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SECTION II: Verbal & Reasoning

DIRECTIONS for question 51 & 52: In the following paragraph, the last line of the paragraph is left
unfinished. Beneath the paragraph, four different ways of completing the paragraph are indicated. Choose the
best alternative amongst the four.

51. Feminists, worldwide, have always pointed towards women’s plight through the institution of
motherhood while others have tried re-conceptualizing the aspects of mothering away from sexism
and labor divisions under which it has been constructed hitherto. Both the schools agree on women's
options being limited, if the female identity, sufficiently lionized in popular folklore, is so inextricably
intertwined with motherhood, or if it is offered as the only or the best way to live a meaningful life.

1. Unsurprisingly, issueless married women, either of their own volition or due to medical constraints,
feel marginalized, socially ostracized, and even worthless.
2. Consequently, it does no good to woman that theoretically, at least, they enjoy complete freedom of
choice in a democracy.
3. Consequently, for men too, women bearing children is tantamount to an implicit societal
4. Consequently, even today, marriage is a paramount life goal for almost all women, including
working ones.

52. Out of Mother Teresa, Bill Gates or Norman Borlaug who is the most and least admirable? Mother
Teresa is the easiest answer for most. She has been beatified by the Vatican, awarded the Nobel Peace
Prize and ranked in an American poll as the most admired person of the 20th century. Bill Gates,
infamous for giving us the Microsoft dancing paper clip and the blue screen of death, has been
decapitated in effigy in “I Hate Gates” Web sites and hit with a pie in the face. As for Norman
Borlaug . . . who the heck is Norman Borlaug? (Borlaug, father of the “Green Revolution” that used
agricultural science to reduce world hunger, has been credited with saving a billion lives, more than
anyone else in history.) It’s not hard to see why the moral reputations of this trio should be so out of
line with the good they have done. (___________________________________).

1. Mother Teresa, for her part, extolled the virtue of suffering and ran her well-financed missions
accordingly: their sick patrons were offered plenty of prayer but harsh conditions, few analgesics and
dangerously primitive medical care.
2. It is because our heads can be turned by an aura of sanctity, distracting us from a more objective
reckoning of the actions.
3. Gates, in deciding what to do with his fortune, crunched the numbers and determined that he could
alleviate the most misery by fighting everyday scourges in the developing world like malaria, diarrhea
and parasites.
4. Mother Teresa was the very embodiment of saintliness: white-clad, sad-eyed, ascetic and often
photographed with the wretched of the earth.

DIRECTIONS for questions 53 and 54: Each question consists of five statements labelled A, B, C, D and E
which when logically ordered forms a cogent passage. Choose the option that represents the most logical

53. A. It may be driven by powerful forces, but ultimately it’s a choice, not a fact of nature.
B. So the question is not whether society can reduce inequality, but whether it wants to.
C. The growth of inequality can sometimes feel as inexorable as the subterranean shifting of tectonic
D. What allows a person like Bill Gates to keep getting richer in spite of himself, is a web of human-
designed institutions and practices, from the tax system to patent law.
E. If the answer to that is yes, the next question is how.


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54. A. Although philosophy has always involved a great deal of innovation in new terminology, the
defenders of ordinary language argue that philosophical meaning can be adequately expressed in
everyday terms.
B. What if the recipient of the intended information himself expects its language to stumble,
flummox, confuse and confound him?
C. But what if the ordinary view of the world which is embedded in ordinary language is what one
wants to avoid and wants to correct?
D. Since a considerable amount of that terminology is the product of dualism, the question arises as to
whether this language can be used effectively to convey the different perspective of naturalism.
E. In discussing naturalism, it is natural and, to a large extent, unavoidable to rely on the familiar
terminology of philosophical tradition to explain it.


DIRECTIONS for questions 55 to 57: Five friends Eashan, Dev, Arun, Chaitali and Kiran went for a movie.
Ticket cost is Rs. 200/person. They booked the seats in the k

row numbered 1 to 5.
A. Chaitali gave the least payment (Rs. 0) for tickets.
B. Dev and Arun paid 50% of the value of all the tickets purchased.
C. Eashan paid Rs. 200 more than Kiran.
D. Dev paid Rs. 100 more than Eashan.
E. The person who paid lowest will be seated on K3 and the person who paid highest will be seated on either
K1 or K5.
F. Dev and Eashan will sit beside each other.

55. If Arun sits on K2, then who will be seated on K4?

1. Dev 2. Eashan 3. Karan 4. None of these

56. In the interval the person who has paid least for tickets will bear the maximum amount equivalent to
the person who spend maximum for tickets for the snacks and the snack costs is Rs. 150 per person.
Also the top two highest payers for tickets will pay nothing for snacks and the rest of the amount will
be distribute in others equally then who pays the least for the ticket and snacks?

