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U. S.

Department of Agriculture
Natural Resources Conservation Service

ALTERNATIVE WATERWAY DESIGN


Version 1.5 4/05
Landuser: Designed by: Date:
County: Title:
Checked by: Date:
Tract No. Field - Title:
Location: Section T R

Practice ID:

Figure 1. Alternative Waterway Design


60

50 TW=40 ft, D=1.2 ft.


Drainage Area - Acres

40
TW=30 ft, D=1.0 ft
30

TW=25 ft, D=0.8 ft.


20

10

0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Waterway Grade - Percent
Reference: EFH Chap 7, IN-Supplement

Eros Contrl Blanket Tile Size, in. - Lengths


WW D.A. Design X Sect Design Length Seeding Outlet
ID Acres Grade, % Type TW - Ft. Depth Ft. Ft. Width-ft. Req'd. Ft. wide 4 5 6 Pipe

Design Trap. Sect. WW Length for Topwidths Outlet Pipes, Size & Number
WW WW Seeding ECB Sq. Mulching WW
ID BW, ft. Z 25 30 40 ID Acres Yd. Acres ID 4 5 6

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U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE
IN COOPERATION WITH

COUNTY SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION DISTRICT


INDIANA

DETAIL PLANS FOR

(PRACTICE)

(COOPERATOR)

(LOCATION) SEC. T R

NOTICE TO THE COOPERATOR AND CONTRACTOR


NO REPRESENTATION IS MADE BY THE NATURAL RESOURCES INDEX OF DRAWINGS
CONSERVATION SERVICE AS TO THE EXISTENCE OR
NONEXISTENCE OF UNDERGROUND HAZARDS. AT LEAST 2 TITLE SHEET NO.
WORKING DAYS PRIOR TO THE START OF CONSTRUCTION, THE
OWNERS OF PIPELINES OR OTHER UNDERGROUND UTILITIES COVER SHEET 1
MUST BE NOTIFIED OF THE PENDING CONSTRUCTION. UTILITIES
THAT PARTICIPATE WITH THE INDIANA UNDERGROUND PLANT LOCATION MAP 2
PROTECTION SERVICES, INC., CAN BE NOTIFIED BY CALLING 1-800-
382-5544, TOLL FREE. PLAN VIEW 3
GRASSED WATERWAY DETAILS 4
CONSTRUCTION SPECS / O&M 5
CONSTRUCTION DATA EROSION CONTROL BLANKET DETAILS 6
LAYOUT BY:

DATE:

CONTRACTOR NAME AND ADDRESS:

CONSTRUCTION COMPLETED (DATE):

PRACTICE (DOES) (DOES NOT) MEET STANDARDS AND SPECIFICATIONS. PREPARED BY:

DATE: DATE:
TITLE: TITLE:

AS-BUILT DRAWINGS REVIEWED AND APPROVED BY:


NO CHANGES DURING CONSTRUCTION DATE:
Alt WW Design (REV 4/05)

SUBMITTED BY: TITLE:

TITLE: REVIEWED AND CONCURRED BY:

REVIEWED AND APPROVED BY: DATE:

DATE: TITLE:

TITLE: SHEET 1 OF 6
IN-ENG-57L
###

LOCATION MAP
Alt WW Design (Rev 4/05)

Date
6

Designed

LANDUSER: Drawn
of

COUNTY SWCD, INDIANA Checked


2

LOCATION: Approved
Sheet

Section T R Title
###

PLAN VIEW
Alt WW Design (Rev 4/05)

Date
6

Designed

LANDUSER: Drawn
of

COUNTY SWCD, INDIANA Checked


3

LOCATION: Approved
Sheet

Section T R Title
GRASSED WATERWAY DETAILS
WW Type Length TW Depth BW Seeding ECB Mulch Tile Drain Outlet
Z
ID Sect In Feet Ft. (D) Ft. Ft. Width Acre Width Sq.Yd. Acre Size,in Length Pipe

WATERWAY CROSS SECTIONS


TW

FILL

Depth (D) EXCAVATION 1 Existing Ground


Z

Tile BW

TYPICAL TRAPEZOIDAL (T) CROSS SECTION

TW
FILL

Depth (D) EXCAVATION


Existing Ground
3/4 D
###
Tile TW/4

TYPICAL PARABOLIC (P) CROSS SECTION


Not To Scale.

