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CONFIDENTIAL

CONFIDENTIAL
4541/1
Chemistry
Paper 1
September
2014
1 1/4 hour

SIJIL PENDIDIKAN
MAKTAB RENDAH SAINS MARA
2014



CHEMISTRY

Paper 1


One hour and fifteen minutes



DO NOT OPEN THE QUESTION BOOKLET
UNTIL BEING TOLD TO DO SO

1 This question booklet is bilingual
Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa

2 Candidates are required to read the information at the last page of this question booklet
Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman belakang kertas soalan












This question booklet contains 43 printed pages


http://cikguadura.wordpress.com/
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1 Which diagram shows the arrangement of atoms inside a balloon containing helium?
Manakah rajah yang menunjukkan susunan atom di dalam belon yang mengandungi helium?
[o represents helium atom]
[o mewakili atom helium]


A

B


C

D



2 Which of the following is true about Relative Molecular Mass of a molecule?
Manakah antara pernyataan berikut adalah benar tentang Jisim Molekul Relatif sesuatu molekul?

A The average mass of one atom
1/12 x mass of an atom of C-12
Jisim purata satu atom
1/12 x jisim satu atom C-12

B The average mass of one molecule
1/12 x mass of an atom of C-12
Jisim purata satu molekul
1/12 x jisim satu atom C-12

C The average mass of one atom
1/12 x mass of an atom of H
Jisim purata satu atom
1/12 x jisim satu atom H

D The average mass of one molecule
1/12 x mass of an atom of H
Jisim purata satu molekul
1/12 x jisim satu atom H




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3 Diagram 1 shows the structural formula of Vitamin C that is found in an orange.
What is the empirical formula of Vitamin C?
Rajah 1menunjukkan formula struktur bagi Vitamin C yang terdapat di dalam sebiji buah limau.
Apakah formula empirik bagi vitamin C?




Diagram 1
Rajah 1
A C4H4O4
B C3H4O3
C C6H8O6
D C8H6O8

4 Food is cut into smaller pieces to shorten the cooking time.
Which factor is involved in the above situation?
Makanan dipotong kepada kepingan kecil untuk memendekkan masa memasak.
Apakah faktor yang terlibat dalam situasi di atas?

A Total surface area
Jumlah luas permukaan

B Presence of catalyst
Kehadiran mangkin

C Concentration
Kepekatan

D Pressure
Tekanan










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5 Diagram 2 shows the apparatus set-up for an experiment to study the reaction between
chlorine gas and substance X.
Rajah 2 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji tindak balas antara gas klorin
dan bahan X.










Diagram 2
Rajah 2
When the reaction is completed, a white solid is formed. Name the white solid.
Apabila tindak balas selesai,pepejal putih terbentuk. Namakan pepejal putih tersebut.

A Copper(II) chloride
Kuprum(II) klorida

B Iron(II) chloride
Ferum(II) klorida

C Lithium chloride
Litium klorida

D Lead(II) chloride
Plumbum(II) klorida


6 What is the meaning of heat of reaction?
Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan haba tindak balas?

A The energy needed to break a chemical bond.
Tenaga diperlukan untuk memutuskan ikatan kimia.

B The energy needed to change the state of matter.
Tenaga diperlukan untuk menukar keadaan jirim.

C The energy released when a chemical bond is formed.
Tenaga dibebaskan apabila ikatan kimia dibentuk.

D The change of the energy content in the reactants and in the products.
Perubahan kandungan tenaga dalam bahan tindak balas dan hasil tindak balas.
Substance X
Bahan X


Chlorine gas
Gas klorin













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7 Diagram 3 shows the electrons flow in a simple cell using metals E and F.
Which of the following metals are E and F?
Rajah 3 menunjukkan aliran elektron dalam satu sel ringkas menggunakan logam E dan F.
Manakah antara logam berikut adalah E dan F?


Diagam 3
Rajah 3
























E F
A
Copper
Kuprum
Lead
Plumbum
B
Silver
Argentum
Magnesium
Magnesium
C
Tin
Stanum
Aluminium
Aluminium
D
Zinc
Zink
Iron
Ferum
F E
Sodium sulphate solution
Larutan natrium sulfat
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8 Which bulb in the following circuits will light up?
Manakah mentol dalam litar berikut yang akan menyala?
A






B



C



D








Plastic cable
Kabel plastik
Cooking oil
Minyak masak
Concentrated hydrochloric acid
Asid hidroklorik pekat
Sodium chloride crystals
Kristal natrium klorida
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Volumetric flask
kelalang volumetrik
9 Diagram 4 shows the apparatus set-up to prepare a standard solution of 0.5 mol dm
-3

sodium chloride.
Rajah 4 menunjukkan susunan radas penyediaan larutan piawai 0.5 mol dm
-3
natrium klorida.





















Diagram 4
Rajah 4
Which of the following is the correct sequence for the preparation?
Manakah antara berikut adalah turutan yang betul bagi penyediaan tersebut?

A P, R, Q, S
B P, R, S, Q
C Q, P, S, R
D S, P, R, Q


P



Q


R


S


Distilled water
Air suling

Callibration mark
Takat penentukuran




0.5 mol dm
-3
sodium chloride
0.5 mol dm
-3
natrium klorida
1.0 mol dm
-3
sodium chloride
1.0 mol dm
-3
natrium klorida

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10 Diagram 5 shows a flow chart for the manufacture of ammonium sulphate.
Rajah 5 menunjukkan carta alir penghasilan ammonium sulfat.














Diagram 5
Rajah 5

What are substances W, Y and Z?
Apakah bahan-bahan W, Y dan Z?

W Y Z
A N2 NH3 H2SO4
B SO2 SO3 HCl
C SO2 SO3 NO2
D H2 NH3 CO2


















Air
Udara

Gas W
Gas W
Natural gas
Gas asli

Hydrogen gas
Gas hidrogen
200 atm
500
0
C

Product Y
Hasil Y

Ammonium sulphate
Ammonium sulfat

Substance Z
Bahan Z

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11 Diagram 6 shows two examples of alloys, M and N, which contain copper as the main
component.
Rajah 6 menunjukkan dua contoh aloi M dan N yang mengandungi kuprum sebagai komponen utama.








M N

Diagram 6
Rajah 6

Which of the following are the added element in alloys M and N?
Manakah antara berikut,merupakan unsur tambahan dalam aloi M dan N?


M N
A Tin Zinc
B Zinc Magnesium
C Tin Antimony
D Zinc Aluminium






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12 Which of the following atoms does not have neutron in its nucleus?
Manakah antara atom di bawah tidak mempunyai neutron di dalam nukleus?


A B



C D





13 Diagram 7 shows the apparatus set-up to investigate the reaction between calcium
carbonate and hydrogen chloride gas dissolved in two different solvent.
Rajah 7 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk mengkaji tindak balas di antara kalsium karbonat dengan gas
hidrogen klorida yang terlarut di dalam dua pelarut berbeza.





Diagram 7
Rajah 7

Which of the following statements is correct about the reaction in the test tubes?
Manakah antara pernyataan berikut adalah benar tentang tindak balas dalam tabung uji itu?

A Water remains as molecules in test tube G.
Air kekal sebagai molekul di dalam tabung uji G.

B Hydrogen chloride gas produces hydrogen ions in test tube G.
Gas hidrogen klorida menghasilkan ion hidrogen dalam tabung uji G.

C Calcium carbonate in test tube L dissolves.
Kalsium karbonat dalam tabung uji L melarut.

D Hydrogen chloride gas ionizes partially in test tube L
Gas hidrogen klorida mengion separa dalam test tube L.

HCl
gas

HCl
gas
Calcium carbonate chips
Ketulan kalsium karbonat


Water
Air

Methylbenzene
Metilbenzena




Test tube G
Tabung uji G
Test tube L
Tabung uji L
2
H
1
1
H
1
16
O
8
17
O
8
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14 Diagram 8 shows the apparatus set-up of an experiment to test gas J.
Rajah 8 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi satu eksperimen untuk menguji gas J.





Diagram 8
Rajah 8

Which structural formula represents gas J?
Manakah formula struktur yang mewakili gas J?


A




B

C

D







Brown bromine solution
Larutan perang bromin
Colourless solution
Larutan tanpa warna
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15 Which compound has a pH value less than 7?
Manakah sebatian yang mempunyai nilai pH kurang dari 7?


A

B


C

D




16 Which of the following is an oxidising agent?
Manakah antara berikut adalah agen pengoksidaan?

A Hydrogen sulphide
Hidrogen sulfida

B Sulphur dioxide
Sulphur dioksida

C Sodium nitrite
Natrium nitrit

D Hydrogen peroxide
Hidrogen peroksida







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17 The following diagrams show four test tubes containing a piece of iron which is protected
on one side by a different coating.
In which test tube, the iron does not rust?
Rajah berikut menunjukkan empat tabung uji mengandungi kepingan besi yang dilindungi sebahagiannya
oleh salutan yang berbeza.
Tabung uji manakah yang besinya tidak berkarat?

A

B






C

D
















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18 Table 1 shows the electrical conductivity of four substances, W, X, Y and Z.
Jadual 1 menunjukkan kekonduksian elektrik bagi empat bahan, W, X, Y dan Z

Substance
Bahan
Electrical conductivity
Kekonduksian elektrik
W
Does not conduct under any conditions
Tidak boleh mengkonduksikan elektrik dalam semua keadaan
X
Conducts only in aqueous solution
Mengkonduksikan elektrik dalam larutan akueus.
Y
Conducts when molten and when solid
Mengkonduksikan elektrik dalam keadaan leburan dan pepejal.
Z
Conducts when molten and in aqueous solution
Mengkonduksikan elektrik dalam keadaan leburan dan larutan akueus.

Table 1
Jadual 1

Which of the following represents W, X, Y and Z?
Manakah antara berikut adalah W, X, Y dan Z?


W X Y Z
A Pb HCl NaCl S
B Pb HCl S NaCl
C S HCl Pb NaCl
D S NaCl HCl Pb










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19 Diagram 9 shows a bottle of mangoes soaked in vinegar.
Rajah 9 menunjukkan sebalang mangga yang direndam dalam cuka.








