SCIENTIFIC NAME A. maculippennis C. pipiens A.

aegypti Culicoides robersi Simulium Phlebotomus Phlebotomidae Psychodiidae Tabanidae Musca domestica Musca autumnalis Musca sorbens M. conducens Fannia canicularis Fannia scalaris Muscina stabulans Morrelia hortorum Stomoxys calcitrans Hematobia exigua H. irritans Glossina morsitans Calliphora sp Calliphora vomitoria Lucilia sp. Lucilia cuprina / Caesar L. sericata Sarcophaga sp. Sarcophaga hemorrhoidalis S. fusicauda Wohlfartia magnifica Wohlfartia vigil Musca sp

COMMON NAME Anopheles Culex Aedes Biting Midges Blackflies, Buffalo Gnats Sandflies, Owl Midges sandflies moth flies horse flies and breeze flies common housefly face fly lesser housefly little housefly sweat fly stablefly buffalo fly hornfly tsetse flies Blue Bottle Flies Blue Bottle Flies Green Bottle Flies Green Bottle Flies Green Bottle Flies Fleshflies Fleshflies Fleshflies Houseflies sp

CHARACTERISTICS Crepuscular - active at twilight Nocturnal - active at night time or in the dark; Plasmodium juxtanucleare and P. gallinaceum (avian malaria) Diurnal - active at day time; Plasmodium juxtanucleare and P. gallinaceum (avian malaria) thorax humped over the head; causes allergic dermatitis in horses (Queensland itch humped back appeatance long, slender, and hairy antennae; with 16 segments; often with beaded appearance; blood sucking; causative organism of Carrion's disease (Oroya fever) and Transmit virus of 'sandfly fever' where a transmission is possible not blood sucking large robust flies with powerful wings and large eyes human and animal houses and buildings nostrils and eyes of cattle and horse; Thelazia rhodesii (cattle eye worm) markets and houses animal houses cause "urogenital myiasis"; smaller than Musca; larvae with feathered protuberances; arista is bare cause "intestinal myiasis"; larger and more robust than the housefly; common in stables adults attracted to sweat and mucus thorax has 4 longitudinal stripes of which the 2 lateral are broken; Serve as i.h. of equine stomach worm (Habronema spp) thorax with 2 dark stripes thorax with 2 dark stripes; transmits mechanically surra, anthrax, hemorrhiagic septicemia larger than the houseflies, narrow-bodied, yellowish to dark brown; common in Africa; serve as i.h. of Trypanosoma brucei, T. congolense, and T, vivax which cause "Nagana" in animals and T. gambiense and T. rhodesiense which cause "sleeping sickness" in man Accidental myiasis; Semi-obligate Stout with metallic blue color; maggots of these 3 genera produce 'blowfly strike' in sheep Accidental myiasis; Semi-obligate affects sheep in Australia; Stout flies with metallic coppery green; maggots of these 3 genera produce 'blowfly strike' in sheep affects sheep in the US; Stout flies with metallic coppery green; maggots of these 3 genera produce 'blowfly strike' in sheep Accidental myiasis; Semi-obligate light or dark grey in color; thorax with 3 longitudinal stripes; abdomen with dark checkered markings light or dark grey in color; thorax with 3 longitudinal stripes; abdomen with dark checkered markings deposit larva in cutaneous lesions or sores, nasal, and aural cavities, eyes and vagina deposit larvae on intact skin Accidental myiasis

Callitroga sp Callitroga hominivorax C. macellaria Chrysomyia sp. Chryzomyia bezziania Gasterophilus sp Hypoderma sp Phormia sp Phormia regina Cordylobia anthropophaga Booponus intonsus Gasterophilus intestinalis Gasterophilus nasalis G. hemorrhoidalis G. pecorum G. inermis Oestrus ovis Hypoderma Hypoderma bovis H. lineatum H. ageratum H. crossi H. diana Rhinoestrus purpurensis Cuterebra emasculator Dermatobia hominis Hippobosca equina H. rufipes H. maculala Pseudolynchia maura/cauariensis Lepopthena cervi Melophagus ovinus

Screw worm flies primary screw worm fly secondary screw worm fly Screw worm flies bluish green fly Bot flies Warble flies Black Bottle Flies Black Bottle Flies tumbu fly or skin maggot fly foot maggot fly horse bot flies horse bot flies horse bot flies horse bot flies horse bot flies sheep nasal fly / nasal bots / sheep Nose fly/ head maggot fly warble flies/ ox bot flies/ heel flies northern cattle grub common cattle grub

