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11

MANUAL FOR INSTALLATION, USE AND
MAINTENANCE OF FIRE EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS WITH
iFLOW
®






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DOCUMENT’S ISSUING DATE December 2009

Change control LIST

PAGE PARAGRAPH MODIFICATION DATE AUTHOR
Added
iFLOW matrix SF
& DF. REV 01
12/07/2010 Engineering


















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Index
0 Introduction 5
1 General Information 6
2 Installation 8
2.1 Mechanical/Pneumatic Installation. 9
2.1.1 Support System 9
2.1.2 Installation of brackets 12
2.1.2.1 Installation of telescopic brackets with vertical support column 12
2.1.3 Storage System 21
2.1.3.1 iFLOW
®
Valve (Data sheet code 219) 21
2.1.3.2 Pressure Gauge (Data sheet code 173) 23
2.1.3.3 Discharge Manifold Pipe 25
2.1.3.4 Check Valve 26
2.1.3.5 Pressure Auxiliary Cylinders 28
2.1.3.6 Discharge Hose ½’’ R2F (Data sheet Code 139) iFLOW System 30
2.1.3.7 ¾’’ R1SC Discharge hose (Data Sheet Code 227) iFLOW MATRIX SYSTEM 31
2.1.3.8 Pressure switch with interlock (Data Sheet Code 047) 32
2.1.3.9 Directional Valve 34
2.1.3.10 Safety disk with driven release (Data Sheet Code 104) 35
2.1.4 Release Systems 36
2.1.4.1 Pressure pilot cylinder and pilot valve (Date sheet code 052) 37
2.1.4.2 Manual lever release (Data sheet Code 51) 38
2.1.4.3 Pneumatic Manual Release (Data sheet code 064) 39
2.1.4.4 solenoid Valve (Data sheet code 017) 41
2.1.4.5 Exploder Cone (Data sheet code 163) 42
2.1.4.6 Pneumatic release cones (Data sheet code 058) 43
2.1.4.7 Decompression screw (Data sheet code 070) 44
2.1.4.8 Decompression Valve (Data sheet code 075) 45
2.1.4.9 Teflon flexible hoses for Release Line (Data sheet code 040) 46
2.1.4.10 Pneumatic retardant (Data sheet code 024) 47
2.1.4.11 Release system with retardant + pneumatic siren 48
2.1.4.12 Solenoid valve + manaul release (Data sheet code 083) 49
2.1.4.13 Release system for directinal valves 51
2.1.4.14 CUT-OFF Valve 54
Data sheet Nb 165 54
2.1.4.15 Pipes and fittings 55
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2.1.4.16 Supports 56
2.1.4.17 Nozzles (Data sheet code 135 & 136) 59
2.2 Electrical installation 60
2.3 INSTALLATION FINAL REQUIREMENTS. 67
3 Commissioning and Maintenance 68
3.1 Reception and System Commissioning 68
3.1.1 Revision of components 69
3.1.2 Commissioning and testing operations 69
3.1.3 BLOW OUT WITH NITROGEN. 69
3.1.4 PNEUMATIC TIGHTNESS TEST FOR OPEN PIPES. 70
3.1.4.1 Operating Test for the pressure switch with interlock 71
3.1.4.2 Tightness test for the release system 72
3.1.4.3 Operating test for direccional valves 74
3.1.4.4 Operating test for the pilot cylinder release solenoid valves. 75
3.1.4.5 Operating test for the pressure gauge. 78
3.1.5 Inspection and testing for the integrity of the protected area. 80
3.1.6 RETROTEC system for testing the integrity of the protected area 81
3.2 Maintenance 84
4 Use of the installation 87
4.1 General functioning of the extinguishing system 87
4.2 Manual use of devices 92
4.2.1 Re-assembly of pressure switch with interlock device 93
4.2.2 Actuation of manual lever release and manual pneumatic release. 93
4.2.3 Manual actuation of solenoid valves + manual release 94
4.2.4 Abort of delay time 94
4.2.5 Release line decompression 95
4.2.6 Manual opening/closing of directional valves 95
4.3 Actuation in the event of failure of fire extinguishing system automatic activation. 96
4.4 Actuation after cylinder bank discharge 97
4.4.1 In the risk: 97
4.4.2 In cylinder bank location 97
5 ANNEX I: Standard drawings for iFLOW systems 100
6 ANNEX II: Report on technical data for iFLOW system components 110
7 ANNEX III: Regulation extract and checking list for reception and routine
inspection for fire extinguishing installations. 131
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0 Introduction

This manual is intended for fitters, maintainers and users of iFLOW
®
fire extinguishing systems,
manufactured by LPG Técnicas en Extinción de Incendios, S.L. It contains the instructions for the proper
installation, use and maintenance of the systems.

IMPORTANT

All the information herein contained is property of LPG Técnicas en Extinción de Incendios, S.L. The
company is entitled to introduce modifications without giving any prior notice. Reproduction, modification,
partial or whole translation for other purposes than internal use is prohibited. All the efforts have been
made to assure the exactness of the information herein included. However LPG does not assume any
responsibility for its use. Anyone who uses this manual does it at his/her own risk and assumes any
consequence.

Any questions regarding the information presented herein should be forwarded to:


LPG Técnicas en Extinción de Incendios, S.L.
C/ Mestre Joan Corrales, 107-109
08950, ESPLUGUES DE LLOBREGAT
Barcelona - ESPAÑA
Fax: + 34 93 473 74 92
Tel: + 34 93 480 29 25
e-mail lpg@lpg.es / www.lpg.es













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1 General Information

The systems manufactured and designed by LPG for fire extinction by means of iFLOW
®
, are meant to be
solid, reliable and easy to assemble systems, thus allowing the checking of their performance following
the operation step included in this manual.
However, LPG Técnicas en Extinción de Incendios, S.A. clarifies the following issues:

Every single person who deals with the start-up, inspection, testing and maintenance of the systems
must be well trained in order to perform the different checks. LPG always recommends the adoption of
safety practices according to the current legislation on health and safety procedural issues. It is also
advisable for the personnel in charge of the installation and maintenance of the fire extinguishing
system to receive precise training on the safety area as well as to carry out both a complete and
careful reading of this manual before engaging into any of the described operations.

Every single person who works in a monitored protected zone by means of iFLOW
®
must be informed
of the fire extinguishing agent properties and its possible effects both on people and protected goods.
The personnel who work in the protected zone must be instructed on how to proceed in the event of a
possible alarm and in the different types of systems activation.

Throughout the installation and maintenance operations, the workers must wear industrial clothing
and safety footwear. When necessary a helmet and gloves must also be worn. Whenever the workers
are to drill holes for the pipe supports or for the positioning of the cylinder racking brackets, it is also
compulsory the use of safety goggles or a mask. This protection is also applicable when some
operations are to be carried out which may cause shedding of particles.

Due to possible false alarms of the detection system (if any) produced by the dust or the smoke
caused by installation works, the detection system of the zone shall be either isolated or disconnected
before and during the assembly operations.

The whole equipment and piping network must be installed according to the project design. Any
modification of the design must be approved in writing by the client and the responsible engineering
company. The modifications must then be included in the project.



WHENEVER A CYLINDER IS BEING TRANSPORTED, MAKE SURE THE VALVE PROTECTION CAP
IS ALWAYS FIRMLY AND TIGHTLY SECURED.
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Use one or some of the following materials as thread sealing elements:

⎯ Thread sealing compound for 0.4 mm clearance.
⎯ Teflon tape.

Regardless of the sealing element used do not ever cover the first two screw threads in order to ensure
the cleaning of the inside part of the piping network.


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2 Installation

During the assembly of the system, it is advisable to always use the installation designs supplied with the
delivery of components so as to understand the system thoroughgly.
As an example, the standard designs with the different iFLOW
®
bank models are included in “Annex I”. In
these, it is possible to see the layout of the cylinders bank, the connection of the simple release system
and the layout of the standard support systems. Note that specific designs will always prevail to these
example ones.
Proceed to check against the design plans and the materials lists whether all of the components have
been supplied. Check also that none of the components are damaged. Any defective component must be
replaced. Examine the position of the cylinders and the pipe sections in the design plans and check that
no physical barriers are to be found which may require some modification of the cylinders, the brackets or
the pipe sections. The project engineering must be informed of any deviation with respect to the design
plans.
Before assembly of the installation, check the position of the bank (usually indicated in the design plans).
The most advisable position of the bank is the nearest room but away from the protected risk. It should
also be large enough to house the equipment as well as to make the assembly and maintenance
operations possible. The equipment must not be exposed to severe climate conditions, direct action of the
flame or to a too humid environment. It must be located away from unauthorized handling and mechanical
or chemical aggressions.
REQUIRED MATERIAL TO INSTALL THE EQUIPMENT
Teflon tape, 0.4 mm joint sealing compound M.12 plugs appropriate for the fixing
surface
White Vaseline. Widia Drills (for work materials)
Set of ring spanners (6 to 22 mm) Hacksaw
Adjustable spanner Pipe cutters for copper pipe)
Clamps, pliers Ladders, scaffolding
Set of Allen keys Flexometer
Philips and flat head screwdriver set Magnetic Level
Hand electric hammer drill Téster de comprobación eléctrico
Gooseneck wrench of up to 4”



Gooseneck Wrench
s NOTE: At least two workers will be needed to install the equipment

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2.1 Mechanical/Pneumatic Installation.
LPG centralized systems that use iFLOW
®
as extinguishing agent are divided into:
1. Support system
2. Storage system
3. Release system
4. Distribution system


2.1.1 Support System
Description:
Bracket structure to support the cylinders and the manifold.
The brackets are fixed directly to the wall (no vertical support feet supplied) or with self-supporting vertical
feet.
TYPES AVAILABLE
CYL.VOL SOPORTE DISTRIBUTIÓN FEATURES
TELESCÓPIC 80 L SELF SUPPORTING 1 to 2 raws A
PEC 80 L WALL 1 to 2 raws B
MATRIX 80 L WALL 1 to 4 raws C
140 140 L WALL 1 to 2 raws D


CHARACTERISTICS:
A

TELESCOPIC
Self-supporting. Possibility to be fixed directly on the floor or to the
wall. Metallic/Resistant. The manifold is directly supported in the
bracket, with adjustable height depending on the height of the
cilindres. Protected against corrosion by epoxy type black coating.
Each cylinder is supported individually by two points. Adjusted exactly
to the supplied system, for optimal appearance, while minimizing
adjustments during installation.

s In the following sections you shall find both a description of the components for each
system and the explanation on how to perform their assembly. The order of the
components described is how they must be installed.
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B

PEC
Fixed to the wall only. Metallic. The manifold is directly
supported to the wall by fixing squares. Protected against
corrosion by white galvanized plating. It is supplied in kits of 2
and 3 single raw cylinders and kits of 4 and 6 double raw
which can be interconnected among each other. Adjustments
might be required during installation.
C
MATRIX
Fixed to the wall only. Manufactured in technopolimer of high-
strength engineering resin with some metal parts galvanized to
protect against corrosion. The collector is supported in squares
fixed directly to wall. Hold each cylinder independently. Based
on modular elements to allow for suply, assembly and
distribution of cylinders in a flexible way without the need for
adjustments during installation.
It allows for 3 and 4 raws but it is specific for the matrix system.

D
140L
Specific for 140 litres systems. Fixed to the wall only. Metallic. The manifold is
supported by squares directly fixed to the wall. Protected against corrosion
with Epoxi type Black coating. It is supplied in kits of 2 and 3 single raw
cylinders and kits of 4 and 6 double raw cylinders which can be
interconnected among each other. Simple adjustments might be required
during installation.
All brackets are supplied with deswign plans and assembly instructions.







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NUT
SUPPORT IRON PLATE
PARTITION WALL
M.12 SCREW
BRACKET


INSTALLATION:
On carrying out the installation, it is important to consider the following issues:
• Sweep the floor on which the bank/battery will be assembled. Check the sizes on the design plans
and make sure that the bank system fits perfectly in the chosen position.

• The floor on which the bracket will be assembled must be as flat as possible.

• The wall where the bracket will be fixed (in case it should be necessary) must be at right angles to
the floor and it will be solid (avoid partition walls, Pladur or similar ones).

• In the event of having to fasten the bracket to a partition wall it will be necessary to prepare some
iron plates which shall allow fastening of the bracket from the other side of the wall as shown in
the picture:
The assembly of the brackets and the position of the manifold depends upon the bracket having
side columns and upon the connection to the piping network being horizontal or vertical.









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2.1.2 Installation of brackets
LPG supplies its equipment together with a bracket support system for the cylinders. These consist of
three types as follows:
A) Brackets with a vertical support column
B) Brackets without vertical support column
C) Brackets for specific individual cylinders
Within these types there are also different models in order to adjust the requirements of the supplied
system. In this manual you will find general guidelines for each type of installation. To carry out the
installation ‘in situ’ refer to the design plans supplied with the equipment and take into account
instructions in this manual..

2.1.2.1 Installation of telescopic brackets with vertical support column



Pos Name
H3 Right-hand manifold support
H4 4 cyl rear crosspiece
H7 Hexagonal cyl support
H8 Rubber protection
H10 “U” manifold
46 5 cyl rear crosspiece
H47 Right-hand column
H48 Left-hand column
H53 Central column






Fig. 2.1.2.1.1. Example of brackets with single raw vertical support column


s Attention: Always carry out the final installation of the brackets, cylinders and manifold
befote connecting the manifold pipe and the nozzle network. This measure prevents
from many adjustment problems Turing installation of the different components of the bank.
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The characteristic feature of these type of brackets is that they incluye the vertical support column which
can be directly fixed to the wall and/or the floor. Such configuration gives solid stability to the overall
cylinder bank.

