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1 INTRODUCTION
M/s. S. R. Constructions, Hyderabad, is Proposing for Construction of G +5 Floors Apartments
at Ameerpet, Hyderabad. For the proposed work design of concrete mix for M-20 grade of
concrete was taken up in our laboratory. The important criteria kept in view while designing the
concrete mixes are strength, durability and workability of concrete. Various methods employed
for concrete mix design, such as, ACI, and IS have been referred to. The mix proportion is
arrived at theoretically, based on IS recommendations. Appropriate modifications are made
depending on the material properties observed and also the specific requirements of the job.
Concrete cubes are casted and tested for compressive strength at the end of 7 days and 28 days.
2 MATERIALS

A) Cement Parashakthi OPC 53 Grade
B) Fine Aggregate Natural River Sand
C) Coarse Aggregate 20.0 mm
3 DATA FOR MIX DESIGN/DESIGNS
Concrete proposed to be used for Footings, Pedestals, Plinth Beams, Columns, Roof
Beams & Roof Slab
Grade of Concrete M-20
Desired Workability of Concrete
(Slump)
Not Specified
Expected Degree of Quality Control Control Level-B*
Maximum Size of Aggregate 20.0 mm
Maximum W/C Ratio 0.50 (As per IS)
Type of Environmental exposure
conditions
Moderate**
Minimum Cement Content 350 Kg/cu.m. (As per client requirement)
Maximum Cement Content As per IS
Target mean compressive strength of
concrete at 28 days
For M-20 it is 28.25 N/sq.mm.
* Site Control Level-B corresponds to proper storage of cement, volume-batching of concrete
making materials except cement, cement by weight only, controlled addition of water,
occasional checking of all materials, aggregate grading and moisture content and periodical
checking of workability and strength.
** IS: 456 2000 (Reaffirmed 2005) describes moderate as Concrete surfaces sheltered from
severe rain or freezing whilst wet. Concrete exposed to condensation and rain. Concrete
continuously under water. Concrete in contact or buried under non-aggressive soil / ground
water. Concrete surfaces sheltered from saturated salt air in coastal area.





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4 CHARACTERISTICS OF MATERIALS
A CEMENT PARASHAKTHI OPC 53 GRADE
Test Conducted Results Requirements as per
IS:12269 2013
Consistency (%) 32.3 Not specified
Initial setting time (minutes) 180 Shall not be less than 30 minutes
Final setting time (minutes) 330 Shall not be more than 600 minutes
Compressive Strength
3 days (MPa) 31.4 Shall not be less than 27.0 MPa
7 days (MPa) 44.1 Shall not be less than 37.0 MPa
28 days (MPa) TYC Shall not be less than 53.0 MPa
B FINE AGGREGATE (NATURAL RIVER SAND)
Gradation
IS Sieve
Designation
(mm)
Cumulative Percentage Requirements as per IS: 383-1970 (RA 2002)
(Percentage Passing)
Retained Passing Zone-I Zone-II Zone-III
10.000 0 100 100 100 100
04.750 4.0 96.0 90-100 90-100 90-100
02.360 9.2 90.8 60-95 75-100 85-100
01.180 30.5 69.5 30-70 55-90 75-100
00.600 57.9 42.1 15-34 35-59 60-79
00.300 91.1 8.9 5-20 8-30 12-40
00.150 98.4 1.6 0-10 0-10 0-10
Remarks: The sample supplied satisfies the requirements of Grading Zone-II as per
IS: 383-1970 (Reaffirmed 2002)
C COARSE AGGREGATES
Gradation (20.0 mm Down)
IS Sieve
Designation
(mm)
Cumulative Percentage Requirements as per IS: 383-1970 (RA 2002)
(Percentage Passing)
Retained Passing
Graded Single Size
40.00 0 100 100 100
20.00 4.8 95.2 95-100 85-100
12.50 60.3 39.7 -- --
10.00 73.6 26.4 25-55 0-20
04.75 99.8 0.2 0-10 0-5
Remarks: The sample supplied of 20.0 mm satisfies the requirements of Graded aggregate
as per IS: 383-1970 (RA 2002)
Specific Gravity Bulk Density
(Kg./Cu.m.)
Rodded Loose
Fine Aggregate 2.58 Fine Aggregate 1674 1521
20.0 mm 2.67 20.0 mm 1557 1396




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5 SUGGESTED CONCRETE MIX PROPORTION (BY WEIGHT)
Grade

Aggregate
Max. size
(mm)
Suggested Mix
Proportions
C:FA:CA**
Water
Cement
ratio
(max)
Slump
Obtained
(mm)
Cement
Content*
(Kg/cu.m)
Compressive
Strength
(N/sq.mm)
07
Days
28
Days
M-20 20 1 : 1.99 : 3.50 0.46 50 350 22.1 TYC
6 SUGGESTED CONCRETE MIX PROPORTION (BY VOLUME)
Grade

Aggregate
Max. size
(mm)
Suggested Mix Proportions
C : FA : CA
1 Bag Cu.m Cu.m
Water per bag of
cement
(Ltrs.)
Cement Content*
(Kg/cu.m)
M-20 20 1 : 0.065 : 0.125 23.0 350
* This has to be verified at site.
** Cement: Fine Aggregate: Coarse Aggregate
TYC Test yet to be conducted

REMARKS: (1) Correction for water absorption of sand and coarse aggregate to be applied at site.

Note: 1. The results relate only to the items tested.
2. Report shall not be reproduced, except in full, without the written approval of the laboratory.

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