J

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2009

TABLE

Gender-related development index and its components

J
Gender-related
development index (GDI)
2007

HDI rank
VERY HIGH HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
1 Norway
2 Australia
3 Iceland
4 Canada
5 Ireland
6 Netherlands
7 Sweden
8 France
9 Switzerland
10 Japan
11 Luxembourg
12 Finland
13 United States
14 Austria
15 Spain
16 Denmark
17 Belgium
18 Italy
19 Liechtenstein
20 New Zealand
21 United Kingdom
22 Germany
23 Singapore
24 Hong Kong, China (SAR)
25 Greece
26 Korea (Republic of)
27 Israel
28 Andorra
29 Slovenia
30 Brunei Darussalam
31 Kuwait
32 Cyprus
33 Qatar
34 Portugal
35 United Arab Emirates
36 Czech Republic
37 Barbados
38 Malta

HIGH HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
39 Bahrain
40 Estonia
41 Poland
42 Slovakia
43 Hungary
44 Chile
45 Croatia
46 Lithuania
47 Antigua and Barbuda
48 Latvia
49 Argentina
50 Uruguay
51 Cuba
52 Bahamas
53 Mexico
54 Costa Rica
55 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
56 Oman
57 Seychelles
58 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
59 Saudi Arabia

Value

as a % of
HDI value

2
1
3
4
10
7
5
6
13
14
16
8
19
23
9
12
11
15
..
18
17
20
..
22
21
25
26
..
24
29
34
27
35
28
38
31
30
32

0.961
0.966
0.959
0.959
0.948
0.954
0.956
0.956
0.946
0.945
0.943
0.954
0.942
0.930
0.949
0.947
0.948
0.945
..
0.943
0.943
0.939
..
0.934
0.936
0.926
0.921
..
0.927
0.906
0.892
0.911
0.891
0.907
0.878
0.900
0.900
0.895

98.9
99.6
99.0
99.2
98.2
98.9
99.3
99.4
98.5
98.4
98.2
99.5
98.5
97.4
99.4
99.2
99.4
99.3
..
99.3
99.5
99.2
..
98.9
99.4
98.8
98.5
..
99.7
98.5
97.4
99.7
97.9
99.7
97.2
99.7
99.7
99.3

33
36
39
40
37
41
43
42
..
44
46
45
49
..
48
47
54
56
..
55
60

0.895
0.882
0.877
0.877
0.879
0.871
0.869
0.869
..
0.865
0.862
0.862
0.844
..
0.847
0.848
0.830
0.826
..
0.827
0.816

99.9
99.8
99.6
99.7
99.9
99.2
99.7
99.9
..
99.8
99.5
99.7
97.7
..
99.2
99.4
98.0
97.7
..
97.9
96.7

Rank

Life expectancy at birth
(years)
2007

Adult literacy rate
(% aged 15 and above)
1999–2007
a

Combined gross
enrolment
ratio in educationb
(%)
2007

Male

Female

Male

Female

82.7
83.7
83.3
82.9
82.0
81.9
83.0
84.5
84.1
86.2
82.0
82.8
81.3
82.5
84.0
80.5
82.4
84.0
.. k
82.1
81.5
82.3
82.6
85.1
81.3
82.4
82.7
.. k
81.7
79.6
79.8
81.9
76.8
81.8
78.7
79.4
79.7
81.3

78.2
79.1
80.2
78.2
77.3
77.6
78.6
77.4
79.2
79.0
76.5
76.0
76.7
77.0
77.5
75.9
76.5
78.1
..k
78.1
77.1
77.0
77.8
79.3
76.9
75.8
78.5
.. k
74.4
74.9
76.0
77.3
74.8
75.3
76.6
73.2
74.0
77.7

.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
97.3
.. e
.. e
98.6
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
91.6
.. m
96.0
.. e
88.7f
.. e
99.6
93.1
93.1
96.6
90.4
93.3
91.5
.. e
.. g,m
93.5 f

.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
98.6
.. e
.. e
99.1
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
97.3
.. m
98.2
.. e
95.0 f
.. e
99.7
96.5
95.2
99.0
93.8
96.6
89.5
.. e
.. g,m
91.2f

102.7 f,g
115.7 f,g
102.1 f,g
101.0 f,g,h
99.1 f
97.1 f
99.0 f
97.4 f
81.4 f
85.4 f
94.7 j
105.1 f,g
96.9 f
92.1 f
99.9 f
105.3 f,g
95.9 f
94.7 f
79.6 f,l
113.4 f,g
92.8 f,h
87.5
..
73.4 f
103.2 f,g
90.6 f,g
92.1 f
66.3 f,h
98.1f
79.1
77.8 f
77.8 f,l
87.7
91.6 f
78.7 h
85.1 f
100.2 g
81.7 f

