An Overview of City of Dayton Sustainability Initiatives

Spring 2009

Green Dayton

Completed & Ongoing Initiatives

• Dayton started curbside recycling collection in 1990. • In 2008, Dayton collected 3,067 tons of recycled waste. • Every ton of paper that is recycled saves 17 trees. • The energy saved when we recycle one glass bottle is enough to power a conventional light bulb for four hours. • Recycling benefits the air and water by creating a net reduction in 10 major categories of air pollutants and eight major categories of water pollutants.

Solid Waste Recycling

• In 2005, the City of Dayton implemented a Fuel Conservation Policy to reduce fuel consumption and save money on fuel costs. Unnecessary idling of vehicles and equipment is strictly prohibited. • Annual fuel consumption from 2006 to 2008 decreased by 345,860 gallons (or 26.4%).

Anti-Idling/Fuel Conservation Policy

• Dayton has purchased some hybrid vehicles and continues to research alternative-fueled vehicles, including Compressed Natural Gas.

Alternative Fuel Vehicles

• Since 2006, Fleet Management has been reusing waste motor oil that is drained from City vehicles during routine maintenance. • Fleet has the capacity of storing approximately 2,500 gallons of waste oil for reuse in a water boiler heating system. This system has been used as a secondary heating system in order to reduce heating costs. • The system offers a potential annual savings of $10,000 to $20,000.

Used Oil for Heating

• In 2006, the Dayton Department of Water completed a baseline carbon emissions estimate for all its activities.

The baseline estimate involved a complete inventory of all utility components, a review of operational efficiency, and identification of cost and energy reduction opportunities.

Carbon Footprint Water Department

• Lime utilized in the drinking water softening process is recycled for reuse in the water treatment process, and the excess is applied to land to enhance the quality of farm fields. • In addition, the lime is a potentially valuable product for which we continue to look for reuse customers, to save disposal costs.

Lime Recycling/Reuse

• The Dayton Wastewater Treatment Plant generates 600,000 cubic feet of methane gas per day.

This gas is utilized as fuel for boilers that provide both heat for buildings and heat for processes. In addition, the plant has the ability to generate 2,160 kw of electricity with the methane. The electric generating facility is used for peak electric loadings.

Alternative Fuels, Methane Recapture Boilers and Electric Generating Facility

• In the Department of Water, an initiative to upgrade the energy efficiency of pumps and motors has been underway for a number of years. • The pumps and motors are utilized to pump water and wastewater at treatment plants as well as to deliver water and remove wastewater from residences and businesses.

Energy-Efficient Pumps and Motors

The nutrient trading program involves utilizing upstream management of farm fields to reduce nutrient loadings to Daytonarea rivers and streams, in lieu of energy intensive and high cost plant removal. The program is a marketbased approach for protecting and improving water quality. Trading involves two basic steps:
• 1)


Setting a goal for the total amount of nutrients that enter waters in a watershed. Allowing sources to trade in ways that meet local and watershed-wide water quality goals.

Nutrient Trading at Wastewater Treatment Plant

• At Kittyhawk Golf Center, ultrasonic devices are used to reduce algae growth in ponds (recharge lagoons). These will be replaced with solar aeration units. • Solar-powered security cameras in the Water Department well fields save energy and allow wireless downloading of photos onto laptop computers. Currently, there are six solar-powered cameras in operation, with plans to install more.

Varied Solar Power Applications

• In 2008, Dayton’s Water Department began an awareness campaign to promote drinking City of Dayton tap water. • Dayton pumps more than 23 billion gallons of water annually and is a regional supplier to more than 400,000 Dayton and Montgomery County residents. • Drinking tap water saves the energy necessary to produce plastic water bottles, which requires the equivalent of 17.6 million barrels of oil. • Water from the tap costs less than one cent per day, while the average consumer of bottled water spends more than $400 per year.

Water Department Community Outreach

• The Children’s Water Festival is an annual event promoting sustainability and life-long green practices.

The theme for the 2008 festival was “Go Green” and the 2009 festival was themed “Take Back the Tap.”
• • 1,000 or more fourth grade students attend the festival yearly.

Children’s Water Festival

• In 2007, the Dayton City Commission approved the Sustainable Practices Policy, which sets direction and guiding principles for the City’s energy use and development of sustainable practices. • The policy followed Mayor Rhine McLin’s signing on to the U.S. Conference of Mayors Climate Protection Agreement in 2005.

Sustainable Practices Policy

• In 2008, the City’s Cool Energy Team developed an Office Guide for City employees to provide guidelines for energy use reduction in City offices and operations. • The Office Guide was an outgrowth of the City’s Sustainable Practices Policy.

City of Dayton Office Guide

• The City of Dayton joined the Energy Star network to assist in developing a carbon footprint and assessing building efficiencies and water and wastewater treatment process efficiencies.

Energy Star also offers educational resources to outreach to the public and business communities.

Current Initiatives

• The City of Dayton has entered into a 10-year performance-based improvement and management services contract with Honeywell International (beginning in 2009).

The program will allow for an average of $420,000 in energy and operating cost savings annually.
• • It includes professional energy management services in concert with lighting retrofits, building envelope work, mechanical systems replacements, building controls, traffic lighting (LED) retrofits and more.

Energy Performance Contract

• The new (opening June 2009) Creative Technology Accelerator Building at Tech Town will be LEED-certified due in part to its geothermal heating and cooling system. • Dayton’s Office of Economic Development and its development partners intend to incorporate this and other renewable energy initiatives into additional facilities at Tech Town. • With the presence of the massive Great Miami Buried Valley Aquifer, Dayton’s geothermal energy potential is virtually unlimited.

Geothermal Well – Tech Town CTA

• The City of Dayton is exploring conversion to compressed natural gas (CNG) for portions of the municipal fleet.
CNG is a cleaner, more efficient fuel and is less expensive than conventional fuel. There is a particular emphasis on converting diesel fueled vehicles.

Components of this conversion program will include some dedicated CNG vehicles and some duel fuel vehicles as well as at least one quick-fill fueling station.

Conversion of Fleet to Compressed Natural Gas

• A 2,000-sq.-ft. GreenGrid modular green roof system is to be installed at Dayton’s City Hall, at 101 W. Third St. • To be planted primarily with low-growing, hardy sedum, the green roof filters and slows storm water runoff and reduces electric loading. • The green roof and its “DAYTON” inscription will be visible from nearby highrise buildings.

Schematic of Proposed Green Roof


O – Roof drain to Storm Sewer X – Doorway to roof area

Not Open to Public Escort Required

City Hall Green Roof

Potential Initiatives


Additional Methane Gas Reuse

Prairie Parks/Switch Grass Solar Farm at Water Supply and Treatment

Low Impact Development/ LEED Certification Geothermal Farm at Tech Town

Additional Solar Applications

Recycle-Reuse Policy for Deconstructed and Demolished Structures

Wind Applications

Additional Green Roofs

City Reforestation

Green Purchasing Policy

The City of Dayton is pursuing a wide variety of opportunities for funding and collaboration for green initiatives that are economically sustainable for the City organization and the Dayton community.

Dayton City Commission
Rhine McLin, Mayor Dean Lovelace Joey Williams Matt Joseph Nan Whaley

City Manager
Rashad M. Young Dayton’s sustainability initiatives are implemented with the support of the City Commission’s Environmental Advisory Board and the Cool Energy Team, an employee group.

Thank You
For more information, contact the Office of Public Affairs at 937-333-3616 or

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