1. Karan 2. Arun 3. Eashan 4. Chaitali

57. In the interval the person who has paid least for tickets will bear the maximum amount equivalent to
the person who spend maximum for tickets for the snacks and the snack costs is Rs. 150 per person.
Also the top two highest payers for tickets will pay nothing for snacks and the rest of the amount will
be distribute in others equally. After interval overall least payer occupies the K3 seat and overall
highest payer occupies K1 or K4, then who sits on K5?

1. Eashan 2. Karan 3. Dev 4. Cannot be determined

DIRECTIONS for questions 58 and 59: In each question, a sentence is divided into FIVE segments labelled
A to E. Find the sentence/s which is/are not correct in grammar and usage. Then choose the correct
corresponding option.

58. A. A combination of developments in linguistic theory together with the (uneven) impact of the
democratic and egalitarian temper of our times haveencouraged
B. a much lesser prescriptive view of language use, which now tends to be seen as an ever changing
and plural set of communicative practices.
C. For some time now, it has been customary to label those who write about grammar and usage as
either prescriptivists or descriptivists.

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D. The former think there are “right” and “wrong” ways to say or write,
E. while the later claim that we can only record how people actually use language, since any
widespread successful usage is, ipso facto, “right.”

1. B and C 2. A and C 3. A, B and E 4. D and E

59. A. To curb inflation and to continue to grow at 9% requires great skill and wisdom on part of the
economic planners of the nation.
B. At the annual World Economic Forum, there were hoard of issues that needed to be discussed but
the above two were central to the discussion.
C. The ‘Brainstorming session’ at the forum is a vigorous debate in which the various participants and
economic advisors provide their viewpoints on the various issues.
D. It is during such sessions that economists often search for the next protégé, the one young
economist who can provide brilliant solutions for problems at hand.
E. And they are often disappointed by the banal and trivial solutions offered by those whom they
assume would take up the mantle of serious economical thought.

1. A, B and C 2. B, C and D 3. A, D and E 4. All of the above

DIRECTIONS for question 60: Each sentence has some blanks with four answer choices. Pick the best
option which completes the sentence in the most meaningful manner.

60. There cannot remain any suspicion, that abstruse philosophy is uncertain and ________ ; unless we
should entertain such scepticism as is entirely subversive of all speculation, and even action, it cannot
be doubted that mind with its several powers and faculties can see the_________.

1. chimerical, veracity 2. explicit, delusions
3. specious, temerity 4. plausible, verisimilitude

DIRECTIONS for question 61: In the following question, a word has been used in sentences in four different
ways. Choose the option corresponding to the sentence in which the usage of the word is incorrect or


1. The Black Plague in the Middle Ages carried off more than one-fourth of the population of Europe.
2. He does not carry through his business ethics into his personal relationships.
3. The spectators were carried away by the appeal to their patriotism.
4. Rescue operations were carried on in spite of the storm.

DIRECTIONS for question 62: 3 out of the following 4 sentences form a coherent paragraph. Identify the
sentence that is placed out of context.

62. A. But mathematics matters even more. And if a party can find the right dosage of chemistry mixed
with mathematics, it could go galloping towards victory.
B. While no forecast is ever accurate, one can now safely assume that the manner in which the BJ P is
stitching up alliances with small parties is ensuring that it remains in pole position in this electoral
C. Chemistry matters a lot during elections.
D. Even if you discount the hype, there is little doubt that the BJ P in tandem with the two smaller
allies could cross the 30 percent vote share threshold in a three-cornered contest in Bihar.

1. Statement A 2. Statement B 3. Statement C 4. Statement D

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DIRECTIONS for questions 63 to 65: A standard deck of playing cards is taken. These cards are arranged in
3 piles such that:

1. Pile number 1 has three times as many black cards as red cards.
2. Pile number 2 has three times as many red cards as black cards.
3. Pile number 3 has twice as many black cards as red cards.

63. What is the ratio of black cards in the 1
and the 2

1. 1 : 2 2. 1 : 3 3. 9 : 2 4. 2 : 1

64. What is the ratio of red cards in the 1
pile to the red cards in the 3

1. 1 :1 2. 1 :2 3. 3 : 4 4. 2 : 3

65. What is the maximum number of cards of any colour that are present in a single pile?

1. 12 2. 16 3. 18 4. None of these

DIRECTIONS for question 66 to 68: Read the following passage and answer the question followed by it.

Passage 1
Whatever forces may govern human life, if they are to be recognized by man, must betray them in human
experience. There is unfortunately no school of modern philosophy to which a critique of human progress can
well be attached. Progress in science or religion, no less than in morals and art, is a dramatic episode in man's
career, a welcome variation in his habit and state of mind; although this variation may often regard or
propitiate things external, adjustment to which may be important for his welfare. The importance of these
external things, as well as their existence, he can establish only by the function and utility which recognition
of them may have in his life. What themes would prevail in such an examination of heart?

