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CM

YK
ND-ND
DELHI, TUESDAY, JULY 8, 2014
Printed at Chennai, Coimbatore, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Madurai, Noida, Visakhapatnam, Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi, Vijayawada, Mangalore, Tiruchirapalli, Kolkata, Hubli, Mohali, Allahabad, Malappuram, Lucknow, Anantapur and Nellore
• •
ALVA GETS
GUJARAT, GOA
PAGE 10
CHANDIGARH: A group of 28
Iraq returnees on Monday
filed a complaint with the
Chandigarh police against a
manpower consultancy
firm that also doubles as a
travel agency for ‘duping
and causing them
substantial financial losses’.
They have also threatened
to protest in front of the
Punjab Assembly, which
meets for its budget session
on July 15, if their money
was not returned.
Talking to The Hindu the
group leader, Sukhwinder
Singh, who lives in Kharar
town in S.A.S. Nagar district
of Punjab on the outskirts
of Chandigarh, said the
group, which had members
from Punjab, Haryana,
Himachal Pradesh,
Rajasthan and Chandigarh,
were contracted for
employment in Iraq by a
Chandigarh-based
company Shiv Enterprises.
They were given to
understand that they would
get a monthly salary
ranging between 500 and
800 US dollars by a reputed
British construction
company.
Sukhwinder, who was
under debt of over Rs.5 lakh
incurred during the
marriage of his daughter in
February this year, had to
mortgage his wife’s
jewellery to arrange for the
Rs.1.5 lakh charged as fee by
the manpower consultancy
company owned by a
person he identified as
Sunny. Other members of
the group also paid the
same amount. While
Sukhwinder was employed
as a mason to lay tiles,
others were engaged as
carpenters, plumbers,
electricians, foremen and
helpers.
From April to May this
year, the group landed at
Baghdad in batches and
realised they were
employed by a local Iraqi
company, which made
them work for 14 hours
instead of the promised 10,
provided no food or
residence and after 40 days’
work denied them salaries.
Finally, they approached
the Indian Embassy, which
arranged for their tickets
back home and they
returned on July 4.
Subsequently, the group
approached the company
that had arranged their
employment, seeking a
refund as the terms of their
contracts had not been
honoured. However, Sunny
flaunted some papers,
which he had made them
sign, to argue that he owed
nothing. The group then
lodged a complaint with the
police. The police
summoned Sunny, who in
turn sought time till
Wednesday to sort out the
matter and make necessary
refunds wherever they were
due.
Meanwhile, reports from
various places indicate that
more people who returned
from Iraq have begun to
seek refund from agencies
that arranged for their
employment contracts.
An Amritsar-based
Overseas Manpower
Recruiters’ Council has
appealed to the State as
well as the Central
governments to provide
them protection from
harassment.
The council members
alleged that some Iraq
returnees were making
false allegations just to
extort money from the
recruiting agents.
Iraq returnees lodge complaint against recruitment agents
Sarabjit Pandher
Workers who recently returned home from Iraq,
coming out of a police station after lodging a
complaint against a manpower consultancy firm in
Chandigarh. - PHOTO: AKHILESH KUMAR
BRIEFLY
CBI does polygraph
on victims’ fathers
NEW DELHI: The CBI on
Monday did lie-detector
tests on the fathers of the
two cousins fromBadaun
in Uttar Pradesh who were
allegedly raped and killed.
Protesting the move, the
victims’ brother sat on an
indefinite fast at Jantar
Mantar here.
Strong quake
hits Mexico
TUXTLA GUTIERREZ (MEXICO):
A 6.9-magnitude earth-
quake on the Pacific Coast
jolted southern Mexico
and Central America on
Monday, killing at least
two people and damaging
dozens of houses.
YOUNG WORLD
— 8 Pages (Tabloid)
GRANVILLE
AUSTIN DEAD
PAGE 11
Regd. DL(ND)-11/6110/2006-07-08 ● RNI No. TNENG/2012/49940 ● ISSN 0971 - 751X ● Vol. 4 ● No. 161 ● CITY EDITION ● 26 Pages ● Rs. 8.00 ● www.thehindu.in
NEW DELHI: Some of the top Del-
hi University colleges have
closed their admissions alto-
gether, while some have very
few of their courses still open
under the third cut-off list re-
leased on Monday night.
Shri Ram College of Com-
merce, HinduCollege and Ram-
jas College have closed
admissions to all their courses.
The principals of all three
colleges told The Hindu they
are full and counting withdraw-
als too, a fourth list is unlikely,
although sometimes seats open
up in the fifth or sixth list, when
students leave the colleges for
professional courses. “Our
sanctioned strength is 750 and
we have already admitted 820
students. Unless there are
heavy withdrawals at the time
of professional entrances, we
will not be bringing out any
more lists,” said Hindu College
principal Pradyum, adding that
sometimes seat in Sciences
open up when students leave
for Engineering or Medicine.
Hans Raj College was one of
the few colleges to have many of
its courses still open. B.A. (Pro-
gramme) is available at 88 to
94.50 per cent, lower even than
Khalsa College which is asking
89 to 90 per cent. Commerce,
English, Economics, History,
Physics and Chemistry are also
open at Hans Raj, among
others.
Kirori Mal, which closed ad-
missions to most of its courses
in its second list, has opened it
again for B.Com, Commerce
and History due to
withdrawals.
Among the girls’ colleges, Mi-
randa House has its B.A. (Pro-
gramme), English, History and
Chemistry courses still open.
On the South Campus, Lady
Shri Ram College is still offer-
ing B.A. (Programme), English,
Commerce and Economics at
97 per cent eachas alsoPolitical
Science.
Kamala Nehru College has
still got its doors open for B.A.
(Programme) in the range of
82.50 to 89 per cent, along with
Economics. Gargi College has
closed all its admissions.
Vijetha S.N.
Students waiting for admission at Kirori Mal
College on Monday. PHOTO: MEETA AHLAWAT
Third cut-off list offers few seats
MUMBAI: Watchman Sajjad
Mughal, held guilty on June 30
of molesting and murdering
25-year-old law professional
Pallavi Purkayastha, was sen-
tenced to life imprisonment on
Monday by a sessions court
here.
Purkayastha and her fiancé
had rented an apartment at
Bhakti Park in June 2012. Ac-
cording to the police, Mughal
was aware that Purkayastha
was alone on the night of Au-
gust 9, 2012. He disconnected
the power supply to her 16th
floor . When she called him to
complain, he arrived with an
electrician and took away her
flat keys. He later sneaked into
the flat when Purkayastha was
sleeping and attempted to rape
her. When she resisted, he
killed her.
Session court judge Vrushali
Joshi while pronouncing the
sentence said the case did not
fall under the ‘rarest of rare
category.’
Immediately after the ver-
dict was pronounced, the con-
vict pleaded for leniency. The
court, however, said the mini-
mum sentence (life till the re-
mainder of his natural life) had
been awarded to him. “The
maximum punishment is
death. The court has awarded
you the minimumpunishment
permissible under the law.”
The parents of the victim
were, however, disappointed
by the verdict. “My daughter
was stabbed 16 times by the ac-
cused. If this does not qualifyas
rarest of rare thenwhat does?,”
the victim’s father Atanu Pur-
kayastha told this reporter.
Pallavi killer gets life
Staff Reporter
Jeweller robbed
NEW DELHI: A 50-year-old
jeweller was robbed by
two bike-borne assailants
outside his shop, barely a
few metres away fromthe
local police station at
Bhajanpura in North-East
Delhi. Details on Page 3
NEW HOME
FOR BIRDS
PAGE 2
NEW DELHI: The Modi govern-
ment on Monday blamed the
previous United Progressive
Alliance government for the
rise in prices with Union Fi-
nance Minister Arun Jaitley
closing a short duration dis-
cussion on the subject in the
Rajya Sabha by asserting that
the prices were under control
and there was no need for
panic.
Mr. Jaitley pointed out that
his government had inherited
the legacy of price rise and
had taken immediate steps to
containprices as compared to
the UPA government which
had stepped in to check onion
prices only it touched Rs. 100
per kilo. He was replying to a
discussion in which over 25
members from all parties
participated.
Jaitley puts the
blame on UPA
Sandeep Dikshit &
B. Muralidhar Reddy
NEW DELHI: The opening day of
Parliament’s budget session
got off to a stormy start on
Monday with Opposition
MPs storming the well of
both Houses protesting
against a range of issues, in-
cluding increase in prices of
petroleum products and es-
sential commodities, rail fare
hike and the ordinance relat-
ing to the Andhra Pradesh
Re-organisation Bill, the last
one raised by the Telangana
Rashtra Samithi.
Matters were sorted out
smoothly in the Rajya Sabha
with Union Finance Minister
Arun Jaitley immediately
conceding a discussion on
price rise, but in the Lok Sab-
ha, Parliamentary Affairs
Minister M. Venkaiah Naidu
said the government was will-
ing to debate the issue only
under Rule 193 that doesn’t
entail a vote. The Opposition
however, demanded an ad-
journment motion under
Rule 56. As a result, while the
Rajya Sabha had a discussion,
the Lok Sabha was repeatedly
adjourned, finally winding up
at 2.10 p.m.
In the Upper House, the
Opposition, including the
Congress, CPI(M), BSP and
the SP, staged a walkout ex-
pressing dissatisfaction with
Mr. Jaitley’s explanation.
The Lok Sabha was ad-
journed soon after it con-
vened at 11 a.m. due to the
protest. Post lunch, Speaker
Sumitra Mahajan allowed a
discussion under Rule 193,
which the Congress turned
down. The Speaker then
called it a day. Page 10
Price rise stalls Lok Sabha on Day 1
Adjournments mar session; govt. concedes discussion in RS
Smita Gupta &
Sandeep Dikshit
NEW DELHI: The Congress has
drafted a four-page letter
stating the reasons why its
leader in the Lok Sabha Mal-
likarjuna Kharge should be
given the Leader of the Op-
position status.
The party, in an effort to
strengthen its claim, is plan-
ning to send the letter to
Speaker Sumitra Mahajan
even as it is circulating a
memorandum articulating
its case for the post among
pre-poll allies in the UPA.
The Congress’s Deputy
Leader in the Rajya Sabha,
Anand Sharma, said on Mon-
day that the party and its al-
lies would submit the
demand for Leader of the
Opposition status to the
Speaker in writing “for an
immediate decision.”
On the opening day of Par-
liament’s budget session, the
Congress stepped up the
pressure on the government
to give it the post, with its
parliamentary party chair-
person Sonia Gandhi telling
journalists: “We are the sin-
gle largest party and we have
a pre-poll alliance. Hence, we
are entitled to get the post of
Leader of the Opposition in
the Lok Sabha.”
But the principal Opposi-
tion party’s arguments fell
on deaf ears, with at least
three senior Cabinet Minis-
ters stressing that the Con-
gress did not have the
numbers to make the claim.
The letter to the Speaker,
Congress sources said,
stressed that there is only
one Act — The Salary and Al-
lowances of Leaders of Op-
position in Parliament Act,
1977 — that defines who the
Leader of the Opposition can
be and that makes no men-
tion of the strength required
to qualify for the official sta-
tus.
It also stresses that the
UPA, the largest Opposition
pre-poll alliance, has 60MPs,
more than 10 per cent of the
strength of the House.
Another report on Page 10
LoP post ours, insists Sonia
Smita Gupta &
Anita Joshua
NEW DELHI: India’s diplomatic
outreach to bring home 46
nurses as well as help thou-
sands of other Indians inIraq
leave the violence-torn coun-
try was steered by National
Security Adviser Ajit Doval
and Intelligence Bureau Di-
rector Asif Ibrahim, who flew
to Baghdad and Riyadh re-
spectively last month, The
Hindu has confirmed.
Their missions, which
were kept secret at the time,
were powered by phone calls
from External Affairs Sush-
ma Swaraj to her counter-
parts in the region.
At the end of June, the sit-
uation for both the 46 nurses
in Tikrit as well as 39 men in
Mosul seemed bleak, with no
real intelligence on rebel
groups that were in charge of
them and why they were be-
ing forcibly held. The ISIS
had taken control of several
cities, including Tikrit, Mo-
sul and the Baiji refinery.
At places, they were assist-
ed by Ba’athist groups still
loyal to the residual regime of
Saddam Hussein, and rebel
military commanders from
the Iraqi army, who held ar-
eas in a loose tactical coali-
tion as ISIS, which made it
even more difficult to open
clear lines of communica-
tion.
Faced with a grim situa-
tion, Prime Minister Naren-
dra Modi asked Mr. Doval to
convene a high-level meeting
to discuss the latest intelli-
gence onthe fighting inTikrit
and Mosul, as well as the pos-
sibilities for a mass evacua-
tion of “all Indians in Iraq, if
necessary.” A day after the
meeting, on June 25, Mr. Do-
val went on a top secret mis-
sion to Iraq to understand
the position on the ground
and make high-level contacts
in the Iraqi government.
Since the conflict zone in
Iraq is held mainly by Sunni
insurgents and militant
groups, Mr. Ibrahimwas dis-
patched to Riyadh on June
25-26 to speak with senior
officials about intelligence on
these groups. Page 10
Suhasini Haidar
NSA Doval went on secret mission to Iraq
Indians arrive from Iraq
in New Delhi on Monday.
PHOTO: SUSHIL KUMAR VERMA
EXCLUSIVE
cylinders beforefinalisingthe
criteria.”
The Centre could seek the
States’ helptocompiletheda-
tabase of consumers of fuel
subsidies for plugging leakag-
es and improvingtargeting.
“Two or three States have
already implemented pilots
and we would like to talk to
the States inthe implementa-
tionof our innovativemodel,”
said Mr. Pradhan.
In the current fiscal, subsi-
dy on diesel, LPG and kero-
sene is estimated at Rs.
115,548crore. Of this, LPG ac-
counts for Rs. 50,324 crore
and kerosene Rs. 29,488
crore. Thesubsidycostondie-
sel is estimated is Rs. 35,736
crore but if the monthly retail
price increases continue as
planned, it could comedown.
In2013-14, thegovernment
had paid Rs. 70,772 crore in
cash subsidy while upstream
firms had borne as their share
Rs. 67,021croreof thesubsidy
bill. In2012-2013, thegovern-
menthad paid outRs. 100,000
crore and the upstreamcom-
panies had taken a hit of Rs.
60,000crore.
NEW DELHI: The Modi govern-
ment is working on eligibility
criteria for subsidised LPG
cylinders and it is likely that
households with incomes
above a certain threshold will
not be provided the subsidy.
The government is also ex-
ploring if the kerosene sub-
sidy can be delivered through
Direct Benefit Transfer
(DBT). DBTs for the subsidy
on LPG cylinders that had
been suspended by the previ-
ous government are likely to
be resumed.
The Modi government’s
strategy for rationalising the
ballooning fuel subsidy is to
go for better and transparent
targeting, Minister of Petro-
leum and Natural Gas Dhar-
mendra Pradhan told The
Hindu.
“We won’t cut the subsidy
to the poor; instead we will
reduce the government’s
subsidy bill by plugging the
leakages and through better
targeting,” Mr. Pradhan said.
“We will have a public debate
on who should get subsidised
Centre to set income
cut-off for subsidised LPG
Puja Mehra
NEW DELHI: The Supreme
Court held on Monday that
fatwas issued by Muslimsha-
riat courts (Dar-ul-Qazas) do
not have legal sanctity and
cannot be enforced if they in-
fringed on the fundamental
rights of an individual.
A Bench of Justices C.K.
Prasad and Pinaki Chandra
Ghose gave the ruling on a
public interest writ petition
filed in 2005. Advocate Vish-
wa Lochan Madan, in his pet-
ition, said a woman from
Kukda village in Muzaffarna-
gar district of Uttar Pradesh
was raped by her father-in-
law, following which the vil-
lage panchayat passed a fatwa
asking her to treat himas her
husband. The Dar-ul-Uloom
also declared that she had be-
come ineligible to live with
her husband. This was en-
dorsed by the All-India Mus-
lim Personal Law Board as
well.
Disposing of the petition,
the Bench said the fatwa had
no legal sanction. “It cannot
be enforced by any legal proc-
ess, either by the Dar-ul-Qaza
issuing it or the person con-
cerned, or for that matter
anybody.”
The Bench said the fatwa
could simply be ignored. “In
case a person or a body tries
to impose it, the act would be
illegal.” The Bench said fat-
was on rights, status and obli-
gation of individual Muslims,
in its opinion, would not be
permissible unless asked for
by the person concerned or,
in cases where the person is
unable to do it, by a person
interested.
“Fatwas touching upon the
rights of an individual at the
instance of rank strangers
may cause irreparable dam-
age and, therefore, would be
absolutely uncalled for. It
shall be in violation of basic
human rights. It cannot be
used to punish the innocent.
No religion, including Islam,
punishes the innocent,” the
Bench said.
“Religion cannot be al-
lowed to be merciless to the
victim. Faith cannot be used
as a dehumanising force.”
Reactions: Page 10
J. Venkatesan
Fatwas not legal, says SC
“It cannot be used to
punish the innocent”
NEW DELHI:
The Su-
preme
Court on
Monday
cleared the
decks for the
appoint-
ment of Lt.
Gen. Dalbir
Singh as the next Army Chief
by refusing to grant an urgent
hearing to challenger Lt. Gen.
Ravi Dastane. Lt. Gen. Singhis
scheduled to take over from
Gen. BikramSingh on August
1, 2014.
Lt. Gen. Dastane contended
that Lt. Gen. Singh’s nomina-
tion was based on a “wholly
illegal” promotion as Army
Commander two years ago.
Lt. Gen. Dastane, who was
also in the race for the Army
Commander’s post in 2012,
said his career subsequently
stagnated while Lt. Gen.
Singh rose in the ranks de-
spite a disciplinary and vigi-
lance ban.
The apex court had agreed
to hear the case sometime in
September 2014. But Lt. Gen
Dastane chose to move an ap-
plication before the vacation
court in June, seeking an ur-
gent date.
“What is the hurry? There
is no urgency in the case. It is
only a matter of vindicationof
your service, nothing to do
with the Army Chief’s selec-
tion,” Justice T.S. Thakur
said. The Bench ordered that
the application be posted for
hearing in September, thus
ensuring a smooth takeover
for Lt. Gen Singh on August 1.
SC clears decks
for Dalbir Singh
as Army Chief
Lt. Gen.
Dalbir Singh
Krishnadas Rajagopal
CM
YK
ND-ND
CITY
2 THE HINDU TUESDAY, JULY 8, 2014
NOIDA/DELHI
Poor infrastructure in schools
Not even one of the 429 municipal school buildings in South
Delhi scores “100 per cent on basic infrastructure”, a senior
civic body official admitted on Monday. Page 4
Congress workers stage protest
Protesting against the BJP Government over rail fare
hike and price rise, Congress workers on Monday tried to
gherao the Parliament. Page 5
ENGLISH:
THE FAULT IN OUR STARS
(New Release: Shailene Woodley,
Ansel Elgort, Nat Wolff ): PVR
(Plaza, Rivoli, Saket, Citywalk,
Naraina, Vikaspuri, Prashant
Vihar), Spice (Noida), Satyam
(Patel Nagar, Janakpuri, Nehru
Place), Wave (Raja Garden,
Noida), DT (Saket, Shalimar
Bagh, Vasant Kunj).
HINDI:
BOBBY JASOOS (New Release:
Vidya Balan, Ali Fazal, Arjan
Bajwa, Supriya Pathak): Delite,
Abhishek Cineplex, Batra, Amba,
Regal, Aakash, Gagan, Seble,
Suraj, Lokesh, Supreme, Ritz,
PVR (Plaza, Rivoli, Priya, Saket,
Citywalk, Naraina, Prashant Vihar,
Vikaspuri, EDM, Mahagun,
Opulent), G3S (Rohini), FUN
(Moti Nagar, Pitampura, Laxmi
Nagar, Karkardooma), DT
(Shalimar Bagh, Saket, Vasant
Kunj), M2K (Rohini, Pitampura),
Movie Time (Raja Garden,
Pitampura), Cinemax, Satyam
(Patel Nagar, Janakpuri, Nehru
Place), BIG (Odeon, Vaishali,
Noida, Kaushambi, Greater
Noida), Wave (Raja Garden,
Noida, Kaushambi), SRS
Cinemas, Spice (Noida), Movie
Palace, Movie Magic, Galaxie,
Star X (Vaishali), MMX, JAM
Shipra, M4U, SM World,
Chaudhary (Ghaziabad), Movie
World and Silver City
(Ghaziabad), Inox and QCinemas
(Faridabad).
LEKAR HUM DEEWANA DIL
(New Release: Armaan Jain,
Nikita Dutta, Deeksha Seth, Akhil
Iyer, Rohini Hattangadi, Varun
Badola, Gautami Kapoor
Nishikant Dixit): Delite Diamond,
PVR (Plaza, Rivoli, Priya, Saket,
Citywalk, Naraina, Prashant Vihar,
Vikaspuri, EDM, Mahagun,
Opulent), FUN (Moti Nagar,
Pitampura, Laxmi Nagar,
Karkardooma), Cinemax, G3S
(Rohini), M2K (Rohini, Pitampura),
Movie Time (Raja Garden,
Pitampura), DT (Shalimar Bagh,
Mahagun, Opulent), G3S (Rohini),
FUN (Moti Nagar, Pitampura,
Laxmi Nagar, Karkardooma),
M2K (Rohini, Pitampura),
Cinemax, Movie Time (Raja
Garden, Pitampura), DT (Shalimar
Bagh, Saket, Vasant Kunj), Spice
(Noida),
Satyam (Patel Nagar, Janakpuri,
Nehru Place), BIG (Odeon,
Vaishali, Noida, Kaushambi,
Greater Noida), Wave (Raja
Garden, Noida, Kaushambi), SRS
Cinemas, MMX, JAM Shipra,
M4U, Galaxie, Star X (Vaishali),
SM World, Movie Palace, Movie
Magic, Chaudhary (Ghaziabad),
Movie World and Silver City
(Ghaziabad), Inox and QCinemas
(Faridabad).
HOLIDAY (Akshay Kumar,
Sonakshi Sinha, Govinda
Sumeet Raghavan): PVR (Saket,
Citywalk, Naraina, Vikaspuri),
FUN (Moti Nagar, Pitampura,
Laxmi Nagar, Karkardooma),
Movie Time (Raja Garden, Noida),
Satyam (Patel Nagar, Janakpuri,
Nehru Place), BIG (Odeon,
Vaishali, Noida, Kaushambi).
TRANSFORMERS-4 (Hindi: Mark
Wahlberg, Nicola Peltz, Jack
Reynor ): Milan, G3S (Rohini).
(BOOKING ENQUIRIES: PVR
51513391; Spice Gold
012043890000; Satyam Cinemas
25797385; Delite 23272903;
Wave 51832222)
Saket, Vasant Kunj), Satyam
(Patel Nagar, Janakpuri, Nehru
Place), Spice (Noida), BIG
(Odeon, Vaishali, Noida,
Kaushambi, Greater Noida), Wave
(Raja Garden, Noida, Kaushambi),
SRS Cinemas, MMX, JAM Shipra,
M4U, SM World, Galaxie, Star X
(Vaishali), Movie Palace, Movie
Magic, Chaudhary (Ghaziabad),
Movie World and Silver City
(Ghaziabad), Inox and QCinemas
(Faridabad).
EK VILLAIN (Sidharth Malhotra,
Shraddha Kapoor, Ritesh
Deshmukh): Delite, Amba, Shiela,
Vishal, PVR (Plaza, Rivoli, Priya,
Saket, Citywalk, Naraina,
Prashant Vihar, Vikaspuri, EDM,
CINEMA
NEW DELHI: Even as the
Okhla Bird Sanctuary is in
the news this year due to
the poor arrival of water
fowl and the National
Green Tribunal
proceedings on restricting
the constructions around
it, the birds appeared to
have found a new habitat
a few kilometres of the
Yamuna at Shanti Van.
According to ecologist
and conservationist T.K.
Roy, a tiny lake at Shanti
Van has attracted a large
number of resident water
bird species and these
include several which are
in the International
Union for Conservation of
Nature red-listed
threatened species. “It is
surprising that these
birds have made landfall
in the summer months
whereas it is usually in
the winters that birds
flock to Delhi. It is rare for
these birds to come
during the scorching
summer season as around
this time the smaller
wetlands get dried up.”
Mr. Roy said a number
of water bird species have
come in and these include
the spot-billed duck,
common moorhen, white-
throated kingfisher, cattle
egret, little egret,
intermediate egret, black-
winged stilt, purple
heron, grey heron, Indian
pond heron, striated
heron, black-headed ibis
(endangered species),
white-breasted waterhen,
and red-wattled lapwing.
In all the euphoria
surrounding the arrival of
the water birds, the
conservationist is
concerned about the
well-being of the birds as
a large number of stray
dogs attempt to hunt
themthere. “Although
this is the breeding
season for the resident
water birds, there has
been no nesting of any of
the species as stray dogs
have been attempting to
hunt them.”
Mr. Roy said the
authorities concerned at
the Shanti Van need to
protect and conserve this
tiny wetland and it would
be a great help if the entry
of stray dogs are also
curbed.
Winged visitors find a
new home at Shanti Van
Gaurav Vivek Bhatnagar
Some of the winged visitors at Shanti Van in New Delhi — (from left)
common moorhen, purple heron and (below) black-headed ibis
FOR A SPOT OF PEACE
NEW DELHI: Jamia Millia Isla-
mia appointed Prof. Mehtab
Alam of Faculty of Engi-
neering and Technology as
its new proctor and security
advisor this past week.
Professor Alam was previ-
ously an Inspector General
in the Border Security Force
(BSF).
Speaking about the
changes to The Hindu, Prof.
Mukesh Ranjan, media co-
ordinator at Jamia Millia Is-
lamia said: “These are just
routine administrative mea-
sures that the V-C has taken
to bring about a fresh orien-
tation to processes and to
rejuvenate the system.”
(With inputs from
Akshita Nagpal)
Jamia Millia Islamia
gets a new proctor
Delhi City Bureau
NEW DELHI: Gone are the days
when one of the most versa-
tile food in a poor man’s
kitchen used to be potatoes
and onions.
The average Delhi woman
is having a toughtime manag-
ing her house-hold budget as
the prices of vegetables are
always in a flux. Vegetables
that add the much needed
zing to Indian food such as
ginger and garlic are being
sold at Rs 200 and Rs 100 per
kg respectively.
They are now among the
priciest in South Delhi.
Anita Singh, a resident of
Vasant Kunj said the prices of
onion, tomato and potato
have gone up and every time
she visits the market, the
prices are higher than before.
Renu Rani, who resides in
North West Delhi, and is a
teacher, said: “Potato and to-
mato are staple tropical foods
in Delhi. If the prices keep
increasing at this pace, what
would a common man do?
These are not luxury goods
but are basic necessities.”
Pradeep Mishra, Deputy
Secretary of Agricultural Pro-
duce Marketing Committee
(APMC), Azadpur, explained
the phenomenon saying “the
price of onion has gone up in
recent past as earlier the crop
was coming from Rajasthan
and had a low shelf life. How-
ever, now the onions are be-
ing brought from Nasik and
are of very good quality.”
He also said the prices of
other vegetables have also
gone upbecause of the quality
of produce that is now com-
ing into the market is
superior.
Rajendra Sharma, former
president of the Committee,
said all the local vegetables
which are coming in from
nearby areas are not expen-
sive and still come withinRs 4
to Rs 10 per kg.
He also said that the prices
of onions are being shown to
be high whereas the fact is
that the onions are of differ-
ent varieties and hence the
prices vary according to the
grading.
“The onions which are too
small are cheaper. If you see
their rate, it would be less. If
you would go by the rate of
the large onions which are
generally purchased by hotels
etc, they are expensive. Also,
the onions which are clean
and glossy are sold at a higher
rate. So there are many other
things that determine the
price variation,” he said.
Mr Sharma also said that
“if the government is saying
that prices are high due to
hoarding, then did they find
any illegal practice going on
during the raid? The market-
ing committees are respon-
sible for keeping a check on
all this.”
PRICEY POTATOES NO MORE THE STAPLE DIET
Prices of onion, garlic and ginger also push up the household budget
Akanksha Jain
NEW DELHI: To provide onions and potatoes
at wholesale rate to people, the Delhi
Government on Monday decided to sell
vegetables through Fair Price Shops
(FPS). The State Government also
decided to sell onions on the “no profit –
no loss” basis through Mother Dairy
(Safal) outlets in the city.
“The Food and Supplies Department
has been ordered to step up the efforts for
sale of onions and potatoes at the
wholesale rates through Fair Price Shops.
More than 288 FPS have already been
identified for this purpose and more are
to follow. The vegetables to be sold at
wholesale prices will be made available by
the Delhi Agricultural Marketing Board,”
an official said.
Onions and potatoes would also be sold
through 380 Safal outlets in Delhi for the
next three months.
“This will reduce the prices at the
outlets. An awareness campaign will also
be launched to make people aware about
the rates in Delhi as well as the rates at
which they are being sold at Safal outlets,
at the FPS and through the mobile vans,”
an official said.
The decisions were taken at a high-
level meeting to review measures to
control the prices of essential
commodities in Delhi. The meeting was
chaired by Dr. M.M. Kutty, Principal
Secretary (Finance), and was attended by
Divisional Commissioner-cum-Principal
Secretary (Revenue), Commissioner
(Industries), Commissioner
(Development), PWD Secretary,
Transport Commissioner and
Commissioner (Food & Supplies) apart
from senior officers from civic bodies and
the Delhi Jal Board.
Fair Price Shops to assuage the pinch
Vishal Kant
NEW DELHI: One may trail the
other while scaling a
mountain, yet they always
step onto the summit
together. “For it should
never be the case later on in
life that we had fought over
who reached the summit
first,” say twin sisters, Tashi
and Nungshi Malik.
The 23-year-olds born to a
Haryanvi father and Gorkha
mother have just returned to
India after scaling North
America’s tallest peak,
Mount McKinley, taking
their total score to six out of
the world’s seven tallest
peaks. As part of their
‘Mission2for7’ which is for
the cause of the Indian girl
child and to promote gender
equality, they are due to
climb Antarctica’s tallest
peak in November.
“We will together climb
the highest peaks on the
seven continents to promote
mountaineering as a sport
and to save and empower the
girl child,” states the
brochure that the twins hand
out at a press conference
here on Monday. The
younger one, Tashi, points
out that children and even
her own cousins prefer to
play with gadgets rather
playing out in the open.
Over the weekend, the
twins addressed a large
gathering of male villagers
near their father’s village in
Sonepat in a State that is
notorious for its skewed sex
ratio. “Men wearing the
traditional turbans came to
listen to my sister and I
speak and we were surprised
to find that they were
encouraging and referred to
us often as the daughters of
the village,” says Tashi.
Nungshi, says they are
often asked why they climb
mountains. “People are
always asking us what is the
point in climbing mountains;
it is not like there is a pot of
gold sitting on the summit.
Basically, it makes us move
out of our comfort zone and
we have discovered so much
more about ourselves,” she
says. “Serious
mountaineering has always
been a male forte and as
young girls we have defied
that stereotype. It is not just
us but the people behind us
who have made this happen.”