94.7 f,g
112.8 f,g
90.1 f,g
97.6 f,g,h
96.2 f
97.9 f
89.8 f
93.5 f
84.0 f
87.7 f
94.0 j
97.9 f,g
88.1 f
89.0 f
93.3 f
97.6 f,g
92.8 f
89.1 f
94.0 f,l
102.0 f,g
85.9 f,h
88.6
..
75.4 f
100.1 f,g
105.8 f,g
87.8 f
64.0 f,g
87.7 f
76.5
67.8 f
77.3 f,l
74.2
86.2 f
65.4 h
81.9 f
85.8 g
81.0 f

77.4
78.3
79.7
78.5
77.3
81.6
79.4
77.7
.. k
77.1
79.0
79.8
80.6
76.0
78.5
81.3
76.8
77.3
.. k
76.7
75.1

74.2
67.3
71.3
70.7
69.2
75.5
72.6
65.9
.. k
67.1
71.5
72.6
76.5
70.4
73.6
76.4
71.6
74.1
.. k
70.7
70.8

86.4
99.8 g
99.0
.. e
98.8
96.5
98.0
99.7
99.4
99.8 g
97.7
98.2
99.8
.. m
91.4
96.2
78.4
77.5
92.3
94.9
79.4

90.4
99.8 g
99.6
.. e
99.0
96.6
99.5
99.7
98.4
99.8 g
97.6
97.4
99.8
.. m
94.4
95.7
94.5
89.4
91.4
95.4
89.1

95.3 f,h
98.2 f
91.4 f
83.1 f
94.0 f
82.0 f,h
79.4 f
97.6 f
..
97.5 f
93.3 f
96.3 f
110.7 g
72.2 f,h
79.0 f
74.4 f,h
98.5 f,h
68.3
83.6 f,l
75.7 f
78.0 f

85.8 f,h
84.6 f
84.2 f
77.9 f
86.6 f
83.0 f,h
75.2 f
87.2 f
..
83.2 f
84.0 f
85.6 f
91.5 g
71.4 f,h
81.5 f
71.6 f,h
93.1 f,h
68.1
80.9 f,l
72.7 f
79.1 f

Female

Male

Estimated
earned incomec
(PPP US$)
2007

Female

Male

HDI rank
minus GDI
rankd

46,576 g
60,394 g
28,759 g
41,153 g
27,460 g
43,959 g
28,315 g,i 43,456 g,i
31,978 g,i 57,320 g,i
31,048
46,509
29,476 g,i 44,071 g,i
25,677 g
42,091 g
31,442 g
50,346 g
21,143 g
46,706 g
57,676 g,i 101,855 g,i
29,160 g
40,126 g
34,996 g,i 56,536 g,i
21,380 g
54,037 g
21,817 g,i
41,597 g,i
30,745 g
41,630 g
27,333 g
42,866 g
20,152 g,i
41,158 g,i
..
..
22,456
32,375
28,421 g
42,133 g
25,691 g,i 43,515 g,i
34,554 g,i 64,656 g,i
35,827 g
49,324 g
19,218 i
38,002 i
16,931 i
32,668 i
20,599 i
32,148 i
..
..
20,427 i
33,398 i
36,838 g,i 62,631 g,i
24,722 f,g,i 68,673 f,g,i
18,307
31,625
24,584 g,i 88,264 g,i
17,154
28,762
18,361 g,i 67,556 g,i
17,706 i
30,909 i
14,735 f,i 22,830 f,i
14,458
31,812

-1
1
0
0
-5
-1
2
2
-4
-4
-5
4
-6
-9
6
4
6
3
..
1
3
1
..
0
2
-1
-1
..
2
-2
-6
2
-5
3
-6
2
4
3

19,873 f
16,256 i
11,957 i
14,790 i
16,143
8,188 i
12,934
14,633
..
13,403
8,958 i
7,994 i
4,132 f,i,n
..
8,375 i
6,788
5,590 i
7,697 i
..
7,924 i
5,987 i

3
1
-1
-1
3
0
-1
1
..
0
-1
1
-2
..
0
2
-4
-5
..
-3
-7

39,060 f
25,169 i
20,292 i
25,684 i
21,625
19,694 i
19,360
20,944
..
19,860
17,710 i
14,668 i
8,442 f,i,n
..
20,107 i
14,763
22,505 i
32,797 i
..
16,344 i
36,662 i