A philosopher could hardly have a higher ambition than to make himself a mouth-piece for the memory and
judgment of his race. Yet the most casual consideration of affairs already involves an attempt to do the same
thing. Reflection is pregnant from the beginning with all the principles of synthesis and valuation needed in
the most comprehensive criticism. So soon as man ceases to be wholly immersed in sense, he looks before and
after, he regrets and desires; and the moments in which prospect or retrospect takes place constitute the
reflective or representative part of his life, in contrast to the unmitigated flux of sensations in which nothing
ulterior is regarded. Representation, however, can hardly remain idle and merely speculative. To the ideal
function of envisaging the absent, memory and reflection will add the practical function of modifying the
future. Vital impulse, however, when it is modified by reflection and veers in sympathy with judgments
pronounced on the past, is properly called reason. Man's rational life consists in those moments in which
reflection not only occurs but proves efficacious. What is absent then works in the present, and values are
imputed where they cannot be felt. Such representation is so far from being merely speculative that its
presence alone can raise bodily change to the dignity of action. The limits of reflection mark those of
concerted and rational action; they circumscribe the field of cumulative experience, or, what is the same thing,
of profitable living. Thus if we use that life of reason in operations, then Life of Reason will then be a name
for that part of experience which perceives and pursues ideals--all conduct so controlled and all sense so
interpreted as to perfect natural happiness. Without reason, as without memory, there might still be pleasures
and pains in existence. To increase those pleasures and reduce those pains would be to introduce an
improvement into the sentient world, as if a devil suddenly died in hell or in heaven a new angel were created.
In human progress, therefore, reason is not a casual instrument, having its sole value in its service to sense;
such a betterment in sentience would not be progress unless it were a progress in reason, and the increasing
pleasure revealed some object that could please; for without a picture of the situation from which a heightened
vitality might flow, the improvement could be neither remembered nor measured nor desired. To recount

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man's rational moments would be to take an inventory of all his goods; for he is not himself (as we say with
unconscious accuracy) in the others. If he ever appropriates them in recollection or prophecy, it is only on the
ground of some physical relation which they may have to his being. Reason and humanity begin with the
union of instinct and ideation, when instinct becomes enlightened, establishes values in its objects, and is
turned from a process into an art, while at the same time consciousness becomes practical and cognitive,
beginning to contain some symbol or record of the co-ordinate realities among which it arises. All reflection
would then be applicable in action and all action fruitful in happiness. Though this be an ideal, yet everyone
gives it from time to time a partial embodiment when he practises useful arts, when his passions happily lead
him to enlightenment, or when his fancy breeds visions pertinent to his ultimate good.

Passage Source: Excerpted from a book by George Santayana

66. What is the importance of Reflection as per the context of the passage?

1. Reflection gathers experiences together and alleviates man from a life of senses, helping him
explore his past and present to build a better future.
2. As reflection is only speculative in nature so it is less likely to mitigate the ramifications of
unhealthy living.
3. Reflection serves to prove the point that the truth cannot be found objectively.
4. Reflection lowers the perception of pain and pleasure in humans thereby making them insensitive
towards society.

67. All the following can be called progress, except:

1. Progress is an increase in our joys and a reduction in our miseries.
2. Progress is a transition where pleasures, of senses, are included in such a way that they can be
intelligently enjoyed and pursued.
3. Progress in human civilization is proportional to the progress in the life of reason
4. Progress is speculation about the future and reasoning that leads to solely material benefits.

68. Each of the following could be the title of the passage, except:

1. The phases of progress 2. The life of reason
3. Reflections on Reason 4. The birth of reason

69. Which of the following can be inferred?

1. The Life of Reason is the conjunction of impulse and ideation, which if wholly divorced would
reduce man to the status of a brute or a maniac.
2. To progress in life, it is not necessary to take the stock of all the actions one undertakes.
3. Consciousness is not the important ingredient in making progress in one’s life and hence in
4. Progress does not change the way of thinking and one’s ability to discern the things

Passage 2
Moral philosophy, or the science of human nature, may be treated after two different manners; each of which
has its peculiar merit, and may contribute to the entertainment, instruction, and reformation of mankind. The
one considers man chiefly as born for action; and as influenced in his measures by taste and sentiment;
pursuing one object, and avoiding another, according to the value which these objects seem to possess, and
according to the light in which they present themselves. The other species of philosophers considers man in
the light of a reasonable rather than an active being, and endeavours to form his understanding more than
cultivate his manners. They regard human nature as a subject of speculation; and with a narrow scrutiny
examine it, in order to find those principles, which regulate our understanding, excite our sentiments, and

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make us approve or blame any particular object, action, or behaviour. They think literature, should forever
talk of truth and falsehood, vice and virtue, beauty and deformity. Their speculations seem abstract, and even
unintelligible to common readers, they aim at the approbation of the learned and the wise.

