Decreasing acceleration means that velocity is increasing at a _____________ rate

(d) CAR MOVING AT UNFIROM

DECELERATION

(f) CAR MOVING AT DECREASING ACCELERATION

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