PENTAKSIRAN DIAGNOSTIK AKADEMIK SBP 2014

SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA











PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

CHEMISTRY
4541


















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PENTAKSIRAN DIAGNOSTIK AKADEMIK SBP 2014
SKEMA KERTAS 1
CHEMISTRY 4541/1


1 C 26 C
2 C 27 C
3 C 28 B
4 D 29 D
5 D 30 D
6 C 31 A
7 D 32 A
8 A 33 B
9 D 34 B
10 C 35 D
11 D 36 D
12 D 37 A
13 A 38 D
14 A 39 B
15 B 40 C
16 A 41 C
17 D 42 A
18 C 43 B
19 C 44 B
20 A 45 B
21 B 46 D
22 A 47 A
23 B 48 C
24 B 49 C
25 B 50 A



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SECTION A
Question Mark scheme Sub
Mark
Total
Mark
1 (a) Electron 1 1
(b) 2.8 1 1
(c) (i)

 The atomic size of potassium is bigger
 The attraction force between nucleus/proton and
electron is weaker
 Easier to donate valence electron
1

1
1



3
(ii)  Potassium moves very fast/ rapidly on the surface of
water
 Burns with reddish purple/ lilac flame
 Produce hiss/pop sound
Any two
1

1
1




2
(d) (i) Atoms of the same element which have the same number of
proton (proton number) but different number of neutrons
(nucleon number)
1 1
(ii) To detect the leakage of underground pipes 1 1
TOTAL 9

Question Mark scheme Sub
Mark
Total
Mark
2 (a) (i) n = 12
A = Carbon-12 / C-12
1
1

2
(ii) 0.5 x 6.02 x 10
23
x 5
= 1.505 x 10
24
1
1

2

(b) (i) To allow oxygen to enter the crucible

1 1
(ii) Lead is less reactive metal towards oxygen// lead react
slowly with oxygen

1 1
(c) (i) Number of mol CuCO3 = 6.2 = 6.2 = 0.05
64 + 12 + 16(3) 124

1 mol CuCO3 : 1 mol CO2
0.05 mol CuCO3 : 0.05 mol CO2

Volume of CO2 gas = 0.05 x 24 / 1.2 dm
3

1



1

1






3
TOTAL 9




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Question Mark scheme Sub
Mark
Total
Mark
4 a) i) Oxidation number of iron = +3

1 1
ii) Carbon

1 1
iii) Reducing agent

1 1
iv) 2Fe2O3 + 3C  4Fe + 3CO2 //
Fe2O3 + 3CO  2Fe + 3CO2
1 – correct formula for reactant and product
2 - balanced chemical equation
1 + 1 2
b) i) Brown colour

1 1
ii) Bromine

1

1

iii) 0 to -1

1 1
iv) Reduction

1 1
v) Acidified potassium manganate(VII) solution //
Acidified potassium dichromate (VI) solution



1


1
Total 10















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Question Explanation Mark Σ
Mark
5 a) i) Molecule 1

1

ii) Test tube P
Hydrogen ion is not present/ ethanoic acid exists as molecule
R : water is not present
1
1

2


X = 0.005
 Sulpuric acid is a diprotic acid while hidrochloric acid is a
monoprotic acid
 Double concentration of hydrogen ion
1

1

1




3
c) i) Hydrogen chloride
Reject: Hydrochloric acid
1 1
ii) Acidic 1 1
iii) Procedure:
Add distilled water
Add silver nitrate solution

Observation:
A white precipitate formed

1
1

1





3
Total 11















b)

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Section B (20 marks)
Question Rubric Marks Total
Mark
7(a) (i) 1. Heat change = mc
= 100 × 4.2 × 6.5// 2730 Joule// 2.73 kJ

2. Number of mol of water mol 05 . 0
1000
50 1




3. Heat of neutralisation
1 1
6 . 54 // 54600
05 . 0
73 . 2
//
05 . 0
2730
 
  

kJmol Jmol


1
1

1

1






4
(ii) 1. 6.5
o
C // same.
2. Potassium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide are strong alkali// Both
alkali are ionize completely in water// Number of moles of
hydroxide ion in both alkali is the same
1
1