Both look over at their
father, Virender Singh Malik,
as the object of their
inspiration. “Our father has
treatment for boys and I
even started harbouring
similar notions,” he says.
Yet, much later the Army
officer went through a
change in mindset and even
married a woman his parents
were not happy with and also
decided not to have more
children after his twin
daughters were born. Now,
he is his daughters’
“manager” elevated from
“secretary” status, he jokes,
looking after their every
need before an expedition
and arranging for finances.
“Whether they slept on
Mount Everest or not, I
could not sleep a wink when
they were away. I was very
aware that I was the one who
encouraged themto take this
up,” he says.
With climbing expeditions
taking a toll on his pocket,
Mr. Malik stays up nights
writing proposals to
corporates, charitable trusts
and government offices
asking for funding for his
daughters. “The good thing is
they have been able to scale
six peaks in the first attempt
itself. At least, they did not
waste my money,” he laughs.
“But, the government has no
policy on mountaineering at
the moment which is causing
a lot of problems. In some
States, mountaineering
comes under tourismand in
others it is under sports.
There is no clarity.”
always stood by our side and
allowed us to achieve
whatever we want”. Mr.
Malik has his own story to
tell. “I was born after three
sisters and I remember very
vividly a trip to Haridwar
where my mother thanked
the almighty that a boy was
born to her. As I grew older, I
noticed the preferential
After Everest in their kitty, these twins target Antarctica
Sowmiya Ashok
Virender Singh Malik with his daughters, Tashi (left) and Nungshi Malik at a
press conference in New Delhi on Monday. — PHOTO: SHIV KUMAR PUSHPAKAR
NEW DELHI: Stating that the
Delhi University had in-
dulged in enough drama dur-
ing the controversy
surrounding the roll-back of
the four-year undergraduate
programme (FYUP) and
pointing to the “shocking in-
action” of the administration
in undertaking steps to res-
tructure the second and third
year courses, the Delhi Uni-
versity Teachers’ Association
(DUTA) has demanded that
the administration should ei-
ther get to work or else be
prepared to face renewed ag-
itation from the teachers’
body. It has also urged the
President, who is also the Vis-
itor of the university, to in-
tervene.
“The task should have been
initiated onJune 21, whenthe
UGC order stating that FYUP
was at variance with the na-
tional policy was received. In-
stead all were witness to a
sordid drama: announcement
of V-C’s resignation, not go-
ing through with the resigna-
tion, organising a formula of a
blended FYUP signed by per-
sons close to himas an appeal
by eminent persons, not dis-
playing revised admission
schedules prominently onthe
website, and reported state-
ments by officials that the
restructuring is the UGC’s
headache,” said DUTA presi-
dent Nandita Narain on Mon-
day, which was the last day of
admissions under the second
cut-off list.
The DUTA also said that
the assignment of teaching
work to teachers, timely ap-
pointment of teachers and
preparation of time-table so
that teaching can start on
commencement of the aca-
demic session requires the
process of restructuring to be
carried out without any delay.
“The batch of students who
have suffered the most due to
hasty experimentation of the
worst kind deserve urgent at-
tention so that they can be
provided the best possible
courses in the second and
third year programme and
can be brought on par with
the pre-FYUP Honours pro-
gramme,” added DUTA vice-
president Harish Khanna.
“After waiting for a week,
hoping that Vice-Chancellor
Dinesh Singh will wake up to
the enormous responsibili-
ties towards students, 12
members of the Academic
Council have submitted a
requisition for a meeting of
the body. Prof. Dinesh Singh
has convened many meetings
of the Academic Council on
emergent basis on regular,
non-urgent matters. We de-
mand that he convenes the
meeting at once on this most
urgent matter. He has no
right tohold ontothe office of
the Vice-Chancellor and play
truant, obstruct and jeopar-
dise the careers of thousands
of young students,” added Ms.
Narain.
Restructure DU second,
third year courses: DUTA
Vijetha S.N.
We demand that the
V-C convene the
Academic Council
meeting at once
buildings will now be eval-
uated for their sustainability
and green building standards
by both TERI’s Green Rating
for Integrated Habitat As-
sessment (GRIHA) and the
USGBC’s Leadership in En-
ergy and Environmental De-
sign (LEED).
“Several studies have esti-
mated that most of the build-
ings projected to be standing
in 2030 in India have yet to
be built. The demand for en-
ergy, water and other inputs
for these buildings and those
that already exist will be stag-
gering. Designing and con-
structing “green” buildings
would ensure that India, and
the world, do not get locked
into a pattern of resource use
intensity that would be un-
sustainable,” said Dr. R.K.
Pachauri, Director-General,
TERI.
NEW DELHI: The Energy and
Resources Institute (TERI)
on Monday signed an agree-
ment with the US Green
Building Council (USGBC)
for strengthening the sus-
tainability and green stan-
dards for the existing as well
as the new buildings in Delhi
and other parts of the coun-
try. Based on the agreement,
Dual system to evaluate green buildings
Anumeha Yadav
NEW DELHI: A seven-
year-old girl was
allegedly gang-raped
by her three minor
neighbours in West
Delhi’s Paschim
Vihar, the police said
on Monday.
The incident took
place on July 3 when
the three boys, who
also reside in the
same locality, took the
victimto a nearby
park on the pretext of
giving her a mango
and allegedly raped
her there.
The police have
taken all the accused –
aged between 10 and
15 years – into
custody and produced
thembefore the
Juvenile Justice
Board.
“The
incident
came to light
on Sunday
when the
victim’s
private parts
developed
some
problems.
She narrated
the incident
on being asked by her
mother. Later, the
mother informed the
police,” a senior police
officer said.
Based on the
mother’s complaint, a
case has been
registered at the
PaschimVihar police
station, and further
investigation is on, the
officer said. – PTI
Three minors
accused of raping
7-year-old neighbour
The accused –
aged between
10 and 15 years
– have been
produced before
the Juvenile
Justice Board
CM
YK
ND-ND
3 THE HINDU TUESDAY, JULY 8, 2014
NOIDA/DELHI
CITY
Published by N. Ram at Kasturi Buildings, 859 & 860, Anna Salai, Chennai-600002 and Printed by S. Ramanujam at HT Media Limited, B-2, Sector 63, Noida, Distt. Gautam Budh Nagar, U.P., also at HT Media Ltd. Plot No. 8, Udyog Vihar, Greater Noida Distt. Gautam Budh Nagar, U.P. 201306, on behalf of KASTURI & SONS LTD., Chennai-600002. Editor-in-Chief: N. Ravi (Editor responsible for selection of news under the PRB Act), Editor: Malini Parthasarathy
DELHI TODAY
July RISE 05 31 July RISE 05 31 July RISE 05 32
08
SET 19 23
09
SET 19 22
10
SET 19 22
RISE 15 09 RISE 16 10 RISE 17 11
TUE SET 01 32 WED SET 02 19 THU SET 03 12
Woman shot dead
in West Delhi
NEW DELHI: A 40-year-old
woman was shot dead on
Monday by an unidentified
person in West Delhi’s
Najafgarh area, the police
said.
The incident took place in
the morning in Baba
Haridas Nagar when the
woman – identified as
Vidya – was returning to
her parents’ home after
attending a court hearing.
Vidya, who was separated
fromher husband, was shot
at in the head by a person,
who fled fromthe spot.
She was rushed to a nearby
hospital where she was
declared brought dead.
The police suspect the
involvement of Vidya’s
brother, who is on the run,
as there was some property
dispute between them.
– PTI
NEW DELHI: It was a humid, un-
comfortable day in the Capital
on Monday even though the
mercury remained below the
40 degrees Celsius mark.
According to the MeT De-
partment, the day temperature
at Safdarjung observatory was
recorded at 38.8 degrees, two
notches above normal.
But it was the humidity
which caused discomfort to
Delhiites as it oscillated be-
tween 40 and 85 per cent.
The city registered a mini-
mum of 26.8 degrees, which
was one notch below normal.
– PTI
Humidity woes for Delhiites
NEW DELHI: A 50-year-old jew-
eller was robbed by two bike-
borne assailants outside his
shop, barely a few metres
away from the local police
station at Bhajanpura in
North-East Delhi.
According to the police, the
incident took place when the
jeweller was closing the shut-
ter of his shop for the day on
Sunday evening. The victim
has told the police that he was
robbed of gold worth around
Rs.55 lakh.
The incident was reported
around 8-15 p.m. fromThana
Road in Bhajanpura. A police
officer investigating the case
said the jeweller, Manoj Jain,
had placed a bag containing
gold and some cash right next
to him while he was locking
the shutter.
“According to the victim,
two men stopped their mo-
torcycle and tried to pick up
the unguarded bag. When he
tried to pull the bag away, the
robbers pushed him as a re-
sult of which he fell down. In
the meantime, the robbers
sped away from the spot,”
said the police officer. Mr.
Jain has claimed that the bag
contained jewellery worth
Rs.55 lakh and Rs.25,000 in
cash.
The officer added that the
robbers were armed but did
not use their pistols during
the loot. “It was only when
some locals tried to chase
them that they pointed their
pistols at them,” added the
officer.
Mr. Jain, who is suffering
froma kidney ailment, had to
be helped by locals to reach
the police station which is
just a few metres away from
his shop. He also lives in the
same locality with his wife
and two daughters.
Relatives of the victimsus-
pect that the robbers might
have been planning the rob-
bery for a while as they were
well aware of the shop’s clos-
ing time. They also appeared
to know that Jain worked
alone at the shop.
A senior police officer post-
ed in North-East Delhi said
the accused were yet to be
identified. “So far no eyewit-
ness has come forward to
identify the accused. Locals
and the victimcould not note
down the number plate of the
two-wheeler,” said the offi-
cer. A case has been regis-
tered at the Bhajanpura
police station.
“Stolen bag had jewellery worth Rs.55 lakh, Rs.25,000 cash”
Kritika Sharma
Jeweller robbed a few metres away
from police station in Bhajanpura
Two bike-borne men lifted the bag when the
owner was shutting down his jewellery shop
Police suspect robbers had planned the act as
they seemed to know the shop’s closing time
T
he Delhi Government
had in 2011 proposed the
introduction of integrated
smart cards that can be used
for both buses and metro
trains. But the proposal,
which aimed to make travel
seamless, has been stuck in
files ever since.
The smart card-based
electronic ticketing system
was to cover the Delhi Metro,
all private buses under the
cluster scheme as also over
6,500 Delhi Transport Cor-
poration buses. But the con-
cept failed to materialise due
to lack of coordination be-
tween different agencies.
With the installation of
this system, the government
would have also got the exact
data on the usage of the ser-
vices, helping in better util-
isation of buses and routes.
The challenge is now be-
fore the Narendra Modi Gov-
ernment, which is also ruling
Delhi through the Lieuten-
ant-Governor at the mo-
ment, to take the scheme
forward.
U-turn for better
management
Flyovers are not the only
solution to traffic problems
in the National Capital Re-
gion. In Noida, the compara-
tively inexpensive and easier
to build U-turns are making
the flow of vehicles more
orderly.
U-turns may force you to
drive 200 metres extra, but
they make the traffic move-
ment safer as drivers are
forced to stay on their side.
Flyovers and under-passes
take years to make, apart
fromthe huge costs involved.
While U-turns may need
more space than signals or
cuts, they are being used all
over the NCR from Noida to
South Delhi, outside AIIMS.
But in the absence of en-
forcement, they can also
prove to be traffic hazards.
For instance on Noida’s Da-
dri Road, vehicles often go
the wrong way to avoid trav-
elling a few yards more.
The traffic police and local
authorities need to work out
a way to implement road en-
gineering plans that include
U-turns.
(By Kritika Sharma and
Damini Nath)
Smart proposal stuck in files
An integrated card for metro and bus users is yet to materialise
NEW DELHI: Hospitals across
the city have reported an
increase in vector-borne
diseases such as dengue and
malaria and other
monsoon-related diseases
like viral fever, common flu,
eye and stomach infection
this year.
“There is a slow but
steady rise in the number of
water and vector borne
diseases this season. With
summer’s intense heat
giving way to rains and high
humidity levels, the city has
registered a slight jump in
the number of seasonal
diseases. Hygienic
surroundings, eating clean
and home-cooked food,
staying away fromcrowded
places and protecting
oneself frommosquitoes
could go a long way in
ensuring a disease-free
spell,” said Delhi Medical
Council member Dr. Anil
Bansal.
Dengue, malaria and
chikungunya have regularly
been plaguing the city and
figures speak for
themselves. As per the
Central Government data,
Delhi in 2009 reported 1,153
cases of dengue and three
deaths, 2010 saw 6,259
dengue cases and eight
deaths, in 2011 1,131 cases
and eight deaths were
reported while 2012 saw
1,584 cases and four deaths
(till November that year).
Chikungunya cases too were
reported fromthe city.
Eighteen cases were
reported in 2009, 120 in
2010, 110 in 2011 and six in
2012.
The annual surge in these
diseases, especially around
the monsoon, has prompted
both the Central and Delhi
health departments to spell
out their preparedness to
tackle the outbreak of
diseases.
Hospitals have been
instructed to keep adequate
availability of dengue
testing kits for proper
diagnosis. Theyhave been
told toensure that there is
adequate staff, beds, blood/
platelets readytotackle the
bi-annual cycle of dengue
and malaria inthe city.
“Availabilityof beds and
blood/platelet will be shown
onthe department website
fromJuly15and hospitals
have beenasked tonominate
a nodal officer whowill be in
touchwiththe Central
dengue cell,” noted Delhi
HealthSecretaryS.C.L. Das.
The HealthDepartment
has alsodirected their labs
tobe infull preparedness
withreagents and
chemicals.
“Inspectionteams
constituted bythe drug
controller will be sent to
different blood banks in
order tokeepa checkonthe
malpractices insupplychain
management of blood
components.,” noted a
senior healthofficial.
Alsoroped inthis year for
the cause are residents’
welfare associations and
Delhi Medical Association
members whowill be
working alongside the civic
bodies under a collective
programme called ‘Delhi
Against Mosquito– Fight
the Bite Campaign’.
“All municipal and health
authorities need toworkin
tandemtotackle the threat
effectivelyand we (RWAs in
Delhi) are prepared totake
this across the city, hand in
hand withthe authorities,”
noted SanjayKaul of
People’s Action.
Dr. SatishKoul of Internal
Medicine at Columbia Asia
Hospital said: “Everyyear
during the summer/
monsoonmonths, most of
our focus is ondengue,
especiallyinurbanareas.
We educate people onthe
symptoms and how to
prevent the disease.
Preventionis byeliminating
the breeding of mosquitoes.
However, we need tomake
people aware that
complications frommalaria
canbe life threatening too
and theyshould not take it
lightly.”
“While inmost cases
malaria canbe treated, some
strains of the disease may
cause more serious
problems suchas damage to
the heart, lungs, kidneys or
brain. Malaria mayalso
recur inpeople due to
absence of effective immune
response, incomplete
treatment and unhindered
exposure tomosquitobites,”
he noted.
Hospitals gear up for monsoon threats
Bindu Shajan Perappadan
CULTURE
Triveni Kala Sangam: Exhibition
of Water Colours by Bheem
Malhotra, 25, Tansen Marg, 11 a.m
to 7 p.m
Alcoholics Anonymous: Prakash
Group: Vikaspuri, Delhi Government
dispensary, KG1 Block; Primary
Purpose Group: Church of the
Resurrection, near Mother Dairy
Booth, DDA Market, Rohini;
Jeevandhara Group: Khyber Pass,
Civil Lines, St. Thomas Baptist
Church; Programme of Recovery
Group: Dwarka Health Centre,
Sector-12; Prashanti Group: Lord
Mahavir School, Sector-29, adjacent
to Brahmaputra Shopping Complex;
Svikar Group: Old Seemapuri, Delhi
Govt. dispensary, Gole Chakkar;
A.A. Ujala Group: Masihgarh
Church, Sukhdev Vihar, near
Escorts Heart Institute; A.A.
Ashadeep Group: C-1, Safdarjang
Development Area, Sahoday
School; Jagriti Group: St. Columba’s
School, Bhai Vir Singh Marg, near
Gole Dak Khana; A.A. Just For
Today Group: B-68, Luke Church,
Defence Colony; A.A. My Time
Starts Now Group: Fortis Hospital
Director’s Conference Room,
Vasant Kunj; Vishwas Group: Basti
Vikas Kendra, Jawahar Camp, Kirti
Nagar, Sector-6; and A.A. Shakti
Women’s Group: Masihgarh
Church,Sukhdev Vihar, near Escorts
Heart Institute, 7 p.m.
IN THE CAPITAL TODAY
CM
YK
ND-ND
4 THE HINDU TUESDAY, JULY 8, 2014
NOIDA/DELHI
CITY/NCR
NEW DELHI: Trouble for the Aam
Aadmi Party is not over yet. The
core set of volunteers of the par-
ty, who were instrumental in en-
suring its stunning debut in Delhi
Assembly elections last year,
have formed a parallel organisa-
tion to regroup themselves after
they failed to get a platformwith-
inthe party toexpress their griev-
ances.
Several active AAP volunteers,
who have now joined the AAP
Volunteers Action Manch
(AVAM), which was formed re-
cently by some disgruntled vol-
unteers, said they were forced to
come up with an alternative after
the party leadership “ended up
doing the same thing which it
used to accuse other parties of
doing — absence of swaraj (self
rule) and absence of internal de-
mocracy in the functioning of the
party”.
The AAP, however, washed its
hands off and sent press releases
stating it had nothing to do with
the AVAM.
“There are thousands of volun-
teers who invested their time, en-
ergy and career in the party in its
initial days. Now, whenwanted to
have debate in the party about
several important issues like de-
cision-making process, the party
leadership treated us as if we
were juveniles,” said another se-
nior AAP volunteer, who is still
with the party but supports the
AVAM. One of the brainchild be-
hind the AVAMis Karan Singh, a
former close confidant of Arvind
Kejriwal. He defended forming
the AVAMsaying this was just an
initiative to initiate dialogue
among the party volunteers and
“chalk out a roadmap” for them
who were feeling the void after
the polls.
A large number of these volun-
teers include those who joined
the party when they were stu-
dents of institutions like the IITs
and the Tata Institute of Social
Sciences. Some of themtook sab-
batical from studies and their
jobs to work for the party during
the Delhi Assembly polls last De-
cember.
When asked if they have left
the AAP, they categorically re-
sponded that the party does not
belong to a particular set of peo-
ple and it was equally theirs as it
was of anybody else.
“The AVAMhas been launched
by some people who claimthis to
be the official channel for solic-
iting volunteer feedback and
grievances. AAPwould like tocat-
egorically state that it DOES NOT
endorse this organisation,” said a
release on the party’s website.
Say there is absence of swaraj, internal democracy in the party
Mohammad Ali
Trouble brewing in AAP as core volunteers
regroup to form ‘alternative’ organisation
NEW DELHI: The AamAadmi
Party on Monday declared
that it will raise the power
issue in the ongoing Budget
Session of Parliament. The
party also claimed that its
Parliamentary leader
Dharamvira Gandhi had
mentioned the issue in the
all-party meeting convened by
Parliamentary Affairs
Minister Venkaiah Naidu.
While alleging that private
discoms in the Capital were
trying to scuttle the CAG
audit, the AAP said: “The AAP
is of the clear view that the
absence of an elected
government in Delhi is being
used as an excuse to quietly
push anti-people decisions
like the imminent electricity
tariff hike, for which nobody
will take the responsibility”.
“It is the duty of the BJP-
led NDA Government at the
Centre, which is currently
controlling the Delhi
administration, to direct the
officials concerned to firmly
deal with the discoms, which
have now made it a habit to
take the people for a ride,” the
party said in a statement.
The party, which ruled
Delhi for 49-days, said it will
raise the issue in Parliament
as the Budget of Delhi will also
be presented there. The CAG,
Shashi Kant Sharma, in a
letter to Lieutenant-Governor
Najeeb Jung, had criticised
the “ineffective” role of the
three top Delhi government
officials in facilitating the
audit of three discoms.
AAP to raise power
issue in Parliament
Mohammad Ali
The absence of an
elected government in
Delhi is being used as an
excuse to quietly push
anti-people decisions
NEW DELHI: Thousands of
new faces greeted stu-
dents who returned to the
South Delhi municipal
schools last week as anen-
rolment drive by the local
civic body turned out to be
a success.
A total of 12,050 new
students were added to
South Delhi Municipal
Corporation school rolls
during a 15-day enrolment
campaign that focused on
low-income neighbour-
hoods. The door-to-door
admission campaign,
Neev, was launched by
Education Committee
chairperson Ashish Sood
on June 14 and went on
till June 30.
Mr. Sood said on Mon-
day that 55 to 60 per cent
partment is to make sure
the new students keep
turning up for class. “For
the next 15 days, school
inspectors will frequently
visit all schools with the
data of the new students
tocheckif they are attend-
ing class. Also, teachers
and NGO volunteers will
go to the homes of those
students who are not
coming to school,” said
Mr. Sood.
Currently, there are
three lakh students in the
corporation’s 589 schools
and around 35,000 chil-
dren in South Delhi are
out of the ambit of formal
education.
ents to send their children
to school as many of them
were breadwinners for
their families. Apart from
that there are children
who look after their
younger siblings as both
parents are out to work,”
explained Mr. Sood.
One of the aims of the
drive was to increase the
number of girls going to
school and it was able to
achieve this as more girls
than boys signed up in
each of the corporation’s
four zones. A total of 6,932
girls took admission,
while 5,118boys signed up.
Now, the challenge be-
fore the Education De-
of those enrolled had al-
ready begun attending
classes.
“Our biggest challenge
was to convince the par-
Over 12,000 students added to SDMC schools
Damini Nath
NEW DELHI: Not evenone of the 429
municipal school buildings in
South Delhi scores “100 per cent
on basic infrastructure”, a senior
civic body official admitted on
Monday.
Ashish Sood, the chairpersonof
the SouthDelhi Municipal Corpo-
ration’s Education Committee,
said the Engineering Department
officials responsible for the delay
in repair work will “have to face
the music”.
“The truth is that not even one
of the 589 schools, which operate
from 429 buildings, is a 100 per
cent ready on basic infrastructure
like toilets, water facilities, etc.,”
said Mr. Sood.
When schools reconvened after
summer vacations last week, the
renovation work was supposed to
be finished. But, despite having
three meetings with the engi-
neers, Mr. Sood said some work
was still pending in each school.
“Strict action is going to be tak-
en against the engineers at fault,”
said Mr. Sood, adding that the
South Zone of the SDMC was the
worst in terms of completion of
projects.
However, Education Depart-
ment deputy director N.K. Ghai
said the delay will not affect stu-
dents. “This is routine renovation
that we do every summer. It is
true that no school is fully done,
but these are minor projects like
painting of boundary walls, etc.,”
said Mr. Ghai.
He explained that out of the
429 buildings, around 300needed
repairs as the rest are new struc-
tures.
New initiatives
The civic body will be looking to
change this in the coming months
with a range of initiatives
planned. A social audit committee
will be constituted soon to inde-
pendently look into basic facili-
ties in the schools.
“We have identified a senior
bureaucrat and two journalists to
be a part of this committee. We
are waiting for their final consent
and the terms of reference for the
committee have been finalised,”
said Mr. Sood.
Apart from that, the corpora-
tion will be inviting NGOs, public
sector undertakings and corpo-
rate houses to take up infrastruc-
ture and training projects in
SDMC schools. The corporation
had two years ago proposed a
‘adopt a school’ policy, which was
opposed by teachers and workers
unions.
“Earlier, the NGOs were show-
ing us their areas of interest and
expertise and tailoring their plans
for us. But, now we will call the
NGOs, PSUs and corporate
houses and tell them what we
need,” said Mr. Sood.
‘No school in South Delhi has 100 % infrastructure’
Damini Nath
NEW DELHI: Two senior Rashtriya
Swayamsevak Sangh leaders, Ram
Madhav and Shiv Prakash, have been
deputed to join the BJP. While Mr.
Madhav, national spokespersonof the
Sangh, is expected to join at a senior
position, the BJPhas also carved out a
role for Mr. Prakash.
According to sources in the BJP,
the decision, yet to be formally an-
nounced, was taken at a meeting of
the Sangh.
“It is not the first time that the RSS
has deputed its functionaries to take
up positions in the BJP. These ap-
pointments are in keeping with the
tradition,” said a source, playing down
the Sangh’s growing influence in the
party’s functioning.
Two senior RSS leaders to join BJP
Special Correspondent
CM
YK
ND-ND
5 THE HINDU TUESDAY, JULY 8, 2014
NOIDA/DELHI
STATE
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in this newspaper.
NEW DELHI: With the Railway
Ministry focusing ongenerat-
ing revenue through private
investment in real estate de-
velopment at major stations,
modernisation plans of some
of these stations in the city,
which have largely remained
on paper till now, could get a
fillip, officials said.
Ahead of the Common-
wealth Games, the railways
had planned to develop the
New Delhi railway station in-
to a world class station at a
whopping cost of over
Rs.10,000 crore. However,
the grand plans could not kick
off due to paucity of funds.
Apart fromproviding mod-
ernfacilities at major stations
like Old Delhi, Nizamuddin
and Sarai Rohilla, the Indian
Railway Stations Develop-
ment Corporation is working
on development of Anand Vi-
har and Bijawasan into mod-
ern stations. However, most
of these projects are moving
at a snail’s pace.
Northern Railway officials,
however, are hopeful that
these projects will gather
steamas the new government
has been laying thrust on de-
velopment of real estate own-
ed by the railways, especially
those near the station prem-
ises.
“At a recently held meet-
ing, the Prime Minister gave
clear instructions for devel-
opment and commercial ex-
ploitation of real estate. The
Prime Minister even shared
an example of the Vadodra
bus stand, which has been de-
veloped in the public-private
partnership model. The bus
terminal building apart from
having space for its core oper-
ations, houses several com-
mercial blocks, which have
been leased out for offices
and shopping,” a senior rail-
way official said.
The proposal to upgrade
the New Delhi stationto glob-
al standards included separa-
tion of arrival and departure
areas, regulating entry and
exit at the main gates, mod-
ern high-capacity parking lot,
food courts, lounge, etc. It al-
so included separating the
ticketing area from the con-
course, relocating the railway
mail service and improving
other areas such as parcel,
washing lines base kitchen
and food handling.
Apart from the financial
constraints, the project was
also opposed by several land-
owning and enforcement
agencies, saying that Con-
naught Place was already
congested and massive com-
mercial development near
the shopping arcade will add
to the chaos.
Officials said while availa-
bility of funds is one of the
major impediments in mod-
ernisation of stations, com-
mercial exploitation of the
space available at the stations
could, in fact, help the rail-
ways in generating revenue
that will take care of the oper-
ational cost.
“Not only New Delhi,
which is close to Connaught
Place, even stations like Tilak
Bridge and Shivaji Bridge,
which are close to CP and
ITO, respectively, would be
ideal locations for commer-
cial exploitation. However,
everything depends on the
government,” said an official.
Officials said real estate de-
velopment will also prevent
empty railway land from be-
ing encroached upon by the
land mafia.
Modernisation of railway stations could get a fillip
Projects to gather steam as govt. focuses on commercial exploitation of real estate
Vishal Kant
‘Real estate
development will
also prevent empty
railway land from
being encroached
upon by the
land mafia’
NEW DELHI: Terming the public
interest litigation against Ja-
nata Dal (United) leader Nitish
Kumar “motivated”, the Delhi
High Court on Monday dismis-
sed a writ petition seeking a
direction to the CBI to register
a case against him for the al-
leged irregularities during his
tenure as the Railway Minister.
Petitioner Mithlesh Kumar
Singh had sought details of
documents relating to pur-
chase of jacks, appointment of
candidates in the Railway
Recruitment Board, Patna, al-
leged financial irregularities in
extension of railway lines and
an alleged scam in procure-
ment of concrete sleepers in
the Railways during Nitish Ku-
mar’s tenure between 2001
and 2004.
For this, the petitioner
sought directions to the Rail-
way Ministry, Railway Board,
Prime Minister’s Office, Lok
Sabha Secretariat, CBI Direc-
tor and Planning Commission.
A Division Bench compris-
ing Chief Justice G. Rohini and
Justice Rajiv Sahai Endlaw ob-
served the petitioner had earli-
er filed a writ petition in 2011,
which was dismissed, while ac-
cepting the version that the
CBI had not found any sub-
stance in the matter and had
submitted that no action was
warranted in the case.
The petitioner then sought
information under the Right to
Information Act and moved
the court seeking review of its
order. The review petition was
dismissed in 2012 with the
finding that a CBI inquiry had
been conducted and its report
was placed before the Standing
Committee of Railways.
The petitioner again pur-
sued his remedies under the
RTI Act and filed the public
interest petition while claim-
ing that there was no record of
CBI investigation in the mat-
ter. However, the Court said
the records shownto it had dis-
closed that a CBI inquiry was
indeed conducted and the pet-
itioner was not entitled to sec-
ond or third round of litigation
on the same aspect.
The Bench wondered as to
why the petitioner was target-
ing Mr. Kumar for the past
three years by filing one pro-
ceeding after another and what
was the source of his informa-
tion and knowledge. “No plau-
sible answer has been
forthcoming. We suspect the
petition to be motivated and
not in public interest,” said the
Court.
The Bench said the High
Courts should not encourage
rushing to the Court against
non-registration of FIRs. The
remedy was to approach the
police authorities or the Ma-
gistrate or file a criminal com-
plaint, the Court said.
PIL seeking CBI case against
Nitish Kumar dismissed
Mohammed Iqbal
Nitish Kumar
have been employed by the se-
curity agencies at various es-
tablishments and offices and
well as how many of themhave
licensed firearms. According to
officials, various agencies have
closed down their business but
the information has not been
passed onto the Home Depart-
ment and some security agen-
cies have passed on their
licences without authorisation
to other individuals to operate
security agencies. Further,
many of the licences are due to
expire in 2015.
Mr. Singh said all private se-
curity agencies have been
asked to upload information
about deployment of security
staff to various establishments
at http://home.delhi.gov.in
and registering under “Infor-
mation submission by Security
Agencies”.
NEW DELHI: The Delhi Govern-
ment is creating a database of
private security agencies oper-
ating in the Capital and has
made it mandatory for all such
agencies to furnish informa-
tion online by July 21. So far,
the Home Department has is-
sued 504 licences issued by the
Department of Home and gov-
erned by the Delhi Private Se-
curity Agencies (Regulation)
Rules, 2009, to private security
agencies on the recommenda-
tion of the Delhi Police Licens-
ing Branch after verifying the
antecedents of proprietors,
partners and directors of the
company.
The initiative is aimed at
equipping the department
with the knowledge of how
many supervisors and guards
Govt. tightens noose on
private security agencies
Staff Reporter
NEW DELHI: After a month-long
strike and repeated sit-in
protests by workers of hot
rolling steel mills in Wazir-
pur, the owners of 23mills on
Monday agreed to give the
workers eight-hour shifts
and pay them minimum
wages.
Over 800workers inthe 23
plants struck work on June 5
protesting their working
conditions, denial of mini-
mum wages and legal bene-
fits. Owners of the hot rolling
steel mills said they had re-
sumed production on June
27 after an agreement was
signed in the presence of la-
bour officials, but labour offi-
cials and workers disputed
this. “After receiving work-
ers’ complaint that they were
not allowed to enter the
plant premises by the owners
on June 28, 29, we issued
show cause notices to the
plant owners for violating
the Industrial Disputes Act,
and gave them time to re-
spond till Monday,” said a la-
bour official at the labour
court at Nimdi Colony.
