Jñana Ynga (µart 1) - Intrnductinn

1.1. Whut ls jñünu Yogu?
In llo boginning, Väsudova gIancod al Irakrli, and as a rosuIl of llis gIanco lo
oxlaIod causing llo croalion of onumorabIo univorsos. Ialor Väsudova inloraclod vill
Irakrli, and lor 3 onorgios
1
, in oacl of lloso univorsos lo produco dlï, or avaronoss.
Irom llis dlï ovoIvod llo firsl sonso of individuaIily and lonco Alamkära, or soIf-
consciousnoss. Tlo Alamkära morgod vill oacl of llo 3 principIo onorgios lo produco
llo plysicaI body (1), llo mind and llo sonsos
2
il inloracls vill (2), and llo 33 Dova
3
(3)
vlicl docido llo quaIily of limo for llo Iiving boings and is llo foundalion of Iyolisa.
Tlis dlï las 4 parls rosombIing llo 4 goaIs
4
or 'Ayanas´, of llo dlï:
• Bud-dlï (Iagna) - inloIIigonco/onIigllonmonl.
• Vrid-dlï (4
ll
) - prosporily and grovll.
• Sud-dlï (7
ll
) - Iurily.
• Sid-dlï (1O
ll
) - Succoss in aII good aclions or porfoclion.
Tlo dlï in llo form of Iagna las llo primo objoclivo of bocoming onIigllonod, or
rocoiving 'bud´ or undorslanding. Tlis 'bud´ comos from llo 9
ll
louso or Guru in llo
form of llo Sun iniliaIIy as llo croalor of llo nalivo and fallor, and Ialor as llo Guru or
loaclor/guido, in llo form of Iupilor. Tlis onIigllonmonl is passod from llo procoplor
(9
ll
) lo llo nalivo (Iagna) as Iigll oponing llo consciousnoss of llo nalivo, and onco
absorbod bocomos Inäna or knovIodgo.
'Inäna´ moans knovIodgo, visdom, inloIIigonco or llo abiIily of discriminalion as
a rosuIl of knovIodgo. Sucl Inäna oIovalos llo nalivo lo llo slalus of Buddla, or 'llo ono
vlo las undorslood/graspod´. Somo IoosoIy lransIalo llis as 'llo onIigllonod ono´.
Somo boings mako il lloir pall lo bocomo Buddla/onIigllonod, and lloso
poopIo aro caIIod Inäna Yogi´s. Tloy lry lo allain union (yoga) vill God llrougl
knovIodgo (Inäna) and lonco llo firsl dofinilion of Inäna Yoga omorgos. Ollor boings,
laving aIroady allainod knovIodgo llrougl pasl auslorilios, gol llo bIossings of lloir
knovIodgo llrougl llo configuralion of pIanols in a clarl, and lonco llo socond
dofinilion of Inäna Yoga omorgos as a bIossing of pasl knovIodgo/auslorilios.

1
3 Guna´s: Sallva (purily), Rajas (passion) and Tamas (ignoranco). Tloso aro rosombIod lo llo 3 forms of Irakrili or Slakli as: Sri, Blu and
NooIa Slakli rospoclivoIy.
2
5 KnovIodgo acquiring sonsos (Gyanondriya) knovn as: smoII, laslo, sigll, loar and fooI. AIso 5 aclion-making sonsos (Karmondriya)
knovn as: spoocl, grasping, vaIking, ovacualion/cIoansing and procroalion.
3
Tlo 8 Vasu, 12 Sun signs, 11 Rudras, Indra and Irajapali.
4
Tlis is oxloIIod by Sri Harilara, llo aullor of Irasna Marga in llo foIIoving sIoka:
P\4l³-4l|¤9 T¹¤|B-¤T-4l¤4 |¤4l· \4l4l|P Bl\4r 4 ã- H\4 4\4 ¬ |Bã4 + mc!|u¯ictu¯!|ipcm !uv!|csin!|u|cnu¯!|ctcm !|iu¯¹ !|u¯u¯mi
s¯!|tc|cm |u!tc| su!|uci tr!|uci cc si!tcuc¹¹.

