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G.R. NO. 86344 DECEMBER 21, 1989

Article VI of the Constitution
Section 18. There shall be a Commission on Appointments consisting of the President of the Senate, as
ex officio Chairman, twelve Senators and twelve Members of the House of Representative, elected by
each House on the basis of proportional representation from the political parties and parties or
organizations registered under the party-list system represented therein. x xx xx xx x

1. The Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP) was re-organized, resulting in a political realignment
in the House of Representatives. Twenty four members of the Liberal Party formally resigned
from that party and joined the LDP.
2. On this basis of this development, the House of Representatives revised its representation in the
Commission on Appointments by withdrawing the seat occupied by the seat occupied by
petitioner and giving this to the newly-formed LDP.
3. Subsequently, the chamber elected new set of representatives consisting of the original
members except the petitioner, who was replaced by Singson.
4. Petitioner challenge his removal from the Commission on Appointments and the assumption of
his seat by the respondent.
5. Petitioner contents that he cannot be removed from the Commission on Appointments because
his election is permanent. He claims that the reorganization of the House representation in the
said body is not based on a permanent political realignment because the LDP is not a duly
registered political party and has not yet attained political stability.
6. Respondent argues that the Constitution does not require that the political party to be
registered to be entitled to proportional representation in the Commission on Appointments.

ISSUE: WON a change resulting from a political realignment validly changes the composition of
Commission on Appointments

HELD: Yes. The Court resolve the issue in favor of the authority of the House of Representative to
change its representation in the Commission on Appointments to reflect at any time the changes that
may transpire in the political alignments of its membership. It is understood that such changes must be
permanent and do not include the temporary alliances or factional divisions not involving severance of
political loyalties or formal disaffiliation and permanent shifts of allegiance from one political party to

The clear constitutional intent behind Section 18, Article VI, of the 1987 Constitution, is to give the right
of representation in the Commission on Appointment only to political parties who are duly registered
with the Comelec. In this case, the LDP was granted its registration as a political party by the COMELEC.
Thus, shattering the argument of the petitioner that registration is required.