The workers claimed they
found the plant gates locked
when they tried to enter the
plants a day after the agree-
ment was signed on June 27.
“They sent goons to the areas
where our demonstration
was passing through. The
plant owners wanted to pro-
voke us into violence so that
our strike becomes invalid,”
said Jai Prakash, a worker.
While a few workers re-
turned to work on June 28,
workers from 15 cold rolling
steel mills also joined the
strike.
On Monday, the owners of
the 23 plants agreed to pay
Rs.10,374 to skilled workers
and Rs.8,918 to semi-skilled
workers as per the minimum
wage norms for nine-hour
work shifts, which will in-
clude a lunch break and two
tea breaks.
“There were no problems
or resistance. We had begun
work on June 27. We have
been paying minimum wag-
es. What we have agreed to
now will only reduce the
working hours and the plants
will not run 24 hours like be-
fore,” said Jai Kumar Bansal,
president Garam Rolla Em-
ployers Association.
Anumeha Yadav
Wazirpur steel workers to get
8-hour shift, minimum wages
slogans against Prime Minis-
ter Narendra Modi.
Speaking to reporters after
NEW DELHI: Protesting against
the BJPGovernment over rail
fare hike and price rise, Con-
gress workers on Monday
tried to gherao Parliament.
However, the party workers
marching towards Parlia-
ment from Jantar Mantar
were prevented fromdoing so
due to heavy security ar-
rangements made in the area
ahead of the first Budget Ses-
sion of the Narendra Modi
Government.
Congress leaders and
workers, led by the Delhi Pra-
desh Congress Committee’s
president Arvinder Singh,
tried to break the barricades
near the Parliament Street
police station and shouted
the protest, Mr. Singh said:
“Ever since the BJP come to
power, prices of essential
commodities have gone up.
Before the elections, the BJP
had promised 30 per cent
cheaper electricity. But now
the power discoms are trying
to hike the tariff and people
are feeling cheated.”
Slamming the Narendra
Modi Government, DPCC
chief spokesperson Mukesh
Sharma alleged that the Cen-
tral Government was doing
nothing to control prices of
essential commodities. “Ev-
erything is getting expensive
during this government’s re-
gime. The BJP’s slogan ‘acche
din aane wale hain’ (good
days lie ahead) was just an
eyewash. People have started
feeling ‘buray din’ (bad days)
since the BJP has come to
power,” he said.
Congress workers protest against price rise
Vishal Kant
Congress workers staging a protest at Parliament
Street on Monday against price rise and rail fare
hike. PHOTO: V. SUDERSHAN
CM
YK
ND-ND
6 THE HINDU TUESDAY, JULY 8, 2014
NOIDA/DELHI
CM
YK
ND-ND
7 THE HINDU TUESDAY, JULY 8, 2014
NOIDA/DELHI
VARIETY/SOUTHERN REGION
Those who can put the welfare of others before
everything else are few. But it is these few who sustain
the world, said Malayaman, in a discourse. If at all the
world still exists, it is because of good people, says the
Tamil work Puranaanooru.
The Puranaanooru lists the qualities of these good
people. Nectar is available only to celestials, and
mortals do not have access to it. Nectar, if consumed,
confers immortality on one. So if at all someone
manages to lay his hands on nectar, he will not be
willing to share it with others. But a good man is one
who will seek out deserving people and share it with
them. The Tamil work Paditrupathu says if a good man
finds something sweet, he will share it with others.
Fear is a major factor that governs our actions, and
if we fear that doing something will result in sorrow
for us, we will refrain fromdoing it, even if it is the
right thing to do. But good people are not deterred by
fear. The Tamil work Naladiyar says that whatever one
should know, should be learnt; one’s actions should
bring happiness to everyone. Those who live their lives
in this manner will never know sorrow.
Puranaanooru says the virtuous never have low
morale. They are never dejected. They never do
anything with a selfish motive. The Tamil work
Manimekalai also extols selfless people. The
Puranaanooru says that it is the virtuous who keep the
world alive. This verse was not written by an ordinary
poet. The poet in this case was not one who needed a
gift fromanyone for, he was the king of Madurai. He
must have written it with a view to inculcating good
values in his subjects.
Sustaining the
world
FAITH
Across
8 Help deal with plague
(1,3,2)
9 Irritation carried by
skin growth cosmetics
(3,5)
10 Moving proton is an
elementary particle (8)
11 Tips for brunch? Ask roti
or another flatbread
(6)
12 Brand name to tick off
sports equipment (9,6)
14 Bird in cage, one
captured by a shooter
(7)
16 Redeeming features of
Sheraton in Goa (7)
19 What Rapunzel did is
shed inhibitions
(3,4,4,4)
22 Say capital Australian
poet (6)
24 Just batting or getting
boundaries? (8)
25 Common question for a
musician (8)
26 Nothing new purchased
after spending capital
(6)
Down
1 Award Oscar to
Blanchett after all (8)
2 Bondage is mostly
showing discrimination
(6)
3 A positive promotion to
attract and recruit (10)
4 Sunset Boulevard star's
detailed final
performance (7)
5 Upcoming poet is
boring (4)
6 Caribbean jelly one put
in a tin (8)
7 Starter is on tray we
hear (6)
13 Extraordinary break-in
at large financial
institution (6,4)
15 Clubs hosting hollow
women and men (8)
17 Dancing we held in a
city (3,5)
18 Two hours wasted on
rum writer (1,1,5)
20 Computer program is
buggy — redo it (6)
21 Draft a plan for ward?
(4,2)
23 Absolutely grand burp
(4)
THE HINDU CROSSWORD 11131
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
8 9
10 11
12 13
14 15 16 17
18
19 20 21
22 23 24
25 26
B A C T R I A N P A E L L A
E L Y R N L L
D R O M E D A R Y G R A S P
L G B U L M A
A F G H A N I P R O S A I C
M I P C P I A
E X P A N S I O N I S M
S R U F D I
S T R E A M L I N I N G
V C E C A H P
I T C H I E R A N N A T T O
C A A A T S L
U N M E T L E I S U R E L Y
N E E O R E P
A L L U D E A N A Y S I S L
Buzzer
Solution to puzzle 11130
Central Reserve
Police
The Union
Government is
considering a proposal to
expand the Central
Reserve Police to deal
with communal riots,
sabotage and other
disturbances that might
break out in any part of
the country. The main
idea is to make special
police help available to
States in times of need.
The proposal, it is learnt,
has been mooted
following the riots in
Eastern India and acts of
sabotage in some parts of
the country. Hitherto, the
army was being sent to
help the civilian police to
deal with extraordinary
situations. The
Government is believed
to be not in favour of
utilising the army for
such purposes, especially
during Emergency. The
State Governments have
been advised to keep a
watch on those areas
where law and order are
likely to break down
because of the activities
of communal elements,
saboteurs and other
anti-social forces.
Tanker brings U.S.
wheat
“Point Montara”, a U.S.
tanker, carrying a little
over 16,000 tons of white
wheat fromthe U.S. for
Maharashtra State,
arrived in Madras on July
5. Mr. R. Venkataraman,
Minister for Industries,
paid a visit to the harbour
and witnessed the
unloading operations.
The ship, which should
have unloaded the wheat
at Bombay where she
arrived on June 19, could
not do so owing to
congestion at the port.
The special
representative of the
ship’s owners, the Pacific
Coast Transport
Company Wilmington,
California, Capt. H.G.P.
Thomas, specially flew to
India and got in touch
with the officials and
arranged to get the ship
diverted to Madras. It is
stated that “Point
Montara” is the first ship
of its kind to touch
Madras port.
(dated July 8, 1964)
FROM THE ARCHIVES
Watch out Bollywood, Kutcher goes desi
Ashton Kutcher and his pregnant fiancée Mila Kunis were dressed in
traditional Indian attire at a friend’s wedding at the Borgo Egnazia
Resort in Savelletri di Fasano, Italy.
Kutcher also took to the dance floor and treated the
crowd to a Bollywood-style number. Kutcher sported
an aqua-blue embroidered kurta teamed up
with a white dhoti and topped of
with a red turban. Kunis wore a
mint ghagra choli with silver
accents, which hid her baby bump.
— PTI
Extant: Halle Berry’s
TV outing
Halle Berry is certainly a
welcome TV presence as the
star of Extant, a 13-episode
thriller that premieres on U.S.
channel CBS on Wednesday. The
premise of the show is that
Berry’s character was somehow
impregnated while on a solo
yearlong
outer-space
mission. If that
is not enough,
her son back on
earth turns out
to be a robot.
— AP
‘Homeland will thrill
despite Brody’s death’
Homeland may have lost its
anti-hero Nicholas Brody to an
Iranian gallows, but the hit U.S.
TV show will continue to thrill,
its creator says. Howard
Gordon said the surviving cast,
led by CIA analyst Carrie
Mathison, had plenty of
dramatic mileage in the fourth
season due to premiere later
this year. — Reuters
CHENNAI: Tamil Nadu Chief
Minister Jayalalithaa has
asked the Centre to initiate
immediate steps to find a
permanent and pragmatic
solution to the fishermen is-
sue in Palk Bay.
In a letter to Prime Minis-
ter Narendra Modi on Sun-
day, Ms. Jayalalithaa said she
was confidently looking for-
ward to early and decisive ac-
tion by the Centre under his
leadership to resolve this
long-standing issue.
The right of livelihood of
Tamil Nadu fishermen, who
historically and traditionally
fish in Palk Bay, was contin-
uously infringed upon by the
Sri Lankan Navy. And, the
unlawful apprehension of
the fishermen continued un-
abated.
On July 5, 20 fishermen
fromRameswaramand Man-
dapam in four mechanised
boats were again apprehend-
ed by the Lankan Navy and
taken to Thalaimannar, Sri
Lanka, she pointed out.
The historical rights were
simply signed away as part of
the ill-advised Indo-Sri
Lankan agreements of 1974
and 1976, which also unilat-
erally ceded Katchatheevu to
Sri Lanka without having any
foresight or concern for the
plight of Tamil fishermen,
she said.
As already pointed out by
her, the two agreements
were a subject matter of a
writ petition pending in the
Supreme Court. “In this con-
text, the Tamil Nadu govern-
ment continues to reiterate
that the issue of the Interna-
tional Maritime Boundary
Line [IMBL] and Katchath-
eevu can’t be treated as a set-
tled issue.”
Only the retrieval of
Katchatheevu would ensure
the restoration of safety and
security of Tamil fishermen’s
livelihood in the traditional
waters of Palk Bay, the Chief
Minister said, urging the
Centre to impress upon the
Sri Lankan government to
reininits Navy and to refrain
fromapprehending innocent
fishermen who were in
peaceful pursuit of their live-
lihood in their traditional
fishing waters.
Thanking the Prime Min-
ister for his effective inter-
vention that led to the
speedy release of 184 fisher-
men from Sri Lankan custo-
dy since the new government
took office at the Centre, the
Chief Minister sought Mr.
Modi’s immediate interven-
tion to secure the release of
37 fishermen and 45 fishing
boats currently in the Sri
Lankan custody.
Jayalalithaa seeks quick steps by
PM to resolve fishermen issue
Special Correspondent
CHENNAI: While the social media
has provided an opportunity to
challenge suppression of facts,
what was lacking was powerful
social organisations to create
an alternative public sphere to
undermine corporate control of
information, said Professor Ai-
jaz Ahmad.
“Such an alternative public
sphere is there, in embryonic
form, but the discrepancy be-
tween corporate power and op-
position media is still so great
as to be incalculable,” he said
delivering the inaugural lec-
ture, ‘Fact as Democratic Val-
ue’, to the 2015 batch of the
Asian College of Journalism.
Evaluating the role of the so-
cial media vis-à-vis the corpo-
rate-owned media capable of
bringing the most expensive
and advanced hardware to the
sites of news, the professor of
political science said it had cre-
ated a very complex and contra-
dictory reality.
“On the one hand, a mere
handful of corporations control
perhaps as much as 90 per cent
of information flows that are
publicly and easily available —
and which constantly invade
our living spaces. On the other
hand, the cheapening of the dig-
ital media and uploading facil-
ities implies, at least in
principle, that far more demo-
cratic means of production and
circulation are now at hand.”
Prof. Ahmad told the stu-
dents that while he had no rea-
son to watch television
channels, very few facts he used
in his writings came now from
big newspapers. “I get most of
my facts through alternative
sources, mostly on the web or
through direct communication
on email, Skype and others who
are also involved in the act of
gathering the real truths of our
time,” he said.
Likening the situation of
journalists working for the cor-
porate-owned media to Ernesto
Che Guevara’s famous words
uttered in the early days of the
Cuban revolution, “you are in-
side the belly of the beast. You
can kick harder,” he said, “You
could kick harder or not. That
will be your choice.”
Special Correspondent
‘Social media, both an
opportunity and challenge’
TIRUNELVELI: A Chennai police team picked up
for interrogation M. Natarajan, husband of
Sasikala, confidante of Chief Minister Jayala-
lithaa, from a bungalow near Five Falls at
Courtallam on Monday in connection with a
case of alleged cheating.
The detention was kept a secret as the team
executed the operation even without inform-
ing the Courtallam police or the Special
Branch police here.
Natarajan detained
Special Correspondent
CM
YK
ND-ND
TUESDAY, JULY 8, 2014
8 THE HINDU TUESDAY, JULY 8, 2014
NOIDA/DELHI
EDITORIAL
T
ruly memorable tennis tournaments produce
more than quality matches; they also throw
up hints about the future of the game. Wim-
bledon 2014 did both. The extraordinary
men’s final between Novak Djokovic and Roger Feder-
er was indeed a classic, a contest in which power was
matched by refinement. It was also a match where
effort demanded not just perspiration, but a range of
attributes from clever innovation to sheer audacity.
But history will also remember this year’s event as the
crucible in which an exciting new breed of players grew
to display their potential and true promise. These are
young men and women who are readying to occupy the
top echelons of the game as the power structure shifts,
as it must, to a new generation. Among them are Grigor
Dimitrov, Eugenie Bouchard, Milos Raonic and Nick
Kyrgios — names that are likely to become more famil-
iar to tennis-lovers in the days to come. But the men’s
final first, because the ethereal must be placed above
the worldly. Yes, it had its moments of psychodrama —
the twists and turns that can transform a tennis match
into suspenseful theatre. But its real worth lay in the
near flawless quality of play — reflected most of all in a
sparkling array of groundstrokes in which each player
constantly challenged the other to surpass himself.
Djokovic, who served better and came good at some
critical moments, who was the deserved winner — but
only just. As for hearts, it was Federer, who was looking
for his 18th Grand Slam— which would have made him
the oldest Wimbledon champion in the open era of
tennis — who stole them before a packed and fawning
house on Centre Court.
With the Djokovic-Federer final and the women’s
trophy going to former Wimbledon champion Petra
Kvitová, tennis remained in familiar hands. But there
were intimations of change, most forcefully expressed
in the games of two bright young talents — Dimitrov
and Bouchard. The former, who has an uncharacter-
istic resemblance to Federer in playing style, has the
all-round game to beat anyone on his day — almost took
Djokovic out in his semi-final, failing only to press
home the advantage at a couple of critical moments. As
for Bouchard, she may have been crushed by a rampag-
ing Kvitová in the women’s final, but her journey in the
tournament provided a glimpse into the changing face
of women’s tennis. In an age where the Williams sisters
and Maria Sharapova seem to be slowly fading, the
place at the top is ready for challenges from a clutch of
players such as Bouchard, Simona Halep and Sabine
Lisicki. In short, as Wimbledon 2014 ended with one
fantastic match, it also opened up a host of intriguing
possibilities for the future of the game itself.
A very special
Wimbledon
F
ew people today remember the let-
ter writtenonAugust 7, 2013 by Mr.
Narendra Modi, then Chief Minis-
ter of Gujarat, to Prime Minister
Manmohan Singh. In this letter, available on
the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) website,
Mr. Modi criticised the National Food Secu-
rity Act (more precisely, the Ordinance) for
providing too little. He felt “pained to note
that the food security ordinance does not
assure an individual of having two meals a
day,” and pointed out that “[the] proposed
entitlement of 5 kg per month per person …
is hardly 20 per cent of his [sic] daily calorie
requirements.” Similar sentiments were ex-
pressed in Parliament on August 27, 2013,
during the Lok Sabha debate on food securi-
ty, when one BJP speaker after another crit-
icised the Act for being measly and
restrictive — “half baked” as Ms. Sushma
Swaraj put it.
Facts and fiction
One reason why these and related facts
tend to be forgotten is that they are at odds
with the mythology of social policy culti-
vated by some sections of the media. This
mythology involves a number of fallacies.
First, India is in danger of becoming a nanny
state, with lavish and unsustainable levels of
social spending. Second, social spending is
largely a waste — unproductive “handouts”
that don’t evenreachthe poor due to corrup-
tion and inefficiency. Third, this wasteful
extravaganza is the work of a bunch of old-
fashioned Nehruvian socialists and assorted
jholawalas who led the country down the
garden path during the United Progressive
Alliance (UPA) years. Fourth, the electorate
has rejected this entire approach — people
want growth, not entitlements. Fifth, the
BJP-led government is all set to reverse
these follies and rollback the welfare state.
These five claims have acquired an aura of
plausibility by sheer repetition, yet they
have no factual basis. Let us examine them
one by one.
The idea that social spending in India is
too high would be amusing if it were not so
harmful. According to the latest World De-
velopment Indicators (WDI) data, public
spending on health and education is just 4.7
per cent of GDP in India, compared with 7
per cent in sub-Saharan Africa, 7.2 per cent
in East Asia, 8.5 per cent in Latin America
and 13.3 per cent in OECD countries. Even
the corresponding figure for “least devel-
oped countries,” 6.4 per cent, is much higher
than India’s. The WDI database does not
include social security spending, but the re-
cent Asia Development Bank report on so-
cial protection in Asia suggests that India is
also an outlier in that respect, with only 1.7
per cent of GDP being spent on social sup-
port compared with an average of 3.4 per
cent for Asia’s lower-middle income coun-
tries, 5.4 per cent in China, 10.2 per cent in
Asia’s high-income countries and a cool 19.2
per cent in Japan. If anything, India is
among the world champions of social under-
spending. The view that social spending is a
waste has no factual basis either. The critical
importance of mass education for economic
development and the quality of life is one of
the most robust findings of economic re-
search. From Kerala to Bangladesh, simple
public health interventions have brought
down mortality and fertility rates. India’s
midday meal programme has well-docu-
mented effects on school attendance, child
nutrition and even pupil achievements. So-
cial security pensions, meagre as they are,
bring some relief in the harsh lives of mil-
lions of widowed, elderly or disabled per-
sons. The Public Distribution System has
become an invaluable source of economic
security for poor households, not just in
showcase States like Tamil Nadu but even in
States like Bihar and Jharkhand where it
used to be non-functional. Of course, there is
some waste in the social sector, just as there
is much waste in (say) universities. In both
cases, the lesson is not to dismantle the sys-
tem but to improve it — there is plenty of
evidence that this can be done.
UPA’s ‘handouts’
The expansion of public services and so-
cial support inIndia, such as it is, has little to
do with any nostalgia of Nehruvian social-
ism. It is a natural development in a country
with a modicum of democracy. A similar
expansion, on a much larger scale, happened
during the 20th century in all industrialised
democracies (with the partial exception of
the United States). It also happened in com-
munist countries, for different reasons.
Many developing countries, especially in La-
tin America and East Asia, have gone
through a similar transition in recent dec-
ades. So have IndianStates where the under-
privileged have some sort of political voice,
such as Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Many other
States, including Gujarat, are now learning
fromthese experiences at varying speed.
Did the UPA lose the recent election be-
cause voters were fed up with “handouts”?
This is an odd idea in many ways, starting
withthe fact that there were few handouts to
be fed up with. The UPA did launch the
National Rural Employment Guarantee Act
(NREGA is not exactly a “handout”), but that
was in 2005, and if anything, it helped rather
than hindered the UPA in the 2009 election.
After that, there were no major social policy
initiatives on the part of the UPA, except for
the National Food Security Act which is yet
to be implemented. By 2014, the UPA-II gov-
ernment had little to claim credit for, and
plenty to be blamed for — scams, ineptitude,
food inflation, the “direct benefit transfer”
fiasco and more. Meanwhile, the BJPhad the
three things that really matter in an election
(money, organisation and rhetoric) — is it a
surprise that three voters out of 10 decided
to give it a chance?
Coming to the fifth claim, there is little
evidence that a rollback of social pro-
grammes is part of the BJP’s core agenda. As
mentioned earlier, many BJP leaders (in-
cluding Mr. Modi as well as the new Finance
Minister, Mr. Arun Jaitley) have vociferous-
ly demanded a more ambitious National
Food Security Act. Some of this is posturing
of course, but the BJP’s willingness to sup-
port food security initiatives is already well
demonstrated in Chhattisgarh. Nothing pre-
vents it fromdoing the same at the national
level. Similar remarks apply to the National
Employment Guarantee Act: some BJP-led
State governments did a relatively good job
of implementing it, and the late Gopinath
Munde clearly expressed his support for the
Act as soon as he was appointed Minister for
Rural Development.
Possible backlash
Having said this, there are also ominous
signs of a possible backlashagainst these and
other social programmes. Some overenthu-
siastic advisers of the new government have
already put forward explicit proposals to
wind up the Employment Guarantee Act and
the Food Security Act within 10 years, along
with accelerated privatisation of health and
education services. As if on cue, Rajasthan
Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje recently
sent a letter to the Prime Minister question-
ing the need for an Employment Guarantee
Act. The corporate sector also tends to be
hostile to social spending, if only because it
means higher taxes, or higher interest rates,
or fewer handouts (“incentives” as they are
called) for business. Corporate lobbies, al-
ready influential under the UPA government
(remember the person who said that the
Congress was his dukaan?) are all the more
gung-ho now that their man, Mr. Modi, is at
the helm. Even a casual reading of recent
editorials in the business media suggests
that they have high expectations of devas-
tating “reforms” in the social sector. That is
what the mythology of social policy is really
about.
This is not to deny the need for construc-
tive reform in health, education and social
security. If one thing has been learnt in the
last 10years, it is the possibility of improving
public services, whether by expanding the
right to information, or introducing eggs in
school meals, or computerising the Public
Distribution System, or ensuring a reliable
supply of free drugs at primary health cen-
tres. But these small steps always begin with
an appreciation of the fundamental impor-
tance of social support in poor people’s lives.
The forthcoming budget is an opportunity
for the new government to clarify its stand
on these issues. Without enlightened social
policies, growth mania is unlikely to deliver
more under the new government than it did
under the previous one.
(Jean Drèze is visiting professor at the
Department of Economics, Ranchi
University.)
On the mythology of social policy
India is among the world champions of social
underspending. Without enlightened social
policies, growth mania is unlikely to deliver more
under the new government than it did under
the previous one
Jean Drèze

The expansion of public services and social support in India,
such as it is, has little to do with any nostalgia of Nehruvian
socialism. It is a natural development in a country with
a modicum of democracy.

Leader of Opposition
The success of a democracy lies also
in the strength of the Opposition
(“It’s for Speaker to decide on LoP:
Venkaiah,” July 7). So, even if the
Congress has not got the requisite
strength in order to be eligible for
the post of Leader of Opposition, its
leader should be recognised as one.
This post is immensely important
and has a bearing onthe Lokpal and
Lokayukta Act and the proposed
Judicial Appointments
Commission Bill. Playing politics
with the post will only allow the
BJP government to take unilateral
decisions.
Madhusudan,
New Delhi
The government’s plan to deny the
status of Leader of the Opposition
to the Congress under the pretext
of rules and precedence has
reduced the parliamentary
Opposition into a play of tokenism.
On the contrary, Prime Minister
Narendra Modi will be viewed as a
great statesman, if he, without any
further fuss, accords the status of
LoPtothe Congress. Tosay that the
Speaker has a role to play in this is
incorrect as the Speaker by and
large is the government’s mind.
India has two major parties capable
of governing us, that is, the BJPand
the Congress, and this is the
opportune moment for the BJP to
demonstrate that there is
substance over form.
Sridhar N.,
Chennai
The clamour by the Congress to get
the LoP status only supports
arguments that it is intended to
weaken the mandate of the people.
Assuming that people in a
democracy make wise choices, this
election was a clear vote against the
Congress. Just as governments are
judged by the exactitude of their
numbers, the fact is that the BJP
was not shown any grace when it
fell short by one MP to form the
government in 1999. Legal
positions should be decided not on
the basis of political sentiment and
nostalgia but sound legality so that
the mandate of people is honoured
in its entirety.
Hitesh Kumar Waghray,
Hyderabad
The initiatives by the Congress to
claim the position of the LoP are
unseemly and legally untenable.
The fact is that the Congress and its
allies contested the 2014 election
aiming for UPA-III but each of
themhad a separate manifesto and
symbol. It is time the Congress
comes to terms with the fact that it
has beencomprehensively defeated
and that it is best to rebuild the
party from scratch. The duties of
the Opposition can be handled for
now by the party in majority.
M. Ramankutty,
Tripunithura, Kerala
On Governors
The ruckus and the controversy
over UPA-appointed Governors
(“Gujarat Governor transferred,”
and Governors in the firing line,”
both July 7) shows that the NDA/
BJP-government has a great
opportunity to start politics afresh,
free from hatred citing precedent.
Most of us yearn for change
without resort to any dirty politics.
F. Swapnil,
Belgaum
The government obviously wants
to ease out Governors in order to
avoid any impediments to the
implementation of its programmes
and policies. The move does not
seem to be clean as can be seen by
the controversy the issue is
generating. Don’t the Governors
deserve to be treated better with
either the Prime Minister or the
Home Minister talking to them
directly? When this is the case with
Governors, one hopes nothing
worse is in store for high-level
officials who were seen to be close
to the previous regime.
V. Rajagopalan,
Chennai
Political parties are not generally
known to practise what they
preach. Even judged by India’s
permissive standards of political
conduct, the NDA government’s
attempt to evict UPA-appointed
Governors is a case of avoidable
adventurism. Maximum
governance is not merely about
efficiency; it cannot ignore political
ethics altogether. Having said this,
one must also acknowledge the fact
that some of the Governors now in
the firing line had not been entirely
fair in dealing with non-Congress
governments. The government can
still salvage its dented reputation
by depoliticising appointments to
the gubernatorial vacancies by
selecting eminent people with
apolitical backgrounds.
V.N. Mukundarajan,
Thiruvananthapuram
Writer Sanjay Kumar is assuming
that all Governors act by the book.
Governors’ postings have become a
political tool to post those who are
disgruntled and unsuccessful in
politics. The BJP alone cannot be
blamed for this. However, the time
has come to examine the possibility
of abolishing this post altogether.
R. Nandakumar,
Chennai
By transferring Gujarat Governor
Kamla Beniwal to Mizoram (July
7), the BJP government is
displaying its true colours. Treating
the institution of Governor as one
akin to a “truant babu” and
effecting a punishment transfer toa
remote location is strange.
P. Venugopalan,
Manjeri, Kerala
In the game of political one-
upmanship, Raj Bhavans have
almost become retirement homes
for those who have no further
political value. If treating the post
of Governor, whois envisaged toact
as a fulcrumand interface between
the Centre and the State, with
respect is not upheld it is wise to
abolish it. It is time the
recommendations of the Sarkaria
and the M.M. Punchi Commissions
are assessed soundly and people
with apolitical backgrounds
appointed to the post.
Duppali Rahul Yadev,
Mahabubnagar
There is no meaning in the hue and
cry over “forcing Governors out” in
the wake of the change of
government at the Centre. No
doubt it will be a welcome
precedent if they step down
voluntarily and in accordance with
their conscience. Our Constitution
is solid but still has some
shortcomings. The appointment of
Governors is one such flaw. In fact,
they should be elected by the
people of the respective States
directly or indirectly. The BJP
government must work towards
this.
T.K. Abdul Razack,
Kozhikode
The writer has not mentioned the
unethical manner of appointment
of Governors. The fact is that most
of the UPA appointees were either
involved in some scam/corruption
case and had lost elections or were
elevated in acts of favouritism. Has
this not degraded the dignity
attached to the office of Governor?
What is so unethical about
removing unethically appointed
Governors?
Akshay Dhadda,
Jaipur
The founding fathers of our
Constitution while retaining the
British Raj relic of a Governor for
every State thought of the
incumbent as a scrupulously
apolitical person of highest
erudition, experience, ethics and
personal probity. And what have we
got now? The office of the Governor
has become totally compromised
by the partisan politics played by
the government at the Centre and
the brazenly shameless behaviour
of some of the incumbents. The
anachronistic institution of the
Governor should be in the firing
line. The Modi government could
extend a great favour to the nation
if every extravagant Raj Bhavan is
converted into a national cultural,
heritage centre.
C.V. Venugopalan,
Palakkad 
More from less
The article, “More rice from less
water” (July 7) is an eye-opener
especially for those who are in
States dependant on the monsoons
and upper riparian States. With
growing demand for fresh water
especially in cities and towns, we
need to conserve water and use it in
a very cost-effective manner.
Looking forward to a bountiful
monsoon can no longer for taken
for granted. Linking the System of
Rice Intensification to MGNREGA
will be go a step beyond mere
employment generation.
S. Balasubramanian,
Chennai
Sports bonanza
What inspiring sports bonanza in
the weekend just gone by. First
came the memorable MCC vs Rest
of the World match at Lords in
connection with MCC’s
bicentenary celebrations, followed
by the epic and exciting Wimbledon
men’s final match between Novak
Djokovic and Roger Federer. Their
coaches looked perplexed and were
indeed on edge. It was therefore
inspiring to see the superstars of
sports in action — football too — in
a “once in a blue moon,” not to be
missed sports weekend.
T.D. Govindrajan,
Chennai
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
Letters emailed to letters@thehindu.co.in must carry the full
postal address and the full name or the name with initials.
B
uildings in cities are collapsing with depress-
ing regularity, and precious lives are being lost.
Two recent tragic incidents have yet again
raised the issues of safety and accountability in
building construction. On June 28, on the outskirts of
Chennai, an 11-storey building under construction col-
lapsed, and some 61 people died. In Delhi, a four-storied
building crumbled and 10 persons including five chil-
dren lost their lives. In the Chennai incident, the promo-
ter of the apartment project blamed a lightning strike for
the tragedy, but State agencies, builders’ organisations
and architect groups pointed to poor design, non-com-
pliance with rules and negligence as the reasons. The
police arrested six persons including the developer, the
architect and the engineer. The Tamil Nadu government
has appointed a one-man commission headed by a re-
tired High Court Judge to investigate the incident and
suggest measures to prevent such calamities in future.
In the case of the Delhi incident, survivors had com-
plained that construction work nearby had weakened
the foundation. The Municipal Corporation, the reports
indicate, ignored their protests. In a delayed reaction,
the Corporation has suspended the engineers in charge
until enquiries are completed. Every time such acci-
dents occur, the state rushes forth to form committees
and enacts new rules, only to ignore them later. Nothing
has improved the situation on the ground, and the les-
sons have hardly been learnt.