181

J

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2009

Gender-related development index and its components

Gender-related
development index (GDI)
2007

HDI rank

Rank

Value

as a % of
HDI value

Life expectancy at birth
(years)
2007

Female

Male

Adult literacy rate
(% aged 15 and above)
1999–2007
a

Female

Male

Combined gross
enrolment
ratio in educationb
(%)
2007

Female

Estimated
earned incomec
(PPP US$)
2007

Male

Female

Male

HDI rank
minus GDI
rankd

60 Panama
61 Bulgaria
62 Saint Kitts and Nevis
63 Romania
64 Trinidad and Tobago
65 Montenegro
66 Malaysia
67 Serbia
68 Belarus
69 Saint Lucia
70 Albania
71 Russian Federation
72 Macedonia (the Former Yugoslav Rep. of)
73 Dominica
74 Grenada
75 Brazil
76 Bosnia and Herzegovina
77 Colombia
78 Peru
79 Turkey
80 Ecuador
81 Mauritius
82 Kazakhstan
83 Lebanon

51
50
..
52
53
..
58
..
57
..
61
59
62
..
..
63
..
64
65
70
..
67
66
71

0.838
0.839
..
0.836
0.833
..
0.823
..
0.824
..
0.814
0.816
0.812
..
..
0.810
..
0.806
0.804
0.788
..
0.797
0.803
0.784

99.7
99.9
..
99.9
99.5
..
99.2
..
99.8
..
99.5
99.9
99.4
..
..
99.7
..
99.9
99.7
97.7
..
99.1
99.8
97.7

78.2
76.7
.. k
76.1
72.8
76.5
76.6
76.3
75.2
75.5
79.8
72.9
76.5
.. k
76.7
75.9
77.7
76.5
75.8
74.2
78.0
75.7
71.2
74.1

73.0
69.6
.. k
69.0
65.6
71.6
71.9
71.6
63.1
71.7
73.4
59.9
71.7
.. k
73.7
68.6
72.4
69.1
70.4
69.4
72.1
68.5
59.1
69.8

92.8
97.9
..
96.9
98.3
94.1 f,o
89.6
94.1 f,o
99.7 g
..
98.8 g
99.4
95.4
..
..
90.2
94.4
92.8
84.6
81.3
89.7
84.7
99.5
86.0

94.0
98.6
..
98.3
99.1
98.9 f,o
94.2
98.9 f,o
99.8 g
..
99.3 g
99.7
98.6
..
..
89.8
99.0
92.4
94.9
96.2
92.3
90.2
99.8
93.4

83.5 f
82.9 f
74.1 f
81.7 f
62.2 f,h
..
73.1 f
..
93.8
80.6
67.6 f
86.1 f
71.1 f
82.7 f,h
73.8 f,h
89.4 f
..
80.9
89.9 f,h
66.3 f,h
..
75.7 f,h
95.1
80.3

76.1 f
81.8 f
72.1 f
76.7 f
59.9 f,h
..
69.8 f
..
87.1
73.8
68.0 f
78.0 f
69.1 f
74.5 f,h
72.4 f,h
85.1 f
..
77.2
86.4 f,h
75.7 f,h
..
78.0 f,h
87.8
75.7

8,331
9,132
..
10,053
16,686 i
8,611 i,p
7,972 i
7,654 i,p
8,482
6,599 i
4,954 i
11,675 i
5,956 i
..
..
7,190
5,910 i
7,138
5,828 i
5,352 i
4,996 i
6,686 i
8,831 i
4,062 i

14,397
13,439
..
14,808
30,554 i
14,951 i,p
18,886 i
12,900 i,p
13,543
13,084 i
9,143 i
18,171 i
12,247 i
..
..
12,006
9,721 i
10,080
9,835 i
20,441 i
9,888 i
15,972 i
13,080 i
16,404 i

3
5
..
4
4
..
0
..
2
..
-1
2
0
..
..
0
..
0
0
-4
..
0
2
-2

MEDIUM HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
84 Armenia
85 Ukraine
86 Azerbaijan
87 Thailand
88 Iran (Islamic Republic of)
89 Georgia
90 Dominican Republic
91 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
92 China
93 Belize
94 Samoa
95 Maldives
96 Jordan
97 Suriname
98 Tunisia
99 Tonga
100 Jamaica
101 Paraguay
102 Sri Lanka
103 Gabon
104 Algeria
105 Philippines
106 El Salvador
107 Syrian Arab Republic
108 Fiji
109 Turkmenistan
110 Occupied Palestinian Territories
111 Indonesia
112 Honduras
113 Bolivia
114 Guyana
115 Mongolia
116 Viet Nam
117 Moldova
118 Equatorial Guinea