The following bracket models are included within this type of bracket:
A) Single raw Bracket : All cylinders in this bank are aligned in one single raw and the weight of the
manifold pipe lies on the bracket structure.
B) Double raw Bracket: All cylinders in this bank are aligned in two parallel raws and the weight of
the manifold pipe lies on the bracket structure.
The following issues should be considered when assembly of these brackets:

1. A design plan of the system is supplied together with the equipment and at least one bracket
expanded plan. It is necessary to understand these plans perfectly before starting the assembly
process.
2. In these plans the bank size is always indicated. Even so, it is advisable to check beforehand to
ensure that the structure fits in the assigned area.
3. Clean the area where the installation of the brackets will take place.
4. Following the design plans, carry out a preassembly of the estructure on the floor., particularly the
components that are closer to the wall.
5. For preassembly, it is necessary to consider the fixing system and the different components of the
structure. The vertical support column has some lugs threaded in the sides which are useful to hold
the bank’s crosspieces. For the correct joining of the vertical support column and the crosspiece see
the following figure:





s Attention: NEVER start the bracket assembly by conecting the manifold pipe with the
piping network for the nozzles. This often causes problems of adjustment during
installation
Screw
Lug
Threaded Plate
crosspiece
Manifold Support
Column
Column
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6. The manifold supports
1
are directly assembled on the vertical columna and they may be different
depending on the bank modelo or their position in it.. Refer to the design plans for the exact
position of each of them.


7. Once the preassembly is done, place it in its final position taking into account the necessary
distance to conect the manifold pipe with the piping network for the nozzles. After getting the right
position, fasten all screws ensuring the union between the vertical support columns and the
crosspieces. This will give th estructure stability. Then level the different components both
vertically and horizontally to get the bracket right placement.
8. Place the two bank cilindres furthest to each other within the bracket and hold them to it. For
banks of less than 8 cylinders, one can be the master cylinder. Guide the valve outlet as
indicated in the design plans.







9. Place the manifold on their supports or seats. Caution: The entire system is still not fixed or
secured in some parts of the building. Take appropriate measures to prevent the whole set from
falling.

10. Place the manifold check valve for each of the cylinders. There is no need for the final assembly of
these elements.

11. Place the discharge hose between the cylinders’ valves and the check valves. There is no need for
the final assembly of the hoses.

1
Manifold support: Metal piece bearing the manifold pipe weight . Is is squared and it is always assembled on the vertical support
columna.
s NOTE: WHENEVER A CYLINDER IS BEING TRANSPORTED, MAKE SURE THE VALVE
PROTECTION CAP IS ALWAYS FIRMLY AND TIGHTLY SECURED.
s NOTE: To avoid accidents Turing the installation of the system fix the manifold support
to the column slightly threading the locking screw already built in the vertical support
column.
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12. Find the best position of the manifold with respect to the position of the release hoses. Once the
right position is found, this will be the final position of the bracket. Always check against the bank
design plans. However, for an exact adjustment, all cylinders may need to be turned a little but
always in the same direction.

13. Check the vertical and horizontal level of the cylinders and the Bracket assembled piedes before
marking the fixing points on the floor and wall. Drilling is possible as long as we are guided by the
fixing drills in the bracket. Fix the bracket in its final position. Fixing either to the floor or the wall
may require the use of high power chemical or metal raw plugs. In any case, the fixing should be
done with suitable means depending on wall type etc. .

14. Assemble the rest of the bank cylinders on the Bracket and complete the methallic structure. It is
very important that all the cylinders go in the same direction and that they are all vertically leveled
to avoid subsequent problems when placing the release hoses.

15. Fasten the locking screws. Once the system is mounted, if necessary drill the vertical support
columna and the manifold support and screw on as follows.



16. When all the cylinders are mounted together with its hoses and check valves and the whole set if
fixed and fastened, then connect the manifold pipe and the network of nozzles.

17. Carry out the installation of the rest of the bank elements according to the detailed instructions
given further in this manual.






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Assembly of Brackets for 140l cylinders without vertical support:

(see fig. 2.1.2.4)
1 Preassemble the bracket rear crosspiece 1 by joining its elements until up to the required length
of cylinders that will be attached to the wall.



Fig. 2.1.2.4 3 cylinder bracket without support

2 Place on the floor by the mounting wall, search for its approximately final position taking into
account the distance required to carry out the connection between the manifold and the piping
network for the nozzles.
3 Fix the preassembly to the wall at the height indicated on the plans supplied with the system.
4 Place the cylinders to the manifold extremes, and at least one more at the centre of the brackets.









5 4
1
2
3
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NOTE: WHENEVER A CYLINDER IS BEING TRANSPORTED, THE PROTECTION
CAP MUST ALWAYS BE ON AND SECURED.








5 Mount the check valves and/or discharge hoses for the cylinders of the corresponding bracket as
shown in design plans supplied with the system..
6 According to the measures drawn in the plans, fix the manifold support to the wall by using metal
or chemical plugs.
7 Place the discharge manifold onto the manifold support. Strengthen the manifold U fixation.s (5),
but loosely enough to allow for the manifold to move. In banks with a large number of cylinders
and one manifold, this will be of a greater diameter, thus needing some mechanical help for
assembly. Use hoists or other kind of crane if necessary.
8 Remove the cylinders protection cap.
9 Connect the discharge hoses and/or check valves to the cylinder valve. Now manifold is
accurately positioned in relation to cylinders.
10 Check the position of all the elements: cylinders, discharge hoses, manifold, bracket, elbow,
restrictor and the connection to the piping network. Adjust if necessary before the final fixing of the
bracket.
11 Fix the discharge manifold to its support seats (4). Strengthen the manifold U fixation.s (5).
















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Assembly of matrix brackets:

Fig. 2.1.2.5 Matrix Bracket

1. Preassemble the rear crosspieces (1) of the brackets with fasteners to get the length of cylinders
on the wall.
2. Place two bases of tensors (3) for each cylinder to be placed on the wall.
3. Place front row bottles in their final position.
4. Assemble two screws (5) in each plastic bracket (6) and mount on the bases of the tensors.
5. Insert a square nut into each hole of the fitting (5)
6. Repeat steps 3, 4 and 5 for each row.
7. Locate the check valve and/or discharge hoses for the brackets cylinders in the manifold as
shown in the drawing supplied with the system.
8. According to the plan dimensions, fasten the manifold supports to the wall (4) using metal or
chemical plugs.
9. Raise the discharge manifold and put on the manifold supports. Secure with “U” fixation loosely,
allowing movement of the collector. In the case of banks with a large number of cylinders and a
single collector, this will be of great diameter and so mechanical assistance will be required for
assembly. Use hoists or other type of crane operations if necessary.
10. Remove the protective caps of the cylinders.
11. Connect the discharge hoses, or check valves to the cylinders valve. Now manifold is accurately
positioned in relation to cylinders.
12 Check the position of all the elements: cylinders, discharge hoses, manifold, bracket, elbow,
restrictor and the connection to the piping network. Adjust components if necessary before the
final fixing of the bracket.
13 Fix the discharge manifold to its support seats by strengthening the manifold U fixation.s.


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Assembly of PEC Brackets:

- Single row:

Fig. 2.1.2.6 Single row PEC bracket

1. Preassemble the rear crosspieces (1 and 2) of the brackets with its fasteners to get the length of
cylinders on the wall.
2. Place the rail protections (10) on the crosspieces in the position of the bottles location.
3. Place the bottles in its final position.
4. Assemble the two halves of the clamp (15) on either side of the bottles and put them together.

5. Locate the check valve and/or discharge hoses for the brackets cylinders in the manifold as
shown in the drawing supplied with the system.
6. According to the plan dimensions, fasten the manifold supports to the wall (21) using metal or
chemical plugs.
7. Raise the discharge manifold and put on the manifold supports. Secure with “U” fixation loosely,
allowing movement of the collector. In the case of banks with a large number of cylinders and a
single collector, this will be of great diameter and so mechanical assistance will be required for
assembly. Use hoists or other type of crane operations if necessary.
8. Remove the cylinders protection cap.
9. Connect the discharge hoses and/or check valves to the cylinder valve. Now manifold is
accurately positioned in relation to cylinders.
10. Check the position of all the elements: cylinders, discharge hoses, manifold, bracket, elbow,
restrictor and the connection to the piping network. Adjust if necessary before the final fixing of the
bracket.
11. Fix the discharge manifold to its support seats (4). Strengthen the manifold U fixation.s (5).


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- Double row:

Fig. 2.1.2.7 Double row PEC bracket

1. Preassemble the rear crosspieces (1 and 2) of the brackets with its fasteners to get the length of
cylinders on the wall.
2. Place the rail protections (10) on the crosspieces in the position of the bottles location.
3. Place the bottles in its final position.
4. Mount the rods (6) between the cylinders on the crosspieces.
5. Joint he protections on the front crosspieces (3 and 4) and mount them onto the rods
6. Locate the check valve and/or discharge hoses for the brackets cylinders in the manifold as
shown in the drawing supplied with the system.
7. According to the plan dimensions, fasten the manifold supports to the wall (21) using metal or
chemical plugs.
8. Raise the discharge manifold and put on the manifold supports. Secure with “U” fixation loosely,
allowing movement of the collector. In the case of banks with a large number of cylinders and a
single collector, this will be of great diameter and so mechanical assistance will be required for
assembly. Use hoists or other type of crane operations if necessary.
9. Remove the cylinders protection cap.
10. Connect the discharge hoses and/or check valves to the cylinder valve. Now manifold is
accurately positioned in relation to cylinders.
11. Check the position of all the elements: cylinders, discharge hoses, manifold, bracket, elbow,
restrictor and the connection to the piping network. Adjust if necessary before the final fixing of the
bracket.
12. Mount the discharge manifold to its support by strengthening the manifold U fixation.s.



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2.1.3 Storage System

It consists of a set of steel cylinders containing the extinguishing agent (called auxiliary cylinders), the
discharge valve and discharge manifold. Although not included in the examples shown in Annex I, there is
the possibility for further combinations. The set is complemented by various auxiliary and control
components.
Following there’s a description of the components of a storage system IFLOW®. The order in which they
are to be assembled is the same as they are described.


2.1.3.1 iFLOW
®
Valve (Data sheet code 219)

DESCRIPTION:








Fig. 2.1.3.1.1. iFLOW
®
Valve


Valve installed directly onto auxiliary bank cylinders.



Nº NAME
1 Pneumatic release connection outlet
2 Pressure gauge connection
3 Safety disk
4 Top cap
5 Release Orifice
6 Outlet
7 Release Disk
8 Relief Orifice
9 Safety disk cap
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Differential opening valve. Assembled onto 80 to 140 l cylinders. It can be pneumatically, manually or
electrically activated. Alternatively, it can be activated by electrical protractor connected to the port (1).
Supplied with a pressure gauge calibrated at 450 bar (see gauge port (2)) and a safety disk against
overpressure calibrated depending on working pressure and cylinder (see safety disk port (3)).

To prevent uncontrolled accidental discharges during installation or maintenance operations or handling
of valve, remove head cap (4) and place plug on outlet port (6).This simple operation prevents risks, such
as in case of accidental discharge, orifice (5) will drive gas from cylinder to environment in a controlled
way, instead of through valve outlet (6). The safety disk cap (9) is also perforated thus allowing controlled
gas discharge in case over pressure bursts safety disk.



ASSEMBLY:
The valve is delivered mounted onto cylinder. Do not try to dismantle any of incorporated accessories. The
assembly of associated elements (check valve iFLOW
®
(6) and release device (1) shall be installed later,
following the order they are described.






















s NOTE: WHEN MOUNTING, TESTING OR MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS ARE FINISHED,
DO NOT FORGET TO REPLACE HEAD CAP, HAND TIGHTEN, CHECK THAT HEAD CAP "O"
RING IS MOUNTED IN ITS INTERIOR.
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2.1.3.2 Pressure Gauge (Data sheet code 173)

DESCRIPTION:

This device is used to control the internal pressure of cylinders. scale 0-450 Bar.
There are two models, one with weighing device and one without.

Figura 2.1.3.2.1. Pressure Gauge 0-450 bar, model with weighing device





ASSEMBLY:

In valve LPG-128
The Pressure Gauge is already delivered onto the pilot cylinder.

In Valve iFLOW®
The Pressure Gauge is supplied dismantled. To mount, follow these steps::



s NOTE: Generally this device has an electrical contact with pressure, opened for remote
monitoring .
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1. Loosen the cap relief (1) to
depressurize the gauge port.
2. Remove the transport gauge cap (2)
that is threaded into the port of the
pressure gauge.
3. Screw the gauge (3) ensuring that is
well positioned for its reading. Make
the electrical connection and put the
gauge protector. (keep)
4. Re-tighten the cap relief (1).
s IMPORTANT: Transport Gauge caps and protector cap for the iFLOW
®
valve in case they
should be transported back to factory. LPG will not accept any cylinder without these
caps.
35116235 – PROTECTOR CAP FOR iFLOW
®

95116092 – TRANSPORT GAUGE CAP
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2.1.3.3 Discharge Manifold Pipe

DESCRIPTION:
Pipe where the content of all bank cylinders is discharged and which directs the extinguishing gas to the
piping network system.
Made of black steel pipe in accordance with ASTM. Nominal diameter between ¾" and 4". SMAW welding
process under approved standarized procedures. Tested at 300/450 bar of pressure.
Painted in black. It has threaded outlets for connections to piping network system (1), threaded inlets (4)
for check valve connections, pressure switch with locking device (2) and odoriser (6). Manifold supplied
with a blind cap (5). Optional joining nut (3).



Fig. 2.1.3.3.1. Discharge manifold


INSTALLATION:
The manifold pipe is located above the bank cylinders, on fixed squares directly on the wall or on vertical
supports. Assembly of the manifold pipe is performed at the same time as the assembly of the bracket.
See 2.1.2 Assembly of Brackets for further details.
All manifold threaded connections shall be sealed with Teflon tape, avoiding to cover the first two threads.


s NOTE: Avoid initially connecting the manifold to the piping network as such operation
may modify the dimensions between the manifold connections and the position of the
bank cylinders.
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2.1.3.4 Check Valve

DESCRIPTION:

This device prevents gas returning from the manifold pipe to the cylinders, ensuring a full discharge of all
bank cylinders. It acts as a safety element by plugging the gas outlet in case of cylinders being
disconnected which may cause a manifold accidental discharge during maintenance operations.