The issue is not that of insufficient regulatory systems
or safety standards, but that of non-compliance. For
instance, in Chennai, building approval procedures for
multi-storied buildings clearly mandate that the regu-
latory authorities verify soil analysis reports, structural
drawings, stability certificates and design drawings be-
fore issuing approvals. Had the officials diligently scruti-
nised the drawings and the data, they could have
detected the inadequacies, if any, even before construc-
tion commenced. Periodic inspection of buildings would
have helped spot deviations and other problems at the
construction stage. In Delhi, had the Corporation acted
on residents’ complaints and taken prompt action, lives
would have been saved. The need of the hour is to review
and rigorously implement the existing rules. Frequent
regularisation of unauthorised constructions have em-
boldened violators and eroded the compliance culture.
Lack of transparency in approval processes, discretion-
ary exemptions, and slack inspections have put the in-
terests of many apartment-buyers in peril. Construction
workers often bear the worst of the effects, and lose lives
and limbs. Safety measures at construction sites and
compliance with design standards are not matters that
are up for negotiation. We need a zero-tolerance policy
when it comes to unsafe building practices.
Weak
foundations
CARTOONSCAPE
CM
YK
ND-ND
9 THE HINDU TUESDAY, JULY 8, 2014
NOIDA/DELHI
COMMENT
>>The report, “Stalemate over Leader of Opposition continues” (July 7,
2014), referred to the former Union Minister, Rajesh Pilot, talking about not
having a Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha. It should have been
Sachin Pilot.
CORRECTIONS AND CLARIFICATIONS
It is the policy of The Hindu to correct significant errors as soon as possible.
Please specify the edition (place of publication), date and page.
The Readers’ Editor’s office can be contacted by
Telephone: +91-44-28418297/28576300 (11 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday to
Friday); E-mail: readerseditor@thehindu.co.in
All communication must carry the full postal address and
telephone number.
The Terms of Reference for the Readers’ Editor are on www.thehindu.com
T
he appointment of a seasoned
Intelligence professional as the
National Security Advisor
(NSA) perhaps augurs well for
the neglected issue of Intelligence reform.
This is the second time this has happened,
though the first occurred more by acci-
dent and was not bereft of turf wars. This
time, either by accident or design, the
government may adopt a wiser approach,
keeping options open to seek diplomatic
advice from professional diplomats who
have better geo-strategic vision and a
world view, while focussing more urgently
on priority areas of homeland security.
Enthusiasm for intelligence reforms in
India has been sporadic. Some years back,
the Institute for Defence Studies and
Analyses (IDSA) commissioned a Task
Force for the purpose, but after the report
was written the then Director, though ini-
tially eager, sensed winds of disapproval
and sat over it for well over a year before it
was published, after a leadership change
in IDSA. The late B. Raman, one of the
doyens of external intelligence who had
been privy to the report during drafting,
was mildly supportive of its findings while
commenting on the Naresh Chandra
Committee on Defence and Security re-
forms’ access to it. He felt it remained
peripheral at best.
The former Information Minister ta-
bled a private member’s Bill onthe subject
in Parliament and acknowledged later
that ‘there was traction’ in the Cabinet
Secretariat on many recommendations of
both these texts. However, it is not known
to what extent this tractionmay have con-
verted to deeds.
Reform priorities
Simply put, the agenda of intelligence
reforms in India should have three or four
main priorities. First, activities of all ma-
jor intelligence agencies should be found-
ed on a legal basis. There should be a law
or separate laws to specify the existence,
functions and jurisdictionof all suchorga-
nisations. Though emerging initially from
clandestine origins, this has been the pat-
tern of evolution of all modern intelli-
gence organisations functioning in
democratic countries. The CIA in the U.S.
was provided legal status by the National
Security Act, 1947, the Russian FIS by the
Law onForeignIntelligence Organs, 1996,
the MI-5 in U.K. by the Security Services
Act, 1989 and the MI-6 by the Intelligence
Services Act, 1994. In Harman &Hewitt vs
U.K., the European Court of Human
Rights ruled in 1992 that the ‘lack of a
statutory basis could be fatal to claims’ of
an intelligence agency to justify that its
actions ‘were in accordance with the law.’
With the Right to Information Act having
become a reality in India, though some
aspects of intelligence activity and oper-
ations remain protected outside its ambit,
unless we quickly provide legal status pro-
tection to our agencies we could be wait-
ing for a Harman& Hewitt to happenhere
as well.
Second, and most important, suchlegis-
lationmust provide a legal basis for differ-
ent tiers of oversight and accountability of
Intelligence agencies — executive, finan-
cial and legislative.
Again, we have abundant evidence of
modern practice to make a start. Follow-
ing yardsticks of ‘good governance’ de-
fined by the World Bank, the Geneva
Centre for the Democratic Control of
Armed Forces (DCAF), the Human Rights
Centre of Durham University, U.K., and
the Norwegian Parliamentary Intelli-
gence Oversight Committee pioneered a
joint exercise in 2005, which was docu-
mented in the monumental classic: ‘Mak-
ing Intelligence Accountable: Legal
Standards and Best Practices for Over-
sight of Intelligence Agencies’ by Born &
Leigh. We need not follow prescriptions
listed therein blindly but adapt the thrust
and essence of advice selectively, which
may meet the objective of preventing mis-
use for political or personal agendas.
Third, recruitment to intelligence orga-
nisations must be made opentoinduct the
best available talent, and also to cater to
varied needs and different streams. In-
telligence collection and operations are
highly specialised functions, only some of
which can be imparted through system-
atic professional training. Language skills,
in-depth knowledge of strategic issues,
cultural mores of target countries, com-
puter know-how and other technological
skills may all be needed at different stages
of assessing any intelligence input. These
capabilities cannot be developed over-
night by everybody, or by personnel join-
ing an intelligence agency as a temporary
haven. It has to be a lifetime profession
where skills should be progressively
honed.
Selection procedures
At present, our agencies are primarily
staffed by police officers on deputation.
Officers fromother All India Services are
taken, but in a trickle. This systemshould
be changed quickly. Separate, specialised
written examinations for entry could be
prescribed through the Union Public Ser-
vice Commission (UPSC), with greater
emphasis on subjects like international
relations, history, economics and military
strategy.
The fourth important aspect is Intelli-
gence co-ordination. Apex-level political
decisions on security issues are taken by
the Cabinet Committee on Security
(CCS), which is assisted by a core group of
bureaucrats, including heads of Intelli-
gence agencies. Discussions in the CCS
and the core group tend to remain re-
stricted to immediate or emergent securi-
ty problems. There is seldom the
inclination to devote time to debate, ana-
lyse and developlong-termpolicy options,
strategies or consequences. Though there
is a National Security Council and an Ad-
visory Board of experts to cater to some of
these issues, these bodies do not always
meet regularly. Structural channels to
utilise their inputs throughpinpointed ac-
tion agendas have not fructified.
Commenting on perceived intelligence
failures before 26/11, the current NSA had
observed on IBN channel: ‘India’s intelli-
gence capabilities are not as low as rated’ ,
but he stressed the ‘need to bring all cen-
tral agencies under one umbrella to en-
sure seamless integration in their
operations, assessments and response.’
He also emphasised that ‘Indian intelli-
gence overall needs to show greater ag-
gressiveness in its approach towards
safeguarding vital national interests.’
Achieving such seamless co-operation is
easier said than done. At any given mo-
ment, individual personality quirks or
quest for short-termglory may oftenscut-
tle larger objectives of security co-oper-
ation. No foolproof, institutionalised
structures have emerged to insure against
such pitfalls.
Intelligence reformcannot succeed un-
less it is dovetailed with police modern-
isation and both technological and human
capabilities of State police personnel are
upgraded. Early resolution of the impasse
over legislation pertaining to a National
counter-terror mechanism, which gives
adequate teeth for rapid response without
unduly raising apprehensions and tread-
ing on the toes of State political lead-
ership, needs to be worked out onpriority.
In the ultimate analysis, we should try
to move toward an intelligence culture
where risk taking and discretion can be-
come second nature and personal ambi-
tion is eschewed for the greater national
good.
(Rana Banerji is former Special Secre-
tary, Cabinet Secretariat and visiting pro-
fessor at Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi.)
Legalising intelligence gathering
HONING SKILLS: Language expertise, knowledge of strategic issues, cultural mores of countries, computer
know-how and other technological skills may be needed to assess intelligence inputs. — PHOTO: REUTERS
Intelligence reform cannot succeed unless it is dovetailed with police modernisation and
both technological and human capabilities of State police personnel are upgraded
Rana Banerji
We should try to move
toward an intelligence
culture where risk taking
and discretion can
become second nature
and personal ambition is
eschewed for the greater
national good
T
he controversy over the Four Year
Undergraduate Programme (FYUP)
raises several important issues on uni-
versity autonomy, academic freedom, the
regulatory powers of the University
Grants Commission and the power of the
Central government to interfere in higher
education in the country.
With the Human Resources Develop-
ment Minister stating that Delhi Univer-
sity should follow the directive of the UGC
and another Cabinet minister stating that
the government, by withdrawing FYUP,
fulfilled its electionpromise, the issue also
assumed political overtones. Also, the stu-
dent wing of the Bharatiya Janata Party,
the Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad,
demanded that FYUP should be with-
drawn.
According to the vice-chancellor of DU,
the UGChad approved FYUPin 2012. The
then HRD Minister of State stated that
the change to FYUP was approved by the
previous government after due deliber-
ation. Therefore, the UGC’s stand — that
FYUP should be withdrawn — is not the
regulatory body’s stand but represents the
position of the new ruling party, which
stated that FYUP is against the National
Policy on Education, 1986.
Defending itself, the UGC stated that
proper procedures were not followed by
DU, that the Delhi University Act was not
amended to empower DU to introduce
FYUP, and that the consent of the Visitor
(the President) was not obtained. These
are clearly mere afterthoughts of the body
to justify its position.
Through their actions, the UGCand the
Central government managed to put the
entire higher education systemin jeopar-
dy, compromising the interests of stu-
dents and the academic community. This
issue raises a fundamental question re-
garding the extent to which the UGC is
independent as a regulator vis-à-vis the
government and the extent to which gov-
ernments can control the higher educa-
tion systemin India.
Autonomy and interference
University autonomy and academic
freedomare twin concepts that have been
well-accepted in the context of higher
educationas part of the fundamental right
to freedomof speech and expression. Jus-
tice Frankfurter of the U.S. Supreme
Court, as early as in1957, had stated inthe
context of university autonomy in Swee-
zy’s case that a university has the right to
decide what to teach, who to teach, how to
teach and who to admit for teaching as
part of the first amendment: the right to
freedomof speech and expression. There-
fore, in the West these principles enabled
universities to have maximum autonomy
in academic matters, including courses
taught and degrees offered.
These universities have also been able
to maintain supremacy in global rankings
as they frequently introduce innovative
courses. In 1947, these principles also
found acceptance in the Indian Supreme
Court when the eleven-judge Constitu-
tional Benchinthe T.M.A. Pai case quoted
with approval the report of the Dr. Rad-
hakrishnan Committee (The UGC Com-
mittee), which stated that universities
should be free fromgovernmental interfe-
rence. It said: “…Institutions of higher
learning controlled and managed by gov-
ernmental agencies act like mercenaries,
promote the political purposes of the
state, make themacceptable toanincreas-
ing number of their populationand supply
them with the weapons they need. We
must resist, in the interests of our own
democracy, the trend towards the govern-
mental domination of the educational
process.”
The Central government enacted the
UGC Act in 1956 to to determine and
maintain standards of teaching and re-
search in universities. The UGC was also
constituted to provide funds to institu-
tions of higher education. At the time of
enacting the Act there were very few uni-
versities — only about 58 — compared to
the number today. Most of them were
public universities, either owned by the
Centre or by States. There were no private
and deemed universities; therefore there
was no requirement of a regulatory body.
Later, as the number of private universi-
ties and the conferment of deemed-to-be
university status to many educational in-
stitutions grew, the number of universi-
ties in India multiplied manifold. This
necessitated the need for a regulator.
Failures of the UGC
However, the UGC, which holds this
responsibility, has miserably failed in its
role. This is because there are about 637
universities today — 42 are Central uni-
versities, 300 are State universities, 165
are private universities and 130 are
deemed universities. The regulatory role
of the UGC varies among these categories
— it plays a more limited role inregulating
public universities than private universi-
ties. However, deemed universities are
under the direct control of the UGC, being
conferred with university status on the
recommendation of the regulatory body.
The regulatory role of the UGCinvolves
making rules, implementing and enforc-
ing them, and imposing penalties on vio-
lators. Sadly, the UGC has clearly failed in
all these areas. For instance, under the
UGCAct, all the regulations framed by the
body require Parliamentary approval. Re-
cently, in the Association of Private Man-
agement Institutions case, the Supreme
Court struck down an AICTE (All Indian
Council of Technical Education) regula-
tion on the ground that it was not placed
before the Parliament as mandated by the
AICTE Act. There are many other such
UGCregulations today which can be chal-
lenged on the same ground.
Implementing regulations regarding,
among others, courses taught, qualifica-
tions of teachers and conditions of ser-
vice, infrastructure, admission of
students, collection of fees and academic
collaborations in 637 universities is a her-
culeantask, especially if the onus lies with
one regulatory body. That the UGC is in-
capable of discharging this function is evi-
dent fromthe fact that many deemed and
private universities today are illegally col-
lecting huge capitationfees for admission,
especially in medical and engineering col-
leges. The UGC’s power to punish such
universities is minimal and without prop-
er procedure.
To what extent the UGCcan coordinate
and determine standards inuniversities is
not evident. For instance, does it also in-
clude the power to prescribe what courses
should be taught in universities and the
power to retrospectively withdraw a
course? The UGC must follow guidelines
when it directs a university to withdraw a
particular course. Such measures should
involve application of the principles of
natural justice. There is a need to revisit
the functioning of the UGC and also a
need to create separate institutions to dis-
charge the regulatory function in the
three key areas of rule making, super-
visionand enforcement. This assumes im-
portance in the context of the proposal of
the new government to initiate the For-
eign Universities Bill as the first reformin
higher education. Foreign universities
would want to enter a stable higher educa-
tion environment, not operate upon a 28-
year-old, pre-globalisation education
policy.
(A. Francis Julian is a senior advocate
in the Supreme Court and adjunct profes-
sor of Law, O.P. Jindal Global University.)
Interference in the name of regulation
MESSY AFFAIR: The UGC-DU stand-off assumed political overtones.
Picture shows activists of the Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad
protesting against FYUP. — PHOTO: PTI
The regulatory role of the University Grants Commission involves forming and implementing
rules and imposing penalties on violators. Sadly, it has failed in all these areas
A. Francis Julian
That the UGC is incapable
of regulation is evident
from the fact that many
deemed and private
universities are illegally
collecting huge capitation
fees for admission
A
merica’s infatuation with the World Cup came at the perfect moment,
illuminating the principle that you can lose and still advance.
Once our nation saw itself as the undefeatable cowboy John Wayne.
Now we bask in the prowess of the unstoppable goalie TimHoward, a
biracial kid fromNew Jersey with Tourette’s syndrome.
With our swaggering and sanguine image deflated by epic unforced
errors, Americans are playing defence, struggling to come to grips with a
world where we can no longer dictate all the terms, win all the wars and
lead all the charges.
“The Fourth of July was always a celebration of American
exceptionalism,” said Republican pollster Frank Luntz. “Now it’s a
commiseration of American disappointment.”
FromKatrina to Fallujah, we’re less the
Shining City Upon a Hill than the House of
Broken Toys.
For the first time perhaps, hope is not as
much a characteristic of American feelings.
Are we winners who have been through a
rough patch? Or losers who have soured our
sturdy and spiritual DNA with too much food,
too much greed, too much narcissism, too many
lies, too many spies, too many fat-cat bonuses,
too many cat videos on the evening news, too
many Buzzfeed listicles like “33 Photos Of Corgi
Butts,” and too much mindless and malevolent
online chatter?
Are we still the biggest and baddest? Or are
we forever smaller, stingier, dumber, less
ambitious and more cynical? Have we lost
control of our not-so-manifest destiny?
Once we had Howard Baker, who went
against self-interest for the common good. Now
we have Ted Cruz. Once we had Louis
Zamperini, an Olympic runner whose fortitude
in a Japanese POW camp was chronicled in
Laura Hillenbrand’s book “Unbroken.” Now
we’ve broken Iraq, liberating it to be a
draconian state run on Sharia law, full of
America-hating jihadists who were too brutal
even for al-Qaida.
We’re a little bit scared of our own shadow. And, sadly, we see ourselves
as a people who can never understand one another. We’ve given up on the
notion that we can cohere, even though the founders forged America by
holding together people with deep differences.
A nation of immigrants watched over by the Statue of Liberty — with a
government unable to pass immigration reformdespite majority support
— sees protesters take to the streets to keep Hispanic children trying to
cross the border frombeing housed in their communities.
Andrew Kohut, who has polled for Gallup and the Pew Research Center
for over four decades, calls the mood “chronic disillusionment.” He said
that in this century we have had only three brief moments when a
majority of Americans said they were satisfied with the way things were
going: the month W. took office, right after the 9/11 attacks and the
month we invaded Iraq.
Remoulding national character
The old verities seemquaint. If you work hard and play by the rules,
you’ll lose out to those guys who can wire computers to make bets on
Wall Street faster than the next guy to become instant multimillionaires.
Our quiet traditional virtues bow to our noisy visceral divisions, while
churning technology is swiftly remoulding the national character in ways
that are still a blur. Boldness is often chased away by distraction,
confusion, hesitation and fragmentation.
Barack Obama vowed to make government cool again, but young
people, put off by the dysfunction in our political, financial, military and
social institutions, are eschewing government jobs. Idealismis swamped
by special interests. The middle class is learning to do more with less. The
president, sort of the opposite.
“The world sees us as having gone froma president who did too much
to a president who does too little,” said Richard Haass, the president of
the Council on Foreign Relations.
David Axelrod, the president’s Pygmalion, mused: “Reagan significantly
changed the trajectory of the country for better and worse. But he
restored a sense of clarity. Bush and Cheney were black and white, and
after them, Americans wanted someone smart enough to get the nuances
and deal with complexities. Now I think people are tired of complexity
and they’re hungering for clarity, a simpler time. But that’s going to be
hard to restore in the world today.”
Young people are more optimistic than their rueful elders, especially
those in the technology world. They are the anti-Cheneys, competitive
but not triumphalist. They think of themselves as global citizens, not
interested in exalting America above all other countries.
“The 23-year-olds I work with are a little over the conversation about
how we were the superpower brought low,” said Ben Smith, the editor-in-
chief of Buzzfeed. “They think that’s an ‘older person conversation.’
They’re more interested in this moment of crazy opportunity, with the
massive economic and cultural transformation driven by Silicon Valley.
And kids feel capable of seizing it. Technology isn’t a section in the
newspaper any more. It’s the culture.”
Earning greatness
Ben Domenech, the 32-year-old libertarian who writes The Transom
newsletter, thinks many millennials are paralysed by all their choices. He
quoted Walker Percy’s “The Last Gentleman”: “Lucky is the man who
does not secretly believe that every possibility is open to him.” He also
noted that, given their image-conscious online life in the public eye,
millennials worry about attaching themselves with a click to the wrong
clique or hashtag: “It heightens the level of uncertainty, anxiety and risk
aversion, to know that you’re only a bad day and half a dozen tweets from
being fired.”
Jaron Lanier, the Microsoft Research scientist and best-selling author,
thinks the biggest change in America is that “technology’s never had to
shoulder the burden of optimismall by itself.”
And that creates what Haass calls a tension between “dysfunctional
America vs. innovative America.”
Walter Isaacson, head of the Aspen Institute and author of the best-
selling “Steve Jobs,” agreed that “there’s a striking disconnect between
the optimismand swagger of people in the innovative economy — from
craft-beer makers to educational reformers to the Uber creators — and
the impotence and shrunken stature of our governing institutions.”
Nathaniel Philbrick, the author of “Bunker Hill: A City, a Siege, a
Revolution,” which depicts the Patriots, warts and all, warns against
gilding the past. “They weren’t better than us back then; they were trying
to figure things out and justify their behavior, kind of like we are now,” he
said. “Fromthe beginning to the end, the Revolution was a messy work in
progress. The people we hold up as paragons did not always act nobly but
would then later be portrayed as always acting nobly. It reminds you of
the dysfunction we’re in the middle of now.
“The more we can realise that we’re all making it up as we go along and
somehow muddling through making ugly mistakes, the better. We’re not
destined for greatness. We have to earn that greatness. What George
Washington did right was to realise how much of what he thought was
right was wrong.” — © New York Times News Service
Mood of chronic
disillusionment
WORLD VIEW
Are we still the
biggest and
baddest? Or are
we forever
smaller, stingier,
dumber, less
ambitious and
more cynical?
MAUREEN DOWD
CM
YK
ND-ND
10 THE HINDU TUESDAY, JULY 8, 2014
NOIDA/DELHI
NEWS
NEW DELHI/AHMEDABAD:
President Pranab Mukherjee
has accepted the resignation
of Bharat Vir Wanchoo as
Governor of Goa and
appointed Margaret Alva,
Governor of Rajasthan, to
discharge the functions of the
Governor of Goa, in addition
to her own duties, until
regular arrangements for the
office of the Governor of Goa
are made, a press
communique from
Rashtrapati Bhavan said here
on Monday night.
Following the transfer of
Kamla Beniwal, Ms. Alva was
on Monday also sworn in as
Gujarat Governor at a
function in Gandhinagar on
Monday.
Chief Minister Anandiben
Patel and State Ministers
attended the ceremony. Chief
Justice of Gujarat High Court
Bhaskar Bhattacharya
administered the oath of office
and secrecy to Ms. Alva. Ms.
Alva, who will demit office in a
month, will hold additional
charge of Gujarat until regular
arrangements for the office of
the Governor are made.
In the context of Gujarat’s
development, Ms. Alva
highlighted the need for
improvement in the area of
education and health.
“Gujarat is a developed
State. But there are issues
related to quality of education.
There are no teachers in
primary schools. Doctors do
not want to work in rural
areas. These problems need to
be looked into,” she told
mediapersons in Gandhinagar.
Special Correspondent
Wanchoo resignation accepted;
Margaret Alva gets Goa, Gujarat too
Margaret Alva takes oath as Governor of Gujarat
in Gandhinagar on Monday. — PHOTO: PTI
NEW DELHI: The former Telecommunications
Minister, A. Raja, on Monday told a special
court conducting trial in the 2G spectrum
case that the decision to close receipt of
applications for allocation of the Unified
Access Service Licence (UASL) was taken
after a discussion with the Secretary
(Telecom) and the DDG (Access Service).
However, earlier, in response to a note
shown to him by U.U. Lalit, special
prosecutor, Mr. Raja said that “the
proposal was put to me to announce cut-off
date 10.10. 2007 for receipt of UASL
applications till further orders.”
Mr. Lalit was cross-examining him as a
defence witness.
When the prosecutor asked Mr. Raja
whether the proposed cut-off date, October
10, 2007, was curtailed to October 1, 2007,
he said there was no question of curtailing
the date of receipt of applications.
“It was believed after the
discussions that time till
01.10.2007 was fair
enough for the reasons
discussed in the note
of DDG (AS), as
accepted by the
officers in the
meeting,”
Mr. Raja
said.
2G: Raja cross-examined
Nirnimesh Kumar
NEW DELHI: The Union government on Monday
deferred the introduction of the Bill to amend
the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014.
It also deferred tabling the explanatory
statement for promulgation of the Andhra
Pradesh Reorganisation (Amendment)
Ordinance, 2014.
The Bill and explanatory statement were
scheduled in the List of Business for the day in
the Lok Sabha, but when his turn came to table
both, Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh
informed the House that the government was
in the process of obtaining the
recommendation of the President under
Article 3 for the introduction of the Bill.
Since the Bill essentially replaces the
ordinance promulgated to allow the transfer of
some villages in Telangana to Andhra Pradesh
for the Polavaramproject, Mr. Singh requested
that both matters be deferred till the
Presidential recommendation was secured.
Prior to this, Bhartruhari Mahtab (Biju
Janata Dal) and Vinod Kumar Boianapalli
(Telangana Rashtra Samithi) had given notices
for opposing the introduction of the Bill on the
premise that the areas to be transferred come
under Schedule V of the Constitution and such
a transfer cannot be made by any legislature.
They also questioned the haste with which
the ordinance was promulgated.
Centre defers
tabling of A.P. Bill
Smita Gupta & Anita Joshua
NEW DELHI: Contradictory
views emerged during the
National Dialogue on Ganga
(Ganga Manthan) here on
Monday with a majority of
stakeholders, including
saints and NGOs,
questioning the government
plan for navigation and
construction of modern
dams in the river basin.
They sought to know how
the government would
ensure a “continuous and
uninterrupted” (aviral and
nirmal) flow of the river
from Gangotri to Ganga
Sagar if there are plans to
build barrages and bridges
at every 100 kilometre to
enable small ships to
navigate. They also sought
clarity on big dams that may
come up in the river basin
and development of ghats as
tourist destinations with
introduction of house-boats.
Union Water Resources
Minister Uma Bharti said,
“To ensure continuous and
uninterrupted flow of the
Ganga is our top priority
and this will be done
through involvement of
people.”
Although the consultation
was held to arrive at a
consensus on the broad
parameters on rejuvenation
of the Ganga and its
tributaries, Union Minister
for Shipping and
Transportation Nitin
Gadkari let the cat out of the
bag saying that his Ministry
had taken the decision on
navigation of small ships
between Varanasi and
Hooghly for which a loan
had been sought from the
World Bank.
It is proposed to conduct
dredging to provide a width
of 45 meters and five meters
draft (depth) to enable
navigation of small ships
between Varanasi and
Hooghly on the Ganga.
“We might get Rs. 4000
crore for this project and it
is in the last stage,” he said.
“But the decision is not
final,” he added.
Opposing the navigation
move, Swami
Avimukteshwar Anand
Saraswathi from Badrinath
told The Hindu that
harnessing the Ganga at
every 100 km is “not
acceptable.” “The Ganga by
itself is not polluted. To
restore its pristine glory, the
municipalities, the Urban
Development ministry, the
pollution boards should
work and above all,
awareness has to be created
in people.”
Speaking to The Hindu,
‘Waterman’ Rajinder Singh
said there should be no new
dams on the river and no
new cement-concrete
constructions should be
allowed on river land. River
land should be identified,
demarcated and notified and
banks should be forested, he
said.
R. Bahl of IIT-Delhi was
concerned about the
Gangetic aquatic and
marine life. “External noise
sources like propellers and
engines from movement of
ships may cause
disturbances to the dolphins
which are blind and follow
sound waves. Chinese river
dolphins became extinct
because of overuse of river,”
he told The Hindu.
Gargi Parsai
Navigation in Ganga basin questioned
NEW DELHI: The Chief Justices of the
Calcutta and Orissa High Courts, Arun
Kumar Mishra and Adarsh Kumar Goel,
and senior lawyer Rohinton Nariman
were on Monday sworn in as Supreme
Court judges.
They were administered the oath of
office by Chief Justice of India R.M.
Lodha at a brief ceremony, held in the
court hall of the CJI, attended by all the
judges, law officers and family members
of the new judges. The strength of judges
in the apex court has now gone up to 27,
against the sanctioned strength of 31.
The collegiumis expected to fill a few
more vacancies shortly. Following the
superannuation of Justice Gyan Sudha
Misra in April, there is at present only
one woman judge, Ranjana Desai, who
too will retire in October.
Mr. Nariman is the fifth lawyer to be
elevated as a Supreme Court judge .
Justice Goel, 60, will be the first judge to
represent Haryana in the court and will
have a tenure of a little over five years.
Justice Arun Mishra, 58, fromMadhya
Pradeshwill have a tenure of about seven
years.
J. Venkatesan
Three Supreme Court
Judges sworn in
NEW DELHI: Muslimgroups on Monday
said there was nothing new or
objectionable in the Supreme Court’s
order on “Shariat Court”.
Dr. Zafarul IslamKhan, president, All
India MuslimMajlise Mushawarat, an
umbrella body of over a dozen Muslim
groups belonging to different sects, told
The Hindu that the order was not an
interference with the Personal Law
rights of Muslims.
“There is nothing new or objectionable
in the verdict. Darul Qaza is an informal
forumto which people go for their own
benefits. Its view or fatwa is just an
opinion and is not legally binding. That is
why quite a number of times people
reject the Darul Qaza fatwa and instead
approach civil court,” he said. Dr. Khan,
who is also the editor of Milli Gazette,
objected to the term“Shariat Court.”
“It is wrong to call Darul Qaza as
‘Shariat Court’ essentially because it is
not a ‘court’. The term‘Shariat Court’
gives an impression that Muslims have
formed an alternative judicial system,”
he added.
Mohammad Ali
‘Order not an
interference with
Personal Law’
NEW DELHI: With the govern-
ment having already in-
creased rail fares, the stage
is now set for the Rail Bud-
get on Tuesday. Through a
mix of symbolism and policy
announcements, the budget
is expected to unveil the Mo-
di government’s trajectory
for the future of the
Railways.
Topping the agenda will
be high speed trains (HSTs),
work on which was started
by the previous government.
Railway Minister Sadanan-
da Gowda’s speech will in-
dicate how funds will be
raised for this highly capital-
intensive endeavour.
Mr. Gowda is already fac-
ing a challenge in raising re-
sources after the Union
Home Ministry red flagged a
Commerce Ministry note on
allowing foreign direct in-
vestment (FDI) in the Rail-
ways. The Railway Budget
speech will thus be the
Prime Minister’s first test
on inter-ministerial coordi-
nation following a different
view from another central
ministry, official sources
said.
The Mumbai-Ahmedabad
HST is likely to be an-
nounced as feasibility stud-
ies have been completed by
the French and Japanese
railways. In addition, Mr.
Gowda will reiterate earlier
budget announcements for
semi-high speed trains on
the Delhi-Agra and Delhi-
Chandigarh sections.
As far as internal resource
generation is concerned, the
sources say the recent hike,
which was actually the UPA
government’s proposal, has
left it with no room to raise
money again through this
route. They are confident
about Mr. Gowda’s budget
speech providing novel ave-
nues for attracting funds,
some of which they say have
not been attempted in the
past.
For a government that has
promised inclusive growth
to all parts of the country,
Mr. Gowda may announce
connectivity to northeast-
ern States untouched by the
Railways. These include
putting Arunachal Pradesh
on the rail map through the
new Harmuti-Naharlagun
line and Meghalaya by the
Dudhnoi-Mehendipathar
rail line.
After the high-profile
opening ceremony of the
train line to Katra in Jammu
& Kashmir, the Railway
Minister may announce the
conversion of the strategic
northeast line, the 510-km
Rangiya-Murkongselek
track, from metre gauge
thus ensuring seamless con-
nectivity with the rest of In-
dia, which is predominantly
broad gauge.
Mr. Gowda, in his initial
interaction with newsper-
sons, had said safety, securi-
ty and speed would be his
focus areas. With speed tak-
en care of by announcing
HSTs on the Golden Quadri-
lateral and semi-HSTs, a
major part of the budget will
have greater focus on inter-
nal adjustments and
innovativeness.