Diagram 9
Rajah 9

Which type of food additive does vinegar belongs to?
Apakah jenis bahan tambah makanan bagi cuka?
A Dyes
Pewarna

B Thickener
Pemekat

C Antioxidant
Antioksida

D Preservative
Pengawet


















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20 Diagram 10 shows examples of modern medicine.
Rajah 10 menunjukkan contoh ubat moden.



Diagram 10
Rajah 10

What is the function of these medicines?
Apakah fungsi ubat-ubat ini?

A To kill bacteria.
Untuk membunuh bakteria.
B To reduce pain.
Untuk mengurangkan kesakitan.
C To stabilise body system.
Untuk menstabilkan sistem badan.
D To reduce tension and anxiety.
Untuk mengurangkan tekanan dan kerisauan.







Streptomycin
Streptomisin

Penicillin
Penisilin

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H = - U kJ mol
-1
21 Diagram 11 shows the cold pack used to reduce pain.
Rajah 11 menunjukkan pek sejuk yang digunakan untuk mengurangkan kesakitan.


Diagram 11
Rajah 11

Which of the following shows the correct energy level diagram when cold pack is used?
Manakah antara berikut menunjukkan gambar rajah aras tenaga yang betul apabila pek sejuk digunakan?

A






B
C






D
H = +U kJ mol
-1

H = - U kJ mol
-1
Energy
Tenaga

Reactant
Bahan Tindak balas
Product
Hasil Tindak balas
H = +U kJ mol
-1
Energy
Tenaga

Reactant
Bahan Tindak balas
Product
Hasil Tindak balas
Energy
Tenaga

Reactant
Bahan Tindak balas
Product
Hasil Tindak balas
Energy
Tenaga

Reactant
Bahan Tindak balas
Product
Hasil Tindak balas
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22 Diagram 12 shows the electron arrangement in a particle.
Rajah 12 menunjukkan susunan elektron bagi suatu zarah.




Diagram12
Rajah 12

Which of the following formula represents the particle?
Manakah antara formula berikut mewakili zarah tersebut?

A N
3-

B O
2-

C Al
3+

D Ne
















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23 Diagram 13 shows the apparatus set-up for the reaction between sodium and water.
Rajah 13 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi tindak balas antara natrium dan air.



Diagram 13
Rajah 13
The solution produced is tested with phenolphthalein and the gas is tested with a wooden
splinter.
Which of the following observations are correct?
Larutan yang dihasilkan diuji dengan fenolftalein dan gas yang terbebas diuji dengan kayu uji.
Manakah antara pemerhatian berikut adalah betul?


Phenolphthalein indicator
Penunjuk fenolftalein
Wooden splinter
Kayu uji
A
Pink
Merah jambu
Glowing splinter relights
Kayu uji berbara menyala
B
Colourless
Tidak berwarna
Lighted splinter produce pop' sound
Kayu uji menyala menghasilkan bunyi pop
C
Colourless
Tidak berwarna
Glowing splinter relights
Kayu uji berbara menyala
D
Pink
Merah jambu
Lighted splinter produce 'pop'sound
Kayu uji menyala menghasilkan bunyi pop











Sodium
Natrium
Water
Air
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24 Diagram 14 shows the symbol of atoms X and Y.
Rajah 14 menunjukkan simbol bagi atom X dan Y.



Diagram 14
Rajah 14

Which of the following diagrams represent the compound formed when X reacts with Y?
Manakah antara rajah berikut mewakili sebatian yang terbentuk apabila X bertindak balas dengan Y?

A B



C D








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25 Diagram 15 shows the apparatus set-up for the electrolysis of 1.0 mol dm
-3
sodium
chloride solution using carbon electrodes.
Rajah 15 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi elektrolisis larutan natrium klorida 1.0 mol dm
-3
dengan
menggunakan elektrod karbon.

Diagram 15
Rajah 15

Which of the following are observations for the electrolysis process?
Manakah antara yang berikut adalah pemerhatian bagi proses elektrolisis tersebut?

I Grey solid deposited at electrode M.
Pepejal kelabu terenap di elektrod M.
II Colourless gas is released at electrode M.
Gas tidak berwarna dibebaskan di elektrod M.
III Electrode L becomes thinner.
Elektrod L menipis.
IV Greenish yellow gas is released at electrode L.
Gas kuning kehijauan dibebaskan di elektrod L.

A I and III
I dan III
B II and III
II dan III

C I and IV
I dan IV

D II and IV
II dan IV


1.0 mol dm
-3
sodium
chloride solution
Larutan natrium klorida
1.0 mol dm
-3

Carbon electrodes
Elektrod karbon
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26 Diagram 16 shows the pH scale for three aqueous solutions Q, R and T of the same
concentration.
Rajah 16 menunjukkan skala pH bagi tiga larutan akueus, Q, R dan T dengan kepekatan yang sama.

Q R T



Diagram 16
Rajah 16
What could the aqueous solutions be?
Apakah kemungkinan larutan-larutan tersebut?


Q R T
A
Nitric acid
Asid nitrik
Water
Air
Ammonia
Ammonia
B
Sulphuric acid
Asid sulfurik
Ethanol
Etanol
Potassium hydroxide
Kalium hidroksida
C
Hydrochloric acid
Asid hidroklorik
Glucose solution
Larutan glukosa
Lithium hydroxide
Litium hidroksida
D
Ethanoic acid
Asid etanoik
Sodium chloride
Natrium klorida
Sodium hydroxide
Natrium hidroksida


27 Which of the following statements explains why ceramics is suitable to make an engine
block?
Manakah antara pernyataan berikut menjelaskan mengapa seramik lebih sesuai digunakan untuk membuat
blok enjin?

A Ceramic is chemically inert.
Seramik lengai terhadap bahan kimia.
B Ceramic is an electrict conductor.
Seramik merupakan konduktor elektrik.
C Ceramic has high heat resistance.
Seramik mempunyai rintangan haba yang tinggi.
D Ceramic has low specific heat capacity.
Seramik mempunyai kapasiti haba tentu yang rendah
pH value 7
14
3
0
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+ NaOH
+ Dilute H2SO4
H2SO4 cair
+ FeSO4
+ Concentrated H2SO4
H2SO4 pekat

28 Diagram 17 shows the observation of a chemical test on solution T.
Rajah 17 menunjukkan pemerhatian bagi suatu ujian kimia ke atas larutan T.








Diagram 17
Rajah 17

What are the ions present in solution T?
Apakah ion-ion yang hadir di dalam larutan T?
A Ca
2+
and Cl
-

Ca
2+
dan Cl
-


B Mg
2+
and SO4
2-

Mg
2+
dan SO4
2-


C Zn
2+
and Cl
-

Zn
2+
dan Cl
-


D NH4
+
and NO3
-
NH4
+
dan NO3
-

29 Why do tropical fireflies flash faster on warm night?
Mengapakah kunang-kunang tropika berkelip dengan cepat di waktu malam yang panas?

A Rate of chemical reaction of these fireflies is very high at night.
Kadar tindak balas kimia kunang-kunang ini sangat tinggi di waktu malam.

B Rate of chemical reaction of these fireflies is very high at higher temperature.
Kadar tindak balas kimia kunang-kunang ini sangat tinggi pada suhu tinggi.

C Rate of chemical reaction of these fireflies is very high in higher humidity.
Kadar tindak balas kimia kunang-kunang ini sangat tinggi dalam kelembapan tinggi.

D Rate of chemical reaction of these fireflies is very high at tropical area.
Kadar tindak balas kimia kunang-kunang ini sangat tinggi di kawasan tropika.
Solution T
Larutan T

Soluon T
No change
Tiada perubahan
Brown ring is formed
Cincin perang terbentuk

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30 A student carried out two experiments to investigate the rate of decomposition of
0.05 mol dm
-3
hydrogen peroxide solution.
Table 2 shows the result of the experiments.
Seorang pelajar menjalankan dua eksperimen untuk mengkaji kadar penguraian larutan hidrogen
peroksida 0.05 mol dm
-3
.
Jadual 2 menunjukkan keputusan eksperimen.

Experiment I II



Apparatus set-up
Susunan radas









Time taken for
complete
decomposition /s
Masa yang diambil
untuk penguraian
lengkap /s
300

60


Table 2
Jadual 2

Which of the following is the function of manganese(IV) oxide in Experiment II?
Manakah antara berikut merupakan fungsi mangan(IV) oksida dalam Eksperimen II?

A To increase the kinetic energy of the reaction.
Untuk meningkatkan tenaga kinetik bagi tindak balas.

B To provide larger total surface area exposed for the reaction.
Memyediakan jumlah luas permukaan terdedah yang lebih besar bagi tindak balas.

C To increase the number of particles per unit volume of the reactant.
Untuk meningkatkan bilangan zarah per unit isipadu bahan tindakbalas.
D To provide an alternative pathway with a lower activation energy.
Menyediakan laluan alternatif dengan tenaga pengaktifan yang lebih rendah.


0.05 mol dm
-3
Hydrogen peroxide
Hidrogen peroksida
0.05 mol dm
-3

Manganese(IV) oxide powder
Serbuk mangan(IV) oksida
0.05 mol dm
-3
Hydrogen peroxide
Hidrogen peroksida
0.05 mol dm
-3

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31 Diagram 18 shows the structural formula of pent-1-ene.
Rajah18 di bawah menunjukkan formula struktur pent-1-ena.



Pent-1-ene
Pent-1-ena

Diagram 18
Rajah 18

Which of the following is an isomer of pent-1-ene?
Manakah antara berikut merupakan isomer bagi pent-1-ena?

Structural formula
Formula struktur
Name
Nama
A
Pent-3-ene
Pent-3-ena
B
1-methylbut-1-ene
1-metilbut-1-ena
C


2-methylbut-2-ene
2-metilbut-2-ena
D
2,3-dimethylprop-1-ene
2,3-dimetilprop-1-ena
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32 Diagram 19 shows the apparatus set up for the reaction between propan-1-ol and
acidified potassium dichromate(VI) solution.
Rajah 19 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi tindak balas antara propan-1-ol dan larutan kalium
dikromat(VI) berasid.


Diagram 19
Rajah 19

Which of the following statements shows the chemical properties of J?
Manakah antara pernyataan berikut menunjukkan sifat kimia bagi J?

