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CUSTOMIZED SAMPLE STYLE SHEET

Abbreviation
- Common terms can be left in abbreviated form?
What is API?
VPN? As is or define?
-DLP (?)
-OS
-CD
-DVD
-PC
NERC CIP?

-Are government agency names OK or exempted?
- Rule of abbreviation: first mention/citation includes full form, followed by abbreviation enclosed in
parentheses.


Punctuation/Formatting
- Oxford comma
- Order of parentheses – {[( )]}
- e.g. and i.e. – dotted and with/without comma
- “e.g.” and “i.e.” within a parenthesis, spelled out as “for example” and “that is,” respectively,
outside parenthesis.
- closed-up En dash (range and relationship)
- closed up Em dash (parenthetical)
- double quotation (“ ‘xxx’ ”)
- foreign words to be italicized


Spelling
- U.S. Spelling
- Contractions okay aside from books
- E-mail vs. email – hyphenated
- Internet (title case)
- lifecycle (n)
- end user (n) end-user (adj)
- Follow hyphenation in prefixes anti-, non-, pre-, etc.
- U.S. dotted (n. and adj.)

Others/Grammar
- “While” at the beginning of a sentence should be “although.” “While” pertains to time.
- “Since” at the beginning of a sentence should be “Because,” unless pertaining to time.
- “due to,” unless referring to “caused by” should be changed to “because of.”
- Numbers spelled out when 10<.


References
Based on the Chicago Manual of Style
http://library.williams.edu/citing/styles/chicago2.php
http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html
http://www.smu.ca/webfiles/ChicagoStyleauthordateFeb2011-1.pdf


Single author
(CMS 15.12)

Nairn, Tom. 1997. Faces of Nationalism: Janus Revisited. London: Verso.
Multiple authors
(CMS 15.12)

Geis, Gilbert, and Ivan Bunn. 1997. A Trial of Witches: A Seventeenth-Century Witchcraft
Prosecution. London: Routledge.

Ollivier, M., T. Encrenaz, F. Roques, F. Selsis, and F. Casoli. 2009. Planetary Systems:
Detection, Formation and Habitability of Extrasolar Planets. Berlin: Springer

Edited Book
(CMS 15.35)

Sarat, Austin and Stuart Scheingold, eds. 1998. Cause Lawyering: Political Commitments
and Professional Responsibilities. New York: Oxford Univ. Press.
Group or corporate
author
(CMS 15.36)

Global Environment Coordination. 1994. Facing the Global Environment Challenge: A
Progress Report on World Bank Global Environmental Operations. Washington, DC:
Global Environment Coordination Division, Environment Dept., The World Bank.
Chapter or essay in
book
(CMS 14.111)
Roell, Craig H. 1994. "The Piano in the American Home." In The Arts and the American
Home, 1890 - 1930, ed. Jessica H. Foy and Karal Ann Marling, 193-204. Knoxville, TN:
University of Tennessee Press.
Article from a
reference book
(CMS 14.247)

Not usually included in the reference list. (CMS 14.247).
Articles
(Chicago Manual of Style 15.43-15.47)
Article in a journal (one
author)
(CMS 15.9)

Bondonski, Ilya. 1989. "Caring Among the Forgotten." Journal of Social
Activism 14 (Fall): 112-34.
Article in a journal
(multiple authors)
(CMS 15.12)

Liker, Andras and Tamas Szekely. 1997. "Aggression Among Female
Lapwings, Vanellus vanellus. Animal Behaviour. 54 (3): 797-802.
Article in a popular
magazine
(CMS 15.47)

Birnbaum, Jeffrey H. 1998. "How to Succeed at Damage Control."
Fortune, March 30, 173-176.
Article in a newspaper
(CMS 15.47)
It is preferable to include newspaper references in running text (CMS
15.47).
Example: In his 8 May 1998 New York Times article "Pact on Israeli
Pullback Hinges on Defining Army's Role," Steven Erlanger states...
If the newspaper citation needs to be included in the reference list, follow
this model:
Erlanger, Steven. 1998. "Pact on Israeli Pullback Hinges on Defining
Army's Role." New York Times, May 8, sec. A.
Note: Different web browsers break the text in different places of a URL. The URL should begin
on the same line as the rest of the citation information, with a break inserted after a slash, if
needed.
Article from
a full-text
database
(CMS
14.271)

