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SCIENTIFIC NAME COMMON NAME

A. maculippennis Anopheles
C. pipiens Culex
A. aegypti Aedes
Culicoides robersi Biting Midges
Simulium Blackflies, Buffalo Gnats

Phlebotomus Sandflies, Owl Midges

Phlebotomidae sandflies
Psychodiidae moth flies
Tabanidae horse flies and breeze flies
Musca domestica common housefly
Musca autumnalis face fly
Musca sorbens
M. conducens
Fannia canicularis lesser housefly
Fannia scalaris little housefly
Muscina stabulans
Morrelia hortorum sweat fly
Stomoxys calcitrans stablefly
Hematobia exigua buffalo fly
H. irritans hornfly
Glossina morsitans tsetse flies
Calliphora sp Blue Bottle Flies
Calliphora vomitoria Blue Bottle Flies
Lucilia sp. Green Bottle Flies
Lucilia cuprina / Caesar Green Bottle Flies
L. sericata Green Bottle Flies
Sarcophaga sp. Fleshflies
Sarcophaga hemorrhoidalis Fleshflies
S. fusicauda Fleshflies
Wohlfartia magnifica
Wohlfartia vigil
Musca sp Houseflies sp
Callitroga sp Screw worm flies
Callitroga hominivorax primary screw worm fly
C. macellaria secondary screw worm fly
Chrysomyia sp. Screw worm flies
Chryzomyia bezziania bluish green fly
Gasterophilus sp Bot flies
Hypoderma sp Warble flies
Phormia sp Black Bottle Flies
Phormia regina Black Bottle Flies
Cordylobia anthropophaga tumbu fly or skin maggot fly
Booponus intonsus foot maggot fly
Gasterophilus intestinalis horse bot flies
Gasterophilus nasalis horse bot flies
G. hemorrhoidalis horse bot flies
G. pecorum horse bot flies
G. inermis horse bot flies
Oestrus ovis sheep nasal fly / nasal bots / sheep Nose fly/ head maggot fly
Hypoderma warble flies/ ox bot flies/ heel flies
Hypoderma bovis northern cattle grub
H. lineatum common cattle grub
H. ageratum
H. crossi
H. diana
Rhinoestrus purpurensis gadfly
Cuterebra emasculator rodent bot fly
Dermatobia hominis human bot fly / tropical warble fly
Hippobosca equina horse lousefly / horse ked
H. rufipes forest flies