I Decolourises brown bromine water.
Menyahwarnakan warna perang air bromin.
II Releases colourless gas when reacts with magnesium ribbon.
Menghasilkan gas tidak berwarna apabila bertindak balas dengan pita magnesium.
III A sweet smelling substance is produced when J is heated with ethanol.
Bahan berbau manis terhasil apabila J dipanaskan dengan etanol.
IV Burnt in excess oxygen to produce carbon dioxide and water.
Terbakar dalam oksigen berlebihan menghasilkan karbon dioksida dan air.

A I and III
I dan III
B II and IV
II dan IV
C I and IV
I dan IV
D II and III
II dan III
J

Acidified
potassium
dichromate(VI)
solution +
propan-1-ol
Larutan kalium
dikromat(VI)
berasid +
propan-1-ol
Ice water
Air ais

J

Heat
Panaskan

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33 Diagram 20 shows the cross section of oil rig.
Rajah 20 menunjukkan keratan rentas pelantar minyak.


















Diagram 20
Rajah 20

Which of the following statement is correct about the function of magnesium?
Manakah antara pernyataan berikut benar mengenai fungsi magnesium?

A Magnesium increases the stability of oil rig.
Magnesium meningkatkan kestabilan pelantar minyak

B Magnesium maintains the position of oil rig.
Magnesium mengekalkan kedudukan pelantar minyak

C Magnesium increases the strength of the steel leg.
Magnesium meningkatkan kekuatan kaki keluli.

D Magnesium prevents the corrosion of steel leg.
Magnesium mencegah kakisan kaki keluli.








Steel leg
Kaki keluli
Magnesium block attached
to the rig using cable
Blok magnesium dipasangkan
ke pelantar dengan kabel
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34 Diagram 21 shows substance V is added to potassium bromide solution until no further
change. 1, 1, 1-trichloroethane is then added to the test tube and the mixture is shaken
well.
Rajah 21 menunjukkan bahan V ditambah kepada larutan kalium bromida sehingga tiada perubahan lagi.
1,1,1-trikloroetana kemudiannya ditambah ke dalam tabung uji dan campuran di goncang.



Diagram 21
Rajah 21

The colour of 1, 1, 1-trichloroethane layer turns brown.
Which of the following could be substance V?
Warna lapisan 1, 1, 1-trikloroetana bertukar menjadi perang.
Manakah antara berikut adalah bahan V?

A Iodine
Iodin
B Astatine
Astatin
C Bromine
Bromin
D Chlorine
Klorin









Substance V
Bahan V
Potassium bromide
solution
Larutan kalium bromida

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35 Diagram 22 shows the steps by which carbon dioxide can be converted into organic
products and finally returned to the atmosphere.
Rajah 22 menunjukkan langkah-langkah yang mana karbon dioksida boleh ditukar kepada produk organik
dan akhirnya kembali ke atmosfera.

Which step is endothermic?
Langkah yang manakah adalah endotermik?
























Diagram 22
Rajah 22













A

D
B
+


C

CH3COOH
Limestone
Batu kapur
C6 H12 O6 C2H5OH + CO2
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36 Diagram 23 shows the arrangement of particles in substance P at 1 atm pressure and two
different temperatures.
Rajah 23 menunjukkan susunan zarah bahan P pada tekanan 1 atm dan dua suhu berbeza.








Diagram 23
Rajah 23

Which of the following statements is/are true?
Manakah antara pernyataan berikut adalah benar?


I Substance P vibrate and rotate at fixed position at 0

C.
Sebatian P bergetar dan berputar di kedudukan tetap pada 0

C

II The kinetic energy of substance P is low at 100

C
Tenaga kinetik sebatian P adalah rendah pada 100

C

III The forces of attraction between the particles is strong at 0

C
Daya tarikan antara zarah adalah kuat pada 0

C

IV The melting point of substance P is 100

C
Takat lebur sebatian P ialah 100

C

A III only
III sahaja
B I and III
I dan III
C I , III and IV
I , III dan IV
D I, II, III and IV
I, II, III dan IV


Substance P
Bahan P
0
o
C
100
o
C
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37 Diagram 24 shows two containers of equal size filled with nitrogen gas and hydrogen gas
respectively.
[Molar volume of gas at STP = 22.4 dm
3
mol
-1
]
Rajah 24 menunjukkan dua bekas yang bersaiz sama diisi dengan gas nitrogen dan gas hidrogen.
[Isi padu molar gas pada STP = 22.4 dm
3
mol
-1
]






Diagram 24
Rajah 24

Which of the following statements explain about the two gases?
Manakah antara pernyataan berikut menerangkan tentang dua gas berkenaan?
A The number of moles of nitrogen gas and hydrogen gas are equal.
Bilangan mol gas nitrogen dan gas hidrogen adalah sama

B The number of moles of hydrogen gas is greater than nitrogen gas.
Bilangan mol gas hidrogen lebih besar daripada gas nitrogen.

C The number of nitrogen gas particles is more than hydrogen gas. .
Bilangan zarah gas nitrogen lebih banyak daripada gas hidrogen.

D The number of nitrogen gas particles is less than hydrogen gas.
Bilangan zarah gas nitrogen kurang daripada gas hidrogen.








150 cm
3

N2


150 cm
3

H2
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38 Diagram 25 shows the position of elements H, Na, K, Fe, N, O and Cl in the Periodic
Table of Elements.
Rajah 25 menunjukkan kedudukan unsur H, Na, K, Fe, N, O dan Cl dalam Jadual Berkala Unsur.

Diagram 25
Rajah 25

Which of the following information is correct about the compound formed?
Manakah antara maklumat berikut benar mengenai sebatian yang terbentuk?

Chemical formulae
Formula kimia
Physical properties
Ciri ciri fizikal
A NaCl
Conduct electricity in any states
Mengalirkan arus elektrik dalam semua keadaan
B NH3
Exists as gas at room temperature
Wujud sebagai gas pada suhu bilik
C FeCl3
Dissolves in tetrachloromethane
Larut dalam tetraklorometana
D K2O
Have low melting and boiling point
Mempunyai takat lebur dan takat didih tinggi














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39 Table 3 shows the electrical conductivity and solubility of substances S, T, and U.
Jadual 3 menunjukkan kekonduksian elektrik dan keterlarutan bahan S, T dan U.

Substance
Bahan
Electrical conductivity
Kekonduksian elektrik
Solubility
Keterlarutan
Solid
Pepejal
Molten
Lebur
Aqueous
Akueus
Water
Air
Benzene
Benzena
S
Yes
Ya
Yes
Ya
No
Tidak
No
Tidak
No
Tidak
T
No
Tidak
No
Tidak
No
Tidak
No
Tidak
Yes
Ya
U
No
Tidak
Yes
Ya
Yes
Ya
Yes
Ya
No
Tidak
Table 3
Jadual 3

Which of the following are substances S, T and U?
Manakah antara berikut adalah bahan S, T dan U?

S T U
A
Acetamide
Asetamida
Lithium chloride
Litium klorida
Aluminium
Aluminium
B
Aluminium
Aluminium
Acetamide
Asetamida
Lithium chloride
Litium klorida
C
Aluminium
Aluminium
Lithium chloride
Litium klorida
Acetamide
Asetamida
D
Lithium chloride
Litium klorida
Acetamide
Asetamida
Aluminium
Aluminium







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40 Table 4 shows the information of four simple voltaic cells.
Jadual 4 menunjukkan maklumat bagi empat sel volta ringkas.

Pair of metals
Pasangan logam
Potential difference / V
Beza keupayaan / V
Positive terminal
Terminal positif
P and zinc
P dan zink
1.60 P
Q and zinc
Q dan zink
0.08 Q
R and zinc
R dan zink
0.50
Zinc
Zink
S and zinc
S dan zink
1.90
Zinc
Zink
Table 4
Jadual 4

Based on Table 4, arrange the metals in ascending order of Electrochemical Series.
Berdasarkan Jadual 4, susun logam tersebut mengikut susunan menaik Siri Elektrokimia.

A P, Q, zinc, R, S
B R, S, zinc, P, Q
C Zinc, S, R, Q, P
D S, R, Zinc, Q, P









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41 Diagram 26 shows the apparatus set-up for the titration of potassium hydroxide solution
with dilute sulphuric acid.
Rajah 26 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi pentitratan larutan kalium hidroksida dengan asid sulfurik
cair.




Diagram 26
Rajah 26


What is the total volume of the mixture in the conical flask at the end point?
Apakah jumlah isipadu campuran di dalam kelalang kon pada takat akhir?

A 20 cm
3

B 30 cm
3

C 40 cm
3

D 50 cm
3





0.1 mol dm
-3
of sulphuric acid
Asid sulfurik 0.1 mol dm
-3

20 cm
3
of 0.2 mol dm
-3

potassium hydroxide solution
20 cm
3
larutan kalium hidroksida
0.2 mol dm
-3

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42 Diagram 27 shows two processes to prepare calcium sulphate salt which is known as
Plaster of Paris that can be used to support a broken bone.
P and Q are two substances needed in these processes.
Rajah 27 menunjukkan dua proses penyediaan garam kalsium sulfat yang dikenali sebagai "Plaster of
Paris"dan boleh digunakan untuk menyokong tulang yang patah.
P dan Q adalah dua bahan yang diperlukan dalam proses tersebut.








Steps in Process II
Langkah-langkah dalam Proses II
Description
Keterangan
S1
Filter the mixture
Turaskan campuran
S2
Mix the materials
Campurkan kedua-dua bahan
S3
Rinse the residue with distilled water
Bilas baki turasan dengan air suling
S4
Dry the salt
Keringkan garam tersebut


Diagram 27
Rajah 27

What are substances P and Q and the correct arrangement for the steps involved in
Process II?
Apakah bahan-bahan P dan Q serta susunan yang betul bagi langkah-langkah yang terlibat dalam
Proses II?