Specific or obligate myiasis bluish green color with 3 longitudinal stripes on thorax bluish green color with 3 longitudinal stripes on thorax Specific or obligate myiasis most important myiasis fly in the Philippines particularly in Negros and Panay islands Specific or obligate myiasis Specific or obligate myiasis Black with metallic blue-green sheen; maggots of these 3 genera produce 'blowfly strike' in sheep Occurs in tropical Africa; light brown in color; Eggs laid on sleeping places of man and other animals with perspiration odor The same size as the housefly but light yellow in color; Common during the dry season in Laguna, Quezon, Leyte, and Mindanao Tongue mucosa to Cardiac portion of stomach Mucosa between molar teeth to Pylorum and duodenum Tongue mucosa to Stomach and rectum Cheek mucosa to Stomach and rectum Cheek mucosa to Pharynx, esophagus, and stomach causes “false gid” affects cattle; most important species; “Gadding” affects cattle; Butcher Jelly sheep and goats (India); Butcher Jelly sheep and goats; Butcher Jelly deer (Europe); light yellow color as honey bees; mouthparts are redumentary and do not feed; Butcher Jelly larvae satges are obligatory parasites of the nasal sinuses and larynx of horses; - cause opthalmomyiasis of man occurs under the skin of rodents, rabbits, dogs, cats and man cause “Uva” swellings in the various body parts which may suppurate and cause severe pain attacks horse and cattle world wide attacks cattle and hoses in Africa attacks cattle and horse in tropics and subtropics; with yellow spots or bands serve as i.h of haemoproteus columbae “pigeon malaria” both sexes are winged but when the female found a host, the wings breaks off and resemble Melophagus ovinus wingless with strong legs and stout claws; with brown hairy body; predisposes the sheep to “blowfly strike”

gadfly rodent bot fly human bot fly / tropical warble fly horse lousefly / horse ked forest flies forest flies pigeon lousefly or pigeon fly deer ked sheep ked

Cimex lectularius

common bedbug

C. hemiptereus

oriental bedbug

Haematosiphon inordorus Triatoma rubrofaciata Panstrongylus sp Rhodnius sp. Reduvius sp. Blatella germanica Blatta orientalis Periplaneta americana Periplaneta fuliginose Periplaneta australasiae Supella superlectilium Staphilinidae Silphidae Dermestidae Tenebrionidae Tribolium castaneum T confusum Setophilus oryzae S. zeamais Meloidae Macrodactylus subspinosus Lytta vesicatoria Sessinia collaris Sessinia decolor Oxicopis vittala Epicauta pestifera Zonabris nubica Echidnophaga gallinacea

Kissing Bugs Kissing Bugs Kissing Bugs Kissing Bugs german roach / croton bug oriental cockroach American roach Australian roach tropical cockroach rove beetles burying beetles hide beetles grain beetles grain beetles grain beetles rice weevil corn weevil Blister beetles Spanish fly beetle skin blister/ coconut beetles skin blister beetle blister beetles blister beetles blister beetles stick tight flea

attacks mammals and poultry; adult has a pair of ventral thoracic stink glands while the nymph has dorsal abdominal stink gland responsible for the characteristic bedbug odor; may produce influenza-like symptoms; transmits Pasteurella spp (plague), leprosy virus, Leishmania donovani (kala-azar), Trypanosoma cruzi (Chagas dss), Rickettsia sp (relapsing fever), and Leptospirosis attacks mammals and birds; adult has a pair of ventral thoracic stink glands while the nymph has dorsal abdominal stink gland responsible for the characteristic bedbug odor; may produce influenza-like symptoms; transmits Pasteurella spp (plague), leprosy virus, Leishmania donovani (kala-azar), Trypanosoma cruzi (Chagas dss), Rickettsia sp (relapsing fever), and Leptospirosis attacks poultry in US and Mexico; adult has a pair of ventral thoracic stink glands while the nymph has dorsal abdominal stink gland responsible for the characteristic bedbug odor; may produce influenza-like symptoms; transmits Pasteurella spp (plague), leprosy virus, Leishmania donovani (kala-azar), Trypanosoma cruzi (Chagas dss), Rickettsia sp (relapsing fever), and Leptospirosis serve as i.h and transmitter of Trypanosoma cruzi “chagas disease” in man serve as i.h and transmitter of Trypanosoma cruzi “chagas disease” in man serve as i.h and transmitter of Trypanosoma cruzi “chagas disease” in man serve as i.h and transmitter of Trypanosoma cruzi “chagas disease” in man small, light brown in color with 2 longhitudinal black stripes prothorax and wings large, dark brown; wings vestigial in female and not reaching tip of abdomen in male 1.5 inched, chestnut brown; pronotal markings less defined and the last segment of cercus twice as long as it is wide smokey brown in color; pronotum solid dark brown to black resembles P. Americana but pronotum has yellow borders 2 brown cross band on tegmina larvae and adult feeds on dung, decaying animal matter etc feeds on dead animals and decomposing flesh feeds on dead animals, cured meat, cheese, cereals, dried flesh, blood etc common feeds common feeds common feeds

