ENGI NEERI NG MECHANI CS
AM 1 Equilibrium of Forces AM 3
AM 2 Structure AM 40
AM 3 Friction AM 81
AM 4 Virtual Work AM 117
AM 5 Kinematics of Particle AM 128
AM 6 Kinetics of Particles AM 157
AM 7 Plane Kinematics of Rigid body AM 190
AM 8 Plane Kinetics of Rigid body AM 206
STRENGTH OF MATERI ALS
SM 1 Stress and Strain SM 3
SM 2 Axial Loading SM 41
SM 3 Torsion SM 86
SM 4 Shear Force and Bending Moment SM 118
SM 5 Transformation of Stress and Strain SM 179
SM 6 Design of Beams and Shafts SM 226
SM 7 Deflection of Beams and Shafts SM 270
SM 8 Column SM 315
SM 9 Energy Methods SM 354
THEORY OF MACHI NES
TM 1 Analysis of Plane Mechanism TM 3
TM 2 Velocity and Acceleration TM 20
TM 3 Dynamic Analysis of Slider  Crank and Cam TM 38
TM 4 Gear  Trains TM 59
TM 5 Fly Wheel TM 91
TM 6 Vibration TM 109
MACHI NES DESI GN
MD 1 Static and Dynamic Loading MD 3
MD 2 Joints MD 22
MD 3 Shaft and Shaft Components MD 54
MD 4 Spur Gears MD 71
MD 5 Bearings MD 88
MD 6 Clutch and Brakes MD 105
CONTENTS VOL 2
FLUI D MECHANI CS
FM 1 Basic Concepts and Properties of Fluids FM 3
FM 2 Pressure and Fluid Statics FM 33
FM 3 Fluid Kinematics & Bernouli Equation FM 80
FM 4 Flow Analysis Using Control Volumes FM 124
FM 5 Flow Analysis Using Differential Method FM 172
FM 6 Internal Flow FM 211
FM 7 External Flow FM 253
FM 8 Open Channel Flow FM 289
FM 9 Turbo Machinery FM 328
HEAT TRANSFER
HT 1 Basic Concepts & Modes of HeatTransfer HT 3
HT 2 Fundamentals of Conduction HT 34
HT 3 Steady Heat Conduction HT 63
HT 4 Transient Heat Conduction HT 94
HT 5 Fundamentals of Convection HT 114
HT 6 Free and Force Convection HT 129
HT 7 Radiation Heat Transfer HT 155
HT 8 Heat Exchangers HT 181
THERMODYNAMI CS
TD 1 Basic Concepts and Energy Analysis TD 3
TD 2 Properties of Pure Substances TD 28
TD 3 Energy Analysis of Closed System TD 52
TD 4 Mass and Energy Analysis of Control Volume TD 76
TD 5 Second Law of Thermodynamics TD 106
TD 6 Entropy TD 136
TD 7 Gas Power Cycles TD 166
TD 8 Vapor and Combined Power Cycles TD 199
TD 9 Refrigeration and Air Conditioning TD 226
***********
CONTENTS VOL 3
MANUFACTURI NG PROCESS
I NDUSTRI AL ENGI NEERI NG
OPERATI ON RESEARCH
CONTENTS VOL 4
ENGI NEERI NG MATHEMATI CS
EM 1 Linear Algebra EM 1
EM 2 Differential Calculus EM 24
EM 3 Integral Calculus EM 46
EM 4 Directional Derivatives EM 67
EM 5 Differential Equation EM 79
EM 6 Complex Variable EM 103
EM 7 Probability and Statistics EM 123
EM 8 Numerical Methods EM 142
VERBAL ANALYSI S
VA 1 Synonyms VA 1
VA 2 Antonyms VA 16
VA 3 Agreement VA 26
VA 4 Sentence Structure VA 37
VA 5 Spellings VA 58
VA 6 Sentence Completion VA 87
VA 7 Word Analogy VA 111
VA 8 Reading Comprehension VA 135
VA 9 Verbal Classification VA 148
VA 10 Critical Reasoning VA 153
VA 11 Verbal Deduction VA 168
QUANTI TATI VE ANALYSI S
QA 1 Number System QA 1
QA 2 Surds, Indices and Logarithm QA 14
QA 3 Sequences and Series QA 28
QA 4 Average, Mixture and Alligation QA 44
QA 5 Ratio, Proportion and Variation QA 59
QA 6 Percentage QA 75
QA 7 Interest QA 89
QA 8 Time, Speed & Distance QA 99
QA 9 Time, Work & Wages QA 112
QA 10 Data Interpretation QA 126
QA 11 Number Series QA 145
SOLVED PAPER
SP 1 Engineering Mathematics SP 3
SP 2 Engineering Mechanics SP 65
SP 3 Strength of Materials SP 90
SP 4 Theory of Machines SP 138
SP 5 Machine Design SP 189
SP 6 Fluid Mechanics SP 218
SP 7 Heat Transfer SP 265
SP 8 Thermodynamics SP 303
SP 9 Refrigeration and AirConditioning SP 358
SP 10 Manufacturing Engineering SP 375
SP 11 Industrial Engineering SP 448
SP 12 General Aptitude SP 496
SM 1
STRESS AND STRAI N
Common Data For Q. 1 and 2
A long wire of tungsten ( 190 / kN m
T
3
g = ) hangs vertically from a highaltitude
balloon, is shown in figure.
SM 1.1 If the ultimate strength (or breaking strength) is 1500 MPa, the greatest length
that it can have without breaking, is
(A) 3950 m (B) 7900 m
(C) 1975 m (D) 790 m
SM 1.2 If the same wire hangs from a ship at sea ( 10 / ) kN m
sea water
3
g = , the greatest
length is
(A) 8300 m (B) 2075 m
(C) 7500 m (D) 3750 m
Common Data For Q. 3 and 4
The 650 N load is applied along the centroidal axis of the member as shown in
figure. Take 60c q = .
SM 1.3 The resultant internal normal and shear forces in the member at section a a

,
which passes through point A, is
(A) N 0 = , V 0 = (B) 50 N N = , 650 N V =
(C) N 0 = , 650 N V = (D) 650 N N = , V 0 =
SM 4 Stress and Strain SM 1
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SM 1.4 The resultant internal normal and shear forces in the member at section b b

,
which passes through point A, is
(A) 325 N N = , 563 N V = (B) 650 N N = , 563 N V =
(C) 563 N N = , 325 N V = (D) 325 N N = , 1126 N V =
SM 1.5 In the figure shown, link BC of 6 mm thickness is made of a steel with a 450 MPa
ultimate strength in tension. If the structure is being designed to support a 20 kN
load P with a factor of safety of 3, its width w should be
(A) 13.9 mm (B) 55.6 mm
(C) 27.8 mm (D) 41.7 mm
SM 1.6 In figure shown, the twomember frame is subjected to the distributed loading.
Member CB has a square cross section of 35 mm on each side and take 8 / kN m w =
. The average normal stress and average shear stress acting at section bb, are
(A) 4.41 MPa s = , 5.88 MPa t = (B) 11.76 MPa s = , 4.41 MPa t =
(C) 8.82 MPa s = , 5.88 MPa t = (D) 5.88 MPa s = , 4.41 MPa t =
Common Data For Q. 8 and 9
A solid bar of circular cross section has a hole of diameter / d 4 drilled laterally
through the center of the bar as shown in figure below. The allowable average
tensile stress on the net cross section of the bar is
allow
s .
SM 1.7 The formula for the allowable load P
allow
that the bar can carrying in tension, is
(A) . d 0 27
allow
2
#
s (B) . d 0 54
allow
2
#
s
(C) . d 0 675
allow
2
#
s (D) . d 0 54
allow #
s
SM 1 Stress and Strain SM 5
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SM 1.8 If the bar is made of brass with diameter 40 mm d = and 80 MPa
allow
s = , the
value of P
allow
is
(A) 86.5 kN (B) 70 kN
(C) 172 kN (D) 35 kN
SM 1.9 An axial load P is supported by a short 250 0.67 W
#
column of crosssectional
area 8580 mm A
2
= and is distributed to a concrete foundation by a square plate
as shown in figure. If the average normal stress in the column must not exceed
150 MPa and the bearing stress on the concrete foundation must not exceed
12.5 MPa, the side a of the plate which will provide the most economical and safe
design is
(A) 103 mm (B) 321 mm
(C) 8.6 mm (D) 160 mm
SM 1.10 The column shown in figure, is subjected to an axial force of 8 kN at its top.
What is the average normal stress acting at section aa ?
(A) 1.82 MPa (B) 3.64 MPa
(C) 0.91 MPa (D) 2.73 MPa
SM 1.11 A round bar of 10 mm diameter is made of aluminum alloy, as shown in figure.
When the bar is stretched by axial forces P, its diameter decreases by 0.016 mm
. The magnitude of the load P is
(Take 72 GPa E = , 0.33 n = , 480 MPa
Y
s = )
(A) 27.4 kN (B) 54.8 kN
(C) 13.7 kN (D) . kN 37 7
SM 1.12 A steel bar of length 2.5 m with a square cross section 100 mm on each side is
subjected to an axial tensile force of 1300 kN as shown in figure. The increase in
SM 6 Stress and Strain SM 1
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volume of the bar is
(Take 250 MPa
Y
s = , 200 GPa E = , . 0 3 n = )
(A) 8112 mm
3
(B) 4868 mm
3
(C) 3245 mm
3
(D) 6490 mm
3
Common Data For Q.14 and 15
Three steel plates, each 16 mm thick, are joined by two 20 mm diameter rivets as
shown in the figure.
SM 1.13 If the load 50 kN P = , the largest bearing stress acting on the rivets is
(A) 39 MPa
(B) 156 MPa
(C) 78 MPa
(D) 117 MPa
SM 1.14 If the ultimate shear stress for the rivets is 180 , MPa what force P
u
is required to
cause the rivets to fail in shear ? (Disregard friction between the plates.)
(A) 170 kN (B) 57 kN
(C) 226 kN (D) 113 kN
SM 1.15 The small block of 5 mm thickness is shown in figure. If the stress distribution
at the support developed by the load varies as shown, the force F applied to the
block and the distance d to where it is applied, respectively, are
(A) 220 mm (B) 110 mm
(C) 165 mm (D) 55 mm
SM 1.16 The bar has a crosssectional area of (400 10 ) m
6 2
#

. If it is subjected to a
uniform axial distributed loading along its length and to two concentrated loads
as shown in figure, the average normal stress in the bar as a function of x for
SM 1 Stress and Strain SM 7
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0 0.5 m x < # , is
(A) . . MPa x 47 5 20 0  ^ h (B) 67.5 MPa x
(C) . . MPa x 47 5 20 0 + ^ h (D) 27.5 MPa x
Common Data For Q. 18 and 19
In the figure shown, a hollow box beam ABC of length L is supported at end
A by a 20 mm diameter pin that passes through the beam and its supporting
pedestals. The roller support at B is located at distance / L 3 from end A.
SM 1.17 If load P is equal to 10 kN, the average shear stress in the pin is
(A) 15.9 MPa (B) 31.8 MPa
(C) 63.6 MPa (D) 7.95 MPa
SM 1.18 If the wall thickness of the beam is equal to 12 mm, the average bearing stress
between the pin and the box beam will be
(A) 41.7 MPa (B) 125.1 MPa
(C) 83.4 MPa (D) 20.85 MPa
SM 1.19 Rods AB and BC shown in figure, have diameters of 4 mm and 6 mm, respectively.
The vertical load of 8 kN is applied to the ring at B. If the average normal stress
in each rod is equivalent then this stress will be
SM 8 Stress and Strain SM 1
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(A) 237 MPa (B) 316 MPa
(C) 474 MPa (D) 158 MPa
Common Data For Q. 20 amd 21
A steel plate ( / kN m 77
3
g = ) of dimensions 2.5 1.2 0.1 m
# #
is hoisted by a
cable sling that has a clevis at each end as shown in figure. The pins through the
clevises are 18 mm in diameter and are located 2.0 m apart. Each half of the cable
is at an angle of 32c to the vertical.
SM 1.20 For above conditions, the average shear stress
aver
t in the pins will be
(A) 8.9 MPa (B) 6.7 MPa
(C) 13.4 MPa (D) 26.8 MPa
SM 1.21 The average bearing stress
b
s between the steel plate and the pins is
(A) 22.7 MPa (B) . MPa 15 2
(C) 7.57 MPa (D) 30.3 MPa
SM 1.22 Two solid cylindrical rods AB and BC are welded together at B and loaded as
shown in figure. If the average normal stress must not exceed 150 MPa in either
rod, the smallest allowable values of the diameters d
1
and d
2
are
SM 1 Stress and Strain SM 9
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(A) 45.2 mm d
1
= , 20.1 mm d
2
= (B) 22.6 mm d
1
= , 40.2 mm d
2
=
(C) 20.1 mm d
1
= , 45.2 mm d
2
= (D) 40.2 mm d
1
= , 22.6 mm d
2
=
SM 1.23 Members AB and AC of the truss as shown, consist of bars of square cross
section made of the same alloy. It is known that a 20 mm square bar of the same
alloy was tested to failure and that an ultimate load of 120 kN was recorded. If a
factor of safety of 3.2 is to be achieved for both bars, the required dimension of
the cross section of the bar AB is
(A) 27 mm a = (B) 12 mm a =
(C) 13.5 mm a = (D) 6 mm a =
SM 1.24 The two steel members are joined together using a 60c scarf weld as shown in
figure. The average normal and average shear stress resisted in the plane of the
weld are
(A) 8 MPa
avg
s = , 4.62 MPa
avg
t = (B) 4.62 MPa
avg
s = , 8 MPa
avg
t =
(C) 4.62 MPa
avg
s = , 16 MPa
avg
t = (D) 16 MPa
avg
s = , 4.62 MPa
avg
t =
SM 1.25 A steel pipe of 300 mm outer diameter is fabricated from 6 mm thick plate by
welding along a helix which forms an angle of 25c with a plane perpendicular to
the axis of the pipe. If a 250 kN axial force P is applied to the pipe, the normal
and shearing stresses in directions respectively normal and tangential to the weld
are
SM 10 Stress and Strain SM 1
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(A) 18.5 MPa  , 17.28 MPa (B) 37.1 MPa  , 34.56 MPa
(C) 18.5 MPa  , 34.56 MPa (D) 37.1 MPa  , 17.28 MPa
SM 1.26 A 6 kN load is supported by two wooden members of 75 125 mm mm
#
uniform
rectangular cross section which are joined by the simple glued scarf splice as
shown in figure. The normal and shearing stresses in the glued splice respectively,
are
(A) 565 kPa, 206 kPa (B) 282 kPa, 206 kPa
(C) 565 kPa, 103 kPa (D) 282 kPa, 103 kPa
SM 1.27 In the figure shown, the wooden members A and B are to be joined by plywood
splice plates which will be fully glued on the surface in contact. If the clearance
between the ends of the members is to be 8 mm and the average shearing stress
in the glue is not to exceed 800 kPa, the smallest allowable length L will be
(A) 308 mm (B) 150 mm
(C) 300 mm (D) 292 mm
SM 1 Stress and Strain SM 11
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SM 1.28 In the figure shown, the frame is subjected to the distributed loading of 2 / kN m.
What is the required diameter of the pins at A and B if the allowable shear stress
for the material is 100 MPa
allow
t = ? Both pins are subjected to double shear.
(A) 2.6 mm d = (B) 7.8 mm d =
(C) 5.2 mm d = (D) 10.4 mm d =
SM 1.29 A specially designed wrench is used to twist a circular shaft by means of a square
key that fits into slots (or keyways) in the shaft and wrench as shown in the
figure. The shaft has diameter , d the key has a square cross section of dimensions
b b
#
and the length of the key is c. The key fits half into the wrench and half
into the shaft (i.e., the keyways have a depth equal to / b 2). When a load P is
applied at distance L from the center of the shaft, the formula for the average
shear stress
aver
t in the key is
( Hints : Disregard the effects of friction, assume that the bearing pressure between
the key and the wrench is uniformly distributed)
(A)
bc d b
PL
2 + ^ h
(B)
bc d b
PL
2
2
+ ^ h
(C)
bc d b
PL
2
3
+ ^ h
(D)
bc d b
PL
2
4
+ ^ h
SM 1.30 The two wooden members shown in figure supports a 20 kN load, are joined
by plywood splices fully glued on the surface in contact. The ultimate shearing
stress in the glue is 2.8 MPa and the clearance between the members is 8 mm. If
SM 12 Stress and Strain SM 1
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a factor of safety of 3.5 is to be achieved, the required length L of each splice is
(A) 216 mm (B) 208 mm
(C) 200 mm (D) 104 mm
SM 1.31 A torque T
0
is transmitted between two flanged shafts by means of four 20 mm
bolts as shown in figure. The diameter of the bolt circle is 150 mm d = . If the
allowable shear stress in the bolts is 90 MPa, the maximum permissible torque
will be
(A) 16.96 kN m

(B) 8.48 kN m

(C) 12.72 kN m

(D) 4.24 kN m

SM 1.32 The cross section of an aluminium tube serving as a compression brace in the
fuselage of a small airplane is shown in the figure. The outer diameter of the tube
is 25 mm d = and the wall thickness is 2.5 mm t = . If the factors of safety with
respect to the yield stress and the ultimate stress are 4 and 5 respectively, the
allowable compressive force P
allow
is
(Take 270 MPa
Y
s = , 310 MPa
u
s = )
(A) 9.5 kN (B) 12.0 kN
(C) 11.0 kN (D) 13.7 kN
SM 1.33 In the figure shown, a long steel wire ( 77.0 / kN m
3
g = ) hanging from a balloon
carries a weight W at its lower end. The 4 mm diameter wire is 25 m long. The
tensile yield stress for the wire is 350 MPa
Y
s = and a margin of safety against
yielding of 1.5 is desired. The maximum weight W
max
that can safety be carried is
(Include the weight of the wire in the calculations.)
SM 1 Stress and Strain SM 13
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(A) 1783 N (B) 1711 N
(C) 1759 N (D) 1735 N
SM 1.34 What is the smallest dimensions of the circular shaft and circular end cap if
the load it is required to support is 150 kN P = ? The allowable tensile stress,
bearing stress and shear stress is ( ) 175 MPa
t allow
s = , ( ) 275 MPa
b allow
s = and
115 MPa
allow
t = .
(A) 15.8 mm d
1
= , 26.4 mm d
3
= , 44.6 mm t =
(B) 26.4 mm d
1
= , 44.6 mm d
3
= , 15.8 mm t =
(C) 44.6 mm d
1
= , 26.4 mm d
3
= , 15.8 mm t =
(D) 44.6 mm d
1
= , 15.8 mm d
3
= , 26.4 mm t =
SM 1.35 The assembly shown in figure, consists of three disks A, B and C are used to
support the load of 140 kN. The allowable bearing stress for the material is
( ) 350 MPa
b allow
s = and allowable shear stress is 125 MPa
allow
t = . The smallest
diameter d
1
of the top disk, the diameter d
2
within the support space and the
diameter d
3
of the hole in the bottom disk are
SM 14 Stress and Strain SM 1
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(A) 27.6 mm d
1
= , 22.6 mm d
2
= , 35.7 mm d
3
=
(B) 22.6 mm d
1
= , 35.7 mm d
2
= , 27.6 mm d
3
=
(C) 22.6 mm d
1
= , 27.6 mm d
2
= , 35.7 mm d
3
=
(D) 35.7 mm d
1
= , 22.6 mm d
2
= , 27.6 mm d
3
=
SM 1.36 In the structure shown, an 8 mm diameter pin is used at A and 12 mm diameter
pins are used at B and D. The ultimate shearing stress is 100 MPa at all
connections and the ultimate normal stress is 250 MPa in each of the two links
joining B and D. If an overall factor of safety of 3.0 is desired, the allowable load
P is
(A) 7.7 kN (B) 14.04 kN
(C) 3.97 kN (D) 3.72 kN
SM 1.37 The bar shown in figure, is held in equilibrium by the pin supports at A and B
. The support at A has a single leaf and therefore it involves single shear in the
pin and the support at B has a double leaf and therefore it involves double shear.
The allowable shear stress for both the pins is 125 MPa
allow
t = . If 1 m x = and
12 / kN m w = , the smallest required diameter of pins A and B are (Neglect any
axial force in the bar.)
(A) 957 mm d
A
= , 20.6 mm d
B
= (B) 10.3 mm d
A
= , 9.57 mm d
B
=
(C) 19.14 mm d
A
= , 10.3 mm d
B
= (D) 9.57 mm d
A
= , 10.3 mm d
B
=
SM 1.38 Two plates, each 3 mm thick, are used to splice a plastic strip as shown below. If
the ultimate shearing stress of the bonding between the surface is 900 kPa and
1500 N P = , the factor of safety with respect to shear will be
(A) 2 (B) 3.6
(C) 5.4 (D) 1.8
SM 1 Stress and Strain SM 15
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SM 1.39 The cable shown in figure has a specific weight g (weight/volume) and cross
sectional area A. If the sag s is small, so that its length is approximately L and
its weight can be distributed uniformly along the horizontal axis, the average
normal stress in the cable at its lowest point C is
(A)
s
L
2
2
s
g
= (B)
s
L
8
s
g
=
(C)
s
L
8
2
s
g
= (D)
s
L
4
2
s
g
=
SM 1.40 An elastomeric bearing pad consisting of two steel plates bonded to a chloroprene
elastomer, is subjected to a shear force V during a static loading test as shown in
figure. The pad has dimensions 150 mm a = , 250 mm b = and the elastomer has
thickness 50 mm t = . When the force V equals 12 kN, the top plate is found to
have displaced laterally 8.0 mm with respect to the bottom plate.
The shear modulus of elasticity G of the chloroprene is
(A) 0.5 MPa (B) 1 MPa
(C) 4 MPa (D) 2 MPa
SM 1.41 A metal bar AB of weight W is suspended by a system of steel wires arranged as
shown in the figure. The diameter of the wire is 2 mm and the yield stress of the
steel is 450 MPa. The maximum permissible weight W
max
for a factor of safety of
1.9 with respect to yielding, is
SM 16 Stress and Strain SM 1
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(A) N 685 (B) 10 N 28
(C) 1370 N (D) 2740 N
Common Data For Q. 42 and 43
In figure shown below, link BD consists of a single bar 30 mm wide and 12 mm
thick. Each pin has a 10 mm diameter.
SM 1.42 If 0c q = , the maximum value of the average normal stress in link BD is
(A) zero (B) 72 MPa
(C) 24 MPa (D) 48 MPa
SM 1.43 If 90c q = , the maximum value of the average normal stress in link BD is
(A) 83 MPa (B) 125 MPa
(C) 42 MPa (D) 44.5 MPa
SM 1.44 The rigid beam AC shown in figure, is supported by a pin at A and wires BD
and CE. If the load P on the beam causes the end C to be displaced 10 mm
downward, the normal strain developed in wires CE and BD are
(A) . 0 00025
CE
e = , 0.0107
BD
e = (B) . 0 0025
CE
e = , . 0 00107
BD
e =
(C) . 0 025
CE
e = , 0.0107
BD
e = (D) . 0 00107
CE
e = , . 0 0025
BD
e =
SM 1.45 The rigid beam shown in figure, is supported by a pin at A and wires BD and
CE. If the load P on the beam is displaced 10 mm downward, the normal strain
developed in wires CE and BD are
SM 1 Stress and Strain SM 17
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(A) . 1 43 10
CE
3
#
e =

, . 3 58 10
BD
3
#
e =

(B) . 1 43 10
CE
3
#
e =

, . 1 79 10
BD
3
#
e =

(C) . 1 79 10
CE
3
#
e =

, . 1 43 10
BD
3
#
e =

(D) . 2 86 10
CE
3
#
e =

, . 1 79 10
BD
3
#
e =

SM 1.46 A steel pipe is to carry an axial compressive load 1200 kN P = as shown in figure.
A factor of safety of 1.8 against yielding is to be used. If the thickness t of the pipe
is to be oneeighth of its outer diameter, the minimum required outer diameter
d
min
is (Take 270 MPa
Y
s = )
.
(A) 153 mm (B) 76.5 mm
(C) 114.75 mm (D) 38.25 mm
Common Data For Q. 47 and 48
A circular aluminum tube of length 400 mm L = is loaded in compression by
forces P as shown in figure. The outside and inside diameters are 60 mm and
50 mm, respectively. A strain gage is placed on the outside of the bar to measure
normal strains in the longitudinal direction.
.
SM 1.47 If the measured strain is 550 10
6
#
e =

