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NATIONAL POLICY AND STRATEGY FOR

FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENT
IN PAKISTAN
Part 1
Ministry o Foo!" A#ri$%&t%r' an! Li('sto$)
Go('rn*'nt o Pa)istan
Is&a*a+a!
December 2006
For*%&at'! %n!'r TCP,PAK,-../
1

Support to Regional Aquatic
Resources Management
2
Acknowledgements
The Secretary of the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock is indebted to the work of the
National ro!ect "oordinator, #r$ Moha%%ad &ayat, the National "onsultants #r$ Moha%%ad
Ayub, Mr$ M$ Moa''a% (han, Mr$ Safdar Abbas, Ms$ Nida Ashraf, Mr$ )unaid *attoo, and
+nternational "onsultants #r$ ,$ &aylor, Mr$ *illia% Savage, Ms$ (ath "o-ley and Mr$ ,rae%e
Macfayden who hel-ed facilitate the -olicy for%ulation -rocess and bring to e.istence the olicy
Fra%ework and Strategy for Fisheries and A/uaculture #evelo-%ent in akistan$
The Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock and rovincial0Areas Fisheries #e-ts received
encourage%ent and su--ort fro% various stakeholders fro% the -ublic and -rivate sectors, non1
govern%ental organisations, fishing and far%ing co%%unities and their re-resentatives$ Their
valuable in-uts, which were coordinated by a close -artnershi- between the -ro!ect tea% and the
-ersonnel fro% the ST23AM +nitiative of NA"A 4Network of A/uaculture "entres in Asia and the
acific5 %ade the elaboration and for%ulation of the -resent -olicy and strategy -ossible$ The
assistance of the *orld *ildlife Fund for Nature 4**F1akistan5 in arranging consultations with
co%%unities, co%%unity1based organisations and other stakeholders is acknowledged$
The Food and Agriculture 6rgani'ation of the 7nited Nations 4FA65 -rovided funding,
ad%inistrative su--ort and technical su--ort$ The Secretary is grateful to Mr$ 2$ Adhikarya and #r$
M$ ,unawan, FA6 2e-resentatives, Mr$ Syed M$ Ali, Assistant FA6 2e-resentative and other
FA6 staff in akistan for contributing to the suitable working environ%ent that facilitated the
co%-letion of the -olicy and strategy$ &e is indebted to FA6 fisheries and a/uaculture officers in
2o%e, #r$ "ecile 8rugere, #r$ Melba 2eantaso, Mr$ 8laise (ue%langan, and 8angkok, #r$ Si%on
Funge1S%ith, for the technical backsto--ing they -rovided throughout the -olicy for%ulation
-rocess$
9
Acronyms
A#8 Asia #evelo-%ent 8ank
A#0S# Annual #evelo-%ent lan 0 ublic Sector #evelo-%ent rogra%%e
A)( A'ad )a%%u and (ash%ir
A6 Activity towards lan 6b!ective
A:# Ani%al :uarantine #e-art%ent
8"#A 8alochistan "oastal #evelo-%ent Authority
8F# 8alochistan Fisheries #e-art%ent
86+ 8oard of +nvest%ent
862 8oard of 2evenue
"86 "o%%unity18ased 6rganisation
"82 "entral 8oard of 2evenue
""2F "ode of "onduct for 2es-onsible Fisheries
"3M8 "entre of 3.cellence in Marine 8iology 47niversity of (arachi5
"+#A "anada +nternational #evelo-%ent Agency
"+ "leaner rotection +nstitutes
#AN+#A #anish +nternational #evelo-%ent Agency
#F+ #evelo-%ent Financial +nstitution
#F+# #e-art%ent for +nternational #evelo-%ent 47(5
3A# 3cono%ic Affairs #ivision
3#8 3.-ort #evelo-%ent 8oard
3#F 3.-ort #evelo-%ent Fund
368+ 3%-loyees 6ld1Age 8enefits +nstitution
3A 3nviron%ental rotection Agency
3;A 3.-ort rocessing ;ones Authority
FA6 Food and Agriculture 6rganisation of the 7nited Nations
FATA Federally Ad%inistered Tribal Areas
F8S Federal 8ureau of Statistics
F"S Fisher%en<s "oo-erative Society
F" Forest rotection "o%%ittee
FT" Fisheries Training "entres
,#A ,wader #evelo-%ent Authority
,3F ,lobal 3nviron%ent Facility
,6 ,overn%ent of akistan
&# &u%an #evelo-%ent rogra%%e
&3" &igher 3ducation "o%%ission
&; &igh otential ;one
+L6 +nternational Labour 6rganisation
+6T" +ndian 6cean Tuna "o%%ission
+2SA +ndus 2iver Syste% Authority
+77 +llegal, 7nre-orted and 7nregulated =fishing>
+*M+ +nternational *ater Manage%ent +nstitute
)+"A )a-an +nternational "oo-eration Agency
(F&A (arachi Fish &arbour Authority
(6F&A (orangi Fish &arbour Authority
(6+"A (orea +nternational "oo-eration Agency
(T (arachi ort Trust
M"S Monitoring, "ontrol and Surveillance
MF# Marine Fisheries #e-art%ent
M+NFAL Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock
MM# Mercantile Marine #e-art%ent
M63 Ministry of 3nviron%ent
M6ST Ministry of Science and Technology
MA Marine rotected Area
MS Ministry of orts and Shi--ing
MSA Mariti%e Security Agency
MS? Ma.i%u% Sustainable ?ield
@
M2# Marketing 2esearch #e-art%ent
MT#F Mid1Ter% #evelo-%ent Fra%ework
NA"A Network of A/uaculture "entres in Asia1acific
NA2" National Agricultural 2esearch "entre
NAA* National "ouncil for "onservation of *ildlife
N3A National 3nviron%ent Action lan
N3:S National 3nviron%ental :uality Standard
N,6 Non1,overn%ental 6rganisation
N+8,3 National +nstitute for 8iotechnology B ,enetic 3ngineering
N+6 National +nstitute of 6ceanogra-hy
N+A National +nstitute of ublic Ad%inistration
N6" No 6b!ection "ertificate
N62A# Norwegian Agency for #evelo-%ent "oo-eration
N2S National 2ural Su--ort rogra%%e
N*F North *est Frontier rovince
B # #e-t$ lanning and #evelo-%ent #e-art%ent
A2" akistan Agricultural 2esearch "ouncil
"S+2 akistan "ouncil for Scientific and +ndustrial 2esearch
32+ un!ab 3cono%ic 2esearch +nstitute
FF akistan Fisherfolk Foru%
+#3 akistan +nstitute of #evelo-%ent 3cono%ics
N akistan Navy
6 lan 6b!ective
:A ort :asi% Authority
SF akistan Science Foundation
S+A akistan Seafood +ndustries Association
SA Strategy A.is
SAA2" South Asian Association for 2egional "oo-eration
S8 State 8ank of akistan
S"#A Sindh "oastal #evelo-%ent Authority
S#+ Sustainable #evelo-%ent olicy +nstitute
S3AF#3" Southeast Asian Fisheries #evelo-%ent "entre
SF# Saudi Fund for #evelo-%ent
S+#A Swedish +nternational #evelo-%ent Agency
SM3 S%all and Mediu% 3nter-rises
SM3#A S%all and Mediu% 3nter-rises #evelo-%ent Authority
SN3 Sanctioned New 3.-enditure
ST23AM Su--ort to 2egional A/uatic 2esources Manage%ent
S7A2"6 S-ace and 7--er At%os-heric 2esearch "o%%ission
T3# Turtle 3.cluder #evice
T72F Territorial 7se 2ights in Fisheries
7N# 7nited Nations #evelo-%ent rogra%%e
7N3 7nited Nations 3nviron%ent rogra%%e
7N+#6 7nited Nations +ndustrial #evelo-%ent 6rganisation
7N+F3M 7nited Nations #evelo-%ent Fund for *o%en
*A#A *ater and ower #evelo-%ent Authority
*8 *orld 8ank
*F" *orld Fish "enter
**F *orld *ildlife Fund for Nature
;S# ;oological Survey #e-art%ent
;T8L ;ari Tara/uati 8ank Li%ited 4for%erly Agricultural #evelo-%ent 8ank of akistan5
C
Table of contents
Acknowledgements ............................................................................................................................... 3
Acronyms .............................................................................................................................................. 4
Table of contents .................................................................................................................................. 6
Foreword .............................................................................................................................................. 9
Policy formulation process ................................................................................................................ 1
T!" #TAT$# %F F&#!"'&"# A() A*$A+$,T$'" &( PA-&#TA( ............................................ 13
'i.ers/ streams ................................................................................................................................... 13
P%,&+0 ............................................................................................................................................. 11
#T'AT"20 ........................................................................................................................................ 13
&4P,"4"(TAT&%( P,A( ............................................................................................................... 51
"6MM6N 3L3M3NT AD $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 22
ST23N,T&3N+N, 6F "26SS1S3"T62AL "6LLA862AT+6NS $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 22
lan ob!ective 465 A$1D 3stablish strong collaborative -artnershi-s to attract -rivate
invest%ent in a/uaculture 4coastal and inland5 and -ost1harvest activities$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 29
lan ob!ective 465 A$2D +ncrease coordination of %ulti-le uses of freshwater 4surface and
underground5$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 29
lan ob!ective 465 A$9D 3stablish strong collaborative -artnershi-s and -rocesses to ensure
ade/uate and sustainable water flows in %a!or rivers and tributaries and re1establish balanced
water regi%es0use and ecosyste%s$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 29
lan ob!ective 465 A$@D Su--ort wide1ranging livelihood needs in fishing co%%unities$ $$$$$$ 2@
lan ob!ective 465 A$CD +%-le%ent integrated coastal area %anage%ent and reduce resource
conflict occurrence and environ%ental degradation in coastal areas$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 2@
lan ob!ective 465 A$ED ro%ote environ%ental conservation and ado-t %easures to -revent
da%age to a/uatic biodiversity by -ollution and environ%ental degradation$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 2C
"6MM6N 3L3M3NT 8D $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 2E
+NST+T7T+6NAL +M26A3M3NTS AN# #3A3L6M3NTS *+T&+N T&3 F+S&32+3S
AN# A:7A"7LT723 S3"T62S $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 2E
lan ob!ective 465 8$1 =-riority>D Strengthen current fisheries institutions, through a better
de%arcation of roles and res-onsibilities$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 2E
lan ob!ective 465 8$2D 2efor%0 reorgani'e rovincial0Areas and district authorities and
e.isting institutions to %ake the% %ore res-onsive to the needs of fisheries0a/uaculture
develo-%ent and %anage%ent$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 2F
lan ob!ective 465 8$9D Su--ort the for%ation of -roducers< organisations $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 2F
lan ob!ective 465 8$@D Study and refor% the e.isting contract syste% for the e.-loitation of
freshwater bodies$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 2F
lan ob!ective 465 8$CD Address current fisheries and a/uaculture legislation and regulations
shortco%ings$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 2F
lan ob!ective 465 8$ED 2ecognise and -ro%ote the role of co%%unities in fisheries
%anage%ent in coastal and inland areas$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 2G
"6MM6N 3L3M3NT "D $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 2H
#3A3L6M3NT 6F &7MAN 23S672"3S AN# S(+LLS $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 2H
lan ob!ective 465 "$1D rovide fisheries and a/uaculture training -rogra%%es and suitable
training facilities$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 2H
lan ob!ective 465 "$2D +%-rove e.tension services for the fisheries and a/uaculture sectors$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 9I
"6MM6N 3L3M3NT #D $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 91
3N&AN"3M3NT 6F 23S3A2"& AN# #3A3L6M3NT AL+3# T6 F+S&32+3S AN#
A:7A"7LT723 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 91
E
lan ob!ective 465 #$1D 3nhance su--ort to and i%-rove /uality and relevance of research
and develo-%ent a--lied to fisheries and a/uaculture$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 91
lan ob!ective 465 #$2D #evelo- and su--ort technical research -rogra%%es$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 91
lan ob!ective 465 #$9D +ncrease the reliability of fisheries and a/uaculture statistical data
country1wide$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 92
lan ob!ective 465 #$@D Monitor and ensure that social, econo%ic, %arketing and institutional
issues are ade/uately dealt with in relation to fisheries and a/uaculture develo-%ent$ $$$$$$$$$$$$ 92
ST2AT3,? AJ+S 1D $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 99
S7STA+NA8L3 #3A3L6M3NT 6F A:7A"7LT723 26#7"T+6N 4+NLAN# AN#
"6ASTAL5 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 99
Strategy a.is 4SA5 1AD Strengthening of inland a/uaculture -roduction$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 99
lan ob!ective 465 1A$1D #evelo- high -otential 'ones for inland a/uaculture develo-%ent$ 99
lan ob!ective 465 1A$2D Attract -rivate invest%ent in inland a/uaculture -roduction
4including fish seed0fingerlings, feed and grow1out5$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 99
lan ob!ective 465 1A$9D 3ncourage the -roduction of a/uatic s-ecies able to co%-ete on
do%estic and international %arkets$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 99
lan ob!ective 465 1A$@D 3nsure that environ%ental concerns are fully taken into account in
inland a/uaculture develo-%ent$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 9@
Strategy a.is 4SA5 18D #evelo-%ent of a/uaculture in coastal areas$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 9C
lan ob!ective 465 18$1D #evelo- high -otential 'ones for coastal a/uaculture develo-%ent$
$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 9C
lan ob!ective 465 18$2D Attract -rivate sector invest%ent in coastal a/uaculture -roduction
4including seed0fingerlings, feed and grow1out5$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 9C
lan ob!ective 465 18$9D Facilitate the establish%ent of the culture of shri%-, finfish and %ud
crab in coastal areas of Sindh and 8alochistan$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 9C
lan ob!ective 465 18$@D 3nsure that environ%ental concerns are fully taken into account in
coastal a/uaculture develo-%ents$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 9C
ST2AT3,? AJ+S 2D $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 9E
S7STA+NA8L3 +N"23AS3 +N "AT723 F+S&32+3S 26#7"T+6N 4MA2+N3 AN#
+NLAN#5 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 9E
Strategy a.is 4SA5 2AD Marine ca-ture fisheries$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 9E
lan ob!ective 465 2A$1D 2ehabilitate %arine a/uatic habitats da%aged by -ollution and
environ%ental degradation$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 9F
lan ob!ective 465 2A$2D "ontrol over1e.-loitation of %arine fisheries resources$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 9F
lan ob!ective 465 2A$9D ro%ote sustainable %anage%ent of %arine a/uatic resources$ $$$$$$ 9F
lan ob!ective 465 2A$@D 3stablish sustainable harvesting and utili'ation of unta--ed %arine
resources$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 9G
lan ob!ective 465 2A$CD ro%ote fisherfolks< safety at sea$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 9G
lan ob!ective 465 2A$ED ro%ote s-ort fishing activities in coastal waters$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 9G
Strategy a.is 4SA5 2bD +nland ca-ture fisheries$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 9H
lan ob!ective 465 28$1D 2ehabilitate inland a/uatic habitats da%aged by -ollution and
environ%ental degradation$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 9H
lan ob!ective 465 28$2D "ontrol over1e.-loitation of inland fisheries resources$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 9H
lan ob!ective 465 28$9D ro%ote sustainable %anage%ent of inland a/uatic resources$ $$$$$$$ @I
lan ob!ective 465 28$@D 3stablish sustainable e.-loitation of unta--ed inland resources$ $$$$ @I
lan ob!ective 465 28$CD ro%ote s-ort fishing activities in inland water bodies$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ @I
ST2AT3,? AJ+S 9D $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ @1
23S6LA+N, 6ST1&A2A3ST +SS73S $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ @1
4handling, storage, value1adding0-rocessing, trans-ort and %arketing0co%%ercialisation of
ca-tured and cultured s-ecies5 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ @1
F
lan ob!ective 465 9$1D +%-rove the handling and -reservation of fish and a/uatic -roducts$ @1
lan ob!ective 465 9$2D Add value 4transfor%ation0-rocessing5 to a/uatic -roducts$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$ @2
lan ob!ective 465 9$9D +%-rove trans-ortation of a/uatic -roducts$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ @2
lan ob!ective 465 9$@D +%-rove co%%ercialisation of a/uatic -roducts$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ @2
lan ob!ective 465 9$CD +%-rove access of a/uatic -roducts to international %arkets$ $$$$$$$$$$$$ @2
lan ob!ective 465 9$ED +%-rove disse%ination of %arket and -roduct infor%ation$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$ @2
"6MM6N 3L3M3NT A Strengthening of "ross1Sectoral "ollaborations $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ @@
"6MM6N 3L3M3NT 8 +nstitutional +%-rove%ents and #evelo-%ents within the Fisheries
and A/uaculture Sectors $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ CF
"6MM6N 3L3M3NT " #evelo-%ent of &u%an 2esources and Skills $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ EH
"6MM6N 3L3M3NT # 3nhance%ent of research and develo-%ent a--lied to fisheries and
a/uaculture $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ FH
ST2AT3,? AJ+S 1A Sustainable develo-%ent of inland a/uaculture -roduction $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ GH
ST2AT3,? AJ+S 18 Sustainable develo-%ent of coastal a/uaculture -roduction $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ HG
ST2AT3,? AJ+S 2A Sustainable increase in %arine ca-ture fisheries -roduction $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 1I@
ST2AT3,? AJ+S 28 Sustainable increase in inland ca-ture fisheries -roduction $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 11C
ST2AT3,? AJ+S 9 2esolving -ost1harvest issues $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 12F
G
Foreword
The National olicy and Strategy for Fisheries and A/uaculture #evelo-%ent in akistan is the
result of a co%-rehensive consultative -rocess that has involved a large nu%ber of stakeholders at
all levels between 2II@ and 2IIE$
The National olicy and Strategy for Fisheries and A/uaculture #evelo-%ent in akistan is
constituted of several -arts$ art 1 -resents the -olicy, strategy and its i%-le%entation -lan
4activities5$ art 2 details the institutional arrange%ents necessary for the overseeing of the -olicy
i%-le%entation -rocess, as well as -ro!ect conce-t notes elaborated by the ,6 towards the
i%-le%entation of the -olicy$ art 9 is constituted of a legal review of the -olicy, with
reco%%endations for legal i%-rove%ents to su--ort i%-le%entation$ *hile art 1 is here to stay
and will guide the ,overn%ent of akistan in achieving the -olicy goals, su--ortive arts 2 and 9,
at the ti%e of writing, were work in -rogress and %ay be subse/uently %odified0u-dated$
+t is understood that the -resent National olicy and Strategy for Fisheries and A/uaculture
#evelo-%ent in akistan does not su--lant, nor contradict, -revious -olicies elaborated for the
fisheries and a/uaculture sectors$
H
Policy formulation process
The components of a policy document – a brief overview
A -olicy docu%ent is for%ulated to give directions to the develo-%ent of a sector$ The results of a
-lanning -rocess, like the one undertaken to for%ulate this docu%ent, can be disaggregated into a
fra%ework with four linked ste-sD -olicy goalsK strategies with ob!ectivesK a -lanK and a series of
activities$ *hile strategies deal with the Lhow< of -olicy goals, -lans and activities deal with Lwhat<,
Lwho< and Lwhen< /uestions in relation to -olicy i%-le%entation$
Following the identification of key issues and -roble%s, the first ste- is the articulation of the broad
-olicy goals in a policy fra%ework. This s-ells out directions of develo-%ent a country wishes to
follow for a given sector, e$g$ fisheries and a/uaculture$ 8y their very nature, these tend to be broad
in sco-e and %ay ty-ically relate to issues such as sustainable resource e.-loitation, -overty
alleviation, food security and econo%ic growth$
#esigning a strategy co%es second, as a strategy takes each -olicy goal and envisages how it could
be %et$ +t is nor%al for each -olicy goal to be su--orted by a nu%ber of different strategies$ Also of
i%-ortance is the s-ecification of cross1cutting strategies in su--ort of %ore than one -olicy goal
and so%eti%es other strategy ob!ectives$ For e.a%-le, strategies relating to hu%an and institutional
ca-acity develo-%ent, research, and strengthening cross1sectoral collaboration %ay all hel- to
su--ort a nu%ber of -olicy goals, as well as the realisation of ob!ectives of a %ore Ltechnical<
nature$
&ow to go about achieving the strategy ob!ectives is -rovided in the plan 4the third ste-5$ The -lan
s-ecifies the desired results which, if reali'ed, would su--ort each strategy ob!ective$ Again, each
strategy %ay have a nu%ber of -lans su--orting it$
The fourth and final stage is to s-ecify the detailed acti.ities to be undertaken as -art of each -lan$
These activities should be ti%e1bound, and have allocated res-onsibilities to those re/uired to
undertake the%$
+t is so%eti%es -ossible to s-ecify activities at the third stage, and co%bine the% as -art of a -lan of
activities in su--ort of strategies$ The current -olicy docu%ent is based on three ste-sD -olicy,
strategy, and -lan of activities for the develo-%ent of fisheries and a/uaculture in akistan$
Fisheries and aquaculture policy formulation in Pakistan – the chronoloy of events
ast -oliciesD
No national fisheries and a/uaculture s-ecific -olicy has been %ade in akistan in the -ast$
Fisheries issues were covered, to various e.tents, under agriculture -olicies or livestock -olicies$
Although re-orts of the Agriculture 3n/uiry "o%%ittee in the 1HFI<s and of the National
Agriculture "o%%ission in 1HGF gave so%e attention to the fisheries sector, they did not %ake a
%a!or i%-act because -roble%s of the sector were only inade/uately addressed$ olicies have,
however, been %ade for dee- sea fishing in 1HGG, 1HHC and 2II1 but these were s-ecifically ai%ed
at the -ro%otion of fishing under licensing arrange%ents in the 3.clusive 3cono%ic ;one of
akistan and only %arginally covered as-ects of local0s%all1scale coastal fisheries$
1I
Five ?ear lans have been -re-ared in -ast for %ediu% ter% -lanning$ A se-arate co%%ittee for
fisheries was constituted for the -re-aration of these -lans and its reco%%endations acco%%odated$
&owever, none of the five year -lans have catered for %any of the broad issues faced by those in
the fisheries and a/uaculture sectors$
,overn%ent Task Forces for inland and %arine fisheries and a/uacultureD
Two Task Forces were constituted by the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock 4M+NFAL5
of the ,overn%ent of akistan in 2II@ for the -re-aration of National Fisheries olicy$ A Task
Force dealt with inland fisheries and a/uaculture, and the other with %arine fisheries and
a/uaculture$ Through a collaborative -rocess at rovincial0Areas and federal levels, these two sub1
grou-s -re-ared -olicy docu%ents related to their areas of work$
T" re/uestD
+n 2II@, the Federal ,overn%ent 4M+NFAL5 a--roached FA6 to fund a technical coo-eration
-ro!ect 4T"5 to assist in the -rocess of for%ulating a -olicy and a strategy to enhance fisheries and
a/uaculture develo-%ent in the country$ The T" 4T"0A(09IIC5, a--roved and funded in May
2IIC, agreed on the followingD
Pro6ect goalD to create an enabling environ%ent conducive to the sustainable develo-%ent and
%anage%ent of a growing fisheries and a/uaculture sector, with e%-hasis on its contribution to
econo%ic growth, -overty alleviation, food security and environ%ental conservation$
Pro6ect purpose7 to su--ort the on1going fisheries and a/uaculture -olicy and strategy develo-%ent
-rocess in akistan and to facilitate its i%-le%entation$
Pro6ect outputsD i5 An agree%ent on the a--ro-riate course of actions for the -ro!ect to follow and
re/uired contribution to akistan<s on1going -olicy -rocessesK ii5 A well1defined fisheries and
a/uaculture -olicy and strategy based on good consultationK iii5 An effective i%-le%entation -lan
for the -olicy and strategy at national and rovincial0Areas levels$
+t was agreed that all rovinces and Areas of akistan should be targeted$
The approach used in the T!P" bottom#up and consensus#based policy formulation
An FA6 T" +nce-tion *orksho- was conducted in )une 2IIC, during which a wide range of
stakeholders -re-ared a detailed -ro!ect i%-le%entation -lan$ The outco%es fro% the two
govern%ent task forces were a%alga%ated into a single MNational Fisheries olicyN draft$ The
contents of this draft were synthesised into a L-olicy brief< by the international consultant hired by
the -ro!ect, and taken, with the assistance of NA"A1ST23AM, through a first round of co%%unity
consultations across the four -rovinces$ The -olicy brief was also sent to nu%erous stakeholders
fro% rovincial0Areas ,overn%ents, &arbour authorities, N,6s etc$ who -rovided their co%%ents
in written for%$ 8ased on what was learned and recorded during this first -hase of co%%unity
consultations and the feedback received fro% consulted stakeholders, the draft -olicy was then
redrafted by FA6$ Task force %e%bers and other -ro!ect stakeholders fro% the ,overn%ent of
akistan, NA"A and an international fisheries consultancy co%-any 4oseidon Ltd$5, %ade
observations on its contents, which were then further revised by FA6 until a consensus was
reached$ A round of rovincial0Areas stakeholder consultations followed, in which -artici-ants
gave their in-uts for -rioriti'ation of the various reco%%endations %ade in the draft -olicy
docu%ent, and on its i%-le%entation$ Following these rovincial0Areas stakeholder consultations
in two districts of each of the four -rovinces, the -olicy docu%ent was further %odified and re1
na%ed MNational olicy and Strategy for Fisheries and A/uaculture #evelo-%ent in akistanN$
11
Moving u-wards fro% co%%unities to rovincial0Areas govern%ents, the -olicy docu%ent was
then -resented at two rovincial0Areas *orksho-s to re-resentatives fro% a wide range of
govern%ent and non1govern%ent institutions and organi'ations fro% the four -rovinces concerned
as well as areas of the country$ *orksho- -artici-ants used the draft MNational olicy and Strategy
for Fisheries and A/uaculture #evelo-%ent in akistanN as the basis for -ractical discussion about
i%-le%entation issues and -riorities, and reflected on s-ecificities 4e$g$ -artnershi-s necessary,
ti%elines, funding and targets5 of the activities to achieve the strategy ob!ectives$
6ut-uts fro% the rovincial0Areas worksho-s were then incor-orated into the MNational olicy and
Strategy for Fisheries and A/uaculture #evelo-%ent in akistanN draft, which was further refined
into a final draft$
The contents of this final draft docu%ent, and in -articular sections related to the i%-le%entation of
-olicy, were thoroughly discussed during a national worksho- gathering federal1level govern%ent
officials fro% M+NFAL and other in1line %inistries as well as -rovincial0area de-art%ents, and
"hief rovince Secretaries$ 8ased on the out-uts of the worksho-, final a%end%ents were brought
to the draft -olicy docu%ent, which was then -resented to the Secretary of M+NFAL, rovinces<
"hief Secretaries and other high1ranking ,overn%ent 6fficials during a high1level %eeting$
3ndorse%ent of the docu%ent and its contents was sought and obtained$
The legal i%-lications of the MNational olicy and Strategy for Fisheries and A/uaculture
#evelo-%ent in akistanN were evaluated by a fisheries legislation e.-ert and are re-orted in
a--ended art 2$ The -resent -olicy docu%ent was then sub%itted, along with suggested legislative
a%end%ents, to the "abinet for its a--roval$
+nstitutional arrange%ents to su--ort the i%-le%entation of the -olicy, in har%ony with the
,overn%ent<s desire to e%-hasise agri1businesses a--roaches to the develo-%ent of the fisheries
and a/uaculture sectors and su--orted by a nu%ber of conce-t notes for u%brella -ro!ects which
have been for%ulated to strengthen the i%-le%entation of the -olicy, are outlined in a--ended art
9 of the National olicy and Strategy for Fisheries and A/uaculture #evelo-%ent in akistan$
12
THE STATUS OF FSHERES A!" A#UA$U%TURE !
PA&STA!
O'er'iew and impetus for c(ange
$verview of the current status of fisheries and aquaculture"
The fisheries sector contributes around 1O to the ,# of akistan$ 2ecent FA6 data re-orted that
akistan<s total fish -roduction for 2II@ was CFIG,GI@ %etric tonnes where CCE,HH9 %etric tonnes
ca%e fro% ca-ture fisheries and only 19,CCF %etric tonnes were -roduced fro% a/uaculture$ Total
value of e.-orts for the -eriod 2II912II@ was registered at 7SP 1CE %illions$ rinci-al e.-ort
%arkets are 7SA, )a-an, Sri Lanka, Singa-ore, the 37 and the ,ulf States$
More than @F1,III fisherfolk, including 2GF,III inland fisherfolk, find e%-loy%ent in the sector,
while the secondary sector 4fishery -roducts -rocessing, in-ut -rovision and %arketing5 -rovides
e%-loy%ent and inco%e to %ore than 11I,III households 4FA6 data 2II95$ "a-ture fisheries and
a/uaculture together -rovide e%-loy%ent for around 1O of the total labour force available in the
country$
2egarding fish consu%-tion, for akistan, there was very little increase in -er ca-ita fish
consu%-tion 4i$e$ the esti%ate of the total su--ly available for hu%an consu%-tion divided by the
-o-ulation total5 fro% 1$I kg in 1HE1 to 2$9 kg in 2II1, while the world average over the sa%e
-eriod increased fro% H$I kg to 1E$9 kg 4FA6, 2II@5$
akistan is endowed with vast a/uatic resources, as indicated in Table 1$ Freshwater, brackishwater
and %arine resources could be utilised for a/uaculture develo-%ent as long as econo%ically
efficient and environ%entally sustainable$
Table 1D +nventory of akistan<s a/uatic resources, by -rovince$
Area in ha Sindh un!ab 8alochistan N$*$F$ Total
2ivers0 strea%s 1EI,III 2,H@I,III 11 2,@IG 9,1I2,@IG
"anals, drains B abandoned
canals
921,9@I 29,FII 11 1,FE9 9@E,GI9
Lakes 11I,III E,FII @,I@F E,9E2 12F,1IH
#a%s0 reservoirs HF,III EC,GII E,IFI 2EGII 1HC,EFI
*aterlogged areas 9,III,III 9I,III 11 1,EII 9,I91,EII
#eltaic area FII,III Q 11 11 11 FII,III
Flood water area 1,III,III 11 11 11 1,III,III
Fish far%s QQ @H,1FI 1I,@II 1II CEI EI,29I
Territorial Marine *aters 4k%5 9C2 k% . 12
N$Miles
11 1,12H . 12
N$Miles
11 1,@G1 . 12
N$Miles
SourceD #6F ,6
Q **F1akistan
QQ areas of fish far%s are likely to be underesti%ated as %any far%s are not registered and no inventory syste% e.ists$
"oncerning a/uaculture -roduction, %ost of the freshwater -roduction co%es fro% the far%ing of
car-s$ Trout culture is also develo-ing$
19
!hallenes"
Since 1HHG, overall fish -roduction has decreased by nearly 2 -ercent -er year$ Although this
downward trend %ay be attributed %ainly to the %arine ca-ture sector, inland freshwater resources
of N*F, Northern Areas and 8alochistan are e.-loited below -otential, with low -roductivity and
high -overty levels encountered a%ongst inland fishing co%%unities$ #es-ite its endow%ent in
natural resources, akistan ranks 2G
th
a%ong fishing nations in ter%s of -roduction, and CI
th
in
ter%s of e.-ort earnings$ Addressing lack of land, seed, feed and technology for a/uaculture
-roduction are necessary ste-s, along with addressing -ost1harvest losses and i%-roving hygiene
conditions which reduce the %arketability of fish -roducts and are one of the %ain constraints to
e.-ort earnings$ +n addition to the su--ly of sub1o-ti%al /uality fish -roducts on do%estic %arkets,
consu%ers< awareness of the benefits linked to increased fish consu%-tion needs raising$ Finally,
institutional weaknesses in and outside the fisheries sector, and inade/uate ca-acity of its
stakeholders need to be rectified in -riority to ensure that both fisheries and a/uaculture develo-
sustainably and in har%ony with other sectors of the econo%y, while receiving the su--ort they
need to do so$
%overnment&s impetus for chane"
6ver recent years, the fisheries and a/uaculture sectors have been gaining an increasing i%-ortance
in the develo-%ent -olicies of the country$ The recently 42II@5 a--roved overty 2eduction
Strategy a-er 42S5 of akistan, e%-hasi'es the significant role of the fisheries sector in the
national econo%y and for food security of the country$ The 2S -ro-oses to address the issue of
rural -overty through the accelerated distribution of state1owned land to s%all far%ers, which is of
i%-ortance to a/uaculture develo-%ent as land availability is an i%-ortant constraint$ 3ighty one
-ercent of the far%ers have less than C hectares available for their activities$
The resident<s Agricultural 2elief ackage also states that fish culture will be -ro%oted in the
areas of Sindh where salinity levels %ake land unsuitable for cro-s but suitable for a/uaculture$
As indicated in ,6<s Ten 0ear Perspecti.e )e.elopment Plan 51811, agricultural develo-%ent
during the ne.t decade will focus on -roducing high1value cro-s, fisheries, livestock and dairy
-roducts for e.-ort and on su--lying raw %aterials to agro1industries$
#uring the akistan #evelo-%ent Foru% 2IIC held on A-ril 2E
th
of the sa%e year, the fisheries
sector was highlighted a nu%ber of ti%es$ The Prime 4inister9s speec: during the +naugural
Session of this %eeting /uoted MR we are also endeavouring to %ake our livestock and fisheries
sectors %ore dyna%ic, vibrant, and co%-etitive with industrial bases and %arketing to e.-loit their
full -otential$$$ to build on e.cellent linkages with +ran, Afghanistan, "entral Asia and ,ulf
States$$$<<$ +n the sa%e foru%, fisheries was identified under the SM3 sector hase ++ develo-%ent
and shri%- far%ing was declared as one of the %a!or activity under the Aalue "hain rogress
during a -resentation at the akistan #evelo-%ent Foru% 2IIC
1
$
All of the above indicate the strong interest and willingness of the govern%ent to su--ort the
develo-%ent and enhance%ent of -roduction fro% the fisheries and a/uaculture sectors$
1
htt-D00siteresources$worldbank$org0A(+STAN3JTN02esources02H9IC11111@@2@E@G2E90Session++1Sal%an$-df
1@
PO%$)
FOR FSHERES A!" A#UA$U%TURE "E*E%OPME!T !
