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CAGAYAN DE ORO CITY POSTED AN

ANNUAL POPULATION GROWTH RATE OF 2.54 PERCENT
(Results from the 2007 Census of Population)


Total population rose to 553,966 persons
Cagayan de Oro City posted a total population of 553,966 persons as of
August 1, 2007. This represents an increase of 92,089 persons over the total
population of 461,877 persons in 2000. The 2007 figure translated to an
annual population growth rate of 2.54 percent for the period 2000 to 2007.
The number of households also rose by 22,699 from 93,525 in 2000 to
116,224 in 2007. This resulted in an average household size of 4.7 persons, a
slight decrease from the 2000 average household size of 4.9 persons.
Carmen was the most populated barangay
Cagayan de Oro City is one of the highly urbanized cities, which comprised of
80 barangays. Of these barangays, Carmen (9.5 percent) was the most
populated barangay, followed by barangays Lapasan (7.3 percent),
Kauswagan (5.9 percent), Balulang (5.7 percent), and Bugo (5.0 percent). The
rest of the barangays had share of less than five percent each to the total
population of the province.

More males than females
The household population in Cagayan de Oro City had 273,483 males and
276,917 females, which resulted in a sex ratio of 99 males for every 100
females. In 2000, the sex ratio was 98 males for every 100 females.

Median age was 22 years
Cagayan de Oro City recorded a median age of 22 years in 2007. This means
that half of the household population was below 22 years old. The median age
in 2000 was 21 years.
Persons aged 15 to 19 years comprised the largest age group (11.6 percent),
probably due to in-migration to Cagayan de Oro City of students or workers.
There were more males than females in the age brackets 0 to 14 years, 35 to
39 years, and 50 to 59 years. On the other hand, there were more females
than males in the age groups 15 to 34 years, 40 to 49 years, and 60 years old
and over due to longer life span of females than males.
Three out of five persons were in the voting age group
Three out of five (60.5 percent) of the household population belonged to the
voting-age population (18 years and over). This is slightly higher than the
proportion of voting-age population (58.4 percent) recorded in 2000. The
proportion of females (50.8 percent) to the total voting-age population was
slightly higher than that of the males (49.2 percent) in 2007.
Dependency ratio down to 56
The proportion of household population belonging to age group 0 to 14 years
was 32.6 percent. The oldest group (65 years and over) posted a share of 3.3
percent while the working-age population (15 to 64 years) had a share of 64.1
percent of the household population.
The overall dependency ratio in Cagayan de Oro City in 2007 was 55.9. This
means that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 56
dependents (51 young and 5 old dependents). The dependency ratio in 2007
was lower compared to the 2000 ratio of 61 persons per 100 working-age
population.
More females among widowed, divorced/separated, and common
law/live-in
In 2007, about 46.0 percent of the household population 10 years old and
over were never-married, while 45.0 percent were married. These figures
were slightly higher than the corresponding proportion of never-married
persons (45.2 percent) and married persons (44.9 percent) recorded in 2000.
On the other hand, there were increases in the proportion of widowed and
divorced/separated persons from 3.2 percent to 3.6 percent and from 1.0
percent to 1.2 percent from 2000 to 2007, respectively.
A higher proportion (51.3 percent) of males among the never-married was
observed in 2007. On the other hand, the proportion of females were higher
among married (50.6 percent), widowed (76.3 percent), divorced/separated
(63.1 percent), and common law/live-in (50.2 percent).
More females pursued higher levels of education
Of the household population five years old and over, 26.2 percent attended or
completed elementary education, 34.3 percent reached high school, 12.9
percent were college undergraduates, and 13.5 percent were academic
degree holders.
Among academic degree holders and among those with post baccalaureate
courses, more than half were females: academic degree holders, 54.3 percent
and post baccalaureate degree holders, 53.8 percent.
Among the household population 5 to 24 years old, 63.3 percent attended
school at anytime during School Year 2007 to 2008. There were more males
(50.4 percent) than females (49.6 percent) who attended school during the
said school year.
103 households for every 100 occupied housing units
A total of 116,224 households resided in 113,321 housing units in Cagayan de
Oro City. This translated to a ratio of 103 households for every 100 occupied
housing units, or 4.9 persons per occupied housing unit. In 2000, the ratio of
households to occupied housing units was the same.
Proportion of occupied housing units with roofs and outer walls made of
strong materials increased
Majority of the occupied housing units in Cagayan de Oro City had roofs made
of galvanized iron/aluminum (87.2 percent), up by 4.4 percentage points from
the proportion in 2000. Meanwhile, more than one-third (37.1 percent) of the
occupied housing units in 2007 had outer walls made of concrete/brick/stone,
indicating an increase of 4.1 percentage points from the 2000 figure.


