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SCALA DE ATITUDINI SI

CONVINGERI II (ABS II)


DATE PRELIMINARE
PENTRU POPULATIA DE
LIMBA ROMANA
Psihologie
Romanian Journal of Cognitive and
Behavioral Psychotherapies,
Vol. 2, No. 2, Septemer 2!!2, "!#$"22.
SCALA DE ATITUDINI I
CONVINGERI II (ABS II)
DATE PRELIMINARE
PENTRU POPULAIA DE
LIMB ROMN / A
ROMANIAN
ADAPTATION OF THE
ATTITUDES AND
BELIEFS SCALE II (ABS
II)
Bianca MACAVEI
1
Universi!e! B!"e#$Bol%!i & B!"es$
Bol%!i Universi%
Cl'($N!)o*!+ Ro,-ni!
Abstract
The results obtained following administration of the Attitudes and Beliefs Scale II
(ABS II)(i!iuse""e# $eaf# E%ner# & 'obin# 1())) to a 'omanian sam"le are# on
the whole# consistent with those obtained in earlier normati*e studies in*ol*ing
American sam"les+ The scale was administered to two different grou"s , normal
"o"ulation (i+e+# teenagers and adults) and in-"atients at a hos"ital for mental
disorders# diagnosed with clinical de"ression+ In a sam"le of normal sub.ects
(/0123)# internal consistenc4 coefficients (Al"ha Cronbach) for the four belief
"rocesses and the global score ranged from +53 to +)6# which are ade7uate for
re"orting reliable results+ A "ilot stud4 on discriminati*e *alidit4 re*ealed the ABS
II discriminated between normal and clinical grou"s# as well as between grou"s
with e%treme scores on the short *ersion of BI+ /orms for the 'omanian *ersion
of the scale are also included+
Key words8 'EBT# irrational beliefs# 'omanian norms for the Attitudes and Beliefs Scale II
Normele Scalei de Atitudini i Convingeri II (ABS II)
pentru populaia de limb romn
.nre /or,ele 0e er!)ie *ogniiv$*o,)or!,en!l1 (CBT)+ er!)i! r!2ion!l$e,oiv1 #i *o,)or!,en!l1 (REBT)
o*')1 'n lo* )rivilegi!+ !- 0!ori1 r101*inilor isori*e *!re o )l!se!31 l! origine! *elei ,!i in/l'ene !"or01ri
er!)e'i*e *'nos*'e )-n1 4n )re3en $ CBT$ *- #i 0in )ers)e*iv! soli0ei s!le !n*or1ri 4n )r!*i*15 .n o)ini!
4ne,eieor'l'i s1'+ Dr5 Al"er Ellis+ rel!2i! 0inre REBT #i CBT ese 'n! 0e in*l'3i'ne6 !s/el+ /or,! gener!l1 0e
REBT se s')r!)'ne )ese *ee! *e !s13i n',i, CBT+ )e l-ng1 !*e!s! ,!i e7is-n0 #i !#! n',i'l REBT
8
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ARTA DE A <I IERT=TORI :I BUN CU CEI DIN
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V!rs! !0'l! si re3is!n!
?!ler+ George R $ In/l'en! li,"!('l'i )o3iiv
De3vol!re! )sihi*1 ! !0oles*en'l'i
<OLOSI@I SUBCON:TIENTUL PENTRU A
.NL=TURA TEAMA
I,i!i! Non$ver"!l!
Aeleg!nB+ !v-n0 *! /in!li!e ,o0i/i*!re! )ers)e*ivei /ilo3o/i*e !s')r! vie2ii #i+ 0e*i+ /le7i"ili3!re! )erson!li12ii
)!*ien'l'i&*lien'l'i (Ellis+ !)'0 ?einr!*h+ 8CCD)5
.n 8CEE+ Al"er Ellis el!"or! o ,eo01 er!)e'i*1 )e *!re o n',e#e
Ar!2ion!l1B+ 0!ori1 !**en'l'i )'s )e i0eni/i*!re! #i ,o0i/i*!re! r1s1'rilor ir!2ion!le
#i ilogi*e !le g-n0iri *lien2ilor s1i5 De#i !**en'l *!0e )e *o,)onen! *ogniiv1+ 4n*1
0e l! 4n*e)' Ellis !0o)1 'n Be*le*i*is,B ,eo0ologi*+ /olosin0 o g!,1 l!rg1 0e
ehni*i e,oive #i *o,)or!,en!le+ *!re s$! 0iversi/i*! #i 4,"og12i 4n i,)5 A*e!s1
*!r!*erisi*1 0'*e+ 4n 8CFG+ l! s*hi,"!re! 0en',irii 0in er!)ie r!2ion!l1 (RT) 4n
er!)ie r!2ion!l$e,oiv1 (RET)5 Ulerior+ 4n 8CCH+ l! insisen2ele )sihologilor ineres!2i
0e 0e3vol!re! #i e/i*ieni3!re! ehni*ii+ n',ele !*esei! v! 0eveni Aer!)i! r!2ion!l$
e,oiv1 #i *o,)or!,en!l1 (REBT)B+ re/le*-n0 )!le! l!rg1 0e ehni*i 'ili3!e 4n
re0'*ere! 0isres'l'i )!*ien2ilor (Ellis I Dr%0en+ 8CCF6 ?einr!*h+ 8CCD)5
Se )o!e s)'ne 0e*i+ *1 0e$! l'ng'l ! ,!i "ine 0e rei 0e*enii REBT ! *'nos*' o evol'2ie !s*en0en1+ re3'l!
!l o)i,i31rii #i )er/e*2ion1rii *ons!ne )rin e/or'l ,!i ,'lor gener!2ii 0e )r!*i*ieni #i *er*e1ori
(DiGi'se))e+ 8CCD)5
.n gener!l+ er!)i! *ogniiv$*o,)or!,en!l1 *onsi0er1 )ro"le,ele
)sihologi*e *! /iin0 r1s)'ns'ri 0e3!0!)!ive 4nv12!e+ s's2in'e 0e *ogni2ii
0is/'n*2ion!le5 .n *onse*in21+ se !**en'e!31 ne*esi!e! i0eni/i*1rii #i ,o0i/i*1rii
*ogni2iilor 0e3!0!)!ive #i 4nlo*'ire! *o,)or!,enelor 0is/'n*2ion!le (Ellis I
Dr%0en+ 8CCF)5
Con/or, eoriei !v!ns!e 0e Al"er Ellis ()enr' 0e!lii ve3i Ellis I Dr%0en+
8CCF)+ l! "!3! 'l"'r1rilor e,o2ion!le s1 en0in2! in0ivi0'l'i 0e ! /!*e ev!l'1ri
!"sol'ise #i rigi0e !le eveni,enelor )er*e)'e5 A*ese ev!l'1ri i!' !0ese! /or,!