It is certain that the easy and obvious philosophy will always, with the generality of mankind, have the
preference above abstruse; and by many will be recommended, not only as more agreeable, but more useful
than the other. This also must be confessed that the most durable, as well as justest fame, has been acquired by
the easy philosophy. It is easy for a profound philosopher to commit a mistake in his subtle reasonings; and
one mistake is the necessary parent of another, while he pushes on his consequences, and is not deterred from
embracing any conclusion, by its unusual appearance, or its contradiction to popular opinion. But a
philosopher, who purposes only to represent the common sense of mankind in more beautiful and more
engaging colours, if by accident he falls into error, goes no farther. The mere philosopher is a character, which
is commonly but little acceptable in the world, as being supposed to contribute nothing either to the advantage
or pleasure of society; while he lives remote from communication with mankind, and is wrapped up in
principles and notions equally remote from their comprehension. On the other hand, the mere ignorant is still
more despised. The most perfect character is supposed to lie between those extremes; retaining an equal
ability and taste for books, company, and business; preserving in conversation that discernment and delicacy
which arise from polite letters; and in business, that probity and accuracy which are the natural result of a just
philosophy. By means of such compositions, virtue becomes amiable, science agreeable, company instructive,
and retirement entertaining.

Man is a reasonable being. But so narrow are the bounds of human understanding that little satisfaction can be
hoped for in this particular, either from the extent of security or his acquisitions. Man is a sociable, no less
than a reasonable being: But neither can he always enjoy company agreeable and amusing, nor preserve the
proper relish for them. Man is also an active being; and from that disposition, as well as from the various
necessities of human life, must submit to business and occupation: But the mind requires some relaxation, and
cannot always support its bent to care and industry. It seems, then, that nature has pointed out a mixed kind of
life as most suitable to the human race, and secretly admonished them to allow none of these biases to draw
too much, so as to incapacitate them for other occupations and entertainments. Indulge your passion for
science, says she, but let your science be human, and such as may have a direct reference to action and

70. The author of the passage is most likely to agree with which one of the following statements?

1. Abstract philosophers find no relevance and connect with the reality around them, and are often lost
in trying to understand the world around them.
2. It is impossible to obtain a balance between the abstract and common sense approach to
3. The abstract philosopher has his own methods to convey his abstract thought to the uninformed
layman, by using literature as his preferred vehicle of communication.
4. Nature has prescribed a path of life for man and this life carries its own set of implicit directions for
man to adopt in his life.

71. It can be inferred from the passage that:

1. The moral philosophy which relies more on a framework of the external is the one that would meet
the approval of the scholars and the wise.
2. Easy and obvious philosophy leads to a greater number of mistakes when compared to the abstract
form, though these mistakes are easier to correct as well.
3. A perfect character can be evolved by using the best out of the two forms of philosophy mentioned
in the passage, and such a character would be given to just actions as well.
4. Easy and obvious philosophy has the preference above the abstruse form.

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72. The most appropriate title of the passage will be

1. Theory vs. Practice of Knowledge 2. The scope of philosophy expanded
3. Of the different Species of Philosophy 4. The art of abstraction and where does it lead to

73. In the context of the passage, the author refers to man as social being and as a reasonable being in
order to:

1. Highlight that men like social gatherings and are prone to act reasonably in various situations.
2. Showcase that men is a part of society and is subject to society’s reasoning.
3. Underscore that men have dual tendencies, both to mix with society and reason alone when
4. Emphasize that nature has created two types of men, both distinct and incorrigible.

DIRECTIONS for questions 74 to 76: Mr. Fal-Phool Kumar likes to buy fruits and flowers. But he has a
peculiar way of buying them. He buys a mango every alternate day, a banana once every 3
day and a cherry
once in 15 days. He also buys a lily once every 9
day, a marigold once a week and a sunflower once every 5

day. He buys all 6 of them on 16

june 2007.
74. On which of the following dates will he end up buying all fruits on the same day again?

1. 14
September 2007 2. 15
3. 16
September 2007
September 2007 4. 17

September 2007
75. When will he buy all flowers again on the same day?

1. 25
April 2008 2. 26
3. 27
April 2008
April 2008 4. 07

March 2009
76. When will he buy mango, banana, marigold and sunflower on the same day again?