Honco Inäna Yoga can moan any of llo lvo:
i) Ono of llo 4 vays
5
of laving union vill God as oxpIainod in llo Blagavad-Gila.
ii) A combinalion of pIanols vlicl boslovs knovIodgo on llo nalivo.
Boll dofinilions aro boing inlroducod in llis arlicIo.
1.2. The µuth of jñünu Yogu
~|6|49|69¬l 6 47l F¤lF4|6 |+¾¬l·
BPl¤l4¬¬l 4|&F67l 4l¬P4l-F4|B+-°+
sruiitiprciipcnn¯ ic uc!¯ si|¯sucii niscc|¯¹
scm¯!|¯tccc|¯ |u!!|isic!¯ ucvcmct¯psucsi¹¹53¹¹
¨Wlon your mind, llal las bocomo boviIdorod by loaring (ollors proaclings), bocomos
unslakabIo and sloadfasl in llo SoIf, llon you viII allain Yoga llal arisos from knovIodgo
(discriminalion).¨ ÷ Sri Krislna lo Arjuna, (BG).
Tlo pall of Inäna Yoga is a pall llal finds ils ossonco in quoslioning. Tlrougl
llis pall, ono quoslions aII ollor palls in Iifo, dociding vlollor lloy Ioad ono doopor
inlo maloriaI iIIusion or on llo pall of Yoga ÷ or union vill God. Tlo pall of maloriaI-
soIf-gralificalion causos allaclmonl lo maloriaI or sonso-objocls. Tlis allaclmonl causos
ono lo idonlify onosoIf vill llo objocls, and llis soIf-idonlificalion is soon from llo
Arudla Iagna. Sri Krislna dopicls lloso rosuIls as foIIovs:
\4l46l |494l-9B- BñF699=l46·
Bñl6 BVl46 TlP- TlPlt4l¤l5|¬=l46+°-+
4l¤lT4|6 BPlr- BPlrltFP|6|4HP-·
FP|6HHlä|&+lHlt9T74|6+°°+
!|u¯ucic tiscu¯npumsc| scnvcsicsüpcj¯ucic¹
scnv¯i scñj¯ucic |¯mc| |¯m¯i|rc!|c´||ij¯ucic¹¹62¹
|rc!|¯!||ctcii scmmc|c| scmmc|¯ismriiti||rcmc|¹
smrii||rcms¯!|u!!|in¯s¯iprcncsucii¹¹63¹¹
¨In llo caso of a porson vlo dvoIIs on objocls lloro arisos allaclmonl for llom. Irom allaclmonl
grovs lankoring, from lankoring springs angor. Irom angor foIIovs doIusion: from
doIusion, faiIuro of momory: from faiIuro of momory, llo Ioss of undorslanding: from llo Ioss
of undorslanding , (s)lo porislos.¨ ÷ Sri Krislna lo Arjuna, (BG).
As sucl, llis lypo of idonlificalion causos mucl griof for llo nalivo. Ior llo
purposo of Iiboraling ono from sucl vorIdIy-bondago, Svami Vivokananda las
composod llis boaulifuI song:
´Siri|c c|| i|u |ciicrs! 8cn!s i|ci |in! i|cc !cun,
O| s|ininv vc|!, cr !cr|cr, |cscr crc,
Ictc, |cic-vcc!, |c!-cn! c|| i|c !uc| i|rcnv.