, the shortening d of the bar is
(A) 0.220 mm (B) 2.20 mm
(C) 0.022 mm (D) 1.10 mm
SM 1.48 If the compressive stress in the bar is intended to be 40 MPa, the load P should be
(A) 17.35 kN (B) 34.6 kN
(C) 69.4 kN (D) 52.0 kN
SM 18 Stress and Strain SM 1
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Common Data For Q. 49 and 50
A suspender on a suspension bridge consists of a cable that passes over the main
cable is shown in figure and supports the bridge deck, which is far below. The
suspender is held in position by a metal tie that is prevented from sliding downward
by clamps around the suspender cable. Let P represent the load in each part of the
suspender cable and q represent the angle of the suspender cable just above the tie.
Also, let
allow
s represent the allowable tensile stress in the metal tie.
SM 1.49 The minimum required crosssection area of the tie is
(A)
tan
A
P
min
allow
s
q
= (B) / tan A P 2
min allow
q s =
(C) / cot A P 2
min allow
q s = (D)
cot
A
P
min
allow
s
q
=
SM 1.50 If 130 kN P = , 75c q = and 80 MPa
allow
s = , the minimum area will be
(A) 6064 mm
2
(B) 12130 mm
2
(C) 435 mm
2
(D) 870 mm
2
SM 1.51 An elastomeric bearing pad consisting of two steel plates bonded to a chloroprene
elastomer, is subjected to a shear force V during a static loading test as shown in
figure. The pad has dimensions 150 mm a = , 250 mm b = and the elastomer has
thickness 50 mm t = . When the force V equals 12 kN, the top plate is found to
have displaced laterally 8.0 mm with respect to the bottom plate.
The shear modulus of elasticity G of the chloroprene is
(A) 0.5 MPa (B) 1 MPa
(C) 4 MPa (D) 2 MPa
SM 1.52 Part of a control linkage for an airplane consists of a rigid member CBD and a
SM 1 Stress and Strain SM 19
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flexible cable AB. Originally the cable is unstretched. If a force is applied to the
end D of the member and causes a normal strain in the cable of 0.0035 / mm mm
, the displacement of point D is
(A) 21.9 mm (B) 4.38 mm
(C) 43.8 mm (D) 8.76 mm
Common Data For Q. 53 and 54
The material distorts into the dashed position is shown in figure.
SM 1.53 The average normal strains
x
e ,
y
e and the shear strain
xy
g at A are
(A) 0
x y
e e = = , 0.0798 rad
xy
g =
(B) 0
x
e = , . 0 00319
y
e = , 0.0798 rad
xy
g =
(C) . 0 00319
x
e = , 0
y
e = , 0.0798 rad
xy
g =
(D) . 0 00319
x y
e e = = , 0.0798 rad
xy
g =
SM 1.54 The average normal strain along line BE is
(A) 0.179 / mm mm  (B) 0.0179 / mm mm
(C) 0.0179 / mm mm  (D) 0.179 / mm mm
SM 1.55 In the figure shown, the bar is originally 300 mm long when it is flat. It is
subjected to a shear strain defined by . x 0 02
xy
g = , where x is in millimeters. It
is distorted into the shape shown, where no elongation of the bar occurs in the x
direction. The displacement y D at the end of its bottom edge will be
SM 20 Stress and Strain SM 1
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(A) 2.03 mm (B) 4.06 mm
(C) 1.015 mm (D) 3.045 mm
Common Data For Q. 56 and 57
The steel wires AB and AC support the 200 kg mass. The allowable axial stress
for the wires is 130 MPa
allow
s = . Take the unstretched length of AB to be 750 mm
and 200 GPa E
st
= .
SM 1.56 The required diameter of each wire is
(A) 3.23 mm d
AC
= , 7.08 mm d
AB
= (B) 3.54 mm d
AC
= , 3.23 mm d
AB
=
(C) 3.23 mm d
AC
= , 3.54 mm d
AB
= (D) 6.46 mm d
AC
= , 3.54 mm d
AB
=
SM 1.57 What is the new length of wire AB after the load is applied ?
(A) 749.51 mm (B) 750.49 mm
(C) 751 mm (D) 749.00 mm
SM 1.58 The plug shown in figure has a diameter of 30 mm and fits within a rigid sleeve
having an inner diameter of 32 mm. Both the plug and the sleeve are 50 mm long.
What is the axial pressure p, that must be applied to the top of the plug to cause
it to contact the sides of the sleeve ? (Take 5 MPa E = , . 0 45 n = )
(A) 926.25 kPa (B) 370 kPa
(C) 741 kPa (D) 555.75 kPa
***********
SM 2
AXI AL LOADI NG
Common Data For Linked Q. 1 and 2
A 15 mm diameter rod is subjected to a 3.5 kN tensile force as shown in figure.
An elongation of 11 mm and a decrease in diameter of 0.62 mm are observed in
a 120 mm gage length.
SM 2.1 What will be the modulus of elasticity of the material ?
(A) 216 MPa (B) 270 MPa
(C) 162 MPa (D) 108 MPa
SM 2.2 The Poisson’s ratio and Modulus of rigidity of the material respectively, are
(A) . 0 15, 93.125 MPa (B) . 0 90, 36.75 MPa
(C) . 0 60, 55.8 MPa (D) . 0 45, 74.5 MPa
SM 2.3 An elastomeric bearing with 220 mm b = and 30 mm a = is shown in figure. For
a maximum lateral load 19 kN P = and a maximum displacement 12 mm d = , the
shearing modulus G and the shear stress t respectively, are
(A) 1.08 MPa, 43 kPa 2 (B) 0.54 MPa, 431 kPa
(C) 1.08 MPa, 862 kPa (D) 1.08 MPa, 6 kPa 21
SM 2 Axial Loading SM 21
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SM 2.4 A 200 mm length rod of steel is shown in figure. The dilatation e and the change
in volume of the rod respectively, are
(Take 200 GPa E = , . 0 30 n = )
(A) e 121 10
6
#
=

, 23 mm v
3
D = (B) e 121 10
6
#
=

, 18.4 mm v
3
D =
(C) e 242 10
6
#
=

, 18.4 mm v
3
D = (D) e 242 10
6
#
=

, 13.8 mm v
3
D =
SM 2.5 For the axial loading shown in figure, the loading is hydrostatic with
70 MPa
x y z
s s s = = = . The change in height and the change in volume of the
brass cylinder respectively, are
(A) 0.031 mm
3
, 521 mm (B) 0.031 mm  , 521 mm
3

(C) 0.031 mm, 521 mm
3
(D) 0.031 mm
3
 , 521 mm 
Common Data For Q. 6 and 7
A fabric is subjected to a biaxial loading that results in normal stresses
120 MPa
x
s = and 160 MPa
z
s = as shown in figure. The properties of the fabric
can be approximated as 87 GPa E = and . 0 34 n = .
SM 22 Axial Loading SM 2
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SM 2.6 The change in length of sides AB and BC, are
(A) 0.103 mm
AB
d = , 0.075 mm
BC
d = (B) 0.075 mm
AB
d = , 0.103 mm
BC
d =
(C) 0.075 mm
AB
d = , 0.206 mm
BC
d = (D) 0.150 mm
AB
d = , 0.103 mm
BC
d =
SM 2.7 The change in length of diagonal AC, is
(A) 0.61 mm (B) 1.22 mm
(C) 0.122 mm (D) 0.244 mm
SM 2.8 An aluminium plate is subjected to a centric axial load which causes a normal
stress s as shown in figure. Before the loading, a line of slope : 2 1 is scribed on
the plate. When 125 MPa s = , the slope of the line is
(Take 74 GPa E = , . 0 33 n = )
(A) . 1 995 (B) . 19 95
(C) . 0 1995 (D) . 3 99
SM 2.9 In the figure shown, a bar AB having length L and axial rigidity EA is fixed at
end A. At the other end a small gap of dimension s exists between the end of the
bar and a rigid surface. A load P acts on the bar at point C, which is twothird
of the length from the fixed end. If the support reactions produced by the load P
are to be equal in magnitude, what should be the size s of the gap ?
(A) s
EA
PL
4
= (B) s
EA
PL
3
=
(C) s
EA
PL
6
= (D) s
EA
PL
9
=
SM 2.10 The Tshaped arm ABC shown in the figure lies in a vertical plane and pivots
about a horizontal pin at A. The arm has constant crosssectional area and total
weight W. A vertical spring of stiffness k supports the arm at point B. What will
be the elongation d of the spring due to the weight of the arm ?
(A)
k
W
2
d = (B)
k
W
4
3
d =
SM 2 Axial Loading SM 23
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(C)
k
W
3
4
d = (D)
k
W
4
d =
SM 2.11 In the figure shown, a cable with a restrainer at the bottom hangs vertically from
its upper end. The cable has an effective crosssectional area 40 mm A
2
= and an
effective modulus of elasticity 130 GPa E = . A slider of mass 35 kg M = drops
from a height 1.0 m h = onto the restrainer. If the allowable stress in the cable
under an impact load is 500 MPa, what is the minimum permissible length L of
the cable ?
(A) 7.4 mm (B) 9.25 mm
(C) 11.1 mm (D) 5.55 mm
SM 2.12 In the figure shown, a uniform bar AB of weight 25 N W= is supported by two
springs. The distance between the springs is 350 mm L = and the spring on the
right is suspended from a support that is distance 80 mm h = below the point
of support for the spring on the left. At what distance x from the lefthand
spring should a load 18 N P = be placed in order to bring the bar to a horizontal
position ?
(A) 67.5 mm (B) 135 mm
(C) 270 mm (D) 202.5 mm
SM 2.13 A rigid bar ABCD is pinned at point B and supported by springs at A and D. A
load P acts at point C is shown in figure. If the angle of rotation of the bar due to
the action of the load P is limited to 3c, what will be the maximum permissible
load (P
max
) ?
SM 24 Axial Loading SM 2
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(A) 2.25 kN (B) 1.8 kN
(C) 1.35 kN (D) 0.9 kN
SM 2.14 The rigid bar shown in figure is supported by the two short white spruce wooden
posts ( 9.65 GPa E = ) and a spring. The spring has a stiffness of 2 / MN m k = and
an unstretched length of 1.02 m. If each of the posts has an unloaded length of
1 m and a crosssectional area of 600 mm
2
, what will be the vertical displacement
of A and B after the load is applied to the bar ?
(A) 4.42 mm
A B
d d = = (B) 4.42 m
A
d = , 8.84 mm
B
d =
(C) 2.21 mm
A
d = , 4.42 mm
B
d = (D) 4.42 m
A
d = , 2.21 mm
B
d =
SM 2.15 The aluminium strap as shown in figure, is subjected to an axial force of 30 kN.
What is the elongation of the strap ?
(Take 70 GPa E
al
= )
(A) 1.19 mm (B) 1.58 mm
(C) 0.79 mm (D) 2.37 mm
SM 2.16 The A36 steel pipe ( 200 GPa E = ) has a 6061T6 aluminum core ( 68.9 GPa E =
). It is subjected to a tensile force of 200 kN as shown in figure. The pipe has
an outer diameter of 80 mm and an inner diameter of 70 mm. What will be the
average normal stress in the aluminium and the steel due to this loading ?
SM 2 Axial Loading SM 25
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(A) 27.5 MPa
al
s = , 39.9 MPa
st
s =
(B) 79.9 MPa
al
s = , 27.5 MPa
st
s =
(C) 27.5 MPa
al
s = , 79.9 MPa
st
s =
(D) 55 MPa
al
s = , 79.9 MPa
st
s =
SM 2.17 The column shown in figure, is constructed from highstrength concrete with
25 GPa E
c
= and four A36 steel reinforcing rods with 200 GPa E
st
= . It is
subjected to an axial force of 800 kN. If onefourth of the load is carried by the
steel and threefourth by the concrete, the required diameter of each rod will be
(A) 16.9 mm (B) 33.9 mm
(C) 11.3 mm (D) 28.2 mm
SM 2.18 In the figure shown, a round brass bar of diameter 20 mm d
1
= has upset ends of
diameter 26 mm d
2
= . The lengths of the segments of the bar are 0.3 m L
1
= and
0.1 m L
2
= . Quartercircular fillets ( . K 1 6 . ) are used at the shoulders of the bar
and the modulus of elasticity of the brass is 100 GPa E = . If the bar lengthens
by 0.12 mm under a tensile load P, what is the maximum stress
max
s in the bar ?
(A) 23 MPa (B) 69 MPa
(C) 46 MPa (D) 34.5 MPa
SM 2.19 The 10 mm diameter steel bolt is surrounded by a bronze sleeve as shown in
figure. The outer diameter of this sleeve is 20 mm and its inner diameter is
10 mm. If the yield stress for the steel is ( ) 6 0 MPa 4
Y st
s = and for the bronze
( ) 520 MPa
Y br
s = , what will be the magnitude of the largest elastic load P that
can be applied to the assembly ?
(Take 200 GPa E
st
= and 100 GPa E
br
= )
SM 26 Axial Loading SM 2
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(A) 122 kN (B) 82 kN
(C) 126 kN (D) 204 kN
SM 2.20 In the figure shown, the joint is made from three A36 steel plates that are bonded
together at their seams. Each plates has a thickness of 5 mm and 200 GPa E = .
What will be the displacement of end A with respect to end B when the joint is
subjected to the axial loads as shown ?
(A) 2.45 mm (B) 4.91 mm
(C) 0.0491 mm (D) 0.491 mm
Common Data For Q. 21 to 23
Two boards are joined by gluing along a scarf joint, as shown in figure. For
purpose of cutting and gluing, the angle a between the plane of the joint and the
faces of the boards must be between 10c and 40c. Under a tensile load P, the
normal stress in the boards is 4.9 MPa.
SM 2.21 What are the normal and shear stresses acting on the glued joint if 20c a = ?
(A) 0.57 MPa s =
q
, 0.79 MPa t =
q
(B) 0.57 MPa s =
q
, 1.58 MPa t =
q
(C) 1.58 MPa s =
q
, 0.57 MPa t =
q
(D) 1.14 MPa s =
q
, 1.58 MPa t =
q
SM 2.22 If the allowable shear stress on the joint is 2.25 MPa, what is the largest permissible
value of the angle a ?
(A) . 22 2c (B) . 44 4c
(C) . 33 3c (D) . 27 8c
SM 2 Axial Loading SM 27
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SM 2.23 For what angle a will the shear stress on the glued joint be numerically equal to
twice the normal stress on the joint ?
(A) 19.9c (B) 16.6c
(C) 33.2c (D) 26.6c
Common Data For Q. 24 and 25.
In the shown figure, a 15 mm diameter steel shaft AC is supported by a rigid
collar, which is fixed to the shaft at B. It is subjected to an axial load of 80 kN
at its end.
SM 2.24 The uniform pressure distribution p on the collar required for the equilibrium, is
(A) 10.9 MPa (B) 21.8 MPa
(C) 14.54 MPa (D) 32.7 MPa
SM 2.25 What is the elongation on segment BC and segment BA ?
(A) 1.13 mm
BC BA
d d = =
(B) 0
BC
d = , 1.13 mm
BA
d =
(C) 1.13 mm
BC
d = , 0
BA
d =
(D) 0
BC BA
d d = =
SM 2.26 A plastic bar ABC ( 4.0 GPa E = ) of length L consists of two parts of equal
lengths but different diameters is shown in figure. Segment AB and BC have
diameters 100 mm d
1
= and 60 mm d
2
= , respectively. Both segments have length
/2 0.6 m L = . A longitudinal hole of diameter d is drilled through segment AB for
onehalf of its length (distance /4 0.3 m L = ). Compressive loads 110 kN P = act
at the ends of the bar. If the shortening of the bar is limited to 8.0 mm, what is
the maximum allowable diameter d
max
of the hole ?
(A) 11.9 mm (B) 7.96 mm
(C) 23.9 mm (D) 2.39 mm
SM 28 Axial Loading SM 2
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Common Data For Linked Q. 27 and 28
The elastoplastic rods AB and BC are made of mild steel with 200 GPa E = and
345 MPa
Y
s = is shown in figure. The rods are stretched until end has moved
down 9 mm. Neglect the stress concentrations.
SM 2.27 The maximum value of the force P is
(A) 332 kN (B) 415 kN
(C) 166 kN (D) 249 kN
SM 2.28 What will be the permanent set measured at point A and B after the force has
been removed ?
(A) 0
A
d = , 6.37 mm
B
d = (B) 6.37 mm
A B
d d = =
(C) 0
A
d = , 0
B
d = (D) 6.37 mm
A
d = , 0
B
d =
SM 2.29 A post AB is tapered uniformly throughout its height H as shown in figure.
The cross sections of the post are square with dimensions b b
#
at the top and
. . b b 1 5 1 5
#
at the base. Assume that the angle of taper is small and disregard
the weight of the post itself. The shortening d of the post due to the compressive
load P acting at the top is
(A)
Eb
PH
3
2
2
d = (B)
Eb
PH
2
3
2
d =
(C)
Eb
PH
4
3
2
d = (D)
Eb
PH
5
2
2
d =
SM 2 Axial Loading SM 29
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SM 2.30 A rectangular bar of length L has a slot in the middle half of its length as shown
in figure. The bar has width b, thickness t and modulus of elasticity E. The slot
has width of / b 4. What will be the expression for the elongation d of the bar due
to the axial load P ?
(A) / L E 8 7 d s = (B) 7 /4 L E d s =
(C) / L E 7 6 d s = (D) 7 /8 L E d s =
SM 2.31 A long slender bar in the shape of a right circular cone with length L and base
diameter d hangs vertically under the action of its own weight is shown in figure.
The weight of the cone is W and the modulus of elasticity of the material is E.
Assume that the angle of taper of the cone is small. What will be the expression
for the increase in the length of the bar due to its own weight ?
(A) / WL dE 2 d p = (B) / WL d E 2
2
d p =
(C) / WL d E 2
2
d p = (D) / WL d E 4
2
d p =
Common Data For Linked Q. 32 and 33
In the figure shown, rod AB consists of two cylindrical portions AC and BC,
each with a crosssectional area of 1750 mm
2
. Portion AC is made of mild steel
with 200 GPa E = , 250 MPa
Y
s = and portion BC is made of highstrength steel
with 200 GPa E = , 345 MPa
Y
s = . A load P is applied at point C. Assume both
steels to be elastoplastic.
SM 30 Axial Loading SM 2
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SM 2.32 If P is gradually increased from zero to 975 kN and then reduced back to zero,
the maximum deflection of C is
(A) 1.46 mm (B) 0.146 mm
(C) 0.292 mm (D) 2.92 mm
SM 2.33 The permanent deflection of C is
(A) 0.027 mm (B) 0.27 mm
(C) 2.7 mm (D) 0.135 mm
Common Data For Q. 34 and 35
In the figure shown, a plastic rod AB of length 0.5 m L = has a diameter 30 mm d
1
=
. A plastic sleeve CD of length 0.3 m c = and outer diameter 45 mm d
2
= is
securely bonded to the rod so that no slippage can occur between the rod and the
sleeve. The rod is made of an acrylic with modulus of elasticity 3.1GPa E
1
= and
the sleeve is made of a polyamide with 2.5 GPa E
2
= .
SM 2.34 When the rod is pulled by axial forces 12 kN P = , the elongation of the rod is
(A) 1.09 mm (B) 1.91 mm
(C) 0.547 mm (D) 0.818 mm
SM 2.35 What will be the elongations respectively, when
(a) the sleeve is extended for the fully length of the rod and
(b) the sleeve is removed ?
(A) 0.68 mm, 0.274 mm (B) 0.136 mm, 1.37 mm
(C) 1.36 mm, 2.74 mm (D) 2.72 mm, 0.137 mm
SM 2.36 The specimen as shown in figure has a allowable stress of 140 MPa and . K 2 10 =
. If the raised portions are removed ( . K 1 0 = ) at the ends of the specimen, the
percentage change in the maximum allowable magnitude of the centric load P,
will be
(A) % 90 (B) % 110
(C) % 10 (D) % 11
SM 2.37 The fixedend bar ABCD consists of three prismatic segments as shown in the
figure. The end segments have crosssectional area 840 mm A
1
2
= and length
SM 2 Axial Loading SM 31
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200 mm L
1
= . The middle segment has crosssectional area 1260 mm A
2
2
=
and length 250 mm L
2
= . Loads P
B
and P
C
are equal to 25.5 kN and 17.0 kN,
respectively. What will be the compressive axial force F
BC
in the middle segment
of the bar ?
(A) 22.5 kN (B) 30 kN
(C) 15 kN (D) 7.5 kN
SM 2.38 The rod ABC consist of two portions is shown in figure. Both portions are made
of aluminium for which 70 GPa E = and the magnitude of P is 4 kN. For zero
deflection at A, the value of Q is
(A) 16.67 kN (B) 65.6 kN
(C) 21.87 kN (D) 32.8 kN
SM 2.39 A composite bar of square cross section with dimensions b b 2 2
#
is constructed
of two different metals having moduli of elasticity E
1
and E
2
as shown in figure
The two parts of the bar have the same crosssectional dimensions. The bar is
compressed by forces P acting through rigid end plates. The line of action of the
loads has an eccentricity e of such magnitude that each part of the bar is stressed
uniformly in compression. What will be the eccentricity e of the loads ?
(A) e
E E
b E E
2
2 1
2 1
=
+