Single row and double row Systems

Data sheet nº 022



Fig. 2.1.3.4.1. ½” Check valve

INSTALLATION:

Once the manifold is mounted onto the brackets, mount all the check valves.
Check valves are always located between the discharge hose, in turn connected to the cylinder, and the
discharge manifold. To mount apply joint sealing compound or Teflon tape, to the manifold pipe threaded
connection where the check valve is fitted. Avoid covering the two first rows of thread. Repeat the same
operation on the male threaded connection where the flexible discharge hose is fitted.
On the valve body there is an arrow mark indicating the direction of the discharge flow. The valve should
always be installed with the arrow pointing at manifold.
Tighten joint with the help of a fixed wrench.




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Matrix System









Data sheet nb. 220.


Fig. 2.1.3.4.2. iFLOW
®
¾” Check Valve

INSTALLATION:

1. The check valves will be assembled in between the discharge hoses.
2. To connect the discharge hoses, see section 2.1.3.6. Discharge Hose ¾” R1SC.
3. Once the cylinders are placed in its final position, then install all the check valves in outlet of the
iFLOW® valve.
4. Check valves are always located between the iFLOW® valve and the discharge hose which, in
turn, is connected to the discharge manifold. Mount onto the valve by the running nut connection.
There is no need for sealing as the tightness is hermetically done by means of a conical closure.
5. Fasten tightly with the help of a fixed wrench to hold the valve body and yet another wrench to
fasten the running nut.

Important: In case of disassembly of cylinders, the iFLOW
®
check vave should be removed without
touching the discharge hoses as specified in the valve sticker.


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2.1.3.5 Pressure Auxiliary Cylinders



Fig. 2.1.3.5 80 & 140 l iFLOW
®
cylinders

DESCRIPTION:
Pressure containers containing the iFLOW extinguishing agent load. Cylinders of unwelded drawn steel in
accordance with specifications TPED 1999/36/EEC, heat treated with a testing pressure of 450 bar. All
models are approved in compliance with applicable European Regulations ( π mark ). Once the valve is
assembled onto cylinder collar (3) and protection flange (5), the overall set is protected by a safety cap for
transportation (4). Cylinders are supplied packed and each unit is protected by octagonal cardboard. All
cylinders are provided with identification labels indicating handling instructions.

Assembly:




The cylinder-valve set is supplied fully mounted. Place all cylinders onto the bracket. To prevent damages
to cylinders by dropping them accidentally, locate the front part of the bracket before removing the
protection cap. Fasten the front part loosely allowing the cylinder some movement. Afterwards, remove
the protection cap (4) Remove the valve top cap. All cylinder valves shall be facing the same direction
(LPG valve and gauge labels should be facing front).


s NOTE: DO NOT REMOVE PROTECTION CAPS FROM CYLINDERS UNTIL THEY ARE FIXED
ONTO THEIR BRACKETS AND ONLY IMMEDIATELY PRIOR TO INSTALLATION OF DISCHARGE
HOSE.
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2.1.3.5.1 Cylinder identification label.

LPG provides an adhesive identification label for each cylinder supplied. This label identifies the gas
contained in the cylinder, quantity, weight while empty, working pressure, identification number and
charging date.





















Fig. 2.1.3.5.1.1. Label type


Figura 2.1.3.5.1.1. Label.







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2.1.3.6 Discharge Hose ½’’ R2F (Data sheet Code 139) iFLOW System

DESCRIPTION:
Discharge pipe connecting cylinders to manifold. Nominal diameter ½". Made of synthetic rubber with two
mid metal braids or twisted wires (R2) and an outer synthetic rubber layer resistant to weathering.
Working pressure of 241 bar and burst pressure of 965 bar.



Fig. 2.1.3.6.1. ½ ” R2 Hose



INSTALLATION:

Single row and double row systems

The hose’s female extreme is adapted to connect to the cylinder valve or to the diverter without the need
for sealing. However, the use of vaseline is recommended to adjust threads. The hose’s male extreme is
connected to the check valve.

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2.1.3.7 ¾’’ R1SC Discharge hose (Data Sheet Code 227) iFLOW MATRIX SYSTEM

DESCRIPTION:

Discharge pipe connecting the cylinders to manifold.
¾” nominal diameter made of synthetic rubber with one mid metal braid (R1) and an outer layer of
synthetic rubber resistant to weathering.
Working pressure of 155 bar and burst pressure of 620 bar.


Fig. 2.1.3.6.1. ¾” R1SC Hose

INSTALLATION:
Matrix System

The fixed male end (2) of the hose (1) is directly connected to the check valve or to the discharge manifold
if it is the very last cylinder for each row of the system.
The hose’s turning female end (3) is adapted accordingly to fit the male (4) threaded in the horizontal
check valve without the need for any sealing. However the use of vaseline is recommended. Instead, the
union between the male and check valve should be done with teflón tape avoiding the first two threads.

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Put the cap in the first bottle of each row (5).

Fig. 2.1.3.6.2. ¾” R1SC Hose in matrix system




2.1.3.8 Pressure switch with interlock (Data Sheet Code 047)

DESCRIPTION:
The pressure switch opens or closes an electric circuit when a gas discharge is driven through the
manifold pipe. The electric signal may be monitored on the panel board, or used for stopping and/or
starting up other electric devices. Once activated it can only be reassembled manually by pulling off the
sphere incorporated in the interlock system (1). Reassemble should be done at storage location, on the
pressure switch itself.



Fig, 2.1.3.7.1 Pressure switch with interlock



1
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ASSEMBLY:

Single row and double row system

Mounted onto the manifold pipe (see figure 2.1.3.3.1 Discharge Manifold Pipe). Apply Teflon tape to the
threaded connection. Do not apply Teflon tape to the two first threads. Tighten union with a fixed wrench.
Perform the electric connection when installation mounting is finished in compliance with specifications in
2.2 Electric Installation.

Matrix System

In Single Row systems, it is mounted in the coupling union of the hose with the manifold, as shown in
section 2.1.4.13 fig. (14).
In Double Row systems, it is mounted in “T Union tee of ¾” discharge hoses” (see section 4.1.1 fig (11).
In 3F and 4F systems, it is mounted onto the manifold pipe (see fig (2) in 2.1.3.3.1 Discharge Manifold
Pipe).
Apply teflon tape to the threaded connection avoiding the first two threads. Fasten the union with the help
of a fixed wrench. Perform the electric connection when installation mounting is finished in compliance
with specifications in 2.2 Electric Installation.




















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2.1.3.9 Directional Valve

Data sheet n. 032 (From 3/4” to 2”).
Data sheet n. 092 (From 2 ½” to 4”).

DESCRIPTION:
Pneumatic device that allows to cover a number of risks with the use of a single bank of cylinders. The
opening of this element occurs during the activation of the release system. The entry of the release line is
through the connection port (4) and the exit through the connection port (3). Port (2) allows the escape of
trapped air inside the piston during the opening operation. The directional valve opening takes place
before the opening of the auxiliary cylinders. Each directional valve drives the flow of extinguishing agent
to a different risk and toward a different piping system.
Optionally, it can be equipped with an electrical contact (6) for a remote control of its position (open or
closed). The pneumatic piston has a venting screw (7) to nullify the vacuum effect while closing the valve
manually.



Fig. 2.1.3.9.1 Directional Valves





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INSTALLATION:

Directional valves have threaded connections in (1) and (5) for diameters up to 2” and welded unions from
2 ½”.
Connect the direccional valve bewteen the discharge manifold eand the piping network that protects a
specific risk. First assemble the directional valve to the manifold (1). Apply teflon tape to connect the
threaded directional valves (1) and fasten with a suitable wrench (fixed, Stensson, monkey wrench).
Connect to piping network by the port (5).
The line of pneumatic release pilot connects the ports (3) and (4) as specified in section 2.1.4.13. Release
system for directional valves.

2.1.3.10 Safety disk with driven release (Data Sheet Code 104)

DESCRIPTION:
Fig. 2.1.3.10.1. Safety disk with driven release




Nb Name
1 Disk
2 Manifold
3 Connection to manifold
4 Disk body
5 Body to relief pipe/valve
6 Relief pipe/valve (out of supply)
7 Tighten cap
6
5
7
1
4
3
2
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Safety device to use only in systems with directional valves. In case of accidental discharge of one or
more cylinders, the directional valves will remain closed to retain the extinguishing agent within the
manifold. The role of the safety disk (1) is to release overpressure within the manifold. The release of gas
is done through an output to the outside (6). The disk is calibrated according to the maximum pressure of
the manifold


ASSEMBLY:

The safety disk is already mounted in factory with the corresponding tighten pair. In case of disassembly o
replacement, introduce the disk (1) inside the body (4). Tighten with cap (7) applying tighten pair 20 Nxm.
Mount onto the connection to the manifold (3) the disk body (4). Install the relief pipe (6) (not supplied by
LPG) and join to disk through the connection body (5). It is advisable that the relief pipe is discharged
externally, in a safe area outsider the protected area or storage area for the cylinder bank.



2.1.4 Release Systems

This is the system that commands the discharge of gas contained in the cylinders. The iFLOW
®
standard
release system is performed by a burst of disk and is pneumatically operated.

The Pneumatic release system may incorporate an electrovalve into the manual release device to activate
the pneumatic opening of the valve which is located at the outlet of the pilot cylinders.

Following is a description of the components that may be included in an iFLOW
®
release system and the
assembly of each one of them. Mounting should be done in the order in which the elements are
described.

There are 6 systems to activate the valve. These always perform in the valve by bursting the disk that will
activate the discharge.

- Pilot cylinder
- Manual Release
- Pneumatic manual release
- Metron Cone
- Pneumatic release cones




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2.1.4.1 Pressure pilot cylinder and pilot valve (Date sheet code 052)

DESCRIPTION:
Pilot cylinder of 3 l (5) capacity, equipped with a discharge valve (1), charged with dry nitrogen at 100 bar.
Manual activation (2,3) or electrically by solenoid valve (4). Once pilot cylinder discharge is activated,
nitrogen flows through release line up to pneumatic release cones mounted on bank auxiliary cylinders.
Once activated, it is not possible to interrupt the cylinder discharge (total discharge).































Nb Name
1 Discharge valve
2 Manual release
3 Pneumatic/Manual release
4 Solenoid
5 Cylinders
7 Pressure gauge
Fig. 2.1.4.1.1. Pilot cylinder and Valve
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ASSEMBLY:
Fix pilot cylinder bracket to the wall in the position shown in drawings (see example included in Annex 1,
drawings 53120037 & 53120143). The height of the cylinder bracket shall be adequate for a possible
manual actuation. Unpack the pilot cylinder, fix onto its bracket and remove the protection cap. Tighten
the bracket and leave the gauge well visible. Unscrew the pilot valve top cap to prevent accidental
discharges while assembly of the release system is taking place. When finished, replace the valve top cap.




2.1.4.2 Manual lever release (Data sheet Code 51)

DESCRIPTION:
This device allows a manual actuation of the master or modular cylinders and pilot cylinders. It comprises
a lever (1) which once manually activated backwards and downwards, it pushes a needle (2) against a
release disk located in the pilot valve body. Then, the release disk bursts and opens the valve. It is
supplied with a seal (3) against accidental activations.


Fig. 2.1.4.2.1 Manual lever release
ASSEMBLY:

Check that seals in the safety pin (3) are not damaged and that the "0"ring (5) is adequately located.
The release is placed onto the pilot or modular valves on connection port indicated in 2.1.4.1. Use a
gooseneck wrench for mounting. Do not apply sealing compound to the threaded union (4) as the sealing
is achieved by an "0" ring (5). The use of vaseline is recommended for ease of assembly

Manual actuation devices shall be installed at normal operating height, at highly visible locations. They
shall be protected against accidental activations. Each lever manual release device shall be clearly
marked indicating the protected zone.
LPG Técnicas en Extinción de Incendios S.L. MU/IG/03/IN REV.01 Pág. 39/139











2.1.4.3 Pneumatic Manual Release (Data sheet code 064)

DESCRIPTION:

This device can only be used with iFLOW
®
valves with master cylinder. It allows for manual and pneumatic
activation of the cylinder.

It comprises a lever (1) which once manually activated backwards and downwards, it pushes a needle (2)
against a release disk located in the pilot valve body. It also allows pneumatic activation when pressure is
caused by the connection (4). Then, the release disk bursts and opens the valve. It is supplied with a seal
(3) against accidental activations.
Fig. 2.1.4.3.1 Pneumatic Manual Release

When activation is done pneumativally, this device has a pneumatic outlet (5) with an integrated non-
return system that allows the passing of pressure for the activation of other associated cylinders.

s NOTE: Before installing the manual release onto the valve, check that the piston is deep
seated inside its housing by pushing down with a screwdriver Afterwards, check with a
ruler that the needle is 3’0-4’5 mm withdrawn as shown in drawing.
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ASSEMBLY:
Check that seals in the safety pin (3) are not damaged and that the "0"ring (6) is adequately located.
The release is placed onto the pilot valve as indicated in 2.1.4.1. Use a fixed wrench for mounting. Do not
apply sealing compound to the threaded union (7) as the sealing is achieved by an "0" ring (6). The use of
vaseline is recommended for ease of assembly
Manual actuation devices shall be installed at normal operating height, at highly visible locations. They
shall be protected against accidental activations. Each lever manual release device shall be clearly
marked indicating the protected zone






















s NOTE: Before installing the manual release onto the valve, check that the piston is deep
seated inside its housing by pushing down with a screwdriver Afterwards, check with a
ruler that the needle is 3’0-4’5 mm withdrawn as shown in drawing.
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2.1.4.4 solenoid Valve (Data sheet code 017)

DESCRIPTION:
Electric device allowing the opening of LPG valves. Connected (1) to pilot cylinder valve. Allows actuation
of pilot cylinders by means of an electric signal emitted by a panel board or by a release push button. It
comprises a coil (3) mounted on a stem. When coil activates internal core is drawn up, thus causing the
valve to open. The coil is fed electrically by means of the connector (4). There are two models available,
one for normal operations and one for explosion proof operations. This device may be disassembled even
when the pilot cylinder is being charged.