PA&STA!
+n light of the constraints to address for akistan and its -eo-le to rea- the benefits fro% fisheries
and a/uaculture develo-%ent, of the i%%ense -otential of both sectors and -ast neglect in
agricultural develo-%ent and -lanning efforts, the ,overn%ent of akistan 4,65 has decided to
give the sector the attention it deserves$ To do so, and through a consultative -rocess, it has decided
u-on three -olicy goals for fisheries and a/uaculture$ +t has also agreed on a nu%ber of guiding
-rinci-les, and has identified key -layers and %onitoring indicators$
The %overnment&s three policy oals"
The three -olicy goals that the ,overn%ent of akistan has set to achieve are toD
10 In$r'as' t1' $ontri+%tion o t1' is1'ri's an! a2%a$%&t%r' s'$tors
to national economic rowth
30 In$r'as' t1' $ontri+%tion o t1' is1'ri's an! a2%a$%&t%r' s'$tors to poverty alleviation
-0 In$r'as' t1' $ontri+%tion o t1' is1'ri's an! a2%a$%&t%r' s'$tors to food security
Fish and other a/uatic -roducts are now recognised as being co%%odities of high i%-ortance in the
econo%ies, livelihoods and diets of %any South Asian countries$
Fisheries contributes to nationa& '$ono*i$ #ro4t1 in %any countries where co%-arative econo%ic
advantage is derived fro% a--ro-riate a%bient conditions and0or favorable in-ut, labor and
-rocessing costs and facilitating ad%inistrative arrange%ents underlying efficient -roduction,
distribution, e.-ort and /uality assurance$
*ith regards to the second goal of 5o('rty a&&'(iation, the 7nited Nations *orld Su%%it on
Sustainable #evelo-%ent 2II2, the 2III *orld #evelo-%ent 2e-ort -ublished by the *orld
8ank, the 7N Millenniu% #eclaration ado-ted in 2III
2
, and the 1HHE 7N *orld Food Su%%it, all
considered -overty alleviation as a central -riority$ *hile -ast develo-%ent interventions in
fisheries were often i%-licitly ai%ed at reducing -overty, %ost were not e.-licitly focused on
i%-roving the living conditions of the -oor$ 2ather, they ai%ed to accelerate econo%ic growth
solely through technology and infrastructure develo-%ent and through %arket1led econo%ic
-olicies$ The lack of an e.-licit focus on -overty and the ine/uitable distributional i%-acts of
develo-%ent -rogra%%es %ay e.-lain the ineffectiveness of %any fishery develo-%ent
interventions$ As s-ecifically %entioned, the -olicy goal of -overty alleviation re/uires
consideration of the distributional benefits arising fro% the sector$ Further%ore, -overty alleviation
enco%-asses the dual goals of both -overty reduction 4i$e$ wealth generation and ca-ital
accu%ulation lifting -eo-le out of -overty5 and -overty pre.ention 4i$e$ reducing risks and
increasing safety net functions to reduce vulnerability5$ overty alleviation is thus an inclusive ter%
2
The Millenniu% #eclaration contains the co%%it%ent to halve, by the year 2I1C, the -ro-ortion of the world<s
-o-ulation whose inco%e is less than one dollar a day
1C
enco%-assing both -overty reduction and -overty -revention 4and vulnerability reduction5 which
the strengthening and develo-%ent of fisheries and a/uaculture can address$
*ith regards to the third -olicy goal oo! s'$%rity, at an international conference on the
Sustainable "ontribution of Fisheries to Food Su--ly held in (yoto, )a-an in 1HHC, the HC
-artici-ating states a--roved a #eclaration and a lan of Action to enhance the contribution of
fisheries to hu%an food su--ly$ The 1HHE *orld Food Su%%it stressed the connection between
food security and the need for sustainable %anage%ent of natural resources$ The 2II2 *orld
Su%%it on Sustainable #evelo-%ent also focused on food security as a key issue and reiterated a
global co%%it%ent to res-onsible fisheries$
The %overnment&s uidin principles"
To achieve these three -olicy goals, M+NFAL has to recognise the need to work in collaboration
with other %inistries to address broader concerns than those -ertaining only the fisheries and
a/uaculture sectors$ Most fishing co%%unities 4inland and coastal5 are found to live in e.tre%e
-overty conditions and have li%ited access to resources, such as natural, financial, -hysical and
hu%an ca-ital$ This situation is e.acerbated by e.ogenous factors such as water -ollution,
controversial %anage%ent -ractices of inland and coastal fisheries and high costs of in-uts for
a/uaculture activities, which, all co%bined, hinder the -otential for livelihood diversification and
overall /uantities of fish -roduced$ 8y si%ultaneously and ade/uately targeting the needs of -oor
co%%unities, as well as those of the -rivate sector and foreign %arkets and investors, fisheries and
a/uaculture can be changed into dyna%ic sectors to si%ultaneously achieve the ,overn%ent<s three
-olicy goals of econo%ic growth, -overty alleviation and food security$
+n agreeing to these three -olicy goals and the i%-le%entation of the necessary strategy to achieve
the%, the ,overn%ent of akistan has also co%%itted itself to res-ect -rinci-les ofD
1 good governance, trans-arency in decision1%aking and finance %anage%ent,
1 fairness and e/uity,
1 res-ect of international treaties, laws and co%%it%ents,
1 -artici-ation of all grou-s and stakeholders, including wo%en, in decision1%aking -rocesses,
1 sustainable environ%ental resource use, %anage%ent and -rotection$
'oles of the three ma(or stakeholder roups"
,overn%ent of akistanD
+n addition, in its -osition of facilitator and regulator, the ,overn%ent of akistan<s role will be toD
1 create a suitable and enabling environ%ent to allow -rivate sector initiatives to thrive while
-rotecting the interests of the %ost vulnerable grou-s,
1 establish the necessary institutions and enhance hu%an ca-abilities to i%-le%ent the -resent
-olicy and su--ort the overall develo-%ent of the fisheries and a/uaculture sectors,
1 ensure coherence a%ong %easures ado-ted for the fisheries and a/uaculture sectors with those in
-lace in other sectors of the econo%y, in -articular livestock and agriculture$
rivate sectorD
As a key -artner to the ,overn%ent in the develo-%ent of the fisheries and a/uaculture sectors, the
-rivate sector willD
1 sha-e the future growth of the fisheries, and in -articular a/uaculture, sectors, in ter%s of out-ut
and value,
1E
1 be sustainable .ectors of econo%ic and social develo-%ent at co%%unity, district and rovincial0
Areas levels$
roducers< organisationsD
Su--orting -rivate sector<s interests, -roducers< organisations willD
1 build the necessary institutions for the re-resentation of fisher%en and fish far%ers at the
rovincial0Areas and national levels,
1 be a force for collective access to knowledge, infor%ation and in-uts
1 influence the overall develo-%ent of the fisheries and a/uaculture sectors$
)ey indicators of proress"
(ey %easurable indicators of -rogress towards the achieve%ent of the three -olicy goals of national
econo%ic growth, -overty alleviation and food security, will includeD
1 higher -er ca-ita fish consu%-tion
1 i%-roved fishers< and fish1far%ers< inco%es
1 creation of well1-aid e%-loy%ent in the fisheries and a/uaculture sectors
1 increased e.-ort earnings fro% a/uatic -roducts$
1F
STRATE+)
TO !$REASE !ATO!A% FSH SUPP%) ,ASE" O!
SUSTA!A,%E PRO"U$TO! A!" MPRO*E" MAR&ET!+
OF A#UAT$ PRO"U$TS
To achieve the three -olicy goals outlined above, the ,overn%ent<s underlying strategy is to
in$r'as' nationa& is1 s%55&y +as'! on s%staina+&' 5ro!%$tion an! i*5ro('! *ar)'tin# o
a2%ati$ 5ro!%$ts$
The targeted -roduction growth rate for the overall sector 4including ca-ture and culture, fro%
%arine and inland areas5 has been established at 1IO -er annu%$ This target corres-onds to the
e.tra -roduction needed to increase fish consu%-tion fro% 1$2kg to Ckg -er ca-ita -er year$
Although it is unlikely that ca-ture fisheries can grow at such a -ace, it is esti%ated that %ost of the
-roduction increases will co%e fro% a/uaculture, fro% both inland and coastal areas$
Although the -olicy ti%efra%e, in coherence with the country<s develo-%ent -olicies, has a long1
ter% hori'on to 2I2C, the strategy and its i%-le%entation -lan 4ne.t section5 have a ti%efra%e of
1I years to kick1start fisheries and a/uaculture activities and ensure that sustained levels of
-roduction are reached to achieve the 1IO annual growth target envisaged$ The -resent strategy
4and its i%-le%entation -lan5 should be re1evaluated and, if need be, re1oriented, according to the
-rogress %ade towards the -olicy goals and the needs of the sectors at the end of this -eriod$
Four fundamental common elements"
The achieve%ent of the strategy ob!ective, to increase national fish su--ly based on sustainable
-roduction and i%-roved %arketing of a/uatic -roducts, rest first and fore%ost on the establish%ent
of a $on!%$i(' 'n(iron*'nt that will create suitable conditions for sustainable -roduction and
i%-roved %arketing to take -lace$ This conducive environ%ent will be created through the
realisation of o%r %n!a*'nta& 6$o**on '&'*'nts7, or cross1cutting -illars su--orting for the
overall develo-%ent of both fisheries and a/uaculture$ They areD
Co**on '&'*'nts
A0 Str'n#t1'nin# o $ross8s'$tora& $o&&a+orations0
90 Instit%tiona& i*5ro('*'nts an! !'('&o5*'nts0
C0 En1an$'*'nt o r's'ar$1 an! !'('&o5*'nt a55&i'! to is1'ri's an! a2%a$%&t%r'
D0 D'('&o5*'nt o 1%*an r'so%r$'s an! s)i&&s
M"o%%on ele%entsN refers to the fact that these four ite%s underlie and are -rere/uisites to the
realisation of the three technical strategy a.es -resented hereafter$
1G
Three stratey a*es"
Si%ultaneously, and within the conducive environ%ent created by the realisation of the four
funda%ental co%%on ele%ents, sustainable -roduction and i%-roved %arketing will be achieved
through t1r'' strat'#y a:'s which areD
Strat'#y a:'s
10 S%staina+&' !'('&o5*'nt o in&an! an! $oasta& a2%a$%&t%r' 5ro!%$tion
30 S%staina+&' in$r'as' in in&an! an! *arin' $a5t%r' is1'ri's 5ro!%$tion
-0 R'so&(in# 5ost81ar('st iss%'s
*hilst co%%on ele%ents strive to create an enabling environ%ent, the strategy a.es relate to
technical directions covering the develo-%ent of inland and coastal a/uaculture, %arine and inland
ca-ture fisheries, and resolving of -ost1harvest issues$ Strategy a.is S9 deals s-ecifically with the
handling, storage, value1adding0-rocessing, trans-ort and %arketing0co%%ercialisation of ca-tured
and cultured s-ecies$
Figure 1 outlines the structure of the strategy and introduces the ob!ectives of the lan for the
fulfil%ent of each a.is and ele%ent$
1H
P% 3.17 &mpro.e t:e :andling and
preser.ation of fis: and a;uatic products.
P% 3.57 Add .alue <transformation/
processing= to a;uatic products.
P% 3.37 &mpro.e transportation of a;uatic
products.
P% 3.47 &mpro.e commercialisation of
a;uatic products.
P% 3.17 &mpro.e access of a;uatic products
to international markets.
P% 3.67 &mpro.e dissemination of market and
product information.
-$ 2esolving -ost1harvest issues of
ca-tured and cultured s-ecies
3$ Sustainable increase in ca-ture
fisheries -roduction
1A T Strengthening of inland
a/uaculture -roduction
P% 1A.17 )e.elop :ig: potential
>ones for inland a;uaculture.
P% 1A.57 Attract pri.ate sector
in.estment in inland a;uaculture
production.
P% 1A.37 "ncourage t:e production
of a;uatic species able to compete on
domestic and international markets.
P% 1A.47 "nsure t:at en.ironmental
concerns are fully taken account in
inland a;uaculture de.elopment.
1$ Sustainable develo-%ent
of a/uaculture -roduction
19 T #evelo-%ent of a/uaculture
in coastal areas
P% 1?.17 )e.elop :ig: potential
>ones for coastal a;uaculture.
P% 1?.57 Attract pri.ate sector
in.estment in coastal a;uaculture
production.
P% 1?.37 Facilitate t:e establis:ment
of t:e culture of s:rimp@ finfis: and
mud crab in coastal areas of #ind:
and ?aloc:istan.
P% 1?.47 "nsure t:at en.ironmental
concerns are fully taken account in
coastal a;uaculture de.elopment.
3A T Marine ca-ture fisheries
P% 5A.17 'e:abilitate marine a;uatic
:abitats damaged by pollution and
en.ironmental degradation.
P% 5A.57 +ontrol o.er8eAploitation of
marine resources.
P% 5A.37 Promote sustainable
management of marine a;uatic
resources.
P% 5A.47 "stablis: sustainable
:ar.esting and utilisation of untapped
marine resources.
P% 5A.17 Promote fis:erfolks9 safety
at sea.
P% 5A67 Promote sport fis:ing
acti.ities in coastal waters.
39 T +nland ca-ture fisheries
P% 5?.17 'e:abilitate inland a;uatic
:abitats damaged by pollution and
en.ironmental degradation.
P% 5?.57 +ontrol o.er8eAploitation of
inland fis:eries resources.
P% 5?.37Promote sustainable
management of inland a;uatic
resources.
P% 5?.47 "stablis: sustainable
eAploitation of untapped inland
resources.
P% 5?.17 Promote sport fis:ing
acti.ities in inland water bodies.
A$ Strengthening of cross1sectoral develo-%ents
P% A17 "stablis: strong partners:ips to attract pri.ate in.estment in a;uaculture <inland and coastal= and post8:ar.est acti.ities
P% A57 &ncrease coordination of multiple uses of fres:water <surface and underground=
P% A37 "stablis: strong collaborati.e partners:ips and processes to ensure ade;uate and sustainable water flows in ma6or ri.ers and tributaries and re8establis: balanced water regimes/uses and ecosystems
P% A47 #upport wide8ranging li.eli:ood needs in fis:ing communities
P% A17 &mplement integrated coastal area management and reduce resource conflict occurrence and en.ironmental degradation in coastal areas
P% A67 Promote en.ironmental conser.ation and adopt measures to pre.ent damage to a;uatic biodi.ersity by pollution and en.ironmental degradation
C$ #evelo-%ent of hu%an resources and skills
P% +17 Pro.ide fis:eries and a;uaculture training programmes and suitable training facilities
P% +57 &mpro.e eAtension ser.ices for t:e fis:eries and a;uaculture sectors
9$ +nstitutional i%-rove%ents and develo-%ent within the fisheries and a/uaculture sectors
P% ?17 #trengt:en current fis:eries institutions t:roug: a better demarcation of roles and responsibilities
P% ?57 'eform/re8organise Pro.incial/Areas and district aut:orities and eAisting institutions
P% ?37 #upport t:e formation of producers9 organisations
P% ?47 #tudy and reform t:e eAisting contract system for t:e eAploitation of fres:water bodies
P% ?17 Address current fis:eries and a;uaculture legislation and regulations s:ortcomings
P% ?67 'ecognise and promote t:e role of communities in fis:eries management in coastal and inland areas
D$ 3nhance%ent of research and develo-%ent a--lied to fisheries and a/uaculture
P% )17"n:ance support to and impro.e ;uality and rele.ance of researc: and de.elopment applied to fis:eries and a;uaculture
P% )57 )e.elop and support tec:nical researc: programmes
P% )37 &ncrease t:e reliability of fis:eries and a;uaculture statistical data country8wide
P% )47 4onitor and ensure t:at social@ economic@ marketing and institutional issues are ade;uately dealt wit: in relation to fis:eries and a;uaculture de.elopment
+ncrease national fish su--ly based on sustainable -roduction and i%-roved %arketing of a/uatic -roducts
Strat'#y o+;'$ti('
%utline of
plan
ob6ecti.es
<P%=
1$ "ontribution to national econo%ic growth, 3$ -overty alleviation, -$ food security
Po&i$y #oa&s
%utline of plan ob6ecti.es
<P%=
<acti.ities not detailed
:ere=
Strat'#y $o**on
'&'*'nts
4A, 8, ", #5
Strat'#y
a:'s
41a, 1b, 2a,
2b, 95
2I
MP%EME!TATO! P%A!
FOR THE FSHERES A!" A#UA$U%TURE PO%$) A!"
STRATE+)
This section of the -olicy docu%ent describes the ob!ectives, and related actions necessary to
i%-le%ent the -olicy$ They are listed under each identified Lco%%on ele%ent< and La.is< of the
strategy$ As such, the i%-le%entation -lan constitutes the Mflesh on the bonesN of the strategy$ 3ach
co%%on ele%ent, and each strategy a.is, set to achieve a nu%ber of s-ecific ob!ectives 4the M-lan
ob!ectivesN T 65 to address issues and shortco%ings that have i%-eded the develo-%ent of
fisheries and a/uaculture in akistan$ Such -roble%s are outlined at the outset of each section$
Several actions0activities are then needed to achieve the -lan ob!ectives$ They constitute the
concrete ste-s towards the i%-le%entation of the overall strategy, and are thus called Mactivity
towards -lan ob!ectiveN T A6$ They are -resented hereafter and should be seen as the coherent
a--roach and concrete ste-s to follow to i%-le%ent the -olicy$
#etails regarding each activity 4or A65, i$e$ identification of -artnershi-s to for%, ti%efra%es for
co%-letion, -otential sources of funding, are -resented in tabular for%at at the end of this section$
The M%atricesN for% the core of the i%-le%entation -lan should be used as guidelines by all those
who will be involved in the i%-le%entation of the -olicy, as well as a %onitoring tool to ensure that
-rogress is %ade towards the achieve%ent of the -lan ob!ectives, and ulti%ately the -olicy goals$
The creation of a -olicy i%-le%entation body, identified as a re/uire%ent to ensure the
i%-le%entation of the following activities, is outlined in art 2 of the -olicy docu%ent$
21
+, Plan ob(ectives and activities for each common element and a*is of the stratey
!$--$. /0/-/.T 1"
2T'/.%T3/.4.% $F !'$22#2/!T$'10 !$0015$'1T4$.2
-a(or problems and constraints to address"
Beak inter8agency coordination
+nter1agency coordination is weak, and at ti%es conflictual$ +n addition to the decreasing ca-acity of
the govern%ent to directly su--ort and finance a/uaculture -roduction, this has deterred invest%ent
in the a/uaculture sector by -rivate entre-reneurs$ +t has further -revented the i%-le%entation of
successful %easures to alleviate -overty in inland and coastal fishing co%%unities where
coordinated efforts towards i%-roved fisheries %anage%ent, livelihood diversification through
a/uaculture and the -rovision of basic infrastructure and livelihood su--ort services are necessary$
'eduction in flow of 'i.er &ndus and its tributaries
+nflu. of freshwater fro% the 2iver +ndus is known to be a %a!or contributor towards the
-roductivity of estuarine areas of Sindh, as well as in offshore waters$ 6verall reduction in the flow
of the 2iver +ndus over recent decades has negatively affected fisheries in estuarine areas of
akistan$ The -roduction of co%%ercially i%-ortant s-ecies such as river shad L-alla<, barra%undi
Ldangri< and +ndian threadfin Lrawans< has decreased substantially in the -ast four decades and has
resulted in socio1econo%ic hardshi-s in coastal co%%unities and in increased -ressure on other
natural resources, in -articular %angroves, which as a conse/uence, are e.-loited unsustainably for
alternative sources of inco%e$ The intrusion of sea water in the absence of, or reduction in, flow
fro% the +ndus 2iver has taken -lace and has had serious i%-acts on the -roduction of i%-ortant
fish s-ecies, as well as on agriculture and other econo%ic activities$ So%e of the highly -roductive
estuarine fishing grounds have been converted into saline lagoons where -roductivity of
co%%ercially i%-ortant s-ecies is now %ini%al$
2eduction in the downstrea% flow below large da%s and barrages has also affected water regi%es
and inland fauna, including fisheries, des-ite the diversion of water to create additional habitat for
the freshwater fishes in so%e areas$ &owever, the i%-act of water diversions and sto--ages on
so%e large rivers due to +ndus *ater Treaty has not been docu%ented$
&ncrease in pollution and en.ironmental degradation
+ndustrial and urban -ollution has been increasing and has started to negatively affect both inland
and coastal waters$ 3nviron%ental degradation due to habitat destruction, land recla%ation,
%angrove cutting and other factors has also affected the natural -roductivity of coastal fisheries, in
-articular in Sindh$ ollution has also increased in inland water bodies throughout the country,
es-ecially in the vicinity of large -o-ulations and industrial centres$
Addressing cross1cutting issues affecting fisheries and a/uaculture develo-%ent in akistan such as
lack of -rivate invest%ent, co%-etitive uses and de-letion of freshwater resources, -overty in
fishing co%%unities, and environ%ental degradation, can only be done effectively through
-artnershi-s and collaborations with institutions other than those dealing directly with fisheries and
a/uaculture develo-%ent$
22
4mplementation plan ob(ectives and activities to address these constraints"
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= A01> Esta+&is1 stron# $o&&a+orati(' 5artn'rs1i5s to attra$t 5ri(at'
in('st*'nt in a2%a$%&t%r' <$oasta& an! in&an!= an! 5ost81ar('st a$ti(iti's0
%n financial and in.estment8related matters@ acti.ities towards t:is plan ob6ecti.e <AP%= are7
A$1$1 +nvolve the -rivate sector in fisheries and a/uaculture -ro!ects develo-ed by the Fisheries
#e-ts, where necessary$
A$1$2 "onsult relevant %inistries and banks regarding the -rovision of financial incentives to
attract foreign invest%ent in fisheries 4seed and feed -roduction, grow1out and -ost1harvest
o-erations5$
A$1$9D "onsult relevant %inistries and banks for the develo-%ent of %atching grant, %icrofinance,
interest1free and soft loan sche%es to attract -rivate entre-reneurs in -roduction, -ost1harvest
transfor%ation and %arketing, and other ancillary activities$
A$1$@ "onsult relevant %inistries regarding the revision of the current inco%e ta. i%-osed on
fishing and fish far%ing o-erations$
A$1$C Maintain and si%-lify duty1free i%-ort incentives on fishing and fish far%ing e/ui-%ent
and %achinery$
A$1$E +%-le%ent insurance sche%es for fisher%en and fish far%ers$
%n eAport and trade8related matters@ acti.ities are7
A$1$F 3stablish 3.clusive Fish 3.-ort ;ones 43F3;5 in key locations$
%n tec:nical matters@ acti.ities are7
A$1$G Negotiate the restoration of single1-hase electricity connection to fish far%ers and the
installation of new %ain electricity connection lines and transfor%ers at -referential rates$
%n land8related matters@ acti.ities are7
A$1$H 3ngage in discussions to ensure that a rational a--roach be ado-ted for assessing the value
of land 4at -revailing %arket value5 and that waste land be identified for long1ter% -rivate leasing
for a/uaculture develo-%ent$
A$1$1I Study and negotiate the -ossibility to allow s%all1scale land far%ers to use the govern%ent
land lease they currently have access to for agricultural -ur-oses, for a/uaculture on a long ter%
basis$
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= A03> In$r'as' $oor!ination o *%&ti5&' %s's o r's14at'r <s%ra$' an!
%n!'r#ro%n!=0
A$2$1 3nsure that a/uaculture is taken account of in future -lans for invest%ent in irrigation,
irrigated agriculture and related infrastructures$
A$2$2 3stablish a !oint "o%%ittee co%-osed of re-resentatives of all Ministries dealing directly
and indirectly with freshwater use$
A$2$9 )ointly engage in discussions and -lanning with other Ministries on -riority uses, -rotection,
sustainable develo-%ent and increased -roductivity of freshwater resources$
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= A0-> Esta+&is1 stron# $o&&a+orati(' 5artn'rs1i5s an! 5ro$'ss's to 'ns%r'
a!'2%at' an! s%staina+&' 4at'r &o4s in *a;or ri('rs an! tri+%tari's an! r'8'sta+&is1
+a&an$'! 4at'r r'#i*'s,%s' an! '$osyst'*s0
A$9$1 3nsure that interests fro% the Fisheries #e-ts are taken into account in water allocation$
A$9$2 artake in the decision1%aking -rocess concerning the recla%ation and rehabilitation of
areas affected by salinity$
29
A$9$9 artake in the decision1%aking -rocess concerning the i%-le%entation of drainage
%easures$
A$9$@ Monitor the i%-act of water diversions on habitats and livelihoods, and develo- guidelines
for the %itigation of negative i%-acts$
A$9$C artake in the decision1%aking -rocess concerning the increase in water diversions to
recreate habitats$
A$9$E Advocate for the i%-le%entation and enforce%ent of effluent water treat%ents 4including
recycling for agricultural -ur-oses5 by all industries in urban areas$
A$9$F Negotiate freshwater su--ly to fish far%s at critical ti%es$
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= A0?> S%55ort 4i!'8ran#in# &i('&i1oo! n''!s in is1in# $o**%niti's0
&n relation to de.eloping community infrastructures and facilities@ acti.ities towards t:is plan
ob6ecti.e <AP%= are7
A$@$1 Assess, -lan and develo- co%%unity infrastructures and facilities su--orting overall
livelihoods$
A$@$2 2eclai% land in the 8aba and 8hit +slands, and Sha%s-ear area to develo- livelihoods
facilities 4school, hos-ital and shri%- -eeling sheds5$
&n relation to di.ersification of income generating acti.ities and employment creation@ acti.ities
are7
A$@$9 Su--ort literacy, vocational training and other educational -rogra%s in fishing co%%unities$
A$@$@ Su--ort alternative and0or co%-le%entary livelihood activities in fishing co%%unities
through increasing access to credit and savings sche%es and the -rovision of %icro1finance
initiatives$
A$@$C ro%ote the -artici-ation of wo%en, and benefits fro% their involve%ent, in a/uaculture,
-ost1harvest and other livelihood activities$
A$@$E Advocate for the allocation of %arginal land for agricultural use to fishing co%%unities who
are affected by water diversion0li%ited release of water in the 2iver +ndus$
&n relation to social protection and wellbeing@ acti.ities are7
A$@$F Su--ort atte%-ts by fishing co%%unities to gain security of land and housing rights$
A$@$G Advocate for the fisheries sector to be considered under the old age benefit sche%e$
A$@$H +%-ose a levy on all a/uaculture -ro!ects covering %ore than CI ha to be -aid towards a
social develo-%ent fund for the local -o-ulation$
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= A0/> I*5&'*'nt int'#rat'! $oasta& ar'a *ana#'*'nt an! r'!%$' r'so%r$'
$on&i$t o$$%rr'n$' an! 'n(iron*'nta& !'#ra!ation in $oasta& ar'as0
A$C$1 +ncrease coordination and coo-eration a%ong %ulti-le users of coastal resources 4land,
water, forest5$
A$C$2 3ngage in, and su--ort, fisheries interests in all coastal area -lanning and %anage%ent
-rocesses through a %echanis% for cross1sectoral integration and -artici-atory decision1%aking$
A$C$9 #evelo- a coordinated %echanis% for %onitoring and ensuring co%-liance of legislations
-ertaining to non1fisheries related coastal resources such as %angroves, turtles etc$
A$C$@ For%ulate and i%-le%ent an integrated coastal 'one %anage%ent 4+";M5 -lan for the +ndus
estuary and other coastal areas$
2@
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= A0@> Pro*ot' 'n(iron*'nta& $ons'r(ation an! a!o5t *'as%r's to 5r'('nt
!a*a#' to a2%ati$ +io!i('rsity +y 5o&&%tion an! 'n(iron*'nta& !'#ra!ation0
A$E$1 3valuate e.isting laws and their a--ro-riateness in reducing -ollution and environ%ental
degradation and lobby Ministry of Law for %aking necessary changes and assist in the for%ulation
of new laws for land1based -ollution sources$
AE$2 3stablish wetland reserves$
2C
!$--$. /0/-/.T 5"
4.2T4T6T4$.10 4-P'$7/-/.T2 1.D D/7/0$P-/.T2 84T34. T3/
F423/'4/2 1.D 1961!60T6'/ 2/!T$'2
-a(or problems and constraints to address"
&nade;uate institutions7
*ith the e.ce-tion of un!ab, and to a lesser e.tent 8alochistan, rovincial0Areas Fisheries #e-ts
are not -ro-erly %anned nor organi'ed, in -articular at district levels$ Mandates, hierarchies and
res-onsibilities in these organi'ations are not well defined, nor well known, while so%e institutions
which could enhance the develo-%ent of fisheries and a/uaculture within the wider econo%y are
si%-ly lacking$ +nternal conflicts linked to institutional dis1functioning have -revented fisheries
%anage%ent and a/uaculture develo-%ent to receive the attention they re/uire$ The lack of
-roducers< organisations, in -articular in relation to a/uaculture, is slowing down the develo-%ent
of the sector and ha%-ering infor%ation sharing and concerted action$ The lack, if not non1
e.istence, of fisheries %anage%ent sche%es organised and %anaged by co%%unities is also an
institutional weakness that could be rectified through ade/uate devolution of res-onsibilities for
sustainable inland and coastal fisheries resources %anage%ent and use$
+ontro.ersial contract system in fres:water bodies7
Ma!or freshwater bodies are under the control of various govern%ent bodies$ These agencies
annually auction the harvesting of fish fro% such water bodies$ "ontractors giving the highest bids
are authori'ed to harvest the fish fro% these water bodies and hire fisher%en for the -ur-ose$ So%e
fisher%en<s grou-s and N,6s criticise this syste% as being e.-loitive, and have been ca%-aigning
for its abolition and introduction of licensing arrange%ents$ *hile there are -ros and cons for both
the syste%s, the case for abolition raises the need for an unbiased assess%ent of various
%anage%ent -ossibilities$
,egislation s:ortcomings7
Although so%e legislation is in -lace, it is often not well enforced$ This a--lies for e.a%-le to the
use of illegal fishing gear with ineffective legislation and a lack %onitoring and surveillance su--ort
facilities failing to -revent the s-read of so%e of these fishing %ethods, and has resulted in
significant declines in stocks of co%%ercially i%-ortant s-ecies$
+nstitutional develo-%ents and i%-rove%ents are also -ara%ount to ensure the effective and
efficient i%-le%entation of the -resent -olicy and strategy$ The establish%ent of a Fisheries and
A/uaculture -olicy i%-le%entation cell is a ste- in this direction$
4mplementation plan ob(ectives and activities to address these constraints"
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= 901 A5riorityB> Str'n#t1'n $%rr'nt is1'ri's instit%tions" t1ro%#1 a +'tt'r
!'*ar$ation o ro&'s an! r's5onsi+i&iti's0
8$1$1 Strengthen rovincial0Areas and #istrict Fisheries #e-ts< role in i%-le%entation and
%onitoring of fisheries %anage%ent %easures$
8$1$2 +ncrease awareness a%ong the govern%ent hierarchy on the need for -ro-erly functioning
institutions to su--ort fisheries and a/uaculture develo-%ent$
2E
8$1$9 "arry out a full institutional assess%ent of govern%ent staffing levels and skill sets against
needs0re/uire%ents for sectors< %anage%ent and develo-%ent$
8$1$@ +ncrease, and0or relocate, staff across institutions for i%-roved efficiency$
8$1$C +%-rove co%%unications a%ong -rivate sector -layers and organi'ations involved in
fisheries and a/uaculture %anage%ent and develo-%ent$
8$1$E "learly s-ecify and -ublici'e res-onsibilities of federal, rovincial0Areas and district
fisheries authorities and their activities linked to the develo-%ent and %anage%ent of %arine0inland
fisheries, and coastal0 inland a/uaculture$
8$1$F 3nsure -artici-ation of all grou-s and stakeholders, including wo%en, in devolution,
botto%1u- and trans-arent decision1%aking -rocesses -ertaining to fishing and a/uaculture$
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= 903> R'or*, r'or#aniC' Pro(in$ia&,Ar'as an! !istri$t a%t1oriti's an!