P Q
Steps
Langkah - langkah
A
Sodium sulphate
Natrium sulfat
Nitric acid
Asid nitrik
S1, S2, S3 and S4
B
Nitric acid
Asid nitrik
Sodium sulphate
Natrium sulfat
S2, S1, S3 and S4
C
Sodium nitrate
Natrium nitrat
Sulphuric acid
Asid sulfurik
S2, S1, S3 and S4
D
Sulphuric acid
Asid sulfurik
Barium sulphate
Barium sulfat
S1, S3, S4 and S2
Calcium oxide
Kalsium oksida
+ P
Process I
Calcium nitrate
Kalsium nitrat
+ Q
Process II
Calcium sulphate
Kalsium sulfat
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43 Nichrome is an alloy of two transition elements, nickel and chromium.
The alloy is used as the heating coil in electric stove and electric toasters.
Which properties of nichrome are important for these uses?
Nikrom adalah sejenis aloi yang mengandungi dua unsur peralihan iaitu nikel dan kromium.
Aloi ini digunakan sebagai gelung pemanas dalam dapur elektrik dan pembakar roti elektrik.
Manakah ciri-ciri nikrom berikut penting bagi kegunaan di atas?



Melting point
Takat lebur
Resistant to oxidation
Ketahanan terhadap
pengoksidaan
A
High
Tinggi
Good
Baik
B
High
Tinggi
Weak
Lemah
C
Low
Rendah
Good
Baik
D
Low
Rendah
Weak
Lemah



44 Limescale accumulated in the kettles or boilers can be removed by using hydrochloric
acid as represented in the following equation:
Kerak kapur yang terkumpul di dalam cerek atau dandang boleh disingkirkan dengan menggunakan asid
hidroklorik yang diwakili oleh persamaan berikut:

2 HCl + CaCO3 CaCl2 + CO2 + H 2O

Which of these statements is true about the reaction?
Manakah antara pernyataan berikut adalah benar mengenai tindak balas itu?

[Relative Atomic Mass: H: 1, C: 12, O: 16, Cl: 35.5, Ca: 40]
[Jisim atom relatif: H: 1, C: 12, O: 16, Cl: 35.5, Ca: 40]

A The products are hydrochloric acid and calcium carbonate
Produk adalah asid hidroklorik dan kalsium karbonat
B One mole of hydrochloric acid produces 0.5 mole of calcium chloride
Satu mol asid hidroklorik menghasilkan 0.5 mol kalsium klorida.
C One mole of calcium carbonate produces one molecule of carbon dioxide
Satu mol kalsium karbonat menghasilkan satu molekul karbon dioksida
D 73g of hydrochloric acid is needed to produce 0.5 mole of carbon dioxide
73g asid hidroklorik diperlukan untuk menghasilkan 0.5 mol karbon dioksida

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45 The following statement explains the properties and uses of butyl acetate.
Pernyataan berikut menerangkan sifat dan kegunaan butil asetat.














Which combination of compounds can produce butyl acetate?
Manakah antara gabungan sebatian berikut boleh menghasilkan butil asetat?

A Butane and butanol
Butana dan butanol

B Propanol and butanol
Propanol dan butanol

C Ethanoic acid and butanol
Asid etanoik dan butanol

D Etanoic acid and butyl propanoate
Asid etanoik dan butil propanoat







Butyl acetate is a clear colourless liquid with a fruity odour. It is used as synthetic fruit
flavouring in foods such as candies, ice cream, cheeses and baked goods. It is also
used in photographic film, nail polish removals, lacquers, perfumes, oils and resins.
Butil asetat adalah cecair tanpa warna yang berbau seperti buah-buahan. Ia digunakan sebagai perisa
buah-buahan sintetik dalam makanan seperti gula-gula, ais krim, keju dan produk bakeri. Ia juga
digunakan di dalam filem fotografi, pencuci pengilat kuku, lakra, minyak wangi, minyak dan resins.


Source / Sumber: en.wikipidea.org
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46 An inflated balloon becomes smaller because gas molecules can diffuse through the wall
of the balloon.
Four balloons are filled with different gases at the same temperature and pressure.
Which balloon would deflate most quickly?
Belon yang berisi gas akan mengecil kerana molekul gas boleh meresap melalui dinding belon.
Empat belon dipenuhi dengan gas-gas berbeza pada suhu dan tekanan yang sama.
Belon manakah yang akan kempis paling cepat?

[Relative atomic mass: H =1; C =12; N = 14; O =16]
[Jisim atom relatif: H =1; C =12; N = 14; O =16]


A B







C D














Methane, CH4
Metana, CH4
Nitrogen, N2
Nitrogen, N2

Oxygen, O2
Oksigen, O2

Carbon dioxide, CO2
Karbon dioksida, CO2
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47 Table 5 shows the energy released from complete combustion of some fuels.
Jadual 5 dibawah menunjukkan haba yang dibebaskan dari pembakaran lengkap beberapa bahan api.

Fuel
Bahan api
Molecular
formula
Formula molekul
Relative molecular
mass
J isim molekul relatif
H / kJ mol
-1

Methane
Metana
CH4 16 880
Ethanol
Etanol
C2H5OH 46 1380
Propane
Propana
C3H8 44 2200
Heptane
Heptana
C7H16 100 4800

Table 5
Jadual 5

Based on Table 5, which fuel produces the most energy when 1 g of the fuel is
completely burnt?
Berdasarkan Jadual 5, manakah antara bahan api berikut menghasilkan paling banyak tenaga apabila 1 g
bahan api terbakar dengan lengkap?

A Ethanol
Etanol
B Heptane
Heptana
C Methane
Metana
D Propane
Propana







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48 Table 6 shows the extraction of metals from their ores using three different methods.
Jadual 6 menunjukkan pengekstrakan logam daripada bijih logam menggunakan tiga kaedah yang
berbeza.

Metal
Logam
Method
Kaedah
E
Reduction using carbon
Penurunan menggunakan karbon
F
Electrolysis
Elektrolisis
G
Reduction by hydrogen
Penurunan oleh hidrogen

Table 6
Jadual 6

Which of the following is the correct arrangement of the reactivity of metals in
descending order?
Manakah antara susunan berikut adalah betul bagi kereaktifan logam dalam susunan menurun?

A G, E, F
B E, F, G
C F, E, G
D G, F, E
















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49 The following equation represents the complete combustion of propene gas.
Persamaan berikut mewakili pembakaran lengkap gas propena.

C3H6 (g) + 9/2 O2 (g) 3CO2 (g) + 3H2O (g)

Which of the following statements are true when 1 mol of propene gas burnt completely?
Manakah antara pernyataan berikut adalah benar apabila 1 mol propena terbakar dengan lengkap?

[Relative Molecular Mass: C3H6 = 42, O2 =32, CO2 = 44, H2O= 18,
Molar volume of gas is 22.4 dm
3
mol
1
at STP]
[Jisim molekul relatif: C3H6 = 42, O2 =32, CO2 = 44, H2O= 18,
Isi padu molar gas ialah 22.4 dm
3
mol
1
pada STP]

I Combustion of 0.1 mol of propene produces 5.4 g of water
Pembakaran 0.1 mol propena menghasilkan 5.4 g air

II Combustion of 1 mol of propene produces 2 mol of water
Pembakaran 1 mol propena menghasilkan 2 mol air

III Combustion of 4.2 g of propene requires14.4 g of oxygen
Pembakaran 4.2 g propena memerlukan 14.4 g oksigen
.
IV Combustion of 0.1 mol of propene produces 6.72 dm
3
carbon dioxide gas at STP
Pembakaran 0.1 mol propena menghasilkan 6.72 dm
3
gas karbon dioksida pada STP

A I and II
B I and III
C II and IV
D I, III and IV














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50 Table 7 shows the experiments carried out to study the rate of reaction between zinc and
nitric acid at room temperature and pressure.
Jadual 7 menunjukkan eksperimen yang dijalankan untuk mengkaji kadar tindak balas antara zink dan asid
nitrik pada suhu dan tekanan bilik.
Table 7
Jadual 7
Which of the following graphs represents the two experiments?
[Molar volume of gas is 24 dm
3
mol
1
at room temperature and pressure;
Molar mass of Zn = 65 g mol
-1
]
Manakah antara graf berikut mewakili dua eksperimen di atas?
[Isi padu molar gas ialah 24 dm
3
mol
-1
pada suhu dan tekanan bilik; Jisim molar Zn=65 g mol
-1
]

A B












C D








END OF QUESTION PAPER

Experiment
Eksperimen
Zinc
Zink
Nitric acid
Asid nitrik
Mass (g)
J isim (g)
Size
Saiz
Volume /cm
3

I si padu /cm
3

Concentration / mol dm
-3

Kepekatan/mol dm
-3

I 3.5
Granule
Butiran
50 0.1
II 6.5
Powder
Serbuk
50 0.2
V
o
l
u
m
e

o
f

g
a
s

/
c
m
3

I
s
i

p
a
d
u

g
a
s

/
c
m
3

Time/s

Masa/s
V
o
l
u
m
e

o
f

g
a
s

/
c
m
3

I
s
i

p
a
d
u

g
a
s

/
c
m
3

V
o
l
u
m
e

o
f

g
a
s

/
c
m
3

I
s
i

p
a
d
u

g
a
s

/
c
m
3

Time/s

Masa/s
Time/s

Masa/s
V
o
l
u
m
e

o
f

g
a
s

/
c
m
3

I
s
i

p
a
d
u

g
a
s

/
c
m
3

Time/s

Masa/s
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INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES
MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON
1. This question paper consists of 50 questions.
Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 50 soalan.

2. Answer all questions.
Jawab semua soalan.

3. Answer each question by blackening the correct space on the answer sheet.
Jawab setiap soalan dengan menghitamkan ruangan yang betul pada kertas jawapan.

4. Blacken only one space for each question.
Hitamkan satu ruangan sahaja pada setiap soalan.

5. If you wish to change your answer, erase the blackened mark that you have made. Then
blacken the new answer.
Sekiranya anda hendak menukar jawapan, padamkan tanda yang telah dibuat.
Kemudian hitamkan jawapan yang baru.

6. The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated.
Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukiskan mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan.

7. You may use a scientific calculator.
Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik.


Name : .

Index Number: .......

Class : .








SIJIL PENDIDIKAN
MAKTAB RENDAH SAINS MARA
2014



CHEMISTRY

Paper 2

Two hours and thirty minutes



DO NOT OPEN THE QUESTION BOOKLET
UNTIL BEING TOLD TO DO SO


1. Write your name and index number in the
spaces provided.
Tuliskan nama dan angka giliran anda pada ruang
yang disediakan.

