Name

:

March 28, 2007 Lehman, Spring 2007

Part I

istry 142 ~eparation
I

Directions. You will work out the problems on thi4age then enter them on the computer. Once you enter them into the computer you can submit your work\for grading. ~~can re-enter (and re-score) the problems as many times as you wish.

Qu~on 1.

KOk
0-..

~Cid'~r~~;
j[H-A.:J

Who'i, ilie P; of

~~~;;tioo o:;a.
-=0

= tl>

(c;.1L-I9-i)

~

::-

3. Co 4 )(lD- S

f
Question2.

J.+-'".?,. y

~

An identical amount of an indicator solution was added to a series of 5 buffer solutions of pH 8,9, 10, 11, and 12. The color was blue in 8, purple in 10, and red in 11 and 12. The pH 8 buffer sample registered 1.09 on the absorbance scale and the pH 10 gave a reading of 0.290 at the same wavelength setting on the Spectronic 20 spectrophotometer. Assume that only one species (HIn or In-) of the indicator absorbs at the selected wavelength. Calculate Kafor this indicator at pH 10.

Ka-

,.- ~-rJUvlJ ~rfl1-

--'

(i1.6t~CJ/A~D) ID~ rID C).~~D

K

~ :;:;

{) .1--L,1-/6/D

Page 1 of 11

Name:
Question

March 28, 2007 Lehman, Spring 2007
3.

An identical amount of an indicator solution was added to a series of 5 buffer solutions of pH 8, 9, la, 11, and 12. The color was blue in 8, purple in 10, and red in 11 and 12. The pH 8 buffer sample registered 1.23 on the absorbance scale and the pH 10 gave a reading of 0.295 at the same wavelength setting on the Spectronic 20 spectrophotometer. Assume that only one species (Hln or In-) of the indicator absorbs at the selected wavelength. Calculate % dissociation for this indicator at pH 10.

%D~
[W-:C J 0\ t s.S Yl
0

[~rnJ

DL~5

x. LuG

[HTnJo
::;
V1 ==

Gc ~ L~3- ().~45 Q-tr:{) ::;- !. ~ 3 J l.9-3-().~ ~6 O

-

'f\

L:l3

X lu

Question

4.

An identical amount of an indicator solution was added to a series of 5 buffer solutions of pH 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12. The color was blue in 8, purple in 10, and red in 11 and 12. The pH 8 buffer sample registered 1.07 on the absorbance scale and the pH 10 gave a reading of 0.293 at the same wavelength setting on the Spectronic 20 spectrophotometer. Assume that only one species (Hln or In-) of the indicator absorbs at the selected wavelength. Predict the absorbance of this indicator at pH 9.

K~
.

~

I

6/0

(LOt-0//-.93 ) C).?- q 3
)G

-'

9. .051..1£/°

-to

~ ~5

x. t D

.:::::

I O~ (\.0,+ ---1c)
/-

)c,~

cJn

~ \!-t~~

Page 2 of 11

Name:

March 28, 2007 Lehman, Spring 2007 A weak base, B-, has a pKb of 5.52. A 25.00 mL aliquot of 0.137M B- is titrated with 0.082M HC!. Calculate the pH after 18.05 mL of acid are added.

