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The Atmosphere: Fog and Rain


________ water vapor that has condensed very near the
surface of Earth because air close to the ground has
The obvious difference between fog and clouds is that fog
is very _________ the _____________ of Earth.
However, fog also differs from clouds because of ______
fog forms.
One type of fog forms from the _______________
cooling of Earth.
This type of fog is called ______________ _______
because it results from the loss of heat by radiation.
Another type of fog, _______________ ________, forms
when warm, moist air moves across a cold surface.
Advection fog is common along ____________, where
warm, moist air from above the water moves in over a
cooler land surface.

__________________ any form of water that falls to
Earths surface from the clouds; includes rain, snow,
sleet, and hail
The __________ major types of precipitation are rain,
snow, sleet, and hail.
___________ is a liquid precipitation.
If the raindrops are smaller than 0.5 mm, the rain is called
The most common form of _____________ precipitation
is __________, which consists of ice particles.
These particles may fall as small pellets, as individual
crystals, or as crystals that combine to form
When rain falls through a layer of freezing air near the
ground, clear ice pellets, called _________, can form.
Hail is _______________ of _________ that form in

______________________ the formation of large
droplets by the combination of smaller droplets
___________________ a condition in which a substance
is cooled below its freezing point, condensation point, or
sublimation point, without going through a change of
Supercooled ____________ droplets cannot freeze
because too few _____________ ____________ on
which ice can form are available.

_____________ ____________ the process of
introducing freezing nuclei or condensation nuclei into a
cloud in order to cause rain to fall
In areas suffering from _____________, scientists may
attempt to induce ________________ through cloud
One method of cloud seeding uses ____________
____________ crystals, which resemble ice crystals, as
freezing nuclei.

Another method of cloud seeding uses
_________________ dry ice, which is dropped from
aircraft to cool cloud _____________ and cause ice
crystals to form.
As ice crystals fall, they may melt to form raindrops.