beetles are poisonous to chickes, duckling and turkeys beetles cause blister formation

affects chickens in southeastern US; head is angular; no ctenidia; may attack other animals; may cause module formation and ulcers in the comb and wattles and around the eyes of chickens

Tunga penetrans Pulex irritans Xenopsylla cheopis Ctenocephalis felis et felis Ctenocephalides canis Ceratophyllus fasciatus Ceratophyllus gallinae Ceratophyllus niger Leptopsylla cuniculli Leptopsylla segins Anoplura Hematopinus tuberculatus H. quadripertusus H. eurysternus H. buffalo H. suis H. asini Linognathus vituli L. africanus L. stenopsis L. pedalis L. ovillus L. setosus Solenopotes capillatus Pediculus humanus capitis P.h. corporis Pediculus eurygaster P. obtusus Phthirus pubis Polyplax serrata Polyplax spinulosa Hoplopleura acanthopus H. captiosa H. pacifica Haemodipsus ventricosus

sand flea or jigger human fleas oriental rat flea cat flea dog flea northern rat flea chickens chickens rabbit flea mouse flea sucking lice short-nosed louse short-nosed louse short-nosed louse short-nosed louse short-nosed louse short-nosed louse long-nosed cattle louse sucking louse of sheep and goats foot louse of sheep body/blue/face louse of sheep canine sucking louse tubercled lice human head louse human body louse macaque monkeys, baboons crab louse or pubic louse mouse mouse rat mice mouse rats rabbit

affects man primarily but may also attack pigs, rats, skunks, etc; thorax reduced; frons sharply angled or angular; cause ulceration and subsequent bacterial infection in the feet affects man and other mammals; genal and pronotal ctenidia absent; mesopleural rod absent; smoothly rounded frons occurs in brown rats but readily bites man; common in brown and black rats; frons smoothly rounded; mesopleural rod present; genal and pronotal ctenidia absent; Bubonic plague (P. pestis) and Typhus (R. typhi) oral and pronotal ctenidia present; frons pointed; 1st oral/genal ctenidia about as long as the 2nd; head is elongated; most common species in dogs and cats less common than Ct. felis; occurs in both dogs and cats; 1st spine about half as long as the 2nd; head is rounded present in the Philippines; occurs in rodents; oral ctenidia present transmits myxomatosis of rabbits presence of vertical genal ctenidia slow-moving but have a powerful leg; thigmotactic; phototactic; with 3 nymphal stages carabao and buffaloes in Asia and Pacific cattle and buffalo in temperate and trophic regions cattle (absent in the Philippines) buffaloes in South Africa swine; largest anopluran found in domestic animals; African swine fever virus and swine pox virus horses cattle; present in the Philippines goats and sheep goats sheep sheep dogs reported from imported cattle

occurs in the pubic region; may also occur in the armpit, eyelashes, eye brows, beard, mustache Paratergal plates project apically from the body; Tergal and sternal plates usually distinct Paratergal plates project apically from the body; Tergal and sternal plates usually distinct Paratergal plates project apically from the body; Tergal and sternal plates usually distinct Paratergal plates project apically from the body; Tergal and sternal plates usually distinct Paratergal plates project apically from the body; Tergal and sternal plates usually distinct Paratergal plates project apically from the body; Tergal and sternal plates usually distinct