1. 9
J anuary 2008 2. 10
3. 11
J anuary 2008
J anuary 2008 4. 12

J anuary 2008
One of the supreme ironies of the history of Buddhism in India is the question of how Buddhism came to
disappear from the land of its birth. Many scholars of Buddhism, Hinduism, Indian history, and of religion
more generally have been devoted to unraveling this puzzle. There is no absolute consensus on this matter,
and a few scholars have even contended that Buddhism never disappeared as such from India. On this view,
Buddhism simply changed form, or was absorbed into Hindu practices. Such an argument is, in fact, a
variation of the view, which perhaps has more adherents than any other, that Buddhism disappeared, not on
account of persecution by Hindus, but because of the ascendancy of reformed Hinduism. However, the view
that Buddhists were persecuted by Brahmins, who were keen to assert their caste supremacy, still has some
adherents, and in recent years has been championed not only by some Dalit writers and their sympathizers but
by at least a handful of scholars of pre-modern Indian history.
Passage 3

What is not disputed is the gradual decline of Buddhism in India, as the testimony of the Chinese traveler,
Hsuan Tsang, amply demonstrates. Though Buddhism had already entered into something of a decline by the
time of Hsuan Tsang’s visit to India during the reign of Harsha of Kanauj in the early seventh century, it has
also been argued that its further demise, particularly in the early part of the second millennium AD, was
hastened by the arrival of Islam.

To consider the question somewhat more systematically, we might wish to consider in serial order the various
reasons advanced for Buddhism’s decline and disappearance from India. The various arguments can be

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grouped under the following headings: sectarian and internal histories, focusing on schisms within the
Buddhist faith, the widening differences between the clergy, Bhikkus, and laity, and the growing corruption
within the sangha; histories focused on Buddhism’s relations with Brahmanism, dwelling on the alleged
persecution of Buddhists by Brahmins, the defeat of the Buddhists by the great theologian Shankara in public
debates, as well as on the supposedly characteristic tendency of Hinduism, or rather Brahmanism, to absorb its
opponents; and, finally, secular and political histories, which emphasize the withdrawal of royal patronage
from Buddhism and, later, the Muslim invasions which had the effect of driving into extinction an already
debilitated faith.

Turning our attention to what I have described as sectarian histories, it is generally conceded that the Buddhist
clergy paid insufficient attention to its laity. Buddhist mendicants kept their distance from non-mendicants,
and as scholars of Buddhism have noted, no manual for the conduct of the laity was produced until the 11

century. Non-mendicants may not have felt particularly invested in their religion, and as the venues where the
mendicants and non-mendicants intersected gradually disappeared, the laity might have felt distanced from the
faith. The contrast, in this respect, with J ainism is marked.

The secular and political histories adopt rather different arguments. It has been argued that royal patronage
shifted from Buddhist to Hindu religious institutions. Under the Kushanas, indeed even under the Guptas
(325-497 AD), both Buddhists and adherents of Brahmanism received royal patronage, but as Brahmanism
veered off, so to speak, into Vaishnavism and Saivism, and regional kingdoms developed into the major sites
of power, Buddhism began to suffer a decline.

Passage Source: Excerpted from the article ,Buddhism’s Disappearance from India’ by Vinay Lal
77. All of the following represent the attitude adopted by the author of the passage, except

1. Analytical 2. Spiritual
3. Historical 4. Objective

78. Each of the following is relevant to the discussion of the author, except:

1. The source of information pertaining to the fall of Buddhism
2. The historical record outlining the discord between Brahmins and Buddhists
3. The scriptures outlining the conduct of Buddhist priests, laity and followers during the time period
under consideration
4. The details and timeline with regards to the Mughal invasion and the territorial landscape they
managed to conquer

79. An apt one-line summary for the passage would be:

1. The passage definitively proves why Buddhism diminished
2. The passage explores the idea of the decline of Buddhism
3. The passage ridicules the idea of the sudden collapse of Buddhism
4. The passage investigates the probable causes for Buddhist decline.

80. Why was observation of Hsuan Tsang included in the discussion?

1. To represent the view point of an outside neutral observer to the plights of Buddhist followers
2. To enlighten the readers that although China attacked Buddhist Tibet in recent past but in distant
past Chinese revered Buddhism
3. As a Chinese diplomat Hung Tsang was not influenced by the might of Brahmins and as such could
deliver more vivid account of the events
4. The account of Hung Tsang is a testimony that Buddhism was not eradicated in India by a
spontaneous action rather its decline was gradual

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DIRECTIONS for questions 81 to 84: Refer to the following information and answer the questions below
Five racing drivers, Alan, Bob, Chris, Don, and Eugene, enter into a contest that consists of 6 races. The
results of all six races are listed below:

Bob always finishes ahead of Chris. Alan finishes either first or last.
Eugene finishes either first or last. There are no ties in any race.
Every driver finishes each race.

In each race, two points are awarded for a fifth place finish, four points for fourth, six points for third, eight
points for second, and ten points for first.

81. If Eugene finishes two places ahead of Chris in the first race, which of the following cannot be true of
the first race?

