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Slide Line - Hertz Contact Stress
2.7
Slide Line - Hertz Contact Stress
2.7-2
Slide Line - Hertz Contact Stress
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Model Description:
The Hertz contact stress problem provides a good example for 3-D slide line contact. The complete
model data has been provided and the model is ready for analysis. However, the example will con-
centrate on looking in detail at the modeling requirements and slideline definition.
Before proceeding with the example, we will look at some general aspects of slide line modeling
and analysis, then review the procedure for setting up a slideline model referring to the entries
already defined in the Hertz contact stress model.
Overall Considerations
m Slideline contact is always performed as a nonlinear analysis, either static or transient dynamic
methods can be used.
m The slideline is always defined in the XY plane of the basic or local coordinate system that is
referenced by the element property definition.
m The definition of the master and slave segments is for naming purposes only, except in the case
of unsymmetric penetration. In this case only slave nodes are checked for penetration into mas-
ter segments.
m The slide line is aligned with the referenced coordinate system z-axis, by applying the right
hand rule when selecting master and slave nodes.
m Initial penetration cannot be modeled with a slide line.
m Symmetrical penetration is more accurate, but also more computationally intensive than unsym-
metrical penetration.
m Enforced displacement may yield better convergence than applied loads (not applicable with
nonlinear transient analysis).
m Error messages concerning initial penetration, even if not modeled, or displacements in a rigid
body mode, indicate improper ordering of master and slave nodes. Check that the right hand
rule law mentioned above has been observed.
The model comprises a sphere of radius of 6 mm, modeled as a 10-degree segment of a semi-sphere
using solid elements, with the appropriate boundary conditions applied. The material is assumed to
be an isotropic high strength steel with a Young’s Modulus of 210,000 N/mm
2
, and a Poisson’s
Ratio of 0.3. The rigid plane is modeled using plot elements, the nodes of which are completely
constrained - the slide line elements are used to model the contact behavior in this case.
Slide Line - Hertz Contact Stress
2.7-4
Exercise Procedure:
1. Start MSC/NASTRAN for Windows 3.0.2 by double-clicking on the MSC/NASTRAN for
Windows icon.
For this exercise, you will select the New Model option.
The bulk of the model data already exists in the form of a FEMAP neutral file. The file can be
imported into the database from the examples directory.
Your view screen should look similar to the following:
Open Model File: New Model
File/Import/FEMAP Neutral...
File name; hertz.neu
Open
OK
View/Select...
Model Style: G Draw Model
Model Data...
Group: G Select
Group: 5..sphere + plate
OK
OK
View/Rotate...
Dimetric
OK
Slide Line - Hertz Contact Stress
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2.7-5
2. Review the slide line definitions.
While we have all of the model data already defined, the initial step would be to create the basic FE
model without the slide line data. In this case the basic model data are the nodes, solid elements that
form the segment, and symmetry and boundary condition constraints.
The plane of contact of the slide line must be the XY plane of a coordinate system (basic or local),
this usually requires that one or more local coordinate systems have to be set up. In this case there
are two local coordinate systems, numbers 3 and 4, that have been defined such that their XY
planes correspond to the two planar sides of the segment.
Slide Line - Hertz Contact Stress
2.7-6
3. View the slide line properties.
The next items that should be defined are the slide line properties (Model | Property, set Elem/Prop-
erty Type).
To view the slide line properties that have been defined in this model do the following:

In this case unsymmetrical penetration has been selected, and the relevant local coordinate system
has been referenced in the Slide Line Plane box.
Once the properties have been defined, the slide line elements themselves can be defined (Model |
Element, set Type to Slide Line).
To view the slide line elements that have already been defined in this model (Element 447 and
448), do the following:
Modify/Edit/Property...
ID: 4
OK
OK
Modify/Edit/Element...
ID: 447
OK
Slide Line - Hertz Contact Stress
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2.7-7
This dialog box is used to define the master and slave nodes that form the slide line, it also refer-
ences the slide line property definition. In this model the slide line elements have already been
defined, notice on both the Master Nodes and Slave Nodes buttons the word (On) appears. If you
click on either of these buttons you can see the nodes that have been defined as master and slave
nodes.


As mentioned before, the master and slave nodes have to be selected in a direction that corresponds
to the z-direction of the referenced local coordinate system by applying the right hand rule.
Master Nodes... (On)
OK
Slave Nodes... (On)
OK
Cancel
Slide Line - Hertz Contact Stress
2.7-8
To view the slide line elements do the following:
The following figure should appear on your view screen.
View/Select...
Model Data...
Group: G Select
Group: 4..slide lines
OK
OK
Slide Line - Hertz Contact Stress
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2.7-9
4. Apply the load.
The loading is modeled as a single force acting on the central node of the sphere. This node is the
independent node of two rigid elements connecting all other nodes of the upper plane of the model
as dependent nodes with respect to the global z-displacement.
The load has already been defined as a single force of -50 N (in the z-direction), which corresponds
to an equivalent load of 1800 N for the whole sphere. The load is created using the Model | Load
menu.
The rigid elements (Element 445 and 446) have also been defined. They are created using the
Model | Element menu, with Type set to Rigid.
They can be viewed in this model by doing the following:


5. Set the nonlinear solution parameters.
Modify/Edit/Element...
ID: 445
OK
OK
Model/Load/Nonlinear Analysis...
Solution Type: G Static
Defaults...
Number of Increments: 5
Intermediate: 3..ALL
Slide Line - Hertz Contact Stress
2.7-10

Further changes in the nonlinear solution parameters are possible, like choosing different solution
strategy overrides, but are not necessary in most cases. For certain types of problems however, the
default settings may lead to solutions not converging.
6. Analyze the model.
OK
File/Analyze...
Analysis Type: 10..Nonlinear Static
Additional Info: Large Disp
Output Types: 2..Displacements and Stresses
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2.7-11

When asked, "OK to Save Model Now?,” select Yes.
Save the new file under a temporary (TEMP) directory.
When asked, “OK to read direction cosines for solid element principal stresses?,” select Yes.
When asked, “OK to read solid element corner stresses?,” select Yes.
When the MSC/NASTRAN manager is through running, MSC/NASTRAN will be restored on
your screen, and the Message Review form will appear. To read the message(s), you could select
Show Details. Since the analysis ran smoothly, we will not bother with the details this time.
7. Process the results.
OK
Yes
File name: Slide_Line.mod
Save
Yes
Yes
Continue
View/Select...
Slide Line - Hertz Contact Stress
2.7-12
Display the entire model back onto the view screen.
The resulting display will have an exaggerated displacement plot. Modify the fringe plot by doing
the following:
Model Style: G Quick Hidden Line
Deformed Style: G Deform
Contour Style: G Contour
Deformed and Contour Data...
Output Set: 5..Case 5 Time 1.
Deformation: 1..Total Translation
Contour: 600031..Solid VonMises Stress
OK
OK
View/Select...
Model Data...
Group: G Select
Group: 5..sphere + plate
OK
OK
View/Rotate...
ZX Front
OK
View/Options...
Category: G PostProcessing
Options: Deformed Style
% of Model (Actual)
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Your view screen should display the following figure.
8. Finally, exit the program when you are done.
When asked if you wish to save the model, select Yes.
OK
File/Exit
Yes
Slide Line - Hertz Contact Stress
2.7-14