2. This question booklet is bilingual.
Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa.

3. Candidate is required to read the information
at the back page.
Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman
belakang.


For Examiners Use

Section Question
Full
mark
Marks


A

1 9
2 9
3 10
4 10
5 11
6 11

B
7 20
8 20

C
9 20
10 20
TOTAL



This booklet contains 25 printed pages.
4541/2
Chemistry
Paper 2
Sept 2014
2 hour
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Section A
Bahagian A

[60 marks]
[60 markah]

Answer all questions in this section.
Jawab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini.

1 (a) Diagram 1.1 shows structural formula for the anion part of cleansing
agents, M and N.
Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan formula struktur bahagian anion agen pencuci, M dan N.



Diagram 1.1
Rajah 1.1

(i) State the type of cleansing agents M and N.
Nyatakan jenis agen pencuci M dan N.

M :............................................................................................................

N :.............................................................................................................
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(ii) A student carried out an experiment to investigate the cleansing effect of
M and N on oily stained cloth in hard water.
State the observation obtained in Table 1.1.
Seorang pelajar menjalankan eksperimen untuk mengkaji kesan pencucian M dan N ke
atas kain kotor berminyak di dalam air liat.
Nyatakan pemerhatian yang diperolehi dalam Jadual 1.1.

Cleansing agent
Agen pencuci
Observation
Pemerhatian

M



N


Table 1.1
Jadual 1.1

[2 marks]
[2 markah]
For
Examiners
Use
1(a)(i)



1(a)(ii)


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(iii) State which cleansing agent is more effective to remove the oily
stain.
Nyatakan agen pencuci manakah lebih berkesan untuk menghilangkan kotoran
berminyak.

...................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]


(b) Table 1.2 shows the example of three types of commonly used medicines.
Jadual 1.2 menunjukkan contoh tiga jenis ubat yang biasa digunakan.

Type Of Medicine
J enis Ubat
Example
Contoh
Analgesic
Analgesik
P :

Psychotherapeutic medicine
Ubat psikoterapeutik
Barbiturate
Barbiturat
Q : Penicillin
Penisilin
Table 1.2
Jadual 1.2

(i) Complete Table 1.2.
Lengkapkan Jadual 1.2.
[2 marks]
[2 markah]


(ii) State the function of analgesic.
Nyatakan fungsi analgesik.


...
[1 mark]
[1 markah]


(iii) Explain why the prescription and dosage of penicillin given by the
doctor must be followed strictly.
Jelaskan mengapa pengambilan penisilin perlu mengikut preskripsi dan dos
yang ditetapkan oleh doktor.

..
[1 mark]
[1 markah]



1(b)(i)



1(b)(iii)


1(a)(iii)



1(b)(ii)


For
Examiners
Use
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2 Table 2 shows proton numbers for certain elements in Period 3 of the Periodic
Table of Elements.
Jadual 2 menunjukkan nombor proton bagi unsur-unsur tertentu yang terdapat dalam Kala 3
Jadual Berkala Unsur.

Element
Unsur
Sodium
Natrium
Magnesium
Magnesium
Aluminium
Aluminium
Silicon
Silikon
Chlorine
Klorin
Argon
Argon
Proton
number
Nombor
proton
11 12 13 14 17 18
Table 2
Jadual 2

Based on Table 2, answer the following questions.
Berdasarkan Jadual 2, jawab soalan-soalan berikut.

(a) Write the chemical formula for an element that is a metal.
Tuliskan formula kimia bagi satu unsur logam.

....
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(b) Write the electron arrangement for aluminium ion.
Tulis susunan elektron bagi ion aluminium.

....
[1 mark]
[1 markah]


(c) (i) Atomic size of chlorine is smaller than sodium.
Explain why.
Saiz atom klorin adalah lebih kecil berbanding natrium.
Terangkan mengapa.

....

............................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]











2(a)


2(b)


For
Examiners
Use
2(c)(i)


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(ii) Sodium reacts with chlorine to produce compound X.
Draw the electron arrangement of compound X.
Natrium bertindak balas dengan klorin untuk menghasilkan sebatian X.
Lukis susunan elektron bagi sebatian X yang terbentuk.















[2 marks]
[2 markah]



(iii) State the type of compound formed in (c) (ii).
Nyatakan jenis sebatian yang terbentuk di (c)(ii).

...
[1 mark]
[1 markah]



(d) State one use of silicon or its compounds in our daily life.
Nyatakan satu kegunaan silikon atau sebatiannya dalam kehidupan harian.

....................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]















2(d)


2(c)(ii)


2(c)(iii)


For
Examiners
Use
6

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CONFIDENTIAL
(e) Diagram 2 shows a light bulb filled with argon gas.
Rajah 2 menunjukkan satu mentol yang diisi dengan gas argon.



Diagram 2
Rajah 2

(i) Why argon gas is suitable to be used in the light bulb?
Mengapa gas argon sesuai digunakan dalam mentol?

............................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(ii) 0.002 mol of argon gas is needed to fill the light bulb.
Calculate the volume of argon gas that is needed.
[Molar volume of gas at room condition : 24 dm
3
mol
-1
]
0.002 mol gas argon diperlukan untuk mengisi mentol tersebut.
Hitungkan isi padu gas argon yang diperlukan.
[Isi padu molar gas pada keadaan bilik : 24 dm
3
mol
-1
]









[1 mark]
[1 markah]












2(e)(i)


For
Examiners
Use
2(e)(ii)


Argon
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Carbon T
Karbon T
Carbon R
Karbon R
1.0 mol dm
-3
potassium
iodide solution
Larutan kalium iodida
1.0 mol dm
-3
3 Diagram 3 shows the apparatus set-up to investigate the electrolysis of
1.0 mol dm
-3
potassium iodide solution using carbon electrodes.
Rajah 3 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk mengkaji elektrolisis larutan kalium iodida
1.0 mol dm
-3
menggunakan elektrod karbon.












Diagram 3
Rajah 3

(a) What is meant by electrolyte?
Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan elektrolit?



.......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(b) Write the ionic formulae for all ions present in potassium iodide solution.
Tulis formula semua ion yang hadir dalam larutan kalium iodida.


[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(c) (i) Name the ions attracted to the anode.
Namakan ion-ion yang tertarik ke anod.


[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(ii) Write the half equation for the ion discharged at the anode.
Tulis persamaan setengah bagi ion yang didiscas di anod.

............................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]






3(a)


3(c)(i)



3(c)(ii)



3(b)



For
Examiners
Use
8

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CONFIDENTIAL
(d) (i) State the observation at electrode R.
Nyatakan pemerhatian di elektrod R.

......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]


(ii) Explain your answer in (d)(i).
Terangkan jawapan anda di (d)(i).




[2 marks]
[2 markah]


(e) In another experiment, 1.0 mol dm
-3
potassium iodide solution is replaced
with 0.001 mol dm
-3
potassium iodide solution.
Dalam eksperimen yang lain, larutan kalium iodida 1.0 mol dm
-3
digantikan dengan
larutan kalium iodida 0.001 mol dm
-3
.

(i) Name the gas released at the anode.
Namakan gas yang terbebas di anod.


[1 mark]
[1 markah]


(ii) The volume of gas collected at anode is 24.0 cm
3
at room
condition.
Calculate the number of molecules of gas collected.
[Avogadros constant: 6.02 X 10
23
mol
-1
; 1 mol of gas occupies
24 dm
3
at room condition]
Isi padu gas yang terkumpul di anod ialah 24.0 cm
3
pada keadaan bilik.
Hitung bilangan molekul gas yang terkumpul.
[Pemalar Avogadro: 6.02 X 10
23
mol
-1
; 1 mol gas menempati 24 dm
3
pada
keadaan bilik]









[2 marks]
[2 markah]


3(e)(i)



3(d)(ii)



3(d)(i)



For
Examiners
Use
3(e)(ii)



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4 (a) Diagram 4 shows a series of reactions that involved solid W.
Rajah 4 menunjukkan satu siri tindak balas yang melibatkan pepejal W.







+








Diagram 4
Rajah 4

Based on Diagram 4, answer the following questions:
Berdasarkan Rajah 4, jawab soalan-soalan berikut:

(i) Solid W is a black powder. Name solid W.
Pepejal W adalah serbuk berwarna hitam. Namakan pepejal W.


[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(ii) State the colour of copper(II) carbonate salt.
Nyatakan warna garam kuprum(II) karbonat.


[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(iii) Suggest solution Y that is required to be added to solution of
salt X to produce copper(II) carbonate.
Cadangkan larutan Y yang perlu ditambah kepada larutan garam X untuk
menghasilkan kuprum(II) karbonat.

....................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]


(iv) Write the chemical equation for Reaction II.
Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi Tindak balas II.

.
[ 2 marks]
[2 markah]
4(a)(iv)



4(a)(i)


4(a)(ii)


4(a)(iii)



For
Examiners
Use
Solid W
Pepejal W
Solution of salt X + H2O
Larutan garam X
Copper(II) carbonate
Kuprum(II) karbonat
Solution Z
Larutan Z
Reaction I
Tindak balas I
Reaction II
Tindak balas II
+ Nitric acid
Asid nitrik
+ Solution Y
Larutan Y
+
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(b) State the observation when excess ammonia solution is added into solution
of salt X.
Nyatakan pemerhatian apabila larutan ammonia berlebihan ditambah ke dalam larutan
garam X.

.

.........................................................................................................................
[2 marks]
[2 markah]


(c) Describe a chemical test to identify the anion present in solution Z.
Huraikan ujian kimia untuk mengenalpasti anion yang hadir dalam larutan Z.

.....................................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................. .....................

...................................................................................................................................................
[3 marks]
[3 markah]



























4(c)


For
Examiners
Use
4(b)


11

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5 Table 5 shows three sets of experiment to study the factors affecting the
rate of reaction between calcium carbonate, CaCO3 and nitric acid, HNO3.
Jadual 5 menunjukkan tiga set eksperimen untuk mengkaji faktor faktor yang mempengaruhi
kadar tindak balas di antara kalsium karbonat, CaCO3 dan asid nitrik, HNO3.

