Digital Re-print

-
September | October 2014
2014 Crop Quality Seminars
www.gfmt.co.uk
Grain & Feed Milling Technology is published six times a year by Perendale Publishers Ltd of the United Kingdom.
All data is published in good faith, based on information received, and while every care is taken to prevent inaccuracies,
the publishers accept no liability for any errors or omissions or for the consequences of action taken on the basis of
information published.
©Copyright 2014 Perendale Publishers Ltd. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form
or by any means without prior permission of the copyright owner. Printed by Perendale Publishers Ltd. ISSN: 1466-3872
A new dawn for...
In 2015, welcome to...
T
he world may be full of wheat
this year, but the availability and
condition of that wheat are factors
the world’s wheat buyers must also
consider.
Every major wheat producing country in
the northern hemisphere had quality issues
in the 2014 crop, and the US wheat crop
was no exception this year. Especially the
quality of US Soft Red Winter (SRW), Hard
Red Spring (HRS) and Durum has been
affected by adverse weather conditions dur-
ing the growing and harvest season.
Buyers are therefore encouraged to con-
struct specifications carefully to be sure that
they receive qualities that meet their needs.
Soft Red Winter Wheat
The 2014 SRW production, estimated at
12.5 tonne, is down nearly three tonne from
the large 2013 crop, but is about one tonne
larger than the previous five-year average.
The main quality issue of this year’s SRW
crop is the elevated DON level in the Gulf
Port states, where most of the SRW is pro-
duced. The overall DON average of 2.2ppm
is higher than 2013 and the five-year aver-
age. The DON average for the six Gulf Port
states is 2.5ppm, well above 2013 and the
five-year average. DON levels are highest in
wheat from southern Illinois and Indiana and
eastern Kentucky.
Wheat farmers in Illinois, Indiana and
Kentucky experienced more rain at flower-
ing so DON levels in that wheat are higher.
The DON levels are completely different in
the three East Coast states with an average
of 0.6ppm, which is below 2013 and the
five-year average. East Coast states include
Maryland, North Carolina and Virginia.
The overall average SRW grade for
2014/15 is US No 2, though the overall
average test weight just barely meets the
No 2 grade requirement. Average protein is
slightly lower than last year and the five-year
average. Average dockage and total defects
are both below last year and the five-
year averages, indicating that the crop has
relatively few visual defects. Falling number
values are again below the five-year average,
though somewhat better than the very low
values of the 2013 crop.
The samples from Gulf Port states show
the adverse effects of excessive moisture
during growing and harvest while the East
Coast states largely avoided these condi-
tions.
The overall average test weight of 76.3kg/
hl is 0.8kg/hl below the five-year average.
The Gulf Port average test weight of 76.1kg/
hl is below the five-year average for these
states, while the East Coast average of
77.3kg/hl is similar to the five-year aver-
age. The average total defects value of 1.8
percent is 1.0 percentage point lower than
last year and 0.4 percentage point below the
five-year average.
Wheat protein content of 9.8 percent on
a 12 percent moisture basis is slightly below
the five-year average of 10.1 percent. Wheat
falling number of 304 seconds for the Gulf
Ports is similar to the low value of 2013 and
well below the five-year average. Grain han-
dlers and others are reporting very low fall-
ing numbers in wheat from far southern Gulf
Port states. In contrast, the average falling
number of 340 seconds for the East Coast
states is well above the five-year average.
Hard Red Spring Wheat
The 2014 HRS production, estimated at
14.4 tonne, is up one tonne from the 2013
crop, and is about 0.7 tonne larger than the
previous five-year average.
Excellent early season growing conditions
and a cool summer led to very high yields.
The harvest was delayed due to slow crop
maturity and a cool, wet last half of August
and early September.
Buyers of HRS should expect lower-
than-average aggregate protein and vitreous
kernel counts in this crop, but strong grade
features, because the overall average grade
for 2014/15 is US No 1 Northern Spring
(NS).
Given the diverse growing region and
variable weather conditions, there is higher
The seminars will update you on this year’s wheat grade and quality characteristics of the
new US wheat crop and on the world wheat supply and demand situation. The seminar
will take about two to three hours and will be followed by an informal reception.
PRESENTERS
Mr David Hahn, PhD in Food Science and Director of Technical Services and Business
Development at Northern Crops Institute (NCI) will discuss the wheat grade and quality
characteristics of the 2014 Hard Red Spring and Durum wheat crop.
Dr Hahn has over 30 years of experience in research, manufacturing, product devel-
opment and technical support at several American food companies.
He is currently President of the American Association of Cereal Chemists.