68
69
73
72
76
..
74
..
75
..
80
77
87
79
84
78
81
82
83
85
88
86
89
98
90
..
..
93
95
91
96
92
94
97
102

0.794
0.793
0.779
0.782
0.770
..
0.775
..
0.770
..
0.763
0.767
0.743
0.763
0.752
0.765
0.762
0.759
0.756
0.748
0.742
0.748
0.740
0.715
0.732
..
..
0.726
0.721
0.728
0.721
0.727
0.723
0.719
0.700

99.5
99.7
99.0
99.8
98.4
..
99.7
..
99.8
..
99.0
99.5
96.5
99.3
97.8
99.6
99.5
99.8
99.6
99.1
98.4
99.6
99.0
96.4
98.7
..
..
99.0
98.4
99.8
98.9
100.0
99.7
99.8
97.3

76.7
73.8
72.3
72.1
72.5
75.0
75.2
73.6
74.7
78.0
74.7
72.7
74.3
72.5
76.0
74.6
75.1
73.8
77.9
61.5
73.6
73.9
75.9
76.0
71.0
68.8
74.9
72.5
74.4
67.5
69.6
69.6
76.1
72.1
51.1

70.1
62.7
67.6
65.4
69.9
68.1
69.8
69.4
71.3
74.2
68.4
69.7
70.7
65.3
71.8
69.0
68.3
69.6
70.3
58.7
70.8
69.4
66.4
72.2
66.5
60.6
71.7
68.5
69.6
63.3
63.7
63.0
72.3
64.5
48.7

99.3
99.6
99.2 g
92.6
77.2
..
89.5
..
90.0
..
98.4
97.1
87.0
88.1
69.0
99.3
91.1
93.5
89.1
82.2
66.4
93.7
79.7
76.5
.. m
99.3
90.3
88.8
83.5
86.0
.. g,m
97.7
86.9
98.9
80.5

99.7
99.8
99.8 g
95.9
87.3
..
88.8
..
96.5
..
98.9
97.0
95.2
92.7
86.4
99.2
80.5
95.7
92.7
90.2
84.3
93.1
84.9
89.7
.. m
99.7
97.2
95.2
83.7
96.0
.. g,m
96.8
93.9
99.6
93.4

77.8
93.2 l
..
79.6 f,h
73.0 f,h
77.7 h
76.7 f
70.3 f
68.5 f
79.2 f,h
76.3 f,h
71.4 f,h
79.9 f
79.3 f,h
78.9 f,h
78.8 f,h
82.0 f,h
72.2 f,h
69.9 f,h
75.0 f
74.5 f,h
81.6 f
74.8
63.9 f,h
73.2 f,h
..
80.8
66.8 f,h
78.3 f,h
83.6 f
83.0
84.9
60.7 f,h
74.6 l
55.8 f

71.6
87.0 l
..
76.6 f,h
73.4 f,h
75.8 h
70.4 f
67.6 f
68.9 f
77.4 f,h
72.0 f,h
71.3 f,h
77.5 f
69.4 f,h
73.6 f,h
77.2 f,h
74.3 f,h
72.1 f,h
67.5 f,h
79.8 f
72.8 f,h
77.8 f
73.3
67.5 f,h
70.0 f,h
..
75.9
69.5 f,h
71.3 f,h
89.7 f
84.7
73.7
63.9 f,h
68.6 l
68.2 f

4,215
5,249
4,836
6,341 i
5,304 i
2,639
4,985 i
5,180 i
4,323 i
4,021
2,525 i
3,597 i
1,543
4,794 i
3,249 i
2,705 i
4,469 i
3,439 i
3,064
11,221 i
4,081 i
2,506 i
3,675 i
1,512 i
2,349 i
3,594 i
..
2,263 i
1,951 i
3,198 i
1,607 i
3,019
2,131 i
2,173 i
16,161 i

7,386
8,854
11,037
10,018 i
16,449 i
6,921
8,416 i
10,219 i
6,375 i
9,398
6,258 i
6,714 i
8,065
10,825 i
11,731 i
4,752 i
7,734 i
5,405 i
5,450
19,124 i
11,331 i
4,293 i
8,016 i
7,452 i
6,200 i
5,545 i
..
5,163 i
5,668 i
5,222 i
3,919 i
3,454
3,069 i
2,964 i
45,418 i

2
2
-1
1
-2
..
1
..
1
..
-3
1
-8
1
-3
4
2
2
2
1
-1
2
0
-8
1
..
..
-1
-2
3
-1
4
3
1
-3