Antarctophthirus microchir Mallophaga Damalinia bovis/Trichodectes scalaris D. equi D. ovis D. limbata Trichodectes canis Heterodoxus spiniger Heterodoxus longitarsus Felicola subrostratus Gyropus ovalis Gliricola porceli Trimenopon hispidum Menopon gallinae Menacanthus stramineus M. pallidulus M. cornutus Lipeurus caponis Oxylipeurus dentalus Goniodes dissimilis Goniodes gigas Goniocotes gallinae Cuclotogaster heterographus Menacanthus stramineus Menopon gallinae Chelopistes/ Goniodes meleagridis Oxylipeurus polytrapezius Menopon giganteum Columbicola columbae Campanulotes bidentalus Colphocephalum turbinatum Trinoton anseris Menopon gallinae Anaticola crassicornis Anaticola anseris Holomenopon leucoxanthum Menopon gallinae Goniocotes spp. Argasidae

sea lions biting lice cattle horses sheep goats dog dogs kangaroos, wallabies cats guinea pig and other rodents guinea pig and other rodents guinea pig shaft louse body louse small body louse body louse slender wing louse neck louse brown louse large body louse fluff louse head louse turkey turkey turkey turkey pigeon pigeon pigeon pigeon duck and geese duck and geese duck and geese duck and geese duck and geese quail quail Soft tick

Body densely clothed with thick setae sometimes modified into scales absent in the Phils; present in the US

reported in the Philippines but not common; intermediate host of Dipylidium caninum most common biting louse of dogs in the Philippines; intermediate host of Dipylidium caninum common in the Philippines especially stray cats present in the Philippines biting lice of chicken; transmits ornithosis biting lice of chicken; is the injurious of the poultry lice; carry equine encephalitis virus biting lice of chicken biting lice of chicken biting lice of chicken biting lice of chicken biting lice of chicken biting lice of chicken biting lice of chicken absent in the Philippines; biting lice of chicken biting lice of turkey biting lice of turkey biting lice of turkey biting lice of turkey biting lice of pigeon most common biting lice of pigeon biting lice of pigeon biting lice of pigeon biting lice of duck and geese biting lice of duck and geese biting lice of duck and geese biting lice of duck and geese causes “wet feather” in ducks; biting lice of duck and geese biting lice of quail biting lice of quail

Argas persicus A. reflexus Otobius megnini Ornithodorus moubata O. savignyi O. turicata Ixodidae Ixodes ricinus Ixodes canisuga Ixodes rubicundus Ixodes holocyclus Ixodes scapularis Boophilus annulatus Boophilus decoloratus Boophilus microplus Rhipicephalus appendiculatus R. evertsi R. bursa R. sanguineus Dermacentor reticulates D. variabilis D. nitens D. albipictus D. occidentalis D. andersoni/venustus Haemaphysalis leachi leachi

fowl tick

spinose ear tick

hard tick castor bean tick British dog tick paralysis tick of Southern Africa paralysis tick of Australia black-legged tick North American cattle tick / Texas fever cattle tick blue tick tropical cattle tick brown ear tick red-legged tick

found in domestic poultry in the tropics but not in the Philippines found in pigeons; bears “buttons” and “plates”; a. Borrelia anserine (fowl spirochetosis) and Aegyptienella pullorum (Avian piroplasmosis/ Aegyptienellosis) integument bears spine-like processes; animal exudes waxy or oily material from the ears that the animal tends to shake the head and scratch the ears attacks man, domestic and wild animals including birds in Africa; reservoir host for African Swine fever virus and African relapsing fever (Borrelia recurrentis); a vector of Coxiella burnetti (O. fever), A. pullorum and B. anserine affects domestic animals and man in Africa and India affects domestic animals and man in US; transmits O. fever, Anaplasmosis, Theileriosis and cause tick paralysis in sheep some species may have a series of “marginal grooves” or a row of posterior notch called “festoons"; 2. genital opening is in the ventral midline; anus is posterior Principal species associated with “tick paralysis” in cattle; Three-host tick; Transmits babesiosis cattle, anaplasmosis, louping ill, rickettsial tick borne fever of sheep and tick pyemia of lambs caused by Staphylococcus aureus