1. Chris finishes two places ahead of Alan 2. Bob finishes ahead of Don
3. Bob finishes immediately behind Eugene 4. Chris finishes ahead of Bob

82. If Eugene’s total for the six races is 36 points, which of the following cannot be true?

1. Bob’s total for the six races is 48 points
2. Alan’s total for the six races is 36 points
3. Chris’s total for the six races is more than 36 points
4. Don’s total for the six races is less than 48 points

83. Of the six races, if Alan finishes first only once, and Don finishes second exactly twice, what could
be Bob’s lowest total?

1. 32 points 2. 40 points 3. 44 points 4. 48points

84. Of the six races, if Alan finishes first in four races, who of the following could earn a total of less
than 26 points in the six races?

1. Chris only 2. Eugene or Chris 3. Bob only 4. Don or Chris

DIRECTIONS for questions 85 – 87: Read the following instructions and answer the question accordingly.
The HR department had fixed interviews with five candidates scheduled at 10:00, 11:00, 12:00, 13:00, and
14:00. Each of the five, including Mr. Gupta, has a different number of years of experience i.e., 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5
years. The following information is also available about their names, surnames and interview slots :

1. Immediately after interviewing Ajay, HR interviewed Mr. Singh, who has 2 years less experience than
2. Rohit is not the one of the five who has 1 year experience.
3. The HR interviewed Vishal later in the day than the person having 1 year work experience.
4. The person with 3 years experience was interviewed at 11:00.
5. Mr. Kanwar isn't the one who has 5 years of experience.
6. HR interviewed Mr. Mohinder, then J eet, who has 2 years more experience than Mr. Mohinder.
7. The interview at 12:00 was with Sahil, who isn't the Mr. Singh or Mr. Mohinder.
8. Mr. Patial isn't the person with 1 year experience and wasn't interviewed at 10:00.

85. What is the surname of Sahil?

1. Mr. Gupta 2. Mr. Singh 3. Mr. Mohinder 4. None of these

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86. Which of the following is not correct w.r.t the candidate Vishal?

1. He is Mr. Mohinder 2. He has 2 years experience
3. His interview was at 14.00 4. None of these

87. Who was the last candidate to be interviewed by the HR department?

1. J eet 2. Vishal 3. Sahil 4. Rohit

DIRECTIONS for questions 88 - 89: In the following paragraph, a part of the paragraph is left unfinished.
Beneath the paragraph, four different ways of completing the paragraph are indicated. Choose the best
alternative amongst the four.

88. Democritus of Abdera taught that nothing exists except atoms and empty space. The atoms, he
maintained, differ from one another in size, shape, and position. In other respects they are alike.
They have always been in motion. Perhaps he conceived of that motion as originally a fall through
space, but there seems to be uncertainty upon this point. However, the atoms in motion collide with
one another, and these collisions result in mechanical combinations from which spring into being
world-systems. (___________________________________). All the changes which have ever taken
place in the world are only changes in the position of material particles--they are regroupings of

1. According to this doctrine, nothing comes from nothing, and nothing can become nonexistent.
2. According to this doctrine, everything comes from nothing, and nothing can become existent.
3. According to this doctrine, nothing comes from everything, and nothing can become nonexistent.
4. According to this doctrine, everything comes from everything, and nothing can become

89. We may, if we choose, study the actions of men merely with a view to ascertaining what they are and
describing them accurately. Something like this is done by the anthropologist, who gives us an
account of the manners and customs of the various races of mankind; he tells us what is; he may not
regard it as within his province at all to inform us regarding what ought to be. But men do not merely
act; they judge their actions in the light of some norm or standard, and they distinguish between them
as right and wrong. The systematic study of actions as right and wrong yields us the science of ethics.
Like psychology, ethics is a special science. It is concerned with a somewhat limited field of
investigation, and is not to be confounded with other sciences. It has a definite aim distinct from
theirs. _____________________________________________________________________.

1. And, also like psychology, ethics is classed as one of the philosophical sciences, and its relation to
philosophy is supposed to be stronger than that of such sciences as physics and mathematics.
2. And, also like psychology, ethics is classed as one of the philosophical sciences, and its relation to
philosophy is supposed to be more potent than that of such sciences as physics and mathematics.
3. And, also like psychology, ethics is classed as one of the philosophical sciences, and its relation to
philosophy is supposed to be clearer than that of such sciences as physics and mathematics.
4. And, also like psychology, ethics is classed as one of the philosophical sciences, and its relation to
philosophy is opposed to that of such sciences as physics and mathematics.

DIRECTIONS for Questions 90 and 91: Each question consists of five statements labelled A, B, C, D and E
which when logically ordered forms a cogent passage. Choose the option that represents the most logical

90. A. Why is it that we are more shocked by what happens to dead babies than to live ones?
B. In an interview she has denied that she ever used the term "dumped".