182

J

TABLE

Gender-related
development index (GDI)
2007

Life expectancy at birth
(years)
2007

Adult literacy rate
(% aged 15 and above)
1999–2007
a

Combined gross
enrolment
ratio in educationb
(%)
2007

HDI rank

Rank

Value

as a % of
HDI value

119 Uzbekistan
120 Kyrgyzstan
121 Cape Verde
122 Guatemala
123 Egypt
124 Nicaragua
125 Botswana
126 Vanuatu
127 Tajikistan
128 Namibia
129 South Africa
130 Morocco
131 Sao Tome and Principe
132 Bhutan
133 Lao People’s Democratic Republic
134 India
135 Solomon Islands
136 Congo
137 Cambodia
138 Myanmar
139 Comoros
140 Yemen
141 Pakistan
142 Swaziland
143 Angola
144 Nepal
145 Madagascar
146 Bangladesh
147 Kenya
148 Papua New Guinea
149 Haiti
150 Sudan
151 Tanzania (United Republic of)
152 Ghana
153 Cameroon
154 Mauritania
155 Djibouti
156 Lesotho
157 Uganda
158 Nigeria

99
100
101
103
..
106
105
104
107
108
109
111
110
113
112
114
..
115
116
..
117
122
124
118
..
119
120
123
121
..
..
127
125
126
129
128
130
132
131
133

0.708
0.705
0.701
0.696
..
0.686
0.689
0.692
0.686
0.683
0.680
0.625
0.643
0.605
0.614
0.594
..
0.594
0.588
..
0.571
0.538
0.532
0.568
..
0.545
0.541
0.536
0.538
..
..
0.516
0.527
0.524
0.515
0.516
0.514
0.509
0.509
0.499

99.7
99.4
98.9
98.9
..
98.2
99.3
99.9
99.6
99.5
99.6
95.7
98.8
97.7
99.3
97.1
..
98.8
99.2
..
99.2
93.6
93.0
99.3
..
98.4
99.6
98.7
99.4
..
..
97.0
99.4
99.5
98.6
99.1
98.8
99.1
99.2
97.7

70.9
71.4
73.5
73.7
71.7
75.9
53.3
72.0
69.3
61.2
53.2
73.3
67.3
67.6
65.9
64.9
66.7
54.4
62.3
63.4
67.2
64.1
66.5
44.8
48.5
66.9
61.5
66.7
54.0
63.0
62.9
59.4
55.8
57.4
51.4
58.5
56.5
45.5
52.4
48.2

64.5
63.9
68.2
66.7
68.2
69.8
53.2
68.1
63.7
59.3
49.8
68.8
63.5
64.0
63.2
62.0
64.9
52.5
58.6
59.0
62.8
60.9
65.9
45.7
44.6
65.6
58.3
64.7
53.2
58.7
59.1
56.3
54.2
55.6
50.3
54.7
53.7
43.9
51.4
47.2

95.8
99.1
78.8
68.0
57.8
77.9
82.9
76.1
99.5
87.4
87.2
43.2
82.7
38.7
63.2
54.5
..
71.8 f
67.7
86.4
69.8
40.5
39.6
78.3
54.2
43.6
65.3
48.0
70.2
53.4
64.0 f
51.8
65.9
58.3
59.8
48.3
.. m
90.3
65.5
64.1

98.0
99.5
89.4
79.0
74.6
78.1
82.8
80.0
99.8
88.6
88.9
68.7
93.4
65.0
82.5
76.9
..
90.6 f
85.8
93.9
80.3
77.0
67.7
80.9
82.9
70.3
76.5
58.7
77.7
62.1
60.1 f
71.1
79.0
71.7
77.0
63.3
.. m
73.7
81.8
80.1

71.4
79.7
69.7
67.8
..
72.7 f,h
71.3 f,h
60.3 f,h
64.6
68.2 f
77.3 f
55.1 f,h
68.6
53.7 f,h
54.3 f
57.4 f
47.8 f
55.2 f,h
54.8 h
..
42.3 f,h
42.3 f
34.4 f
58.4 f
..
58.1 f,h
60.2
52.5 f
58.2 f,h
..
..
37.6 f,h
56.2 h
54.5 h
47.7 l
50.5 f,l
21.9 f
62.3 f,h
61.6 f,h
48.1 f,h

