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Chem 100L Vocabulary

The following is a list of vocabulary words, lab equipment and chemical formulas for each
experiment !efore coming into lab each wee", you should read the bac"ground material and
procedure for that wee"#s experiment and write the definition of each vocabulary word in your
noteboo" $this must be handwritten% &ou will be allowed to use your noteboo" $not the lab pac"et
or loose papers% during that wee"#s short qui' (o sharing of noteboo"s will be allowed (ote) no
definition is needed for the lab equipment listed* instead, you should be familiar with what it loo"s
li"e as + may hold up an example during the qui' and as" you to write its name Therefore, a small
s"etch in your noteboo" may be helpful ,"etches of lab equipment can be found on p -. /-0 of
the lab pac"et as well as in the experiment itself 1or 2Chemical 1ormulas3 heading simply write in
your noteboo" the formula corresponding to the name of the substance given, which can be found in
the reading ,ome words are repeated in later experiments so you may need to loo" bac" at old
definitions for these 4lthough the ma5ority of the words can be found in the reading for that
experiment, a few are not defined there 1or these, your textboo" or a dictionary would be helpful
6emember, only your bound lab noteboo" will be allowed on the qui''es $and final exam%
Note: I realize it is sometimes difficult to understand the introductory material if you have not had
that material yet in lecture. Dont feel you must understand every part of the lab before you walk
in; rather think of these assignments as a uick introduction that will actual save time in lab. !lso"
the labs appear here in order as in the packet. #ee the schedule for the actual order of e$periments.
Experiment 1 (also read Mass Determination p. 15 16)
%ocabulary
experimentation
quantitative
qualitative
scientific law
hypothesis
models
theory
mass
'eroed $balance%
Experiment 2 (also read Introduction to the unsen urner p. 1! 2")
%ocabulary
matter
classification
heterogeneous matter
homogeneous matter
substance
definite composition
physical states
physical change
chemical change
element
compound
chemical symbol
chemical formula
diatomic
solution
heterogeneous mixture
chemical property
physical property
malleability
vapori'ation
phase change
melting
sublimation
combustion reaction
decomposition reaction
&uipment
crucible tongs clay triangle bea"er
evaporating dish ring stand watch glass
crucible test tube
'hemical (ormulas
hydrochloric acid oxygen gas manganese dioxide
sulfur dioxide hydrogen gas hydrogen peroxide
Experiment #
%ocabulary
precipitate
sedimentation
supernatant
decantation
adhere
centrifugation
centrifuge
gravity filtration
filtrate
residue
solute
solvent
boiling water bath
volatile
nonvolatile
distillation
desalination
insoluble
aqueous solution
superheating
distillate
&uipment
stirring rod
funnel
ring stand
bea"er
evaporating dish
watch glass
Experiment $
%ocabulary
qualitative
quantitative
the metric system
meter
centimeter
millimeter
"ilometer
mass
volume
gram
liter
milliliter
milligram
"ilogram
uncertainty
interpolation
significant figures
precision
leading 'eroes
trailing 'eroes
extrinsic properties
intrinsic properties
density
parallax
absolute error
percentage error
meniscus
accuracy
&uipment
bea"er
ring stand
wire square
graduated cylinder
7rlenmeyer flas"
Experiment 5
%ocabulary
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
diffraction grating
continuous spectrum
excited state
line spectrum
flame test
Experiment 6
%ocabulary
element
period
group or family
8eriodic Law
compound
main group elements
al"ali metals
cation
valence electrons
halogens
anion
diatomic
halide ion
melting point
boiling point
density
physical state
Experiment %
%ocabulary
carbohydrate
photosynthesis
binary compound
combustion
hydrocarbons
reactants
products
chemical equation
balanced reaction
catalyst
&uipment
7rlenmeyer flas" deflagrating spoon
'hemical (ormulas
$elemental% oxygen gas carbon dioxide hydrogen peroxide
Experiment !
%ocabulary
covalent bonding
valence electrons
lone pair electrons
double bond
triple bond
electronegativity
octet rule
organic molecule
hydrocarbon
V,786 Theory
planar
Experiment &
%ocabulary
single replacement reaction
activity series
redox reaction
oxidation
reduction
Experiment 1"
%ocabulary
hydrate
water of hydration
salt
anhydrous salt
percentage error
absolute error
heating to constant mass
&uipment
crucible
clay triangle
ring stand
crucible tongs
scoopula
'hemical (ormulas
copper $++% sulfate pentahydrate
magnesium sulfate heptahydrate
cobalt $++% chloride hexahydrate
barium chloride dihydrate
Experiment 11
%ocabulary
solution
solute
solvent
aqueous solution
2li"e dissolves li"e3
concentration
dilute
concentrated
quantitative
soluble
miscible
immiscible
solubility
insoluble
saturated
unsaturated
molarity
T9
TC
hydronium ion
acid
base
self/ioni'ation of water
neutral
p: $equation%
ioni'able hydrogens
Experiment 11 continued
%ocabulary
monoprotic
polar
nonpolar
triprotic
acid;base indicators
litmus
phenolphthalein
salt
electrolytes
nonelectrolytes
&uipment
volumetric $transfer% pipet
rubber pipet bulb
plastic pipet pump
volumetric flas"
'hemical (ormulas
ammonia
sodium chloride
hydrochloric acid
sodium carbonate
carbon dioxide
sodium bicarbonate
calcium carbonate
sodium hydroxide
Experiment 12
%ocabulary
concentration
molarity
titration
primary standard
standardi'ed
solute
indicator solution
end/point
<:8
meniscus
moles
&uipment
buret
volumetric pipet
buret clamp
7rlenmeyer flas"
'hemical (ormulas
sodium hydroxide hydrochloric acid
Experiment 1#
Vocabulary
<inetic =olecular Theory
pressure
gas laws
torr
absolute 'ero
<elvin temperature
Charles# Law
extrapolate