^
^
h
h
(B) e
E E
b E E
2
2 1
2 1
=

+
^
^
h
h
(C) e
E E
b E E
2
1 2
1 2
=

+
^
^
h
h
(D) e
E E
b E E
2
1 2
1 2
=
+

^
^
h
h
SM 32 Axial Loading SM 2
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SM 2.40 A rigid bar of weight 800 N W= hangs from three equally spaced vertical wires,
two of steel and one of aluminum is shown in figure. The wires also support a load
P acting at the midpoint of the bar. The diameter of the steel wires is 2 mm and
the diameter of the aluminium wire is 4 mm. If the allowable stress in the steel
wires is 220 MPa and that is 80 MPa in the aluminum wire, what load P
allow
can
be supported ?
(Take 210 GPa E
st
= , 70 GPa E
al
= )
(A) 3.0 kN (B) 1.5 kN
(C) 2.25 kN (D) 4.5 kN
SM 2.41 A plastic cylinder is held snugly between a rigid plate and a foundation by two
steel bolts as shown in figure. Data for the assembly are as follows :
Length 200 mm L = , pitch of the bolt threads 1.0 mm p = , modulus of elasticity
for steel 200 GPa E
s
= , modulus of elasticity for the plastic 7.5 GPa E
p
= , cross
sectional area of one bolt 36.0 mm A
s
2
= , 1 n = and crosssectional area of the
plastic cylinder 960 mm A
p
2
= .
What will be the compressive stress
p
s in the plastic when the nuts on the steel
bolts are tightened by one complete turn ?
(A) 31.25 MPa (B) 18.75 MPa
(C) 25 MPa (D) 15.63 MPa
SM 2.42 The uniform wire ABC of unstretched length l 2 , is attached to the supports as
shown in figure and a vertical load P is applied at the midpoint B. The cross
sectional area of the wire is denoted by A and the modulus of elasticity is by E.
For l << d , the deflection at the midpoint B, is
SM 2 Axial Loading SM 33
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(A) / l P AE 2
/ 1 3
d =
^ h
(B) l
AE
P
/ 1 2
d =
b l
(C) l
AE
P
/ 1 3
d =
b l
(D) l
AE
P
/ 2 3
d =
b l
SM 2.43 A nylon thread is subjected to a 8.5 N tensile force. If 3.3 GPa E = and the
length of the thread increases by . % 1 1 , the diameter of the thread and the stress
in the thread respectively, are
(A) 5.46 mm, 36 MPa (B) 0.36 mm, 54.6 MPa
(C) 0.546 mm, 36 MPa (D) 3.6 mm, 546 MPa
SM 2.44 In the figure shown, the 4 mm diameter cable BC is made of steel with
200 GPa E = . If the maximum stress in the cable and the elongation of the cable
must not exceed 190 MPa and 6 mm respectively, the maximum load P can be
(A) 9.94 kN (B) 1.988 kN
(C) 0.994 kN (D) 19.88 kN
SM 2.45 The rigid bar is supported by the pinconnected rod CB of crosssectional area of
14 mm
2
as shown in figure and is made from 6061T6 aluminium ( 68.9 GPa E =
). What will be the vertical deflection of the bar at D when the distributed load
is applied ?
(A) 12.97 mm (B) 21.63 mm
(C) 17.3 mm (D) 6.48 mm
SM 2.46 In the figure shown, the distributed loading is supported by the three suspender
bars AB, EF and CD. The bars AB and EF are made from aluminium (
70 GPa E
al
= ) and CD is made from steel ( 200 GPa F
st
= ). Each bar has a cross
sectional area of 450 mm
2
. If allowable stress of ( ) 180 MPa
allow st
s = in the steel
and ( ) 94 MPa
allow al
s = in the aluminium is not exceeded, the maximum intensity
w of the distributed loading will be
SM 34 Axial Loading SM 2
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(A) 28.35 / kN m (B) 45.9 / kN m
(C) 120.8 / kN m (D) 68.5 / kN m
SM 2.47 The links AB and CD are made of aluminium ( 75 ) GPa E = and has a cross
sectional area of 125 mm
2
each. If they support the rigid member BCas shown in
figure, the deflection of point E, is
(A) 0.055 mm (B) 1.10 mm
(C) 0.110 mm (D) 0.55 mm
SM 2.48 An axial force of 60 kN is applied to the assembly as shown by means of rigid end
plates. The normal stress in the brass shell and the corresponding deformation of
the assembly respectively, are
(A) 47.5 MPa, 0.113 mm (B) 47.5 MPa, 0.226 mm
(C) 22.6 MPa, 0.475 mm (D) 11.3 MPa, 0.475 mm
SM 2.49 The rigid beam as shown in figure, is supported by the three posts A, B and
C. Posts A and C have a diameter of 60 mm and are made of aluminium, for
which 70 GPa E
al
= and ( ) 20 MPa
Y al
s = . Post B is made of brass, for which
100 GPa E
br
= and ( ) 590 MPa
Y br
s = . If 130 kN P = , the largest diameter of post
B so that all the post yield at the same time, is
SM 2 Axial Loading SM 35
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(A) 3.56 mm (B) 1.78 mm
(C) 8.9 mm (D) 17.8 mm
Common Data For Q. 50 and 51.
Three steel rods ( 200 ) GPa E = supports a 36 kN load P as shown in figure. Each
of the rod AB and CD has a 200 mm
2
crosssectional area and rod EF has a
625 mm
2
crosssectional area.
SM 2.50 The change in length of rod EF is
(A) 0.762 mm (B) 0.0762 mm
(C) 0.1524 mm (D) 7.62 mm
SM 2.51 What will be the stresses in rods AB and EF ?
(A) 30.5 MPa
AB
s = , 38.1 MPa
EF
s = (B) 15.25 MPa
AB
s = , 38.1 MPa
EF
s =
(C) 30.5 MPa
AB
s = , 19.05 MPa
EF
s = (D) 38.1 MPa
AB
s = , 30.5 MPa
EF
s =
Common Data For Linked Q. 52 and 53
Consider the figure shown.
SM 2.52 What will be the compressive force in the bars shown, after a temperature rise
SM 36 Axial Loading SM 2
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of 96 C c ?
(A) 162.75 kN (B) 217.3 kN 6
(C) 271.25 kN (D) 108.5 kN
SM 2.53 The corresponding change in length of the bronze bar is
(A) 0.1823 mm (B) 0.1215 mm
(C) 0.24 mm 25 (D) 0.081 mm
SM 2.54 In the figure shown, a bar AB of length L is held between rigid supports and
heated nonuniformly in such a manner that the temperature increase T D at
distance x from end A. The temperature increase is given by the expression
/ T T x L
B
3 3
D D = , where T
B
D is the increase in temperature at end B of the bar.
If the material has modulus of elasticity E and coefficient of thermal expansion
a, What is the expression for the compressive stress
c
s in the bar ?
(A)
E T
8
c
B
s
a D
=
^ h
(B)
E T
2
c
B
s
a D
=
^ h
(C)
E T
6
c
B
s
a D
=
^ h
(D)
E T
4
c
B
s
a D
=
^ h
SM 2.55 Five bars, each having a diameter of 10 mm support a load P is shown in figure.
If the material is elastoplastic with yield stress 250 MPa
Y
s = , the plastic load
P
p
is
(A) 55 kN (B) 82.5 kN
(C) 110 kN (D) 41.25 kN
***********
SM 3
TORSI ON
SM 3.1 The torque which may be applied to a solid shaft of 90 mm outer diameter
without exceeding an allowable shearing stress of 75 MPa, is
(A) 21.6 kN m

(B) 10.8 kN m

(C) 16.3 kN m

(D) 5.4 kN m

SM 3.2 In the figure shown, the link acts as part of the elevator control for a airplane. The
attached aluminum tube has an inner diameter of 25 mm and a wall thickness of
5 mm. What will be the maximum shear stress in the tube when the cable force
of 600 N is applied to the cables ?
(A) 7.25 MPa (B) 20.6 MPa
(C) 10.3 MPa (D) . MPa 14 5
SM 3.3 The solid rod BC has a diameter of 30 mm and is made of aluminum for which
the allowable shearing stress is 25 MPa. Rod AB is hollow and has an outer
diameter of 25 mm. It is made of brass for which the allowable shearing stress is
50 MPa. Which of the following is the largest inner diameter of rod AB for which
the factor of safety is the same for each rod ?
(A) 11.39 mm (B) 7.59 mm
(C) 5.7 mm (D) 15.18 mm
Common Data For Q. 4 and 5.
The steel shaft of a socket wrench has a diameter of 8.0 mm and a length of 200
mm is shown in figure. The allowable stress in shear is 60 MPa and 78 GPa G = .
SM 38 Torsion SM 3
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SM 3.4 What is the maximum permissible torque T
max
that may be exerted with the
wrench?
(A) 6.03 N m

(B) 7.53 N m

(C) 4.53 N m

(D) 3.76 N m

SM 3.5 Through what angle f will the shaft twist under the action of the maximum
torque? (Disregard any bending of the shaft.)
(A) 2.75c (B) 1.65c
(C) 2.20c (D) 1.37c
SM 3.6 The solid brass rod ( 39 ) GPa AB G = is bonded to the solid aluminum rod
( 27 ) GPa BC G = as shown in figure. The angle of twist at A and B are
(A) 0.741 , 1.573
A B
c c f f = = (B) 0.831 , 0.741
A B
c c f f = =
(C) 0.741 , 0.831
A B
c c f f = = (D) 1.573 , 0.741
A B
c c f f = =
SM 3.7 A plastic bar of diameter 50 mm is to be twisted by torques T as shown in figure,
until the angle of rotation between the ends of the bar is . 5 0c. If the allowable
shear strain in the plastic is 0.012 rad, what is the minimum permissible length
of the bar?
(A) 113.75 mm (B) 136.5 mm
(C) 182 mm (D) 227.5 mm
Common Data For Q. 9 and 10
An aluminum bar of solid circular cross section is twisted by torques T acting at
SM 3 Torsion SM 39
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the ends as shown in figure. The dimensions and shear modulus of elasticity are
as follows: 1.2 m L = , 30 mm d = and 28 GPa G = .
SM 3.8 The torsional stiffness of the bar is
(A) 1860 N m

(B) 1395 N m

(C) 2325 N m

(D) 1163 N m

SM 3.9 The design specifications of a 2 m long solid circular transmission shaft require
that the angle of twist of the shaft not exceed 3° when a torque of 9 kNm is
applied. Which of the following is the required diameter of the shaft if the shaft
is made of a steel with an allowable shearing stress of 90 MPa and a modulus of
rigidity of 77 GPa ?
(A) 41.06 mm (B) 79.9 mm
(C) 39.9 mm (D) 82.1 mm
Common Data For Q. 10 and 11
A circular tube of outer diameter 70 mm d
3
= and inner diameter 60 mm d
2
= is
welded at the righthand end to a fixed plate and at the lefthand end to a rigid
end plates as shown in figure. A solid circular bar of diameter 40 mm d
1
= is
inside of and concentric with the tube. The bar passes through a hole in the fixed
plate and is welded to the rigid end plate.
The bar is 1.0 m long and the tube is half as long as the bar. A torque 1000 N m T

=
acts at end A of the bar. Also, both the bar and tube are made of an aluminum
alloy with shear modulus of elasticity 27 GPa G = .
SM 3.10 The maximum shear stresses in both the bar and tube are
(A) 79.6 , 64.6 MPa MPa
bar tube
t t = =
(B) 32.3 , 79.6 MPa MPa
bar tube
t t = =
(C) 79.6 , 32.3 MPa MPa
bar tube
t t = =
(D) 39.8 , 32.3 MPa MPa
bar tube
t t = =
SM 3.11 The angle of twist at end A of the bar is
(A) 7.07c (B) 9.43c
SM 40 Torsion SM 3
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(C) 11.79c (D) 5.89c
SM 3.12 The composite shaft as shown is to be twisted by applying a torque T at end A.
The modulus of rigidity is 77 GPa for the steel and 27 GPa for the aluminum. If
the allowable stresses are not to be exceeded 60 MPa
steel
t = and 45 MPa
aluminum
t =
,the largest angle through which end A may be rotated, is
(A) 4.13c (B) 1.65c
(C) 2.65c (D) 6.63c
SM 3.13 The torques T
A
and T
B
as shown, are exerted on pulleys A and B which are
attached to solid circular shafts AB and BC. In order to reduce the total mass
of the assembly, which of the following is the smallest diameter of shaft BC for
which the largest shearing stress in the assembly is not increased ?
(A) 29.9 mm (B) 39.8 mm
(C) 49.7 mm (D) 24.9 mm
SM 3.14 A uniformly tapered tube AB of hollow circular cross section is shown in the figure.
The tube has constant wall thickness t and length L. The average diameters at
the ends are d
A
and d d 2
B A
= . The polar moment of inertia is represented by the
approximate formula /4 J d t
3
.p .
What will be the angle of twist f of the tube when it is subjected to torques T
acting at the ends ?
.
(A)
Gtd
TL
2
3
A
4
f
p
= (B)
Gtd
TL
4
3
A
3
f
p
=
SM 3 Torsion SM 41
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(C)
Gtd
TL
4
3
A
4
f
p
= (D)
Gtd
TL
2
3
A
3
f
p
=
SM 3.15 For a given allowable stress, which of the following is the ratio T/w of the maximum
allowable torque T and the weight per unit length w for the hollow shaft shown ?
(A)
c
c
c
2
1
all 2
2
2
1
2
g
t

c m
(B)
2
c
c
c
1
all 2
2
2
1
2
g
t
+
c m
(C)
2
c
c
c
1
all 1
2
2
1
2
g
t
+
c m
(D)
2
c
c
c
1
all 1
2
2
1
2
g
t

c m
SM 3.16 A prismatic bar AB of length L and solid circular cross section of diameter d is
loaded by a distributed torque of constant intensity t per unit distance as shown
in figure. What will be the angle of twist f between the ends of the bar ?
(A)
Gd
tL 4
4
2
f
p
= (B)
Gd
tL 16
4
2
f
p
=
(C)
Gd
tL 12
4
2
f
p
= (D)
Gd
tL 8
4
2
f
p
=
SM 3.17 A solid circular bar of diameter 50 mm d = shown in figure, is twisted by a torque
500 N m T

= . At this value of torque, a strain gage oriented at 45c to the axis
of the bar gives a reading 339 10
6
e
#
=

. What is the shear modulus G of the
material?
(A) 22.5 GPa (B) GPa 30
(C) . GPa 37 5 (D) GPa 45
SM 3.18 The drive shaft for a truck of outer diameter 60 d mm
2
= and inner diameter
40 d mm
1
= is running at 2500 rpm as shown in figure. If the shaft transmits 150
kW, what is the maximum shear stress in the shaft?
SM 42 Torsion SM 3
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(A) 10.5 MPa (B) . MPa 12 6
(C) . MPa 16 8 (D) MPa 21
Common Data For Q. 19 and 20.
The solid aluminum shaft has a diameter of 50 mm and an allowable shear stress
of 6 MPa
allow
t = . The largest torque T
1
is applied to the shaft and it is also
subjected to the other torsional loadings. It is required that T
1
act in the direction
shown.
SM 3.19 What will be the largest torque T
1
?
(A) 215 N m

(B) 2 N m 58

(C) N m 172

(D) N m 129

SM 3.20 The maximum shear stress within regions CD and DE are
(A) 2 MPa
CD
t = , 2. MPa 58
DE
t = (B) 2.58 MPa
CD
t = , 2 MPa
DE
t =
(C) MPa 4
CD
t = , 2. MPa 58
DE
t = (D) . MPa 5 16
CD
t = , MPa 4
DE
t =
SM 3.21 The 60 mm diameter solid shaft is subjected to the distributed and concentrated
torsional loadings as shown in figure. The shear stress at points A and B are
(A) . MPa 18 86
A
t = , . MPa 14 1
B
t = (B) . MPa 9 43
A
t = , . MPa 14 1
B
t =
(C) . MPa 9 43
A
t = , . MPa 7 05
B
t = (D) . MPa 18 86
A
t = , . MPa 7 05
B
t =
SM 3.22 The steel shafts are connected together using a fillet weld as shown in figure. If
the torque applied to the shafts is 60 N m T

= , the average shear stress in the
weld along the critical section aa is
SM 3 Torsion SM 43
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(A) 1.17 MPa (B) . MPa 0 87
(C) 1. 7 MPa 4 (D) . MPa 0 735
SM 3.23 The propellers of a ship are connected to a solid steel ( 75GPa G = ) shaft that is
60 m long and has an outer diameter of 340 mm and inner diameter of 260 mm.
If the power output is 4.5 MW when the shaft rotates at 20 rad/s, the maximum
torsional stress in the shaft and its angle of twist respectively, are
(A) 22.15 , . MPa 11 9c (B) 22.15 , .9 MPa 5 6c
(C) . , .9 MPa 44 3 5 6c (D) . , 11.9 MPa 44 3 c
SM 3.24 The 8 mm diameter bolt with 75 GPa G = is screwed tightly into a block at A
as shown in figure. What will be the couple force F that should be applied to the
rigid wrench and the corresponding displacement of each force F, needed to cause
18 MPa of maximum shear stress in the bolt ?
(A) 12.06 , 0.720 N mm (B) 6.03 , 0.720 N mm
(C) 12.06 , 0.0720 N mm (D) 6.03 , 0.0720 N mm
SM 3.25 The steel jacket CD has been attached to the 40 mm diameter steel shaft AE by
means of rigid flanges welded to the jacket and to the rod. The outer diameter of
the jacket is 80 mm and its wall thickness is 4 mm. If 500 Nm torques are applied
as shown in figure, the maximum shearing stress in the jacket is
SM 44 Torsion SM 3
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(A) 12.24 MPa (B) 7.65 MPa
(C) 15.3 MPa (D) 9.18 MPa
SM 3.26 A hollow shaft is to transmit 250 kW at a frequency of 30 Hz. The shearing stress
must not exceed 50 MPa. What will be the outer diameter of the shaft for which
the ratio of the inner diameter to the outer diameter is 0.75 ?
(A) 29.12 mm (B) 72.75 mm
(C) 43.65 mm (D) 58.2 mm
SM 3.27 The assembly is made of A36 steel ( 75GPa G = ) and consists of a solid rod of 15
mm diameter connected to the inside of a tube using a rigid disk at B as shown
in figure. If the tube has an outer diameter of 30 mm and wall thickness of 3 mm,
the angle of twist at A will be
(A) 0.90c (B) . 2 70c
(C) . 3 60c (D) . 0 1 8 c
SM 3.28 A propeller shaft of solid circular cross section and diameter d, is spliced by a
collar of the same material as shown in figure. The collar is securely bonded to
both parts of the shaft. What should be the minimum outer diameter d
1
of the
collar in order that the splice can transmit the same power as the solid shaft ?
(A) . d 1 49 (B) . d 0 819
(C) 1. d 221 (D) . d 0 794
SM 3.29 A solid circular bar ABCD with fixed supports, is acted upon by torques T
0
and
T 2
0
at the locations as shown in the figure. The maximum angle of twist
max
f of
the bar is
(A)
GJ
T L
3
max
0
f = (B)
GJ
T L
4
3
max
0
f =
(C)
GJ
T L
5
3
max
0
f = (D)
GJ
T L
5
6
max
0
f =
SM 3.30 A steel pipe of 60 mm outer diameter is to be used to transmit a torque of
350 Nm. A series of 60 mm outerdiameter pipes is available for use. The wall
SM 3 Torsion SM 45
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thickness of the available pipes varies from 4 mm to 10 mm in 2 mm increments.
If the allowable shearing stress is not to be exceeded 12 MPa , the thickness of
the pipe will be
(A) 7 mm (B) 8 mm
(C) 6 mm (D) 10 mm
SM 3.31 A steel shaft transmits 150 kW at a speed of 360 rpm and for steel 77 GPa G = .
If the allowable maximum stress and the angle of twist in a 2.5 m length will not
exceed 50 MPa and 3c respectively, the diameter of the shaft will be
(A) 35.4 mm (B) 37 mm
(C) 74 mm (D) 70.8 mm
Common Data For Q. 36 and 37.
In given figure, the shaft is made of red brass with GPa G 37 = and has an
elliptical cross section. It is subjected to the torsional loading.
.
SM 3.32 The maximum shear stress within regions AC and BC are
(A) 0.955 MPa
AC
t = , 1.59 MPa
BC
t =
(B) 1.59 MPa
AC
t = , 1.91 MPa
BC
t =
(C) 0.795 MPa
AC
t = , 0.955 MPa
BC
t =
(D) 1.59 MPa
AC
t = , 0.955 MPa
BC
t =
SM 3.33 The angle of twist of end B relative to end A is
(A) . 0 207c (B) . 2 07c
(C) . 0 414c (D) . 1 04c
SM 3.34 In the figure shown, a solid circular shaft AB of diameter d is fixed against
rotation at both ends and a circular disk is attached to the shaft at the location
shown. If the
allow
t is the allowable shear stress in the shaft and assume that a b >
, what is the largest permissible angle of rotation
max
f of the disk ?
SM 46 Torsion SM 3
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(A) / b Gd 2
max allow
3
f t =
^ h
(B) / b Gd 2
max allow
2
f t =
^ h
(C) / b Gd 2
max allow
4
f t =
^ h
(D) / b Gd 2
max allow
f t =
^ h
Common Data For Q. 35 and 36
A solid shaft of 54 mm diameter is made of mild steel which is assumed to be
elastoplastic with 145 MPa
Y
t = .
SM 3.35 What will be the maximum shearing stress and the radius of the elastic core
respectively, caused by the application of a torque of magnitude 4 kNm ?
(A) 129.4 , 27 MPa mm (B) 129.4 , 54 MPa mm
(C) 64.7 , 27 MPa mm (D) 64.7 , 54 MPa mm
SM 3.36 What will be the maximum shearing stress and the radius of the elastic core
respectively, if a torque of 5 kNm is applied ?
(A) 145 , 46.8 MPa mm (B) 145 , 23.4 MPa mm
(C) 290 , 23.4 MPa mm (D) 290 , 46.8 MPa mm
SM 3.37 A hollow steel shaft ACB of outside diameter 50 mm and inside diameter 40 mm
is held against rotation at ends A and B as shown in figure. Horizontal forces P
are applied at the ends of a vertical arm that is welded to the shaft at point C. If
the maximum permissible shear stress in the shaft is 45 MPa, the allowable value
of the forces P will be
(A) 1693.75 N (B) .5 N 2032
(C) N 2710 (D) . N 3387 5
SM 3.38 A highstrength steel symmetric tube, having the mean dimensions is shown in
figure and a thickness of 5 mm. If it is subjected to a toque of 40 N m T

= , what
will be the average shear stress developed at points A and B ?
SM 3 Torsion SM 47
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(A) 357 Pa k
A B
t t = = (B) 357 Pa k
A
t = , 178.5 Pa k
B
t =
(C) 178.5 Pa k
A B
t t = = (D) 178.5 Pa k
A
t = , 357 Pa k
B
t =
SM 3.39 In the figure shown, the inner circle of the tube is eccentric with respect to
the outer circle, due to a fabrication error. By what percentage is the torsional
strength reduced when the eccentricity e is onefourth of the difference in the
radii ?
(A) % 50 (B) % 75
(C) % 25 (D) No change
Common Data For Q. 40 and 41
A solid steel bar of diameter 25.0 mm d
1
= is enclosed by a steel tube of outer
diameter 37.5 mm d
3
= and inner diameter 30.0 mm d
2
= as shown in figure. Both
bar and tube are held rigidly by a support at end A and joined securely to a rigid
plate at end B. The composite bar which has a length 550 mm L = , is twisted by
a torque 400 N m T

= acting on the end plate.
SM 3.40 The maximum shear stresses
1
t and
2
t in the bar and tube respectively, are
(A) 32.7 MPa
1
t = , MPa 49
2
t = (B) MPa 49
1
t = , . MPa 32 7
2
t =
(C) . MPa 64 7
1
t = , MPa 49
2
t = (D) 32.7 MPa
1
t = , . MPa 24 5
2
t =
SM 3.41 If the shear modulus of the steel is 80 GPa G = , the torsional stiffness k
T
of the
composite bar is
(A) . kN m 16 7

(B) . kN m 13 95

SM 48 Torsion SM 3
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(C) . kN m 27 9

(D) . kN m 22 3

SM 3.42 The solid circular drill rod AB is made of a steel which is assumed to be elastoplastic
with 160 MPa
Y
t = and 77 GPa G = as shown in figure. If a torque 5 kN m T

=
is applied to the rod and then removed, the maximum residual shearing stress in
the rod is
(A) 44.9 MPa (B) 204 MPa
(C) 43.7 MPa (D) 115 MPa
SM 3.43 A 1.25 m long steel angle has an 127 76 6.4 L
# #
cross section is shown in figure.
The thickness of the section is 6.4 mm and its area is 1252 mm
2
. Neglect the effect
of stress concentrations. What will be the largest torque T which may be applied
and the corresponding angle of twist respectively ?
(Take 60 MPa
all
t = , 77 GPa G = )
(A) 157 N m

, 8.72c (B) 196.25 N m

, 5.45c
(C) 117.75 N m

, 10.9c (D) 98.125 N m

, 6.54c
Common Data For Q. 44 and 45
A solid shaft has a diameter of 40 mm, length of 1 m and 80 GPa G = . It is made
from an elasticplastic material having a yield stress of 100 MPa
Y
t = .
SM 3.44 What will be the maximum elastic torque T
Y
and the corresponding angle of twist
respectively ?
(A) 2.52 , . kN m 3 58c

(B) . , . kN m 1 26 1 79c

(C) . , 3.58 kN m 1 26 c

(D) 2.52 , . kN m 1 79c

SM 3.45 What is the angle of twist if the torque is increased to . T T 1 2
Y
= ?
(A) . 3 64c (B) . 4 86c
(C) . 6 08c (D) 3.04c
SM 3 Torsion SM 49
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Common Data For Q. 46 and 47.
Equal torques are applied to thinwalled tubes of the same length L, same thickness
t and same radius c. One of the tubes has been slit lengthwise as shown in figure.
SM 3.46 What is the ratio /
b a
t t of the maximum shearing stresses in the tubes ?
(A)
t
c 3
2
2
(B)
t
c 3
(C)
t
c 3
2
(D)
t
c 3
2
SM 3.47 The ratio /
b a
f f of the angles of twist of the shafts is
(A)
t
c 3
(B)
t
c 3
2
2
(C)
t
c 3
2
(D)
t
c 3
2
SM 3.48 A steel tube having the cross section as shown in the figure. The tube has length
1.5 m L = and is subjected to a torque 10 kN m T

= . What will be the shear
stress t and the angle of twist f respectively ? (Take 76 GPa G = )
(A) 1 . , 0. MPa 7 5 285c (B) , 0. MPa 35 285c
(C) 1 . , 0. MPa 7 5 570c (D) , 0. MPa 35 570c
***********
SM 4
SHEAR FORCE AND BENDI NG MOMENT
SM 4.1 For the beam with overhangs as shown in figure, if one load acts downward and
the other upward, the shear force V and bending moment M at the midpoint of
the beam will be
(A) , V
L
bP
M
2
0 = = (B) , V
L
bP
M
L
b P 2 2
2
= =
(C) , 0 V
L
bP
M
2
= = (D) , V
L
bP
M
L
b P
2 2
2
= =
SM 4.2 Two metric rolledsteel channels are to be welded along their edges and are used
to support the loading as shown in figure. If the allowable normal stress for the
steel is 150 MPa, the section modulus of the beam is
(A) mm 45 10
3 3
# ^ h (B) mm 90 10
3 3
# ^ h
(C) mm 180 10
3 3
# ^ h (D) mm 135 10
3 3
# ^ h
SM 4.3 In figure shown, the beam is subjected to the load P at its center. What will
be the placement a of the supports for maximum moment and the absolute
maximum bending stress in the beam ?
(A) 0,
bd
PL
2
3
2
(B)
L
4
,
bd
PL
3
2
2
(C)
L
2
,
bd
PL
3
2
3
(D)
L
4
3
,
bd
PL
2
3
3
SM 4.4 In figure shown, the beam ABC is simply supported at A and B, and has an
overhang from B to C. The loads consist of a horizontal force 4.0 kN P
1
= acting
SM 52 Shear Force and Bending Moment SM 4
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at the end of a vertical arm and a vertical force 8.0 kN P
2
= acting at the end of
the overhang. If the widths of the beam and vertical arm are neglected, the shear
force V and bending moment M, at a cross section located 3.0 m from the left
hand support using centerline dimensions, will be
(A) . , . kN kN m V M 1 0 7 0

