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CONFIDENTIAL EH/APR 2006/ENG012

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA


FINAL EXAMINATION
COURSE
COURSE CODE
EXAMINATION
TIME
ENGINEERING PHYSICS II
ENG012
APRIL 2006
3 HOURS
INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES
1. This question paper consists of SIX (6) questions.
2. Answer FOUR (4) questions only. Start each answer on a new page.
3. Do not bring any material into the examination room unless permission is given by the
invigilator.
4. Please check to make sure that this examination pack consists of:
i) the Question Paper
ii) a one-page Appendix 1 - List of Constants
iii) an Answer Booklet - provided by the Faculty
DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO
This examination paper consists of 7 printed pages
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CONFIDENTIAL EH/APR 2006/ENG012
QUESTION 1
a) An alpha particle (charge = +2.0e) is sent at high speed toward a gold nucleus
(charge = +79e). What is the electrical force acting on the alpha particle when it is
2.0 x 10~
14
m from the gold nucleus?
(4 marks)
b) An ion accelerated through a potential difference of 115 V experiences an increase
in kinetic energy of 7.37 * 10 J. Calculate the charge on the ion.
(4 marks)
c) Find the equivalent capacitance between points a and b for the group of capacitors
connected as shown in Figure 1 if d = 5.00 uF, C
2
= 10.0 uF, and C
3
= 2.00 uF.
c,
1 "~
C
2
=
1
I I
c.
"~~l
;Cs
c
2
I I
1
C
2
FIGURE 1
(8 marks)
d) Positive charges are situated at three corners of a rectangle, as shown in Figure 2.
Find the electric field at the fourth corner at point A.
6.00 nC
0.200 m
^0.600 m
3.00 nC 5.00 nC
FIGURE 2
(9 marks)
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QUESTION 2
a) A point charge of +5.00 uC is located at the center of a sphere with a radius of 12.0
cm. Determine the electric flux through the surface of the sphere.
(4 marks)
b) A potential difference of 12 V is found to produce a current of 0.40 A in a 3.2-m
length of wire with a uniform radius of 0.40 cm. What is the resistance of the wire
and the resistivity of the wire?
(4 marks)
c) What is the required resistance of an immersion heater that will increase the
temperature of 1.50 kg of water from 10.0C to 50.0C in 10.0 min while operating at
120V?
(8 marks)
d) The ammeter shown in Figure 3 reads 2.00 A. Find /i, /
2
, and e.
1 5.0V
,\
"I
7.00ft
vw-
5.00ft
W\r-
2.00ft
wv-
FIGURE 3
(9 marks)
QUESTION 3
a) A flat surface having an area of 3.2 m
2
is rotated in a uniform electric field of
magnitude E = 6.2 x 10
5
N/C. Determine the electric flux through this area
(i) when the electric field is perpendicular to the surface and
(ii) when the electric field is parallel to the surface.
(4 marks)
b) The half-life of
131
I is 8.04 days.
(i) Calculate the decay constant for this isotope.
(ii) Find the number of
131
I nuclei necessary to produce a sample with an activity
of 0.50 juCi.
(4 marks)
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CONFIDENTIAL 4 EH/APR 2006/ENG012
c) Two parallel plates, each of area 2.00 cm
2
, are separated by 2.00 mm with purified
nonconducting water between them. A voltage of 6.00 V is applied between the
plates. Calculate
(i) the magnitude of the electric field between the plates,
(ii) the charge stored on each plate, and
(iii) the charge stored on each plate if the water is removed and replaced with air.
(8 marks)
d) Two 1.50-V batterieswith their positive terminals in the same direction are inserted
in series into the barrel of a flashlight. One battery has an internal resistance of
0.255 Q, the other an internal resistance of 0.153 Q. When the switch is closed, a
current of 0.600 A passes through the lamp.
(i) What is the lamp's resistance?
(ii) What fraction of the power dissipated is dissipated in the batteries?
(9 marks)
QUESTION 4
a) Calculate the minimum wavelength x-ray that can be produced when a target is
struck by an electron that has been accelerated through a potential difference of
15.0kVand100kV.
(4 marks)
b) What current is required in the windings of a long solenoid that has 1 000 turns
uniformly distributed over a length of 0.400 m in order to produce a magnetic field of
magnitude 1.00 * 10~* T at the center of the solenoid?