Fig. 2.1.4.4.1. Solenoid Valve


INSTALLATION:
The solenoid valve is delivered mounted onto the pilot cylinder valve. Do not perform electrical connection
until the pneumatic mounting for the whole installation is completed (see 2.2: Electrical Installation).
In case of having to disassemble for testing operations, remove connector (4), loosen nut (2) and remove
coil (3)











s NOTE: LPG recommends not to remove the solenoid valve from the pilot valve In case of
malfunction, send valve + cylinder + Solenoid valve to LPG.
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2.1.4.5 Exploder Cone (Data sheet code 163)

DESCRIPTION:
This device comprises a small pyrotechnic charge that once blown up it causes an overpressure used to
burst an inner disk of the pilot valve. Used as electrical activation system for pilots.

Fig. 2.1.4.5.1. Exploder Cone

ASSEMBLY

1. Before proceeding to assembly, check that there is a piston, a firing pin and an O-ring.
2. Mount onto the pilot cylinders as shown in fig. 2.1.4.1. No sealing in needed.














See electrical installation in section 2.2.


s NOTA: Before mounting the Explorer cone, check that the piston is deep seated inside its
housing by pushing down with a screwdriver.
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2.1.4.6 Pneumatic release cones (Data sheet code 058)


Fig. 2.1.4.6.1.
Pneumatic release cones
DESCRIPTION:
The pneumatic cone (1) comprises an internal piston (8) fitted with firing pin ( 2). When the piston is
pneumatically activated on receiving the gas from the pilot cylinder, the needle or pin bursts a disk housed
in the valve body of the auxiliary cylinder, allowing the discharge of the extinguishing agent contained in
the cylinder.
This device is provided with a coupling of 1, 2 or 3 working pneumatic tracks (3) + (6) or (7), depending
on its location on the release line. On the coupling (3) a fixing screw may be mounted (6) thus making a
two track connection or a selector screw (7) which allows a third track for connection of release hoses
coming from pilot cylinders or selector valves. On connection (4, 5) hoses are mounted onto the release
line.

ASSEMBLY:
The piston-cone set is usually delivered mounted. Otherwise, insert the piston (8) into the cone body until
the very bottom. Mount the pneumatic coupling (3) and tighten the two track screw (6) or the three track
one (7), as shown in the drawing. Do not forget to insert the "0" rings (9, 10).




The cone connection to the bank cylinder valve is performed through the release connection port (see fig.
2.1.3.1 iFLOW
®
Valve port (1), it is located in the opposite side of the valve outlet. Use a wrench for
fastening. Do not apply sealing to the threaded union as sealing is achieved by the "0" ring. Repeat the
operation until all cylinders are fitted with a release cone

Locate the release cones on each cylinder as shown in the drawing and tighten. Next put the screws (6 or
7) onto each cone as shown in the bank release drawing


3
2 1
6
4
5
s NOTE: Before mounting the cone onto the valve, check that the piston is completely
retracted inside the cone by pushing down with a screwdriver. The needle shall never stick
out from the cone. Otherwise, accidental discharge of the cylinder may occur.
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2.1.4.7 Decompression screw (Data sheet code 070)

DESCRIPTION:

After the activation of a cylinder bank, the release circuit remains pressurized with nitrogen coming from
the pilot cylinder. To decompress the circuit in a safe and monitored way, operate on the decompression
screw (see 4.2.5 Release line decompression). There are two models available: C & L.

Tras una activación de la batería, el circuito de disparo queda presurizado con nitrógeno a presión
procedente del botellín piloto. Para descomprimir el circuito de manera segura y conducida, se actuará
sobre el tornillo de descompresión (ver 4.2.5 Descompresión de la línea de disparo). Existen 2 modelos:
C y L



Fig. 2.1.4.7.1. Decompression screws


ASSEMBLY:
Model C is mounted directly on one of the pneumatic cone working tracks located onto the last cylinder of
the release line. Mount screw model L on any of the cones of the mid cylinders, and connect it instead of
the fixing screw.

Thread element using a fixed wrench. Do not apply sealing to the union as its sealing is conical . Its
location is determined in the release system drawings

C model Screw
L model screw
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2.1.4.8 Decompression Valve (Data sheet code 075)

DESCRIPTION:
Decompression valves for pneumatic release circuits prevent that excess pressure on the release line
produced by micro-leakage may accidentally activate the release systems, leaving an external outlet that
closes up in case of the activation of pneumatic device.



Fig. 2.1.4.8.1. Decompression Valve

ASSEMBLY:
¼" Decompression valves shall be installed as shown in the drawings. They are generally mounted on a
tee "T" at the valve outlet valve of the nitrogen cylinder and the first hose of the release line (see examples
in Annex 1: Drawings 53120037 and 53120143). The union does not need any sealing















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2.1.4.9 Teflon flexible hoses for Release Line (Data sheet code 040)

DESCRIPTION:

¼" Diameter Teflon hoses fitted with brass ends are used to drive the release system gas from the pilot
cylinders to all the auxiliary cylinders charged with argon. These flexible hoses are designed for a working
pressure of 260 bar and a burst pressure of 780 bar. The bending range is 30 mm. and it is available in
three different lengths: 350, 580 580 and 700 mm.


Fig. 2.1.4.9.1. Teflon flexible hose

ASSEMBLY:
Mount between the release cone pneumatic couplings. Join the chain of hoses together with the outlet of
the pilot valve. Insert the decompression screws or decompression valves according to drawing (see
examples in Annex 1, drawing 53120037 and 53120143). In the case of systems fitted with directional
valves, see drawing for connection. Tighten threaded unions with a fixed wrench but do not apply sealing.
The use of vaseline is recommended to ease the threaded union






s NOTE: Avoid twisting the flexible hoses during assembly. Hold the coupling cap with pliers
while Joint is tighten with the help of a wrench.
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2.1.4.10 Pneumatic retardant (Data sheet code 024)

DESCRIPTION:

Consists of a small cylinder (1) the valve (2) of which is internally equipped with mechanical flow
stranglers. The pneumatic retardant is designed to produce a delay time between the release activation
and the real discharge of the cylinder bank. It is calibrated in a standard way to cause a delay of 30 ± 3
seconds and it carries manual actuation to abort delay time (3).


Fig. 2.1.4.10.1. Pneumatic Retardant

ASSEMBLY:

The retardant device shall be placed in the release line, after the pilot cylinder outlet and before the
connection to the release cone of the bank first cylinder. Connect the pilot cylinder to the retardant by the
port (4), by means of an extensión set or a flexible hose, as shown in drawing. In systems with pneumatic
siren, follow instructions in section 2.1.4.11. In Systems without pneumatic siren, connect the retardant
outlet (5) to the release cone of the bank first cylinder by means of a release hose of ¼”.









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2.1.4.11 Release system with retardant + pneumatic siren


DESCRIPTION:

Some installations may require to complete the delay time with a pneumatic siren as a discharge warning.
In such case, a retardant set (1) + siren (2) shall be installed.
This set requires a shunt device (3) for its correct operation. The siren feeds from the bank cylinder (4)
Turing delay time up until the retardant valve opens and the gas of the release line enters the shunt and
cuts the gas supply to the siren. In turn, the rest of the cylinders open up and the extinguishing agent is
discharged towards the manifold. (5).
The copper tubes (10, 11, 12) connect the shunt, the retardant, the pilot cylinder and the siren. The
connection among the elements can be achieved by different configurations. Some copper sections can
be replaced by flexible hoses of ¼ " or the extension set (8) can be replaced by other connection fitting.

Fig. 2.1.4.11.1. Release system with retardant + pneumatic siren

INSTALLATION OF iFLOW SF & DF with manifold

For assembly of different configurations from the one shown in the figure above, check section for specific
installation

Connect shunt (3) onto the check valve of the first bank cylinder. Connect the discharge hose to the shunt
and then to the cylinder. The hose for this cylinder shall be shorter (length 310 mm) than the rest. Next,
connect the adaptor (8) to the retardant inlet and to the reduction (9).
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Place the siren to its final position (always inside the protected area). Check that there is a 0.5mm
threaded diaphragm in the input port to the siren (6). All threaded connections except the one between
adaptor (8) and pilot cylinder valve shall be sealed with teflón tape (PTFE), avoiding the first threads to
prevent obstruction in pipes.
Once all the components are in place, connect with copper tube from the siren to the shunt (10), between
adaptor and the first bank cylinder (11) and between retardant and shunt (12). The copper tubes should
be seen straight or bent at 90º. Check that bends in tube are not damaged or crushed in its corners. In
longer sections than 1500 mm make an expansion bend in the middle, ie a full circle to soften the ram
effect or hammering. The closing of the copper lines is done by means of a bicone.
Mount the bicone to the copper tube on a workbench not in position, to ensure the correct bite of the
bicone onto the tube, thus avoiding leakage.




2.1.4.12 Solenoid valve + manaul release (Data sheet code 083)
Fig. 2.1.4.12.1. Solenoid valve + Manual release
DESCRIPTION:

Electrical and manual activation device for piloting direccional valves, see section 2.1.3.9. Set comprised
by a solenoid valve (1) + manual release (2). The manual opening allows the running of the system even if
electrical failure occurs. It is important that each valve is marked with the protected area it serves to avoid
confusion in case of manual activation. Its funtion is to select the directional valve to be opened in banks
covering more than one risk. For further information of solenoid valve see section 2.1.4.4. For further
information about the manual release see 2.1.4.2.
1
4 3
2
Biconical union
type typetipo
Bicono
Expansion
bend
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ASSEMBLY:

Secure the bracket to the wall (see figure 2.1.4.12, item (11)) to a comfortable height for manual operation.
Place the valve so that the manual release is visible as shown in figure. Set the valve to the bracket with
bolts. Connect a line of 4x6 copper pipe from the pilot cylinder to input (3) marked with "1/ENT IN" and
connect the output (4) marked "2/SAL OUT" to the corresponding directional valve following installation
drawing.


The copper tubes must be straight or bent to 90 degrees. Check that bends in tube are not damaged or
crushed in the corners so as not to strangle the passing of pressure. In longer sections than 1500 mm
make an expansion bend in the middle, ie a full circle to soften the ram effect or hammering. The closure
of the copper lines is performed by a bicone. Mount the bicone to the copper tube on a workbench not in
position, to ensure the correct bite of the bicone onto the tube and thus avoiding leakage.
Once adjusted on bench, mount on the circuit by ensuring that the tube and the bicone reach the bottom
of the coupling and tighten the nut with a fixed wrench.










s NOTE: If 3 and 4 connections get confused, the direccional valve will open whether the
solenoid valve + release have been activated or not
Bicone union
type

Expansion
bend
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2.1.4.13 Release system for directinal valves

DESCRIPTION:


The installation of directional valves (1.2) in the discharge manifold (3) can cover a number of risks with a
single bank. The connection of the release system for directional valves will depen on the number of
directional valves and the number of cylinders to be discharged through each of them. Use the specific
installation plan for the system being mounted. In the example shown in the figure, the bank covers two
areas of fire risk. Both areas require the four bank cylinders for its protectin. Once the pilot cylinder (6) is
released, the gas flows towards the solenoid valves + manual release (4,5).

- When the activated solenoid is the fourth, the gas will flow until the directional valve (1) which
will open and the gas will keep on flowing thourgh the release line until the four cylinders open
up. The iFLOW
®

agent is discharged in the manifold and released through the opened
directional valves (1) towards the piping network directed to the corresponding zone.
- When the activated solenoid is the fifth (5), the running of the bank is similar to the previous
case but discharge occurs through the directional (2).

The solenoid valves + manual release (4,5) can be activated manually when there is an electrical failur. It
is important that each valve is marked with the protected zone it serves to avoid confusion in case of
manual activation. The connections between the pilot and cylinders are performed in copper tube (7). At
the release line outlet of the directional valve there is a non-return valve (8). The release line is
complemented with a decompression screw (9) and a decompression valve (10).


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ASSEMBLY:

Once the storage system is installed (bracket, cylinders, manifold, directionals and connection among
components) proceed to assemble the release system: Fix the bracket of the pilot cylinder and hold the
cylinder to it (6). Mount its support (11) and place the solenoid valves + manual release (4,5).

Mount the penumatic release cones (12) in the cylinders. Mount the tee “T” of the pilot cylinder outlet,
decompression valve (10) and decompression screw (9). Join the cylinders through the flexible hoses
(13). Finally, install the cooper tube line (7).
The copper tubes must be straight or bent to 90 degrees. Check that bends in tube are not damaged or
crushed in the corners so as not to strangle the passing of pressure. In longer sections than 1500 mm
make an expansion bend in the middle, ie a full circle to soften the ram effect or hammering. The closure
of the copper lines is performed by a bicone. Mount the bicone to the copper tube on a workbench not in
position, to ensure the correct bite of the bicone onto the tube and thus avoiding leakage.
Once adjusted on bench, mount on the circuit by ensuring that the tube and the bicone reach the bottom
of the coupling and tighten the nut with a fixed wrench.







As far as electrical installation is concerned, it is important not to confuse the electrical connections of the
set solenoid valve + manual release (4 and 5). In case of a wrong connection of the whole set, it is
possible that the extinguishing order given by the detection system produces a discharge of the
extinguishing agent for a different risk from the one required. For this reason, each solenoid should be
identified accordingly.