74.0
74.9
66.6
73.2
..
71.5 f,h
70.0 f,h
64.2 f,h
77.2
66.3 f
76.3 f
64.0 f,h
67.7
54.6 f,h
64.8 f
64.3 f
51.4 f
62.0 f,h
62.1 h
..
50.4 f,h
65.9 f
43.9 f
61.8 f
..
63.4 f,h
62.5
51.8 f
61.0 f,h
..
..
42.2 f,h
58.4 h
58.3 h
56.7 l
50.7 f,l
29.0 f
60.6 f,h
62.9 f,h
57.9 f,h

LOW HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
159 Togo
160 Malawi
161 Benin
162 Timor-Leste
163 Côte d’Ivoire
164 Zambia
165 Eritrea
166 Senegal
167 Rwanda
168 Gambia
169 Liberia
170 Guinea
171 Ethiopia
172 Mozambique
173 Guinea-Bissau
174 Burundi
175 Chad
176 Congo (Democratic Republic of the)
177 Burkina Faso

..
134
135
..
137
136
138
140
139
141
142
143
144
145
148
146
149
150
147

..
0.490
0.477
..
0.468
0.473
0.459
0.457
0.459
0.452
0.430
0.425
0.403
0.395
0.381
0.390
0.380
0.370
0.383

..
99.4
97.0
..
96.6
98.3
97.3
98.5
99.8
99.1
97.3
97.7
97.3
98.3
96.2
99.1
96.8
95.1
98.4

63.9
53.4
62.1
61.5
58.3
45.0
61.4
56.9
51.4
57.3
59.3
59.3
56.2
48.7
49.1
51.4
49.9
49.2
54.0

60.4
51.3
59.8
59.8
55.7
44.0
56.8
53.9
47.9
54.1
56.5
55.3
53.3
46.9
46.0
48.6
47.3
46.1
51.4

38.5
64.6
27.9
..
38.6
60.7
53.0
33.0
59.8
.. m
50.9
18.1
22.8
33.0
54.4
52.2
20.8
54.1
21.6

68.7
79.2
53.1
..
60.8
80.8
76.2
52.3
71.4
.. m
60.2
42.6
50.0
57.2
75.1
67.3
43.0
80.9
36.7

..
61.7 f,h
44.5 f,h
62.1 f,h
31.3 f,h
60.7 f,h
27.6 f,h
39.0 f,h
52.4 f
47.2 f,h
48.6 f
41.5 f
44.0 h
50.2 f,h
28.8 f,h
46.2 h
27.5 f,h
40.5 l
29.2

..
62.1 f,h
60.1 f,h
64.2 f,h
43.7 f,h
66.0 f,h
39.1 f,h
43.3 f,h
52.0 f
46.4 f,h
66.5 f
56.9 f
54.0 h
59.4 f,h
44.5 f,h
51.8 h
45.5 f,h
55.9 l
36.3

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

Estimated
earned incomec
(PPP US$)
2007

Male

HDI rank
minus GDI
rankd

1,891 i
1,428 i
2,015 i
2,735 i
2,286
1,293 i
9,961 i
2,970 i
1,385 i
4,006 i
7,328 i
1,603 i
1,044 i
2,636 i
1,877 i
1,304 i
1,146 i
2,385 i
1,465 i
640 i
839 i
921 i
760 i
3,994 i
4,212 i
794 i
774
830 i
1,213 i
1,775 i
626 i
1,039 i
1,025 i
1,133 i
1,467 i
1,405 i
1,496 i
1,315 i
861 i
1,163 i

2,964 i
2,600 i
4,152 i
6,479 i
8,401
3,854 i
17,307 i
4,332 i
2,126 i
6,339 i
12,273 i
6,694 i
2,243 i
6,817 i
2,455 i
4,102 i
2,264 i
4,658 i
2,158 i
1,043 i
1,446 i
3,715 i
4,135 i
5,642 i
6,592 i
1,309 i
1,093
1,633 i
1,874 i
2,383 i
1,695 i
3,119 i
1,394 i
1,531 i
2,791 i
2,439 i
2,627 i
1,797 i
1,256 i
2,777 i

1
1
1
0
..
-2
0
2
0
0
0
-1
1
-1
1
0
..
0
0
..
0
-4
-5
2
..
2
2
0
3
..
..
-2
1
1
-1
1
0
-1
1
0

494 i
646 i
892
493 i
852 i
980 i
422 i
1,178 i
770 i
951 i
240 i
919 i
624 i
759 i
301 i
296 i
1,219 i
189 i
895 i

1,088 i
877 i
1,726
934 i
2,500 i
1,740 i
839 i
2,157 i
970 i
1,499 i
484 i
1,356 i
936 i
848 i
658 i
387 i
1,739 i
410 i
1,354 i