CONSTRUCTION NOTES - QUANTITIES (Estimated)


1. The waterway will not be built to a specified grade. Grade of the Item Quantity Units
waterway shall be constructed to the natural slope of the
drainageway along the length of the waterway.
Grassed Waterway feet
4 -inch Drainage Tubing feet
2. The tile drain, if required, shall be installed a minimum of 2 feet 5 -inch Drainage Tubing feet
below the waterway bottom, and along the right or left edge of
the waterway topwidth.
6 -inch Drainage Tubing feet
4 " Outlet Pipe w/Animal Guard each
5 " Outlet Pipe w/Animal Guard each
6 " Outlet Pipe w/Animal Guard each
Erosion Control Blanket sq.yd.
Seeding acre
Mulching acre
Alt WW Design (Rev 4/05)

GRASSED WATERWAY
Date
6

Designed

LANDUSER: Drawn
of

COUNTY SWCD, INDIANA Checked


4

LOCATION: Approved
Sheet

Section T R Title
General Operations and Maintenance
Construction operations shall be carried out in such a manner and sequence A maintenance program shall be established by the landuser to maintain the
that erosion and air and water pollution will be minimized and held within capacity and vegetative cover of the waterway.
acceptable limits. All operations shall be carried out in a safe and skillful Items to consider are:
manner. Safety and health regulations shall be observed and appropriate 1. Do not graze the waterway when soil conditions are wet and soft.
measures used. The completed job shall conform to the lines, grades, and 2. Protect the waterway from damage by farm equipment and vehicles.
elevations shown on the drawings or as staked in the field. Do not use the waterway as a roadway and be careful when crossing
to prevent tillage/wheel tracks and ruts.
NOTE: It is the landuser's responsibility to locate any existing tile that may be 3. Maintain constructed top width by lifting or disengaging tillage
under, along, or crossing the waterway prior to construction. Waterway equipment properly and avoid farming operations along waterways
alignment should be adjusted to provide at least 1' of cover for plastic tubing that would hinder water entry.
and 1.5' of cover for other drainage materials. The NRCS is not responsible for 4. Do not spray with herbicides or cross waterways during spraying
any tile damaged during construction. operations unless equipment is completely shut off.
5. Fertilize waterway according to soil tests (not to exceed 500 lb/ac
Excavation of 12-12-12 or equiv.) the first spring or fall after seeding and as
To the extent needed, all suitable materials removed from the specified necessary thereafter to maintain a vigorous stand of grass.
excavation shall be used in the construction of the earth fill areas of the Caution should be used in the amount and timing of fertilization to
waterway. No spoil shall be deposited adjacent to the waterway unless such protect water quality.
spoil and the adjacent area have a positive grade toward the waterway or 6. Mow waterways regularly to maintain a healthy, vigorous sod. Time
inlets. the first mowing after ground nesting birds have hatched (after
Where waterway excavation exposes subsoil likely to have poor growing August 1). Remove excess top growth. Do not burn.
conditions, the waterway grade shall be undercut to a depth of 6" and 7. Repair all broken subsurface drain lines adjacent to or in the waterway.
backfilled with topsoil stockpiled from the waterway excavation area. 8. Re-establish vegetative cover immediately where scour erosion has
removed the established seeding.
Earthfill 9. Maintain effective erosion control of the contributing watershed to
Earthfill required for the construction of the waterway shall be placed in 8-9" prevent siltation and loss of flow capacity in the waterway.
layers and compacted to a density comparable to the existing undisturbed
earth adjacent to the areas being filled.

Moisture Control
The minimum moisture content of the fill material and foundation shall be such
that when kneaded in the hands, the fill material will form a ball which does not
readily separate. The maximum moisture content is when conditions are too
wet for efficient use of the hauling and compaction equipment.

Seeding Type Rate (lb/ac)


Tall Fescue 35 PLS

CONSTRUCTION TOLERANCES
Trapizoidal Waterway
Mulch Type Rate (ton/ac)
Depth at Centerline: Grade to 0.2' below
Depth at Toe: Grade to 0.2' above Straw 2
Bottom Width: 10% Wider not to exceed 5'
Parabolic Waterway Temporary Seeding Type Rate (lb/ac.)
Depth at Centerline: Grade to 0.2' below Oats 100
Top Width: 10% Wider not to exceed 5'

Finish and Cleanup Lime Rate (ton/ac) Or to a pH of:


The waterway and the designated spoil areas will be finished in a relatively
4 6.2 - 6.5
smooth condition ready for seeding. All rocks and roots 3" in diameter or
larger shall be removed from the waterway and spoil areas.

Vegetative Establishment Fertilizer Rate (lbs/ac.) Type:


Where excess surface water runoff is a problem, water shall be directed away 500 12-12-12 or equiv.
until vegetation is established, if possible. Any protective works installed shall
be removed after vegetation is established, and disturbed area then seeded to
permanent vegetation. Erosion Control Blanket Type
Work the lime and fertilizer into the soil to a depth of 2-3" with a harrow or disk. Double-net Straw ECB or equivalent
Prepare a firm seedbed with a cultipacker or cultipacker-type seeder, or seed
with a no-till drill. Plant the seed to a depth of 1/4 to 1/2 inch.
Dates Lime Fertilizer Mulch Seed Temp. Seed
When summer temporary seeding has been used, remove or incorporate the
temporary cover (or seed with a no-till drill) after August 10. Apply lime, * 3/1 - 5/15 Yes Yes Yes Yes No
fertilizer, seed, and mulch in a normal manner.
5/16 - 7/31 Yes 1/3 of Rate No No Yes
When erosion control blanket or mulch netting is required, follow the 8/1 - 9/15 Yes Yes Yes Yes No
manufacturer's installation instructions.
** 9/15 - 9/30 Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Unless soil test indicates otherwise, apply lime and fertilizer as indicated in 10/1 - 2/28 No Seeding
tables. In addition, apply seed, mulch, and temporary seeding as indicated in
the following tables. * Switchgrass Spring Seeding 4/1 - 6/15
** Tall Fescue or Perennial Ryegrass with Mulch Cover