2
7(b) (i) Example of reaction:
Set 1: Neutralization between acid and alkali// combustion ethanol/ alkane/
alkene// precipitation of silver chloride/ lead(II) chloride //
any suitable reaction.
Set 2: Decomposition of carbonate/ nitrate salts // dissolving ammonium
salts in water// any suitable reaction

1


1




2
(ii)

Set I Set II
Type of
reaction
Exothemic reaction//
heat is released to
surrounding.
Endothermic reaction //
Heat is absorbed from
surrounding.
Temperature
change
Temperature of the
mixture increases.
Temperature of the
mixture decreases.
Energy content The total energy content
of reactants is higher
than products.
The total energy content
of reactants is lower
than products.
Energy change Chemical energy to heat
energy.
Heat energy to chemical
energy.

1+1


1+1

1+1

1+1








8
7(c) 1. Heat of combustion of butanol is higher than propanol.
2. The number of carbon atom per molecule of butanol is higher/ greater
than propanol.
3. The number of carbon dioxide and water molecules formed is higher/
greater.
4. More heat energy is released.
1
1

1

1




4
Total 20


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Question Rubric Marks Total
marks
8(a) (i) Group 17
Atom has 7 valence electrons
Period 2
Atom has 2 shells filled with electrons
1
1
1
1



4
(ii) 2Fe + 3B2 → 2FeB3 // 2Fe + 3Cl2 →2 FeCl3

Correct formula of reactants and product
Balanced equation


1
1



2
(iii) 1. Element A more reactive than element B
2. Atomic size A is smaller than B
3. The nucleus force of attraction toward electrons become stronger//
The attraction forces between proton and electrons become stronger
4. Easier to receive electrons
1
1

1
1




4
8(b) (i) 1. Hydrogen atom has an electron arrangement of 1.
2. Nitrogen atom has an electron arrangement of 2.5.
3. Hydrogen and nitrogen atoms share electrons to achieve stable
duplet/ octet electron arrangement.
4. One hydrogen atom contributes one electron for sharing,
5. One nitrogen atom contributes three electrons for sharing.
6. One nitrogen atom share electrons with three hydrogen atoms.
[Sample of answer:
One nitrogen atomcontributes three valence electrons, while three
hydrogen atoms, each contributes one valence electron to be
shared to achieve stable electron arrangement ]
1
1

1
1
1
1






6
(ii) 1. Boiling point of ammonia is lower than the room temperature//
ammonia has low boiling point.
2. Ammonia exists as molecule// covalent compound.
3. Weak intermolecular/ Van der Waals forces between molecules.
4. Little/ less heat energy needed to overcome the force.

1
1
1
1




4

Total 20












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Section C (20 marks)
Question Rubric Marks Total
marks
9(a)
Cathode : Pure copper
Electrolyte : Copper(II) sulphate/ nitrate/ chloride solution
half equation at anode: Cu  Cu
2+
+ 2e
-

half equation at cathode: Cu
2+
+ 2e
-
 Cu
1
1
1
1



4

9(b) (i) X: Aluminium/ magnesium/ zinc / iron / tin/ lead
[Reject : sodium /potassium]
Reason: X is more electropositive than copper// X is located higher than
copper in Electrochemical Series.
Y: Silver/ aurum (gold)
Reason: Y is less electropositive than copper// Y is located lower than
copper in Electrochemical Series.
1

1

1

1






4
(ii) Voltage of the cell is 2.2 V
Negative terminal is X.
1
1

2
9(c)
Procedure:
1. Metal strips are cleaned with sandpaper.
2. [2 - 5] cm
3
of each nitrate solution are poured into four separate test
tubes.
3. A strip of metal P is placed into each of the solutions.
4. Observations on the deposition of metals are recorded.
5. Steps 1 to 4 are repeated using strip metals Q, R and S to replace strip
metal P.

