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ALUMINIUM 6061 T6

Composition Notes:
Aluminum content reported is calculated as remainder.
Composition information provided by the Aluminum Association and is not for design.
Key Words: al6061, UNS A96061; ISO AlMg1SiCu; Aluminium 6061-T6, AD-33
(Russia); AA6061-T6; 6061T6, UNS A96061; ISO AlMg1SiCu; Aluminium 6061-
T651, AD-33 (Russia); AA6061-T651
Component Wt. %

Al 95.8 - 98.6
Cr 0.04 - 0.35
Cu 0.15 - 0.4
Fe Max 0.7
Component Wt. %

Mg 0.8 - 1.2
Mn Max 0.15
Other, each Max 0.05
Other, total Max 0.15
Component Wt. %

Si 0.4 - 0.8
Ti Max 0.15
Zn Max 0.25
Material Notes:
Information provided by Alcoa, Starmet and the references. General 6061 characteristics and uses:
Excellent joining characteristics, good acceptance of applied coatings. Combines relatively high
strength, good workability, and high resistance to corrosion; widely available. The T8 and T9 tempers
offer better chipping characteristics over the T6 temper.
Applications: Aircraft fittings, camera lens mounts, couplings, marines fittings and hardware,
electrical fittings and connectors, decorative or misc. hardware, hinge pins, magneto parts, brake
pistons, hydraulic pistons, appliance fittings, valves and valve parts; bike frames.
Data points with the AA note have been provided by the Aluminum Association, Inc. and are NOT
FOR DESIGN.
Physical Properties Metric English Comments

Density 2.7 g/cc 0.0975 lb/in
AA; Typical

Mechanical Properties

Hardness, Brinell 95 95
AA; Typical; 500
g load; 10 mm ball
Hardness, Knoop 120 120
Converted from
Brinell Hardness
Value
Hardness, Rockwell A 40 40
Converted from
Brinell Hardness
Value
Hardness, Rockwell B 60 60
Converted from
Brinell Hardness
Value
Hardness, Vickers 107 107
Converted from
Brinell Hardness
Value
Ultimate Tensile Strength 310 MPa 45000 psi
AA; Typical
Tensile Yield Strength 276 MPa 40000 psi
AA; Typical
Elongation at Break 12 % 12 %
AA; Typical; 1/16
in. (1.6 mm)
Thickness
Elongation at Break 17 % 17 %
AA; Typical; 1/2
in. (12.7 mm)
Diameter
Modulus of Elasticity 68.9 GPa 10000 ksi
AA; Typical;
Average of tension
and compression.
Compression
modulus is about
2% greater than
tensile modulus.
Notched Tensile Strength 324 MPa 47000 psi
2.5 cm width x
0.16 cm thick side-
notched
specimen, K
t
= 17.
Ultimate Bearing Strength 607 MPa 88000 psi
Edge distance/pin
diameter = 2.0
Bearing Yield Strength 386 MPa 56000 psi
Edge distance/pin
diameter = 2.0
Poisson's Ratio 0.33 0.33
Estimated from
trends in similar Al
alloys.
Fatigue Strength 96.5 MPa 14000 psi
AA; 500,000,000
cycles completely
reversed stress;
RR Moore
machine/specimen
Fracture Toughness 29 MPa-m 26.4 ksi-in
K
IC
; TL
orientation.
Machinability 50 % 50 %
0-100 Scale of
Aluminum Alloys
Shear Modulus 26 GPa 3770 ksi
Estimated from
similar Al alloys.
Shear Strength 207 MPa 30000 psi
AA; Typical

Electrical Properties

Electrical Resistivity 3.99e-006 ohm-cm 3.99e-006 ohm-cm
AA; Typical at
68F

Thermal Properties

CTE, linear 68F 23.6 m/m-C 13.1 in/in-F
AA; Typical;
Average over 68-
212F range.
CTE, linear 250C 25.2 m/m-C 14 in/in-F
Estimated from
trends in similar Al
alloys. 20-300C.
Specific Heat Capacity 0.896 J/g-C 0.214 BTU/lb-F

Thermal Conductivity 167 W/m-K 1160 BTU-in/hr-ft-F
AA; Typical at
77F
Melting Point 582 - 652 C 1080 - 1205 F
AA; Typical range
based on typical
composition for
wrought products
1/4 inch thickness
or greater;
Eutectic melting
can be completely
eliminated by
homogenization.
Solidus 582 C 1080 F
AA; Typical
Liquidus 652 C 1205 F
AA; Typical

Processing Properties

Solution Temperature 529 C 985 F

Aging Temperature 160 C 320 F
Rolled or drawn
products; hold at
temperature for 18
hr
Aging Temperature 177 C 350 F
Extrusions or
forgings; hold at
temperature for 8
hr

ALUMINIUM 6061
Topics Covered
Background
Composition
Key Properties
Physical Properties
Mechanical Properties
Thermal Properties
Electrical Properties
Typical Heat Treatment/Temper States
Typically Available Forms
Applications
Background
Aluminium alloy 6061 is one of the most extensively used of the 6000 series aluminium
alloys. It is a versatile heat treatable extruded alloy with medium to high strength
capabilities.
Composition
Table 1. Typical composition of aluminium alloy 6061
Component Amount (wt.%)
Aluminium Balance
Magnesium 0.8-1.2
Silicon 0.4 0.8
Iron Max. 0.7
Copper 0.15-0.40
Zinc Max. 0.25
Titanium Max. 0.15
Manganese Max. 0.15
Chromium 0.04-0.35
Others 0.05
Key Properties
Typical properties of aluminium alloy 6061 include:
Medium to high strength
Good toughness
Good surface finish
Excellent corrosion resistance to atmospheric conditions
Good corrosion resistance to sea water
Can be anodized
Good weldability and brazability
Good workability
Widely available
Note: Property data is provided below, but should be used a guide only. As data may
vary between manufacturers, you should consult your supplier for more exact figures.
Physical Properties
Density: 2.7 g/cm
3