Experiment
Eksperimen
Reactants
Bahan tindak balas
Temperature/
0
C
Suhu/
0
C
I
25 cm
3
of 0.1 mol dm
-3
nitric acid and
excess calcium carbonate chips
25 cm
3
asid nitrik 0.1 mol dm
-3
dan ketulan kalsium
karbonat berlebihan

30
II
25 cm
3
of 0.1 mol dm
-3
nitric acid and
excess calcium carbonate chips
25 cm
3
asid nitrik 0.1 mol dm
-3
dan ketulan kalsium
karbonat berlebihan
40
III
25 cm
3
of 0.1 mol dm
-3
nitric acid and
excess calcium carbonate powder
25 cm
3
asid nitrik 0.1 mol dm
-3
dan serbuk kalsium
karbonat berlebihan
40

Table 5
Jadual 5

(a) State the observable changes which can be used to measure the rate
of reaction in this experiment.
Nyatakan perubahan yang boleh diukur untuk menentukan kadar
tindak balas bagi eksperimen ini.


[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(b) The following chemical equation represents the reaction in the
experiment.
Persamaan kimia berikut mewakili tindak balas dalam eksperimen ini.




(i) Calculate the number of mole of nitric acid used in Experiment III.
Hitung bilangan mol asid nitrik yang digunakan dalam Eksperimen III.





[1 mark]
[1 markah]


5(a)



For
Examiners
Use
CaCO3 + 2HNO3 Ca(NO3)2 + CO2 + H2 O
5(b)(i)


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(ii) Calculate the volume of carbon dioxide gas released in
Experiment III at room condition.
[1 mol of gas occupies 24 dm
3
at room condition]
Hitung isi padu gas karbon dioksida yang terbebas dalam Eksperimen III pada
keadaan bilik.
[1 mol gas menempati 24 dm
3
pada keadaan bilik]













[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(iii) Sketch the graph of the volume of carbon dioxide gas collected
against time for Experiment I, II and III on the same axis.
Lakar graf isi padu gas karbon dioksida yang terkumpul melawan masa bagi
Eksperimen I, II dan III pada paksi yang sama .














[2 marks]
[2 markah]



(iv) Compare the rate of reaction in Experiment I and Experiment II.
Bandingkan kadar tindak balas bagi Eksperimen I dan Eksperimen II.

........................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

5(b)(iii)


For
Examiners
Use
5(b)(iv)


5(b)(ii)


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CONFIDENTIAL
(v) Explain your answer in (b)(iv) based on the collision theory.
Jelaskan jawapan anda di (b)(iv) berdasarkan teori perlanggaran.



............................................................................................................

............................................................................................................

............................................................................................................
[4 marks]
[4 markah]










































5(b)(v)


For
Examiners
Use
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6 Diagram 6 shows the apparatus set- up to investigate the reaction between iron(II)
sulphate solution and bromine water through the transfer of electrons at a distance.
Rajah 6 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk mengkaji tindak balas antara larutan ferum(II) sulfat
dan air bromin melalui pemindahan elektron pada suatu jarak.















Diagram 6
Rajah 6

(a) What is the function of dilute sulphuric acid?
Apakah fungsi asid sulfurik cair?

................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(b) Show the direction of electron flow in Diagram 6.
Tunjukkan arah pengaliran elektron dalam Rajah 6.
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(c) Referring to the reaction that takes place at electrode L:
Merujuk pada tindak balas yang berlaku di elektrod L:

(i) Name the product formed.
Namakan hasil tindak balas yang terbentuk.


[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(ii) Describe a chemical test to determine the product formed in (c)(i).
Huraikan ujian kimia untuk mengesahkan produk yang terhasil dalam (c)(i).



....
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

For
Examiners
Use
6(c)(i)



6(c)(ii)



6(a)



6(b)


G
Carbon electrode M
Elektrod karbon M
Bromine
water
Air bromin
Dilute sulphuric acid
Asid sulfurik cair
Iron(II) sulphate
solution
Larutan ferum(II)
sulfat
Carbon electrode L
Elektrod karbon L
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CONFIDENTIAL

(d) Write the half equation for the reaction that takes place at electrode M.
Tuliskan setengah persamaan bagi tindak balas yang berlaku di elektrod M.


[1 mark]
[1 markah]


(e) The experiment is repeated by replacing bromine water with acidified
potassium dichromate(VI) solution.
Predict the observation at electrode M and explain your answer.
Eksperimen diulangi dengan menggantikan air bromin dengan larutan kalium
dikromat(VI) berasid.
Ramalkan pemerhatian pada elektrod M dan terangkan jawapan anda.

........

....................
[2 marks]
[2 markah]



(f) Without using U Tube, draw another apparatus set up to investigate the
transfer of electron at a distance, using the same materials as in Diagram 6.
Mark in the diagram the positive and negative terminal of the cell.
Tanpa menggunakan Tiub U , lukiskan susunan radas lain untuk mengkaji pemindahan
elektron pada satu jarak menggunakan bahan yang sama dalam Rajah 6.
Tandakan terminal positif dan negatif bagi sel pada rajah itu.















[3 marks]
[3 markah]





6(f)


For
Examiners
Use
6(d)



6(e)



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Section B
[Bahagian B]

[20 marks]
[20 markah]

Answer any one question.
Jawab mana-mana satu soalan.

7 (a) (i) Diagram 7.1 shows the structural formula of an organic compound,
benzene.
Rajah 7.1 menunjukkan formula struktur bagi satu sebatian organik, benzena.

Diagram 7.1
Rajah 7.1

Based on Diagram 7.1, define empirical formula and molecular
formula.
Berdasarkan Rajah 7.1, berikan definisi formula empirik dan formula molekul.
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(ii) Some compounds have the same empirical formula and molecular
formula . One of the example is carbon dioxide, CO2 .
Name and write the formula of another compound that shows the
same phenomenon.
Sesetengah sebatian mempunyai formula empirik yang sama dengan formula
molekul. Salah satu sebatian ialah karbon dioksida, CO2.
Namakan dan tuliskan formula bagi satu sebatian lain yang menunjukkan
fenomena yang sama.

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(b) (i) Hydrocarbon G consists of 80.0% carbon and 20.0% hydrogen.
Given the relative molecular mass of hydrocarbon G is 30,
determine the empirical formula and molecular formula of G.
[Relative atomic mass: H =1; C =12]
Hidrokarbon G mempunyai 80.0% karbon dan 20.0% hidrogen.
Diberi jisim molekul relatif hidrokarbon G adalah 30,
tentukan formula empirik dan formula molekul bagi G.
[Jisim atom relatif H =1; C =12]
[4 marks]
[4 markah]


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(ii) Burning of G in the air produces carbon dioxide and water.
Write a chemical equation for the reaction.
Pembakaran G di dalam udara menghasilkan karbon dioksida dan air.
Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi tindak balas ini.

[2 marks]
[2 markah]


(c) Diagram 7.2 shows the structural formula of two hydrocarbons.
Rajah 7.2 menunjukkan formula struktur bagi dua hidrokarbon.










Diagram 7.2
Rajah 7.2

(i) State the homologous series, general formula and name of hydrocarbon
E and J.
Nyatakan siri homolog, formula am dan nama bagi hidrokarbon E dan J.
[6 marks]
[6 markah]

(ii) Hydrocarbons E and J produce soot when burnt.
Compare the sootiness of the flame and explain your answer.
[Molar mass: E = 58 g mol
-1
; J = 56 g mol
-1
]
Hidrokarbon E dan J menghasilkan jelaga apabila terbakar.
Bandingkan kejelagaan nyalaan dan terangkan jawapan anda.
[Jisim molar: E = 58 g mol
-1
; J = 56 g mol
-1
]
[4 marks]
[4 markah]










Hydrocarbon J
Hidrokarbon J
Hydrocarbon E
Hidrokarbon E
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8 (a) Table 8.1 shows two different substances and their uses.
Jadual 8.1 menunjukkan dua bahan yang berbeza bersama kegunaannya.

Substance
Bahan
Uses
Kegunaan
Alloy P
Aloi P
To make medals and statues
Membuat pingat dan tugu
Glass Q
Kaca Q
To make laboratory glassware and glass cookware
Untuk membuat alat radas kaca makmal dan alatan memasak
Table 8.1
Jadual 8.1

Based on Table 8.1,
Berdasarkan Jadual 8.1,

(i) State the name of alloy P and type of glass Q.
Give the specific properties of each substance to support your
answer.
Namakan aloi P dan jenis kaca Q.
Berikan sifat khusus bagi setiap bahan untuk menyokong jawapan anda.
[4 marks]
[4 markah]

(ii) Draw the arrangement of atoms in pure copper and alloy P.
Compare the hardness of pure copper and alloy P.
Explain your answer in term of size and arrangement of atoms.
Lukiskan susunan atom dalam kuprum tulen dan aloi P.
Bandingkan kekerasan antara kuprum tulen dan aloi P.
Terangkan jawapan anda dari segi saiz dan susunan atom.
[6 marks]
[6 markah]

















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(b) Sulphuric acid, H2SO4 is manufactured in industry through Contact
Process. This process consists of the following stages.
Asid sulfurik, H2SO4 dihasilkan dalam industri melalui Proses Sentuh.
Proses ini terdiri daripada peringkat-peringkat berikut:


Stage 1
Peringkat 1
S + O2 SO2
Stage 2
Peringkat 2
Formation of sulphur trioxide in suitable condition.
Pembentukkan sulfur trioksida dalam keadaan sesuai.
Stage 3
Peringkat 3



Sulphur trioxide Oleum Dilute sulphuric acid
Sulfur trioksida Oleum Asid sulfurik cair

Table 8.2
Jadual 8.2
Based on Table 8.2,
Berdasarkan Jadual 8.2,

(i) Explain the process in Stage 2.
In your explanation, include the chemical equation involved.
Terangkan proses dalam Peringkat 2.
Di dalam penerangan anda, sertakan persamaan kimia yang terlibat.
[3 marks]
[3 markah]

(ii) Describe briefly Step I and Step II in Stage 3.
In your answer, write the chemical equations involved.
Huraikan secara ringkas Langkah I dan Langkah II dalam Peringkat 3.
Dalam jawapan anda, tulis persamaan kimia yang terlibat.
[4 marks]
[4 markah]


(iii) 48 g of sulphur is burnt completely in oxygen gas in Stage I.
Calculate the maximum volume of sulphur dioxide gas produced.
[Relative atomic mass; S = 32, O = 16; 1 mol of gas occupies
24 dm
3
at room condition]
48 g sulfur dibakar dengan lengkap dalam gas oksigen dalam Peringkat 1.
Hitungkan isi padu maksimum bagi sulfur dioksida yang terhasil.
[Jisim atom relatif; S = 32, O=16; 1 mol gas menempati 24 dm
3
pada keadaan
bilik]
[3 marks]
[3 markah]




Step I
Langkah I
Step II
Langkah II
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CONFIDENTIAL

Section C
Bahagian C
[20 marks]
[20 markah]
Answer any one question from this section.
Jawab mana-mana satu soalan daripada bahagian ini.

