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You are on page 1of 8

FINAL EXAMINATION

COURSE

COURSE CODE

EXAMINATION

TIME

ENGINEERING PHYSICS II

ENG012

APRIL 2006

3 HOURS

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

1. This question paper consists of SIX (6) questions.

2. Answer FOUR (4) questions only. Start each answer on a new page.

3. Do not bring any material into the examination room unless permission is given by the

invigilator.

4. Please check to make sure that this examination pack consists of:

i) the Question Paper

ii) a one-page Appendix 1 - List of Constants

iii) an Answer Booklet - provided by the Faculty

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO

This examination paper consists of 7 printed pages

Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL

CONFIDENTIAL EH/APR 2006/ENG012

QUESTION 1

a) An alpha particle (charge = +2.0e) is sent at high speed toward a gold nucleus

(charge = +79e). What is the electrical force acting on the alpha particle when it is

2.0 x 10~

14

m from the gold nucleus?

(4 marks)

b) An ion accelerated through a potential difference of 115 V experiences an increase

in kinetic energy of 7.37 * 10 J. Calculate the charge on the ion.

(4 marks)

c) Find the equivalent capacitance between points a and b for the group of capacitors

connected as shown in Figure 1 if d = 5.00 uF, C

2

= 10.0 uF, and C

3

= 2.00 uF.

c,

1 "~

C

2

=

1

I I

c.

"~~l

;Cs

c

2

I I

1

C

2

FIGURE 1

(8 marks)

d) Positive charges are situated at three corners of a rectangle, as shown in Figure 2.

Find the electric field at the fourth corner at point A.

6.00 nC

0.200 m

^0.600 m

3.00 nC 5.00 nC

FIGURE 2

(9 marks)

Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA

CONFIDENTIAL

CONFIDENTIAL EH/APR 2006/ENG012

QUESTION 2

a) A point charge of +5.00 uC is located at the center of a sphere with a radius of 12.0

cm. Determine the electric flux through the surface of the sphere.

(4 marks)

b) A potential difference of 12 V is found to produce a current of 0.40 A in a 3.2-m

length of wire with a uniform radius of 0.40 cm. What is the resistance of the wire

and the resistivity of the wire?

(4 marks)

c) What is the required resistance of an immersion heater that will increase the

temperature of 1.50 kg of water from 10.0C to 50.0C in 10.0 min while operating at

120V?

(8 marks)

d) The ammeter shown in Figure 3 reads 2.00 A. Find /i, /

2

, and e.

1 5.0V

,\

"I

7.00ft

vw-

5.00ft

W\r-

2.00ft

wv-

FIGURE 3

(9 marks)

QUESTION 3

a) A flat surface having an area of 3.2 m

2

is rotated in a uniform electric field of

magnitude E = 6.2 x 10

5

N/C. Determine the electric flux through this area

(i) when the electric field is perpendicular to the surface and

(ii) when the electric field is parallel to the surface.

(4 marks)

b) The half-life of

131

I is 8.04 days.

(i) Calculate the decay constant for this isotope.

(ii) Find the number of

131

I nuclei necessary to produce a sample with an activity

of 0.50 juCi.

(4 marks)

Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA

CONFIDENTIAL

CONFIDENTIAL 4 EH/APR 2006/ENG012

c) Two parallel plates, each of area 2.00 cm

2

, are separated by 2.00 mm with purified

nonconducting water between them. A voltage of 6.00 V is applied between the

plates. Calculate

(i) the magnitude of the electric field between the plates,

(ii) the charge stored on each plate, and

(iii) the charge stored on each plate if the water is removed and replaced with air.

(8 marks)

d) Two 1.50-V batterieswith their positive terminals in the same direction are inserted

in series into the barrel of a flashlight. One battery has an internal resistance of

0.255 Q, the other an internal resistance of 0.153 Q. When the switch is closed, a

current of 0.600 A passes through the lamp.

(i) What is the lamp's resistance?

(ii) What fraction of the power dissipated is dissipated in the batteries?

(9 marks)

QUESTION 4

a) Calculate the minimum wavelength x-ray that can be produced when a target is

struck by an electron that has been accelerated through a potential difference of

15.0kVand100kV.

(4 marks)

b) What current is required in the windings of a long solenoid that has 1 000 turns

uniformly distributed over a length of 0.400 m in order to produce a magnetic field of

magnitude 1.00 * 10~* T at the center of the solenoid?