':istin# instit%tions to *a)' t1'* *or' r's5onsi(' to t1' n''!s o is1'ri's,a2%a$%&t%r'
!'('&o5*'nt an! *ana#'*'nt0
8$2$1 8roaden the res-onsibilities of the Marine Fisheries #e-art%ent to include regulatory
-owers concerning i%-ortation of fish in the country$
8$2$2 Li%it the role of #istrict govern%ents to the -rovision of e.tension services and -lace
training and hatchery o-erations 4for de%onstration5 under the res-onsibility of the
rovincial0Areas Fisheries #e-ts$
8$2$9 lace the control of all natural fisheries resources0-ublic water bodies under the
res-onsibility of rovincial0Areas Fisheries #e-ts 4and not with Forest #e-ts5$
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= 90-> S%55ort t1' or*ation o 5ro!%$'rsD or#anisations
8$9$1 =-riority>D ro%ote the for%ation of associations, societies and coo-erative organi'ations of
fisher%en and fish far%ers for collective -roble% solving$
8$9$2 ro%otion of coo-erative arrange%ents for the establish%ent of trans-ortation and
%arketing facilities$
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= 90?> St%!y an! r'or* t1' ':istin# $ontra$t syst'* or t1' ':5&oitation o
r's14at'r +o!i's0
8$@$1 "arry out a study of the %erits and disadvantages of both the contract and license syste%s
-rior to taking further actions$
8$@$2 2e-lace the e.isting contract syste% with a %ore a--ro-riate syste% of e.-loitation of
inland waters, if found suitable in the study carried out under A6 8$ @$1$
8$@$9 3nsure that all fisher%en are officially registered$
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= 90/> A!!r'ss $%rr'nt is1'ri's an! a2%a$%&t%r' &'#is&ation an! r'#%&ations
s1ort$o*in#s0
8$C$1 2evise current fisheries legislation and %ake a%end%ents, as a--ro-riate, to su--ort the
i%-le%entation of the -resent fisheries and a/uaculture -olicy and strategy and %ini%i'e conflicts
over fisheries resources$
8$C$2 #esign new0u-dated legislation and regulations with res-ect to the %aintaining of a/uatic
s-ecies gene -ools and genetic diversity and the -revention of trans1boundary %ove%ents of fish in
a/uaculture$
8$C$9 Liaise with 3nviron%ent rotection Agencies over environ%ental %anage%ent regulations
to control -ollution in inland and coastal waters$
8$C$@ Su--ort non1fisheries s-ecific legislation such as laws relating to hu%an rights, %igration
and access to social security, workers rights under +26 4+ndustrial 2elation 6rdinance5 and
decentrali'ation to be -ut in -lace si%ultaneously$
8$C$C 3stablish s-ecial fisheries courts and %agistrates to deal with fishing1related offences$
2F
8$C$E 3nsure that co%-ulsory environ%ental i%-act assess%ents 43+A5 are carried out -rior to all
invest%ents in coastal a/uaculture o-erations, and %a!or fisheries and coastal develo-%ent
sche%es$
8$C$F 3nhance inter1%inistry0de-art%ent collaboration and staff dedicated to control +77 fishing$
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= 90@> R'$o#nis' an! 5ro*ot' t1' ro&' o $o**%niti's in is1'ri's
*ana#'*'nt in $oasta& an! in&an! ar'as0
8$E$1D #evolve fisheries %anage%ent res-onsibilities to inland and coastal fishing co%%unities$
8$E$2 rovide s-ecial su--ort to strengthen co%%unity1based fisheries and re-resentative
organi'ations, in -articular in relation to the %anage%ent of fisheries resources$
8$E$9 +nstitutionali'e consultation %echanis%s between o--osing interest grou-s to find co%%on
and acce-table solutions$
8$E$@ +%-rove co%%unication linkages with coastal areas and establish tsuna%i and cyclone
warning and -revention centers in coastal areas$
8$E$C +%-le%ent a -rogra%%e designed by S"#A for the integrated develo-%ent of the +ndus
#elta and related estuarine 'one$
2G
!$--$. /0/-/.T !"
D/7/0$P-/.T $F 36-1. '/2$6'!/2 1.D 2)4002
-a(or problems and constraints to address"
+nade/uate hu%an resources and skills are found at two levelsD within govern%ent structures, and
within fishing and fish far%ing co%%unities$ +n %ost cases, fisheries institutions are inade/uately
staffed$ Lack of trained %an-ower and suitable facilities in fisheries and a/uaculture %anage%ent
organi'ations and research institutions are considered to be one of %ost i%-ortant i%-edi%ent to
the develo-%ent of both fisheries and a/uaculture$ This has conse/uences in ter%s of both the
/uality and the relevance of e.tension work carried out at the field level, with weak knowledge and
e.-erience being -assed on to fisherfolks and fish far%ers$
4mplementation plan ob(ectives and activities to address these constraints"
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= C01> Pro(i!' is1'ri's an! a2%a$%&t%r' trainin# 5ro#ra**'s an! s%ita+&'
trainin# a$i&iti's0
"$1$1 2eactivate the training -rogra% at Fisheries Training "entre in (arachi and "hilya 4Sindh5$
"$1$2 3stablish a fisheries training centre in ,wader and #era Murad )a%ali on fisheries and
a/uaculture disci-lines 48alochistan5$
"$1$9 3stablish an a/uaculture training centre at Naran, Abbaggogan, ,u!aranwala, and
Mu'afargarh, and strengthen training facilities at Madyan for -ro%otion of trout culture 4N*F5$
"$1$@ Strengthen technical e.-ertise of the staff of the Fisheries #e-ts through -artici-ation in
regular skills develo-%ent courses and training -rogra%s$
"$1$C Start university degree -rogra%s s-ecific to fisheries sciences, fisheries %anage%ent and
a/uaculture %anage%ent$
"$1$E #evelo- training %odules for sustainable fisheries -ractices for building ca-acities and
skills for sustainable %anage%ent of ecosyste%s at all levels$
"$1$F 8roaden the range of to-ics covered in training -rogra%s to %ake the% %ore relevant,
effective and -ractical$
"$1$G 3stablish a syste% of certification of training courses and -rogra%s at national level to
ensure that only certified staff be e%-loyed in the fisheries and a/uaculture sectors, in -articular in
-rocessing factories$
"$1$H 3nsure that o--ortunities for study tours abroad are -rovided to trainees as -art of training
on fisheries and a/uaculture$
"$1$1I 3nsure that training courses on the culture of orna%ental s-ecies and i%-roved fishing
%ethods, including net %aking, are designed and targeted at wo%en$
"$1$11 ro-ose to 3ducation #e-art%ents that fisheries and a/uaculture1related sub!ects are
included in -ri%ary and secondary curricula in areas of high fisheries -roduction -otential, or where
livelihoods de-end strongly on the sector$
"$1$12 re-are training %aterials and technical docu%entation for training at various levels in 7rdu
and other local languages$
"$1$19 3nsure e/ual access and o--ortunities to %en, wo%en, disabled and %inorities in accessing
training, skill enhance%ent -rogra%s and e.tension activities$
"$1$1@ +%-rove lodging and boarding facilities at training centers$
2H
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= C03> I*5ro(' ':t'nsion s'r(i$'s or t1' is1'ri's an! a2%a$%&t%r' s'$tors0
"$2$1 *here re/uired, i%-rove e.isting, and establish new %obile e.tension units at Tehsil level$
"$2$2 2aise awareness a%ong fisher%en and fish far%ers about conservation and sustainable
%anage%ent -rinci-les$
"$2$9 8roaden the range and relevance of to-ics for e.tension to fish far%ers and fisher%en$
"$2$@ 3ducate and train fish traders on the use of i%-roved fish trans-ortation %ethods$
9I
!$--$. /0/-/.T D"
/.31.!/-/.T $F '/2/1'!3 1.D D/7/0$P-/.T 1PP04/D T$
F423/'4/2 1.D 1961!60T6'/
-a(or problems and constraints to address"
&nade;uacy in t:e researc: and de.elopment sector7
Although a nu%ber of research organi'ations, institutions and universities include fisheries and
a/uaculture1related sub!ects in their agendas, %ost of the research conducted to date has had little
relevance to -ractical as-ects and concerns of those in the fisheries and a/uaculture industries$
Ade/uate research su--ort is needed for develo-%ent of the sector to ha--en$
&nade;uacies in fis:eries and a;uaculture statistical data7
Fisheries and a/uaculture infor%ation in akistan faces -roble%s of inade/uacy, reliability and
accuracy$ For e.a%-le, there are so%e inade/uacies in the data collection syste% in 8alochistan
linked to -oor sa%-ling %ethods along the coast, whilst no reliable data collection syste% e.ists in
other -rovinces$ +n %ost cases, fisheries data fro% Sindh are %erely esti%ates and -rone to -ersonal
!udg%ents resulting in unreliable data$ +nade/uacies in the statistical fisheries and a/uaculture data
collection syste% %ake the %anage%ent of a/uaculture, and inland and %arine fisheries resources
very difficult$
4mplementation plan ob(ectives and activities to address these constraints"
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= D01> En1an$' s%55ort to an! i*5ro(' 2%a&ity an! r'&'(an$' o r's'ar$1
an! !'('&o5*'nt a55&i'! to is1'ri's an! a2%a$%&t%r'0
#$1$1 "reate an inde-endent Fisheries 2esearch "ouncil for %arine and inland fisheries and
a/uaculture research$
#$1$2 +nitiate 4where needed5, su--ort and strengthen a--lied research in acade%ia and research
institutions with redefined research agendas %atching fisheries and a/uaculture develo-%ent needs$
#$1$9 +ncrease and target better funding to research centres and institutes involved in fisheries and
a/uaculture1related research$
#$1$@ 2eva%- and u-date e.isting university curricula to include conduction of research %ethods0
-ro!ects relevant to fisheries and a/uaculture sectors< needs$
#$1$C 3stablish linkages with international research institutes0universities for research and
collaborative -rogra%s on fisheries and a/uaculture$
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= D03> D'('&o5 an! s%55ort t'$1ni$a& r's'ar$1 5ro#ra**'s0
#$2$1 +nvestigate the -otential of introducing -earl, bivalve and oyster culture and sea ranching$
#$2$2 3stablish fish disease diagnostic laboratories and services in ,wader &;s around the
country$
#$2$9 Start a -rogra%%e for genetic i%-rove%ent of fish s-ecies and hybrids under strict control
and regulations$
91
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= D0-> In$r'as' t1' r'&ia+i&ity o is1'ri's an! a2%a$%&t%r' statisti$a& !ata
$o%ntry84i!'0
#$9$1 +%-le%ent a co%-rehensive and har%oni'ed data collection and analysis syste%s across
-rovinces coordinated by Fisheries #e-ts at rovincial0Areas level, with re-orting to the Federal
8ureau of Statistics$
#$9$2 Strengthen the ca-acity for collection in rovincial0Areas Fisheries #e-ts and analysis of
statistical data in the F8S$
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= D0?> Monitor an! 'ns%r' t1at so$ia&" '$ono*i$" *ar)'tin# an!
instit%tiona& iss%'s ar' a!'2%at'&y !'a&t 4it1 in r'&ation to is1'ri's an! a2%a$%&t%r'
!'('&o5*'nt0
#$@$1 ro%ote the inclusion of social, econo%ic, %arketing and institutional sub!ects in all
fisheries and a/uaculture research and training -rogra%%es$
#$@$2 2ecruit econo%ists and social scientists in rovincial0Areas Fisheries institutions
0de-art%ents
#$@$9 3nsure that livelihoods and welfare of fishing co%%unities are covered in baseline studies
and are %onitored over ti%e$
#$@$@ 3nsure that the environ%ental, social and econo%ic i%-acts of a/uaculture develo-%ent
towards co%%ercially1oriented o-erations are regularly %onitored$
92
2T'1T/%: 1;42 +"
262T14.150/ D/7/0$P-/.T $F 1961!60T6'/ P'$D6!T4$.
<4.01.D 1.D !$12T10,
2tratey a*is <21, +1" 2trenthenin of inland aquaculture production=
-a(or problems and constraints to address"
Although re%arkable -rogress has been %ade in the field of a/uaculture in akistan, es-ecially in
un!ab, the sector still faces i%-ortant i%-edi%ents related toD i5 inade/uate availability of
freshwater in so%e areas, in -articular in lower Sindh, and decreasing groundwater levels which
%ake it difficult and e.-ensive for fish far%ers in areas not fed by rivers and canalsK ii5 inade/uate
availability of seed of co%%ercially i%-ortant fish s-ecies, in -articular in Sindh where de%and is
%et by trans-orting seeds fro% the -rovince of un!abK iii5 co%-etition fro% i%-orted car-s fro%
Myan%ar$
4mplementation plan ob(ectives and activities to address these constraints"
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= 1A01> D'('&o5 1i#1 5ot'ntia& Con's or in&an! a2%a$%&t%r' !'('&o5*'nt0
1A$1$1 roduce %a-s of high -otential 'ones 4&;5 at rovincial0Areas and district levels and
highlight the J %ost i%-ortant 'ones in the country$
1A1$2 Assign govern%ent s-ecialists only to &;D field staff will be assigned to to- -riority 'ones
on a regular rotation 4every 21C years5, and reassigned to new 'ones once a/uaculture develo-%ent
in a given 'one reaches a sustainable level$
1A$1$9 3ncourage direct e.ternal0internal invest%ent in -riority towards these 'onesK with services
and in-uts -rovided in -riority within the 'ones$
1A$1$@ "onsider irrigation sche%es with suitable infrastructure for a/uaculture in 'ones with high
-otential 4&;5$
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= 1A03> Attra$t 5ri(at' in('st*'nt in in&an! a2%a$%&t%r' 5ro!%$tion
<in$&%!in# is1 s''!,in#'r&in#s" ''! an! #ro48o%t=0
1A$2$1 =-riority>D rovide a--ro-riate financial incentives to attract the -rivate sector in
seed0fingerlings -roduction and grow1out o-erations of co%%ercially1i%-ortant freshwater s-ecies$
1A$2$2 3stablish a registration syste% for fish far%s at rovincial0Areas level$
1A$2$9 *idely -ublici'e nationally and internationally the -otential for freshwater a/uaculture
develo-%ent in akistan$
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= 1A0-> En$o%ra#' t1' 5ro!%$tion o a2%ati$ s5'$i's a+&' to $o*5't' on
!o*'sti$ an! int'rnationa& *ar)'ts0
1A$9$1 =-riority S1>D 3nhance -rivate sector1led -roduction of seed and grow1out activities for
freshwater -rawns, catfish and snakehead$
1A$9$2 =-riority S2>D Allow -riority conversion of waste lands 4saline, water1logged5 for
a/uaculture activities$
1A$9$9 re-are a %anage%ent -lan for a/uaculture develo-%ent on waste lands 4saline and water1
logged5$
99
1A$9$@ 3ncourage increased -roduction of highly de%anded and high value fish for the do%estic
and international %arkets, and focus on the -ro-agation of threatened s-ecies with -otential for
a/uaculture$
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= 1A0?> Ens%r' t1at 'n(iron*'nta& $on$'rns ar' %&&y ta)'n into a$$o%nt in
in&an! a2%a$%&t%r' !'('&o5*'nt0
1A$@$1 3stablish and enforce guidelines and standards regarding the treat%ent of a/uaculture -ond
effluents -rior to release in the environ%ent$
1A$@$2 ro%ote the ado-tion of %easures to -revent da%age to a/uatic biodiversity by -ollution
and environ%ental degradation$
1A$@$9 rovide in-uts in the design indicators for %onitoring -ollution in water bodies$
1A$@$@ "a%-aign for industrial and do%estic effluents in the vicinity of a/uaculture o-erations to
be treated to %ini%i'e negative i%-acts on a/uaculture o-erations$
9@
2tratey a*is <21, +5" Development of aquaculture in coastal areas=
-a(or problems and constraints to address"
#es-ite several atte%-ts by -rivate and -ublic sectors, a/uaculture in coastal areas of akistan
re%ains e%bryonic and generates few e.-ort co%%odities$
4mplementation plan ob(ectives and activities to address these constraints"
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= 1901> D'('&o5 1i#1 5ot'ntia& Con's or $oasta& a2%a$%&t%r' !'('&o5*'nt0
18$1$1 roduce %a-s of high -otential 'ones 4&;5 at rovincial0Areas and district levels and
highlight the J %ost i%-ortant 'ones in the country$
18$1$2 #irect e.ternal0internal invest%ent in -riority towards these 'onesK with services and in-uts
-rovided in -riority within the 'ones$
18$1$9 Lobby to ensure that non1a/uaculture develo-%ental activities 4es-ecially infrastructure5 in
&; %ake -rovision for a/uaculture activities$
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= 1903> Attra$t 5ri(at' s'$tor in('st*'nt in $oasta& a2%a$%&t%r' 5ro!%$tion
<in$&%!in# s''!,in#'r&in#s" ''! an! #ro48o%t=0
18$2$1 =-riority S1> Facilitate the lease of land for fish far%ing under Land Lease olicy along the
coast$
18$2$2 =-riority S2> rovide a--ro-riate financial incentives to attract the -rivate sector in
-roduction of feed and seed0fingerlings, and %anufacturing of fish drugs and %edicines$
18$2$9 3stablish a registration syste% for fish far%s at rovincial0Areas level$
18$2$@ *idely -ublici'e nationally and internationally the -otential for coastal a/uaculture
develo-%ent in akistan$
18$2$C ro%ote environ%entally1friendly -rivate sector and N,6 u-take of culture of finfish in
cages, crab and other lucrative s-ecies in &;$
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= 190-> Fa$i&itat' t1' 'sta+&is1*'nt o t1' $%&t%r' o s1ri*5" inis1 an!
*%! $ra+ in $oasta& ar'as o Sin!1 an! 9a&o$1istan0
18$9$1 =-riority>D Assess, reactivate and %aintain facilities at ,arho in Sindh for training and
de%onstration -ur-oses 4de%onstration and -ilot activities5$
18$9$2 3stablish environ%entally1friendly de%onstration -ilot1scale shri%- far%ing o-erations in
8alochistan 4in identified &;5$
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= 190?> Ens%r' t1at 'n(iron*'nta& $on$'rns ar' %&&y ta)'n into a$$o%nt in
$oasta& a2%a$%&t%r' !'('&o5*'nts0
18$@$1 =-riority>D ,uarantee the -rotection of -rotected and re-lanted %angroves of coastal areas
fro% a/uaculture o-erations$
18$@$2 #evelo- and enforce %easures to -revent da%age to a/uatic biodiversity by -ollution and
environ%ental degradation due to a/uaculture o-erations$
18$@$9 3stablish a regular -rogra%%e for %onitoring of -ollution in coastal waters$
18$@$@ Lobby to ensure that no untreated industrial and do%estic effluents are released in &;
4-revention of negative i%-acts on a/uaculture activities5$
18$@$C 3nsure that international guidelines regarding the sustainable collection of wild shri%-
larvae and %anage%ent of environ%entally1friendly shri%- far%ing o-erations are followed$
18$@$E 3nsure that 2a%sar sites located in the +ndus #elta and other coastal areas are not affected
by coastal a/uaculture develo-%ents$
9C
2T'1T/%: 1;42 2"
262T14.150/ 4.!'/12/ 4. !1PT6'/ F423/'4/2 P'$D6!T4$.
<-1'4./ 1.D 4.01.D,
2tratey a*is <21, 21" -arine capture fisheries=
-a(or problems and constraints to address"
%.er8eAploitation of resources7
Mechani'ation of the fishing fleet and increased de%and of seafood for e.-ort and do%estic
consu%-tion have led to increased fish -roduction$ &owever, inade/uately %anaged, it has added a
tre%endous -ressure on natural stocks$ So%e of the resources have been de-leted, so%e are
currently over1e.-loited while others are under threat of de-letion$ Shri%- stocks have been
severely over1fished and a %a!or decrease in landings of i%-ortant shri%- s-ecies as well as a
%a!or reduction in the si'e of co%%ercial s-ecies is now noticeable$ 2esources of lobsters have
already been over1fished and annual landings have decreased fro% over C,III MT to about GII
MT$ 2esources of crabs, ivory shells and so%e fin1fishes have also shown signs of over1
e.-loitation$
No stock assess%ent survey has been carried out for the last 1C years, and the lack of infor%ation
on the -resent status of various resources in shallow and offshore waters %akes i%-ossible the
i%-le%entation of a--ro-riate %anage%ent %easures$ +n the absence of regular %onitoring of the
resources, it is not -ossible to deter%ine a--ro-riate levels of e.-loitation of co%%ercially
i%-ortant s-ecies$
$se of :armful fis:ing met:ods7
7se of so%e e.otic gears began in the 1HFIs, when an influ. of i%%igrants fro% 8angladesh and
Myan%ar took -lace in coastal areas of Sindh$ Two ty-es of these gears, i$e$ encircling net Lkatra<
and estuarine set bag net Lbullo< are considered e.tre%ely har%ful to !uvenile -o-ulations of
co%%ercially i%-ortant s-ecies which abound in creek syste%s$ A trawl shri%- net Lgu!!a< is also
used in creek areas$ "oastal co%%unities, N,6<s, environ%entalists and fisheries scientists have
long -ledged for a ban on the use these fishing gears because of their devastating effects on the
local fauna and -o-ulations of co%%ercially i%-ortant s-ecies$ +neffective legislation and a lack of
%onitoring and surveillance facilities have resulted in a failure to -revent the s-read of so%e of
these fishing gears to the coast of 8alochistan 4e$g$ Miani &or5, although coastal co%%unities were
able to eradicate use of Lbullo< in an o-eration carried out in A-ril 2IIE$ +n 8alochistan, there is
so%e resent%ent on the use of trawl nets by (arachi1based fishing boats$ This has resulted in
conflicts between fisher%en of Sindh and 8alochistan$ #es-ite a nu%ber of atte%-ts to resolve this
issue, including at one stage -er%itting licenced1trawling in 8alochistan, conflicts have not been
resolved and -oaching by Sindh1based trawlers and Lkatra< boats -ersists$
&ncrease in pollution and en.ironmental degradation
So%e fishing grounds along (arachi coast have been badly affected by industrial and urban
-ollution$ The natural -roductivity of coastal waters in Sindh has been affected by habitat
destruction, land recla%ation and %angrove cutting$
9E
4mplementation plan ob(ectives and activities to address these constraints"
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= 3A01> R'1a+i&itat' *arin' a2%ati$ 1a+itats !a*a#'! +y 5o&&%tion an!
'n(iron*'nta& !'#ra!ation0
2A$1$1 =-riority>D "onserve, re-lant and i%-rove %anage%ent of %angroves in coastal areas to
-rotect fish breeding grounds$
2A$1$2 "ontribute to the establish%ent of guidelines and -rocesses for -roviding co%-ensation by
-olluters to those affected by -ollution based on the -olluters -ay -rinci-le$
2A$1$9 Lobby to ensure that industrial waste and do%estic sewage is treated -rior to release into
%arine environ%ents$
2A$1$@ Assess, %itigate and control environ%ental degradation and -ollution on coastal habitats
fro% a/uaculture$
2A$1$C 3nforce a/uaculture and fisheries1related -ollution control legislation in coastal areas$
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= 3A03> Contro& o('r8':5&oitation o *arin' is1'ri's r'so%r$'s0
2A$2$1 =-riority>D "ontrol illegal, unre-orted and unregulated 4+775 fishing in coastal and offshore
waters$
2A$2$2 3stablish guidelines and -ro%ote the use of environ%entally res-onsible fishing -ractices
4following internationally1established codes and standards5$
2A$2$9 "ontrol fleet si'e and fishing ca-acity$
2A$2$@ "reate an e.clusion 'one for dee-sea trawlers in coastal waters$
2A$2$C +%-le%ent a seasonal ban on catching shri%- in coastal areas of 8alochistan during the
%onths of May, )une and )uly$
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= 3A0-> Pro*ot' s%staina+&' *ana#'*'nt o *arin' a2%ati$ r'so%r$'s0
2A$9$1 "onduct resource surveys, s-ecies stock assess%ents in %arine 4coastal and off1shore5
waters$
2A$9$2 #eter%ine and regulate o-ti%al harvesting levels in %arine waters$
2A$9$9 +%-rove fisheries law enforce%ent as well as %onitoring, control and surveillance services$
2A$9$@ Ado-t and i%-le%ent FA6 "ode of "onduct for 2es-onsible Fisheries 4""2F5 and related
guidelines including the ecosyste%s1based a--roach to fisheries %anage%ent$
2A$9$C +nitiate a -rogra%%e of awareness raising targeted at fishing co%%unities and the general
-o-ulation about %arine fish bio1diversity, natural fisheries environ%ents, sustainable resource
e.-loitation and conservation$
2A$9$E 3stablish artificial reefs along Sindh and 8alochistan coast$
2A$9$F "ontribute to the develo-%ent and i%-le%entation of a -lan for the restoration of the +ndus
#elta and associated estuarine habitats$
2A$9$G 3stablish a syste% of regular %onitoring of various habitats along the coastline, including
%angroves, %arine turtles and other a/uatic biodiversity$
2A$9$H "reate awareness a%ong fisher%en on the environ%ental degradation and -ollution i%-acts
of activities such as catching non1target s-ecies and fauna, ghost fishing discards, du%-ing waste
oil and solid %aterials and bilge cleaning$
2A$9$1I Lobby for a fresh 3+A of construction of Mirani #a% on the %angrove habitat and
associated ecosyste%s of ,water 8ay and )iwani to be conducted$
2A$9$11 3stablish -rotected areas and %arine -arks along the coast$
2A$9$12 ro%ote reduction of non1target catch and habitat destruction by fishing and -ro-ose
reco%%endations for %ini%ising i%-acts$
2A$9$19 Sign u- to, and co%-ly with, relevant international agree%ents$
9F
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= 3A0?> Esta+&is1 s%staina+&' 1ar('stin# an! %ti&iCation o %nta55'! *arin'
r'so%r$'s0
2A$@$1 ro%ote light fishing and !igging for s/uids$
2A$@$2 +ntroduce tuna longline fishing in akistan and tuna value1adding -rocessing$
2A$@$9 +ntroduce tra- fishing for various shellfish and finfish$
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= 3A0/> Pro*ot' is1'ro&)sD sa'ty at s'a0
2A$C$1 ro%ote ac/uisition and use of %ini%u% safety e/ui-%ent onboard of fishing boats$
2A$C$2 3.tend sea search and rescue facilities to all fishing boats along the coast of akistan$
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= 3A0@> Pro*ot' s5ort is1in# a$ti(iti's in $oasta& 4at'rs0
2A$E$1 "onstruct a -ier and harbour facilities at ,oth Mubbarak for s-ort fisher%en$
2A$E$2 Advertise s-ort fishing and organise regular tourna%ents under govern%ent su-ervision$
9G
2tratey a*is <21, 2b" 4nland capture fisheries=
-a(or problems and constraints to address"
%.er8eAploitation of resources7
+n inland water bodies, uncontrolled harvesting has resulted in de-letion of stocks$ +llegal %ethods
such as dyna%iting and the use of to.ic che%icals and gases have resulted in %a!or kills and have
negatively affected fish -o-ulations$ &owever, no esti%ation of the i%-act of these %ethods on
inland waters< fish stocks or fish fauna has been carried out in akistan$
Landings of so%e co%%ercially i%-ortant s-ecies such as %ahseer, kabanas, rita and a nu%ber of
other cat fishes have decreased substantially des-ite the stocking of so%e natural water bodies$
No stock assess%ent of freshwater fish resources has been carried out over the last 1C years$ This
lack of infor%ation has -revented the deter%ination of losses and changes in freshwater s-ecies
co%-osition, o-ti%al harvesting levels and has i%-eded the i%-le%entation of ada-ted
%anage%ent %easures$
&ncrease in pollution and en.ironmental degradation7
ollution has also increased in inland water bodies throughout the country, es-ecially in the vicinity
of large -o-ulation and industrial centres, negatively i%-acting u-on catches and the livelihoods
and health of fishing co%%unities de-ending on ca-ture fisheries$
4mplementation plan ob(ectives and activities to address these constraints"
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= 3901> R'1a+i&itat' in&an! a2%ati$ 1a+itats !a*a#'! +y 5o&&%tion an!