H. maculala forest flies


Pseudolynchia maura/cauariensis pigeon lousefly or pigeon fly

Lepopthena cervi deer ked

Melophagus ovinus sheep ked


Cimex lectularius common bedbug
C. hemiptereus oriental bedbug
Haematosiphon inordorus
Triatoma rubrofaciata Kissing Bugs
Panstrongylus sp Kissing Bugs
Rhodnius sp. Kissing Bugs
Reduvius sp. Kissing Bugs
Blatella germanica german roach or croton bug
Blatta orientalis oriental cockroach
Periplaneta americana American roach
Periplaneta fuliginose
Periplaneta australasiae Australian roach
Supella superlectilium tropical cockroach
Staphilinidae rove beetles
Silphidae burying beetles
Dermestidae hide beetles
Tenebrionidae grain beetles
Tribolium castaneum grain beetles
T confusum grain beetles
Setophilus oryzae rice weevil
S. zeamais corn weevil
Meloidae Blister beetles
Macrodactylus subspinosus
Lytta vesicatoria Spanish fly beetle
Sessinia collaris skin blister/ coconut beetles
Sessinia decolor skin blister beetle
Oxicopis vittala blister beetles
Epicauta pestifera blister beetles
Zonabris nubica blister beetles
Echidnophaga gallinacea stick tight flea
Tunga penetrans sand flea or jigger
Pulex irritans human fleas
Xenopsylla cheopis oriental rat flea
Ctenocephalis felis et felis cat flea
Ctenocephalides canis dog flea
Ceratophyllus fasciatus northern rat flea
Ceratophyllus gallinae chickens
Ceratophyllus niger chickens
Leptopsylla cuniculli rabbit flea
Leptopsylla segins mouse flea
Anoplura sucking lice
Hematopinus tuberculatus short-nosed louse
H. quadripertusus short-nosed louse
H. eurysternus short-nosed louse
H. buffalo short-nosed louse
H. suis short-nosed louse
H. asini short-nosed louse
Linognathus vituli long-nosed cattle louse
L. africanus sucking louse of sheep and goats
L. stenopsis
L. pedalis foot louse of sheep
L. ovillus body/blue/face louse of sheep
L. setosus canine sucking louse
Solenopotes capillatus tubercled lice
Pediculus humanus capitis human head louse
P.h. corporis human body louse
Pediculus eurygaster macaque
P. obtusus monkeys, baboons
Phthirus pubis crab louse or pubic louse
Polyplax serrata mouse
Polyplax spinulosa mouse rat
Hoplopleura acanthopus mice
H. captiosa mouse
H. pacifica rats
Haemodipsus ventricosus rabbit
Antarctophthirus microchir sea lions
Mallophaga biting lice
Damalinia bovis/Trichodectes scalaris cattle
D. equi horses
D. ovis sheep
D. limbata goats
Trichodectes canis dog
Heterodoxus spiniger dogs
Heterodoxus longitarsus kangaroos, wallabies
Felicola subrostratus cats
Gyropus ovalis guinea pig and other rodents
Gliricola porceli guinea pig and other rodents
Trimenopon hispidum guinea pig
Menopon gallinae shaft louse
Menacanthus stramineus body louse
M. pallidulus small body louse
M. cornutus body louse
Lipeurus caponis slender wing louse
Oxylipeurus dentalus neck louse
Goniodes dissimilis brown louse
Goniodes gigas large body louse
Goniocotes gallinae fluff louse
Cuclotogaster heterographus head louse
Menacanthus stramineus turkey
Menopon gallinae turkey
Chelopistes/ Goniodes meleagridis turkey
Oxylipeurus polytrapezius turkey
Menopon giganteum pigeon
Columbicola columbae pigeon
Campanulotes bidentalus pigeon
Colphocephalum turbinatum pigeon
Trinoton anseris duck and geese
Menopon gallinae duck and geese
Anaticola crassicornis duck and geese
Anaticola anseris duck and geese
Holomenopon leucoxanthum duck and geese
Menopon gallinae quail
Goniocotes spp. quail
Argasidae Soft tick
Argas persicus fowl tick

A. reflexus
Otobius megnini spinose ear tick
Ornithodorus moubata
O. savignyi
O. turicata
Ixodidae hard tick
Ixodes ricinus castor bean tick
Ixodes canisuga British dog tick
Ixodes rubicundus paralysis tick of Southern Africa
Ixodes holocyclus paralysis tick of Australia
Ixodes scapularis black-legged tick
Boophilus annulatus North American cattle tick / Texas fever cattle tick
Boophilus decoloratus blue tick
Boophilus microplus tropical cattle tick
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus brown ear tick
R. evertsi red-legged tick
R. bursa
R. sanguineus brown dog tick / kennel tick
Dermacentor reticulates
D. variabilis American dog tick
D. nitens tropical horse tick
D. albipictus winter tick
D. occidentalis moose tick
D. andersoni/venustus rocky mountain wood tick
Haemaphysalis leachi leachi yellow dog tick
H. leporis-palustris
Hyalomma truncatum
Amblyomma hebraeum bont tick
A. variegatum tropical bont tick
A. americanum lone star tick
Aponomma
Rhipicentor nuttali
Margaropus winthemi argentine tick
M. reidi
Dermanyssus gallinae red mite of poultry
Ornithonyssus sylviarum northern fowl mite
O. bursa tropical fowl mite
O. bacoti tropical rat mite
Allodermanyssus sanguineus house mouse mite
Echinolaelaps echidninius spiny rat mite
Railletia auris
R. Rhopkinski
Pneumonyssus caninum
P. simicola
Thrombicula autumnalis
Thrombicula akamushi
T. sarcina leg itch
T. alfreddugesi
Neochongastia americana
Demodex canis dog
D. ovis sheep
D. caprae goat
D. equi horse
D. bovis cattle
D. phylloides pig
D. folliculorum man
D. bubalis carabao
D. cunuculi rabbits
D. musculi rats
D. gambiae guinea pig
Psorergates Australian itch
P. ovis sheep
P. bos cattle
Syringophilus bipectinatus quills of fowl feather
S. columbae quills of pigeon feather
S. uncinata quills of pheasant and peacock feather
Cheyletiella parasitivorax rabbit fur mite
C. yasguri dog
C. blakei cat
Pediculoides ventricosus grain itch mite
Myobia musculi
Sarcoptes scabiei variabilis canis dog
S.s. var. felis cat
S.s. var. suis pig
S.s. var. equi horse
S.s. var. ovis sheep
S.s. var. bovis cattle
S.s. var. cuniculi rabbit
S.s. var. caprae goat
S.s. var. bubalis buffalo
Notoedres cati
N. cati var. cuniculi
N. muris rats
Cnemidocoptes gallinae depluming itch mite of fowl
C. mutans scaly leg mite

