Services Vocab!

(From Rubenstein)

1) 2) 3) 4)

Basic Industries: industries that export primarily to consumers outside the settlement Business services: services that help other businesses CBD: the center of the city (downtown), known as the “central business district” Central Place: market center for the exchange of goods and services by people attracted from the surrounding area 5) Central Place Theory: explains how services are distributed and why a regular pattern of settlements exists, proposed by Walter Christaller 6) City-state: independent self-governing communities that included the settlement and nearby countryside 7) Clustered rural settlement: # of families live in close proximity to each other, with fields surrounding the collection of houses and farm buildings 8) Consumer services: services for the consumers (who can pay the money, and want them) 9) Dispersed rural settlement: characteristic of the contemporary NA rural landscape, characterized by farmers living on individual farms, isolated from neighbors 10) Economic base: a community’s unique collection of basic industries 11) Enclosure movement: in Great Britain, between 1750 and 1850, transformed the rural landscape by consolidating individually owned strips of land surrounding a village into a single, large farm, owned by one individual, more ag efficiency 12) Gravity model: predicts that the optimal location of a service is directly related to the # of people in the area and inversely related to the distance people travel to get to it 13) Market area (or hinterland): the area surrounding a service to which customers are attracted to 14) Nonbasic industries: enterprises whose customers live in the same community essentially consumer services 15) Personal services: provide services for the well being and personal improvement of individual consumers (like health care) 16) Primate city: the country’s largest city 17) Primate city rule: the country’s largest city has more than twice as many people as the second- ranking settlement 18) Producer services: help people conduct their businesses 19) Public services: provides security and protection for citizens and businesses 20) Range: the max distance people want to travel to get a service 21) Rank-size rule: the country’s nth largest settlement is 1/n the pop of the largest settlement 22) Retail services: provide goods for sale to customers 23) Service: any activity that fulfills a human want or need; returns money to people 24) Settlement: a permanent collection of buildings where people reside, work, and obtain services 25) Threshold: the min # of people needed to support the service 26) Transportation and information services: businesses that diffuse, and distribute services

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