Bicone union type Expansion bend
s IMPORTANT: It is advisable that the length of the solenoid wires be such so as to avoid
confusion of their respective positions (the longest wire is for the furthest solenoid and the
shortest for the closer solenoid).
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TESTING:
During installation of the directional valves, manually check the route of each direccional of the system. In
order to do so, open and close the valves to make sure that they are clean and there is no loose or hitting
parts (walls, copper tube lines, copper tubes, etc.). (See section 4.2.6)

PNEUMATIC TESTING
Refer back to the graph included at the beginning of this section.
1. Disconnect the pneumatic feeding between the directionals and the release heads by their side.
Repeat this operation for all directional valves to avoid any accidental releases.
2. Block the free extremes of the tubes feeding the release heads.
3. Disconnect the pneumatic feeding between the el botellín piloto (6) and the solanoid valve +
manual release (4 or 5) by the side of the cylinder. Connect a nitrogen pressure source in its place
or clean and dry compressed air at a pressure of 10-15 bar.
4. Slowly open the passing of pressure from the source. At this point the pressure is held by the
solenoid valve + manual release (4 and 5).
5. If the coil of one of the solenoid valves is activated or shaken, for example (4) with the indicated
tension source, the associated direccional valve (1) should open due to the effect of the pressure.
At this stage, check the tightness of the pneumatic circuit with the help of soapy water.
6. Cut off the pressure suply from the source and depressurize the line by shaking the tested
solanoid valve (4). To finish the operation, close the directional valve manually with the help of a
lever already supplied with the system.
7. Repeat the process with all the system direccional valves.
8. To conclude, leave the pneumatic release system connected as specified in the drawings. Pay
close attention so that the connections between the directionals and the cylinders of the bank are
not mixed up.















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2.1.4.14 CUT-OFF Valve

Data sheet Nb 165

DESCRIPTION:

Valve with a position monitoring contact that allows cutting off the piloting pressure towards the auxiliary
cylinders, thus avoiding accidental discharges during the maintenance of the system. It should be
installed between the pilot or matrix cylinder and the auxiliary ones. The valve has a lock to block the
position of the device.
When positioned as “MAINTENANCE” (marked as “ISOLATION” in the valve) the release circuit is open to
the outside in a way that dangerous overpressure should not occur. Put the lever into “SERVICE” (marked
as “OPERATION” in the valve) when required to do so.



Fig. 2.1.4.13.1. Cut-off Valve

INSTALLATION:

The device is ready to be fed through the copper tube 4 x 6 mm both at the inlet or outlet. The pilot
cylinder is connected by the connection (1) and the auxiliary cylinders by connection (2) as indicated by
the arrow on the valve body.
The valve is supplied ready to be directly attached to the wall. Before fixing it, seek the best position
depending on the position of the pilot cylinder and the bank cylinders
The monitoring contact (3) is supplied separately from the valve body and secured with two screws and
nuts supplied together with the valve. The electrical connection is represented on the body of the contact.
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Distribution system
Assembly of pipes and fittings driving the gas discharge from the cylinders to the protected zone.

2.1.4.15 Pipes and fittings

Pipes shall be installed in accordance with isometric drawing included in the project. Comply with
measures, dimensions and pipe quality indicated in the drawing, as any modifications related to pipe
dimensions or measures would impair system operation. In case of requiring any modification, notify
the engineering department responsible for system design accordingly.

The pipe system shall comply with the pressure requirements specified in the table below. We
recommend ASTM grade A-106 B unwelded steel pipes of these types:
2
:

Connection by means of welded fittings :

Pipe size High Pressure system
Max. working pressure Pipe type
1”
2”
3”
4”
70 Sch 40



2
According to ANSI B-36-10
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2.1.4.16 Supports

Every installation shall have a minimum of two supports to hold pipe system.
Maximum distance between two supports along pipeline shall never exceed the following values:

Nominal
Diameter (mm)
Nominal Diameter
(inches)
Max. distance
between supports
(m)
10 3/8 1.0
15 ½ 1.5
20 ¾ 1.8
25 1 2.1
32 1 ¼ 2.4
40 1 ½ 2.7
50 2 3.4
70 2 ½ 3.5
80 3 3.7
100 4 4.3

Whenever pipeline is more than 2 inches (DN 50) and table distances cannot be adhered to because
of design reasons, these distances may be extended to 6 m between supports, provided that the
pipeline has double supports.

Pipe supports should be placed closely to the pipe couplings, elbows and reversals.

Supports shall connect the pipe system directly to building structure and shall not be used to support
other objects. The parts of the building where supports are fixed shall be strong enough to take the
load (see table for design charge). Otherwise, additional straps shall be fixed to other resistant
elements. Only pipes with nominal diameters less than or equal to 50 mm may be attached to metallic
structures in the shape of trusses or concrete slabs (design shall be approved by the authorities).
Fastening plugs in concrete slabs shall be located at least 150 mm away from the edge of slab.

The distance between the nozzle and its support shall be the shortest possible:

- For pipelines with a smaller or equal diameter than 25 mm, the maximum distance from
support to nozzle shall be 0.1 m.
- For pipelines more than 25 mm diameter, the maximum distance from support to nozzle
shall be 0.25 m.

Supports type hangers or manifold "U" fixation are recommended. Pipe brackets and other support
fittings shall completely surround the pipe and be closed.

Supports shall comply with the following minimum requirements for sectional areas and depth
anchoring:
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Pipe nominal
diameter
Design charge
(N)
Support
minimum section
(mm)
Thread
size
(metric)
Minimum depth of
anchoring for
fastening plugs in
concrete (mm)
Up to DN 50 (2”)

2000 30 8 30
between DN 50 (2”)
& DN 100 (4”)
3500 50 10 40
between DN 100 (4”)
& DN 150 (6”)
5000 70 12 40
between DN 150 (6”)
& DN 200 (8”)
8500 125 16 50

- Minimum cross-sectional area of supports shall not be less than 30 mm2.
- Support material shall be at least 3 mm thick. If galvanised, 2.5 mm thickness will be enough.
In the event of hot galvanised flanges, minimum dimensions shall be 2.5 mm x 1.5 mm for
models not approved and 12 mm x 1.5 for approved models.

The following types of support are enclosed as examples

FIXED SUPPORT: HORIZONTAL WALL
Z SUPPORT: FALSE FLOOR
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FALSE FLOOR FIXED SUPPORT FALSE FLOOR SUPPORT
FIXED FLOOR SUPPORT
SUSPENDED CEILING SUPPORT SUSPENDED CEILING FIXED SUPPORT
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2.1.4.17 Nozzles (Data sheet code 135 & 136)

DESCRIPTION:

Nozzles perform the discharge of extinguishing gas inside the protected zone. They consist of an
aluminum discharge head containing a multiple number of orifices inside of which a diaphragm is fitted
with one single calibrated orifice. Such orifice is designed to achieve an optimum distributioon of gas. The
pressure of the pipe downstream the restrictor will depend on pressure loss of the pipe and the orifice
hole taking place in the diaphragm. The orifice must be calibrated according to hydraulic calculation for
each installation.


Nozzle 360º Nozzle 180º
Fig. 2.1.4.16. Nozzle
ASSEMBLY:

Place the diaphragm inside the nozzle and block its position through an Segel type elastic washer
(supplied with the nozzle and diaphragm). Apply thread sealing compound or Teflon tape to distribution
pipeline thread. Connect the nozzle and tighten with the help of a fixed wrench.


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To avoid mistakes during installation, all nozzles should should incorporate legible and long-lasting
markings with detail of the calibrated diameter of the diaphragm and an identifier of its position on the plan
with respect to the project and the system hydraulic calculations. LPG typically performs a mechanical
engraving (punched) with details described above on the diffusers body.

2.2 Electrical installation

After performing the installation pneumatic assembly and with the pilot valve top caps dismantled,
perform the electrical connection of components requiring so. When these components are fed through a
control station, it is recommended to carefully read the instructions for the station installation to avoid
accidental activation of electrical devices which, in some cases, may cause full discharge of the whole
cylinder bank.


Electrical connection of Pressure switch with interlock :

For a normally closed circuit connect to 21 and 22 terminals. For a normally open circuit connect to 13
and 14 terminals



s NOTE: It is very important that nozzles are fastened correctly and that they never face
false ceilings or other mobile parts, otherwise the output of gas could lift ceiling tiles or
drag objects. Never place a nozzle directly in the discharge outlet of the valve.
s NOTE: LPG electrical components do not have polarity. All connections shall be
performed in such way that the cables reach right to to the device to avoid confusion of
cables for subsequent maintenance or commissioning operations.
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Electrical connection of Solenoid valve:

Make sure that the electrical power supply is disconnected during electrical connections that the top cap
is removed. Connect solenoid valve as shown below:
Once connected, place back the top cap of the pilot valve.

Pressure Gauge with electrical contact:

Specifications:

Voltage: 4.5 - 24V C.C
Current: 5 – 50 mA
Max. consumption: 3 W

In the case of pressure gauges with contact for remote monitorization of the cylinder pressure, connect
them as shown in the following drawing:

Direct connection to station
LPG pressure gauges are normally opened when they working with pressure. The R1 resistance should
always be installed at the end of the line. Please, refer to the user manual of the control panel to obtain the
suitable values of the R1 resistance.










2
3
1
+
2
3
1
+
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Connection with inverter circuit
If the panel control requires a normally closed signal, the system will be completed with the INVERTER
circuit supplied by LPG. In such case, R1 resistance should be of 4K7 Ohms. Check the following
connection drawing:

Characteristics:

Voltage: 24±20% V C.C
Consumption: < 1W
Contact: 24 V C.C máx. 1A

Marrón / Brown
Blanco / White
Verde / Green
Amarillo / Yellow
1. Relay output to detection panel
2. Pressure gauge input
3. Power supply
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There should be an ongoing supply of 24 V C.C. When the circuit is in service (connected to 24 V CC) a
red LED remains on. If not, check light connections and polarities. If the problema persists, please contact
LPG.
The pressure gauges should be connected in parallel to the INVERTER circuit through the PRES port: the
control panel will be connected to the INVERTER circuit through the OUT port. Once the pressure gauges
are connected to the INVERTER circuit and the R1 resistance is also connected, the green LED will remain
on and the contects to the central 1 will remain closed. If not, check electrical connections and verify that
the cylinders have the correct pressure. If the problem persists, please contact LPG.

In the event that the gauges PRES circuit opens or short circuits (detected the loss of cylinder pressure)
the contact to central 1 will open causing an alarm in the control panel. Then, the green LED switches off.

Electrical connection of the exploders and firing pin (protractor):

The exploders have two feeding cables that should be connected to the activation line.


Nominal Intensity: 1.2 A
Minimum Intensity: 1.2 A
Intensity of test security: <160 mA
Resistance of each circuit: 1.7 / 2.5 Ω















s NOTE: The feeding should be done at the time of fire detection as this will give way to the
cylinders discharge. Make sure that the feeding to the exploder is cut off while electrical
connection is being performed.
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In the case of firing pins (protractors), two feeding cables are included and they should be
connected to the activation line. The connection is made in the same way as the exploders, the
electrical data of which are listed below:


Nominal Intensity: 1 A
Minimum Intensity: 0.35 A
Intensity of test security: <10 mA
Resistance: 0.9 – 1.6 Ω


1.- Connection of a single element:


U = Voltage in volts.
Rr = Resistance in Ohms.(W).
rp = Resistance of item in Ohms.(W).
I = Intensity required by the item in Amps.

Example: Power supply 24 V / 3 A.
rp =1.6 W.
I = 1 Amp
Applying the formula: Rr = 24.4 W.
Once the connection is done, check that there is
1 Amp. Of current intensity in the circuit.








Rr
rp
I
U
U = R x I
U = ( Rr + rp )
x I
( U / I ) - rp = Rr
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2.- Serial connection of various items:
According to factory requirements, the intensity of current for serial connections within the circuit
should be 3 Amp.








The maximum number of items to connect is determined when not connecting Rr (Rr =0).





3.- Parallel connection of various items:

U = Voltage in volts.
Rr = Resistance in Ohms.(W).
rp = Resistance of item in Ohms.(W).
I = Intensity required to the power supply
IL = Intensity required for each line.
UL = Voltage per line.

Example: Power supply 24 V / 3 A.
rp =1.6 W.
IL = 1 Amp

Applying this formula Rr = 22.4 W.

Given that the power supply is 3 Amp, and each line
requires IL = 1 Amp, maximum 3 lines can be
actually connectedimo

Rr
rp rp rp
U
U = R x I
U = ( Rr + n x rp ) x I
( U / I ) = Rr + n x rp
n = ( U / I ) – Rr )
This formula determines
the number of items that
can be connected in the
circuit

Rr = ( U / I ) - n x
This formula
determines the Rr
resistence value.
Rr
Rr
Rr
rp
rp
rp
IL
IL
IL
U
UL = U
I = n x IL
U = RL x IL
UL = ( Rr + rp ) x IL
(UL / IL) - rp = Rr
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Electrical connection for solenoid valves:



Nominal voltage: 24 VDC
Consumption in cold: 13 W
Consumption in heat: 10 W
Perform grounding.




Electrical connection of the pressure switch in the pilot cylinder:











2
3
1
+
s NOTE:. The feeding should be done at the time of fire detection as this will give way to the
cylinders discharge. Make sure that the solenoids are cut off while electrical connection is
being performed
s NOTE: Once assembly of the overall installation is performed, place all the bank valves
top caps accordingly .
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2.3 INSTALLATION FINAL REQUIREMENTS.
• All cylinders, including pilot cylinders, shall have an adhesive label attached indicating
identification number (coinciding with the one engraved on its ogive) gross weight , net weight
and charging date.
• All cylinders should come equipped with control pressure gauge.
• All components paint shall be in perfect condition. Repaint those areas where the paint has
undergone damages. In case of any oxide, prepare surface, apply a coat of priming for metal and
finish by applying a coat of finishing paint. Colours are: RAL 9011 black for body, RAL 7023 grey
for ogive, RAL 6018 green for ogive and RAL 3000 red for pipe system.
• Each cylinder bank shall be identified with a label or notice indicating:

o Protected risk
o Warnings
o Instructions of use and manual actuation

• Notices shall be visible onto fixed elements and also resistant to climatic and environmental
conditions they may be exposed to (dust, dirt, humidity, etc.)
• The pressure gauge of the pilot cylinder shall indicate an accurate pressure reading.
• The CUT-OFF valve should be in its right working.
• No failure or alarm of the system should be present in the control panel.