Question 5.

~
~~ Hel

8-

~H-B
I

~

g

~

~:

~
(
=-

tfGlaJJJ: O.O;:)SOO(O.I61 t3~2Sj,li3 ~ . 01~OS (0'()r,~ ~ /,Lf,?:o IO-i x: ~': 3.4Q,)XI{53_1.4iOAI63<,-l.9lfx 16-3
,fJvWY. l,L{ 'is' X 10:'>

~

0 5.'~
1t-

of).DL/3D5" C .l../S)( IIr3 .- )L l.'\.:lk..lO-~.- ~ ' 0, ol..(305

J~

-

J

[6W-j

Question 6.

A weak base, B-, has a pKb of 5.52. A 25.00 mL aliquot of O.lOOMB- is titrated wi~h O.lOOMHC!. Calculate the pH after 25.00 mL of acid are added.

1L~~ ~B
~ rtB '"
B- ~
H'"--?

.

~
\ ~
~@)l

~

~ /-i+ +

Q. enS 60
HE.

~- u f>~= g.4~ 0. [) () .eo2':;;o r
::;
.

r;fZ- ~ IHB1-$SF tk.-l~~ {-\ B :p\ed~c.eJ-.

f\
<-.

-:;

[~t!+) CBj - CIW>J.

)G:'>'
'-"'
.

\

A,,<{~

t) f!J5r£o - C:>, .6()~ -y =- l \{4-)

- t0

Page 3 of 11

Name:

March 28, 2007 Lehman, Spring 2007 A weak base, B-, has a pKb of 5.52. A 6.63 mL aliquot of O.148MB- is titrated with O.154MHCI. Calculate

Question 7.

:f1)'fi/ ~ ~ fM~ ~ ~ ~¥!:1~' ,\ -3 flAM 0C1 :IN C!z . e I0 lf- )) .[~4) Is"" )LID
-;:':O~cid:W:'
"7

~

~B-

<0

e.e()(Pfo3(p.It{~~<1/iSl)(IO-i

fi1~ lie! af/i1
5.«,5
Question 8.

~

~

t. $rX I D~

G

:;; S-~ ~~Y-l

<f.i/AIlr£! 04-

i-l ~~Lf . =" ?".lfi X t0 ~2:::- U+~

I. G/{, X 10
l+C-~Hj)L

f'14 ~

-/ &d-fH-+-J:OK~~a°,- t- f-tJ)
1~~«:J(l-1

25.00 mL of an acetic acid solution are titrated with 36.00 mL of 0.1234 M KOH solution. The Kafor acetic acid is 1.8 x 10-5.What is the molarity of the acetic acid solution?

+ KvH
[fre&;fKrL

~

[kED

#\

L 1\0HI( .12;

~

::;8. {Y.5WL

I\~H

Question 9.

A solution of the compound, X3Z, is found to have a Z3- concentration of 0.000 10M. Calculate Ksp for this compound. Calculate your answer to 3 significant figures.

'1.32-K$f
<=

.

~

3;<.4- +- -:[~-

C1(1 ?'[~J
3
.

\\
:;

~

-~

~>( tJ.L>80ltJ)

CD.t9eo to J

d.. T X 10

Page 4 of 11

Name:

March 28, 2007 Lehman, Spring 2007 4.67 g of AgZS04 are placed in 1000 mL of distilled water in a 2 L beaker. After sufficient time is allowed, how many g of solid, undissolved silver sulfate remain in the beaker? Ksp for silver sulfate is 1.2xlO-5. Assume that the addition of the silver sulfate does not change the volume of the solution.

Question 10.

K~r
A ~~
44 I.LfS:XIO

:;

CI4fJYW'i'2--)

:= l.~>UD-S-2-

('L1G)9-(1?)~ !.?J(slD-S-~ l{4,L?' '" -2 )( 1 G -> '1L- -::c I. [.'2. -2 ~~

4 S:AlO

~
Lf.

1. ~

S-KJD ~E>\
X

D Il,~~

~

~.S"R~
leW~L

-\efJD~L

-l~~

&i

~4.s:2-::-

O.l~d

~
,/\",;" L1.1 '/-.10-1?'"
8
IS-

Question 11.

Write a balanced net ionic reaction for each of the following dissolution reactions, and use the appropriate Ksp and Kf values in the appendix of your text to calculate the equilibrium constant for each.