9 (a) Diagram 9 shows the apparatus set-up of a voltaic cell using solution T
and solution V. The observation is recorded in Table 9.
Rajah 9 menunjukkan susunan radas sel volta menggunakan larutan T dan larutan V.
Pemerhatian direkodkan dalam Jadual 9.















Diagram 9
Rajah 9









Table 9
Jadual 9

(i) Suggest suitable solutions for T and V.
Explain the differences in observation for solutions T and V.
Cadangkan larutan T dan V yang sesuai.
Terangkan perbezaan dalam pemerhatian bagi larutan T dan V.
[4 marks]
[4 markah]



Solution
Larutan
Deflection of voltmeters needle
Pesongan jarum voltmeter
T
Yes
Ya
V
No
Tidak
Copper
Kuprum
Zinc
Zink
Solution T/V
Larutan T/V
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CONFIDENTIAL

(ii) Explain the process that occurs in the voltaic cell in Diagram 9 when
solution T is used.
Your explanation should include the half equations involved.
Terangkan tindak balas yang berlaku di dalam sel volta di Rajah 9 apabila
larutan T digunakan.
Penerangan anda perlu mengandungi setengah persamaan yang terlibat.
[6 marks]
[6 markah]

(b) A standard solution can be prepared using dilution method.
Describe how you would prepare 100 cm
3
0.5 mol dm
-3
sodium hydroxide
solution from 2.0 mol dm
-3
sodium hydroxide solution.
Satu larutan piawai boleh disediakan melalui kaedah pencairan.
Huraikan bagaimana anda boleh menyediakan 100 cm
3
larutan natrium hidroksida
0.5 mol dm
-3
daripada larutan natrium hidroksida 2.0 mol dm
-3
.

Your description should include the followings:
Penerangan anda perlu mengandungi perkara-perkara berikut:

List of materials and apparatus
Senarai bahan dan alat radas
Calculation involved
Pengiraan yang terlibat
Procedure
Prosedur
[10 marks]
[10 markah]























22

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CONFIDENTIAL
10 Table 10 shows the heat of displacement of copper using two different metals
L and R.
Jadual 10 menunjukkan haba penyesaran kuprum menggunakan dua logam yang berlainan,
L dan R.
















Table 10
Jadual 10

(a) Based on the information in Table 10,
Berdasarkan maklumat dalam Jadual 10,

(i) State one example which could be metal L and metal R.
Compare and explain why there is a difference in values of the heat
of displacement in Experiment I and II.
Nyatakan satu contoh yang mungkin bagi logam L dan logam R.
Banding dan terangkan mengapa terdapat perbezaan nilai haba penyesaran
dalam Eksperimen I dan II.
[4 marks]
[4 markah]

(ii) Write the chemical equation for Experiment I and calculate the
change in temperature of the mixture.
[Specific heat capacity of solution = 4.2 Jg
-1

o
C
-1
,
density of solution = 1 g cm
-3
]
Tulis persamaan kimia bagi Eksperimen I dan hitung perubahan suhu bagi
campuran.
[Muatan haba tentu larutan = 4.2 Jg
-1

o
C
-1
, ketumpatan larutan = 1 g cm
-3
]

[6 marks]
[6 markah]






Experiment
Eksperimen
Reactants
Bahan tindak balas
Heat of
displacement
Haba penyesaran
(kJ mol
-1
)
I
50 cm
3
0.2 mol dm
-3
copper(II) sulphate
solution + metal L
50 cm
3
larutan kuprum(II) sulfat 0.2 mol dm
-

3
+
logam L
-336
II
50 cm
3
0.2 mol dm
-3
copper(II) sulphate
solution + metal R
50 cm
3
larutan kuprum(II) sulfat 0.2 mol dm
-3
+
logam R
-217
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CONFIDENTIAL
(b) Describe an experiment to determine the heat of precipitation by using a
suitable example.
Huraikan satu eksperimen untuk menentukan haba pemendakan dengan menggunakan
contoh yang sesuai.
Your description should include the following:
Penerangan anda perlu mengandungi perkara-perkara berikut:

List of materials and apparatus
Senarai bahan dan alat radas
Procedure
Prosedur

[10 marks]
[10 markah]


























END OF QUESTION PAPER
KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT








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1 Periodic Table of Elements 18
1
H
Hydrogen
1 2

13 14 15 16 17
2
He
Helium
4
3
Li
Lithium
7
4
Be
Beryllium
9

Key:
10
Ne
Neon
20
Proton Number
Symbol
Name of element
Relative Atomic Mass
5
B
Boron
11
6
C
Carbon
12
7
N
Nitrogen
14
8
O
Oxygen
16
9
F
Fluorine
19
10
Ne
Neon
20
11
Na
Sodium
23
12
Mg
Magnesium
24 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
13
Al
Aluminum
27
14
Si
Silicon
28
15
P
Phosphorus
31
16
S
Sulfur
32
17
Cl
Chlorine
35.5
18
Ar
Argon
40
19
K
Potassium
40
20
Ca
Calcium
40
21
Sc
Scandium
45
22
Ti
Titanium
48
23
V
Vanadium
51
24
Cr
Chromium
52
25
Mn
Manganese
55
26
Fe
Iron
56
27
Co
Cobalt
59
28
Ni
Nickel
59
29
Cu
Copper
64
30
Zn
Zinc
65
31
Ga
Gallium
70
32
Ge
Germanium
73
33
As
Arsenic
75
34
Se
Selenium
79
35
Br
Bromine
80
36
Kr
Krypton
84
37
Rb
Rubidium
86
38
Sr
Strontium
88
39
Y
Yttrium
89
40
Zr
Zirconium
91
41
Nb
Niobium
93
42
Mo
Molybdenum
96
43
Technetium
98
44
Ru
Ruthenium
101
45
Rh
Rhodium
103
46
Pd
Palladium
106
47
Ag
Silver
108
48
Cd
Cadmium
112
49
In
Indium
115
50
Sn
Tin
119
51
Sb
Antimony
122
52
Te
Tellurium
128
53
I
Iodine
127
54
Xe
Xenon
131
55
Cs
Cesium
133
56
Ba
Barium
137
57
La
Lanthanum
139
72
Hf
Hafnium
179
73
Ta
Tantalum
181
74
W
Tungsten
184
75
Re
Rhenium
186
76
Os
Osmium
190
77
Ir
Iridium
192
78
Pt
Platinum
195
79
Au
Gold
197
80
Hg
Mercury
201
81
Tl
Thallium
204
82
Pb
Lead
207
83
Bi
Bismuth
209
84
Po
Polonium
209
85
At
Astatine
210
86
Rn
Radon
222
87
Fr
Francium
223
88
Ra
Radium
226
89
Ac
Actinium
227



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INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES
MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON


1. This question paper consists of three sections: Section A, B and C.
Kertas soalan ini mengandungi tiga bahagian: Bahagian A, B dan C.

2. Answer all questions in Section A. Write your answers for Section A in the
spaces provided in the question paper.
Jawab semua soalan dalam Bahagian A. Tuliskan jawapan bagi Bahagian A dalam ruang yang
disediakan dalam kertas soalan.

3. Answer one question from Section B and one question from Section C. Write
your answers for Section B and C on the lined pages at the end of the question
paper. Answer questions in Section B and C in detail. You may use equations,
diagrams, tables, graphs and other suitable methods to explain your answer.
Jawab satu soalan daripada Bahagian B dan satu soalan daripada Bahagian C. Tuliskan
jawapan bagi Bahagian B dan C pada halaman bergaris di bahagian akhir kertas soalan ini.
Jawab Bahagian B dan C dengan terperinci. Anda boleh menggunakan persamaan, gambar
rajah, jadual, graf dan cara lain yang sesuai untuk menjelaskan jawapan anda.

4. Show your working, it may help you to get marks.
Tunjukkan kerja mengira, ini membantu anda mendapatkan markah.

5. If you wish to cancel any answer, neatly cross out the answer.
Sekiranya anda hendak membatalkan sesuatu jawapan, buat garisan di atas jawapan itu.

6. The diagrams in the questions are not drawn to scale unless stated.
Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukiskan mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan.

7. Marks allocated for each question or part question are shown in brackets.
Markah yang diperuntukkan bagi setiap soalan atau ceraian soalan ditunjukkan dalam
kurungan.

8. The time suggested to complete Section A is 90 minutes, Section B is 30 minutes
and Section C is 30 minutes
Masa yang dicadangkan untuk menjawab Bahagian A ialah 90 minit, Bahagian B ialah 30 minit
dan Bahagian C ialah 30 minit.

9. You may use a non programmable scientific calculator.
Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh diprogramkan.

10. Hand in all your answer sheets at the end of the examination.
Serahkan semua kertas jawapan anda di akhir peperiksaan.



SULIT 4541/3
4541/3 2014 Copyright Reserved MARA [See next page
CONFIDENTIAL

Name :

Class :

Index No: ..






SIJIL PENDIDIKAN
MAKTAB RENDAH SAINS MARA
2014


CHEMISTRY
Paper 3
One hour thirty minutes



DO NOT OPEN THIS QUESTION BOOKLET UNTIL BEING TOLD TO DO SO



























For Examiners Use

Question
Full
Marks
Marks
1 18
2 15
3 17
Total 50


This question booklet contains 9 printed pages.