C. pilae scaly leg mite


Psoroptes scab mites
P. ovis sheep,most common host
P. equi horse
P. natalensis cattle, buffalo, carabao
P. cuniculi ears of rabbit, goat, sheep, horse
Chorioptes bovis leg of cattle
C. equi fetlock of horse
C. ovis pastern of sheep
C. caprae leg of goat
C. cuniculi Foot Mange / Itchy Leg
Otodectes cynotis
Megninia cubitalis
M. velata
M. columbae Pigeon
Megninia sp turkey
Pterolichus obtusus
Linguatula serrata tongue worm
Porocephalus moniliformis
Ergasilus sp
Salmincola sp
Achteres spp
Lernaea sp Anchor Worm
Argulus sp Fish Lice
Cyclops
Diaptomus
CHARACTERISTICS
Crepuscular - active at twilight
Nocturnal - active at night time or in the dark; Plasmodium juxtanucleare and P. gallinaceum (avian malaria)
Diurnal - active at day time; Plasmodium juxtanucleare and P. gallinaceum (avian malaria)
thorax humped over the head; causes allergic dermatitis in horses (Queensland itch
humped back appeatance
long, slender, and hairy antennae; with 16 segments; often with beaded
appearance;

blood sucking; causative organism of Carrion's disease (Oroya fever) and


Transmit virus of 'sandfly fever' where a transmission is possible
not blood sucking
large robust flies with powerful wings and large eyes
human and animal houses and buildings
nostrils and eyes of cattle and horse; Thelazia rhodesii (cattle eye worm)
markets and houses
animal houses

cause "urogenital myiasis"; smaller than Musca; larvae with feathered protuberances; arista is bare
cause "intestinal myiasis"; larger and more robust than the housefly; common in stables
adults attracted to sweat and mucus
thorax has 4 longitudinal stripes of which the 2 lateral are broken; Serve as i.h. of equine stomach worm (Habronema spp)
thorax with 2 dark stripes
thorax with 2 dark stripes; transmits mechanically surra, anthrax, hemorrhiagic septicemia
larger than the houseflies, narrow-bodied, yellowish to dark brown; common in Africa; serve as i.h. of Trypanosoma brucei, T. congolense, and T, vivax which
Accidental myiasis; Semi-obligate
Stout with metallic blue color; maggots of these 3 genera produce 'blowfly strike' in sheep
Accidental myiasis; Semi-obligate
affects sheep in Australia; Stout flies with metallic coppery green; maggots of these 3 genera produce 'blowfly strike' in sheep
affects sheep in the US; Stout flies with metallic coppery green; maggots of these 3 genera produce 'blowfly strike' in sheep
Accidental myiasis; Semi-obligate
light or dark grey in color; thorax with 3 longitudinal stripes; abdomen with dark checkered markings
light or dark grey in color; thorax with 3 longitudinal stripes; abdomen with dark checkered markings
deposit larva in cutaneous lesions or sores, nasal, and aural cavities, eyes and vagina
deposit larvae on intact skin
Accidental myiasis
Specific or obligate myiasis
bluish green color with 3 longitudinal stripes on thorax
bluish green color with 3 longitudinal stripes on thorax
Specific or obligate myiasis
most important myiasis fly in the Philippines particularly in Negros and Panay islands
Specific or obligate myiasis
Specific or obligate myiasis

