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Course objectives:-

At the completion of this course, students should be able to:

Describe the importance of having standard units and dimensions.
Use various electronic measuring instruments and devices.
Differentiate between electrical, electronic and mechanical parameters.
Interchange the various parameters in electronic measuring devices.
Interpret the signal electronic measuring devices.
Troubleshoot malfunctioning electronic devices.
Course description:-
Course covers fundamental concepts and principles of using standard electrical and electronic measuring
instruments. Topics included are: measurement and error, standard units of measurements and dimensions,
electromechanical indicating instruments, bridge instruments, electronic instruments for measuring basic
parameters, signal generator and signal analysis, frequency counter and time interval measurements, and
transducers as elements of instrumentation systems. Course is supported with laboratory activities.
Detailed Course Outline:-
Unit One: Measurement, Error and Standard units of
Measurements and dimensions
1.1 Measurement and Error
1.1.1 Accuracy and Precision
1.1.2 Significant Figures
1.1.3 Types of Errors
1.1.4 Probability of Errors
1.1.5 Limiting of Errors
1.2 Standard Units of measurements and dimensions
1.2.1 Classes of Standards
Unit Two: Electromechanical and Bridge
2.1 Electromechanical Indicating Instruments
2.1.1 Suspension Galvanometer
2.1.2 Torque And Deflection Of Galvanometer
2.1.3 Permanent Magnet Moving Coil Mechanism
2.1.4 Dc Ammeters And Voltmeters
2.1.5 Voltmeter Sensitivity
2.1.6 Series And Shunt Type Ohm-Meter
2.1.7 Multi-Meter or VOM
2.1.8 Calibration Of Dc Instruments
2.1.9 Ac Indicating Instruments
2.1.10 Watt-hour Meter
2.1.11 Power Factor Meters
2.1.12 Instrument Transformers
2.2 Bridge Instruments
2.2.1 Wheatstone Bridge
2.2.2 Kelvin Bridge
2.2.3 General Wheatstone Bridge
2.2.4 Ac Bridges and Applications
2.2.5 Maxwell Bridge
2.2.6 Hay Bridge
2.2.7 Schering Bridge
2.2.8 Wien Bridge
2.2.9 Wagner Ground Connection

Unit Three: Electronic Instruments for Measuring
Basic Parameters
3.1 Amplified DC Meter
3.2 AC Voltmeter Using Rectifiers
3.3 RMS Responding Voltmeter
3.4 Electronic Multimeter
3.5 Digital Voltmeter
3.6 Component Measuring Instruments
3.7 Q Meter
3.8 Vector Impedance Meter
3.9 Vector Voltmeter
3.10 RF Power and Voltage Measurement
Unit Four: Signal Generators and Signal Analysis
4.1 SINE Wave Generator
4.2 Frequency Synthesized Signal Generator
4.3 Frequency Divider Generator
4.4 Signal Generator Modulator
4.5 Sweep Frequency Generator
4.6 Pulse and Square Wave Generator
4.7 Function Generator.
4.8 Wave Analyzer
4.9 Harmonic Distribution Analyzer
4.10 Spectrum Analyzer
Unit Five: Frequency Counters and Time Interval
5.1 Simple Frequency Counter
5.2 Measurement Error
5.3 Extending Frequency Range Of Counter
5.4 Automatic and Computing Counters.
Unit Six: Transducers as Input Elements to
Instrumentation Systems
6.1 Sorting by Counting
6.2 Classification of Transducers
6.3 Selecting Transducers
6.4 Strain gages
6.5 Displacement Transducers
6.6 Temperature measurement
6.7 Photosensitive Devices
6.8 Interfacing transducers to Electronic Control and Measuring Systems.