1. Write your name and class in the
spaces provided.
Tuliskan nama dan kelas anda pada ruang
yang disediakan.

2. This question booklet is bilingual.
Buku soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa.

3. Candidates are required to answer
all questions.
Calon dikehendaki menjawab semua
soalan.

CONFIDENTIAL
4541/3
Chemistry
Paper 3
September
2014
1 hours

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CONFIDENTIAL
Answer all the questions.
Jawab semua soalan.

1 A student carried out a neutralization experiment to determine the concentration of
sodium hydroxide solution using 0.1 mol dm
-3
hydrochloric acid.
25.0 cm
3
of sodium hydroxide solution is poured into a conical flask and three
drops of phenolphthalein are added.
The solution is then titrated with 0.1 mol dm
-3
hydrochloric acid.
The initial readings of the burette and the final readings at the end point are shown
in Table 1.

Seorang pelajar menjalankan satu eksperimen peneutralan untuk menentukan kepekatan larutan
natrium hidroksida menggunakan larutan asid hidroklorik 0.1 mol dm
-3
.
25.0 cm
3
larutan natrium hidroksida dituangkan ke dalam sebuah kelalang kon dan ditambahkan
tiga titis larutan penunjuk fenolftalein.
Larutan itu dititratkan dengan larutan asid hidroklorik 0.1 mol dm
-3
.
Bacaan awal dan bacaan akhir buret pada takat akhir ditunjukkan dalam Jadual 1.

Titration 1
Pentitratan I
Titration II
Pentitratan II
Titration III
Pentitratan III












Initial reading
Bacaan awal

.. cm
3














Initial reading
Bacaan awal

.. cm
3














Initial reading
Bacaan awal

.. cm
3














Final reading
Bacaan akhir

.. cm
3














Final reading
Bacaan akhir

.. cm
3














Final reading
Bacaan akhir

.. cm
3

Table 1
Jadual 1


For
Examiners
Use
3

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CONFIDENTIAL

(a) Record all the burette readings in the spaces provided in Table 1.
Rekod semua bacaan buret di ruang yang disediakan dalam Jadual 1.
[3 marks]
[3 markah]

(b) Construct a table to record the initial burette readings, final burette readings
and volume of hydrochloric acid of the titration.
Bina satu jadual untuk merekod bacaan awal buret, bacaan akhir buret dan isi padu asid
hidroklorik bagi pentitratan tersebut.












[3 marks]
[3 markah]


(c) (i) Calculate the average volume of hydrochloric acid required to neutralise
25.0 cm
3
of sodium hydroxide solution.
Hitungkan isi padu purata larutan asid hidroklorik yang diperlukan untuk
meneutralkan 25.0 cm
3

larutan natrium hidroksida.





[3 marks]
[3 markah]

(ii) Based on your answer in (c)(i), determine the concentration of sodium
hydroxide solution.
Berdasarkan jawapan anda dalam (c)(i), tentukan kepekatan larutan natrium
hidroksida.










[3 marks]
[3 markah]

For
Examiners
Use

1(a)
3

1(b)
3

1(c)(i)
3

1(c)(ii)
3
4

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CONFIDENTIAL

(d) Hydrochloric acid is replaced by sulphuric acid of the same concentration.
Predict the volume of sulphuric acid required to neutralise 25.0 cm
3
of
sodium hydroxide solution.
Explain your answer.
Asid hidroklorik di gantikan dengan asid sulfurik berkepekatan sama.
Ramalkan isi padu asid sulfurik yang diperlukan untuk meneutralkan 25.0 cm
3
larutan natrium
hidroksida.
Terangkan jawapan anda.

................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................
[3 marks]
[3 markah]


(e) Classify the following acids into strong acids and weak acids.
Kelaskan asid-asid berikut kepada asid kuat dan asid lemah.

Carbonic acid
Asid karbonik
Ethanoic acid
Asid etanoik
Sulphuric acid
Asid sulfurik
Methanoic acid
Asid metanoik
Nitric acid
Asid nitrik
Hydrochloric acid
Asid hidroklorik



Strong acid Weak acid














[3 marks]
[3 markah]





For
Examiners
Use

1(d)
3

1(e)
3

Total 1
18
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CONFIDENTIAL
2 Table 2 shows two experiments to investigate the rate of reaction between marble
chips and dilute hydrochloric acid. Stop watch reading is taken after 10 cm
3
of gas
is collected.
Jadual 2 menunjukkan dua eksperimen untuk mengkaji kadar tindak balas antara marmar dan asid
hidroklorik cair. Bacaan jam randik diambil selepas 10 cm
3
gas telah dikumpul.


Experiment
Eksperimen
Mixture of reactants
Campuran bahan tindak balas
Observation
Pemerhatian

I

5 g of large marble chips and
20 cm
3
of 0.2 mol dm
-3

hydrochloric acid.
5 g ketulan besar marmar dan
20 cm
3
asid hidroklorik 0.2 mol dm
-3










Stop watch
Jam randik

II


5 g of marble chips powder
and 20 cm
3
of 0.2 mol dm
-3

hydrochloric acid .
5 g serbuk marmar dan
20 cm
3
asid hidroklorik 0.2 mol dm
-3













Stop watch
Jam randik


Table 2
Jadual 2

(a) Based on the observation in Table 2, state the inference for both experiments.
Berdasarkan pemerhatian dalam Jadual 2, nyatakan inferens untuk kedua-dua
eksperimen ini.

...

...
[3 marks]
[3 markah]












2(a)
3


30:00 s
24:00 s
For
Examiners
Use
6

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CONFIDENTIAL


(b) For both experiments, state the:
Bagi kedua-dua eksperimen, nyatakan:

(i) Manipulated variable :
Pembolehubah dimanipulasikan:



(ii) Responding variable :
Pembolehubah bergerak balas:



(iii) Constant variable :
Pembolehubah dimalarkan:


[3 marks]
[3 markah]

(c) State one hypothesis for this experiment.
Nyatakan satu hipotesis bagi eksperimen ini.

...

...
[3 marks]
[3 markah]


(d) State the operational definition for the rate of reaction in the experiment.
Nyatakan definisi secara operasi bagi kadar tindak balas dalam eksperimen ini.

...

.......
[3 marks]
[3 markah]



















2(d)
3

2(b)
3

2(c)
3
For
Examiners
Use
For
Examiners
Use
7

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CONFIDENTIAL

(e) Diagram 2 shows two situations how clothes can be dried.
Rajah 2 menunjukkan dua situasi bagaimana pakaian boleh dikeringkan.



Outside the house
Di luar rumah

Inside the house
Di dalam rumah

Diagram 2
Rajah 2

Based on Diagram 2, state the relationship between the temperature of the
surrounding and rate of drying clothes.
Berdasarkan Rajah 2, nyatakan hubungan antara suhu persekitaran dan kadar pengeringan baju.

...

...

...
[3 marks]
[3 markah]




















2(e)
3

Total 2
15
8

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CONFIDENTIAL

3 Diagram 3 shows a conversation between two students, Siti and Ahmad.
Rajah 3 menunjukkan perbualan antara dua orang pelajar, Siti dan Ahmad.













Diagram 3
Rajah 3

Referring to the conversation in Diagram 3, plan a laboratory experiment to
differentiate two colourless liquids, hexane and hexene using suitable reagents.
Merujuk kepada perbualan di dalam Rajah 3, rancangkan satu eksperimen makmal untuk
membezakan dua cecair, heksana dan heksena menggunakan reagen yang sesuai.

Your planning should include the following aspects:
Perancangan anda hendaklah mengandungi aspek-aspek berikut:

(a) Problem Statement
Penyataan masalah
(b) All the variables
Semua pembolehubah
(c) Statement of the hypothesis
Penyataan hipotesis
(d) Lists of materials and apparatus
Senarai bahan serta radas
(e) Procedure for the experiment
Prosedur eksperimen
(f) Tabulation of data
Penjadualan data
[17 marks]
[17 markah]
END OF QUESTION PAPER
KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT
We can use acidified
potassium
manganate(VII) solution
or bromine water.
Kita boleh gunakan larutan
kalium manganat(VII) berasid
atau air bromin.

Siti, what do you use to
differentiate these two
liquids P and Q?
Siti, apakah yang awak
gunakan untuk membezakan
dua cecair P dan Q ini?
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INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES



1. This question paper consists of three questions. Question 1, Question 2 and Question 3.
Kertas soalan ini mengandungi tiga soalan. Soalan 1, Soalan 2 dan Soalan 3.

2. Answer all the questions. Write your answers for Question 1 and Question 2 in the spaces
provided in this question paper.
Jawab semua soalan. Jawapan anda bagi Soalan 1 dan Soalan 2 hendaklah ditulis dalam ruang yang
disediakan dalam kertas soalan ini.

3. Write your answers for Question 3 on the helaian tambahan provided by the invigilators.
You may use equations, diagrams, tables, graphs and other suitable methods to explain your
answer.
Tulis jawapan anda bagi Soalan 3 dalam helaian tambahan yang dibekalkan oleh pengawas
peperiksaan. Anda boleh menggunakan persamaan, gambar rajah, jadual, graf dan cara lain yang
sesuai untuk menjelaskan jawapan anda.

4. Show your working. It may help you to get marks.
Tunjukkan kerja mengira. Ini akan membantu anda mendapatkan markah.

5. The diagrams in the questions are not drawn to scale unless stated.
Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukis mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan.

6. Marks allocated for each question or sub-part of a question are shown in brackets.
Markah yang diperuntukkan bagi setiap soalan atau ceraian soalan ditunjukkan dalam kurungan.

7. If you wish to change your answer, cross out the answer that you have done. Then write
down the new answer.
Jika anda hendak menukar jawapan, batalkan jawapan yang telah dibuat. Kemudian tulis jawapan
yang baru.

8. You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator.
Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh diprogramkan.

9. You are advised to spend 45 minutes to answer Question 1 and Question 2 and 45 minutes
for Question 3.
Anda dinasihati supaya mengambil masa 45 minit untuk menjawab Soalan 1 dan Soalan 2 dan 45
minit untuk menjawab Soalan 3.

10. Tie the helaian tambahan together with this question paper and hand in to the invigilator at
the end of the examination.
Ikat helaian tambahan bersama-sama kertas soalan ini dan serahkan kepada pengawas peperiksaan
pada akhir peperiksaan.