Computers are incredibly fast, accurate and stupid.

Human beings are incredibly slow, inaccurate and brilliant.
Together they are powerful beyond imagination. – Albert Einstein
1
RITZ METHOD EXAMPLES

Example 1


The bar is of one metre long and is fixed on the left. On the right it is subjected to a
force.

Consider the PDE

In 1-D case (as shown in the diagram above) with no body forces it reduces to

Hooke’s law in 1-D is

Thus we have

The BC on the left is

And on the right the force BC is


Constructing the potential energy expression for the bar

Computers are incredibly fast, accurate and stupid. Human beings are incredibly slow, inaccurate and brilliant.
Together they are powerful beyond imagination. – Albert Einstein
2
() () ∫

(

)

( )

We now select a linear approximation function

()

()

Since we have a BC ( )

()

Substituting our trial function (with in the boundary term) into the functional ()
we get

Performing the differentiation within the brackets


Minimising the potential energy (which is equivalent to the first variation or the integral
statement with your trial function substituted) gives


Substituting in the values of E and

And

()
(

)
(

)

Computers are incredibly fast, accurate and stupid. Human beings are incredibly slow, inaccurate and brilliant.
Together they are powerful beyond imagination. – Albert Einstein
3
Since the 1-D problem is solved exactly by the linear approximation function, this
approximation function is the exact solution of our DE.
Example 2

The tapered rod is subjected to a constant load P.








Computers are incredibly fast, accurate and stupid. Human beings are incredibly slow, inaccurate and brilliant.
Together they are powerful beyond imagination. – Albert Einstein
4









Computers are incredibly fast, accurate and stupid. Human beings are incredibly slow, inaccurate and brilliant.
Together they are powerful beyond imagination. – Albert Einstein
5


















Computers are incredibly fast, accurate and stupid. Human beings are incredibly slow, inaccurate and brilliant.
Together they are powerful beyond imagination. – Albert Einstein
6
Example 3

The bar below is subjected to a concentrated end force.





Assuming the following approximation functions

Computers are incredibly fast, accurate and stupid. Human beings are incredibly slow, inaccurate and brilliant.
Together they are powerful beyond imagination. – Albert Einstein
7











Computers are incredibly fast, accurate and stupid. Human beings are incredibly slow, inaccurate and brilliant.
Together they are powerful beyond imagination. – Albert Einstein
8








Computers are incredibly fast, accurate and stupid. Human beings are incredibly slow, inaccurate and brilliant.
Together they are powerful beyond imagination. – Albert Einstein
9








Computers are incredibly fast, accurate and stupid. Human beings are incredibly slow, inaccurate and brilliant.
Together they are powerful beyond imagination. – Albert Einstein
10



But EBC is fulfilled