= = (B) . , . kN kN m V M 1 0 7 0

= =
(C) . , . kN kN m V M 1 0 7 0

= = (D) . , . kN kN m V M 1 0 7 0

= =
SM 4.5 Consider the beam and loading of the 1 0 1 . S 0 1 5
#
rolled steel section as shown in
figure. If the section modulus is . 10 m S 49 6
6 3
#
=

, the maximum normal stress
due to bending will be
(A) . MPa 19 35 (B) . MPa 9 65
(C) . MPa 38 7 (D) . MPa 29 03
SM 4.6 For the beam and loading shown in figure, if the grade of timber used has an
allowable normal stress of 12 MPa, the width b of the beam is
(A) mm 96 (B) mm 24
(C) mm 32 (D) mm 48
SM 4.7 In figure shown, the beam AB supports a uniformly distributed load of 2 / kN m
and two concentrated loads P and Q. The normal stress due to bending on the
bottom edge of the beam is 56.9 MPa  at A and 29.9 MPa  at C. What will be
the magnitudes of the loads P and Q ?
SM 4 Shear Force and Bending Moment SM 53
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(A) 250 , 500 N N P Q = = (B) 50 , 50 N N P Q 0 2 = =
(C) , 500 N N P Q 1000 = = (D) 50 , 00 N N P Q 0 10 = =
SM 4.8 What will be the equations of the shear force and bendingmoment curves for the
beam and loading shown in figure ?
(A) , cos sin V
w L
L
x
M
w L
L
x
0 2
2
0
2
p
p
p
p
= =
(B) , cos sin V
w L
L
x
M
w L
L
x
0
2
0
2
p
p
p
p
= =
(C) , sin cos V
w L
L
x
M
w L
L
x
0 0
2
p
p
p
p
= =
(D) , sin cos V
w L
L
x
M
w L
L
x
0 2 0
2
2
p
p
p
p
= =
Common Data For Q. 9 and 10
Beams AB, BC and CD have the cross sections as shown in the figure and are
pinconnected at B and C. The allowable normal stress is 110 MPa in tension and
150 MPa  in compression.
SM 4.9 If beam BC is not to be over stressed, what will be the largest permissible value
of P ?
(A) . kN 4 01 (B) . kN 5 02
(C) .01 kN 3 (D) . kN 8 02
SM 4.10 What will be the corresponding maximum distance a for which the cantilever
beams AB and CD are not to be over stressed ?
(A) 2.45 m (B) . m 6 54
(C) . m 4 09 (D) . m 3 27
SM 4.11 Consider a timber beam of length 16 m L = and width 75 mm b = as shown in
figure. The dead load carried by each beam, including the estimated weight of
the beam, is a uniformly distributed load 350 / N m w
D
= . The live loads can be
represented by a uniformly distributed load 600 / N m w
L
= . If a 6 kN concentrated
load P applied at the midpoint C of each beam, what will be the minimum
allowable depth h of the beams using LRFD (Load and Resistance Factor Design)
?
: 50 , 1.2, 1.6 . Use Data MPa and 0 9
U D L
s g g f = = = =
SM 54 Shear Force and Bending Moment SM 4
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(A) 312.72 mm
(B) 383. mm 0
(C) . mm 541 64
(D) . mm 270 82
SM 4.12 In figure shown, the aluminium machine part is subjected to a moment of
75 N m M

= . What will be the bending stress created at points B and C on the
cross section ?
(A) 3.61 , . MPa MPa 1 55
B C
s s = =
(B) 3.61 , 1.55 MPa MPa
B C
s s = =
(C) 3.61 , 1.55 MPa MPa
B C
s s = =
(D) 1.55 , 3.61 MPa MPa
B C
s s = =
SM 4.13 The aluminium strut has a crosssectional area as shown in figure. If it is subjected
to a moment 8 kN m M

= , the bending stress acting at points A and B are
(A) . , . MPa MPa 4 49 49 4
A B
s s = =
(B) 4.49 , 49.4 MPa MPa
A B
s s = =
(C) 4 .4 , 4. 9 MPa MPa 9 4
A B
s s = =
(D) 4 .4 , 4. 9 MPa MPa 9 4
A B
s s = =
SM 4.14 The member shown in the figure is subjected to an internal bending moment of
40 kN m M

= . What will be the largest bending stress developed in it ?
SM 4 Shear Force and Bending Moment SM 55
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(A) 161.25 MPa (B) . MPa 96 75
(C) . MPa 129 0 (D) . MPa 80 63
SM 4.15 The smooth pin of 20 mm diameter is supported by two leaves A and B and
subjected to a compressive load of 0.4 kN as shown in figure. What will be the
absolute maximum bending stress in the pin ?
(A) 248.25 kPa (B) 331.0 kPa
(C) . kPa 413 75 (D) . kPa 206 85
Common Data For Q. 16 and 17
A shaft made of a polymer having an elliptical crosssection is shown in figure. It
resists an internal moment of 50 N m M

= .
SM 4.16 What will be the maximum bending stress developed in the material using the
flexure formula, where (0.08 )(0.04 ) m m I
z
4
1 3
p = ?
(A) 372.75 kPa (B) . kPa 310 65
(C) . kPa 621 25 (D) . kPa 497 0
SM 4.17 What will be the maximum bending stress developed in the material using
integration ?
(A) . kPa 621 25 (B) . kPa 497 0
(C) . kPa 310 65 (D) 372.75 kPa
SM 56 Shear Force and Bending Moment SM 4
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Common Data For Q. 18 and 19
For the beam and loading of the 310 52 S
#
rolled steel shape as shown in figure,
the section modulus is 10 m S 625
6 3
#
=

.
SM 4.18 What will be the magnitude and location of the maximum bending moment,
respectively using singularity functions ?
(A) 18 , 1.94 kN m m


(B) . , 1.94 kN m m 28 28

(C) , 1.94 kN m m 27


(D) 18 , 1.94 kN m m

SM 4.19 The maximum normal stress due to bending is
(A) 56.5 MPa (B) . MPa 33 9
(C) . MPa 45 2 (D) . MPa 28 25
Common Data For Q. 20 and 21
A timber beam is supported and loaded as shown in figure. The available stock
consists of beams with a 12 MPa allowable stress and a rectangular cross section
of 30 mm width and depth h varying from 80 to 160 mm in 10 mm increments.
SM 4.20 What will be the magnitude and location of the maximum bending moment,
respectively for the beam and loading using singularity functions ?
(A) . , 4. kN m m 0 872 0

(B) 0.872 , . kN m m 1 5

(C) 0.872 , .0 kN m m 2 94

(D) 0.872 , 3. kN m m 0

SM 4.21 What will be the most suitable depth h that can used ?
(A) 140 mm (B) 1 0 mm 3
(C) 1 0 mm 1 (D) 1 0 mm 2
Common Data For Q. 22 and 23
In the figure shown, a beam is made of a material that has a modulus of elasticity
E
c
in compression and E
t
in tension.
SM 4 Shear Force and Bending Moment SM 57
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SM 4.22 The location c of the neutral axis, is
(A)
E E
h E
t c
c

(B)
E E
h E
t c
c
+
(C)
E E
h E
t c
t

(D)
E E
h E
t c
t
+
SM 4.23 If it is subjected to the bending moment M, an expression for the maximum
tensile stress in the beam having the dimensions shown, will be
(A)
bh
M
E
E E 3
c
t c
2

e o (B)
bh
M
E
E E 3
t
t c
2
+
e o
(C)
bh
M
E
E E 3
t
t c
2

e o (D)
bh
M
E
E E 3
c
t c
2
+
e o
SM 4.24 The 65 mm diameter steel shaft is subjected to the two loads that act in the
directions as shown in the figure. If the journal bearings at A and B do not exert
an axial force on the shaft, the absolute maximum bending stress developed in
the shaft will be
(A) 203.75 MPa (B) . MPa 163 0
(C) . MPa 101 85 (D) . MPa 122 25
Common Data For Q. 25 and 26
The composite beam as shown in figure, is made of aluminium ( ) A and red brass
( ) B . Take 68.9 GPa E
al
= and 101GPa E
br
= .
SM 4.25 What will be the dimension h of the brass strip so that the neutral axis of the
beam is located at the seam of the two metals ?
(A) 82.6 mm (B) mm 413
(C) . mm 41 3 (D) . mm 4 13
SM 58 Shear Force and Bending Moment SM 4
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SM 4.26 If the allowable bending stress for the aluminium is ( ) 128 MPa
allow al
s = and for
the brass is ( ) 35 MPa
allow br
s = , what maximum moment will this beam support ?
(A) . kN m 6 60

(B) . kN m 36 5

(C) 29.2 kN m

(D) . kN m 43 8

Common Data For Q. 27 and 28
A beam AB consists of a castaluminium plate of uniform thickness b and length
L, is support the load as shown in figure.
SM 4.27 If the beam is to be of constant strength, the expression for h in terms of x , L and
h
0
for portion AC of the beam will be
(A) h h
L
x 2
0
= (B) h h
L
x
0
=
(C) h h
L
x
2
0
= (D) h h
L
x
3
2
0
=
SM 4.28 If 800 mm L = , 200 mm h
0
= , 25 mm b = and 72 MPa
allow
s = , the maximum
allowable load P will be
(A) 30 kN (B) 0 kN 12
(C) 0 kN 6 (D) kN 45
SM 4.29 Consider a beam reinforced with A36 steel straps ( 200 GPa E
st
= ) at its sides as
shown in figure. If the beam is subjected to a bending moment of 4 kN m M
z

= ,
the maximum stress developed in the wood ( 13.1GPa E
w
= ) and steel are
(A) . , . MPa MPa 4 55 0 30
st w
s s = =
(B) 4.55 , . MPa MPa 2 28
st w
s s = =
(C) . , 0. MPa MPa 2 28 60
st w
s s = =
(D) . , 0. MPa MPa 0 60 30
st w
s s = =
SM 4.30 The cantilever beam AB consisting of a castiron plate of uniform thickness b and
length L, is to support the distributed load ( ) w x as shown in figure. If the beam
is of constant strength, the expression for h in terms of x , L and h
0
will be
SM 4 Shear Force and Bending Moment SM 59
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(A) h h
L
x
/
0
2 3
= b l (B) h h
L
x
/
0
5 2
= b l
(C) h h
L
x
/
0
1 2
= b l (D) h h
L
x
/
0
3 2
= b l
SM 4.31 For the section shown in figure, the allowable bending stress is 50 MPa
c
s = in
compression and 120 MPa
t
s = is in tension. What will be the greatest magnitude
of the applied forces P ?
(A) 79.75 kN
(B) . kN 110 4
(C) . kN 159 5
(D) . kN 55 2
SM 4.32 A cantilevered machine element of cast aluminium and in the shape of a solid
of revolution of variable diameter d, is being designed to support a horizontal
distributed load 20 / kN m w = as shown in figure. If the machine element is to be
of constant strength with 72 MPa
allow
s = and 300 mm L = , the smallest allowable
value of d
0
will be
(A) 503 mm (B) 50.3 mm
(C) 5.03 mm (D) . mm 100 6
SM 4.33 A curved bar of rectangular cross section is subjected to a couple as shown in
figure. What will be the maximum tensile and compressive stress acting at section
a a

?
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(A) 1.02 , 792 MPa kPa
t c
s s = = (B) 792 , 1.02 kPa MPa
t c
s s = =
(C) 2.04 , 792 MPa kPa
t c
s s = = (D) 1.02 , 396 MPa kPa
t c
s s = =
SM 4.34 For the tapered beam as shown in the figure, if 150 kN P = , what will be the
distance x of the transverse section in which the maximum normal stress occurs
and the corresponding value of the normal stress ?
(A) 0.4 , 78.15 m MPa x
m m
s = = (B) 0. , . m MPa x 2 156 3
m m
s = =
(C) 0.4 , . m MPa x 156 3
m m
s = = (D) 0. , 78.15 m MPa x 2
m m
s = =
SM 4.35 Bar as shown in figure has a thickness of 10 mm. If the maximum bending stress
at , A B and C is same and 1.5 K = , what will be the length L of the center
portion of the bar ?
(A) 95 mm (B) 95 mm 0
(C) 9.5 mm (D) . mm 19 0
SM 4.36 Consider a machine element of cast aluminium and in the shape of a solid of
revolution of variable diameter d to support a distributed load w as shown in
figure. If the machine element is to be of constant strength, the expression for d
in terms of , x L and d
0
is
SM 4 Shear Force and Bending Moment SM 61
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(A) d d
L
x
L
x 4
1
/
0
1 3
= +
a k & 0
(B) d d
L
x
L
x 2
1
/
0
1 3
= 
a k & 0
(C) d d
L
x
L
x 4
1
/
0
1 3
= 
a k & 0
(D) d d
L
x
L
x 2
1
/
0
1 3
= +
a k & 0
SM 4.37 In the figure shown, the box beam is made of an elastically perfectly plastic
material for which 250 MPa
Y
s = . If the plastic moment M
p
is applied and then
released, what will be the residual stress in the top and bottom of the beam ?
(A) . MPa 317 14 (B) . MPa 67 1
(C) . MPa 158 6 (D) . MPa 134 2
SM 4.38 The beam shown in figure, is made of elastic perfectly plastic material. If
50 mm a = and 230 MPa
Y
s = , what will be the maximum elastic moment and
the plastic moment that can applied to the cross section ?
(A) 50.7 , 86.25 kN m kN m M M
Y p
 
= =
(B) 86.25 , 50.7 kN m kN m M M
Y p
 
= =
(C) . , . kN m kN m M M 101 4 86 25
Y p
 
= =
(D) . , . kN m kN m M M 50 7 43 15
Y p
 
= =
SM 4.39 Consider the beam and loading as shown in figure, the shear force and bending
moment diagrams for the beam will be
SM 62 Shear Force and Bending Moment SM 4
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SM 4.40 For a simple beam AB supporting two equal concentrated loads P as shown in
figure, the shearforce and bendingmoment diagrams are
SM 4 Shear Force and Bending Moment SM 63
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SM 4.41 The shear force and bendingmoment diagrams for the beam and loading shown
in the figure, are
SM 64 Shear Force and Bending Moment SM 4
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SM 4.42 Consider the compound beam as shown in figure. It is supported by a smooth
plate at A which slides within the groove and so it cannot support a vertical
force, although it can support a moment and axial load. Which of the followings
are the shear force and bending moment diagrams for this beam ?
SM 4 Shear Force and Bending Moment SM 65
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Common Data For Q. 43 and 44
Consider the beam and loading as shown in figure.
SM 4.43 The shear force and bendingmoment diagrams are
SM 66 Shear Force and Bending Moment SM 4
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SM 4.44 The maximum normal stress due to bending is
(A) 12.89 MPa (B) 10.75 MPa
(C) 21.49 MPa (D) 17.19 MPa
SM 4.45 In the figure shown, a simply supported beam ABC is loaded by a vertical load
P which is acting at the end of a bracket BDE. The shearforce and bending
moment diagrams for beam ABC, are
SM 4 Shear Force and Bending Moment SM 67
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SM 4.46 Consider the figure as shown. Which of the followings are the required shear force
and bendingmoment diagrams for the beam and loading ?
SM 4.47 Consider a beam ABC, which is simply supported at A and B, and has an
overhang BC as shown in figure. The beam is loaded by two same forces P and
a clockwise couple of moment Pa that act through the arrangement as shown.
Which of the following options show the required shearforce and bendingmoment
diagrams for beam ABC ?
SM 68 Shear Force and Bending Moment SM 4
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SM 4.48 Which of the followings are the required shear force and bendingmoment diagrams
for the beam and loading shown in the figure ?
SM 4 Shear Force and Bending Moment SM 69
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SM 4.49 Consider the beam and loading as shown in figure. The shear force and bending
moment diagrams for the beam, are
SM 70 Shear Force and Bending Moment SM 4
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SM 4.50 Which of the followings are the required shear force and bendingmoment diagrams
for the beam and loading shown in the figure ?
SM 4.51 For the beam and loading as shown in figure, the shear force and bendingmoment
diagrams are
SM 4 Shear Force and Bending Moment SM 71
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SM 4.52 For the beam shown in figure, correct representation of the shear force and
bending moment diagrams are
SM 72 Shear Force and Bending Moment SM 4
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SM 4.53 The shear force and bending moment diagrams for the beam shown in the figure,
are
SM 4 Shear Force and Bending Moment SM 73
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SM 4.54 A cantilever beam AB carries a uniform load of intensity w over onehalf of its
length as shown in figure. What will be the shearforce and bendingmoment
diagrams for the beam ?
SM 4.55 In figure shown, the beam ABCD has overhangs that extend in both directions
for a distance of 4.2 m from the supports at B and C, which are 1.2 m apart. The
shearforce and bendingmoment diagrams for this overhanging beam are
SM 74 Shear Force and Bending Moment SM 4
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SM 4.56 Two segments of uniform load is supported by a simple beam AB and two
horizontal forces acting at the ends of a vertical arm as shown in figure. Which of
the followings are the shearforce and bendingmoment diagrams for this beam ?
SM 4 Shear Force and Bending Moment SM 75
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SM 4.57 In figure shown, a simple beam AB is subjected to a counterclockwise couple
of moment M
0
acting at distance a from the lefthand support. Which of the
followings are the shearforce and bendingmoment diagrams for this beam ?
SM 76 Shear Force and Bending Moment SM 4
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SM 4.58 The shear force and bending moment diagrams for the beam as shown in figure,
are
************
SM 5
TRANSFORMATI ON OF STRESS AND STRAI N
SM 5.1 Consider the given state of stress as shown in figure. By using a method of analysis
based on the equilibrium of that element, the normal and shearing stresses exerted
on the oblique face of the shaded triangular element, are
(A) 0.521 MPa s = , 56.4 MPa t =
(B) 0.521 MPa s = , 56.4 MPa t =
(C) . MPa 0 521 s = , 56.4 MPa t =
(D) . MPa 0 521 s = , . MPa 56 4 t =
SM 5.2 In figure shown, the stresses acting on element A in the web of a train rail are
found to be 42 MPa tension in the horizontal direction and 140 MPa compression
in the vertical direction. The shear stresses of magnitude 60 MPa act in the
directions shown. What will be the stresses acting on an element oriented at a
counterclockwise angle of 48c from the horizontal ?
(A) 118. MPa 2
x1
s = , 20.2 MPa
y1
s = , 84.2 MPa
x y 1 1
t =
(B) 118. MPa 2
x1
s = , 20.2 MPa
y1
s = , 84.2 MPa
x y 1 1
t =
(C) 118. MPa 2
x1
s = , 20.2 MPa
y1
s = , 84.2 MPa
x y 1 1
t =
(D) 118. MPa 2
x1
s = , 20.2 MPa
y1
s = , 84.2 MPa
x y 1 1
t =
SM 5.3 Two members of uniform cross section 50 80 mm
#
are glued together along
plane aa, which forms an angle of 25c with the horizontal. If the allowable
stresses for the glued joint are 800 kPa s = and 600 kPa t = , what will be the
largest axial load P ?
SM 78 Transformation of Stress and Strain SM 5
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(A) 6.27 kN (B) . kN 7 04
(C) . kN 7 8 (D) . kN 3 9
SM 5.4 Consider the state of stress as shown in figure. What will be the principal planes
and the principal stresses ?
(A) 30.96 , 59.04
p
c c q = , 52 MPa
max
s = , 84 MPa
min
s =
(B) 30.96 , 59.04
p
c c q = , MPa 52
max
s = , 84 MPa
min
s =
(C) 30.96 , 59.04
p
c c q = , 84 MPa
max
s = , 52 MPa
min
s =
(D) 30.96 , 59.04
p
c c q =  , 52 MPa
max
s = , 84 MPa
min
s =
SM 5.5 A rectangular plate of dimensions 100 250 mm mm
#
is formed by welding two
triangular plates and subjected to a compressive stress of 2.5 MPa in the long
direction and a tensile stress of 12.0 MPa in the short direction as shown in
figure. What will be the normal stress
w
s acting perpendicular to the line of the
weld and the shear stress
w
t acting parallel to the weld ?
(A) MPa 10
w
s = , MPa 5
w
t =
(B) 10. MPa 0
w
s = , 5. MPa 0
w
t =
(C) .0 MPa 10
w
s = , 5. MPa 0
w
t =
(D) 10.0 MPa
w
s = , 5. MPa 0
w
t =
Common Data For Q. 6 and 7
Two steel plates of uniform cross section 10 80 mm
#
are welded together as
shown in figure. The centric forces of 100 kN are applied to the welded plates and
the inplane shearing stress parallel to the weld is 30 MPa.
SM 5 Transformation of Stress and Strain SM 79
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SM 5.6 The angle b is
(A) . 61 32c (B) . 28 68c
(C) . 14 34c (D) . 75 66c
SM 5.7 What will be the corresponding normal stress perpendicular to the weld ?
(A) 87.9 MPa (B) . MPa 117 3
(C) . MPa 146 7 (D) . MPa 73 35
SM 5.8 Consider the state of plane stress as shown in figure. The value of
xy
t for which
the inplane shearing stress parallel to the weld is zero and the corresponding
principal stresses using Mohr’s circle, are
(A) 2.89 MPa
xy
t = , 12.77 MPa
A
s = , 1.23 MPa
B
s =
(B) 2.89 MPa
xy
t = , 12.77 MPa
A
s = , 1.23 MPa
B
s =
(C) 2.89 MPa
xy
t = , 12.77 MPa
A
s = , 1.23 MPa
B
s =
(D) 2.89 MPa
xy
t = , 12.77 MPa
A
s = , 1.23 MPa
B
s =
SM 5.9 In figure shown, the grain of a wooden member forms an angle of 15c with the
vertical. For the state of stress shown, the inplane shearing stress parallel to the
grain and the normal stress perpendicular to the grain using Mohr’s circle, are
(A) 0.3 MPa
x y
t =
l l
, 2.92 MPa
x
s =
l
(B) 0.3 MPa
x y
t =
l l
, 2.92 MPa
x
s =
l
(C) 0.3 MPa
x y
t =
l l
, 2.92 MPa
x
s =
l
(D) 0.3 MPa
x y
t =
l l
, 2.92 MPa
x
s =
l
Common Data For Q. 10 and 11
In figure shown, a propeller shaft subjected to combined torsion and axial thrust
is designed to resist a shear stress of 63 MPa and a compressive stress of 90 MPa.
SM 80 Transformation of Stress and Strain SM 5
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SM 5.10 What will be the principal stresses ?
(A) . MPa 32 4
1
s = , . MPa 122 4
2
s = (B) 32.4 MPa
1
s = , 122.4 MPa
2
s =
(C) 32.4 MPa
1
s = , 122.4 MPa
2
s = (D) 32.4 MPa
1
s = 122.4 MPa
2
s =
SM 5.11 The maximum shear stresses and associated normal stresses are
(A) . MPa 77 4
ave
s = , MPa 45 ! t =
(B) MPa 45
ave
s = , 77. MPa 4 ! t =
(C) MPa 45
ave
s = . MPa 77 4 ! t =
(D) 77.4 MPa
ave
s = , 45 MPa ! t =
Common Data For Q. 12 and 13
An element in uniaxial stress is subjected to tensile stresses 55 MPa
x
s = as
shown in the figure. Use Mohr’s circle for further calculation.
SM 5.12 What will be the stresses acting on an element oriented at an angle 30c q =
from the x axis (minus means clockwise) ?
(A) 41.2 MPa
x1
s = , 27.5 MPa
y1
s = , 23.8 MPa
x y 1 1
t =
(B) 41.2 MPa
x1
s = , 13.8 MPa
y1
s = , 23.8 MPa
x y 1 1
t =
(C) 27.5 MPa
x1
s = , 13.8 MPa
y1
s = , 23.8 MPa
x y 1 1
t =
(D) 13.8 MPa
x1
s = , 41.2 MPa
y1
s = , 23.8 MPa
x y 1 1
t =
SM 5.13 The maximum shear stresses and associated normal stresses are
(A) 27.5 MPa
max
t = , 13.75 MPa
avg
s =
(B) 27.5 MPa
max avg
t t = =
(C) 27.5 MPa
max
t = , 27.5 MPa
avg
s =
(D) 13.75 MPa
max avg
t t = =
Common Data For Q. and 15
An element in biaxial stress is subjected to stresses 60 MPa
x
s = and 20 MPa
y
s =
as shown in the figure.
SM 5 Transformation of Stress and Strain SM 81
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SM 5.14 Using Mohr’s circle, the stresses acting on an element oriented at a counterclockwise
angle . 22 5c q = from the x axis, are
(A) . MPa 48 28
x1
s = , . MPa 8 28
y1
s = , 28. 8 MPa 2
x y 1 1
t =
(B) MPa 20
x1
s = , . MPa 8 28
y1
s = , 28.28 MPa
x y 1 1
t =
(C) . MPa 8 28
x1
s = , . MPa 48 28
y1
s = , 28.28 MPa
x y 1 1
t =
(D) . MPa 48 28
x1
s = , MPa 20
y1
s = , 28.28 MPa
x y 1 1
t =
SM 5.15 What will be the maximum shear stresses and associated normal stresses using
Mohr’s circle ?
(A) 40 MPa
max
t = , 20 MPa
avg
s =
(B) 20 MPa
max avg
t t = =
(C) MPa 40
max avg
t t = =
(D) 40 MPa
max
t = , 20 MPa
avg
s =
SM 5.16 For the state of stress shown in figure, what will be the range of values of q for
which the normal stress
x
s is equal to or less than 50 MPa ?
(A) 110.085c #q 290.085c # (B) 16.524c #q 110.085c #
(C) 110.085c #q 196.524c # (D) 16.524c #q 196.524c #
Common Data For Q. 17 and 18
For the state of plane stress shown in figure, consider both inplane and outof
plane shearing stresses.
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SM 5.17 The maximum shearing stress when 20 MPa
y
s = , is
(A) 80 MPa (B) 1 MPa 60
(C) 80 MPa 1 (D) MPa 100
SM 5.18 The maximum shearing stress when 140 MPa
y
s = , is
(A) 1 MPa 10 (B) MPa 80
(C) MPa 60 (D) MPa 220
SM 5.19 An element in plane stress is subjected to stresses 21 MPa
x
s = , 11 MPa
y
s = and
8 MPa
xy
t = as shown in figure. The angle q is positive when counterclockwise and
negative when clockwise. Using Mohr’s circle, the stresses acting on an element
oriented at an angle 50c q = from the x axis, is
(A) 23.01 MPa
x1
s = , 8.99 MPa
y1
s = , 6.31 MPa
x y 1 1
t =
(B) 23.01 MPa
x1
s = , 8.99 MPa
y1
s = , 6.31 MPa
x y 1 1
t =
(C) 8.99 MPa
x1
s = , 23.01 MPa
y1
s = , 6.31 MPa
x y 1 1
t =
(D) 8.99 MPa
x1
s = , 23.01 MPa
y1
s = , 6.31 MPa
x y 1 1
t =
Common Data For Q. 20 and 21
In figure shown, an element in plane stress is subjected to stresses 3100 kPa
x
s =
, 8700 kPa
y
s = and 4500 kPa
xy
t = . Use the Mohr’s circle.
SM 5.20 What will be the principal stresses ?
(A) 5300 kPa
1
s = , 5900 kPa
2
s = (B) 600 kPa
1
s = , 11200 kPa
2
s =
(C) 11200 kPa
1
s = , 600 kPa
2
s = (D) 11200 kPa
1
s = , 5300 kPa
2
s =
SM 5.21 The maximum shear stresses and associated normal stresses are
(A) 5300 kPa
max
t = , 5900 kPa
avg
s = (B) 5300 kPa
max
t = , 5900 kPa
avg
s =
(C)
max avg
t = = 5300 kPa (D)
max avg
t = = 5900 kPa
SM 5 Transformation of Stress and Strain SM 83
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SM 5.22 A rectangular steel plate with thickness 10 mm t = is subjected to uniform normal
stresses
x
s and
y
s as shown in figure. Strain gauges A and B oriented in the x
and y directions, respectively, are attached to the plate. The gauge readings are
480 10
x
6
#
e =