(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator









MISAMIS ORIENTAL HAD AVERAGE HOUSEHOLD SIZE OF 4.9
PERSONS
(Results from the 2007 Census of Population)


Total population rose to 748,885 persons
Misamis Oriental (excluding Cagayan de Oro City) posted a total population of
748,885 persons as of August 1, 2007. This registered an increase of 84,547
persons over the total population of 664,338 persons in 2000. The 2007 figure
translated to an annual population growth rate of 1.67 percent for the period
2000 to 2007.
The number of households rose by 20,847 from 132,042 in 2000 to 152,889 in
2007. The average household size in 2007 was 4.9 persons, a slight decrease
from the 2000 average household size of 5.0 persons.
Gingoog City was the biggest in terms of population size
Among the 2 cities and 23 municipalities in the province of Misamis Oriental
(excluding Cagayan de Oro City), Gingoog City (15.0 percent) was the most
populated, followed by the municipalities of Balingasag (7.7 percent) and
Tagoloan (7.5 percent). Binuangan (0.9 percent) was the least populated
municipality.

More males than females
The household population in Misamis Oriental had 383,533 males and
364,240 females, which resulted to a sex ratio of 105 males for every 100
females. Likewise, in 2000, there were more males than females, or a sex
ratio of 104 males for every 100 females.
Median age was 21 years
Misamis Oriental recorded a median age of 21 years in 2007. This means that
half of the household population was below 21 years old. The median age in
2000 was 20 years.
The proportion to total household population of persons under 15 years old
was 36.9 percent. Age group 0 to 4 years had the highest share at 12.6
percent, followed by those in age groups 5 to 9 years (12.3 percent) and 10 to
14 years (12.0 percent).

There were more males than females in the age brackets 0 to 59 years. On
the other hand, females outnumbered males in age groups 60 years old and
over.
More males than females in the voting-age population
More than half (56.2 percent) of the household population in Misamis Oriental
were of voting ages (18 years and over). This was slightly higher than the
proportion of voting-age population (55.3 percent) recorded in 2000. The
proportion of males (51.2 percent) to the total voting-age population was
higher than that of the females (48.8 percent) in 2007.
Dependency ratio declined to 71
The proportion of household population belonging to age group 0 to 14 years
was 36.9 percent. The oldest group (65 years and over) posted a share of 4.6
percent while the working-age population (15 to 64 years) had a share of 58.5
percent of the household population.
The overall dependency ratio in Misamis Oriental in 2007 was 70.9. This
means that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 71
dependents (63 young dependents and 8 old dependents). The dependency
ratio in 2007 was lower compared to the 2000 ratio of 73 persons per 100
working-age population.
Seven out of ten females were widowed
In 2007, more than two-fifths (44.3 percent) of the household population 10
years old and over were never-married, while 46.5 percent were married. The
proportion of never-married persons in 2007 was slightly lower than that in
2000 (44.5 percent). In contrast, the proportion of married persons in 2007
was higher compared to that in 2000 (45.4 percent). Moreover, there was an
increase in the proportion of persons who were widowed from 3.9 percent in
2000 to 4.3 percent in 2007 and those divorced/separated from 0.9 percent in
2000 to 1.1 percent in 2007.
A higher proportion (55.6 percent) of males among never-married persons
was observed in 2007. On the other hand, females dominated the categories
for married (50.4 percent), widowed (72.9 percent), divorced/separated (57.0
percent), and those in common law/live-in marital status (50.5 percent).
More females pursued higher levels of education
Of the household population five years old and over, 39.7 percent attended or
completed elementary education, 34.0 percent reached or completed high
school, 7.4 percent were college undergraduates, and 6.4 percent were
academic degree holders.
Among academic degree holders and among those with post baccalaureate
courses, majority were females: academic degree holders, 57.8 percent and
post baccalaureate degree holders, 55.9 percent.
Among the household population 5 to 24 years old, 64.1 percent attended
school at anytime during School Year 2007 to 2008. There were more males
(50.8 percent) than females (49.2 percent) who attended school during the
said school year.
101 households for every 100 occupied housing units
A total of 152,889 households resided in 151,163 housing units in Misamis
Oriental. This translated to a ratio of 101 households for every 100 occupied
housing units or 4.9 persons per occupied housing unit. In 2000, the ratio of
households to occupied housing units was 101 households for every 100
occupied housing units or 5.1 persons per occupied housing units.
Proportion of occupied housing units with roofs and outer walls made of
strong materials increased
Most of the occupied housing units in Misamis Oriental had roofs made of
galvanized iron/aluminum (76.1 percent), up by 6.0 percentage points from
the proportion in 2000. Meanwhile, one out of five (20.6 percent) of the
occupied housing units in 2007 had outer walls made of concrete/brick/stone,
indicating an increase of 3.8 percentage points from the 2000 figure of 16.8
percent.