Black with metallic blue-green sheen; maggots of these 3 genera produce 'blowfly strike' in sheep
Occurs in tropical Africa; light brown in color; Eggs laid on sleeping places of man and other animals with perspiration odor
The same size as the housefly but light yellow in color; Common during the dry season in Laguna, Quezon, Leyte, and Mindanao
Tongue mucosa to Cardiac portion of stomach
Mucosa between molar teeth to Pylorum and duodenum
Tongue mucosa to Stomach and rectum
Cheek mucosa to Stomach and rectum
Cheek mucosa to Pharynx, esophagus, and stomach
causes “false gid”

affects cattle; most important species; “Gadding”


affects cattle; Butcher Jelly
sheep and goats (India); Butcher Jelly
sheep and goats; Butcher Jelly
deer (Europe); light yellow color as honey bees; mouthparts are redumentary and do not feed; Butcher Jelly
larvae satges are obligatory parasites of the nasal sinuses and larynx of horses; - cause opthalmomyiasis of man
occurs under the skin of rodents, rabbits, dogs, cats and man
cause “Uva” swellings in the various body parts which may suppurate and cause severe pain
attacks horse and cattle world wide
attacks cattle and hoses in Africa
attacks cattle and horse in tropics and subtropics; with yellow spots or
bands
serve as i.h of haemoproteus columbae “pigeon malaria”
both sexes are winged but when the female found a host, the wings
breaks off and resemble Melophagus ovinus
wingless with strong legs and stout claws; with brown hairy body;
predisposes the sheep to “blowfly strike”
attacks mammals and poultry; adult has a pair of ventral thoracic stink glands while the nymph has dorsal abdominal stink gland responsible for the character
attacks mammals and birds; adult has a pair of ventral thoracic stink glands while the nymph has dorsal abdominal stink gland responsible for the characteris
attacks poultry in US and Mexico; adult has a pair of ventral thoracic stink glands while the nymph has dorsal abdominal stink gland responsible for the chara
serve as i.h and transmitter of Trypanosoma cruzi “chagas disease” in man
serve as i.h and transmitter of Trypanosoma cruzi “chagas disease” in man
serve as i.h and transmitter of Trypanosoma cruzi “chagas disease” in man
serve as i.h and transmitter of Trypanosoma cruzi “chagas disease” in man
small, light brown in color with 2 longhitudinal black stripes prothorax and wings
large, dark brown; wings vestigial in female and not reaching tip of abdomen in male
1.5 inched, chestnut brown; pronotal markings less defined and the last segment of cercus twice as long as it is wide
smokey brown in color; pronotum solid dark brown to black
resembles P. Americana but pronotum has yellow borders
2 brown cross band on tegmina
larvae and adult feeds on dung, decaying animal matter etc
feeds on dead animals and decomposing flesh
feeds on dead animals, cured meat, cheese, cereals, dried flesh, blood etc
common feeds
common feeds
common feeds

beetles are poisonous to chickes, duckling and turkeys


beetles cause blister formation

affects chickens in southeastern US; head is angular; no ctenidia; may attack other animals like horse, cattle, dogs, rats, etc.; may cause module formation an
affects man primarily but may also attack pigs, rats, skunks, etc; thorax reduced; frons sharply angled or angular; cause ulceration and subsequent bacterial i
affects man and other mammals; genal and pronotal ctenidia absent; mesopleural rod absent; smoothly rounded frons
occurs in brown rats but readily bites man; common in brown and black rats; frons smoothly rounded; mesopleural rod present; genal and pronotal ctenidia ab
oral and pronotal ctenidia present; frons pointed; 1st oral/genal ctenidia about as long as the 2nd; head is elongated; most common species in dogs and cats
less common than Ct. felis; occurs in both dogs and cats; 1st spine about half as long as the 2nd; head is rounded
present in the Philippines; occurs in rodents; oral ctenidia present