(4 marks)

c) Determine

(i) the electric field strength at a point 1.00 cm to the left of the middle charge

shown in Figure 4.

(ii) the magnitude and direction of the force on it, if a charge of -2.00 uC is

placed at this point, the magnitude and direction of the force on it?

6.00 ju 1 .50/LtC -2.001*>

3.00cm- *-2.00cm-

FIGURE 4

(8 marks)

Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL

CONFIDENTIAL EH/APR 2006/ENG012

d) Calculate

(iii) the current in the wire if a potential difference of 9.0 V is applied across the

length of the wire. Given the wire is a 34.5-m length of copper wire at 20.0C

has a radius of 0.25 mm.

(iv) The current in the wire if the wire is heated to 30.0C while the 9.0-V potential

difference is maintained.

(9 marks)

QUESTION 5

a) A conductor suspended by two flexible wires as shown in Figure 5 has a mass per

unit length of 0.040 0 kg/m. What current must exist in the conductor for the tension

in the supporting wires to be zero when the magnetic field is 3.60 T into the page?

What is the required direction for the current?

1

X X X

X X X

X

FIGURE 5

(4 marks)

b) A beam of light, traveling in air, strikes the surface of mineral oil at an angle of 23.1

with the normal to the surface. If the light travels at 2.17 = 10

8

m/s through the oil,

what is the angle of refraction?

(4 marks)

c) Capacitors Ci = 6.0 uF and C

2

= 2.0 uF are charged as a parallel combination across

a 250-V battery. The capacitors are disconnected from the battery and from each

other. They are then connected positive plate to negative plate and negative plate to

positive plate. Calculate the resulting charge on each capacitor.

(8 marks)

Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA

CONFIDENTIAL

CONFIDENTIAL EH/APR 2006/EN6012

d) Calculate

(i) the equivalent resistance between points a and b in Figure 6.

(ii) the current in each resistor if a potential difference of 34.0 V is applied

between points a and b.

7.00ft

4.00

FIGURE 6

(9 marks)

QUESTION 6

a) The first atomic bomb released an energy equivalent to 20 kilotons of TNT. If 1 ton

of TNT releases about 4.0 x 10

9

J, how much uranium was fissioned in this bomb?

Assume 208 MeV released per fission. Given atomic mass of Uranium is 235 gmol"

1

.

(4 marks)

b) A step-up transformer is designed to have an output voltage of 2 200 V (rms) when

the primary is connected across a 110-V (rms) source,

(i) If there are 80 turns on the primary winding, how many turns are required on

the secondary?

(ii) If a load resistor across the secondary draws a current of 1.5 A, what is the

current in the primary, assuming ideal conditions?

(4 marks)

c) A toaster rated at 1 050 W operates on a 120-V household circuit and has a 4.00-m

length of nichrome wire as its heating element. The operating temperature of this

element is 320C. What is the cross-sectional area of the wire?

(8 marks)

Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA

CONFIDENTIAL

CONFIDENTIAL EH/APR 2006/ENG012

d) Below questions is refered to Figure 7:

(i) Find the equivalent resistance of the circuit.

(ii) If the total power supplied to the circuit is 4.00 W, find the emf of the battery.

10.0ft

FIGURE 7

(9 marks)

END OF QUESTION PAPER

Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA

CONFIDENTIAL

CONFIDENTIAL APPENDIX 1 EH/APR 2006/ENG012

LIST OF CONSTANTS

No.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

Constant

Coulomb Constant

Electron charge magnitude

Permittivity of free space

Permeability of free space

Resistivity for Copper

Temperature Coefficient of

Resistivity for Copper

Resistivity for Nichrome

Temperature Coefficient of

Resistivity for Nichrome

Planck's Constant

Light velocity

Avogadro's No.

Mass of electron

Mass of proton

Mass of neutron

Symbol

k

e

e

0

Mo

Pcu

a

C

u

PNichrome

O- Nichrome

h

c

N

A

m

e

m

p

M

n

Value

8.99 X10

9

N. m

2

/C

2

1. 6X10'

19

C

8.85 X10'

12

C

2

/N. m

2

1.26X10'

6

T.m.A

1.7X1Q-

8

Q.m

3. 9X1Q-

3

C-

1

150X10'

8

Q.m

0.4 X1CT

3

CT

1

6.63 X10'

34

J.s

3.0 X10'

8

ms-

1

6.023 X10

23

mor

1

9.11X10'

31

kg

1.67X10'

27

kg

1.67X10'

27

kg

i Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA

CONFIDENTIAL

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