lingvisi*1 ! l'i Are"'ie *' ne*esi!eB+ Aese o"lig!ori'B+ Aese !"sol' ne*es!rB+
(0e,!n0igness DEM $)5 Din !*ese *ogni2ii !"sol'ise *enr!le 0eriv1 !)oi 'n
n'*le' 0e *re0in2e ir!2ion!le (IB);
*onvingeri *!!sro/i*e ('n eveni,en *!re ! !v' lo* 0e#i An' re"'i! s1 !i"1
lo*B ese ev!l'! *! /iin0 ,!i ,'l 0e 8GGJ neg!iv)+ (!K/'li3ing A?< $)6
oler!n21 s*13'1 l! /r'sr!re (o )erso!n1 *re0e *1 n' )o!e /i 0elo* /eri*i1
0!*1 !)!re *ev! *e An' re"'i! s1 !)!r1 4n ni*i 'n *!3B)+ (loK /r'sr!ion
oler!n*e L<T $)6
0e)re*iere! #i ev!l'!re! glo"!l1 (e75 ei*he!re! glo"!l1 ! )ro)riei )erso!$ne+
! *elorl!l2i+ s!' ! vie2ii *! /iin0 A,i3er!"ileB+ 0!*1 l'*r'rile n' ,erg !#! *',
re"'ie)+ (sel/$0oKning !n0&or glo"!l ev!l'!ion SD&GE $)5 A*ese )ro*ese se
le!g1 4nre ele+ /iin0 A/e2e 0i/erie !le !*elei!#i ,one0eB (Ellis I Dr%0en+ 8CCF)5
Pre0is)o3i2i! s)re )!ologie ese 0!1 0e )!ern'rile 0e g-n0ire !"sol'is1 vis
! vis 0e sine+ *eil!l2i #i vi!215 Con/or, !*esei eorii+ 0!*1 o )erso!n1 0e2ine 'n
)!ern 0e g-n0ire !"sol'is1+ i!r vi!2! 4i *on/ir,1 !*ese !#e)1ri ir!2ion!le (*!3
r!rL)+ !'n*i )erso!n! r1ie#e e,o2ii )o3iive (0e#i in viior ese v'lner!"il1 l! 0isres)5
D!*1+ 4ns1+ !#e)1rile )erso!nei s'n in/ir,!e 0e *on0i2iile 0e vi!21 (*ee! *e ese *'
!- ,!i )ro"!"il *' *- )erso!nele s'n ,!i ir!2ion!l 8F88F'MGMNr e)+ se 0e3vol1
re!*2ii e,o2ion!le neg!ive "lo*!ne&0e3!0!)!ive *! s1ri 0e)resive+ !n7ie!e!+
seni,enele 0e *'l)1 #i&s!' !gresivi!e!5 Pe 0e !l1 )!re+ )re3en2! *re0in2elor
r!2ion!le (/le7i"ile)+ 0e gen'l AMi$!# 0ori *! l'*r'rile s1 0e*'rg1 !s/el+ 0!r n' e
o"lig!ori' s1 se 4n-,)le *hi!r !#!B+ *hi!r 4n *on0i2iile 'nor *on0i2ii 0e vi!21 !0verse+
genere!31 e,o2ii neg!ive !0!)!ive+ seni*e5
A#!0!r+ *re0in2ele ir!2ion!le;
$ s'n *ogni2ii ev!l'!ive (!0i*1 relev!ne )enr' s*o)'rile in0ivi0'l'i)+ *'
se,ni/i*!2ie )erson!l1+ 0e n!'r1 !"sol'is1+ 0og,!i*16
$ genere!31 e,o2ii neg!ive 0e3!0!)!ive6
$ s'n ir!2ion!le 0eo!re*e s'n rigi0e #i "lo*he!31 !ingere! s*o)'rilor5
Cores)on0enele r!2ion!le !le lor;
$ s'n *ogni2iile ev!l'!ive *' se,ni/i*!2ie )erson!l1+ 0e n!'r1 )re/eren2i!l1+
non!"sol'is16
$ 0'* l! e,o2ii )o3iive s!' neg!ive !0!)!ive6
$ s'n r!2ion!le 0eo!re*e s'n /le7i"ile #i n' se iner)'n 4n *!le! !ingerii
s*o)'rilor in0ivi0'l'i5 (Ellis I Dr%0en+ 8CCF)5
S*'r s)'s+ o *re0in21 ir!2ion!l1 se 0e/ine#e )rin /!)'l *1 ese in*ore*1 0in
)'n* 0e ve0ere logi*+ ese in*ongr'en1 *' re!li!e! o"ie*iv1 #i "lo*he!31
!ingere! s*o)'rilor in0ivi0'l'i5 Prin *onr!s+ *re0in2ele r!2ion!le se "!3e!31 )e
re!li!e! e,)iri*1+ /!*ilie!31 !ingere! s*o)'rilor )erso!nei #i res)e*1 )rin*i)iile
logi*ii (M!'ls"% !)'0 DiGi'se))e+ 8CCD)5
.n esen21+ i0eile *!re /'n0!,ene!31 !*e!s1 eorie+ re/le*-n0'$se #i 4n
inerven2i! er!)e'i*1+ )o /i sinei3!e !s/el (?!len+ !)'0 ?einr!*h+ 8CCD);
(8) Cogni2iile s'n *el ,!i i,)or!n 0eer,in!n !l e,o2iilor l! o!,eni6
(M) G-n0ire! 0is/'n*2ion!l1 ese *!'3! )rin*i)!l1 ! 0isres'l'i e,o2ion!l6 ,!re
)!re 0in )siho)!ologie ese re3'l!'l g-n0irii 0is/'n*2ion!le6
(H) D!*1 'l"'r1rile e,o2ion!le s'n *!'3!e 0e ,en2inere! 'nor *re0in2e
ir!2ion!le+ ,o0!li!e! o)i,1 0e ! 4nl1'r! 0isres'l ese ,o0i/i*!re! !*esor
*re0ine6
(N) Prinre /!*orii eiologi*i !i g-n0irii ir!2ion!le #i )siho)!ologiei se n',1r1
in/l'en2e genei*e #i 0e ,e0i'6
(E) REBT )'ne !**en ,!i !les )e rol'l eveni,enelor 0in )re3en (,!i 0egr!"1
0e*- re*') 4n gener!re! )siho)!ologiei+ 4n s)e*i!l 0eo!re*e o!,enii 4#i
4nre2in 'l"'r1rile )rin )er)e'!re! 'n'i ,o0 0is/'n*2ion!l 0e g-n0ire6
(D) Cre0in2ele ir!2ion!le )o /i s*hi,"!e+ 0e#i ,o0i/i*!re! !*esor! i,)li*1 e/or #i
)erseveren21 0in )!re! in0ivi0'l'i5
ABS II ev!l'e!31 *onvingerile ir!2ion!le #i r!2ion!le 0es*rise 4n eori! l'i Al"er
Ellis5 S*!l! ! /os *on*e)'1 0e *1re DiGi'se))e+ Le!/+ E7ner #i Ro"in 4n 8COO #i
ese o ,1s'r1 v!li01 ! *onsr'*elor *enr!le 4n REBT (DiGi'se))e+ Ro"in+ Le!/+ I
Gor,on+ 8COC)5 E/i*ien2! insr',en'l'i ese s)ori1 0e /!)'l *1 )er,ie *!l*'l!re!
'nor s*or'ri se)!r!e )e 0i/erie i)'ri 0e *re0in2e ir!2ion!le+ )re*', #i esi,!re! 'nor
v!lori glo"!le 0e r!2ion!li!e & ir!2ion!li!e5 M!i ,'l+ *o,)!r!iv *' !le ese *lini*e+
*on2ine 'n n',1r rel!iv ,i* 0e ie,i (FM) /or,'l!2i 4nr$'n li,"!( !**esi"il+ /iin0 '#or
0e !0,inisr! #i *o!6 4n si'!2iile 4n *!re n' ese )osi"il1 !0,inisr!re! inegr!l1+
s*!l! )er,ie sele*!re! ie,ilor *!re ev!l'e!31 0o!r 'n !n',i i) 0e *re0in2e
ir!2ion!le+ )'-n0'$se *!l*'l! 'n s*or in0ivi0'!l )enr' !*e#i!5
.n *on*l'3ie+ ABS II ese 'n'l 0inre *ele ,!i e/i*iene insr',ene 0e
ev!l'!re! ! *re0in2elor ir!2ion!le & r!2ion!le+ 0is)oni"ile l! or! !*'!l15 S*o)'l
s'0i'l'i 0e /!21 ese 0e ! o/eri )erso!nelor ineres!e o )ri,1 v!ri!n1 4n li,"!