On the safety side, he is
likely to announce a project
for automatic closing of
doors in Shatabdi trains and
EMU coaches to check acci-
dental falling from trains, an
area that has been neglected
by previous ministers, more
concentration on rail under-
bridges, more fire-retardant
coaches and a host of pas-
senger-friendly amenities,
say the sources.
High speed trains may
top rail budget agenda
Raising resources, a challenge for Sadananda
Sandeep Dikshit
Railway Minister D.V. Sadananda Gowda giving
final touches to the Railway Budget 2014-15 in
New Delhi on Monday. — PHOTO: AFP
NEW DELHI: The Congress’ four-
page letter demanding the
Leader of the Opposition post
points out that the LoP has a
larger systemic role to play as
a member of panels that select
the Central Vigilance Com-
missioner, the Chief Informa-
tion Commissioner, Lokpal,
the Director of the Central Bu-
reau of Investigation, Nation-
al Human Rights Commission
(NHRC) members and the
Secretary-General of the Lok
Sabha. To deny the largest Op-
position party the Leader of
Opposition status would
therefore amount to “scut-
tling democracy.”
Nationalist Congress Party
chief Sharad Pawar, who is an
ally of the Congress, is said to
have broached the subject in-
formally with a senior BJP
Cabinet Minister pointing out
that the UPA was the largest
pre-poll alliance and had more
than the 10 per cent strength
referred to in the Speaker’s
Direction 121 that the BJPhad
been citing as a reason to deny
the Congress the post.
The BJP’s argument is that
the Salary and Allowances of
Leaders of the Opposition in
the Parliament Act, 1977, has
to be read with the Speaker’s
Direction 121 that mandates
that an Opposition party must
get at least 10 per cent of the
seats in the Lok Sabha to get
the post.
A Central minister said if
the pre-poll coalition argu-
ment is to work there must be
proof that all the parties that
are part of it subscribe to the
same ideology, policies and
programmes. Further, the
rules governing the statutory
bodies state that if one mem-
ber is absent, it does not
matter.
Senior Congress leader Ka-
mal Nath’s remarks to a TV
channel that the issue of grant
of Leader of the Opposition
status could be “flavoured” by
the BJP has annoyed the gov-
ernment. Parliamentary Af-
fairs Minister M. Venkaiah
Naidu said Lok Sabha Speaker
Sumitra Mahajan’s decision
on the subject would be
“above party lines.”
LoP has a larger role
to play: Congress
Smita Gupta &
Anita Joshua
The Congress-led UPA faced
an embarrassing situation in
the Rajya Sabha when the Na-
tionalist Congress Party
(NCP) chief Sharad Pawar did
not pay heed to the call by
Ghulam Nabi Azad to stage a
walkout in protest against the
“unsatisfactory” reply by Fi-
nance Minister Arun Jaitley
on price rise.
Even as an agitated Mr.
Azad declared emphatically
that the entire Oppositionwas
staging a walkout, the veteran
NCP leader stayed back to
raise a few concerns on behalf
of cane-growers, who are anx-
iously waiting for their dues
frommill owners.
Mr. Pawar said the govern-
ment had made an announce-
ment to help the farmers
recover their dues from the
mill owners but not come out
with formal orders on the de-
tails of the scheme. In re-
sponse, Union Minister for
Consumer Affairs, Food and
Public Distribution RamVilas
Paswan said the government
was committed to delivering
its promise once the mill own-
ers gave an assurance that
they would clear the dues of
the farmers.
B. Muralidhar Reddy
Auto bonanza
As swanky cars slowly but
steadily edge the staid
Ambassador out of the
parking lot for members in
Parliament, one does find a
beat-up military vehicle in
the midst of the gleaming
cars. This is primarily thanks
to the quota that the MPs
have in allotment of defence-
surplus vehicles.
For auto enthusiasts among
MPs, this is the season to pick
up a used military vehicle.
The Bulletin of General
Information circulated on the
opening day of Parliament on
Monday provided details of
the price fixed by the Ministry
of Defence for the various
defence-surplus vehicles for
allotment to not just MPs but
also members of Legislative
Assemblies and Councils.
As per the price list, an
Ambassador can be bought
for Rs. 25,943, a jeep for Rs.
70,947, a jonga for Rs. 57,653,
a Royal Enfield motorcycle
for Rs. 28,634, a Hero Honda
motorbike for as little as Rs.
4,381, an M&MJeep for Rs.
85,315.
Anita Joshua
Rahul pre-occupied
In the Lok Sabha, even as the
Congress, along with the
other Opposition parties, was
demanding an adjournment
motion on the Narendra
Modi government’s inability
to check price rise, party MP
Shashi Tharoor was seen
deep in conversation with
party vice-president Rahul
Gandhi. The two appeared
oblivious to the issue being
raised by the principal
Opposition party. Eventually,
when all the MPs rose to
their feet, Mr. Tharoor and
Mr. Gandhi joined them.
Smita Gupta
Tapas skips session
Trinamool Congress member
Tapas Pal was conspicuous by
his absence in the Lok Sabha
on Monday when the House
met for the first time after his
controversial speech,
threatening his political
opponents with violence and
rape of their women.
As his absence got noticed,
television reports from
Kolkata said he had been
hospitalised on Sunday
because of high blood
pressure. Mr. Pal, who
maintained a low profile in
the 15th Lok Sabha during his
first term, has now drawn
considerable attention to
himself with his speech that
stirred up a political row last
week.
Anita Joshua
Setting his own agenda
MUMBAI: Ahead of their
meeting with Prime Minis-
ter Narendra Modi and top
Ministers on Tuesday, Brit-
ish Foreign Secretary Wil-
liam Hague and his
colleague, Chancellor of
Exchequer George Os-
borne, said “good days”
(achhe din) were coming
for the Indo-British
relationship.
Addressing a select gath-
ering on Monday, which in-
cluded industrialist Ratan
Tata, Mr. Osborne said he
could feel the “buzz” in the
air and described Mr. Mo-
di’s victory as “stunning.”
Investors confident
“It is a measure of the
ambition and drive and
pace of the new govern-
ment of Prime Minister
Modi, that this complete
turnaround in sentiment
about the Indian economy
has been achieved in just
seven short weeks…” Mr.
Osborne stated. And the ex-
citement here, the Chancel-
lor felt, was matched by
“new confidence among in-
ternational investors
abroad” in the future of the
Indian economy.
Mr. Hague was of the view
that the Modi’s govern-
ment’s “bold programme”
would allow India and the
U.K. to build a “special part-
nership” as envisaged by
Prime Minister David Cam-
eron. The visit by the
Hague-Osborne duo comes
on the heels of visits by Chi-
nese Foreign Minister
Wang Yi and French For-
eign Minister Laurent
Fabius.
According to Mr. Hague,
the importance of the Indo-
U.K. relationship could be
gauged by the fact that 50
British Ministers had visit-
ed India in recent years.
The Foreign Secretary
said that while there was no
limit on “qualified” Indian
students coming to the U.K.
to study, there has been a
steady drop in Indian stu-
dents going to British uni-
versities. Between 2010-11
and 2011-12, there was a 23
per cent reduction in Indian
students going to the U.K.
Pointing out that the
world was systemically less
stable and predictable, Mr.
Hague felt that India’s clout
should be more “strongly
felt” around the globe.
JCB to open plants
Mr. Osborne pointed out
that JCB, which makes con-
struction equipment, would
be opening two new plants
in Jaipur while Diageo, a
premier drinks company,
investing £1 billion in an In-
dian company.
IAF contract
“In the last couple of days
we have concluded a £250-
million new deal to supply
British defence equipment
to the Indian Air Force,” he
said. The Defence Ministry
has signed a contract worth
£250 million with MBDA
UK for the supply of ad-
vanced short-range air-to-
air missiles for the IAF’s
Jaguar fleet. The IAF will
call the missile the “New
Generation Close Combat
Missile” (NGCCM), a Brit-
ish statement said.
U.K. Ministers on charm offensive
Amit Baruah
British Foreign Secretary William Hague (left) and
Chancellor of Exchequer George Osborne arrive to
meet Indian business leaders in Mumbai on
Monday. — PHOTO: AFP
NEW DELHI: Even as Cabinet
Secretary Ajit Seth held a
meeting on June 25 in Del-
hi, directing Air India, the
Navy and the Shipping Sec-
retary to keep vessels on
standby in case a mass evac-
uation of Indians from vio-
lence-torn Iraq was
required, National Security
Adviser Ajit Doval and In-
telligence Bureau Director
Asif Ibrahim were busy
steering a secret diplomatic
outreach, The Hindu has
learnt.
External Affairs Minister
Sushma Swaraj, just back
from Dhaka, spoke to For-
eign Ministers of all the Gulf
States, including Kuwait,
Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qa-
tar and the UAE, and met
their envoys here to enlist
their support as well.
The MEA spokesperson,
who declined to comment
on The Hindu story, how-
ever told reporters that “In-
dia is knocking on every
door, front door, back door
and trap door.” It would
seem, after a slow initial re-
sponse to the ISIS crisis in
Iraq, India’s personal diplo-
matic reachout right on the
ground by the NSA, Intelli-
gence chief and External Af-
fairs Minister, along with
traditional goodwill for the
country helped open several
shut doors.
The nurses are now safe
and back home, and Iraqi
airways has been running
special flights to Delhi
bringing in about 600 Indi-
ans so far, and officials said
at least 1,500 more have
signed up to fly out of Iraq.
However, there remain
concerns over the 39 mis-
sing men working on a con-
struction project in Mosul,
and officials admitted to
The Hindu that the task of
bringing them out to safety
is much more complicated
than that of the nurses, giv-
en that they have been out
of contact for much longer,
in a constantly changing
conflict zone.
India’s diplomatic outreach
opened several shut doors
Suhasini Haidar
NEW DELHI: The government
pushed through the ‘National
Institute of Design Bill, 2013’
in the Rajya Sabha on the first
day of the budget session of
Parliament on Monday. The
BJP-led NDA government,
which is a minority in the Up-
per House, managed to pass
the Bill with help from the
Congress.
The Bill originally drafted
by the UPA government is not
contentious and was intro-
duced in the Rajya Sabha last
year by former Commerce
Minister Anand Sharma.
Minister of State for Com-
merce & Industry Nirmala
Sitharaman, who moved the
Bill for considerationand pas-
sage, explained its provisions
seeking to declare the Nation-
al Institute of Design (NID),
Ahmedabad, as an institution
of national importance.
Currently, the NID is regis-
tered as a society under the
Societies Registration Act,
1860 and as an autonomous
institution under the Bombay
Public Trusts Act, 1950.
Now, the NID can establish
institute campuses anywhere
within or outside India.
Rajya Sabha
passes NID Bill
B. Muralidhar Reddy
CM
YK
ND-ND
11 THE HINDU TUESDAY, JULY 8, 2014
NOIDA/DELHI
NEWS/INTERNATIONAL
MAIDUGURI: More than 60
women and girls abducted last
month by suspected Boko Haram
militants in northeast Nigeria
have escaped their captors,
sources said on Sunday, but
more than 200 schoolgirls are
still being held by the Islamists.
Local vigilante Abbas Gava
said he had “received an alert
from my colleagues ... that
about 63 of the abducted women
and girls had made it back
home” late Friday.
A high-level security source
in the Borno state capital
Maiduguri confirmed the escape.
Activists of the Bring Back
Our Girls movement meanwhile
tried to march on the
presidential palace in Abuja on
Sunday to pressure the
government over the fate of
more than 200 girls kidnapped
in Chibok, in Borno, on April 14,
but were asked by security
forces to turn back. — AFP
Nigeria: 60 abducted women escape
KABUL: Former World Bank
economist Ashraf Ghani won
Afghanistan’s presidential
election, according to
preliminary results released on
Monday, with 56.4 per cent of
the run-off vote to Abdullah
Abdullah’s 43.5 per cent.
Officials said the turnout was
more than eight million in the
June 14 vote out of an estimated
electorate of 13.5 million voters
— far higher than expected, and
a figure likely to trigger further
allegations of fraud from both
sides. “The IEC [Independent
Election Commission] admits
that despite best efforts for a
better election, there were some
technical mistakes,” IEC head
Ahmad Yusuf Nuristani told
reporters.
Last-minute talks delayed the
release of the results by nearly
five hours on Monday, as the two
camps tried to thrash out a deal
over fraud allegations that
threaten to fuel instability.
Mr. Abdullah has vowed to
reject the result, alleging he was
the victim of “industrial-scale”
ballot-box stuffing, while Mr.
Ghani has said he won fairly.
Central to the talks is how
many of the total 23,000 polling
stations will now be put through
an anti-fraud audit.
Following the preliminary
result on Monday, the official
result is scheduled for July 24
after a period for the audit and
adjudication of complaints. —
AFP
Ghani the next Afghan President?
TBILISI: Eduard Shevardnadze,
a groundbreaking Soviet Foreign
Minister and later the President
of an independent Georgia, died
on Monday at the age of 86. Mr.
Shevardnadze swept heroically
across the international stage in
the final years of the Soviet
empire, helping topple the Berlin
Wall and end the Cold War, but as
the leader of post-Soviet
Georgia his career in the public
eye ended in humiliation and he
was chased out of his parliament
and forced into retirement..
As Soviet Foreign Minister,
the white-haired man with a
gravelly voice was the
diplomatic face of Mikhail
Gorbachev’s liberalising policies
of glasnost and perestroika.
Following the wooden Andrei
Gromyko, Mr. Shevardnadze
impressed Western leaders with
his charisma, his quick wit and
his commitment to Mr.
Gorbachev’s reform course.
Mr. Shevardnadze helped
push through the withdrawal of
Soviet troops from Afghanistan
in 1989, signed landmark arms
control agreements, and helped
negotiate German reunification
in 1990. — AP
Eduard Shevardnadze dead
COLOMBO: Sri Lanka’s Defence
Ministry has asked all non-
governmental organisations in
the country to prevent “unau-
thorised activities” with im-
mediate effect.
Amid concerns from civil
society groups here over di-
minishing free speech in the
country, the new directive
bars NGOs fromholding press
conferences and training pro-
grammes, observing that the
activities were beyond their
mandate.
The National Secretariat for
Non Governmental Organisa-
tions, which functions under
the Ministry of Defence and
Urban Development, said in a
letter dated July 1, 2014, that:
“It has been revealed that cer-
tain Non Governmental Orga-
nisations conduct press
conferences, workshops,
training for journalists, and
dissemination of press releas-
es which is beyond their
mandate.”
Taking objection to the let-
ter, the Lawyers’ Collective
here has said it is the Defence
Ministry that has acted be-
yond its mandate. “Only au-
thoritarian regimes prevent
such democratic engage-
ments,” it said in a statement
issued on Monday.
The MoD letter, it said, was
an indication of the limited
understanding of the powerful
Sri Lankan establishment on
civil liberties.
The MoD’s release, the Col-
lective said, further strength-
ened the allegation that Sri
Lanka has now become an au-
thoritarian state, something
that outgoing Human Rights
Chief Navi Pillay also ex-
pressed concern over, during
her August 2013 visit to the
island.
In March this year, Sri
Lankan police arrested promi-
nent human rights activist Ru-
ki Fernando and Catholic
priest Father Praveen in Kili-
nochchi under the Prevention
of Terrorism Act. They were
allegedly engaged in a fact-
finding exercise in the former
war zone. At that time, during
the 25th session of the Human
Rights Council in Geneva, in-
ternational rights watchdogs,
including Amnesty,
Human Rights Watch, the
International Commission of
Jurists and the International
Crisis Group, jointly issued a
strong statement demanding
their immediate release.
After considerable interna-
tional pressure, the activists
were released after being
questioned by the Terrorism
Investigation Division (TID).
Sri Lanka asks NGOs to stop
‘unauthorised activities’
Meera Srinivasan
A new directive bars
NGOs from holding
press conferences and
training programmes
BAGHDAD: A crucial Parlia-
ment session kickstarting the
government formation proc-
ess was delayed and an Iraqi
general was killed on Monday
as solutions to the country’s
worst crisis in years appeared
increasingly distant.
The developments high-
lighted bickering among po-
litical leaders despite calls for
unity to see off a jihadist-led
offensive that has overrun
swathes of territory and
which the security forces
have struggled to repel.
The swift advance has dis-
placed hundreds of thou-
sands, alarmed the
international community and
heaped pressure on incum-
bent Prime Minister Nouri
al-Maliki.
Multiple officials and a
lawmaker said the Parlia-
ment meeting had resche-
duled for August 12 because
MPs could not agree on a new
speaker. — AFP
Iraq puts off
Parliament
session
GAZA CITY, (PALESTINIAN TERRI-
TORIES): Hamas militants in
Gaza fired “dozens” of rockets
into southern Israel late on
Monday, the Islamist move-
ment said after six of its men
were killed in air strikes.
The bombardment was con-
firmed by the Israeli army
which said militants had
launched “a few dozen rock-
ets” within a short period of
time.
At least four were intercept-
ed over Netivot by the Iron
Dome anti-missile system,
while another 16 struck the ar-
ea around the southern city of
Beersheva, some 40 km from
Gaza, and which is home to
200,000people, the army said.
Media reports put the num-
ber of rockets at around 40,
but there were no reports of
casualties.
The rocket fire was claimed
by Hamas’s armed wing, the
Ezzedine al-Qassam Brigades,
in a statement sent to AFP in
Gaza.
“Al-Qassam fired dozens of
rockets on Netivot and Ash-
kelon, Ashdod and Ofakim in
response to the Zionist aggres-
sion,” a statement said.
The rocket fire came several
hours after Israel staged
around 16 air strikes ontargets
across Gaza, following a night
in which warplanes had at-
tacked 14 targets, killing at
least three militants.
Another five Hamas mili-
tants died and one was left in
critical condition when a tun-
nel collapsed near the south-
ern city of Rafah, with the
movement blaming it on an Is-
raeli air strike.
Confession
Earlier, three Jewish extre-
mists arrested for the killing of
a Palestinian teenager con-
fessed to the attack. During
their interrogation, they ad-
mitted to the murder in which
the victimwas burned alive, an
official close to the investiga-
tion said. — AFP
Hamas militants fire
rockets into Israel
SYDNEY: A High Court on Mon-
day barred Australia from
handing back a boat carrying
153 asylumseekers to Sri Lan-
ka, a day after Canberra re-
turned another vessel to
Colombo following a week of
secrecy. The interim injunc-
tion from a late-night sitting
applies at least until a hearing
resumes onTuesday afternoon
and was granted after lawyers
argued the transfer was illegal.
Refugee advocates claimthe
asylum seekers have been de-
prived of the ability to have
their claims for refugee status
properly assessed, with their
screening reportedly being
carried out at sea via video
link. Lawyer George Ne-
whouse said they were “entit-
led to have their claims for
protection processed in ac-
cordance with Australian law.”
“The asylum-seekers claim
that they are fleeing persecu-
tion and that they’re at risk of
death, torture or significant
harm by Sri Lankan author-
ities,” he told Australian Asso-
ciated Press. “The Minister
cannot simply intercept their
vessel in the middle of the
night and disappear them.”
There were claims that Aus-
tralia could be breaking inter-
national law in the way it
screened them and by return-
ing themto a country in which
they had a fear of persecution.
Sri Lankan police said that
the adults among the group of
41 — 28 men and four women
— would be charged with at-
tempting to leave the country
illegally, a crime punishable by
up to two years in jail. — AFP
Deportation of
Sri Lankans halted
Entitled to have their
claims for protection
processed in
accordance with
Australian law, says
lawyer
WASHINGTON: “The Indians’
sense of their rich cultural
heritage, their record of pro-
fessional achievements in the
arts and sciences of the mod-
ern world, and their faith in
their ability to govern them-
selves, combined to give them
a national maturity that al-
lowed a reasoned approach to
the creation and working of
government.”
Thus wrote Granville Aus-
tin (87), renowned scholar of
the Indian Constitution and
Constituent Assembly (CA)
debates, in his seminal tome,
The Indian Constitution:
Cornerstone of a Nation.
Professor Austin passed
away in Washington, D.C., on
Sunday. He leaves behind a
treasured legacy of scholarly
analysis on the Indian Con-
stitution which he described
as, “first and foremost a social
document,” one that embod-
ied the objectives of a “social
revolution.”
Reviewing his work, Upen-
dra Baxi, Professor of Law in
Development at the Universi-
ty of Warwick, United King-
dom, wrote that the volume,
“provides the most compre-
hensive, insightful and bal-
anced account of the work of
the Constituent Assembly
which drafted the Indian
Constitution in the brief span
of time fromDecember, 1946
toDecember, 1949— a time of
strife, turbulence and fer-
ment not merely in India but
in the entire world.”
Including a second, semi-
nal book, Working a Demo-
cratic Constitution: A history
of Indian Experience, Profes-
sor Austin’s definitive studies
of constitution-making in In-
dia are said to have effectively
displaced much of the pseu-
do-literature on the subject.
His writings have some-
times been cited by the Indi-
an Supreme Court and are
said to have significantly in-
formed legal thinking, juris-
prudence and the evolution
of Indian constitutional law.
Born in 1927, Professor
Austin lived in Norwich, Ver-
mont, fromthe age of five. He
went on to graduate from
Dartmouth College with a BA
in American Literature and
then earned a doctorate in
Modern Indian History from
Oxford University.
Working as a journalist and
photographer and later serv-
ing the U. S. Information Ser-
vice, Department of State,
Department of Health, Edu-
cation and Welfare, and also
on the staff of a U. S. senator,
Professor Austin’s wide expe-
rience with public policy is-
sues informed his subsequent
scholarly projects.
In 2011, in recognition for
his writing on the framing
and working of the Indian
Constitution, Professor Aus-
tinwas awarded a Padma Shri
award, the fourth-highest ci-
vilian honour of India.
To many of his friends and
mentees, who described him
as a “remarkable man,” he
was knownas ‘Red.’ Professor
Austin is survived by his wife,
Nancy, his four children, and
three grandchildren.
Significant contribution
J. Venkatesan adds from
New Delhi:
The contribution of Gran-
ville Austin was of great sig-
nificance to the democracy in
the country, said senior Con-
stitution expert P.P. Rao.
Hailing Professor Austin’s
books, Mr. Rao said “his
books are authoritative and
rated very high in the legal
world. These books, brought
out after extensive research
are referred [to] by Indianau-
thors and are quoted even in
some of the judgments of the
Supreme Court. I had inter-
acted with himand found his
works are very valuable and
he has made significant con-
tribution for the develop-
ment of Indian
Constitution.”
T. K. Viswanathan, former
Law Secretary and now ad-
visor to President Pranab
Mukherjee, offered condo-
lences on behalf of the Presi-
dent. He said “Austin
reshaped our understanding
of India’s constitutional
foundations and its demo-
cratic practice.”
Granville Austin dead
The renowned scholar of Indian Constitution was 87
Narayan Lakshman
Granville Austin
NEW DELHI: Bangladesh expects
the Modi government to move
quickly to ratify the Land Bor-
der Agreement (LBA) that has
been hanging fire since 2011,
Bangladesh’s High Commis-
sioner Tariq Karim told The
Hindu on Monday. The agree-
ment, tabled in the Rajya Sab-
ha by the UPA government in
February, was blocked by the
BJP in opposition.
However Mr. Karim said
that on her recent visit to Dha-
ka, External Affairs Minister
Sushma Swaraj had assured
the Sheikh Hasina govern-
ment that India would stand
by its commitments on both
the Land Border Agreement
and the Teesta water-sharing
arrangement.
“These are early days for the
NDA government,” said Mr.
Karim, adding, “We have wait-
ed 3 years, we canwait another
3 months or 4 months.” He al-
so hoped the Congress party
would not reverse its position
now that it was in the
opposition.
Ina strong statement to The
Hindu, Mr. Karimwarned that
the long delay in implement-
ing the agreements promised
by former PM Manmohan
Singh in September 2011 had
eroded the confidence of peo-
ple in Bangladesh.
“If you let it drag on too
long, the internal politics and
dynamics in Bangladesh will
make it more and more diffi-
cult to accept at face value the
reassurances from India,” he
added. “For us, the LBA and
the Teesta agreement are now
a litmus test of India’s willing-
ness to have good relations
with neighbours.” He also
hoped that West Bengal Chief
Minister Mamata Banerjee,
who has opposed the Teesta
agreement, would “see the big-
ger picture now.”
Mr. Karim said that signing
the Land Border Agreement
would help address India’s
long standing concerns about
illegal immigration from Ban-
gladesh.
In the exclusive interview
on the discussions Ms. Swaraj
had on her visit to Dhaka on
June 26th, he said the issue of
attack on Hindus had not
come up but he hoped Ms.
Swaraj was reassured by the
government’s stand that it
would protect all
communities.
Suhasini Haidar
‘Land pact and Teesta
litmus test for ties’
For full interview, visit
thne.ws/TO9fDX
NEW DELHI: Contradictory
views emerged during the Na-
tional Dialogue on Ganga
(Ganga Manthan) here on
Monday with a majority of
stakeholders, including saints
and NGOs, questioning the
government plan for naviga-
tion and construction of mod-
ern dams in the river basin.
They sought to know how
the government would ensure
a “continuous and uninter-
rupted” (aviral and nirmal)
flow of the river fromGangotri
to Ganga Sagar if there are
plans to build barrages and
bridges at every 100 kilometre
to enable small ships to navi-
gate. They also sought clarity
on big dams that may come up
in the river basin and devel-
opment of ghats as tourist des-
tinations with introduction of
house-boats.
Union Water Resources
Minister Uma Bharti said, “To
ensure continuous and unin-
terrupted flow of the Ganga is
our toppriorityand this will be
done through involvement of
people.”
Although the consultation
was held to arrive at a consen-
sus on the broad parameters
on rejuvenation of the Ganga
and its tributaries, UnionMin-
ister for Shipping and Trans-
portationNitinGadkari let the
cat out of the bag saying that
his Ministry had taken the de-
cision on navigation of small
ships between Varanasi and
Hooghly for which a loan had
been sought from the World
Bank. It is proposed toconduct
dredging to provide a width of
45 mand 5 mdraft (depth) to
enable navigation of small
ships between Varanasi and
Hooghly on the Ganga. “We
might get Rs. 4000 crore for
this project and it is in the last
stage,” he said. “But the deci-
sionis not final,” he added.
Opposing the navigation
move, Swami Avimukteshwar
Anand Saraswathi fromBadri-
nath told The Hindu that har-
nessing the Ganga at every 100
km is “not acceptable.” “The
Ganga by itself is not polluted.
To restore its pristine glory,
the municipalities, the Urban
Development ministry, the
pollution boards should work
and aboveall, awareness has to
be created inpeople.”
Speaking to The Hindu,
‘Waterman’ Rajinder Singh
said there should be no new
dams on the river and no new
cement-concrete construc-
tions should be allowed onriv-
er land. River land should be
identified, demarcated and no-
tified and banks should be for-
ested, he said.
Plan for navigation in Ganga basin questioned
Gargi Parsai
MUMBAI: A local court in Jal-
gaon district on Monday
named Gajendra Patil, broth-
er of former President, Pra-
tibha Patil as an accused in a
murder case of a local Con-
gress leader.
The court ordered to book
Mr. Patil and the former Con-
gress MLA Ulhas Patil on the
charges of murder and crimi-
nal conspiracy.
The court was hearing the
case of a local Congress leader
Professor V.G. Patil. In Sep-
tember, 2005, Mr. V.G. Patil’s
car was allegedly stoned and
he was hacked to death.
Pratibha’s
brother named
as an accused in
murder case
Staff Reporter
NEW DELHI: “We don’t fake
secularism. We believe in
true secularism,” UnionWa-
ter Resources and Ganga Re-
juvenation Minister Uma
Bharti said here on Monday.
She was responding to
former Congress Minister
Jairam Ramesh’s charge
that the NDA government
was converting the Ganga
cleaning programme into a
‘Hindutva project.’
Speaking at the National
Dialogue on Ganga, Ms.
Bharti appealed to Congress
president Sonia Gandhi:
“Please leave Ganga out of
your communal politics.”
She later told journalists
that people representing “all
religions’’ had participated
in the “Ganga Manthan’’
meeting.
Without naming Mr. Ra-
mesh, she said the Congress
leader spoke out of
“ignorance.”
Special Correspondent
We believe in true secularism, says Uma
CM
YK
ND-ND
BUSINESS
12 THE HINDU TUESDAY, JULY 8, 2014
NOIDA/DELHI
25485
25614
25743
25872
26001
26130
28170
28242
28314
28386
28458
28530
60.09
60.00
59.92
59.83
59.75
59.67
110.229996
110.813997
111.397999
111.982000
112.566002
BRIEFLY
CCI slaps Rs.25.67 cr
penalty on Adani Gas
NEW DELHI: The Competition
Commission of India (CCI)
has imposed a penalty of
more than Rs.25 crore on
Adani Gas for violating
competition norms by
abusing its dominant
market position.
Adani Gas is a subsidiary of
Adani Enterprises, which is
part of the diversified
Adani group.
The CCI ruling has come
on a case related to supply
and distribution of natural
gas by Adani Gas in
Faridabad.
A fine of Rs 25.67 crore has
been imposed on Adani Gas
for abusing dominant
position, the regulator said
in a statement on Monday.
— PTI
RBI relaxes rules on
diamond imports
MUMBAI: The Reserve Bank
of India (RBI), on Monday,
relaxed the rules of the
suppliers’ and buyers’
credit for the import of
rough, cut and polished
diamonds to a period of up
to 180 days fromthe earlier
90 days, with immediate
effect. The RBI has taken
this decision after taking
into consideration the
representations that were
received fromdiamond
importers and the Gem&
Jewellery Export
Promotion Council
(GJEPC). “We were facing
huge problems, and it is a
welcome move, Vipul Shah,
Chairman, GJEPCtold this
correspondent, adding that
“this move effectively
matches the requirements
of the industry.’’ — Special
Correspondent
MUMBAI: The benchmark S&P
BSE Sensex on Monday sur-
passed the 26000-mark for
the first time ever.
The Sensex closed at
26100.08witha gainof 138.02
points. A broader BSE-100
gained 0.35 per cent. While
the BSE’s mid-cap stocks
gained 0.12 per cent, small-
cap stocks were up by 0.60
per cent.
On the National Stock Ex-
change (NSE), the 50-share
Nifty gained 35.55 points to
close at 7787.15.
“Markets have been gener-
ally maintaining their bullish
undertone while waiting for
the UnionBudget. Thoughwe
saw some selling and profit-
booking in banking and oil
and gas stocks, the index re-
mained upbeat due to posi-
tive movements in
information technology and
pharmaceuticals,” said Sudip
Bandyopadhyay, Managing
Director and CEO, Destimo-
ney Securities.
According to him, tomor-
row’s [Tuesday’s] railway
budget will set the tone for
the market for the next two
days till the budget proposals
are announced on July 10.
Global markets have been,
by and large, buoyant with oil
prices easing and liquidity re-
maining comfortable. “Last
week’s announcement of pos-
itive non-farm pay-roll data
has significantly improved
sentiment in the U.S. and
helped FIIs remain bullish on
risk,” Mr. Bandyopadhyay
added.