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C. The story that almost 800 dead babies were buried in a disused sewage tank outside Tuam in rural
Ireland turns out to be problematic.
D. It is certain that 796 babies did die under the care of nuns in a home for unmarried mothers there
between 1925 and 1961 and that is in itself a shocking statistic.
E. But what gave the story wings was the claim that their bodies had been dumped in a septic tank,
widely attributed to Catherine Corless, the local historian who uncovered the scandal.


91. A. Though it is, admittedly, rather vague, and the phenomena it is employed to describe extremely
diverse, it does express a prevailing sentiment at century's end that our lives are increasingly
influenced by forces which have transcended borders, and which, precisely because of their scope and
power, are changing, irreversibly, life on this planet.
B. Such a term is globalization.
C. However, trends are regularly observed and named, and these new terms become "buzz words" in
the lexicons of governments, academia and the media.
D. All levels of society are being reshaped by this process: the individual may find her/his livelihood
threatened or identity thrown into question; localities and whole regions are forced to recreate
themselves or die in the face of new economic forces’ and nation-states themselves experience
steadily decreasing freedom of action and ever closer ties to each other.
E. The pace of global change is extremely rapid, and even those trained to track and analyze it have
difficulty keeping up with new developments.


DIRECTIONS for questions 92 and 93: In each question, a sentence is divided into FIVE segments labelled
A to E. Find the sentence/s which is/are not correct in grammar and usage. Then choose the correct
corresponding option.

92. A. One of the most stunning revelations of recent genetic anthropology are the finding that Homo
sapiens, our ancestors
B. occasionally bred with Homo neanderthalensis in Europe or the Middle East some 40,000 to
50,000 years ago.
C. These encounters may have been quite rare: just one of spring produced every thirty years,
according to one estimate.
D. Recent genetic analyses suggests that some modern human have a small but measurable percentage
of Neanderthal DNA in our genomes—particularly those of us living in Europe and Asia.

1. B, C and E 2. B, C and D 3. A, C and D 4. A and D

93. A. Several research groups have shown that compared to liberals, conservatives have a greater focus
on negative stimuli or a “negativity bias”: they pay more attention to the alarming, the threatening,
and the disgusting in life.
B. Hibbing and his colleagues showed liberals and conservatives a series of collages, each comprised
of a mixture of positive images (cute bunnies, smiling children) and negative ones (wounds, a person
eating worms).
C. Test subjects were fitted with eye-tracker devices that measured where they are looking, and for
how long.
D. The results were stark: conservatives fixed their eyes on the negative images much more rapidly,
and dwelled on them much longer, then did the liberals.

1. C and E 2. B and D 3. D and E 4. A, D and E

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DIRECTIONS for questions 94 - 95: Each sentence has some blanks with four answer choices. Pick the best
option which completes the sentence in the most meaningful manner.

94. A half-baked mastermind often thinks _________; and is prone to extrapolate a summary perusal of
basic facts into a _________ conclusion that does not stand up to examination and the test of time.

1. too playfully, rushed 2. too wearily , arduous
3. too hastily, inflexible 4. too whimsically, cogent

95. The significant _______ concerning essentially philosophical domains of life, such as life & death,
origin and purpose of life, and the ethics and morals driving social behavior, have often ________ the
confines of structured thinking and logical experimentations, and only instinctual human thinking has
come to rescue of man in these cases.

1. quibbles, disregarded 2. paradoxes, escaped
3. tenets, stipulated 4. determinations, broken loose

DIRECTIONS for question 96 - 97: In the following question, a word has been used in sentences in four
different ways. Choose the option corresponding to the sentence in which the usage of the word is incorrect
or inappropriate.


1. Then they attend a fair where researchers and nonprofits present problems they may choose to try
to solve.
2. Your political gods seem to attend on great matters, and neglect the small ones.
3. Success attended her hard work
4. There was no doctor in attendance at the road accident

97. CALL

1. Unhappiness is too common to call special measures.
2. I called round on my way home but no one was in.
3. The protests at J antar - Mantar called forth a strong reaction from the police.
4. Arvind Kejriwal called them out over awarding contracts to family members.

DIRECTIONS for questions 98 - 100: Read the following passage and answer the question followed by it.

The medieval distrust of literature was the result of several cooperating causes. Popular literature had fallen
into decay, and in its contemporary form was beneath serious consideration. Classical literature was
unfortunately pagan, and was moreover but imperfectly known. The medieval Church from its earliest stages
had regarded pagan culture with suspicion, and had come to look upon the development of popular literature
as antagonistic to its own supremacy. But beyond this, the distrust of literature went deeper, and was grounded
upon certain theoretical and fundamental objections to all the works of the imagination.