ro,-n1 ! ABS II5 Vor /i )re3en!e 0!e re/erio!re l! *onsisen2! inern1 ! s*!lei+
v!li0i!e! 0is*ri,in!n1 ! !*esei!+ )re*', #i 'n e!lon orien!iv *onsr'i )e
)o)'l!2ie non*lini*15 <iin0 o )ri,1 en!iv1 4n !*es sens+ s'0i'l 0e /!21 n' !re
)reen2i! 0e ! /i re'#i s1 re!li3e3e o invesig!2ie *o,)rehensiv1 ! )ro)rie12ilor
)siho,eri*e !le s*!lei6 li,iele !*es'i! vor /i 0is*'!e 4n se*2i'ne! 0e *on*l'3ii5
Preentarea general a scalei
S*!l! *')rin0e FM 0e ie,i (0e l! E$FD) 0is)'#i 4nr$o ,!ri*e (N7H7M) !l*1'i1
0in rei /!*ori;
(8) )ri,'l /!*or se n',e#e A)ro*ese *ogniiveB (*ogniive )ro*esses) #i !re )!r'
nivele+ re)re3en-n0 )!r' )ro*ese 0e g-n0ire ir!2ion!l1;
$ i,)er!iv'l Are"'ieB (DEM)
$ 0e)re*iere! #i ev!l'!re! glo"!l1 (SD&GE)
$ oler!n2! s*13'1 l! /r'sr!re (L<T)
$ g-n0ire! *!!sro/i*1 (A?<)6
(M) *el 0e$!l 0oile! /!*or se n',e#e A!rii 0e *on2in'B (*onen & *one7) #i !re
rei nivele+ re)re3en-n0 *onvingeri leg!e 0e !)ro"!re+ re!li3!re #i *on/or6
(H) *el 0e$!l reile! /!*or se n',e#e A,o0 0e /r!3!reB (irr!ion!li% & r!ion!li%) #i
!re 0o'1 nivele+ re)re3en-n0 ,o0'l 0e /or,'l!re ! ie,ilor; ir!2ion!l & r!2ion!l5
<ie*!re ie, ese sr'*'r! 4n /'n*2ie 0e *ei rei /!*ori5 De e7e,)l'+ ie,'l D;
AD!*1 o!,eni i,)or!n2i )enr' ,ine n' ,1 )l!*+ !s! 4,i !r!1 *1 s'n o )erso!n1
li)si1 0e v!lo!reB ese;
$ /r!3! ir!2ion!l (IR)6
$ !re 'n *on2in' *!re se re/er1 l! !)ro"!re6
$ vi3e!31 )ro*es'l *ogniiv 0e !'oev!l'!re (SD&GE)5
Posi"ili12ile 0e r1s)'ns !le s'"ie*2ilor s'n;
A )'erni* 4,)oriv1
B )!r2i!l 4,)oriv1
C ne'r'
D )!r2i!l 0e !*or0
E )'erni* 0e !*or0
Co!re! se /!*e )enr' HD 0inre ie,i 0ire* #i )enr' HD invers5
Co!re 0ire*1; APG+ BP8+ CPM+ DPH+ EPN
Co!re invers1; APN+ BPH+ CPM+ DP8+ EPG
Al/el s)'s+ ie,ii *o!2i 0ire* s'n *ei /or,'l!2i ir!2ion!l+ )e *-n0 *ei *o!2i
invers s'n /or,'l!2i r!2ion!l5 Re3'l1 *1 'n s*or glo"!l (To!l) ,i* 4nse!,n1 *re0in2e
ir!2ion!le )'2ine+ i!r 'n s*or ,!re *re0in2e ir!2ion!le ,'le5 S*or'rile se )o *!l*'l! #i
se)!r!+ )enr' ir!2ion!li!e #i r!2ion!li!e5 .n )l's+ se )o *!l*'l! 0i/erie s*or'ri
re3'l!e 0in *o,"in!2ii )e s*!le #i s'"s*!le5
S*or'l )enr' /ie*!re s'"s*!l1 se re!li3e!31 )rin 4ns',!re! s*or'rilor ie,ilor
*!re o *o,)'n5 N',1r'l ,ini, 0e )'n*e *e )o!e /i re!li3! ese 3ero (!0i*1 l! o2i
ie,ii 0ire*2i P /r!3!2i ir!2ion!l s$! r1s)'ns *' A)'erni* 4,)oriv1B #i l! o2i ie,ii inver#i
P /r!3!2i r!2ion!l s$! r1s)'ns *' A)'erni* 0e !*or0B)5 N',1r'l ,!7i, 0e )'n*e ese
MOO (FM ie,i 7 N )'n*e)5
Uili3-n0 0o!r /!*or'l A)ro*ese *ogniiveB (*! #i /!*or 0e v!ri!n21)+ re3'l1 N
s'"s*!le;
DEM 8O ie,i (C 0ire*2i #i C inver#i)6
SD&GE 8O ie,i (C 0ire*2i #i C inver#i)6
L<T 8O ie,i (C 0ire*2i #i C inver#i)6
A?< $ 8O ie,i (C 0ire*2i #i C inver#i)5
.n !*el!#i /el+ 'ili3-n0 *! #i /!*or 0e v!ri!n21 A,o0'l 0e /r!3!reB re3'l1 M
s'"s*!le;
R!2ion!li!e (RB) HD ie,i6
Ir!2ion!li!e (IB) HD ie,i5
A#!0!r+ s*or'rile l'!e 4n 0is*'2ie 4n !*e!s1 l'*r!re *! #i ,1s'r1 ! *re0in2elor
s'"ie*2ilor s'n;
(8) To!l (,1s'r1 ! ir!2ion!li12ii)6
(M) IB (*re0in2e ir!2ion!le)6
(H) RB (*re0in2e r!2ion!le)6
(N) DEM (i,)er!iv'l Are"'ieB)6
(E) SD&GE (!'o0e)re*iere!&ev!l'!re! glo"!l1)
(D) L<T (oler!n2! s*13'1 l! /r'sr!re)6
(F) A?< (g-n0ire! *!!sro/i*1)5
!etodologie
S'"ie*2ii *')rin#i 4n s'0i' s'n 4n n',1r 0e HO8+ 0inre *!re; HDC 0e )erso!ne
s'n elevi 0e li*e'+ s'0en2i #i !ng!(!2i *' s'0ii ,e0ii #i s')erio!re 0in 0i/erie
4nre)rin0eri (,'n*iori+ in/or,!i*ieni+ se*re!re+ /'n*2ion!ri)+ i!r 8M )erso!ne s'n
)!*ien2i !i s)i!lelor 0e )sihi!rie 0in Cl'($N!)o*!5
Un n',1r 0e HEG 0e )erso!ne+ 8DF 0e "1r"!2i #i 8OH 0e /e,ei+ *' v-rse *')rinse 4nre 8D #i NC 0e !ni
(,PMG+88) !' /or,! lo'l 'ili3! 4n esi,!re! *onsisen2ei inerne ! s*!lei5 To2i s'"ie*2ii !' /os vol'n!ri+ gr')'l
/iin0 eerogen 0in )'n* 0e ve0ere o*')!2ion!l #i !l nivel'l'i e0'*!2ion!l (*')rin3-n0 0e l! elevi 0e li*e' l!
)erso!ne *' s'0ii )os'niversi!re)5 A*e#i! !' *o,)le! ABS II+ 4n gr') #i /1r1 li,i1 0e i,)5 S'"ie*2ii !'
)ri,i insr'*2i'ne! 0e ! r1s)'n0e *- ,!i sin*er l! !/ir,!2iile )re3en!e 4n *hesion!r+ s)e*i/i*-n0'$se *1 n'
e7is1 r1s)'ns'ri "'ne s!' rele5 Tes!re! s$! /1*' 4n v!ri!n1 h-rie$*reion5
Dinre *ele HEG 0e )erso!ne+ 8GN !' *o,)le! #i Inven!r'l 0e De)resie Be*Q (BDI)+ v!ri!n! s*'r1 (8H ie,i)5
Tes'l ! /os !0,inisr! 4n !*ee!#i ,!nier1+ i,e0i! 0')1 *o,)le!re! ABS II5
Ale 8C )erso!ne+ *' v-rse *')rinse 4nre 8F #i E8 0e !ni !' *o,)le! ABS II+ )re*', #i BDI+ v!ri!n! l'ng1
(M8ie,i)5 Tesele !' /os !0,inisr!e in0ivi0'!l+ /1r1 li,i1 0e i,)+ 4n v!ri!n1 h-rie$*reion+ 4n-i ABS II i!r
!)oi BDI5 A*ese 8C )erso!ne !' /os !s/el sele*!e 4n*- s1 !i"1 'n s*or s*13' l! BDI (C s!' ,!i ,i*)+
*on/or, s!n0!r0elor re*o,!n0!e )enr' B/or,!re!B 'n'i lo non0e)resiv (Solo,on+ R!!g!+ Bro0%+ SirQ I
<rie0,!n+ 8CCO)5
Un !l gr') 0e 8M )erso!ne ! /os /or,! 0in )!*ien2i !i s)i!lelor 0e )sihi!rie 0in Cl'($N!)o*! (e75 Clini*!l 0e
Ergoer!)ie)+ 0i!gnosi*!2i *' 0e)resie (e)iso0 0e)resiv ,!(or s!' re!*2ii 0e)resive *' si,)o,e s)e*i/i*e
e)iso0'l'i 0e)resiv ,!(or)5 S'"ie*2ii !' *o,)le! ABS II )re*', #i BDI+ v!ri!n! l'ng1 (M8ie,i)5 Tesele !'