..
0
0
..
-1
1
0
-1
1
0
0
0
0
0
-2
1
-1
-1
3

Female

183

J

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2009

Gender-related development index and its components

Life expectancy at birth
(years)
2007

Gender-related
development index (GDI)
2007

Adult literacy rate
(% aged 15 and above)
1999–2007
a

Combined gross
enrolment
ratio in educationb
(%)
2007

Estimated
earned incomec
(PPP US$)
2007

HDI rank

Rank

Value

as a % of
HDI value

178 Mali
179 Central African Republic
180 Sierra Leone
181 Afghanistan
182 Niger

OTHER UN MEMBER STATES
Iraq
Kiribati
Korea (Democratic People’s Rep. of)
Marshall Islands
Micronesia (Federated States of)
Monaco
Nauru
Palau
San Marino
Somalia
Tuvalu
Zimbabwe

153
151
152
154
155

0.353
0.354
0.354
0.310
0.308

95.2
95.8
97.1
88.0
90.8

48.8
48.2
48.5
43.5
51.7

47.4
45.1
46.0
43.6
50.0

18.2
33.5
26.8
12.6
15.1

34.9
64.8
50.0
43.1
42.9

37.5 f,h
22.9 f,h
37.6 f,h
35.4 f,h
22.1

51.0 f,h
34.4 f,h
51.7 f,h
63.6 f,h
32.3

672 i
535 i
577 i
442 f,i,q
318 i

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

71.8
.. k
69.1
.. k
69.2
.. k
.. k
.. k
.. k
51.2
.. k
43.6

64.2
.. k
64.9
.. k
67.6
.. k
.. k
.. k
.. k
48.3
.. k
42.6

64.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
90.5 f
.. e
..
..
88.3

84.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
93.3 f
.. e
..
..
94.1

52.1 f,h
77.9 f,h
..
71.2 f,h
..
..
56.1 f,h
91.2 f,h
..
..
70.8 f,h
53.4 f,h

68.5 f,h
73.8 f,h
..
71.1 f,h
..
..
54.0 f,h
82.4 f,h
..
..
67.8 f,h
55.5 f,h

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

NOTES
a Data refer to national literacy estimates from censuses
or surveys conducted between 1999 and 2007,

Male

Female

Male

1,517 i
900 i
783 i
1,845 f,i,q
929 i

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

HDI rank
minus GDI
rankd

-2
1
1
0
0

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

SOURCES
f Data refer to an earlier year than that specified.
g For the purpose of calculating the GDI, the female

m In the absence of recent data, estimates for 2005

Column 1: determined on the basis of the GDI values.

from UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2003), based on

Column 2: calculated based on data in columns 4–11.

unless otherwise specified. Due to differences in

and male values appearing in this table were scaled

outdated census or survey information, were used and

Column 3: calculated based on GDI and HDI values.

methodology and timeliness of underlying data,

downward to reflect the maximum values for adult

should be interpreted with caution: the Bahamas 96.7

Columns 4 and 5: UN (2009e).

comparisons across countries and over time should be

literacy (99%), gross enrolment ratios (100%), and

(for females) and 95.0 (for males), Barbados 99.8 and

Columns 6 and 7: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2009a.)

made with caution. For more details, see http://www.

GDP per capita (40,000 (PPP US$)). For more details,

99.7, Djibouti 61.4 and 79.9, Fiji 92.9 and 95.9, the

Columns 8 and 9: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2009b).

uis.unesco.org/.

see http://hdr.undp.org/en/statistics/tn1.

Gambia 35.4 and 49.9, Guyana 98.7 and 99.2 and

Columns 10 and 11: calculated based on data on GDP

Hong Kong, China (SAR) 91.4 and 97.3.

(in PPP US$) and population from the World Bank (2009d),

b Data for some countries may refer to national or
UNESCO Institute for Statistics estimates. For details,
see http://www.uis.unesco.org/.
c Because of the lack of gender-disaggregated

h UNESCO Institute for Statistics estimate.
i No wage data are available. For the purposes of
calculating the estimated female and male earned
income, a value of 0.75 was used for the ratio

n Heston, Summers and Aten (2006). Data differ from
the standard definition.
o Data refer to Serbia and Montenegro prior to its

income data, female and male earned income are

of the female nonagricultural wage to the male

separation into two independent states in June 2006.

crudely estimated on the basis of data on the ratio

nonagricultural wage.