Other presenters are Mr Goris van Lit, Regional Director Europe, and Mr Rutger
Koekoek, Marketing Specialist of US Wheat Associates, Rotterdam. Their presentations
will amongst others include an overview of the supply and demand situation for wheat
in the USA and the world.
2014 Crop Quality Seminars
Europe-Middle East wheat quality and supply seminars
follow the completion of the US wheat harvest
34 | September - October 2014
GRAIN
&
FEED MILLING TECHNOLOGY
F
T
he world may be full of wheat
this year, but the availability and
condition of that wheat are factors
the world’s wheat buyers must also
consider.
Every major wheat producing country in
the northern hemisphere had quality issues
in the 2014 crop, and the US wheat crop
was no exception this year. Especially the
quality of US Soft Red Winter (SRW), Hard
Red Spring (HRS) and Durum has been
affected by adverse weather conditions dur-
ing the growing and harvest season.
Buyers are therefore encouraged to con-
struct specifications carefully to be sure that
they receive qualities that meet their needs.
Soft Red Winter Wheat
The 2014 SRW production, estimated at
12.5 tonne, is down nearly three tonne from
the large 2013 crop, but is about one tonne
larger than the previous five-year average.
The main quality issue of this year’s SRW
crop is the elevated DON level in the Gulf
Port states, where most of the SRW is pro-
duced. The overall DON average of 2.2ppm
is higher than 2013 and the five-year aver-
age. The DON average for the six Gulf Port
states is 2.5ppm, well above 2013 and the
five-year average. DON levels are highest in
wheat from southern Illinois and Indiana and
eastern Kentucky.
Wheat farmers in Illinois, Indiana and
Kentucky experienced more rain at flower-
ing so DON levels in that wheat are higher.
The DON levels are completely different in
the three East Coast states with an average
of 0.6ppm, which is below 2013 and the
five-year average. East Coast states include
Maryland, North Carolina and Virginia.
The overall average SRW grade for
2014/15 is US No 2, though the overall
average test weight just barely meets the
No 2 grade requirement. Average protein is
slightly lower than last year and the five-year
average. Average dockage and total defects
are both below last year and the five-
year averages, indicating that the crop has
relatively few visual defects. Falling number
values are again below the five-year average,
though somewhat better than the very low
values of the 2013 crop.
The samples from Gulf Port states show
the adverse effects of excessive moisture
during growing and harvest while the East
Coast states largely avoided these condi-
tions.
The overall average test weight of 76.3kg/
hl is 0.8kg/hl below the five-year average.
The Gulf Port average test weight of 76.1kg/
hl is below the five-year average for these
states, while the East Coast average of
77.3kg/hl is similar to the five-year aver-
age. The average total defects value of 1.8
percent is 1.0 percentage point lower than
last year and 0.4 percentage point below the
five-year average.
Wheat protein content of 9.8 percent on
a 12 percent moisture basis is slightly below
the five-year average of 10.1 percent. Wheat
falling number of 304 seconds for the Gulf
Ports is similar to the low value of 2013 and
well below the five-year average. Grain han-
dlers and others are reporting very low fall-
ing numbers in wheat from far southern Gulf
Port states. In contrast, the average falling
number of 340 seconds for the East Coast
states is well above the five-year average.
Hard Red Spring Wheat
The 2014 HRS production, estimated at
14.4 tonne, is up one tonne from the 2013
crop, and is about 0.7 tonne larger than the
previous five-year average.
Excellent early season growing conditions
and a cool summer led to very high yields.
The harvest was delayed due to slow crop
maturity and a cool, wet last half of August
and early September.
Buyers of HRS should expect lower-
than-average aggregate protein and vitreous
kernel counts in this crop, but strong grade
features, because the overall average grade
for 2014/15 is US No 1 Northern Spring
(NS).
Given the diverse growing region and
variable weather conditions, there is higher
The seminars will update you on this year’s wheat grade and quality characteristics of the
new US wheat crop and on the world wheat supply and demand situation. The seminar
will take about two to three hours and will be followed by an informal reception.
PRESENTERS
Mr David Hahn, PhD in Food Science and Director of Technical Services and Business
Development at Northern Crops Institute (NCI) will discuss the wheat grade and quality
characteristics of the 2014 Hard Red Spring and Durum wheat crop.
Dr Hahn has over 30 years of experience in research, manufacturing, product devel-
opment and technical support at several American food companies.
He is currently President of the American Association of Cereal Chemists.
Other presenters are Mr Goris van Lit, Regional Director Europe, and Mr Rutger
Koekoek, Marketing Specialist of US Wheat Associates, Rotterdam. Their presentations
will amongst others include an overview of the supply and demand situation for wheat
in the USA and the world.