'n(iron*'nta& !'#ra!ation0
28$1$1 "ontribute to the %onitoring of i%-acts of -ollution on water regi%es and habitats when
these have negative i%-acts on inland fisheries, and suggest re%edial %easures where necessary$
28$1$2 3stablish laboratories, including %obile testing units of water, soil and fish tissues$
28$1$9 "ontribute to negotiations for the establish%ent of -lants for the treat%ent of industrial
waste and do%estic sewage to %ini%i'e -ollution of inland a/uatic environ%ents and e.ternalities
to other users$
28$1$@ Lobby for the i%-le%entation of the e.isting law on -ollution control and enforce%ent of
-ollution controls in inland water bodies in all -rovinces$
28$1$C Lobby for a ban on use of -olythene bags$
28$1$E ,ive law enforce%ent -owers to Fisheries #e-art%ent officials with regard to -ollution
control and e/ui- the% with %odern technologies$
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= 3903> Contro& o('r8':5&oitation o in&an! is1'ri's r'so%r$'s0
28$2$1 Make concerted efforts to enforce the -revention of all for%s of +llegal, 7nre-orted and
7nregulated 4+775 fishing in inland water bodies$
28$2$2 "onduct resource surveys, and s-ecies stock assess%ents in inland waters$
28$2$9 Set catch li%its in freshwater bodies based on MS?$
28$2$@ re-are and i%-le%ent a -lan for the %anage%ent and sustainable e.-loitation of each
national water body based on the FA6 "ode of "onduct for 2es-onsible Fisheries 4""2F5 and
related guidelines$
28$2$C +%-le%ent control %easures fro% outlet canals to -revent fish fro% esca-ing and increase
-roductivity of canals$
9H
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= 390-> Pro*ot' s%staina+&' *ana#'*'nt o in&an! a2%ati$ r'so%r$'s0
28$9$1 Monitor the s-read and i%-act of introduced and trans-lanted such as Tila-ia and "hadu 4an
indigenous s-ecies5 on indigenous s-ecies, and of invasive -lant s-ecies such as Salvinia %olesta
on inland water bodies$
28$9$2 ro%ote the use of environ%entally1friendly biological, che%ical and %echanical %ethods
to control the s-read of invasive, non1indigenous s-ecies$
28$9$9 +%-le%ent ecosyste%s1based a--roaches to inland fisheries %anage%ent when and where
-ractically -ossible$
28$9$@ +nitiate a -rogra%%e of awareness1raising targeted at the general -o-ulation and at fishing
co%%unities about freshwater fish bio1diversity, natural fisheries environ%ents and sustainable
resource develo-%ent$
28$9$C 2estock freshwater bodies with seeds0fingerlings of co%%ercially1i%-ortant car- s-ecies$
28$9$E 3stablish fish sanctuaries in all -rovinces for endangered s-ecies$
28$9$F #eclare 'ones u- to 1 k% u- and downstrea% of headworks and barrages as reserved areas
for fish breeding and survival$
28$9$G 3stablish a registration syste% for all fisherfolks$
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= 390?> Esta+&is1 s%staina+&' ':5&oitation o %nta55'! in&an! r'so%r$'s0
28$@$1 3nsure that hatcheries in all -rovinces enhance biodiversity through the -roduction of fish
seed of local s-ecies, such as Mahaseer, Sher %ahi, Soul, Singahri, (hagga, Malli$
28$@$2 Stock fingerlings of local s-ecies in natural water bodies$
28$@$9 +nvestigate the -otential to enhance cold1water fisheries$
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= 390/> Pro*ot' s5ort is1in# a$ti(iti's in in&an! 4at'r +o!i's0
28$C$1 #edicate water bodies to s-ort fishing activities$
28$C$2 2ationalise the cost of license fees and establish a fool1-roof syste% of collection of license
fees$
28$C$9 Advertise s-ort fishing and organise regular tourna%ents under govern%ent su-ervision$
28$C$@ 8an the use of fish seed as bait for s-ort fishing$
@I
2T'1T/%: 1;42 >"
'/2$074.% P$2T#31'7/2T 4226/2
<handlin? storae? value#addin@processin? transport and
marketin@commercialisation of captured and cultured species,
-a(or problems and constraints to address"
,ack of infrastructure7
Lack of suitable infrastructure has been bla%ed as one of the key constraints to the develo-%ent of
the fisheries and a/uaculture sectors of the country$ +n the conte.t of ca-ture %arine fisheries, only
four fish harbours are o-erational but no landing facilities are available at %a!or fishing centres
such as 6r%ara, )iwani, Son%iani, (al%at, +brahi% &ayderi, (eti 8undar and Shah 8under$
Si%ilarly, road linkages along the coast of akistan are frag%entary$ 6ther infrastructure facilities
such as co%%unication, educational and %edical facilities still lack along %ost -arts of the coast of
akistan$ +nland fisheries does not fare any better$ There are no landing !etties at any inland landing
centres in the entire country$ Si%ilarly, other infrastructure facilities are lacking for inland fishing
co%%unities$ The lack of %arkets and auction centres -revent fisher%en fro% inland water bodies
in obtaining good -rices for their -roducts$ roble%s faced for the transfor%ation of -roducts fro%
a/uaculture are si%ilar$ Free'ing is the %ain %ode of -rocessing to increase shelf1life$ Few other
value1addition activities are carried out$
Post8:ar.est losses7
ost1harvest loss owing to -oor handling -ractices, and a lack of -reservation facilities on board
fishing vessels and at landing centres, is so%e of the %ost i%-ortant factors which result in the -oor
/uality of raw %aterial for -rocessing and consu%-tion$ +t is esti%ated that about FI O of the
harvested seafood beco%es degraded or even -utrefied before it reaches consu%ers or -rocessing
facilities$ 6--ortunities to -roduce fish %eal are %issed as al%ost all bycatch fro% trawl fisheries is
left to deco%-ose$ Although a -rogra%%e for i%-rove%ent of fish holds and handling in fish
harbours was initiated under the aegis of SM3#A and the Fisher%en<s "oo-erative Society, it was
sto--ed due to a lack of technical e.-ertise and co%%it%ent$ A si%ilar situation -revails in the -re1
-rocessing industry where shri%-s are -eeled under e.tre%e unhygienic conditions$ The situation is
si%ilar for freshwater fish -roducts$ Such shortco%ings co%-ro%ise the -osition and i%age of
akistan in international %arkets, while si%ultaneously li%iting accessibility of fish -roducts to
do%estic consu%ers$
4mplementation plan ob(ectives and activities to address these constraints"
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= -01> I*5ro(' t1' 1an!&in# an! 5r's'r(ation o is1 an! a2%ati$ 5ro!%$ts0
9$1$1 =-riority>D "reate auction and %arket centres for inland and %arine fish -roducts, at %a!or
inland fisheries centres 4at district level5 and fishing harbours res-ectively$
9$1$2 8uild landing facilities along the coast and construct landing !etties at %a!or inland fish
landing areas and at other %a!or freshwater fish -roducing water bodies$
9$1$9 +%-rove e.isting harbour facilities, including regular dredging and e.-ansion$
9$1$@ 3stablish -re1-rocessing industries 4-eeling sheds5 in (arachi$
9$1$C Assist in installation of /uality ice %aking %achines on board of fishing vessels and
refrigeration syste%s on board of fishing boats involved in longer fishing o-erations$
@1
9$1$E +nstall /uality ice %aking -lants and cold storage facilities at all %a!or fish harbours$
9$1$F Facilitate the ac/uisition and u-grade of fish holds for larger boats and insulated bo.es on
s%aller boats$
9$1$G "reate0i%-rove /uality control in the landing centres, including -ro%oting the use of fish
crates and insulated bo.es$
9$1$H Attract -rivate invest%ent in building and e.-ansion of storage facilities at inland0coastal
landing centers and near %arket centers$
9$1$1I Allow for the duty free i%-ort of e/ui-%ent 4fish bo.es, reefer vans etc$5$
9$1$11 3nsure ade/uate su--ly of -otable water to landing centres, es-ecially to (arachi Fish
&arbour$
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= -03> A!! (a&%' <transor*ation,5ro$'ssin#= to a2%ati$ 5ro!%$ts0
9$2$1 +%-rove by1catch utili'ation$
9$2$2 ro%ote the establish%ent of -rivate value1adding -rocessing facilities$
9$2$9 3stablish de%onstration facilities for value addition and i%-roved -rocessing$
9$2$@ 2aise awareness about s%all1scale fish -rocessing %ethods$
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= -0-> I*5ro(' trans5ortation o a2%ati$ 5ro!%$ts0
9$9$1 ro%ote the use of insulated bo.es and refrigerated carriers through -rovision of soft loans
fro% banks and F#+s$
9$9$2 Lobby for the construction and i%-rove%ent of road links fro% harbours and landing
centres to the coastal highway and urban centres$
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= -0?> I*5ro(' $o**'r$ia&isation o a2%ati$ 5ro!%$ts0
9$@$1 +%-rove hygiene conditions in all fish %arkets$
9$@$2 2eview the legislation -ertaining to the catching and sale of fish during the %onths of )uly
and August$
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= -0/> I*5ro(' a$$'ss o a2%ati$ 5ro!%$ts to int'rnationa& *ar)'ts0
9$C$1 7-date fish /uality control laws to ensure co%-liance with those of i%-orting countries as
well as ensure co%-liance of co%%odities with internationally1recognised standards of food safety
and trade 4e$g$ *T6 agree%ents, "6#3J Ali%entarius5$
9$C$2 Address co%-rehensively /uality issues and establish /uality assurance -rogra%%es 4e$g$
&A""5 for freshwater and %arine fisheries and a/uaculture -roducts$
9$C$@ 3valuate the i%-act of *T6 and T2+ regi%es on fishing, and a/uaculture industries$
9$C$C +ncrease the nu%ber of e.-ort -oints$
9$C$E 3stablish a fish e.-ort -rocessing 'one at all %a!or fish harbours$
9$C$F "reate a se-arate section0unit under the 3.-ort #evelo-%ent 8oard dealing s-ecifically with
fisheries and a/uatic -roducts$
9$C$G rovide s-ecific credit sche%es to -rocessors to facilitate co%-liance with national and
international /uality control re/uire%ents$
9$C$H #raw on lessons fro% e.isting non1fisheries initiatives and the "or-orate Social
2es-onsibility 4"S25 agenda in identifying ways to %ini%i'e the -otential %arginalisation of the
-oor through %itigating %easures$
P&an o+;'$ti(' <PO= -0@> I*5ro(' !iss'*ination o *ar)'t an! 5ro!%$t inor*ation0
9$E$1 =-riority> Monitor the effects of car- i%-orts on -rices and %arketing$
9$E$2 7se %ost a--ro-riate technology to reach -roducers0traders with %arket infor%ation$
9$E$9 +dentify international %arket niches for ca-tured and cultured a/uatic -roducts$
@2
9$E$@ #evelo- a syste% of %ini%u% -rice for fish and a/uatic -roducts on the %odel of other
%a!or agricultural co%%odities 4e$g$ cotton, wheat, %utton and chicken5$
9$E$C Monitor consu%ers< fish -references, and -rovide subse/uent advice on i%-roved
%arketing, %arket seg%entation, buyer re/uire%ents, and other characteristics of -otential %arkets$
9$E$E +nvestigate the -otential for alternative low1-rice fish -roducts for do%estic %arkets$
9$E$F 3nhance the re-utation of a/uatic -roducts of akistan origin on international %arkets$
9$E$G ,enerically advertise the health benefits of fish consu%-tion$
2, !reation of a policy implementation and monitorin body
The creation of clearly articulated i%-le%entation arrange%ents and the %onitoring and evaluation
of -rogress, is a -re1re/uisite for successful -olicy i%-le%entation, and thereby achieve%ent of
-olicy goals and strategies$ The establish%ent and functioning 4i$e$ %andate, ter%s of reference,
%e%ber constitution, role and res-onsibilities etc$5 of res-ective institutional arrange%ents need to
be the sub!ect of a further full institutional analysis so as to build u-on lessons learned fro% -ast
institutional shortco%ings e.-erienced by si%ilar bodies, in akistan and elsewhere$
A--ended art 2 of the National olicy and Strategy for Fisheries and A/uaculture #evelo-%ent in
akistan outlines institutional set u-s and %echanis%s -ro-osed for -olicy i%-le%entation and its
overseeing0%onitoring$
@9
>, 4mplementation matrices for each common element and a*is of the stratey
>
COMMON ELEMENT A Strengthening of Cross-Sectoral Collaborations
PO A.1: Establish strong collaborative partnerships to attract private investment in
aquaculture (coastal and inland) and post-harvest activities
APO People &
Partnerships
imeline !unding argets"#ndicators $omments
A.1.
1
Involve the private sector in
fisheries and aquaculture
projects developed by the
Fisheries Depts, where
necessary.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
Provincial/Areas
and district
overn!ents,
"#$DA, private
sector, %&I, $D%,
'(&s, %)DA, "D)A
1 year,
reular
activities
thereafter
Provincial/Are
as and federal
overn!ents
#echanis! is developed to
involve the private sector
in decision !a*in about
Fisheries Depts projects.
A.1.
+
)onsult relevant !inistries and
ban*s reardin the provision
of financial incentives to
attract forein invest!ent in
fisheries ,seed and feed
production, row-out and post-
harvest operations..
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
#I'FA//#inistry of
Finance, "%P,
%an*s and DFIs,
"#$DA, )%0, %&I,
$D%
1 -+ years,
reular
activities
thereafter
Provincial/Are
as and federal
overn!ents
for the first
year
)onsultation process
co!pleted by end of year
1.
"o!e indicators of forein
invest!ent are available.
#ajor opportunities
for private forein
sector invest!ent
are considered to be
available in trout
far!in, catfish and
coastal aquaculture
,for do!estic and
international
!ar*ets..
A.1.
12
)onsult relevant !inistries and
ban*s for the develop!ent of
!atchin rant, !icrofinance,
interest-free and soft loan
sche!es to attract private
entrepreneurs in production,
post-harvest transfor!ation
and !ar*etin, and other
ancillary activities.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
#I'FA//Finance,
"%P, %an*s and
DFIs, "#$DA, $D%
1 -+ years,
reular
activities
thereafter
Provincial/Are
as and federal
overn!ents
for the first
year
,establish!en
t of !atchin
rants and
other
sche!es.
)onsultation process is
co!pleted by end of year
1.
Indicators related to loans/
credit provision are
available.
#atchin rants, interest-
free and soft loan sche!es
are available by the end of
year +.
3er!s and duration
of preferential credit
sche!es need to be
defined.
A.1. )onsult relevant !inistries #I'FA/, Finance, 1 -+ years ---- 0escheduled special
9
+n the following sections, the ter% LAreas< should be understood as including A)(, FATA and FANA$
@@
4 reardin the revision of the
current inco!e ta5 i!posed
on fishin and fish far!in
operations.
)%0, "%P, '(&,
private sector
inco!e ta5 sche!e is in
place by the end of year +.
A.1.
6
#aintain and si!plify duty-free
i!port incentives on fishin
and fish far!in equip!ent
and !achinery.
#I'FA/, $D%, )%0,
private sector
,i!porters/e5porte
rs.
1 year
and
continuou
s process
thereafter
---- "i!plified procedure for
duty free i!port is in place
by the end of year +.
3ariffs need to be
reviewed.
A.1.
7
I!ple!ent insurance sche!es
for fisher!en and fish far!ers.
#I'FA/, Finance,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
'ational Insurance
)orporation,
insurance
co!panies.
1-6 years Insurance
co!panies
Insurance prora! for
fisheries sector available
by the end of year 6.
'eotiations with
insurance co!panies are
initiated by end of year 1.
@C
APO People &
Partnerships
imeline !unding argets"#ndicators $omments
A.1.
8
$stablish $5clusive Fish $5port
9ones ,$F$9. in *ey locations.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
"#$DA, $P9A,
private sector,
)%0, )o!!erce,
$D%, ")DA, %)D
1-6 years $P9A, federal
and Provincial/
Areas
overn!ents
$F$9 are established in
:arachi, (wader, /ahore,
(ujranwala, Abbatbat and
#adayan ,';FP.,
:etibandar and "ha %undar
,"indh. with supportin
infrastructures by the end
of year 1.
&nce $F$9 are
established, )%0
,)usto!s. beco!es
involved.
A.1.
<
'eotiate the restoration of
sinle-phase electricity
connection to fish far!ers and
the installation of new !ain
electricity connection lines and
transfor!ers at preferential
rates.
#I'FA/, ;APDA,
$lectricity
Depart!ent
1-1 years ---- 0estoration of sinle-phase
electricity connection
neotiated with ;APDA
and effectively
i!ple!ented by the end of
year 1.
A.1.
=
$nae in discussions to
ensure that a rational
approach be adopted for
assessin the value of land ,at
prevailin !ar*et value. and
that waste land be identified
for lon-ter! private leasin
for aquaculture develop!ent.
#I'FA/, Provincial/
Areas Fisheries
Depts,
Provincial/Areas
0evenue Depts,
%&0
1-+ years ---- /and is classified by the
%oard of 0evenue as waste
or !arinal by the end of
year +.
"uitability of land for
aquaculture is deter!ined
by Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts by the end
of year +.
/and leases for fish culture
are awarded by the %oard
of 0evenue i!!ediately
afterwards.
A land policy was
for!ulated in +>>+
but banned leasin
for political reasons.
A.1.
1>
"tudy and neotiate the
possibility to allow s!all-scale
land far!ers to use the
overn!ent land lease they
currently have access to for
aricultural purposes, for
aquaculture on a lon ter!
basis.
#I'FA/, Provincial/
Areas Fisheries
Depts,
Provincial/Areas
0evenue Depts
+-1 years ---- "tudy co!pleted by the
end of year +.
"!all-scale land far!ers
are allowed to use their
aricultural land for
aquaculture purposes by
the end of year 1.
@E
PO A.% #ncrease coordination o& multiple uses o& &resh'ater (sur&ace and underground).
AP
O
People &
Partnerships
imeline !unding argets"#ndicators $omments
A.+
.1
$nsure that aquaculture is
ta*en account of in future plans
for invest!ent in irriation,
irriated ariculture and related
infrastructures.
;APDA, Irriation
depts, I0"A,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
ban*s and DFIs,
%&I, Ariculture
Depts.
1 year,
continuous
process
thereafter
Federal and
Provincial/Are
as
overn!ent,
ban*s and
DFIs
;or*in roup for the
purpose is established by
the end of year 1.
A ;or*in roup
should be
established, with
representation fro!
;APDA.
A.+
.+
$stablish a joint )o!!ittee
co!posed of representatives of
all #inistries dealin directly
and indirectly with freshwater
use.
Ariculture Depts,
local overn!ents,
;APDA, Irriation
Depts, I0"A,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
$PA
;ithin one
year
Federal and
Provincial/Are
as
overn!ents,
ban*s and
DFIs
)o!!ittee is established
by the end of year 1?
reular co!!ittee
!eetins are held every
si5 !onths.
:ey action to be
underta*en by the
joint-)o!!ittee is to
prioritise the
assess!ent and
revision of the
conditions of
issuance of 'o
&bjection )ertificates
,'&). fro! the
Irriation
Depart!ents to
opti!i@e use of canal
water for
aquaculture.
A.+
.1
Aointly enae in discussions
and plannin with other
#inistries on priority uses,
protection, sustainable
develop!ent and increased
productivity of freshwater
resources.
0elevant
!inistries,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
Irriation Depts,
;APDA and other
!inistries, private
sector, district
overn!ents,
Ariculture Depts
+-1 years,
continuous
process
thereafter
Federal and
Provincial/Are
as
overn!ents,
donor
aencies ,AD%
and ;orld
%an*.
Discussions are initiated by
the end of year +.
Aoint plan for water use
developed by the end of
year 1.
&ther #inistries to
consult !ay include2
)o!!erce? $cono!ic
Affairs and "tatistics?
$ducation?
$nviron!ent? Finance
and 0evenue? Bealth?
Bousin and ;or*s?
/ocal (overn!ent
and 0ural
Develop!ent? Ports
and "hippin?
3ouris!, Population
;elfare? ;o!en
Develop!ent.
@F
PO A.( Establish strong collaborative partnerships and processes to ensure adequate and
sustainable 'ater &lo's in ma)or rivers and tributaries and re-establish balanced 'ater
regimes"use and ecos*stems
APO People & Partnership imeline !unding argets"#ndicators $omments
A.1.1 $nsure that interests
fro! the Fisheries
Depts are ta*en into
account in water
allocation.
Federal and
Provincial/Areas Fisheries
Depts, ;APDA, I0"A,
;orld %an*, #inistry of
;ater and Power
1-6 years
and
continuous
thereafter
---- Fisheries "ector
representation/views are
!ade *nown to I0"A.
A.1.+ Parta*e in the
decision-!a*in
process concernin
the recla!ation and
rehabilitation of areas
affected by salinity.
Federal and
Provincial/Areas Fisheries
Depts, #inistry of ;ater
and Power, Irriation
Depts and ;APDA, %&0,
"ocial ;elfare
Depart!ent? #inistry of
Bousin and ;or*s,
;orld %an*
1-6 years ---- Fisheries Depts are
involved in the decision
!a*in process by the end
of year +.
"ince resettle!ent
on account of salinity
!ay have a social
i!pact, "ocial
;elfare Depart!ent?
#inistry of Bousin
and ;or*s are
included in the
partners
A.1.1 Parta*e in the
decision-!a*in
process concernin
the i!ple!entation of
drainae !easures.
Federal and
Provincial/Areas Fisheries
Depts, #inistry of ;ater
and Power, Irriation
Depart!ents, and
;APDA, ;orld %an*
+-6 years ;orld %an*
,for
i!ple!entatio
n of drainae
!easures.
Fisheries Depts are
involved in the decision
!a*in process by the end
of year +.
Drainae plan is prepared
in collaboration with
Fisheries Depts by the end
of year 6.
0eference is !ade to
Pillar C1 of ;orld
%an* 0eport 'o.
14><1-P: Pa*istan
)ountry ;ater
0esources Assistance
"tratey DWater
Economy: Running
DryE, ++ 'ove!ber
+>>6.
A.1.4 #onitor the i!pact of
water diversions on
habitats and
livelihoods, and
develop uidelines for
the !itiation of
neative i!pacts.
Provincial/Areas Fisheries
Depts, Irriation Depts,
$PA, '(&s, ;APDA,
;orld %an*, research
institutions i.e.
PA0)/'A0), Irriation
0esearch )entre,
Fisheries 0esearch
Institute /ahore.
1-6 years,
reular
!onitorin
Federal and
Provincial/Are
as
overn!ents,
donor
aencies ,e..
DFID, F'$P,
;orld %an*.
0eular prora! of
!onitorin is in place by
the end of year 1.
Action plan for !itiation
of neative i!pact on
habitats and livelihoods is
ready by the end of year 6.
Inclusion of fish
ladders !ay be
considered.
A.1.6 Parta*e in the Federal and 1-6 years ---- Fisheries Depts are "pecial neotiation is
@G
decision-!a*in
process concernin
the increase in water
diversions to recreate
habitats.
Provincial/Areas Fisheries
Depts, #inistry of ;ater
and Power, Irriation
Depart!ents, ;orld %an*
involved in the decision
!a*in process reardin
water supply to i!portant
habitats by the end of year
+.
required with "indh
and Punjab Irriation
Depts. reardin
supply of freshwater
at critical ti!es to
:eenjhar /a*e in
"indh and other
!ajor
la*es/reservoirs
specifically durin
breedin season
,Aune to Auust..
@H
APO People &
Partnerships
imelin
e
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
A.1.7 Advocate for the
i!ple!entation and
enforce!ent of effluent
water treat!ents
,includin recyclin for
aricultural purposes. by
all industries in urban
areas.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
Irriation Depts, $PA,
local overn!ents,
Public Bealth and
$nineerin Dept?
Ariculture Depts,
industrialists.
+-<
years
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents,
donor aencies
/bbyin !echanis!s fo the
fisheries sector are in place
to ensure the
i!ple!entation and
enforce!ent of effluent
water treat!ents.
Fisheries sectorGs
representation / views are
conveyed to relevant
#inistries/Depart!ents.
Plannin in (wader
and other coastal
areas should ta*e
this into
consideration
i!!ediately.
A.1.8 'eotiate freshwater
supply to fish far!s at
critical ti!es.
I0"A, Irriation
Depart!ents,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, private
fish far!ers and fish
far!ers associations
1-+
years,
continuo
us
thereafte
r
---- Fisheries sector interests
are included in
neotiations, resultin in
water availability ensured
at critical ti!es.
PO A.+ ,upport 'ide-ranging livelihood needs in &ishing communities.
APO People &
Partnerships
imelin
e
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
A.4.
1
Assess, plan and develop
co!!unity
infrastructures and
facilities supportin
overall livelihoods.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, Bealth
and social welfare
depart!ents, '(&s,
;APDA, $ducation,
%uildin and 0oads
Depart!ents, #inistry of
)o!!unication,
'ational Bihways
Authority, PHD Dept.
1-<
years
Provincial/Areas
and federal
overn!ents,
donor aencies,
F'IF$#, )IDA,
AI)A, F'I)$F,
"AA0), ;B&,
end-user
contributions
Prioriti@ed list of
co!!unities for
interventions is drawn up
by the end of year +.
"pecific indicators shall be
developed as part of the
plannin process.
Infrastructures and
facilities !ay include
houses, clinics, net
!endin sheds,
schools, water
supply/sanitation in
all fishin
co!!unities.
I!!ediate
develop!ent of
facilities in )hilya,
#achar /a*e in
"indh, )hesh!a,
%allo*i,
3aunsa,3ri!!u in
Punjab. %uildin of
sheds in Astola
CI
Island, is
reco!!ended.
A.4.
+
0eclai! land in the %aba
and %hit Islands, and
"ha!spear area to
develop livelihoods
facilities ,school, hospital
and shri!p peelin
sheds..
%aba Island Fisher!enGs
cooperative society,
:P3, Pa*istan 'avy,
"FD, P"IA, F)", #inistry
of $ducation, #inistry of
Bealth , "#$DA and
'(&s, PHD Dept.
1-4
years
:P3, F)", donor
aencies ,e..
"FD., federal,
Provincial/Areas,
local
overn!ents
and '(&s.
/and is reclai!ed for
develop!ent of facilities by
the end of year +.
Drede !aterial fro!
:arachi Port can be
used for recla!ation
purposes.
A.4.
1
"upport literacy,
vocational trainin and
other educational
prora!s in fishin
co!!unities.
$ducation #inistry,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, ;o!en
Develop!ent, "ocial
;elfare and "pecial
$ducation #inistry,
/abor Depts and '(&s
1-6
years,
on-
oin
Provincial/Areas
and federal
overn!ents,
donor aencies,
F'IF$#, F'I)$F,
I/&
/iteracy, vocational
trainin prora!s are in
place by the end of year 1.
"o!e activities
should be related to
inco!e eneration
for wo!en.
3his AP& is also
related to AP& A.4.6.
C1
APO People &
Partnerships
imelin
e
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
A.4.
4
"upport alternative
and/or co!ple!entary
livelihood activities in
fishin co!!unities
throuh increasin
access to credit and
savins sche!es and the
provision of !icro-
finance initiatives.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, "#$DA,
'(&s, ;o!en
Develop!ent, "ocial
;elfare and "pecial
$ducation #inistry,
#inistry of Finance
,!icro-finance., "%P
1- <
years
Provincial/Areas
and federal
overn!ents,
donor aencies
,e.. AD%, Aha
:han 0ural
"upport ,A:0"%.
Alternative livelihood
activities are identified.
Alternative livelihood
activities are started in
6>I of coastal/fishin
villaes.
#aliwal Jillae initiative is
replicated in two villaes of
each province by the end
of year 1.
"o!e activities
should be related to
inco!e eneration
for wo!en.
3his AP& is also
related to AP& A.4.6.
A.4.
6
Pro!ote the participation
of wo!en, and benefits
fro! their involve!ent,
in aquaculture, post-
harvest and other
livelihood activities.
;o!en Develop!ent,
"ocial ;elfare and
"pecial $ducation
#inistry,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, /abor
Depart!ents, '(&s,
"#$DA, ;;F
1-6
years
Provincial/Areas
and federal
overn!ents,
donor aencies
,e.. '0"P, AD%,
A:0"%, F'IF$#.
1>I of household inco!e
is contributed by wo!en
by the end of year 1? 1>I
by year 6.
;o!enGs involve!ent in
decision !a*in is
sinificantly increased.
Allied activities to
pro!ote a!onst
wo!en !ay include
net !endin and
!a*in, orna!ental
shell collection and
craft !a*in in
coastal @ones.
A.4.
7
Advocate for the
allocation of !arinal
land for aricultural use
to fishin co!!unities
who are affected by
water diversion/li!ited
release of water in the
0iver Indus.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
Ariculture Depts,
Irriation Depts, ;APDA,
%&0
1-6
years,
continu
ous
thereaft
er
---- Appropriate representation
of the Fisheries sector is
!ade to other
#inistries/Depart!ents.
#arinal land is allocated
to affected co!!unities by
the end of year 6.
"ocial i!pact of
chane in lifestyle
fro! fisheries to
ariculture should be
studied and
!onitored by
socioloists and
anthropoloists.
A.4.
8
"upport atte!pts by
fishin co!!unities to
ain security of land and
housin rihts.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, ;APDA,
Irriation Depts, %&0
1-6
years
Provincial/Areas
and federal
overn!ents
Provincial/Areas Fisheries
Depts lobby for fishin
co!!unities interests to
%&0.
6>I of fishin
co!!unities et land
housin riht by the end of
year 6.
Priority for help !ay
be iven to fishin
co!!unity at
)hesh!a barrae,
:injer, #anchar,
)hotiari? For!ation of
cooperatives !ay be
encouraed ,c.f. AP&
%.1.1.. 'ote that
;APDA !ay not
support if near its
C2
installations.
A.4.
<
Advocate for the fisheries
sector to be considered
under the old ae benefit
sche!e.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, $&%I,
"ocial ;elfare
Depart!ent, '(&s
1-+
years
$&%I Provincial/Areas Fisheries
Depts lobby for old ae
benefit sche!e.
"che!e for old ae benefit
for fisher!en is in place by
the end of year 6.
$&%I !ay be
approached to
provide a special
prora! for
fisher!en
A.4.
=
I!pose a levy on all
aquaculture projects
coverin !ore than 6>
ha to be paid towards a
social develop!ent fund
for the local population.
$5cise and 3a5ation
Depart!ent, )%0,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, private
sector
1-6
years,
continu
ous
thereaft
er
Federal,
Provincial/Areas
and district
overn!ents
"yste! of collection of levy
in place by the end of year
+.
Prora! for social
develop!ent i!ple!ented
by the end of year 1.
C9
PO A.-: #mplement integrated coastal area management and reduce occurrence o&
resource con&lict and environmental degradation in coastal areas
APO People &
Partnerships
imelin
e
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
A.6.
1
Increase coordination and
cooperation a!on
!ultiple users of coastal
resources ,land, water,
forest..
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, #FD,
)ity District
(overn!ents, ")DA,
%&0, %)DA, 'I&, $PA,
'(&s, Forest Depts,
F)", private sector
1-6
years,
continu
ous
thereaft
er
---- Prora! for awareness of
coordination is started
i!!ediately. )oordination
!echanis! is established
by the end of year +.
)ooperation in started
a!on !ultiple users of
coastal resources by the
end of year +.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts and
$PA should enforce
the rules.
A.6.
+
$nae in, and support,
fisheries interests in all
coastal area plannin and
!anae!ent processes
throuh a !echanis! for
cross-sectoral interation
and participatory
decision-!a*in.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, #FD,
)ity District
(overn!ents, %&0,
%)DA, ")DA, 'I&, $PA,
'(&s, F)", Forest
Depts, private sector
1-6
years,
continu
ous
thereaft
er
#FD, Provincial/
Areas Fisheries
Depts
#echanis! for
participatory plannin and
!anae!ent is
established by the end of
year +.
Interactions between
depart!ents and
'(&s.
A.6.
1
Develop a coordinated
!echanis! for
!onitorin and ensurin
co!pliance of leislations
pertainin to non-
fisheries related coastal
resources such as
!anroves, turtles etc.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, #FD,
)ity District
(overn!ents, )DA,
%&0, %)DA, ")DA, 'I&,
$PA, '(&s PHD
Depart!ents, ;;F,
IF)', Forest Depts
1-6
years
#FD, Provincial/
Areas Fisheries
Depts, Forest
Depts, AD%,
FA&, F'ID&,
F'$P
#echanis! for
coordination and
!onitorin is in place by
the end of year +.
/eislation for
conservation of
biodiversity in
coastal areas needs
to be enacted.
A.6.
4
For!ulate and i!ple!ent
an interated coastal
@one !anae!ent ,I)9#.
plan for the Indus estuary
and other coastal areas.
#FD, Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, )ity
District (overn!ents,
%&0, %)DA, ")DA, 'I&,
$PA, '(&s PHD
Depart!ents, ;;F,
IF)', Forest Depts,
#inistry of "cience and
3echnoloy, P)"I0,
acade!ia, industrialists,
1-1>
years
#FD, Provincial/
Areas Fisheries
Depts, donor
aencies, FA&,
AD%, F'$P, and
others
I)9# plan is prepared by
the end of year 1.
A !echanis! for
i!ple!entation of the
I)9# plan is developed by
the end of year 4.
C@
aquaculturists, F)" and
fishin co!!unities
CC
PO A..: Promote environmental conservation and adopt measures to prevent damage to
aquatic biodiversit* b* pollution and environmental degradation.