(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator









A Review of the Agriculture Sector in
NORTHERN MINDANAO

Number of Farms Increased by 10.3 Percent in 2002
The number of farms in Northern Mindanao increased by 10.3 percent, from 289.5 thousand in 1991 to
319.2 thousand in 2002. This is attributed to the large increase in the number of farms in Misamis Oriental
(25.4 percent). However, the total area of farms in the region decreased by 2.8 percent during the period
mentioned. Likewise, the average size of farms decreased from 2.7 hectares per farm in 1991 to 2.3
hectares per farm in 2002. Agricultural land comprised 52.2 percent of the region�s total land area.
About 85.6 percent of the farms in the region had at most two parcels with an average of 1.9 parcels
per farm.
Table A. Number of Farms by Province: Northern Mindanao, 1991 and 2002
(Details are tabulated by residence of operators; Area is in hectares;
Details may not add up to total due to rounding.)

Region and Province
Number of Farms Area of Farms
2002 1991 2002 1991
Northern Mindanao 319,157 289,468 746,901 768,290

Bukidnon 120,017 111,964 322,804 374,345
Camiguin 9,027 9,434 11,355 14,552
Lanao del Norte 64,866 60,445 174,332 148,948
Misamis Occidental 44,202 42,819 76,811 81,928
Misamis Oriental 81,255 64,806 161,599 148,517
Source: NSO, 1991 Census of Agriculture and Fisheries and 2002 Census of Agriculture
Bukidnon Accounted for the Largest Area and Number of Farms
Bukidnon shared the largest number of farms in Northern Mindanao with a total of 120.0 thousand farms
which utilized 322.8 thousand hectares of land for agriculture, also the biggest among the provinces.
About 43.2 percent of the total farm area in the region was accounted for by this province. The average
farm size of the province was 2.7 hectares.
Misamis Oriental followed with 81.3 thousand farms and a total area of 161.6 thousand hectares. One-
fifth of the total farm area (21.6 percent) in the region was accounted by this province.
Corn was the Major Temporary Crop
Corn, which was grown in 175.6 thousand farms with a total of 371.8 thousand hectares, was the major
temporary crop of the region in 2002. However, the area devoted to corn had decreased by 18.1 percent,
that is, from 453.7 thousand hectares in 1991. The next major temporary crop was palay covering 102.3
thousand hectares in 52.5 thousand farms. Other major temporary crops planted in the region were
sugarcane (50.4 thousand hectares), tubers, roots and bulbs (27.5 thousand hectares), and fruit bearing
vegetables (9.6 thousand hectares).
Corn was the major temporary crop across provinces in 2002. About 46.6 percent (173.3 thousand
hectares) of the total area planted with corn was managed by operators in Bukidnon and 31.4 percent
(116.8 thousand hectares) in Lanao del Norte.
Pineapple was the Dominant Permanent Crop
In terms of the number of trees/vines/hills, pineapple was the most important permanent crop in the
region with 30.8 million hills as reported by 7.3 thousand farms. It must be noted that pineapple was also
one of the most important crops in 1991 in terms of area planted (18.0 thousand hectares). Coconut
ranked second with 19.6 million trees planted in 169.2 thousand farms. Banana ranked third with 17.1
million hills planted in 160.6 thousand farms. Other major permanent crops in the region were coffee
robusta and coffee arabica with 4.2 million trees and 1.5 million trees, respectively.
Pineapple was dominantly planted in Bukidnon due to the presence of Del Monte Pineapple Plantation.
For other provinces, the top permanent crop planted varies. Coconut was abundantly planted in Lanao
del Norte and Misamis Occidental while banana in Camiguin and Misamis Oriental.
National Irrigation System was Common in the Region
The use of irrigation system facilitated the development of agriculture in Northern Mindanao.
About 68.1 thousand farms with a total irrigated area of 99.4 thousand hectares in the region were
supplied with water, or 13.3 percent of the total agricultural land. The common irrigation systems used by
most farms in Northern Mindanao were the national irrigation system which covered 31.8 thousand
hectares of irrigated area and communal irrigation system, supplying water to 22.4 thousand hectares.
There were other irrigation system used by farms such as waterwheels, water fetching, etc., which
supplied water to 22.3 thousand farms with an irrigated area of 22.5 thousand farms.
Hog Raising Topped the Livestock Raising Activity
Among the livestock reared and tended in Northern Mindanao, hogs accounted for the largest share.
From a total 459.2 thousand hogs reported in 1991, 575.1 thousand hogs were reared in 151.3 thousand
farms in 2002. About 45.0 percent of the total hogs came from Bukidnon and 25.4 percent from Misamis
Oriental.
Cattle raising ranked second with 231.1 thousand heads tended in 103.5 thousand farms. An increase of
about 26.3 thousand cattle was observed from the 1991 figure of 204.9 thousand heads. A high
proportion of these livestock came from Bukidnon (35.8 percent).
Other common livestock reared and tended in Northern Mindanao were goats (155.2 thousand), carabaos
(124.5 thousand), and horses (53.0 thousand).