5
Tlo 4 yoga´s or unions vill God aro: Gyana, Karma, Blakli and Raja Yoga.
Kncu, s|ctc is s|ctc, ccrcssc! cr u|ippc!, nci |rcc,
Icr |ciicrs, i|cuv| c| vc|!, crc nci |css sircnv ic |in!,
1|cn, c|| uii| i|cm, Scnnucsin |c|!! Scu ÷ Om 1ci Sci, Om!¨ ÷ 1|c scnv c| i|c Scnnucsin, |u Sucmi
Vitc|cncn!c ÷ Ccmpcsc! ci i|c i|cuscn! |s|cn! Pcr|, Ncu Ycr| in ju|u 18º5.
Vory Ioving yol aggrossivo vords, from llo mosl divino Svamiji. Svami
Vivokananda. Indood Agni or firo is noodod lo romovo llo bonds of ignoranco and llis
causos Iigll, or onIigllonmonl in llo individuaI. Tlis onIigllonmonl las ils sourco in llo
Sun, and ils doily Sävila, vliIsl llo Tojas or firo usod lo romovo ignoranco is ombodiod
by Mars. Honco llo Sun and Mars bocomo vilaI in romoving llo ignoranco of llo nalivo,
ono doing so in a puro and sallvic vay (Sun) and llo ollor doing so in an aggrossivo and
lamasic vay (Mars), Ioaving room for Iupilor lo slino llo lrull of knovIodgo upon llo
nalivo. A porson allaining sucl bIiss is doscribod as foIIovs by Sri Krislna:
Hl94PlTP¬¬9|6U BPãPl9- 9|4H|-6 4ã6·
6ãtTlPl 4 9|4H|-6 B4 B Hl|-6PlUl|6 + TlPTlPl+÷¤+
¯pürucm¯ncmccc|cprciisi|cm scmu!rcm¯pc| prctiscnii uc!tci¹
ic!tci|¯m¯ ucm prctiscnii scrtc sc s¯niim¯pncii nc |¯mc|¯mï¹¹¯0¹¹
¨Tlal man allains poaco (and) inlo vlom aII dosiros onlor jusl as llo valors fIov inlo a soa llal
romains unclangod, ovon vlon boing fiIIod up from aII sidos. Tlis is nol so for ono vlo is
dosirous of objocls.¨ ÷ Sri Krislna lo Arjuna (BG)
1.3. The bIesslngs of jnünu Yogu
Tlo 2
nd
dofinilion of Inäna Yoga indicalos lov God boslovs llo povor of
knovIodgo in our Iivos, as a rosuIl of pasl auslorilios.
Tlo porfoclion of knovIodgo is porsonifiod llrougl llo Sun, vlo viII confor llo
liglosl knovIodgo. Tlis is in conformily vill Malarsi Iaimini´s viov in llo foIIoving
sIoka:
¹|4Tl 74l-6¬l ¬l6¬7¬+
rctin¯ !ct¯nicjñc vïicjñcscc¹¹
Tlo Sun (ravi) confors knovIodgo (jñana) of llo liglosl/divino Iiloraluro
6
(dovaanlar) and (cla)
praiso of God (Gila).
Tlo Iigll causod by llo Sun ÷ llo porsonificalion of llo Vodas, is llon dividod
inlo 6 Iimbs (Anga) caIIod llo Slad-Darsana. Tloso aro symboIizod by llo 6 romaining
pIanols: Moon, Mars, Morcury, Iupilor, Vonus and Salurn. Tloso rofor lo llo 6 lypos of
pliIosoply llal a porson vill inloIIigonco may adopl lo undorsland llo Sun! Tloso aro
givon boIov:
1. Moon ÷ Sanklya: llo undorslanding llal llo univorso las originalod
from a maloriaI oxislonco, i.o. llrougl llo primordiaI compounds.

6
Dova-anlar IiloraIIy moans subdivisions (Anlara) of divinily (dova) and aIso rofors lo llo 4 Vodas vlicl voro dividod by Malarsli Vyasa.
2. Mars ÷ Nyaya: IogicaI roasoning and llo undorslanding llal
ovorylling las a cIoar roason and basis llal can bo undorslood al ils
coro.
3. Morcury ÷ Mimämsa: basod on llo undorslanding llal aII ovonls and
aclions como as a rosuIl of a provious aclion, and doponding on llo
quaIily of llo aclion llo rosuIl viII bo roapod. Tlis is a spocuIalivo
pliIosoply.
4. Iupilor ÷ Voda: llo roaIizalion llal llo onliro univorso is ovoIvod from
llo innor porsonaI Bralman.
5. Vonus ÷ Vaisoslika: llo undorslanding llal llo univorso las ovoIvod
from Bralman, yol lloro is no soIf idonlificalion vill llo samo
Bralman.
6. Salurn ÷ Yoga: llo undorslanding llal roaIizalion of llo univorso las
nol como yol, and musl bo roaIizod llrougl discipIino and ponanco.
Iivurc 1. S|c! Dcrscnc