/os !0,inisr!e in0ivi0'!l+ /1r1 li,i1 0e i,)+ 4n v!ri!n1 h-rie$*reion+ 4n-i ABS II i!r !)oi BDI5 To2i s'"ie*2ii
!' 4nregisr! 'n s*or 0e 8D s!' ,!i ,!re l! BDI+ *ee! *e in0i*1 )re3en2! 0e)resiei 0e nivel *lini*5
"eultate
Re3'l!ele o"2in'e 'ili3-n0 o )o)'l!2ie non*lini*1 (NPHEG) !r!1 *1;
(8) N' se *ons!1 0i/eren2e se,ni/i*!ive 4n /'n*2ie 0e v-rs1 s!' se76
#abelul $% Co,)!r!2ii )e s*!le+ 4n /'n*2ie 0e v-rs1 #i se7 (NPHEG)
S*!l! Co,)!r!2ii 4n /'n*2ie 0e;
V-rs1 (!0'l2i & !0oles*en2i) Se7 (M&<)
DEM P$5OC & )PG5HD P5GF & )PG5CH
SD&GE P$5DO & )PG5NC P858F & )PG5MH
A?< P$85DF & )PG5GC P5DO & )PG5NC
L<T P5NO & )PG5DH P$85EE & )PG58M
To!l P$5CH & )PG5HE P5HN & )PG5FH
(M) S*or'rile l! *ele )!r' s'"s*!le !le es'l'i (DEM+ L<T+ SD+ A?<) *orele!31
(*orel!2ie lini!r1) )'erni* 4nre ele (o!e v!lorile )TG5G8) #i *' s*or'l o!l+
*onsi'in0 o no'1 0ov!01 4n s)ri(in'l i0eii *on/or, *1rei! o!e *re0in2ele
ir!2ion!le s'n rel!2ion!e 0in )'n* 0e ve0ere )sihologi* (DiGi'se))e e !l5+
8COC)6
#abelul &% Corel!2iile 4nre s*or'rile s'"s*!lelor #i s*or'l o!l (NPHEG)
A'( )*! S) +(# #otal
A'( 85GGG
)*! 5NCM 85GGG
S) 5ENF 5MFF 85GGG
+(# 5DGD 5EEC 5N8F 85GGG
#otal 5OMN 5FG8 5FMH 5O8M 85GGG
(H) .n !"el'l H s'n )re3en!e *o,)!r!iv ,e0iile #i !"!erile s!n0!r0 )enr'
lo'l ro,-nes* #i 'n lo !,eri*!n /or,! 0in s'0en2i (DiGi'se))e e !l5+ 8COC)5
D')1 *', se o"serv1+ v!lorile o"2in'e )e )o)'l!2i! 0e li,"1 ro,-n1 s'n ,!i
,!ri+ 4ns1 !*e!s1 0i/eren21 !r )'e! /i e7)li*!1 0e n',1r'l 0i/eri 0e s'"ie*2i
0in *ele 0o'1 lo'ri+ )re*', #i 0e *o,)onen2! 0i/eri1 ! !*esor! (s'0en2i
)enr' lo'l !,eri*!n+ elevi+ s'0en2i #i !0'l2i )enr' lo'l ro,-nes*)6
#abelul ,% Me0iile (,) #i !"!erile s!n0!r0 (SD) )enr' 'n lo ro,-nes* #i 'n'l !,eri*!n
Scale +otul romnesc (N-,./) +otul american (N-012)
#otal
,P88H5GM (SDPMF5DOH) ,PON5OO (SDPHD5FH)
A'( ,PMO5CE (SDPO5DD) ,PM858O (SDP8G5OG)
)*! ,PHM5NN (SDPF5DF) ,PMN5NH (SDPC5CG)
S) ,PMG5GD (SDPC5CC) ,P8M5OM (SDP8G5OG)
+(# ,PH85ED (SDPO5CM) ,PMD5OG (SDP8G5OG)
(N) E!lon'l orien!iv )enr' s*or'l o!l+ *onsr'i 4n "!3! 0!elor o"2in'e )e
)o)'l!2ie non*lini*1 (NPHEG) ese )re3en! ,!i (os5
Ir!2ion!li!e /o!re s*13'1 G$C8
Ir!2ion!li!e s*13'1 CM$8GF
Ir!2ion!li!e ,e0ie 8GO$8M8
Ir!2ion!li!e ri0i*!1 8MM$8MF
Ir!2ion!li!e /o!re ri0i*!1 8HD$MOO

Consisten9a intern: a scalei
S'0iile )siho,eri*e e/e*'!e )e )o)'l!2ie !,eri*!n1 in0i*1 o *onsisen21
inern1 !0e*v!1 'ili31rii insr',en'l'i6 !s/el *oe/i*ien2ii !l/! )enr' *ele )!r'
)ro*ese #i rei s'"s*!le 0e *on2in' v!ri!31 4nre 5CM #i 5OD5 M!(ori!e! s'"s*!lelor
0is*ri,ine!31 4nre gr')'rile *lini*e #i *ele 0e *onrol (/1r1 )siho)!ologie)
(DiGi'se))e e !l5+ 8COC)5
S'0iile )ilo !nerio!re e/e*'!e )e )o)'l!2ie ro,-ne!s*1 in0i*1 o /i0eli!e
es$rees #i o *onsisen21 inern1 !0e*v!e; r P 5FHNG (NPOG)6 U Cron"!*h P5ODEN
(NPOG) (Ni*'l!#+ MGGG)5
D!ele o"2in'e 4n 'r,! !*es'i s'0i'l'i e/e*'! )e 'n e#!nion 0e HEG
vor"iori 0e li,"! ro,-n1 in0i*1 v!lori *o,)!r!"ile *' *ele o"2in'e 4n invesig!2i!
ini2i!l1 e/e*'!1 )e )o)'l!2ie !,eri*!n1+ !0e*v!e 'ili31rii 4n *on0i2ii "'ne ! s*!lei5
#abelul 2% Coe/i*ien2ii U Cron"!*h )enr' s*!lele es'l'i #i s*or'l o!l (NPHEG)
Scale Coe3icient 4 Numr de itemi
#otal 5OFCM FM ie,i
A'( 5DFCE 8O ie,i
)*! 5DGDH 8O ie,i
S) 5FCMN 8O ie,i
+(# 5FMM8 8O ie,i
Validitatea discriminati*:
Ie,ii 4n li,"! engle31 !i s*!lei !' /os *on*e)'2i+ 4n "!3! 'nei 0e/ini2ii !nerior
/or,'l!e+ 0e o e*hi)1 0e e7)er2i (er!)e'2i 4n *!0r'l Insi''l'i 0e Ter!)ie R!2ion!l
E,oiv1 0in NeK VorQ)6 *onsr'*'l 0e *re0in2e ir!2ion!le #i r!2ion!le ! /os e7!,in!
*' s'**es 4n n',ero!se *er*e1ri (Ellis I Dr%0en+ 8CCF)5 V!ri!n! /in!l1 !
insr',en'l'i *on2ine 0o!r !*ei ie,i *!re !' 4nr'ni !*or0'l ''ror e7)er2ilor
*onvo*!2i5 An!li3! /!*ori!l1 e/e*'!1 !s')r! s*!lei relev1 e7isen2! 'n'i /!*or
gener!l #i ! !lor rei /!*ori+ n',i2i 0e !'ori r!2ion!li!e+ *on/or #i ir!2ion!li!e5
S'0iile 0e v!li0!re e/e*'!e )e )o)'l!2ie !,eri*!n1 in0i*1 /!)'l *1 ,!(ori!e!
s'"s*!lelor 0is*ri,ine!31 4nre lo'rile *lini*e #i *ele 0e *onrol (/1r1 )siho)!ologie)
(DiGi'se))e e !l5+ 8COC)5
.n s'0i'l nosr'+ 0inre *ele HEG 0e )erso!ne *!re !' *o,)le! s*!l! ABS II+
8GN !' )ri,i+ 0e !se,ene!+ BDI+ v!ri!n! s*'r1 (8H ie,i)5 Pe "!3! re3'l!elor l!
