India at a glance

POVERTY and SOCIAL
2006
Population, mid-year (millions)
GNI per capita (Atlas method, US$)
GNI (Atlas method, US$ billions)

9/28/07

India

South
Asia

Lowincome

1,109.8
820
910.0

1,493
766
1,143

2,403
650
1,562

1.5
1.9

1.7
2.1

1.9
2.3

29
29
64
56
..
86
61
119
123
116

..
29
64
62
..
84
58
110
115
105

..
30
59
75
..
75
61
102
108
96

Development diamond*

Life expectancy

Average annual growth, 2000-06
Population (%)
Labor force (%)
Most recent estimate (latest year available, 2000-06)
Poverty (% of population below national poverty line)
Urban population (% of total population)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Infant mortality (per 1,000 live births)
Child malnutrition (% of children under 5)
Access to an improved water source (% of population)
Literacy (% of population age 15+)
Gross primary enrollment (% of school-age population)
Male
Female

Gross
primary
enrollment

GNI
per
capita

Access to improved water source

India

Low-income group

KEY ECONOMIC RATIOS and LONG-TERM TRENDS
1986

1996

2005

2006

246.4
23.0
5.3
21.2
21.6

388.3
22.1
10.5
20.9
23.2

805.7
33.4
20.3
30.4
32.7

911.8
33.9
23.0
31.1
33.5

-2.0
0.7
19.5
32.5
..
..

-1.3
1.0
24.1
22.2
..
..

-1.2
0.8
15.3
12.5
13.7
56.9

-1.1
..
..
..
..
..

1986-96

1996-06

2005

2006

2006-10

5.5
3.5
11.8

6.4
4.7
13.4

9.2
7.7
5.9

9.2
7.7
8.6

..
..
..

GDP (US$ billions)
Gross capital formation/GDP
Exports of goods and services/GDP
Gross domestic savings/GDP
Gross national savings/GDP
Current account balance/GDP
Interest payments/GDP
Total debt/GDP
Total debt service/exports
Present value of debt/GDP
Present value of debt/exports

Economic ratios*

Trade

Domestic
savings

Capital
formation

Indebtedness
(average annual growth)
GDP
GDP per capita
Exports of goods and services

India

Low-income group

STRUCTURE of the ECONOMY
1986

1996

2005

2006

(% of GDP)
Agriculture
Industry
Manufacturing
Services

30.0
26.3
16.4
43.7

27.4
27.0
17.5
45.6

18.3
27.6
16.0
54.1

17.5
27.9
16.3
54.6

Household final consumption expenditure
General gov't final consumption expenditure
Imports of goods and services

66.9
11.9
7.1

68.4
10.7
11.7

58.3
11.3
23.3

57.6
11.3
25.8

1986-96

1996-06

2005

2006

3.7
6.2
6.5
6.6

2.3
6.4
5.9
8.2

6.0
9.6
9.1
9.8

2.7
10.6
12.3
11.2

30

5.2
4.0
7.0
10.8

4.7
5.3
9.1
9.9

6.1
9.8
18.8
10.3

7.5
9.0
14.2
11.4

0

(average annual growth)
Agriculture
Industry
Manufacturing
Services
Household final consumption expenditure
General gov't final consumption expenditure
Gross capital formation
Imports of goods and services

Growth of capital and GDP (%)
30
20
10
0
-10

01

02

03

04

GCF

05

06

GDP

Growth of exports and imports (%)

20
10

01

02

Exports

03

04

05

06

Imports

Note: 2006 data are preliminary estimates.
This table was produced from the Development Economics LDB database.
* The diamonds show four key indicators in the country (in bold) compared with its income-group average. If data are missing, the diamond will
be incomplete.

India
PRICES and GOVERNMENT FINANCE
1986
Domestic prices
(% change)
Consumer prices
Implicit GDP deflator
Government finance
(% of GDP, includes current grants)
Current revenue
Current budget balance
Overall surplus/deficit

1996

2005

2006

Inflation (%)
8

8.7
6.8

9.0
7.5

4.2
4.4

5.8
5.9

6
4
2
0

19.6
-2.3
-9.9

17.5
-3.5
-6.4

19.7
-3.1
-6.8

21.6
-1.9
-6.5

1986

1996

2005

2006

10,413
414
476
6,564
17,729
1,028
2,371
4,914

34,133
1,129
1,172
24,613
48,948
1,214
10,036
9,922

105,152
1,589
6,164
72,563
156,993
2,767
43,963
37,666

127,090
1,744
7,033
82,818
191,995
3,291
57,074
52,944

101
119
85

104
115
90

..
..
..

..
..
..

1986

1996

2005

2006

13,630
19,951
-6,321

41,607
55,696
-14,089

166,556
194,516
-27,960

208,420
240,598
-32,178

3

-977
2,327

-3,307
12,367

-5,510
24,102

-4,846
27,195

1

Current account balance

-4,971

-5,029

-9,368

-9,829

Financing items (net)
Changes in net reserves

4,397
574

10,847
-5,818

23,582
-14,214

45,164
-35,335

Memo:
Reserves including gold (US$ millions)
Conversion rate (DEC, local/US$)

6,574
12.8

26,423
35.5

150,866
44.3

198,710
45.2

1986

1996

2005

2006

48,124
3,475
10,529

93,466
8,768
17,616

123,123
5,557
23,363

..
6,177
24,068

Total debt service
IBRD
IDA

5,273
469
152

11,981
1,514
364

24,335
417
809

..
597
841

Composition of net resource flows
Official grants
Official creditors
Private creditors
Foreign direct investment (net inflows)
Portfolio equity (net inflows)

595
1,404
2,793
118
0

589
184
-146
2,426
3,958

1,060
1,421
379
6,598
12,152

..
..
..
..
..

World Bank program
Commitments
Disbursements
Principal repayments
Net flows
Interest payments
Net transfers

1,790
1,297
235
1,062
386
676

1,725
1,592
1,074
518
804
-287

1,592
2,130
843
1,288
384
904

208
1,787
942
845
496
349

01

02

03

04

05

GDP deflator

06

CPI

TRADE
(US$ millions)
Total exports (fob)
Marine products
Ores and minerals
Manufactures
Total imports (cif)
Food
Fuel and energy
Capital goods
Export price index (2000=100)
Import price index (2000=100)
Terms of trade (2000=100)

Export and import levels (US$ mill.)
250,000
200,000
150,000
100,000
50,000
0
00

01

02

03

Exports

04

05

06

Imports

BALANCE of PAYMENTS
(US$ millions)
Exports of goods and services
Imports of goods and services
Resource balance
Net income
Net current transfers

Current account balance to GDP (%)

2

0
00

01

02

03

04

05

06

-1
-2

EXTERNAL DEBT and RESOURCE FLOWS
(US$ millions)
Total debt outstanding and disbursed
IBRD
IDA

Composition of 2005 debt (US$ mill.)

G: 8,788

A: 5,557

B: 23,363

D: 3,476

E: 18,583

F: 63,356

A - IBRD
B - IDA
C - IMF

D - Other multilateral

The World Bank Group: This table was prepared by country unit staff; figures may differ from other World Bank published data.

E - Bilateral
F - Private
G - Short-term

9/28/07