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MINC 101 INSTRUMENTATION

Credits:4 L T P C
No of contact periods: 60 4 0 0 4

UNIT I: 15 PERIODS
Instrumentation system characteristics and Errors: Static and Dynamic characteristics
of Instrumentation systems, Zero-order, first-order and second-order Instrumentation systems.

Time and frequency domain specifications of first and second order systems, Generalized
Mathematical modeling of instruments.

Types of errors, Methods of error analysis.

Calibration of instruments, calibration report & certification. Computer aided calibration and
measurement, Minimizing prediction errors.

Classification of Instrumentation systems- series, parallel and series-parallel systems. Loading
Effect on instrumentation systems.

UNIT II: 15 PERIODS
Electrical Transducers: Resistance Transducers: Basic principle , Potentiometer, loading
effects on potentiometers, Resistance strain gauges, Types, Characteristics, Lead wire
connections, calibration of strain gauges, Resistance thermometers, RTD circuits, thermistor,
hot wire Anemometer.
Inductance transducers: Basic principles, LVDT, loading conditions, Application of LVDT,
RVDT, LVDT load cells, LVDT pressure Transducer, Synchros, Induction Potentiometer,
Variable reluctance Accelerometer, microsyn.
Capacitive Transducers: Basic principle, Capacitance displacement transducers, Equibar
Differential pressure transducer, Feedback Type Capacitive proximity pickup.

UNIT III: 15 PERIODS
Special Transducers: Thermocouples: types and ranges, characteristics, laws of
thermocouples, cold junction compensation, IC temperature sensors AD 590.
Piezo electric Transducers: Materials, principle, Equivalent Circuit, Piezo electric coefficients,
Piezo electric Accelerometers.
Elastic Transducers: Bourdon Tubes, Diaphragm, Bellows.
Miscellaneous Transducers: Magneto-strictive Transducers, Magneto elastic Accelerometer,
magneto-strictive Torque Transducer, Fiber optic transducers, Micro bend Displacement
Sensor, Digital displacement transducer, Hall Effect transducer, Sensors for angular
measurement using non contact type (wireless).

UNIT IV: 15 PERIODS
Smart sensors and Standards: Introduction to Intelligent sensors: smart sensors for
temperature and SQUID Sensors, Film Sensors, MEMS.
Ultrasonic measurements: ultrasonic methods of measuring thickness, depth and flow, variables
affecting ultrasonic testing in various applications. Laser based displacement transducers
Industry Standards: RS-232C, RS- 422, RS-485, IEEE 488, IEC 625.
Foundation Field bus & Profibus: Introduction, Design, Calibration, Commissioning, Application
in Hazardous and Non-Hazardous area.



Reference Books:
1. Ranganathan..S, “Transducer Engineering”, Allied Publishers Pvt. Ltd., 2003
2. Doeblin E.O, “Measurement System Applications and Design”, TMH, 5th Edition, 2004.
3. D.V.S. Murthy, “ Transducers and Instrumentation” ,PHI Publication ,2
nd
Edition, 2008
4. D. Patranabis, “Principles of Industrial Instrumentation”, Tata McGraw Hill, 2
nd
Edition, New
Delhi, Reprint 2009.
5. Sawhney A.K., “Electrical & Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation”, Dhanpat Ray
Publications, 3
rd
Edition, 2001
6. Dale Ensminger,” Ultrasonic Fundamentals, Technology, Applications” ,CRC press,2
nd

Edition 1988,
1. Rangan C.S. Mani V.S.V: and Sharma G.R., “Instrumentation Devices and Systems” Tata
McGraw Hill, 2
nd
Edition, 1983.
2. Bela G. Liptek, “Instrument Engineer’s Hand Book. Process Control”, Chilton Company, 3
rd

Edition, 1995.
3. John P. Bentley, “Principles of Measurement Systems”, 3rd Edition, Pearson
Education, 2000.
4. Skoog, Holler & Nieman, "Principles of Instrumental Analysis", Fifth Edition- Standers
College Publisher, Harcourt Brace College publishing, 1998.
5. Hermann K.P. Neubert, “Instrument Transducers”, Oxford University Press, 2000.