WATERWAY SPECS - O&M


Alt WW Design (Rev 4/07)

Date
6

Designed

LANDUSER: Drawn
of

COUNTY SWCD, INDIANA Checked


5

LOCATION: Approved
Sheet

Section T R Title
1. Prepare soil before installing blankets, including application of lime,
fertilizer, and seed. Staple Pattern
2.Begin at the top of channel by anchoring the blanket in a 6" deep be 6" Use 2 staples per sq. yd.
wide trench. Backfill and compact the trench after stapling.
3. Roll center blanket in direction of water flow on bottom of channel.
4. Place blankets end over end (shingle style) with a 6" overlap. Use a 2'
double row of staggered staples 4" apart to secure blankets.
5. For vegetated channels where side slopes are 4:1 or flatter and the 4'
blanket does extend to the top channel section, the edge of the blanket
does NOT require being trenched-in. The edge of the blanket shall be 8'
stapled every 12". Otherwise, full-length edge of blankets at top of side 3'
slopes must be anchored in 6" by 6" wide trench. Backfill and compact
the trench after stapling.
6. Blankets on side slopes must be overlapped 4" over the center blanket
and stapled.
7. In high flow channel applications, a staple check slot is recommended
at 30 to 40 foot intervals. Use a row of staples 4" below the first row
in a staggered pattern.
8. The terminal end of the blankets must be anchored in a 6" deep be 6"
wide trench. Backfill and compact the trench after stapling.

Blanket Requirements
Blanket Type Reach Station to Station Width
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

Date
EROSION CONTROL BLANKET
Alt WW Design (Rev 4/05)

INSTALLATION SPECIFICATIONS
6

Designed

Landuser Drawn
of

COUNTY SWCD, INDIANA


6

Checked

LOCATION: Approved
Sheet
Alt WW Design
LOCATION: Approved

Sheet
Section T R Title
U. S. Department of Agriculture
Natural Resources Conservation Service

Cost Estimate
Landuser: Designed by: Date:
County: Checked by: Date:

Practice ID: Tract No. Field No.


Item Quantity Unit Cost Total Cost
25 Ft-wide Waterway Construction feet @ per foot
30 Ft-wide Waterway Construction feet @ per foot
40 Ft-wide Waterway Construction feet @ per foot
4 -inch Plastic Drainage Tubing feet @ per foot
5 -inch Plastic Drainage Tubing feet @ per foot
6 -inch Plastic Drainage Tubing feet @ per foot
4 -inch Outlet Pipe w/ Animal Guard each @ per each
5 -inch Outlet Pipe w/ Animal Guard each @ per each
6 -inch Outlet Pipe w/ Animal Guard each @ per each
Erosion Control Blanket/Mulch Netting sq. yds. @ per sq. yd.
Seeding acres @ per acre
Mulching acres @ per acre

Other:

NOTES: Subtotal: $-

+10% $-

Total: $-

The detailed cost estimate for this project is based on average cost for similar work completed in the locality of
the project. It may not reflect the actual cost for the work as determined by the contractor you select. It is your
option to obtain two or more estimates or bids from different contractors before you begin your project. The cost
share dollars assigned for your project may have been based on a less detailed estimate in the planning stage.
Some conservation cost share programs have limitations for cost share, practice, or practice components. It is
highly recommended that you visit with the appropriate cost share program administrator to review cost share
policy prior to starting your project. This will provide you with a greater understanding of what you can expect to
receive in cost share assistance and what your financial responsibilty will be upon the completion of this project.

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Alternative Waterway Design Data

ALTERNATIVE WATERWAY DESIGN DATA - Max. DA, P = 4.25 inches, CN = 82, Land Slopes = 6%
Slope 1.00 1.67 2.00 2.60 3.00 3.40 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.00
40, 1.2 30.0 51.0 41.6 31.0 26.5 24.1 21.0 17.0 14.7 13.0 11.6 10.8 10.0
30, 1.0 8.5 15.5 19.2 26.0 22.3 19.6 16.7 13.8 11.5 10.0 9.0 8.0 7.5
25, 0.8 4.0 8.0 9.8 13.0 15.4 18.0 15.2 12.6 10.8 9.6 8.8 8.0 7.5
V3-40 40.0 25.0 20.0 15.0 13.0 11.7 10.3 8.3 7.7 6.6 5.8 5.7 5.3
V3-2430 34.0 19.0 15.0 11.0 9.5 8.3 7.4 5.8 4.8 4.3 4.0 3.6 3.4

DESIGN CROSS SECTIONS


Curve TW, ft. BW, ft. Depth Z :1
A 40 16 1.2 10
B 30 10 1.0 10
C 25 12 0.8 8