transmits myxomatosis of rabbits


presence of vertical genal ctenidia
slow-moving but have a powerful leg; thigmotactic; phototactic; with 3 nymphal stages
carabao and buffaloes in Asia and Pacific
cattle and buffalo in temperate and trophic regions
cattle (absent in the Philippines)
buffaloes in South Africa
swine; largest anopluran found in domestic animals; African swine fever virus and swine pox virus
horses
cattle; present in the Philippines
goats and sheep
goats
sheep
sheep
dogs
reported from imported cattle

occurs in the pubic region; may also occur in the armpit, eyelashes, eye brows, beard, mustache
Paratergal plates project apically from the body; Tergal and sternal plates usually distinct
Paratergal plates project apically from the body; Tergal and sternal plates usually distinct
Paratergal plates project apically from the body; Tergal and sternal plates usually distinct
Paratergal plates project apically from the body; Tergal and sternal plates usually distinct
Paratergal plates project apically from the body; Tergal and sternal plates usually distinct
Paratergal plates project apically from the body; Tergal and sternal plates usually distinct
Body densely clothed with thick setae sometimes modified into scales

absent in the Phils; present in the US

reported in the Philippines but not common; intermediate host of Dipylidium caninum
most common biting louse of dogs in the Philippines; intermediate host of Dipylidium caninum

common in the Philippines especially stray cats


present in the Philippines

biting lice of chicken; transmits ornithosis


biting lice of chicken; is the injurious of the poultry lice; carry equine encephalitis virus
biting lice of chicken
biting lice of chicken
biting lice of chicken
biting lice of chicken
biting lice of chicken
biting lice of chicken
biting lice of chicken
absent in the Philippines; biting lice of chicken
biting lice of turkey
biting lice of turkey
biting lice of turkey
biting lice of turkey
biting lice of pigeon
most common biting lice of pigeon
biting lice of pigeon
biting lice of pigeon
biting lice of duck and geese
biting lice of duck and geese
biting lice of duck and geese
biting lice of duck and geese
causes “wet feather” in ducks; biting lice of duck and geese
biting lice of quail
biting lice of quail

found in domestic poultry in the tropics but not in the Philippines

found in pigeons; bears “buttons” and “plates”; a. Borrelia anserine (fowl


spirochetosis) and Aegyptienella pullorum (Avian piroplasmosis/
Aegyptienellosis)

integument bears spine-like processes; animal exudes waxy or oily material from the ears that the animal tends to shake the head and scratch the ears
attacks man, domestic and wild animals including birds in Africa; reservoir host for African Swine fever virus and African relapsing fever (Borrelia recurrentis);
affects domestic animals and man in Africa and India
affects domestic animals and man in US; transmits O. fever, Anaplasmosis, Theileriosis and cause tick paralysis in sheep
some species may have a series of “marginal grooves” or a row of posterior notch called “festoons"; 2. genital opening is in the ventral midline; anus is poster
Principal species associated with “tick paralysis” in cattle; Three-host tick; Transmits babesiosis cattle, anaplasmosis, louping ill, rickettsial tick borne fever of

attacks livestock, dogs and cats


One-host tick; Transmits Babesia bigemina (Texas fever or bovine piroplasmosis)
One-host tick; Transmits Babesia bigemina, Anaplasma marginate and Borrelia theileri of ruminants
Most common cattle tick in the Philippines; One-host tick; Transmits Babesia bigemina, B. bovis, Anaplasma marginale, Coxiella burnetti and Borrelia theileri
Three-host tick; Transmits theileriosis (Theileria parva and T. mutans), Hepatozoon canis, Babesia bigemina and Rickettsia canori (tick bite fever)
Two-host tick; Transmits Theileria mutans and T. parva (Eastcoast fever), Babesia bigemina, Babesia equi, and Hepatozoon canis
Transmit Babesia ovis, B. equi, Theileria ovis, Anaplasma marginale, Coxiella burnetti
Common in the Philippines; Primarily affects dogs; Three-host tick; Transmits Babesia canis, B. equi, B. caballi, Ehrlichia canis, Hepatozoon canis, Rickettsia