Result:

: Deposition of metal occurs
X: No deposition of metal occurs

Explanation:
6. Metal P can displace metals Q, R and S from their salt solutions.
Thus, P is placed at the highest position in the electrochemical
series.
7. Metal Q can only displace metals R and S from their salt solutions.
Thus, metal Q is placed higher than metals R and S but lower than
metal P in the electrochemical series.
8. Metal R can only displace metal S from its salt solution.
Thus, metal R is placed higher than metal S but lower than metals P
and Q in the electrochemical series.
9. Metal S cannot displace any metals from their salt solutions because
it is placed at the lowest position in the electrochemical series.

Salt
solution

Metal strip
Nitrate
solution
P
Nitrate
solution
Q
Nitrate
solution
R
Nitrate
solution S
P
  
Q X
 
R X X

S X X X

1

1
1
1

1










1






1



1


1

1


































10
Total 20
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Question Rubric Marks Total
marks
10(a)
Chemical equation: C3H7OH +
2
9
O2  3CO2 + 4H2O//
Chemical equation: 2C3H7OH + 9O2  6CO2 + 8H2O
Correct formula of reactants and product
Balanced equation

Volume of gas X
1. Based on equation;
2
9
mol O2 : 3 mol CO2
0.3 mol O2 : 0.2 mol CO2
2. Volume of CO2 = 0.2 x 24 = 4.8dm
3
//4800cm
3





1
1



1


1












4
10(b) Structural formula of ester C

Name: propyl propanoate





1


1











Propanol Ester C
Functional
Group
Hydroxyl / -OH Carboxylate/ -COO
Solubility in
water
Soluble in water Insoluble in water


1+1


1+1





6
10(c) Apparatus: test tubes, dropper.
Materials: bromine water // acidified potassium manganate (VII)
solution, hexane, hexane.
Procedure:
1. [2 – 5] cm
3
of liquid in bottle P is poured into a test tube.
2. 2 cm
3
/ A few drop of bromine water// acidified potassium
manganate(VII) solution is added to the test tube.
3. The mixture is shaken.
4. Any changes is observed and recorded.
5. Steps 1 to 4 are repeated by using the liquid in bottle Q to replace
the liquid in bottle P.
Observation:
Set Observation
Liquid in bottle P
Brown bromine water decolourised // purple
acidified potassium manganate(VII) solution
decolourised.
Liquid in bottle Q
No change.

Liquid in bottle P is hexene.
Liquid in bottle Q is hexane.
[a: P is hexene, Q is hexane]

1


1

1
1
1

1


1


1

1
1


Total 20
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Kertas 3
Question Rubric Score

1 (a)
Able to record all readings accurately to one decimal point with unit
Answer :
Set I (0.24 mol dm
-3
) 17.0 s
Set II (0.20 mol dm
-3
) 20.0 s
Set III (0.16 mol dm
-3
) 25.0 s
Set IV (0.12 mol dm
-3
) 33.0 s
Set V (0.08 mol dm
-3
) 50.0 s





3
Able to record any 4 readings accurately / all readings correctly but
without decimal point/without unit

2
Able to record any 3 readings correctly but without decimal point/without
unit

1
No response given or wrong response or less than 3 correct readings 0

Question Rubric Score
1 (b) (i) Able to state the observation correctly

Suggested answer:
Mark X disappears from sight//
Precipitate/solid is formed //
Solid covers X
3
Able to state the observation less correctly

Suggested answer:
Mark X disappears
2
Able to state idea of observation

Suggested answer:
Precipitate//
Solid//
Reaction occurs
1
No response given / wrong response 0




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Question Rubric Score
1 (b) (ii) Able to state the inference correctly

Suggested answer:
Sulphur is formed
3
Able to state the inference less correctly

Suggested answer:
Acid reacts with sodium thiosulphate //
Insoluble substance formed
2
Able to state idea of inference

Suggested answer:
Reaction occurs
Rate of reaction affected by concentration
1
No response given / wrong response 0

Question Rubric Score

1 (c)
Able to complete the table with all correct value with 2 decimal place
Answer :

Concentration/mol dm
-3

Time / s
Time
1
/ s
-1
0.24 17.0 0.06
0.20 20.0 0.05
0.16 25.0 0.04
0.12 33.0 0.03
0.08 50.0 0.02







3
Able to complete the table with 4 correct values 2

Able to complete the table with 3 correct values 1
No response given or wrong response 0