Source: NSO, 1991 Census of Agriculture and Fisheries and 2002 Census of Agriculture
Raising of Chicken was the Primary Poultry Raising Activity
In 2002, the number of chicken raised in 228.5 thousand farms totaled to 14.5 million heads, significantly
higher when compared to the 1991 figure of 3.6 million heads. More than half of the total chicken (51.4
percent) in the region were raised by the operators in Bukidnon, followed by Misamis Oriental with 27.4
percent share.
Next to raising of chicken was duck raising with 192.0 thousand heads tended as reported by 9.9
thousand farms. However, a decrease of about 38.3 percent compared to the 1991 inventory was
observed. The largest share of the total ducks raised came from Bukidnon (66.6 percent).
While quail raising came in third, it experienced a remarkable four-fold increase, from 12.5 thousand
heads in 1991 to 61.7 thousand heads in 2002.
Ornamental and Flower Gardening was Also Common in the Region
While most agricultural operators in Northern Mindanao were engaged in common agricultural activities
like planting palay, corn, etc., others were also involved in bee culture/honeybee production, silkworm
production, among others. Ornamental and flower gardening (excluding orchid) was practiced in almost
1.9 thousand farms. However, this figure was 50.8 percent lower than the 3.8 thousand farms engaged in
this activity in 1991.
Likewise, mushroom culture attracted the interest of the agricultural operators where it showed a
remarkable eight-fold increase in terms of the number of farms engaged, from 122 farms in 1991 to 1.1
thousand farms in 2002.
One in Four Agricultural Operators was 35 to 44 Years Old
About 26.4 percent of the agricultural operators in Northern Mindanao belonged to the 35 to 44 year age
group. A number of operators were also in the age groups 45 to 54 years (71.8 thousand) and 25 to 34
years (65.2 thousand).
Almost nine in ten agricultural operators were males (89.5 percent). Among male agricultural operators,
27.5 percent were between 35 to 44 years old while female agricultural operators appeared older, 50 to
64 years old (35.5 percent).
More than 80 Percent of the Household Members Engaged in Agriculture were Employed in Own
Holding
Household members of the agricultural operators were asked if they were engaged in any agricultural
activity during the reference period, whether in their own holding, in other holding or both.
In 2002, a total of 452.5 thousand household members were engaged in agricultural activities. Of this
number, 369.1 thousand (81.6 percent) were engaged in own holding, 54.9 thousand (12.1 percent) both
in their own holding and in the holding of others, and 28.5 thousand (6.3 percent) in other holdings.
While male operators dominated the agricultural operations in 2002, there were more non-operator
female household members working in own farm and/or in other farms. About 273.6 thousand were
females while only 175.3 thousand were males..

TECHNICAL NOTES
Reference period � The reference period of the 2002 Census of Agriculture (CA 2002) was from
January 1, 2002 to December 31, 2002. However, data on livestock and poultry for CA 2002 were
recorded as of the time of visit of the enumerators, i.e., anytime from March 3 to April 5, 2003, while the
1991 CAF data for livestock and poultry were recorded as of August 31, 1991. Moreover, the reference
period applied for the temporary crops during CA 2002 was from January 1, 2002 to December 31, 2002
while as of December 31, 2002 for the permanent crops. During the 1991 CAF, the reference period used
for recording data on temporary and permanent crops was the past 12 months.
Farm � Any piece or pieces of land having a total area of at least 1,000 square meters used wholly or
partly for the growing of crops such as palay, corn, fruits, vegetables, nuts, etc., and/or tending of
livestock and/or poultry, regardless of number; or any land, regardless of area used for raising of at least
20 heads of livestock and/or 100 heads of poultry
Area of farm � The physical or actual measurement of the land, reported only once regardless of how
many times it was used during the reference period, i.e., January 1, 2002 to December 31, 2002
Temporary Crops � Plants grown seasonally and whose growing cycle is less than one year and which
must be sown or planted again for production after each harvest. In 1991, pineapple was treated as a
temporary crop. Hence, the data for this crop was in terms of area planted and not the number of hills.
Permanent Crops � Plants that occupy the land for a period of time and do not need to be replaced
after each harvest. Following the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) classification of pineapple as
permanent crop, data for this crop for CA 2002 was in terms of number of hills.
Data limitation � The data referring to farms were tabulated according to the geographic area of the
operator's residence which may not be the same as the actual location of the farm or farm parcels.
Source: National Statistics Office
Manila, Philippines