Zellner, Wendy. 2003. "An Insider's Tale of Enron's Toxic Culture." Business Week
March 31, 16. http://web.lexis-nexis.com/universe/form/academic/
s_guidednews.html.
Article from
an e-journal
collection
(CMS
14.271)
Miguel, Edward. 2004. "Tribe or Nation? Nation Building and Public Goods in
Kenya versus Tanzania." World Politics 56 (3): 327-362.
http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/world_politics/v056/56.3miguel.html.
Note: if the article has a DOI, use it in place of the page numbers. See Chicago
Manual of Style sec. 15.9 for more information and examples.
Article from
a free web
e-journal
(CMS
14.245)
Shrum, Robert. 1996. "Taxing Clinton's Character." Slate, June 25.
http://slate.msn.com/id/.
Note: if the article has a DOI, use it in place of the page numbers. See Chicago
Manual of Style sec. 15.9 for more information and example.
Media
(Chicago Manual of Style 14.274-14.280) See also "Citing Audiovisual Materials in Author-Date
Format", CMS 15.53)
Music Score
(CMS
14.269)
Johnson, Charles L. 1997. "Crazy Bone Rag." In Ragtime Jubilee: 42 Piano Gems,
1911-21, ed. David A. Jasen, 41-45. Mineola, NY: Dover Publications.
Sound
Recording
(CMS
14.276)
"Chicago recommends a more comprehensive approach to dating audiovisual
materials than in previous editions of the manual"; for examples, see CMS 15.53.
Video
Recording
(CMS
14.279)
"Chicago recommends a more comprehensive approach to dating audiovisual
materials than in previous editions of the manual"; see CMS 15.53 for explanation
and 14.279 and 14.280 for examples.
Television No example provided in Chicago Manual of Style.
Web/Online
(Chicago Manual of Style, e-books: 14.166, e-journals: 14.184-14.185, online magazines:
14.200, online newspapers: 14.203, e-mail: 14.222-14.223 , web pages: 14.245, online
multimedia: 14.280, and articles from full-text databases:14.271)
Note: Different web browsers break the text in different places of a URL. The URL should begin
on the same line as the rest of the citation information, with a break inserted after a slash, if
needed.
Web page
(CMS
14.245)
Yetman, Norman R. 2001. "An Introduction to the WPA Slave Narratives." Born
in Slavery: Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936-1938.
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/snhtml/snhome.html.
Article from a
free web e-
journal
(CMS
14.200)
Shrum, Robert. 1996. "Taxing Clinton's Character." Slate, June 25.
http://slate.msn.com/id/.
Note: if the article has a DOI, use it in place of the page numbers. See Chicago
Manual of Style sec. 15.9 for more information and example.
Article from a
full-text
database
(CMS
14.271)
Zellner, Wendy. 2003. "An Insider's Tale of Enron's Toxic Culture." Business
Week March 31, 16. http://web.lexis-nexis.com/universe/form/academic/
s_guidednews.html.
Article from
an e-journal
collection
(CMS
14.184-
14.185)
Miguel, Edward. 2004. "Tribe or Nation? Nation Building and Public Goods in
Kenya versus Tanzania." World Politics 56 (3): 327-362.
http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/world_politics/v056/56.3miguel.html.
Note: if the article has a DOI, use it in place of the page numbers. See Chicago
Manual of Style sec. 15.9 for more information and examples.
Government Information
(Chicago Manual of Style, 15.54-15.55 for citing legal and public documents in author-date
style. For general information on citing legal and public documents see 14.282-14.304)
Congressional
Hearings
(CMS 14.296)
U.S. Congress. House. Committee on International Relations. 1997. The threat
from international organized crime and global terrorism: Hearing before the
Committee on International Relations. 105th Cong., 1st sess., October 1.
Executive
Department
Documents
(CMS 14.303)
U.S. Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of
Justice. 2001. The Threat of Russian Organized Crime, by James O.
Finckenauer and Yuri A. Voronin. Washington, DC: Government Printing
Office. http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS15051.
Unpublished
(Chicago Manual of Style, 15.48-15.51)
Interview
(CMS
15.48)
"Reference list entries are unneeded, though each person cited must be fully
identified elsewhere in the text." (CMS 15.48)