2014 Crop Quality Seminars
Europe-Middle East wheat quality and supply seminars
follow the completion of the US wheat harvest
34 | September - October 2014
GRAIN
&
FEED MILLING TECHNOLOGY
F
ENGINEERING INNOVATIONS
• G115 GALVANIZED
STEEL is standard.
• Roofs are available
with up to a 50,000
LB. PEAK LOAD.
• 10 YEAR
WARRANTIES on
all Sioux Steel silos.
• Over 1 MILLION
BUSHEL capacities.
S
I
O
U
X

C
O
M
M
E
R
C
I
A
L

G
R
A
I
N

S
Y
S
T
E
M
S
SIOUX STEEL COMPANY
196 1/2 E. 6th St. • Sioux Falls, SD 57104
www.siouxsteel.com • +1-605-336-1750
OUTSTANDING HEIGHT, WIDTH &
SIDEWALL CLEARANCE.
DESIGNED TO WITHSTAND AN
AVALANCHE OF GRAIN.
protein available, but it is selling at a pre-
mium. Traditional customers who demand
a 13.5 to 14 percent protein HRS wheat
or higher will likely face market premiums
through most of the 2014/15 market year as
supplies of high-protein wheat on the world
market grow smaller.
There are isolated pockets of lower falling
numbers and higher DON values but the
crop overall reflects sound quality values.
The average protein level slipped to 13.4
percent on a 12, Germany percent moisture
basis which compares to 13.6 percent last
year. The crop has an average falling number
of 368 seconds, down from 421.
The average vitreous kernel counts are
57 percent, well below the traditional levels
for hard red spring wheat and well below
last year’s average vitreous kernel counts
of 73 percent. Vitreous kernel counts were
impacted by the lower average protein levels
in parts of the crop and the frequent rains
received during harvest across the region.
Test weights have fallen slightly since the
start of harvest, but still hold at a historically
strong level of 80.0kg/hl, but down from the
2013 average of 81.9kg/hl.
DON levels are higher than recent years
for the crop overall, but DON seems to
have affected the earliest portion of the
crop, and the southeast part of the four
state region (Montana, North Dakota, South
Dakota and Minnesota) the most.
Durum Wheat
The 2014 durum production, estimated
at 1.66 tonne, is about the same as the 2013
crop, and is about 26 percent smaller than
the previous five-year average of 2.23 tonne.
The growing season has been favorable,
but harvest conditions in the Northern
Durum areas have been challenging.
The impact of the September rains on
durum wheat quality is reflected in lower
color, some bleaching and lower falling
numbers, and some areas are showing
higher damage levels due to disease pres-
sures.
Based on analysis of 75 percent of the
crop, average quality data has the crop at a
No 2 Amber Durum (AD), with a greater
than normal percentage of the crop slipping
to lower grades and vitreous kernel counts.
The average protein level is 13.3 percent
on a 12 percent moisture basis, up slightly
from last year’s 13.1 percent with the aver-
age vitreous kernel count of 74 percent,
well below last year's 87 percent. Average
test weight is 76.9kg/hl, down from 79.7kg/
hl last year and the average falling number
is 294 seconds, also below last year's 384
seconds.
Meet US Wheat Associates in
Hamburg
On October 17, 2014, US Wheat
Associates will be present at the 54th
European Commodities Exchange in
Hamburg. We look forward to welcoming
you in our booth and informing you about
US wheat markets and qualities.
Registering to attend
You can sign up free-of-charge by sending
an email to: inforotterdam@uswheat.org.
Please include the following details in your
e-mail: (1) the seminar city of your choice, (2)
company name, and (3) participant name(s).
Or contact the US Wheat Associates office in
Rotterdam by either phone +31 10 413 9155
or fax +31 10 433 0438.
The schedule of the 2014 Crop Quality Seminars indicating starting time and venue
36 | September - October 2014
GRAIN
&
FEED MILLING TECHNOLOGY
Register before
Dec. 31 for
Early Bird Rates at
www.ippexpo.org!
Jan. 27–29, 2015
Georgia World
Congress Center
Atlanta, Ga. USA
INTERNATIONAL PRODUCTION
& PROCESSING EXPO
www.ippexpo.org
your business
FEED
Your business’ health relies on new ideas, successful business
connections and a grasp on the best practices in the industry.
Join us for IPPE 2015 to properly fuel and feed your business
with everything it needs at one powerhouse of a show!
Connect with more than 28,000 industry professionals in
poultry, feed, meat and more in one place, next January.
F
protein available, but it is selling at a pre-
mium. Traditional customers who demand
a 13.5 to 14 percent protein HRS wheat
or higher will likely face market premiums
through most of the 2014/15 market year as
supplies of high-protein wheat on the world
market grow smaller.
There are isolated pockets of lower falling
numbers and higher DON values but the
crop overall reflects sound quality values.