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3 Commissioning and Maintenance

An iFLOW
®
fire extinguishing system shall be inspected and tested by competent personnel during
system commissioning after its installation phase. Furthermore, a system inspection and maintenance
calendar should be followed. The object of a periodical inspection is to ensure that the system is in perfect
operating condition at all times. It is also useful for identification of problems due to age, accidental and
environmental damages, unauthorised handling, changes in the contents of protected volume, uses,
openings communicating with rooms and in general all those factors which may affect negatively the
expected output of the extinguishing system.

3.1 Reception and System Commissioning

The process of commissioning for the extinguishing system consists of an installation inspection to
evaluate if the installed system is in compliance with the projected system and the execution of a series of
tests to ensure the correct operation of the extinguishing system.

This document only deals with commissioning operations and inspection for cylinder banks and
extinguishing systems. For detection system commissioning operations refer to supplier or manufacturer.

Only personnel properly trained in fire extinguishing techniques shall perform system reception inspection
and commissioning.

IT IS NECESSARY TO CAREFULLY STUDY THE CYLINDER BANK CONNECTION AND
MORE PARTICULARLY THE RELEASE SYSTEM.

as in some occasions only one release system is used to command discharge of several cylinder banks
which may even be located on different distant locations. We recommend to study carefully installation
drawings showing connection diagrams and LPG standard cylinder bank releases; in the case of
commissioning of a non-standard cylinder bank it is necessary to consider the drawing supplied together
with bank components.

TESTS TO BE PERFORMED FOR SYSTEM COMMISSIONING SHALL FOLLOW THE STEPS
DESCRIBED IN THIS MANUAL
as a failure in the performance could provoke a system accidental discharge. Extinguishing system tests
for components which are not described in this manual shall not be performed.

During the performance of tests all personnel not assigned to commissioning operations shall evacuate
cylinder storage area and area or areas protected by the cylinder bank.

Protection masks and gloves shall be worn for component handling subject to pressure.


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3.1.1 Revision of components

After the installation of an iFLOW
®
system, proceed to the system reception inspection. This consists of a
component revision where condition, proper connection and installation of the components in compliance
with the project are inspected.

The components check-list in Annex III includes the check list for the reception of Installation and all
components checks to be performed


3.1.2 Commissioning and testing operations

For commissioning, it is recommended to perform all the tests described hereinafter. Some of these tests
are also performed for maintenance operations (see calendar in item 3.2 Maintenance). Material supplied
by LPG is subject to factory quality control, thus the following tests on installed system constitute a
complement to ensure proper extinguishing system operation and to prevent possible damage resulting
from mounting.


3.1.3 BLOW OUT WITH NITROGEN.
Blowing out a pipe system with nitrogen (or any other suitable gas) ensures that the inside of the pipe is
cleaned and denounces pipe or nozzle obstructions. Nitrogen flow shall be continuous. To perform the
blow out, follow steps below
• Remove auxiliary cylinder valve head caps.
• Remove pressure switch with interlock device.
• Connect a dry nitrogen cylinder to manifold free port, fitted with regulated outlet of 50 bar pressure
as follows:


• Remove all nozzles comprising the system to be blown out. To perform nozzle reconnection, it is
very important to have available isometric drawings or project document where location of each
nozzle is specified, as internal diameters are different.
• Plug all free pipe ends/terminals, except one.
• Open nitrogen cylinder valve and keep blowing out for 15 seconds approximately.
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• Repeat the operation freeing a different pipe end each time and plugging the rest of them until all
pipe ends are completed.
• Remove all plugs and replace nozzles into their original position.
• Disconnect nitrogen cylinder and reconnect pressure switch with locking device
• Replace auxiliary cylinder valve top caps.


3.1.4 PNEUMATIC TIGHTNESS TEST FOR OPEN PIPES.
This test verifies water tightness for distribution system.







• Remove auxiliary cylinder valve top caps.
• Remove manifold pressure switch with interlock device.
• On manifold, connect a nitrogen cylinder to pressure switch port (nitrogen or any other suitable
gas) with regulated outlet of 3 - 5 bar. Insert a "T" fitted with a sphere valve (relief) (½" or ¼" PN16
sphere valve).





When should the test be performed ?
Always, unless:
- Other pipe tests have been performed to ensure its water tightness
- Very simple distribution system, provided with only one accessory which may
change flow direction between manifold and nozzle.
Limitations: If pipe temperaturre undergoes variations above 10 ºC during the 10 minute test,
results of such test will not be reliable.
s NOTE: Presure escape by free end is dangerous, check that there are no persons inside the
room and evacuate or fix elements that could be hurled by the pressure effect.
The performance of this test may produce clouds of dust through the free outlet, so liquid and
solid residues may be hurled
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• Disconnect all nozzles comprising the system. To perform nozzle reconnection, it is very important
to have available isometric drawings for pipe system or project document where location of each
nozzle is specified, as there are different models.
• Plug all free pipe ends, except one.
• Connect to free end a 0-10 bar pressure gauge or a pressure recorder device. Pressure recording
may be continuous or performed only at beginning or end of test.
• Pressurise pipe slowly at 3 - 5 bar. Wait for 10 minutes and register initial pressure value. Shut off
pressure supply, keeping pressurisation for 10 minutes. After 10 minutes, register pressure again.






• Depressurize system by means of the relief valve inserted into nitrogen the connection.
• Disconnect nitrogen supply and connect the new pressure switch with locking device.
• Disconnect pressure meter and unplug ends of free pipes. Place nozzles into their initial position.

Tighten auxiliary cylinder valve top caps.

3.1.4.1 Operating Test for the pressure switch with interlock
This test shall be perform when the pressure switch is already connected (to manifold and to alarm
station) and it is not going to be disconnected again. Perform this test again in case of pressure switch
disconnection for maintenance operations or for any other reason.
• Remove electric system box cap.
• Remove box electric body without disconnecting wiring. With the help of a ball pen or a rod, push
lower piston until box upper terminals are short circuited by means of the contact rod. Verify that
control station receives corresponding alarm signal.














Has the test been successful?
Pressure registered at the end of the test shall be at least 80% of the pressure registered at the
beginning of the test. Otherwise, look for system leakage: with pressurised pipe, check with
soapy water pipe and accessory unions. If you do not find any leakage, depressurise and revise
threaded unions. Repeat test
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• Re-insert pressure switch body into its box, replace box cap and reassemble pressure switch.






3.1.4.2 Tightness test for the release system

• Remove caps from bank auxiliary cylinders
• Disconnect the flexible hose (or copper pipe) that feeds the release cone for first cylinder:






• Disconnect discharge valve release cones. Holding the cone in your hand, remove the piston-
punch/needle assembly by pushing down with a screwdriver onto the narrower side of the cone.

• Overturn the piston-needle assembly and reinsert it in the cone until it butts, punch pointing to the
narrower side of the cone. Reinstall cones on valves with piston overturned.
• Apply a source of pressure of 8-10 bar onto free end of flexible hose line (<= in the figure). A
nitrogen cylinder is recommended, provided with a hand reducer, inserting a "T" fitted with a ( ½"
or ¼" PN-16) relief valve.







s Reassembly of LPG pressure switch with interlock.
To reassemble this interlock device, just pull off the sphere incorporated in the locking
device system.
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• Pressurise the line. Check with soapy water for flexible hose tightness. Check that there is no gas
leakage through the head orifice of the valve without a top cap.

• Depressurize and replace each cone piston-punch assembly into initial position






• Reconnect the first bank cylinder to the line coming from the pilot bottle
• Replace auxiliary cylinder valve caps.










Pressure
Relief Valve
s NOTE: Prior to mounting the cone on valve, it is very important to check that the piston
is completely retracted inside the cone by pushing down with a screwdriver
protractor needle shall not exceed the nut and should remain between 3 and 4,5mm
towards the inside, as shown in the image:

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3.1.4.3 Operating test for direccional valves

• Remove all caps from the bank auxiliary cilindres.
• Disconnect hoses (or copper pipe) that feed the release cones of the auxiliary cylinder. In this
way, the pilot cylinder gets independennt together with the direccional valves of the release line
mounted onto the bank.
• The hose or copper pipe will remain at the corresponding side of the directionals. Close the outlet
covering the loose end.
• Disconnect the outlet tube of the pilot cylinder and connect a nitrogen feeding to the tube at a 10-
15 bar, (or other suitable gas allowing the same pressurization). Keep the decompression valve in
the connection. For the depressurization, it is advisable to use a nitrogen cylinder with a pressure
reducer and a relief valve (PN-16 ½” o ¼”) as follows:


• Open the nitrogen outlet. At this stage, the track between the cylinder and the solenoide
direccional valves.
• Excite one of the solenoids (24 VCC) and verify that the right valve opens up. Once open, close
the nitrogen cylinder.
• Depressurize the line slowly through the relief valve. To do this, keep exciting the solenoid.
• Disconnect the electrical feeding to the solenoid.
• Close the open direccional valve manually (See 4.2.6)
• Repeat pressurization and test with all directional valves.
• Once the tests are done, disconnect the nitrogeno feeding.
• Reconnect the pilot cylinder and the connection hose to the bank.
• Put valve caps of the auxiliary cylinders.





















Pressure Red
Relief Valve
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3.1.4.4 Operating test for the pilot cylinder release solenoid valves.

Pay close attention to the drawings or installation of electric circuit feeding pilot cylinder solenoid
valves. iFLOW
®
systems only incorporate solenoid valves in pilot cylinders and to feed directional
valves. Solenoid valves are never mounted on iFLOW
®
auxiliary cylinder valves.

Remove pilot cylinder valve top caps.


Remove solenoid coil nut and pull coil out of its housing on its centre stem. Remove all solenoid valve
coils pertaining to one release system. It is very important to ensure that they are all out of their
housing so as to avoid an accidental discharge during the test.

Operate an electric release from fire station so as to excite coil.





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Once coil is excited, insert a suitable easily magnetised element (such as a light screwdriver) through
its centre orifice. Proper operation is confirmed if a magnetic field is produced retaining the metallic
object inserted into the coil orifice. Minimum actuating time is 3 minutes during which a gradual
heating of the coil may be observed.

Repeat operation with each of the solenoid valves in one release system.

To prevent accidents, prior to replacing each coil onto its stem, (it is vital not to muddle each coil
position) using same metallic object check for remains of magnetism through the coil orifice which
may activate the valve.







Slowly place coil onto centre stem. If there is any magnetism left, controlled leakage will take place
through the top of pilot cylinder main valve. If so, remove coil quickly to interrupt leakage. Such
leakage shows that solenoid valve is still being fed. Shut off that supply.



s IMPORTANT: It is recommended that the length of the cable for solenoid valves shall be
such that it will not be possible to mix up their position (the long cable for the
solenoid valve which is further away and the shorter cable for the one that is nearer).
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In the event of controlled leakage through the top of pilot cylinder main valve with the result that it will
be difficult to eliminate, to prevent slow discharge of cylinder, proceed to perform 2 or 3 rapid
placements with the excited coil (pulses not to exceed 1 second ) on its stem to stop leakage. If
leakage is uncontrolled, contact the Technical Service of LPG Técnicas en Extinction de Incendios,
S.L.

Once coil is replaced onto its stem, replace the hexagonal nut, removed in step 3.



















s NOTE: If for whatever reason you decide to separate a pilot valve body from a solenoid
valve stem it is imperative to disconnect pilot cylinder main valve gauge first. This
operation shuts off pressure supply to solenoid valve.
CAUTION: Cylinder is charged at 100 Bar. See 2.1.3.1 for further information..

s NOTE: In case of malfunction, LPG recommends not to dismantle stem but submit pilot
cylinder + solenoid + valve assembly to the technical service.
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3.1.4.5 Operating test for the pressure gauge.

Consists of the verifification of the pressure gauge operation by comparing with a previously calibrated
pattern gauge. For this, it is necessary to dismantle the orignial gauge from the valve.
In valve iFLOW
®

a) Loosen the decompression cap (1) until a slight leak is perceived to decompress the gauge port.
b) Remove the gauge protector (5), loosen the fixing nut (3) and the gauge check nut (2), if the gauge
cannot be removed manually, use a fixed wrench to the gauge panel. (4).
c) Put another pattern manometer of equal or more measure capacity to check that they both read the
same pressure.
d) To mount the manometer (pattern or orginal), ensure that the O-ring is in perfect condition and
suitably mounted in its location before mounting the gauge.
e) Once the gauge is mounted, press the cap (1) to raise the pressure again.
f) Once the checking is done, reinstall the original gauge.
· If the gauge pressure does not raise is because the O-ring is damaged and so it should be replaced for a
new one. (code LPG: O ring UL 8x3 EPDM – 22001502).
· Check leakage with soapy water.
· Put protector (5).
To do this, repeat previous steps a, b, c, d, e, but with the original manometer, fixing it with the jam nut
once in the reading position.


s IMPORTANT: Always finish the action by pressing the cap (1)

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In valve LPG-128
· Remove the gauge protector (5) and loosen the jam nut (3) from a lateral position (avoid facing the
gauge at any time). Remove gauge (2) manually using a fixed wrench on the gauge (4) panel. When
removing the gauge, a slight ongoing leak will be perceived making the jam nut (6) to jump from its
location inside the valve body.
· To mount the manometer (pattern or orginal), ensure that the O-ring is in perfect condition and suitably
mounted in its location before mounting the gauge.
· Fix the gauge and place it in the reading position before fixing it to the jam nut (3).
If the gauge pressure does not raise is because the O-ring is damaged and so it should be replaced for a
new one. (code LPG: O ring UL 8x3 EPDM – 22001502).
· Verify leakage with soapy water.
· place protector (5).