BDI+ !' /os sele*!e 0o'1 gr')e e7re,e (NP8E #i NP8F)+ 'ili3-n0 /or,'l! ,8SD+
*!re !' /os 'lerior *o,)!r!e 4n /'n*2ie 0e s*or'rile l! ABSM5 Di/eren2ele *ons!!e
s'n se,ni/i*!ive l! )r!g'l 0e 5GGN (PH58GM)5
Too0!1+ !, e/e*'! *o,)!r!2ii 4nre 'n lo 0e )erso!ne *' 0i!gnosi* *lini* 0e 0e)resie (NP8M) #i
'n gr') 0e *onrol+ *onsi'i 0in s'"ie*2i *!re n' !' !v' ni*io0!1 'n 0i!gnosi* )sihi!ri* (NP8C)5 A*ese 8C
)erso!ne !' /os !s/el sele*!e 4n*- s1 !i"1 'n s*or s*13' l! BDI (C s!' ,!i ,i*)+ *on/or, s!n0!r0elor
re*o,!n0!e )enr' /or,!re! 'n'i lo non0e)resiv (Solo,on e !l5+ 8CCO)5 Re3'l!ele o"2in'e s'n sinei3!e
4n !"el'l E5
#abelul .% Co,)!r!2ii 4nre ,e0iile l! ABS II !le 'n'i gr') 0e s'"ie*2i 0e)resivi (NP8M) #i !le
'n'i gr') 0e *onrol (NP8C)
Scala t p
#otal D5OEG <5GGG8
)*! N5G8F 5GGGN
+(# H5FED 5GGGO
S) D58OD <5GGG8
A'( E5EFO <5GGG8
IB F58DE <5GGG8
"B H58OF 5GGHN
De#i gr')ele 0e s'"ie*2i *' *!re s$! l'*r! s'n ,i*i+ 0!ele o"2in'e *onsi'ie
'n !rg',en 4n )l's+ !r1-n0 *1 ABS II ese 'n insr',en *!re 0is*ri,ine!31 4nre
gr')e 0e )o)'l!2ie *' nivele 0i/erie !le si,)o,!ologiei 0e)resive+ )re*', #i 4nre
)erso!ne *' 0e)resie *lini*1 #i s'"ie*2i /1r1 )siho)!ologie5 A*ese re3'l!e
4n*'r!(!o!re ('si/i*1 #i si,'le!31 invesig!2iile viio!re orien!e s)re v!li0!re! ABS
II5
S'0iile e/e*'!e )e )o)'l!2ie !,eri*!n1 in0i*1 /!)'l *1 s*or'rile l! ABS II
*orele!31 )'erni* *' re3'l!ele o"2in'e l! !le ese ()enr' 0e!lii )rivin0 !*ese
insr',ene ve3i DiGi'se))e e !l5+ 8COC) *!; /or,! s*'r1 ! BDI (Be*Q I Be*Q+8CFM)+
he Gener!l Re!lh W'esionn!ire (Gol0"erg+ 8CFM)+ he Gener!l Ps%*hologi*!l ?ell
Being S*!le (D'P'e+ 8COO)+ he S)iel"erger Tr!i Anger S*!le #i he S)iel"erger Tr!i
An7ie% S*!le (DiGi'se))e e !l5+ 8COC)5 Din 0!ele o"2in'e )e )o)'l!2ie ro,-ne!s*1
re3'l1 *1 ,!(ori!e! s'"s*!lelor ABS II *orele!31 *' /or,! s*'r1 ! BDI5

Concluii
Ineres'l o ,!i *res*' 0e *!re se "'*'r1 REBT l! noi 4n 2!r1+ 4n 'li,ii !ni+
)re*', #i orien!re! s's2in1orilor !*esei! s)re /'rni3!re! 0e 0!e e,)iri*e+ 4n
,1s'r1 s1 *on/ir,e )re0i*2iile eoriei 0e l! "!3! ei+ ('si/i*1 4n*er*!re! no!sr1 0e !
o/eri )o)'l!2iei 0e li,"1 ro,-n1 'n )ri, insr',en v!li0 0e ev!l'!re ! *re0in2elor
ir!2ion!le5
D!ori1 li,ielor s'0i'l'i !nerior )re3en! (lo'ri ,i*i 0e s'"ie*2i+ e#!nion!re
!)ro7i,!iv1+ ,o0!li12i )'2ine 0e !)ro7i,!re ! v!li0i12ii #i /i0eli12ii s*!lei) 0!ele
/'rni3!e re"'ie )rivie *! /iin0 orien!ive+ 'ile 4ns1 4n ! o/eri 0ire*2ii invesig!2iilor
viio!re5
Ti,)'l #i res'rsele li,i!e !v'e l! 0is)o3i2ie n' !' )er,is sele*!re! 'n'i
e#!nion re)re3en!iv6 0e !*ee!+ !, o)! )enr' !*ele *!egorii 0e s'"ie*2i in0i*!e
*! /iin0 *el ,!i v'lner!"ile l! sres; elevi #i s'0en2i+ !0'l2i 0e v-rs1 ,i(lo*ie+
*on/r'n!2i 4n ,o0 0ire* *' si'!2i! so*io$e*ono,i*1 ins!"il1 0in Ro,-ni!5 De
!se,ene!+ esi,!re! v!li0i12ii 0is*ri,in!ne s$! /1*' 4nr$'n s'0i' )ilo *!re v!
re"'i e7ins 4n viior5
Pro)rie12ile )siho,eri*e !0e*v!e+ *o,)!r!"ile *' *ele g1sie 4n s'0ii
si,il!re e/e*'!e )e )o)'l!2ie !,eri*!n1+ )er,i 'ili3!re! 4n *on0i2ii "'ne ! v!ri!nei
ro,-ne#i ! ABS II5 To'#i+ re*o,!n01, )r'0en21 4n e7in0ere! *on*l'3iilor l!
*!egorii 0e v-rs1 #i so*io$)ro/esion!le nere)re3en!e 4n e#!nion'l 'ili3!6
*')rin0ere! 4n s'0i' ! !*esor! r1,-ne *! #i s*o) !l 'nor invesig!2ii viio!re5
BIB+I56"A(I* S*+*C#I78
DiGi'se))e+ R5 (8CCD)5 The n!'re o/ irr!ion!l !n0 r!ion!l "elie/s; Progress in R!ion!l E,oive Beh!vior
Ther!)%5 ;ournal of 'ational , Emoti*e & Cogniti*e Beha*ior Thera"4# 1<# E$MO5
DiGi'se))e+ R5+ Le!/+ R+ E7ner+ T5+ I Ro"in+ M5V5 (8COO)5 The de*elo"ment of a measure of rational=irrational
thin>ing5 P!)er )resene0 ! he ?orl0 Congress o/ Beh!vior Ther!)%+ E0in"'rg+ S*ol!n05
DiGi'se))e+ R5+ Ro"in+ M5?5+ Le!/+ R5 I Gor,on+ B5 (8COC)5 A discriminati*e *alidation and factor anal4sis of a
measure of rational =irrational beliefs+ P!)er )resene0 ! he ?orl0 Congress o/ Cogniive Ther!)%+
O7/or0+ US5
Ellis+ A5 I Dr%0en+ ?5 (8CCF)5 The ?ractice of 'ational Emoti*e Beha*ior Thera"4+$ondon8 S)ringer P'"lishing
Co,)!n%5
Ni*'l!# <5 (MGGG)5 Rel!2i! *onvingeri ir!2ion!le sr!egii 0e *o)ing5 L'*r!re 0e
0i)lo,1&Li*ense Disser!ion5 Or!0e! S!e Universi%+ Or!0e!5
Solo,on A5+ R!!g!+ D5A5<5+ Bro0% C5+ SirQ+ L5+ I <rie0,!n+ D5G5 (8CCO)5 Pri,ing irr!ion!l
"elie/s in re*overe0 $ 0e)resse0 )eo)le5 ;ournal of Abnormal ?s4cholog4# 136# NNG$
NNC5
?einr!*h+ S5G5 (8CCD)5 Nine e7)ers 0es*ri"e he essen*e o/ R!ion!l$E,oive Ther!)% Khile
s!n0ing on one /oo5 ;ournal of Counseling and e*elo"ment# 6<# DMD$DHM+
Pri,i s)re )'"li*!re 4n 8E M!rie+ MGGM & Re*eive0 M!r*h 8E+ MGGM
A**e)! )enr' )'"li*!re 4n MH I'nie+ MGGM & A**e)e0 (/in!l revision) >'ne MH+ MGGM
AN*9A $
Scala de Atitudini i Convingeri II (ABS II)
Note:
85 Ie,ii s*!lei s'n /or,'l!2i l! gen'l ,!s*'lin6 !0!)!re! ie,ilor l! se7'l *el'i&*elei *1r'i!&*1rei i se
!0,inisre!31 s*!l! ese ne*es!r16
M5 Ie,ii 8$N )o /i !01'g!i 0e *er*e1or&*lini*i!n5 A*e#i!; (!) s'n ie,i 0e B 4n*1l3ireB6 (") n' se i!' in *!l*'l l!