AP
O
People & Partnerships imelin
e
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
A.7
.1
$valuate e5istin laws
and their appropriateness
in reducin pollution and
environ!ental
deradation and lobby
#inistry of /aw for
!a*in necessary
chanes and assist in the
for!ulation of new laws
for land-based pollution
sources.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, #inistry
of /aw, #FD, $PAs,
%)DA, ")DA, (DA,
district overn!ents,
Provincial/Areas
Industries Depts and
Federal #inistry of
Industries and
Production, '(&s, IF)',
;;F, industrialists
1-1year
s
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents,
donor aencies
,e.. F'$P.
$valuation process is
co!pleted by the end of
year +.
0esults and
reco!!endations of the
evaluation are
disse!inated to #inistry of
/aw by the end of year 1.
$valuation of '$Ks
should be done,
*eepin in view the
concerns of the
fisheries sector.
A7.
+
$stablish wetland
reserves.
#inistry of $nviron!ent,
9"D, ;;F, IF)',
Provincial ;ildlife Depts,
'));
1-6
years
---- 5 ha of wetland reserves
are established throuh
appropriate leislation by
the end of year 6.
Inland areas should
be iven due
consideration. For
!arine and coastal
areas, see AP&
+A.1.11.
CE
COMMON ELEMENT B Institutional Improvements an !evelopments "ithin the
#isheries an A$uaculture Sectors
PO /.1 0priorit*1: ,trengthen current &isheries institutions2 through a better demarcation
o& roles and responsibilities.
AP
O
People and
Partnerships
ime&ra
me
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
%.1.
1
"trenthen Provincial/
Areas and District
Fisheries DeptsG role in
i!ple!entation and
!onitorin of fisheries
!anae!ent
!easures.
Federal,
Provincial/Areas and
district overn!ents,
#FD, Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, FA3A
ad!inistration, AA:
overn!ent
1-6 years
,continuo
us
activity
thereafter
.
Federal, Provincial/
Areas overn!ents
and district
overn!ents,
donor aencies
Induction of new staff and
de!arcation of duties to be
co!pleted by the end of
year +.
Institutional strenthenin
throuh capacity buildin
to be started fro! year 1
and co!pleted by the end
of year 1.
)onsultants !ay be
considered for
conductin study on
de!arcation of
duties between
various aencies and
within *ey fisheries
institutions.
#anae!ent
"ervices Division
,)abinet Division.
!ay carry out the
study.
%.1.
+
Increase awareness
a!on the
overn!ent hierarchy
on the need for
properly functionin
institutions to support
fisheries and
aquaculture
develop!ent.
Federal,
Provincial/Areas and
district overn!ents,
#inistries of $ducation
and Infor!ation,
#I'FA/, 'IPA,
universities and
trainin centres.
1-1 years
,continuo
us
activity
thereafter
.
Federal, Provincial/
Areas overn!ents
and district
overn!ents,
donor aencies
)reated awareness
throuh wor*shops,
se!inars, sy!posia by the
end of year 1 and
continued thereafter.
"uch awareness is
especially needed for
hih-ran*in officials.
/ectures, sectoral
analyses and field
studies of fisheries
institutions !ay be
included in curricula
of 'IPA, 'ational
Defence )ollee and
other !anae!ent
trainin courses.
%.1.
1
)arry out a full
institutional
assess!ent of
overn!ent staffin
levels and s*ill sets
Federal,
Provincial/Areas and
district overn!ents,
#FD, Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, FA3A
1 year Federal, Provincial/
Areas overn!ents
and district
overn!ents,
donor aencies
Institutional assess!ent
study is co!pleted by the
end of year 1.
)onsultants !ay be
appointed for the
purpose.
#anae!ent
"ervices Division
CF
aainst
needs/require!ents
for sectorsG
!anae!ent and
develop!ent.
ad!inistration, AA:
overn!ent, ")DA,
%)DA
,)abinet Division.
!ay carry out the
study.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts
should be included in
priority for the
institutional
assess!ent.
%.1.
4
Increase, and/or
relocate, staff across
institutions for
i!proved efficiency.
Federal,
Provincial/Areas and
district overn!ents,
#FD, Provincial/Areas
fisheries Depts, FA3A
ad!inistration, AA:
overn!ent
1-1 years Federal, Provincial/
Areas overn!ents
and district
overn!ents,
donor aencies
"taff are recruited and/or
relocated by the end of
year 1.
"taffin
reco!!endations
will ste! fro! the
institutional analysis
to be carried out.
CG
AP
O
People and
Partnerships
ime&ra
me
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
%.1
.6
I!prove
co!!unications
a!on private sector
players and
orani@ations involved
in fisheries and
aquaculture
!anae!ent and
develop!ent.
Federal,
Provincial/Areas and
district overn!ents,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, '(&s,
F)", P"IA, fisher!en
and fish far!ers
associations, private
sector, ")DA, %)DA,
$PAs, $D%
1-+ years
,continuo
us
activity
thereafter
.
Federal, Provincial/
Areas and district
overn!ents
I!proved co!!unication
lin*ae with various
players of the fisheries and
aquaculture sectors is
established by the end of
year +.
Fisheries Depts have
developed a
co!!unication stratey for
the private sector, fisheries
oranisations and other
Depart!ents/#inistries by
the end of year +.
%.1
.7
)learly specify and
publici@e
responsibilities of
federal,
Provincial/Areas and
district fisheries
authorities and their
activities lin*ed to the
develop!ent and
!anae!ent of
!arine/inland fisheries,
and coastal/ inland
aquaculture.
Federal,
Provincial/Areas and
district overn!ents,
'(&s, F)", P"IA,
fisher!en and fish
far!ers associations,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, ")DA,
%)DA
1-+ year Federal, Provincial/
Areas overn!ents
and district
overn!ents,
donor aencies
"tudy conducted and
report co!pleted by the
end of year +.
0esponsibilities and
activities of Federal,
Provincial/Areas and
district authorities are
specified by the end of
year +.
)onsultants can be
hired for the study.
)learly de!ar* and
reattribute
responsibilities of
various aencies/
depart!ents ,e..
between %)DA, %FD
and other Provincial/
Areas Fisheries Depts
and orani@ations..
%.1
.8
$nsure participation of
all roups and
sta*eholders, includin
wo!en, in devolution,
botto!-up and
transparent decision-
!a*in processes
pertainin to fishin
and aquaculture.
Federal,
Provincial/Areas and
district overn!ents,
'(&s, F)", P"IA,
fisher!en and fish
far!ers associations,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts
1-+ years
,continuo
us
activity
thereafter
.
Federal, Provincial/
Areas overn!ents
and district
overn!ents,
donor aencies
#echanis!s are
established and
docu!ented to ensure
wider participation by the
end of year +.
CH
PO /.% 3e&orm" reorgani4e Provincial"Areas and district authorities and e5isting
institutions to ma6e them more responsive to the needs o& &isheries"aquaculture
development and management.
AP
O
People and
Partnerships
ime&ram
e
!unding targets $omments
%.+
.1
%roaden the responsibilities
of the #arine Fisheries
Depart!ent to include
reulatory powers
concernin i!portation of
fish in the country.
#FD, AKD, #I'FA/,
)%0, #inistry of /aw,
Austice and Bu!an
0ihts
+ years ---- Fish i!portation !atters are
assined to #arine Fisheries
Depart!ent by the end of
year +.
Presently, fish
i!portation is bein
dealt by the Ani!al
Kuarantine
Depart!ent.
I!portation !atters
can be initially
assined to #FD
throuh an
ad!inistrative order
followed by an
a!end!ent in
Pa*istan Fish
Inspection and
Kuality )ontrol Act,
1==8 throuh
parlia!ent.
%.+
.+
/i!it the role of District
overn!ents to the
provision of e5tension
services and place trainin
and hatchery operations
,for de!onstration. under
the responsibility of the
Provincial/Areas Fisheries
Depts.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
district overn!ents,
FA3A ad!inistration,
AA: overn!ent
1-+ years ---- Fisheries trainin centers and
hatchery operations are
retained with respective
Provincial/Areas Fisheries
Depts, whereas e5tension
services are transferred to
district overn!ents by the
end of year +.
3here is need to
thorouhly e5a!ine
the wor* distribution
H power deleation
a!on
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts and
district overn!ents
,cf. AP& %.1.7..
3he e5a!ple of
efficient trainin
centers and hatchery
operations under the
responsibility of the
Fisheries Dept of
Punjab could be
EI
replicated to other
provinces.
%.+
.1
Place the control of all
natural fisheries resources/
public water bodies under
the responsibility of
Provincial/Areas Fisheries
Depts ,and not with Forest
Depts..
0elevant
Provincial/Areas
fisheries and Forest
Depts
+-1 years Provincial/Ar
eas
overn!ent
s
#anae!ent of fisheries in all
water bodies is transferred to
Provincial/Areas Fisheries
Depts by the end of year 1.
Fnifor! rules and
reulations are
needed for the
!anae!ent of
fisheries and
aquaculture in all
water bodies.
E1
PO /.(: ,upport the &ormation o& producers7 organisations
APO People and
Partnerships
ime-
&rame
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
%.1.
1
LpriorityM2 Pro!ote the
for!ation of associations,
societies and cooperative
orani@ations of
fisher!en and fish
far!ers for collective
proble! solvin.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
)ooperatives
depart!ents, District
(overn!ents, "ocial
;elfare Depart!ent,
'(&s, private fish
far!ers, fisher!en.
1-8 years District
overn!ents,
'(&s, Donors
&ne producersG
association is
established in each BP9
by the end of year 4 and
in re!ainin districts by
the end of year 8.
Aquaculture-oriented,
and fisheries-oriented
orani@ations/
associations !ay be *ept
separate.
/eal reconition shall
be iven to producersG
associations.
"uch associations will
help in reducin
conflicts, creatin better
environ!ents in public
water areas and in
enhancin fish
production as well as
socio-econo!ic
conditions in rural areas.
"upport of '(&s in the
establish!ent of
fisher!en and fish
far!ersG
orani@ations/association
s !ay be souht.
%.1.
+
Pro!otion of cooperative
arrane!ents for the
establish!ent of
transportation and
!ar*etin facilities.
Fish traders, fish
transporters
1-4 years )iti@en
)o!!unity
%oards in
district
overn!ents,
'(&s, Donors
&ne tradersG association
is established in each
BP9 by the end of year
4.
Fisheries Depts will
assist in the
establish!ent of fish
tradersG cooperative
bodies at district levels
throuh their District
officers.
Fnder this arrane!ent,
+>I is contributed by
far!ers and <>I by the
District (overn!ent.
E2
PO /.+: ,tud* and re&orm the e5isting contract s*stem &or the e5ploitation o& &resh'ater
bodies.
AP
O
People and
Partnerships
ime&r
ame
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
%.4
.1
)arry out a study of
the !erits and
disadvantaes of
both the contract
and license syste!s
prior to ta*in
further actions.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, '(&s,
)%&s, F)", PFF,
Fisher!en associations,
FA&, ;APDA
1-1
years
Provincial/Ar
eas
overn!ents
, donors
aencies
0eport on !erit and de!erits is
prepared by the end of year 1.
Decision on choice of fisheries
!anae!ent !ethod is !ade by
the end of year 1.
)reation of an
independent tas* force
to carry out the study
!ay be considered
or/and consultants !ay
be appointed.
;APDA should be
involved in the study.
3he study !ay be
conducted separately for
coastal areas, lare
la*es, canals H s!all
water bodies. All possible
for!s of fisheries
!anae!ent should be
evaluated in the study.
%.4
.+
0eplace the e5istin
contract syste! with
a !ore appropriate
syste! of
e5ploitation of inland
waters, if found
suitable in the study
carried out under
AP& %. 4.1.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts and
district overn!ents,
)%&s, '(&s, PFF,
Fisher!en associations,
FA&
1-8
years
Provincial/Ar
eas and
district
overn!ents
, donor
aencies
)ontract syste! is phase out at
the end of year 1, if study
findins support another for! of
!anae!ent.
3he new !anae!ent !ethod is
pilot-tested durin a three-year
period fro! the beinnin of
year 4.
3F0Fs, licensin,
cooperative and lon-
ter! leases !ay be
iven due consideration.
/evels of licence fees
should be set so that the
poor are not
!arinalised.
%.4
.1
$nsure that all
fisher!en are
officially reistered.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
Fisher!en associations,
fisher!en, '(&s
1-1
years
Provincial/Ar
eas and
district
overn!ents
All professional fisher!en are
reistered by the end of year +.
;ater bodiesG carryin
capacity should be
!onitored in line with
established #"N.
E9
PO /.-: Address current &isheries and aquaculture legislation and regulations
shortcomings.
APO People and
Partnerships
ime&r
ame
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
%.6.
1
0evise current fisheries
leislation and !a*e
a!end!ents, as appropriate,
to support the i!ple!entation
of the present fisheries and
aquaculture policy and
stratey and !ini!i@e
conflicts over fisheries
resources.
#FD,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, /aw
Depts, FA&
1-+
years
---- /eal review is
co!pleted by the end
of year 1.
/eislation is revised
based on prioritisation
contained within the
leal review.
"hort and lon ter! leal
require!ents as well as
international treaties,
conventions and
co!!it!ents should be
ta*en into account.
)onflict and dispute
resolution !echanis!s
should be included in the
leislation revisions
proposed.
%.6.
+
Desin new/updated
leislation and reulations
with respect to the
!aintainin of aquatic species
ene pools and enetic
diversity and the prevention
of trans-boundary !ove!ents
of fish in aquaculture.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, /aw
Depts, #I'FA/,
#inistry of
$nviron!ent, ;;F,
IF)', FA&
+-4
years
---- Fpdated leislation is
enacted by the end of
year 4.
%.6.
1
/iaise with $nviron!ent
Protection Aencies over
environ!ental !anae!ent
reulations to control
pollution in inland and coastal
waters.
$PAs,
Provincial/Areas and
federal
overn!ents,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, /aw
Depts
1-+
years
---- Fisheries sector views
on environ!ental
reulations are
co!!unicated to
relevant $PAs on a
reular basis.
'ew and updated
leislation and
reulations should
safeuard aainst coastal
deradation ,acid-saline
o5idation proble!s,
!anrove deforestation,
salinisation of coastal
soils. and prevent illeal
and over-fishin.
%.6.
4
"upport non-fisheries specific
leislation such as laws
relatin to hu!an rihts,
!iration and access to social
security, wor*ers rihts under
I0& ,Industrial 0elation
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, /aw
Depts, district
overn!ents, '(&s,
hu!an rihts
orani@ations,
1-6
years
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
donor aencies
Fisheries sector views
are !ade *nown to
non-fisheries
!inistries/depart!ent
s.
"pecial provisions are
E@
&rdinance. and
decentrali@ation to be put in
place si!ultaneously.
#inistry for
Population ;elfare,
#inistry of Bealth
and #inistry of
/abour.
!ade for fisher!en
and fishin
co!!unities under
non-fisheries specific
leislation by the end
of year 6.
%.6.
6
$stablish special fisheries
courts and !aistrates to deal
with fishin-related offences.
#inistry of /aw,
Austice and Bu!an
0ihts,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, /aw
Depts,
Provincial/Areas and
district overn!ents
1-4
year
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents
"pecial fisheries courts
are established by the
end of year 4.
0eference to the e5a!ple
of Indian courts !ay be
!ade.
EC
APO People &
Partnerships
imeline !unding argets"#ndicators $omments
%.6.
7
$nsure that co!pulsory
environ!ental i!pact
assess!ents ,$IA. are carried
out prior to all invest!ents in
coastal aquaculture
operations, and !ajor
fisheries and coastal
develop!ent sche!es.
#FD,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
%)DA, ")DA,
$PAs, private
sector
+-1 years Federal and
Provincial/Are
as
overn!ents
$IAs for all aquaculture
projects is !andatory by the
end of year +.
)o!pliance with
environ!ental i!pact
assess!ent reulations by
!ajor fisheries, aquaculture
and coastal develop!ent
sche!es is !andatory by
the end of year 1.
%.6.
8
$nhance inter-
!inistry/depart!ent
collaboration and staff
dedicated to control IFF
fishin.
#"A, #FD,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
%)DA, District
overn!ents,
Police, ;APDA
1-1 years
,continuou
s activity
thereafter.
Federal,
Provincial/Are
as and district
overn!ents
Inter-!inistry/depart!ent
staff are involved in
developin and
i!ple!entin an #)"
stratey by the end of year
1.
#onitorin of illeal
fishin and poachin
!ay be carried out
usin latest
technoloies
includin satellite
based vessel
!onitorin syste!.
EE
PO /..: 3ecognise and promote the role o& communities in &isheries management in
coastal and inland areas.
AP
O
People and
Partnerships
imel
ine
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
%.7.
12
Devolve fisheries
!anae!ent
responsibilities to
inland and coastal
fishin co!!unities.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
district overn!ents,
FA&, '(&s, fishin
co!!unities,
fisher!en, F)" and
their associations,
)%&s
+-8
years
Provincial/Area
s and district
overn!ents,
donor aencies
"ee AP& %.+.12
!anae!ent
responsibilities are shared
between co!!unities and
overn!ent in 6>I of
fishin co!!unities by the
end of year 4? and in 1>>
I of fishin co!!unities
by the end of year 8.
'ew integrated !anae!ent
!ethods should be
i!ple!ented in consultation
with fishin co!!unities and
other water users ,inland and
coastal., under the patronae
of the Provincial/Areas Fisheries
Depts.
#anae!ent of :eenjhar /a*e
!ay be entrusted with
representative fisher!en
association for + years as a
test.
&ther places for interated
!anae!ent by also be
considered.
$5a!ination of leal
i!plications is required.
%.7.
+
Provide special
support to
strenthen
co!!unity-based
fisheries and
representative
orani@ations, in
particular in relation
to the !anae!ent
of fisheries
resources.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
district overn!ents,
fisher!en
associations, fishin
co!!unities, F)",
'(&s, )%&s, "ocial
;elfare Depart!ent,
FA&
1-4
years
Provincial/Area
s and district
overn!ents,
donor aencies
)o!!unity based
fisheries institutions are
established or
strenthened ,where in
e5istence. by the end of
year 1.
)o!!unity-based fisheries
!anae!ent !ay not be as
relevant in Punjab as in other
provinces as few co!plaints
have been recorded in relation
to the e5istin contract syste!
,the fisheries 0ules and
Fisheries &rdinance. in Punjab.
$5a!ination of leal
i!plications is required.
EF
%.7.
1
Institutionali@e
consultation
!echanis!s
between opposin
interest roups to
find co!!on and
acceptable solutions.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
district overn!ents,
#FD, PFF, '(&s, )%&s,
fisher!en
associations, F)",
%)DA, ")DA
+-6
years
Federal,
Provincial/Area
s and district
overn!ents,
donor aencies
A foru! for such
neotiation/ consultation
syste! is established by
the end of year + and
cases are dealt with fro!
then on.
)onflict between Pa*istan
Fisherfol* Foru! and Deep "ea
3rawlers Association reardin
deep sea resource
!anae!ent and preservation
of the livelihoods of coastal
co!!unities can be one such
e5a!ple which can be resolved.
%.7.
4
I!prove
co!!unication
lin*aes with coastal
areas and establish
tsuna!i and cyclone
warnin and
prevention centers in
coastal areas.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
district overn!ents,
#FD, #"A, )oast
(uards, Pa*istan 'avy,
D( ,Port and
"hippin., '(&s,
)%&s, fisher!en
associations, F)",
%)DA, ")DA
+-6
years
Federal,
Provincial/Area
s and district
overn!ents,
donor aencies
;arnin and rescue
centers are established by
the end of year 1.
%.7.
6
I!ple!ent a
prora!!e
desined by ")DA
for the interated
develop!ent of the
Indus Delta and
related estuarine
@one.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
district overn!ents,
#FD, fisher!en
associations, fishin
co!!unities, F)",
")DA, ;;F, IF)'
+-<
years
Federal,
Provincial/Area
s and district
overn!ents,
donor
aencies, AD%
I!ple!entation of the
prora!!e is started by
the end of year +.
D)& ,3hatta. has also prepared
a prora!!e/plan which !ay
be loo*ed into.
EG
COMMON ELEMENT C !evelopment of %uman &esources an S'ills
PO $.1 Provide &isheries and aquaculture training programmes and suitable training
&acilities
AP
O
People &
Partnerships
ime&r
ame
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
).1
.1
0eactivate the trainin
prora! at Fisheries
3rainin )entre in
:arachi and )hilya
,"indh..
#FD, "FD, F)",
Fisher!en and fish
far!ers
associations, B$)
and acade!ic
institutions
,national and
international., 'A)A
1-+
years
Federal
overn!ent,
(overn!ent of
"indh, B$),
donor aencies
3rainin centers at :arachi
and )hilya are rehabilitated
and trainin prora!!e
started by the end of year +.
3rainin prora!!es at
)hilya !ay include
courses on hatchery
develop!ent, fish
catchin, preservation and
quality control.
3rainin on freshwater
prawn shri!p far!in at
F3) in :arachi !ay also
be started.
).1
.+
$stablish a fisheries
trainin centre in
(wader and Dera
#urad Aa!ali on
fisheries and
aquaculture disciplines
,%alochistan..
%FD, %)DA, #FD?
Fisher!en and fish
far!ers
associations, B$)
and acade!ic
institutions
,national and
international., 'A)A
+-6
years
Federal
overn!ent and
(overn!ent of
%alochistan,
donor aencies,
B$)
A trainin center is
established at (wader by the
end of year 1, and another is
established at Dera #urad
Aa!ali by the end of year 6.
In Punjab, trainin sub-
centers in %hawalpur and
0awalpindi are functionin
successfully but there is a
need to establish such
centres at (ujranwala and
#u@affararh.
).1
.1
$stablish an
aquaculture trainin
centre at 'aran,
Abbaoan,
(ujaranwala, and
#u@afararh, and
strenthen trainin
facilities at #adyan for
pro!otion of trout
culture ,';FP..
Fisheries Dept
,';FP., private fish
far!ers and their
associations, B$)
and acade!ic
institutions
,national and
international., 'A)A
1-6
years
Federal
overn!ent and
(overn!ent of
';FP, donor
aencies ,AI)A,
:&I)A, AD%.
3he #adyan trainin center
is strenthened by the end of
year 1.
A new trainin center is
established at 'aran by the
end of year 4.
Assistance of 'A)A to be
souht for i!prove!ent of
trainin prora!!es and
settin up curricula.
&thers places for trainin
centres !ay be
considered
).1
.4
"trenthen technical
e5pertise of the staff of
the Fisheries Depts
throuh participation in
#FD,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
acade!ia, research
1-+
years,
continu
ous
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents
'A)A, "$AFD$),
$valuation of the technical
needs of the Fisheries Depts
is co!pleted within 7
!onths. A trainin
3rainin and s*ill
upradin of fisheries
depart!ent staff abroad
at PhD and #asters levels
EH
reular s*ills
develop!ent courses
and trainin prora!s.
institutions
,national and
international., PHD
Depts.
thereaft
er
donor aencies
,e.. AI)A, :&I)A,
AD%., technical
e5chane
prora!s
prora!!e is developed for
all Fisheries Depts staff by
the end of year 1.
0eular trainin prora!s for
staff are initiated fro! year +
onwards.
!ay be considered.
FI
AP
O
People &
Partnerships
imeline !unding argets"#ndicators $omments
).1
.6
"tart university deree
prora!s specific to
fisheries sciences,
fisheries !anae!ent
and aquaculture
!anae!ent.
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
universities, B$),
PHD Dept ,for
approval.
1-1
years,
continuo
us
thereafte
r
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents,
'A)A, "$AFD$),
donor aencies
,AI)A, :&I)A,
AD%., universities
'ew curriculu! is prepared
and deree prora!s are
initiated in 1 !ain
universities by the end of
year 1.
0estructured deree,
diplo!a prora!s and
syllabi are finali@ed by the
end of year 1.
Post-raduate
diplo!a/!asters and deree
courses on fisheries and
aquaculture are available to
students by the end of year
+.
"uch prora!s !ust
envisae practical trainin
of the students at fish
hatcheries and Fisheries
Depts with so!e credit
!ar*s/hours to !a*e the
courses fruitful H job-
oriented ,Dlearnin by
doinE..
Due consideration should
be iven to the e5istin
Forestry !odel for
trainin people in service.
).1
.7
Develop trainin
!odules for sustainable
fisheries practices for
buildin capacities and
s*ills for sustainable
!anae!ent of
ecosyste!s at all
levels.
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts
,includin %)DA,
")DA., '(&s,
F)", fisher!en
and fish far!ers
oranisations,
IF)', ;;F, FA&,
;orldfish )enter,
fisheries trainin
centers ,:arachi
and /ahore.
1-1 years Federal and
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries and
$ducation
depart!ents, B$),
donor aencies
IF)', ;;F
$cosyste! H biodiversity
friendly fisheries and
aquaculture deree H
diplo!a courses H certificate
prora!s are available at
F3)s by the end of year +.
3he FA& )ode of )onduct
for responsible fisheries
should be the basis for
the develop!ent of such
!odules.
3rainin prora!!es
developed should taret
both (overn!ent officials
and students.
).1
.8
%roaden the rane of
topics covered in
trainin prora!s to
!a*e the! !ore
relevant, effective and
practical.
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
fisheries trainin
centers ,:arachi
and /ahore., F)",
fisher!en and
fish far!ers
orani@ations,
1-+
years
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents ,
donor aencies
)urricula are !odified by the
end of year 1. #anual for
trainin is prepared by Near
+.3rainin courses for these
subjects are started by Near
+.
"ubjects such as
conservation bioloy,
aquatic biodiversity and
ecoloy, environ!ental
!anae!ent, safety at
sea, ani!al health,
processin technoloies,
cleanliness and hyiene,
quality control, BA))P,
F1
universities hatchery !anae!ent,
business develop!ent
and !ar*etin,
econo!ics, accountin
should be considered for
inclusion in curricula.
F2
APO People &
Partnerships
imeline !unding argets"#ndicators $omments
).1.
<
$stablish a syste! of
certification of
trainin courses and
prora!s at national
level to ensure that
only certified staff be
e!ployed in the
fisheries and
aquaculture sectors,
in particular in
processin factories.
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
%)DA, ")DA, #inistry
of $ducation,
universities, fisheries
trainin centres
,:arachi and /ahore.,
PHD Depts.
1-< years Federal and
Provincial/Ar
eas
depart!ents
donors
aencies,
B$)
A co!prehensive certification
syste! of all available
trainin courses is developed
by the end of year 1.
#andatory trained staff are
available for e!ploy!ent in
the fisheries and allied
sectors by the end of year 4.
Poor fisher!en should
receive free trainin in
trainin centres.
3rainin will sti!ulate staff.
).1.
=
$nsure that
opportunities for
study tours abroad
are provided to
trainees as part of
trainin on fisheries
and aquaculture.
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
#I'FA/, %)DA, ")DA,
F)A, P"IA, fisher!en
and fish far!ers
oranisations, private
sector,
Provincial/Areas PHD
depart!ents, $AD,
'A)A, "$AFD$),
fisheries trainin
centres ,:arachi and
/ahore., universities,
;APDA
1-6 years,
continuou
s
thereafte
r
Donor
aencies,
3echnical
assistance
prora!s,
'A)A,
"$AFD$),
AI)A, AD%,
)IDA,
'&0AD,
Indicators of opportunities
are the nu!ber of study tours
offered and the nu!ber of
participants attendin based
on fundin available.
).1.
1>
$nsure that trainin
courses on the
culture of
orna!ental species
and i!proved fishin
!ethods, includin
net !a*in, are
desined and
tareted at wo!en.
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, F)",
'(&s )%&s, 'ational
)o!!ission on the
"tatus of ;o!en
1-+ years,
continuou
s
thereafte
r
Federal,
Provincial/Ar
eas and
District
overn!ent
s, donor
aencies,
F'IF$#
3rainin courses for wo!en
are desined by the end of
year 1 and initiated by the
end of year +.
About 1>> wo!en are trained
every year in each district
fro! then on.
"uch trainin courses !ay
be delivered throuh !obile
e5tension and trainin units
to facilitate access.
3rainin prora!s !ay
cover all aspects related
directly and indirectly to
fisheries and aquaculture
cottae industries ,e.. net
!endin, shri!p peelin
and !ar*etin etc...
F9
).1.
11
Propose to $ducation
Depart!ents that
fisheries and
aquaculture-related
subjects are included
in pri!ary and
secondary curricula
in areas of hih
fisheries production
potential, or where
livelihoods depend
stronly on the
sector.
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
$ducation
Depart!ents, district
overn!ents, te5t
boo* boards,
teachers associations
+-1 years Federal and
Provincial/Ar
eas
overn!ent
s, FA&,
"$AFD$),
#inistry of
$ducation
$5a!ples of educational
contents on fisheries and
aquaculture are provided /
de!onstrated to $ducation
Depart!ents.
$asy and s!all lessons on
fisheries and aquaculture-
related subjects are included
in school curricula in
appropriate areas by the end
of year +.
3eachersG trainin is initiated
by the end of year 1.
"hort courses for teachers
!ay be orani@ed in
fisheries trainin centers.
Aquaculture !ay also be
adopted as vocational
subject in secondary schools
as is ariculture. In
collaboration with Provincial/
Areas Fisheries Depts,
schools should arrane far!
visits for students/pupils to
hatcheries, private far!s,
landin centers, fish
processin and !ar*etin
facilities.
F@
APO People &
Partnerships
imelin
e
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
).1.
1+
Prepare trainin
!aterials and
technical
docu!entation for
trainin at various
levels in Frdu and
other local
lanuaes.
Federal and Provincial/
Areas Fisheries Depts,
'ational %oo*
Foundation, publishers,
#inistry of $ducation,
fisheries trainin
centres ,:arachi and
/ahore.
1-+
years
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents,
donor aencies,
#inistry of
$ducation,
fisheries trainin
centres
:ey trainin !aterials and
technical docu!ents and
translated into Frdu by the
end of year 1, and in other
local lanuaes by year +.
3he !aterials should also
be provided in local
lanuaes because in
!ost cases co!!on
far!er understands just
one lanuae.
).1.
11
$nsure equal
access and
opportunities to
!en, wo!en,
disabled and
!inorities in
accessin trainin,
s*ill enhance!ent
prora!s and
e5tension activities.
Fisheries and
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, '(&s
District (overn!ents,
)%&s, F'IF$#, #inistry
of ;o!en
Develop!ent, "ocial
;elfare and "pecial
$ducation
1-1
years,
continu
ous
thereaft
er
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents,
donor aencies
;o!en, !inorities and
disabled are included in all
trainin and e5tension
prora!s by the end of year
1.
1>I participation fro!
wo!en and 1>I fro!
!inorities is achieved by the
end of year + in all
prora!!es related to
fisheries and aquaculture.
DPositive discri!inationE
!easures to ensure
participation by wo!en
and !inorities !ay be
applied.
).1.
14
I!prove lodin
and boardin
facilities at trainin
centers.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, %)DA,
")DA, fisheries trainin
centres ,:arachi and
/ahore.
+-1
years
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents,
donors aencies.
%oardin and lodin
facilities at all e5istin
fisheries trainin centres are
i!proved by the end of year
+.
Adequate facilities are
established in new trainin
centers by the end of year 1.
FC
PO $.% #mprove e5tension services &or the &isheries and aquaculture sectors
AP
O
People &
Partnerships
ime&r
ame
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
).+.
1
;here required,
i!prove
e5istin, and
establish new
!obile e5tension
units at 3ehsil
level.
Provincial/Areas
and district
overn!ents,
'(&s, private
sectors
+-6
years
Federal and
Provincial/A
reas
overn!ent
s, donor
aencies
$5tension vans ,at least 1-+ with
trainin equip!ents ,audio visuals.
and !otorcycles ,6-1>. are
acquired and available for trained
staff in each BP9 at the end of year
+.
;ell trained e5tension staff for
providin e5tension services are in
place by the end of year +. #obile
e5tension services are fully in place
by year 1.
&ne new !obile unit is established
for other districts and new BP9 by
the end of year 6.