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Question Rubric Score
1 (d) Able to state all three variables correctly
Suggested answer:
Manipulated variable: Concentration of sodium thiosulphate solution
Responding variable: Time taken for mark X to disappear from sight //
rate of reaction
Constant variable: Volume of sodium thiosulphate // Temperature //
size of conical flask // concentration and volume
of sulphuric acid




3

Able to state any two variables correctly 2

Able to state any onevariables correctly 1

No response or wrong response 0

Question Rubric Score
1 (e) Able to state the relationship between the manipulated variable and
responding variable correctly with direction.
Suggested answer :
The higher / lower the concentration of sodium thiosulphate solution, the
higher / lower the rate of reaction. //
The higher / lower the concentration of sodium thiosulphate solution, the
shorter the time taken for mark X to disappear from sight




3
Able to state the relationship between manipulated variable and responding
variable without stating the direction.
Suggested answer :
The higher / lower the concentration of sodium thiosulphate, the
faster/slower the rate of reaction


2
Able to state an idea of the hypothesis
Suggested answer :
Concentration affects the rate of reaction //
The concentration change, the rate of reaction change


1

No response or wrong response 0

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Question Rubric Score

1 (f)
Able to draw a graph of concentration against 1/time by showing the
following information
(1) The axes are labeled correctly with unit
x-axis : concentration (mol dm
-3
)

y-axis : 1/time (1/s)
(2) Uniform scale
(3) size of the graph at least 50% of the graph paper
(4) All points are transferred correctly
(5) Smooth curve


3
Able to draw a graph of concentration against 1/time by showing the following
information
(1) The axes are labeled correctly without unit
(2) Uniform scale
(3) All points are transferred correctly
(4) Smooth curve


2
Able to draw a graph of concentration against 1/time by showing the
following information
(1) The axes are labeled correctly without unit
(2) Curve / straight line on the graph


1
No response or wrong response 0

Question Rubric Score

1 (g)(i)
Able to state the relationship between the concentration of sodium
thiosulphate solution and the rate of reaction correctly
Suggested answer:
The higher/lower the concentration of sodium thiosulphate solution, the rate
of reaction increase/decrease


3
Able to state the relationship between the concentration of sodium
thiosulphate solution and the rate of reaction less correctly
Suggested answer:
The rate of reaction is directly proportional to the concentration of sodium
thiosulphate//
The higher the concentration of sodium thiosulphate, the rate of reaction
decrease//
The lower the concentration of sodium thiosulphate, the rate of reaction
increase



2
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Able to give a relevant idea
Suggested answer:
Rate of reaction is affected by concentration//
Rate of reaction is changed by the concentration//
Rate of reaction is inversely proportional with concentration



1
No response or wrong response 0

Question Rubric Score

1 (g)(ii)
Able to fulfil the following criteria
(1) Extend the line on the graph
(2) Show on the graph the way to obtain the value of 1/time
(3) State the time with unit

1/time = 0.055
Time = 1/0.055
= 18.18 s//18.2 s


3
Able to fulfil any two criteria 2
Able to fulfil any one criteria 1
No response or wrong response 0

Question Rubric Score

1 (h)
Able to state the operational definition accurately by stating what should be
done and what should be observed
What should be done : when sulphuric acid is added to a higher
concentration sodium thiosulphate solution
What should be observed : the time taken become shorter
Suggested answer :
Time taken for mark ‘X’ to disappear from sight//
Time taken for mark ‘X’ to disappear from sight when sulphuric acid is
added into different concentration of sodium thiosulphate solution.






3
Able to state the operational definition less accurately
Suggested answer :
Time taken for mark ‘X’ to disappear// Time taken// X mark disappear



2
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Able to give an idea for the operational definition.
Suggested answer :
Time for reaction to occurs

1
No response given or wrong response 0

Question Rubric Score

1 (j)
Able to classify all the reaction correctly
Fast reaction Slow reaction
Neutralization
Combustion
Displacement
Rusting
Fermentation
Corrosion


3
Able to classify any 4 reaction correctly 2
Able to classify any 3 reaction correctly or reverse classification 1
No response or wrong response 0

Question Rubric Score
2(a) Able to give the statement of problem correctly

Suggested answer :
Does different carboxylic acids react with butanol produce esters with
different odour?