Tlo Iisl is dovoid of Ralu and Kolu as lloy aro conslanlIy lrying lo ocIipso llo
Sun, and lonco aro inimicaI lovards llo knovIodgo of llo Sun. Ralu boing llo load of
llo nodos signifios llo ogo of ovory boing, and as Iong as llis ogo oxisls llo knovIodgo
of llo Sun bocomos obslruclod. Il is for llis roason llal llo indox fingor ÷ caIIod Tarjani
is bonl and offorod, vlon forming llo Inäna Mudra, or land-posluro for knovIodgo!
1.4. The behoIder of uII knouIedge (Rsl)
Tlo Sun lravoIs llrougl llo 12 signs of llo zodiac conforring knovIodgo upon
oacl ono, and llo porson vlo conlains llis knovIodgo is caIIod Rsi. Tlo Rsi is llo
porson vlo las knovIodgo and llis Rsi sils in llo 12
ll
louso of llo naluraI zodiac ÷
Iiscos. Tlo Rsi sils in Iiscos aflor laving lravorsod aII llo Sun signs and finaIIy onding in
Iiscos, llo pIaco vloro Iiboralion occurs. Honco llo saying ¨Tlo knovIodgo viII sol you
froo¨. Tlis symboIizos llo voyago of llo souI llrougl various birlls boginning from
Arios vloro llo principIo of croalion of moving occurs and finaIIy onding in Iiscos
vloro llo nalivo absorbs llo ocoan of knovIodgo and Iiboralion occurs.
Il is for llis roason llal llo Clalurvimsämsa (D-24)
7
slovs llo knovIodgo and
oducalion llo nalivo viII lavo.
1.5. Those uho lmµurt knouIedge (Guru)
Tlo occupalion or vork of llis Rsi is soon from llo 1O
ll
louso from llo 12
ll
÷ i.o.
9
ll
louso namoIy Sagillarius, vloro llo Guru sils. Tlis slovs llo vork of Rsi in loacling
and conforring knovIodgo on ollors. Iupilor is llo Iord of lloso lvo signs ÷ Iiscos and
Sagillarius, and slovs llo pIanol llal viII absorb aII llis knovIodgo. Il is for llis roason
llal Iupilor bocomos llo givor of inloIIigonco on llo nalivo, and is llo significalor of
knovIodgo or 'dli
8
´ in llo clarl.
Guru acluaIIy boing llo occupalion of llo Rsi, is soon from llo Clara Blrälr
Käraka. Tlis is llo 3
rd
among llo Clara Käraka (i.o. Alma, Amalya, Blralri.) and Iinks
llo Guru lo llo Droskäna
9
(D-3). Tlo Droskäna slovs llo occupalion of llo 3 Rsi´s, viz.
Dovarsi Narada, Malarsi Agasllya and Bralmarsi Durvasa. Il is from llis basis llal vo
docido llo mosl offoclivo manlra for a parlicuIar pIanol or porson, as aII manlras aro
givon by a Rsi!
1c||c 1. Rsi´s
Sign/Droskäna 1
sl
2
nd
3
rd

Any sign Närada Agaslya Durvasa
Tlo manor in vlicl lo idonlify llo Rsi vill llo Droskäna is basod on llo 3
Guna´s
1O
.
1c||c 2. Rsi cn! Gunc
Rsi Status Guna
Närada Dovarsi Rajas
Agaslya Malarsi Sallva
Durväsa Bralmarsi Tamas

7
Tlo Clalurvimsamsa aIso caIIod llo Siddlämsa is a liglor larmonic of llo 12
ll
louso, lonco ils focus is on llo Rsi, or onos aclivilios of
bocoming Iiko a Rsi, namoIy onIigllonod.
8
Dli moans inloIIocl, and llo povor of llo dli in llo clarl, is soon from llo Iaka Iagna and Iupilor.
9
3 parls of a sign, of oacl 1O dogroos, aIso caIIod Docanlo or Triyamsa.
1O
Tloro aro 3 Gunas, viz. Sallva (purosl and non-duaIislic), Rajas (passionalo and discriminalivo) and Tamas (angry or sorrovfuI and
villoul knovIodgo).
If ono vanls lo rocilo a manlra for a pIanol in llo Droskäna of Durväsa, llon
picking Manlras givon Bralmarsi Durväsa or of ollor Rsi´s of a simiIar Guna viII bo
mosl offoclivo, i.o. llo Guna of Bralmarsi Durväsa is Tamas, boing llal lo vas a vory
slorl-lomporod sago, and gol invoIvod in draslic-pursuils vlicl provod unfavorabIo lo
lim. Tlis naluro is confirmod vlon vo Ioarn llal Durväsa´s fallor ÷ Alri Muni, rocoivod
llo sood lo croalo Durväsa as a bIossing from Iord Sliva.
SimiIarIy Bralmarsi Vislvamilra lad llo samo bouls of angor and vas incIinod
lo llo samo pursuils. Vislvamilra vas said lo lavo boon an incarnalion of firo
11
! Honco
pIanols pIacod in llo Droskäna of Durvasa Bralmarsi, viII bonofil groalIy from llo
Manlras givon by Bralmarsi Vislvamilra as voII as ollor Bralmarsi.
1.6. Those uho ucqulre knouIedge
Tloro aro lvo broad vays lo acquiro knovIodgo, vlicl aro doscribod as foIIovs:
KnovIodgo llrougl lriaI and orror (rosoarcl)
Rosoarclors sook knovIodgo vlicl can bo usod for discriminalivo purposos. Tlis
knovIodgo couId bo usod for unravoIing various parls of llo univorso in a scionlific
form, i.o. llo undorslanding of llo Alom, or llo ingrodionls of a good cako. Tlis vay of
sooking knovIodgo is indicalod by llo sign Virgo, vloro Morcury - llo sludonl, finds lis
groalosl onjoymonl (oxaIlalion). Tlis is furllormoro llo offico (MüIalrikona) of Ralu,
and indicalos doop digging or rosoarcl.
Tlo occupalion lakon on Ialor of sucl a rosoarclor is soon from llo 1O
ll
from Virgo, i.o.
Gomini. Gomini ruIos llo naluraI 3
rd
louso and indicalos vriling or communicalions.
Gomini boing llo mosl duaIislic of signs, boing signifiod by llo lvo lvins, raisos ils
rosoarclod findings in an unbiasod vay for llo bonofil of ollors.
Tlo lvo signs of Gomini and Virgo aro boll Ipaclaya
12
lousos from llo naluraI Iagna ÷
Arios: lonco llo duly lakon by llo rosoarclor is ono of grovll, or Ioarning somolling
vlicl vas proviousIy nol undorslood. Ior sucl poopIo llo Gäyalri Manlra is vilaI.