*o!re! s*!lei6
H5 Re*o,!n01, !01'g!re! ! O ie,i *!re s! ,1so!re *re0in2ele ir!2ion!le (N ie,i; 0e,+ !K/+ l/+ s0&ge) #i
*re0in2ele r!2ion!le (N ie,i) s)e*i/i*e /ie*1rei si'!ii relev!ne )enr' *er*e!re! s!' inerven2i! *lini*1 4n
*!re se /olosese ABS II5 A*e#i ie,i se iner)ree!31 se)!r! #i !*es1 iner)re!re! se *oro"ore!31 *'
s*or'rile l! ABS II5 N' ese 4ns1 o"lig!orie *onsr'ire! ie,ilor s)e*i/i*i )enr' 'ili3!re! ABS IIL
Scala de Atitudini i Convingeri II (ABS II)
Citii cu atenie urmtoarele a3irmaii% Alegei apoi; pentru 3iecare a3irmaie; unul dintre
urmtoarele rspunsuri care corespunde cel mai bine atitudini dv% 3a de situaiile
descrise%
A% 0!*1 s'ne2i P<#*"NIC =!P5#"I78
B% 0!*1 s'ne2i PA">IA+ =!P5#"I78
C% 0!*1 s'ne2i N*<#"<
)% 0!*1 s'ne2i PA">IA+ )* AC5")
*% 0!*1 s'ne2i P<#*"NIC )* AC5")
Nu lsai ca rspunsul dv% la un item sa in3luenee rspunsul dv% la un alt item% Nu e?ist rspunsuri
corecte sau incorecte@ suntem interesai doar in atitudinile dv% intrAo serie de situatii descrise mai Bos%
Notai pe 3oaia de rspuns; pentru 3iecare a3irmaie Cn parte; litera care corespunde rspunsului ales de
dumneavoastr%

.% Ese ins')or!"il s1 ,1 si, ension! s!' nervos+ #i n' )o oler! s1rile !*ese! !'n*i *-n0 le !,5
1% D!*1 o!,eni i,)or!n2i )enr' ,ine n' ,1 )l!*+ !s! 4,i !r!1 *1 s'n o )erso!n1 li)si1 0e v!lo!re5
0% Ese 0e3!,1gior s1 n' /i' )l1*' 0e o!,eni i,)or!n2i )enr' ,ine+ 0!r #i' *1 !s! ese 0o!r ne)l1*' #i
n' *ev! 4ngro3ior5
D% A'n*i *-n0 ,1 si, ension!+ nervos s!' in*on/or!"il+ ,1 g-n0es* *1 !s! !r!1 *e o, li)si 0e v!lo!re
s'n5
E% D!*1 o!,eni i,)or!n2i )enr' ,ine n' ,1 )l!*+ ese 0in *!'31 *1 s'n o )erso!n1 nes'/eri15
$/% Ese ins')or!"il s1 e#'e3 4n l'*r'rile i,)or!ne+ #i n' s')or s1 n' re'#es* s1 le 0'* l! "'n s/-r#i5
$$% Ese regre!"il !'n*i *-n0 e7is1 ne*!3'ri 4n vi!2! ,e!+ 0!r 4n2eleg *1 ! !ve! )!re 0e ne*!3'ri ese n',!i
0e3!,1gior #i n' *ev! 4ngro3ior5
$&% V! /i 'n 0e3!sr' 0!*1 n' 4n0e)lines* "ine l'*r'rile i,)or!ne5
$,% .,i 0ores* /o!re ,'l s1 /i' )l1*' 0e !n',ie )erso!ne+ 0!r 4n2eleg *1 n' re"'ie ne!)1r! *! !*ese! s1
,1 )l!*15
$2% A'n*i *-n0 o!,eni i,)or!n2i )enr' ,ine n' ,1 )l!*+ 4n2eleg *1 !*e!s! n' se r1s/r-nge !s')r! v!lorii
,ele *! )erso!n15
$.% Tre"'ie in ,o0 !"sol' s1 /!* "ine l'*r'rile i,)or!ne+ #i n' voi !**e)! s1 n' le /!* "ine5
$1% N' 4,i /!*e )l1*ere s1 ,1 si, in*on/or!"il+ ension! s!' nervos+ 0!r )o s')or! s1rile !*ese! !'n*i
*-n0 !)!r5
$0% A'n*i *-n0 n' re'#es* 4nr$o s!r*in1 i,)or!n1+ ,1 )o !**e)! )e ,ine 4ns',i *' gre#elile #i li,iele
,ele+ #i )o s1 n' ,1 *on0!,n )enr' *1 n' !, re'#i5
$D% Ese 4ngro3ior s1 !i )er/or,!n2e sl!"e 4n s!r*ini i,)or!ne+ #i *re0 *1 ese 'n 0e3!sr' 0!*1 o"2in
re3'l!e sl!"e5
$E% Po s')or! *! o!,eni i,)or!n2i )enr' ,ine s1 n' ,1 )l!*1 s!' s1 n' /ie 0e !*or0 *' ,ine5
&/% S'n o )erso!n1 "'n1+ v!loro!s1 #i ,1 )o !**e)! )e ,ine 4ns',i *hi!r 0!*1 e#'e3 4n 'nele s!r*ini
i,)or!ne )enr' ,ine5
&$% A'n*i *-n0 vi!2! ese gre! #i ,1 si, in*on/or!"il+ 4n2eleg *1 ! e si,2i in*on/or$!"il s!' ension! n' ese
4ngro3ior *i 0o!r ne)l1*'+ i!r vi!2! ,erge 4n!ine5
&&% N' )o s'/eri s1 /i' ension! s!' nervos #i *re0 *1 !*ese s1ri s'n 0e nes')or!5
&,% D!*1 n' 4n0e)lines* "ine s!r*inile /o!re i,)or!ne )enr' ,ine+ ese 0in *!'31 *1 s'n o )erso!n1
in*!)!"il1 #i li)si1 0e v!lo!re5
&2% N' vre!' s1 e#'e3 4n s!r*inile i,)or!ne )enr' ,ine+ 0!r 4n2eleg *1 n' ese !"sol' o"lig!ori' s1 le
4n0e)lines* )er/e* 0o!r )enr' *1 vre!' e' !s!5
&.% Ese ne)l1*' s1 /ii ension!+ 0!r )o s')or! o !s/el 0e ne)l1*ere5
&1% N' )o s'/eri s1 n' /i' )l1*' 0e o!,enii i,)or!n2i )enr' ,ine+ #i ese ins')or!"il 0!*1 !*e#i! n' ,1
)l!*5
&0% Ese 4ngro3ior s1 n' /i' )l1*' 0e o!,enii i,)or!n2i )enr' ,ine+ #i ese 'n 0e3!sr' 0!*1 ei n' ,1 )l!*5
&D% N' s')or s1 n' 4n0e)lines* "ine s!r*inile i,)or!ne )enr' ,ine5
&E% Ese i,)or!n s1 /i' )l1*' 0e !n',i2i o!,eni+ 0!r 4n2eleg *1 ei n' re"'ie s1 ,1 )l!*1 n',!i )enr' *1
vre!' e' !s!5
,/% Ese o 0e3!,1gire 0!*1 n' 4n0e)lines* "ine s!r*inile i,)or!ne )enr' ,ine+ 0!r 4n2eleg *1 n' ese
4ngro3ior s!' *el ,!i r1' l'*r' 0e )e /!2! )1,-n'l'i 0!*1 n' le 4n0e)lines* "ine5
,$% A, v!lo!re *! )erso!n1+ *hi!r 0!*1 n' 4n0e)lines* ino0e!'n! "ine 4n0!oririle i,)or!ne )enr' ,ine5
,&% Chi!r #i !'n*i *-n0 ,1 si, ension!+ nervos s!' in*on/or!"il+ #i' *1 s'n l! /el 0e v!loros *! #i *eil!l2i5
,,% Ese esen2i!l s1 4n0e)lines* "ine s!r*inile i,)or!ne )enr' ,ine6 !#! *1 re"'ie *' ne*esi!e s1 le /!*
"ine5
,2% Uneori *re0 *1 *er'rile #i ne,'l2',irile vie2ii 0e 3i *' 3i s'n 4ngro3io!re #i s'n *e! ,!i re! )!re 0in vi!2!