#obile units should have facilities
to perfor! water and soil
analyses and disease
dianostics.
3he reach of e5tension services
will be facilitated throuh cross
visits, e5posure visits, use of
!obile e5tension officers, the
openin of !eetins and
discussions to fish-far!ers and
fishers at local fisheries offices.
).+.
+
0aise awareness
a!on
fisher!en and
fish far!ers
about
conservation
and sustainable
!anae!ent
principles.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
;;F, IF)',
'A)A, district
overn!ents,
fisher!en and
fish far!ersG
orani@ations,
fishin
co!!unities, PHD
Depts, 'A)A
1-6
years,
continu
ous
thereaft
er
Federal and
Provincial/A
reas
overn!ent
s, donor
aencies
Awareness prora!!e desined by
the end of year 1.
Awareness prora! is launched in
4>I of fishin co!!unities and
rural villaes ,in BP9 for
aquaculture. by the end of year 6.
Awareness prora!!e could be
launched by Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts at the 3ehsil
level. $5a!ple of 'A)A/"30$A#
one-stop aqua shop !ay be
considered.
).+.
1
%roaden the
rane and
relevance of
topics for
e5tension to fish
far!ers and
fisher!en.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
district
overn!ents,
fisher!en and
fish far!ersG
orani@ations,
fishin
co!!unities,
)%&s, 'A)A
+-1
years
Federal and
Provincial/A
reas
overn!ent
s, donor
aencies,
'(&s
#aterials on technical and
econo!ic aspects of fisheries and
aquaculture develop!ent are
available for e5tension support in
each BP9 by the end of year +, and
in all 3ehsils by the end of year 1.
$5tension services !ay
concentrate on2
- for aquaculture - far!
construction, !anae!ent of
interated far!in syste!s ,e..
polyculture., hatchery
!anae!ent, aquatic plant and
freshwater prawn cultures,
disease control, !edicine and
che!ical use, post-harvest care
and processin technoloies,
FE
accountin and business
develop!ent.
- for capture fisheries - safety on
boats, ani!al health, cleanliness
and hyiene in handlin, ecoloy
and conservation etc.
(uidelines !ay be produced for
first-ti!e private aquaculture
investors.
Infor!ation needs to be reularly
updated and needs to
incorporate specifics about
!ar*ets and aquatic species
internationally traded.
FF
AP
O
People &
Partnerships
imelin
e
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
).+
.4
$ducate and train
fish traders on
the use of
i!proved fish
transportation
!ethods.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
district
overn!ents, fish
tradersG
orani@ations,
FA&
1-1
years
Federal and
Provincial/A
reas
overn!ent
s, %an*s
and DFIs
3rainin for fish trader is started by
end of year +.
1>I of !iddle!en are trained by
the end of year 1.
3his is lin*ed to "tratey A5is 1
on the reduction of post-harvest
losses.
FG
COMMON ELEMENT ! Enhancement of research an evelopment applie to fisheries
an a$uaculture
PO 8.1 Enhance support to and improve qualit* and relevance o& research and development applied to
&isheries and aquaculture
AP
O
People &
Partnerships
imeline !unding argets"#ndicators $omments
D.1
.1
)reate an
independent
Fisheries
0esearch
)ouncil for
!arine and
inland fisheries
and aquaculture
research.
Federal and Provincial/
Areas Fisheries Depts,
PA0)/'A0),
universities, research
oranisations
+ years Federal
overn!ent,
international
donor aencies
,F'DP, '&0AD,
)IDA etc.
Fisheries 0esearch
)ouncil is established by
the end of year +.
"i!ilar to PA0), located in
Isla!abad.
Instead of establishin inland
fisheries research institutes, the
F0) should strenthen e5istin
Provincial/Areas and federal
Fisheries Depts/institutes.
D.1
.+
Initiate ,where
needed.,
support and
strenthen
applied research
in acade!ia and
research
institutions with
redefined
research
aendas
!atchin
fisheries and
aquaculture
develop!ent
needs.
Federal and Provincial/
Areas Fisheries Depts,
#FD, )$#%,
universities, research
institutions, PA0),
'A0), 'I&, Fisheries
0esearch and 3rainin
Institute ,/ahore.,
Fisheries 3rainin
)entre ,:arachi.,
private sector, #&"3,
9ooloical survey
Dept, ,#&$., #inistry
of $ducation, P)"I0,
'A)A, I&3), )(IA0,
IF)', ;;F
1-6
years,
continuo
us
thereafte
r
Federal and
Provincial/Area
s overn!ents,
#I'FA/,
#inistry of
"cience and
3echnoloy,
donor aencies
,AD%, '&0AD,
)IDA., B$).
Fse of funds
fro! on-oin
Ariculture-
/ivestoc*
"trenthenin
Prora!!e
,A/"P. !ay be
considered.
Ariculture
/in*aes
Prora!!e
,PA0). could
0esearch prora!!es of
e5istin fisheries research
institutions and
universities is reviewed
and reva!ped by the end
of year 1.
3he!atic research is
initiated in relevant
institutions by the end of
year +.
)oordinated research is
carried out fro! year +
onwards.
3he re!it of the
reactivated Fisheries
3rainin )entre in :arachi
,cf. AP& ).1.1. is
e5tended to enco!pass
research on coastal
aquaculture and !arine
capture fisheries by the
end of year 1.
"uested areas of research2
re. aquaculture (fish and
shellfish):
fish breedin and reproduction
physioloy, enetics, nutrition and
feed for!ulation, fish health
!anae!ent and disease control,
appropriate aquaculture
technoloies ,e.. pen, cae
culture in reservoirs, brac*ish
water aquaculture, saline and
waterloed aquaculture,
interated irriation and
aquaculture, interated coastal
aquaculture., freshwater prawn
and poly-culture potential in
inland and coastal areas.,
econo!ics and environ!ental
econo!ics applied to aquaculture
syste!s includin econo!ic
profitability assess!ents of local
cultivable species, post-harvest
FH
also be
considered
3he e5istin Fisheries
0esearch Institute Punjab,
/ahore is upraded to
'ational Inland Fisheries
0esearch Institute by the
end of year 6.
A networ* of fisheries and
aquaculture-related
research centres in
Pa*istan is established to
strenthen collaborative
research a!on e5istin
institutions by the end of
year 6.
Fishery research capacity
in 'A0)/PA0) is
strenthened by the end
of year 6.
!anae!ent and transfor!ation,
opti!al water resources use,
pollution control, i!pact of water
loin, salinity and seepae on
aquaculture practices,
do!estication of indienous
species for aquaculture purposes,
control and eli!ination of pest
species, efficient disse!ination of
results to fish far!ers, etc.
re. capture fisheries:
survey and stoc* assess!ents,
population dyna!ics, fish bioloy,
reproductive physioloy and
ecoloy, faunal, floral and
ecosyste! studies in coastal,
!arine and inland waters
includin research on heavy
!etals and other to5ins, bio-
diversity conservation,
environ!entally-friendly control of
aquatic invasive veetation,
landin status at selected
co!part!ents of the Indus
syste!, sustainable use and
equitable benefit sharin of
fisheries resources, resource
econo!ics applied to fisheries,
fisheries !anae!ent, i!pact of
pollution and lobal environ!ental
chane includin cli!ate chane
on fisheries, for!ulation of
sustainable and cheap fish feed
for aquaculture, etc.
D.1
.1
Increase and
taret better
fundin to
research
centres and
institutes
involved in
Federal and Provincial/
Areas Fisheries Depts,
universities, research
institutions, PA0),
'A0), 'I&, Fisheries
0esearch and 3rainin
Institute ,/ahore.,
+-6 years Federal and
Provincial/Area
s overn!ents,
P"F, B$),
PA0), donor
aencies,
private sector,
)o!petitive biddin
process is used to allocate
research funds and hih
quality research
enerates funds for future
research.
&verall fundin for
3his is lin*ed to AP& D.1.1.
A part of the revenue enerated
by Fisheries Depts !ay be pooled
in a special research rant which
!ay be provided to institutions
and individual scientists for
conductin research.
GI
fisheries and
aquaculture-
related
research.
Fisheries 3rainin
)entre ,:arachi.,
)$#%, private sector,
P"F, #&"3, Federal
and Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, #FD,
universities, research
institutions, PA0),
'A0), 'I&, Fisheries
0esearch and 3rainin
)entre ,/ahore.,
private sector, P"F,
#&"3, #inistry of the
$nviron!ent, #inistry
of $ducation
"#$DA, P"IA,
F)", %&0
fisheries and aquaculture
research is increased by
+>I by the end of year 6.
Fees collected throuh #FD
issuance of health certificate could
be used for fund eneration.
)apacity develop!ent is needed
within 'A0)/PA0) to underta*e
research.
D.1
.4
0eva!p and
update e5istin
university
curricula to
include
conduction of
research
!ethods/project
s relevant to
fisheries and
aquaculture
sectorsG needs.
Public and private
universities, collees,
B$), #FD,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
)$#%, Fisheries
0esearch and 3rainin
Institute ,/ahore.,
Fisheries 3rainin
)entre ,:arachi.,
#inistry of $ducation
+-6 years Federal and
Provincial/Area
s overn!ents,
B$), 'A0),
PA0),
9ooloical
"urvey Dept.
,#&$., donor
aencies,
universities
and collees
Post-raduate
diplo!a/!asters courses
require each student to
carry out a research
project on fisheries and
aquaculture by the end of
year +.
(raduates should be capable of
carryin out research with
professionals and have both
theoretical and applied *nowlede
of fisheries and aquaculture
!atters as relevant.
Private deree awardin institutes
should be reconi@ed by B$).
Internships in fisheries aencies of
institutions should be considered
as part of coursewor*.
D.1
.6
$stablish
lin*aes with
international
research
institutes/univer
sities for
research and
collaborative
prora!s on
fisheries and
aquaculture.
Federal and Provincial/
Areas Fisheries Depts,
universities and
research institutes
,national and forein.,
Fisheries 0esearch
and 3rainin Institute
,/ahore., B$), PHD
Depts.
1-6
years,
continuo
us
thereafte
r
Provincial/Area
s and federal
overn!ents,
B$), DFID,
)IDA, DA'IDA,
'&0AD,
F'$")&,
forein
universities/
research
centres.
/in*ae prora!!es are
initiated by year 1.
)ollaborations with 6
international centres are
for!ali@ed by the end of
year 4.
e.. Asian Institute of 3echnoloy,
;aeninen Aricultural
Fniversity, Auburn Fniversity,
Institute of Aquaculture of
Fniversity of "tirlin, and Institute
of #arine 0esearch, %eren,
'orway, Fisheries 0esearch
Institute, #y!ensinh,
%anladesh of research
institutions that !ay be
approached for lin*aes with
universities and fisheries trainin
centres in Pa*istan.
G1
8.% 8evelop and support technical research programmes
G2
AP
O
People &
Partnerships
imeline !unding argets"#ndicators $omments
D.+
.1
Investiate the
potential of
introducin pearl,
bivalve and oyster
culture and sea
ranchin.
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
PA0), 'I&, "#$DA,
universities, Fisheries
0esearch and
3rainin Institute
,/ahore., Fisheries
3rainin )entre
,:arachi., )$#%,
private sector,
fishin/coastal
co!!unities, 'A)A,
"$AFD$), ;orldFish
)entre, FA&
+-8 years Provincial/Areas
and federal
overn!ents,
donor aencies,
universities
3he potential of aquaculture of
pearl, bivalve and oysters, and
sea ranchin is established by
the end of year +.
Participatory action
research with local
co!!unities should
be carried wherever
possible to ensure
later upta*e of these
activities.
0esearch projects on
these subjects !ay
also be carried out by
postraduate
students as part of
their deree.
D.+
.+
$stablish fish disease
dianostic
laboratories and
services in (wader,
Dera #urad Aa!ali
,%alochistan. and in
other BP9s around the
country.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
universities.
+-7 years Federal and
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents,
donor aencies,
universities
&ne dianostic laboratory is
established in (wader by the end
of year + and one in Dera #urad
Aa!ali by the end of year 6.
/aboratories are set up in all BP9
by the end of year 7.
Fse of e5istin
trainin
infrastructures in all
provinces ,in BP9s.
and of trainin
centres to be
established in
(wader and Dera
#urad Aa!ali ,cf. AP&
).1.+. should be
!ade to host the
disease dianostic
laboratory facilities.
)onsideration to the
establish!ent of a
national disease
laboratory !ay be
iven at a later
stae.
D.+
.1
"tart a prora!!e for
enetic i!prove!ent
of fish species and
hybrids under strict
control and
Provincial/Areas and
federal Fisheries
Depts, universities
,forein and
national., research
+-7
years,
continuo
us
thereafte
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents,
donor aencies,
'A)A, private
0esearch on enetic
i!prove!ent is initiated by the
end of year +.
%roodstoc* of enetically
i!proved strains is established
$!phasis should be
placed on indienous
carp species.
)ollaborative
research and sharin
G9
reulations. institutions, PA0),
'A0), Fisheries
0esearch and
3rainin Institute
,/ahore., Fisheries
3rainin )entre
,:arachi., )$#%,
'A)A, private sector
r sector by the end of year 1.
De!onstration hatcheries of
i!proved strains are open to
private fish far!ers for hands-on
trainin and infor!ation by the
end of year 1.
At least one !odel private fish
hatchery ,receivin technical
advice fro! overn!ent.
producin seeds of i!proved fish
strains is operational in each BP9
by the end of year 7.
of findins should be
e!phasi@ed throuh
the use of the
networ* of fisheries
and aquaculture-
related research
centres in Pa*istan
,cf. AP& D.1.+. and
other e5istin
networ*s and
institutions ,cf. AP&
D. 1.6..
G@
PO 8.( #ncrease the reliabilit* o& &isheries and aquaculture statistical data collection and anal*sis
countr*-'ide
AP
O
People and
Partnerships
imelin
e
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
D.1
.1
I!ple!ent a
co!prehensive and
har!oni@ed data
collection and analysis
syste!s across provinces
coordinated by Fisheries
Depts at Provincial/Areas
level, with reportin to the
Federal %ureau of
"tatistics.
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, #FD,
#I'FA/, %)DA, ")DA,
F)", F%", harbour
authorities, FA&,
fisher!enGs
oranisations, fish
far!ers, fish !ar*ets
and auctions
1-6
years,
continuo
us
thereafte
r
Provincial/Area
s and federal
overn!ents,
donor
aencies
All provinces
har!onise their data
collection syste!s by
the end of year 1.
0eportin of collected
data by
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts to the
F%" ta*es place on a
7-!onthly basis fro!
then on.
"eparate data syste!s for
coastal and inland fisheries
and aquaculture are
needed.
3he )entral %ureau of
"tatistics has ta*en over
the responsibility of data
collection for fisheries.
Data collection and analysis
should be e5tended to
enco!pass aquaculture,
!ar*ets and !ar*etin
infor!ation, social and
econo!ic aspects of
fisheries and aquaculture.
)urrent !ethodoloies of
sa!plin should be
i!proved and should be
si!ilar in all provinces.
/ow require!ent
infor!ation syste!s should
be privileed.
3he data collection syste!
should be har!oni@ed on
the !odel of those used for
livestoc*, ariculture and
other sub-sectors as
relevant.
Accessibility to infor!ation
should be i!proved.
D.1
.+
"trenthen the capacity
for collection in Provincial/
Areas Fisheries Depts and
analysis of statistical data
in the F%".
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, F%",
FA&
1-6 years Provincial/Area
s and federal
overn!ents
"taff responsible for
data collection in
Fisheries Depts has
followed a
course/trainin on the
Awareness a!on
Provincial/Areas Fisheries
Depts staffs needs to be
raised to ensure reliable
data collection.
GC
subject by the end of
year 1.
F%" staff have
received reular
trainin for analytical
s*ills upradin by
the end of year 6.
GE
PO 8.+ 9onitor and ensure that social2 economic2 mar6eting and institutional issues are adequatel* dealt
'ith in relation to &isheries and aquaculture development
AP
O
People and
Partnerships
imeline !unding argets"#ndicators $omments
D.4
.1
Pro!ote the
inclusion of social,
econo!ic, !ar*etin
and institutional
subjects in all
fisheries and
aquaculture
research and
trainin
prora!!es.
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
P$0I, "DPI
universities,
fisheries trainin
centres, Fisheries
0esearch and
3rainin Institute
,/ahore., B$), )$#%
+-4 years,
continuous
thereafter
Federal and
Provincial/Are
as
overn!ents,
universities
and fisheries
research H
trainin
centres, donor
aencies
)ourses on econo!ic,
!ar*etin and
institutional issues
encountered in
fisheries and
aquaculture
develop!ent are
desined by the end
of year +.
All curricula and
trainin courses
include at least one
such course by the
end of year 1.
Applied research and trainin
is needed in policy
develop!ent, econo!ics and
!ar*etin to cater for the
e!erin needs of aquaculture
and fisheries over ti!e.
)apacity buildin and
awareness raisin a!on
Fisheries Dept staff,
practitioners and students on
the i!portance of ta*in social
and econo!ic issues in
fisheries and aquaculture
develop!ent is urent.
3rainin of the trainers in
forein universities !ay be
required.
D.4
.+
0ecruit econo!ists
and social scientists
in Provincial/Areas
Fisheries
institutions
/depart!ents
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts
+-1 years Federal and
Provincial/Are
as
overn!ents
Post of at least one
econo!ist and social
scientist is created
and filled in all federal
and Fisheries Depts by
the end of year of 1.
3rainin/s*ill develop!ent of
e5istin Fisheries Depart!ent
staff !ay be carried out in
forein universities.
D.4
.1
$nsure that
livelihoods and
welfare of fishin
co!!unities are
covered in baseline
studies and are
!onitored over ti!e.
Fisher!enGs
associations, federal
and Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
district
overn!ents, '(&s,
)%&s, universities
and fisheries
trainin centres,
PID$, "DPI, FA&
+-4 years,
continuous
thereafter
Donor
aencies ,e..
DFID, )IDA,
"IDA, $F, AD%
etc..
Federal and
Provincial/Are
as
overn!ents
%aseline studies cover
livelihood aspects and
welfare of fishin
co!!unities by the
end of year +.
0eular !onitorin is
carried out every two
years fro! year 4
onwards.
#onitorin of socio-econo!ic
uplift in fishin co!!unities is
a prerequisite.
Participatory research and
involve!ent of local
co!!unities is reco!!ended.
3he contribution of fisheries to
the livelihoods of coastal and
inland fishin co!!unities
needs adequate docu!entin
and appropriate !anae!ent
!easures of fisheries
GF
resources should be ta*en in
consequence.
D.4
.4
$nsure that the
environ!ental,
social and econo!ic
i!pacts of
aquaculture
develop!ent
towards
co!!ercially-
oriented operations
are reularly
!onitored.
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
#I'FA/, '(&s, fish
far!ers
orani@ations,
universities and
fisheries trainin
centres, "DPI, PID$,
FA&, "#$DA, $PA
,as a prpvider of
!onitorin
infor!ation.
1-1> years Federal and
Provincial/Are
as
overn!ents,
donor
aencies ,e..
DFID, )IDA,
"IDA, $F etc..
#onitorin syste! of
environ!ental, social
and econo!ic i!pacts
of co!!ercial and
non-co!!ercial
aquaculture
operations is in place
by the end of year 1.
0eular annual
!onitorin is carried
out fro! year 1
onwards.
%enefits to s!all-scale and
resource-poor fish far!ers
should be ensured throuh
appropriately desined
partnerships between
co!!ercial and artisanal fish
producers.
GG
ST&ATE() A*IS +A Sustainable evelopment of inlan a$uaculture prouction
PO 1A.1 8evelop high potential 4ones &or inland aquaculture development
APO People & Partnerships imel
ine
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
1A.1
.1
Produce !aps of hih potential
@ones ,BP9. at Provincial/Areas
and district levels and hihliht
the O !ost i!portant @ones in
the country.
Provincial/Areas Fisheries
Depts, District
overn!ents, "urvey of
Pa*istan, "FPA0)&,PA0),
private consultant for
facilitation of !appin,
Irriation Depts.
1-1
years
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents, FA&,
:orean
International
)ooperation
Aency
BP9 !aps are
prepared by the end
of year +.
An appropriate
nu!ber of hih
priority @ones are
areed by the end of
year +.
#appin should
also be done
species-wise.
1A1.
+
Assin overn!ent specialists
only to BP92 field staff will be
assined to top priority @ones on
a reular rotation ,every +-6
years., and reassined to new
@ones once aquaculture
develop!ent in a iven @one
reaches a sustainable level.
Federal, Provincial/Areas
and district Fisheries
Depts.
1-6
year
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents,
AD%, ;orld %an*,
ban*s and DFIs
A li!ited nu!ber of
s*illed technical
persons is allocated
to each BP9 by the
end of year 1.
3he provision of
personal
incentives !ay
help retain staff in
BP9.
1A.1
.1
$ncourae direct
e5ternal/internal invest!ent in
priority towards these @ones?
with services and inputs
provided in priority within the
@ones.
Federal and
Provincial/Areas Fisheries
Depts, Finance Depts,
private sector, '(&s,
"#$DA, %&I, #&I, )%0
,e5port.
1-+
years
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents,
private sector,
'(&s
0eular/annual
invest!ents
increases are
e5perienced in BP9.
1A.1
.4
)onsider irriation sche!es with
suitable infrastructure for
aquaculture in @ones with hih
potential ,BP9..
Federal and
Provincial/Areas Fisheries
and Irriation Depts,
private sector, PA0),
universities, )ouncil for
;ater 0esources 0esearch
,);00., I;#I, FA&
1-6
years
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents,
AD%, ;orld %an*,
DFID, );00,
PA0), P"F
Potential for
aquaculture in
irriation sche!es is
docu!ented by the
end of year 1.
1>I of irriation
syste!s is utili@ed
for aquaculture at
the end of year 6.
3he followin
districts !ay be
considered2
Punjab2
(ujranwala,
B/Babad, Ahan,
#/(ash.
';FP2 "wat,
)hitral,
)harsadda, D.I.
:han.
GH
FA3A. &ther in
%adeen,
Arabbar, "ahar,
Dardu.
HI
PO 1A.% Attract private investment in inland aquaculture production (including &ish seed"&ingerlings2 &eed
and gro'-out)
APO People &
Partnerships
imeli
ne
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
1A.+
.1
LpriorityM2 Provide
appropriate financial
incentives to attract the
private sector in
seed/finerlins
production and row-out
operations of
co!!ercially-i!portant
freshwater species.
Federal, district and
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
#I'FA/, )%0, "#$DA,
$D%, private sector,
;APDA, ban*s and
DFIs, %&I
1-+
years
Federal and
Provincial/Are
as
overn!ents,
private sector,
ban*s and
DFIs, ;APDA
Feasibility studies
are prepared for
settin up
aquaculture
operations and are
available to
potential private
investors by the end
of year +.
Financial incentives
are approved and
i!ple!ented by the
end of year +.
$very province should have a
clear land lease policy and should
!a*e the policy available to the
Provincial/Areas Fisheries Depts.
Financial incentives are to be
neotiated with relevant
depart!ents and !ay include2
- provision of low interest rate
loans ,+I. to acquire aquaculture
inputs ,seed, !edicines, feed.,
with a period of race of up to two
years and a recovery period
e5tended to ten years.
- inco!e ta5 e5e!ption for a
period of 1> years for fish
producers ,hatchery, feed and
row-out operations..
- develop!ent of insurance
sche!es tareted at fish far!ers.
- installation of tube wells and
other hatchery-related equip!ent
at subsidi@ed rates.
- reservation of a few bulldo@ers
for the fisheries and aquaculture
sectors, and hirin or purchase of
bulldo@ers, tractors and other
far! !achinery at subsidi@ed
rates.
- provision of subsidi@ed fuel and
electricity rates by ;APDA, and
preferential rates for the
installation of new electricity lines
and transfor!ers ,application of
aricultural two-part tariff, i.e.,
H1
tariff D for tube wells !eant for
aricultural vi@ far!, hatchery,
nursery, is already levied with
effect fro! >1->1-=1
- leasin of unused (overn!ent
and ;APDA land at preferential
rates to prospective fish far!ers.
H2
APO People &
Partnerships
imeli
ne
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
1A.+
.+
$stablish a reistration
syste! for fish far!s at
Provincial/Areas level.
Provincial/Areas and
District Fisheries Depts,
District overn!ents,
"#$DA, %ureau of
"tatistics, Punjab
$cono!ic 0esearch
Institute ,P$0I.,
)ha!ber of )o!!erce,
%&0
1-+
years
,onoi
n
after.
Provincial/Are
as and district
Fisheries
depts
/ist of reistered
far!ers is available
with "#$DA,
)ha!ber of
)o!!erce,
Provincial/Areas and
Federal
(overn!ents by the
end of year +.
0ando! chec*s of reistered
far!s !ay be perfor!ed.
1A.+
.1
;idely publici@e
nationally and
internationally the
potential for freshwater
aquaculture
develop!ent in
Pa*istan.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts.,
Infor!ation dept,
"#$DA, #inistry of
)o!!erce, #inistry of
$cono!ic Affairs,
#I'FA/, Forein Affairs,
$D%, Private
teleco!!unication
co!panies
1
year,
on-
oin
after
Provincial/Are
as Fisheries
Depts, $D%
Disse!ination and
pro!otion !aterials
are available and
used by the end of
year +, do!estically
and overseas.
- Pro!ote and attract joint
invest!ent opportunities for
aquaculture activities throuhout
Pa*istan ,see AP& A.1.+ to A.1.7.,
includin trout culture
develop!ent in ';FP.
- /aunch publicity ca!pain
throuh !edia ,e.. 3J, radio and
"#", printed !aterials. to attract
local investors.
H9
PO 1A.( Encourage the production o& aquatic species able to compete on domestic and international
mar6ets
APO People &
Partnerships
imel
ine
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
1A.1
.1
Lpriority #1M2 $nhance
private sector-led
production of seed and
row-out activities for
freshwater prawns,
catfish and sna*ehead.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
research orani@ations,
PA0), "#$DA, private
sector, #inistry of
)o!!erce
1-6
years
Private
sector,
#I'FA/,
Provincial/Are
as and
federal
overn!ents,
AD%, FA&,
F'DP, PA0),
P"F
&ne pilot overn!ent
hatchery ,de!onstration.
of catfish, freshwater
prawns and sna*ehead is
established in each BP9
at the end of year 1.
Private sector upta*e
fro! year 1 onwards.
)o!!ercial production
,row-out operations. of
value fish ,catfish,
sna*ehead. is initiated
on a sustainable basis by
the private sector at the
end of year 1.
Investiate and develop
environ!entally sustainable
production technoloies for
catfish, sna*ehead and fresh
water prawn.
A networ* for disse!ination of
quality broodstoc* to
aquaculture !ay be developed
to ensure availability of quality
broodstoc* to private sector
hatcheries.
1A.1
.+
Lpriority #2M2 Allow
priority conversion of
waste lands ,saline,
water-loed. for
aquaculture activities.
PA0), Pa*istan Ato!ic
$nery, Forein donor
aencies,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
private sector, %&0,
Irriation depts
1-1>
years
)IDA, DFID,
A)IA0,
AF"AID,
PA0), AD%,
P"DP, private
sector,
Provincial/Are
as Fisheries
Depts.
+6I of feasible
aquaculture sites of
water loed and saline
areas of Pa*istan are
brouht under fish
culture and prawn
culture at the end of year
1>.
An investiatory service !ay
be established to identify
feasible waste land sites.
1A.1
.1
Prepare a !anae!ent
plan for aquaculture
develop!ent on waste
lands ,saline and water-
loed..
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries and
Ariculture Depts,
Irriation Depts., %&0,
I;#I, FA&, PA0)
1-1
years
Federal,
Provincial/Are
as and district
overn!ents,
Provincial/Are
as Fisheries
Depts,
Irriation
Depts.,
forein donor
aencies
A short and lon ter!
plan for aquaculture use
of waste lands is
for!ulated by the end of
year 1.
H@
1A.1
.4
$ncourae increased
production of hihly
de!anded and hih
value fish for the
do!estic and
international !ar*ets,
and focus on the
propaation of
threatened species with
potential for
aquaculture.
PA0), P"F, "#$DA,
private sector,
acade!ia
,universities.,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, $D%,
FA&, IF)'
1-6
years
(&P F3F,
PA0), P"F,
"#$DA,
private
sector, Biher
$ducation
)o!!ission
,universities.,
Provincial/Are
as Fisheries
Depts, $D%,
forein
donors,
#I'FA/
0esearch-based results
are available for
interestin fish culturists
at the end of year 1.
"pecies !ay include trout and
catfish and indienous
freshwater species of hih
value such as #ahsheer,
"her!anhi, "oul and "anhari.
)lose lin*s with research
institutions to ensure that
applied research findins
benefit fish far!ers are
established.
Feed for fish feed production is
available on a co!!ercial
basis. Inputs are available on
co!!ercial basis as well as
fish seed and fertili@ers.
HC
PO 1A.+: Ensure that environmental concerns are &ull* ta6en into account in inland aquaculture
development
APO People &
Partnerships
imel
ine
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
1A.4
.1
$stablish and enforce
uidelines and
standards reardin the
treat!ent of
aquaculture pond
effluents prior to release
in the environ!ent.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
#I'FA/, $PAs, /aw
#inistry, Parlia!ent,
FA&, #&$
+-1
years
Federal and
Provincial/Are
as
overn!ents,
$PA, AD%,
FA&
'$K" ,'ational
$nviron!ental Kuality
"tandards. specific to
aquaculture are
developed by the end of
year +. /eislative
a!end!ents in the
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries &rdinance Act
are !ade by the end of
year +.
FA& uidelines for responsible
aquaculture are followed.
"o!e lessons !ay be learnt
under %est Practice #anuals to
be developed under the F3F.
1A.4
.+
Pro!ote the adoption of
!easures to prevent
da!ae to aquatic
biodiversity by pollution
and environ!ental
deradation.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
#I'FA/, $PAs, /aw
#inistry, Parlia!ent,
F'$P, FA&, private
sector, #&$
1-1
years
Federal and
Provincial/Are
as
overn!ents,
$PAs, AD%,
FA&, '(&s,
private sector
Awareness prora!!es
about '$Ks are
i!ple!ented in all
relevant provinces/areas
by the end year 1, and
'$Ks i!ple!ented by
the end of year 1.
)o!pensation fro! #inistry of
the $nviron!ent and $PAs for
stoppae of activity under
ha@ardous conditions !ay be
considered.
1A.4
.1
Provide inputs in the
desin indicators for
!onitorin pollution in
water bodies.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, $PAs,
#I'FA/, '(&s, F'$P,
FA&, universities and
research institutions,
#&$
1-1
years
Federal and
Provincial/Are
as
overn!ents,
$PAs, AD%,
FA&, '(&s,
universities
and research
institutions
Fisheries interests are
reflected in pollution
!onitorin indicators.
Desined indicators are
available for !onitorin
by the end of year 1.
1A.4
.4
)a!pain for industrial
and do!estic effluents
in the vicinity of
aquaculture operations
to be treated to
!ini!i@e neative
i!pacts on aquaculture
operations.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, $PAs,
#I'FA/, law
enforce!ent aencies
,police., industrialists,
private fish far!ers,
'(&s, #&$
1-6
years
$PA, DoFs,
private fish
far!ersG
associations
0epresentation is !ade
by the Fisheries Depts to
other relevant !inistries
and depart!ents.
%y i!ple!entin the above
three AP&s, this AP& will be
i!ple!ented instru!entally.
HE
HF
ST&ATE() A*IS +B Sustainable evelopment of coastal a$uaculture prouction
PO 1/.1 8evelop high potential 4ones &or coastal aquaculture development
APO People &
Partnerships
imelin
e
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
1%.1.1 Produce !aps of hih
potential @ones ,BP9. at
Provincial/Areas and
district levels and hihliht
the O !ost i!portant
@ones in the country.