“Investor interest in Indi-
anmid-caps has exploded dri-
ven by strong inflows into
domestic mid-cap mutual
funds. After a span of three
years, local mutual funds are
finally seeing net inflows,”
said Gautam Trivedi, Manag-
ing Director & Head of Equi-
ties, Religare Capital
Markets.
Meanwhile, the rupee
slipped 29 paise, logging its
biggest drop in nearly three
weeks, to end at 60.01 versus
the dollar on rising demand
for the U.S. currency from
custodian banks.
The rupee fell despite the
stock benchmark Sensex end-
ing above the 26000-level.
At the inter-bank foreign
exchange market, the rupee
commenced lower at 59.80,
which was also its day’s high,
from last Friday’s close of
59.72.
It declined further to a low
of 60.04, before concluding at
60.01, a fall of 29 paise.
Earlier, it had tumbled by
36 paise on June 18.
“A firm U.S. dollar in the
global market and demand
for the greenback in the do-
mestic market from the cus-
todian banks, pushed the
rupee below 60 handle
against the U.S. dollar,” said
Anindya Banerjee, Currency
Analyst, Kotak Securities.
“Going into the budget we
can expect a range-bound
market, between 59.50/70
and 60.10/20 on spot. Post-
budget, we can expect vola-
tility to rise.
Technically, as long as the
pair holds above 59.30/50 re-
gion, possibility of another
push towards 60.50/60 re-
mains,” said Mr. Banerjee,
adding, “Indian rupee did not
draw cues from the upswing
in the domestic equity mar-
kets as Nifty and Sensex tou-
ched a life high.”
Special Correspondent
Sensex closes above
26000-mark
Rupee logs its biggest drop in nearly three weeks
NEW DELHI: The government
plans to increase the foreign
direct investment in the in-
surance sector to 49 per cent
with a rider that the voting
rights of the overseas partner
will remain capped at 26 per
cent.
The Insurance Laws
(Amendment) Bill, 2008, pro-
poses an increase in foreign
holding in insurance joint
ventures to 49 per cent from
the existing 26 per cent with
corresponding voting rights.
The Finance Ministry now
proposes an amendment to
the Bill, pending since 2008,
by capping the voting rights
of the foreign partner to 26
per cent even as FDI is raised
to 49 per cent, according to
sources.
This is being done in the
interest of meeting the grow-
ing capital requirement of in-
surance companies, which
are highly capital-intensive.
The proposal says that eq-
uity shares of the foreign
company should not exceed
49 per cent of the total paid-
up equity capital of an insur-
ance company, provided the
voting rights of such foreign
shareholders are not exceed-
ing 26 per cent in aggregate.
Besides, the CEO of the in-
surance joint venture should
be appointed by Indianshare-
holders subject to regulatory
approvals, according to the
proposal.
The proposal also stipu-
lates that the majority of
company’s directors should
be Indian nationals.
According to the sources, a
draft Cabinet note by the De-
partment of Financial Servic-
es to this effect has been
circulated.
A proposal to hike the FDI
cap in the sector was first
mooted by the previous UPA
government. This has been
pending in the Rajya Sabha
since 2008.
The proposal says the addi-
tional amendment would in-
corporate suitable safeguards
and restrictions on foreign
equity investment in the in-
surance sector while enhanc-
ing the overall cap to 49 per
cent as envisaged in the Bill.
This is considered essential
in the light of the prevailing
economic and insurance in-
dustry environment and the
sensitive nature of the sub-
ject of foreign equity invest-
ment, the proposal says.
The Standing Committee
on Finance had earlier reject-
ed the proposal to hike FDI in
the insurance sector, saying it
might not have the desired ef-
fect and could expose the
economy to global
vulnerability.
The ruling BJP had earlier
opposed raising the FDI cap
in the insurance sector from
26 per cent to 49 per cent.
The insurance sector was
opened up to the private sec-
tor in 2000 after the enact-
ment of the Insurance
Regulatory and Development
Authority Act, 1999.
Last month, Finance Min-
ister Arun Jaitley had met
CEOs of private sector com-
panies to discuss issues relat-
ed to capital requirements,
including cap on foreign di-
rect investment. — PTI
Plan to hike FDI in insurance
with cap on voting rights
Additional amendment will incorporate suitable safeguards
CEO of JV should be
appointed by Indian
shareholders
Majority of
directors should be
Indian nationals
BANGALORE: Over the July 4
week-end, CEO designate
Vishal Sikka appears to have
been in a reflective mood. In a
blog post on Sunday, Mr. Sik-
ka articulated his feelings as
he readies himself to take on
the top job at the second
largest IT exporter in the
country.
Bringing up the debate on
an 'innovator's dilemma', the
academic-technologist
mused about the need to dis-
rupt, to learn and to under-
stand new ways of remaining
relevant. What Mr. Sikka
writes is relevant given the
fact that he makes a crucial
transition from a products
background to IT services, a
new uncharted territory for
the man credited as the chief
architect of SAP's popular da-
ta analytics product HANA.
``My fundamental conclu-
sion is that there is no in-
novator's dilemma,’’ he
writes. “There is only a desire,
a willingness, a courage to
change. To learn. To under-
stand new ways of working
and being relevant.” Detailing
his approachto disruption, he
writes that he does not be-
lieve that rules can block an
organization's ability to deal
with disruption. “Disruption
is not an excuse, a fait accom-
pli, it is simply anopportunity
to learn new skills and to de-
velop new products and ser-
vices, and processes and
economics,” he writes. These
disruptions, he believes, pre-
sent an opportunity to “re-
new ourselves and our
organizations”.
He adds that anchors –
namely, deeply rooted princi-
ples, experiences, values and
ideas/visions that companies
are built upon – can help
guide through such change.
On a personal note, he also
dedicated his “anchorage”,
amidst such huge transitions
in life, to his wife “V”, quoting
mathematician John Nash'
tribute tohis wife inhis Nobel
prize acceptance speech.
Talking of transformations
and transitions in the world
of technology and business,
he writes: “Transformations
they must go through, to sur-
vive, to continue to be rele-
vant, whenthe circumstances
and contexts around them
change dramatically. Compa-
nies around the world, in-
cluding mine, are going
through these transitions,
driven to a large extent by
software and computing
technology.”
In the blog post, titled
'Transitions and Anchors',
Mr. Sikka also points out that
he looks forward to taking
over the reins at Infosys on
August 1, and to a “great tran-
sition that must follow my lit-
tle transition.” “A great
transition and its set of chal-
lenges and opportunities,
that await my new company,
as well as every company in
our industry, and indeed as
software reshapes the world
around us, every company in
the world.”
Disruption is not an excuse, says Infy CEO
Staff Reporter
Vishal Sikka
A great transition
awaits my new
company as well as
every company in
our industry, says
Vishal Sikka
NEW DELHI: the TelecomRegu-
latory Authority of India
(TRAI) has notified that the
minimum broadband speed
has been raised to 512 kilo
bytes per second (kbps) from
the earlier 256 kbps.
The amendment has been
made to the Telecom Con-
sumers Complaint Redressal
Regulations, 2012, and the
regulations will be called the
Telecom Consumers Com-
plaint Redressal (Third
Amendment) Regulations,
2014, TRAI said in the
notification.
Accordingly, the new defi-
nition of broadband is “a data
connectionthat is able tosup-
port interactive services in-
cluding internet access and
has the capability of mini-
mum download speed of 512
kbps to an individual sub-
scriber from the point of
presence (POP) of the service
provider intending to provide
broadband service“.
The regulations will come
into force after publication in
the official gazette, it added.
The Department of Tele-
communications had revised
the broadband speed in con-
sonance of the National Tele-
com Policy 2012 and TRAI,
the regulator said. According
to National Telecom Policy
2012, the government aims to
raise the broadband down-
load speed of to 512 kbps from
256 kbps,and subsequently to
2 Mbps by 2015. — PTI
TRAI doubles minimum
broadband speed
Abu Dhabi Investment
Authority sells shares
in Kotak Bank
MUMBAI: The Abu Dhabi
Investment Authority
(ADIA), one of the world’s
biggest sovereign wealth
funds, on Monday,
offloaded over 48 lakh
shares of Kotak Mahindra
Bank for an estimated
Rs.420 crore.
The shares were offloaded
on an average price of
Rs.874.55, valuing the
transaction at Rs.420.58
crore. — PTI
CM
YK
ND-ND
13 THE HINDU TUESDAY, JULY 8, 2014
NOIDA/DELHI
BUSINESS
SNIPPETS
Cipla to invest up to 100 m pound in U.K.
MUMBAI: Cipla, on Monday, said it planned to invest up to
100 million pound in its U.K. subsidiary over the next few
years. “The investment will fund the launch of a range of
drugs in the areas of respiratory, oncology and
antiretroviral medicines as well as research and
development, clinical trials and further expansion
internationally and in the U.K., a statement fromthe
company said. — Special Correspondent
Andhra Bank to reduce NPA level
COIMBATORE: Andhra Bank is looking at reducing its gross
non-performing asset (NPA) to 4 per cent this fiscal from
5.17 per cent last financial year, Chairman and Managing
Director C. V. R. Rajendran said here on Monday. Mr.
Rajendran told presspersons that the bank was targeting
the net NPA level of two per cent this year. It had
restructured some loans. The bank had recovered Rs.300
crore last year and planned to recover Rs.1,300 crore this
year. The bank planned to add 450 branches this year. —
Special Correspondent
SOS to Centre to bail out Kattupalli port
CHENNAI: Tamil Nadu Government has urged the Union
Finance Secretary Arvind Mayaramto bail out L&T
Kattupalli International Container Terminal (KICT) that
has been facing problemon the Customs front. Tamil
Nadu Industrial Development Corporation (TIDCO) is a
joint promoter of the Rs.4,000-crore shipyard-cum-port
complex. In his letter, Chief Secretary Mohan Verghese
Chunkath said that despite having locational and
infrastructural advantages, the Kattupalli Port was not
permitted to handle new cars, scraps and drugs. “If the
Port does not become viable, the project promoters
might seek other alternatives, which will be detrimental
to the interests of the State and the region,” Mr.
Chunkath said. — Special Correspondent
vate investors, the rest are
held by employees. Post
MHRL buying 18.8 per cent,
private investors’ stake would
come down to 62 per cent and
employees’ to 18 per cent.
In a statement, Anand Ma-
hinda, Chairman, Mahindra
Group, said, “This timely ac-
quisition not only provides
access to European assets,
technology and processes,
but, more importantly, pro-
vides a springboard to MHRL
MUMBAI: Mahindra Holidays &
Resorts (MHRL) has signed
agreements to acquire 18.8
per cent stake in Finnish va-
cation ownership company,
Holiday Club Resorts Oy
(HCR), for a consideration of
13 million euro. As per the
agreement, MHRL can in-
crease its stake over a two-
year period.
With a membership base of
50,000 families, HCR is a
leading vacation ownership
company in Europe with 32
resorts — 24 in Finland, 2 in
Sweden and six in Spain.
MHRL has 171,000 mem-
bers with41 resorts across In-
dia and overseas.
Initially, MHRL will invest
3 million euro and 10 million
euro as the secondary buy-
out. While 74 per cent of
HCR’s equity is owned by pri-
for growthinEurope and oth-
er destinations.”
Benefits
Addressing media, Arun
Nanda, Chairman, MHRL,
said, “We have a fixed price
option up to September 2016
to hike stake to 100 per cent,
and intend to go to at least 90
per cent. We would like their
management to continue to
own 10 per cent. Both the
brands will remain for now.”
On the benefits of the ac-
quisition, he said that the
combined entity could be-
come the largest vacation
ownership company outside
of the U.S.
“We can use HCR’s net-
work to reach out to a huge
NRI population. Besides, we
can use the base to look at
other opportunities in West-
ern Europe where a large
number of Indians travel.”
Despite the meltdown in
Europe, HCRhas been profit-
able withanoperating margin
above 10 per cent.
“They have a frugal cost
base. They build resorts in
6-8 months, and we take up to
two years. So, we can learn
things about their modular
designs,” Mr. Nanda said.
Britain’s Chancellor Ge-
orge Osborne visited the
Mumbai plant of the Mahin-
dra Group on Monday.
It has options to hike stake to 100 % at a fixed price
Mahindra Holidays to pick up 18.8 %
stake in Finnish firm for Euro 13 m
Special Correspondent
EXCHANGE RATES
Indicative direct rates in rupees a unit
except yen at 4 p.m on July 07
Currencies TT TT
Buying Selling
U.S. Dollar 59.81 60.13
Euro 81.32 81.76
Pound Sterling 102.42 103.00
Jap Yen (100 Units) 58.67 58.99
Chinese Yuan 9.64 9.69
Swiss Franc 66.89 67.25
Singapore Dollar 47.97 48.24
Australian Dollar 56.01 56.31
Canadian Dollar 56.20 56.51
Swedish Kroner 8.73 8.78
Danish Kroner 10.91 10.97
NewZealand Dollar 52.30 52.59
Hongkong Dollar 7.72 7.76
Malaysian Ringitt 18.75 18.86
Kuwaiti Dinar 211.90 213.56
UAEDirham 16.28 16.37
Bahraini Dinar 158.53 159.60
Qatari Riyal 16.48 16.49
Saudi Riyal 16.00 16.00
Omani Riyal 155.31 156.21
Source: Indian Bank
BULLION RATES
July 07 rates in rupees with
previous rates in brackets
Chennai
Bar Silver (1 kg) 45,210 (45,545)
Retail (1 g) 48.40 (48.70)
24 ct gold (10 g) 28,260 (28,430)
22 ct gold (1 g) 2,642 (2,658)
Delhi
Silver 44,900 (45,100)
Standard gold 28,200 (28,350)
Sovereign 24,900 (24,900)
YouTube ties up with Tata Docomo
NEW DELHI: YouTube has tied up with Tata Docomo to
allow the telecomservices firm’s 3G pre-paid users watch
online videos for as low as Rs 9. YouTube, Apalya
Technologies and Tata Docomo will offer the video data
plan ‘YouTube Recharge’, which will offer users about 50
per cent discount fromregular data charges to watch
online videos. Users can watch 100 MB worth of videos
for Rs.9 (valid for 24 hours) on YouTube and Apalya’s
Live TV streaming service, while they can have access to
150 MB (valid for three days) for Rs.19. Under the Rs.39-
plan, users will get 300 MB data, which will be valid for
seven days. With 100 MB data, viewers can watch about
20-30 minutes of video at 240p quality. — PTI
What is the meaning and origin of
‘smoke and mirrors’?
(Jawaid Hasan, Patna)
This expression is frequently
used in American English,
particularly in the contexts of
politics and marketing. When
you refer to the statement
made by the CEO of a
company as being nothing
more than ‘smoke and
mirrors’, you are suggesting
that the individual is
distorting or obscuring the
truth; that he is, in fact, lying.
A company that is going
bankrupt will often issue
statements in the press to
make investors believe that
the situation is much better
than it actually is. When you
say that a politician’s
argument is ‘smoke and
mirrors’, you mean it lacks
substance.
*Use smoke and mirrors if you
have to. We must convince the
investor that he is in good
hands.
*The government’s report on
inflation was nothing more
than smoke and mirrors.
I understand the expression
comes from the world of
magic shows. A magician
depends upon smoke and
mirrors to perform his tricks.
The mirrors help create an
illusion, and the smoke is
frequently used to divert the
attention of the audience.
In restaurants, you find people are
either talking on the phone or texting
instead of the talking to the person
they are with. Is there a word for this?
(L Revathi, Vellore)
This is happening everywhere;
at home and in public places,
people are constantly busy
communicating with
everyone, except with those
who are sitting right next to
them! Suchbehaviour is called
‘nocialising’. The individual is
not socialising!
*We hardly talked. Rahul
spent the evening nocialising.
What is the difference between ‘laden’
and ‘loaded’?
(K. Kasturi, Trichy)
When you ‘load’ a car or a
truck with something, you put
a lot of things inside it — it
could be anything: empty
suitcases, boxes, blankets,
sand, etc. The items that we
put inside the vehicle may or
may not be very heavy. The
‘lad’ in‘laden’ rhymes withthe
words ‘made’, ‘paid’, and
‘jade’; the word is pronounced
‘LAID-en’ with the stress on
the first syllable. It comes
from the Old English ‘hladan’
meaning ‘to load or heap’.
When you say that a truck is
laden with boxes, you are
suggesting the vehicle is
loaded with heavy items; the
word suggests that someone
or something has been
‘heavily weighed down’.
‘Laden’ is mostly limited to
literary contexts; it is usually
followed by the preposition
‘with’.
*The trucks were laden with
farmequipment.
*We could see froma distance
that the trees were laden with
fruit.
Is it okay to say, ‘The club is nearly
half of a kilometre away’?
(J Nikhila, Mysore)
No, it is not. We have to say,
‘The club is nearly half a
kilometre away’. Usually,
‘half’ and ‘half of’ can be used
interchangeably in most
constructions — without
really affecting the meaning of
the sentence. For example,
there is no difference in
meaning between ‘Half my
friends are moving to Delhi’
and ‘Half of my friends are
moving to Delhi’. But whenwe
are talking about
measurements or quantities,
‘half of’ is not used; ‘half’ is the
preferred form. We don’t say
‘half of a dozen’, ‘half of a
bottle’, ‘half of an hour’, etc.
*Renu used half a dozen
oranges to make the juice.
*Thiru ate half a packet of
chips before dinner.
******
“If you don’t agree with me, it
means you haven’t been
listening.” — Sam
Markewich
S. UPENDRAN
upendrankye@gmail.com
KNOW YOUR ENGLISH
The BBI Combinatory
Dictionary of English
— Your Guide to Collo-
cations and Grammar:
Compiled by Morton
Benson, Evelyn Ben-
son, Robert IIson; John
Benjamins Publishing
Company, Amsterdam/
Philadelphia. Pub. in India by Cre-A, New
No. 2 (Old No. 25), I Floor, 17thEast Street,
Kamaraj Nagar, Thiruvanmiyur, Chen-
nai-600041. Rs. 400.
The BBI Combinatory Dictionary of English,
a kind of dictionary that acts as a guide to
users of English the right ways in which a
word can combine with other words or
phrases, is now available in an Indian edi-
tion. First compiled by Morton Benson,
Evelyn Benson and Robert Ilson, the BBI is
a specialised dictionary designed to help
learners of English find collocations quick-
ly and easily. Normally, learners of English
as a foreign or second language seek to
master words, their pronunciations, forms
and meanings. However, to be able to flu-
ently and accurately express themselves,
especially in writing, they must learn to
cope with the combination of words into
phrases, sentences and texts. In other
words, students must lean how words
combine or ‘collocate’ with each other.
Sacred Plants of India: Nanditha Krishna,
M. Amirthalingam; Penguin Books India
Pvt. Ltd., 11, Community Centre, Panch-
sheel Park, New Delhi-110017. Rs. 399.
Trees and plants have long been held sa-
cred to communities the world over. In
India, they feature in myths, epics, rituals,
worship and daily life.
For instance, the papal, under which the
Buddha meditated, the banyan, in whose
branches spirits hide; the ashoka, in a
grove of which Sita sheltered; and the
tulsi, without which no Hindu house is con-
sidered complete. Before temples were
constructed, trees were open-air shrines
and many were symbolic of the Buddha
himself. This book
lays out the socio-
cultural roots of
the plants found in
the Indian subcon-
tinent, while as-
serting their
ecological impor-
tance.
The book draws on
mythology, botany
and the ancient re-
ligious traditions of India to assemble a
fascinating account of India’s flora.
FROM THE BLURB
C. P. Bhambhri
I
t is a simplistic truismthat
relationships between
neighbouring countries are
always determined by the log-
ic of history and geography
and these given factors have
to be kept uppermost in mind
by every country’s makers of
foreign policy while deciding
their policy priorities for the
neighbourhood. For instance,
when India and Pakistan nu-
clearised their weapon sys-
tems in 1998, it completely
changed the balance of power
between the two neighbours;
and its impact was also felt on
China because nuclearised
India was viewed as its new
competitor inAsia. The moral
of this is the nuclear adven-
ture by India and Pakistan
changed the context of power
among South Asian coun-
tries.
The author, a former diplo-
mat, while dealing with the
political economy of “region-
al associations and organisa-
tions” like SAARC, ASEAN
and EU, meticulously de-
scribes the intricacies and
complexities of origin, forma-
tion and actual functioning of
these three important trans-
national regional formations.
The first four chapters are de-
voted tothe descriptionof the
historical background, ‘the
Economics of regionalism:
models and definitions’, re-
gionalisationtheories and the
socio-political context.
It is surprising that Khosla
has willingly or unwillingly
fallen in the trap of so called
theorists and scholars of ad-
vanced capitalist countries to
arrive at the conclusion that
regionalisation theories do
not speak of the “activity of
co-operation” because these
theorists completely ignore
“the wider socio-political
context” which is important
for situating the meaning and
reality of ‘regional associ-
ations’. The author himself
acknowledges the irrelevance
of theories and models of in-
ternational relations, when
he admits that there are pow-
erful “external pressures” to
“prevent co-operation”
among the Asian, African and
Latin American countries.
The American and Europe-
an “shadow” continues to
haunt policy-making proc-
esses of these newly develop-
ing capitalist countries.
Khosla's real problem is that
in the absence of taking ideas
and concepts from an alter-
native grand theory, he is un-
able to draw logical
conclusions from his own
facts. This becomes clear
from his main hypothesis
“peace and co-operation” as
moving forces of human his-
tory, he simply devotes one-
sided attention to Modern-
European history of “wars
and peace” and co-operation
and is blind to the fact that
Modern-Europeans as colo-
nizers completely robbed and
raped all colonies and left
them with backwardness,
acute poverty and a legacy
mutual neighbourly conflicts
by following policies of parti-
tions and changing bounda-
ries of countries at their own
sweet will.
Adam Smith in ‘The
Wealth of Nations’ (1776)
says that even after the Brit-
ish had occupied Bengal after
the Battle of Plassey (1757),
“India in general and partic-
ularly Bengal, was one of the
most prosperous regions on
the globe.” Further, Walter
Rodney, an eminent histori-
an, in ‘How Europe Under-
developed Africa’ (1970)
proved the fact noted by Mik-
hail Bukharin that Imperial-
ismis a “robber state”. This is
the real external context of
dominance by advanced in-
dustrial imperialist West —
with others trying to “catch
up” — in which the struggle of
regional associations of for-
merly colonised countries of
SAARC, or ASEAN or BRICS
needs to be studied.
Jawaharlal Nehru took the
initiative as early as in 1947
for organising an Asian Rela-
tions Conference, which cul-
minated in Bandung
Conference of Asian-African
countries in 1955; and the
birth of a powerful associ-
ation for peace and develop-
ment known as Non-Aligned
Countries’ Association was
born. The author mentions
that the impulses for the for-
mation of the ASEAN in 1967
were “indigenous” but he
does not elaborate on the ra-
tionale behind newly decolo-
nised developing countries
desiring to formtheir own re-
gional co-operation associ-
ations because of an
understanding that this is a
root not only for “peace and
co-operation” (as stated
blandly by Khosla) but with a
view to overcoming the struc-
tures of underdevelopment
they had inherited because of
colonial plunder.
Chapter 6 to 8 are devoted
to SAARC, 8 to 11, ASEANand
12 to 14 EU which contain lot
of information about these
“associations”. Further his
statement deserves a close
clinical analysis when he
states that “the existence of a
common external threat has,
it is said, contributed to the
initiation and rapid progress
of regional cooperationinEu-
rope (the threat from Soviet
Union) and South East Asia
(the threat from China). In
South Asia, on the contrary,
external coercion keeps
south Asia apart since the
policies of India’s smaller
neighbours had been actively
abetted and supported by ex-
ternal forces”. The genesis
and motivationfor the forma-
tion of regional associations
can be contextually specific
or general.
The journey of ASEAN
from 1967 to 2014 has gone
through many phases but one
constant factor has beenclose
American military surveil-
lance over the whole of East
Asia including Japan and the
birthof the idea of Asia-Pacif-
ic is also influenced by Amer-
ican interests in the Pacific.
America has always been a
benign and malignant factor
for the whole of east and
south east Asia by providing a
military umbrella to these
countries. It is not only China
that is considered a threat by
South and South East Asian
countries because America is
a protector and defender of
these regions and this is spe-
cific factor which should be
noted in the context of re-
gional cooperation of Asian.
Khosla is oblivious of this im-
portant context and still
mentions “context is impor-
tant for regional destinies”.
The second decade of the 21st
century is the age of finance
capital and this trans-nation-
alisation of capital has been
willingly accepted by devel-
oping capitalist countries and
currently these countries are
fully “integrated” in a de-
pendent manner with Amer-
ica led trans-financial
corporations and all regional
associations are just an ap-
pendix of American capitalist
domination.
The author’s main thesis of
“Peace, Co-operation and Re-
gional associationism” col-
lapses like house of cards
because the formation or liq-
uidation of regional associ-
ation in large parts of
developing countries de-
pends on the good will of
America.
Exploring the emergence of regional blocs
HOW NEIGHBOURS CONVERGE
— The Politics and Economics
of Regionalism: I.P. Khosla;
Konark Publishers Pvt. Ltd.,
206, Peacock Lane, Shahpur
Jat, New Delhi-110092. Rs. 795.
............................................................
ASEAN’S JOURNEY HAS MANY PHASES BUT
ONE CONSTANT FACTOR HAS BEEN CLOSE
U.S. MILITARY SURVEILLANCE ON EAST ASIA
..............................................................
BOOK REVIEW
KOLKATA: The B. M. Khaitan
group has decided to revamp
the age-old Eveready brand,
so as to reflect the company’s
foray into additional areas of
business. Eveready Industri-
es India (EIIL), which drew
its sustenance mainly from
sales of dry cell batteries and
flashlights, is now looking to
mark an increased presence
in lighting solutions, recharg-
ing devices and power banks.
‘Give me Red’ is a two-dec-
ade-old slogan that helped to
build the history of Eveready.
It came when EIIL started
making the red plastic shield-
ed leak-proof batteries re-
placing the earlier white ones.
As gadgets kept changing, Ev-
eready, too, has to expand its
portfolio to related areas as it
could not afford to be known
only as a battery and flash-
light company.
“So we entered the area of
lighting solutions first (with
CFL bulbs) and then into the
area of power packs as today’s
youth is always on the move
and is always switched on,”
Amritanshu Khaitan, EIIL’s
Managing Director, said.
The revamp exercise adds a
tagline — the next level of
power in addition to the Give
Me Red line that is now syn-
onymous with EIIL. “I be-
lieve that the new campaign
will extend Eveready beyond
batteries and positionitself as
a portable power and lighting
solutions provider,” Mr.
Khaitan said. EIIL, which
now has a 60:40 share be-
tween batteries and flash-
lights and its newer products,
is trying to alter it in favour of
the new products, he said.
Eveready to
reposition brand
Indrani Dutta
Is now looking to
mark an increased
presence in lighting
solutions, recharging
devices and power
banks
NEW DELHI: HeroMotoCorp, on
Monday, announced its entry
into Colombia by commenc-
ing construction of its $70
million manufacturing facil-
ity in the South American
country. The move is in line
with the company’s vision of
expanding its global footprint
to as many as 50 countries by
2020.
“The commencement of
our operations in Colombia is
a definitive leap into the next
level of our global foray…To-
day, we laid the foundation
stone of our manufacturing
plant at Villa Rica in Colom-
bia, the first full-fledged plant
by an Indian two-wheeler
manufacturer in Latin Amer-
ica,” said Hero MotoCorp
Managing Director and Chief
Executive Officer Pawan
Munjal.
Wholly-owned
subsidiary
For this foray, the company
has formed a wholly-owned
subsidiary named HMCL
Colombia SAS. Hero Moto-
Corp would invest $70 mil-
lion in the country through
this subsidiary, it said.
“HMCLwill invest $38 mil-
lion in capex, with the rest
being utilised as working cap-
ital over the next three-year
period.
“The equity investment
will be made through
HMCL’s wholly-owned sub-
sidiary in the Netherlands,
HMCL BV,” the company
explained.
Hero MotoCorp said the
plant was expected to be op-
erational towards the middle
of 2015-16 financial year.
The plant will have an an-
nual capacity of 78,000 units
that will be scaled up to 1.50
lakh units in the next 3-4
years. The plant will be
spread over 17 acres.
“With the setting up of the
state-of-the-art world-class
plant here, we will bring the
latest modern technology in-
to the country.
“As we grow our dealer net-
work and localise our oper-
ations, we will generate
immense direct and indirect
employment, thereby con-
tributing to the overall devel-
opment of Colombia,” Mr.
Munjal added.
Hero MotoCorp enters Colombia
Staff Reporter
Pawan Munjal, Managing Director and CEO of
Hero MotoCorp, during a news conference in Villa
Rica, Cauca, Southwestern Colombia, on Sunday.
— PHOTO: REUTERS
Setting up a facility
costing $70 million to
produce 78,000 units
annually MUMBAI: HDFC Chairman
Deepak S. Parekh and former
chairman of McKinsey India
Adil Zainulbhai have been in-
ducted into the board of Net-
work 18 as independent
directors following its take-
over by Reliance Industries
Ltd (RIL). A senior advisor at
McKinsey India, Mr. Zainulb-
hai is also independent direc-
tor on RIL’s board.
RIL, on Monday, an-
nounced that Independent
Media Trust (IMT) , of which
RIL is the sole beneficiary,
has completed the acquisi-
tion of control of Network 18
Media and Investments Lim-
ited (NW18), including its
subsidiary TV18 Broadcast
Limited (TV18).
Raghav Bahl, the erstwhile
promoter of NW18 and TV18,
will continue to be on the
board of NW18 as a non-exec-
utive Director, RIL said.
“With the completion of
this transaction, IMT and
RIL have become promoters
of NW18 and TV18. The open
offers to the public sharehol-
ders for acquisition of equity
shares of NW18, TV18 and In-
fomedia Press as announced
on May 29 by IMT are in
process and the draft letter of
offer has been filed with SEBI
for its comments,” RILsaid in
a statement.
Special Correspondent
Parekh, Zainulbhai join
Network 18 board
StanChart to invest in Sterlite Power Grid
MUMBAI: Power transmission solutions provider Sterlite
Technologies has entered into an agreement to raise
Rs.500 crore through equity infusion fromStandard
Chartered Private Equity for funding its existing as well as
new projects, the company said on Monday. “Sterlite
Technologies has entered into agreement with Standard
Chartered Private Equity for an equity investment of
Rs.500 crore in Sterlite Power Grid Ventures Ltd
(SPGVL),” a release issued here said. SPGVL, a subsidiary
of Sterlite, focused on the development and operations of
power transmission projects, will issue convertible
securities to Standard Chartered Private Equity for a
minority share, it said. — PTI
BOOK REVIEW
CM
YK
ND-ND
14 THE HINDU TUESDAY, JULY 8, 2014
NOIDA/DELHI
★ Religion and Rabindranath
Tagore — Select Discourses,
Addresses and Letters in
Translation: Translated by
Amiza P. Sen; Oxford Univer-
sity Press, YMCA Library
Building, 1 Jai Singh Road,
New Delhi-110001. Rs. 495.
★ Battles of the New Republic
— A Contemporary History of
Nepal: Prashant Jha; Aleph
Book Company, 7/16, Ansari
Road, Daryaganj, New Del-
hi-110002. Rs. 395.