The average protein level slipped to 13.4
percent on a 12, Germany percent moisture
basis which compares to 13.6 percent last
year. The crop has an average falling number
of 368 seconds, down from 421.
The average vitreous kernel counts are
57 percent, well below the traditional levels
for hard red spring wheat and well below
last year’s average vitreous kernel counts
of 73 percent. Vitreous kernel counts were
impacted by the lower average protein levels
in parts of the crop and the frequent rains
received during harvest across the region.
Test weights have fallen slightly since the
start of harvest, but still hold at a historically
strong level of 80.0kg/hl, but down from the
2013 average of 81.9kg/hl.
DON levels are higher than recent years
for the crop overall, but DON seems to
have affected the earliest portion of the
crop, and the southeast part of the four
state region (Montana, North Dakota, South
Dakota and Minnesota) the most.
Durum Wheat
The 2014 durum production, estimated
at 1.66 tonne, is about the same as the 2013
crop, and is about 26 percent smaller than
the previous five-year average of 2.23 tonne.
The growing season has been favorable,
but harvest conditions in the Northern
Durum areas have been challenging.
The impact of the September rains on
durum wheat quality is reflected in lower
color, some bleaching and lower falling
numbers, and some areas are showing
higher damage levels due to disease pres-
sures.
Based on analysis of 75 percent of the
crop, average quality data has the crop at a
No 2 Amber Durum (AD), with a greater
than normal percentage of the crop slipping
to lower grades and vitreous kernel counts.
The average protein level is 13.3 percent
on a 12 percent moisture basis, up slightly
from last year’s 13.1 percent with the aver-
age vitreous kernel count of 74 percent,
well below last year's 87 percent. Average
test weight is 76.9kg/hl, down from 79.7kg/
hl last year and the average falling number
is 294 seconds, also below last year's 384
seconds.
Meet US Wheat Associates in
Hamburg
On October 17, 2014, US Wheat
Associates will be present at the 54th
European Commodities Exchange in
Hamburg. We look forward to welcoming
you in our booth and informing you about
US wheat markets and qualities.
Registering to attend
You can sign up free-of-charge by sending
an email to: inforotterdam@uswheat.org.
Please include the following details in your
e-mail: (1) the seminar city of your choice, (2)
company name, and (3) participant name(s).
Or contact the US Wheat Associates office in
Rotterdam by either phone +31 10 413 9155
or fax +31 10 433 0438.
The schedule of the 2014 Crop Quality Seminars indicating starting time and venue
36 | September - October 2014
GRAIN
&
FEED MILLING TECHNOLOGY
Register before
Dec. 31 for
Early Bird Rates at
www.ippexpo.org!
Jan. 27–29, 2015
Georgia World
Congress Center
Atlanta, Ga. USA
INTERNATIONAL PRODUCTION
& PROCESSING EXPO
www.ippexpo.org
your business
FEED
Your business’ health relies on new ideas, successful business
connections and a grasp on the best practices in the industry.
Join us for IPPE 2015 to properly fuel and feed your business
with everything it needs at one powerhouse of a show!
Connect with more than 28,000 industry professionals in
poultry, feed, meat and more in one place, next January.
F
www.gfmt.co.uk
LINKS
• See the full issue
• Visit the GFMT website
• Contact the GFMT Team
• Subscribe to GFMT
INCORPORATING PORTS, DISTRIBUTION AND FORMULATION
S
e
p
te
m
b
e
r - O
c
to
b
e
r 2
0
1
4
first published in 1891
In this issue:
• STORAGE
Silo design &
construction
• Weighbridges
crucial
factors and
considerations
• Irish Flour
Milling and
the German
connection
• Bagging systems
chosing the right
one for your needs
• Burundi’s
women of war
turn to rice
• A new dawn for
GFMT
Our history and
our future!
This digital Re-print is part of the September | October 2014 edition of Grain & Feed
Milling Technology magazine.
Content from the magazine is available to view free-of-charge, both as a full
online magazine on our website, and as an archive of individual features on
the docstoc website.
Please click here to view our other publications on www.docstoc.com.
To purchase a paper copy of the magazine, or to subscribe to the paper edi-
tion please contact our Circulation and Subscriptions Manager on the link
adove.
INFORMATION FOR ADVERTISERS - CLICK HERE
Article reprints
All Grain & Feed Milling Tecchnology feature articles can be re-printed as a 4 or 8 page booklets (these
have been used as point of sale materials, promotional materials for shows and exhibitions etc).
If you are interested in getting this article re-printed please contact the GFMT team for more informa-
tion on - Tel: +44 1242 267707 - Email: jamest@gfmt.co.uk or visit www.gfmt.co.uk/reprints