attacks livestock, dogs and cats One-host tick; Transmits Babesia bigemina (Texas fever or bovine piroplasmosis) One-host tick; Transmits Babesia bigemina, Anaplasma marginate and Borrelia theileri of ruminants Most common cattle tick in the Philippines; One-host tick; Transmits Babesia bigemina, B. bovis, Anaplasma marginale, Coxiella burnetti and Borrelia theileri Three-host tick; Transmits theileriosis (Theileria parva and T. mutans), Hepatozoon canis, Babesia bigemina and Rickettsia canori (tick bite fever) Two-host tick; Transmits Theileria mutans and T. parva (Eastcoast fever), Babesia bigemina, Babesia equi, and Hepatozoon canis Transmit Babesia ovis, B. equi, Theileria ovis, Anaplasma marginale, Coxiella burnetti Common in the Philippines; Primarily affects dogs; Three-host tick; Transmits Babesia canis, B. equi, B. caballi, Ehrlichia canis, Hepatozoon canis, Rickettsia canis, Pasteurella tularensis and Coxiella burnetti; cause tick paralysis

brown dog tick / kennel tick American dog tick tropical horse tick winter tick moose tick rocky mountain wood tick yellow dog tick

Three-host tick; Ornate; Causes tick paralysis; Transmits Rickettsia rickettsii (D. andersoni is the primary vector), Anaplasma marginale, Babesia canis, Coxiella burnetti, Leptospira Pomona Transmits Babesia canis, Rickettsia conori, and Coxiella burnetti

H. leporis-palustris Hyalomma truncatum Amblyomma hebraeum A. variegatum A. americanum Aponomma Rhipicentor nuttali Margaropus winthemi M. reidi Dermanyssus gallinae Ornithonyssus sylviarum O. bursa O. bacoti Allodermanyssus sanguineus Echinolaelaps echidninius Railletia auris R. Rhopkinski Pneumonyssus caninum P. simicola Thrombicula autumnalis Thrombicula akamushi T. sarcina T. alfreddugesi Neochongastia americana Demodex canis D. ovis D. caprae D. equi D. bovis D. phylloides D. folliculorum D. bubalis D. cunuculi D. musculi D. gambiae Psorergates

Transmit Q fever, tularemia and Rickettsia rickettsii Causes “sweating sickness” in cattle bont tick tropical bont tick lone star tick argentine tick red mite of poultry northern fowl mite tropical fowl mite tropical rat mite house mouse mite spiny rat mite Characterized by the presence of white spot on the scutum of female; Three-host tick; Transmits Rickettsia ruminantium (heartwater disease), Q fever. Tularemia and RMSF Occurs almost exclusively in reptiles (phytons, snakes, lizards, etc.) Present in large animals Attacks horses and cattle; One-host tick Affects giraffe in Sudan; With beady-legged tick transmits Borrelia anserine (spirochetosis), St. Louis encephalitis and eastern and western encephalitis transmits fowl pox, St. Louis encephalitis, and eastern and western encephalomyelitis common in the Philippines; known as “hanip” transmits Yersinia pestis (Bubonic plague), Rickettsia typhi (murine typhus) and Coxiella burnetii (Q fever) vector of rickettsial pox in man caused by Rickettsia acari definitive host of Hepatozoon muris in rats found in the external ear canal of cattle in America and Europe found in the ears of antelopes found in the nasal passages and nasal sinuses of dogs in US, Hawaii and Australia; causes reddining of the nasal mucosa, sneezing, head-shaking and rubbing of the nose found in the bronchi of rhesus monkey cause irritation, inflammation and pruritus; dermatitis results from secondary bacterial infection due to scratching vector of Rickettsia tsutsugamushi which causes Mite or Scrub typhus or River Valley fever of man in Japan and New Delhi (“akamushi” means larval mite in Japan and “tsutsugamushi” means river valley) occurs in sheep in Queensland; attaches on skin of pastern, coronet and heel of sheep affects mammals birds and reptiles, and man in the US produce skin lesions which reduce the value of dressed fowl worm-like, cigar-shaped, elongate with stumpy legs; 2nd larval form (protonymph) which is a hexapod worm-like, cigar-shaped, elongate with stumpy legs; 2nd larval form (protonymph) which is a hexapod worm-like, cigar-shaped, elongate with stumpy legs; 2nd larval form (protonymph) which is a hexapod worm-like, cigar-shaped, elongate with stumpy legs; 2nd larval form (protonymph) which is a hexapod worm-like, cigar-shaped, elongate with stumpy legs; 2nd larval form (protonymph) which is a hexapod worm-like, cigar-shaped, elongate with stumpy legs; 2nd larval form (protonymph) which is a hexapod worm-like, cigar-shaped, elongate with stumpy legs; 2nd larval form (protonymph) which is a hexapod worm-like, cigar-shaped, elongate with stumpy legs; 2nd larval form (protonymph) which is a hexapod worm-like, cigar-shaped, elongate with stumpy legs; 2nd larval form (protonymph) which is a hexapod worm-like, cigar-shaped, elongate with stumpy legs; 2nd larval form (protonymph) which is a hexapod worm-like, cigar-shaped, elongate with stumpy legs; 2nd larval form (protonymph) which is a hexapod

leg itch dog sheep goat horse cattle pig man carabao rabbits rats guinea pig Australian itch