★ Tribal Education — Status
Study of Ashram Schools in
Karnataka: Midatala Rani; Rs.
1495.
★ Educating Tribal Children —
Issues, Concerns and Reme-
dies: Malli Gandhi, Vakulabh-
aranam Lalitha; Rs. 1095.
Both the books pub. by Seri-
als Publications, 4830/24,
Prahlad Street, Ansari Road,
Daryaganj, New Delhi-110002.
★ The Local and the Global in
Postcolonial Literature: Pu-
nyashree Panda; Author-
spress, Q-2A, Hauz Khas
Enclave, New Delhi-110016.
Rs. 995.
★ Value Education — A Study in
Human Values and Virtues:
A.R. Mohapatra, Bijaya Moha-
patra; Readworthy Publica-
tions (P) Ltd., D-1, Mohan
Garden, Near Tanshi Tent Pal-
ace, New Delhi-110059. Rs.
595.
★ An Optimist’s Diary — A Phil-
osophical Economist Observ-
es Our World: Guy Sorman;
Full Circle Publishing, J-40,
Jorbagh Lane, New Del-
hi-110003. Rs. 595.
★ Handbook on CSR for Corpo-
rates and NPOs: Manoj Fo-
gla; Rs. 1195.
★ Development Impact — Pro-
file of 15 NGOs: Rs. 125. Both
the books pub. by Credibility
Alliance, 214, Second Floor,
DDA Building, No.1, District
Centre, Janakpuri, New
Delhi-110058.
★ Essays in Modern Indian Ec-
onomic History: Edited by
Sabyasachi Bhattacharya;
Rs. 1295.
★ State, Society and Ecology
— Gorakhpur in Transition,
1750-1830: Meena Bhargava;
Rs. 995.
★ Convergence — Rethinking
India's Past: Edited by Rad-
hika Seshan; Rs. 695.
★ Essays in Medieval Indian
Economic History: Edited by
Satish Chandra; Rs. 1295.
★ Mughal Architecture — An
Outline of its History and De-
velopment (1526-1858): Ebba
Koch; Rs. 1950.
★ Beyond the Private World —
Indian Women in the Public
Sphere: Edited by Subrata
Bagchi; Rs. 1395.
★ The Politics of Ethnicity — In
India, Nepal and China: Edited
by Marine Carrin, Pralay Ka-
nungo, Gerard Toffin; Rs.
1350.
★ Essays in Ancient Indian Ec-
onomic History: Edited by
Brajadulal Chattopadhyaya;
Rs. 1095. The above books
pub. by Primus Books, Virat
Bhavan, Mukherjee Nagar
Commercial Complex,
Delhi-110009.
★ Sources on Indian History —
Vol 1: Archiving South Asian
History; Vol 2: Economic His-
tory; Vol. 3: 1857; Vol. 4:
Peasant and Tribal Unrest;
Vol.5: Social History: The
above books pub. by Indian
Historical Records Commit-
tee, National Archives of In-
dia and Aakar Books, 28 E,
Pkt IV, Mayur Vihar Phase I,
Delhi-110091. Rs. 2995 (set).
★ The Obstacle is the Way —
The Ancient Art of Turning
Adversity to Advantage: Ryan
Holiday; Profile Books Ltd.,
London and distributed by
Hachette Book Publishing In-
dia Pvt. Ltd., 4th & 5th Floors,
Corporate Centre, Plot No.
94, Sector 44, Gur-
gaon-122001. Rs. 399.
★ Lead 3D — The Future of
Leadership is Here: Rajiv Ra-
jendra; Random House Pub-
lishers India Pvt. Ltd., 7th
Floor, Infinity Tower C, DLF
Cyber City, Gurgaon-122002.
Rs. 499.
★ Creating a Learning Society
— A New Approach to Growth,
Development and Social Pro-
gress: Joseph E. Stiglitz,
Bruce C. Greenwald; Colum-
bia University Press, New
York.
★ Dance to the 7 Tunes of Suc-
cess — Change the World with
Your Standards of Excel-
lence: Nishit Lal; Jaico Pub-
lishing House, A-2, Jash
Chambers, 7-A, Sir Phiroz-
shah Mehta Road, Fort, Mum-
bai-400001. Rs. 225.
★ Safer Shipping in Cleaner
Oceans: Pranab Raychoudhu-
ry; Universal Book Corpora-
tion, 534 & 546, Kalbadevi
Road, Dhobi Talao, Mum-
bai-400002. Rs. 650.
★ Incredible Champions: N
Chandrasekaran; Partridge
India.
NEW ARRIVALS
Odyssey of
My Life:
Shivraj V. Patil;
Rupa Publications
India Pvt. Ltd.,
7/16,
Ansari Road,
Daryaganj,
New Delhi-110002.
Rs. 695.
War and Gold — A
Five-Hundred
History of Empires,
Adventures and
Debt: Kwasi
Kwarteng;
Bloomsbury
Publishing India Pvt.
Ltd., Vishrut
Building, DDA
Complex, Building
No. 3, Pocket
C-6&7, Vasant Kunj,
New Delhi-110070.
Rs. 499.
Networks of
Rebellion —
Explaining
Insurgent Cohesion
and Collapse:
Paul Staniland;
Cornell University
Press, Sage House,
512 East State
Street, Ithaca,
New York 14850.
$ 27.95.
Swaran Singh
D
r. Karan Singh
needs no introduc-
tion. Heir-appar-
ent to the Kingdom
of Jammu & Kashmir — the
largest princely state at time
of India’s independence —
later Sadar-e-Riyasat (Presi-
dent of his province), then
Union Minister and celebrat-
ed representative of India on
various assignments includ-
ing India’s Ambassador to the
U.S. and most recently Presi-
dent of IndianCouncil of Cul-
tural Relations (ICCR). But
more than these positions, it
is his reputation as one of In-
dia’s greatest living, English-
speaking Sanskrit scholars,
and especially his enduring
essays on Hinduism and his
works on India’s post-inde-
pendence political history —
of which he has been an in-
tegral part — reflect his multi-
faceted personality and
experience. Meetings with
Remarkable Women, there-
fore, not just provides a
glimpse into the lives and
contributions of 27 outstand-
ing womeninvarious walks of
public life but also tells us lot
more about the remarkable
life of this author.
A part of his deep admi-
ration for these women is
owed to his childhood experi-
ences where he shows a bit of
scorn for his father’s pomp-
ous regimentations while he
venerates his mother’s sub-
altern innocence and her love
for the poor. He describes his
father as “indecisive” and
“feudal” and sees his inac-
tions partly responsible for
the painful legacies of Parti-
tion for his state. Conversely,
he prides himself on his
daughter Jyotsna’s nudging
him into writing this book
and dedicates it to his wife
Asha, “the most remarkable
woman I ever met” and who
comes alive in various epi-
sodes of his interactions with
these 27 women.
The book opens with the
story of his mother — fourth
wife of Maharaja Hari Singh
— who was “a village girl”
from Dogra regions of Hima-
chal Pradesh but successfully
“adapted herself to the gran-
deur and hubbub of the pal-
ace”. Other women of royalty
includes Maharani Gayatri
Devi, “one of the most beauti-
ful women of her time” and
whose playing polo and “cele-
brated romance” as third wife
of Maharaja Jai Singh were
part of the popular legend. He
talks of her countenance with
public life after the death of
the Maharaja; not just be-
coming Member of Parlia-
ment but, during Internal
Emergency, being lodged in
New Delhi’s Tihar jail along
with common criminals. He
also talks of the lesser known
Princess Niloufer of Hydera-
bad, who got her divorce from
the younger son of the Nizam
“on the personal intervention
of Jawaharlal Nehru” and
lived happily inParis withher
second husband, former Brit-
ish diplomat, Edward Julius
Pope. He has a detailed chap-
ter on the Mountbattens vis-
iting his father and calls
Edwina the “healer” of Parti-
tion with her keen intellect
and vivacious nature.
Other than this close first
circle of royals, the most vis-
ible set of his remarkable
women are politicians. Like
royals, public life was thrust
upon themas part of their in-
heritance. He credits Prime
Minister Indira Gandhi with
bringing him to the national
scene, which he desperately
wanted. He, however, also re-
cords how, following the 1975
Allahabad Court judgment
declaring Mrs Gandhi’s elec-
tionas null and void, he wrote
to her suggesting that she
should resign and let the
President not accept it on
pretext that her challenge lay
in the Supreme Court. When
she chose to impose national
emergency and split the Con-
gress by launching her own
Congress (Indira), he parted
ways with her. He writes
about the “steely charm” of
Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit and
how her “overpowering per-
sonality” eclipsed the role of
Kamala Nehru in the family;
something that made Mrs.
Gandhi push her to the very
margins of her charmed cir-
cles. He talks of Sonia Gandhi
emerging as the “saviour” of
the faction-ridden Congress
of the late 1990s and de-
scribes her as a good listener.
But he gives the credit for her
rise to power to the secular-
ismof Indian civilisation.
The third set of women be-
longs to the field of music and
dance. Rukmini Devi Arun-
dale, not only transformed
the dance form of the degen-
erated tradition of Devdasis
in Shiva temples into the
pride of the nation — Bhara-
tanatyam— but institutional-
ised it by setting up
Kalakshetra in Chennai
which has since inspired in-
stitutions like ICCR to open
multiple centres for nourish-
ing this art further. The au-
thor was equally impressed
with the “grace and charm” of
MS Subbulakshmi, especially
her “exquisite and full of
emotions” renderings. He re-
calls his first encounter with
the artist at Nehru’s resi-
dence in 1950 with Nehru
showering his admiration on
this 34-year-old genius of
classical music.
Amongst his fourth set are
professionals. Fiery environ-
mentalist from Kenya, Wan-
gari Maathai, known for
planting lakhs of trees sur-
vives state authoritarianism
and gains international rec-
ognition through the Nobel
Peace Prize for 2004. Durga-
bai Deshmukh was the first
woman Member of India’s
Planning Commission. Her
marriage to then Chairman,
Planning Commission, Dr C
D Deshmukh had “created
quite a sensation.” He talks of
his contemporary Kapila Vat-
syayan, an eminent art histo-
rian of eastern traditions,
who played a critical role in
New Delhi’s Indira Gandhi
National Centre for the Art
(IGNCA) and the Indian In-
ternational Centre (IIC). He
also talks of diminutive anti-
apartheid scholar Nadine
Gordimer with great power of
emotions.
Amongst his fifth set of the
spiritual women, he recalls
having felt the spell of the
gravitas of The Mother who
was ‘interpreter of Sri Auro-
bindo’ especially when he
went into several years of sol-
itude in his Pondicherry ash-
ram. Dr. Singh also talks of
their long relationship with
Belgian Queen Fabiola whose
“deeply spiritual and compas-
sionate” personality made
her the darling of her friends
and commons alike. He nar-
rates his meetings with Ben-
gali Saint Anandamayi Ma
and Englishwomen Beryl Sti-
leman and poetess Kathleen
Raine, as also with young
Thai princess Maha Chakri
and old Madame de Salzmann
— disciple of Russian mystic
George Ivanovich Gurdjieff —
who lived fit and fine well
over hundred years; possibly
result of following her teach-
er’s teachings along with his
prescribed exercises and
dance movements that were
designed to lead to spiritual
progress.
The author talks of his
book title being inspired by
this Greek-Armenian mystic
Gurdjieff’s Meetings with Re-
markable Men. But other
than this title and their ex-
tremely lucid style of writing
these two books remain far
apart.
Given his informal ap-
proach to his reminiscences,
most of these remarkable
women are presented as
wives and daughters except
that each one of them suc-
cessfully goes far beyond her
expected remit. He describes
them in his very apt and in-
teresting titles for each of his
narratives. Also, the exquisite
selection of about sixty-four
photographs plus several
paintings and portraits make
this sketchy text read so vi-
brant. The author though
misses on crediting these
photographers and portrait
makers as also in giving the
sources of paintings and their
significance. He remains the
quintessential philosopher
and describes his birth on 9
th
March 1931 in South of
France — during an extended
trip of his father’s participa-
tion in the Round Table Con-
ference in London — as his
coming “into the world this
time round” which under-
lines his being rooted in the
sense of timelessness in Indi-
an thought of which he re-
mains an iconic figure.
Touching so many lives
Karan Singh provides a glimpse into the lives and contributions of 27 outstanding women in various walks of public life
MEETINGS WITH REMARKABLE WOMEN: Karan Singh;
Palimpsest Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., 11 Community
Centre, Panchsheel Park, New Delhi-110017. Rs. 1500.
V. R. Raghavan
S
trategic thinkers through
history — from Chanakya
through Sun Tzu to Machia-
velli and down to the Indian
strategic guru K Subrah-
manyam — have emphasised
the pivotal role intelligence
plays in the security of the
nation. The need to know in
advance the enemy’s capabil-
ity, intentions and plans is as
vital a component as one’s
own military capability. Mil-
itary history is replete with
national security failures due
to flawed or failed intelli-
gence. In modern times,
failed intelligence manage-
ment led to the massive Indi-
an military debacle against
the Chinese in 1962. Failure
to read Egyptian intentions
led to Israeli failure on the
Suez Canal. The failure to an-
ticipate the attack on Twin
Towers in New York and the
US response to it changed the
geopolitical equilibriumfrom
the Arab world to Pakistan.
Indian military embarrass-
ment and the costly response
in Kargil was a clear case of
intelligence mismanagement.
The current situation in Iraq,
of the rapid advance by the
ISIS forces up to Baghdad is
the latest instance of such
failure. Neither the US, nor
the Iraqi government and
Iran’s intelligence apparatus
had seen the offensive com-
ing or the capability of the
ISIS forces.
India’s own experience in
intelligence failures is not
confined to military matters
either. The assassination of
Mujibur Rahman in Dacca,
and those of Indira Gandhi
and later of Rajiv Gandhi are
prime examples of intelli-
gence failures. The number of
reports and recommenda-
tions to improve matters is
evidence of the widespread
national weakness. In this
disquieting scene, the bookby
Vappala Balachandran is a
welcome addition. Notwith-
standing that it is a compila-
tion of articles and papers
written and talks given over
thirteen years, the corpus of
writings authored by an in-
telligence operative with ex-
perience at national and
international levels, provides
aninsight into the conceptual
and structural challenges in-
telligence management faces
in the country. The author
was a member of study
groups amongst whom the
latest was on the manage-
ment of the 26/11 attacks on
the Taj Mahal hotel and else-
where inMumbai. The failure
to act on the steps indicated
in that study is illustrative of
the apathy with which intelli-
gence and security manage-
ment are handled.
A survey of the National Se-
curity apparatus shows its
shortcomings in managing
both the external and inter-
nal security challenges. The
National Security Advisor’s
appointment is not one em-
powered by law but by an ex-
ecutive order. The NSA in
India’s federal system needs
to work through the key min-
istries of the National Securi-
ty Council, viz., Home,
Defence, External Affairs and
Finance. Each of these minis-
ters is a power centre com-
manding substantial political
clout. None of them will, and
in fact have not in the past,
allowed the space needed by
the NSA to function boldly or
imaginatively. The under-
mining of the NSA and his
organisation is no surprise
and the author rightly con-
cludes that ‘our systemcan in
the course of time devitalise
any institution set up with
great expectations’. He
quotes approvingly of the
speech in which Vice Presi-
dent Hamid Ansari had bro-
ken new ground in 2010, by
advocating accountability
and transparency in intelli-
gence management.
As a police officer who
moved from Maharashtra to
the Centre and rose to be a
Special Secretary, Balachan-
dran has enough to say on the
Indian Police and policing.
Police reforms are a subject
on which there have been nu-
merous studies, and even a
Supreme Court ruling. The
folly of merely adding num-
bers to the police force with-
out modernising the
structures is obvious to ev-
eryone, and the author brings
out the need through inter-
esting historical and personal
insights. The debate on
whether the Delhi Police
should be accountable to the
Chief Minister has gone on
for years with even the Aam
Admi Party taking a position
on it, and the book has a pithy
piece on it. The author also
has decided views on the CBI
being given Constitutional
status. The author’s speech to
the National Advisory Coun-
cil on South Asian Affairs in
WashingtonDC, onBetter In-
telligence Management of
Terrorism: A Blueprint for
National Commission Inves-
tigating 9/11, is a fine analysis
worth reading for its thor-
oughness and recommenda-
tions.
On matters of foreign af-
fairs and intelligence, the au-
thor’s first hand experience
provides for some acerbic
opinions. He writes apprecia-
tively of individuals with
whom he has worked. The
legendary Chief of RAW, Kao
is subjected to a fine analysis
both as a man and as an in-
stitution builder. The way in
which presumptive and prej-
udiced choices of political
masters affect intelligence
and its operatives is narrated
with skill and not a little sad-
ness. As for the Ministry of
External Affairs, the opinions
of its short-lived MoS Shashi
Tharoor come in for sharp re-
marks titled ‘Tharoor’s For-
eign Policy Argument is
Hyperbole’!
That intelligence related to
national security is marked
more by failures than suc-
cesses is a sad reality. Mul-
tiple agencies, turf wars and
short term remedies all com-
bine to lead up to flawed out-
comes. Centre –State
relations have come in the
way of efficient intelligence
management. Some states
have used their clout as coali-
tion partners in the central
government to play spoilers
in the management of intelli-
gence. It is time every state
and the Centre join hands to
make Indian intelligence
management a success story.
The book shows that it is go-
ing to be a long effort in time,
money and technology.
Intelligence: more failures than successes
NATIONAL SECURITY AND
INTELLIGENCE MANAGEMENT
— A New Paradigm: Vappala
Balachandran; Indus Source
Books, PO Box 6194, Malabar
Hill PO, Mumbai-400006.
Rs. 895.
V. Ramnarayan
A
rare gem of Indian trivia
from James Astill’s The
Great Tamasha is the tidbit
that the great Hindustani vo-
calist Hirabai Barodekar en-
tertained those celebrating
the victory of The Hindus over
the first MCC teamto tour In-
dia at the Bombay Gymkhana
ground, where CK Nayudu hit
the author’s ancestor Ewart
Astill for four of his world-re-
cord eleven sixes in his histor-
ic innings of 153 in 116
minutes. “The Colonel” was to
receive a gold medal at anoth-
er celebratory bash whose
highlight was a performance
of William Shakespeare’s The
Taming of the Shrew — in
Marathi.
“Elite and popular, unifying
and exclusionary, polite and
uproarious, Indian cricket is
as contradictory in nature as
India itself,” says Astill, for
four years the New Delhi cor-
respondent of The Economist.
“For a cricket-loving foreign
correspondent, this offers rich
pickings. Watching, playing
and, more often these days,
talking about cricket are
among my greatest pleasures,
and India has provided un-
rivalled opportunity to in-
dulge them.”
Astill describes cricket as
India’s national theatre - its
great tamasha. He illustrates
this claim with an account of
Sudhir Gautum, “India's best-
known cricketing mendicant,”
the Bihari fan who travels ev-
erywhere to watch Sachin
Tendulkar play, with his body
painted inthe Indiantricolour
and Tendulkar’s name. Indi-
ans, “segregated by class and
divided by Hindu caste and re-
ligion”, he says, find national
unity in cricket. He also finds
pathos in India’s poverty,
which allows the vast majority
of its children no avenue for
pursuing their passion for the
game and emulating their na-
tional heroes. The Great Ta-
masha is about “the conquest
of India by cricket,” in the au-
thor’s own words. The first
three chapters offer an excel-
lent capsule of the history of
the game in India “from its
genesis on the maidans of Vic-
torian Bombay to the explo-
sive growth of the TV-cricket
economy. The next three are
about the politics behind Indi-
an cricket and the domination
of several state cricket associ-
ations by politicians. Astill
shows not only a keen under-
standing of the politics of In-
dian cricket, but also a
nuanced appreciation of its
finer points thanks to his
genuine love for the game. The
last three chapters of the book
are devoted to the unravelling
of the razzmatazz of IPL, “the
biggest trauma to strike crick-
et in decades,” and striking
pen portraits of the person-
alities and players behind it,
from Lalit Modi to Shane
Warne.
In tracing Indian cricket’s
19
th
century origins to British
rule and its subsequent devel-
opment — with Nayudu’s
blitzkrieg during the 1926-27
season hastening its elevation
to international status — the
author has done extensive
reading as well interviews
with several stakeholders in
the game, fromadministrators
through historians to players.
While his research seems ad-
mirably painstaking, the tone
of the book sometimes tends
to be patronising. It is tempt-
ing to bracket this with the
majority of ‘foreign’ (read En-
glish and Australian) writing
on Indian cricket, but that
would amount to a sweeping
generalisation, something Ta-
masha is itself guilty of, when
it comes to dissecting the
many ills of the game in India.
One chapter entitled The
Pawar and the Glory takes a
few rather tactless swipes at
the expense of Sharad Pawar,
at the time India’s representa-
tive in the ICC. Example: “He
was hard to understand. This
was because his English was
accident-prone, but mainly
because cancer had left half
his face paralysed. He had
therefore to squeeze his
speech out of the right side of
his mouth. (When he said
‘Test matches’, I at first
thought he was saying ‘chess
matches’.)” Astill of course
makes amends with a left-
handed compliment: “He was
also the first Indian politician
I had ever heard say ‘thank
you’ to the peon who brought
his tea.” (An even more un-
fortunate chapter heading of
the book is ‘In the Land of the
Blind.’ The chapter opens
with the following words from
aninterview withMAK Patau-
di: “The Nawab surveyed me
with his good eye.”)
There are more generalisa-
tions. About Tamil Nadu
cricket, Astill says, “Almost all
the state’s first class players
were, until recently, Brah-
mins, mostly recruited froma
handful of Brahminschools. It
also claims that “the Brahmin
grip is weakening”. Actually,
to charge the Tamil Nadu se-
lectors withplaying caste poli-
tics is a rather hasty
conclusion, not based on fact.
The Tamil Nadu cricket team
actually had fewer Brahmin
players in the early years than
in the last forty or so years.
The Balu Alaganan-led cham-
pion team of 1954-56 for in-
stance was made up almost
entirely of non-Brahmins; and
the picture actually changed
gradually thereafter, to in-
clude more and more Brah-
mins. (To look at some more
randomsamples, the 1999 Ta-
mil Nadu teamhad seven non-
Brahmins inthe side, while to-
day, it has five or six on an
average). While yes, Brahmins
have dominated Tamil Nadu
cricket over the decades, caste
cannot be said to have signif-
icantly influenced team
selection.
While expressing his worry
over the crisis engulfing Indi-
an cricket today, post IPL-VI
and the shocking revelations
of corruption around it, Astill
does not fail to highlight the
game’s positives. His admira-
tion for the work ethic of the
likes of the accomplished bat-
sman Cheteshwar Pujara and
the nurturing role played by
his father Arvind, and his em-
pathy with the denizens of
Dharavi, the vast Mumbai
slum, aspiring to a future in
cricket via T20, hint at a
genuine understanding on his
part of Indian cricket and
what it means to people whose
lives can be otherwise drab
and demanding. “Here, in the
slums and villages, what was
once an English game thrills
and unites millions… Cricket
is their relief, their excite-
ment, the main ingredient of
national culture that they
have embraced. It belongs to
them, too.”
The book thus rises above
being a searing indictment of
the status quo to an expres-
sion of a glimmer of hope for
the future. It is a very read-
able, concise history of Indian
cricket, closely intertwined
with the story of the rise of
contemporary India on the
world stage.
A concise history of the conquest of India by cricket
THE GREAT TAMASHA —
Cricket, Corruption and the
Turbulent Rise of Modern India:
James Astill; Bloomsbury
Publishing India, Vishrut
Building, DDA Complex,
Building No. 3, Ground Floor,
Pocket C-6&7, New
Delhi-110070. Rs. 399.
ANNOUNCEMENT
Authors and publishers are welcome to send copies of their books to The Hindu for review. While every effort
will be made to acknowledge receipt of books under ‘‘New Arrivals’’, the decision to review a book rests entirely
with the newspaper. Receipt of individual books will not be acknowledged in response to enquiries.
CM
YK
ND-ND
15 THE HINDU TUESDAY, JULY 8, 2014
NOIDA/DELHI
SPORT
N
ovak Djokovic admitted he
feared he’d never win an-
other Grand Slam, but with a
second Wimbledon title wrap-
ped up, the new world No. 1 is
now planning on catching Rog-
er Federer and Rafael Nadal.
The 27-year-old Serb beat
Federer 6-7(7), 6-4, 7-6(4), 5-7,
6-4, as well as his own doubts
and demons, in a rollercoaster
Wimbledon final to add to his
2011 All England Club title and
take his Majors tally to seven.
But he is still lagging behind
the Swiss and Spaniard in the
overall Grand Slamchase — Fe-
derer had 17 while Nadal’s re-
cord ninth French Open last
month moved himto 14.
Next upfor the sport’s super-
men is the US Open in August
and September where Djokovic
was champion in 2011 but was
runner-up on four occasions in
2007, 2010, 2012 and 2013.
It is that sort of maddening
inconsistency that had become
a curse with Djokovic having
lost all three of his most recent
Grand Slam finals and five of
the last six.
“This is the most special
Grand Slamfinal I’ve played. At
the time of my career for this
Grand Slam trophy to arrive is
crucial, especially after losing
several Grand Slam finals in a
row,” he said.
“I started doubting of course
— I needed this win a lot. I’m
going to try to use it in the best
possible way and for my confi-
dence to grow for the rest of my
season and the rest of my
career.”
The belief that Sunday’s epic
win, which had almost slipped
away fromhimwhen he squan-
dered a 5-2 lead in the fourth
set and then a match point,
could also be a springboard for
more Majors was shared by
coach Boris Becker.
The three-time Wimbledon
champion was brought on
board in December last year in
an attempt to help push Djo-
kovic over the finish line at the
Majors.
It didn’t work at the Austra-
lian Open, where he lost in the
quarterfinals or at the French
Open where his hopes of com-
pleting a career Grand Slam
were thwarted, again, in the fi-
nal by Nadal.
But the partnership paid di-
vidends at Wimbledon even if
Djokovic spent almost five
hours more on court than Fe-
derer in getting to the final.
“We’re looking pretty good
now — he’s back to No. 1, Wim-
bledon champion, obviously
he’s going to take a couple of
weeks off now but the next big
one is the US Open,” said
Becker.
There was little evidence of
what made Becker famous in
his 1980s pomp on show in the
final with Federer the keener of
the two to serve-and-volley in
deference to the influence of
his coach, StefanEdberg, a rival
and contemporary of Becker.
Federer served-and-volleyed
36 times but Djokovic said he
was prepared for the Swiss
star’s game plan as he chased
what would have been a record
eighth title at Wimbledon and
which would have made the 32-
year-old the oldest championof
the modern era.
“Those were particular
changes in his game that I no-
ticed before coming to this
match. I paid attentionto it and
I was ready for it,” said
Djokovic.
“That’s why he has been win-
ning so many Grand Slams, be-
cause he feels confident to play
these shots at the important
time.”
Djokovic insisted that Sun-
day’s win even topped his re-
cord-breaking 2012 Australian
Open final win against Rafael
Nadal.
“Sincerely, this has been the
best quality Grand Slam final
that I have ever been part of,”
said Djokovic, whose Austra-
lian Open final win two years
ago lasted almost six hours.
“But this is definitely the best
match.
“It’s the most special Grand
Slam final I’ve played. I didn’t
allow my emotions to fade
away, as was probably the case
in the Roland Garros final. I am
just very glad to win a Grand
Slam final after losing the last
three out of four.
“But I managed to not just
win against my opponent but
win against myself as well and
find that inner strengththat got
me the trophy today.”
Djokovic will now take a
break to be with his fiancee Je-
lena Ristic, who is pregnant
with the couple’s first child.
“There are few important
things coming up. Getting mar-
ried. Of course in a few months
becoming a dad,” he added.
“I think I can close the chap-
ter of my tennis career just for
little bit now. I think I deserve
that for few weeks to rest, to
enjoy, be with my fiancee, my
wife to be, and my family.” —
AFP
Djokovic beats self-doubt, starts catch-up
ONE FOR THE ALBUM: Novak Djokovic and Petra Kvitova, who reclaimed the singles crowns in contrasting
style at The Championships, strike a pose at the Winners Ball on Sunday.
— PHOTO: THOMAS LOVELOCK-POOL/GETTY IMAGES
HYDERABAD: Sania Mirza says it
is an amazing feeling to be the
World No. 5 in women’s dou-
bles, and that she cantake pride
fromthe fact that she has have
achieved one more major goal
in her career on the WTA cir-
cuit. This is the best-ever world
ranking by any Indian woman
tennis player fromIndia.
“I am delighted with this
feat. I’ve played some of the
best tennis of my life in the last
two years, and winning five
WTA titles last year was some-
thing really special.
“This latest achievement is
only due to all the hard work I
have put in, in the recent past,”
the 27-year-old Sania said in an
exclusive interview with The
Hindu on her return from
Wimbledon.
“This was one of the goals I’d
set for myself when I stopped
playing singles (because of
wrist and knee injuries which
required surgeries). So, this
world ranking is not something
that has come easily. Sacrifices
had to be made, by me and my
parents too. Hats off to them
for being part of all the strug-
gles over the years, and for still
ensuring that the show goes
on,” the two-time Grand Slam
winner said.
“This is the best news
(achieving a ranking of No. 5) in
the last few weeks, given the
disappointments Cara (Black)
and I have had in some of the
majors, including Wimbledon.
Definitely, it is the result of
hours of training, lots of trav-
elling, the intense desire to
keep improving and, above all,
the passion for the sport, which
is still the driving force for me,”
Sania said.
“The World No. 1 ranking is
something I am very keen to
achieve before I retireshe said.
‘Hope to get to No. 1 sometime’
V.V. Subrahmanyam
A SPECIAL FEAT: Sania Mirza is now No. 5 in
women's doubles — the highest ranking achieved by
an Indian woman tennis player.
— PHOTO: V.V. SUBRAHMANYAM
NEW DELHI: Yogenderpal Singh
shot 126 and finished 20th in
double trap in the shooting
World Cup in Beijing.
The lone Indian in the fray,
in the absence of Asian Games
champion Ronjan Sodhi who
skipped the event after entry,
Yogenderpal shot 26, 24, 24, 24
and 28.
Former World ChampionVi-
taly Fokeev of Russia beat Beij-
ing Games bronze medallist Hu
Binyuan of China 10-9 in the
shoot-off after the two had tied
on 28 in the gold medal match.
Fokeev had earlier negotiat-
ed another shoot-off after the
semifinals as well to be eligible
for the gold contest, and had
topped the qualification phase
with a score of 146.
Some of the Indian shooters
who had entered the other
events like Vishwajeet Singh
and Gauri Sheoran had also
opted to skip the last World
Cup of the season and chose to
be part of the national training
camp.
The results: Men: Double trap: 1.
Vitaly Fokeev (Rus) 28(10) 28(7) 146;
2. Hu Binyuan (Chn) 28(9) 29 (144); 3.
Mikhail Leybo (Rus) 28(4) 28(6) 139;
4. Alessandro Chanese (Ita) 28(3) 26
(136); 20. Yogenderpal Singh 126.
Yogendrapal
finishes 20th
CHENNAI: Vijay Amritraj, former
Indian tennis star and global
ambassador of the sport, on
Monday announced the launch
of the Champions Tennis
League (CTL) in India.