(elongation) and 130 10
y
6
#
e =

(elongation). What will be the
stresses
x
s and
y
s and the change in the thickness t D of the plate ?
(Take 200 GPa E = , 0.30 n = )
(A) 60.2 MPa
x
s = , 114.1 MPa
y
s = , 2610 10 mm t
6
D
#
=

(B) 114.1 MPa
x
s = , 60.2 MPa
y
s = , 2610 10 mm t
6
D
#
=

(C) 60.2 MPa
x
s = , 114.1 MPa
y
s = , 2610 10 mm t
6
D
#
=

(D) 114.1 MPa
x
s = , 60.2 MPa
y
s = , 2610 10 mm t
6
D
#
=

SM 5.23 A brass cube 50 mm on each edge is compressed in two perpendicular directions
by forces 175 kN P = as shown in figure. The change v D in the volume of the
cube and the strain energy U stored in the cube respectively, are
(Take 100 GPa E = , . 0 34 n = )
(A) 56 mm
3
 , 4. 4 J 0 (B) 56 mm
3
 , .0 J 2 2
(C) 56 mm
3
 , .0 J 8 8 (D) 56 mm
3
, 4.04 J
Common Data For Q. 24 and 25
A circle of diameter 200 mm d = is etched on a brass plate as shown in figure.
The plate has dimensions 400 400 20 mm
# #
. Forces are applied to the plate,
producing uniformly distributed normal stresses 42 MPa
x
s = and 14 MPa
y
s = .
(Take 100 GPa E = and . 0 34 n = )
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SM 5.24 The change in length ac D of diameter ac and bd D of diameter bd, are
(A) 0.0745 mm ac D = , 560 10 mm bd
6
D
#
=

(B) 0.0745 mm ac D = , 560 10 mm bd
6
D
#
=

(C) 0.0745 mm ac D = , 560 10 mm bd
6
D
#
=

(D) 0.0745 mm ac D = , 560 10 mm bd
6
D
#
=

SM 5.25 The change t D in the thickness of the plate, the change v D in the volume of the
plate and the strain energy U stored in the plate respectively, are
(A) 0.00381 mm, 573 mm
3
 , 25 J
(B) 0.00381 mm  , 573 mm
3
, 25 J
(C) 0.00381 mm  , 573 mm
3
, 50 J
(D) 0.00381 mm, 573 mm
3
 , 50 J
Common Data For Q. 26 and 27
In figure shown, a cube of granite ( 60 GPa E = , . 0 25 n = ) with sides of length
75 mm a = is subjected under triaxial stress. The compressive strains in the
material are 720 10
x
6
#
e =

and 270 10
y z
6
#
e e = =

.
SM 5.26 The normal stresses
x
s ,
y
s and
z
s acting on the x , y and z faces of the cube, are
(A) 64.8 MPa
x y
s s = = , 43.2 MPa
z
s =
(B) 64. MPa 8
x
s = , 43.2 MPa
y z
s s = =
(C) 64.8 MPa
x z
s s = = , 43.2 MPa
y
s =
(D) 64.8 MPa
x
s = , 43.2 MPa
y z
s s = =
SM 5.27 The maximum shear stress
max
t in the material is
(A) 8.1 MPa (B) . MPa 10 8
(C) . MPa 13 5 (D) . MPa 6 75
SM 5.28 The change v D in the volume of the cube and the strain energy U stored in the
cube respectively, are
(A) 532 mm
3
 , 14.8 J
(B) 532 mm
3
, 14.8 J
(C) 532 mm
3
 , 28.7 J
(D) 532 , mm
3
7.4 J
SM 5.29 A shaft AB of 38 mm diameter is made of steel for which the yield strength
is 250 MPa
Y
s = . The magnitude of the torque T for which yield occurs when
240 kN P = , is
(Hint: Use the maximum shearing stress criterion)
SM 5 Transformation of Stress and Strain SM 85
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(A) 717 N m

(B) N m 896

(C) N m 538

(D) N m 448

SM 5.30 A spherical steel pressure vessel has a diameter of 250 mm and a wall thickness of
6 mm. The maximum gauge pressure is 8 MPa in the vessel. If the ultimate stress
in the steel used is 400 MPa
U
s = , the factor of safety with respect to tensile
failure is
(A) . 7 56 (B) . 5 04
(C) . 10 08 (D) . 2 52
SM 5.31 In the figure shown, a cylindrical portion of the compressed air tank is fabricated
of 6 mm thick plate, welded along a helix forming an angle 30c b = with the
horizontal. If the shearing stress parallel to the weld is 30 MPa, what will be the
gage pressure ?
(A) 3.41 MPa (B) . MPa 4 26
(C) . MPa 2 56 (D) . MPa 2 31
SM 5.32 In the figure shown, the tank has a 180 mm inside diameter and a 12 mm wall
thickness. If the tank contains compressed air under a pressure of 8 MPa, what
will be the magnitude T of the applied torque for which the maximum normal
stress in the tank is 75 MPa ?
(A) . kN m 21 36

(B) . kN m 12 76

(C) . kN m 17 06

(D) 1 . kN m 0 68

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Common Data For Q. 33 and 34.
A brass ring of 160 mm outside diameter fits exactly inside a steel ring of 160 mm
inside diameter as shown in figure, when the temperature of both rings is 5 C c .
The temperature of the rings is then raised to 55 C c .
SM 5.33 The pressure exerted by the brass ring on the steel ring is
(A) 1.75 MPa (B) 1. MPa 4
(C) . MPa 2 8 (D) . MPa 1 05
SM 5.34 The tensile stress in the steel ring is
(A) 28 MPa (B) MPa 21
(C) MPa 35 (D) . MPa 17 5
SM 5.35 A solid steel sphere of diameter 150 mm d = is subjected to hydrostatic pressure
p such that its volume is reduced by 0.4%. What will be the pressure p, the
volume modulus of elasticity K for the steel and the strain energy U stored in
the sphere ? (Take 210 GPa E = , 0.3 n = )
(A) 350 MPa p = , 175 GPa K = , 2470 J U =
(B) 700 MPa p = , 350 GPa K = , 2470 J U =
(C) 700 MPa p = , 175 GPa K = , 2470 J U =
(D) 700 MPa p = , 175 GPa K = , 1235 J U =
SM 5.36 In the figure shown, an element of material subjected to plane strain, has strains
as follows: 220 10
x
6
#
e =

, 480 10
y
6
#
e =

and 180 10
xy
6
#
g =

. What will be
the strains for an element oriented at an angle 50c q = ?
(A) 461 10
x
6
1
e
#
=

, 23 10 9
y
6
1
e
#
=

, 225 10
x y
6
1 1
g
#
=

(B) 461 10
x
6
1
e
#
=

, 23 10 9
y
6
1
e
#
=

, 225 10
x y
6
1 1
g
#
=

(C) 461 10
x
6
1
e
#
=

, 239 10
y
6
1
#
e =

, 225 10
x y
6
1 1
g
#
=

(D) 461 10
x
6
1
e
#
=

, 239 10
y
6
1
#
e =

, 225 10
x y
6
1 1
g
#
=

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SM 5.37 An aluminum plate is loaded in biaxial stress by normal stresses 86.4 MPa
x
s =
and
y
s as shown in figure. A strain gauge is bonded to the plate at an angle
21c f = and strain measured by the gauge is 946 10
6
e
#
=

. What are the shear
strains ( )
max xy
g , ( )
max xz
g and ( )
max yz
g ?
(Take 72 GPa E = and / 1 3 n = )
(A) 1200 10
max
xy
6
g
#
=

^ h
, 10 1600
max
xz
6
g
#
=

^ h
, 10 399
max
yz
6
g
#
=

^ h
(B) 1200 10
max
xy
6
g
#
=

^ h
, 1600 10
max
xz
6
g
#
=

^ h
, 399 10
max
yz
6
g
#
=

^ h
(C) 1200 10
max
xy
6
g
#
=

^ h
, 1600 10
max
xz
6
g
#
=

^ h
, 399 10
max
yz
6
g
#
=

^ h
(D) 1200 10
max
xy
6
g
#
=

^ h
, 1600 10
max
xz
6
g
#
=

^ h
, 399 10
max
yz
6
g
#
=

^ h
Common Data For Q. 38 and 39
The rosette shown in figure, has been used to determine the following strains at
a point on the surface of a crane hook :
420
1
m e =+ , 45
2
m e = , 165
4
m e =+
SM 5.38 What should be the reading of gauge 3 ?
(A) 300 m  (B) 300 m
(C) 255 m (D) 210 m
SM 5.39 The principal strains and the maximum inplane shearing strain are
(A) 435
a
m e = , 315
b
m e = , 750
max
m g =
(B) 435
a
m e = , 315
b
m e = , 750
max
m g =
(C) 435
a
m e = , 315
b
m e = , 750
max
m g =
(D) 435
a
m e = , 315
b
m e = , 750
max
m g =
SM 5.40 Consider the figure shown. What will be the sum of the three strain measurements
(
1 2 3
e e e + + ) made with a 60c rosette which is independent to the orientation of
the rosette ? Here
ave
e is the abscissa of the centre of the corresponding Mohr’s
circle for strain.
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(A)
ave
e (B) 6
ave
e
(C) 3
ave
e (D) 2
ave
e
SM 5.41 A single strain gauge is cemented to a solid 96 mm diameter aluminium shaft at
an angle 20c b = with a line parallel to the axis of the shaft as shown in figure. If
27 GPa G = , the torque T corresponding to a gauge reading of 400 m, is
(A) . kN m 7 3

(B) . kN m 5 84

(C) . kN m 3 65

(D) . kN m 4 38

SM 5.42 In figure shown, the beam is subjected to a shear of 15 kN V = and has width of
125 mm w = . What will be the web’s shear stress at A and B ?
(A) 1.99 MPa
A
t = , . MPa 3 3
B
t = (B) 1. MPa 65
A
t = 1.99 MPa
B
t =
(C) 1.99 MPa
A
t = , 1.65 MPa
B
t = (D) . MPa 3 98
A
t = , 1.65 MPa
B
t =
SM 5.43 The strut shown in figure, is subjected to a vertical shear of 130 kN V = . Which of
the following is the resultant shear force developed in the vertical segment AB ?
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(A) 50.3 kN (B) . kN 62 9
(C) . kN 37 7 (D) . kN 25 15
SM 5.44 The Tbeam is subjected to the loading as shown in figure. What will be the
maximum transverse shear stress in the beam at the critical section ?
(A) 29.4 MPa (B) . MPa 18 37
(C) . MPa 7 35 (D) . MPa 14 7
SM 5.45 What will be the smallest allowable diameter of the solid shaft ABCD of figure
shown when 60 MPa
all
t = and the radius of disk B is 120 mm r = ?
(A) 19.6 mm (B) . mm 39 2
(C) 196 mm (D) . mm 3 92
SM 5.46 Member AB has a uniform rectangular cross section of 10 24 mm
#
. For the
loading shown in figure, the normal and shearing stresses at point H, are
(A) 32.5 MPa
x
s = , 14.06 MPa
xy
t = (B) 32.5 MPa
x
s = , 14.06 MPa
xy
t =
(C) 32.5 MPa
x
s = , 14.06 MPa
xy
t = (D) 32.5 MPa
x
s = , 14.06 MPa
xy
t =
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SM 5.47 The beam is made from three polystyrene strips that are glued together as shown
in figure. If the glue has a shear strength of 80 kPa, the maximum load P that
can be applied without causing the glue to lose its bond, is
(A) 357 N (B) . N 178 5
(C) N 238 (D) . N 297 5
SM 5.48 In the figure shown, a 13 kN force is applied to the 60 mm diameter castiron post
ABD. At point H, the principal stresses and the maximum shearing stresses are
(A) 4.3 MPa
A
s = , 93.4 MPa
B
s = , . MPa 48 9 t =
(B) 4.3 MPa
A
s = , 93.4 MPa
B
s = , 48.9 MPa t =
(C) 4.3 MPa
A
s = , 93.4 MPa
B
s = , 48.9 MPa t =
(D) 4.3 MPa
A
s = , 93.4 MPa
B
s = , 48.9 MPa t =
SM 5.49 The aluminium strut is 10 mm thick and has the cross section as shown in figure.
If it is subjected to a shear of 150 N V = , the shear flow at points A and B are
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(A) 1.39 / kN m q
A
= , . / kN m q 2 50
B
= (B) . / kN m q 2 79
A
= , . / kN m q 2 50
A
=
(C) 1.39 / kN m q
A
= , 1. / kN m q 25
B
= (D) . / kN m q 2 78
A
= , 1. / kN m q 25
B
=
SM 5.50 A beam is constructed from five boards bolted together as shown in figure. If
the bolts are spaced 250 mm s = apart and the applied shear is 35 kN V = , the
maximum shear force developed in each bolt is
(A) 6.64 kN (B) . kN 5 31
(C) . kN 10 62 (D) . kN 3 98
Common Data For Q. 51 and 52
A force P is applied to a cantilever beam by means of a cable attached to a bolt,
located at the center of the free end of the beam as shown in figure. A load P acts
in a direction perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the beam.
SM 5.51 The normal stress at point a in terms of P, b, h, l and b is
(A)
cos sin
bh
Pl
h b
6 b b
+
: D
(B)
cos sin
bh
Pl
h b
6 b b

: D
(C)
cos sin
bh
Pl
h b
3 b b

: D
(D)
cos sin
bh
Pl
h b
3 b b
+
: D
SM 5.52 What will be the values of b for which the normal stress at a is zero ?
(A) tan
b
h 1
b =

b l (B) tan
h
b
2
1
b =

b l
(C) tan
h
b 1
b =

b l (D) tan
b
h 2 1
b =

b l
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SM 5.53 What will be the location e of the shear center (point O), for the thinwalled
member having a slit along its side ?
(A) 52.5 mm (B) mm 70
(C) . mm 87 5 (D) . mm 43 75
SM 5.54 Consider an angle of thickness 3 mm and a height of 100 mm h = as shown in the
figure. If it is subjected to a shear of 50 N V = , the shear flow at point A and the
maximum shear flow in the angle are
(A) q 0
A
= , / N m q 375
max
= (B) 0 q
A
= , . / N m q 187 5
max
=
(C) 187.5 / N m q
A
= , 375 / N m q
max
= (D) 187.5 / N m q
A
= , . / N m q 187 5
max
=
SM 5.55 The stepped support is subjected to the bearing load of 50 kN as shown in figure.
The maximum and minimum compressive stress in the material are
(A) MPa 11
max
s = , . MPa 5 5
min
s = (B) . MPa 5 5
max
s = , 0
min
s =
(C) 11 MPa
max
s = , 0
min
s = (D) 16.5 MPa
max
s = , 0
min
s =
SM 5.56 Several forces are applied to the pipe assembly as shown in figure. Each section
of pipe has inner and outer diameter respectively equal to 36 mm and 42 mm.
What will be the normal and shearing stresses at point H, located at the top of
the outer surface of the pipe ?
SM 5 Transformation of Stress and Strain SM 93
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(A) . MPa 20 2
H
s = , . MPa 2 82
H
t = (B) . MPa 20 2
H
s = , . MPa 2 82
H
t =
(C) . MPa 20 2
H
s = , . MPa 2 82
H
t = (D) . MPa 20 2
H
s = , . MPa 2 82
H
t =
SM 5.57 What will be the magnitude of the load P as shown in figure that will cause a
maximum normal stress of 200 MPa
max
s = in the link at section aa ?
(A) 9.9 kN (B) . kN 13 2
(C) . kN 16 5 (D) . kN 8 25
SM 5.58 Consider the assembly shown in figure. Each piston has a radius of 45 mm and
the cylinder has a wall thickness of 2 mm. The maximum force P that can be
exerted on each of the two pistons so that the circumferential stress component
in the cylinder does not exceed 3 MPa, is
(A) 1060 N (B) 636 N
(C) 848 N (D) 530 N
SM 5.59 The cap on the cylindrical tank is bolted to the tank along the flanges as shown
in figure. The tank has an inner diameter of 1.5 m and a wall thickness of 18 mm.
If the pressure in the tank is 120 MPa p = , what will be the force in the 16 bolts
that are used to attach the cap to the tank and also, specify the state of stress in
the wall of the tank ?
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(A) MPa 25
1
s = , 50 MPa
2
s = , 133 kN F
b
=
(B) 50 MPa
1
s = , MPa 25
2
s = , 133 kN F
b
=
(C) MPa 75
1
s = , 50 MPa
2
s = , 133 kN F
b
=
(D) 50 MPa
1
s = , MPa 75
2
s = , 133 kN F
b
=
***********
SM 6
DESI GN OF BEAMS AND SHAFTS
SM 6.1 A 1.5 m long cantilever beam AB is loaded by a couple M
0
at its free end as
shown in figure. The distance from the top surface of the beam to the neutral
surface is 75 mm and the longitudinal normal strain at the top surface is . 0 001
. What will be the curvature k and the vertical deflection d at the end of the
beam ?
(A) .1333 m 0
1
k =

, 15.0 mm d = (B) . 333 m 0 1
1
k =

, 1.5 mm d =
(C) 0. 1333 m 0
1
k =

, 1. mm 5 d = (D) 0. 1333 m 0
1
k =

, 15.0 mm d =
SM 6.2 Wideflange beam as shown in figure, is made of a highstrength, lowalloy steel
for which 345 MPa
Y
s = and 450 MPa
U
s = . If a factor of safety of . 3 0 is used
and the effect of fillets is neglected, what will be the largest couple that can be
applied to the beam when it is bent about the yaxis ?
(A) . kN m 42 3

(B) . kN m 35 15

(C) . kN m 70 3

(D) 56.3 kN m

SM 6.3 A nylon spacing bar has the cross section as shown in figure. If the allowable
stress for the grade of nylon used is 24 MPa, the largest couple M
z
that can be
applied to the bar, is
(A) . kN m 2 38

(B) . kN m 1 785

(C) . kN m 2 975

(D) . kN m 1 487

SM 96 Design of Beams and Shafts SM 6
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SM 6.4 In the figure shown, if the couple acts in a vertical plane, the stress at point A
and point B are
(A) 116.4 MPa
A
s = , . MPa 87 3
B
s =
(B) 116.4 MPa
A
s = , 87.3 MPa
B
s =
(C) 116.4 MPa
A
s = , 87.3 MPa
B
s =
(D) 116.4 MPa
A
s = , 87.3 MPa
B
s =
SM 6.5 Each girder of a highway bridge has a cantilever length of 46 m and an I shaped
cross section with dimensions as shown in the figure. The load on each girder is
11.0 / kN m, which includes the weight of the girder. What will be the maximum
bending stress in a girder due to this load?
(A) . MPa 96 75 (B) MPa 129
(C) . MPa 161 25 (D) . MPa 193 5
SM 6.6 For the extruded beam shown in figure, the allowable stress is 120 MPa in tension
and 150 MPa in compression. What will be the largest couple M that can be
applied ?
(A) . kN m 1 89

(B) . kN m 5 65

(C) . kN m 7 58

(D) . kN m 3 79

SM 6.7 The box beam as shown in figure has an allowable bending stress of 10 MPa
allow
s =
and an allowable shear stress of 775 kPa
allow
t = . What will be the maximum
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intensity w of the distributed loading that it can safely support ?
(A) 1.51 kN m

(B) . kN m 6 04

(C) . kN m 2 01

(D) . kN m 3 02

Common Data For Q. 8 and 9
Consider the beam as shown in figure which has an allowable stress of 120 MPa.
SM 6.8 What will be the largest couple M that can be applied to the beam ?
(A) . kN m 18 34

(B) . kN m 9 17

(C) . kN m 4 585

(D) . kN m 6 875

SM 6.9 If the cross section of the beam is a square of 80 mm side, what will be the largest
couple M ?
(A) . kN m 7 68

(B) . kN m 10 24

(C) . kN m 15 36

(D) . kN m 5 12

SM 6.10 Vertical wood beams AB of thickness 120 mm t = is used to construct a small
dam of height 2.0 m h = as shown in the figure. If the beams are simply supported
at the top and bottom and the weight density of water is 9.81 / kN m
3
g = , the
maximum bending stress
max
s in the beams will be
(A) 1.4 MPa (B) . MPa 3 15
(C) . MPa 2 8 (D) . MPa 2 10
SM 6.11 In figure shown, the tapered beam supports a concentrated force P at its center.
If it is made from a plate that has a constant width b, what will be the absolute
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maximum bending stress in the beam ?
(A)
bh
PL
8
3
max
0
2
2
s = (B)
bh
PL
8
3
max
0
3
s =
(C)
bh
PL
8
3
max
0
2
s = (D)
bh
PL
4
3
max
0
2
3
s =
Common Data For Q. 12 and 13
A beam of rectangular cross section is to be sawed from a log of circular cross
section as shown in figure. A couple M is applied to the rectangular beam.
SM 6.12 For the smallest possible maximum stress
m
s , the ratio / d b will be
(A) 2 (B)
2
3
(C) 2 (D) 3
SM 6.13 What will be the ratio / d b, for which the radius of curvature of the beam is
maximum ?
(A) 2 (B)
2
3
(C) 3 (D) 2
SM 6.14 For the simple beam AB and loading shown in figure, consider the following
data: 5.4 kN P = , 3.0 m L = , 1.2 m d = , 75 mm b = 25 mm t = , 100 mm h =
and 75 mm h
1
= . What will be the maximum tensile stress
t
s and maximum
compressive stress
c
s due to the load P ?
(A) 73.2 MPa
t
s = , . MPa 43 9
c
s = (B) . MPa 43 9
t
s = , 73.2 MPa
c
s =
(C) . MPa 36 6
t
s = , . MPa 43 9
c
s = (D) . MPa 36 6
t
s = , . MPa 87 8
c
s =
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SM 6.15 The reinforced concrete beam as shown in figure, is subjected to a positive bending
moment of 175 kN m