Melting Point: Approx 580C
Modulus of Elasticity: 70-80 GPa
Poissons Ratio: 0.33
Mechanical Properties
Temper Ultimate Tensile 0.2% Proof Brinell Hardness Elongation
Strength (MPa) Stress (MPa) (500kg load,
10mm ball)
50mm dia (%)
0 110-152 65-110 30-33 14-16
T1 180 95-96 16
T4 179 min 110 min
T6 260-310 240-276 95-97 9-13
Thermal Properties
Co-Efficient of Thermal Expansion (20-100C): 23.5x10
-6
m/m.C
Thermal Conductivity: 173 W/m.K
Electrical Properties
Electrical Resistivity: 3.7 4.0 x10
-6
.cm


Typical Heat Treatment/Temper States
Treatment Definition
F As fabricated
0 Annealed to obtain
lower strength
temper
T1 Cooled from an
elevated shaping
process and
naturally aged
1

T4, T4511 Solution heat
treated and
naturally aged
2,3

T51 Cooled from an
elevated shaping
process and
artificially aged
T6, T6511 Solution heat
treated and
artificially aged
2,3

Note:
1. This designation applies to products which are not cold worked after cooling from an
elevated temperature shaping process, or in which the effect of cold work in flattening or
straightening has no effect on mechanical properties
2. This designation applies to products which are not cold worked after solution heat-
treated, or in which the effect of cold work in flattening or straightening has no effect on
mechanical properties
3. This designation applies to products which are not cold worked after solution heat-
treatment, or in which the effect of cold work in flattening or straightening does not
effect mechanical properties.
Typically Available Forms
Being and extruded grade of aluminium, alloy 6061 is typically available as:
Tube
Bar
Pipe
Rod
Although many manufacturers offer a range of other standard extruded profiles.
Applications
Typical applications for aluminium alloy 6061 include:
Aircraft and aerospace components
Marine fittings
Transport
Bicycle frames
Camera lenses
Driveshafts
Electrical fittings and connectors
Brake components
Valves
Couplings



ALUMINIUM 6063 T6
Aluminum 6063-T6

Subcategory: 6000 Series Aluminum Alloy; Aluminum Alloy; Metal; Nonferrous
Metal
Close Analogs:
Composition Notes:
Aluminum content reported is calculated as remainder.
Composition information provided by the Aluminum Association and is not for
design.
Key Words: UNS A96063; ISO AlMg0.5Si; Aluminium 6063-T6; AA6063-T6
Component Wt. %



Al Max 97.5
Cr Max 0.1
Cu Max 0.1
Fe Max 0.35

Component Wt. %



Mg 0.45 - 0.9
Mn Max 0.1
Other, each Max 0.05
Other, total Max 0.15

Component Wt. %



Si 0.2 - 0.6
Ti Max 0.1
Zn Max 0.1

Material Notes:
Data points with the AA note have been provided by the Aluminum Association, Inc. and are NOT
FOR DESIGN.
Physical Properties Metric English Comments


Density 2.7 g/cc 0.0975 lb/in AA; Typical

Mechanical Properties


Hardness, Brinell 73 73 AA; Typical; 500 g load; 10
mm ball
Hardness, Knoop 96 96 Converted from Brinell
Hardness Value
Hardness, Vickers 83 83 Converted from Brinell
Hardness Value
Ultimate Tensile Strength 241 MPa 35000 psi AA; Typical
Tensile Yield Strength 214 MPa 31000 psi AA; Typical
Elongation at Break 12 % 12 % AA; Typical; 1/16 in. (1.6 mm)
Thickness
Modulus of Elasticity 68.9 GPa 10000 ksi AA; Typical; Average of
tension and compression.
Compression modulus is
about 2% greater than tensile
modulus.
Ultimate Bearing Strength 434 MPa 62900 psi Edge distance/pin diameter =
2.0
Bearing Yield Strength 276 MPa 40000 psi Edge distance/pin diameter =
2.0
Poisson's Ratio 0.33 0.33
Fatigue Strength 68.9 MPa 10000 psi AA; 500,000,000 cycles
completely reversed stress;
RR Moore machine/specimen
Machinability 50 % 50 % 0-100 Scale of Aluminum
Alloys
Shear Modulus 25.8 GPa 3740 ksi
Shear Strength 152 MPa 22000 psi AA; Typical

Electrical Properties


Electrical Resistivity 3.32e-006 ohm-cm 3.32e-006 ohm-cm AA; Typical at 68F

Thermal Properties


CTE, linear 68F 23.4 m/m-C 13 in/in-F AA; Typical; Average over 68-
212F range.
CTE, linear 250C 25.6 m/m-C 14.2 in/in-F Average over the range 20-
300C
Specific Heat Capacity 0.9 J/g-C 0.215 BTU/lb-F
Thermal Conductivity 200 W/m-K 1390 BTU-in/hr-ft-F AA; Typical at 77F
Melting Point 616 - 654 C 1140 - 1210 F AA; Typical range based on
typical composition for
wrought products 1/4 inch
thickness or greater
Solidus 616 C 1140 F AA; Typical
Liquidus 654 C 1210 F AA; Typical

Processing Properties


Annealing Temperature 413 C 775 F hold at temperature for 2 to 3
hr; cool at 50F per hour from
775 to 500F
Solution Temperature 521 C 970 F
Aging Temperature 177 C 350 F hold at temperature for 8 hr