,e!5
,.% Ese i,)or!n s1 !i o vi!21 )l1*'1 4n *e! ,!i ,!re )!re ! i,)'l'i6 o'#i+ 4n2eleg *1 n' ese !"sol'
o"lig!ori' s1 !, o vi!21 )l1*'1 n',!i )enr' *1 vre!' e' !s!5
,1% Ese 0e3!,1gior 0!*1 n' s'n )l1*' 0e 'nii o!,eni )e *!re e' 4i )l!*+ #i 4n2eleg *1 0!*1 ei n' ,1 )l!*
ese 0o!r regre!"il+ n' #i 4ngro3ior5
,0% Tre"'ie *' ne*esi!e s1 /i' )l1*' 0e o!,enii i,)or!n2i )enr' ,ine #i n' voi !**e)! s1 n' /i' )l1*' 0e
ei5
,D% D!*1 n' voi re'#i in *ee! *e /!*+ *hi!r !- 0e "ine *- ,i$!# 0ori+ !*e!s! v! /i 0o!r o 0e3!,1gire #i *ev!
regre!"il5
,E% N' )o !**e)! s1 n' 4n0e)lines* "ine s!r*inile i,)or!ne+ i!r e#e*'l ese ins')or!"il5
2/% D!*1 *inev! i,)or!n )enr' ,ine n' ese 0e !*or0 *' ,ine s!' ,1 res)inge+ 4,i 0!' se!,! *1 )o
!**e)! #i s')or! /!)'l *1 el & e! n' ,1 )l!*e5
2$% Vre!' s1 4n0e)lines* "ine 'nele l'*r'ri+ 0!r n' ese !"sol' o"lig!ori' s1 i!s1 "ine n',!i )enr' *1 4,i
0ores* e' !s!5
2&% D!*1 n' 4n0e)lines* )er/e* l'*r'rile i,)or!ne )enr' ,ine !*e!s! v! /i 'n 0e3!sr'5
2,% Tre"'ie *' ne*esi!e s1 !, o vi!21 )l1*'1 #i *on/or!"il1 !)ro!)e o i,)'l+ #i n' )o !**e)! vi!2! !'n*i
*-n0 !*e!s! ese )lin1 0e ne*!3'ri si e#e*'ri5
22% D!*1 s'n res)ins 0e *inev! )e *!re e' 4l&o )l!*+ )o s1 ,1 !**e) )e ,ine 4ns',i #i s1 4,i re*'nos*
v!lo!re! *! /iin21 ',!n15
2.% A'n*i *-n0 ,1 si, ension! s!' nervos+ ,1 g-n0es* *1 ese n',!i ne)l1*' s1 e si,2i !s/el+ #i n'
*ev! 4ngro3ior5
21% Ese ne)l1*' s1 n' 4,i 4n0e)lines* "ine s!r*inile i,)or!ne+ 0!r )o s')or! 0is*on/or'l 0e ! /i /1*'
l'*r'rile ,!i )'2in "ine 0e*- ,i$!r /i )l1*' ,ie5
20% N' )o s'/eri *e!r! 4n vi!2! ,e!5
2D% Vre!' s1 /i' )l1*' #i !**e)! 0e o!,enii )e *!re 4i )l!*+ 0!r 4n2eleg *1 n' ese o"lig!ori' *! ei s1 ,1
)l!*1 0o!r )enr' *1 vre!' e' !s!5
2E% Ese 4ngro3ior s1 e7ise *e!r1 4n vi!2! 'n'i o,+ #i ese 'n 0e3!sr' s1 /ii *er!5
./% N' )o s'/eri s1 n' /i' )l1*' 0e !n',i2i o!,eni+ #i n' s')or i0ee! *1 ei s$!r )'e! s1 n' ,1 )l!*15
.$% Ese 0e 0ori s1 /ii )l1*' 0e !n',i2i o!,eni+ 0!r 4n2eleg *1 ese 0o!r regre!"il 0!*1 !*esi! n' ,1 )l!*5
.&% Ese !"sol' esen2i!l s1 /ii )l1*' 0e o!,enii i,)or!n2i )enr' ine+ #i n' voi !**e)! *! !*e#i! s1 n' ,1
)l!*15
.,% Cre0 *1 ese 4ngro3ior #i 4ns)1i,-n1or s1 r1ie#i 4n ensi'ne+ nervo3i!e s!' ne,'l2',ire+ #i s1 r1ies*
!se,ene! s1ri ese *el ,!i r1' l'*r' *!re ,i se )o!e 4n-,)l!5
.2% M1 s')1r 0!*1 n' 4,i 4n0e)lines* "ine s!r*inile i,)or!ne+ 0!r )o s')or! s')1r!re! )rovo*!1 0e e#e*'l
4n l'*r'rile i,)or!ne5
..% Vre!' s1 4,i 4n0e)lines* "ine s!r*inile i,)or!ne+ 0!r 4n2eleg *1 n' ese !"sol' o"lig!ori' s1 re'#es* 4n
!*ese s!r*ini n',!i )enr' *1 4,i 0ores* e' !s!5
.1% Tre"'ie *' ne*esi!e s1 !, o vi!21 )l1*'1 #i n' voi !**e)! )ro"le,ele !'n*i *-n0 n' le 0ores*5
.0% D!*1 n' s'n )l1*' 0e 'nii o!,eni i,)or!n2i )enr' ,ine+ 4,i 0!' se!,! *1 )o s')or! /!)'l *1 ei n'
,1 )l!*5
.D% Ese ne)l1*' s1 /ii *er!+ 0!r )o s')or! !*e!s1 ne,'l2',ire5
.E% Ese 4ngro3ior #i 4ns)1i,-n1or s1 /i' res)ins 0e o!,enii *!re re"'ie s1 ,1 )l!*15
1/% A'n*i *-n0 ,1 *on/r'n *' *er'ri #i & s!' *-n0 vi!2! ,e! ese ne)l1*'1+ *re0 *1 s'n o )erso!n1 /1r1
v!lo!re )enr' *1 !, )!re 0e *er'ri #i & s!' o vi!21 ne)l1*'15
1$% Ese ne,'l2',ior s1 n' 4,i 4n0e)lines* "ine 'nele s!r*ini+ 0!r #i' *1 )o s')or! ne,'l2',ire! 0e ! le
4n0e)lini ,!i )'2in "ine5
1&% A# /i o )erso!n1 li)si1 0e v!lo!re 0!*1 !# o"2ine re3'l!e sl!"e l! s!r*inile /o!re i,)or!ne )enr' ,ine5
1,% Tre"'ie *' ne*esi!e s1 /i' )l1*' #i !**e)! 0e )erso!nele *!re vre!' s1 ,1 )l!*1+ #i n' voi !**e)! *!
ele s1 n' ,1 )l!*15
12% A'n*i *-n0 ,1 si, ension!+ nervos s!' in*on/or!"il+ 4n2eleg *1 n' e o"lig!ori' s1 ,1 si, *on/or!"il
n',!i )enr' *1 vre!' e' !s!5
1.% N' voi /i o )erso!n1 *' v!lo!re 0!*1 *onin'i s1 !, e#e*'ri l! servi*i'+ l! #*o!l1 s!' 4n !le !*ivi12i
i,)or!ne )enr' ,ine5
11% A'n*i *-n0 o!,enii )e *!re e' 4i )l!* ,1 res)ing s!' n' ,1 )l!*+ ese 0eo!re*e s'n o )erso!n1 re! #i
li)si1 0e v!lo!re5
10% C-n0 o!,enii *!re vre!' e' s1 ,1 )l!*1 n' s'n 0e !*or0 *' ,ine s!' ,1 res)ing+ n' )o s')or!