3
Able to give the statement of problem less correctly

Suggested answer :
Does different carboxylic acids react with butanol gives different esters?//
To study different carboxylic acids react with butanol to give esters with
different odours.




2
Able to give an idea about the statement of problem

Suggested answer :
Different carboxylic acids/alcohol gives different esters.




1

No response or wrong response
0





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Question Rubric Score
2(b) Able to state all the variables correctly

1. Manipulated variable: Type of carboxylic acids//
Methanoic acid, ethanoic acid and propanoic acid.

2. Responding variables: Esters / Odours produced

3. Fixed variable: butanol / alcohol used






3
Able to state any two variable correctly 2
Able to state any one variable correctly 1
No response or wrong response 0

Question Rubric Score
2(c) Able to state the hypothesis correctly by stating the relationship between the
manipulated variable and the responding variable

Suggested answer :
When different carboxylic acids are used, the esters formed will give
different odours.





3
Able to state the hypothesis less correctly

Suggested answer :
When different carboxylic used, different esters formed//Esters with different
odours formed when different carboxylic acids are used





2
Able to state idea of the hypothesis

Suggested answer :
Type of carboxylic acid affects esters formed




1
No response or wrong response 0







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Question Rubric Score
2(d) Able to give the apparatus and materials correctly and completely

List of apparatus :
Boiling tube, beaker, test tube holder, Bunsen burner, dropper, measuring
cylinder
OR
Round bottom flask, beaker, Liebig condenser, measuring cylinder, Bunsen
burner, dropper, porcelain chips

List of materials :
Glacial methanoic acid, ethanoic acid and propanoic acid, butanol,
concentrated sulphuric acid, water











3
Able to give the list of aapparatus and materials correctly but not complete

List of apparatus :
Boiling tube, Bunsen burner,dropper
Or
Round bottom flask, , Bunsen burner, dropper

List of materials :
Methanoic acid, ethanoic acid and propanoic acid, butanol concentrated
sulphuric acid









2
Able to give an idea of list of apparatus and materials

Any container, any one acid// any one alcohol,


1
No response or wrong response 0

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Question Rubric Score
2(e) Able to state all procedures correctly

Situation 1
1. Pour [2-5] cm
3
butanol and [2-5] cm
3
glacial methanoic acid into a
boiling tube.
2. Add a few drops of concentrated sulphuric acid into the mixture.
3. Heat the mixture gently.
4. Pour the mixture into beaker half-filled with water
5. Observe and record the product formed.
6. Repeat the experiment by replacing methanoic acid with ethanoic acid
and propanoic acid.

Situation 2
1. Pour [25 - 100] cm
3
glacial methanoic acid into a round bottom flask and
[25 - 100] cm
3
butanol.
2. Put in a few pieces of porcelain chips into the flask
3. Add [5 – 20] cm
3
of concentrated sulphuric acid into the mixture.
4. Reflux the mixture for about [30] minutes.
5. Observe and record the product formed.
6. Repeat the experiment by replacing methanoic acid with ethanoic acid
and propanoic acid.










3











Able to state steps 1, 2, 3,5 and 6 for Situation 1 or
Able to state steps 1, 3,4, 5, 6 for Situation 2
2
Able to state an idea of the experiment

1. Add [any one] carboxylic acid and any alcohol into a [suitable
container].


1
No response or wrong response 0
Question Rubric Score
2(f) Able to exhibit the tabulation of data correctly

Tabulation of data has the following aspects:
1. Two columns and at least 3 rows
2. Headings: Carboxylic acids/ Ester
Observation
3. Name of acids/esters

Suggested answer :

Carboxylic acid/Ester Observation
Methanoic acid/Butyl methanoate
Ethanoic acid/Butyl ethanoate
Propanoic acid/Buytl propanoate











2


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Able to exhibit the tabulation of data but less accurately

Tabulation of data has the following aspects:
1. Two columns and at least 2 rows
2. One heading:

Suggested answer :

Carboxylic acid/Ester // Observation










1
No response or wrong response 0


END OF MARK SCHEME


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