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3.1.5 Inspection and testing for the integrity of the protected area.

− Check the protected area or enclosure measurements and its adaptability to the design project
specified measurements. Verify that all structural components are in compliance with drawings.
− Enclosure gas tightness may be checked by following one of these methods:

− Door Fan Test: This test comprises determining an enclosure leakage area by means of a
pressurization and forced depressurization test. Operations for pressure changes are performed by
means of a fan installed at enclosure door. From results obtained we draw up period of time agent
maintained in the enclosure, that is, time design concentration is maintained at hazard located at
maximum height.

− Flooding Test: Comprises a real discharge subject to continuous registering the evolution of the
oxygen concentration in the room at three points of different heights. From the results obtained, we
may draw the time that the agent is kept in the enclosure or protected area.

Standards NFPA 2001 and ISO 14520 specify Door Fan Test as an enclosure integrity test (unless
Authorities Having Jurisdiction say otherwise). CEA and Cepreven specify flooding test for rate of
maintained time, except when any other procedure may be used. LPG has available means and
qualified personnel to perform any of these two tests.





















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3.1.6 RETROTEC system for testing the integrity of the protected area

LPG Técnicas en Extinción de Incendios, S.L. offers the RETROTEC system for testing the protected area
based on the Door Fan Test.





















Fig. 3.1.6.1 RETROTEC Equipment












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The risk tightness test is a tool that guarantees the correct protection against FIRE for those systems
based on gaseous agents. The tightness test allows for the replacement of other testing protocols based
on real discharges to measure the time that the agent is kept in the enclosure. The tightness test complies
with NFPA 12A and 2001.

The method to check the integrity of the protected area under the Door Fan Test physosophy, has multiple
advantages on the discharge process of the extinguishing agent and concentration measuring. Among
them, the following ones are listed below:

- Economical. System discharge is not necessary and avoids cylinders recharge complex operations.
In most cases, the test does not require Shopping any acitvity taking place in the area.


- Clean. In the protected area only air is introduced. Cleaning or venting operations are not
required.

- Comfortable. Checking operations in the protected area can be done at any time

- Exhaustive and reliable: The system takes into account the possibility of false ceilings or floors, as
well as air recirculation equipment that can be ran while extinguishing is
taking place.. Moreover, the localization of leakage in the area can also be
performed so as to proceed to its sealing.

A fire extinguishing system can be deesigned for the correct protection of an area without necessarily
extinguishing at the time of its activatin. In many cases this is due to the fact that the time the agent is
present is inferior to the time designed because of possible leaks within the area. All extingsuihing
Systems based on gaseous agents, allows for a margin of leakage without hindering its extinguishing
efficiency depending on the agent, design concentration, level of risk and the maximum height to protect.
LPG always recommends that the present time of the agent in the risk be higher than the minimum
required to guarantee a correct exintguishing.

The tightness rest is done in situ where the risk is pressurized by means of fans, simulating overpressure
in the area at the time of the extinguishing agent discharge. The RETROTEC equipment allows to measure
the pressure in the area and the air flow introduced. With the data obtained, the equipment does the
suitaable calculations to determine the real leakage area and the time that the extingsuihing agent is
present in the risk.

The RETROTEC system allows for two types of tests depending on the conditions of the area at the time of
the extinguishing. This trials are:







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Test by the height method

The equipment deals with the measures depending on the existence or not of air recirculation devices in
the area. If such devices are stopped during the extinguishing time, the test checks the maximum height
to protect after the time of the agent being present in the area depending on the specified value in the
exinguishing system design.










Extinguishing will be correct once the time of the extinguishing agent being present in the area has
passed (ie 10 minutes), the height H2 is superior to the highest object to protect. In the case that the test
shows that the area cannot keep the necessary height H2 of the extinguishing agent at the required time,
the syste allows for the localization of leakage to proceed to its sealing.



Test by the concentration method
In the case that the air recirculation devices are connected during the activation of the extinguishing
system, the equipment determines the concentration of extinguishing agent in the risk (not the height)
alter the expected time for the agent to be present in the protected area has passed.



7.5%
t=0 min
5.5%
t=10 min
0%
7.5%
H
1
t=0 min
H
2
0%
7.5%
t=10 min
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It is considered that the extinguishing is correct when after the design value for the time present of the
extinguishing agent in the area (ie 10 minutes), the concentration obtained in the test is greater than the
minimum extinguishing concentration. In the the event that the test demonstrated that the area cannot
maintain the minimum concentration of extinguishing agent after the time required in the fire extinguishing
system design, the equipment allows for leaks to proceed to its sealing.
En el caso de que se encontraran pequeñas variaciones entre la concentración obtenida en el test y la
mínima exigible para conseguir la extinción, el sistema RETROTEC permite recalcular la concentración de
diseño para incrementar la concentración transcurrido el tiempo exigido.
LPG has the resources and qualified staff to carry out the test above described, offering customers
certification of the resultas obtained.


3.2 Maintenance

iFLOW
®
fire extinguishing systems shall be subject to a preventive maintenance program ensuring proper
operation in case of fire. This program and maintenance operations shall comply with regulations
applicable in the country or region where the system is installed. Herein Spanish Law applicable is taken
as a base for installation maintenance. As manufacturer, LPG advises all system owners and final users to
demand, as a minimum, execution of maintenance operations described in this manual.

The safety manager as well as the personnel in charge of maintenance shall be properly trained in system
operation, required safety conditions for the maintenance and Iflow system effects on persons and
property. They shall also know and have access to system connection drawings, design project,
maintenance and inspection files, including reception inspection. During maintenance operations
requiring any of the tests described in section 3.1.2, use protection mask and gloves.

iFLOW®

system is projected to include a release abort system (LPG Maintenance Box) prior to each
operation set such system in "MAINTENANCE" position. This valve position directs pilot cylinder discharge
towards a system external escape. thus preventing cylinder bank actuation. Outlet for escape track shall
be installed in a reliable zone outside storage area. When you finish maintenance operations, do not forget
to reset release abort valve to its stand-by position.

Regulatory requirements for maintenance of iFLOW
®
installations

As iFLOW
®
systems are fire fighting elements, at domestic level (Spain), they are covered in the Regulatory
application frame for Installations and Fire Fighting Apparatus (R.D. 1942/1993). Appendix III comprises
extracts from the most important Regulation points on system maintenance. In brief, this rule specifies the
following:






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1
st
) The last person responsible for installation maintenance is the final user/owner.

2
nd
) In all cases, installation maintainer as well as user or owner, shall keep written proof of compliance of
preventive maintenance program, indicating, as a minimum, operations performed, results of verifications
and tests and replacement of defective elements carried out. Annotations shall be up to date and shall be
at the disposal of pertaining official inspection services.

3
rd
) Quarterly maintenance operations established under Regulations may be performed directly by
installation user or owner without requiring assistance of any external official maintainers.

LPG has performed a maintenance program in compliance with all Regulatory specifications for Fire
Fighting Installations and Apparatus, including other maintenance operations recommended by LPG as
manufacturer. This program specifies the following terms and operations:

Quarterly:

a) Check general condition of the installation using the list in Appendix III: Checking list for routine
inspection for IFLOW Fire Extinguishing Installations
b) Check that installation identification notices, use and warning signs as well as cylinder adhesive labels
are in their appropriate location.
c) Safety apparel for system handling and maintenance in perfect

Annually:

a) Nozzles: in dusty atmospheres check that discharge orifices are not obstructed.
b) Releases: Perform operating test for solenoid valves. Test described in item 3.1.4.4 in this manual.
c) Directional Valves: check opening and closing tests according to 3.1.4.3
d) Alarms: check electric alarm devices for audible and visual operations. Give instructions from control
station. Check pressure switch with locking device for operation according to the test described in
3.1.4.1.
e) Pressure Gauge: Check functioning according to section 3.1.4.5.
f) Cylinder charge: When checking the pressure gauge functioning, the cylinder charge is also being
checked.










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Every two years:

a) In areas usually dirty and dusty distribution system shall be blown out with dry nitrogen, according to
section 3.1.3.

Every ten years:

a) Proceed to re-stamping of bank cylinders (auxiliary cylinders and pilot cylinders), in accordance with
Regulations established by the Ministry of Industry and Energy for Pressure Apparatus, AP-6
Complementary Technical Instruction.
b) Flexible hose and manifold hydraulic test for tightness. Flexible hoses and manifold are subjected
to a hydraulic test, pressurized at a limit of 1.5 times component own working pressure.

Any repair or maintenance operation performed in addition to those mentioned above, shall be done with
the approval of routine inspection in Appendix III.
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4 Use of the installation

4.1 General functioning of the extinguishing system

The following chart show a typical iFLOW
®
: installation



























Fig. 4.1.1: SF and DF
System installation

Pos Description Pos Description
1 Auxiliary Cylinder 7 Control Panel
2 LPG Valve 8 Discharge Stop button
3 Master or pilot cylinder 9 Discharge release button
4 Discharge manifold 10 Light alarm
5 Nozzle 11
Pressure switch with
interlock
6 Detectors
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Fig. 4.1.2: Matrix system installation

LPG- iFLOW
®
systems are designed to be activated:

- Automatically: an electrical signal acts upon the release pilot cylinder (3), starting up the
discharge process.
- Manually: the discharge is activated by pushing the manual lever release placed in the pilot
cylinder (3).

The signal for automatic release comes from the detectors (6). Detectors act by sending a signal to the
control unit (7) when there is FIRE inside the room..

The control unit then initiates an extinguishing protocol, maybe different for each installation, but at the
very least it includes the activation of the alarm signals (sirenes, optical devices, etc.) during a delay time
that generally lasts 30 seconds. Such is the time that the staff inside has to IMMEDIATELY AND ORDERLY
ABANDON THE ROOM WHERE THE ALARM OPTICAL ACOUSTIC SIGNALS ARE ACTIVATED.


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At the same time, the control unit sends an order signal to open the pilot cylinder (3). At this point, it is
IMPOSSIBLE TO STOP THE EXTINGUISHING AGENT DISCHARGE, as it would happen immediately.

According to standard EN 15004 (normative for the design of fire extinguishing systems by gaseous
extinguishing agents.), it is possible to protect normally occupied areas as long as the system is equipped
with the following security devices:

Max concentration of
the extinguishing
agent
Retardant Commutator
auto/manual
CUT-OFF valve
NOAEL X Not required Not required
> NOAEL < LOAEL X X Not required
≥ LOAEL X X X
These measures help to avoid unnecessary exposure of people to the iFLOW
®
. Agent. Factors
such as output time and the potential danger involved should be considered when determining
the discharge timing. Whenever the applicable national normative required other measures,
these should be applied accordingly.

Where delay or retardant means the incorporation into an automated system that slows the discharge of
extinguishing agent with respect to the alarm signal emitted by the fire detection system to facilitate the
evacuation of staff. To perform this function LPG offers a pneumatic retardant described in paragraph
2.1.4.10 of this manual.
LPG CUT-OFF valve lets the pilot cylinders discharge to be directed externally, thus avoiding the bank
cylinder discharge within the protected area, particularly while maintenance operations.
Values NOAEL and LOAEL for iFLOW® in compliance with EN 15004-7 (normative whereby the physical
features and system design for this gaseous agent are described) are shown in the table below:

Properties % Concentration value
Level where no side effects are observed (NOAEL) 43
Minimum level where side effects are observed (LOAEL) 52
Note: Based on toxic effects on humans in hypoxic atmospheres. These values are functionally
equivalent to NOAEL and LOAEL values, and correspond to a 12% minimum oxigen
concentration for the non-effect level and a 10% for the minimum effects observed.








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LPG pneumatic retardant (Fig 2.1.4.10.1) is installed between the pilot cylinder (2) and the discharge
valves (7) of the auxiliary cylinders. This retardant device allows an additional 30 seconds lag before actual
discharge the auxiliary cylinders (4). You can abort the pneumatic delay time by pushing the lever located
on the valve of the retardant

It is advisable to carry out mock staff evacuation in the protected area during the 30 seconds delay of
discharge.

As standard, LPG pneumatic retardant is supplied calibrated for a delay time of 30 seconds and it is not
possible to change the delay time by the installer, maintainer or user. Any change on the length of delay
time must be made at the factory.

After the delay time all auxiliary cylinders will discharge.

The tube collecting the gas from all cylinders is called a discharge manifold (4). The manifold has a
pressure switch (10) which sends a signal to the control unit to indicate that the agent discharge has
begun.

The extinguishing agent IFLOW ® is stored at 300 bar pressure, thanks to IFLOW ® valve reduces the
pressure to 70 bar to the manifold.

The gas flows through the piping system up to the nozzles (5), and is hurled at high speed toward the fire.

You can also activate the system Manual Alarm Button (8). This device should only be used once the hall
has been evacuated. The use of this device involves the same protocol described for functional activation
by automatic fire detection. If after the delay time has not produced the download, select the battery
manually (see 4.3 Action in case of failure of the automatic activation of the extinguishing system.).

The output of the gas takes place in a time of 60 seconds. During this time there is a loud noise, with an
initial peak of 120 dB intensity falling rapidly over the download.

The gas leaves at high speed through the nozzles, so the escape routes of the room should be arranged
as far as possible out of direct reach of the diffuser. The strength that comes with the extinguishing agent
is not enough to lift heavy objects (computers, tables, cabinets, machines ...) and people but to lift papers,
books light and moving parts that are near the exit of the nozzle. Avoid placing objects or moving parts in
places within the boundaries of the nozzles.

In the event that someone was trapped inside the enclosure where the fire is occurring, should take into
account the above effects and prudently away Outlets downloads. IFLOW ® system can be installed in
occupied areas because it is a nontoxic agent, is a gas that occurs naturally in the air: argon. However,
before downloading any gas fire extinguisher, it is necessary to leave the room to avoid accidents due to
the effects mentioned above, coupled with the effect of noise caused panic.