MINC 102 ANALOG SYSTEM DESIGN

Credits:4 L T P C
No of contact periods: 60 4 0 0 4

UNIT I : 15 PERIODS
Review of electronic components-Transistor as a switch, transistor as amplifier- 3-transistor op
amp circuit - Use of op-amp for different applications-Structure of Power electronics- Various
switches-MOSFET, SCR, Thyristor, Triac, IGBT Characteristics

UNIT II: 15 PERIODS
Designing a linear power supply using op amp- Selection of components- Design of heat sink
and design of transformer for the linear power supply- Design of low drop out regulators- Design
of Switched Mode Power Supply-Design of temperature indicator using IC sensors. Errors due
to resistance drift, Op amp offset voltage drift, offset current drift. Error budgeting

UNIT III: 15 PERIODS
Design of PID temperature controllers. Basics of PID parameter selection-Design of constant
current sources with error budgeting- Design of 4-20 ma current transmitter for resistance
sensors- Design of 4-20 ma current transmitter for LVDT sensor-Design of oscillator circuits-
Phase sensitive detection and use of the same for lock-in amplifier design.

UNIT IV: 15 PERIODS
Design of an on/off temperature controller-Design of different types of heater drive circuits.-
Thyristor and transistor based drive circuit design- Error budgeting- Design of proportional
temperature controller circuit using thermocouple temperature Sensor- Design of heater drive
circuits using triacs and transistors. Use of pulse width modulation circuits. Use of MOSFETS
and IGBTs. Short circuit protection techniques.

Reference Books:
1. Franco S, “Design with Operational Amplifiers and Analog Integrated Circuits”, McGraw
Hill Book Co., 2
nd
Edition,1988.
2. Paul Horowitz and Winfield Hill, “The Art of Electronics”, 2
nd
Edition, Cambridge
University Press, 1992.

MINC 103 ADVANCED PROCESS CONTROL
Credits:4 L T P C
No of contact periods: 60 4 0 0 4

UNIT I: 15 PERIODS
Modeling and Dynamical Behavior of Process systems: Control Objectives and Benefits-
Modeling and analysis for process control-Dynamic behavior of typical process systems-
Physical examples of First order systems-Interactive and non-interactive tank systems-problems
and mathematical model derivations.

UNIT II: 15 PERIODS
Feedback control Design: Stability of closed loop control systems using Routh Hurwitz criteria-
PID controller design-controller tuning methods for dynamic performance-Ziegler Nicholas
tuning rules-problems-Performance measures using ISE, IAE and ITAE for closed loop control
systems-Control system design based on BODE stability criterion-Problems-Matlab simulations.

UNIT III: 15 PERIODS
Advanced Control techniques: Feed forward controller design--cascade controller design –
configuration procedures-block diagram analysis- mathematical analysis-Problems-Ratio
control-Introduction to Model based control-Time delay Compensation-smith predictor control-
mathematical derivation- Inferential control-Matlab examples.

UNIT IV: 15 PERIODS
Multi-loop and multivariable control: Process interactions and control loop interactions-
Pairing of controlled and manipulated variables-Singular value analysis-Tuning of Multi-loop PID
control systems-Decoupling and Multivariable control techniques-Relative gain array for
reducing interactions- Problems
Case studies: Distillation column control, Four tank control

Reference Books

1. Thomas E. Marlin, “Process Control – Designing Processes and Control Systems for
Dynamic Performance”, 2
nd
Edition, McGraw Hill, 2000.
2. Luyben, W., “Process Modeling, Simulation and Control for Chemical Engineers”,
McGraw Hill, New York, 1990.
3. Smith, C. and Corripio, A., “Principles and Practice of Automatic Process Control”, Wiley
& sons, New York, 1997.
4. Seborg, D., Edgar, T., and Mellichamp, D., “Process Dynamics and Control”, Wiley &
sons, New York, 2004.
5. D.R.Coughnowr, "Process System Analysis and Control", 2nd Edition. McGraw Hill,
NewYork, 1991.