. The modulus of elasticity is 25 GPa for the concrete and
200 GPa for the steel. What will be the stress in the steel and the maximum
stress in the concrete ?
(A) 247.5 MPa
s
s = , 26.0 MPa
c
s =
(B) MPa 330
s
s = , 26.0 MPa
c
s =
(C) 247.5 MPa
s
s = , 32.5 MPa
c
s =
(D) MPa 330
s
s = , 32.5 MPa
c
s =
Common Data For Q. 16 to 18
A cantilever beam AB of triangular cross section has length 0.8 m L = , width
80 mm b = and height 120 mm h = as shown in figure. The beam is made of brass
weighing 85 / kN m
3
.
SM 6.16 What will be the maximum tensile stress
t
s and maximum compressive stress
c
s
due to the beam’s own weight ?
(A) . MPa 1 36
t
s = , . MPa 2 72
c
s =
(B) . MPa 5 44
t
s = , . MPa 2 72
c
s =
(C) . MPa 2 72
t
s = , . MPa 5 44
c
s =
(D) . MPa 2 72
t
s = , . MPa 1 36
c
s =
SM 6.17 If the width b is doubled, the stresses will be
(A) half (B) double
(C) remain same (D) oneFourth
SM 6.18 If the height h is doubled, the stresses will be
(A) half (B) double
(C) remain same (D) oneFourth
SM 6.19 Consider the design of a reinforced concrete beam as shown in figure. The design
is said to be balanced when the maximum stresses in the steel
s
s and concrete
c
s are equal to the allowable stresses. If E
c
and E
s
are the moduli of elasticity of
concrete and steel, respectively and d is the distance from the top of the beam to
the reinforcing steel, the distance x from the top of the beam to the neutral axis
to achieve a balanced design, must be
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(A) x
E
E
d
1
s s
c c
s
s
=
+
(B) x
E
E
d
1
s c
c s
s
s
=

(C) x
E
E
d
1
s s
c c
s
s
=

(D) x
E
E
d
1
s c
c s
s
s
=
+
Common Data For Q. 20 and 21
Consider the two bars as shown in figure (a) and (b). The allowable stress used
in the design of a steel bar is 80 MPa.
SM 6.20 If the bar is designed with grooves having semicircular portions of radius 15 mm r =
and . K 1 92 = as shown in figure (a), what will be the largest couple M that can
be applied to the bar ?
(A) . kN m 2 5

(B) 3. kN m 125

(C) . kN m 0 625

(D) . kN m 1 25

SM 6.21 If the bar is redesigned by removing of material above the grooves ( . K 1 57 = ) as
shown in figure (b), the largest couple M that applied to the bar can be
(A) . kN m 1 53

(B) . kN m 3 825

(C) . kN m 2 04

(D) . kN m 3 06

SM 6.22 A 450 mm long cantilever beam AB of circular cross section supports a load
400 N P = acting at the free end as shown in figure. The beam is made of steel
with weight density of 77 / kN m
3
and an allowable bending stress of 60 MPa. If
the effect of the beam’s own weight is considered, the required diameter d
min
of
the beam is
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(A) . mm 39 51 (B) . mm 23 71
(C) . mm 31 61 (D) . mm 19 75
Common Data For Q. 23 and 24
A tapered cantilever beam AB of length L has square cross sections and supports
a concentrated load P at the free end as shown in figure. The width and height
of the beam vary linearly from h
A
at the free end to h
B
at the fixed end.
SM 6.23 If h h 3
B A
= , what will be the distance x from the free end A to the cross section
of maximum bending stress ?
(A)
L
2
(B) L 2
(C) L (D)
L
4
SM 6.24 What will be the ratio of the maximum stress
max
s to the largest stress
B
s at the
support ?
(A) 1 (B) 4
(C) 2 (D) 6
SM 6.25 In figure shown, a bar of rectangular cross section is made of steel which is
assumed to be elastoplastic with 320 MPa
Y
s = and subjected to a couple M
parallel to the yaxis. What will be the moments M
a
of the couple for which yield
first occurs and M
b
for the 5 mm thick plastic zones at the top and bottom of
the bar ?
(A) . N m M 115 2
a

= , . N m M 171 2
b

= (B) 115.2 N m M
a

= , N m M 214
b

=
(C) . N m M 143 75
a

= , . N m M 171 2
b

= (D) . N m M 143 75
a

= , 214 N m M
b

=
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SM 6.26 Consider a steel beam of the cross section as shown in figure. If the steel is
elastoplastic with a yield strength of 240 MPa, the plastic moment M
P
of the
beam is
(A) . kN m 14 26

(B) . kN m 11 88

(C) . kN m 23 76

(D) . kN m 19 01

SM 6.27 A beam of width t has a depth that varies as shown in figure. If it supports a
concentrated force P at its end, the absolute maximum bending stress in the
beam and its location x , are
(A) x
b b
b
L
2 1
1
=

,
tb b b
PL
2
3
max
2 2 1
s =
 ^ h
(B) x
b b
b
L
2 1
1
=

,
tb b b
PL
2
3
max
1 2 1
s =
 ^ h
(C) x
b b
b
L
2 1
2
=

,
tb b b
PL
2
3
max
1 2 1
s =
 ^ h
(D) x
b b
b
L
2 1
1
=
+
,
tb b b
PL
2
3
max
1 2 1
s =
 ^ h
Common Data For Q. 30 and 31
Consider a solid bar of elastoplastic material of rectangular cross section. The
bending moment and radius of curvature at the onset of yield are, M
Y
and
Y
r ,
respectively.
SM 6.28 The radius of curvature when a couple of moment . M M 1 25
Y
= is applied to the
bar, is
(A) . 0 70711
Y
r r = (B) . 1 414
Y
r r =
(C) . 0 50
Y
r r = (D) 2
Y
r r =
SM 6.29 What will be the radius of curvature after the couple is removed ?
(A) 0.70711
R Y
r r = (B) . 6 09
R Y
r r =
(C) . 1 732
R Y
r r = (D) . 2 236
R Y
r r =
SM 6.30 A tall signboard supported by two vertical beams consisting of thin walled, tapered
circular tubes is shown in figure. Each beam is represented as a cantilever AB
of length 8.0 m L = subjected to a lateral load 2.4 kN P = at the free end. The
tubes have constant thickness 10.0 mm t = and average diameters 90 mm d
A
=
and 270 mm d
B
= at ends A and B, respectively. The moment of inertia at
any cross section is / I d t 8
3
p = and the section modulus is / S d t 4
2
p = . At what
distance x from the free end does the maximum bending stress occur and what is
SM 6 Design of Beams and Shafts SM 103
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the magnitude
max
s of the maximum bending stress ?
(A) 5.0 m, 47.13 MPa (B) .0 m 4 , . MPa 37 73
(C) .5 m 2 , . MPa 23 56 (D) .0 m 3 , . MPa 28 33
SM 6.31 A shaft is supported on journal bearings as shown in figure that do not offer
resistance to axial load. The allowable normal stress for the shaft is 80 MPa
allow
s =
. Using the maximum distortion energy theory of failure, the smallest diameter of
the shaft that support the loading will be
(A) mm 15 (B) mm 20
(C) mm 10 (D) mm 25
SM 6.32 Consider a cantilever beam AB having rectangular cross sections with constant
width b and varying height h
x
. The beam is subjected to a uniform load of
intensity w as shown in figure. If the beam is fully stressed, what will be the
height h
x
?
(A) h
L
h x 2
x
B
= (B) h
L
h x
2
x
B
=
(C) h
L
h x
x
B
2
= (D) h
L
h x
x
B
=
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SM 6.33 For the beam shown in figure, if the magnitude of the horizontal force P is 8 kN
, the stresses at point A and B will be
(A) 102.8 MPa
A
s = , . MPa 80 6
B
s =
(B) 102.8 MPa
A
s = , 80.6 MPa
B
s =
(C) . MPa 80 6
A
s = , . MPa 102 8
B
s =
(D) . MPa 80 6
A
s = , 80.6 MPa
B
s =
Common Data For Q. 35 and 36
A laminated plastic beam of square cross section is built up by gluing together
three strips of 10 30 mm mm
#
in cross section each as shown in figure. The
beam has a total weight of 3.2 N and is simply supported with span length of
320 mm L = . Consider the weight of the beam.
SM 6.34 If the allowable shear stress in the glued joints is 0.3 MPa, the maximum
permissible load P that placed at the midpoint, will be
(A) 402 N (B) 488 N
(C) N 480 (D) 4 N 05
SM 6.35 If the allowable bending stress in the plastic is 8 MPa, the maximum permissible
load P that placed at the midpoint, will be
(A) N 450 (B) 4 N 88
(C) 4 N 48 (D) N 402
SM 6.36 What will be the stress at point B, (a) for the loading shown in figure, (b) if the
60 kN loads applied at points 2 and 3 are removed ?
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(A) 8.33 MPa
B
a
s =
^ h
, . MPa 7 64
B
b
s =
^ h
(B) 8.33 MPa
B
a
s =
^ h
, 7.64 MPa
B
b
s =
^ h
(C) . MPa 6 25
B
a
s =
^ h
, . MPa 8 23
B
b
s =
^ h
(D) . MPa 7 64
B
a
s =
^ h
, . MPa 6 25
B
b
s =
^ h
SM 6.37 The machine element shown in figure is formed by welding a steel rod to a steel
plate. Centroid of the cross section is at C and 4195 mm I
z
4
= . If the allowable
stress is 135 MPa, what will be the largest force P that can be applied to the
element ?
(A) . kN 3 175 (B) 1. kN 9
(C) . kN 3 81 (D) . kN 2 54
SM 6.38 A Cshaped steel ( 200 GPa E = ) bar of square cross section of side 40 mm is
shown in figure. The strain on the inner edge of the bar is found to be 450 m.
What will be the magnitude of the forces P ?
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(A) 9 kN (B) . kN 11 25
(C) . kN 6 25 (D) . kN 13 5
SM 6.39 A 60 kN eccentric axial force P acts at point D, which is located 25 mm below
the top surface of the steel bar as shown in figure. What will be the depth d
of the bar for which the compressive stress at point B is maximum and the
corresponding stress at point B ?
(A) 75 mm d = , 10 MPa
B
s = (B) 75 mm d = , MPa 20
B
s =
(C) 75 mm d = , MPa 20
B
s = (D) mm d 150 = , 10 MPa
B
s =
SM 6.40 An aluminium pole for a street light of weight 4600 N which supports an arm of
weight 660 N is shown in figure. The outside diameter of the pole at its base is
225 mm and its thickness is 18 mm. If the center of gravity of the arm is 1.2 m
from the axis of the pole, what will be the maximum tensile and compressive
stresses
t
s and
c
s , respectively, in the pole at its base due to the weights ?
(A) 961 kPa
t
s = , 1860 kPa
c
s =
(B) kPa 1860
t
s = , kPa 961
c
s =
(C) kPa 1410
t
s = , 1860 kPa
c
s =
(D) kPa 450
t
s = , kPa 1410
c
s =
SM 6.41 A couple 300 N m M

= is applied to a beam of rectangular cross section as shown
in figure, in a plane forming an angle 60c b = with the vertical. What will be the
stresses at point A, B and D ?
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(A) 3.37 MPa
A
s = , . MPa 18 6
B
s = , . MPa 3 37
D
s =
(B) 3.37 MPa
A
s = , 18.6 MPa
B
s = , 3.37 MPa
D
s =
(C) 3.37 MPa
A
s = , 18.6 MPa
B
s = , 3.37 MPa
D
s =
(D) 3.37 MPa
A
s = , 18.6 MPa
B
s = , 3.37 MPa
D
s =
SM 6.42 A couple M acts in a vertical plane and is applied to a beam oriented as shown
in figure. What will be the angle that the neutral axis forms with the horizontal
plane and the maximum tensile stress in the beam, respectively ?
(A) . 19 52c, 9 MPa 1 0 (B) 19.52c, 95 MPa
(C) . 5 475c, MPa 190 (D) . 5 475c, 95 MPa
SM 6.43 An axial load 30 kN P = is applied to a short section of a . C150 12 2
#
rolled
steel channel as shown in figure. Sectional properties for . C150 12 2
#
rolled steel
channel are as below:
What will be the largest distance a for which the maximum compressive stress
is 60 MPa?
(A) 46.65 mm (B) . mm 93 3
(C) . mm 77 75 (D) . mm 62 2
SM 6.44 The Z section shown in figure is subjected to a couple M
0
acting in a horizontal
plane. The 2.28 10 mm I
max
6 4
#
= , 0.23 10 mm I
min
6 4
#
= and the principal axes
are . 25 7c and . 64 3c. If the maximum stress is not to exceed 80 MPa, the largest
permissible value of the moment M
0
of the couple is
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(A) . kN m 7 938

(B) . kN m 3 969

(C) . kN m 1 323

(D) 2. kN m 646

SM 6.45 In figure shown, a box beam of wood is constructed of two 260 50 mm mm
#
and
two 260 25 mm mm
#
boards. The boards are nailed at a longitudinal spacing of
100 mm s = . If each nail has an allowable shear force 1200 N F = , the maximum
allowable shear force V
max
will be
(A) 16.05 kN (B) . kN 21 4
(C) . kN 10 7 (D) . kN 5 35
SM 6.46 In figure shown, a is the distance from the line of action of the 3 kN force to the
vertical plane containing the center of curvature of the bar. If the allowable stress
in the bar is 150 MPa, the largest permissible value of a is
(A) 60.9 mm (B) . mm 32 5
(C) . mm 93 37 (D) . mm 125 87
SM 6.47 For the curved beam and loading shown in figure, the stresses at point A and
point B are
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(A) . MPa 63 9
A
s = , . MPa 52 6
B
s =
(B) 63.9 MPa
A
s = , . MPa 52 6
B
s =
(C) . MPa 63 9
A
s = , 52.6 MPa
B
s =
(D) 63.9 MPa
A
s = , 52.6 MPa
B
s =
SM 6.48 A beam of the cross section shown in figure is extruded from an aluminium alloy
for which 72 GPa E = . If the couple shown acts in a vertical plane, what will be
the maximum stress in the beam and the corresponding radius of curvature ?
(A) 112.5 MPa
max
s = , . m 12 80 r = (B) . MPa 56 25
max
s = , 6.4 m r =
(C) 112.5 MPa
max
s = , 6.4 m r = (D) . MPa 56 25
max
s = , . m 12 8 r =
SM 6.49 Consider the builtup wooden beam as shown in figure. It is subjected to a
vertical shear of 8 kN and the nails are spaced longitudinally every 60 mm at A
and every 25 mm at B and 1.504 10 mm I
x
9 4
#
= . What will be the shearing
force in the nails at B?
(A) 549 N (B) N 823
(C) . N 411 75 (D) . N 686 25
SM 6.50 A vertical shear V causes a maximum shearing stress of 75 MPa in the hat
shaped extrusion as shown in figure. The corresponding shearing stress at point
a and point b, are
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(A) 20.7 MPa
a b
t t = = (B) . MPa 41 4
a
t = , 20.7 MPa
b
t =
(C) 20.7 MPa
a
t = , . MPa 41 4
b
t = (D) . MPa 41 4
a b
t t = =
SM 6.51 The section shown in figure is formed by welding three plates together of 12 mm
thickness each. For a vertical shear of 100 kN, the shear flow through the welded
surfaces is
(A) . kN m 199 5

(B) . kN m 332 5

(C) kN m 266

(D) . kN m 166 25

SM 6.52 A thinwalled beam of uniform thickness has the cross section as shown in figure.
What will the dimension h for which the shear center O of the cross section is
located at a distance 25 mm e = from the center of the flange AB?
(A) . mm 92 75 (B) . mm 55 65
(C) . mm 74 2 (D) . mm 46 37
SM 6.53 An extruded beam of 3 mm wall thickness has the cross section as shown in figure
and subjected to a 10 kN vertical shear. What will be the shearing stress at point
A and the maximum shearing stress in the beam ?
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(A) 31.3 MPa
A
t = , 50.7 MPa
max
t =
(B) . MPa 25 35
A
t = , . MPa 62 61
max
t =
(C) . MPa 25 35
A
t = , . MPa 31 3
max
t =
(D) . MPa 50 7
A
t = , . MPa 62 6
max
t =
***********
SM 7
DEFLECTI ON OF BEAMS AND SHAFTS
Common Data For Q. 1 and 2
Consider the loading of cantilever beam AB shown in figure.
SM 7.1 The equation of the elastic curve for the cantilever beam AB, is
(A) (3 ) y
EI
Px
L x
3
2
= + (B) (3 ) y
EI
Px
L x
6
2
= 
(C) (3 ) y
EI
Px
L x
6
2
= + (D) (3 ) y
EI
Px
L x
3
2
= 
SM 7.2 The deflection and slope at the free end respectively, are
(A)
EI
PL
2
3
,
EI
PL
6
2
(B)
EI
PL
6
3
,
EI
PL
3
2
(C)
EI
PL
3
3
,
EI
PL
2
2
(D)
EI
PL
4
3
,
EI
PL
4
2
Common Data For Q. 3 to 5
The deflection curve for a simple beam AB shown in figure, is given by the
following equation:
sin y
EI
w L
L
x
4
0
4
p
p
=
SM 7.3 The load acting on the beam is expressed as
(A) cos w w
x
L
0
p
= (B) sin w w
L
x
0
p
=
(C) cos w w
L
x
0
p
= (D) sin w w
x
L
0
p
=
SM 7.4 The reactions R
A
and R
B
at the supports, are
(A) R R
w L
A B
0
p
= = (B) R
w L
A
0
p
= , R
w L
B
0
p
=
(C) R
w L
A
0
p
= , R
w L
B
0
p
= (D) R R
w L
A B
0
p
= =
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SM 7.5 The maximum bending moment M
max
, is
(A)
w L
0
2
p
(B)
w L
2
0
2 2
p
(C)
w L
2
0
2
p
(D)
w L
2
0
2
p
Common Data For Q. 6 and 7
Consider the cantilever beam and loading shown in figure below.
SM 7.6 What will be the deflection at B ?
(A)
EI
wL
192
11
4
(B)
EI
wL
384
11
4
(C)
EI
wL
384
11
3
(D)
EI
wL
384
11
2
SM 7.7 What is the slope at B ?
(A)
EI
wL
48
5
4
(B)
EI
wL
48
5
3
(C)
EI
wL
48
5
2
(D)
EI
wL
16
5
3
SM 7.8 A uniformly loaded steel wideflange beam with simple supports is shown in
figure. It has a downward deflection of 10 mm at the midpoint and angles of
rotation equal to 0.01 radians at the ends. If the maximum bending stress is
90 MPa and the modulus of elasticity is 200 GPa, what will be the height h of
the beam.
(A) 96 mm (B) . mm 19 2
(C) . mm 9 6 (D) mm 48
SM 7.9 A goldalloy microbeam attached to a silicon wafer behaves like a cantilever beam,
subjected to a uniform load is shown in figure. The beam has length 27.5 m L m =
and rectangular cross section of width 4.0 m b m = and thickness 0.88 m t m = . The
total load on the beam is 17.2 N m . If the deflection at the end of the beam is
2.46 m m , what is the modulus of elasticity E
g
of the gold alloy?
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(A) 75 GPa (B) 80 GPa
(C) 60 GPa (D) 46 GPa
SM 7.10 In the figure shown, uniformly distributed loads are applied to beam AE
. If the beam is a 200 35.9 W
#
rolled shape and that 3 m L = , 5 / kN m w =
, 34.4 10 mm I
6 4
#
= and 200 GPa E = , the distance of the center of the beam
from the x axis is
(A) . mm 7 94 (B) . mm 3 97
(C) . mm 0 397 (D) . mm 39 7
SM 7.11 What will be the reaction at the roller support for the beam and loading shown
in figure ?
(A)
L
w
20
11
0
(B) w L
40
11
0
2
(C)
L
w
30
11
0
(D) w L
40
11
0
SM 7.12 For the beam and loading shown in figure, the reaction and bending moment at
A, are
(A) R w L
4
1
A 0
= , M w L
96
5
A 0
2
= (B) R w L
4
1
A 0
= , M w L
96
5
A 0
2
=
(C) R w L
4
1
A 0
= , M w L
96
5
A 0
2
= (D) R w L
4
1
A 0
= , M w L
96
5
A 0
2
=
SM 7.13 A simple beam AB is subjected to a distributed load of intensity / sin w w x L
0
p =
as shown, where w
0
is the maximum intensity of the load. What will be the
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deflection y
max
at the midpoint of the beam using the fourthorder differential
equation of the deflection curve (the load equation) ?
(A)
EI
w L
2
4
0
4
p
(B)
EI
w L
3
0
4
p
(C)
EI
w L
4
0
4
p
(D)
EI
w L
2
0
4
p
SM 7.14 In the figure shown, a simple beam with a uniform load is pin supported at one
end and spring supported at the other. The spring has stiffness / k EI L 48
3
= .
What will be the angle of rotation
A
q at support A ?
(Hint: Use thirdorder differential equation (the shearforce equation)).
(A)
EI
wL
48
5
3
(B)
EI
wL
96
5
2
(C)
EI
wL
16
5
3
(D)
EI
wL
96
5
3
SM 7.15 In the figure shown, the two wooden meter sticks are separated at their centers
by a smooth rigid cylinder having a diameter of 50 mm. Each stick has a width
of 20 mm, a thickness of 5 mm and 11GPa E
w
= . What will be the force F that
must be applied at each end in order to just make their ends touch ?
(A) 0.6875 N (B) . N 2 75
(C) . N 1 375 (D) 2. N 06
SM 7.16 Beam ACB hangs from two springs is shown in figure. The springs have
stiffnesses k
1
and k
2
and the beam has flexural rigidity EI . What is the downward
displacement of the midpoint C of the beam when the load P is applied ?
(Use m

216 kN EI
2
= )
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(A) 25 mm (B) . mm 2 5
(C) . mm 20 5 (D) . mm 4 5
Common Data For Q. 17 and 18
Consider the beam and loading shown in figure.
SM 7.17 The slope at end A is
(A) (3 )
EIL
M
b L
6
0 2 2
+ (B) (3 )
EIL
M
b L
3
0 2 2

(C) (3 )
EIL
M
b L
6
0 2 2
 (D) (3 )
EIL
M
b L
3
0 2 2
+
SM 7.18 The deflection of point C is
(A) ( )
EIL
M ab
b a
6
0
+ (B) ( )
EIL
M ab
b a
6
0

(C) ( )
EIL
M ab
b a
3
0
 (D) ( )
EIL
M ab
b a
4
0

SM 7.19 For the beam and loading shown in figure, the reaction at A and the slope at C
are
(A) R
L
M
2
3
A
0
= ,
EI
M L
16
1
C
0
q = (B) R
L
M
4
3
A
0
= ,
EI
M L
16
1
C
0
q =
(C) R
L
M
2
3
A
0
= ,
EI
M L
8
1
C
0
q = (D) R
L
M
4
3
A
0
= ,
EI
M L
8
1
C
0
q =
SM 7.20 A cantilever beam AB supporting a parabolic load defined by the equation
/ w w x L
0
2 2
= is shown in figure. What will be the angle of rotation
B
q and deflection
y
B
at the free end of the beam ?
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(A)
EI
w L
10
B
0
3
q = , y
EI
w L
90
13
B
0
4
= (B)
EI
w L
10
B
0
3
q = , y
EI
w L
180
13
B
0
4
=
(C)
EI
w L
20
B
0
3
q = , y
EI
w L
90
13
B
0
4
= (D)
EI
w L
20
B
0
3
q = , y
EI
w L
180
13
B
0
4
=
SM 7.21 The beam is subjected to the load P as shown in figure. If the deflection at C is
zero and EI is constant, the magnitude of force F that must be applied at the
end of the overhang C, is
(A)
P
2
(B)
P
4
(C)
P
4
3
(D) P 2
Common Data For Q. 22 and 23
Rigid bars are welded to the steel rod AD as shown in figure.
(Take 200 GPa E = ).
SM 7.22 For the loading shown, what will be the deflection at point B ?
(A) 0.30 mm (B) mm 15
(C) . mm 1 5 (D) . mm 0 15
SM 7.23 What will be the slope at end A ?
(A) 5.65 10 rad
3
#