(4 marks)
c) Determine
(i) the electric field strength at a point 1.00 cm to the left of the middle charge
shown in Figure 4.
(ii) the magnitude and direction of the force on it, if a charge of -2.00 uC is
placed at this point, the magnitude and direction of the force on it?
6.00 ju 1 .50/LtC -2.001*>
3.00cm- *-2.00cm-
FIGURE 4
(8 marks)
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d) Calculate
(iii) the current in the wire if a potential difference of 9.0 V is applied across the
length of the wire. Given the wire is a 34.5-m length of copper wire at 20.0C
has a radius of 0.25 mm.
(iv) The current in the wire if the wire is heated to 30.0C while the 9.0-V potential
difference is maintained.
(9 marks)
QUESTION 5
a) A conductor suspended by two flexible wires as shown in Figure 5 has a mass per
unit length of 0.040 0 kg/m. What current must exist in the conductor for the tension
in the supporting wires to be zero when the magnetic field is 3.60 T into the page?
What is the required direction for the current?
1
X X X
X X X
X
FIGURE 5
(4 marks)
b) A beam of light, traveling in air, strikes the surface of mineral oil at an angle of 23.1
with the normal to the surface. If the light travels at 2.17 = 10
8
m/s through the oil,
what is the angle of refraction?
(4 marks)
c) Capacitors Ci = 6.0 uF and C
2
= 2.0 uF are charged as a parallel combination across
a 250-V battery. The capacitors are disconnected from the battery and from each
other. They are then connected positive plate to negative plate and negative plate to
positive plate. Calculate the resulting charge on each capacitor.
(8 marks)
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d) Calculate
(i) the equivalent resistance between points a and b in Figure 6.
(ii) the current in each resistor if a potential difference of 34.0 V is applied
between points a and b.
7.00ft
4.00
FIGURE 6
(9 marks)
QUESTION 6
a) The first atomic bomb released an energy equivalent to 20 kilotons of TNT. If 1 ton
of TNT releases about 4.0 x 10
9
J, how much uranium was fissioned in this bomb?
Assume 208 MeV released per fission. Given atomic mass of Uranium is 235 gmol"
1
.
(4 marks)
b) A step-up transformer is designed to have an output voltage of 2 200 V (rms) when
the primary is connected across a 110-V (rms) source,
(i) If there are 80 turns on the primary winding, how many turns are required on
the secondary?
(ii) If a load resistor across the secondary draws a current of 1.5 A, what is the
current in the primary, assuming ideal conditions?
(4 marks)
c) A toaster rated at 1 050 W operates on a 120-V household circuit and has a 4.00-m
length of nichrome wire as its heating element. The operating temperature of this
element is 320C. What is the cross-sectional area of the wire?
(8 marks)
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CONFIDENTIAL EH/APR 2006/ENG012
d) Below questions is refered to Figure 7:
(i) Find the equivalent resistance of the circuit.
(ii) If the total power supplied to the circuit is 4.00 W, find the emf of the battery.
10.0ft
FIGURE 7
(9 marks)
END OF QUESTION PAPER
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CONFIDENTIAL APPENDIX 1 EH/APR 2006/ENG012
LIST OF CONSTANTS
No.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Constant
Coulomb Constant
Electron charge magnitude
Permittivity of free space
Permeability of free space
Resistivity for Copper
Temperature Coefficient of
Resistivity for Copper
Resistivity for Nichrome
Temperature Coefficient of
Resistivity for Nichrome
Planck's Constant
Light velocity
Avogadro's No.
Mass of electron
Mass of proton
Mass of neutron
Symbol
k
e
e
0
Mo
Pcu
a
C
u
PNichrome
O- Nichrome
h
c
N
A
m
e
m
p
M
n
Value
8.99 X10
9
N. m
2
/C
2
1. 6X10'
19
C
8.85 X10'
12
C
2
/N. m
2
1.26X10'
6
T.m.A
1.7X1Q-
8
Q.m
3. 9X1Q-
3
C-
1
150X10'
8
Q.m
0.4 X1CT
3
CT
1
6.63 X10'
34
J.s
3.0 X10'
8
ms-
1
6.023 X10
23
mor
1
9.11X10'
31
kg
1.67X10'
27
kg
1.67X10'
27
kg
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