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As explained earlier in this paragraph, if the concentration at which we have designed the system is 43%
above the risk of hypoxia, ie there is less oxygen is necessary for normal breathing. The user of the
system should verify this information with engineering who designed the project and ensure that in that
case the installation has a dual independent alarm device (for example, an electric and pneumatic) to
facilitate the evacuation of staff selector download and automatic / manual (switch auto / manual) that
allows the system to manual mode during the hours of occupation of the site and select the automatic
downloading during the hours when the premises are unoccupied.

Both the harbor under the facility as a storage area of the cylinders should be properly marked.
Interpretive signs should be provided with instructions for action in case of fire alarm. The storage area
must be provided instructions for manual activation of the system including a requirement that is
established before the area to protect has been evicted (see 4.3 Action in case of failure of the automatic
activation of the extinguishing system.)

In the room there must also be protected from posters to inform their passengers about the type of
protection available to the room and modes of action in case of fire. All these signs must be legible and
resistant to environmental conditions. We recommend the implementation of the posters DIN A-4 in red
plastic letters embossed in white. The posters should include at least the following messages:

Notices placed inside the protected area:






Notices placed outsider the protected area:






Notices placed in close-by areas from the protected one :







-WARNING-
AREA PROTETED WITH FIRE EXTINGUISHING
SYSTEM
EXIT AREA IN CASE OF ALARM
-WARNING-
AREA PROTETED WITH FIRE EXTINGUISHING
SYSTEM
NO ENTRY IN CASE OF RELEASE
HASTA VENTILAR EL LOCAL
-WARNING-
DISCHARGE OF EXTNGUISHING AGENT IN CLOSE
BY AREA MAY CAUSE AN UNBREATHABLE
ATMOSPHERE
EXIT AREA IN CASE OF ALARM
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Notices placed in all the system manual activation devices :








For a better extinguishing performance avoid any air intake that may revive the fire. Once the discharge is
finished, wait at least 30 minutes before activating the ventilation of the room in order to prevent the
reignition of the fire. The presence of a fire brigade at the time of activating the ventilation of the room is
recommended.


4.2 Manual use of devices

Manual operations after an actuation

The following operations shall always been performed manually after a discharge (see 4.4 Actuation after a
cylinder bank discharge).

- Re-assembly of pressure switch with interlock device
- Decompression of release line

Manual operations in case of failure of automatic system:

In the event of failure of automatic discharge system or malfunction of any of its components, LPG has
made provision by designing components and systems in such a way as to allow manual actuation (see
4.3 Actuation in case of failure of fire extinguishing system automatic actuation). The following operations
are included:

- Actuation of manual lever release
- Manual opening/closing of solenoid valves + manual release
- Abort of delay time
- Manual opening/closing of solenoid valves





-WARNING-
DEVICE ACTIVATION WILL ACTIVATE
EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM
BEFORE ACTIVATION ALL STAFF SHOULD EXIT
AREA
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4.2.1 Re-assembly of pressure switch with interlock device

Unlatch the pressure switch by pulling off the lever (1).

The pressure switch is located on the storage area, mounted on the discharge manifold.


4.2.2 Actuation of manual lever release and manual pneumatic release.

Manual lever release is located on installation pilot cylinder valve



To operate, pull hard to remove seal (3). Operate lever (1) by pulling hard backwards and downwards.
Nitrogen cylinders are charged at a pressure of 100 bar. Thus, there is a certain lever retrocession.

Perform same operations for use of manual pneumatic release described in section 2.1.4.3.
1


1
3
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4.2.3 Manual actuation of solenoid valves + manual release

In systems with directional valves, each solenoid valve + manual release controls the one of the
direccional valves opening










To operate, pull hard to remove seal (1). Operate lever (2) by pulling hard backwards and downwards.


4.2.4 Abort of delay time



For systems with delay time, the retardant cylinder is equipped with an abortion lever (1).
Pull hard to remove seal (2). Operate lever (1) by pulling hard backwards and downwards.



2
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4.2.5 Release line decompression

When a discharge takes place, release line remains pressurized with nitrogen all along its length, from
pilot cylinder to the last release cone. iFlow®

systems have a decompression screw incorporated
(generally located at pilot cylinder outlet or at last release cone) which allows controlled nitrogen
evacuation. Operate decompression screw in accordance with the following procedure

1. Remove cap (7).
2. Using a flat screwdriver pull out internal cap (5).
3. Replace cap (5) on reverse position (hexagon towards outside).
Tighten using a 6 mm Allen wrench. At that moment internal
pressure escape will be heard.
4. When all internal pressure has been vented, replace cap (5) as
it was at the beginning (Grooved surface facing exterior).
5. Place cap on its position (7) considering the "0" ring (6) is in its
proper place.









4.2.6 Manual opening/closing of directional valves

The valve has a shock link (1) connected to the valve’s piston and spool. At
the free end of the shock link a lever is connected. When the lever is
actuated upwards, the piston goes downwards and the directional valve
opens. To close the directional, operate the lever downwards until the
piston is introduced into its housing until it stops.
LPG offers this type of lever for the directional valves supplied.
To avoid a vacuum effect inside the pneumatic piston, unthread the
decompression screw (2). Once the test is finished do not forget to thread
the decompression screw (2) again.
In the drawing there is an example of an opened directional.





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4.3 Actuation in the event of failure of fire extinguishing system automatic
activation.

When extinguishing discharge is not released within delay time specified by Central Station (see Control
Station technical instructions) plus pneumatic delay (30 s) from fire alarm or if you can see a fire or alarm
system has failed to operate, WAIT UNTIL AREA IS EVACUATED to manually activate extinguishment. The
following operations shall be performed quickly and in order:

1. The person in charge of manual operation shall wear a helmet and gobbles which he will find on
storage area, next to cylinder bank and close to warning signs containing instructions for manual
discharge.

2. Check visually condition of cylinder bank (flexible hoses, gauges on pilot cylinders show correct
pressure according to their labels, directional valves are closed and no leaks appreciated).

3. For banks with directional valves, identify the solenoid valve + manual release corresponding to the
area to flood. Solenoid valves + manual release should be clearly marked with the area to protect.
Open manually (see 4.2.3 manual actuation of solenoide valves + manual release). It is very important
to only activate the valve corresponding to the flooding area. Otherwise, activation of two or more
valves will cause the extinguishing agent discharge towards various areas.

4. For banks with directional valves, identify the direccional valve corresponding to the area to flood.
Directional valves should be clearly marked with the area to protect. Open manually in case of failure
of the automatic system. (see 4.2.6 manual opening/closing of directional valves). The handle for
opening should be kept close to the directional valves for emergencies. In case of opening one of the
other directional by mistake, it must be closed before activating the shutter. Otherwise part of the
smothering gas would lead to a different area of the fire.

5. For banks with pneumatic retardant, abort delay time (see 4.2.4 Abort delay time). Some retardants
may not have an abortion lever, in which case the opening of the cylinders will not happen until 30
seconds after release.

6. Activate the pilot cylinder release (see 4.2.2 Activation of manual release lever). This operation causes
the opening of the pilot cylinder valve as well as the auxiliary cylinders valves.











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s NOTE: If it is not possible to remove top caps manually DO NOT FORCE THEM. Call
LPG technical staff.

4.4 Actuation after cylinder bank discharge


4.4.1 In the risk:

1. Prior to opening the door or operate hazard ventilation where discharge has taken place, wait for the
arrival of the fire brigade.

2. Once the risk is controlled clean the area .

3. Check visually condition of iFLOW
®
installation within the risk (pipe general condition, nozzle
condition). It is recommended to follow pertaining items on "Checking list for routine inspections for
iFLOW
®
fire extinguishing installation " (contained in Appendix III ).

4.4.2 In cylinder bank location

1. Verify that all iFLOW
®
installation cylinders have been discharged
(check that all pressure gauges indicate 0 bar).

2. Decompress release line by means of the decompression
screw. (see 4.2.5 Release line decompression). .
After system activation and once the discharge is produced, the
valve head is pressurized. In this case, hte cap cannot be
removed (2) and the cap’s top piston (1) stands out slightly.
To decompress the valves cap, loosen the screw (fig. 4.4.2.1)
with an allen key n.5, until a slight leak is perceived or that the
cap’s piston is hiding.
Remove cap (2) whenever cylinder manipulation is needed.

3. Unlatch pressure switch (see 4.2.1 Reassemble pressure switch
with interlock)








F
i
Fig. 4.4.2.1








Piston (1)
WARNING
Safety Disk
Cap (2)
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4. Cut electrical supply to the solenoid pilot cylinder.

5. Decompress release line by means of the decompression screw. (see 3.3.3 Release line
decompression). In the event of cylinder banks with selector valves, for depressurization operation of
solenoid valves + manual release which control the opening of selector valves, the latter should be
open.

6. Close solenoid valves + manual release that control the direccional valves by cutting electrical supply.

7. Close directional valves (ver 4.2.6 Manual opening/closing of directional valves) in case they do not
close alter decompression of the release line.

8. Check visually iFLOW
®
installation condition within the hazard (component general condition). It is
recommended to follow corresponding items on "Checking list for routine inspections for iFLOW
®

installation ".

9. Dismantle cylinders from their brackets and send them to LPG to be recharged as well as all damaged
components for repair or replacement. To dismantle the iFLOW
®
cut-off valve, see matrix system
installation in section 2.1.3.4.

10. After replacing cylinders and their components, revise all system release systems and reassemble
(e.g. Replace manual release seals, release discs used, etc.).

11. A new installation reception and commissioning of fire extinguishing system should be performed.




























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ANNEXES



ANNEX I Drawings for iFLOW standard systems



ANNEX II Technical data for iFLOW system components


ANNEX III Clauses from Standards and Check List for Handover and
Routine Inspection for Fire Extinguishing Systems.

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5 ANNEX I: Standard drawings for iFLOW systems



DRAWING NUMBER DESCRIPTION

53120035 LESS THAN 9 CYLINDERS BANK, 80L. IG-55 300 BAR SR iFLOW SYSTEM.

53120037 MORE THAN 8 CYLINDERS BANK, 80L IG-55 300 BAR SR iFLOW SYSTEM.

53120141 LESS THAN 9 CYLINDERS BANK, 80L. IG-55 300 BAR DR iFLOW SYSTEM.

53120143 MORE THAN 8 CYLINDERS BANK, 80L IG-55 300 BAR DR iFLOW SYSTEM.

53120046 SR iFLOW MATRIX BANK

53107132 DR iFLOW MATRIX BANK

53107404 3R iFLOW MATRIX BANK (2 SHEETS)

53106506 4R iFLOW MATRIX BANK (2 SHEETS)

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6 ANNEX II: Report on technical data for iFLOW system components

DESCRIPTION Nº TECHNICAL DATA

NON-WELDED CYLINDER FT 013
HIGH PRESSURE SOLENOID VALVE FT 017
PTFE HOSE FT 040
PRESSURE SWITCH W/LOCKING DEVICE FT 047
NON-WELDED CYLINDER FT 049
HIGH PRESSURE HAND LEVER RELEASE FT 051
3L PILOT CYLINDER FT 052
CHECK VALVE ¾” FT 055
HIGH PRESSURE PNEUMATIC CONE FT 058
DECOMPRESSION SCREW R ¼” FT 070
DEPRESSURIZATION VALVE R ¼” FT 075
STEEL NOZZLE 180º FT 135
STEEL NOZZLE 360º FT 136
R2F HOSE FT 139
SWITCHABLE PRESSURE SWITCH FT 145
7L PILOT CYLINDER FT 217
30L PILOT CYLINDER FT 218
iFLOW VALVE FT 219
HORIZONTAL CHECK VALVE FT 220
R1SC HOSE FT 227




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7 ANNEX III: Regulation extract and checking list for reception and
routine inspection for fire extinguishing installations.

APPENDIX 2 MINIMUM MAINTENANCE FOR FIRE PROTECTION INSTALLATIONS.


1. Fire Protection material means shall be subject to minimum maintenance program established in
tables I and II.

2. Maintenance operations indicated in table I shall be performed by personnel assigned by an approved
installer or maintainer, or by personnel assigned by installation user or property owner.

3. Maintenance operations indicated in table II shall be performed by personnel assigned by
manufacturer, installer or maintainer approved for the type of devices, equipment or systems in
question or by personnel assigned by the user if he has obtained the condition of maintainer because
he has proper technical means available, according to decision of the authority having jurisdiction in
Industrial matters in the Autonomous Community.

4. In all cases, installation maintainer, user or property owner shall keep written proof of compliance of
preventive maintenance program, indicating, as a minimum, operations performed, results of
inspections and tests and replacements of damaged elements. Annotations shall be kept up to date
and shall be at the disposal of inspection services of pertaining Autonomous Community.


















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TABLE 1
Maintenance program for fire fighting material means
Operations to be performed by personnel assigned by property owner of equipment or system installation.


Equipment or system Every three months



Fire extinguishing fixed systems:


Water sprinklers.
Mist water.
Powder.
Foam.
Gaseous extinguishing agents.
Check that extinguishing agent nozzles or sprinklers are in good
conditions and free of obstructions for their proper operation.

Check if system components are in good conditions, especially test
valve for system sprinklers or manual control for powder systems or
gaseous extinguishing agents.

Check condition of charge for powder, carbon dioxide or
halogenated hydrocarbon system installations and gas bottles, if any.

Check pilot, signal circuits, etc, for systems fitted with control
indicators.

General cleaning of all components.

















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TABLE II
Maintenance program for fire fighting material means
Operations to be performed by personnel assigned by system or equipment manufacturer or installer.


Equipment or system

EVERY YEAR



Fire extinguishing fixed systems


Water sprinklers.
Mist water.
Powder.
Foam.
Gaseous extinguishing agents.
Integral inspection, in accordance with manufacturer or installer
instructions, including in every case:

Checking of system components, especially release and alarm
devices.

Checking of extinguishing agent charge and charge gauge/meter
(pressure or weight alternative measurement)

Checking condition of extinguishing agent

Test of installation under reception conditions.




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