(B) . 10 rad 4 67
3
#

(C) . 10 rad 9 35
3
#

(D) . 10 rad 7 50
3
#

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SM 7.24 Consider a 360 39 W
#
beam and loading is shown in figure. If 200 GPa E = and
102 10 mm I
6 4
#
= , the slope at end A and the deflection at point C, are
(A) 1.65 10 rad
A
3
q
#
=

, 2.7 mm y
C
=
(B) . 10 rad 2 58
A
3
q
#
=

, 2.7 mm y
C
=
(C) . 10 rad 2 58
A
3
q
#
=

, 27. mm y 0
C
=
(D) 1.65 10 rad
A
3
q
#
=

, 27. mm y 0
C
=
SM 7.25 For the cantilever beam shown in figure, the slope and deflection at point B
respectively, are
(Take 200 GPa E = and 2.53 10 mm I
6 4
#
= )
(A) 5.56 rad 10
3
#

, 25 mm (B) 11.1 rad 2 10
3
#

, mm 5
(C) 5.56 rad 10
3
#

, mm 5 (D) 5.56 rad 10
3
#

, 2. mm 5
Common Data For Q. 26 and 27
In figure shown, a 50 mm diameter A36 steel shaft is supported by the bearings
at A and B. The bearings exert only vertical reactions on the shaft and take
200 GPa E = for the steel shaft.
SM 7.26 What will be the slope of the shaft at A and B, respectively ?
(A) 0.00968 rad
A
q = , 0. rad 0105
B
q = (B) 0.00968 rad
A
q = , 0. 0105 rad 0
B
q =
(C) 0.0968 rad
A
q = , 0.0 105 rad 0
B
q = (D) 0.0 rad 105
A
q = , 0.0 rad 0968
B
q =
SM 7.27 What will be the maximum deflection of the shaft?
(A) 8.16 mm (B) . mm 16 32
(C) . mm 0 816 (D) . mm 81 6
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SM 7.28 The frame ABCD shown in figure is squeezed by two collinear forces P, acting at
points A and D. The flexural rigidity EI is constant throughout the frame and
disregard the effects of axial deformations. Considering the effects of bending due
the loads P, what is the decrease y in the distance between points A and D ?
(A) (2 3 )
EI
PL
L a
3
2
 (B) (2 3 )
EI
PL
L a
6
2
+
(C) (2 3 )
EI
PL
L a
6
2
 (D) (2 3 )
EI
PL
L a
3
2
+
SM 7.29 A simple beam AB supports two concentrated loads P at the positions shown in
the figure. A support C at the midpoint of the beam is positioned at distance d
below the beam before the loads are applied. The magnitude of the loads P so
that the beam just touches the support at C, is
(Data: 10 mm d = , 6 m L = , 200 GPa E = and 198 10 mm I
6 4
#
= )
(A) 64 kN (B) kN 80
(C) kN 48 (D) kN 32
SM 7.30 A central beam BD is joined at hinges to two cantilever beams AB and DE.
All beams have the cross section shown in figure. For the loading shown, if the
deflection at C is not to exceed 3 mm and 200 GPa E = , the largest allowable
value of w is
(A) 151.25 N m

(B) .5 N m 121

(C) . N m 75 95

(D) . N m 91 15

SM 7.31 In figure shown, beam AC rests on the cantilever beam DE. A 410 38.8 W
#
rolled
steel shape is used for each beam for which 127 10 mm I
6 4
#
= and 200 GPa E =
. For the loading shown in figure, the deflection at point B and at point D, are
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(A) 5.76 mm y
B
= , . mm y 23 1
D
= (B) . mm y 10 38
B
= , . mm y 23 1
D
=
(C) . mm y 4 61
B
= , . mm y 23 1
D
= (D) . mm y 10 38
B
= , . mm y 9 2
D
=
SM 7.32 A steel shaft is used to support a rotor that exerts a uniform load of 5 / kN m
within the region CD of the shaft as shown in figure. The bearings exert only
vertical reactions on the shaft. What will be the slope of the shaft at the bearings
A and B? (Take 200 GPa E = )
(A) 0
A
c q = , . 0 175
B
c q = (B) . 0 175
A
c q = , 0
B
c q =
(C) . 0 175
A
c q = , . 0 350
B
c q = (D) . 0 175
A B
c q q = =
Common Data For Linked Answer Q. 33 and 34
The cantilever beam ACB shown in figure, has moments of inertia I
2
and I
1
in
parts AC and CB, respectively.
SM 7.33 Using the method of superposition, the deflection y
B
at the free end due to the
load P, is
(A)
EI
PL
I
I
24
1
7
2
3
2
1
+
b l
(B)
EI
PL
I
I
24
1
7
1
3
1
2
+
b l
(C)
EI
PL
I
I
24
1
7
2
3
2
1

b l
(D)
EI
PL
I
I
24
1
7
1
3
2
1
+
b l
SM 7.34 What will be the ratio r of the deflection y
B
to the deflection y
1
at the free end
of a prismatic cantilever with moment of inertia I
1
carrying the same load ?
(A)
I
I
8
1
1
7
1
2
 c m (B)
I
I
4
1
1
7
2
1
+ c m
(C)
I
I
8
1
1
7
2
1
+ c m (D)
I
I
8
1
1
7
1
2
+ c m
SM 7.35 A simple beam AB of length L is loaded at the lefthand end by a couple of
moment M
0
as shown in figure. What will be the angle of rotation
A
q at support
A by the strain energy of the beam and using Castigliano’s theorem?
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(A)
EI
M L
2
0
(B)
EI
M L
6
0
(C)
EI
M L
3
0
(D)
EI
M L
4
0
SM 7.36 For the cantilever beam and loading shown in figure, what will be the deflection
and slope at end D caused by the couple M
0
?
(A)
EI
M a
12
11
D
0
q = , y
EI
M a
6
25
D
0
2
= (B)
EI
M a
6
11
D
0
q = , y
EI
M a
12
25
D
0
2
=
(C)
EI
M a
12
11
D
0
q = , y
EI
M a
6
25
D
0
2
= (D)
EI
M a
6
11
D
0
q = , y
EI
M a
12
25
D
0
2
=
SM 7.37 For the beam and loading shown in figure, what will be the slope at end A and
the deflection at midpoint C ?
(Use data 8 kN P = , 16.6 10 mm I
6 4
#
= and 200 GPa E = )
(A) 0.3125 10 rad
A
3
q
#
=

, 1.016 mm y
C
=
(B) 31.25 10 rad
A
3
q
#
=

, 10.16 mm y
C
=
(C) .125 10 rad 3
A
3
q
#
=

, 1.016 mm y
C
=
(D) 3.125 10 rad
A
3
q
#
=

, . mm y 10 16
C
=
Common Data For Q. 43 and 44
Consider the beam and loading as shown in figure with 556 10 mm I
6 4
#
= and
200 GPa E = .
SM 7.38 The slope at point A is
(A) . 10 rad 2 35
3
#


(B) 3.14 10 rad
3
#

(C) . 10 rad 3 92
3
#

(D) . 10 rad 1 96
3
#


SM 7.39 The deflection at point D, is
(A) 4.15 mm (B) . mm 41 5
(C) . mm 8 3 (D) . mm 20 75
SM 7.40 The cantilever beam shown in figure, supports a triangularly distributed load of
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maximum intensity w
0
. The deflection
B
d at the free end B by using Castigliano’s
theorem, is
(A)
EI
w L
30
0
2
(B)
EI
w L
30
0
4
(C)
EI
w L
15
0
3
(D)
EI
w L
30
0
3
Common Data For Q. 46 and 47
A 3 W 10 74
#
beam is loaded as shown in figure. It has 6 10 mm I 1 5
6 4
#
= and
200 GPa E = .
SM 7.41 The slope at point C, is
(A) . 10 rad 0 521
3
#

(B) . 10 rad 2 084
3
#


(C) 1.042 10 rad
3
#

(D) . 10 rad 0 65
3
#


SM 7.42 The deflection at point D, is
(A) 0.271 mm (B) . mm 27 1
(C) . mm 5 42 (D) . mm 2 71
SM 7.43 The cantilever beam ACB shown in figure, is subjected to a uniform load of
intensity w acting between points A and C. The angle of rotation
A
q at the free
end A by using the modified form of Castigliano’s theorem, is
(A)
EI
wL
32
7
3
(B)
EI
wL
16
7
3
(C)
EI
wL
96
7
3
(D)
EI
wL
48
7
3
SM 7.44 The rigid bars BF and DH are welded to the rolledsteel beam AE for which
4.77 10 mm I
6 4
#
= and 200 GPa E = as shown in figure. If 0.4 m c = , the
deflection at point B and at the midpoint C of the beam, are
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(A) 0.175 mm y
B
= , 0.882 mm y
C
= (B) . mm y 1 75
B
= , 0.882 mm y
C
=
(C) . mm y 0 882
B
= , . mm y 0 175
C
= (D) 0.175 mm y
B
= , . mm y 8 82
C
=
SM 7.45 In figure shown, an overhanging beam ABC is subjected to a couple M
A
at
the free end. The lengths of the overhang and the main span are a and L,
respectively. What will be the deflection y
A
at end A by using the modified form
of Castigliano’s theorem ?
(A)
EI
M a
L a
6
2 3
A

^ h
(B)
EI
M a
L a
6
2 3
A
+
^ h
(C)
EI
M a
a L
6
3 2
A

^ h
(D)
EI
M a
L a
6
3 2
A
+
^ h
SM 7.46 The steel strip AB shown in figure, is 5 mm wide and 10 mm high. What will be
the deflection at the end B of the clamped steel strip ? (Take 200 GPa E = )
(A) 0.015 mm (B) . mm 15 0
(C) . mm 0 15 (D) . mm 1 50
Common Data For Q. 46 and 47
Beam DE rests on the cantilever beam AC is shown in figure. A square rod of
side 10 mm is used for each beam with 200 GPa E = .
SM 7.47 What will be the deflection at end C, if the 25 N m

couple is applied to end E
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of beam DE ?
(A) 59.4 mm (B) . mm 11 88
(C) . mm 29 7 (D) . mm 5 94
SM 7.48 What will be the deflection at end C, if the m

25 N couple is applied to end C
of beam AC ?
(A) 0.675 mm (B) . mm 67 5
(C) . mm 6 75 (D) . mm 1 35
SM 7.49 A weight 20 kN W= falls through a height 1.0 mm h = onto the midpoint of a
simple beam of length 3 m L = as shown in figure. The beam is made of wood with
square cross section (dimension d on each side) and 12 GPa E = . If the allowable
bending stress in the wood is 10 MPa
allow
s = , what will be the minimum required
dimension d?
(A) 140 mm (B) . mm 2 81
(C) . mm 28 1 (D) mm 281
***********
SM 8
COLUMN
SM 8.1 A rigid bar AB is shown in figure. If the spring at A has a stiffness of k , the
critical load P
cr
will be
(A) / kL 2
(B) kL
(C) /2 kL
2
(D) kL
2
SM 8.2 What will be the critical buckling load for the column shown in figure when the
material assumed to be rigid ?
(A) / kL 2
(B) / kL 4
(C) / kL 6 (D) / kL 3
SM 8.3 A rigid bar AD is attached to two springs of stiffness k each and is in equilibrium
in the position as shown in figure. If the equal and opposite loads P and Pl
remain horizontal, the magnitude of the critical load for the system, will be
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(A) /2 ka l
2
(B) /2 ka l
(C) /4 ka l
2
(D) / ka l
2
SM 8.4 In the figure given, each spring can act in either tension or compression. If
125 kg m = , 700 mm h = and the stiffness of each spring is 2.8 / kN m k = , which
of the following is the value of distance d for which the equilibrium of the rigid
rod AB is stable in the position shown ?
(A) 245 mm (B) 294 mm
(C) 392 mm (D) 490 mm
SM 8.5 In figure shown, the steel pipe is fixed supported at its ends for which 200 GPa E
st
=
and 250 MPa
Y
s = . If it is 4 m long with outer diameter of 50 mm and support an
axial load of 100 kN P = without buckling, what will be its required thickness ?
(A) 4.44 mm (B) . mm 5 92
(C) .4 mm 7 (D) . mm 3 7
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SM 8.6 A horizontal beam AB is pinsupported at end A and carries a load Q at end B
as shown in the figure. The beam is supported at C by a pinnedend column. The
column is a solid steel bar of square cross section and have a length 1.8 m L = , side
dimension 60 mm b = and 200 GPa E = . Based upon the critical load of the column,
if the factor of safety with respect to buckling is 2.0, the allowable load Q is
(A) 767.7 kN (B) . kN 657 97
(C) .7 kN 109 (D) . kN 548 27
SM 8.7 A rectangular column with crosssectional dimensions b and h is pinsupported at
ends A and C as shown in figure. At midheight, the column is restrained in the
plane of the figure but is free to deflect perpendicular to the plane of the figure.
What will be the ratio / h b such that the critical load is the same for buckling in
the two principal planes of the column ?
(A) 1 (B) 4
(C) 3 (D) 2
SM 8.8 An A36 steel column has a length of 4 m and is pinned at both ends as shown
in figure. If the cross sectional area has the dimensions shown with 200 GPa E =
and 250 MPa
Y
s = , the critical load is
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(A) 28.38 kN (B) 17.02 kN
(C) 14.19 kN (D) 22.7 kN
SM 8.9 A steel tube ( 200 GPa E = ) shown in figure is 5.0 m long. It has 100 mm outer
diameter and 16 mm wall thickness. The critical load of tube is
(A) 305 kN (B) kN 244
(C) kN 183 (D) 3 kN 66
SM 8.10 A load P can be applied to the structure shown in figure. Consider only bucking
in the plane of the structure and 200 GPa E = . If a factor of safety of 2.6 is
required, what will be the largest value of P ?
(A) . kN 6 4 (B) kN 4
(C) . kN 2 4 (D) . kN 5 2
SM 8.11 In figure shown, the steel bar AB of the frame is pinconnected at its ends. It
has 200 GPa E
st
= and 360 MPa
Y
s = . For buckling about the yy axis due to the
applied load of 18 kN P = , the factor of safety is
(A) . 4 76 (B) . 2 38
(C) 6 (D) 3
SM 8.12 A strut AB is compressed by the action of tensile forces F in a cable that
makes an angle 75c a = with the strut as shown in figure. The strut is a circular
tube of aluminium with 72 GPa E = It has outer diameter 50 mm d
2
= and inner
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diameter 40 mm d
1
= . The strut is 1.0 m long and is pinconnected at both ends.
If factor of safety is 2.5 with respect to the critical load, the allowable force F in
the cable will be
(A) .7 kN 128 (B) . kN 99 5
(C) . kN 29 2 (D) . kN 51 49
SM 8.13 A compression member of 7 m effective length is made by welding together two
152 102 12.7 L
# #
angles as shown in figure. Data for angles are
3060 mm A
2
= , 7.20 10 mm I
x
6 4
#
= , 2.64 10 mm I
y
6 4
#
= , 50.3 mm y = ,
25.3 mm x = .
If 200 GPa E = and a factor of safety is 2.2, the allowable centric load for the
member will be
(A) 370.5 kN (B) . kN 168 4
(C) . kN 185 25 (D) 3 . kN 36 8
SM 8.14 A distributed loading is supported by two pinconnected columns, each having a
solid circular cross section as shown in figure. If AB is made of aluminium with
70 GPa E
al
= , ( ) 100 MPa
Y al
s = and CD is made of steel with 200 GPa E
st
= ,
( ) 250 MPa
Y st
s = , what will be the required diameter of each column so that both
are on the point of buckling at the same time ?
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(A) 40.2 mm d
AB
= , 68.8 mm d
CD
=
(B) 34.4 mm d
AB
= , 80.4 mm d
CD
=
(C) 34.4 mm d
AB
= , 40.2 mm d
CD
=
(D) 68.8 mm d
AB
= , 40.2 mm d
CD
=
SM 8.15 The truss ABC shown in the figure supports a vertical load W at joint B. The
distance between supports is 7.0 m and joint B is restrained against displacement
perpendicular to the plane of the truss. If each member is a slender circular steel
pipe ( 200 GPa E = ) with outside diameter 100 mm and wall thickness 6.0 mm,
what will be the critical value W
cr
of the load ?
(A) kN 203
(B) 117.1 kN
(C) kN 190
(D) kN 247
SM 8.16 In figure shown, member AB is made of steel. It is pinned at its ends for x x 
axis buckling and fixed at its ends for y y

axis buckling. The factor of safety with
respect to buckling is 3. What will be the maximum allowable load P that can be
applied to member BC without causing member AB to buckle ?
(A) . kN 26 3
(B) . kN 13 15
(C) . kN 29 6
(D) . kN 14 8
SM 8.17 In the assembly shown in figure, force P is applied to the handle so that the
steel control rod BC does not buckle. The rod has a diameter of 25 mm. Take
200 GPa E
st
= and MPa 250
Y
s = . What will be the maximum value of force P
that can be applied ?
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(A) . kN 29 9 (B) . kN 14 95
(C) . kN 59 8 (D) . kN 37 38
SM 8.18 Consider only buckling in the plane of the structure shown in figure. If the load
5.2 kN P = and 200 GPa E = , the factor of safety for the structure is
(A) . 1 135 (B) . 3 13
(C) . 2 27 (D) 6.2
SM 8.19 A vertical post AB is embedded in a concrete foundation and held at the top by
two cables. The cables are tightened equally by turnbuckles as shown in figure.
The post is a hollow steel tube with modulus of elasticity of 200 GPa. It has a
outer diameter of 40 mm and thickness of 5 mm. If factor of safety against Euler
buckling in the plane of the figure is 3.0, what will be the maximum allowable
tensile force T
allow
in the cables ?
(A) 39.34 kN (B) 26.22 kN
(C) . kN 18 1 (D) . kN 78 67
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SM 8.20 Column AB carries a centric load P of magnitude 72 kN. Cables BC and BD are
taut and prevent motion of point B in the xz plane as shown in figure. Moments
of inertia for column are 48.9 10 mm I
x
6 4
#
= and 4.73 10 mm I
y
6 4
#
= . Neglect
the tension in the cables. If factor of safety is 2.3 and 200 GPa E = , what will be
the maximum allowable length L using Euler’s formula ?
(A) 9.06 m (B) . m 15 1
(C) . m 7 55 (D) 12.08 m
SM 8.21 The brace shown in figure is an A36 steel rod of 50 mm diameter. For the brace
CD is not to be buckled, the maximum distributed loading that can be applied
to the wideflange beam will be
(Use: 200 GPa E
st
= and 360 MPa
Y
s = )
(A) 11.82 / kN m (B) . / kN m 9 46
(C) . / kN m 5 91 (D) . / kN m 7 1
Common Data For Q. 22 and 23
The roof beams of a warehouse are supported by pipe columns as shown in figure.
Each column has outer diameter 100 mm d
2
= , inner diameter 90 mm d
1
= and
length 4.0 m L = . The columns have fixed supports at the base with modulus
210 GPa E = .
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SM 8.22 If we assume:
(1) the upper end is pinned and the beam prevents horizontal displacement,
(2) the upper end is fixed against rotation and the beam prevents horizontal
displacement.
What will be the critical load P
cr
of one of the columns ?
(A) kN P 219
cr
1
=
^ h
, . kN P 54 7
cr
2
=
^ h
(B) kN P 447
cr
1
=
^ h
, kN P 875
cr
2
=
^ h
(C) kN P 875
cr
1
=
^ h
, kN P 447
cr
2
=
^ h
(D) . kN P 54 7
cr
1
=
^ h
, 219 kN P
cr
2
=
^ h
SM 8.23 If we assume:
(1) the upper end is pinned but the beam is free to move horizontally,
(2) the upper end is fixed against rotation but the beam is free to move
horizontally.
What will be the critical load P
cr
of one of the columns ?
(A) kN P 447
cr
1
=
^ h
, kN P 875
cr
2
=
^ h
(B) 219 kN P
cr
1
=
^ h
, 54.7 kN P
cr
2
=
^ h
(C) . kN P 54 7
cr
1
=
^ h
, 219 kN P
cr
2
=
^ h
(D) kN P 875
cr
1
=
^ h
, 447 kN P
cr
2
=
^ h
SM 8.24 An aluminium ( 72 GPa E = ) tube AB of circular cross section is fixed at the base
and pinned at the top to a horizontal beam as shown in figure. The horizontal
beam supports a load 200 kN Q = . The tube has outside diameter 100 mm d = .
If the desired factor of safety with respect to Euler buckling is 3.0, the required
thickness t of the tube will be
(A) 9.15 mm (B) 12.2 mm
(C) 15.25 mm (D) 1.22 mm
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SM 8.25 The 50 mm diameter bronze rod ( 103 GPa E = ) is fixed supported at A and has
a gap of 2 mm from the wall at B as shown in figure. If the contact at B acts as
a pin, what will be the increase in temperature T D to buckle the rod ?
(A) 303 C c (B) C 101c
(C) . C 50 5c (D) . C 353 5c
SM 8.26 In figure shown, the line of action of the axial load P of magnitude 270 kN is
parallel to the geometric axis of the column AB and intersects the x axis at
14 mm e = . What will be the deflection of the midpoint C of the column and the
maximum stress in the column, respectively ?
(A) 23.14 mm, 40 MPa (B) 23.14 mm, 80 MPa
(C) 11.57 mm, 80 MPa (D) 11.57 mm, 0 MPa 4
SM 8.27 An aluminium ( 73 GPa E = ) box column of square cross section is fixed at the
base and free at the top as shown in figure. The outside dimension b of each side
is 100 mm and the thickness t of the wall is 8 mm. A compressive load 50 kN P =
is acting on the top outer edge of the column at the midpoint of one side. If the
deflection at the top is not to exceed 30 mm, what will be the longest permissible
length L
max
of the column ?
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(A) 1.66 m (B) 1. m 38
(C) . m 2 76 (D) . m 2 21
SM 8.28 A brass ( 120 GPa E = ) pipe has the cross section as shown in figure. It has an
axial load P applied 10 mm from its geometric axis. What will be the load P for
which the horizontal deflection at the midpoint C is 5 mm and the corresponding
maximum stress in the column, respectively ?
(A) 528.8 kN, 109.5 MPa (B) 151.6 kN, 109.5 MPa
(C) 528.8 kN, 218 MPa (D) 151.6 kN, 218 MPa
SM 8.29 The steel column with 200 GPa E
st
= and 360 MPa
Y
s = supports the two
eccentric loadings as shown in figure. It is pinned at its top and fixed at the
bottom. If it is assumed to be fully braced against buckling about the y y

axis,
the maximum deflection of the column and the maximum stress in the column are
(A) 12.3 mm y
max
= , 199 MPa
max
s =
(B) 24.3 mm y
max
= , 199 MPa
max
s =
(C) 24.3 mm y
max
= , 398 MPa
max
s =
(D) 12.3 mm y
max
= , 398 MPa
max
s =
Common Data For Q. 30 and 31
A column of 6.5 m effective length has 250 MPa
Y
s = and 200 GPa E = . Assume
allowable stress design is used.
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SM 8.30 If it is made from the 250 . W 49 1
#
rolledsteel shape for which 6250 10 m A
6 2
#
=

and 49.2 10 m r
min
3
#
=

, the allowable centric load will be
(A) kN 230 (B) kN 276
(C) kN 368 (D) kN 460
SM 8.31 If it is made from the 250 W 80
#
rolledsteel shape for which 10 m A 10200
6 2
#
=

and 10 m r 65
min
3
#
=

, the allowable centric load will be
(A) 1145 kN (B) . kN 575 5
(C) kN 687 (D) kN 916
SM 8.32 A steel ( 250 GPa E = ) post AB of hollow circular cross section is fixed at the
base and free at the top as shown in figure. A cable CBD passes through a fitting
that is welded to the side of the post. The cable is pretensioned by tightening
the turnbuckles. The inner and outer diameters are 96 mm d
1
= and 110 mm d
2
=
, respectively and the length 4.0 m L = . The distance between the plane of the
cable (plane CBD) and the axis of the post is 100 mm e = and the angles between
the cable and the ground are . 53 13c a = . If the deflection at the top of the post
is limited to 20 mm d = , what will be the maximum allowable tensile force T in
the cable ?
(A) 8.3 kN (B) . kN 13 26
(C) . kN 16 6 (D) . kN 6 63
Common Data For Q. 33 and 34
A pinnedend steel ( 210 GPa E = ) column of length 2.1 m L = is shown in
figure. It has inside diameter 60 mm d
1
= and outside diameter 68 mm d
2
= . A
compressive load 10 kN P = acts with eccentricity 30 mm e = .
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SM 8.33 What will be the maximum compressive stress
max
s in the column ?
(A) 29.1 MPa (B) . MPa 24 25
(C) . MPa 58 2 (D) . MPa 38 8
SM 8.34 If the allowable stress in the steel is 50 MPa, what will be the maximum permissible
length L
max
of the column ?
(A) 5.03 m (B) . m 7 54
(C) . m 2 52 (D) . m 10 06
SM 8.35 A column made of sawn lumber ( 0.8 C = , . K 0 3
CE
= and 10 GPa E = ) has
114 140 mm mm
#
cross section. Its effective length is 3.5 m. For the grade of
wood used, the adjusted allowable stress for compression parallel to the grain is
7.6 MPa
C
s = . What will be the maximum allowable centric load for the column
?
(A) . kN 45 4 (B) . kN 34 5
(C) . kN 56 75 (D) . kN 28 37
SM 8.36 A compression member has the cross section as shown in figure and an effective
length of 1.55 m. If it is made from the aluminium alloy 6061T6 for which
139 0.868( )
allow r
Le
s =  , the allowable centric load will be
(A) 638 kN (B) kN 319
(C) kN 213 (D) kN 425
Common Data For Q. 37 and 38
A steel pipe column with pinned ends (K 1 = ) has an outside diameter of 220 mm
and wall thickness of 12 mm. The design formulas for structuralsteel columns are
as follows: (Take 200 GPa E = and 250 MPa
Y
s = )
. .
/
/
/
/
. .
/
/
/ / for
F S
KL r
KL r
KL r
KL r
F S
KL r
KL r
KL r KL r
3
5
8
3
8
1
1
2
c c
Y
allow
c
c
1
3
3
1
2
2
#
s
s
= + 
= 
^
^
^
^
^
^
f
^ ^
h
h
h
h
h
h
p
h h
V
X
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
. . .
. . /
/
/ / for
F S
F S KL r
KL r
KL r KL r
1 92
2 Y
allow c
c
2
2
2
2