P. ovis P. bos Syringophilus bipectinatus S. columbae S. uncinata Cheyletiella parasitivorax C. yasguri C. blakei Pediculoides ventricosus Myobia musculi Sarcoptes scabiei variabilis canis S.s. var. felis S.s. var. suis S.s. var. equi S.s. var. ovis S.s. var. bovis S.s. var. cuniculi S.s. var. caprae S.s. var. bubalis Notoedres cati N. cati var. cuniculi N. muris Cnemidocoptes gallinae C. mutans C. pilae Psoroptes P. ovis P. equi P. natalensis P. cuniculi Chorioptes bovis C. equi

sheep cattle quills of fowl feather quills of pigeon feather quills of pheasant and peacock feather rabbit fur mite dog cat grain itch mite dog cat pig horse sheep cattle rabbit goat buffalo rats depluming itch mite of fowl scaly leg mite scaly leg mite scab mites sheep,most common host horse cattle, buffalo, carabao ears of rabbit, goat, sheep, horse leg of cattle fetlock of horse

moves about rapidly that is why they are called “walking dandruff

causes mild dermatitis causes intense pruritus in man and domestic animals who acquire the infestation by access to infected grains and straw causes loss of hair and dermatitis in laboratory animals globose or round body and striae of skin are interrupted by scales and spinose areas; Thickened, wrinkled skin covered with crusts globose or round body and striae of skin are interrupted by scales and spinose areas globose or round body and striae of skin are interrupted by scales and spinose areas; Generalized focal erythema globose or round body and striae of skin are interrupted by scales and spinose areas; Emanciation and cachexia globose or round body and striae of skin are interrupted by scales and spinose areas globose or round body and striae of skin are interrupted by scales and spinose areas; Pruritus and bald patches on head and neck with marked thickening of the skin globose or round body and striae of skin are interrupted by scales and spinose areas globose or round body and striae of skin are interrupted by scales and spinose areas globose or round body and striae of skin are interrupted by scales and spinose areas ears, head and back of the neck of cat ear of rabbit Causes ear mange Mites burrow deep into the skin alongside the shafts of the feathers and cause an itching, inflammatory condition Inflammation with exudate that hardens on the surface and displaces the scales; this is accompanied by keratinization which renders the scales “powdery” in appearance Occurs in caged birds like parakeets and lovebirds; Beaks become deformed, scaly, and crusty Do not burrow into the skin and are parasitic in its surface layers causing the formation of a thick, heavy scab rather than a thickened skin

C. ovis C. caprae C. cuniculi Otodectes cynotis Megninia cubitalis M. velata M. columbae Megninia sp Pterolichus obtusus Linguatula serrata Porocephalus moniliformis Ergasilus sp Salmincola sp Achteres spp Lernaea sp Argulus sp Cyclops Diaptomus

pastern of sheep leg of goat Foot Mange / Itchy Leg

ear of rabbit Ear mite of wild and domestic carnivores causing “otodectic mange”, parasitic otitis” or “otoacariasis” feather and skin of chicken and turkeys; common in the Philippines feathers of ducks Feather and skin of chickens; Very common in the Philippines; Causes feather pulling Tongue shape; convex dorsally and flat ventrally; Signs include sneezing, coughing, dyspnea, snoring, ribbing its nose with forefeet, often blood stained nasal discharge and restlessness Adults in the nasal cavity, trachea, and lungs of snakes, crocodiles, lizards and other reptiles; Body has a beaded appearance Found in gills of freshwater fishes Found in gills and fins of salmonids Gills of freshwater fish Anchor parasites of freshwater fishes; the head (cephalic horn) is buried in host’s tissue; Destroy scales and cause ulcer at the site of penetration leading to attack of other infections (viral, bacterial, fungal) Cause erratic swimming “flashing” and poor growth intermediate host of dog pseudophyllidean tapeworm intermediate host of dog pseudophyllidean tapeworm

Pigeon turkey tongue worm

Anchor Worm Fish Lice

Parasitology species Don M. Velasquez DVM – 3b