Three-host tick; Ornate; Causes tick paralysis; Transmits Rickettsia rickettsii (D. andersoni is the primary vector), Anaplasma marginale, Babesia canis, Coxie
Transmits Babesia canis, Rickettsia conori, and Coxiella burnetti
Transmit Q fever, tularemia and Rickettsia rickettsii
Causes “sweating sickness” in cattle

Characterized by the presence of white spot on the scutum of female; Three-host tick; Transmits Rickettsia ruminantium (heartwater disease), Q fever. Tulare
Occurs almost exclusively in reptiles (phytons, snakes, lizards, etc.)
Present in large animals
Attacks horses and cattle; One-host tick
Affects giraffe in Sudan; With beady-legged tick
transmits Borrelia anserine (spirochetosis), St. Louis encephalitis and eastern and western encephalitis
transmits fowl pox, St. Louis encephalitis, and eastern and western encephalomyelitis
common in the Philippines; known as “hanip”
transmits Yersinia pestis (Bubonic plague), Rickettsia typhi (murine typhus) and Coxiella burnetii (Q fever)
vector of rickettsial pox in man caused by Rickettsia acari
definitive host of Hepatozoon muris in rats
found in the external ear canal of cattle in America and Europe
found in the ears of antelopes
found in the nasal passages and nasal sinuses of dogs in US, Hawaii and Australia; causes reddining of the nasal mucosa, sneezing, head-shaking and rubb
found in the bronchi of rhesus monkey
cause irritation, inflammation and pruritus; dermatitis results from secondary bacterial infection due to scratching
vector of Rickettsia tsutsugamushi which causes Mite or Scrub typhus or River Valley fever of man in Japan and New Delhi (“akamushi” means larval mite in
occurs in sheep in Queensland; attaches on skin of pastern, coronet and heel of sheep
affects mammals birds and reptiles, and man in the US
produce skin lesions which reduce the value of dressed fowl
worm-like, cigar-shaped, elongate with stumpy legs; 2nd larval form (protonymph) which is a hexapod
worm-like, cigar-shaped, elongate with stumpy legs; 2nd larval form (protonymph) which is a hexapod
worm-like, cigar-shaped, elongate with stumpy legs; 2nd larval form (protonymph) which is a hexapod
worm-like, cigar-shaped, elongate with stumpy legs; 2nd larval form (protonymph) which is a hexapod
worm-like, cigar-shaped, elongate with stumpy legs; 2nd larval form (protonymph) which is a hexapod
worm-like, cigar-shaped, elongate with stumpy legs; 2nd larval form (protonymph) which is a hexapod
worm-like, cigar-shaped, elongate with stumpy legs; 2nd larval form (protonymph) which is a hexapod
worm-like, cigar-shaped, elongate with stumpy legs; 2nd larval form (protonymph) which is a hexapod
worm-like, cigar-shaped, elongate with stumpy legs; 2nd larval form (protonymph) which is a hexapod
worm-like, cigar-shaped, elongate with stumpy legs; 2nd larval form (protonymph) which is a hexapod
worm-like, cigar-shaped, elongate with stumpy legs; 2nd larval form (protonymph) which is a hexapod

moves about rapidly that is why they are called “walking dandruff

causes mild dermatitis


causes intense pruritus in man and domestic animals who acquire the infestation by access to infected grains and straw
causes loss of hair and dermatitis in laboratory animals
globose or round body and striae of skin are interrupted by scales and spinose areas; Thickened, wrinkled skin covered with crusts
globose or round body and striae of skin are interrupted by scales and spinose areas
globose or round body and striae of skin are interrupted by scales and spinose areas; Generalized focal erythema
globose or round body and striae of skin are interrupted by scales and spinose areas; Emanciation and cachexia
globose or round body and striae of skin are interrupted by scales and spinose areas
globose or round body and striae of skin are interrupted by scales and spinose areas; Pruritus and bald patches on head and neck with marked thickening of
globose or round body and striae of skin are interrupted by scales and spinose areas
globose or round body and striae of skin are interrupted by scales and spinose areas
globose or round body and striae of skin are interrupted by scales and spinose areas
ears, head and back of the neck of cat
ear of rabbit
Causes ear mange
Mites burrow deep into the skin alongside the shafts of the feathers and cause an itching, inflammatory condition
Inflammation with exudate that hardens on the surface and displaces the scales; this is accompanied by keratinization which renders the scales “powdery” in
Occurs in caged birds like parakeets and lovebirds; Beaks become
deformed, scaly, and crusty
Do not burrow into the skin and are parasitic in its surface layers causing the formation of a thick, heavy scab rather than a thickened skin