"FPA0)&, %&0,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
district overn!ent,
"urvey of Pa*istan
1-+
years
Donors, federal
and Provincial/
Areas
overn!ents
Preparation of BP9
!aps of :arachi,
3hatta, %adin in
"indh, and /asbella
and (wader in
%alochistan are
co!pleted by the end
of year +.
An appropriate
nu!ber of hih
priority @ones are
areed by the end of
year +.
1%.1.+ Direct e5ternal/internal
invest!ent in priority
towards these @ones? with
services and inputs
provided in priority within
the @ones.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, local
overn!ents, %&0,
private enterprises,
forein investors,
"#$DA, %&I
+-1>
years
,continu
ous.
Private sector
includin joint
ventures,
ban*s and DFIs
0eular/annual
invest!ents
increases are
e5perienced in BP9.
'etwor* of services and
input providers is created
in BP9. 3o facilitate
investors, overn!ent
specialists should be
assined to BP9 in priority
on a reular rotation ,up to
6 years..
1%.1.1 /obby to ensure that non-
aquaculture develop!ental
activities ,especially
infrastructure. in BP9
!a*e provision for
aquaculture activities.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts and
other infrastructure-
related line
!inistries, Provincial/
Areas Ariculture and
Forests Depts, %&0,
donor aencies, 'I&,
Barbour Depart!ent
in #oD, :arachi
Fniversity Dept of
&ceanoraphy
+-1>
years
,continu
ous.
Federal and
Provincial/Area
s overn!ents
Fisheries sectorGs
views are !ade
*nown to appropriate
#inistries/Depart!en
ts involved with non-
aquaculture
develop!ent
activities.
Any develop!ent project
ta*in place in BP9 should
see* views of the
Provincial/Areas Fisheries
Depts.
HG
PO 1/.% Attract private sector investment in coastal aquaculture production (including seed"&ingerlings2
&eed and gro'-out)
APO People &
Partnerships
imeline !unding argets"#ndica
tors
$omments
1%.+.
1
Lpriority #1M Facilitate
the lease of land for fish
far!in under /and
/ease Policy alon the
coast.
%&0, Provincial/
Areas Fisheries
Depts, private
sector, %&I
I!!edia
te
Provincial/Area
s overn!ents
At least 1>,>>>
hectares of land
are allocated to
aquaculture.
Detailed survey of the potential areas for
land lease to be done in priority.
1%.+.
+
Lpriority #2M Provide
appropriate financial
incentives

to attract the
private sector in
production of feed and
seed/finerlins, and
!anufacturin of fish
drus and !edicines.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
;APDA, )%0,
private sector,
ban*s and DFIs,
"%P, %&I
1-6 years Federal
overn!ent
,)%0, ;APDA
etc..
+> private
hatcheries and
1> private feed
!ills at end of
year 6 are
established.
Financial incentives are to be neotiated
with relevant depart!ents and !ay
include2
- provision of low interest rate loans ,+I.
to acquire aquaculture inputs ,seed,
!edicines, feed., with a period of race
of up to two years and a recovery period
e5tended to ten years.
- inco!e ta5 e5e!ption for a period of 1>
years for fish producers ,hatchery, feed
and row-out operations..
- develop!ent of insurance sche!es
tareted at fish far!ers.
- installation of tube wells and other
hatchery-related equip!ent at subsidised
rates.
- reservation of a few bulldo@ers for the
fisheries and aquaculture sectors, and
hirin or purchase of bulldo@ers, tractors
and other far! !achinery at subsidised
rates.
- provision of subsidi@ed fuel and
electricity rates by ;APDA, and
preferential rates for the installation of
new electricity lines and transfor!ers.
- restore sinle-phase electricity
connection provided by ;APDA.
1%.+.
1
$stablish a reistration
syste! for fish far!s at
Provincial/Areas level.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
%ureau of
1 year
,continuo
us after.
Provincial/Area
s overn!ents
0eistration of
fish far!s is
!andatory by
0eistration will help control theft,
!onitor far! develop!ent and
environ!ental i!pacts, !ar*etin, and
HH
"tatistics,
private sector
end of year 1. collect statistical infor!ation.
1%.+.
4
;idely publici@e
nationally and
internationally the
potential for coastal
aquaculture
develop!ent in
Pa*istan.
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
#inistry of
)o!!erce,
$D%, %&I, P"IA,
#inistry of
Forein Affairs,
#inistry of
Infor!ation
1-+ years
,continuo
us after.
Federal
overn!ent,
private sector
Disse!ination
and pro!otion
!aterials are
available and
used by the end
of year +,
do!estically and
overseas.
Develop!ent of websites and airin of 3J
and radio prora!s.
Initiatives !ay included for e5a!ple2
- Pro!ote and attract joint invest!ent
opportunities in the for! of joint-ventures
between forein and local
investors/related industries for coastal
aquaculture develop!ent ,see AP&
A.1.+..
- /aunch publicity ca!pain throuh
!edia ,e.. 3J, radio and "#", printed
!aterials. to attract local investors.
1II
APO People &
Partnerships
imelin
e
!unding argets"#ndicator
s
$omments
1%.+.
6
Pro!ote
environ!entally-friendly
private sector and '(&
upta*e of culture of
finfish in caes, crab
and other lucrative
species in BP9.
"indh and
%alochistan
fisheries dept,
'(&s, private
sector, %)DA,
")DA, 'I&,
#FA, Forest
Depts
+-4 years Provincial/Area
s overn!ent,
private sector,
ban*s and
DFIs, donor
aencies ,AD%,
$F. ")DA,
'(&s ,;;F
etc..
At least 1> cae
culture, < crab
culture and + other
lucrative species
operations are
established by end
of year +.
$nviron!entally-friendly ,!anrove-
friendly. !ethods of culture shall be
pro!oted.
PO 1/.( !acilitate the establishment o& the culture o& shrimp2 &in&ish and mud crab in coastal areas o&
,indh and /alochistan
APO People &
Partnerships
imeline !unding argets"#ndicator
s
$omments
1%.1
.1
LpriorityM2 Assess,
reactivate and !aintain
facilities at (arho in
"indh for trainin and
de!onstration purposes
,de!onstration and pilot
activities..
"indh Fisheries
Dept, ")DA,
#I'FA/
I!!ediat
e
"indh
overn!ent,
federal
overn!ent
donor aencies
,AD%., ")DA
(arho facility will be
operational by end
year 1.
DAquaculture and shri!p far!inE
project under #I'FA/ is already
prepared and includes reactivation of
(arho and other facilities.
1%.1
.+
$stablish
environ!entally-friendly
de!onstration pilot-scale
shri!p far!in
operations in %alochistan
,in identified BP9..
%FD, %)DA,
'I&, Forest
Dept, #I'FA/,
"#$DA,
/asbella
Fniversity,
#FD, private
sector
1-1 years Federal and
Provincial/Area
s overn!ents,
donor aencies
$stablish!ent of
first !odel far! on
%alochistan coast
by end of year +.
DAquaculture and shri!p far!inE
project under #I'FA/ also has a
co!ponent for this purpose. Another
project by %)DA is bein sub!itted
for fundin.
1I1
PO 1/.+ Ensure that environmental concerns are &ull* ta6en into account in coastal aquaculture
developments
APO People &
Partnerships
imelin
e
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
1%.4
.1
LpriorityM2 (uarantee the
protection of protected and
replanted !anroves of
coastal areas fro!
aquaculture operations.
Forest Depts, %)DA,
local overn!ents,
'(&s,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
")DA, ;;F, IF)',
$PAs, private
sector.
I!!edi
ate
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
Forein donor
aencies and
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents
#anrove cover will be
increased.
#anrove will provide
!ore feedin and
breedin rounds for fish
and shellfish in cree*s
1%.4
.+
Develop and enforce
!easures to prevent
da!ae to aquatic
biodiversity by pollution
and environ!ental
deradation due to
aquaculture operations.
Forest Depts, %)DA,
local overn!ents,
'(&s,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
")DA, ;;F, IF)',
$PAs, private sector
1-+
years
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents,
F'$P, F3F
0ules, uidelines and
standards for best
aquaculture practices
prepared, notified and
i!ple!ented by end of
year 1.
"tandards reardin the
treat!ent of pond
effluents prior to release
in the environ!ent will
be included. "urveillance
to be done by Fisheries
Depts in collaboration
with $PAs.
1%.4
.1
$stablish a reular
prora!!e for !onitorin
of pollution in coastal
waters.
$PAs,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
#FD, 'I&
+-6
years
F'$P,
Provincial/Areas
and Federal
overn!ents
'$K" for aquaculture
effluents to be
developed by the end of
year 1.#onitorin
prora!!e to be
established by the end
of year +.
1%.4
.4
/obby to ensure that no
untreated industrial and
do!estic effluents are
released in BP9
,prevention of neative
i!pacts on aquaculture
activities..
$PAs, private
industries, local
overn!ents,
Provincial/Areas
Industries Depts,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
1-6
years
F'$P, Federal,
Provincial/Areas
and local
overn!ents,
F'ID&, industries
and industries
associations.
0epresentation is !ade
by fisheries interests to
polluters and relevant
overn!ent bodies
about i!pacts of
pollution on aquaculture
production.
Provision of treat!ent
plants for industrial and
do!estic effluent before
release into surroundin
environ!ent is
necessary.
/eal issues to support
this AP& need to be
investiated.
1%.4
.6
$nsure that international
uidelines reardin the
sustainable collection of
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
FA&, #FD, private
1 year
,continu
ous
Provincial/Areas
and Federal
overn!ents, FA&,
(uidelines are
i!ple!ented by the
end of year 1.
(uidelines include2
- )odes of Practice for
0esponsible "hri!p
1I2
wild shri!p larvae and
!anae!ent of
environ!entally-friendly
shri!p far!in operations
are followed.
sector after. donor aencies,
'(&s
Far!in. (lobal
Aquaculture Alliance,
1===
,www.aalliance.or/cod
e.ht!l..
- 3he International
Principles for 0esponsible
"hri!p Far!in. ;orld
%an*, 'A)A, ;;F, FA&,
F'$P, (PA, +>>7
,www.enaca.or/shri!p.
1%.4
.7
$nsure that 0a!sar sites
located in the Indus Delta
and other coastal areas
are not affected by coastal
aquaculture develop!ents.
Private sector, $PAs,
;;F, IF)',
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
Provincial/Areas
Forest Depts,
9ooloical "urvey
Dept.
I!!edi
ate
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents,
'(&s.
0a!sar sites protected
fro! aquaculture
activities and their bio-
diversity !aintained.
1I9
ST&ATE() A*IS ,A Sustainable increase in marine capture fisheries prouction
PO %A.1 3ehabilitate habitats damaged b* pollution and environmental degradation
APO People &
Partnerships
imel
ine
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
+A.1
.1
LpriorityM2 )onserve,
replant and i!prove
!anae!ent of
!anroves in coastal
areas to protect fish
breedin rounds.
Provincial/Areas Forest
and Fisheries Depts,
'(&s, )%&s, ;;F,
IF)', :P3, PKA, ")DA,
%)DA
+-1>
years
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
(overn!ents, F'$P,
($F, '$AP, donors
aencies
About 6>,>>> ha of
deraded !anrove forest
are rehabilitated by the
end of year 1>.
Fish breedin rounds are
restored by the end of
year 1>.
Fse of #PAs should be
considered.
"upportive leislation
!ay be enacted.
+A.1
.+
)ontribute to the
establish!ent of
uidelines and
processes for
providin
co!pensation by
polluters to those
affected by pollution
based on the polluters
pay principle.
$PAs, /aw Depts and
District (overn!ents,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
Industries associations,
%)DA, ")DA
1-6
years
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents,
)leaner Protection
Institutes ,)PI.,
F'$P, Industries
associations, private
industries
Input provided by fisheries
sector to establish!ent of
uidelines and processes.
Assu!es that principle
of polluter pays is
accepted
+A.1
.1
/obby to ensure that
industrial waste and
do!estic sewae is
treated prior to
release into !arine
environ!ents.
$PAs, federal,
Provincial/Areas and
district overn!ents,
industries associations,
'(&s, Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, %)DA,
")DA, port and harbour
authorities
1-1>
years
District
overn!ents, donor
aencies ,AI)A,
F'$P., trade and
Industries
associations, private
industries, port and
harbour authorities
0epresentation !ade by
fisheries interests.
"i!ilar to AP& 1%.4.4
with specific reference
to !arine capture
fisheries.
/eal issues
surroundin this AP&
need to be
investiated.
+A.1
.4
Assess, !itiate and
control environ!ental
deradation and
pollution on coastal
habitats fro!
aquaculture.
$PAs, acade!ia, '(&s,
'I&, #FD, ;;F, IF)',
9"D, (DA, :P3, PKA,
Barbour authorities
1-6
years
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents, donor
aencies, ($F, )IDA,
F'$P
Assess!ent report of hih
priority areas for the
i!ple!entation of
deradation and pollution
!itiation !easures is
ready by the end of year +.
#itiation !easures are in
place by the end of year 1.
3he establish!ent of a
)oastal and #arine
;ater #onitorin Fnit
under "indh and
%alochistan $PAs
should be considered.
3he assess!ent !ay
be co!!issioned to a
1I@
private consultancy if
appropriate.
+A.1
.6
$nforce aquaculture
and fisheries-related
pollution control
leislation in coastal
areas.
$PAs, /aw Depart!ents
and District
(overn!ents,
Industries associations,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, %)DA,
")DA, port and harbour
authorities
1-6
years
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents, "'$
Activation and
establish!ent
environ!ental tribunals by
the end of year +.
;here necessary, new
leislation should be
established by the end of
year +, and enacted
afterwards.
Pollution control and
enforce!ent !ay be
placed under the
authority of the
proposed )oastal and
#arine #onitorin Fnit
,see AP& +A.1.4., in
partnership with
environ!ental
tribunals.
1IC
%A.% $ontrol over-e5ploitation o& marine &isheries resources
APO People &
Partnerships
imeline !unding argets"#ndicators $omments
+A.+
.1
LpriorityM2 )ontrol
illeal, unreported and
unreulated ,IFF.
fishin in coastal and
offshore waters.
#FD,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
%)DA, #"A, #FD,
F)", FA&, /aw
Depts, 'I&
1-6
years,
continuo
us
thereafte
r
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents,
"'$
)ontrol on IFF is effective by the
end of year 6. 3he nu!ber of
IFF-related offences is reduced
by 6>I by the end of year 6.
)ontrol on IFF fishin
should include control
on poachin by "indh-
based fishin trawlers
and purse seiners
,P*atraG or PwireG boats.
in coastal areas of
%alochistan.
+A.+
.+
$stablish uidelines
and pro!ote the use of
environ!entally
responsible fishin
practices ,followin
internationally-
established codes and
standards..
#FD,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
%)DA, '(&s,
)%&s, ;;F, PFF,
FA&, 'I&
1-6 years Federal and
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents,
FA&, '(&s,
donor aencies
(uidelines are prepared by the
end of year +.
I!ple!entation is effective by
the end of year 1.
<> I of fisher!en adopt
co!pliant fishin !ethods by
the end of year 6.
)o!!unity de!and
for restrictin use of
so!e nets/!ethods in
particular areas ,li*e
use of !onofila!ent
net in (wader area
and restriction on use
of Pthu*riG in Pasni.
!ay be supported.
I!ple!entation of
3$Ds !ay be ensured.
+A.+
.1
)ontrol fleet si@e and
fishin capacity.
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
FA&, F)", PFF,
/aw Depart!ents,
#"A
1-< years Federal and
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents
"hri!pin fleet is reduced to
7>> units by the end of year 4.
Fishin capacity is reduced by
the end of year < ,e5act
!easure of capacity used to be
areed..
+A.+
.4
)reate an e5clusion
@one for deepsea
trawlers in coastal
waters.
#I'FA/, #FD,
#"A, F)", PFF,
FA&
1-+ years Federal and
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents
$5clusion @one is created and
enforced by the end of year +.
Fisher!en are
de!andin the
e5clusion @one to be
between 1+ and +>
nautical !iles.
+A.+
.6
I!ple!ent a seasonal
ban on catchin shri!p
in coastal areas of
%alochistan durin the
!onths of #ay, Aune
and Auly.
%alochistan
Fisheries Dept,
%)DA, Fisher!en
associations, /aw
Depart!ents
1 year,
continuo
us
thereafte
r
(overn!ent of
%alochistan
%an i!ple!ented by the end of
year 1.
Increase in landins of
shri!p catch fro!
%alochistan is
e5pected as a
consequence of the
!easure.
1IE
1IF
%A.( Promote sustainable management o& marine aquatic resources
APO People & Partnerships imelin
e
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
+A.1
.1
)onduct resource
surveys, species stoc*
assess!ents in !arine
,coastal and off-shore.
waters.
#FD, %alochistan and
"indh Fisheries Depts,
'I&, acade!ia, FA&,
%)DA, ")DA, fisher!en,
co!!unities
1-1
years
,reular
thereaft
er.
Federal and
Provincial/Area
s overn!ents,
FA&,
international
donors
,'&0AD, "FD.
First stoc* assess!ent
survey is co!pleted by the
end of year +.
Nearly !onitorin is
continued afterward with
reular assess!ent of *ey
species !ade periodically.
+A.1
.+
Deter!ine and reulate
opti!al harvestin levels
in !arine waters.
#FD, %alochistan and
"indh Fisheries Depts,
%)DA, ")DA, acade!ia,
PFF, F)", fisher!en, FA&
+-6
years,
continu
ous
thereaft
er
Federal and
Provincial/Area
s overn!ents
"ustainable harvestin
levels are deter!ined by
the end of year + for *ey
species, and fishin efforts
are controlled by year 6.
+A.1
.1
I!prove fisheries law
enforce!ent as well as
!onitorin, control and
surveillance services.
#FD, Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, %)DA,
#"A, FA&
1-+
years
Federal and
Provincial/Area
s overn!ents
Docu!ented #)" stratey
is i!ple!ented and results
in effective #)" by the end
of year +.
Increase I of cases to
court resultin in
successful prosecution is
observed.
Assistance of !odern
technoloies should
be used wherever
possible and
appropriate.
+A.1
.4
Adopt and i!ple!ent
FA& )ode of )onduct for
0esponsible Fisheries
,))0F. and related
uidelines includin the
ecosyste!s-based
approach to fisheries
!anae!ent.
#FD, Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, F)", PFF,
fisher!en and their
associations, FA&,
'A)A/"30$A#
1-1
years
Federal and
Provincial/Area
s overn!ents,
FA&, forein
donor aencies
0eport on co!pliance with
FA& uidelines for
responsible fisheries and
ecosyste! approaches is
available by the end of
year +.
Infor!ation related
to the ))0F and
uidelines should be
!ade available in
local lanuae and
disse!inated to *ey
proble! areas.
+A.1
.6
Initiate a prora!!e of
awareness raisin
tareted at fishin
co!!unities and the
eneral population about
!arine fish bio-diversity,
natural fisheries
#FD, Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, %)DA,
'(&s, )%&s, ;;F, IF)',
FA&, #inistry of
Infor!ation and
%roadcastin
1-1
years,
continu
ous
thereaft
er
Federal and
Provincial/Area
s overn!ents,
IF)', '(&s,
F'$P
Awareness prora!!e is
prepared by year 1 and
effective by the end of year
+.
3his is related to
AP&s ).+.+ and
+%.1.4.
1IG
environ!ents,
sustainable resource
e5ploitation and
conservation.
+A.1
.7
$stablish artificial reefs
alon "indh and
%alochistan coast.
#FD, %)DA, ")DA,
%alochistan and "indh
Fisheries Depts, Pa*istan
'avy, #"A
1-6
years
Federal and
Provincial/Area
s overn!ents,
")DA, %)DA,
Pa*istan 'avy,
international
donors
+ artificial reefs are
established alon the
%alochistan coast by the
end of year 4 and +
artificial reefs are
established in "indh by the
end of year 6.
1IH
APO People &
Partnerships
imeline !unding argets"#ndicators $omments
+A.1.
8
)ontribute to the
develop!ent and
i!ple!entation of a
plan for the restoration
of the Indus Delta and
associated estuarine
habitats.
")DA,
(overn!ent of
"indh, District
(overn!ents,
'(&s, acade!ia,
I0"A, ;APDA,
$PAs, Federal
(overn!ent, PFF,
IF)', ;;F,
Pa*istan 'etwor*
for 0ivers, Da!s
and People, I;#I,
F'$P
1-1>
years
Federal and
Provincial/Ar
eas
overn!ents
, donors
aencies
,AD%, $F.,
")DA, '(&s
Fisheries sectorGs
inrerests are represented
and its inputs to plan
develop!ent and
i!ple!entation.
#ini!u! quantity of 1> !illion
acre feet is esti!ated to be
needed below :otri %arrae.
/in*s should be !ade to $F-
funded "P0ID$0 project
,"ustainable Prora!!e for
0ehabilitation of Indus Delta $co-
0eion, +>>4-+>>7..
3his plan should be interated
with the I)9# plan developed
under AP& A.6.4.
+A.1.
<
$stablish a syste! of
reular !onitorin of
various habitats alon
the coastline, includin
!anroves, !arine
turtles and other
aquatic biodiversity.
#FD,
Provincial/Areas
Forest, ;ildlife,
and Fisheries
Depts, ;;F,
IF)', ")DA,
%)DA, $PAs
1-1
years,
continuo
us
thereafte
r
Federal and
Provincial/Ar
eas
overn!ents
, donors
aencies,
AD% ")DA,
F'$P
#onitorin syste! is in
place by the end of year
1.
#anroves, !arine turtles and
other i!portant ani!als and plant
needs special attention for illeal
e5ploitation or da!ae.
/eislation enforce!ent and
prevention of illeal e5ploitation of
aquatic resources !ay be
considered under the re!it of the
proposed )oastal and #arine
#onitorin Fnit ,see AP& +A.1.4.,
in partnership with environ!ental
tribunals.
+A.1.
=
)reate awareness
a!on fisher!en on the
environ!ental
deradation and
pollution i!pacts of
activities such as
catchin non-taret
species and fauna,
host fishin discards,
du!pin waste oil and
solid !aterials and bile
cleanin.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
%)DA, ")DA,
'(&s, )%&s,
$PAs, #inistry of
Infor!ation and
%roadcastin
1 year,
continuo
us
thereafte
r
Federal and
Provincial/Ar
eas
overn!ents
, donors
aencies
Prora! for awareness is
initiated by the end of
year +.
6>I reduction in catchin
non-taret species and
fauna, host fishin,
waste du!pin and bile
cleanin is achieved by
the end of year 6.
Infor!ation should be
disse!inated in easily
understandable lanuae and
for!at.
3his is lin*ed to AP& ).+.+.
11I
+A.1.
1>
/obby for a fresh $IA of
construction of #irani
Da! on the !anrove
habitat and associated
ecosyste!s of (water
%ay and Aiwani to be
conducted.
#FD, %alochistan
Fisheries
Depart!ent,
;APDA, ;;F,
IF)', $PAs, 'I&
1 year ;APDA Fisheries sectorGs
interests and concerns
are represented in the
new $IA. #itiation
!easures ta*en by
;APDA are beneficial to
fisheries.
An international consultancy fir!
!ay be hired for the $IA focussin
on i!pacts on !anroves.
+A.1.
11
$stablish protected
areas and !arine par*s
alon the coast.
#FD, #inistry of
$nviron!ent,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
;;F, IF)',
$PA,s, 'I&,
acade!ia, )%&s,
9"D, %)DA,
")DA, '))P, P',
Provincial ;ildfife
Depts of "indh
and %alochistan,
#inistry of /aw
+-6 years Federal and
Provincial/Ar
eas
overn!ents
, donors
aencies
3wo protected areas and
one !arine par* are
established and !anaed
alon the coast of
%alochistan by the end of
year 4.
&ne protected area and
one !arine par* are
established and !anaed
in "indh by end of year 4.
About 11 #PAs are already
identified in Pa*istan. 3hese
should be declared as #PAs
throuh notification and
leislation. Astola Island can be
declared as a protected area in
%alochistan. &ther areas are to be
identified throuh detailed
studies.
+A.1.
1+
Pro!ote reduction of
non-taret catch and
habitat destruction by
fishin and propose
reco!!endations for
!ini!isin i!pacts.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
#FD, $PAs, %)DA,
")DA, private
sector ,fishin
vessels.
1-6 years Federal and
Provincial/Ar
eas
overn!ents
, donors
aencies
0eport, includin
reco!!endations, on
non-taret catch and
habitat i!pacts is
produced by the end of
year +.
'ew by-catch reducin
devices are installed by
the end of year 4.
0esearch on by-catch reducin
devices has to be carried out as a
priority.
(&P has areed to stop trawlin in
coastal and off-shore waters under
the F' (eneral Asse!bly
0esolution.
+A.1.
11
"in up to, and co!ply
with, relevant
international
aree!ents.
#FD, #I'FA/,
FA&, #inistry of
Forein Affairs,
#&$
continuo
us
---- All relevant international
aree!ents are sined by
the end of year +.
)o!pliance with I&3)
resolutions and
reco!!endations is
i!!ediately ensured.
International aree!ents include
IP&As on "eabirds, "har*s,
)apacity and IFF Fishin, and
Aree!ent to Pro!ote
)o!pliance with International
)onservation and #anae!ent
#easures by Fishin Jessels on
the Bih "eas.

111
%A.+ Establish sustainable harvesting and utili4ation o& untapped marine resources
APO People &
Partnerships
imel
ine
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
+A.4
.1
Pro!ote liht
fishin and
jiin for
squids.
#FD, Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, F)",
%)DA, ")DA,
fisher!en.
1-1
years
Federal and
Provincial/Area
s overn!ents,
ban*s and
DFIs, fisher!en
$5peri!ent for liht fishin and
jiin is co!pleted by the end of
year 1.
3he !odification of +>> boats for
liht fishin is co!pleted by the
end of year 1.
/iht fishin and jiin for
squids can be an alternative
for shri!p trawlers. #onitorin
and surveillance prora! for
this fishery should be
established i!!ediately.
"oft loans !ay be provided for
the !odification of fishin
boats throuh ban*s or DFIs.
+A.4
.+
Introduce tuna
lonline fishin
in Pa*istan and
tuna value-
addin
processin.
#FD, Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, F)",
fisher!en, private
processors, $D%,
P"IA, %)DA, ")DA,
I&3)
1-+
years
Federal and
Provincial/Area
s overn!ents,
ban*s and
DFIs,
fisher!en,
private
processors,
$D%, $DF, F3F
$5peri!ent for tuna lon linin by
local boats is co!pleted by the
end of year 1.
#odification of 1>> boats for tuna
fishin is co!pleted by the end of
year +.
Prora!!e for proper utili@ation
of tuna in suitable value-addin
activities is i!ple!ented by the
end of year +.
3una fishin can be an
alternative for shri!p trawlers.
#onitorin and surveillance
prora! for this fishery should
be established i!!ediately.
"oft loans !ay be provided for
the !odification of fishin
boats throuh ban*s or DFIs.
Fe of dolphin-friendly lonlines
should be pro!oted.
+A.4
.1
Introduce trap
fishin for
various
shellfish and
finfish.
#FD, Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, F)",
fisher!en, %)DA,
")DA
1-4
years
Federal and
Provincial/Area
s overn!ents,
ban*s and DFIs
$5peri!ents for trap fishin by
local boats are co!pleted by the
end of year 1.
#odification of 1>> boats for trap
fishin is co!pleted by the end of
year 4.
)rab, lobster and whel* can be
cauht by traps.
#onitorin and surveillance
prora! for this fishery should
be established i!!ediately.
"oft loans !ay be provided for
the !odification of fishin
boats throuh ban*s or DFIs
112
%A.- Promote &isher&ol6s7 sa&et* at sea
APO People & Partnerships imelin
e
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
+A.6
.1
Pro!ote
acquisition and
use of
!ini!u!
safety
equip!ent
onboard of
fishin boats.
F)", boat owners, ##D,
#"A, Pa*istan 'avy, )oast
uards, #FD, %alochistan
and "indh Fisheries Depts,
)%&s
1-1
years
%oat owners,
F)", $D%
,$DF., ban*s
and DFIs, #FD
All operational fishin
boats have !ini!u!
safety equip!ent on
board by the end of year
+.
#andatory trainin for captain
,na*huda. on the use of safety
equip!ent should be provided
by #FD.
Awareness a!on crews of
safety require!ents should be
raised?
+A.6
.+
$5tend sea
search and
rescue facilities
to all fishin
boats alon the
coast of
Pa*istan.
#"A, Pa*istan 'avy, )oast
uards, boat owners, #FD,
%alochistan and "indh
Fisheries Depts, )%&s
1-1
years
F)", boat
owners,
federal and
Provincial/Are
as
overn!ents
1>>I of fishin boats can
benefit fro! rescue
facility coverae by the
end of year 1.
Nearly PdonationsG by
fisher!en towards the
!aintenance of the rescue
facilities could be !ade
%A.. Promote sport &ishing activities in coastal 'aters
APO People & Partnerships imelin
e
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
+A.7
.1
)onstruct a
pier and
harbour
facilities at
(oth #ubbara*
for sport
fisher!en.
)ity District (overn!ent
:arachi ,)D(:., "indh
3ouris! Depart!ent, #FD,
")DA, "indh Fisheries
Depart!ent, sport-
fisher!en orani@ations
1-1
years
)D(:/"indh
3ouris!
Depart!ent,
Provincial/Are
as
overn!ent
Barbour develop!ents at
(oth #ubbara* are
co!pleted by the end of
year 1.
+A.7
.+
Advertise sport
fishin and
oranise
reular
tourna!ents
under
overn!ent
)ity District (overn!ent
:arachi ,)D(:., Federal and
Provincial/Areas 3ouris!
Depts, #FD, sport-fisher!en
orani@ations, "indh and
%alochistan Fisheries Depts,
#inistry of Forein Affairs
1-4
years
)D(:/"indh
3ouris!
Depart!ent,
Provincial/Are
as
overn!ent
A reular publicity
prora!!e for sport-
fishin tourna!ent is in
place by the end of year
4.
#inistry of Forein Affair !ay
publici@e in international
foru!s.
119
supervision.
11@
ST&ATE() A*IS ,B Sustainable increase in inlan capture fisheries prouction
PO %/.1 3ehabilitate inland aquatic habitats damaged b* pollution and environmental degradation
APO People &
Partnerships
imel
ine
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
+%.1
.1
)ontribute to the
!onitorin of
i!pacts of pollution
on water rei!es
and habitats when
these have neative
i!pacts on inland
fisheries, and
suest re!edial
!easures where
necessary.
#inistry of the
$nviron!ent,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, $PAs/
$PDs, Irriation
Depts., '(&s, District
overn!ents,
industrialists, IF)',
fisher!enGs
associations and
co!!unities,
industries
+-6
years
Federal, Provincial/
Areas and district
overn!ents, $PAs/
$PDs, ($F, IF)',
F'$P, industries,
PA0)
Fisheries sector
contribution to
!onitorin is ensured
and fisheries sectorGs
interests are included in
the proposed re!edial
!easures
/in* to AP& +.%.1.+.
+%.1
.+
$stablish
laboratories,
includin !obile
testin units of
water, soil and fish
tissues.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
Irriation Depts.,
fisher!en, industries,
$PAs/$PDs, Bealth
Depts., PA0),
universities
1-1
years
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts.
&ne laboratory in each
district is established by
the end of year 1.
/aboratories !ay be
established in e5istin
hatcheries or
district/Provincial/Areas offices
of Fisheries Depts. /ab testin
should include heavy !etals,
pesticides, poisons and other
to5ins, %&D and )&D. At
present private labs do not
have the capacity to handle
the testin required.
+%.1
.1
)ontribute to
neotiations for the
establish!ent of
plants for the
treat!ent of
industrial waste and
do!estic sewae to
!ini!i@e pollution of
inland aquatic
environ!ents and
e5ternalities to other
;A"A, Public Bealth
$nineerin Depts.,
Irriation Depts.,
industrialists, P)"I0,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, $PAs/
$PDs
1-1>
years
Federal, Provincial/
Areas and district
overn!ents,
Public Bealth
enineerin depts,
private sector, AD%,
;orld %an*, F'$P,
($F, other donors
as appropriate.