These theoretical objections were in no ways new to the Middle Ages. They had been stated in antiquity with
much more directness and philosophical efficacy than was possible in the medieval period. Plato had tried
imaginative literature by the criteria of reality and morality, both of which are unaesthetic criteria, although
fundamentally applicable to poetry. In respect to reality, he had shown that poetry is three removes from the
truth, being but the imitation, by the artist, of the imitation, in life, of an idea in the mind of God. In respect to
morality, he had discovered in Homer, the greatest of poets, deviations from truth, blasphemy against the
gods, and obscenity of various sorts. Furthermore, he had found that creative literature excites the emotions
more than does actual life, and stirs up ignoble passions which were better restrained. These ideas ran
throughout the Middle Ages, and indeed persisted even beyond the Renaissance. Poetry was judged by these

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same criteria, but it was natural that medieval writers should substitute more practical reasons for the
metaphysical arguments of Plato. According to the criterion of reality, it was urged that poetry in its very
essence is untrue, that at bottom it is fiction, and therefore false. Thus Tertullian said that "the Author of truth
hates all the false; He regards as adultery all that is unreal.... He never will approve pretended loves, and
wraths, and groans, and tears;" and he affirmed that in place of these pagan works there was in the Bible and
the Fathers, a vast body of Christian literature and that this is "not fabulous, but true, not tricks of art, but plain
realities."According to the criterion of morality, it was urged that as few works of the imagination were
entirely free from obscenity and blasphemy, such blemishes are inseparable from the poetic art; and
accordingly, Isidore of Seville says that a Christian is forbidden to read the figments of the poets, "quia per
oblectamenta inanium fabularum mentem excitant ad incentiva libidinum."

The third, or psychological objection, made by Plato, was similarly emphasized. Thus Tertullian pointed out
that while God has enjoined us to deal calmly and gently and quietly with the Holy Spirit, literature, and
especially dramatic literature, leads to spiritual agitation. This point seemed to the medieval mind
fundamental, for in real beauty, as Thomas Aquinas insisted, desire is quieted. Furthermore, it was shown that
the only body of literary work worthy of serious study dealt with pagan divinities and with religious practices
which were in direct antagonism to Christianity. Other objections, also, were incidentally alluded to by
medieval writers. For example, it was said, the supreme question in all matters of life is the question of
conduct, and it was not apparent in what manner poetry conduces to action. Poetry has no practical use; it
rather enervates men than urges them to the call of duty; and above all, there are more profitable occupations
in which the righteous man may be engaged.

Passage Source: A history of literary criticism in the renaissance (Columbia University)

98. The author of the passage is most likely to agree with the statement:

1. Theoretical and fundamental objections to all the works of the imagination were not wise in the
medieval period.
2. Theoretical and fundamental objections to all the works of the imagination were created in the
medieval period.
3. Theoretical and fundamental objections to all the works of the imagination were actually not new in
the medieval period.
4. Theoretical and fundamental objections to all the works of the imagination were not seriously
unwise in the medieval period.

99. The passage outlines the following objections to poetry in the medieval era:

I. Poetry lacked the quietude as desired by pagan cultures.
II. Poetry, at its core, was symbolic of a fictional reality that had no bearing on the real world.
III. Poetry lead to surge of passions and emotions not looked up favorably in the medieval world.
IV. Plato believed most poems to be imitations of one another and thus viewed it with distrust.

1. I & II 2. II & III 3. I, II & III 4. II, III & IV

100. The passage expounds on the central idea that:

1. Poetry, being a part of creative literature, did not carry the same figment of truth as some of the
other forms of writing and art.
2. Poetry did not represent the reality of the medieval times, and found itself to be out of favor with
the Church as well as a number of medieval authors and writers.
3. Poetry, by virtue of being a creative art and by taking liberal considerations with respect to its
content and form, found itself out of favor with the Church and some writers in the medieval time.
4. Poetry, by building on Pagan precepts, found itself isolated in the Middle Ages, with the Church
and some writers of time severely criticizing it.

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51. 1 76. 4
52. 2 77. 2
53. 4 78. 4
54. 1 79. 4
55. 2 80. 4
56. 2 81. 4
57. 4 82. 3
58. 3 83. 3
59. 4 84. 4
60. 1 85. 4
61. 2 86. 3
62. 4 87. 1
63. 4 88. 4
64. 1 89. 1
65. 3 90. 3
66. 1 91. 4
67. 4 92. 3
68. 1 93. 4
69. 1 94. 1
70. 4 95. 2
71. 3 96. 2
72. 3 97. 1
73. 3 98. 3
74. 1 99. 2
75. 2 100. 3


D 30





a 21 18 ×18 square
2 ×10 tiles =
20 unit
2 ×11 tiles =
22 unit
3 ×7 tiles =21
1 2 2 2 2 3 ×7 tiles =21
3 3 3 23 23 90 25 K x y z 145 175 Park B Park C Park A K x y z 145 175 Park B Park C Park A 90 3 3 10 10 2 2