ear of rabbit
Ear mite of wild and domestic carnivores causing “otodectic mange”, parasitic otitis” or “otoacariasis”
feather and skin of chicken and turkeys; common in the Philippines
feathers of ducks

Feather and skin of chickens; Very common in the Philippines; Causes feather pulling
Tongue shape; convex dorsally and flat ventrally; Signs include sneezing, coughing, dyspnea, snoring, ribbing its nose with forefeet, often blood stained nasa
Adults in the nasal cavity, trachea, and lungs of snakes, crocodiles, lizards and other reptiles; Body has a beaded appearance
Found in gills of freshwater fishes
Found in gills and fins of salmonids
Gills of freshwater fish
Anchor parasites of freshwater fishes; the head (cephalic horn) is buried in host’s tissue; Destroy scales and cause ulcer at the site of penetration leading to a
Cause erratic swimming “flashing” and poor growth
intermediate host of dog pseudophyllidean tapeworm
intermediate host of dog pseudophyllidean tapeworm
brucei, T. congolense, and T, vivax which cause "Nagana" in animals and T. gambiense and T. rhodesiense which cause "sleeping sickness" in man
al stink gland responsible for the characteristic bedbug odor; may produce influenza-like symptoms; transmits Pasteurella spp (plague), leprosy virus, Leishmania donovani (k
stink gland responsible for the characteristic bedbug odor; may produce influenza-like symptoms; transmits Pasteurella spp (plague), leprosy virus, Leishmania donovani (ka
minal stink gland responsible for the characteristic bedbug odor; may produce influenza-like symptoms; transmits Pasteurella spp (plague), leprosy virus, Leishmania donovan

rats, etc.; may cause module formation and ulcers in the comb and wattles and around the eyes of chickens
ause ulceration and subsequent bacterial infection in the feet

od present; genal and pronotal ctenidia absent; Bubonic plague (P. pestis) and Typhus (R. typhi)
most common species in dogs and cats
hake the head and scratch the ears
ican relapsing fever (Borrelia recurrentis); a vector of Coxiella burnetti (O. fever), A. pullorum and B. anserine

ing is in the ventral midline; anus is posterior


s, louping ill, rickettsial tick borne fever of sheep and tick pyemia of lambs caused by Staphylococcus aureus

nale, Coxiella burnetti and Borrelia theileri


ckettsia canori (tick bite fever)

lichia canis, Hepatozoon canis, Rickettsia canis, Pasteurella tularensis and Coxiella burnetti; cause tick paralysis

naplasma marginale, Babesia canis, Coxiella burnetti, Leptospira Pomona

tium (heartwater disease), Q fever. Tularemia and RMSF

mucosa, sneezing, head-shaking and rubbing of the nose

w Delhi (“akamushi” means larval mite in Japan and “tsutsugamushi” means river valley)
ered with crusts

head and neck with marked thickening of the skin

on which renders the scales “powdery” in appearance

her than a thickened skin

ose with forefeet, often blood stained nasal discharge and restlessness
ulcer at the site of penetration leading to attack of other infections (viral, bacterial, fungal)
ping sickness" in man
ague), leprosy virus, Leishmania donovani (kala-azar), Trypanosoma cruzi (Chagas dss), Rickettsia sp (relapsing fever), and Leptospirosis
gue), leprosy virus, Leishmania donovani (kala-azar), Trypanosoma cruzi (Chagas dss), Rickettsia sp (relapsing fever), and Leptospirosis
p (plague), leprosy virus, Leishmania donovani (kala-azar), Trypanosoma cruzi (Chagas dss), Rickettsia sp (relapsing fever), and Leptospirosis