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COMMUNITY WATER SUPPLY


COMMUNITY WATER SUPPLY
&
&
SANITATION PROJECT
SANITATION PROJECT
SRI LANKA
SRI LANKA
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Sri Lanka
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PROFILE OF SRI LANKA
Sri Lanka : An island nation
Land Area : 64,740 sq km
Total population : 20.9 million
Rural population : 16.4 million (78.5%)
24% classified as poor.
Life expectancy : Male 70.1 years
: Female 74.8 years
Literacy Rate : Urban 94.6%, Rural 92.5%
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PROFILE OF SRI LANKA (contd.)
Per capita income $1,540
Mean Rainfall 2,000 mm
Average Temperature 60
o
90
o
F
27% lacks access to safe drinking
water and basic sanitation
MDG target - 100% WSS coverage by
2025
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54% of rural population with no access to
WSS
Vulnerability to waterborne diseases
Heavy expenditure by Government on free
medical care
No involvement of beneficiaries - no
mechanism for O&M in previous attempts
PRE-CWSSP SITUATION
This situation led the government to search
for an alternative approach
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COMMUNITY WATER SUPPLY &
COMMUNITY WATER SUPPLY &
SANITATION PROJECT
SANITATION PROJECT
(CWSSP)
(CWSSP)
SRI LANKA
SRI LANKA
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PROJECT CONCEPTS
People centered
Demand responsive
Community plan, construct,
own and manage
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PROJECT OBJECTIVES
Provide Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation
Facilities
Improve Health Conditions through Hygiene
Education and Practices
Enhance Home and Village Environment
Develop Human Resources and Capacity of
Communities
Alleviate Poverty and Improve the quality of life of
rural and estate communities
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APPROACH & STRATEGIES
Participatory Community Development Approach
Beneficiaries play the lead role in the entire process
of implementation
Beneficiaries share minimum 20% of the capital
cost
Communities plan, construct, own, operate and
manage
Entrust heavy responsibilities to Community Based
Organization (CBO) on trust
Encourage economic, social and cultural activities
apart from WSS
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PROJECT COMPONENTS
Village Water Supply
School Water Supply
Sanitation (Village & School)
Hygiene Awareness
Environmental Conservation
Stakeholder Capacity Building
Estate Sector Program
Diversification of CBO activities
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PROJECT FUNDING

CWSSP I (Pilot)
(US$)
2
nd
CWSSP
(US$)
World Bank (IDA) 12.5 32.8
Government of Sri Lanka 3.4 6.5
Beneficiary Communities 7.4 9.2
Total 23.3 48.5

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GOVERNING PRINCIPLES
Act of Parliament for the provision of
infrastructure facilities including WSS
Direction & Regulation by Rural Water
Supply & Sanitation Division
Rural Water Supply & Sanitation Policy
Supervision by Provincial Councils
MoUs and Agreements
Auditing
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GOVERNANCE AND POLICY REFORMS
Impact on scaling up RWSS
Government commitment to MDGs
Impact of RWSS Policy on other donor agencies and
implementing agencies
Transparency
Equity
Political Will
Sustainable Sanitation
Rural Sanitation Policy
Sanitation Revolving Loan Fund (SRLF) instead of subsidy
culture
Health & Hygiene Education
Home Based Environment
Collaboration with Health & Education Authorities
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INTEGRATED APPROACH - KEY FACTORS
Awareness creation through mobilization
on the inter-linkages among hygiene
education, sanitation and water
Source protection and household level
environment programs
Participatory health monitoring
Involvement of local health staff
Effective coordination at all levels
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SUSTAINABILITY Factors Contributed
Effective / innovative community mobilization
Establishment of CBOs by beneficiaries
Creation of sense of ownership from the inception
Implementation activities backed by Training
Community at the center of decision making
Involvement of experienced NGOs as Partners
CBO capacity building
Women playing lead role
Diversification of CBO activities
CBO prominent partner of local institution network
Insuring CBO assets
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OWNERSHIP ESTABLISHED
Opportunity provided to the Community for:
Water source selection
Decision making on option & service level selection
Cost sharing minimum 20% of capital cost Procurement
& Construction
Scheme O&M including tariff setting
Selection & training care-takers
Formal vesting of ownership of facilities
Recognition by the Govt:& other organizations
Registration with Govt:
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ACHIEVEMENTS (TANGIBLE)
ACHIEVEMENTS (TANGIBLE)
Construction of 3,497 water schemes
Providing drinking water to over 3 million
Construction of 160,000 toilets
Construction of 16,800Rain Water
Harvesting Tanks
WSS for 805 schools
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ACHIEVEMENTS (INTANGIBLE)
ACHIEVEMENTS (INTANGIBLE)
Built:
Self reliance
Self confidence
Cohesiveness
Skills development
Improved managerial expertise
Village leadership built up
Strengthened CBO capacity
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CWSSP
CWSSP
-
-
OVERALL OUTCOME
OVERALL OUTCOME
Improved health condition
Reduced expenditure on medical bills
Enhanced labour productivity
Increased family income
Improved health condition relieved the Government
from a heavy burden of providing free medical care
Rural communities join the mainstream of
development
Transformation of CBOs as Village Development
Centers
Rural Water Supply & Sanitation Policy
National Policy for Rural Sanitation
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The First Community Water Supply
and Sanitation Project (1993-98) has
been rated as the Best Practice and
Well Managed Project by the
World Bank among 200 similar
projects around the World
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Women in Action
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Village Water Supply
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Rain Water Harvesting
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Plantation Sector Water Supply
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Hygiene Education
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School WSS
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Sanitation under SRLF
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Environmental Conservation
Prize Giving Tree Planting in Catchments
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Diversification of CBO Activities
Household Garment products
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Diversification of CBO Activities
Seed Packeting
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Diversification of CBO Activities
Eco Eco friendly Bags friendly Bags Shoe Making
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Cultural / Religious Activities
Children's Drama Cultural Show
Childrens Club Religious Procession
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Opening Ceremony at a Multi-Village Water
Supply Scheme
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Dimbula Pathana Water Scheme - Hatton
Opening Ceremony organized by CBO
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THANK YOU