0epresentations !ade in
neotiations
"o!e bench!ar* for sewae
treat!ent dependin on city
si@e has to be established.
11C
users.
11E
APO People & Partnerships imeli
ne
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
+%.1
.4
/obby for the
i!ple!entation of
the e5istin law on
pollution control
and enforce!ent of
pollution controls in
inland water bodies
in all provinces.
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
$PAs/$PDs, Fisheries
Depts, Public Bealth
$nineerin Depts,
Irriation Depts,
$nviron!ental courts and
tribunals, law
enforce!ent aencies
,police., industrialists,
shri!p far!ers, %&0
1 year
,onoi
n
after.
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
$PAs/$PDs,
Police ,Bo!e
Depts., Public
Prosecution
Depts
Fisheries sectorGs
interests are
represented in relevant
#inistries/Depart!ents.
6>I decrease in the
nu!ber of violations by
the end of year +.
1>>I law enforce!ent
by the end of year 6.
All '$K" are
i!ple!ented by the end
of year 6.
3his concerns in particular the
te5tile and other pollutin
industries.
0esources !ust be
safeuarded aainst pollution
throuh effective leislation
and the i!ple!entation of
co!pensation !easures ,e..
ta5es. to those affected by
pollution and environ!ental
deradation based on the
Dpolluter pays principleE for
pollutin industries, includin
shri!p far!ers.
3he polluter pays principle was
a *ey notion of the 0io
Declaration ,1==+. and
established that the polluter
should! in principle! "ear the
cost of pollution. ,c.f. AP&
+A.1.+..
+%.1
.6
/obby for a ban on
use of polythene
bas.
(eneral public,
$PAs/$PDs, ;A"A, Public
Beath $nineerin Depts,
Provincial/Areas Fisheries
Depts, Irriation Depts.,
!edia ,print and
electronic., polythene
ba !anufacturers,
$nviron!ental courts and
tribunals, law
enforce!ent aencies
,police..
1-6
years
$PAs/$PDs,
;A"A, Irriation
Depts,
!anufacturers
6>I reduction in use
and disposal of
polythene bas by the
end year 1.
I!pacts of polythen
bas on inland fisheries
are reduced.
0aise awareness on the
proble!s they cause when
disposed in water ways and
water bodies.
&nly bioderadable bas
should be used.
+%.1
.7
(ive law
enforce!ent
powers to Fisheries
Depart!ent
#FD, Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Dept, /aw Dept,
Parlia!ent.
1-+
years
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts
Powers deleated to
Fisheries Dept officials
by the end of year +.
Fisheries Dept officials
Provision of unifor! and vans
ensured with loistic support
provided
11F
officials with reard
to pollution control
and equip the!
with !odern
technoloies.
are equipped with
technoloy and loistics
by the end of year +.
11G
%/.% $ontrol over-e5ploitation o& inland &isheries resources
APO People & Partnerships imelin
e
!unding argets"#ndicat
ors
$omments
+%.+
.1
#a*e concerted efforts to
enforce the prevention of all
for!s of Illeal, Fnreported
and Fnreulated ,IFF. fishin
in inland water bodies.
Provincial/Areas Fisheries
Depts, ;APDA, Irriation
Depts, Fisher!en and
fisher!enGs orani@ations,
FA&, district overn!ents.
1 year
,onoin
after.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
;APDA, FA&, IF)',
district
overn!ents
6> I reduction of
IFF fishin is
achieved by the
end of year 1.
$stablish and
enforce a ban on
usin s!all-!esh
nets for catchin
under-si@ed fish and
seed fro! natural
water bodies for
aquaculture and
other uses.
I!ple!ent selective
fishin ear on
boats.
Pro!ote the use of
sil* nets a!on
fisher!en and
phase out nylon
nets.
+%.+
.+
)onduct resource surveys,
and species stoc*
assess!ents in inland waters.
Provincial/Areas Fisheries
Depts, 9ooloical "urvey of
Pa*istan, Irriation Depts,
;APDA, PA0), universities,
fishin co!!unities
1-6
years
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
PA0), universities,
AD%, ;orld %an*,
)o!!on ;ealth,
FA&, ($F, )IDA,
AI)A, 'A)A
+6I of inland
waters are
surveyed and
database is
established by
the end of year 6.
+%.+
.1
"et catch li!its in freshwater
bodies based on #"N.
Provincial/Areas Fisheries
Depts, district overn!ents,
fisher!en and contractors,
PA0), universities, ;APDA
+-1 year Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
district
overn!ents, PA0),
universities, ;APDA
#"N is esti!ated
for +6I of all
provinces water
bodies and
!ini!u! catch
li!its are
established
accordinly by
the end of year 1.
Data for #"N
esti!ates needs to
be available.
+%.+
.4
Prepare and i!ple!ent a
plan for the !anae!ent and
sustainable e5ploitation of
FA&, Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, PA0),
universities, fisher!en and
+-6
years
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents, PA0),
+ !anae!ent
plans developed
and i!ple!ented
$5ternal donor
assistance is
required.
11H
each national water body
based on the FA& )ode of
)onduct for 0esponsible
Fisheries ,))0F. and related
uidelines.
fishin co!!unities, '(&s,
'A)A, ;APDA, Irriation
Depts.
universities, FA&,
forein donors,
F'DP
each year for all
provinces/areas.
In each successive
year, each province
would prepare +
!anae!ent plans
,coverin different
species or *ey water
bodies. thereby
proressively
increasin the total
Iof fishereis bein
!anaed by such
plans.
+%.+
.6
I!ple!ent control !easures
fro! outlet canals to prevent
fish fro! escapin and
increase productivity of
canals.
Provincial/Areas Fisheries
Depts, Irriation Depts,
fisher!en, ;APDA
+-6
years
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
Irriation Depts,
;APDA
1>I of the canals
are equipped with
control !easures
by the end of
year 6.
"tudy feasibility of
control !easures
fro! out-let canals
so that water flow
!ay not be
decreased.
12I
%/.( Promote sustainable management o& inland aquatic resources
APO People & Partnerships imeline !unding argets"#ndicat
ors
$omments
+%.1.1 #onitor the spread and
i!pact of introduced and
transplanted such as 3ilapia
and )hadu ,an indienous
species. on indienous
species, and of invasive
plant species such as
#al$inia molesta on inland
water bodies.
Provincial/Areas fisheries
depts., PA0), universities,
IF)', FA&, ;APDA
+-6 years IF)', ;;F,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
PA0), universities,
FA&
I!pact of two
e5otic species is
studied in each
province by year
6.
#al$inia molesta
proble! on
:eenjher /a*e in
"indh.
+%.1.+ Pro!ote the use of
environ!entally-friendly
bioloical, che!ical and
!echanical !ethods to
control the spread of
invasive, non-indienous
species.
Provincial/Areas Fisheries
Depts, PA0), universities,
fishin co!!unities, '(&s,
;APDA, FA&, #inistry of
the $nviron!ent
1-6 years Federal #inistry of
the $nviron!ent,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
PA0), '(&s, )IDA,
DFID, ($F, F'$P,
AD%, ;orld %an*
"pread of e5otic
species brouht
under control by
the end of year 6.
%ioloical controls
used !ust be
indienous species.
0esearch will be
needed in this area.
+%.1.1 I!ple!ent ecosyste!s-
based approaches to inland
fisheries !anae!ent when
and where practically
possible.
Provincial/Areas Fisheries
Dept, #inistry of the
$nviron!ent, $PAs/$PDs,
;APDA, Irriation Dept,
fisher!en co!!unities,
fisher!en, '(&s, FA&,
PA0), 9ooloical "urvey of
Pa*istan
6-1>
years
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents,
'(&s, forein
donors ,FA&Q, )IDA,
AI)A, DFID, AD%,
;orld %an*, Isla!ic
Develop!ent %an*.,
PA0)
Fisheries
ecosyste!-based
plan is prepared
and i!ple!ented
by the end of
year 1.
#anae!ent of the
water bodies is
under the
responsibility of
established
fisher!enGs
associations/ fishin
co!!unities.
+%.1.4 Initiate a prora!!e of
awareness-raisin tareted
at the eneral population
and at fishin co!!unities
about freshwater fish bio-
diversity, natural fisheries
environ!ents and
sustainable resource
develop!ent.
Provincial/Areas Fisheries
Depts, '(&s, district
overn!ents, FA3A,
Fisheries "ociety of
Pa*istan, 9ooloical "urvey
of Pa*istan, #inistry of
Infor!ation.
1-1>
years
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents,
'(&s, forein
donors ,FA&, AD%.
Awareness-
raisin !aterials
prepared and
used in all
provinces/areas
by the end of
year 6.
3his is related to
AP& ).+.+ and
+A.1.6..
+%.1.6 0estoc* freshwater bodies
with seeds/finerlins of
co!!ercially-i!portant
Provincial/Areas Fisheries
Depts, private sector,
fisher!en co!!unities,
1-6
years,
Federal,
Provincial/Areas and
district
Infrastructures for
seed production
available and
Purchasin fish seed
fro! private
hatcheries !ust be
121
carp species. '(&s, ;APDA, PA0) overn!ents, FA3A functional by the
end of year 1 for
restoc*in
purposes only.
Fish seed
stoc*in
prora!!e
initiated by year
4.
considered.
$nsure that
scientific protocols
of restoc*in are
followed to
restore/enhance
bio-diversity.
I!portant
instru!ent for
!aintainin
ecosyste!s.
3his requires
bac*round
research on
appropriate
strateies and
ecosyste! status.
122
APO People & Partnership imeline !unding argets"#ndicat
ors
$omments
+%.1.7 $stablish fish sanctuaries in
all provinces for
endanered species.
Provincial/Areas Fisheries
Depts, fisher!en
co!!unities, fisher!en,
Irriation Depts, Provincial/
Areas ;ildlife Depts,
3ouris! Depts, ;;F, IF)',
FA&
1-6 years FA&,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
District
overn!ents,
'(&s, forein
donors, IF)'
At least 4 or 6
new fish
sanctuaries are
established in
each provinces at
the end year 6.
Poc*ets of 0iver
"wat and 0iver
:unhar for the
fisheries of the cold
reion of ';FP !ay
be considered.
%alochistan !ay be
an e5ception as
only one or two
areas !ay be
suitable for fish
sanctuaries.
+%.1.8 Declare @ones up to 1 *!
up and downstrea! of
headwor*s
4
and barraes
as reserved areas for fish
breedin and survival.
Irriation depart!ent,
Provincial/Areas Fisheries
Depts, fisher!en, fish
contractors, '(&s
1-1 year Provincial/Areas
overn!ents, fish
contractors, '(&s
'on-fishin
protected @ones
are declared at
all barraes by
the end of year 1.
+%.1.< $stablish a reistration
syste! for all fisherfol*s.
Provincial/Areas Fisheries
Depts, fisher!en
co!!unities and
fisher!en orani@ations,
district overn!ents, %&0,
)%0
1-+ years Provincial/Areas
D&Fs and district
overn!ents
A directory of
reistered
fisher!en is
available by the
end of year +.
@
7nder e.isting laws, fishing is not allowed 1II % u- and downstrea% of headworks and barrages$
129
%/.+ Establish sustainable e5ploitation o& untapped inland resources
APO People &
Partnerships
imelin
e
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
+%.4.1 $nsure that hatcheries
in all provinces
enhance biodiversity
throuh the production
of fish seed of local
species, such as
#ahaseer, "her !ahi,
"oul, "inahri, :haa,
#alli.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
district
overn!ent,
fisher!en
co!!unities,
PA0), universities
1-6
years
Provincial/Areas
D&Fs, PA0),
universities, forein
donors ,research
support.
Fish seed of catfish
species is available for
stoc*in in national
water bodies by the
end of year 6.
Involve!ent of the private
sector should be pro!oted
and will be possible as fish
seed beco!es available for
culture of these species.
+%.4.+ "toc* finerlins of
local species in natural
water bodies.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
district
overn!ent,
fisher!en
co!!unities,
PA0), universities
6-1>
years
Provincial/Areas
D&Fs
6>I of natural water
bodies are stoc*ed
with the seed of local
catfish species at the
end of year 1>.
Batchery seed production will
be increased to rehabilitate
stoc*s in all national water
bodies, includin so!e of the
areas previously nelected
such as Ba!al and (haibee
Dero /a*e and la*es of
/ar*ana District.
Prior assess!ent of
environ!ents is required
before restoc*in
prora!!e. 3his is
co!ple!ented by AP&
+%.1.6.
+%.4.1 Investiate the
potential to enhance
cold-water fisheries.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
district
overn!ent,
fisher!en
co!!unities,
PA0), universities
+-6
years
Provincial/Areas
D&Fs, PA0),
universities, forein
donors ,research
support.
Potential for cold-
water fisheries is
established at the end
of year 6.
12@
%/.- Promote sport &ishing activities in inland 'aters
APO Plan Ob)ectives People &
Partnerships
imeline !unding argets"#ndic
ators
$omments
+%.6.
1
Dedicate water
bodies to sport
fishin activities.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
District overn!ents,
Provincial/Areas Dept
of 3ouris!,
Infor!ation
depart!ent, sport
fishin associations,
private sector
+-6 years 3ouris!
depart!ent,
Provincial/Areas and
district
overn!ents,
private sector.
At least one
water body in
each district is
ear!ar*ed for
sport fishin.
3ouris! depart!ent and line
depart!ents to coordinate with
private sector for pro!otion of
fishin sports. 3hese water
bodies will properly stoc*ed by
the Fisheries Depart!ent.
;ater bodies for sports fishin
identified? provision of facilities
at the identified bodies?
pro!otion of sports fishin
activities throuh the touris!
depart!ent? private sector
actively involved for
establish!ent of facilities at
identified sites? annual sportin
events at the national level for
pro!otion of sports fishin.
+%.6.
+
0ationalise the cost
of license fees and
establish a fool-proof
syste! of collection
of license fees.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
District overn!ent,
Provincial/Areas
Finance Dept, sport
fishin associations,
sport fisher!en
1-+ year Provincial/Areas
Finance Dept.
)ost of license
is reduced by
6>I and 1>>I
collection is
achieved by
the end of year
+.
+%.6.
1
Advertise sport
fishin and oranise
reular tourna!ents
under overn!ent
supervision.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
3ouris! Depts,
Infor!ation Dept,
sport fishin
associations, sport
fisher!en, district
overn!ents,
!edia/press
1-+ years Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
district
overn!ents,
3ouris! Dept, sport
fishin associations
"port fishin
co!petitions
are advertised
and orani@ed
in all provinces
by year 1.
+%.6.
4
%an the use of fish
seed as bait for sport
fishin.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
district overn!ents,
+ years Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts
9ero use of fish
seed as bait by
the end of year
/eislation to i!pose and
enforce the ban needs to be
updated.
12C
sport fishin
associations, sport
fisher!en, /aw Dept
,Parlia!ent.
1.
12E
ST&ATE() A*IS - &esolving post-harvest issues
PO (.1 #mprove the handling and preservation o& &ish and aquatic products
AP
O
People &
Partnerships
imeline !unding argets"#ndicators $omments
1.1
.1
LpriorityM2 )reate auction and
!ar*et centres for inland and
!arine fish products, at
!ajor inland fisheries centres
,at district level. and fishin
harbours respectively.
Fish harbour
authorities, district
overn!ents,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts
1-6 years Federal,
Provincial/Are
as, district
overn!ents,
donor
aencies
,AD%, ;orld
%an*.
An auction centre is created
at each !ajor fish !ar*etin
area ,R1 tonne per day in
the season.? !ar*ets are
created in each population
centre of !ore than 1>>,>>>
by the end of year 6.
"ee* Provincial/Areas
overn!entsG inputs.
"tron de!and !ar*et/
auction facilities at
Dera #urad Aa!ali.
1.1
.+
%uild landin facilities alon
the coast and construct
landin jetties at !ajor inland
fish landin areas and at
other !ajor freshwater fish
producin water bodies.
Federal, Provincial/
Areas and district
overn!ents,
%)DA, ")DA,
3ouris! Depts,
#inistry of Ports
and "hippin
1-8 years Federal and
Provincial/Are
as
overn!ent,
donor
aencies
,AD%, Isla!ic
Develop!ent
%an*, ;orld
%an*, $F.
Due considereation is iven
to suested sites.
/andin facilities and jetties
are available at all
suested sites of the coast
by the end of year 8 by the
end of year 8.
"ee* Provincial/Areas
overn!entsG inputs for
Punjab. "uested sites
are :eti %undar, "hah
%undar, (oth #ubbara*
and "onara ,"indh
coast.? (addani, Da!b,
:und #alir, &r!ara,
:al!at, "ur, (wader
,;est %ay.? Phushu*an,
(an@, (oth #ubarra*,
Aiwani, :appar, "hu!al
%undar and )hur
,%alochistan coast. and
at )hash!a %arrae,
:eenjhar /a*e, #anchar
/a*e, 3arbala Da! and
others.
1.1
.1
I!prove e5istin harbour
facilities, includin reular
dredin and e5pansion.
Fish harbour
authorities, district
overn!ents, #P",
:P3
I!!ediat
e, 1-1
years
Federal,
Provincial/Are
as and district
overn!ents,
and donor
aencies
I!proved facilities are
available at :arachi,
:orani, (wader, Ibrahi!
0ehri and Pasni Fish
harbours by the end of year
1.
In consultation with
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents.
1.1
.4
$stablish pre-processin
industries ,peelin sheds. in
Provincial/Areas
overn!ent of
I!!ediat
e, 1-1
(overn!ent
of "indh,
A !ini!u! of 16>t per day
per unit are processed by
12F
:arachi. "indh, F)", :FBA,
#FD, %IF)", $D%

years $5port
Pro!otion
%ureau, $DF
the end of year 1.
12G
AP
O
People &
Partnerships
imeline !unding argets"#ndicators $omments
1.1.
6
Assist in installation of quality
ice !a*in !achines on
board of fishin vessels and
refrieration syste!s on
board of fishin boats
involved in loner fishin
operations.
F)", boat owners,
#FD, "#$DA,
1-6 years %an*s and
DFIs
#achines/syste!s are
installed on 1,>>> boats by
the end of year +, andon all
boats by the end of year 6
,and syste!atically
afterwards..
Federal overn!ent
has a de!onstration
project in place? soft
loans should be
provided to boat
owners to purchase
equip!ent.
1.1.
7
Install quality ice !a*in
plants and cold storae
facilities at all !ajor fish
harbours.
#FD, :FBA, PFBA,
:&FBA and other
harbour
authorities, %)DA
1-1 years %an*s and
DFIs
1 ice plant of +>> t/day
capacity is available at each
!ajor fish harbour.
1 cold storae of 1>> t
capacity is available at the
end of year 1.
Final aree!ent on
daily capacity to be
based on further
analysis of vessel and
post harvest
require!ents.
1.1.
8
Facilitate the acquisition and
uprade of fish holds for
larer boats and insulated
bo5es on s!aller boats.
F)", boat owners,
#FD, "#$DA
1- years %an*s and
DFIs
+,6>> boats per year are
equipped with fish holdes or
insulated bo5es by the end
of year 1.
1.1.
<
)reate/i!prove quality
control in the landin
centres, includin pro!otin
the use of fish crates and
insulated bo5es.
#FD, harbour
authorities, F)",
%)DA, ")DA, %FD
1-1 years Federal and
Provincial/Are
as
overn!ents,
$P%, F)"
0outine inspections for
quality control are carried
out.
1>,>>> S 16,>>> bo5es of
8>-1>> litre-capacity are
used daily by the end of
year 1.
Inspections !andatory
under the law.
1.1.
=
Attract private invest!ent in
buildin and e5pansion of
storae facilities at
inland/coastal landin
centers and near !ar*et
centers.
Private sector,
harbour
authorities, district
overn!ents,
#FD, %)DA, ")DA,
"#$DA
1-6 years Private sector )old storae units e5ist in
!ajor landin facilities /
sites by the end of year 8.
Barbour authorities at
local overn!ent
should ensure to
prioritise provision of
required utilities
facilities.
1.1.
1>
Allow for the duty free i!port
of equip!ent ,fish bo5es,
reefer vans etc...
)entral %oard of
0evenue,
$nineerin
Develop!ent
%oard, federal and
Provincial/Areas
1-+ years --- 3a5 e5e!ption is available
within sector by year +.
/eal issues and
i!plications should be
e5a!ined in view of
;3& aree!ents.
12H
Fisheries Depts,
1.1.
11
$nsure adequate supply of
potable water to landin
centres, especially to :arachi
Fish Barbour.
:FBA and other
rharbour
authorities,
Provincial/Areas
level water boards,
irriation
depart!ents
1-1 years Barbour
authorities,
federal and
Provincial/Are
as
overn!ents,
$D% throuh
$DF
Availability of potable water
at all landin centres by
year 6.
Possibility of supply of
water bein provided
throuh desalination
should be e5a!ined.
19I
(.% Add value (trans&ormation"processing) to aquatic products
APO People &
Partnerships
imeli
ne
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
1.+.1 I!prove by-catch utili@ation. #FD, P)"I0,
private sector
1-6
years
P"I, PA0),
ban*s and DFIs
6>I of by catch is
converted into new
products by the end
of year 6.
1.+.+ Pro!ote the establish!ent of
private value-addin processin
facilities.
#FD,
Provincial/Areas
and Federal
Fisheries Depts,
private sector,
"#$DA
1-4
years
%an*s and DFIs Processin facilities
e5ist in all !ajor
landin facilities /
sites by the end of
year 6.
3his should be de!and-
driven.
Jalue addition trout
processin in "wat should
be considered.
1.+.1 $stablish de!onstration
facilities for value addition and
i!proved processin.
#FD and
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts
+-1
years
De!o facilities for
value addition are
established at all
four e5istin
fisheries trainin
centres and the
trainin courses are
conducted by the
end of year +.
1.+.4 0aise awareness about s!all-
scale fish processin !ethods.
Federal, Provincial/
Areas and district
overn!ents
1-+
years
Provincial/Areas
and federal
overn!ents
$asily accessible
printed and other
infor!ation is
available in all BP9s
by the end of year
1.
(.( #mprove transportation o& aquatic products
APO People &
Partnerships
imeli
ne
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
1.1.1 Pro!ote the use of insulated
bo5es and refrierated carriers
throuh provision of soft loans
fro! ban*s and FDIs.
Fish traders and
fish transporters,
Provincial/Areas
and Federal
Fisheries Depts,
1-1
years
%an*s, DFIs,
)iti@en
)o!!unity
%oards in
district
1>>I of fish is
transported in
insulated or
refrierated carriers
by the end of year 6
/eislation for !andatory
transportation of fish in
insulated bo5es and
refrierated carriers needs
to be enacted. A syste! of
191
ban*s and DFIs overn!ents rental of refrierated vans
throuh fisher!en and fish
far!ersG associations and
cooperative societies !ay
be e5a!ined.
1.1.+ /obby for the construction and
i!prove!ent of road lin*s fro!
harbours and landin centres to
the coastal hihway and urban
centres.
/ocal
overn!ents,
Provincial/Areas
%uildin and 0oad
Depts, #inistry of
)o!!unications
,Federal., 'BA,
%)DA, ")DA
6 years Federal and
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents,
donor aencies
,AD%.
0epresentationsare
!ade to appropriate
Depart!ents/#inistr
ies
Priority should be iven to
upradin and
rehabilitatin roads leadin
to :&FB ,:orani Fishin
Barbour..
&!an overn!ent is
providin fundin for
construction of roads in
%alochistan.
192
(.+ #mprove commercialisation o& aquatic products
APO People &
Partnerships
imeli
ne
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
1.4.1 I!prove hyiene conditions in
all fish !ar*ets.
/ocal overn!ents,
Fish Barbour
Authorities, F)",
3raders associations,
#inistry of Bealth
+-1
years
/ocal
overn!ent
and Fish
harbour
authorities.
A notable decline in
fish rejected/unsold
in !ar*ets because
of poor quality is
observed by the end
of year 1.
Facilities !ay include
toilets, runnin water and
fish stalls at low rental.
1.4.+ 0eview the leislation
pertainin to the catchin
and sale of fish durin the
!onths of Auly and Auust.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts and
local overn!ents,
fish traders
associations
1 year /aw is reviewed and
a!ended if
appropriate.
"ale of far! fish year
round !ay be e5a!ined.
199
(.- #mprove access o& aquatic products to international mar6ets
APO Plan Ob)ectives People &
Partnerships
imeli
ne
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
1.6.1 Fpdate fish quality control laws
to ensure co!pliance with those
of i!portin countries as well as
ensure co!pliance of
co!!odities with
internationally-reconised
standards of food safety and
trade ,e.. ;3& aree!ents,
)&D$O Ali!entarius..
#FD,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
P"IA, #inistry of /aw
1-+
years
F'ID&,
Fisheries
Depts
'ational law is
har!oni@ed by the end
of year +.
For BA))P,
aquaculture products
!ay be considered for
inclusion in the
leislation.
1.6.+ Address co!prehensively
quality issues and establish
quality assurance prora!!es
,e.. BA))P. for freshwater and
!arine fisheries and
aquaculture products.
Processors, #FD,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
Pa*istan "!all
Industries
Association ,P"IA.,
$PD
+-1
years
Processors,
#FD, Fisheries
DeptsG own
resources
Kuality control
prora!!es are in place
and )o!petent Authority
wor*in effectively by
the end of year 1.
1.6.4 $valuate the i!pact of ;3& and
30IP rei!es on fishin, and
aquaculture industries.
#inistry of
)o!!erce, #I'FA/,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, fish
traders associations
and far!ers, #inistry
of /aw, Intellectual
Property
&rani@ation, PA0)
1 year Federal
overn!ent,
#I'FA/
"tudy is co!pleted by
!id-+>>8.
1.6.6 Increase the nu!ber of e5port
points.
)%0, #inistry of
)o!!erce, #FD,
)AA
1-4
years
#I'FA/ 'u!ber of direct e5port
points is increased to 1>
by the end of year 4.
Priority should be
iven for direct e5port
fro! (wader on the
Pa*istan/Iran border.
1.6.7 $stablish a fish e5port
processin @one at all !ajor fish
harbours.
#inistry of
)o!!erce, #FD,
P"IA, fish traders
associations, $P9A,
#&I
+-6
years
Federal
overn!ent,
$D%,
$P9 is established at
:arachi, :orani, Pasni
and (wader by the end
of year 6.
19@
APO Plan Ob)ectives People &
Partnerships
imeli
ne
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
1.6.8 )reate a separate section/unit
under the $5port Develop!ent
%oard dealin specifically with
fisheries and aquatic products.
#inistry of
)o!!erce and $D%,
#FD,
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
#I'FA/, e5porters,
FA&
+
years
Federal
overn!ent,
#inistry of
)o!!erce
and $DP%
A separate section/unit
for fisheries and aquatic
products is created
under $D% by the end of
year +.
3he e5a!ple of the
Indian #P$DA ,#arine
Products $5port
Develop!ent
Authority. created to
ive full attention to
fish e5port and related
!atters, !ay be iven
so!e
consideration.3his
PcellG would coordinate
the efforts and
activities of fish
producers, processors
and e5porters,
facilitate e5port
procedures, !onitor
and disse!inate
infor!ation on
onoin international
develop!ents in trade
and associated
reulatory
fra!ewor*s, and
provide infor!ation to
the co!!ercial
counsellors of Pa*istan
$!bassies around the
world.
1.6.< Provide specific credit sche!es
to processors to facilitate
co!pliance with national and
international quality control
require!ents.
P"IA, P)"KA, #FD +-1
years
%an*s and
DFIs,
)redit line for this
purpose is established
by the end of year + and
funds are disbursed by
the end of year 1.
1.6.= Draw on lessons fro! e5istin
non-fisheries initiatives and the
)orporate "ocial 0esponsibility
F)", local
overn!ents,
federal,
1-1
years
International
donor
aencies,
"tudy is co!pleted and
reco!!endations are
adopted for the
19C
,)"0. aenda in identifyin
ways to !ini!i@e the potential
!arinalisation of the poor
throuh !itiatin !easures.
Provincial/Areas and
local overn!ents,
Fisheries Depts
Provincial/Area
s overn!ents
better!ent of poor
people by the end of
year 1.
19E
(.. #mprove dissemination o& mar6et and product in&ormation
AP
O
People and
Partnerships
imelin
e
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
1.7.
1
LpriorityM #onitor the effects
of carp i!ports on prices
and !ar*etin.
Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts, #FD,
#I'FA/
I!!edi
ate
Fisheries
DeptsG own
resources
"tudy is co!pleted by
end of year 1.
)onsu!ption
preferences for carps
should be ta*en into
account.
1.7.
+
Fse !ost appropriate
technoloy to reach
producers/traders with
!ar*et infor!ation.
Ariculture #ar*etin
)o!!ittee at District
level, local
overn!ents, Provincial/
Areas Fisheries Depts,
Provincial/Areas
Ariculture #ar*etin
Depts, Ariculture
#ar*etin and (radin
Dept.
1-+
years
Federal,
Provincial/Area
s and local
overn!ents.
3he price of fish is
disse!inated daily.
3he price of fish
should be included
a!on the price list of
aricultural
co!!odities issued on
a daily basis by the
Ariculture #ar*etin
)o!!ittee at the
District level
Appropriate
technoloy !ay
include radio,
television, !obile
phones and co!puters
,web-based
infor!ation..
1.7.
1
Identify international !ar*et
niches for captured and
cultured aquatic products.
$D% ,proposed Fish
$5port )ell., P"IA
1 year
,reular
updates
afterwar
ds.
$D%, F3F 'ew !ar*et niches are
identified by the end of
year 1.
Kuantitative taret
should be defined by
proposed F3F study.
1.7.
4
Develop a syste! of
!ini!u! price for fish and
aquatic products on the
!odel of other !ajor
aricultural co!!odities
,e.. cotton, wheat, !utton
and chic*en..
#ar*etin co!!ittees,
district overn!ents,
fish tradersG
associations, Provincial/
Areas ariculture
!ar*etin depart!ent,
1 year
then
reular
activity
/ocal
overn!ent
#ini!u! price syste! is
established by end of
year +.
#odalities related to
the application of price
support !easures
need to be further
discussed.
1.7.
6
#onitor consu!ersG fish
preferences, and provide
subsequent advice on
i!proved !ar*etin, !ar*et
0esearch institutions
such as PA0), P$0I, $P%,
proposed fish e5port
cell, business and
Initiated
within
one
year
F3F, Federal,
Provincial/Area
s, and local
overn!ents,
)onsu!er preference
studies are co!pleted
by the end of year 1 and
updated reularly.
19F
se!entation, buyer
require!ents, and other
characteristics of potential
!ar*ets.
econo!ic research
institutes
then
reular
activity
fish far!ersG
and processorsG
associations
19G
AP
O
People &
Partnerships
imeli
ne
!unding argets"#ndicators $omments
1.7.
7
Investiate the potential for
alternative low-price fish
products for do!estic
!ar*ets.
#FD, Provincial/Areas
Fisheries Depts,
PA0), P"IA0, and
other research
institutions
+ years P"F, PA0) and other
Pa*istani fundin
aencies
Potential alternatives
are identified by year +.
Include s!all-si@ed
fish a!on the
species considered.
1.7.
8
$nhance the reputation of
aquatic products of Pa*istan
oriin on international
!ar*ets.
#inistry of
)o!!erce, $D%,
#inistry of Forein
Affairs, #inistries of
Industry and 3rade
I!!edi
ate
#inistry of
)o!!erce, Forein
&ffice, e!bassies,
#I'FA/, #inistry of
Industry, 3rade and
"pecial Initiatives
Increase in requests for
infor!ation is observed.
"eafood shows, and
other !ar*et
pro!otional tools
identified by proposed
F3F study, are
attended.
1.7.
<
(enerically advertise the
health benefits of fish
consu!ption.
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
#inistry of Bealth,
#inistry of $ducation
and #I'FA/
I!!edi
ate and
reular
activity
Federal and
Provincial/Areas
overn!ents
Do!estic !ar*et
pro!otion tools are
used reularly fro!
year + onwards.
19H