KnovIodgo llrougl Gods graco (Rsi)
Tloso vlo oarn knovIodgo llrougl gods graco aro knovn as Rsi, as doscribod
proviousIy. Tlis is llo porfocl unsuIIiod knovIodgo, vlicl noods no losling: onIy
undorslanding. Tlis knovIodgo comos from llo sign Iiscos, vloroin llo ocoan of
knovIodgo rosidos, lovovor cannol bo dividod or discriminalod upon. Tlis is llo roason
llal Morcury gols dobiIilalod in Iiscos, as ils discriminalivo naluro cannol fallom llo
vaslnoss of llo ocoan vo caII Iiscos.

11
4|&P + T66 4l46 +lH 7 4 PrlP|+-+ °-°--°° 6l46 9Bl7l ¬¬4l+ H|P -9l PrlH|6-·
buddlim na kurulo yäval näso dova malämunil ¹¹ 1-65-16 läval prasädo blagavän agni rüpo malädyulil ¹ - Ramayana BaIa Klanda.
12
3rd, 6ll, 1Oll and 11ll lousos aro Ipaclaya Sllanas and indicalos llo grovll of llo Iagna.
Iiscos is llo offico (MüIalrikona) of Kolu, and lonco llis sooking of knovIodgo can bo
calogorizod as Iiboraling, and viII ovonluaIIy Ioad lo God and Moksa. Tlo
roIo/occupalion of llo Rsi as Guru las aIroady boon doscribod.
InIiko llo signs Gomini and Virgo, proviousIy doscribod, Iiscos and Sagillarius aro nol
Ipaclaya Slläna and aro lonco nol inloroslod in grovll. Insload llo lvo signs lavo
undorslood vlal is aIroady prosonl villin llo univorso and villin llom-soIvos, and
lonco llo nood of grovll is nol lloro. Tlis form of Ioarning is moro puro.
1.7. Puru Vldµu und A-µuru Vldµu
Lducalion is Vidya symboIizod by llo 4
ll
louso, vloro llo nalivo is oducalod in
llo nocossary knovIodgo noodod lo survivo in llo vorId. Tlis Vidya is caIIod A-para
Vidya and is lransformod inlo Inäna i.o. knovIodgo vlicl sils in llo 5
ll
louso dociding
llo inloIIigonco of llo nalivo. Tlo nalivos ovn llouglls and vorking inloIIocl is lonco
aIso soon from llo 5
ll
louso.
Wlon llo nalivo vorks lard and oarns a posilion in liglor oducalion (9
ll
is 6
ll

from 4
ll
louso), lloy gol lo appIy lloir ovn knovIodgo (9
ll
is 5
ll
from 5
ll
louso) in
sooking knovIodgo. Doponding on lloir knovIodgo (5
ll
) llo liglor oducalion may
bocomo Iara Vidya, or divino knovIodgo. Tlis doponds on llo Guru vlo comos inlo llo
nalivo´s Iifo, signifiod by llo 9
ll
louso. Tlis is llo cIuo lo undorslanding llo Siddlämsa
(D-24), vlicl is boyond llo scopo of llis arlicIo.
(conlinuod.)

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