Data exclude Kosovo.

of the female nonagricultural wage to the male

j Statec (2008). Data refer to nationals enrolled both

p Earned income is estimated using data on the

nonagricultural wage, the female and male shares of

in the country and abroad and thus differ from the

economic activity rate for Serbia and Montenegro prior

the economically active population, the total female

standard definition.

to its separation into two independent states in June

and male population and GDP per capita in PPP US$

k For the purposes of calculating the HDI unpublished

(see http://hdr.undp.org/en/statistics/tn1). The wage

estimates from UN (2009e) were used: Andorra

ratios used in this calculation are based on data for the

84.3 (for females) and 77.5 (for males), Antigua and

from World Bank (2009d) and total population for the

most recent year available between 1999 and 2007.

Barbuda 74.6 and 69.7, Dominica 80.3 and 73.7,

same year from UN (2009e).

d The HDI ranks used in this calculation are recalculated

Liechtenstein 82.4 and 76.0, Saint Kitts and Nevis

for the countries with a GDI value. A positive figure
indicates that the GDI rank is higher than the HDI rank;
a negative figure, the opposite.
e For the purposes of calculating the HDI, a value of
99.0% was applied.

184

74.6 and 69.8 and the Seychelles 77.7 and 68.4.
l National estimate from the UNESCO Institute for
Statistics.

2006.
q Calculated on the basis of GDP in PPP US$ for 2006

data on wages and economically active population from
ILO (2009b).
Column 12: calculated based on recalculated HDI ranks
and GDI ranks in column 1.

J

TABLE

GDI RANKS FOR 155 COUNTRIES AND AREAS







































1 Australia
2 Norway
3 Iceland
4 Canada
5 Sweden
6 France
7 Netherlands
8 Finland
9 Spain
10 Ireland
11 Belgium
12 Denmark
13 Switzerland
14 Japan
15 Italy
16 Luxembourg
17 United Kingdom
18 New Zealand
19 United States
20 Germany
21 Greece
22 Hong Kong, China (SAR)
23 Austria
24 Slovenia
25 Korea (Republic of)
26 Israel
27 Cyprus
28 Portugal
29 Brunei Darussalam
30 Barbados
31 Czech Republic
32 Malta
33 Bahrain
34 Kuwait
35 Qatar
36 Estonia
37 Hungary
38 United Arab Emirates
39 Poland
40 Slovakia

41 Chile
42 Lithuania
43 Croatia
44 Latvia
45 Uruguay
46 Argentina
47 Costa Rica
48 Mexico
49 Cuba
50 Bulgaria
51 Panama
52 Romania
53 Trinidad and Tobago
54 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
55 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
56 Oman
57 Belarus
58 Malaysia
59 Russian Federation
60 Saudi Arabia
61 Albania
62 Macedonia (the Former Yugoslav Rep. of)
63 Brazil
64 Colombia
65 Peru
66 Kazakhstan
67 Mauritius
68 Armenia
69 Ukraine
70 Turkey
71 Lebanon
72 Thailand
73 Azerbaijan
74 Dominican Republic
75 China
76 Iran (Islamic Republic of)
77 Maldives
78 Tonga
79 Suriname
80 Samoa

81 Jamaica
82 Paraguay
83 Sri Lanka
84 Tunisia
85 Gabon
86 Philippines
87 Jordan
88 Algeria
89 El Salvador
90 Fiji
91 Bolivia
92 Mongolia
93 Indonesia
94 Viet Nam
95 Honduras
96 Guyana
97 Moldova
98 Syrian Arab Republic
99 Uzbekistan
100 Kyrgyzstan
101 Cape Verde
102 Equatorial Guinea
103 Guatemala
104 Vanuatu
105 Botswana
106 Nicaragua
107 Tajikistan
108 Namibia
109 South Africa
110 Sao Tome and Principe
111 Morocco
112 Lao People’s Democratic Republic
113 Bhutan
114 India
115 Congo
116 Cambodia
117 Comoros
118 Swaziland
119 Nepal
120 Madagascar

121 Kenya
122 Yemen
123 Bangladesh
124 Pakistan
125 Tanzania (United Republic of)
126 Ghana
127 Sudan
128 Mauritania
129 Cameroon
130 Djibouti
131 Uganda
132 Lesotho
133 Nigeria
134 Malawi
135 Benin
136 Zambia
137 Côte d’Ivoire
138 Eritrea
139 Rwanda
140 Senegal
141 Gambia
142 Liberia
143 Guinea
144 Ethiopia
145 Mozambique
146 Burundi
147 Burkina Faso
148 Guinea-Bissau
149 Chad
150 Congo (Democratic Republic of the)
151 Central African Republic
152 Sierra Leone
153 Mali
154 Afghanistan
155 Niger

185

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