$
s
s
=
^
^
^ ^
h
h
h h
V
X
W
W
W
W
WW
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SM 8.37 The allowable axial load P
allow
for 5 m L = is
(A) 1086 kN (B) kN 905
(C) kN 543 (D) kN 724
SM 8.38 The allowable axial load P
allow
for m L 10 = , is
(A) kN 584 (B) kN 292
(C) kN 438 (D) kN 365
SM 8.39 An aluminium structural tube is reinforced by riveting two plates to it as
shown in figure. This structure is used as a column of 1.7 m effective length.
If (372 10 )/( / ) L r
allow
3 2
s
#
= for 2014 T6aluminium alloy, what will be the
maximum allowable centric load ?
(A) . kN 240 4 (B) . kN 120 2
(C) . kN 156 2 (D) . kN 198 2
SM 8.40 A centric load P is supported by the steel ( 250 MPa
Y
s = and 200 GPa E = ) bar
AB as shown in figure. Taking allowable stress design in consideration, what
will be the smallest dimension d of the cross section that can be used when
108 kN P = ?
(A) 30.1 mm (B) .1 mm 20
(C) .1 mm 40 (D) .1 mm 25
SM 8.41 A rectangular column shown in figure is made of sawn lumber with . C 0 8 =
and . K 0 30
CE
= . It has an adjusted allowable stress for compression parallel to
the grain 8.3 MPa
C
s = and a modulus of elasticity 11.1GPa E = . Using the
allowablestress method, the largest allowable effective length L will be
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(A) 3.61 m (B) . m 6 01
(C) . m 5 41 (D) . m 4 81
SM 8.42 A compression member AB is made of a steel for which 250 MPa
Y
s = and
200 GPa E = . It is free at its top A and fixed at its base B as shown in figure.
The allowable bending stress is equal to 120 MPa and the eccentricities e
x
and
e
y
are equal. What will be the largest allowable common value for e using the
interaction method ?
(A) 77.5 mm (B) .775 mm 0
(C) 7. 5 mm 7 (D) . mm 0 0775
SM 8.43 A eccentric load 85 kN P = is applied at a point located at a distance 30 mm e =
from the geometric axis of the rod AB as shown in figure. The allowable bending
stress is 140 MPa. What will be the smallest diameter d using interaction method.
Assume the rod is made of the aluminium alloy 6016 6 T

for which
, allow centric
s
( )
MPa 315 10
L
r
2
3
#
= .
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(A) 7 . mm 0 0 (B) . mm 35 0
(C) 7. mm 0 (D) . mm 14 0
SM 8.44 A steel tube of 80 mm outer diameter is to carry a load 93 kN P = with an
eccentricity of 20 mm as shown in figure. The tubes available for use are made
with wall thicknesses in increments of 3 mm from 6 mm to 15 mm. Taking
allowablestress method in consideration, what will be the thickness of lightest
tube that can be used ?
(Take 200 GPa E = and 250 MPa
Y
s = )
(A) 6 mm t = (B) mm t 9 =
(C) mm t 12 = (D) mm t 15 =
***********
SM 9
ENERGY METHODS
Common Data For Q. 1 and 2.
The load deformation diagram shown in figure, has been drawn from data obtained
during the tensile test of a specimen of structural steel. The crosssectional area
of the specimen is 250 mm
2
and the deformation was measured using a 500 mm
gage length.
SM 9.1 The modulus of resilience of the steel is
(A) 187.5 / kJ m
3
(B) 1 .5 / kJ m 12
3
(C) / kJ m 75
3
(D) / kJ m 150
3
SM 9.2 The modulus of toughness of the steel is
(A) / MJ m 63
3
(B) / MJ m 42
3
(C) / MJ m 84
3
(D) / MJ m 28
3
SM 9.3 The rod ABC is made of a steel and the loading is shown in figure. The strain
energy of the steel when 25 kN P = and the corresponding strainenergy density
of portions AB and BC of the rod are (Take 200 GPa E = )
(A) 12.18 J U = , 15.83 / kJ m u
AB
3
= , 19.3 / kJ m u
BC
3
=
(B) 9.0 J U = , 15.83 / kJ m u
AB
3
= , 38.6 / kJ m u
BC
3
=
(C) 12.18 J U = , 15.83 / kJ m u
AB
3
= , 38.6 / kJ m u
BC
3
=
(D) 12.18 J U = , 19.8 / kJ m u
AB
3
= , 38.6 / kJ m u
BC
3
=
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SM 9.4 Consider a rod assembly shown in figure. Portion AB is steel, BC is brass and
CD is aluminum. For steel, brass and aluminum 200 GPa E
st
= , 101GPa E
br
=
and 73.1GPa E
al
= , respectively. What will be the strain energy in the assembly
?
(A) 1.86 J (B) . J 3 72
(C) . J 0 372 (D) . J 0 744
SM 9.5 In the figure shown, rods AB and BC are made of a steel for which the yield
strength 300 MPa
Y
s = and the modulus of elasticity 200 GPa E = . What will
be the maximum strain energy that can be acquired by the assembly without
causing any permanent deformation when the length a of rod AB is 2 m ?
(A) 30 J (B) J 40
(C) J 10 (D) J 15
SM 9.6 A36 steel shaft shown in figure, has a radius of 40 mm and 75 GPa G = . What
will be the torsional strain energy in the shaft ?
(A) . J 14 9 (B) J 149
(C) . J 1 49 (D) . J 74 5
SM 9.7 A solid circular cross section stepped shaft of steel ( 80 GPa G = ) is shown in
figure. It has length 0.80 m L = , diameter 40 mm d
2
= and diameter 30 mm d
1
= .
If the angle of twist is . 1 0c, the strain energy U of the shaft is
SM 144 Energy Methods SM 9
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(A) 1.15 J (B) 1. J 38
(C) 1. J 84 (D) . J 2 3
SM 9.8 Consider the tapered rod AB shown in figure. What will be the expression for
the strain energy of the tapered rod if the crosssectional area at end B is A
min
?
(A)
EA
P L
2
min
2 2
(B)
EA
P L
4
min
2
(C)
EA
P L
2
min
2
(D)
EA
P L
4
min
2 2
SM 9.9 Consider a A36 steel beam with 2300 mm A
2
= , (9.5 10 ) mm I
6 4
#
= and
200 GPa E = as shown in figure. The total axial and bending strain energy in the
beam is
(A) . J 2 5 (B) . J 49 6
(C) J 496 (D) J 493
SM 9.10 In figure shown, a thinwalled hollow tube AB of conical shape has constant
thickness t and average diameters d
A
and d
B
at the ends. What will be the strain
energy U of the tube when it is subjected to pure torsion by torques T ?
(A) U
Gt
T L
d d
d d
2
A B
A B
2
2 2
p
#
=
+
c m
(B) U
Gt
T L
d d
d d
A B
A B
2
2 2
p
#
=
+
c m
(C) U
Gt
T L
d d
d d
2
A B
A B
2 2 2
p
#
=
+
c m
(D) U
Gt
T L
d d
d d
A B
A B
2 2 2
p
#
=
+
c m
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SM 9.11 In the truss shown in figure, all members are made of the same material and have
the uniform crosssectional area as indicated. The strain energy of the truss when
the load P applied, is
(A) 2.37
EA
Pl
2
(B) 2.37
EA
P l
2
(C) 2.37
EA
P l
2 2
(D) 2.37
EA
Pl
3
SM 9.12 All the members of a truss shown in figure, are made of aluminium ( 72 GPa E =
) and have the uniform crosssection area. What will be the strain energy of the
truss for the loading shown ?
(A) 1015 J (B) J 761
(C) J 1269 (D) J 635
SM 9.13 In the figure shown, the beam has a rectangular cross section of area A and the
shear modulus is G. What is the shear strain energy in the beam ?
(A) U
GA
w L
20
i
2 3
= (B) U
GA
wL
20
i
3
=
(C) U
GA
w L
24
i
2 2
= (D) U
GA
w L
24
i
2 3
=
SM 9.14 In the assembly shown in figure, the beam is made of aluminum ( 73.1GPa E =
) and has a square cross section 50 mm by 50 mm. The rods are made of steel (
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200 GPa E = ) and have a circular cross section with a 20 mm diameter. What
will be the bending strain energy in the beam and the axial strain energy in each
of the two rods ?
(A) 2.24 kJ U
i
a
= ^ h , 1.02 kJ U
i
b
= ^ h
(B) 1.02 J U
i
a
= ^ h , 2.24 kJ U
i
b
= ^ h
(C) 1.02 kJ U
i
a
= ^ h , 2.24 J U
i
b
= ^ h
(D) 2.24 J U
i
a
= ^ h , 1.02 kJ U
i
b
= ^ h
SM 9.15 In the figure shown, the steel beam is supported on two springs, each having a
stiffness of 8 / MN m k = . If 200 GPa E
st
= and (5 10 ) mm I
6 4
#
= , what will be
the strain energy in each of the springs and the bending strain energy in the beam
?
(A) 4.0 J U
i
sp
=
^ h
, 0.1 J U
i
b
=
^ h
(B) 0.1 J U
i
sp
=
^ h
, 4.0 J U
i
b
=
^ h
(C) . J U 1 0
i
sp
=
^ h
, . J U 0 4
i
b
=
^ h
(D) 0.4 J U
i
sp
=
^ h
, 1.0 J U
i
b
=
^ h
SM 9.16 Consider the steel beam ( 200 GPa E = and 165 10 mm I
6 4
#
= ) and loading
shown in figure. The strain energy due to bending is
(A) J 596 (B) J 397
(C) J 1192 (D) J 894
SM 9.17 In the beam shown in figure, the shear modulus is G. The deflection of the beam
at its center caused by shear, is
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(A)
bhG
P L
12
3
2
(B)
bhG
PL
10
3
(C)
bhG
PL
20
3
(D)
bhG
PL
10
3
2
SM 9.18 A heavy flywheel rotating at N revolutions per minute, is rigidly attached to
the end of a shaft of diameter d as shown in figure. If the bearing at A suddenly
freezes, what will be the maximum angle of twist f of the shaft?
(Let L = length of the shaft, G = shear modulus of elasticity and I
m
= mass
moment of inertia of the flywheel about the axis of the shaft. Also, disregard
friction in the bearings at B and C and disregard the mass of the shaft.)
(A)
d
N
G
I L
15
2 2
m
2
f
p
#
= (B)
d
N
G
I L
5
2 2
m
2
f
p
#
=
(C)
d
N
G
I L
15
2
m
2
f
p
#
= (D)
d
N
G
I L
15
2 2
m
f
p
#
=
SM 9.19 Rod AC is made of aluminium ( 73 ) GPa G = and is subjected to a torque T
applied at end C as shown in figure. If the portion BC of the rod is hollow and
has an inside diameter of 16 mm, the strain energy of the rod for a maximum
shearing stress of 120 MPa, is
(A) 9.2 J (B) 11 J
(C) . J 14 7 (D) . J 18 4
SM 9.20 The A36 steel bars with 200 GPa E = are pin connected at B and C as shown in
figure. If they each have a diameter of 30 mm, the slope at E will be
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(A) . 3 15c (B) . 0 315c
(C) . 1 57c (D) . 15 7c
SM 9.21 Consider a uniformly loaded simple beam AB of span length L and rectangular
cross section as shown in figure. If the beam has a maximum bending stress
max
s
due to the uniform load, the strain energy U stored in the beam is
(A)
E
bhL
45
4
max
2
s
(B)
EI
bhL
45
4
max
2
s
(C)
E
b hL
45
4
max
2
s
(D)
EI
b hL
45
4
max
2 2
s
Common Data For Q. 22 and 23
A bar is 4 m long and has a diameter of 30 mm. It is to be used to absorb energy
in tension from an impact loading.
SM 9.22 If it is made of steel for which 200 GPa E = and 800 MPa
Y
s = , the total amount
of elastic energy that it can absorb, is
(A) 3.39 kJ (B) . kJ 2 83
(C) . kJ 5 65 (D) . kJ 4 52
SM 9.23 If it is made from an aluminium alloy for which 70 GPa E = and 405 MPa
Y
s = ,
the total amount of elastic energy that it can absorb, is
(A) 3.3 kJ 1 (B) . kJ 4 14
(C) . kJ 2 48 (D) . kJ 2 07
SM 9.24 A simple beam AB of length L supports a concentrated load P at the midpoint
is shown in figure. What will be the strain energy of the beam from the equation
of the deflection curve and the deflection d under the load P ?
(A)
EI
P L
8
2 3
,
EI
PL
16
3
(B)
EI
P L
96
2 3
,
EI
PL
48
3
(C)
EI
P L
48
2 3
,
EI
PL
24
3
(D)
EI
P L
16
2 3
,
EI
PL
32
3
SM 9.25 The A36 steel bolt ( 200 GPa E = ) is required to absorb the energy of a 2 kg
mass that falls from 30 mm h = . If the bolt has a diameter of 4 mm, its required
length L so that the stress in the bolt does not exceed 150 MPa, is
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(A) 8.5 mm (B) 85 mm
(C) 85 mm 0 (D) .85 mm 0 0
SM 9.26 The steel beam AB ( 200 GPa E
st
= and 250 MPa
Y
s = ) acts to stop the oncoming
railroad car, which has a mass of 10 Mg and is coasting towards it at 0.5 / m s V = .
The beam is simply supported and only horizontal forces occur at A and B. The
railroad car and the supporting framework for the beam remains rigid. If beam
is struck at its center by the car, the maximum stress developed in the beam and
the maximum deflection of the beam respectively, are
(A) 237 MPa, 3.95 mm (B) MPa 395 , . mm 2 37
(C) 237 MPa, 3.95 mm 10
3
#

(D) MPa 395 , . mm 0 237
SM 9.27 The state of stress shown in figure, occurs in a machine component made of brass
for which 160 MPa
Y
s = . If 45 MPa
z
s = , the machine component will be
(Hint: Use the maximumdistortion energy criterion)
(A)Yield (B)Not Yield
(C)Not depend on
z
s (D)None of these
SM 9.28 In the figure shown, a uniform rod AB is made of a brass for which 125 MPa
Y
s =
and 105 GPa E = . Collar D moves along the rod and has a speed 3 / m s V
0
= as it
strikes a small plate attached to end B of the rod. If factor of safety is 4 and the
rod is not to be permanently deformed, the largest allowable mass of the collar is
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(A) 0.998 kg (B) . kg 2 992
(C) . kg 3 99 (D) .99 kg 1 5
SM 9.29 A single 6 mm diameter steel pin B is used to connect the steel strip DE to two
aluminum strips, each of 20 mm width and 5 mm thickness as shown in figure.
If the allowable shearing stress for the pin at B is 85 MPa
allow
t = , what will be
the maximum strain energy that can be acquired by the assembled strips for the
loading shown ? (Take 200 GPa E
steel
= and 70 GPa E
. alu
= )
(A) 8.46 J (B) . J 42 3
(C) . J 84 6 (D) . J 0 846
SM 9.30 Collar D is released from rest in the position shown in figure and is stopped by
a small plate attached at end C of the vertical rod ABC. What will be the mass
of the collar for which the maximum normal stress in portion BC is 125 MPa ?
(A) . kg 4 76 (B) . kg 1 19
(C) . kg 3 57 (D) . kg 5 95
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Common Data For Q. 31 and 32
The 2 kg block D is dropped from the position shown in figure onto the end of a
16 mm diameter rod. The modulus of elasticity of the material is 200 GPa E = .
SM 9.31 What will be the maximum deflection of end A ?
(A) 17.7 mm (B) . mm 23 6
(C) . mm 29 5 (D) . mm 14 75
SM 9.32 The maximum bending moment and the maximum normal stress in the rod
respectively, are
(A) 157.6 N m

 , 64.4 MPa (B) 64.4 N m

, 157.6 MPa
(C) 64.4 N m

 , 157.6 MPa (D) 157.6 N m

, 64.4 MPa
SM 9.33 In the figure shown below, a block of weight W is dropped from a height h onto
the horizontal beam AB and hits it at point D. The maximum deflection y
m
at
point D can be expressed as
(A) y
y
h
1 1
2
st
st
 +
c m
(B) y
y
h
1
2
1
st
st
+ 
c m
(C) y
y
h
1 1
2
st
st
+ 
c m
(D) y
y
h
1 1
2
st
st
+ +
c m
SM 9.34 In the figure shown, the beam is made of oak, for which 11GPa E = . What will
be the slope and displacement at A respectively ?
(A) 5.75 10 rad
3
#

, 2.7 mm 4 (B) 57.5 10 rad
3
#

, 27. mm 4
(C) 5.75 10 rad
3
#

, 2 . mm 7 4 (D) 5.75 10 rad
3
#

, .27 mm 0 4
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SM 9.35 Consider the figure shown below. What will be the slope at point B caused by
the couple M
0
using the method of work and energy ?
(A)
EI
M L
15
16
0
(B)
EI
M L
16
15
0
(C)
EI
M L
16
5
0
(D)
EI
M L
5
16
0
SM 9.36 In the beam and loading shown in figure, the deflection at point B is
(Take 200 GPa E = and 28.9 10 mm I
6 4
#
= )
(A) . mm 5 08 (B) . mm 0 508
(C) . mm 1 016 (D) . mm 50 8
SM 9.37 The A36 steel shaft has a diameter of 30 mm as shown in figure. The displacement
at pulley B is
(A) . mm 0 0478 (B) 47.8 mm
(C) 0.478 mm (D) 4.78 mm
SM 9.38 Consider a A36 structural steel beam with 200 GPa E = and moment of inertia
(125 10 ) mm I
6 4
#
= as shown in figure. What is the slope of the beam at B ?
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(A) . 0 124c (B) 1.24c
(C) 0. 124 0 c (D) . 2 48c
SM 9.39 Bar ABC has a rectangular cross section of 300 mm by 100 mm. Attached rod
DB has a diameter of 20 mm as shown in figure. Consider only the effect of
bending in ABC and axial force in DB. If both members are made of steel with
200 GPa E = , the vertical displacement of point C due to the loading, is
(A) . mm 0 017947 (B) . mm 17 9
(C) . mm 1 79 (D) . mm 0 359
SM 9.40 A block of weight W is placed in contact with a beam at some given point D and
released as shown in figure. What will be the ratio / y
m st
d of resulting maximum
deflection y
m
at point D and the deflection
st
d due to a static weight W applied
at D ?
(A) 1 (B) 2
(C) 4 (D) 3
SM 9.41 The 12 mm diameter steel rod ABC has been bent into the shape as shown in
figure. If 200 GPa E = and 77.2 GPa G = , the deflection of end C caused by the
150 N force, will be
(A) 11.57 mm (B) . mm 8 67
(C) 1 . mm 4 47 (D) . mm 7 23
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SM 9.42 A disk of radius a has been welded to end B of the solid steel shaft AB. A
cable is then wrapped around the disk and a vertical force P is applied to end
C of the cable as shown in figure. The radius of the shaft is r . If neglecting the
deformations of the disk and that of the cable, the deflection of point C caused
by the application of P, is
(A)
EI
PL
GL
Ea
3
1
3
2
C
3
2
2
d = 
c m
(B)
EI
PL
GL
Ea
3
1
2
3
C
3
2
2
d = 
c m
(C)
EI
PL
GL
Ea
3
1
2
3
C
3
2
2
d = +
c m
(D)
EI
PL
GL
Ea
3
1
3
2
C
3
2
2
d = +
c m
SM 9.43 Each A36 steel member shown in figure, has a moment of inertia (125 10 ) mm I
6 4
#
=
and 200 GPa E = . What will be the slope at A using Castigliano’s theorem ?
(A) . 0 578c (B) . 2 89c
(C) 0.289c (D) . 1 445c
SM 9.44 In the figure shown, each A36 steel member has a crosssectional area of 400 mm
2
. What will be the vertical displacement of point D ?
(A) . mm 1 16 10
3
#

(B) . mm 0 116
(C) 1.16 10 mm
2
#

(D) 1.16 mm
SM 9.45 Consider the truss shown in figure, each A36 steel member has a crosssectional
area of 400 mm
2
and 200 GPa E = . By using Castigliano’s theorem , what will be
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the vertical displacement of point A ?
(A) . mm 33 1 (B) . mm 0 0993
(C) . mm 11 03 (D) . mm 0 0331
SM 9.46 In the figure shown, each member of truss has a crosssectional area of 400 mm
2
and it is made of steel with 200 GPa E = . By using Castigliano’s theorem, the
vertical displacement of joint C, is
(A) .75 mm 3 (B) . mm 0 0375
(C) . mm 0 750 (D) . mm 0 375
SM 9.47 Consider the figure shown below, each member of the truss is made of steel. The
crosssectional area of member BC is 800 mm
2
and for all other members the
cross sectional area is 400 mm
2
. For the loading shown, which one of the following
is the deflection of point D caused by the 60 kN load ?
(A) 103 mm (B) 10.3 mm
(C) 1. 3 mm 0 (D) .103 mm 0
SM 9.48 Each bar as shown in figure, is made of A36 steel and has a crosssectional
area of 600 mm
2
. What will be the vertical displacement of joint A using the
conservation of energy ?
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(A) 10.72 mm (B) . mm 0 536 10
3
#

(C) . mm 5 36 (D) . mm 0 536
SM 9.49 For each member as shown in figure, 400 mm A
2
= and 200 GPa E = . Using
Castigliano’s theorem, the vertical displacement of joint B is
(A) . mm 0 338 (B) . mm 3 38
(C) . mm 6 76 (D) . mm 33 8
SM 9.50 Each member of the truss as shown, is made of steel with 200 GPa E = and has
a crosssectional area of 500 mm
2
. The horizontal deflection of joint B, is
(A) . mm 0 468 (B) 46.8 mm
(C) 4.68 mm (D) 0. 468 mm 0
SM 9.51 In the given figure, a uniform rod of flexural rigidity EI is bent and loaded as
shown. What will be the vertical and horizontal deflection of point A ?
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(A)
EI
PL
6
1
V
3
d = , 0.1443
EI
PL
H
3
d = (B) 0.1443
EI
PL
V
3
d = ,
EI
PL
6
1
H
3
d =
(C)
EI
PL
6
1
V
d = , 0.1443
EI
PL
H
d = (D)
EI
PL
6
1
V
2
d = , 0.1443
EI
PL
H
2
d =
SM 9.52 The steel bars BE and AD have each a 5 15 mm
#
cross section as shown in
figure. Assuming that lever ABC is rigid and 200 GPa E = , the deflection of
point C is
(A) 0.164 mm (B) 1.64 mm
(C) 16.4 mm (D) 1.64 mm 10
3
#

SM 9.53 In the figure shown, the steel rod BC has a 24 mm diameter and the steel cable
ABDCA has a 12 mm diameter. If 200 GPa E = , the deflection of point D caused
by the 12 kN load, is
(A) 1.111 mm (B) 11.1 mm
(C) . mm 0 111 (D) 1.11 mm 10
3
#

***********