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Malaria: Overview

Saving Lives

Every 30 seconds an African child dies of malaria. At least 1 million

infants and children under 5 in sub-Saharan Africa die each year
from the mosquito-borne disease.
Read the December 2009 issue of PMI E-News
Source: USAID/Ethiopia
A Global Leader in Fighting Malaria

USAID has been committed to saving lives and fighting malaria since the 1950s. The Agency works closely with national governments to
build their capacity to prevent and treat the disease. USAID also invests in the discovery and development of new antimalarial drugs and
malaria vaccines.

In addition to its ongoing malaria programs, the Agency also manages programs through the President's Malaria Initiative (PMI), a $1.2
billion, five-year initiative to control malaria in Africa announced by former President Bush in June 2005. PMI is a collaborative U.S.
Government effort led by USAID, in conjunction with the Department of Health and Human Services (U.S. Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention), the Department of State, the White House, and others.

The goal of PMI is to reduce malaria deaths by half in 15 target countries in Africa by reaching 85 percent of the most vulnerable groups —
children under 5 years of age and pregnant women — with proven and effective malaria prevention and treatment control measures:
insecticide-treated mosquito nets, indoor residual spraying, lifesaving antimalarial drugs, and treatment to prevent malaria in pregnant

The 15 PMI focus countries were brought into the Initiative in a phased fashion:

 Beginning fiscal year (FY) 2006: Angola, Tanzania, and Uganda

 Beginning FY 2007: Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, and Senegal
 Beginning FY 2008: Benin, Ethiopia (Oromia Region), Ghana, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Mali, and Zambia

PMI funding in FY 2006 was $30 million, rose to $135 million in FY 2007, to
$300 million in FYs 2008 and 2009, and will increase to $500 million in FY

In each of the focus countries, PMI works closely with ministries of health and
national malaria control programs and supports their national malaria control
strategies and plans in coordination with other national and international
partners, including the Roll Back Malaria Partnership, the Global Fund to Fight
AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, the World Bank Malaria Booster Program,
UNICEF, World Health Organization Global Malaria Program, and
nongovernmental organizations, including faith-based and community groups,
academia, and the private sector.

The Agency also provides support to malaria control efforts in three other
nonfocus countries in Africa – Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nigeria, and
Southern Sudan – and to two regional malaria control efforts in the Amazon
The President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI) is using several
Basin of South America and the Mekong Delta region of Southeast Asia. The
different methods of making insecticide-treated
latter two programs focus primarily on issues related to the identification and
bednets available to the Senegalese people. So far,
containment of antimalarial drug resistance.
PMI in Senegal has used these various methods to
satisfy 614,977 people’s preferences for bednets.

USAID’s Strategy for Combating Malaria

USAID is a member of the Roll Back Malaria Partnership, a global initiative

made up of more than 90 partners whose goal is to halve the burden of malaria
by 2010. The Agency’s expanded response to malaria supports the international goals and targets of the Abuja Summit [PDF, 68KB], the
Millennium Development Goals, the White House Summit on Malaria, and the Global Malaria Action Plan.

The Agency’s malaria program focuses on five key areas:

 Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS)

 Insecticide-Treated Nets (ITNs)
 Malaria in Pregnancy
 Diagnosis and Treatment
 Pesticide Management

President’s Malaria Initiative

 The Latest PMI News and Information

 Subscribe to the PMI E-Newsletter
 Read success stories, testimonials, and other accounts of PMI-related activities
 Fast Facts About PMI [PDF, 326KB]
 The Malaria Communities Program
The program reaches out to build lasting new community partnerships in the fight against malaria.

Welcome to the USAID Global Health Web Site

USAID programs in global health represent the commitment and determination of the United States Government to prevent suffering, save
lives, and create a brighter future for families in the developing world. USAID's commitment to improving global health includes confronting
global health challenges through improving the quality, availability, and use of essential health services. USAID's objective is to improve
global health, including child, maternal, and reproductive health, and reduce abortion and disease, especially HIV/AIDS, malaria, and

USAID's Global Health Bureau supports field health programs, advances research and innovation in selected
areas relevant to overall Agency health objectives, and transfers new technologies to the field through its own
staff work, coordination with other donors, and a portfolio of grants and with an annual budget in fiscal year
2007 of nearly $4.15 billion. Global health issues have global consequences that not only affect the people of
developing nations but also directly affect the interests of American citizens.

American Schools and Hospitals Abroad (ASHA) administers a worldwide grant program that expands medical
opportunities in developing countries. The program fosters public-private partnerships that strengthen medical
centers while demonstrating American ideas and practices abroad.

Read the biography of

Gloria Steele, USAID
Acting Assistant
Administrator for Global

Since the inception of its HIV/AIDS program in 1986, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) has been on the forefront of
the global AIDS crisis, investing more than $7 billion to fight the pandemic. Today, with more than 33 million people living with or affected
by HIV/AIDS, USAID is a key partner in the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), the largest and most diverse
HIV/AIDS prevention, care, and treatment initiative in the world.