a) Zinc hydroxide in aqueous NaOH to form Zn(OH)l-

~"" ((jI-)2 ~
7 ~

~ +rlDl

.
-\-

~

~

~t-~(I-. r

I

-

---=:>/

t:::Yll9l-r 4

)

'2.

-

K+:: +.<6XIO~

6 )(10

6Y\(P~\

+ ;<6H-

.;> ~,"{DH)~-

f\~Kspt\;

:5 X IO'~

K'" ~ I"-10-(1)( ~
b) Copper(II) hydroxide in aqueous ammonia to form CU(NH3)4Z+

J

Cll. (01+1.::;::::=:=

~T

~e

1-1- (\",p" /.rv)( lD-I'l

~+
CIA(Mf

!fJJ~ ~

ClAQJH~)4e.i- K-¥-:; S.('oXlOlI

\.

T 1.fJ-Jfl-s

-

CIA

QJH3,~.++~f)i-l2 K =- K~p r\f-

Page 5 of 11

K",- l,~)<..ID-I't (5:(0)(10')

Name:

March 28, 2007 Lehman, Spring 2007 c) Silver bromide in aqueous NH3 to form Ag(NH3h+

--

~ ))f+ QNf4 ~
AJBr

~+
4'

Br(iJ~): + 1?r-

11 ().; al+ H

/{} [!;r-f-~IJ~

13

Question 12.

What is the molar solubility of barium hydroxide in water? Would you characterize barium hydroxide as being "soluble"? Why?

'b<L

(bt} ~ )~

g.!+ {- ~~bt

~

1\sr<' [&.?-rj [pW12

Kf
l~¥r
Question 13.

~

~
~

1::- (1-'F y-- c:-{WL~

~

4~~

;:c- ~
tt4-~

4~t\,~/.0 ~

~

What is the molar solubility of barium hydroxide in a pH 9.0 buffer?

Ksf",

(y)Cf(/)'~ L-~5'

-1p~ Wt&Wt

~kt,t i~

Page 6 of 11

Name:

March 28, 2007 Lehman, Spring 2007 For the vaporization of benzene, I1Hvap 30.7 kJ/mol, and I1Svap 87.0 J/molK. Calculate I1StotaI t 70°C. = = a

Question 14.

iJ S
LlSa,
~

$.IA

{'('=- - Do V(t.. P W
l'
~

~

'.

J:J <; S

5~

1\ S ~f'

.bS?s~rr
~

+

AS s'1$j bs's...rr:-

J

Y

-~) {J ~~ 34:3(\
- '6~.S-TfK~
SfI1'l8(

1tJS'

A

Sn>\-:;

r ~ 1-.017

I

+-

/1'\ B \'-

t

- <6~..s- J/ 4 \
" .

S~tA-rr -=

.

,{..el

~

:::-

-;) S

Question 15.

Will benzene boil at 70°C? Why?

}J~)

-rk
~

~~

~;Mf

~~

L1 S

~r

d~

Question CM' 16. 6Sre-r

~~;gpnn1b~m;;o~0'

0"'
-'" -t-

ioor.

~ -~C07-GtJ~~K

X

\S+.G1~/(~O

t:
Question 17.
For melting

:::

353 K)
= 30.2

tOt)

G

of NaCl, I1Hfusion

kJ/mol, and I1Sfusion= 28.1 J/molK. Calculate I1Stotalat 1050 K. Watch

your significant figures.

J\

.LJ

s

s. (A (

r

~

~~J r.

-:;;

T
If«

,t.L..s

-

::.

~8 t -- {D50 K
30) ?...tJ()
~

J

-:;:: -2&'.'& %"",t

~SI8T~

~<6.lT/
yvt~ \

+ d~.<6 0J:~

- (). 1- Jj ~W>t

Page 7 of 11

Name:

March 28, 2007 Lehman, Spring 2007

Question 18.

Does NaCI melt at ~K?

Why?

M}~bC;w-rM-T'

Question 19.

Calculate the melting point of NaCI. Report your answer in DC.Report your answer to three signficant figures. ::;;;

tJG TbT

-

t:.ey
..J

e>"
I'\el

1(

)(

-t

0~g.\

WK) ~O

X

:=

I01-K

Part II
Question 1.

Discuss chemical spontaneity in terms of movement towards or away from equilibrium.

Page 8 of 11

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