MINC 104 OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES

Credits:4 L T P C
No of contact periods: 60 4 0 0 4

UNIT I : 15 PERIODS
Linear programming – formulation – Graphical and simplex methods – Big-M method – Two
phase method – Dual simplex method – Primal Dual problems

UNIT II : 15 PERIODS
Unconstrained one dimensional optimization techniques -Necessary and sufficient conditions –
Unrestricted search methods - Fibonacci and golden section method –Quadratic Interpolation
methods, cubic interpolation and direct root methods.

Unconstrained n dimensional optimization techniques – direct search methods –Random search
–pattern search and Rosen brock’s hill claiming method- Descent methods-Steepest descent,
conjugate gradient, Quasi – Newton methods .

UNIT III: 15 PERIODS
Constrained optimization Techniques- Necessary and sufficient conditions –Equality and
inequality constraints-Kuhn-Tucker conditions-Gradient projection method-cutting plane method-
penalty function method.

UNIT IV: 15 PERIODS
Dynamic programming- principle of optimality- recursive equation approach – application to
shortest route, cargo-loading, allocation and production schedule problems

Reference Books:

1. Rao, S.S., “Optimization: Theory and Application”, Wiley Eastern Press, 1978.
2. Taha,H.A, ”Operations Research- An Introduction”, Prentice Hall of India, 1970
3. Fox, R.L., “Optimization methods for Engineering Design”, Addition Welsey, 1971
4. Kanti Swarup, Gupta, P.K and Man Mohan, “Operation Research”, Sultan Chand, 11th
Edition, 2003.
5. Rao. S.S., “Optimization: Theory and Applications”, Wiley Eastern, 1978.
MINC 105 E01 LINEAR DYNAMICAL SYSTEM AND CONTROL

Credits:4 L T P C
No of contact periods: 45 3 0 0 3

UNIT I : 13 PERIODS
Linear Algebra and Matrix theory: Fields, vector spaces, subspace, bases, dimension, range
and null spaces, linear operators, norms, inner-products, adjoints, Eigenspaces, the Jordan
form, Hermitian forms, positive-definiteness, singular value decomposition.

UNIT II : 12 PERIODS
State space models and stability: State space models of Electrical and mechanical systems-
state transition matrix-Canonical form- Internal stability, input-output stability, the method of
Lyapunov.

UNIT III : 13 PERIODS
Pole Placement techniques: Controllability, observability, duality, the Kalman decomposition,
realization theory, minimal realizations, Controller design using Pole placement, stabilizability
and detectability, observers, state estimation, the separation principle.

UNIT IV : 12 PERIODS
Design of LQR: Linear Quadratic Optimal Control: Least-squares control and estimation,
Riccati equations, properties of the LQ regulator-Issues related to the evolution of robust
controller

Reference Books:
1. F. Callier & C. A. Desoer, “Linear Systems”, Springer-Verlag, 1991.
2. C.T. Chen, “Linear Systems Theory and Design”, Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1999.
3. W. J. Rugh, “Linear System Theory”, Prentice-Hall, 1996.
4. G. Golub and C. Van Loan, “Matrix Computations”, Johns Hopkins Press,1990
MINC 106 PROCEE CONTROL & INSTRUMENTATION LAB
(Credits: 1)

List of experiments
Process Control
1. Design of a controller for a pressure process system.
2. Design of a controller for a level process system.
3. System identification for a non-linear process system.
4. Gain scheduling Algorithm for a non-linear process system.
5. Analysis of controllers for various systems, based on performance index using MATLAB.
6. General configuration of a PLC: Case Study.

Instrumentation
7. Design and testing of Instrumentation amplifier using two op-amp and three Op-Amp
configuration.
8. Design of A/D and D/A converters.
9. Design and testing of log and Anti-log amplifier.
10. Design of signal conditioning circuit for the measurement of temperature.
11. Design of Cold junction compensation circuit for thermocouple.
12. Design of second order and higher order butter worth filter.