In its launch avatar, CTL will
feature six city-based teams
across India. CTL will see 13
matches played over a 10-day
period fromNovember 17 to 26.
The teams will be structured
into two groups, each having
three teams, where all teams
play each other in a home and
away format. The teamwiththe
highest number of games won
in their respective group will
play each other in the grand
final to wina prize money of Rs.
one crore. The runner-up will
win Rs. 50 lakh.
 CTL teams will feature male
and female players with inter-
national rankings between No.
5 and No. 25. Each of the six
teams will also have aninterna-
tional legend as their playing
captain, apart froma noted In-
dian male tennis player, plus a
top-ranked junior Indian girl
and boy from each city. The
teams will also travel to other
cities to play.
Long time coming
Speaking about CTL, Vijay
Amritraj, Chairman and Ma-
naging Director of Second
Serve Pvt. Ltd., the company
behind CTL, said, “I have been
discussing an initiative like this
with the All India Tennis Asso-
ciation (AITA) for many years
now. Finally, we have decided
that together, we can bring a
level of tennis entertainment
that has never been seen in In-
dia before.”
Speaking about teamowners
and players, Vijay also
said, “We are in final negotia-
tions with interested parties in
Bangalore, Mumbai, New Delhi
and Chandigarh and are work-
ing hard to take forward dis-
cussions in Kolkata, Chennai,
Hyderabad and Pune for our re-
maining two franchises.
“We would be very happy to
have six franchise owners who
love the sport and are ready to
maximise the opportunities
that the franchise gives them
within their home city to make
this a win-win partnership for
everyone concerned. We will be
announcing our confirmed
players by August-September,
along with our six franchise
owners.”
When asked whether the
CTLwas started tocounter Ma-
hesh Bhupathi’s International
Premier Tennis League (from
Nov. 28 to Dec. 13), the former
Davis Cup star replied, “On the
other hand, it is complemen-
tary.
“Ours is an India-based
league whereas his (Mahesh) is
Asia-based. We are not target-
ing the top five like IPTL does.
And I strongly feel India is
ready for CTL.”
Vijay Amritraj to launch
Champions Tennis League
Special Correspondent
Dimitrov, 23, and Raonic, 23,
made it to their first Grand
Slamsemifinals at Wimbledon,
LONDON: Roger Federer is con-
vinced his strong showing at
Wimbledon proves he will con-
tinue to compete with Novak
Djokovic, Rafael Nadal and An-
dy Murray for the sport’s major
prizes, especially with young-
sters like Grigor Dimitrov, Mi-
los Raonic and Kei Nishikori
continuing to underachieve.
“I don’t feel a huge threat
from them. There are many
good players from No.5 or 6 to
20. But they’re also somewhat
exchangeable from 30 or 40,”
Federer said. “There’s a lot of
dangerous players around
there. But I feel like if I’mplay-
ing well I can control the field
to a degree.
“I do believe the top guys are
the ones we know and who are
still going to be deciding out-
comes of the bigger tourna-
ments, like the Masters 1000s
and the Grand Slams.”
but both came up short against
Djokovic and Federer respec-
tively. Nadal won his first
Grand Slamaged 19, Federer at
21 and Djokovic at 20.
“We all made the break-
through much earlier than
most of the guys,” Federer said.
“Rafa was incredible as a teen-
ager. I was better at 21. That’s
when I started to make my rise.
The other guys we’re talking
about are all 22, 23 and have
been already on tour for five
years.”
‘He deserved it’
On the final, he said: “As you
can imagine, I’m very disap-
pointed not being rewarded
with victory. But, Novak de-
served it at the end clearly, but
it was extremely close.”
“The disappointment of the
match itself went pretty quick-
ly. I was sad for a few minutes,
but when I saw my kids there
with my wife and everything.
That’s what touched me the
most, to be quite honest.”
But, after struggling with
back pain on and off for the last
two years, Federer took en-
couragement from lasting the
full duration of a major tourna-
ment without any fitness
problems.
Armed with renewed self-be-
lief and a desire to make
amends for only his second
Wimbledon final defeat, Feder-
er has now set his sights on
making a strong run at the US
Open.
“I’m very happy to see that
with feeling normal I can pro-
duce a performance like I did
the last two weeks,” he said.
“That clearly makes me be-
lieve that this was just a step-
ping stone to many more great
things in the future.” — AFP
Gen Next not quite here yet, says Federer
Roger Federer.
— PHOTO: REUTERS
BRISBANE: Wicket-keeper Na-
manOjha smashed a breathtak-
ing, unbeaten 219 (250 balls,
29x4, 8x6) to give India A the
upper-hand on the second day
of the four-day unofficial
match against Australia A, here
on Monday.
Resuming at his overnight
score of 82, Naman added 122
runs with No. 10 and 11 bat-
smen before India A declared
its innings at 475 for nine 130
overs. Australia A finished the
day at 126 for six at close.
The scores: India A 475 for nine
decl. (Naman Ojha 219 n.o., Manoj
Tiwary 83, Jiwanjot Singh 56, Cam-
eron Boyce four for 146) vs. Australia
A 126 for six (Phil Hughes 34, Jasprit
Bumrah three for 42.
Fantastic knock
by Naman Ojha
BANGALORE: Bengaluru FC has
signed former England un-
der-20 captain Joshua Walker,
the I-League club announced
here on Monday. The midfiel-
der, who has agreed a one-year-
deal, thus becomes BFC’s mar-
quee player — defined by the
AIFF as a foreign recruit who
has represented his country in
any of the continental cham-
pionships — for the season. —
Principal Correspondent
BFC signs
marquee player
NEW DELHI: Armaan Ebrahim’s
strong runinthe BlancpainFIA
GT Series continued with the
Indian driver, along with Span-
ish teammate Miguel Toril, fin-
ishing second in the Silver Cup
class in Race one at Zandvoort,
the Netherlands.
Driving for Fortec Motor-
sports, Chennai-born Armaan
had two podiumfinishes in the
previous round at Brands
Hatch after returning from a
high speed crash in the opening
round in Nogaro, France.
Armaan had a difficult start
to the weekend as he missed
the entire practice session due
to a failed water pump belt and
went straight into qualifying
and put the car in 11th place out
of 20, whichincluded former F1
drivers Giorgio Pantano and
Nelson Piquet Jr. — PTI
Armaan on
podium again
KOLKATA: The city-based fran-
chise of the Indian Super
League (ISL), Atletico de Kol-
kata, named former Spanish in-
ternational Luis Garcia as its
marquee player while Antonio
Lopez Habas was introduced as
the coach-manager of the new
outfit.
West Bengal Chief Minister
Mamata Banerjee officially
launched the teamon Monday,
which also saw the unveiling of
the teamlogo and jersey.
The franchise gained fromits
partnership with Spanish giant
Atletico Madrid, which apart
from lending its name to the
city outfit is also helping in se-
lecting the team. Habas, who is
the technical coach of the La
Liga champion, will now over-
see the fortunes of the first
overseas venture by the Span-
ish giant.
Miguel Angel, a coach from
the Atletico Madrid academy,
and former Brazilian player
fromthe city Jose Barreto were
named the two assistant coach-
es. Garcia, a former Atletico
Madrid player, also played for
Barcelona and Liverpool before
retiring in 2013. The 36-year-
old Spanish midfielder, who
won the UEFA Champions
League with Liverpool in 2005,
will be the star attraction of the
team. The other players of the
team will be unveiled in due
course.
Garcia is
Atletico
Kolkata’s
marquee player
Principal Correspondent
CHANDIGARH: Aastha Balasaheb
knocked out the top-seeded
Victoria Chahal 6-0, 6-1 in the
women's first round of the
Rs.100,000 AITA ranking ten-
nis tournament at the CLTA
Complex here on Monday.
The result (first round):
Men: Param Pun bt Gurinder Singh
7-6(3), 1-0 (conceded); Vikrant Dahiya
bt Chinmay 3-6, 6-4, 6-3; Elwin Antho-
ny bt Yuvraj Chaudhary 6-0, 6-0; Bha-
vesh Gaur bt Maninder 6-3, 6-2; Tarun
Nath bt Ajay Yadav 1-6, 7-5, 6-2; Dig-
vijay Pratap bt Lavish Nehra 7-6(4),
6-1; Aditya Tiwari bt Manjot Singh 6-4,
6-1; Ranjeet Singh bt Rohit Jain 6-1,
6-2; Pranav Suri bt Archit Jain 7-5, 6-3;
Brahmjot bt Shivam Dalmia 7-5, 6-2;
Kunal Vazirani bt Rakshit Rishi 6-3,
7-5; Ankush Arora bt Rajanvir Dharni
6-3 (conceded); Kamal Kishore bt
Abhishek Gaur 4-6, 6-3, 6-3; Rubal
Shandilya bt Jagtar Singh 6-0, 6-1;
Dheer Anush Bhatti bt Rohit Ranglani
6-3, 6-4.
Women: Aastha Balasaheb bt Vic-
toria Chahal 6-0, 6-1; Vineeta Singh bt
Tanvi Bose 7-5, 6-3; Megha Sehrawat
bt Stuti Tomar 6-3, 2-6, 6-1; Sanya
Madan bt Ananya Jha 6-2, 6-1; Manya
Nagpal bt Aarushi Basin 4-6, 6-4, 6-0;
Nida Kamal bt Deepshikha 6-0, 6-0;
Anjali Thakur bt Smriti 6-1, 6-3; Rim-
pledeep Kaur bt Omlata Rai 6-0, 6-0;
Charvi Saxena bt Aaryali Chavan 6-4
(cnceded); Baani Singh bt M. Arthi 6-3,
6-2; Anupreet Bedi bt Pious Mudgil
6-3, 6-1; Dikshita Patel bt Aarushi Kak-
kar 6-0, 0-6, 6-2; Gayatri Kumaraiah bt
Saranya Khanna 6-2, 6-0; Rajbir Kaur
bt Shubhi Dwivedi 6-4, 6-2; Anukriti
Chaudhary bt Shehnaj Singh 7-5, 6-3;
Abhilasha bt Simran Wadhwa 6-2,
7-6(6).
Aastha stuns
Victoria
NEW DELHI: Former Manchester
United defender Mikael Sil-
vestre has tipped Germany to
bring the World Cup title.
“Germany is the most bal-
anced team, they have the best
bench strength in the tourna-
ment. It is also an experienced
side. The spine of the team is
formed by players like Manuel
Neuer, Bastian Schweinsteiger
and Philipp Lahm,” said Sil-
vestre on the sidelines of the
Manchester United jersey
launch here.
Silvestre reckons that Ger-
many will meet Argentina in
the final. He credited Lionel
Messi for Argentina's success-
ful run in the tournament.
“Messi suffered injuries last
season while playing for Barce-
lona. So he is freshnow since he
got some time to rest. We have
seen that he has been running
more than usual.”
When asked about Colom-
bia's James Rodriguez, Sil-
vestre said, “Jamesi is a great
player. WhenI watched himfor
Monaco this season I did not
expect him to do so well at the
World Cup. If Radamel Falcao
had played, Colombia could
have been the world
champion.”
If Silvestre had played at this
World Cup, he believes Alexis
Sanchez would have troubled
him the most. “He is always
twisting and turning. You will
think he'll go left but he moves
right and vice versa.”
Best goalkeepers
Silvestre picked out Keylor
Navas, Thibaut Courtois, and
Neuer as the best goal keepers
in the World Cup.
Looking back at France's
performance in Brazil, Sil-
vestre said, “I think it was in-
spiring for the future. By
FOOTBALL
Mikael Silvestre tips Germany for title
Mikael Silvestre.
reaching quarterfinals we did
better than expected.”
On the controversial deci-
sion to leave Samir Nasri out of
the squad, the former Man-
chester United defender
backed Didier Deschamps.
Team spirit is vital
“The coach decided that it
was important to build good
team spirit. We still had An-
toine Griezmann and Mathieu
Valbuena. Even Argentina left
Carlos Tevez at home. Nasri
and Tevez aren’t bad boys but
you got to do what is best for
the team.”
Looking forward to the next
season for his former club, Sil-
vestre expressed optimism.
“Louis van Gaal has the char-
acter and experience at the big-
gest stage. He is perfect for
Manchester United.”
BANGALORE: India staved off a
brave challenge fromSri Lanka
to post a 90-63 victory in the
crucial final fixture of the South
Asia Basketball Association
(SABA) under-18 men’s quali-
fying tournament here on
Monday.
The host’s second straight
victory gave it a spot in the
main draw of the FIBA Asia un-
der-18 championship to be held
at Doha (Qatar) next month.
India and Sri Lanka ran
neck-to-neck for nearly three
quarters, but the former’s
height advantage helped it pull
ahead. Gurvinder Gill (6ft 7in)
and Anmol Singh (6ft 10in)
grabbed rebounds and blocked
shots at will, leaving the shorter
Lankans desperate for answers.
The Indian under-18 wom-
en’s team, meanwhile, gained
an automatic spot in the main
draw after a place-finish in the
previous edition of the FIBA
Asian under-18 championship.
The result: India 90 (Mahipal Singh
32, K. Sunil 19, Anmol Singh 15, Gur-
vinder Gill 14) bt Sri Lanka 63 (Mohd.
Naleer Umair 16, Kashi Juliyan 11). —
Sports Reporter
India wards off
Sri Lanka
CM
YK
ND-ND
16 THE HINDU TUESDAY, JULY 8, 2014
NOIDA/DELHI
SPORT
PARIS: The World Cup semifi-
nals start on Tuesday. Here are
five that have already left a
mark on football history:
1954: Hungary 4
Uruguay 2
Regarded as one of the great-
est ever World Cup games,
Hungary, which destroyed
West Germany 8-3 in the group
stage, went
2-0 up
against the
Uruguayan
defending
champion
and looked
destined for
the final.
But Uru-
guay fought
back through a Juan Hohlberg
double to take the match into
extra-time. Two headers from
Sandor Kocsis, who was to
score 11 times in the tourna-
ment, gave the Hungarians a
4-2 win. The Magyars went on
to lose 3-2 to West Germany in
another stunning result in the
final.
Five memorable semifinal matches
Kocsis.
Bobby Charlton scores England's second goal
against Portugal.
Lilian Thuram (centre) of France celebrates with
teammates after the match against Croatia.
1966: England 2 Portugal 1
Portugal, inspired by the
‘Black Panther’ Eusebio, had lit
up the tournament and fancied
its chances against England.
Two Bobby Charlton goals gave
the host a 2-0 lead going into
the final 10 minutes however.
Eusebio, thwarted by England
goalkeeper Gordon Banks
throughout the game, buried a
penalty in the 83rd minute that
was the first goal the English
had conceded in the finals. De-
spite huge late pressure, En-
gland held out. “That was the
greatest performance by the
team in this competition to
date,” said coach Alf Ramsey.
His Portugal counterpart Otto
Gloria forecast correctly that
the Englishwould beat the Ger-
mans in the final: “England
plays football as it should be
played. Germany relies on
force,” he said.
1970: Italy 4
West Germany 3
Regarded by some as the
‘Game of the 20th century’, the
Italians took the lead in the
eighth minute through Roberto
Boninsegna then packed their
defence and held out until the
final minute when Uwe Seeler
equalised. This prompted the
most unlikeliest of extra time
goal deluges in the sapping
Mexican heat. Gerd ‘Der Bom-
ber’ Mueller put the Germans
in front before the Italians lev-
elled and regained the lead
through Luigi Riva. Mueller
scored again but as the Ger-
mans congratulated them-
selves, the Italians stole in to
restore the lead through Gianni
Rivera and this time they held
on. They were so exhausted by
their efforts that they wilted
against a stunning Brazil side in
the final and lost 4-1.
Gianni Rivera.
1982: West Germany 3
France 3 (Germany won 5-4
on penalties)
A wonderful fluctuating
match — overshadowed by Ha-
rald Schumacher’s shoulder
charge on Patrick Battiston —
with the Germans going 1-0 up
through Pierre Littbarski. Mi-
chel Platini levelled from the
penalty spot and then the
French went 3-1 up in extra-
time with two splendid goals by
Marius Tresor and the dimin-
utive Alain Giresse. However,
the Germans levelled at 3-3
through goals by Karl-Heinz
Rummenigge and Klaus Fisch-
er. Maxime Bossis had a shoo-
tout penalty saved by the
pumped up Schumacher and as
he dragged himself away in a
daze the musclebound Horst
Hrubesch thumped home his
penalty for a 5-4 victory.
The French were more cre-
ative, but the Germans more
resourceful.
Germany’s Karl-Heinz Rummenigge (centre)
nets against France. — FILE PHOTOS
1998: France 2 Croatia 1
Host France defied many
critics by reaching the last four.
A hugely-talented Croatia side,
appearing in its first World Cup
finals after the break up of Yu-
goslavia, took a 1-0 lead a min-
ute into the second-half
through Davos Suker.
However, the French
bounced back a minute later
through full back Lilian Thu-
ram, who scored his first ever
international goal. Thuramalso
scored the second with a curl-
ing half-volley. He sank to his
knees and held a finger to the
side of his head marvelling at
his timing. The only sour note
was cast by Slaven Bilic who
simulated being headbutt by
Laurent Blanc which led to
Blanc’s first ever red card. He
missed the momentous 3-0 vic-
tory over Brazil in the final. —
AFP
ROSEAU (DOMINICA): New Zeal-
and’s batting collapsed under
pressure of an ever-increasing
scoring rate as the West Indies
scored a 39-run victory in the
second and final Twenty20 In-
ternational on Sunday.
Replying to the hosts’ 165 for
six, the Black Caps lost their
last six wickets for 13 runs to be
dismissed for 126 off 19.1 overs.
The series finished 1-1 after
New Zealand had taken the
three-match Test series 2-1. —
AFP
West Indies
makes it 1-1
West Indies: D. Smith b Southee 9,
L. Simmons c Anderson b Sodhi 36, A.
Fletcher b Boult 62, D. Bravo b Wil-
liamson 14, K. Pollard c Boult b An-
derson 13, D. Sammy c Anderson b
Boult 10, A. Russell (not out) 14, D.
Ramdin (not out) 2, Extras (w-5) 5;
Total (for six wkts. in 20 overs) 165.
Fall of wickets: 1-10, 2-76, 3-98,
4-126, 5-147, 6-148.
New Zealand bowling: Southee
4-0-34-1, Boult 4-1-22-2, Neesham 4-
0-31-0, Anderson 4-0-51-1, Sodhi 2-0-
16-1, Williamson 2-0-11-1.
New Zealand: K. Williamson b Pol-
lard 37, J. Neesham c Bravo b Cottrell
7, B. McCullum c Simmons b Badree
21, R. Taylor b Narine 21, C. Anderson
c Sammy b Cottrell 14, L. Ronchi c
Russell b Narine 12, B.J. Watling (run
out) 1, T. Latham c Bravo b Cottrell 3,
T. Southee c Cottrell b Russell 2, T.
Boult (run out) 5, I. Sodhi (not out) 0,
Extras (lb-1, w-2) 3; Total (in 19.1
overs) 126.
Fall of wickets: 1-8, 2-40, 3-82,
4-88, 5-113, 6-116, 7-116, 8-120,
9-126.
West Indies bowling: Badree 4-1-
20-1, Cottrell 3.1-0-28-3, Narine 4-0-
19-2, Sammy 3-0-22-0, Russell 2-0-
17-1, Pollard 3-0-19-1.
West Indies won by 39 runs
SCOREBOARD
TV SCHEDULE
Tour de France, TEN
Sports & TEN HD, 7
p.m.
DHAKA: Bangladesh cricket au-
thorities on Monday suspend-
ed Shakib Al Hasan for six
months due to a “severe atti-
tude problem”, the cricket
board chief said.
“He has a severe attitude
problem, which is unpreceden-
ted inthe history of Bangladesh
cricket. We think that his beha-
viour is such that it’s directly
impacting the team,” Bangla-
desh Cricket Board (BCB) pres-
ident Nazmul Hassan told
reporters. Hassan said the
board had unanimously decid-
ed to suspend Shakib, 27, from
“all kinds of competitive crick-
et” for the next six months.
The suspension came as
Shakib reportedly threatened
to quit international cricket af-
ter he was called back to Dhaka
before a planned appearance in
the Caribbean Premier League.
Hassan said Shakib was trav-
elling to the Caribbean without
any clearance from the BCB,
and had also “misbehaved”
with coach Chandika Hathu-
rusinghe. “This morning he
called me. He thought that he
had the NOC. He did not have
any. He admitted that he mis-
behaved with the coach,” Has-
san said. — AFP
Bangladesh
suspends Shakib
NOTTINGHAM: India’s tryst with
cricket overseas gets another
critical instalment in a year
that has more challenges lined
up: a tour to Australia followed
by the 2015 World Cup at the
same venue and in New Zeal-
and.
The current stint in England,
whetted by fine outings in the
two warm-up games against
Leicestershire (drawn) and
Derbyshire (won), is part of a
conveyor belt of tours over the
last eight months.
Earlier, trips to South Africa
and New Zealand yielded an
identical 0-1 defeat while the
ODI series were squandered
0-2 and 0-4 respectively. The
limited overs squad has found a
nucleus while the Test team,
still nursing pangs of transi-
tion, has so far lured an indul-
gent stare.
It is a luxury that might wane
in the coming months.
Having dropped anchor in
England, India has a chance to
prove that the right lessons
have been imbibed in South
Africa and New Zealand. M.S.
Dhoni’s men also have a chance
of hurting a host still grappling
with its Ashes humiliation. A
misery which worsened when
the visiting Sri Lankans won
the Test series 1-0.
The first Test here at Trent
Bridge fromWednesday is part
of a five-match series, a first for
an Indian squad bred upon
abridged series that involved
two to four games. India last
played a five-Test series in the
West Indies in 2002 and lost
1-2.
The challenges of a long-
winding series with its empha-
sis on the longer format, can
test a young bunch that is more
tuned to instant gratification
through ODIs and Twenty20s.
Interestingly while James
Andersonand Stuart Broad, de-
spite niggles and an apparent
dip in potency, stand atop their
bowling mark, facing them
would be a group of batsmen,
who are yet to play a single Test
in England.
Murali Vijay, Shikhar Dha-
wan, Cheteshwar Pujara, Virat
Kohli, Rohit Sharma and Ajin-
kya Rahane have to adapt to the
conditions and hopefully they
have picked Rahul Dravid’s
brains.
The batting legend briefly
donned a consultant’s role and
with himscheduled to be a part
of the commentary team, the
players will surely have access
to him.  
Remember, Dravid, with
three Test hundreds, was the
stand-out performer in what
was a doomed tour here in2011.
Among the rest, Gautam
Gambhir, on a comeback trail,
and Dhoni have had their Test
sojourns inEngland. It remains
to be seen if the current series
will marka revival inGambhir’s
career, just like how the 2003-
04 Australia tour rejuvenated
Virender Sehwag.
Dhoni and coach Duncan
Fletcher will keepa penetrative
eye upon the bowlers. Twice —
at Johannesburg and Welling-
ton— whenIndia held the edge,
the opposition had effected a
rear-guard action.
India’s greatest match-win-
ning bowler Anil Kumble never
tires of repeating ‘you need 20
wickets to win a Test’ and it is
this aspect that goes missing
especially after the Indians
breeze through the immigra-
tion counters at international
airports.
Senior role for Ishant
Ishant Sharma, with 55 Tests
and 164 wickets, has been
pitch-forked into the senior’s
seat following Zaheer Khan’s
injury. He and the rest, ranging
from Mohammed Shami to
Stuart Binny, have to hit the
right lengths. The spin depart-
ment, where Dhoni has pre-
ferred Ravindra Jadeja to R.
Ashwin, will have a role too as
Rangana Herath proved for the
Sri Lankans.
The recent debacles may
have pushed England to a cor-
ner but for India, the string of
defeats here in 2011, still hurt.
However if India can follow
its footprints from the trium-
phant tours of 1971, 1986 and
2007, the team will gain confi-
dence while squaring upinAus-
tralia for Tests as well as the
World Cup. The five Tests will
pave the way for five ODIs and a
lone T20. Truly, this is a tour
that will stretch India’s re-
sources and throw a pointer to
the road ahead.
CRICKET
A tour that is a pointer to the road ahead
K.C. Vijaya Kumar
READYING FOR A LONG BATTLE: Good preparation in unfamiliar conditions will help the squad over
the next two months. — PHOTO: AFP
A mind game and a puzzle
that you solve with
reasoning and logic. Fill in
the grid with digits in such
a manner that every row,
every column and every
3x3 box accommodates
the digits 1 to 9, without
repeating any. The
solution to yesterday’s
puzzle is at right.
NOTTINGHAM: Star Indian bat-
sman Virat Kohli has described
England as “one of the toughest
venues for the sub-continent
teams,” but said the team was
focused on putting up a strong
performance in the five-Test
series to begin the transition of
the young Indian side to a high-
quality one.
The opening Test begins
here on Wednesday, and the
teams have started their
preparation.
“This tour is right up there
with South Africa, Australia
and New Zealand. I would say
these are the four places where
the sub-continent players do
want to perform well. I, too,
have that in my mind,” said
Kohli.
Special place
“It is a pretty special place to
play cricket and I’ll be playing a
Test at Lord’s for the first time.
All in all, it is a very exciting
tour for me personally because
I have never played Test cricket
here and I am really looking
forward to it.
“I have some goals I want to
achieve, and I have been think-
ing about them. I ampretty ex-
cited about playing here,”
added Kohli.
The Indians have not done
too well against England in
their recent encounters, losing
the 2012-13 home series by a
2-1 margin and suffering a hu-
miliating 4-0 whitewash in En-
gland in 2011.
New side
Though this might appear a
big burden, Kohli said it won’t
affect the new-look Indian
team.
“We haven’t spoken about
what we did wrong in that se-
ries (2011). We’ve spoken about
the positives we could take out
of it. That was a different time.
Three years down the line, we
have a totally new side. Most of
us haven’t played Tests here,”
he said.
“It’ll be exciting for us to ex-
perience the conditions and ev-
eryone’s eager to go out there
and see what it’s like. You get
full crowds, everyone’s in-
volved in the game and every-
one knows the game.
“It’s not about washing that
(2011) series off, erasing those
memories. That will stay in the
history books, whether we like
it or not. All we can focus on is
the new series we have here,
and put in a strong perform-
ance which would be a starting
point for this young teamto go
ahead and be a quality Test
side.
Big plus
“A guy who played brilliantly
in that series is mentoring us
right now, speaking about his
experiences — Rahul Dravid.
That’s a big plus.
“Dravid has spokenabout the
experiences he’s had in En-
gland, scoring those hundreds
and what he felt getting those
runs in tough conditions.
That’s all you need as a bat-
sman, getting into a player’s
head who has done it all here
and getting into that zone your-
self. It helps big time,” Kohli
added. — PTI
‘Excited about playing in England’
Kohli. — PHOTO: MATTHEW
LEWIS / GETTY IMAGES
KOZHIKODE: M.R. Lalith Babu
held Abhijeet Gupta to a draw
in the seventh round of the
Commonwealth chess cham-
pionship at Glasgow. Abhijeet,
with 6.5 points, is still in lead.
Important results (Indians unless
specified): Seventh round: M.R. La-
lith Babu (5.5) drew with Abhijeet Gup-
ta (6.5); Vlad-Victor Barnanure (Rom)
5 lost to Deep Sengupta (6); Debashis
Das (6) bt Soumya Swaminathan (5);
Aravindh Chithambaram (6) bt Puchen
Wang (NZ) 5; Mary Ann Gomes (4.5)
lost to Ankit Rajpara (5.5); Akash Iyer
(4.5) lost to Sahaj Grover (5.5); Di-
byendu Barua (5.5) bt Akahs Thakur
(4.5); Sreeves Clement (Sco) lost to
Arghyadip Das (5.5); Tania Sachdev
(5.5) bt Mark Orr (Irl) 4.5.
CHESS
Lalith holds Abhijeet
RIO DE JANEIRO: Nigeria is not
backing down after sacking its
entire national football feder-
ation leadership, ignoring a FI-
FA directive and moving closer
to a ban frominternationals for
the reigning African champion.
A weekend meeting of foot-
ball and government officials in
the capital Abuja endorsed the
earlier sacking of Nigeria Foot-
ball Federa-
tion (NFF)
president
Aminu Mai-
gari and the
EC for not
solving a play-
er payment
dispute dur-
ing the World
Cup.
Officials
said they were planning new
elections in a statement on
Sunday.
The NFF is now being led by
an official appointed by the
sports minister.
FIFA, which doesn’t allow
governments to interfere in
football affairs, said it would
not recognise Saturday’s meet-
ing and has given Nigeria until
Tuesday to reinstate Maigari or
face sanctions.
That would likely involve
banning the country’s national
teamand clubs fromplaying in
continental or international
tournaments, and could leave
players like Chelsea’s John Obi
Mikel and Liverpool’s Victor
Moses frozen out of next year’s
African Cup in Morocco, where
Nigeria is due to defend its title.
Maigari was also arrested on
his return fromthe World Cup
and delegates at the emergency
meeting said they blamed him
for embarrassing Nigeria at the
tournament by not resolving
the bonus dispute. — AP
Nigeria heading
for FIFA ban
LONDON: Marcel Kittel won a
sprint finish to the third stage
of the Tour de France after
155km of racing from Cam-
bridge to BuckinghamPalace in
London on Monday.
It was the German 26-year-
old’s second stage victory in
this year's Tour on the final day
of racing in Britain before
heading back across the Chan-
nel to France.
Slovak Peter Sagan was sec-
ond with Australian Mark Ren-
shaw in third.
Italy’s Vincenzo Nibali re-
tained the overall leader's yel-
low jersey with a 2-second lead
on the most likely contenders
to win the three-week race in
Paris onJuly 27. Riders were to
fly across the Channel for the
start of Tuesday’s Stage 4.
Classification (after Stage 3): 1.
Vincenzo Nibali (Astana) 13:31:13”, 2.
Peter Sagan (Cannondale) +2”, 3. Mi-
chael Albasini (Orica), 4. Greg Van
Avermaet (BMC Racing), 5. Chris
Froome (Team Sky). — Agencies
Kittel wins
third stage;
Nibali in lead
MADRID: Former Real
Madrid star Alfredo Di
Stefano died on Monday
after suffering a heart
attack in the Spanish
capital at the weekend,
the EFE news agency
quoted family members
as saying.
Di Stefano had been
suffering fromheart
problems since
undergoing an emergency
bypass operation in
Valencia in 2005.
Born in Buenos Aires,
he started his career with
River Plate then left for
Millionarios in Colombia.
He played for Real from
1953 to 1964, helping
themto win the first five
European Champions
Cups.
Twice European
Footballer of the Year in
1957 and 1959, di Stefano
scored 418 goals in 510
official games for Real
Madrid.
He coached Real from
1982 to 1984, without
much success. He has
been an honorary
president since 2000. —
Agencies
Di Stefano
passes away
Alfredo Di Stefano.
— PHOTO: AFP
CM
YK
ND-ND
17 THE HINDU TUESDAY, JULY 8, 2014
NOIDA/DELHI
CM
YK
ND-ND
18 THE HINDU TUESDAY, JULY 8, 2014
NOIDA/DELHI

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