!*e!s1 si'!2ie5
1D% A'n*i *-n0 4n vi!2! ,e! e7is1 0is*on/or #i *e!r1+ !, en0in2! s1 *re0 *1 n' s'n o )erso!n1 "'n15
1E% C-n0 ,1 *on/r'n *' ,'le ne*!3'ri+ 4,i 0!' se!,! *1 ne*!3'rile s'n )!re ! vie2ii #i *1 n' ese
o"lig!ori' *! ele s1 0is)!r1 0o!r )enr' *1 vre!' e' !s!5
0/% D!*1 n' re'#es* 4n s!r*inile i,)or!ne )enr' ,ine+ 4n2eleg *1 ese 0o!r o 0e3!,1gire s1 n' re'#e#i+ #i
n' *ev! 4ngro3ior5
0$% N' re"'ie s1 ,1 si, ension!+ nervos s!' in*on/or!"il+ #i *re0 *1 n$!# )'e! !**e)! s1 ,1 si, !s/el5
0&% A'n*i *-n0 o!,enii *!re vre!' e' s1 ,1 )l!*1 n' s'n 0e !*or0 *' ,ine+ #i' *1 r1,-n 4n *onin'!re o
)erso!n1 v!loro!s15
0,% Chi!r #i !'n*i *-n0 vi!2! ,e! ese gre! #i 0i/i*il1+ 4n2eleg *1 s'n o )erso!n1 l! /el 0e "'n1 *! ori*!re !l!+
*hi!r 0!*1 ,1 *on/r'n *' *er'ri s!' ne*!3'ri5
02% Tre"'ie !"sol' s1 !, s'**es 4n !*ivi12ile )e *!re le *onsi0er i,)or!ne+ #i n' voi !**e)! !l*ev! 0e*-
re'#i!5
0.% D!*1 *ei i'"i2i s!' )rieenii ,1 res)ing+ !*es l'*r' n' ese 0o!r ne)l1*'+ *i ese *el ,!i r1' l'*r' *!re ,i
s$!r )'e! 4n-,)l! ,ie5
01% A'n*i *-n0 vi!2! ,e! 0evine 0e3!gre!"il1+ 4n2eleg *1 s'n 4n *onin'!re o )erso!n1 "'n1+ *hi!r 0!*1 ,1
si, in*on/or!"il5
AN*9A &
Scala de Atitudini i Convingeri II F ABS II
(oaie de rspuns
Nume i prenume:GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG )ata:GGGGGGGGGG
7rsta:GGGGGGGGG Nivel de studii:GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGSe?:GGG !GGG(
Penr' /ie*!re 0inre !/ir,!2iile 0e ,!i (os+ ,!r*!2i *' 'n AXB s)!2i'l *ores)'n31or r1s)'ns'l'i
!les;
A% 0!*1 s'ne2i P<#*"NIC =!P5#"I78
B% 0!*1 s'ne2i PA">IA+ =!P5#"I78
C% 0!*1 s'ne2i N*<#"<
)% 0!*1 s'ne2i PA">IA+ )* AC5")
*% 0!*1 s'ne2i P<#*"NIC )* AC5")
A B C ) *
.% GG GG GG GG GG
1% GG GG GG GG GG
0% GG GG GG GG GG
D% GG GG GG GG GG
E% GG GG GG GG GG
A B C ) *
A B C ) *
,/% GG GG GG GG GG
,$% GG GG GG GG GG
,&% GG GG GG GG GG
,,% GG GG GG GG GG
,2% GG GG GG GG GG
A B C ) *
A B C ) *
..% GG GG GG GG GG
.1% GG GG GG GG GG
.0% GG GG GG GG GG
.D% GG GG GG GG GG
.E% GG GG GG GG GG
A B C ) *
$/% GG GG GG GG GG
$$% GG GG GG GG GG
$&% GG GG GG GG GG
$,% GG GG GG GG GG
$2% GG GG GG GG GG

A B C ) *
$.% GG GG GG GG GG
$1% GG GG GG GG GG
$0% GG GG GG GG GG
$D% GG GG GG GG GG
$E% GG GG GG GG GG
A B C ) *
&/% GG GG GG GG GG
&$% GG GG GG GG GG
&&% GG GG GG GG GG
&,% GG GG GG GG GG
&2% GG GG GG GG GG
A B C ) *
&.% GG GG GG GG GG
&1% GG GG GG GG GG
&0% GG GG GG GG GG
&D% GG GG GG GG GG
&E% GG GG GG GG GG
,.% GG GG GG GG GG
,1% GG GG GG GG GG
,0% GG GG GG GG GG
,D% GG GG GG GG GG
,E% GG GG GG GG GG
A B C ) *
2/% GG GG GG GG GG
2$% GG GG GG GG GG
2&% GG GG GG GG GG
2,% GG GG GG GG GG
22% GG GG GG GG GG
A B C ) *
2.% GG GG GG GG GG
21% GG GG GG GG GG
20% GG GG GG GG GG
2D% GG GG GG GG GG
2E% GG GG GG GG GG
A B C ) *
./% GG GG GG GG GG
.$% GG GG GG GG GG
.&% GG GG GG GG GG
.,% GG GG GG GG GG
.2% GG GG GG GG GG
1/% GG GG GG GG GG
1$% GG GG GG GG GG
1&% GG GG GG GG GG
1,% GG GG GG GG GG
12% GG GG GG GG GG
A B C ) *
1.% GG GG GG GG GG
11% GG GG GG GG GG
10% GG GG GG GG GG
1D% GG GG GG GG GG
1E% GG GG GG GG GG
A B C ) *
0/% GG GG GG GG GG
0$% GG GG GG GG GG
0&% GG GG GG GG GG
0,% GG GG GG GG GG
02% GG GG GG GG GG
A B C ) *
0.% GG GG GG GG GG
01% GG GG GG GG GG
Codurile itemilor pentru cotare sunt:
Item Raionalitate / Coninut Proces
Iraionalitate (IR)
5 IR CONFORT LFT
6 IR APROBARE SD/GE
7 R APROBARE AWF
8 IR CONFORT SD/GE
9 IR APROBARE SD/GE
10 IR REALIZARE LFT
11 R CONFORT AWF
12 IR REALIZARE AWF
13 R APROBARE DEM
14 R APROBARE SD/GE
15 IR REALIZARE DEM
16 R CONFORT LFT
17 R REALIZARE SD/GE
18 IR REALIZARE AWF
19 R APROBARE LFT
20 R REALIZARE SD/GE
21 R CONFORT AWF
22 IR CONFORT LFT
23 IR REALIZARE SD/GE
24 R REALIZARE DEM
25 R CONFORT LFT
26 IR APROBARE LFT
27 IR APROBARE AWF
28 IR REALIZARE LFT
29 R APROBARE DEM
30 R REALIZARE AWF
31 R REALIZARE SD/GE
32 R CONFORT SD/GE
33 IR REALIZARE DEM
34 IR CONFORT AWF
35 R CONFORT DEM
36 R APROBARE AWF
37 IR APROBARE DEM
38 R REALIZARE AWF
39 IR REALIZARE LFT
40 R APROBARE LFT
41 R REALIZARE DEM
42 IR REALIZARE AWF
43 IR CONFORT DEM
44 R APROBARE SD/GE
45 R CONFORT AWF
46 R REALIZARE LFT
47 IR CONFORT LFT
48 R APROBARE DEM
49 IR CONFORT AWF
50 IR APROBARE LFT
51 R APROBARE AWF
52 IR APROBARE DEM
53 IR CONFORT AWF
54 R REALIZARE LFT
55 R REALIZARE DEM
56 IR CONFORT DEM
57 R APROBARE LFT
58 R CONFORT LFT
59 IR APROBARE AWF
60 IR CONFORT SD/GE
61 R REALIZARE LFT
62 IR REALIZARE SD/GE
63 IR APROBARE DEM
64 R CONFORT DEM
65 IR REALIZARE SD/GE
66 IR APROBARE SD/GE
67 IR APROBARE LFT
68 IR CONFORT SD/GE
69 R CONFORT DEM
70 R REALIZARE AWF
71 IR CONFORT DEM
72 R APROBARE SD/GE
73 R CONFORT SD/GE
74 IR REALIZARE DEM
75 IR APROBARE AWF
76 R CONFORT
SD/GE

Related Interests